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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
Or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number: 1-8703

wdc-20220930_g1.gif
WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware 33-0956711
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
5601 Great Oaks Parkway San Jose, California 95119
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (408) 717-6000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value Per Share WDC The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
  (Nasdaq Global Select Market)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company”



in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ý
As of the close of business on October 26, 2022, 317,650,295 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, were outstanding.



WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
INDEX
PAGE NO.
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets — As of September 30, 2022 and July 1, 2022
5
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations — Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021
6
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) — Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021
7
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows — Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021
8
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity — Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021
9
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 6. Exhibits

Unless otherwise indicated, references herein to specific years and quarters are to our fiscal years and fiscal quarters, and references to financial information are on a consolidated basis. As used herein, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company,” “WDC” and “Western Digital” refer to Western Digital Corporation and its subsidiaries, unless we state, or the context indicates, otherwise.

WDC, a Delaware corporation, is the parent company of our data storage business. Our principal executive offices are located at 5601 Great Oaks Parkway, San Jose, California 95119. Our telephone number is (408) 717-6000.

Western Digital, the Western Digital logo, SanDisk, and WD are registered trademarks or trademarks of Western Digital or its affiliates in the U.S. and/or other countries. All other trademarks, registered trademarks and/or service marks, indicated or otherwise, are the property of their respective owners.


3

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Any statements that do not relate to historical or current facts or matters are forward-looking statements. You can identify some of the forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking words, such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “would,” “project,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “estimate,” “continue,” “potential,” “plan,” “forecast,” and the like, or the use of future tense. Statements concerning current conditions may also be forward-looking if they imply a continuation of current conditions. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning: expectations regarding the global macroeconomic environment; the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic; expectations regarding supply chain conditions and constraints; expectations regarding demand trends and market conditions for our products and expected future financial performance; expectations regarding our product momentum and product development and technology plans; expectations regarding capital expenditure plans and investments, including relating to our Flash Ventures joint venture with Kioxia Corporation (“Kioxia”), and sources of funding for those expenditures; expectations regarding our effective tax rate and our unrecognized tax benefits; and our beliefs regarding the sufficiency of our available liquidity to meet our working capital, debt and capital expenditure needs.

These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations, represent the most current information available to the Company as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results or performance to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

volatility in global economic conditions;
future responses to and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic or other similar global health crises;
impact of business and market conditions;
the outcome and impact of our ongoing strategic review, including with respect to customer and supplier relationships, regulatory and contractual restrictions, stock price volatility and the diversion of management’s attention from ongoing business operations and opportunities;
impact of competitive products and pricing;
our development and introduction of products based on new technologies and expansion into new data storage markets;
risks associated with cost saving initiatives, restructurings, acquisitions, divestitures, mergers, joint ventures and our strategic relationships;
difficulties or delays in manufacturing or other supply chain disruptions;
hiring and retention of key employees;
our level of debt and other financial obligations;
changes to our relationships with key customers;
disruptions in operations from cybersecurity incidents or other system security risks;
actions by competitors;
risks associated with compliance with changing legal and regulatory requirements and the outcome of legal proceedings; and
the other risks and uncertainties disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 1, 2022 (the “2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K”).

You are urged to carefully review the disclosures we make concerning these risks and review the additional disclosures we make concerning material risks and other factors that may affect the outcome of our forward-looking statements and our business and operating results, including those made in Part I, Item 1A of our 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K and any of those made in our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of subsequent Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q that may from time to time amend, supplement or supersede the risks and uncertainties disclosed in the 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which speak only as of the date of this document. We do not intend, and undertake no obligation, to update or revise these forward-looking statements to reflect new information or events after the date of this document or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law.
4

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Financial Statements (unaudited)

WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions, except par value)
(Unaudited)
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 2,049  $ 2,327 
Accounts receivable, net 2,422  2,804 
Inventories 3,862  3,638 
Other current assets 738  684 
Total current assets 9,071  9,453 
Property, plant and equipment, net 3,718  3,670 
Notes receivable and investments in Flash Ventures 1,219  1,396 
Goodwill 10,037  10,041 
Other intangible assets, net 174  213 
Other non-current assets 1,467  1,486 
Total assets $ 25,686  $ 26,259 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 1,686  $ 1,902 
Accounts payable to related parties 295  320 
Accrued expenses 1,592  1,636 
Income taxes payable 986  869 
Accrued compensation 407  510 
Total current liabilities 4,966  5,237 
Long-term debt 7,071  7,022 
Other liabilities 1,542  1,779 
Total liabilities 13,579  14,038 
Commitments and contingencies (Notes 10, 11, 13 and 16)
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value; authorized — 450 shares; issued — 318 shares and 315 shares, respectively; outstanding — 318 shares and 315 shares, respectively
Additional paid-in capital 3,641  3,733 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (694) (554)
Retained earnings 9,157  9,039 
Total shareholders’ equity 12,107  12,221 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 25,686  $ 26,259 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
Revenue, net $ 3,736  $ 5,051 
Cost of revenue 2,755  3,386 
Gross profit 981  1,665 
Operating expenses:
Research and development 552  578 
Selling, general and administrative 247  291 
Employee termination, asset impairment, and other charges 24  18 
Total operating expenses 823  887 
Operating income 158  778 
Interest and other income (expense):
Interest income
Interest expense (70) (78)
Other income (expense), net (6)
Total interest and other expense, net (74) (74)
Income before taxes 84  704 
Income tax expense 57  94 
Net income $ 27  $ 610 
Income per common share:
Basic $ 0.09  $ 1.97 
Diluted $ 0.08  $ 1.93 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic 316  310 
Diluted 319  316 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6

WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
Net income $ 27  $ 610 
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax:
Actuarial pension gain — 
Foreign currency translation adjustment (80)
Net unrealized gain (loss) on derivative contracts and available-for-sale securities (76) 33 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), before tax (156) 38 
Income tax benefit (expense) related to items of other comprehensive income (loss), before tax 16  (8)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (140) 30 
Total comprehensive income (loss) $ (113) $ 640 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income $ 27  $ 610 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operations:
Depreciation and amortization 216  250 
Stock-based compensation 86  76 
Deferred income taxes (42) 27 
Gain on disposal of assets — 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discounts 10 
Other non-cash operating activities, net 44  (12)
Changes in:
Accounts receivable, net 382  (188)
Inventories (224) 73 
Accounts payable (125) (41)
Accounts payable to related parties (25) (20)
Accrued expenses (44) (1)
Income taxes payable 117  (35)
Accrued compensation (104) (67)
Other assets and liabilities, net (306) (161)
Net cash provided by operating activities 521 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (320) (245)
Notes receivable issuances to Flash Ventures (84) (165)
Notes receivable proceeds from Flash Ventures 183  113 
Strategic investments and other, net (3) (15)
Net cash used in investing activities (224) (312)
Cash flows from financing activities
Issuance of stock under employee stock plans — 
Taxes paid on vested stock awards under employee stock plans (50) (78)
Repayment of debt —  (213)
Repayments of revolving credit facility (300) — 
Proceeds from revolving credit facility 300  — 
Net cash used in financing activities (50) (289)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash (10) — 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (278) (80)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year 2,327  3,370 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 2,049  $ 3,290 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for income taxes $ 134  $ 221 
Cash paid for interest $ 106  $ 99 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
8

WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-In Capital Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Retained Earnings Total Shareholders’ Equity
Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance at July 1, 2022 315  $ —  $ —  $ 3,733  $ (554) $ 9,039  $ 12,221 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  27  27 
Adoption of new accounting standards —  —  —  —  (128) —  91  (37)
Employee stock plans —  —  —  (50) —  —  (50)
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  86  —  —  86 
Foreign currency translation adjustment —  —  —  —  —  (80) —  (80)
Net unrealized loss on derivative contracts —  —  —  —  —  (60) —  (60)
Balance at September 30, 2022 318  $ —  $ —  $ 3,641  $ (694) $ 9,157  $ 12,107 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

9

WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-In Capital Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Retained Earnings Total Shareholders’ Equity
Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance at July 2, 2021 312  $ (4) $ (232) $ 3,608  $ (197) $ 7,539  $ 10,721 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  610  610 
Employee stock plans —  —  207  (283) —  —  (76)
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  76  —  —  76 
Actuarial pension gain —  —  —  —  —  — 
Foreign currency translation adjustment —  —  —  —  —  — 
Net unrealized gain on derivative contracts —  —  —  —  —  25  —  25 
Balance at October 1, 2021 312  $ (1) $ (25) $ 3,401  $ (167) $ 8,149  $ 11,361 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
10


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 1.    Organization and Basis of Presentation

Western Digital Corporation (“Western Digital” or the “Company”) is a leading developer, manufacturer, and provider of data storage devices and solutions based on both flash-based products (“Flash”) and hard disk drives (“HDD”) technologies. With dedicated Flash and HDD business units driving advancements in memory technologies, the Company creates and drives innovations needed to help customers capture, preserve, access, and transform an ever-increasing diversity of data.

The accounting policies followed by the Company are set forth in Part II, Item 8, Note 1, Organization and Basis of Presentation, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended July 1, 2022. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary to fairly state the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been made. All such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the Consolidated Financial Statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended July 1, 2022. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year.

Fiscal Year

The Company’s fiscal year ends on the Friday nearest to June 30 and typically consists of 52 weeks. Approximately every five to six years, the Company reports a 53-week fiscal year to align the fiscal year with the foregoing policy. Fiscal years 2023, which ends on June 30, 2023, and 2022, which ended on July 1, 2022, are each comprised of 52 weeks, with all quarters presented consisting of 13 weeks.

Segment Reporting

The Company manufactures, markets, and sells data storage devices and solutions in the U.S. and in foreign countries through its sales personnel, dealers, distributors, retailers, and subsidiaries. The Company manages and reports under two reportable segments: Flash and HDD.

The Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) evaluates performance of the Company and makes decisions regarding allocation of resources based on each operating segment’s net revenue and gross margin. Because of the integrated nature of the Company’s production and distribution activities, separate segment asset measures are not available or reviewed by the CODM to evaluate the performance of or to allocate resources to the segments.

Use of Estimates

Company management has made estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of certain assets and liabilities in conformity with U.S. GAAP. These estimates and assumptions have been applied using methodologies that are consistent throughout the periods presented with consideration given to the potential impacts of current macroeconomic conditions. However, actual results could differ materially from these estimates.


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WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 2.    Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, “Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity” (“ASU 2020-06”). ASU 2020-06 reduces the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock and results in fewer instruments with embedded conversion features being separately recognized from the host contract as compared with prior standards. Those instruments that do not have a separately recognized embedded conversion feature will no longer recognize a debt issuance discount related to such a conversion feature and would recognize less interest expense on a periodic basis. Additionally, the ASU amends the calculation of the share dilution impact related to a conversion feature and eliminates the treasury method as an option. The Company adopted the new standard effective July 2, 2022, the first day of the year ending June 30, 2023, using the modified retrospective method. On the date of adoption, the Company recorded a reduction in Additional Paid-In Capital of $128 million, a reduction of unamortized debt discount of $48 million, a reduction of deferred income tax liabilities of $11 million, and an increase to retained earnings of $91 million for the after-tax impact of previously recognized amortization of the debt discount associated with the Company’s convertible senior notes.

In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-10, “Government Assistance (Topic 832): Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance” (“ASU 2021-10”). ASU 2021-10 increases the transparency of government assistance received by requiring most business entities to disclose information about government assistance received, including (1) the types of assistance, (2) the entity’s accounting for the assistance, and (3) the effect of the assistance on an entity’s financial statements. This ASU is effective for fiscal years (and interim periods within those fiscal years) beginning after December 15, 2021, which for the Company is the first quarter of 2023. The Company adopted this ASU on July 2, 2022, the first day of the year ending June 30, 2023, and the adoption did not have a material impact on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.




12


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 3.    Business Segments, Geographic Information, and Concentrations of Risk

The following table summarizes the operating performance of the Company’s reportable segments:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions, except percentages)
Net revenue:
Flash $ 1,722  $ 2,490 
HDD 2,014  2,561 
Total net revenue $ 3,736  $ 5,051 
Gross profit:
Flash $ 422  $ 921 
HDD 574  792 
Total gross profit for segments 996  1,713 
Unallocated corporate items:
Stock-based compensation expense (14) (9)
Amortization of acquired intangible assets (1) (39)
Total unallocated corporate items (15) (48)
Consolidated gross profit $ 981  $ 1,665 
Gross margin:
Flash 24.5  % 37.0  %
HDD 28.5  % 30.9  %
Consolidated gross margin 26.3  % 33.0  %

Disaggregated Revenue

The Company’s broad portfolio of technology and products address multiple end markets. Cloud represents a large and growing end market comprised primarily of products for public or private cloud environments and end customers, which the Company believes it is uniquely positioned to address as the only provider of both Flash and HDD. Through the Client end market, the Company provides its original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) and channel customers a broad array of high-performance flash and hard drive solutions across personal computer, mobile, gaming, automotive, virtual reality headsets, at-home entertainment, and industrial spaces. The Consumer end market is highlighted by the Company’s broad range of retail and other end-user products, which capitalize on the strength of the Company’s product brand recognition and vast points of presence around the world.

13


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The Company’s disaggregated revenue information is as follows:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions)
Revenue by End Market
Cloud $ 1,829  $ 2,225 
Client 1,229  1,853 
Consumer 678  973 
Total Revenue $ 3,736  $ 5,051 
Revenue by Geography
Asia $ 1,686  $ 2,675 
Americas 1,423  1,614 
Europe, Middle East and Africa 627  762 
Total Revenue $ 3,736  $ 5,051 

The Company’s top 10 customers accounted for 52% of its net revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022, and 43% of its net revenue for the three months ended October 1, 2021. For the three months ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021, no single customer accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s net revenue.

Goodwill

The following table provides a summary of goodwill activity for the period:
Flash HDD Total
(in millions)
Balance at July 1, 2022 $ 5,718  $ 4,323  $ 10,041 
Foreign currency translation adjustment (2) (2) (4)
Balance at September 30, 2022 $ 5,716  $ 4,321  $ 10,037 

Goodwill is not amortized. Instead, it is tested for impairment annually as of the beginning of the Company’s fourth quarter, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that goodwill may be impaired. The Company uses qualitative factors to determine whether goodwill is more-likely-than-not impaired and whether a quantitative test for impairment is considered necessary. If the Company concludes from the qualitative assessment that goodwill is more likely than not impaired, the Company is required to perform a quantitative approach to determine the amount of impairment

As of September 30, 2022, management identified several factors, including changes in macroeconomic conditions and a recent decline of the Company’s market stock price, that warranted a quantitative analysis of impairment for both the Flash and HDD reporting units as of that date. The fair value of each operating segment was based on a weighting of two valuation methodologies: an income approach and a market approach.

The income approach was based on the present value of the projected discounted cash flows (“DCF”) expected to be generated by the operating segment. Those projections required the use of significant estimates and assumptions specific to the reporting unit as well as those based on general economic conditions, which included, among other factors, revenue growth rates, gross margins, operating costs, capital expenditures, assumed tax rates and other assumptions deemed reasonable by management. The present value was based on applying a weighted average cost of capital (“WACC”) which considered long-term interest rates and cost of equity based on the Company’s risk profile.

The market approach was based on a guideline company method, which analyzed market multiples of revenue and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) for a group of comparable public companies.
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WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

We reconciled the aggregated estimated fair value of both operating segments to the Company’s market capitalization, including consideration of a control premium representing the estimated amount a market participant would pay to obtain a controlling interest in the Company.

As of September 30, 2022, the fair value derived from those valuation methodologies exceeded the carrying value by 7% and 32% for Flash and HDD, respectively, and no impairment was recognized.

The Company is required to use judgment when applying the goodwill impairment test, including the assignment of assets and liabilities to reporting units, and determination of the fair value of each reporting unit. In addition, the estimates used to determine the fair value of reporting units may change based on future changes in the Company’s results of operations, macroeconomic conditions or other factors. Changes in these estimates could materially affect the Company’s assessment of the fair value and goodwill impairment. In addition, if negative macroeconomic conditions continue or worsen or the Company’s stock price decreases for a sustained period of time, goodwill could become impaired, which could result in an impairment charge and materially adversely affect the Company’s financial condition results of operations.
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WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 4.    Revenues

Contract assets represent the Company’s rights to consideration where performance obligations are completed but the customer payments are not due until another performance obligation is satisfied. The Company did not have any contract assets as of either September 30, 2022 or July 1, 2022. Contract liabilities relate to customers’ payments in advance of performance under the contract and primarily relate to remaining performance obligations under professional service and support and maintenance contracts. Contract liabilities as of September 30, 2022 and July 1, 2022 and changes in contract liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021 were not material.

The Company incurs sales commissions and other direct incremental costs to obtain sales contracts. The Company has applied the practical expedient to recognize the direct incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred if the amortization period is expected to be one year or less or the amount is not material, with these costs charged to Selling, general and administrative expenses. The Company had no direct incremental costs to obtain contracts that have an expected benefit of greater than one year.

The Company applies the practical expedients and does not disclose transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations for (i) arrangements that have an original expected duration of one year or less, which mainly consist of the support and maintenance contracts, and (ii) variable consideration amounts for sale-based or usage-based royalties for intellectual property (“IP”) license arrangements, which typically range longer than one year. Remaining performance obligations are mainly attributed to right-to-access patent license arrangements, professional service arrangements and customer support and service contracts which will be recognized over the remaining contract period. The transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations as of September 30, 2022 was $26 million, which is mainly attributable to the functional IP license and professional service arrangements. The Company expects to recognize substantially all of this amount as revenue within the next twelve months.



16


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 5.    Supplemental Financial Statement Data

Accounts receivable, net

From time to time, in connection with factoring agreements, the Company sells trade accounts receivable without recourse to third party purchasers in exchange for cash. During the three months ended September 30, 2022, the Company sold trade accounts receivable aggregating $291 million. The Company did not sell any trade accounts receivable during the three months ended October 1, 2021. The discounts on the trade accounts receivable sold were not material and were recorded within Other income (expense), net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of September 30, 2022 and July 1, 2022, the amount of factored receivables that remained outstanding was $291 million and $300 million, respectively.

Inventories
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Inventories:
Raw materials and component parts $ 1,809  $ 1,603 
Work-in-process 1,130  1,162 
Finished goods 923  873 
Total inventories $ 3,862  $ 3,638 

Property, plant and equipment, net
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Property, plant and equipment:
Land $ 269  $ 269 
Buildings and improvements 1,945  1,920 
Machinery and equipment 8,734  8,642 
Computer equipment and software 499  494 
Furniture and fixtures 54  54 
Construction-in-process 642  591 
Property, plant and equipment, gross 12,143  11,970 
Accumulated depreciation (8,425) (8,300)
Property, plant and equipment, net $ 3,718  $ 3,670 

Other Intangible assets
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Other Intangible assets:
Finite-lived intangible assets $ 5,715  $ 5,493 
In-process research and development 80  80 
Accumulated amortization (5,621) (5,360)
Other Intangible assets, net $ 174  $ 213 

As part of prior acquisitions, the Company recorded at the time of the acquisition acquired in-process research and development (“IPR&D”) for projects in progress that had not yet reached technological feasibility. IPR&D is initially accounted for as an indefinite-lived intangible asset. Once a project reaches technological feasibility, the Company reclassifies the balance to existing technology and begins to amortize the intangible asset over its estimated useful life.
17


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Product warranty liability

Changes in the warranty accrual were as follows:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions)
Warranty accrual, beginning of period $ 345  $ 363 
Charges to operations 32  40 
Utilization (34) (23)
Changes in estimate related to pre-existing warranties (3) (10)
Warranty accrual, end of period $ 340  $ 370 

The current portion of the warranty accrual is classified in Accrued expenses and the long-term portion is classified in Other liabilities as noted below:
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Warranty accrual:
Current portion (included in Accrued expenses) $ 144  $ 162 
Long-term portion (included in Other liabilities) 196  183 
Total warranty accrual $ 340  $ 345 

Other liabilities
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Other liabilities:
Non-current net tax payable $ 460  $ 659 
Non-current portion of unrecognized tax benefits 453  477 
Other non-current liabilities 629  643 
Total other liabilities $ 1,542  $ 1,779 

18


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss

Accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCI”), net of tax refers to expenses, gains and losses that are recorded as an element of shareholders’ equity but are excluded from net income. The following table illustrates the changes in the balances of each component of AOCI:
Actuarial Pension Losses Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment Unrealized Losses on Derivative Contracts Total Accumulated Comprehensive Loss
(in millions)
Balance at July 1, 2022 $ (11) $ (277) $ (266) $ (554)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications —  (80) (140) (220)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss —  —  64  64 
Income tax benefit related to items of other comprehensive loss —  —  16  16 
Net current-period other comprehensive loss —  (80) (60) (140)
Balance at September 30, 2022 $ (11) $ (357) $ (326) $ (694)

During the three months ended September 30, 2022, the amounts reclassified out of AOCI were losses related to foreign exchange contracts and interest rate swap contracts. Losses reclassified out of AOCI related to foreign exchange contracts were $62 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 that were substantially charged to Cost of revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Losses reclassified out of AOCI related to interest rate swap contracts were $2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 that were charged to Interest expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

As of September 30, 2022, substantially all of existing net losses related to cash flow hedges recorded in AOCI are expected to be reclassified to earnings within the next twelve months. In addition, as of September 30, 2022, the Company did not have any foreign exchange forward contracts with credit-risk-related contingent features.

19


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 6.    Fair Value Measurements and Investments

Financial Instruments Carried at Fair Value

Financial assets and liabilities that are remeasured and reported at fair value at each reporting period are classified and disclosed in one of the following three levels:

Level 1.    Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2.    Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3.    Inputs that are unobservable for the asset or liability and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

The following tables present information about the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2022 and July 1, 2022, and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such values:
September 30, 2022
  Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
(in millions)
Assets:
Cash equivalents - Money market funds $ 322  $ —  $ —  $ 322 
Foreign exchange contracts —  48  —  48 
Interest rate swap contracts —  11  —  11 
Total assets at fair value $ 322  $ 59  $ —  $ 381 
Liabilities:
Foreign exchange contracts $ —  $ 329  $ —  $ 329 
Total liabilities at fair value $ —  $ 329  $ —  $ 329 
July 1, 2022
  Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
(in millions)
Assets:
Cash equivalents - Money market funds $ 266  $ —  $ —  $ 266 
Foreign exchange contracts —  61  —  61 
Interest rate swap contracts —  — 
Total assets at fair value $ 266  $ 64  $ —  $ 330 
Liabilities:
Foreign exchange contracts $ —  $ 316  $ —  $ 316 
Total liabilities at fair value $ —  $ 316  $ —  $ 316 

During the periods presented, the Company had no transfers of financial assets and liabilities between levels and there were no changes in valuation techniques or the inputs used in the fair value measurement.

20


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Financial Instruments Not Carried at Fair Value

For financial instruments where the carrying value (which includes principal adjusted for any unamortized issuance costs, and discounts or premiums) differs from fair value (which is based on quoted market prices), the following table represents the related carrying value and fair value for each of the Company’s outstanding financial instruments. Each of the financial instruments presented below was categorized as Level 2 for all periods presented, based on the frequency of trading immediately prior to the end of the first quarter of 2023 and the fourth quarter of 2022, respectively.
September 30, 2022 July 1, 2022
Carrying
Value
Fair
Value
Carrying
Value
Fair
Value
(in millions)
1.50% convertible notes due 2024
$ 1,097  $ 1,047  $ 1,048  $ 1,040 
4.75% senior unsecured notes due 2026
2,291  2,134  2,291  2,205 
Variable interest rate Term Loan A-2 maturing 2027 2,693  2,634  2,693  2,621 
2.85% senior unsecured notes due 2029
495  389  495  412 
3.10% senior unsecured notes due 2032
495  342  495  389 
     Total $ 7,071  $ 6,546  $ 7,022  $ 6,667 

21


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 7.    Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

As of September 30, 2022, the Company had outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts that were designated as either cash flow hedges or non-designated hedges. Substantially all of the contract maturity dates of these foreign exchange forward contracts do not exceed 12 months. In addition, the Company had outstanding pay-fixed interest rate swaps that were designated as cash flow hedges of variable rate interest payments through February 2023, on a portion of its term loans.

Changes in fair values of the non-designated foreign exchange contracts are recognized in Other income (expense), net and are largely offset by corresponding changes in the fair values of the foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities. For each of the three months ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021, total net realized and unrealized transaction and foreign exchange contract currency gains and losses were not material to the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Unrealized gains or losses on designated cash flow hedges are recognized in AOCI. For more information regarding cash flow hedges, see Part I, Item 1, Note 5, Supplemental Financial Statement Data - Accumulated other comprehensive loss, of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Netting Arrangements

Under certain provisions and conditions within agreements with counterparties to the Company’s foreign exchange forward contracts, subject to applicable requirements, the Company has the right of offset associated with the Company’s foreign exchange forward contracts and is allowed to net settle transactions of the same currency with a single net amount payable by one party to the other. As of September 30, 2022 and July 1, 2022, the effect of rights of offset was not material and the Company did not offset or net the fair value amounts of derivative instruments in its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

22


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 8.    Debt

Debt consisted of the following:
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
1.50% convertible notes due 2024
$ 1,100  $ 1,100 
4.75% senior unsecured notes due 2026
2,300  2,300 
Variable interest rate Term Loan A-2 maturing 2027 2,700  2,700 
2.85% senior unsecured notes due 2029
500  500 
3.10% senior unsecured notes due 2032
500  500 
Total debt 7,100  7,100 
Issuance costs and debt discounts (29) (78)
Long-term debt $ 7,071  $ 7,022 

During the three months ended September 30, 2022, the Company drew and repaid $300 million principal amount under its $2.25 billion revolving credit facility maturing in January 2027 (the “2027 Revolving Credit Facility”). The terms of the credit agreement governing the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loan A-2 requires the Company to comply with a leverage ratio financial covenant. As of September 30, 2022, the Company was in compliance with this financial covenant.

As described in Note 2, Recent Accounting Pronouncements the Company adopted ASU 2020-06 effective July 2, 2022, using a modified retrospective method, which resulted in the elimination of the originally recorded debt discount associated with the conversion feature on its 1.50% convertible notes due 2024.


23


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 9.    Pension and Other Post-Retirement Benefit Plans

The Company has pension and other post-retirement benefit plans in various countries. The Company’s principal pension plans are in Japan, Thailand and the Philippines. All pension and other post-retirement benefit plans outside of the Company’s Japan, Thailand and the Philippines defined benefit pension plans (the “Pension Plans”) are immaterial to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The expected long-term rate of return on the Pension Plans assets is 2.5%.

Obligations and Funded Status

The following table presents the unfunded status of the benefit obligations for the Pension Plans:
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Benefit obligation at end of period $ 275  $ 294 
Fair value of plan assets at end of period 177  189 
Unfunded status $ 98  $ 105 

The following table presents the unfunded amounts related to the Pension Plans as recognized on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Current liabilities $ $
Non-current liabilities 97  104 
Net amount recognized $ 98  $ 105 

Net periodic benefit costs were not material for the three months ended September 30, 2022.

24


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 10.    Related Parties and Related Commitments and Contingencies

Flash Ventures

The Company’s business ventures with Kioxia Corporation (“Kioxia”) consist of three separate legal entities: Flash Partners Ltd. (“Flash Partners”), Flash Alliance Ltd. (“Flash Alliance”), and Flash Forward Ltd. (“Flash Forward”), collectively referred to as “Flash Ventures”.

The following table presents the notes receivable from, and equity investments in, Flash Ventures:
September 30,
2022
July 1,
2022
(in millions)
Notes receivable, Flash Partners $ $ 27 
Notes receivable, Flash Alliance 62  55 
Notes receivable, Flash Forward 658  793 
Investment in Flash Partners 158  166 
Investment in Flash Alliance 229  243 
Investment in Flash Forward 106  112 
Total notes receivable and investments in Flash Ventures $ 1,219  $ 1,396 

During the three months ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021, the Company made net payments to Flash Ventures of $1.0 billion, and $1.2 billion, respectively, for purchased flash-based memory wafers and net loans.

The Company makes, or will make, loans to Flash Ventures to fund equipment investments for new process technologies and additional wafer capacity. The Company aggregates its Flash Ventures’ notes receivable into one class of financing receivables due to the similar ownership interest and common structure in each Flash Venture entity. For all reporting periods presented, no loans were past due and no loan impairments were recorded. The Company’s notes receivable from each Flash Ventures entity, denominated in Japanese yen, are secured by equipment owned by that Flash Ventures entity.

As of September 30, 2022 and July 1, 2022, the Company had account payable balances due to Flash Ventures of $295 million and $320 million, respectively.

The Company’s maximum reasonably estimable loss exposure (excluding lost profits) as a result of its involvement with Flash Ventures, based upon the Japanese yen to U.S. dollar exchange rate at September 30, 2022, is presented below. Investments in Flash Ventures are denominated in Japanese yen, and the maximum estimable loss exposure excludes any cumulative translation adjustment due to revaluation from the Japanese yen to the U.S. dollar.
September 30,
2022
(in millions)
Notes receivable $ 726 
Equity investments 493 
Operating lease guarantees 1,684 
Inventory and prepayments 1,022 
Maximum estimable loss exposure $ 3,925 

25


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The Company is obligated to pay for variable costs incurred in producing its share of Flash Ventures’ flash-based memory wafer supply, based on its three-month forecast, which generally equals 50% of Flash Ventures’ output. In addition, the Company is obligated to pay for half of Flash Ventures’ fixed costs regardless of the output the Company chooses to purchase. The Company is not able to estimate its total wafer purchase commitment obligation beyond its rolling three-month purchase commitment because the price is determined by reference to the future cost of producing the semiconductor wafers. In addition, the Company is committed to fund 49.9% to 50.0% of each Flash Ventures entity’s capital investments to the extent that each Flash Ventures entity’s operating cash flow is insufficient to fund these investments.

In January 2022, the Company entered into additional agreements regarding Flash Ventures’ investment in a new wafer fabrication facility currently under construction in Yokkaichi, Japan, referred to as “Y7”. The primary purpose of Y7 is to provide clean room space to continue the transition of existing flash-based wafer capacity to newer flash technology nodes. The Company is committed to pay, among other items, future building depreciation prepayments aggregating approximately $203 million as follows: $182 million for the remaining nine months of 2023 and $21 million in 2024, to be credited against future wafer charges.

Inventory Purchase Commitments with Flash Ventures. Purchase orders placed under Flash Ventures for up to three months are binding and cannot be canceled.

Research and Development Activities. The Company participates in common research and development (“R&D”) activities with Kioxia and is contractually committed to a minimum funding level. R&D commitments are immaterial to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Off-Balance Sheet Liabilities

Flash Ventures sells to and leases back from a consortium of financial institutions a portion of its tools and has entered into equipment lease agreements of which the Company guarantees half or all of the outstanding obligations under each lease agreement. The lease agreements are subject to customary covenants and cancellation events related to Flash Ventures and each of the guarantors. The occurrence of a cancellation event could result in an acceleration of Flash Ventures’ obligations and a call on the Company’s guarantees.

The following table presents the Company’s portion of the remaining guarantee obligations under the Flash Ventures’ lease facilities in both Japanese yen and U.S. dollar-equivalent, based upon the Japanese yen to U.S. dollar exchange rate as of September 30, 2022.
Lease Amounts
(Japanese yen, in billions) (U.S. dollar, in millions)
Total guarantee obligations ¥ 243  $ 1,684 

26


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The following table details the breakdown of the Company’s remaining guarantee obligations between the principal amortization and the purchase option exercise price at the end of the term of the Flash Ventures lease agreements, in annual installments as of September 30, 2022 in U.S. dollars, based upon the Japanese yen to U.S. dollar exchange rate as of September 30, 2022:
Annual Installments Payment of Principal Amortization Purchase Option Exercise Price at Final Lease Terms Guarantee Amount
(in millions)
Remaining nine months of 2023
$ 371  $ 50  $ 421 
2024 376  90  466 
2025 203  82  285 
2026 199  124  323 
2027 53  106  159 
2028 and thereafter 27  30 
Total guarantee obligations $ 1,205  $ 479  $ 1,684 

The Company and Kioxia have agreed to mutually contribute to, and indemnify each other and Flash Ventures for, environmental remediation costs or liability resulting from Flash Ventures’ manufacturing operations in certain circumstances. The Company has not made any indemnification payments, nor recorded any indemnification receivables, under any such agreements. As of September 30, 2022, no amounts have been accrued in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements with respect to these indemnification agreements.

Unis Venture

The Company has a joint venture with Unisplendour Corporation Limited and Unissoft (Wuxi) Group Co. Ltd. (“Unis”), referred to as the “Unis Venture”, to market and sell the Company’s products in China and to develop data storage systems for the Chinese market in the future. The Unis Venture is 49% owned by the Company and 51% owned by Unis. The Company accounts for its investment in the Unis Venture under the equity method of accounting. Revenue on products distributed by the Unis Venture is recognized upon sell through to third-party customers. For the three months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recognized approximately 3% of its consolidated revenue on products distributed by the Unis Venture. For the three months ended October 1, 2021, the Company recognized approximately 5% of its consolidated revenue on products distributed by the Unis Venture. The outstanding accounts receivable due from the Unis Venture were 6% and 5% of Accounts receivable, net for September 30, 2022 and July 1, 2022, respectively.

27


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 11.    Leases and Other Commitments

Leases

The Company leases certain domestic and international facilities and data center space under long-term, non-cancelable operating leases that expire at various dates through 2034. These leases include no material variable or contingent lease payments. Operating lease assets and liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the remaining lease payments discounted using the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. Operating lease assets also include prepaid lease payments minus any lease incentives. Extension or termination options present in the Company’s lease agreements are included in determining the right-of-use asset and lease liability when it is reasonably certain the Company will exercise those options. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The following table summarizes supplemental balance sheet information related to operating leases as of September 30, 2022:
Lease Amounts
($ in millions)
Minimum lease payments by year:
Remaining nine months of 2023
$ 36 
2024 46 
2025 44 
2026 44 
2027 39 
Thereafter 147 
Total future minimum lease payments 356 
Less: Imputed interest 51 
Present value of lease liabilities 305 
Less: Current portion (included in Accrued expenses)
40 
Long-term operating lease liabilities (included in Other liabilities )
$ 265 
Operating lease right-of-use assets (included in Other non-current assets)
$ 288 
Weighted average remaining lease term in years 8.2
Weighted average discount rate 3.4  %

The following table summarizes supplemental disclosures of operating cost and cash flow information related to operating leases:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions)
Cost of operating leases $ 14  $ 13 
Cash paid for operating leases 14  12 
Operating lease assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities 112 
28


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Purchase Agreements and Other Commitments

In the normal course of business, the Company enters into purchase orders with suppliers for the purchase of components used to manufacture its products. These purchase orders generally cover forecasted component supplies needed for production during the next quarter, are recorded as a liability upon receipt of the components, and generally may be changed or canceled at any time prior to shipment of the components. The Company also enters into long-term agreements with suppliers that contain fixed future commitments, which are contingent on certain conditions such as performance, quality and technology of the vendor’s components. As of September 30, 2022, the Company had the following minimum long-term commitments:
Long-Term Commitments
(in millions)
Year:
Remaining nine months of 2023
$ 385 
2024 325 
2025 180 
2026 53 
2027 46 
Thereafter 150 
Total $ 1,139 

29


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 12.     Shareholders’ Equity

Stock-based Compensation Expense

The following tables present the Company’s stock-based compensation for equity-settled awards by type (i.e., restricted stock units (“RSUs”), restricted stock unit awards with performance conditions or market conditions (“PSUs”), and rights to purchase shares of common stock under the Company’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”)) and financial statement line as well as the related tax benefit included in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions)
RSUs and PSUs $ 75  $ 67 
ESPP 11 
Total $ 86  $ 76 

Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions)
Cost of revenue $ 14  $
Research and development 39  40 
Selling, general and administrative 33  27 
Subtotal 86  76 
Tax benefit (13) (15)
Total $ 73  $ 61 

Windfall tax benefits and tax deficiencies for shortfalls related to the vesting and exercise of stock-based awards, which are recognized as a component of the Company’s Income tax expense, were not material for the periods presented.

Compensation cost related to unvested RSUs, PSUs, and rights to purchase shares of common stock under the ESPP will generally be amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining average service period. The following table presents the unamortized compensation cost and weighted average service period of all unvested outstanding awards as of September 30, 2022:
Unamortized Compensation Costs Weighted Average Service Period
(in millions) (years)
RSUs and PSUs (1)
$ 655  2.6
ESPP 51  1.0
Total unamortized compensation cost $ 706 
(1)    Weighted average service period assumes the performance metrics are met for the PSUs.

30


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Plan Activities

Stock Options

The following table summarizes stock option activity under the Company’s incentive plans. All outstanding options were exercisable at September 30, 2022:
Number of Shares Weighted Average Exercise Price Per Share Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life
(in millions) (in years)
Options outstanding at July 1, 2022 0.9  $ 66.76  0.54
Canceled or expired (0.5) 84.39 
Options outstanding at September 30, 2022 0.4  $ 45.08  0.81

RSUs and PSUs

The following table summarizes RSU and PSU activity under the Company’s incentive plans:
Number of Shares Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value Aggregate Intrinsic Value at Vest Date
(in millions) (in millions)
RSUs and PSUs outstanding at July 1, 2022 15.4  52.89 
Granted 4.5  43.79 
Vested (4.3) 53.28  $ 186 
Forfeited (0.6) 62.12 
RSUs and PSUs outstanding at September 30, 2022 15.0  49.71 

RSUs and PSUs are generally settled in an equal number of shares of the Company’s common stock at the time of vesting of the units.

Stock Repurchase Program

The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized a stock repurchase program for the repurchase of up to $5.0 billion of the Company’s common stock, which authorization is effective through July 25, 2023. The Company did not make any stock repurchases during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and has not repurchased any shares of its common stock pursuant to its stock repurchase program since the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Although the Company will reevaluate the repurchasing of common stock when appropriate, there can be no assurance if, when or at what level the Company may resume such activity. The remaining amount available to be repurchased under the Company’s current stock repurchase program as of September 30, 2022 was $4.5 billion. Repurchases under the stock repurchase program may be made in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions and may be made under a Rule 10b5-1 plan.

31


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 13.    Income Tax Expense

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “2017 Act”), enacted on December 22, 2017, includes a broad range of tax reform proposals affecting businesses. The Company completed its accounting for the tax effects of the enactment of the 2017 Act during the second quarter of fiscal 2019. However, the U.S. Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) have issued tax guidance on certain provisions of the 2017 Act since the enactment date, and the Company anticipates the issuance of additional regulatory and interpretive guidance. The Company applied a reasonable interpretation of the 2017 Act along with the then-available guidance in finalizing its accounting for the tax effects of the 2017 Act. Any additional regulatory or interpretive guidance would constitute new information, which may require further refinements to the Company’s estimates in future periods.

On August 16, 2022, President Biden signed into law the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022, which contained significant law changes related to tax, climate, energy, and health care. The tax measures include, among other things, a corporate alternative minimum tax of 15% on corporations with three-year average annual adjusted financial statement income exceeding $1 billion. The corporate alternative minimum tax will not be effective for the Company until fiscal year 2024 and the Company is currently evaluating the potential effects of these legislative changes.

The following table presents the Company’s Income tax expense and the effective tax rate:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
($ in millions)
Income before taxes $ 84  $ 704 
Income tax expense 57  94 
Effective tax rate 68  % 13  %

Beginning in fiscal year 2023, the 2017 Act requires the Company to capitalize and amortize research and development expenses rather than expensing them in the year incurred. The tax effects related to the capitalization of research and development expenses are included in the effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2022. This impact, together with the relative mix of earnings and losses by jurisdiction, the deduction for foreign derived intangible income, credits, and tax holidays in Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand that will expire at various dates during fiscal years 2024 through 2031 are the primary drivers of the difference between the effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and the U.S. Federal statutory rate of 21%.

The primary drivers of the difference between the effective tax rate for the three months ended October 1, 2021 and the U.S. Federal statutory rate of 21% are the relative mix of earnings and losses by jurisdiction, the deduction for foreign derived intangible income, credits, and tax holidays in Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. In addition, the effective tax rate for the three months ended October 1, 2021 included the discrete effect of an increase to unrecognized tax benefits of $16 million as a result of ongoing discussions with various taxing authorities.

Uncertain Tax Positions

With the exception of certain unrecognized tax benefits that are directly associated with the tax position taken, unrecognized tax benefits are presented gross in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

32


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The following is a tabular reconciliation of the total amounts of unrecognized tax benefits excluding accrued interest and penalties for the three months ended September 30, 2022 (in millions):

Accrual balance at July 1, 2022
$ 1,047 
Gross increases related to current year tax positions
Gross decreases related to prior year tax positions (18)
Settlements (2)
Lapse of statute of limitations (3)
Accrual balance at September 30, 2022
$ 1,026 

As of September 30, 2022, the liability for unrecognized tax benefits (excluding accrued interest and penalties) was $1.03 billion. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits are recognized in liabilities recorded for uncertain tax positions and are recorded in the provision for income taxes. Accrued interest and penalties included in the Company’s liability related to unrecognized tax benefits as of September 30, 2022 was $264 million. Of these amounts, approximately $1.15 billion could result in potential cash payments.

As previously disclosed, the IRS issued statutory notices of deficiency and notices of proposed adjustments with respect to transfer pricing with the Company’s foreign subsidiaries and intercompany payable balances for years 2008 through 2015. In September 2018 and March 2019, the Company filed petitions with the U.S. Tax Court covering years 2008 through 2012, for which it had received statutory notices of deficiency, while years 2013 through 2015 remain in the jurisdiction of the IRS’s Examination function. The IRS has filed various Amendments to Answer with the U.S. Tax Court which, together with the notices of proposed adjustments, would result in additional federal income tax liabilities totaling approximately $1.6 billion and penalties totaling $449 million with respect to years 2008 through 2015. In May 2022, the Company and the IRS tentatively reached a settlement for resolving the statutory notices of deficiency and notices of proposed adjustments with respect to years 2008 through 2015 subject to the parties entering into final stipulations and a closing agreement. Based on the tentative settlement for resolution, the Company expects to pay tax and interest totaling approximately $600 million to $700 million, which the Company expects to be partially offset by future reductions to its mandatory deemed repatriation tax obligations and tax savings from interest deductions aggregating to approximately $100 million to $150 million. While the Company continues to work with the IRS to come to a final agreement on the federal tax and interest calculations, the Company is uncertain as to when a final agreement will be reached and the exact timing of when any payments will be made. However, the Company believes it is reasonably likely that these payments may be made within the next twelve months and have classified that portion of these unrecognized tax benefits, including interest in Income taxes payable on its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2022. This classification and amount may be subject to change in the next twelve months depending on when the Company is able to reach a final agreement with the IRS.

The Company believes that adequate provision has been made for any adjustments that may result from any other tax examinations. However, the outcome of such tax examinations cannot be predicted with certainty. If any issues addressed in the Company’s tax examinations are resolved in a manner not consistent with management’s expectations, the Company could be required to adjust its provision for income taxes in the period such resolution occurs. Any significant change in the amount of the Company’s liability for unrecognized tax benefits would most likely result from additional information or settlements relating to the examination of the Company’s tax returns.

33


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 14.    Net Income Per Common Share

The following table presents the computation of basic and diluted income per common share:
Three Months Ended
  September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions, except per share data)
Net income $ 27  $ 610 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic 316  310 
Employee stock options, RSUs, PSUs, and ESPP
Diluted 319  316 
Income per common share
Basic $ 0.09  $ 1.97 
Diluted $ 0.08  $ 1.93 
Anti-dilutive potential common shares excluded

The Company computes basic income per common share using Net income and the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted income per common share is computed using Net income and the weighted average number of common shares and potentially dilutive common shares outstanding during the period. Potentially dilutive common shares include dilutive outstanding employee stock options, RSUs and PSUs, and rights to purchase shares of common stock under the Company’s ESPP. For the three months ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021, the Company excluded common shares subject to outstanding equity awards from the calculation of diluted shares because their impact would have been anti-dilutive based on the Company’s average stock price during the period.


34


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 15.    Employee Termination, Asset Impairment, and Other Charges

Business Realignment

The Company periodically incurs charges as part of the integration process of recent acquisitions and to realign its operations with anticipated market demand, primarily consisting of organization rationalization designed to streamline its business, reduce its cost structure and focus its resources. The Company recorded the following charges related to these actions:

Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions)
Employee termination benefits $ 24  $ 15 
Asset impairments and losses on disposal of assets — 
Total employee termination, asset impairment, and other charges $ 24  $ 18 


The following table presents an analysis of the components of these activities against the reserve during the three months ended September 30, 2022:
Employee Termination Benefits
(in millions)
Accrual balance at July 1, 2022 $ 17 
Charges 24 
Cash payments (28)
Accrual balance at September 30, 2022 $ 13 



35


WESTERN DIGITAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 16.    Legal Proceedings

Tax

For disclosures regarding statutory notices of deficiency issued by the IRS on June 28, 2018 and December 10, 2018, petitions filed by the Company with the U.S. Tax Court in September 2018 and March 2019, additional penalties asserted by the IRS in March 2021 and further Amendments to Answers filed by the IRS in June 2021 and January 2022, and a tentative resolution with respect to certain matters, see Note 13, Income Tax Expense.

Other Matters

In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to legal proceedings, lawsuits and other claims. Although the ultimate aggregate amount of probable monetary liability or financial impact with respect to these other matters is subject to many uncertainties, management believes that any monetary liability or financial impact to the Company from these matters, individually and in the aggregate, would not be material to the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. However, any monetary liability and financial impact to the Company from these matters could differ materially from the Company’s expectations.

36

Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, and should be read in conjunction with the disclosures we make concerning risks and other factors that may affect our business and operating results. You should read this information in conjunction with the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the fiscal year ended July 1, 2022. See also “Forward-Looking Statements” immediately prior to Part I, Item 1 in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Unless otherwise indicated, references herein to specific years and quarters are to our fiscal years and fiscal quarters. As used herein, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” and the “Company” refer to Western Digital Corporation and its subsidiaries.

Our Company

We are on a mission to unlock the potential of data by harnessing the possibility to use it. We are a leading developer, manufacturer, and provider of data storage devices based on both flash-based products (“Flash”) and hard disk drives (“HDD”) technologies. With dedicated business units driving advancements in NAND flash and magnetic recording technologies, we create and drive innovations needed to help customers capture, preserve, access, and transform an ever-increasing diversity of data.

Our fiscal year ends on the Friday nearest to June 30 and typically consists of 52 weeks. Approximately every five to six years, we report a 53-week fiscal year to align the fiscal year with the foregoing policy. Fiscal years 2023, which ends on June 30, 2023, and 2022, which ended on July 1, 2022, are each comprised of 52 weeks, with all quarters presented consisting of 13 weeks.

Key Developments

Strategic Alternatives

In June 2022, we announced that we are reviewing potential strategic alternatives aimed at further optimizing long-term value for stockholders. The Executive Committee of our Board of Directors is overseeing the assessment process and evaluating a range of alternatives, including options for separating our Flash and HDD business units. In conjunction with that review process, we announced that we had entered into a letter agreement with Elliott Investment Management L.P., which had disclosed in May 2022 a $1 billion investment in our Company and called for a full strategic review of our business. As of September 30, 2022, we are still actively working with financial advisors and our legal counsel in this strategic review process.

Tax Resolution

As previously disclosed, we have received statutory notices of deficiency and notices of proposed adjustments from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) with respect to 2008 through 2015. During 2022, new information became available which required us to re-measure our unrecognized tax benefits for this IRS matter. Additionally, during 2022, we and the IRS tentatively reached a settlement for resolving this matter. Additional information is provided in our discussion of Income tax expense in our results of operations below, as well as in Part I, Item 1, Note 13, Income Tax Expense, of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and in the “Short- and Long-Term Liquidity-Unrecognized Tax Benefits” section below.

Operational and COVID-19 Pandemic Update

Macroeconomic factors such as inflation, higher interest rates and recession concerns have softened demand for our products, with certain customers reducing purchases as they adjust their production levels and right-size their inventories. As a result, we and our industry are experiencing a supply-demand imbalance, which has negatively impacted pricing, particularly in Flash and is expected to result in reduced shipments and increased absorption charges in HDD in future quarters. However, we believe digital transformation will continue to drive long-term growth for data storage across all three of our end markets.

We believe we have made significant progress in strengthening our product portfolio to meet our customers’ growing and evolving storage needs. Our BiCS5 based products continue to play a significant role in driving top line results across our end markets. Additionally, hard drive products utilizing OptiNAND and shingled magnetic recording (“SMR”) technologies have
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commenced commercial shipments and our latest 26-terabyte SMR drives are undergoing qualifications at multiple cloud and OEM customers. We continued commercial shipment of consumer flash devices based on our next generation 3D-flash technology, but are pushing out our BiCS6 transition as compared to prior targets to reduce our capital expenditures for 2023 in light of market conditions. We are also aware of the ongoing trends in the HDD Client market as PCs shift from using HDD to Flash technology and as a result, we have and are still undergoing actions to restructure our HDD manufacturing footprint to reflect this market dynamic, including a sharp reduction in our client hard drive production capacity of approximately 40%.

The COVID-19 environment remains dynamic with outbreaks in various geographies. The responses to COVID-19 taken by ourselves and others in the supply chain have contributed to increases in the costs of their services which in turn impacted our operations, but these costs have now been normalized in our operating results.

We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions altering our business operations that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, partners, suppliers, and stakeholders, or as required by federal, state, or local authorities. See “Adverse global or regional conditions could harm our business,” “The COVID-19 pandemic could negatively affect our business” and “We are dependent on a limited number of qualified suppliers who provide critical services, materials or components, and a disruption in our supply chain could negatively affect our business” in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 1, 2022 for more information regarding the risks we face as a result of macroeconomic conditions, the COVID-19 pandemic and supply chain disruptions.

Russia Sanctions

In February 2022, the U.S. and other countries imposed sanctions on Russia. In accordance with these sanctions, we have ceased shipments to distributors for customers located in Russia. Our revenue from distributors for customers in Russia have not been significant. We have no material assets or operations in Russia.






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Results of Operations

First Quarter Overview

The following table sets forth, for the periods presented, selected summary information from our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations by dollars and percentage of net revenue(1):
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
$ Change % Change
($ in millions)
Revenue, net $ 3,736  100.0  % $ 5,051  100.0  % $ (1,315) (26)  %
Cost of revenue 2,755  73.7  3,386  67.0  (631) (19)
Gross profit 981  26.3  1,665  33.0  (684) (41)
Operating expenses:

Research and development 552  14.8  578  11.4  (26) (4)
Selling, general and administrative 247  6.6  291  5.8  (44) (15)
Employee termination, asset impairment, and other charges 24  0.6  18  0.4  33 
Total operating expenses 823  22.0  887  17.6  (64) (7)
Operating income 158  4.2  778  15.4  (620) (80)
Interest and other income (expense):

Interest income 0.1  —  —  — 
Interest expense (70) (1.9) (78) (1.5) (10)
Other income (expense), net (6) (0.2) —  (8) (400)
Total interest and other expense, net (74) (2.0) (74) (1.5) —  — 
Income before taxes 84  2.2  704  13.9  (620) (88)
Income tax expense 57  1.5  94  1.9  (37) (39)
Net income $ 27  0.7  % $ 610  12.1  % $ (583) (96) %
(1)    Percentages may not total due to rounding.

























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The following table sets forth, for the periods presented, a summary of our segment information:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
($ in millions)
Net revenue:
Flash $ 1,722  $ 2,490 
HDD 2,014  2,561 
Total net revenue $ 3,736  $ 5,051 
Gross profit:
Flash $ 422  $ 921 
HDD 574  792 
Unallocated corporate items:
Stock-based compensation expense (14) (9)
Amortization of acquired intangible assets (1) (39)
Total unallocated corporate items (15) (48)
Consolidated gross profit $ 981  $ 1,665 
Gross margin:
Flash 24.5  % 37.0  %
HDD 28.5  % 30.9  %
Consolidated gross margin 26.3  % 33.0  %
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The following table sets forth for the periods presented, summary information regarding our disaggregated revenue:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
2022
October 1,
2021
(in millions)
Revenue by End Market
Cloud $ 1,829  $ 2,225 
Client 1,229  1,853 
Consumer 678  973 
Total Revenue $ 3,736  $ 5,051 
Revenue by Geography
Asia $ 1,686  $ 2,675 
Americas 1,423  1,614 
Europe, Middle East and Africa 627  762 
Total Revenue $ 3,736  $ 5,051 

Net Revenue

Comparison of Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 to Three Months Ended October 1, 2021

The decrease in consolidated net revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year reflects decreases in exabytes shipments of Flash and HDD sold as certain customers reduced purchases as they adjusted their production levels and right-sized their inventories. Revenue also declined as a result of lower average selling prices. These items are further discussed below in our discussion by segment.

Flash revenue decreased 31% for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year, primarily driven by a 26% decline in the average selling price with the remainder driven by a decrease in exabytes sold. The decline in average selling price was primarily due to pricing pressure caused by macroeconomic headwinds and a supply-demand imbalance in the current period. The decrease in exabytes sold reflected customers reducing purchases as they adjusted their production levels and right-sized their inventories.

HDD revenue decreased 21% for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year, primarily driven by a 12% decrease in exabytes sold with the remainder driven by a decline in the average selling price. The decline in exabytes sold was spread evenly across customers in our cloud, client, and consumer end markets due to the macroeconomic pressures noted earlier and our end customers right-sizing their inventories. The decline in the average selling price largely reflected the shift in mix to higher capacity drives.

The decrease in Cloud revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year reflected declines in both Flash and HDD capacity enterprise drives as customers reduced purchases to right-size their inventories. In Client, the decrease in revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year resulted primarily from a decline in Flash revenue as a result of lower pricing, while a reduction in purchases by PC OEMs to adjust their inventories to current production levels also contributed to the revenue decline. In Consumer, the decrease in revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year reflected lower Flash pricing and lower retail HDD shipments.

The changes in net revenue by geography for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year reflected a larger decline in Asia from lower Client revenue from OEMs in this region as well as routine variations in the mix of business.

Our top 10 customers accounted for 52% of our net revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022, compared to 43% of our net revenue for the three months ended October 1, 2021. For each of the three months ended September 30, 2022 and October 1, 2021, no single customer accounted for 10% or more of our net revenue.

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Consistent with standard industry practice, we have sales incentive and marketing programs that provide customers with price protection and other incentives or reimbursements that are recorded as a reduction to gross revenue. These programs represented 19% of gross revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022, and 18% of gross revenue for the three months ended October 1, 2021. The amounts attributed to our sales incentive and marketing programs generally vary according to several factors including industry conditions, list pricing strategies, seasonal demand, competitor actions, channel mix and overall availability of products. Changes in future customer demand and market conditions may require us to adjust our incentive programs as a percentage of gross revenue.

Gross Profit and Gross Margin

Consolidated gross profit decreased by $684 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year, which reflects the decrease in revenue in both Flash and HDD. Consolidated gross margin decreased 6.7 percentage points for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year, which primarily reflects lower average price per gigabyte in Flash and HDD, partially offset by cost reductions as mix shifted to higher capacity drives. Flash and HDD gross margin decreased by 12.5 and 2.4 percentage points year over year, respectively, each reflecting the lower average price per gigabyte, partially offset by cost reductions as mix shifted to higher capacity drives.

Operating Expenses

Research and development (“R&D”) expense decreased $26 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to a reduction in variable compensation expenses.

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense decreased $44 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 from the comparable period in the prior year. The decline was primarily driven by a reduction in expenses related to outside services, compensation and benefits, and material use as we took actions to reduce expenses in the current environment.

Employee termination, asset impairment and other charges of $24 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 reflects restructuring actions initiated in the current year to adjust our cost structure to align with the current demand environment. For information regarding Employee termination, asset impairment and other charges, see Part I, Item 1, Note 15, Employee Termination, Asset Impairment, and Other Charges of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Interest and Other Income (Expense)

Total interest and other expense, net for the three months ended September 30, 2022 was flat compared to the prior year due to lower interest expense primarily resulting from the pay-down of principal on our debt, offset by high