falseSMITH A O CORP0000091142Q1--12-31P1YIncludes the results of Water-Right, Inc. from April 8, 2019, the date of acquisition2020 includes short-term and variable lease expenses of $0.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively.2019 includes short-term and variable lease expenses of $0.4 million and $0.8 million, respectively.Amortization of pension items:These accumulated other comprehensive loss components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See Note 10 - Pensions for additional details 0000091142 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 2020-03-31 0000091142 2019-12-31 0000091142 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000091142 2018-12-31 0000091142 2019-03-31 0000091142 aos:CommodityFuturesContractsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember us-gaap:EarliestTaxYearMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember us-gaap:LatestTaxYearMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember us-gaap:EarliestTaxYearMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember us-gaap:LatestTaxYearMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember us-gaap:EarliestTaxYearMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember us-gaap:LatestTaxYearMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:WaterHeatersAndRelatedPartsMember aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:BoilersAndRelatedPartsMember aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:WaterTreatmentProductsMember aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember aos:RestOfWorldMember country:CN 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:AllOtherRestOfWorldMember aos:RestOfWorldMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember aos:RestOfWorldMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:WaterHeatersMember aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:NonUsMember us-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:WaterRightIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:EscrowDepositMember aos:WaterRightIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 aos:WaterHeatersAndRelatedPartsMember aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 aos:BoilersAndRelatedPartsMember aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 aos:WaterTreatmentProductsMember aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 aos:NorthAmericaSegmentMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember aos:RestOfWorldMember country:CN 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 aos:AllOtherRestOfWorldMember aos:RestOfWorldMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember aos:RestOfWorldMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMember us-gaap:NonUsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000091142 aos:AOSmithCombinedCompensationPlanMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ShortMember currency:GBP us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ShortMember currency:CAD us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:LongMember currency:EUR us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:LongMember currency:MXN us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:LongMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ShortMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember us-gaap:CommodityContractMember us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMember us-gaap:NonUsMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-03-31 0000091142 aos:RepurchaseOfInventoryMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ShortMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember currency:CAD 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ShortMember currency:GBP us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:LongMember currency:EUR us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:LongMember currency:MXN us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:LongMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:ShortMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0000091142 aos:RepurchaseOfInventoryMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 aos:WaterRightIncMember 2019-04-08 0000091142 us-gaap:TrademarksMember aos:WaterRightIncMember 2019-04-08 0000091142 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember aos:WaterRightIncMember 2019-04-08 0000091142 aos:WaterRightIncMember us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-04-08 0000091142 aos:WaterRightIncMember 2019-04-01 2019-04-08 0000091142 aos:WaterRightIncMember us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-04-01 2019-04-08 0000091142 aos:WaterRightIncMember us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2019-04-01 2019-04-08 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-04-30 0000091142 aos:CommonStockClassUndefinedMember 2020-04-30 0000091142 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-03-31 0000091142 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-03-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:pure xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares aos:Segment aos:Distributor aos:Banks
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM
10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020.
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the transition period from
                    
to
                    
Commission File Number
1-475
 
A. O. Smith Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware
 
39-0619790
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
11270 West Park Place, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
 
53224-9508
(Address of principal executive office)
 
(Zip Code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(414)
359-4000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
         
Title of Each Class
 
Trading
Symbol
 
Name of Each Exchange
on Which Registered
Common Stock (par value $1.00 per share)
 
AOS
 
New York Stock Exchange
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
  Yes    
  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    
  Yes
    
  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
             
Large accelerated filer
 
 
Accelerated Filer
 
             
Non-accelerated
filer
 
 
Smaller reporting company
 
             
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Act.)    
  Yes    
  No
Class A Common Stock Outstanding as of April 30, 2020 – 26,044,733 shares
Common Stock Outstanding as of April 30, 2020
135,095,634 shares
 
 

Index
A. O. Smith Corporation
             
 
 
Page
 
Part I.
     
 
             
     
3
 
             
     
3
 
             
     
4
 
             
     
5
 
             
     
6
 
             
     
7-
21
 
             
Item 2.
     
22-26
 
             
Item 3.
     
26
 
             
Item 4.
     
27
 
             
Part II.
     
 
             
Item 1.
     
27
 
             
Item 1A.
     
28
 
             
Item 2.
     
29
 
             
Item 6.
     
29
 
         
   
30
 
         
   
31
 
2

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
A. O. SMITH CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(dollars in millions, except for per share data)
(unaudited)
                 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Net sales
  $
 
 
636.9
    $
 
 
748.2
 
Cost of products sold
   
397.4
     
455.4
 
                 
Gross profit
   
239.5
     
292.8
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
173.8
     
184.7
 
Interest expense
   
2.2
     
2.0
 
Other income
   
(4.2
)    
(5.5
)
                 
Earnings before provision for income taxes
   
67.7
     
111.6
 
Provision for income taxes
   
16.0
     
22.3
 
                 
Net Earnings
  $
51.7
    $
89.3
 
                 
Net Earnings Per Share of Common Stock
  $
0.32
    $
0.53
 
Diluted Net Earnings Per Share of Common Stock
  $
0.32
    $
0.53
 
                 
Dividends Per Share of Common Stock
  $
0.24
    $
0.22
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
A. O. SMITH CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE EARNINGS
(dollars in millions)
(unaudited)
                 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Net earnings
  $
 
51.7
    $
89.3
 
Other comprehensive (loss) earnings
   
     
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
   
(18.0
)    
15.9
 
Unrealized net gains (losses) on cash flow derivative instruments, less related income tax provision of $(0.1) in 2020 and $ - in 2019
   
0.3
     
(0.1
)
Adjustment to pension liability, less related income tax provision of $(1.2) in 2020 and $(1.0) in 2019
   
3.6
     
2.9
 
                 
Comprehensive Earnings
  $
37.6
    $
 
 
108.0
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.    
3

A. O. SMITH CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in millions)
                 
 
(unaudited)
March 31, 2020
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets
   
     
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $
416.1
    $
374.0
 
Marketable securities
   
135.6
     
177.4
 
Receivables
   
524.0
     
589.5
 
Inventories
   
312.3
     
303.0
 
Other current assets
   
54.5
     
56.5
 
                 
Total Current Assets
   
1,442.5
     
1,500.4
 
                 
Property, plant and equipment
   
1,159.5
     
1,156.9
 
Less accumulated depreciation
   
(622.2
)    
(611.5
)
                 
Net property, plant and equipment
   
537.3
     
545.4
 
Goodwill
   
542.6
     
546.0
 
Other intangibles
   
333.1
     
338.4
 
Operating lease assets
   
44.9
     
46.9
 
Other assets
   
82.6
     
80.9
 
                 
Total Assets
  $
2,983.0
    $
3,058.0
 
                 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
   
     
 
Trade payables
  $
442.0
    $
509.6
 
Accrued payroll and benefits
   
47.7
     
64.6
 
Accrued liabilities
   
159.7
     
143.7
 
Product warranties
   
42.9
     
41.8
 
Debt due within one year
   
6.8
     
6.8
 
                 
Total Current Liabilities
   
699.1
     
766.5
 
                 
Long-term debt
   
335.6
     
277.2
 
Pension liabilities
   
20.8
     
27.8
 
Long-term operating lease liabilities
   
37.3
     
38.7
 
Other liabilities
   
273.9
     
281.0
 
                 
Total Liabilities
   
1,366.7
     
1,391.2
 
                 
Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class A Common Stock, $5 par value: authorized 27,000,000 shares; issued 26,175,113 and 26,180,885
   
130.9
     
130.9
 
Common Stock, $1 par value: authorized 240,000,000 shares; issued 164,532,481 and 164,526,709
   
164.5
     
164.5
 
Capital in excess of par value
   
516.1
     
509.0
 
Retained earnings
   
2,336.1
     
2,323.4
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(362.4
)    
(348.3
)
Treasury stock at cost
   
(1,168.9
)    
(1,112.7
)
                 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
   
1,616.3
     
1,666.8
 
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
  $
2,983.0
    $
3,058.0
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
4

A. O. SMITH CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(dollars in millions)
(unaudited)
                 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings
  $
51.7
    $
89.3
 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
   
     
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
20.1
     
20.2
 
Stock based compensation expense
   
9.0
     
8.7
 
Net changes in operating assets and liabilities:
   
     
 
Current assets and liabilities
   
(15.1
)    
(86.3
)
Noncurrent assets and liabilities
   
(11.6
)    
(10.3
)
                 
Cash Provided by Operating Activities
   
54.1
     
21.6
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
   
(12.8
)    
(20.9
)
Investments in marketable securities
   
(38.8
)    
(48.5
)
Net proceeds from sale of marketable securities
   
78.0
     
147.2
 
                 
Cash Provided by Investing Activities
   
26.4
     
77.8
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt incurred
   
58.5
     
63.0
 
Common stock repurchases
   
(56.7
)    
(45.6
)
Net payments from stock option activity
   
(1.2
)    
(1.6
)
Dividends paid
   
(39.0
)    
(37.1
)
                 
Cash Used
i
n Financing Activities
   
(38.4
)    
(21.3
)
                 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
42.1
     
78.1
 
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
   
374.0
     
259.7
 
                 
Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of Period
  $
416.1
    $
337.8
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
5

A. O. SMITH CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(dollars in millions)
(unaudited)
                 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Class A Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at the beginning of the year
  $
130.9
    $
131.0
 
                 
Balance at end of period
  $
130.9
    $
131.0
 
                 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at the beginning of the year
  $
164.5
    $
164.5
 
                 
Balance at end of period
  $
164.5
    $
164.5
 
                 
Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at the beginning of the year
  $
509.0
    $
496.7
 
Issuance of share units
   
(6.5
)    
(6.1
)
Vesting of share units
   
(1.6
)    
(1.9
)
Stock based compensation expense
   
8.8
     
8.6
 
Exercises of stock options
   
(0.1
)    
0.1
 
Stock incentives
   
6.5
     
6.1
 
                 
Balance at end of period
  $
516.1
    $
503.5
 
                 
Retained Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at the beginning of the year
  $
2,323.4
    $
2,102.8
 
Net earnings
   
51.7
     
89.3
 
Cash dividends on stock
   
(39.0
)    
(37.1
)
                 
Balance at end of period
  $
2,336.1
    $
2,155.0
 
                 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (see Note 15)
  $
(362.4
)   $
(332.1
)
                 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at the beginning of the year
  $
(1,112.7
)   $
(827.2
)
Exercise of stock options
   
(1.1
)    
(1.9
)
Shares repurchased
   
(56.7
)    
(45.6
)
Vesting of share units
   
1.6
     
2.0
 
                 
Balance at end of period
  $
(1,168.9
)   $
(872.7
)
                 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
  $
1,616.3
    $
1,749.2
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes which are an integral part of these statements.
6

A. O. SMITH CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2020
(unaudited)
 
1.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year. It is suggested the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on February 24, 2020.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) amended Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 740,
Income Taxes
(issued under Accounting Standards Update (ASU)
2019-12,
“Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes”). This amendment removes certain exceptions to the general principles of ASC 740, and clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. The amendment requires adoption on January 1, 2021, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect that the adoption of ASU
2019-12
will have a material impact on its consolidated balance sheets, statements of earnings or statements of cash flows.
In January 2017, the FASB amended ASC 350,
Intangibles – Goodwill
and Other (issued under ASU
2017-04,
“Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment”). This amendment simplifies the test for goodwill impairment by only requiring an entity to perform an annual or interim goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognize an impairment charge for the amount that the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. Any loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The Company adopted the amendment on January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASU
2017-04
did not have an impact on its consolidated balance sheets, statements of earnings or statements of cash flows.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASC 326,
 Financial Instruments – Credit Losses
(issued under ASU
2016-13)
which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses on certain financial instruments. The Company adopted
2016-13
on January 1, 2020 and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated balance sheets, statements of earnings or statements of cash flows.
7

2.
Revenue Recognition
Substantially all of the Company’s sales are from contracts with customers for the purchase of its products. Contracts and customer purchase orders are used to determine the existence of a sales contract. Shipping documents are used to verify shipment. For substantially all of its products, the Company transfers control of products to the customer at the point in time when title and risk are passed to the customer, which generally occurs upon shipment of the product. Each unit sold is considered an independent, unbundled performance obligation. The Company’s sales arrangements do not include other performance obligations that are material in the context of the contract. 
The nature, timing and amount of revenue for a respective performance obligation are
consistent
for each customer. The Company measures the sales transaction price based upon the payment terms associated with the transaction and whether the sales price is subject to refund or adjustment. Sales and value added taxes are excluded from the measurement of transaction price. The Company’s payment terms for the majority of its customers are 30 to 90 days from shipment.
Additionally, certain customers in China pay the Company prior to the shipment of products resulting in a customer deposits liability of $65.2 million and $49.6 million at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The Company assesses the collectability of customer receivables based on the creditworthiness of a customer as determined by credit checks and analysis, as well as the customer’s payment history. In determining the allowance for doubtful accounts, the Company also considers various factors including the aging of customer accounts and historical write-offs. In addition, the Company monitors other risk factors including forward-looking information when establishing adequate allowances for doubtful accounts, which reflects the current estimate of credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the receivables. The Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts was $7.5 million and $6.7 million at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
Rebates and incentives are based on pricing agreements and are tied to sales volume. The amount of revenue is reduced for variable consideration related to customer rebates which are calculated using expected values and are based on program specific factors such as expected rebate percentages based on expected volumes. In situations where the customer has the right to return eligible products, the Company reduces revenue for its estimates of expected product returns, which are primarily based on an analysis of historical experience. Changes in such accruals may be required if actual sales volume differs from estimated sales volume or if future returns differ from historical experience. Shipping and handling costs billed to customers are included in net sales and the related costs are included in cost of products sold and are activities performed to fulfill the promise to transfer products.
Disaggregation of Net Sales
The Company is comprised of two reporting segments: North America and Rest of World. The Rest of World segment is primarily comprised of China, Europe and India. Both segments manufacture and market comprehensive lines of residential and commercial gas and electric water heaters, boilers, tanks and water treatment products. Both segments primarily manufacture and market in their respective regions of the world. The Rest of World segment also manufactures and markets
in-home
air purification products in China.
As each segment manufactures and markets products in its respective region of the world, the Company has determined that geography is the primary factor in reporting its sales. The Company further disaggregates its North America segment sales by major product line as each of North America’s major product lines is sold through distinct distribution channels and these product lines may be impacted differently by certain economic factors. Within the Rest of World segment, particularly in China and India, the Company’s major customers purchase across the Company’s product lines, utilizing the same distribution channel regardless of product type. In addition, the impact of economic factors is unlikely to be differentiated by product line in the Rest of World segment.
8

2.
Revenue Recognition (continued)
The North America segment major product lines are defined as the following:
Water heaters
The Company’s water heaters are open water heating systems that heat potable water. Typical applications for water heaters include residences, restaurants, hotels and motels, office buildings, laundries, car washes and small businesses. The Company sells residential and commercial water heater products and related parts through its wholesale distribution channel, which includes more than 1,300 independent wholesale plumbing distributors. The Company also sells residential water heaters and related parts through retail and maintenance, repair and operations (MRO) channels. A significant portion of the Company’s water heater sales in the North America segment is derived from the replacement of existing products.
Boilers
The Company’s boilers are closed loop water heating systems used primarily for space heating or hydronic heating. The Company’s boilers are primarily used in applications in commercial settings for hospitals, schools, hotels and other large commercial buildings while residential boilers are used in homes, apartments and condominiums. The Company’s boiler distribution channel is comprised primarily of manufacturer representative firms, with the remainder of our boilers distributed through wholesale channels. The Company’s boiler sales in the North America segment are derived from a combination of replacement of existing products and new construction.
Water treatment
products
The Company’s water treatment products range from
point-of-entry
water softeners, solutions for problem well water, and whole-home water filtration products to
on-the-go
filtration bottles and
point-of-use
carbon and reverse osmosis products. Typical applications for the Company’s water treatment products include residences, restaurants, hotels and offices. The Company sells water treatment products through its wholesale and retail distribution channels, similar to water heater products and related parts. The Company’s water treatment products are also sold through independent water quality
dealers
as well as directly to consumers including through internet sales channels. A portion of the Company’s sales of water treatment products in the North America
segment
is comprised of replacement filters.
The following table disaggregates the Company’s net sales by segment. As described above, the Company’s North America segment sales are further disaggregated by major product line. In addition, the Company’s Rest of World segment sales are disaggregated by China and all other Rest of World.
9

2.
Revenue Recognition (
continued
)
(dollars in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
North America
   
     
 
Water heaters and related parts
  $
447.8
    $
455.7
 
Boilers and related parts
   
41.5
     
42.6
 
Water treatment products
(1)
   
43.6
     
23.5
 
                 
Total North America
   
532.9
     
521.8
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rest of World
   
     
 
China
  $
91.0
    $
213.0
 
All other Rest of World
   
19.2
     
19.1
 
                 
Total Rest of World
   
110.2
     
232.1
 
                 
Inter-segment sales
   
(6.2
)    
(5.7
)
                 
Total Net Sales
  $
636.9
    $
748.2
 
                 
(1)
Includes the results of Water-Right, Inc. and its affiliated entities (Water-Right) from April 8, 2019, the date of acquisition
3.
Acquisitions
On April 8, 2019, the Company acquired 100 percent of the shares of Water-Right, a Wisconsin-based water treatment company. With the addition of Water-Right, the Company grew its North America water treatment platform. Water-Right is included in the Company’s North America segment for reporting purposes.
The Company paid an aggregate cash purchase price of $107.0 million, net of cash acquired. In addition, the Company established a $4.0 million escrow to satisfy any potential obligations of the former owners of Water-Right, should they arise.
The following table summarizes the allocation of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition of Water-Right for purposes of allocating the purchase price. Significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of intangible assets acquired include discount rates and certain assumptions that form the basis of the forecasted results, including revenue growth rates, attrition rates and royalty rates. The $60.4 million of acquired identifiable intangible assets was comprised of the following: $40.2 million of customer relationships being amortized over 20 years, $19.0 million of trademarks not subject to amortization, and $1.2 million of
non-compete
agreements being amortized over 7.5 years.
April 8, 2019 (dollars in millions)
 
 
Current assets, net of cash acquired
  $
9.7
 
Property, plant and equipment
   
8.6
 
Intangible assets
   
60.4
 
Goodwill
   
31.0
 
         
Total assets acquired
   
109.7
 
         
Current liabilities
   
(2.7
)
         
Net assets acquired
  $
107.0
 
         
10

3.
Acquisitions (continued)
 
 
 
 
 
 
As required under ASC 805 Business Combinations, Water-Right’s
results
of operations have been included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements from April 8, 2019, the date of acquisition.
4.
Leases
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Company’s lease portfolio consists of operating leases for
buildings
and equipment, such as forklifts and copiers, primarily in the United States and China. The Company defines a lease as a contract that gives the Company the right to control the use of a physical asset for a stated term. The Company pays the lessor for that right, with a series of payments defined in the contract and a corresponding right of use operating lease asset and liability are recorded. The Company has elected not to record leases with an initial term of 12 months or less on its condensed consolidated balance sheet. To determine balance sheet amounts, required legal payments are discounted using the Company’s incremental borrowing rate as of the inception of the lease. The incremental borrowing rate is the rate of interest that the Company would incur if it were to borrow, on a collateralized basis, an amount equal to the value of the leased item over a similar term, in a similar economic environment. Variable lease components not based on an index or rate are excluded from the measurement of the lease asset and liability and expensed as incurred for all asset classes.
Certain leases include one or more options to renew or terminate. Renewal terms can extend the lease term from one to five years and options to terminate can be effective within one year. The exercise of lease renewal or termination is at the Company’s discretion and when it is determined to be reasonably certain to renew or terminate, the option is reflected in the measurement of lease asset and liability. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants or material subleases. Cash flows associated with leases are materially consistent with the expense recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of earnings.
Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows:
(dollars in millions)
                 
 
March 31, 2020
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Liabilities
   
     
 
Short term: Accrued liabilities
  $
11.5
    $
12.0
 
Long term: Operating lease liabilities
   
37.3
     
38.7
 
                 
Total operating lease liabilities
  $
48.8
    $
50.7
 
                 
Less: Rent incentives and deferrals
   
(3.9
)    
(3.8
)
                 
Assets
   
     
 
Operating lease assets
  $
44.9
    $
46.9
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11

4.
Leases (continued)
 
 
 
 
 
 
         
Lease Term and Discount Rate
 
March 31, 2020
 
Weighted-average remaining lease term
   
10 years
 
Weighted-average discount rate
   
3.95
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The components of lease expense were as follows:
                     
(dollars in millions)
 
 
   
 
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Lease Expense
 
Classification
 
2020
(1)
   
2019
(2)
 
Operating lease expense
 
Cost of products sold
  $
0.7
    $
0.7
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
4.0
     
4.9
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
2020 includes short-term and variable lease expenses of $0.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2)
2019 includes short-term and variable lease expenses of $0.4 million and $0.8 million, respectively.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
         
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
2020
  $
10.2
 
2021
   
10.7
 
2022
   
9.2
 
2023
   
4.9
 
2024
   
3.8
 
After 2024
   
22.7
 
         
Total lease payments
   
61.5
 
Less: imputed interest
   
(12.7
)
         
Present value of operating lease liabilities
  $
48.8
 
         
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.
Inventories
The following table presents the components of the Company’s inventory balances:
                 
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
   
December 31, 2019
 
Finished products
  $
142.8
    $
136.8
 
Work in process
   
21.6
     
21.7
 
Raw materials
   
171.7
     
168.3
 
                 
Inventories, at FIFO cost
   
336.1
     
326.8
 
LIFO reserve
   
(23.8
)    
(23.8
)
                 
Net inventory
  $
312.3
    $
303.0
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12

6.
Product Warranties
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Company offers warranties on the sales of certain of its products with terms that are consistent with the market and records an accrual for the estimated future claims. The following table presents the Company’s warranty liability activity.
                 
(dollars in millions)
 
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Balance at January 1
  $
134.3
    $
139.4
 
Expense
   
13.5
     
9.4
 
Claims settled
   
(12.5
)    
(12.6
)
                 
Balance at March 31
  $
135.3
    $
136.2
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.
Long-Term Debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Company has a $500 million multi-year multi-currency revolving credit agreement with a group of nine banks, which expires on December 15, 2021. The facility has an accordion provision which allows it to be increased up to $700 million if certain conditions (including lender approval) are satisfied.
Borrowings under bank credit lines and commercial paper borrowings are supported by the $500 million revolving credit agreement. As a result of the long-term nature of this facility, the Company’s commercial paper and credit line borrowings are classified as long-term debt at March 31, 2020. At its option, the Company either maintains cash balances or pays fees for bank credit and services.
8.
Earnings per Share of Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
The numerator for the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share is net earnings. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted weighted-average shares used in the earnings per share calculations:
                 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Denominator for basic earnings per share - weighted average shares
   
161,871,788
     
167,803,794
 
Effect of dilutive stock options and share units
   
1,025,817
     
1,292,348
 
                 
Denominator for diluted earnings per share
   
162,897,605
     
169,096,142
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13

9.
Stock Based Compensation
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Company adopted the A. O. Smith Combined Incentive Compensation Plan (the “Plan”) effective January 1, 2007. The Plan was reapproved by stockholders on April 16, 2012. The Plan is a continuation of the A. O. Smith Combined Executive Incentive Compensation Plan which was originally approved by stockholders in 2002. The number of shares available for granting of options or share units at March 31, 2020 was 951,461. Upon stock option exercise or share unit vesting, shares are issued from treasury stock.
Total stock based compensation expense recognized in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $9.0 million and $8.7 million, respectively.
Stock Options
The stock options granted in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 have three year pro rata vesting from the date of grant. Stock options are issued at exercise prices equal to the fair value of the Company’s Common Stock on the date of grant. For active employees, all options granted in 2020 and 2019 expire ten years after the date of grant. The Company’s stock options are expensed ratably over the three year vesting period; however, included in stock option expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was expense associated with the accelerated vesting of stock option awards for certain employees who either are retirement eligible or become retirement eligible during the vesting period. Stock based compensation expense attributable to stock options in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $4.5 million and $4.3 million, respectively.
Changes in options, all of which relate to the Company’s Common Stock, were as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2020:
                                 
 
Weighted-
Avg.
Per
 
Share
Exercise
 
Price
 
 
Number
of
 
Options
 
 
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(dollars in
millions)
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2020
  $
37.64
     
2,728,350
     
     
 
Granted
   
42.39
     
784,300
     
     
 
Exercised
   
15.04
     
(25,147
)    
     
 
Forfeited
   
48.95
     
(56,261
)    
     
 
                                 
Outstanding at March 31, 2020
   
38.71
     
3,431,242
     
7 years
    $
19.1
 
                                 
Exercisable at March 31, 2020
   
34.25
     
2,162,932
     
5 years
    $
19.1
 
                                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The weighted-average fair value per option at the date of grant during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model was $8.15 and $10.83, respectively. Assumptions were as follows:
                 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Expected life (years)
   
5.7
     
5.6
 
Risk-free interest rate
   
1.6
%    
2.7
%
Dividend yield
   
2.1
%    
1.6
%
Expected volatility
   
23.6
%    
22.8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
14

9.
Stock Based Compensation (continued)
 
 
The expected lives of options for purposes of these models are based on historical exercise behavior. The risk-free interest rates for purposes of these models are based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect on the date of grant for the respective expected lives of the option. The expected dividend yields for purposes of these models are based on the dividends paid in the preceding four quarters divided by the grant date market value of the Common Stock. The expected volatility for purposes of these models are based on the historical volatility of the Common Stock.
Restricted Stock and Share Units
Participants may also be awarded shares of restricted stock or share units under the Plan. Share units vest three years after the date of grant. The Company granted 169,407 and 136,647 share units under the plan in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The share units were valued at $7.2 million and $6.8 million at the date of issuance in 2020 and 2019, respectively, based on the price of the Company’s Common Stock at the date of grant. The share units are recognized as compensation expense ratably over the three-year vesting period; however, included in share unit expense in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was expense associated with accelerated vesting of share unit awards for certain employees who either are retirement eligible or will become retirement eligible during the vesting period. Stock based compensation expense attributable to share units of $4.5 million and $4.4 million was recognized in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Certain
non-U.S.-based
employees receive the cash value of the share price at the vesting date in lieu of shares. Unvested cash-settled awards are remeasured at each reporting period.
A summary of share unit activity under the plan is as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2020:
                 
 
Number of Units
   
Weighted-Average
Grant Date Value
 
Issued and unvested at January 1, 2020
   
366,102
    $
49.92
 
Granted
   
169,407
     
42.39
 
Vested
   
(100,735
)    
49.21
 
Forfeited
   
(7,557
)    
53.96
 
                 
Issued and unvested at March 31, 2020
   
427,217
     
46.94
 
                 
 
 
 
 
15

10.
Pensions
 
 
 
The following table presents the components of the Company’s net pension income.
                 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Service cost
  $
0.4
    $
0.4
 
Interest cost
   
5.7
     
7.9
 
Expected return on plan assets
   
(13.0
)    
(14.3
)
Amortization of unrecognized loss
   
4.9
     
4.0
 
Amortization of prior service cost
   
(0.1
)    
(0.1
)
                 
Defined benefit plan income
  $
(2.1
)   $
(2.1
)
                 
 
 
 
 
The service cost component of net periodic benefit cost is presented within cost of products sold and selling, general and administrative expenses within the condensed consolidated statements of earnings while the other components of pension income are reflected in other income. The Company was not required to and did not make a contribution to its U.S. pension plan in 2019. The Company is not required to make a contribution in 2020.
 
11.
Segment Results
 
 
 
The Company is comprised of two reporting segments: North America and Rest of World. The Rest of World segment is primarily comprised of China, Europe and India. Both segments manufacture and market comprehensive lines of residential and commercial gas and electric water heaters, boilers, tanks, and water treatment products. Both segments primarily manufacture and market in their respective regions of the world. The Rest of World segment also manufactures and markets
in-home
air purification products in China.
The following table presents the Company’s segment results:
                 
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Net sales
   
     
 
North America
  $
532.9
    $
521.8
 
Rest of World
   
110.2
     
232.1
 
Inter-segment
   
(6.2
)    
(5.7
)
                 
  $
636.9
    $
748.2
 
                 
Segment earnings
 (
losses
)
   
     
 
North America
  $
127.1
    $
116.0
 
Rest of World
   
(42.2
)    
12.3
 
                 
   
84.9
     
128.3
 
                 
Corporate expense
   
(15.0
)    
(14.7
)
Interest expense
   
(2.2
)    
(2.0
)
                 
Earnings before income taxes
   
67.7
     
111.6
 
Provision for income taxes
   
16.0
     
22.3
 
                 
Net earnings
  $
51.7
    $
89.3
 
                 
 
 
 
 
16

12.
Fair Value Measurements
ASC 820,
Fair Value Measurements
, among other things, defines fair value, establishes a consistent framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosure for each major asset and liability category measured at fair value on either a recurring basis or nonrecurring basis. ASC 820 clarifies that fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, ASC 820 establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: (Level 1) observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; (Level 2) inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and (Level 3) unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on the market approach which are prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.
The following table presents assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis.
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurement Using
 
March 31, 2020
   
December 31, 2019
 
Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1)
  $
135.6
    $
177.4
 
Significant other observable inputs (Level 2)
   
1.0
     
6.9
 
Items measured at fair value were comprised of the Company’s marketable securities (Level 1) and derivative instruments (Level 2). There were no changes in the Company’s valuation techniques used to measure fair values on a recurring basis during the three months ended March 31, 2020.
 
13.
Derivative Instruments
The Company utilizes certain derivative instruments to enhance its ability to manage currency exposure as well as raw materials price risk. Derivative instruments are entered into for periods consistent with the related underlying exposures and do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. The Company does not enter into contracts for speculative purposes. The contracts are executed with major financial institutions with no credit loss anticipated for failure of the counterparties to perform.
Cash Flow Hedges
With the exception of its net investment hedges, the Company designates that all of its hedging instruments are cash flow hedges. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge (i.e., hedging the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk), gains or losses on the derivative instrument are reported as a component of other comprehensive loss, net of tax, and are reclassified into earnings in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction and in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings.
Foreign Currency Forward Contracts
The Company is exposed to foreign currency exchange risk as a result of transactions in currencies other than the functional currency of certain subsidiaries. The Company utilizes foreign currency forward purchase and sale contracts to manage the volatility associated with foreign currency purchases, sales and certain intercompany transactions in the normal course of business. Principal currencies for which the Company utilizes foreign currency forward contracts include the British pound, Canadian dollar, Euro and Mexican peso.
17

13.
Derivative Instruments (continued)
Gains and losses on these instruments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, until the underlying transaction is recorded in earnings. When the hedged item is realized, gains or losses are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to the consolidated statement of earnings. The assessment of effectiveness for forward contracts is based on changes in the forward rates. These hedges have been determined to be effective.
The majority of the amounts in accumulated other comprehensive loss for cash flow hedges are expected to be reclassified into earnings within one year. The following table summarizes, by currency, the contractual amounts of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts that are designated as cash flow hedges.
(dollars in millions)
 
March 31, 2020
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Buy
 
 
Sell
 
 
Buy
 
 
Sell
 
British pound
  $
—  
    $
0.9
    $
—  
    $
1.3
 
Canadian dollar
   
—  
     
59.8
     
—  
     
49.7
 
Euro
   
27.1
     
—  
     
36.0
     
—  
 
Mexican peso
   
23.4
     
—  
     
18.6
     
—  
 
                                 
Total
  $
50.5
    $
60.7
    $
54.6
    $
51.0
 
                                 
Commodity Futures Contracts
In addition to entering into supply arrangements in the normal course of business, the Company also enters into futures contracts to fix the cost of certain raw material purchases, principally steel, with the objective of minimizing changes in cost due to market price fluctuations. The hedging strategy for achieving this objective is to purchase steel futures contracts on the New York Metals Exchange (NYMEX) and copper futures contracts on the open market of the London Metals Exchange (LME) or over the counter contracts based on the LME.
With NYMEX, the Company is required to make cash deposits on unrealized losses on steel derivative contracts.
The
after-tax
gains and losses of the contracts as of March 31, 2020 were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss and will be reclassified into cost of products sold in the period in which the underlying transaction is recorded in earnings. The
after-tax
gains and losses on the contracts will be reclassified within one year.
Net Investment Hedges
The Company enters into certain foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the exposure to a portion of the Company’s net investments in certain
non-U.S.
subsidiaries against the effect of exchange rate fluctuations on the translation of foreign currency balances to the U.S. dollar. For the derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as net investment hedges, gains and losses are reported in other comprehensive loss where they offset gains and losses recorded on the Company’s net investments in its
non-U.S.
subsidiaries. These hedges are determined to be effective. The Company recognized $0.8 million and $1.3 million of
after-tax
gains associated with hedges of a net investment in
non-U.S.
subsidiaries in currency translation adjustment in other comprehensive income in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The contractual amount of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts that are designated as net investment hedges is $50.0 million as of March 31, 2020.
18

13.
Derivative Instruments (continued)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The following tables present the impact of derivative contracts on the Company’s financial statements.
                     
Fair value of derivatives designated as hedging instruments under ASC 815:
 
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
March 31, 2020
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Foreign currency contracts
 
Other current assets
 
$
4.8
 
 
$
8.4
 
 
Accrued liabilities
 
 
(3.6
)
 
 
(1.5
)
Commodities contracts
 
Accrued liabilities
 
 
(0.2
)
 
 
—  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
$
1.0
 
 
$
6.9
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The effect of cash flow hedges on the condensed consolidated statement of earnings:
Three Months Ended March 31 (dollars in millions):
                                     
Derivatives in ASC 815 cash
flow hedging relationships
 
Amount of gain (loss)
recognized in other
comprehensive loss
on derivatives
   
Location of gain (loss)
reclassified from
accumulated other
comprehensive loss
into earnings
 
Amount of gain
(loss) reclassified
from accumulated
other comprehensive
loss into earnings
 
 
 
2020
   
2019
   
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Foreign currency contracts
  $
1.4
    $
0.1
   
Cost of products sold
  $
0.8
    $
—  
 
 
 
Commodities contracts
   
(0.2
)    
(0.2
)  
Cost of products sold
   
—  
     
—  
 
                                     
  $
1.2
    $
(0.1
)  
  $
0.8
    $
—  
 
                                     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14.
Income Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was 23.6 percent compared to 20.0 percent for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The higher effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was primarily due to
a change in geographic
earnings mix.
As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $9.7 million of unrecognized tax benefits of which $0.8 million would affect its effective income tax rate if recognized. The Company recognizes potential interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense.
The Company’s U.S. federal income tax returns for 2016-2020 are subject to audit. The Company is subject to state and local income tax audits for tax years 2002-2020. The Company is subject to
non-U.S.
income tax examinations for years 2014-2020.
19

15.
Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss by Component
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes to accumulated other comprehensive loss by component are as follows:
                 
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Cumulative foreign currency translation
   
     
 
Balance at beginning of period
  $
(66.2
)   $
(64.9
)
Other comprehensive
(
loss
)
income before reclassifications
   
(18.0
)    
15.9
 
                 
Balance at end of period
   
(84.2
)    
(49.0
)
                 
Unrealized net gain (loss) on cash flow derivatives
   
     
 
Balance at beginning of period
   
0.2
     
(0.7
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications
   
0.9
     
(0.1
)
Realized gains on derivatives reclassified to cost of products sold (net of income tax provision of
$
0.2 and
$
- in 2020 and 2019, respectively)
   
(0.6
)    
—  
 
                 
Balance at end of period
   
0.5
     
(0.8
)
                 
Pension liability
   
     
 
Balance at beginning of period
   
(282.3
)    
(285.2
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss:
(1)
   
3.6
     
2.9
 
                 
Balance at end of period
   
(278.7
)    
(282.3
)
                 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, end of period
  $
(362.4
)   $
(332.1
)
(1)
 Amortization of pension items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                 
Actuarial losses
  $
4.9
(2)
 
  $
4.0
(2)
 
Prior year service cost
   
(0.1
)
(2)
   
(0.1
)
(2)
   
4.8
     
3.9
 
Income tax benefit
   
(1.2
)    
(1.0
)
Reclassification net of income tax benefit
  $
 
 
 
 
3.6
    $
 
 
 
 
2.9
 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2)
These accumulated other comprehensive loss components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See Note 10 - Pensions for additional details
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20

16.
Commitments and Contingencies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Company maintains a commercial relationship with a supply-chain service provider (the Provider) in connection with the Company’s business in China. In this capacity, the Provider offers order-entry, warehousing and logistics support. The Provider also offers asset-backed financing to certain of the Company’s distributors in China to facilitate their working capital needs. To facilitate its financing support business, the Provider has collateralized lending facilities in place with multiple Chinese banks under which the Company has agreed to repurchase inventory if both requested by the banks and certain defined conditions are met, primarily related to the aging of the distributors’ notes.
The Provider is required to indemnify the Company for any losses the Company would incur in the event of an inventory repurchase under these arrangements. Potential losses under the repurchase arrangements represent the difference between the repurchase price and net proceeds from the resale of product plus costs incurred in the process, less related distributor rebates.
Before considering any reduction of distributor rebate accruals of $9.1
million
and $14.1 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and from the resale of the related inventory, the gross amount the Company would be obligated to repurchase, which would be contingent on the default of all of the outstanding loans, was approximately $17.0 million and $23.1 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The Company’s reserves for estimated losses under repurchase arrangements were immaterial as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
21

ITEM 2 - MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
OVERVIEW
Our company is comprised of two reporting segments: North America and Rest of World. Our Rest of World segment is primarily comprised of China, Europe and India. Both segments manufacture and market comprehensive lines of residential and commercial gas and electric water heaters, boilers, tanks, and water treatment products. Both segments primarily manufacture and market in their respective region of the world. Our Rest of World segment also manufactures and markets
in-home
air purifier products in China.
In January 2020, an outbreak of a novel coronavirus
(COVID-19)
surfaced in Wuhan, China. As a result of the outbreak, the Chinese government required businesses to close and restricted certain travel within the country. In cooperation with the government authorities, our operations in China closed for approximately four weeks. As of the date of this filing, our operations in China have resumed but at below normal levels. In March 2020,
COVID-19
was declared a global pandemic and we saw pressure in our other end markets worldwide. Through the date of this filing, our global manufacturing operations of essential water heating and water treatment products continue with minimal operating disruption. We shifted water heater production from Mexico to the U.S. in the short-term to minimize disruption due to the temporary closure of our Juarez, Mexico plant. As a result of the
COVID-19
pandemic and in support of continuing our manufacturing efforts, we have undertaken numerous and meaningful steps to protect our employees, suppliers, and customers. These important steps, which in certain cases reduce efficiency, include making plant accommodations and reconfigurations to maintain social distancing, mask availability to all employees, during deep cleanings of our facilities and encouraging employees to work remotely where possible, among others. As we receive guidance from governmental authorities, we adjust our safety measures to meet or exceed those guidelines. The majority of our customers in the U.S. are also deemed essential under Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) guidance and are operating their businesses under varying state and local governmental guidance.
Our global supply chain management team continues to monitor and manage our ability to operate effectively in response to various and differing
shelter-in-place
orders by countries and states where we and our suppliers operate. To date, we have not seen any meaningful disruptions to our supply chain. Ongoing communications with our suppliers to identify and mitigate risk of potential disruptions and to manage inventory levels continue.
While we believe our balance sheet and capital position are strong, proactive management of discretionary spending and cost structure will continue. In addition, the members of our Board of Directors have voluntarily reduced the cash component of their board compensation by 25 percent and our chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) has voluntarily reduced his base salary by 25 percent. Our CEO’s staff, which includes our other named executive officers, have also volunteered a 15 percent reduction in base salary. We also continue to focus on
right-sizing
our cost structure in China through headcount reductions, store closures, cuts in advertising and other cost saving measures.
We estimate that 85 percent of our water heater and boiler units sold in the U.S. relate to replacement business. While we expect that our replacement business in both water heating and boilers will provide a buffer in any economic downturn resulting from
COVID-19
in a similar manner to what we have seen historically, the impacts of the pandemic on consumer spending are difficult to predict.
We believe that the current environment does not allow for the forecast of performance with reasonable precision, and as a result we suspended our 2020 full year outlook. As the severity and duration of the disruption and pace of recovery in our end markets become clearer, we will look to return to our practice of providing a current year outlook.
22

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
FIRST THREE MONTHS OF 2020 COMPARED TO 2019
Sales in the first quarter of 2020 were $637 million, approximately 15 percent lower than sales of $748 million in the first quarter of 2019. Our lower sales in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period last year were primarily due to a 57 percent decline in sales in China, which was primarily driven by
COVID-19
pandemic–related weak consumer demand. The decreased demand in China more than offset higher water treatment volumes in North America, including incremental sales of $16 million from our Water-Right, Inc. (Water-Right) acquisition, which we completed in April 2019.
First quarter gross profit margin of 37.6 percent in 2020 declined from a gross profit margin of 39.1 percent in the first quarter of 2019. The lower gross profit margin was primarily due to lower sales volumes in China.
Selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses in the first quarter of 2020 were $173.8 million or $10.9 million lower than SG&A expenses of $184.7 million in the first quarter of 2019. The decrease in SG&A expenses in 2020 was primarily due to lower selling, advertising, and engineering expenses in China as a result of reduced sales volumes.
Interest expense in the first quarter of 2020 was $2.2 million compared to $2.0 million in the same period last year. Higher debt levels in 2020 were partially offset by lower interest rates.
Other income was $4.2 million in the first quarter of 2020, down from $5.5 million in the same period last year. The decrease in other income was primarily due to lower interest income.
Our pension costs and credits are developed from actuarial valuations. The valuations reflect key assumptions regarding, among other things, discount rates, expected return on plan assets, retirement ages, and years of service. We consider current market conditions, including changes in interest rates, in making these assumptions. Our assumption for the expected rate of return on plan assets is 6.75 percent in 2020 compared to 7.15 percent in 2019. The discount rate used to determine net periodic pension costs decreased to 3.18 percent in 2020 from 4.32 percent in 2019. Pension income for the first quarter of 2020 and 2019 was $2.1 million in each period. The service cost component of our pension income is reflected in cost of products sold and SG&A expenses. All other components of our pension income are reflected in other income.
Our effective income tax rate for the first quarter of 2020 was 23.6 percent compared to 20.0 percent in the same period last year. Our effective income tax rate in the first quarter of 2020 was higher than the effective income tax rate in the first quarter of 2019, primarily due to a change in geographic earnings mix.
North America
Sales in our North America segment were $533 million in the first quarter of 2020, $11 million higher than sales of $522 million in the first quarter of 2019. The higher sales in the first quarter of 2020 were primarily due to incremental sales of $16 million from Water-Right, as well as organic growth of approximately 17 percent in our North America water treatment products. Higher water heater volumes were partially offset by a water heater sales mix composed of more electric models which have a lower selling price and lower contractual formula pricing associated with a portion of water heater sales based on lower steel costs.
North America segment earnings were $127.1 million in the first quarter of 2020, which was higher than segment earnings of $116.0 million in the same period of 2019. Segment margin was 23.9 percent in the first quarter of 2020 compared to 22.2 percent in the first quarter of 2019. The improvement in segment
23

earnings and margin compared to the prior period was driven by lower steel costs, and improvement in the profitability of water treatment sales, including incremental profit from Water-Right. These favorable impacts were partially offset by the mix toward electric water heaters and lower contractual formula pricing.
Rest of World
Sales in the Rest of World segment were $110 million in the first quarter of 2020 or $122 million lower than sales of $232 million in the first quarter of 2019. Sales in China decreased 57 percent in U.S. dollar terms and 56 percent in local currency terms, primarily due to
COVID-19
pandemic related weak consumer demand as the Chinese economy was essentially closed and mobility was restricted for the majority of the first quarter of 2020. China channel inventory levels declined slightly in the first quarter of 2020 from the levels at the end of 2019.
Rest of World segment losses were $42.2 million in the first quarter of 2020 compared to earnings of $12.3 million in the first quarter of 2019. The unfavorable impact from lower China sales and a higher mix of
mid-price
products, which have lower margins compared to higher priced products, was partially offset by the benefits from lower SG&A expenses in that region. As a result of these factors, the segment margin in the first quarter of 2020 was negative compared with 5.3 percent in the same quarter of 2019.
Outlook
We believe that the current environment does not allow for the forecast of performance with reasonable precision, and as a result we suspended our 2020 full year outlook. As the depth and duration of the disruption and pace of recovery in our end markets become clearer, we will look to return to our practice of providing a current year outlook.
Liquidity & Capital Resources
Working capital of $743.4 million at March 31, 2020 was $9.5 million higher than at December 31, 2019, as a result of lower accounts payable balances which were partially offset by lower accounts receivable balances, primarily in China. As of March 31, 2020, approximately $295 million of the $551.7 million of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities was held in local currency in China. Through the first four months of 2020, we repatriated $125 million to the U.S.
Cash provided by operations in the first quarter of 2020 was $54.1 million compared with $21.6 million provided during the same period last year. Lower earnings which were more than offset by lower working capital investment in the current period resulted in higher cash flow from operations. We believe the current environment is not conducive to reasonably forecast our cash flow for the full year 2020. We continue to monitor developments on an
on-going
basis and have taken proactive measures to focus on cash, manage working capital and reduce costs.
Capital expenditures totaled $12.8 million in the first quarter of 2020, compared with $20.9 million in the year ago period. We continue to invest strategically in our business focusing on productivity, new products and technology. We project our 2020 capital expenditures to be between $60 and $70 million, lower than our approximately $80 million average annual spending in the last three years. We expect full year depreciation and amortization will be approximately $85 million.
We have a $500 million multi-currency credit facility with a group of nine banks, which expires in December 2021. The facility has an accordion provision, which allows us to increase it up to $700 million if certain conditions (including lender approval) are satisfied. Borrowing rates under the facility are determined by our leverage ratio. The facility requires us to maintain two financial covenants, a leverage ratio test and an interest coverage test, and we were in compliance with the covenants as of March 31, 2020. Our total
24

debt increased $58.4 million from $284.0 million at December 31, 2019 to $342.4 million at March 31, 2020. Our leverage ratio as measured by the ratio of total debt to total capitalization, calculated excluding operating leases, was 17.5 percent at March 31, 2020, significantly below the 60 percent maximum dictated by its credit and various long-term note facilities. Our ratio of debt to total capitalization was 14.6 percent at December 31, 2019.
The facility backs up commercial paper and credit line borrowings. As a result of the long-term nature of this facility, our commercial paper and credit line borrowings, as well as drawings under the facility, are classified as long-term debt. At March 31, 2020, we had available borrowing capacity of $270.8 million under this facility. As of April 30, 2020, we had liquidity of approximately $850 million consisting of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, and undrawn borrowing capacity on our credit facility. We believe the combination of cash, available borrowing capacity and operating cash flows will provide sufficient funds to finance our existing operations for the foreseeable future.
Our pension plan continues to meet all funding requirements under ERISA regulations. We are not required to make a contribution and we do not plan to make any voluntary contributions to the plan in 2020.
In the second quarter of 2019, our Board of Directors approved adding three million shares of Common Stock to an existing discretionary share repurchase authority. Under the share repurchase program, our common stock may be purchased through a combination of a Rule
10b5-1
automatic trading plan and discretionary purchases in accordance with applicable securities laws. The stock repurchase authorization remains effective until terminated by our Board of Directors, which may occur at any time, subject to the parameters of any Rule
10b5-1
automatic trading plan that we may then have in effect. During the first quarter of 2020, we repurchased 1,348,391 shares of our stock at a total cost of $56.7 million. At March 31, 2020, we had 1,613,824 million shares remaining on the board share repurchase authority. Due to the uncertainty surrounding the impact of the global
COVID-19
pandemic, we suspended our share repurchases on March 18, 2020.
On April 14, 2020, our Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.24 per share on our Common Stock and Class A common stock. The five-year compound annual growth rate of our dividend is approximately 20 percent. The dividend is payable on May 15, 2020 to shareholders of record on April 30, 2020.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., which requires the use of estimates and assumptions about future events that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Future events and their effects cannot be determined with absolute certainty. Therefore, the determination of estimates requires the exercise of judgment. Actual results inevitably will differ from those estimates, and such differences may be material to the financial statements. The critical accounting policies that we believe could have the most significant effect on our reported results or require complex judgment by management are contained in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, of our Annual Report on Form
10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2019. We believe that at March 31, 2020, there has been no material change to this information.
25

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
in Note 1 – Basis of Presentation in the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part 1 Financial Information.
Forward Looking Statements
This filing contains statements that the company believes are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “forecast,” “continue,” “guidance” or words of similar meaning. All forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated as of the date of this filing. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from these expectations include, among other things, the following: negative impacts to the company’s business, including demand for its products, operations and work-force dislocation and disruption, supply chain disruption and liquidity as a result of the severity and duration of the
COVID-19
pandemic; a failure to recover or a further weakening of the Chinese economy and/ or a failure to recover or a further decline in the growth rate of consumer spending or housing sales in China; negative impact to the company’s businesses from international tariffs and trade disputes; potential weakening in the high efficiency boiler segment in the U.S.; significant volatility in raw material availability and prices; inability of the company to implement or maintain pricing actions; a failure to recover or further weakening in U.S. residential or commercial construction or instability in the company’s replacement markets; foreign currency fluctuations; the company’s inability to successfully integrate or achieve its strategic objectives resulting from acquisitions; competitive pressures on the company’s businesses; the impact of potential information technology or data security breaches; changes in government regulations or regulatory requirements; and adverse developments in general economic, political and business conditions in key regions of the world. Forward-looking statements included in this filing are made only as of the date of this filing, and the company is under no obligation to update these statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributed to the company, or persons acting on its behalf, are qualified entirely by these cautionary statements.
ITEM 3 - QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
As is more fully described in our Annual Report on Form
10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2019, we are exposed to various types of market risks, including currency and certain commodity risks. Our quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk have not materially changed since that report was filed. We monitor our currency and commodity risks on a continuous basis and generally enter into forward and futures contracts to minimize these exposures. The majority of the contracts are for periods of less than one year. Our Company does not engage in speculation in our derivative strategies. It is important to note that gains and losses from our forward and futures contract activities are offset by changes in the underlying costs of the transactions being hedged.
26

ITEM 4 - CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rule
13a-15(e)
promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act). Based upon this evaluation of these disclosure controls and procedures, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2020 to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time period specified in the SEC rules and forms, and to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.
Changes in internal control over financial reporting
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1 - LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
On May 28, 2019, a putative securities class action lawsuit was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin against the Company and certain of its current or former officers. Subsequently, on November 22, 2019, a consolidated amended complaint was filed by the lead plaintiff. This action, now captioned as City of Birmingham Retirement and Relief System v. A. O. Smith Corporation, et al., asserts securities fraud claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”), and seeks damages and other relief based upon the allegations in the complaint. On January 24, 2020, A. O. Smith and the other defendants moved to dismiss the consolidated amended complaint for failure to state a claim. Their motion is currently pending. A shareholder derivative lawsuit, captioned as Pierce v. A. O. Smith Corporation, et al. and based on similar allegations as the putative class action, was filed on August 20, 2019, also in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin. On November 6, 2019, the plaintiff in the derivative action moved to dismiss his lawsuit, and
 re-filed
it in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware on November 12, 2019. The derivative action asserts claims under Sections 14(a) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act, as well as for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and waste of corporate assets, and seeks damages and other relief based upon the allegations in the complaint. On February 12, 2020, the parties filed a stipulation seeking to stay the derivative lawsuit pending resolution of the City of Birmingham lawsuit. On February 13, 2020, a second shareholder derivative suit, captioned as Jarozewski v. A. O. Smith Corporation, et al., was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware, asserting claims under Sections 10(b), 14(a) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act, as well as for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and insider trading, and seeks damages and other relief based upon the allegations in the complaint. On April 1, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware, upon a joint stipulation filed by the parties, consolidated both the Pierce and Jarozewski derivative lawsuits and stayed the consolidated actions pending resolution of the City of Birmingham lawsuit.
27

ITEM 1A RISK FACTORS 
There have been no material changes from the risk factors disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2019, except for the addition of the risk factor set forth below:
The global coronavirus
(COVID-19)
pandemic, or other global public health pandemics, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition
Our business, results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected if a global public health pandemic, including the current
COVID-19
pandemic, interferes with the ability of our employees, suppliers, and customers to perform our and their respective responsibilities and obligations relative to the conduct of our business and operations. The
COVID-19
pandemic has significantly impacted economic activity and markets around the world, and it could have a material negative impact on our business and operations in numerous ways, including but not limited to those outlined below:
  The risk that we, or our employees, suppliers or customers may be prevented from conducting business activities for an indefinite period of time, including shutdowns that may be requested or mandated by governmental authorities.
  Restrictions on shipping products from certain jurisdictions where they are produced or into certain jurisdictions where customers are located.
  Inability to meet our customers’ needs and achieve cost targets due to disruptions in our manufacturing and supply arrangements caused by the loss or disruption of essential manufacturing and supply elements, such as raw materials or other finished product components, transportation, workforce or other manufacturing and distribution capability.
  Failure of third parties on which we rely, including our suppliers, distributors, contractors and commercial banks, to meet their obligations to us, or significant disruptions in their ability to do so, which may be caused by their own financial or operational difficulties and may adversely impact our operations.
  Significant reductions in demand or significant volatility in demand and a global economic recession that could further reduce demand for our products, resulting from actions taken by governments, businesses, and/or the general public in an effort to limit exposure to and spreading of such infectious diseases, such as travel restrictions, quarantines, and business shutdowns or slowdowns.
  Manufacturing plant inefficiencies due to safety and preventative health measures that we have implemented in our plants to prevent the spread of
COVID-19.
  Deterioration of worldwide credit and financial markets that could limit our ability to obtain external financing to fund our operations and capital expenditures.
The extent to which the
COVID-19
pandemic, or other outbreaks of disease or similar public health threats, materially and adversely impacts our business, results of operations and financial condition is highly uncertain and will depend on future developments. Such developments may include the geographic spread and duration of the virus, the severity of the disease and the actions that may be taken by various governmental authorities and other third parties in response to the outbreak. In addition, how quickly, and to what extent, normal economic and operating conditions can resume cannot be predicted, and the resumption of normal business operations may be delayed or constrained by lingering effects of the
COVID-19
pandemic on our suppliers, third-party service providers, and/or customers.
28

ITEM 2 - UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
In the second quarter of 2019, our Board of Directors approved adding three million shares of Common Stock to an existing discretionary share repurchase authority. Under the share repurchase program, the Common Stock may be purchased through a combination of Rule
10b5-1
automatic trading plan and discretionary purchases in accordance with applicable securities laws. The number of shares purchased and the timing of the purchases will depend on a number of factors, including share price, trading volume and general market conditions, as well as working capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors, including alternative investment opportunities. The stock repurchase authorization remains effective until terminated by our Board of Directors which may occur at any time, subject to the parameters of any Rule
10b5-1
automatic trading plan that we may then have in effect. In the first quarter of 2020, we repurchased 1,348,391 shares at an average price of $42.02 per share and at a total cost of $56.7 million. As of March 31, 2020, there were 1,613,824 shares remaining on the existing repurchase authorization. Due to the uncertainty surrounding the impact of the global
COVID-19
pandemic, we suspended our share repurchases on March 18, 2020.
                                 
ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Period
 
Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased
   
Average
Price Paid
per Share
   
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
   
Maximum Number
of Shares that may
yet be Purchased
Under the Plans
or Programs
 
January 1 – January 31, 2020
   
400,800
    $
46.89
     
400,800
     
2,561,415
 
February 1 – February 29, 2020
   
62,000
     
42.07
     
62,000
     
2,499,415
 
March 1 – March 31, 2020
   
885,591
     
39.82
     
885,591
     
1,613,824
 
ITEM 6 - EXHIBITS
Refer to the Exhibit Index on page 30 of this report.
29

INDEX TO EXHIBITS
         
Exhibit
Number
   
Description
         
 
31.1
   
         
 
31.2
   
         
 
32.1
   
         
 
32.2
   
         
 
101
   
The following materials from A. O. Smith Corporation’s Quarterly Report on Form
10-Q
for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 are filed herewith, formatted in XBRL (Extensive Business Reporting Language): (i