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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____ to _____

Commission file number: 001-38973

Viemed Healthcare, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
British Columbia, Canada
  N/A
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification Number)
     
 
625 E. Kaliste Saloom Rd.
Lafayette, LA 70508
 
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
 
(337) 504-3802
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
     
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
     
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of exchange on which registered
Common Shares, no par value VMD The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act Yes  ☐    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act Yes  ☐    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ☐



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ☐  
Accelerated filer ☒
  Non-Accelerated filer ☐  
Smaller reporting company ☒
Emerging growth company ☒
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C.7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  x

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common shares held by non-affiliates of the registrant computed as of June 30, 2021 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recent completed second fiscal quarter) based on the closing price of the common shares on the Nasdaq Stock Market was $250,977,162.

As of February 3, 2022, there were 39,680,295 common shares of the registrant outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Certain information required to be disclosed in Part III of this report is incorporated by reference from the registrant’s definitive proxy statement or an amendment to this report, which will be filed with the SEC not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report.

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Page
5
5



VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements and information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 or "forward-looking information" as such term is defined in applicable Canadian securities legislation (collectively, "forward-looking statements"). Any statements other than statements of historical information, including those that express, or involve discussions as to, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance are not historical facts and may be forward-looking and may involve estimates, assumptions and uncertainties that could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.
 
Forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance and reflect the expectations or beliefs of management regarding future events, and include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to: operating results; profitability; financial condition and resources; anticipated needs for working capital; liquidity; capital resources; capital expenditures; milestones; licensing milestones; information with respect to future growth and growth strategies; anticipated trends in our industry; our future financing plans; timelines; currency fluctuations; government regulation; unanticipated expenses; commercial disputes or claims; limitations on insurance coverage; and availability of cash flow to fund capital requirements.
 
Often, but not always, forward-looking information can be identified by the use of words such as “plans”, “expects”, “is expected”, “budget”, “potential”, “scheduled”, “estimates”, “forecasts”, “intends”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “projects”, or the negatives thereof or variations of such words and phrases or statements that certain actions, events or results “will”, “should”, “may”, “could”, “would”, “might” or “will be taken”, “occur” or “be achieved” or the negative of these terms or comparable terminology.
 
Forward-looking statements are based on the reasonable assumptions, estimates, analysis and opinions of management made in light of its experience and its perception of trends, current conditions and expected developments, as well as other factors that management believes to be relevant and reasonable in the circumstances at the date that such statements are made, but which may prove to be incorrect. We believe that the assumptions and expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable. We cannot assure you, however, that such statements will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve numerous assumptions, inherent risks and uncertainties, both general and specific, including those identified under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the other documents we file with the SEC and with the securities regulatory authorities in certain provinces of Canada, which contribute to the possibility that the predicted outcomes may not occur or may be delayed. The risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, that could influence actual results include, but are not limited to: the general business, market and economic conditions in the regions in which the we operate; the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions taken by governmental authorities, individuals and companies in response to the pandemic on our business, financial condition and results of operations, including on our patient base, revenues, employees, and equipment and supplies; significant capital requirements and operating risks that we may be subject to; our ability to implement business strategies and pursue business opportunities; volatility in the market price of our common shares; our novel business model; the risk that the clinical application of treatments that demonstrate positive results in a study may not be positively replicated or that such test results may not be predictive of actual treatment results or may not result in the adoption of such treatments by providers; the state of the capital markets; the availability of funds and resources to pursue operations; reductions in reimbursement rates and audits of reimbursement claims by various governmental and private payor entities; dependence on few payors; possible new drug discoveries; dependence on key suppliers and the recall of certain Royal Philips BiPAP and CPAP devices and ventilators that we distribute and sell; granting of permits and licenses in a highly regulated business; competition; low profit market segments; disruptions in or attacks (including cyber-attacks) on our information technology, internet, network access or other voice or data communications systems or services; the evolution of various types of fraud or other criminal behavior to which we are exposed; the failure of third parties to comply with their obligations; difficulty integrating newly acquired businesses; the impact of new and changes to, or application of, current laws and regulations; the overall difficult litigation and regulatory environment; increased competition; changes in foreign currency rates; increased funding costs and market volatility due to market illiquidity and competition for funding; critical accounting estimates and changes to accounting standards, policies, and methods used by us; our status as an emerging growth company and smaller reporting company; and the occurrence of natural and unnatural catastrophic events or health epidemics or concerns, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, and claims resulting from such events or concerns, as well as other general economic, market and business conditions; and other factors beyond our control.

CURRENCY

Unless otherwise indicated herein, references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to “$”, “US$” or “U.S. dollars” are to United States dollars, and references to “$CDN” or “Canadian dollars” are to Canadian dollars. All dollar amounts herein are in United States dollars, unless otherwise indicated.



VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
PART I

Item 1. Business

Company Overview

Viemed Healthcare, Inc. (the "Company" or "Viemed"), through its subsidiaries, is a provider of in-home durable medical equipment ("DME") and post-acute respiratory healthcare services in the United States. The Company’s service offerings are focused on effective in-home treatment with clinical practitioners providing therapy and counseling to patients in their homes using cutting edge technology. The Company currently serves patients in 47 states in the United States.

Viemed’s primary objective is to focus on the growth of its business and thereby solidify its position as one of the largest providers of home therapy for patients suffering from respiratory diseases that require a high level of service, with such programs being designed specifically for payors to have the ability to treat patients in the home for less total cost and with a superior quality of care. Viemed's services include respiratory disease management, neuromuscular care, in-home sleep testing and sleep apnea treatment, oxygen therapy, and respiratory equipment rentals. We hold a 49% equity interest in Solvet Services, LLC, an unconsolidated joint venture which provides health care support to state and federal governments. We also hold an approximate 5% equity interest in VeruStat, Inc, a company focusing on remote patient monitoring (“RPM”). The investment is part of an ongoing initiative to enable our salesforce to offer a new revenue source to its nationwide physician network. RPM platforms allow physicians to bill for in-home monitoring of patients that are struggling with chronic diseases. The VeruStat RPM solution can be placed in the home in conjunction with Viemed’s existing patient engagement platform (“Engage”). During 2021, we formed Viemed Healthcare Staffing LLC, a healthcare staffing division. The underlying recruiting platform is expected to support internal resource fulfillment as well as external, contractual placement of allied health and nursing professionals.

Viemed expects to use an organic growth model whereby expansion is effectuated through existing service areas as well as in new regions through a cost efficient launch that reduces location expenses. Viemed expects that it will continue to employ more respiratory therapists ("RTs") in order to assure the high service model is accomplished in the home. By focusing overhead costs to personnel that service the patient rather than physical location costs, Viemed anticipates continuing to efficiently scale its business in regions that are currently not being effectively serviced.

The continued trend of servicing patients in the home rather than in hospitals is aligned with Viemed’s business objectives and management anticipates that this trend will continue to offer growth opportunities for the Company. Viemed expects to continue to be a solution to the rising healthcare costs in the United States by offering more cost effective home based solutions while increasing the quality of life for patients fighting serious respiratory diseases.

Viemed focuses on disease management and improving the quality of life for respiratory patients through clinical excellence, education and technology. Its service offerings are based on effective home treatment with respiratory care practitioners providing therapy and counseling to patients in their homes using cutting edge technology. Viemed also focuses on providing in-home sleep testing for sleep apnea sufferers.

Viemed is one of the largest independent non-invasive ventilator providers in the United States with a service coverage area of 47 states in the United States and prospects to grow into further territories.

Corporate History and Background

Viemed’s business, which has been operating since 2006, was acquired by Quipt Home Medical Corp., a corporation formerly known as Patient Home Monitoring Corp. (“PHM”), in June 2015. Viemed was incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia) on December 14, 2016 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of PHM in order to effect the spin-out of Viemed’s business from PHM pursuant to an arrangement under the provisions of Division 5 of Part 9 of the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia). The spin-out was completed in December 2017.

Corporate Information

The common shares of Viemed trade in the United States on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the trading symbol "VMD" and trade in Canada on the Toronto Stock Exchange (the "TSX") under the trading symbol “VMD.TO”. Viemed’s registered and records office is located at Suite 2800, Park Place, 666 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia V6C 2Z7 Canada and its principal executive office is located at 625 E. Kaliste Saloom Road, Lafayette, Louisiana 70508.

Copies of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), are available free of charge through our website (www.viemed.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file the material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. These reports and other information
Page
5

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
are also available, free of charge, at www.sec.gov. Information contained on any website referred to in this Annual Report on Form 10-K is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Products and Services

Viemed’s services include the following:

Home Medical Equipment: Viemed provides respiratory and other home medical equipment solutions (primarily through monthly rental arrangements), including home ventilation (invasive and non-invasive), BiPAP (bi-level positive airway pressure) and CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) devices, percussion vests, and other medical equipment. Revenue derived from the rental and sale of home medical equipment represented a combined 98.1% and 98.6%, respectively, of Viemed’s 2021 and 2020 traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services. Viemed provides home medical equipment through the following service programs:

Respiratory disease management, including treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (“COPD”), aims to improve quality of life and reduce hospital readmissions by using proven methodology and leading technologies, such as non-invasive ventilation (“NIV”), percussion vests, and other therapies. Viemed provides ventilation (both invasive and non-invasive) and related equipment and supplies to patients suffering from COPD through a high-touch model.

Neuromuscular care is focused on helping neuromuscular patients breathe more comfortably while living an active, healthier life and uses respiratory therapy treatments which can lessen the effort required to breathe.

Oxygen therapy provides patients with extra oxygen, which is sometimes used to manage certain chronic health problems, including COPD. Oxygen therapy may be performed in the home or in another setting.

Sleep apnea management provides related solutions and/or equipment such as Positive Airway Pressure (“PAP”), the AutoPAP (automatic continuous positive airway pressure), and BiPAP machines.

In-home sleep testing: Viemed provides in home sleep apnea testing services, which is an alternative to the traditional sleep lab testing environment. These services represented 1.9% and 1.4%, respectively, of Viemed’s 2021 and 2020 traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services.

Monthly rental revenue from ventilators represented approximately 77% and 81%, respectively, of Viemed's 2021 and 2020 traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services. While Viemed plans to continue investigating and introducing new complimentary products and services and further expanding the coverage of existing products, home ventilation (both invasive and non-invasive) is expected to continue to represent the substantial majority of Viemed’s revenue.

Patients suffering from neuromuscular or respiratory diseases experience severe difficulty in breathing and require assistance from a ventilator to effectively move air in and out of their lungs. Invasive and non-invasive ventilation differ in how the air is delivered to the person. Invasive ventilation delivers air via a tube inserted into the windpipe. Non-invasive ventilation delivers air through a sealed mask that can be placed over the mouth.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) Medicare National Coverage Determinations Manual stipulates that ventilators are covered for the treatment of conditions associated with neuromuscular diseases, thoracic restrictive diseases, and chronic respiratory failure consequent to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ventilators are also included in Medicare’s Frequently & Substantially Serviced payment category and are reimbursed under the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (“HCPCS”) codes E0465 (invasive ventilation), E0466 (non-invasive ventilation) and E0467 (multi-function ventilation).

Viemed’s patients are served by licensed RTs in each of the 47 states where it provides its services. Each of these RTs is a member of the American Association for Respiratory Care (“AARC”). The RT licensure and AARC membership ensure that Viemed is able to provide patients with in-home respiratory care services, equipment setup, training, and on-call services with state-of-the-art clinical protocols. Additionally, Viemed’s Chief Medical Officer, Dr. William Frazier, is a board certified pulmonary disease specialist.

Viemed sources hardware from vendors and pairs them with industry leading respiratory therapy. The emerging nature of the market presents risks that vendors may not be able to provide equipment to satisfy demand. Viemed has historically funded patient related capital expenditures through cash generated from operations or financing through an affiliate of its primary vendors. Additionally, Viemed patient related capital expenditures can be financed through an existing line of credit of up to $10.0 million pursuant to a loan agreement with an expiration date of May 1, 2023. Amounts borrowed under the loan agreement will bear interest at a rate based on the WSJ prime rate plus a margin of 0.50%, with a 3.50% interest rate floor and will be secured by
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
substantially all of Viemed's assets. While Viemed currently has no immediate plans to draw on this facility, the line of credit allows flexibility in funding future operations.

Government Regulation

We are subject to extensive government regulation, including numerous laws directed at regulating reimbursement of our products and services under various government and commercial programs and preventing fraud and abuse, as more fully described below. We maintain certain safeguards intended to reduce the likelihood that we will engage in conduct or enter into arrangements in violation of these restrictions. Federal and state laws require that we obtain facility and other regulatory licenses and that we enroll as a supplier with federal and state health programs. Notwithstanding these measures, due to changes in and new interpretations of such laws and regulations, and changes in our business, among other factors, violations of these laws and regulations may still occur, which could subject us to: civil and criminal enforcement actions; licensure revocation, suspension, or non-renewal; severe fines and penalties; and even the termination of our ability to provide services, including those provided under certain government programs such as Medicare and Medicaid.

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

CMS requires providers of products or services to attain and maintain accreditation in order to participate in federally funded healthcare programs. To attain and maintain accreditation, companies are required to institute policies and procedures that, among other things, formalize the interaction of the company with patients. Accrediting bodies that are approved by CMS will perform audits of these policies and procedures every three years. Should a company fall out of compliance with the requirements of the accrediting body, expulsion from the Medicare program could follow. In December 2008, we became a Durable, Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics, and Supplies accredited Medicare supplier by the Accreditation Commission for Health Care for our solutions. Our Medicare accreditation must be renewed every three years through passage of an on-site inspection. We last renewed our accreditation with Medicare in August 2021. Maintaining our accreditation and Medicare enrollment requires that we comply with numerous business and customer support standards. If we are found to be out of compliance with accreditation standards, our enrollment status in the Medicare program could be jeopardized, up to and including termination.

CMS also requires that all DME providers who bill the Medicare program maintain a surety bond of $50,000 per National Provider Identifier (“NPI”) number which Medicare has approved for billing privileges. We obtained surety bonds before the October 2009 deadline, and such bonds automatically renew annually.

In order to ensure that Medicare beneficiaries only receive medically necessary and appropriate items and services, the Medicare program has adopted a number of documentation requirements. For example, the DME Medicare Administrative Contractor (“MAC”) Supplier Manuals provide that clinical information from the “patient’s medical record” is required to justify the initial and ongoing medical necessity for the provision of DME. Some DME MACs, CMS staff and government subcontractors have taken the position, among other things, that the “patient’s medical record” refers not to documentation maintained by the DME supplier but instead to documentation maintained by the patient’s physician, healthcare facility or other clinician, and that clinical information created by the DME supplier’s personnel and confirmed by the patient’s physician is not sufficient to establish medical necessity. It may be difficult, and sometimes impossible, for us to obtain documentation from other healthcare providers. Moreover, auditors’ interpretations of these policies are inconsistent and subject to individual interpretation. This is then translated to individual supplier error rates and aggregated into a Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics and Supplies (“DMEPOS”) industry error rate, which is significantly higher than other Medicare provider/supplier types. High error rates lead to further audit activity and regulatory burdens. DME MACs continue to conduct extensive pre-payment and post-payment reviews across the DME industry and have determined a wide range of error rates. For example, error rates for continuous positive airway pressure claims are estimated to be in between 24.9% to 36.7% based on the 2021 Medicare Fee-for-Service Improper Payment Data. DME MACs have repeatedly cited documentation insufficiencies as the primary reason for claim denials. If these or other burdensome positions are generally adopted by auditors, DME MACs, other contractors or CMS in administering the Medicare program, we would have the right to challenge these positions as being contrary to law. If these interpretations of the documentation requirements are ultimately upheld, however, it could result in our making significant refunds and other payments to Medicare and our future revenues from Medicare may be significantly reduced. We have adjusted certain operational policies to address the current expectations of Medicare and its contractors. We cannot predict the adverse impact, if any, these interpretations of the Medicare documentation requirements or our revised policies might have on our operations, cash flow, and capital resources, but such impact could be material.

CMS maintains a Master List of Items Frequently Subject to Unnecessary Utilization. This list identifies items that could potentially be subject to prior authorization as a condition of Medicare payment. CMS has added home ventilators used with a non-invasive interface to the Master List of Items Frequently Subject to Unnecessary Utilization. If CMS requires prior authorization requirements for noninvasive home ventilation, it could materially impact our business.


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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Competitive Bidding Process

The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 required the Secretary of Health and Human Services ("HHS") to establish and implement programs under which competitive acquisition areas are established throughout the United States for purposes of awarding contracts for the furnishing of competitively priced items of durable medical equipment.

CMS conducts a competition for each competitive acquisition area under which providers submit bids to supply certain covered items of DME. Under the competitive bidding program, DME suppliers compete to become Medicare contract suppliers by submitting bids to furnish certain items in competitive bidding areas. As part of the competitive bidding process, single payment amounts (“SPAs”) replace the current Medicare DME fee schedule payment amounts for selected items in certain areas of the country. The SPAs are determined by using bids submitted by DME suppliers. In 2019, CMS included non-invasive ventilator products on the list of products subject to the competitive bidding program in Round 2021. On March 9, 2020, CMS announced that due to the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, the United States President's exercise of the Defense Production Act, public concern regarding access to ventilators, and the non-invasive ventilators product category being new to the competitive bidding program, non-invasive ventilators were removed as a product category from Round 2021. On October 27, 2020, CMS announced that it had removed 13 of the 15 remaining product categories from Round 2021, including oxygen and PAP devices, because the payment amounts did not achieve expected savings. The next competitive bidding round is anticipated to begin on January 1, 2024. As a result of these announcements, we retain the ability to continue to furnish non-invasive ventilators and oxygen and PAP devices for all of our Medicare accredited areas. However, we are uncertain if non-invasive ventilators and oxygen and PAP devices will be included in future competitive bidding programs. We cannot predict the outcome of the competitive bidding process for contracted supplier selection or the impact of the competitive bidding process on reimbursements to our existing customers.

Licensure

Several states require that DME providers be licensed in order to sell products to patients in that state. Certain of these states require that durable medical equipment providers maintain an in-state location. Most of our state licenses are renewed on an annual basis. Although we believe we are in compliance with all applicable state regulations regarding licensure requirements, if we were found to be noncompliant, we could lose our licensure in that state, which could prohibit us from selling our current or future products to patients in that state. In addition, we are subject to certain state laws regarding professional licensure.

Accreditation

Many payors require accreditation under payor contracts. If we lose accreditation at any location, it could have an adverse impact on our reimbursement under payor contracts.

Fraud and Abuse Regulations

Federal Anti-Kickback and Self-Referral Laws. The Federal Anti-Kickback Statute, among other things, prohibits the knowing and willful offer, payment, solicitation or receipt of any form of remuneration, whether directly or indirectly and overtly or covertly, in return for, or to induce the referral of an individual for the:

furnishing or arranging for the furnishing of items or services reimbursable in whole or in part under Medicare, Medicaid or other federal healthcare programs; or

purchase, lease, or order of, or the arrangement or recommendation of the purchasing, leasing, or ordering of any item or service reimbursable in whole or in part under Medicare, Medicaid or other federal healthcare programs.

There are a number of narrow safe harbors to the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute. Such safe harbors permit certain payments and business practices that, although they would otherwise potentially implicate the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute, are not treated as an offense under the same if all of the requirements of the specific applicable safe harbor are met.

The Federal Anti-Kickback Statute applies to certain arrangements with healthcare providers, product end users and other parties, including marketing arrangements and discounts and other financial incentives offered in connection with the sales of our products. Although we believe that we have structured such arrangements to be in compliance with the Anti-Kickback Statute and other applicable laws, regulatory authorities may determine that our marketing, pricing, or other activities violate the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute or other applicable laws. Noncompliance with the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute can result in civil, administrative and/or criminal penalties, restrictions on our ability to operate in certain jurisdictions, and exclusion from participation in Medicare, Medicaid or other federal healthcare programs. In addition, to the extent we are found to not be in compliance, we may be required to curtail or restructure our operations. Any penalties, damages, fines, exclusions, curtailment or restructuring of our operations could adversely affect our ability to operate our business, our financial condition and our results of operations.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
The Ethics in Patient Referrals Act, commonly known as the “Stark Law,” prohibits a physician from making referrals for certain “designated health services” payable by Medicare to an entity, including a company that furnishes DME, in which the physician or an immediate family member of such physician has an ownership or investment interest or with which the physician has entered into a compensation arrangement, unless a statutory exception applies. Violation of the Stark Law could result in denial of payment, disgorgement of reimbursements received under a noncompliance arrangement, civil penalties, damages and exclusion from Medicare or other governmental programs. Although we believe that we have structured our provider arrangements to comply with current Stark Law requirements, these requirements are highly technical and there can be no guarantee that regulatory authorities will not determine or assert that our arrangements are in violation of the Stark Law and do not otherwise meet applicable Stark Law exceptions.

Additionally, because some of these laws continue to evolve, we lack definitive guidance as to the application of certain key aspects of these laws as they relate to our arrangements with providers with respect to patient training. We cannot predict the final form that these regulations will take or the effect that the final regulations will have on us. As a result, our provider arrangements may ultimately be found to be noncompliant with applicable federal law.

False statements. The federal false statements statute prohibits knowingly and willfully falsifying, concealing, or omitting a material fact or making any materially false statement in connection with the delivery of healthcare benefits, items, or services. In addition to criminal penalties, violation of this statute may result in collateral administrative sanctions, including exclusion from participation in Medicare, Medicaid and other federal healthcare programs.

Federal False Claims Act and Civil Monetary Penalties Law. The Federal False Claims Act provides, in part, that the federal government or a private party on behalf of the government may bring a lawsuit against any person whom it believes has knowingly presented, or caused to be presented, a false or fraudulent request for payment from the federal government, or who has made a false statement or used a false record to get a claim paid or to avoid, decrease or conceal an obligation to pay money to the federal government or who has knowingly retained an overpayment. In addition, amendments in 1986 to the Federal False Claims Act have made it easier for private parties to bring whistleblower lawsuits against companies.

The Civil Monetary Penalties Law provides, in part, that the federal government may seek civil monetary penalties against any person who presents or causes to be presented claims to a Federal healthcare program that the person knows or should know is for an item or services that was not provided as claimed or is false or fraudulent, or the person has made a false statement or used a false record to get a claim paid. The federal government may also seek civil monetary penalties for a wide variety of other conduct, including offering remuneration to influence a Medicare or Medicaid beneficiary’s selection of providers and violations of the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute.

Although we believe that we are in compliance with the Federal False Claims Act as well as the Civil Monetary Penalties Law, if we are found in violation of the same, we could be subject to various liabilities and penalties, including fines ranging from $11,665 to $23,331 for each false claim violation of the Federal False Claims Act and varying amounts based on the type of violation of the Civil Monetary Penalties Law, plus up to three times the amount of damages that the federal government sustained because of the act of that person. In addition, the federal government may also seek exclusion from participation in all federal healthcare programs.

In addition, we bill Medicare Part B and other insurers directly for each sale to patients. As a result, we must comply with all laws, rules and regulations associated with filing claims with the Medicare program, including the Social Security Act, Medicare regulations, the Federal False Claims Act and the Civil Monetary Penalties Law, as well as a variety of additional federal and state laws. During an audit, insurers typically expect to find explicit documentation in the medical record to support a claim. Physicians and other clinicians, who are responsible for prescribing our products for patients, are expected to create and maintain the medical records that form the basis for the claims we submit to Medicare and other insurers. Any failure by physicians and other clinicians to properly document the medical records for patients using our products could invalidate claims, impair our ability to collect submitted claims and subject us to overpayment liabilities, Federal False Claims Act liabilities and other penalties including exclusion from the Medicare, Medicaid or private insurance programs.

To the extent we are found to not be in compliance with applicable federal and state laws and regulations, we may be required to curtail or restructure our operations. Any penalties, damages, fines, exclusions, curtailment or restructuring of our operations could adversely affect our ability to operate our business, our financial condition and our results of operations.

State fraud and abuse provisions. Many states have also adopted some form of anti-kickback and anti-referral laws and false claims acts that apply regardless of payor, in addition to items and services reimbursed under Medicaid and other state programs. In some states, these laws apply and we believe that we are in compliance with such laws. Nevertheless, a determination of liability under such laws could result in fines and penalties, as well as restrictions on our ability to operate in these jurisdictions.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Other Anti-Corruption Laws. We may be subject to a variety of domestic and foreign anti-corruption laws with respect to our regulatory compliance efforts and operations. The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) is a criminal statute that prohibits an individual or business from paying, offering, promising or authorizing the provision of money (such as a bribe or kickback) or anything else of value (such as an improper gift, hospitality, or favor), directly or indirectly, to any foreign official, political party or candidate for the purpose of influencing any act or decision in order to assist the individual or business in obtaining, retaining, or directing business or other advantages (such as favorable regulatory rulings). The FCPA also obligates companies with securities listed in the United States to comply with certain accounting provisions. Those provisions require a company such as ours to (i) maintain books and records that accurately and fairly reflect all transactions, expenses and asset dispositions, and (ii) devise and maintain an adequate system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances that transactions are properly authorized, executed and recorded. The FCPA is subject to broad interpretation by the U.S. government. The past decade has seen a significant increase in enforcement activity. In addition to the FCPA, there are a number of other federal and state anti-corruption laws to which we may be subject, including, the U.S. domestic bribery statute contained in 18 USC § 201 (which prohibits bribing U.S. government officials) and the U.S. Travel Act (which in some instances addresses private-sector or commercial bribery both within and outside the United States).

We could be held liable under the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws for the illegal activities of our employees, representatives, contractors, collaborators, agents, subsidiaries, or affiliates, even if we did not explicitly authorize such activity. Although we will seek to comply with anti-corruption laws, there can be no assurance that all of our employees, representatives, contractors, collaborators, agents, subsidiaries or affiliates will comply with these laws at all times. Violation of these laws could subject us to whistleblower complaints, investigations, sanctions, settlements, prosecution, other enforcement actions, disgorgement of profits, significant fines, damages, other civil and criminal penalties or injunctions, suspension and/or debarment from contracting with certain governments or other persons, the loss of export privileges, reputational harm, adverse media coverage and other collateral consequences. In addition, our directors, officers, employees, and other representatives who engage in violations of the FCPA and certain other anti-corruption statutes may face imprisonment, fines and penalties. If any subpoenas or investigations are launched, or governmental or other sanctions are imposed, or if we do not prevail in any possible civil or criminal litigation, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially harmed. In addition, responding to any action will likely result in a materially significant diversion of management’s attention and resources and significant defense costs and other professional fees. Enforcement actions and sanctions could further harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

HIPAA. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”) established uniform standards governing the conduct of certain electronic healthcare transactions and protecting the security and privacy of individually identifiable health information maintained or transmitted by healthcare providers, health plans and healthcare clearinghouses (collectively “covered entities”). The following standards have been promulgated under HIPAA’s regulations:

the Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, which restrict the use and disclosure of individually identifiable health information, or “protected health information”;

the Standards for Electronic Transactions, which establish standards for common healthcare transactions, such as claims information, plan eligibility, payment information and the use of electronic signatures;

the Security Standards, which require covered entities to implement and maintain certain security measures to safeguard certain electronic health information, including the adoption of administrative, physical and technical safeguards to protect such information; and

the breach notification rules, which require covered entitles to provide notification to affected individuals, the HHS and the media in the event of a breach of unsecured protected health information.

In 2009, Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (“ARRA”) which included sweeping changes to HIPAA, including an expansion of HIPAA’s privacy and security standards. ARRA includes the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act of 2009 (“HITECH”) which, among other things, made HIPAA’s privacy and security standards directly applicable to business associates of covered entities. A business associate is a person or entity that performs certain functions or activities on behalf of a covered entity that involve the use or disclosure of protected health information. As a result, business associates are now subject to significant civil and criminal penalties for failure to comply with applicable standards. Moreover, HITECH creates a new requirement to report certain breaches of unsecured, individually identifiable health information and imposes penalties on entities that fail to do so. HITECH also increased the civil and criminal penalties that may be imposed against covered entities, business associates and possibly other persons and gave state attorneys general new authority to file civil actions for damages or injunctions in federal courts to enforce the federal HIPAA laws and seek attorney fees and costs associated with pursuing federal civil actions.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
The 2013 final HITECH omnibus rule (the “HITECH Final Rule”) modifies the breach reporting standard in a manner that makes more data security incidents qualify as reportable breaches. Any liability from a failure to comply with the requirements of HIPAA or the HITECH Act could adversely affect our financial condition. The costs of complying with privacy and security related legal and regulatory requirements are burdensome and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. The HITECH Final Rule will continue to be subject to interpretation by various courts and other governmental authorities, thus creating potentially complex compliance issues for us, as well as referring providers.

In addition to federal regulations issued under HIPAA, some states have enacted privacy and security statutes or regulations that, in certain cases, are more stringent than those issued under HIPAA. In those cases, it may be necessary to modify our planned operations and procedures to comply with the more stringent state laws. Most states have also adopted breach notification laws that require notification to affected individuals and certain state agencies if there is a security breach of certain individually-identifiable information. If we suffer a privacy or security breach, we could be required to expend significant resources to provide notification to the affected individuals and address the breach, as well as reputational harm associated with the breach. If we fail to comply with applicable state laws and regulations, we could be subject to additional sanctions. Any liability from failure to comply with the requirements of HIPAA, HITECH or state privacy and security statutes or regulations could adversely affect our financial condition. The costs of complying with privacy and security related legal and regulatory requirements are burdensome and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

General Regulatory Compliance and Health Care Reform

The evolving regulatory and compliance environment and the need to build and maintain robust systems to comply with different compliance or reporting requirements in multiple jurisdictions increase the possibility that a healthcare company may fail to comply fully with one or more of these requirements. If our operations are found to be in violation of any of the health regulatory laws described above or any other laws that apply to us, we may be subject to penalties, including potentially significant criminal and civil and administrative penalties, damages, fines, disgorgement, imprisonment, exclusion from participation in government healthcare programs, contractual damages, reputational harm, administrative burdens, diminished profits and future earnings and the curtailment or restructuring of our operations, any of which could adversely affect our ability to operate our business, financial condition and our results of operations.

In March 2010, the Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) was enacted into law in the United States. This healthcare reform, which included a number of provisions aimed at improving the quality and decreasing the cost of healthcare, has resulted in significant reimbursement cuts in Medicare payments to hospitals and other healthcare providers in the healthcare reimbursement system, evolving toward value- and outcomes-based reimbursement methodologies. It is uncertain what long-term consequences these provisions will have on patient access to new technologies and what impact these provisions will have on Medicare reimbursement rates. Other elements of the ACA, including comparative effectiveness research, an independent payment advisory board and payment systems reform, including shared savings pilots and other reforms, may result in fundamental changes to federal healthcare reimbursement programs. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 ("TCJA") repealed penalties for noncompliance with the requirement for insurance coverage known as the “individual mandate.” This change could affect whether individuals enroll in health plans and could impact insurers with which we contract. Other changes to the ACA could impact the number of patients who have access to our products. Existing and additional legislative or administrative reforms, or any repeal of provisions, of the U.S. healthcare reimbursement systems may significantly reduce reimbursement or otherwise impact coverage for our medical devices, or adverse decisions relating to our products by administrators of such systems in coverage or reimbursement issues could have an adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

Third-Party Reimbursement

In the United States and elsewhere, sales of medical devices depend in significant part on the availability of coverage and reimbursement to providers and patients from third-party payors. Third-party payors include private insurance plans and governmental programs. As with other medical devices, reimbursement for our products can differ significantly from payor to payor, and our products are not universally covered by third-party commercial payors. Further, third-party payors continually review existing technologies for continued coverage and can, with limited notice, deny or reverse coverage for existing products.

Two principal governmental third-party payors in the United States are Medicare and Medicaid. Medicare is a federal program that provides certain medical insurance benefits to persons age 65 and over, certain disabled persons and others. In contrast, Medicaid is a medical assistance program jointly funded by federal and state governments to serve certain individuals and families with low incomes and who meet other eligibility requirements. Each state administers its own Medicaid program which determines the benefits made available to the Medicaid recipients in that state. The Medicare and Medicaid statutory framework is subject to administrative rulings, interpretations and discretion that affect the amount and timing of reimbursement made under Medicare and Medicaid.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
CMS, which is the agency within the HHS that administers both Medicare and Medicaid, has the authority to decline to cover particular products or services if it determines that they are not “reasonable and necessary” for the treatment of Medicare beneficiaries. A coverage determination for a product, which establishes the indications that will be covered, and any restrictions or limitations, can be developed at the national level by CMS through a National Coverage Determination (“NCD”) or at the local level through a Local Coverage Determination (“LCD”) by a regional DME MAC. CMS could issues new NCDs or the regional DME MACs could issue LCDs related to a full range of respiratory DME products. If such NCDs or LCDs are issued or revised, they could significantly alter the coverage under Medicare and materially impact our business.

With respect to our ventilator products, an NCD for the DME Reference List, which has been effective since April 1, 2003, indicates that ventilators, including our products, are covered for the treatment of neuromuscular diseases, thoracic restrictive diseases, and chronic respiratory failure consequent to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. While the NCD for the DME Reference List has been updated, no separate NCD has been issued for ventilators. Monthly rental revenue from ventilators represented approximately 77% and 81%, respectively, of traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, for 2021 and 2020. Medicare Administrative Contractors responsible for processing durable medical equipment claims have issued LCDs for Respiratory Assist Devices (“RADs”) which contain language describing an overlap in conditions used to determine coverage for RADs and ventilator devices. These LCDs state that the treatment plan for any individual patient, including the determination to use a ventilator or a BiPAP, may vary and will be made based upon the specifics of each individual beneficiary’s medical condition. Due to this variability, determinations of coverage for our ventilator products are subject to scrutiny of individual medical records and claims. Revenues from Medicare and Medicaid accounted for 64% and 67%, respectively, of traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

Because Medicare criteria is extensive, we have a team dedicated to educating prescribers to help them understand how Medicare policy affects their patients and the medical record documentation needed to meet both NCD and LCD requirements. We maintain open communication with physician key opinion leaders and with Medicare Administrative Contractors to provide data as it becomes available that could potentially influence coverage decisions. We also continue to closely monitor our Medicare business to identify trends that could have a negative impact on certain Medicare patients’ access to our products, which in turn could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Commercial payors that reimburse for our products do so in a variety of ways, depending on the insurance plan’s policies, employer and benefit manager input, and contracts with their provider network. Moreover, Medicaid programs and some commercial insurance plans, especially Medicare Advantage plans (commercial insurers that are administering Medicare benefits to certain beneficiaries), are frequently influenced by Medicare coverage determinations. In working with payors who follow Medicare criteria, we have focused on clear communications with insurers to ensure mutual understanding of criteria interpretation, which differs significantly among the plans from very restrictive to quite lenient, and we then work closely with prescribers to educate them accordingly. While this approach has had positive impact, we do not know if or when additional payors may adopt the LCD criteria nor do we know how they will choose to interpret it.

We believe a reduction or elimination of coverage or reimbursement of our products by Medicare would likely cause some commercial third-party payors to implement similar reductions in their coverage or reimbursement of our products. If we are unable to expand coverage of our products by additional commercial payors, or if third-party payors that currently cover or reimburse for our products reverse or limit their coverage in the future, our business and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Emerging Growth Company Status

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”). For as long as we are an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements and exemptions from the requirements of holding advisory “say-on-pay” votes on executive compensation and shareholder advisory votes on golden parachute compensation. We will remain an “emerging growth company” until the earliest of (i) the last day of our fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenues of $1.07 billion (as such amount is indexed for inflation every five years by the SEC to reflect the change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, setting the threshold to the nearest $1 million) or more; (ii) the last day of our fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the date of our first sale of common equity securities pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”); (iii) the date on which we have, during the prior three-year period, issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt; and (iv) the date on which we are deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” under the Exchange Act.

We cannot predict if investors will find our common shares less attractive to the extent we rely on the exemptions available to emerging growth companies. If some investors find our common shares less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common shares and our share price may be more volatile.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. An emerging growth company can therefore delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We may choose to take advantage of such extended transition period.

Competition

The respiratory care industry is highly competitive. While Viemed is one of the top three providers of NIV and related services in the United States, its current competitors may gain market share, and any new entrants, with greater financial and technical resources, may provide additional competition. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that Viemed will be able to grow its operations organically to meet the competitive environment.

Significant Customers

For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, Viemed had no customers that accounted for 10% or more of its consolidated traditional revenue streams. However, Viemed had COVID-19 emergency response sales from a customer that accounted for 13% of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Viemed earns revenues by seeking reimbursement from Medicare and private health insurance companies, with the Medicare program of the United States government being the primary entity making payments. If the Medicare program were to slow payments of Viemed receivables for any reason, Viemed would be adversely impacted.

A majority of the Company’s revenues are derived from the fee-for-service pricing guidelines set by CMS. These pricing guidelines are subject to change at the discretion of CMS.

Employees

At December 31, 2021, Viemed had 627 employees, in addition to consultants working directly with hospitals and other healthcare providers to help simplify the administrative process for patients transitioning from hospital to home care.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Risks Related to Our Industry and Business

The COVID-19 pandemic could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization designated COVID-19 as a global pandemic. Various policies and initiatives have been implemented to reduce the transmission of COVID-19, including travel bans and restrictions, postponement of non-essential medical surgeries, limiting access to medical facilities, and adoption of social distancing and remote working policies. Local, state and national governments continue to emphasize the importance of essential medical personnel and we remain open to meet the needs of our communities. Employee and patient safety is our first priority, and as a result, we put preparedness plans in place for our employees, especially our clinical personnel, and modified our clinical protocols to limit unnecessary patient encounters. 

These measures do not appear to be negatively impacting our patient attrition rate at this time, but we cannot assure you that future governmental policies and initiatives will not significantly disrupt our operations or adversely affect our ability to provide services to our patients in the future. In addition, our ability to assess potential patients in hospitals varies by hospital and city, but overall our business of setting up new patients in the home is continuing although at lower levels than in recent periods. While governmental and other restrictions have not had a material impact on our consolidated operating results for the year ended December 31, 2021, it is possible that more significant disruptions could occur if the COVID-19 pandemic continues for a prolonged period of time and we cannot assure you that demand for our products and services will continue or that we will be able to maintain operations necessary to satisfy such demand, including sufficient personnel, supply chains and distributions channels.

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to significant disruptions and volatility in capital and financial markets. Broad economic factors resulting from the current COVID-19 pandemic, including high unemployment and underemployment levels and reduced consumer spending and confidence, could also affect our service mix, revenue mix, payor mix and patient base, as well as our ability to collect outstanding receivables. Business closures and layoffs in the geographic areas in which we operate may lead to increases in the uninsured and underinsured populations and adversely affect demand for our services, as well as the ability of patients and other payors to pay for services rendered. Any increase in the amount or deterioration in the collectability of patient accounts receivable will adversely affect our financial results and require an increased level of working capital. In addition, we may experience supply chain disruptions, including delays and price increases in equipment and supplies. Staffing, equipment and supplies shortages may also impact our ability to assess potential patients in hospitals and set up and treat patients in the home.
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020

We believe we presently have sufficient liquidity to satisfy our cash needs, however, we continue to evaluate and take action, as necessary, to preserve adequate liquidity and ensure that our business can continue to operate during these uncertain times. In addition, we have received, and may continue to receive, payments, grants or other relief under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security ("CARES") Act and other stimulus efforts. While the impact of COVID-19 on our consolidated results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2021 has resulted in an overall increase in revenues related to COVID-19 response sales and services during the period, the overall impact that COVID-19 will have on our consolidated results of operations in future periods remains uncertain, and difficult to predict and will depend on, among other factors, the duration and severity of the pandemic, as well as any negative economic conditions arising from the pandemic, our ability to assess potential patients in hospitals and set up and treat patients in the home and the impacts of government actions and administrative regulations on the healthcare industry and broader economy. We will continue to evaluate the nature and extent of these potential impacts to our business, consolidated results of operations, liquidity and capital resources. If COVID-19 continues to spread or if the response to contain the COVID-19 pandemic is unsuccessful, we could experience a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Further, COVID-19 may also affect our operating and financial results in a manner that is not presently known to us or that we currently do not consider to present significant risks to our operations. In addition, the potential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the volatile economic conditions stemming from the pandemic, could also heighten the risks disclosed in many of the other risk factors described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Because the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented and continuously evolving, the other potential impacts to the risk factors described below are uncertain.

We have a limited history of operations and we might be unsuccessful in increasing our sales and cannot assure you that we will ever generate substantial revenue or be profitable.

We have a limited history of operations. There can be no assurance that our business will be successful and generate, or maintain, any profit.

Our novel business model may not be accepted by the market, which would harm our financial condition and results of operations.

Home monitoring of patients is a relatively new business, making it difficult to predict market acceptance, development, expansion and direction. Adoption of home monitoring services and technology by patients and physicians can require education, which can result in a lengthy sales cycle. The market may take time to develop. Physicians and/or patients may be slow to adopt new methods. The development of our home monitoring business is dependent on a number of factors. These factors include: our ability to differentiate our services from those of our competitors; the extent and timing of the acceptance of our services as a replacement for, or supplement to, traditional methods of servicing patients; the effectiveness of our sales and marketing and engagement efforts with customers and their health plan participants; and our ability to provide quality customer service, as perceived by patients and physicians. If our home monitoring business is not fully developed as a result of the failure of any of these factors or if our novel business model is not accepted by the market, our financial condition and results of operations would be significantly impacted.

We compete against companies that have longer operating histories and greater resources, which may result in reduced profit margins and loss of market share.

While we are currently one of the top three providers of NIV and related services in the United States, the respiratory care industry is highly competitive and dynamic and may become more competitive as new players enter the market. Certain competitors will be subsidiaries or divisions of larger, much better capitalized companies. Certain competitors will have vertically integrated manufacturing and services sectors of the market. We may have less capital and may encounter greater operational challenges in serving the market. Better capitalized competitors may also be able to borrow money or raise debt to purchase equipment more easily than us. Potential competitors could have significantly greater financial, research and development, manufacturing, and sales and marketing resources than we have and could utilize their greater resources to acquire or develop new technologies or products that could effectively compete with our existing products. Additionally, demand for our home monitoring services and other services could be diminished by equivalent or superior products and services developed by competitors. Competing in these markets could result in price-cutting, reduced profit margins and loss of market share, any of which would harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Reductions in reimbursement rates may have a materially adverse impact on the profitability of our operations.

Reimbursement for our services primarily comes from governmental healthcare programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid, and private health insurance companies, and our ability to sell our products and services depends in large part on the extent to which coverage and adequate reimbursement for our products and services are and will continue to be available. The reimbursement
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
rates offered are outside of our control. Reimbursement rates in this area, like much of the United States healthcare market, have been subject to continual reductions as health insurers and governmental entities attempt to control healthcare costs. We cannot predict the extent and timing of any reduction in reimbursement rates and we cannot assure you that coverage and reimbursement will be available for our products or services, that reimbursement amounts will be adequate, or that reimbursement amounts, even if initially adequate, will not be subsequently reduced.

Reductions in reimbursement rates, if they occur, may have a material adverse impact on the profitability of our operations. A reduction in reimbursement without a concurrent decline in the cost of operations, may result in reduced profitability. Our costs of operations could increase, but we may be unable to pass on the cost increases to customers because reimbursement rates are set without regard to the cost of service, also resulting in reduced profitability.

Our reliance on only a few sources of reimbursement for our services could result in delays in reimbursement, which could adversely affect cash flow and revenues.

We earn revenues by seeking reimbursement for our products and services from governmental healthcare programs and private health insurance companies, primarily from the federal Medicare program. If the Medicare program were to slow payments of our receivables for any reason, we would be adversely impacted. In addition, both governmental healthcare programs and private health insurance companies may seek ways to avoid or delay reimbursement, which could adversely affect our cash flow and revenues.

Our dependence on key suppliers puts us at risk of interruptions in the availability of the equipment we need for our services, which could reduce our revenue and adversely affect our results of operations.

We require the timely delivery of a sufficient supply of equipment we use to perform our home treatment of patients. Our dependence on third-party suppliers involves several additional risks, including limited control over pricing, availability, quality and delivery schedules. In addition, there are a limited number of manufacturers of the equipment used for home treatment of patients with ventilation respiratory therapy. Dependence on only a few manufacturers presents risks that suppliers may not be able to provide or adequately provide sufficient equipment to satisfy demand. Demand may also outstrip supply, leading to equipment shortages that could adversely affect our operations. Inadequate supply could also impair our ability to attract new business and could create upward pricing pressure on equipment and supplies, adversely affecting our margins. Conversely, incorrect demand forecasting could lead to excess inventory, which we may not be able to sell. If we fail to achieve certain volume of sales, prices of ventilators may increase, leading to reduced revenue and profitability. The industry is subject to a high level of regulatory scrutiny, and government or manufacturer recalls could adversely affect our ability to provide products and services and achieve revenue targets. Additionally, the market for financing ventilators and other supplies we need could be more difficult in the future.

The recall of certain Royal Philips BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices that we distribute and sell could have a significant negative impact on our business, reputation, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.

On June 14, 2021, Royal Philips (“Philips”), one of our largest suppliers of BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices, initiated a voluntary recall notification with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for certain Philips BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices that we distribute and sell. Philips initiated this recall to address potential health risks related to the polyester-based polyurethane (“PE-PUR”) sound abatement foam component in these devices. In July 2021, the FDA identified the Philips recall as a Class I recall, the most serious type of recall. As of September 1, 2021, the FDA has authorized Philips to rework affected first-generation DreamStation CPAP devices, which consists of replacing the PE-PUR sound abatement foam with a new material. In an October 18, 2021 press release, Philips stated that a total of approximately 750,000 repair kits and replacement devices have been produced, of which more than 250,000 have reached customers.

To date, Philips has produced millions of BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices using the PE-PUR sound abatement foam. Despite a complaint rate of 0.03% in 2020, Philips determined based on testing that there are possible health risks to users of the devices related to this type of foam, including that the foam may degrade into particles that may be ingested or inhaled by the user, and that the foam may off-gas certain chemicals. According to Philips, the potential risks of particulate exposure include headache, irritation, inflammation, respiratory issues, and possible toxic and carcinogenic effects, and the potential health risks of chemical exposure due to off-gassing include headache, irritation, hypersensitivity, nausea/vomiting, and possible toxic and carcinogenic effects.

While Philips produces alternative CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices that are not impacted by the recall, these alternative CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices are being used to replace recalled CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices rather than sold to suppliers for placement with newly diagnosed patients. Depending on the time it takes for the FDA and Philips to resolve the issue, potential delays and shortages of BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices may occur in our industry, which could have a significant negative impact on our business, reputation, results of operations, financial condition and prospects if we are unable to procure replacement products at a reasonable cost on a timely basis or at all.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Additionally, we do not currently know the full scope of potential risks that may arise as a result of the recall and replacement of BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices described above. Due to the volume of our patients currently using, or who in the past have used, the BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices affected by the recall described above as well as future users of any replacement devices, any litigation, class action or governmental enforcement actions (including, but not limited to, claims relating to product liability, negligence, patient harm including claims for personal injury or wrongful death, consumer protection, or fraud, overpayment or improper billing for services and products affected by the recall or replacement) that may involve us could have a significant negative impact on our business, reputation, results of operations, financial condition and prospects. At this time, several class action lawsuits have been filed against Philips in connection with the BiPAP and CPAP and mechanical ventilator devices affected by the recall. In addition, the reporting of product defects or voluntary recalls to the FDA or analogous regulatory bodies outside the United States could result in manufacturing audits, inspections and broader recalls or other disruptions to our and/or our suppliers’ businesses. The recall described above and future recalls, whether voluntary or required, could result in significant costs to us and significant adverse publicity, which could harm our ability to market our products in the future.

We conduct all of our operations through our United States subsidiaries and our ability to extract value from these subsidiaries may be limited.

We conduct all of our operations through our United States subsidiaries. Therefore, to the extent of these holdings, we (directly and indirectly) will be dependent on the cash flows of these subsidiaries to meet our obligations. The ability of such subsidiaries to make payments to their parent companies may be constrained by a variety of factors, including, the level of taxation, particularly corporate profits and withholding taxes, in the jurisdiction in which each subsidiary operates, and the introduction of exchange controls or repatriation restrictions or the availability of hard currency to be repatriated. Additionally, our subsidiaries are restricted from making distributions to us by the loan agreement, subject to certain exceptions.

The failure to attract or to retain management or key operating personnel, including directors, could adversely affect operations.

Our success to date has depended, and will continue to depend, largely on the skills and efforts of our management team, including our ability to interpret market data correctly and to interpret and respond to economic, market and other conditions in order to locate and adopt appropriate opportunities. We are also dependent on the services of key executives, including our directors and a small number of highly skilled and experienced executives and personnel. Due to our relatively small size, the loss of a key individual on our management team or our inability to attract and retain additional highly skilled employees and suitably qualified staff could have a material adverse impact on our business and future operations. No assurance can be given that individuals with the required skills will continue employment with us or that replacement personnel with comparable skills can be found.

We may be unable to achieve our strategy to grow our business or properly manage our growth, which could adversely impact our revenues and profits.

We may have difficulty identifying or acquiring suitable acquisition targets and maintaining our organic growth, which is a significant aspect of our business model. In the event that we are successful in consummating acquisitions in the future, such acquisitions may negatively impact our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and prospects due to a variety of factors, including the acquired target not achieving anticipated revenue, earnings or cash flows, our assumption of liabilities or risks beyond our estimates or the diversion of the attention of management from our existing business.

In addition, as we continue to grow, the complexity of our operations increases, placing greater demands on our management team. Our ability to manage our growth effectively depends on our ability to implement and improve our financial and management information systems on a timely basis and to effect other changes in our business including the ability to monitor and improve the quality of our products and services and properly manage regulatory compliance systems. Unexpected difficulties during expansion or our inability to respond effectively to growth or plan for future expansion could have an adverse effect on our ability to continue to grow and achieve our expansion strategy, which could adversely impact our earnings per share and our revenue and profits.

We have significant ongoing capital expenditure requirements. If we are unable to obtain necessary capital on favorable terms or at all, we may not be able to execute on our business plans and our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and prospects may be adversely affected.

Our development and the business (including acquisitions) may require additional financing, which may involve high transaction costs, dilution to shareholders, high interest rates or unfavorable terms and conditions. Failure to obtain sufficient financing may result in the delay or indefinite postponement of our business plans and our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may be adversely affected. There can be no assurance that additional capital or other types of financing will be available if needed or that, if available, the terms of such financing will be favorable to us.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
We are subject to the risks of litigation and governmental proceedings, which could adversely affect our business.

We are, and in the future may be, subject to legal and governmental proceedings and claims. The parties in such legal actions may seek amounts from us that may not be covered in whole or in part by insurance. Defending ourselves against such legal actions could result in significant costs and could require a substantial amount of time and effort by our management team. We cannot predict the outcome of litigation or governmental proceedings to which we are a party or whether we will be subject to future legal actions. As a result, the potential costs associated with legal actions against us could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or prospects.

Insurance and claims expenses could significantly reduce our profitability.

Our business is subject to a number of risks and hazards generally. Such occurrences could result in damage to property, inventory, facilities, personal injury or death, damage to our properties, or the properties of others, monetary losses and possible legal liability. We may be subject to product liability and medical malpractice claims, which may adversely affect our operations. Our industry is highly regulated, and may be subject to regulatory scrutiny for violations of regulations and laws. We could be adversely affected by the time and cost involved with regulatory investigations even if we have operated in compliance with all laws. Investigations could also adversely affect the timely payment of receivables.

Although we maintain insurance to protect against certain risks in such amounts as we consider to be reasonable, our insurance will not cover all the potential risks associated with our operations. We may also be unable to maintain insurance to cover these risks at economically feasible premiums. Insurance coverage may not continue to be available or may not be adequate to cover any resulting liability. We might also become subject to liability which may not be insured against or which we may elect not to insure against because of premium costs or other reasons. Losses from these events may cause us to incur significant costs that could have a material adverse effect upon our financial performance and results of operations.

We rely significantly on information technology and any failure, inadequacy, interruption or security lapse of that technology, including any cybersecurity incidents, could harm our ability to operate our business effectively.

In the ordinary course of our business, we receive certain personal information, in both physical and electronic formats, about our patients, our employees, and our vendors. We maintain substantial security measures and data backup systems to protect, store, and prevent unauthorized access to such information. Nevertheless, it is possible that computer hackers and others (through cyberattacks, which are rapidly evolving and becoming increasingly sophisticated, or by other means) might defeat our security measures in the future and obtain the personal information of customers, their loved ones, our employees, and our vendors that we hold. If we fail to protect this information, we could experience significant costs and expenses as well as damage to our reputation. Additionally, legislation relating to cybersecurity threats could impose additional requirements on our operations.

Our ability to manage and maintain our internal reports effectively and integration of new business acquisitions depends significantly on our enterprise resource planning system and other information systems. Some of our information technology systems may experience interruptions, delays or cessations of service or produce errors in connection with ongoing systems implementation work. The failure of our systems to operate effectively or to integrate with other systems, or a breach in security or other unauthorized access of these systems, may also result in reduced efficiency of our operations and could require significant capital investments to remediate any such failure, problem or breach and to comply with applicable regulations, all of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Disruptions in the credit and financial markets may have an adverse impact on our ability to obtain capital and financing for our operations.

Market events and conditions, including disruptions in the international credit markets and other financial systems and the deterioration of global economic conditions, could impede our access to capital or increase the cost of capital. From 2007 to 2009, the United States credit markets began to experience serious disruption due to deterioration in residential property values, defaults and delinquencies in the residential mortgage market and a decline in the credit quality of mortgage-backed securities. These problems led to a slow-down in residential housing market transactions, declining housing prices, delinquencies in non-mortgage consumer credit and a general decline in consumer confidence. These conditions caused a loss of confidence in the broader United States and global credit and financial markets and resulted in the collapse of, and government intervention in, major banks, financial institutions and insurers and created a climate of greater volatility, less liquidity, widening of credit spreads, a lack of price transparency, increased credit losses and tighter credit conditions which continued throughout 2012 with continued uncertainty in the European marketplace and continued uncertainty surrounding the “fiscal cliff”, the United States government deficit and the United States government spending cuts. Notwithstanding various actions by the United States and foreign governments, concerns about the general condition of the capital markets, financial instruments, banks, investment banks, insurers and other financial institutions caused the broader credit markets to deteriorate and stock markets to fluctuate substantially.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
These disruptions in the current credit and financial markets have had a significant material adverse impact on a number of financial institutions and have limited access to capital and credit for many companies. These disruptions could, among other things, make it more difficult for us to obtain, or increase our cost of obtaining, capital and financing for our operations. Access to additional capital may not be available to us on terms acceptable to us, or at all.

Risks Relating to Government Regulation

Healthcare reform legislation may affect our business.

Healthcare reform laws significantly affect the U.S. healthcare services industry. In recent years, many legislative proposals have been introduced or proposed in Congress and in some state legislatures that would affect major changes in the healthcare system, either nationally or at the state level. At the federal level, Congress has continued to propose or consider healthcare budgets that substantially reduce payments under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. See “Business–Government Regulation” in Item 1 for more information. The ultimate content, timing or effect of any healthcare reform legislation and the impact of potential legislation on us is uncertain and difficult, if not impossible, to predict. That impact may be material to our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We are subject to extensive federal and state regulation, and if we fail to comply with applicable regulations, we could suffer severe criminal or civil sanctions or be required to make significant changes to our operations that could adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

The federal government and all states in which we currently operate regulate various aspects of our business. Our operations also are subject to state laws governing, among other things, distribution of medical equipment and certain types of home health activities, and we are required to obtain and maintain licenses in each state to act as a DME supplier. Additionally, accreditation is required by many payors. If we fail to obtain or maintain any required accreditation, it could have an adverse impact on our business.

As a healthcare provider participating in governmental healthcare programs, we are subject to laws directed at preventing fraud, waste, and abuse, which subject our marketing, billing, documentation and other practices to government scrutiny. These include specific requirements imposed by the DME MAC Supplier Manuals. To ensure compliance with Medicare and Medicaid requirements and other federal and state regulations, government agencies or their contractors often conduct routine audits and request customer records and other documents to support our claims submitted for payment of services rendered. Government agencies or their contractors also periodically open investigations and obtain information from healthcare providers. Violations of federal and state regulations can result in severe criminal, civil and administrative penalties, damages, and sanctions, including debarment, suspension or exclusion from Medicare, Medicaid and other government reimbursement programs, any of which would have a material adverse effect on our business.

We expect the federal and state governments to continue their efforts to contain growth in Medicaid expenditures, which could adversely affect our revenue and profitability.

Medicaid spending has increased rapidly in recent years, becoming a significant component of state budgets. This, combined with slower state revenue growth, has led both the federal government and many states to institute measures aimed at controlling the growth of Medicaid spending, and in some instances reducing aggregate Medicaid spending. We expect these state and federal efforts to continue for the foreseeable future. Furthermore, not all of the states in which we operate have elected to expand Medicaid coverage as part of federal healthcare reform legislation. There can be no assurance that any state Medicaid program, on the current terms or otherwise, will continue for any particular period of time beyond the foreseeable future. If Medicaid reimbursement rates are reduced or fail to increase as quickly as our costs, or if there are changes in the rules governing the Medicaid program that are disadvantageous to our businesses, our business and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.


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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Revenue we receive from third-party payors as well as Medicare and Medicaid is subject to potential retroactive reduction.

Payments we receive from governmental healthcare programs, including Medicare and Medicaid, and private third-party payors can be retroactively adjusted after examination during the claims settlement process or as a result of post-payment audits and subsequent recoupment. Governmental healthcare programs and third-party payors may disallow, in whole or in part, our requests for reimbursement, or recoup amounts previously reimbursed, based on determinations by the payors or their third-party audit contractors that certain costs are not reimbursable because either adequate or additional documentation was not provided or because certain services were not covered or were deemed not to be medically necessary. Significant adjustments, recoupments or repayments of our Medicare or Medicaid revenue, and the costs associated with complying with investigative audits by regulatory and governmental authorities and private third-party payors, could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

For example, in late June of 2021, we received initial request letters from DME Medicare Administrative Contractors referencing a previously disclosed U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) report and recommendation regarding an audit of claims relating to 100 of the Company’s non-invasive ventilation at home patients and requesting repayment of purported overpayments within the 4-year reopening period prescribed by statue. In September 2021, the MACs informed us of unfavorable decisions with respect to the redetermination appeals. In November 2021, we filed Reconsideration Appeals and intend to continue to defend ourselves vigorously through the remaining appeals processes which include, in successive order, Reconsideration decision, Administrative Law Judge appeals, Medicare Appeals Council review, and ultimately through Federal Court, if necessary. See Note 8—Commitments and Contingencies to our consolidated financial statements for more information. The ultimate resolution of this matter, if unfavorable, could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

Additionally, from time to time we become aware, based on information provided by third parties and/or the results of internal audits, of payments from such payor sources that were either wholly or partially in excess of the amount that we should have been paid for the service provided. Overpayments may result from a variety of factors, including insufficient documentation supporting the services rendered or medical necessity or other failures to document satisfaction of the applicable conditions of payment. We are required by law in most instances to refund the full amount of the overpayment after becoming aware of it, and failure to do so within requisite time limits imposed by law could lead to significant fines and penalties being imposed on us.

Furthermore, our initial billing of and payments for services that are unsupported by the requisite documentation and satisfaction of any other conditions of payment, regardless of our awareness of the failure at the time of the billing or payment, could expose us to significant fines and penalties. We could also be subject to exclusion from participation in the Medicare or Medicaid programs in some circumstances as well, in addition to any monetary or other fines, penalties or sanctions that we may incur under applicable federal and/or state law. Our repayment of any such amounts, as well as any fines, penalties or other sanctions that we may incur, could be significant and could have a material and adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

From time to time we are also involved in external governmental investigations, audits and reviews. Reviews, audits and investigations of this sort can lead to government actions, which can result in recoupment of reimbursement, civil or criminal fines or penalties, or other sanctions, including restrictions or changes in the way we conduct business, loss of licensure or exclusion from participation in government healthcare programs. Failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations and rules could have a material and adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Furthermore, responding to governmental investigations, audits and reviews can also require us to incur significant legal and document production expenses, regardless of whether the particular investigation, audit or review leads to identification of underlying noncompliance or wrongdoing.

As a result of increased post-payment reviews of claims we submit to Medicare and Medicaid for our services, we may incur additional costs and may be required to repay amounts already paid to us.

We are subject to regular post-payment inquiries, investigations and audits of claims we submit to Medicare and Medicaid for payment for our services. These post-payment reviews have increased as a result of government cost-containment initiatives. These additional post-payment reviews may require us to incur costs to respond to requests for records and to pursue the reversal of payment denials, and ultimately may require us to refund amounts paid to us by Medicare or Medicaid that are determined to have been overpaid.

For a further description of this and other laws and regulations involving governmental reimbursements, see “Business—Government Regulation” in Item 1.


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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
An economic downturn, state budget pressures, sustained unemployment and continued deficit spending by the federal government may result in a reduction in reimbursement and covered services.

An economic downturn could have a detrimental effect on our revenues. Historically, state budget pressures have translated into reductions in state spending. Given that Medicaid outlays are a significant component of state budgets, we can expect continuing cost containment pressures on Medicaid outlays for our services in the states in which we operate. In addition, an economic downturn, coupled with sustained unemployment, may also impact the number of enrollees in managed care programs as well as the profitability of managed care companies, which could result in reduced reimbursement rates.

The existing federal deficit, as well as deficit spending by federal and state governments as the result of adverse economic developments or other reasons, can lead to continuing pressure to reduce governmental expenditures for other purposes, including government-funded programs in which we participate, such as Medicare and Medicaid. Such actions in turn may adversely affect our operations and revenue.

Delays in reimbursement due to state budget deficits may increase in the future, adversely affecting our liquidity.

There is a delay between the time that we provide services and the time that we receive reimbursement or payment for these services. Many of the states in which we operate are operating with budget deficits for their current fiscal year. These and other states may in the future delay reimbursement, which would adversely affect our liquidity. In addition, from time to time, procedural issues require us to resubmit claims before payment is remitted, which contributes to our aged receivables. Additionally, unanticipated delays in receiving reimbursement from state programs due to changes in their policies or billing or audit procedures may adversely impact our liquidity and working capital. We fund operations primarily through the collection of accounts receivable.

Delays in reimbursement due to claims submission reimbursement processes may cause liquidity problems.

There are delays in reimbursement from the time we provide services to the time we receive reimbursement or payment for these services. Delays may result from changes by third-party payors to data submission requirements or requests by fiscal intermediaries for additional data or documentation, among other issues. If we have information system problems or issues that arise with Medicare or Medicaid or private health insurers, we may encounter delays in our payment cycle. Such timing delays may cause working capital shortages. Working capital management, including prompt and diligent billing and collection, is an important factor in our results of operations and liquidity. System problems, Medicare or Medicaid issues or industry trends may extend our collection period, adversely impact our working capital. Our working capital management procedures may not successfully negate this risk. There are often timing delays when attempting to collect funds from Medicaid programs. Delays in receiving reimbursement or payments from these programs may adversely impact our working capital.

We depend in part upon reimbursement by third-party payors.

A substantial portion of our revenues are derived from private and governmental third-party payors. In 2021, approximately 36% of our traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, were derived collectively from managed care plans, commercial health insurers, workers’ compensation payors, and other private pay revenue sources while approximately 64% of our traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, were derived from Medicare and Medicaid. Initiatives undertaken by industry and government to contain healthcare costs affect our profitability. These payors attempt to control healthcare costs by contracting with healthcare providers to obtain services on a discounted basis. We believe that this trend will continue and may limit reimbursement for healthcare services. Additionally, from time to time our contracts with payors are terminated, amended or renegotiated, sometime unilaterally through policies. If insurers or managed care companies from whom we receive substantial payments were to terminate, amend or renegotiate contracts or reduce the amounts they pay for services, our profit margins may decline, or we may lose patients if we choose not to renew our contracts with these insurers at lower rates.

We face inspections, reviews, audits and investigations under federal and state government programs and contracts. These audits could have adverse findings that may negatively affect our business.

As a result of our participation in the Medicare and Medicaid programs, we are subject to various governmental inspections, reviews, audits and investigations to verify our compliance with these programs and applicable laws and regulations. Private health insurers may also reserve the right to conduct audits. An adverse inspection, review, audit or investigation could result in:

refunding amounts we have been paid pursuant to the Medicare or Medicaid programs or from private health insurers;
state or federal agencies imposing fines, penalties and other sanctions on us;
temporary suspension of payment for new patients;
decertification or exclusion from participation in the Medicare or Medicaid programs or one or more managed care payor networks;
damage to our reputation; and
loss of certain rights under, or termination of, our contracts with private health insurers.
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020

If adverse inspections, reviews, audits or investigations occur and any of the results noted above occur, it could have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

We are subject to extensive federal and state laws and regulations relating to the privacy and security of protected health information and failure to comply with such laws may increase our operational costs.

HIPAA privacy and security regulations establish a complex regulatory framework governing the use and disclosure of protected health information ("PHI"), including, for example, the circumstances under which uses and disclosures of PHI are permitted or required without a specific authorization by the patient; a patient’s right to access, amend and receive an accounting of certain disclosures of PHI; the content of notices of privacy practices describing how PHI is used and disclosed and individuals’ rights with respect to their PHI; and implementation of administrative, technical and physical safeguards to protect privacy and security of PHI. The federal privacy regulations restrict our ability to use or disclose certain individually identifiable patient health information, without patient authorization, for purposes other than payment, treatment or healthcare operations (as defined by HIPAA), except for disclosures for various public policy purposes and other permitted purposes outlined in the privacy regulations. The HIPAA privacy and security regulations do not supersede state laws that may be more stringent; therefore, we are required to comply with both federal privacy and security regulations and varying state privacy and security laws and regulations.

The HIPAA privacy and security regulations also require healthcare providers like us to notify affected individuals, the HHS Secretary, and in some cases, the media, when PHI has been “breached”, as defined by HIPAA. Many states have similar breach notification laws. We have established policies and procedures in an effort to ensure compliance with the HIPAA privacy and security regulations and similar state laws. However, if there is a breach, we may be required to incur costs to mitigate and remediate the impact of the breach on affected individuals, and therefore could incur substantial operational and financial costs related to such mitigation and remediation. Additionally, HIPAA, and its implementing regulations provide for significant civil fines, criminal penalties, and other sanctions for failure to comply with the privacy, security, and breach notification rules, including for wrongful or impermissible use or disclosure of PHI. Although HIPAA regulations do not expressly provide for a private right of action for damages, we could incur damages under state laws to private parties for the wrongful or impermissible use or disclosure of confidential health information or other private personal information. Additionally, HIPAA allows state Attorneys General to bring an action against a covered entity, such as us, for a violation of HIPAA. We insure some of our risk with respect to HIPAA security breaches, but operational costs and penalties associated with HIPAA breaches easily could exceed our insured limits.

HIPAA regulations impose additional requirements, restrictions and penalties on covered entities and their business associates to, among other things, deter breaches of security. Our electronic health records system is periodically modified to meet applicable security standards. Despite the implementation of various security measures by us, our infrastructure may be vulnerable to computer viruses, break-ins and other disruptive problems inadvertently introduced by authorized users such as employees and clients, or purposefully targeted by hackers and other cybercriminals which could lead to interruption, delays or cessation in service to our clients. Further, such incidents, whether electronic or physical, could jeopardize the security of confidential information, including PHI and other sensitive information stored in our computer systems related to clients, patients, and other parties connected through us, which may deter potential clients and give rise to uncertain liability to parties whose security or privacy has been infringed. A significant security breach could result in fines, loss of clients, damage to our reputation, direct damages, costs of repair and detection, costs to remedy the breach, government penalties, and other expenses. We insure some of our risk with respect to security breaches but the occurrence of any of the foregoing events could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and our financial condition.

Our products may be subject to future rounds of Medicare's Competitive Bidding Program, which may negatively affect our business and financial condition.

The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 required the HHS to establish and implement programs under which competitive acquisition areas are established throughout the United States for purposes of awarding contracts for the furnishing of competitively priced items of DME.

CMS, the agency responsible for administering the Medicare program, conducts a competition for each competitive acquisition area under which providers submit bids to supply certain covered items of DME. Under the competitive bidding program, DME suppliers compete to become Medicare contract suppliers by submitting bids to furnish certain items in competitive bidding areas. As part of the competitive bidding process, SPAs replace the current Medicare DME fee schedule payment amounts for selected items in certain areas of the country. The SPAs are determined by using bids submitted by DME suppliers.

Successful bidders must meet certain program quality standards in order to be awarded a contract and only successful bidders can supply the covered items to Medicare beneficiaries in the acquisition area. There are, however, regulations in place that allow non-contracted providers to continue to provide products and services to their existing customers at the new competitive bidding payment amounts. The contracts are expected to be re-bid every three years. CMS is required to award contracts to multiple
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
entities submitting bids in each area for an item or service, but has the authority to limit the number of contractors in a competitive acquisition area as necessary to meet projected demand.

In 2019, CMS announced the inclusion of non-invasive ventilator products on the list of products subject to the competitive bidding program in Round 2021 which covers the period of January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2023. Rental revenue from ventilator products represents a significant portion of our revenue (approximately 77.3% of total traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, in 2021). On March 9, 2020, CMS announced that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States President’s exercise of the Defense Production Act, public concern regarding access to ventilators, and the non-invasive ventilators product category being new to the competitive bidding program, non-invasive ventilators were removed as a product category from Round 2021. On October 27, 2020, CMS announced that it had removed 13 of the 15 remaining product categories from Round 2021, including oxygen and PAP devices, because the payment amounts did not achieve expected savings. The next competitive bidding round is anticipated to begin on January 1, 2024. As a result of these announcements, we retain the ability to continue to furnish non-invasive ventilators and oxygen and PAP devices for all of our Medicare accredited areas. We cannot predict at this time the full impact the competitive bidding program and the developments in the competitive bidding program will have on our business and financial condition. In addition, we cannot assure you that non-invasive ventilators and oxygen and PAP devices will not be included on the list of products subject to the competitive bidding program in the future. If changes are made to the competitive program in the future, it could affect our reimbursement and review.

If CMS requires prior authorization for our products, our revenue and cash flow could be negatively impacted.

CMS maintains a Master List of Items Frequently Subject to Unnecessary Utilization. This list identifies items that could potentially be subject to prior authorization as a condition of Medicare Payment. On April 22, 2019, CMS added home ventilators used with a non-invasive interface to the Master List of Items Frequently Subject to Unnecessary Utilization. If CMS imposes prior authorization requirements for non-invasive home ventilation, it could materially impact our business, revenue and cash flow.

If we fail to comply with state and federal fraud and abuse laws, including anti-kickback laws, false claims acts, self-referral prohibitions, and anti-inducement laws, we could face substantial penalties and our business, operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

The Federal Anti-Kickback Statute prohibits, among other things, knowingly and willfully offering, paying, soliciting or receiving remuneration, directly or indirectly, overtly or covertly, to induce or in return for purchasing, leasing, ordering, or arranging for the purchase, lease or order of any item or service reimbursable under Medicare, Medicaid, or any other federal healthcare program. The Anti-Kickback Statute, and similar state laws prohibit payments intended to induce physicians or others to refer patients or to acquire or arrange for or recommend the acquisition of healthcare products or services. These laws restrict sales, marketing and other promotional activities by limiting the kinds of financial arrangements, including sales programs, which may be used with hospitals, physicians, and other potential purchasers or prescribers of our products. The statutory exceptions and regulatory safe harbors protecting certain common activities from prosecution are drawn narrowly, and any remuneration to or from a prescriber or purchaser of healthcare products or services may be subject to scrutiny if they do not qualify for an exception or safe harbor. Our practices may not in all cases meet all of the criteria for safe harbor protection from anti-kickback liability. However, practices that do not fit into a safe harbor are not per se illegal, and are instead analyzed based on the particular facts and circumstances to determine whether the practice presents a low risk of fraud and abuse. Although we believe our practices are compliant with applicable safe harbors, we cannot assure you that a government regulator will not take the position that some of our practices do not meet all of the narrow criteria of an applicable safe harbor and otherwise violate the Anti-Kickback Statute.

The Federal False Claims Act prohibits, in part, any person from knowingly presenting or causing to be presented a false claim for payment to the federal government, or knowingly making or causing to be made a false statement to get a false claim paid. The majority of states also have statutes or regulations similar to the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute and Federal False Claims Act, which apply to items or services reimbursed under Medicaid and other state programs, or, in certain states, apply regardless of payor. These false claims acts allow any person to bring suit in the name of the government alleging false and fraudulent claims presented to or paid by the government (or for other violations of the statutes) and to share a certain portion of amounts paid by the entity to the government in fines or settlement. Such suits, often referred to as qui tam actions, have increased significantly in the healthcare industry in recent years.

Sanctions under these federal and state laws may include civil monetary penalties, exclusion from participation in the Medicare and Medicaid programs, criminal fines and imprisonment. In addition, the ACA, among other things, amended the intent requirement of the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute and criminal healthcare fraud statutes. A person or entity generally does not need to have actual knowledge of these statutes or specific intent to violate them in order to have criminal and/or civil exposure. In addition, the ACA provides that the government may assert that a claim, including items or services resulting from a violation of the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute, constitutes a false or fraudulent claim for purposes of the Federal False Claims Act. Because of the breadth of these laws and the narrowness of the safe harbors and exceptions, it is possible that some of our business activities could be subject to challenge under one or more of such laws. Such a challenge, regardless of the outcome, could have a material adverse effect on our business, business relationships, reputation, financial condition and results of operations.
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020

The Ethics in Patient Referrals Act, commonly known as the "Stark Law," prohibits a physician from making referrals for certain "designated health services" payable by Medicare to an entity, including a company that furnishes DME, in which the physician or an immediate family member of such physician has an ownership or investment interest or with which the physician has entered into a compensation arrangement, unless a statutory or regulatory exception applies. The majority of states also have statutes or regulations similar to the Stark Law, which apply to items or services reimbursed under Medicaid and other state programs, or, in several states, apply regardless of payor. Violation of the Stark Law and similar state laws could result in denial of payment, disgorgement of reimbursements received under a noncompliant arrangement, civil penalties, damages and exclusion from Medicare or other governmental and state programs. Although we believe that we have structured our provider arrangements to comply with current Stark Law and state equivalent requirements, these requirements are highly technical and there can be no guarantee that regulatory authorities will not determine or assert that our arrangements are in violation of the Stark Law and state equivalents and do not otherwise meet applicable exceptions.

The Civil Monetary Penalties Law imposes civil monetary penalties and potential exclusion from Medicare and Medicaid programs on any person who offers or transfers remuneration to any patient who is a Medicare or Medicaid beneficiary, when the person knows or should know that the remuneration is likely to induce the patient to receive medical services from a particular provider. The Federal Civil Monetary Penalties Law applies, among other things, to many kinds of inducements or benefits provided to patients, including complimentary items, services or transportation that are of more than nominal value. We have structured our operations and provision of services to patients in a manner that we believe complies with the law and its interpretation by government authorities. We cannot assure, however, that government authorities will not take a contrary view and impose civil monetary penalties and exclude us from participation in Medicare and Medicaid for past or present practices related to patient incentive, coordination of care and need-based programs.

The scope and enforcement of each of these laws is uncertain and subject to rapid change in the current environment of healthcare reform, especially in light of the lack of applicable precedent and regulations. If our operations are found to be in violation of any of the laws described above or any other government regulations that apply to us, we may be subject to penalties, including civil and criminal penalties, damages, fines and the curtailment, restructuring, or restricting of our operations. Any penalties, damages, fines, curtailment or restructuring or our operations could harm our ability to operate our business and our financial results. Any action against us for violation of these laws, even if we successfully defend against it, could cause us to incur significant legal expenses and divert our management’s attention from operation of our business. Moreover, achieving and sustaining compliance with applicable federal and state fraud laws may prove costly.

The implementation of alternative payment models and the transition of Medicaid and Medicare beneficiaries to managed care organizations may limit our market share and could adversely affect our revenues.

Many government and commercial payors are transitioning providers to alternative payment models that are designed to promote cost-efficiency, quality and coordination of care. For example, accountable care organizations (“ACOs”) incentivize hospitals, physician groups, and other providers to organize and coordinate patient care while reducing unnecessary costs. Several states have implemented, or plan to implement, accountable care models for their Medicaid populations. We cannot predict how the continued establishment and implementation of these new business models will impact our business. There is the possibility that value-based payment models, such as ACOs, will drive down the utilization and/or reimbursement rates for our services. We may not be able to gain access into certain ACOs. If we are not included in these programs, or if ACOs establish programs that overlap with our services, we could experience an adverse effect on our operations and financial condition.

We may be similarly impacted by increased enrollment of Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries in managed care plans, shifting away from traditional fee-for-service models. Under the managed Medicare program, also known as Medicare Advantage, the federal government contracts with private health insurers to provide Medicare benefits. Insurers may choose to offer supplemental benefits and impose higher plan costs on beneficiaries. Approximately one third of Medicare beneficiaries were enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan in 2021; a figure that continues to grow. Similarly, enrollment in managed Medicaid plans is also growing, as states are increasingly relying on managed care organizations to deliver Medicaid program services as a strategy to control costs and manage resources.

We may experience increased competition for managed care contracts due to state regulation and limitations. We cannot assure you that we will be successful in our efforts to be included in plan networks, that we will be able to secure favorable contracts with all or some of the managed care organizations, that our reimbursement under these programs will remain at current levels, that authorizations for services will remain at current levels or that our profitability will remain at levels consistent with past performance. In addition, operational processes may not be well defined as a state transitions Medicaid beneficiaries to managed care. For example, membership, new referrals and related authorizations for services may be delayed, which may result in delays in service delivery to consumers or in payment for services rendered. Difficulties with operational processes may negatively affect our revenue growth rates, cash flow and profitability for services provided.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
In addition, other alternative payment models may be adopted by the government and commercial payors to control costs that subject us to financial risk. We cannot predict at this time what alternative payment models may be presented and what effect such new payment models may have on our operations or financial condition in the future.

We are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations that govern our employment practices, including minimum wage, living wage, and paid time-off requirements. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations, or changes to these laws and regulations that increase our employment-related expenses, could adversely impact our operations.

We are required to comply with all applicable federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to employment, including occupational safety and health requirements, wage and hour and other compensation requirements, employee benefits, providing leave and sick pay, employment insurance, proper classification of workers as employees or independent contractors, immigration and equal employment opportunity laws. These laws and regulations can vary significantly among jurisdictions and can be highly technical. Costs and expenses related to these requirements are a significant operating expense and may increase as a result of, among other things, changes in federal, state or local laws or regulations, or the interpretation thereof, requiring employers to provide specified benefits or rights to employees, increases in the minimum wage and local living wage ordinances, increases in the level of existing benefits or the lengthening of periods for which unemployment benefits are available. We may not be able to offset any increased costs and expenses. Furthermore, any failure to comply with these laws requirements, including even a seemingly minor infraction, can result in significant penalties which could harm our reputation and have a material adverse effect on our business.

In addition, certain individuals and entities, known as excluded persons, are prohibited from receiving payment for their services rendered to Medicaid, Medicare and other federal and state healthcare program beneficiaries. If we inadvertently hire or contract with an excluded person, or if any of our current employees or contractors becomes an excluded person in the future without our knowledge, we may be subject to substantial civil penalties, including up to $20,000 for each item or service furnished by the excluded individual to a federal or state healthcare program beneficiary, an assessment of up to three times the amount claimed and exclusion from the program.

Each of our subsidiaries that employ an average of at least 50 full-time employees in a calendar year are required to offer a minimum level of health coverage for 95% of our full-time employees in 2021 or be subject to an annual penalty.

Risks Related to our Common Shares

For as long as we are an “emerging growth company,” we will not be required to comply with certain reporting requirements, including those relating to accounting standards and disclosure about our executive compensation, that apply to some other public companies.

As an “emerging growth company” as defined in the JOBS Act, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements. We are an emerging growth company until the earliest of:

the last day of the fiscal year during which we have total annual gross revenues of $1.07 billion or more;
the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the first sale of common equity securities pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act;
the date on which we have, during the previous 3-year period, issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt; or
the date on which we are deemed a “large accelerated filer” as defined under the federal securities laws.

For so long as we remain an “emerging growth company,” we will not be required to:

have an auditor report on our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002;
comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board ("PCAOB") regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements (auditor discussion and analysis); or
include detailed compensation discussion and analysis in our filings under the Exchange Act and instead may provide a reduced level of disclosure concerning executive compensation.

In addition, the JOBS Act provides that an “emerging growth company” can take advantage of the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards. We have elected to take advantage of the extended transition period, which allows us to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards until those standards apply to private companies. As a result of this election, our financial statements may not be comparable to public companies that comply with new or revised accounting standards.

Because of these exemptions, some investors may find our common shares less attractive, which may result in a less active trading market for our common shares, and our stock price may be more volatile.
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(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020

If we fail to establish and maintain proper disclosure or internal controls, our ability to produce accurate financial statements and supplemental information, or comply with applicable regulations could be impaired.

As we grow, we may be subject to growth-related risks including capacity constraints and pressure on our internal systems and controls. Our ability to manage growth effectively will require us to continue to implement and improve our operational and financial systems and to expend, train and manage our employee base.

We must maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures. We must also maintain effective internal control over financial reporting or, at the appropriate time, our independent auditors will be unwilling or unable to provide us with an unqualified report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as required by Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. If we fail to maintain effective controls, investors may lose confidence in our operating results, the price of our common shares could decline and we may be subject to litigation or regulatory enforcement actions.

The market price for our common shares may experience substantial volatility for reasons unrelated to our financial performance. This volatility may impact the price at which shareholders can sell their common shares.

Our common shares are listed and posted for trading in the United States on the Nasdaq Capital Market and Canada on the TSX. Securities of small-cap and healthcare companies have experienced substantial volatility in the past, often based on factors unrelated to the financial performance or prospects of the companies involved. These factors include macroeconomic developments in North America and globally, and market perceptions of the attractiveness of particular industries. The price of our common shares is also likely to be significantly affected by short-term changes in the cost of goods, or in financial condition or results of our operations. Other factors unrelated to our performance that may have an effect on the price of our common shares include the following: the extent of analytical coverage available to investors concerning our business may be limited if investment banks with research capabilities do not follow our securities; lessening in trading volume and general market interest in our securities may affect an investor’s ability to trade significant numbers of our common shares; the size of our public float may limit the ability of some institutions to invest in our securities; and a substantial decline in the price of our common shares that persists for a significant period of time could cause our securities, if listed on an exchange, to be delisted from such exchange, further reducing market liquidity.

As a result of any of these factors, the market price of our common shares at any given point in time may not accurately reflect our long-term value. Securities class-action litigation often has been brought against companies following periods of volatility in the market price of their securities. We may in the future be the target of similar litigation. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and damages and divert management’s attention and resources.

The failure of our common shares to be included in the Russell 3000 Index could result in the market for our common shares to become limited and volatile and the price at which you can sell your shares to decrease.

Your ability to sell or purchase our common shares depends upon the existence of an active trading market for our common shares. Additionally, a fair valuation of the purchase or sales price of our common shares also depends upon an active trading market, and thus the price you receive for a thinly-traded stock may not reflect its true value. A limited trading market for common shares may cause fluctuations in the market value of those common shares to be exaggerated, leading to price volatility in excess of that which would occur in a more active trading market.

Although our common shares are quoted on the Nasdaq Capital Market, the volume of trades on any given day has historically been limited. As a result, shareholders might not have been able to sell or purchase our common shares at the volume, price or time desired. On June 29, 2020, our common shares were added to the Russell 3000® Index. The addition of our common shares to the Russell 3000® Index increased the volume of trading in our shares as well as the price at which our shares trade. There can be no assurance that our common shares will remain in that index. If our common shares are removed from the Russell 3000® Index, the volume of trading in our shares may decrease materially as well as the prices at which our shares trade.

Future sales of our common shares in the public market could reduce our share price, and any additional capital raised by us through the sale of equity or convertible securities may dilute the ownership of existing shareholders.

We will require additional funds in order to finance the further development of our business, which funds could be raised by, among other things, the issuance and sale of common shares. Sales of substantial amounts of our common shares (including shares issued in connection with an acquisition), or the perception that such sales could occur, may adversely affect prevailing market prices of our common shares. The perception in the public market that major shareholders might sell substantial amounts of our common shares could also depress the market price of our common shares.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
In the future, we may attempt to obtain financing or further increase our capital resources by issuing additional shares of our common shares or by offering debt or other equity securities, including senior or subordinated notes, debt securities convertible into equity or shares of preferred stock. Issuing additional common shares or other equity securities or securities convertible into equity may dilute the economic and voting rights of our existing shareholders or reduce the market price of our common shares or both. Upon liquidation, holders of such debt securities and preferred shares, if issued, and lenders with respect to other borrowings would receive a distribution of our available assets prior to the holders of our common shares. Debt securities convertible into equity could be subject to adjustments in the conversion ratio pursuant to which certain events may increase the number of equity securities issuable upon conversion. Preferred shares, if issued, could have a preference with respect to liquidating distributions or a preference with respect to dividend payments that could limit our ability to pay dividends to the holders of our common shares. Our decision to issue securities in any future offering will, in part, depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, which may adversely affect the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. Thus, holders of our common shares bear the risk that future offerings may reduce the market price of our common shares and dilute their shareholdings. We cannot predict the size of future issuances of our common shares or securities convertible into common shares or the effect, if any, that future issuances and sales of shares of our common shares will have on the market price of our common shares.

We will incur increased costs as a result of operating as a U.S. public reporting company, and our management is required to devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives.

As a U.S. public reporting company, we will incur, particularly after we are no longer an “emerging growth company,” significant legal, accounting and other expenses. In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and rules subsequently implemented by the SEC and NASDAQ have imposed various requirements on U.S. public companies, including establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure and financial controls and corporate governance practices. We may have to hire additional accounting, finance, and other personnel in connection with our efforts to comply with the requirements of being a U.S. public reporting company, and our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time towards maintaining compliance with these requirements. These requirements increase our legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly.

We no longer qualify as a “smaller reporting company” and, subject to certain exemptions and relief from various reporting requirements that are applicable to emerging growth companies, we will be required to comply with larger company disclosure obligations beginning with our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022, which may increase our costs and demands on management.

As of June 30, 2021, we determined that we no longer qualify as a “smaller reporting company” and, subject to certain exemptions and relief from various reporting requirements that are applicable to emerging growth companies, we will be required to comply with larger company disclosure obligations beginning with our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022. The loss of smaller reporting company status and compliance with such larger company disclosure obligations (subject to certain exemptions and relief from various reporting requirements that are applicable to emerging growth companies) may increase our legal and financial compliance costs and cause management and other personnel to divert attention from operational and other business matters to devote additional time to public company reporting requirements. In addition, if we are not able to comply with changing requirements in a timely manner, the market price of our common shares could decline and we could be subject to sanctions or investigations by the stock exchanges on which our common shares are listed, the SEC or other regulatory authorities, which would require additional financial and management resources.

Because we have no near term plans to pay cash dividends on our common shares, investors must look solely to share appreciation for a return on their investment in us.

We currently intend to retain all available funds and any future earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business and does not anticipate declaring or paying any cash dividends on our common shares in the near term. Any future determination as to the declaration and payment of cash dividends will be at the discretion of our board of directors (the “Board”) and will depend on then-existing conditions, including our financial condition, results of operations, contractual restrictions, capital requirements, business prospects, and other factors that the Board considers relevant. Accordingly, investors will only see a return on their investment if the value of our common shares appreciates.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Canadian laws differ from the laws in effect in the United States and may afford less protection to holders of our securities.

We are a Canadian corporation and are subject to the Business Corporations Act and certain other applicable securities laws as a Canadian issuer, which laws may differ from those governing a company formed under the laws of a United States jurisdiction. The provisions under Business Corporations Act and other relevant laws may affect the rights of shareholders differently than those of a company governed by the laws of a United States jurisdiction, and may, together with our notice of articles and articles (the “Articles”), have the effect of delaying, deferring or discouraging another party from acquiring control of our company by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or otherwise, or may affect the price an acquiring party would be willing to offer in such an instance.

We are an "emerging growth company" and the reduced disclosure obligations applicable to "emerging growth companies" may make our common stock less attractive to investors.

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act, and we may take advantage of certain exemptions and relief from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies.” In particular, while we are an “emerging growth company” (1) we will not be required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, (2) we will be exempt from any rules that could be adopted by the PCAOB requiring mandatory audit firm rotations or a supplement to the auditor’s report on financial statements, (3) we will be subject to reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and (4) we will not be required to hold nonbinding advisory votes on executive compensation or stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

We may remain an “emerging growth company” until as late as December 31, 2024, the fiscal year-end following the fifth anniversary of the date of our first sale of common equity securities pursuant to an effective registration statement, though we may cease to be an “emerging growth company” earlier under certain circumstances, including if (1) we have $1.07 billion or more in annual revenue in any fiscal year, (2) the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates is $700 million or more as of any June 30 and we are deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” as defined under the Exchange Act or (3) we issue more than $1.0 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year period.

As of June 30, 2021, we determined that we no longer qualify as a “smaller reporting company,” but we are not required to comply with the larger company disclosure obligations (subject to certain exemptions and relief from various reporting requirements that are applicable to emerging growth companies) until our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022. As a result, this Annual Report on Form 10-K is only required to comply with the smaller company disclosure obligations. Similar to emerging growth companies, smaller reporting companies are able to provide simplified executive compensation disclosure and have certain other reduced disclosure obligations, including, among other things, being required to provide only two years of audited financial statements and not being required to provide supplemental financial information or risk factors.

The exact implications of the JOBS Act are still subject to interpretations and guidance by the SEC and other regulatory agencies, and we cannot assure you that we will be able to take advantage of all of the benefits of the JOBS Act. In addition, investors may find our common stock less attractive to the extent we rely on the exemptions available to emerging growth companies and/or smaller reporting companies for so long as we qualify as such. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may decline or become more volatile.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

Not applicable.

Item 2. Properties

We own our headquarters, consisting of approximately 77,000 square feet, which is located on an approximately 8.2-acre parcel in Lafayette, Louisiana. This owned property is subject to a mortgage (see Note 5 to the Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information). During the quarter ended December 31, 2021, we acquired a 16,000 square foot office building and a 16,000 square foot climate controlled warehouse which we previously leased from a company owned by the Company’s CEO, Casey Hoyt, and President, Michael Moore. We believe that our facilities are adequate for our needs for the immediate future and that, should it be needed, additional space can be leased on commercially reasonable terms to accommodate any future growth.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Item 3. Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we may be subject to various ongoing or threatened legal actions and proceedings, including those that arise in the ordinary course of business, which may include employment matters and breach of contract disputes. Please read Note 8 to the Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties and to outcomes that are not predictable with assurance and that may not be known for extended periods of time. In the opinion of management, the outcome of such routine ongoing litigation is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.
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(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
PART II

Item 5. Market For Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information

The common shares of Viemed trade in the United States on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol "VMD" and in Canada on the TSX under the trading symbol “VMD.TO”.

Shareholders

We had nine shareholders of record as of February 15, 2022. This does not include shares held in the name of a broker, bank or other nominees (typically referred to as being held in “street name”).

Dividends

We have not declared or paid any cash or stock dividends on our common shares since our inception and do not anticipate declaring or paying any cash or stock dividends in the foreseeable future. Our subsidiaries are restricted from making distributions or dividend payments to us by the loan agreement, subject to certain exceptions. See Note 7 to the Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities

None.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
None.

Item 6. Reserved

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this report. The forward-looking statements include statements that reflect management’s beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, anticipations and intentions with respect to our future development plans, capital resources and requirements, results of operations, and future business performance. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements included in this discussion as a result of certain factors, including, but not limited to, those discussed in the section entitled “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” immediately preceding Part I of this report.

General Matters

In this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms the "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer to Viemed Healthcare, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

We were incorporated on December 14, 2016 pursuant to the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia). As of June 30, 2020, we determined that we no longer qualify as a "foreign private issuer," as defined in Rule 3b-4 of the Exchange Act, for the purposes of the informational requirements of the Exchange Act. As a result, effective January 1, 2021, we became subject to the proxy solicitation rules under Section 14 of the Exchange Act and Regulation FD, and our officers, directors, and principal shareholders became subject to the reporting and short-swing profit recovery provisions contained in Section 16 of the Exchange Act. We will continue to file annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and current reports on Form 8-K with the SEC.

As of June 30, 2021, we determined that we no longer qualify as a “smaller reporting company,” but we are not required to comply with the larger company disclosure obligations (subject to certain exemptions and relief from various reporting requirements that are applicable to emerging growth companies) until our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022. As a result, this Annual Report on Form 10-K is only required to comply with the smaller company disclosure obligations.

We are an "emerging growth company," as defined in the JOBS Act, and as such, we have elected to comply with certain reduced U.S. public company reporting requirements.

Overview

We provide an array of home medical equipment, services and supplies, specializing in post-acute respiratory care services in the United States. Our primary objective is to focus on the organic growth of the business and thereby solidify our position as one of the United States’ largest providers of in-home therapy for patients suffering from respiratory diseases. Our respiratory care programs are designed specifically for payors to have the ability to treat patients in the home for less total cost and with a superior quality of care. Our services include respiratory disease management (through the rental of various DME devices), neuromuscular care, in-home sleep testing and sleep apnea treatment, oxygen therapy, and the sale of associated supplies.

We derive the majority of our revenue through the rental of non-invasive and invasive ventilators which represented 77.3% and 80.8% of our traditional revenue, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. We combine the benefits of home ventilation support with licensed RTs to drive improved patient outcomes and reduce costly hospital readmissions.

We expect to use a growth model whereby expansion is accomplished through existing service areas as well as in new regions through a cost efficient launch that reduces location expenses. Our licensed RTs currently serve patients in 47 states. We expect to continue to employ more RTs in order to assure our high service model is accomplished in the home. As of December 31, 2021, we employed 274 licensed RTs, representing more than 44% of our company-wide employee count. By focusing overhead costs on personnel that service the patient rather than physical location costs, we anticipate that we will efficiently scale our business in regions that are currently not being effectively serviced.

The continued trend of servicing patients in the home rather than in hospitals is aligned with our business objective and we anticipate that this trend will continue to offer growth opportunities for us. We expect to continue to be a solution to the rising health costs in the United States by offering more cost effective, home based solutions while increasing the quality of life for patients fighting serious respiratory diseases.

For the year ended December 31, 2021, we generated revenues of $117.1 million and had net income of $9.1 million, compared to revenues of $131.3 million and net income of $31.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020. Excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, net revenue increased $11.6 million (or 11.9%) from the comparable period in 2020.

Our primary sources of capital to date have been from operating cash flows. In addition, our line of credit availability of $10.0 million remains undrawn.
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020

Trends Affecting our Business

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization designated COVID-19 as a global pandemic. Various policies and initiatives have been implemented to reduce the transmission of COVID-19, including travel bans and restrictions, the postponement of non-essential medical surgeries, limiting access to medical facilities, and adoption of social distancing and remote working policies. Local, state and national governments continue to emphasize the importance of essential medical personnel and we remain open to meet the needs of our communities. Employee and patient safety is our first priority, and as a result, we put preparedness plans in place for our employees, especially our clinical personnel, and modified our clinical protocols to limit unnecessary patient encounters. These measures do not appear to be negatively impacting our patient attrition rate at this time, but we cannot assure you that future governmental policies and initiatives will not significantly disrupt our operations or adversely affect our ability to provide services to our patients in the future. In addition, our ability to assess potential patients in hospitals varies by hospital and city, but overall our business of setting up new patients in the home is continuing although at lower levels than in recent periods. While governmental and other restrictions have not had a material impact on our consolidated operating results for the year ended December 31, 2021, it is possible that more significant disruptions could occur if the COVID-19 pandemic continues for a prolonged period of time and we cannot assure you that demand for our products and services will continue or that we will be able to maintain operations necessary to satisfy such demand, including sufficient personnel, supply chains and distributions channels.

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to significant disruptions and volatility in capital and financial markets. Broad economic factors resulting from the current COVID-19 pandemic, including high unemployment and underemployment levels and reduced consumer spending and confidence, could also affect our service mix, revenue mix, payor mix and patient base, as well as our ability to collect outstanding receivables. Business closures and layoffs in the geographic areas in which we operate may lead to increases in the uninsured and under-insured populations and adversely affect demand for our services, as well as the ability of patients and other payors to pay for services rendered. Any increase in the amount or deterioration in the collectability of patient accounts receivable will adversely affect our financial results and require an increased level of working capital. In addition, we may experience supply chain disruptions, including delays and price increases in equipment and supplies. Staffing, equipment and supplies shortages may also impact our ability to assess potential patients in hospitals and set up and treat patients in the home.

We believe we presently have sufficient liquidity to satisfy our cash needs, however, we continue to evaluate and take action, as necessary, to preserve adequate liquidity and ensure that our business can continue to operate during these uncertain times. The CARES Act, which was signed into law on March 27, 2020, provides a substantial stimulus and assistance package intended to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including tax relief and government loans, grants and investments. The legislation provides for relief funds to hospitals and other healthcare providers on the front lines of the coronavirus response to support healthcare-related expenses or lost revenue attributable to COVID-19 and to ensure uninsured Americans can get testing and treatment for COVID-19. As a result, we received a general distribution payment from the Provider Relief Fund of $3.5 million in April 2020 and a targeted distribution payment of $1.5 million in November 2021. Payments from the Provider Relief Fund are intended to compensate healthcare providers for lost revenues and incremental expenses incurred in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The HHS has stated that Provider Relief Fund payments are not loans and will not need to be repaid. However, as a condition to the receipt of funds, the Company and any other providers must agree to a detailed set of terms and conditions. CMS has indicated that the terms and conditions may be subject to ongoing changes and reporting. To the extent that reporting requirements and terms and conditions are modified, it may affect our ability to comply and may require the return of funds. In accordance with the terms of acceptance for the grant, we believe we have utilized these funds to prevent, prepare for, and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The CARES Act also provides for a temporary suspension of the 2% payment sequestration adjustment currently applied to all Medicare fee-for-service claims. In December 2021, President Biden signed into law legislation that extended the suspension on the 2 percent payment sequestration through March 31, 2022. The payment sequestration adjustment was fixed at 1 percent from April 1, 2022 to June 30, 2022 and it returns to 2 percent on July 1, 2022.

As part of the CARES Act legislation, certain Payroll Protection Program ("PPP") loans were authorized for small businesses to pay their employees, subject to potential debt forgiveness. We evaluated the PPP extensively and after evaluation, decided not to submit a PPP loan application.

We are continuing to monitor any effects or requirements that may result from the CARES Act as many of the provisions in the CARES Act are temporary and may require us to modify our operations and compliance procedures. CMS and other federal agencies have and are likely to issue rules and regulations to implement the CARES Act. The impact of these rules and regulations are unknown and may affect us. To the extent these provisions will expire as stated in the CARES Act, we will be required to unwind any changes.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
While the impact of COVID-19 on our consolidated results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2021 has resulted in an increase in revenues related to additional product sales and services during the period, the overall impact that COVID-19 will continue to have on our consolidated results of operations in future periods remains uncertain and difficult to predict and will depend on, among other factors, the duration and severity of the pandemic, as well as any negative economic conditions arising from the pandemic, our ability to assess potential patients in hospitals and set up and treat patients in the home and the impacts of government actions and administrative regulations on the healthcare industry and broader economy, including through existing and any future stimulus efforts. We will continue to evaluate the nature and extent of these potential impacts to our business, consolidated results of operations, liquidity and capital resources. If COVID-19 continues to spread or if the response to contain the COVID-19 pandemic is unsuccessful, we could experience a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. For additional information, see Part I - Item 1A. “Risk Factors.”

In 2019, CMS announced the inclusion of non-invasive ventilator products on the list of products subject to the competitive bidding program in Round 2021 which covers the period of January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2023. On March 9, 2020, CMS announced that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States President’s exercise of the Defense Production Act, public concern regarding access to ventilators, and the non-invasive ventilators product category being new to the competitive bidding program, non-invasive ventilators were removed as a product category from Round 2021. On October 27, 2020, CMS announced that it had removed 13 of the 15 remaining product categories from Round 2021, including oxygen and PAP devices, because the payment amounts did not achieve expected savings. The next competitive bidding round is anticipated to begin on January 1, 2024. As a result of these announcements, we retain the ability to continue to furnish non-invasive ventilators and oxygen and PAP devices for all of our Medicare accredited areas. We cannot predict at this time the full impact the competitive bidding program and the developments in the competitive bidding program will have on our business and financial condition. In addition, we cannot assure you that non-invasive ventilators and oxygen and PAP devices will not be included on the list of products subject to the competitive bidding program in the future. If changes are made to the competitive program in the future, it could affect our reimbursement and review.

The below table highlights summary financial and operational metrics for the trailing eight quarters.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except vent patients)
For the quarter ended December 31,
2021
September 30, 2021 June 30, 2021 March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020 September 30, 2020 June 30, 2020 March 31, 2020
Financial Information:
Revenue $ 31,962  $ 29,285  $ 27,399  $ 28,416  $ 31,202  $ 33,447  $ 42,854  $ 23,806 
Gross Profit 19,662  18,381  17,625  17,742  19,178  19,453  25,927  15,553 
Gross Profit % 62  % 63  % 64  % 62  % 61  % 58  % 61  % 65  %
Net Income 4,087  1,789  1,566  1,684  5,071  2,804  19,412  4,243 
Cash and Cash Equivalents (As of) 28,408  26,867  31,151  31,097  30,981  32,396  29,707  8,409 
Total Assets (As of) 117,962  115,486  111,014  113,001  112,560  113,969  112,178  86,801 
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
9,549  7,419  6,847  5,468  9,458  7,720  16,287  7,869 
Operational Information:
Vent Patients(2)
8,405  8,200  8,103  7,733  7,892  7,788  7,705  7,965 
(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below for definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(2) Vent Patients represents the number of active ventilator patients on recurring billing service at the end of each calendar quarter.
Critical Accounting Estimates

We are required to disclose “critical accounting estimates” which are estimates made in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles that involve a significant level of estimation uncertainty and that have had or are reasonably likely to have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations of the registrant.

We follow financial accounting and reporting policies that are in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The more significant of these policies are summarized in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this report. Not all significant accounting policies require management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments. However, the policy noted below could be deemed to meet the SEC’s definition of a critical accounting estimate.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

The Company estimates that a certain portion of receivables from customers may not be collected and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company evaluates the net realizable value of accounts receivable as of the date of Consolidated Balance Sheets. Specifically, we consider historical realization data, including current and historical cash collections, accounts receivable aging trends, other operating trends and relevant business conditions. Because of continuing changes in the healthcare industry
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
and third-party reimbursement, it is possible that the estimates could change, which could have a material impact on the operations and cash flows. If circumstances related to certain customers change or actual results differ from expectations, our estimate of the recoverability of receivables could fluctuate from that provided for in our consolidated financial statements. A change in estimate could impact bad debt expense and accounts receivable.

For the year ended December 31, 2021, our assessment considered business and market disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and estimates of expected emerging credit and collectability trends. The continued volatility in market conditions and evolving shifts in credit trends are difficult to predict causing variability and volatility that may have a material impact on our allowance for doubtful accounts in future periods. Our allowance for doubtful accounts was $7.0 million and $9.0 million as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


Results of Operations

Comparison of the Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020:

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020:
Year Ended December 31,
2021 % of Total Revenue 2020 % of Total Revenue $
Change
%
Change
Revenue $ 117,062  100.0  % $ 131,309  100.0  % $ (14,247) (10.8) %
Cost of revenue 43,652  37.3  % 51,198  39.0  % (7,546) (14.7) %
Gross profit 73,410  62.7  % 80,111  61.0  % (6,701) (8.4) %
Selling, general and administrative 54,893  46.9  % 52,829  40.2  % 2,064  3.9  %
Research and development 2,110  1.8  % 1,083  0.8  % 1,027  94.8  %
Stock-based compensation 5,150  4.4  % 4,882  3.7  % 268  5.5  %
Depreciation 851  0.7  % 816  0.6  % 35  4.3  %
Loss (gain) on disposal of property and equipment 448  0.4  % (2,328) (1.8) % 2,776  NM
Other expense (income) (1,622) (1.4) % (3,952) (3.0) % 2,330  (59.0) %
Income from operations 11,580  9.9  % 26,781  20.4  % (15,201) (56.8) %
Non-operating expenses
Income from equity method investments (1,241) (1.1) % (91) (0.1) % (1,150) 1263.7  %
Interest expense, net 318  0.3  % 509  0.4  % (191) (37.5) %
Net income before taxes 12,503  10.7  % 26,363  20.1  % (13,860) (52.6) %
Provision (benefit) for income taxes 3,377  2.9  % (5,167) (3.9) % 8,544  NM
Net income $ 9,126  7.8  % $ 31,530  24.0  % $ (22,404) (71.1) %




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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020

Revenue

The following table summarizes our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020:
Year Ended December 31,
2021 % of Total Revenue 2020 % of Total Revenue $
Change
%
Change
Net revenue from rentals
Ventilator rentals, non-invasive and invasive $ 83,849  71.6  % $ 78,286  59.6  % $ 5,563  7.1  %
Other durable medical equipment rentals 13,843  11.8  % 9,888  7.5  % 3,955  40.0  %
Net revenue from sales and services
Equipment and supply sales 8,765  7.5  % 7,357  5.6  % 1,408  19.1  %
COVID-19 response sales and services 8,558  7.3  % 34,379  26.2  % (25,821) (75.1) %
Service revenues 2,047  1.7  % 1,399  1.1  % 648  46.3  %
Total net revenue $ 117,062  100.0  % $ 131,309  100.0  % $ (14,247) (10.8) %

For the year ended December 31, 2021, revenue totaled $117.1 million, a decrease of $14.2 million (or 10.8%) from the comparable period in 2020.

Excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, net revenue increased $11.6 million (or 11.9%) from the comparable period in 2020. Ventilator rental revenue increased $5.6 million (or 7.1%) due to our organic growth in active ventilator patient base sustained throughout the year. In addition to the ventilator rental revenue growth, rental revenue from other DME grew $4.0 million (or 40.0%) which primarily consisted of product revenue from PAPs, oxygen therapy, and percussion vests. Non-COVID-19 related equipment sales and services combined increased by $1.4 million (or 19.1%) year over year primarily as a result of increasing demand for respiratory supplies, specifically for PAP resupply patients.

For the year ended December 31, 2021, net revenue for COVID-19 response sales and services totaled $8.6 million, compared to $34.4 million during the height of the pandemic during the year ended December 31, 2020. Current period COVID-19 response sales and services consist primarily of contact and vaccination tracing services. While we expect further COVID-19 response related revenue during 2022, the impact of such revenue remains uncertain and dependent on the length and intensity of the COVID-19 pandemic and the availability of equipment, supplies, and services from other suppliers.

As we continue to expand geographically and further penetrate existing territories, we expect growth in our active ventilator patient
base and ventilator rental revenue, as well as in our other growing respiratory offerings. We expect growth to occur at an increased rate compared to recent periods which were impacted by COVID-19.

Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit

For the year ended December 31, 2021, cost of revenue totaled $43.7 million, a decrease of $7.5 million (or 14.7%) from the comparable period in 2020. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, gross profit percentage increased from approximately 61.0% to approximately 62.7%. The increase in overall gross profit percentage is due to declines in lower margin COVID-19 response sales and services as well as fluctuations in product and service mix. We expect our gross profit percentage for our normal operations to remain relatively consistent with 2021 levels.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

For the year ended December 31, 2021, selling, general and administrative expenses totaled $54.9 million, an increase of $2.1 million (or 3.9%) from the comparable period in 2020. Excluding COVID-19 related revenues, selling, general and administrative
expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased to 50.6% for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 54.5% for the year ended December 31, 2020.

This decrease in selling, general and administrative expense as a percentage of revenue as compared to the prior period is primarily attributable to a decrease in employee related expenses associated with variable and incentive based compensation. Phantom stock compensation expense decreased by $1.6 million due to the impact from remeasurement of our phantom stock plan. As we continue to grow into new markets and increase our employee count, we expect selling, general and administrative expenses will grow proportionally as a percentage of revenue as we continue into 2022.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020

Research and Development Costs

For the year ended December 31, 2021, research and development costs totaled $2.1 million, an increase of $1.0 million (or 94.8%) from the comparable period in 2020. As we continue to invest in research and development related projects to support our technology initiatives, we expect that associated costs will slightly increase in 2022 relative to 2021 costs.

Loss (Gain) on Disposal of Property and Equipment

For the year ended December 31, 2021, we recorded a loss on disposal of property and equipment of $0.4 million, compared to a gain of $2.3 million during the comparable period in 2020. For the year ended December 31, 2020, as a result of our COVID-19 response efforts, certain of our previously placed in service property and equipment was sold and gains resulting from these disposals were recognized. We expect disposals of equipment to generally remain consistent with long term historical trends, excluding COVID-19 disposals.

Other Expense (Income)

The decrease of $2.3 million in other income was driven by reductions in current year state and federal government grants. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company received and recognized a general distribution payment from the Provider Relief Fund of $3.5 million. For the year ended December 31, 2021 the Company received and recognized a targeted distribution payment of $1.5 million. Payments from the Provider Relief Fund are intended to compensate healthcare providers for lost revenues and incremental expenses incurred in response to the COVID-19 pandemic as described in detail above.

Stock-Based Compensation

For the year ended December 31, 2021, stock-based compensation totaled $5.2 million, an increase of $0.3 million (or 5.5%) from the comparable period in 2020. This increase is attributed to the expense of additional stock-based awards during 2021. We expect that as we continue to increase our employee count and utilize stock-based awards as an aspect of employee compensation, stock-based compensation expense will increase accordingly. Stock-based compensation as a percentage of revenue has historically remained near or below 5%.

Interest Expense, Net

For the year ended December 31, 2021, net interest expense totaled $0.3 million, a decrease of $0.2 million from the comparable period in 2020. We expect net interest expense to remain materially consistent with 2021 levels.

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

For the year ended December 31, 2021, the provision for income taxes was a $3.4 million expense, compared to a $5.2 million benefit during the 2020 period. The increase in income tax expense was primarily due to the release of a valuation allowance during the prior period. We expect tax expense to normalize at rates that approximate the federal and state statutory rates.

Net Income

For the year ended December 31, 2021, net income was $9.1 million, a decrease of $22.4 million (or 71.1%) from the comparable period in 2020. Net income as a percentage of net revenue decreased from 24.0% for the year ended December 31, 2020 to 7.8% for the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily driven by a decrease in COVID-19 response sales and the comparative benefit from income taxes in the prior period, as described above.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company uses Adjusted EBITDA, which is a financial measure that is not prepared in accordance with GAAP to analyze its financial results and believes that it is useful to investors, as a supplement to GAAP measures. Management believes Adjusted EBITDA provides helpful information with respect to the Company's operating performance as viewed by management, including a view of the Company's business that is not dependent on the impact of the Company's capitalization structure and items that are not part of the Company's day-to-day operations. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA (i) to compare the Company's operating performance on a consistent basis, (ii) to calculate incentive compensation for the Company's employees, (iii) for planning purposes including the preparation of the Company's internal annual operating budget, and (iv) to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of the Company's operational strategies. Accordingly, management believes that Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information in understanding and evaluating the Company's operating performance in the same manner as management.

In calculating Adjusted EBITDA, certain items (mostly non-cash) are excluded from net income including interest, taxes, stock based compensation, and depreciation of property and equipment. Set forth below are descriptions of the financial items that have
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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
been excluded from net income to calculate Adjusted EBITDA and the material limitations associated with using this non-GAAP financial measure as compared to net income.

Depreciation may be useful for investors to consider because it generally represents the wear and tear on the property and equipment used in our operations. However, we do not believe these charges necessarily reflect the current and ongoing cash charges related to our operating costs.

The amount of interest expense we incur or interest income we generate may be useful for investors to consider and may result in current cash inflows or outflows. However, we do not consider the amount of interest expense or interest income to be a representative component of the day-to-day operating performance of our business.

Stock-based compensation may be useful for investors to consider because it is an estimate of the non-cash component of compensation received by the Company’s directors, officers, employees and consultants. However, stock-based compensation is being excluded from our operating expenses because the decisions which gave rise to these expenses were not made to increase revenue in a particular period, but were made for the Company’s long-term benefit over multiple periods. While strategic decisions, such as those to issue stock-based awards are made to further our long-term strategic objectives and do impact our earnings under GAAP, these items affect multiple periods and management is not able to change or affect these items within any period.

Income tax expense may be useful for investors to consider because it generally represents the taxes which may be payable for the period and the change in deferred income taxes and may reduce or increase the amount of funds otherwise available for use. However, we do not consider the amount of income tax expense to be a representative component of the day-to-day operating performance of our business.

The following table is a reconciliation of Net income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, to Adjusted EBITDA, on a historical basis for the periods indicated:
For the quarter ended December 31, 2021 September 30, 2021 June 30, 2021 March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020 September 30, 2020 June 30, 2020 March 31, 2020
Net Income $ 4,087  $ 1,789  $ 1,566  $ 1,684  $ 5,071  $ 2,804  $ 19,412  $ 4,243 
Add back:
Depreciation 3,120  2,867  2,716  2,609  2,835  2,425  2,190  2,130 
Interest expense 69  75  83  91  100  116  135  158 
Stock-based compensation 1,305  1,302  1,236  1,307  1,301  1,234  1,196  1,151 
Income tax expense (benefit) 968  1,386  1,246  (223) 151  1,141  (6,646) 187 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 9,549  $ 7,419  $ 6,847  $ 5,468  $ 9,458  $ 7,720  $ 16,287  $ 7,869 

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. It is not a measurement of our financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to revenue or net income, as applicable, or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP or as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities as a measure of the Company's liquidity, and may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other businesses. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our operating results as reported under GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the impact of certain cash charges resulting from matters we consider not to be indicative of ongoing operations; and other companies in our industry may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2021 was $28.4 million, compared to $31.0 million at December 31, 2020. Based on our current plan of operations, we believe this amount, when combined with expected cash flows from operations and amounts available under our line of credit will be sufficient to fund our growth strategy and to meet our anticipated operating expenses, capital expenditures, and debt service obligations for at least the next 12 months from the date of this filing. The Company utilizes short term leases with a major supplier that could be extended over a longer term if there was a need for additional liquidity. Additionally, the Company maintains a $10.0 million line of credit with Hancock Whitney Bank, which was fully undrawn as of December 31, 2021.

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VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated:
Year Ended December 31,
2021 2020
Net Cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities $ 22,494  $ 35,110 
Investing activities (19,746) (8,415)
Financing activities (5,321) (9,069)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents $ (2,573) $ 17,626 

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities during the year ended December 31, 2021 was $22.5 million, resulting from net income of $9.1 million, non-cash net income adjustments of $26.9 million and an increase in net operating liabilities of $5.8 million, which was partially offset by an increase in net operating assets of $7.8 million. The non-cash net income adjustments primarily consisted of $6.9 million in change of allowance for doubtful accounts, $11.3 million of depreciation, $3.9 million in change in deferred tax asset, $5.2 million of stock-based compensation, and $1.2 million of income from equity investments. The primary changes in operating assets were an increase in gross accounts receivable of $7.3 million, a net increase in income taxes receivable/(payable) of $2.2 million, and a decrease in accrued liabilities of $4.0 million. Included in our operating cash flows for the period is the receipt of $1.5 million in Provider Relief Funds.

Net cash provided by operating activities during the year ended December 31, 2020 was $35.1 million, resulting from net income of $31.5 million, non-cash net income adjustments of $13.8 million and an increase in net operating liabilities of $2.9 million, which was partially offset by an increase in net operating assets of $13.1 million. The non-cash net income adjustments primarily consisted of $9.1 million in change of allowance for doubtful accounts, $9.6 million of depreciation, $2.3 million of gains on disposal of property and equipment, $8.7 million in change in deferred tax asset, $4.9 million of stock-based compensation, $1.4 million in change in inventory reserve and $0.1 million of gain on equity investments. The uses of cash related to changes in operating assets primarily consisted of an increase in gross accounts receivable of $10.0 million, an increase in inventory of $2.3 million and an increase in prepaid expenses and other assets of $0.8 million. The increase in our operating assets was primarily driven by accounts receivable related to COVID-19 response sales and services occurring during the period. Included in our operating cash flows for the period is the receipt of $3.5 million in Provider Relief Funds. The changes in operating liabilities primarily consisted of an increase in accounts payable of $0.2 million, an increase in accrued liabilities of $2.3 million, an increase in deferred revenue of $0.1 million, and an increase in income tax payable of $0.3 million.

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities during the year ended December 31, 2021 was $19.7 million, consisting of $19.7 million of purchases of property and equipment and $0.6 million in equity investments, partially offset by $0.6 million of sales proceeds from the disposal of property and equipment. Included in the purchase of property and equipment are patient capital expenditures of $16.4 million related to medical equipment. Combining cash purchases of property and equipment of $19.7 million and equipment financed through finance leases of less than $0.1 million,our total capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2021 were $19.8 million. This represents a $3.7 million, or 23.3%, increase year over year.

Net cash used in investing activities during the year ended December 31, 2020 was $8.4 million, consisting of $13.0 million of purchases of property and equipment and $0.6 million in equity investments, partially offset by $5.2 million of COVID-19 response sales proceeds from the disposal of property and equipment. Included in the purchase of property and equipment are patient capital expenditures of $15.6 million related to medical equipment. Combining cash purchases of property and equipment of $13.0 million and equipment financed through finance leases of $3.0 million, our total capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2020 were $16.0 million. This represents a $9.4 million, or 36.8%, decrease year over year.

Net Cash Used in Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2021 was $5.3 million, consisting of $1.7 million in principal payments on the Term Note (as defined below), $0.2 million in principal payments on the Building Term Note (as defined below), and $2.2 million in repayments of finance lease liabilities, partially offset by $0.1 million proceeds from the exercise of stock options.

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37

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Net cash used in financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2020 was $9.1 million, consisting of $1.6 million in principal payments on the Term Note, $0.2 million in principal payments on the Building Term Note, and $9.2 million in repayments of finance lease liabilities, partially offset by $1.9 million proceeds from the exercise of stock options.

Line of Credit

The Company maintains a line of credit in the amount of $10.0 million that expires May 1, 2023 under the Commercial Business Loan Agreement. Any amounts advanced on this line will be subject to an interest rate equal to the WSJ prime rate plus a margin of 0.50%, with a 3.50% interest rate floor, and will be secured by substantially all of the Company's assets. There were no borrowings against this line of credit at December 31, 2021 or December 31, 2020. The line of credit allows flexibility in funding our future operations subject to compliance with the covenants described below.

Commercial Term Notes

On May 30, 2019, the Company entered into an amendment to the loan agreement providing for a term note (the “Building Term Note”) in favor of Hancock Whitney Bank in the principal amount of $4.8 million. The proceeds of the Building Term Note were used to purchase a building to utilize as a new corporate headquarters for the Company. Beginning July 1, 2019, the Company began making monthly payments towards the outstanding balance. The Building Term Note matures on May 30, 2026 and is secured by substantially all of our assets, including the real property acquired with the proceeds of the Building Term Note. The Building Term Note bears interest at a variable rate equal to the one month ICE LIBOR index plus a margin of 2.45% per annum. The Company is required to maintain a loan to value ratio of 85% with respect to the appraised value of the real property. In connection with the Building Term Note, the Company entered into an interest rate swap transaction (the "Interest Rate Swap Transaction") with Hancock Whitney Bank effectively fixing the interest rate for the Building Term Note at 4.68%.

On September 19, 2019, the Company entered into a third amendment to the loan agreement providing for a term note (the “Term Note") in favor of Hancock Whitney Bank in the principal amount of $5.0 million. The proceeds of the Term Note will be used for general corporate purposes. Beginning October 19, 2019, the Company began making monthly payments towards the outstanding balance. The Term Note matures on September 19, 2022 and is secured by substantially all of our assets. The Term Note bears interest at the rate of 4.60% per annum.

Under the terms of the Commercial Business Loan Agreement, the Company is subject to the following financial covenants:
Financial Covenant Required Ratio
Ratio at December 31, 2021
Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA (Quarterly) not more than 1.50:1.00 0.22
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (Quarterly) not less than 1.35:1.00 4.95
Loan-to-Value Ratio (Quarterly) not more than 0.85 0.68

The Company was in compliance with all covenants under the Commercial Business Loan Agreement in effect at December 31, 2021.

Sources of Funds

Cash provided by operating activities during the year ended December 31, 2021 was $22.5 million compared to $35.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2020.

HHS Provider Relief Funds

The Company received a general distribution payment from the Provider Relief Fund of $3.5 million in April 2020 and a targeted distribution payment of $1.5 million in November 2021. The HHS has stated that Provider Relief Fund payments are not loans and will not need to be repaid. However, as a condition to the receipt of funds, the Company and any other providers must agree to a detailed set of terms and conditions. CMS has indicated that the terms and conditions may be subject to ongoing changes and reporting. There is no US GAAP guidance for for-profit health care entities that receive government grants that are not in the form of an income tax credit, revenue from a contract with a customer or a loan. As such, for-profit entities must determine the appropriate accounting treatment by analogy to other guidance such as International Accounting Standards (IAS) 20, Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance, in IFRS. Under IAS 20, we determined that upon receipt of funds, we fully complied with the conditions attached to the grant. We recognized the distributions received from the Provider Relief Fund in the income statement in full during the period of receipt. To the extent that reporting requirements and terms and conditions are modified, it may affect the Company's ability to comply and may require the return of funds.

As of December 31, 2021, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $28.4 million.

Page
38

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Use of Funds

Our principal uses of cash are funding our new rental assets and other capital purchases, operations, and other working capital requirements. The following table presents our material contractual obligations and commitments to make future payments as of December 31, 2021:
Within 12 Months Beyond 12 Months
Debt Obligations, including interest
$1,714
$4,974
Lease Obligations
$490
$287
Total $2,204 $5,261

We anticipate that our operating cash flows will satisfy our material cash requirements for the 12 months after December 31, 2021. In addition to our operating cash flows, we may need to raise additional funds to support our contractual obligations and investing activities beyond such 12 month period, and such funding may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are unable to raise additional funds when needed, our operations and ability to execute our business strategy could be adversely affected. We may seek to raise additional funds through equity, equity-linked or debt financings. If we raise additional funds through the incurrence of indebtedness, such indebtedness would have rights that are senior to holders of our equity securities and could contain covenants that restrict our operations. Any additional equity financing may be dilutive to our stockholders.

Leases

Leases under which we assume substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as capital leases. Upon initial recognition, the leased asset is measured at an amount equal to the lesser of its fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments. Subsequent to initial recognition, the asset is accounted for in accordance with the accounting policy applicable to the asset. The associated lease liability is drawn down over the life of the lease by allocating a portion of each lease payment to the liability with the remainder being recognized as finance charges. Leases that do not transfer the risks and rewards of ownership to the Company are treated as operating leases and are expensed as incurred.

Retirement Plan

The Company maintains a 401(k) retirement plan for employees to which eligible employees can contribute a percentage of their pre-tax compensation. Matching employer contributions to the 401(k) plan totaled $0.8 million and $0.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Company has no material undisclosed off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on its results of operations or financial condition.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2 – Summary of Significant Account Policies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of recently issued accounting pronouncements, including the expected dates of adoption and estimated effects on our results of operations, financial positions and cash flows.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Not applicable.

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39

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


Page
F-1


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of
Viemed Healthcare, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Viemed Healthcare, Inc. (the Company) as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, changes in shareholders' equity and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2019.

New Orleans, Louisiana

March 7, 2022
Page
F-2

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except outstanding shares)
Note At
December 31, 2021
At
December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents 2 $ 28,408  $ 30,981 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,031 and $9,013 at December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
2 12,823  12,373 
Inventory, net of inventory reserve of $1,418 and $1,353 at December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
2 2,457  2,310 
Income tax receivable 1,893  — 
Prepaid expenses and other assets 2 1,729  1,511 
Total current assets $ 47,310  $ 47,175 
Long-term assets
Property and equipment, net 3 62,846  55,056 
Equity investments 2 2,157  733 
Deferred tax asset 10 4,787  8,733 
Other long-term assets 8 862  863 
Total long-term assets $ 70,652  $ 65,385 
TOTAL ASSETS $ 117,962  $ 112,560 
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities
Trade payables $ 3,239  $ 2,096 
Deferred revenue 3,753  3,409 
Income taxes payable —  340 
Accrued liabilities 4 8,875  12,595 
Current portion of lease liabilities 5 464  2,741 
Current portion of long-term debt 5 1,480  1,836 
Total current liabilities $ 17,811  $ 23,017 
Long-term liabilities
Accrued liabilities 7 757  1,292 
Long-term lease liabilities 5 268  762 
Long-term debt 5 4,306  5,796 
Total long-term liabilities $ 5,331  $ 7,850 
TOTAL LIABILITIES $ 23,142  $ 30,867 
Commitments and Contingencies —  — 
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Common stock - No par value: unlimited authorized; 39,640,388 and 39,185,182 issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
7 14,014  9,181 
Additional paid-in capital 7,749  7,320 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (278) (451)
Retained earnings 73,335  65,643 
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY $ 94,820  $ 81,693 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY $ 117,962  $ 112,560 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements
Page
F-3

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share amounts)
Year Ended December 31,
Note 2021 2020
Revenue 2 $ 117,062  $ 131,309 
Cost of revenue 43,652  51,198 
Gross profit $ 73,410  $ 80,111 
Operating expenses
Selling, general and administrative 54,893  52,829 
Research and development 2,110  1,083 
Stock-based compensation 7 5,150  4,882 
Depreciation 851  816 
Loss (gain) on disposal of property and equipment 448  (2,328)
     Other expense (income) 9 (1,622) (3,952)
Income from operations $ 11,580  $ 26,781 
Non-operating income and expenses
Income from equity method investments (1,241) (91)
Interest expense, net of interest income 5 318  509 
Net income before taxes 12,503  26,363 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes 10 3,377  (5,167)
Net income $ 9,126  $ 31,530 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Change in unrealized gain/loss on derivative instruments, net of tax 173  (294)
Other comprehensive income (loss) $ 173  $ (294)
Comprehensive income $ 9,299  $ 31,236 
Net income per share
Basic 11 $ 0.23  $ 0.81 
Diluted 11 $ 0.22  $ 0.78 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic 11 39,491,117  38,743,516 
Diluted 11 40,680,947  40,525,737 




See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements
Page
F-4

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share amounts)
Common Stock Additional paid-in capital Accumulated other comprehensive loss Total Shareholders'
equity
Shares Amount Retained
earnings
Shareholders' equity, December 31, 2019 37,952,660 $ 3,366  $ 6,377  $ (157) $ 34,113  $ 43,699 
Stock-based compensation - options —  —  3,810  —  —  3,810 
Stock-based compensation - restricted stock —  —  1,072  —  —  1,072 
Exercise of options 643,297  1,876  —  —  —  1,876 
Shares issued for vesting of restricted stock units 589,225  3,939  (3,939) —  —  — 
Change in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax —  —  —  (294) —  (294)
Net income —  —  —  —  31,530  31,530 
Shareholders' equity, December 31, 2020 39,185,182  $ 9,181  $ 7,320  $ (451) $ 65,643  $ 81,693 
Stock-based compensation - options —  —  4,197  —  —  4,197 
Stock-based compensation - restricted stock —  —  953  —  —  953 
Exercise of options 27,597  112  —  —  —  112 
Shares issued for vesting of restricted stock units 608,929  4,721  (4,721) —  —  — 
Shares redeemed to pay income tax (181,320) —  —  —  (1,434) (1,434)
Change in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax —  —  —  173  —  173 
Net income —  —  —  —  9,126  9,126 
Shareholders' equity, December 31, 2021 39,640,388  $ 14,014  $ 7,749  $ (278) $ 73,335  $ 94,820 











See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements
Page
F-5

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars)
Year Ended December 31,
Note 2021 2020
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income $ 9,126  $ 31,530 
Adjustments for:
Depreciation 11,312  9,582 
Change in allowance for doubtful accounts 2 6,895  9,116 
Change in inventory reserve 65  1,353 
Share-based compensation 7 5,150  4,882 
Distributions of earnings received from equity method investments 416  — 
Income from equity method investments (1,241) (91)
Loss (gain) on disposal of property and equipment 448  (2,328)
Deferred income tax expense (benefit) 3,884  (8,733)
Net change in working capital
Increase in accounts receivable (7,345) (9,955)
Increase in inventory (212) (2,303)
Increase in prepaid expenses and other assets (226) (812)
Increase in trade payables 133  213 
Increase in deferred revenue 344  94 
(Decrease) increase in accrued liabilities (4,022) 2,308 
Change in income tax payable/receivable (2,233) 254 
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 22,494  $ 35,110 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of property and equipment (19,743) (13,044)
Investment in equity investments (599) (629)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment 596  5,258 
Net cash used in investing activities $ (19,746) $ (8,415)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from exercise of options 112  1,876 
Principal payments on notes payable 5 (152) (142)
Principal payments on term note 5 (1,683) (1,605)
Shares redeemed to pay income tax (1,434) — 
Repayments of lease liabilities (2,164) (9,198)
Net cash used in financing activities $ (5,321) $ (9,069)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (2,573) 17,626 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 30,981  13,355 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 28,408  $ 30,981 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
Cash paid during the period for interest $ 351  $ 559 
Cash paid during the period for income taxes, net of refunds received $ 1,768  $ 3,311 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash transactions
Net non-cash changes to finance leases balances $ 48  $ 3,002 
Net non-cash changes to operating lease balances $ 712  $ 57 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements
Page
F-6

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1.    Nature of Business and Operations

Viemed Healthcare, Inc. (the "Company"), through its subsidiaries, is a provider of in-home DME and post-acute respiratory healthcare services in the United States. The Company’s service offerings are focused on effective in-home treatment with clinical practitioners providing therapy and counseling to patients in their homes using cutting edge technology. The Company currently serves patients in 47 states in the United States. The Company was incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia) on December 14, 2016. The Company's registered and records office is located at Suite 2800, Park Place, 666 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia V6C 2Z7 and its corporate office is located at 625 E. Kaliste Saloom Road, Lafayette, Louisiana 70508.

As of June 30, 2020, the Company determined that it no longer qualifies as a "foreign private issuer," as defined in Rule 3b-4 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), for the purposes of the informational requirements of the Exchange Act. As a result, effective January 1, 2021, the Company became subject to the proxy solicitation rules under Section 14 of the Exchange Act and Regulation FD, and the Company's officers, directors, and principal shareholders became subject to the reporting and short-swing profit recovery provisions contained in Section 16 of the Exchange Act. The Company will continue to file annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and current reports on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").

As of June 30, 2021, the Company determined that it no longer qualifies as a “smaller reporting company,” but the Company is not required to comply with the larger company disclosure obligations (subject to certain exemptions and relief from various reporting requirements that are applicable to emerging growth companies) until our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022. As a result, this Annual Report on Form 10-K is only required to comply with the smaller company disclosure obligations.

The Company is an "emerging growth company," as defined in the JOBS Act, and as such, has elected to comply with certain reduced U.S. public company reporting requirements.

The Company’s common shares are traded in the U.S. on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol "VMD" and in Canada on the TSX under the symbol "VMD.TO".

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments that are necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows have been made.

Reporting Currency

All values are in U.S. dollars ($ or "USD") unless specifically indicated otherwise. Canadian dollars are indicated as CAD$.

Functional Currency

Management has exercised judgment in selecting the functional currency of each of the entities that it consolidates based on the primary economic environment in which the entity operates and in reference to the various indicators including the currency that primarily influences or determines the selling prices of goods and services and the cost of those services, including labor, material and other costs and the currency whose competitive forces and regulations mainly determine selling prices. The Company's functional currency was determined to be the U.S. dollar, which was determined using management’s assumption that the primary economic environment from which it will derive its revenues and incur expenses to generate those revenues, is the United States.

Basis of Consolidation

These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated.

Page
F-7

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management bases these estimates and assumptions upon historical experience, existing and known circumstances, authoritative accounting pronouncements and other factors that management believes to be reasonable. Areas requiring the use of management estimates relate to revenue recognition, accounts receivable and the related allowance for doubtful accounts, income tax provisions, and fair value of financial instruments. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

As of December 31, 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic is ongoing and the impacts of the pandemic on our business, financial condition and results of operations continue to evolve as of the date of this report. As a result, the impacts remain uncertain and difficult to predict and will depend on, among other factors, the duration and severity of the pandemic, as well as any negative economic conditions arising from the pandemic, our ability to assess potential patients in hospitals and set up and treat patients in the home, and the impacts of government actions and administrative regulations on the healthcare industry and broader economy, including through existing and any future stimulus efforts. As events continue to evolve and additional information becomes available, our estimates may change materially in future periods.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and temporary investments with an original maturity of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash that are subject to insignificant risk or change. At December 31, 2021 and 2020, our cash was held primarily in checking and money market accounts. Cash and cash equivalents consist of the following at December 31, 2021 and 2020:
December 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Cash $ 11,952  $ 5,319 
Money market accounts 16,456  25,662 
Total cash and cash equivalents $ 28,408  $ 30,981 

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Accounts receivable are regularly reviewed for collectability and an allowance is recorded to cover the estimated bad debts and billing modifications. The accounts receivable are presented on the Consolidated Balance Sheets net of the allowance for doubtful accounts. It is possible that the estimates of the allowance for doubtful accounts could change, which could have a material impact on our operations and cash flows.

The Company writes off receivables when the likelihood for collection is remote, and when the Company believes collection efforts have been fully exhausted and it does not intend to devote additional resources in attempting to collect. The write-offs are charged against the allowance for doubtful accounts.

For the year ended December 31, 2021, our assessment considered business and market disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and estimates of expected emerging credit and collectability trends. The continued volatility in market conditions and evolving shifts in credit trends are difficult to predict causing variability and volatility that may have a material impact on our allowance for doubtful accounts in future periods.

The estimates and write-offs for the allowance for doubtful accounts for each reporting period were as follows:
December 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Balance, beginning of year $ 9,013  $ 7,782 
Change in allowance for doubtful accounts 6,895  9,116 
Amounts written off (8,877) (7,885)
Balance, end of period $ 7,031  $ 9,013 

Page
F-8

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, no one customer represented more than 10% of outstanding accounts receivable. The Company does have receivables at December 31, 2021 from Medicare and Medicaid, representing 35% and 9%, respectively, and 44% combined, of total outstanding receivables (December 31, 2020 - 46%). As these receivables are both from government programs, there is little credit risk associated with these balances; however, these receivables are subject to billing modifications and other adjustments and estimates of the amounts of such adjustments are included in the allowance for doubtful accounts.

Revenues from Medicare and Medicaid as percentages of the Company's traditional revenue streams, excluding COVID-19 response sales and services, for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:
Year Ended December 31,
2021 2020
Medicare revenues 55  % 58  %
Medicaid revenues % %
Total Medicare and Medicaid revenues 64  % 67  %

Inventory

Inventory represents non-serialized supplies that consist of equipment parts, consumables, and associated product supplies and is expensed at the time of sale or use. The Company values inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Obsolete and unserviceable inventories are valued at estimated net realizable value. Inventory is presented net of a reserve balance of $1,418,000 and $1,353,000 at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, that relates to COVID-19 response supplies.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment is presented on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at historic cost less accumulated depreciation. Major renewals and improvements that extend the useful life of assets are capitalized to the respective property accounts, while maintenance and repairs, which do not extend the useful life of the respective assets, are expensed as incurred. Management has estimated the useful lives of equipment leased to customers. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets.

The estimated useful lives of the property and equipment are as follows:
Description Estimated Useful Lives
Medical Equipment
1 - 10 Years
Computer Equipment 5 Years
Office Furniture & Fixtures
5 - 10 Years
Leasehold Improvements Shorter of Useful Life or Lease
Vehicles 5 Years
Buildings
15 - 39 Years
Land Indefinite Life

Depreciation of medical equipment commences at the date of service, which represents the date that the asset has been delivered to a patient and is put in use and continues through the useful life of the asset. Property and equipment with definite useful lives are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable.

Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consists primarily of prepaid expenses such as insurance and rent.

Equity Investments

Equity investments on the Consolidated Balance Sheets are comprised of an investment accounted for under the equity method and an equity investment without a readily determinable fair value which is accounted for under the measurement alternative described in ASC 321-10-35-2.

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F-9

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
The following table details the Company’s equity investments:
December 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Equity method investments $ 959  $ 134 
Other equity investments 1,198 599
Balance, end of period $ 2,157  $ 733 
Our equity method investments include a 49% equity interest in Solvet Services, LLC. Investments accounted for under the equity method are investments in unconsolidated entities over whose operating and financial policies the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence but not control. Equity method investments are initially measured at cost in the Consolidated Balance Sheets with any subsequent adjustments made to the carrying amount of the investment for the Company’s proportionate share of income or loss. The Company has recognized its share of income or loss on the gain (loss) from equity method investments within non-operating expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Income. Equity method investments are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the investments may exceed the fair value. No events or changes have occurred as of December 31, 2021 that would impair the carrying value of equity method investments.

Other equity investments include a 5% equity interest in VeruStat, Inc. Other equity investments are investments without a readily determinable fair value which do not qualify for the practical expedient in ASC 820. For these investments, the Company has elected the measurement alternative which measures the investment at cost, less any impairment. ASU 2019-04 clarifies that if an entity identifies observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer, it must measure its equity investment at fair value in accordance with ASC 820 as of the date that the observable transaction occurred. The Company was not aware of any impairment or observable price change adjustments that needed to be made as of December 31, 2021 on its investments in equity securities without a readily determinable fair value.

Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income reflects the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. Our comprehensive income represents net income adjusted for unrealized gains and losses on derivative instruments, net of tax. Accumulated other comprehensive loss is presented on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets as a component of shareholders' equity.

As a result of the “backward tracing” prohibition in ASC 740, certain previously measured unrealized gains or losses have resulted in the existence of "dangling" amounts within other comprehensive income. The Company has elected the individual security approach to the release of these effects. Under the individual security approach, dangling amounts are tracked on a security-by-security basis and cleared out of the other comprehensive income balance upon sale of each individual security. During the periods presented, none of the individual securities associated with a dangling balance were sold.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from a customer consists of any combination of the sale and rental of DME and/or patient medical services. Revenues are billed to and collections received from Medicare, Medicaid, third-party insurers, co-insurance and patient-pay. Revenue is recognized net of contractual adjustments and bad debt based on contractual arrangements with third-party payors, an evaluation of expected collections resulting from the analysis of current and past due accounts, past collection experience in relation to amounts billed and other relevant information. Contractual adjustments result from the differences between the rates charged for services and reimbursement rates paid by government-sponsored healthcare programs and insurance companies for such services.

The Company's contracts with customers often include multiple products and services, and the Company evaluates these arrangements to determine the unit of accounting for revenue recognition purposes based on whether the product or service is distinct from other products or services in the arrangement and should be accounted for as a separate performance obligation. A product or service is distinct if the customer can benefit from it on its own or together with other readily available resources and the Company's ability to transfer the goods or services is separately identifiable from other promises in the contractual arrangement with the customer (e.g. patient). Revenue is then allocated to each separately identifiable good or service based on the standalone price of the items underlying the performance obligations. Most of the Company’s products fall in the Medicare FFS program which is a payment model where services are unbundled and paid for separately. These services are paid based on a Medicare determined price that is publicly available on the website for CMS. For commercial payors, DME companies must negotiate in-network pricing separately, though in general, the Company’s payors tend to benchmark their contract rates and coverage policies closely to those of Medicare.
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F-10

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
The Company considers performance obligations for sales and rentals to be met when the customer receives the equipment, and revenue for rentals is recognized over time, over the respective rental period. For revenue associated with DME rentals, the Company recognizes revenue in accordance with FASB ASC 842, “Leases,” (Topic 842). For any DME sales and services, the Company recognizes revenue under FASB ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” (Topic 606) and related amendments.

The Company recognizes equipment rental revenue over the non-cancelable lease term, which is one month, less estimated adjustments, in accordance with Topic 842. The Company has separate contracts with each patient that are not subject to a master lease agreement with any third-party payor. The Company would first consider the lease classification issue (sales-type lease or operating lease) and then appropriately recognize or defer rental revenue over the lease term.

The revenues from each major source are summarized in the following table:
Year Ended December 31,
2021 2020
Revenue from rentals under Topic 842
    Ventilator rentals, non-invasive and invasive $ 83,849  $ 78,286 
    Other durable medical equipment rentals 13,843  9,888 
Revenue from sales and services under Topic 606
    Equipment and supply sales
8,765  7,357 
    COVID-19 response sales and services
8,558  34,379 
    Service revenues
2,047  1,399 
Total revenues $ 117,062  $ 131,309 

Revenue Accounting under Topic 842

The Company leases DME such as non-invasive and invasive ventilators, PAP machines, percussion vests, oxygen concentrator units and other small respiratory equipment to customers for a fixed monthly amount on a month-to-month basis. The customer generally has the right to cancel the lease at any time during the rental period. The Company considers these rentals to be operating leases.

Under FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, the Company recognizes rental revenue on operating leases on a straight-line basis over the contractual lease term which varies based on the type of equipment rental. The lease term begins on the date equipment is delivered to patients, and revenues are recorded at amounts estimated to be received under reimbursement arrangements with third-party payors, including Medicare, private commercial payors, and Medicaid. Certain customer co-payments are included in revenue when considered probable of payment, which is generally when paid.

Due to the nature of the industry and the reimbursement environment in which the Company operates, certain estimates are required to record net revenue and accounts receivable at their net realizable values. Inherent in these estimates is the risk that they will have to be revised or updated as additional information becomes available. Specifically, the complexity of many third-party billing arrangements and the uncertainty of reimbursement amounts for certain services from certain payors may result in adjustments to amounts originally recorded. Such adjustments are typically identified and recorded at the point of cash application or claim denial.

Revenue Accounting under Topic 606

The Company sells DME, replacement parts and supplies to customers and recognizes revenue based on contractual payment rates as determined by the payors at the point in time where control of the good or service is transferred through delivery to the customer. The customer and, if applicable, the payors are generally charged at the time that the product is sold. For sales of equipment previously placed in service, proceeds associated with these sales are recorded to gain (loss) on disposal of property and equipment.

The Company also provides sleep study services to customers and recognizes revenue when the sleep study results are complete, satisfying the performance obligation. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company began offering contact tracing services, which revenues are recognized in the period in which the service has been provided. The transaction price on equipment sales, sleep studies, and contact tracing is the amount that the Company expects to receive in exchange for the goods and services provided. Due to the nature of the DME business, gross charges are retail charges and generally do not reflect what the Company is ultimately paid. As such, the transaction price is constrained for the difference between the gross charge and what is estimated to be collected from payors and from patients. The transaction price therefore is predominantly based on contractual
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F-11

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
payment rates as determined by the payors. The Company does not generally contract with uninsured customers. The payment terms and conditions of customer contracts vary by customer type and the products and services offered.

The Company determines its estimates of contractual allowances and discounts based upon contractual agreements, its policies and historical experience. While the rates are fixed for the product or service with the customer and the payors, such amounts typically include co-payments, co-insurance and deductibles, which vary in amounts, and are due from the patient. The Company includes in the transaction price only the amount that the Company expects to be entitled, which is substantially all of the payor billings at contractual rates. The transaction price is initially constrained by the amount of customer co-payments, which are included in the transaction price when considered probable of payment and included in revenue if the product or service has already been provided to the customer.

Due to the nature of the industry and the reimbursement environment in which the Company operates, certain estimates are required to record net revenue and accounts receivable at their net realizable values. Inherent in these estimates is the risk that they will have to be revised or updated as additional information becomes available. Specifically, the complexity of many third-party billing arrangements and the uncertainty of reimbursement amounts for certain services from certain payors may result in adjustments to amounts originally recorded. Such adjustments are typically identified and recorded at the point of cash application or claim denial.

Returns and refunds are not accepted on equipment sales, sleep study services or contact tracing services. The Company does not offer warranties to customers in excess of the manufacturer’s warranty. Any taxes due upon sale of the products or services are not recognized as revenue. The Company does not have any partially or unfilled performance obligations related to contracts with customers and as such, the Company has no contract liabilities as of December 31, 2021 or 2020.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for its stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, "Compensation—Stock Compensation", which establishes accounting for share-based awards exchanged for employee services and requires companies to expense the estimated fair value of these awards over the requisite employee service period. Stock–based compensation costs for stock options are determined at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Stock-based compensation costs for RSUs are determined at the grant date based on the closing stock price. The expense of such stock-based compensation awards is recognized using the graded vesting attribution method over the vesting period and the offsetting credit is recorded as an increase in additional paid-in capital. Forfeitures are recorded as incurred. Any excess tax benefit or deficiency is recognized as a component of income taxes and within operating cash flows upon vesting of the share-based award.

For the Company’s phantom share units settled in cash, the Company computes the fair value of the phantom share units using the closing price of the Company's stock at the end of each period and records a liability based on the percentage of requisite service.

Interest Rate Swaps

The Company utilizes an interest rate swap contract to reduce exposure to fluctuations in variable interest rates for future interest payments on the Term Note (as defined below). 

For determining the fair value of the interest rate swap contract, the Company uses significant other observable market data or assumptions (Level 2 inputs) that market participants would use in pricing similar assets or liabilities, including assumptions about counterparty risk. These fair value estimates reflect an income approach based on the terms of the interest rate swap contract and inputs corroborated by observable market data including interest rate curves. The Company presents a positive ending period fair value of the interest rate swap contract in other long-term assets, as a component of long-term assets, and a negative ending period fair value of the interest rate swap contract in accrued liabilities, as a component of long-term liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The Company recognizes any differences between the variable interest rate payments and the fixed interest rate settlements from its swap counterparty as an adjustment to interest expense over the life of the swap. If determined to be an effective cash flow hedge, the Company will record the changes in the estimated fair value of the swaps to accumulated other comprehensive income or loss on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. To the extent that interest rate swaps are determined to be ineffective, the Company would recognize the changes in the estimated fair value of swaps in interest and other non-operating expenses, net in its Consolidated Statements of Income.

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F-12

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Income Taxes

The Company is subject to income taxes in numerous jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining the provision for income taxes. The Company’s income tax provisions reflect management’s interpretation of country and state tax laws. There are many transactions and calculations for which the ultimate tax determination is uncertain during the ordinary course of business and may remain uncertain for several years after their occurrence. The Company recognizes assets and liabilities for taxation when it is probable that the Company will receive refunds or pay taxes to the relevant tax authority. Where the final determination of tax assets and liabilities is different from the amounts that were initially recorded, such differences will impact the current and deferred income taxes provision in the period in which such determination is made. Changes in tax law or changes in the way tax law is interpreted may also impact the Company’s effective tax rate as well as its business and operations.

Income tax expense consists of current and deferred tax expense. Current and deferred tax are recognized in profit or loss except to the extent that it relates to items recognized directly in equity or other comprehensive income. Current tax is recognized and measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or payable to the taxation authorities based on the income tax rates enacted at the end of the reporting period and includes any adjustment to taxes payable in respect of previous years.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future income tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying value of assets and liabilities and their respective income tax bases. Deferred income tax assets or liabilities are measured using enacted income tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be settled. The calculation of current and deferred income taxes requires management to make estimates and assumptions and to exercise a certain amount of judgment concerning the carrying value of assets and liabilities. The current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities are also impacted by expectations about future operating results and the timing of reversal of temporary differences as well as possible audits of tax filings by regulatory agencies. Changes or differences in these estimates or assumptions may result in changes to the current and deferred tax assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and a charge to or recovery of income tax expense.

Deferred tax is recognized on any temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the consolidated financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable earnings. The effect of a change in the enacted tax rates is recognized in net earnings and comprehensive income or in equity depending on the item to which the adjustment relates. At each reporting period end, deferred tax assets are evaluated for recoverability based on whether it is more likely than not that sufficient taxable earnings will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

See Note 10 for details on income taxes recognized.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company follows ASC Topic 360, which requires that long-lived assets be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset group’s carrying amounts may not be recoverable. In performing the review for recoverability, if future undiscounted cash flows (excluding interest charges) from the use and ultimate disposition of the assets are less than their carrying values, an impairment loss represented by the difference between its fair value and carrying value, is recognized. When properties are classified as held for sale they are recorded at the lower of the carrying amount or the expected sales price less costs to sell. There were no impairment charges recognized during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

Net Income per Share Attributable to Common Stockholders

Basic net income per common share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per common share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock plus the effect of dilutive stock-based awards outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. Dilutive stock-based awards include outstanding common stock options and time-based RSUs.

See Note 11 for earnings per share computations.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740). ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions for performing intraperiod tax allocations, recognizing deferred taxes for investments, and calculating income taxes in interim periods. The guidance also simplifies the accounting for franchise taxes, transactions that result in a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill, and the effect of enacted changes in tax laws or rates in interim periods. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 in the first quarter of 2021 and the adoption had no material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

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F-13

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
On January 1, 2021, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2020-01, Investments—Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments—Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) (ASU 2020-01), which clarifies the interaction of the accounting for equity securities under Topic 321, the accounting for equity method investments in Topic 323, and the accounting for certain forward contracts and purchased options in Topic 815. The adoption of this new standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company is an “emerging growth company” as defined by the JOBS Act. The JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an emerging growth company can selectively delay the adoption of all accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. The Company has elected to utilize this exemption and, as a result, our consolidated financial statements may not be comparable to the financial statements of issuers that are required to comply with the effective dates for new or revised accounting standards that are applicable to public companies. To date, however, the Company has not delayed the adoption of any accounting standards except as noted below. Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that the Company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period at any time, which election is irrevocable.

In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-11, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses. In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which is intended to improve financial reporting by requiring earlier recognition of credit losses on certain financial assets. The standard replaces the current incurred loss impairment model that recognizes losses when a probable threshold is met with a requirement to recognize lifetime expected credit losses immediately when a financial asset is originated or purchased. Further, the FASB issued ASU 2019-04 and ASU 2019-05 to provide additional guidance on the credit losses standard. The standard will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 , including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), which provides optional guidance to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. Specifically, the guidance permits an entity, when certain criteria are met, to consider amendments to contracts made to comply with reference rate reform to meet the definition of a modification under GAAP. It further allows hedge accounting to be maintained and a one-time transfer or sale of qualifying held-to-maturity securities. The expedients and exceptions provided by the amendments are permitted to be adopted any time through December 31, 2022 and do not apply to contract modifications made and hedging relationships entered into or evaluated after December 31, 2022, except for certain optional expedients elected for certain hedging relationships existing as of December 31, 2022. The Company has a commercial term note that references LIBOR and is evaluating how this standard may be applied to specific contract modifications through December 31, 2022.

In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-10, Government Assistance (Topic 832): Disclosure by Business Entities about Government Assistance (ASU 2021-10), which improves the transparency of government assistance received by most business entities by requiring the disclosure of: (1) the types of government assistance received; (2) the accounting for such assistance; and (3) the effect of the assistance on a business entity's financial statements. This guidance will be effective for us in the year ended December 31, 2022, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

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F-14

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
3.     Property and Equipment

The Company’s fixed assets consist of its medical equipment held for rental, furniture and equipment, real property and related improvements, and vehicles and other various small equipment.

The following table details the Company’s fixed assets:
December 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Medical equipment $ 76,864  $ 63,307 
Furniture and equipment 2,521  2,722 
Land 2,566  2,138 
Buildings 7,682  5,966 
Leasehold improvements 296  290 
Vehicles 972  922 
Less: Accumulated depreciation (28,055) (20,289)
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization $ 62,846  $ 55,056 

Depreciation in the amount of $10,461,000 and $8,765,000 is included in cost of revenue for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Included in medical equipment above is equipment acquired under finance lease obligations whose cost and accumulated depreciation at December 31, 2021 total $47,000 and $5,000, respectively. At December 31, 2020, cost and accumulated depreciation on equipment acquired under finance lease obligations was $6,900,000 and $885,000, respectively. Medical equipment purchases with a cost of $1,010,000 and $0 were included in accounts payable at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

4.     Current Liabilities

The Company’s short-term accrued liabilities are included within current liabilities and consist of the following:
December 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Accrued trade payables $ 2,011  $ 1,252 
Accrued commissions payable 452  278 
Accrued bonuses payable 3,405  5,190 
Accrued vacation and payroll 1,226  844 
Current portion of phantom share liability 1,118  4,485 
Accrued other liabilities 663  546 
Total accrued liabilities $ 8,875  $ 12,595 

5.     Debt and Lease Liabilities

Senior Credit Facility

On February 20, 2018, the Company entered a Commercial Business Loan Agreement that provides for Term Loans and Lines of Credit with Hancock Whitney Bank.

Line of Credit

The Company maintains a line of credit in the amount of $10.0 million that expires May 1, 2023 under the Commercial Business Loan Agreement. Any amounts advanced on this line will be subject to an interest rate equal to the WSJ prime rate plus a margin of 0.50%, with a 3.50% interest rate floor and will be secured by substantially all of the Company's assets. There were no borrowings against this line of credit at December 31, 2021 or 2020.

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F-15

VIEMED HEALTHCARE, INC.
(Tabular dollar amounts expressed in thousands of U.S. Dollars, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2021 and 2020
Commercial Term Notes

On May 30, 2019, the Company entered into a term note (“Building Term Note”) under the Commercial Business Loan Agreement in the principal amount of $4.8 million. The proceeds of the Building Term Note were used to purchase the Company's corporate headquarters. Beginning July 1, 2019, the Company began making monthly payments towards the outstanding balance. The Building Term Note matures on May 30, 2026 and is secured by substantially all of the assets of the borrower, including the real property acquired with the proceeds of the Building Term Note. The Building Term Note bears interest at a variable rate equal to the one month ICE LIBOR index plus a margin of 2.45% per annum. The Company is required to maintain a loan to value ratio of 85% with respect to the appraised value of the real property. In connection with the Building Term Note, the Company entered into an interest rate swap transaction ("Interest Rate Swap Transaction") with Hancock Whitney Bank effectively fixing the interest rate for the Building Term Note at 4.68%.

On September 19, 2019, the Company entered into an additional loan agreement providing for a term note (“Term Note") under the Commercial Business Loan Agreement in the principal amount of $5.0 million. The proceeds of the Term Note were utilized for general corporate purposes. Beginning October 19, 2019, the Company began making monthly principal payments of $139,000 towards the outstanding balance. The Term Note matures on September 19, 2022 and is secured by substantially all of the assets of the borrower. The Term Note bears interest at the rate of 4.60% per annum.

The Company incurred immaterial financing costs related to the above term notes. These deferred financing costs are amortized over the term of the loans using the effective interest method.

The Company has recognized these term notes, which have terms greater than twelve months, as follows:
December 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Notes payable $ 5,786