0001275158false12/292020Q300012751582020-01-012020-09-29xbrli:shares00012751582020-10-26iso4217:USD00012751582020-09-2900012751582019-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0001275158us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMember2020-07-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMember2019-07-032019-10-010001275158us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:FoodAndBeverageMember2019-01-022019-10-010001275158us-gaap:FranchiseMember2020-07-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:FranchiseMember2019-07-032019-10-010001275158us-gaap:FranchiseMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:FranchiseMember2019-01-022019-10-0100012751582020-07-012020-09-2900012751582019-07-032019-10-0100012751582019-01-022019-10-010001275158ndls:LaborMember2020-07-012020-09-290001275158ndls:LaborMember2019-07-032019-10-010001275158ndls:LaborMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158ndls:LaborMember2019-01-022019-10-010001275158ndls:RestaurantOccupancyMember2020-07-012020-09-290001275158ndls:RestaurantOccupancyMember2019-07-032019-10-010001275158ndls:RestaurantOccupancyMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158ndls:RestaurantOccupancyMember2019-01-022019-10-010001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-06-300001275158us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2020-06-300001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-06-300001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-06-3000012751582020-06-300001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-07-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-07-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-07-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-09-290001275158us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2020-09-290001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-09-290001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-09-290001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-07-020001275158us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-07-020001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-07-020001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-07-0200012751582019-07-020001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-07-032019-10-010001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-07-032019-10-010001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-07-032019-10-010001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-10-010001275158us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-10-010001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-10-010001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-10-0100012751582019-10-010001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-12-310001275158us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-12-310001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-12-310001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-12-310001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-01-010001275158us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-01-010001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-01-010001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-01-0100012751582019-01-010001275158us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-01-022019-10-010001275158us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-01-022019-10-010001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2019-01-010001275158srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2019-01-010001275158us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-01-022019-10-01ndls:restaurantndls:state0001275158us-gaap:EntityOperatedUnitsMember2020-09-290001275158us-gaap:FranchisedUnitsMember2020-09-29ndls:segment0001275158ndls:DeliveryProgramMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:DeliveryProgramMember2019-12-310001275158ndls:InsuranceReceivableMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:InsuranceReceivableMember2019-12-310001275158ndls:VendorRebateMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:VendorRebateMember2019-12-310001275158ndls:FranchiseReceivableMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:FranchiseReceivableMember2019-12-310001275158ndls:OtherReceivableMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:OtherReceivableMember2019-12-310001275158us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2020-09-290001275158us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2019-12-310001275158ndls:FurnitureFixturesAndEquipmentMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:FurnitureFixturesAndEquipmentMember2019-12-310001275158us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2020-09-290001275158us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2019-12-310001275158us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberndls:TwoThousandandEighteenTermLoanFacilityMember2018-05-090001275158us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberndls:TwoThousandandEighteenCreditFacilityMember2018-05-090001275158ndls:TwoThousandandEighteenCreditSubfacilityMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2018-05-090001275158ndls:TwoThousandandEighteenSwinglineSubfacilityMember2018-05-090001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2019-11-20xbrli:pure0001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMembersrt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMemberndls:FederalFundsRateMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMemberus-gaap:PrimeRateMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158ndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilityAmendedMembersrt:MaximumMember2019-11-202019-11-200001275158srt:ScenarioForecastMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMemberndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilitySecondAmendmentMember2020-06-162021-09-300001275158srt:ScenarioForecastMembersrt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMemberndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilitySecondAmendmentMember2021-10-012024-11-200001275158srt:MaximumMembersrt:ScenarioForecastMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMemberndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilitySecondAmendmentMember2021-10-012024-11-200001275158us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberndls:TwoThousandAndEighteenCreditFacilitySecondAmendmentMember2020-06-160001275158srt:ScenarioForecastMember2020-10-012021-09-300001275158srt:ScenarioForecastMember2021-10-012022-09-300001275158srt:ScenarioForecastMember2022-10-012023-09-300001275158srt:ScenarioForecastMember2023-10-012024-11-200001275158srt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-09-290001275158srt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-09-2900012751582020-04-012020-06-300001275158ndls:AccruedExpensesandOtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:AccruedExpensesandOtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember2019-12-310001275158ndls:OtherLongtermLiabilitiesMember2020-09-290001275158ndls:OtherLongtermLiabilitiesMember2019-12-31
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
_____________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_____________________________________________________________


        QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the quarterly period ended September 29, 2020
or
     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to            
Commission File Number: 001-35987
___________________________________________________________
NOODLES & COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_____________________________________________________________
Delaware 84-1303469
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
520 Zang Street, Suite D  
Broomfield, CO
80021
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(720) 214-1900
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.
Title of each class Trading Symbol Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share NDLS Nasdaq Global Select Market
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  
Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated filer    Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No 
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class   Outstanding at October 26, 2020
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share   44,371,985 shares


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1

PART I

Item 1. Financial Statements

Noodles & Company
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
September 29,
2020
December 31,
2019
  (unaudited)  
Assets    
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 8,621  $ 10,459 
Accounts receivable 3,366  3,503 
Inventories 9,680  9,871 
Prepaid expenses and other assets 3,952  5,386 
Income tax receivable 76  103 
Total current assets 25,695  29,322 
Property and equipment, net 123,422  128,867 
Operating lease assets, net 202,993  209,717 
Goodwill 7,154  7,154 
Intangibles, net 840  883 
Other assets, net 3,066  2,576 
Total long-term assets 337,475  349,197 
Total assets $ 363,170  $ 378,519 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity    
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable $ 13,138  $ 9,351 
Accrued payroll and benefits 8,369  13,479 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 13,142  11,679 
Current operating lease liabilities 25,357  22,775 
Current portion of long-term debt 938  750 
Total current liabilities 60,944  58,034 
Long-term debt, net 41,213  40,497 
Long-term operating lease liabilities, net 219,473  225,014 
Deferred tax liabilities, net 272  200 
Other long-term liabilities 8,406  4,203 
Total liabilities 330,308  327,948 
Stockholders’ equity:    
Preferred stock—$0.01 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized and undesignated as of September 29, 2020 and December 31, 2019; no shares issued or outstanding
—  — 
Common stock—$0.01 par value, 180,000,000 shares authorized as of September 29, 2020 and December 31, 2019; 46,795,534 issued and 44,371,663 outstanding as of September 29, 2020 and 46,557,934 issued and 44,134,063 outstanding as of December 31, 2019
468  466 
Treasury stock, at cost, 2,423,871 shares as of September 29, 2020 and December 31, 2019
(35,000) (35,000)
Additional paid-in capital 202,314  200,585 
Accumulated deficit (134,920) (115,480)
Total stockholders’ equity 32,862  50,571 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 363,170  $ 378,519 
   See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

Noodles & Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share data, unaudited)
  Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Revenue:    
Restaurant revenue $ 104,413  $ 116,759  $ 283,150  $ 344,382 
Franchising royalties and fees, and other 1,569  1,545  3,337  4,158 
Total revenue 105,982  118,304  286,487  348,540 
Costs and expenses:    
Restaurant operating costs (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below):    
Cost of sales 25,900  29,544  71,124  89,083 
Labor 31,264  37,951  92,632  113,920 
Occupancy 11,737  12,108  35,473  36,849 
Other restaurant operating costs 19,383  17,161  51,861  50,475 
General and administrative 10,827  10,436  31,415  32,424 
Depreciation and amortization 5,541  5,458  16,273  16,626 
Pre-opening 239  266  383  331 
Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals 369  336  3,983  3,640 
Total costs and expenses 105,260  113,260  303,144  343,348 
Income (loss) from operations 722  5,044  (16,657) 5,192 
Interest expense, net 822  737  2,710  2,298 
(Loss) income before taxes (100) 4,307  (19,367) 2,894 
Provision for income taxes 27  64  73  64 
Net (loss) income and comprehensive (loss) income $ (127) $ 4,243  $ (19,440) $ 2,830 
(Loss) earnings per Class A and Class B common stock, combined    
Basic $ —  $ 0.10  $ (0.44) $ 0.06 
Diluted $ —  $ 0.09  $ (0.44) $ 0.06 
Weighted average shares of Class A and Class B common stock outstanding, combined:    
Basic 44,358,763  43,990,049  44,238,400  44,007,345 
Diluted 44,358,763  44,899,176  44,238,400  45,078,539 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

Noodles & Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except share data, unaudited)
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
Common Stock(1)
Treasury  Additional Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
  Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance—June 30, 2020 46,778,682  $ 468  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 201,601  $ (134,793) $ 32,276 
Stock plan transactions and other 16,852  —  —  —  49  —  49 
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  664  —  664 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  (127) (127)
Balance—September 29, 2020 46,795,534  $ 468  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 202,314  $ (134,920) $ 32,862 
Balance—July 2, 2019 46,508,586  $ 465  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 199,978  $ (118,540) $ 46,903 
Stock plan transactions and other 37,406  —  —  —  (49) —  (49)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  (51) —  (51)
Net income —  —  —  —  —  4,243  4,243 
Balance—October 1, 2019 46,545,992  $ 465  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 199,878  $ (114,297) $ 51,046 
Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
Common Stock(1)
Treasury  Additional Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance—December 31, 2019 46,557,934  $ 466  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 200,585  $ (115,480) $ 50,571 
Stock plan transactions and other 237,600  —  —  (225) —  (223)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  1,954  —  1,954 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  (19,440) (19,440)
Balance—September 29, 2020 46,795,534  $ 468  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 202,314  $ (134,920) $ 32,862 
Balance—January 1, 2019 46,353,309  $ 464  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 198,352  $ (111,135) $ 52,681 
Stock plan transactions and other 192,683  —  —  (285) —  (284)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  —  —  1,811  —  1,811 
Adoption of ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842)
—  —  —  —  —  (5,992) (5,992)
Net income —  —  —  —  —  2,830  2,830 
Balance—October 1, 2019 46,545,992  $ 465  2,423,871  $ (35,000) $ 199,878  $ (114,297) $ 51,046 
_____________
(1)Unless otherwise noted, activity relates to Class A common stock.

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Noodles & Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands, unaudited)
  Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Operating activities    
Net (loss) income $ (19,440) $ 2,830 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 16,273  16,626 
Deferred income taxes 72  64 
Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals 3,034  3,647 
Amortization of debt issuance costs 260  374 
Stock-based compensation 1,904  1,780 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:    
Accounts receivable 230  122 
Inventories 75  (349)
Prepaid expenses and other assets (802) (1,062)
Accounts payable 3,505  (864)
Income taxes 27  (6)
Operating lease assets and liabilities 4,034  (1,749)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities (858) (5,144)
Net cash provided by operating activities 8,314  16,269 
Investing activities    
Purchases of property and equipment (9,887) (13,788)
Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment —  352 
Franchise restaurant acquisition, net of cash acquired —  (1,387)
Net cash used in investing activities (9,887) (14,823)
Financing activities    
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt 55,500  — 
Payments on long-term debt (54,125) (2,188)
Payments on finance leases (686) (543)
Debt issuance costs (731) — 
Stock plan transactions and tax withholding on share-based compensation awards (223) (284)
Net cash used in financing activities (265) (3,015)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (1,838) (1,569)
Cash and cash equivalents    
Beginning of period 10,459  4,655 
End of period $ 8,621  $ 3,086 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

NOODLES & COMPANY
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

1. Business Summary and Basis of Presentation

Business

Noodles & Company (the “Company”), a Delaware corporation, develops and operates fast casual restaurants that serve globally inspired noodle and pasta dishes, soups, salads and appetizers. As of September 29, 2020, the Company had 454 restaurants system-wide in 29 states, comprised of 378 company-owned restaurants and 76 franchise restaurants. The Company operates its business as one operating and reportable segment.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Noodles & Company and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. In the opinion of the Company, all adjustments considered necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the periods presented have been included and are of a normal, recurring nature. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements on Form 10-K have been condensed or omitted. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019 was derived from audited financial statements. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.

Certain prior period balances within Note 7, Restaurant Impairments, Closure Costs and Asset Disposals have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications had no effect on the Company's net income, earnings per share or accumulated deficit previously reported.

Fiscal Year

The Company operates on a 52- or 53-week fiscal year ending on the Tuesday closest to December 31. The Company’s fiscal quarters each contain 13 operating weeks, with the exception of the fourth quarter of a 53-week fiscal year, which contains 14 operating weeks. Fiscal year 2020, which ends on December 29, 2020, and fiscal year 2019, which ended on December 31, 2019, both contain 52 weeks. The Company’s fiscal quarter that ended September 29, 2020 is referred to as the third quarter of 2020, and the fiscal quarter ended October 1, 2019 is referred to as the third quarter of 2019.

Risks and Uncertainties

We are subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The extent of the future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business is uncertain and difficult to predict. Our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, including the duration of the outbreak, limitations imposed by federal, state and local governments with respect to reduced seating capacity in our restaurants and other social distancing measures, and our customers’ future willingness to eat at restaurants. Furthermore, several industries have been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is possible that it could cause an extended economic recession. All of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic could have a material adverse effect on our business. Although the ultimate severity of the COVID-19 pandemic is uncertain at this time, we have implemented several new initiatives to adapt our operations to the current environment, including direct delivery and curbside pickup, to further bolster our existing off premise capabilities.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). ASU 2019-12 was issued as a means to reduce the complexity of accounting for income taxes for
6


those entities that fall within the scope of the accounting standard. This guidance is effective for public companies for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within those reporting periods. Interim period adoption is permitted. The guidance is to be applied using a prospective method, excluding amendments related to franchise taxes, which should be applied on either a retrospective basis for all periods presented or a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. We do not believe that there will be a material impact of adopting the new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The ASU is intended to provide temporary optional expedients and exceptions to the U.S. GAAP guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. The Company may elect to apply the amendments prospectively through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance may have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, followed by other related ASUs that provided targeted improvements (collectively “ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 provides financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. The guidance is to be applied using a modified retrospective method and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 for smaller reporting companies, with early adoption permitted. The Company early adopted ASU 2016-13 on January 1, 2020. The adoption of ASU 2016-13 did not result in any impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements or disclosures.

2. Supplemental Financial Information

Accounts receivable consist of the following (in thousands):
September 29,
2020
December 31,
2019
Delivery program receivables $ 1,784  $ 636 
Insurance receivable 157  744 
Vendor rebate receivables 611  788 
Franchise receivables 517  527 
Other receivables 297  808 
$ 3,366  $ 3,503 

Prepaid expenses and other assets consist of the following (in thousands):
September 29,
2020
December 31,
2019
Prepaid insurance $ 1,189  $ 724 
Prepaid occupancy related costs 863  834 
Other prepaid expenses 1,861  2,075 
Other current assets (1)
39  1,753 
$ 3,952  $ 5,386 
_____________________________
(1)Other current assets as of December 31, 2019 included assets held in connection with the divestiture of nine company-owned restaurants to a franchisee (“RCRG Sale”) which closed in January 2020.
7


Property and equipment, net, consists of the following (in thousands):
September 29,
2020
December 31,
2019
Leasehold improvements $ 199,649  $ 200,580 
Furniture, fixtures and equipment 125,779  122,752 
Construction in progress 6,403  2,890 
331,831  326,222 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization (208,409) (197,355)
Property and equipment, net $ 123,422  $ 128,867 

Accrued payroll and benefits consist of the following (in thousands):
September 29,
2020
December 31,
2019
Accrued payroll and related liabilities $ 3,248  $ 6,364 
Accrued bonus 1,455  3,505 
Insurance liabilities 3,666  3,610 
$ 8,369  $ 13,479 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following (in thousands):
September 29,
2020
December 31,
2019
Gift card liability $ 1,862  $ 2,398 
Occupancy related 1,581  1,458 
Utilities 1,212  1,379 
Deferred revenue 2,046  555 
Current portion of finance lease liability 1,059  510 
Other accrued expenses 5,382  5,379 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities $ 13,142  $ 11,679 

3. Long-Term Debt

On May 9, 2018, the Company entered into a credit facility with U.S. Bank National Association (the “2018 Credit Facility”). The 2018 Credit Facility consisted of a term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $25.0 million and a revolving credit facility of $65.0 million, which included a letter of credit subfacility in the amount of $15.0 million and a swingline subfacility in the amount of $10.0 million.
On November 20, 2019, the Company amended its 2018 Credit Facility by entering into the First Amendment to the Credit Facility (the “Amendment” or “First Amended Credit Facility”). Among other things, the Amendment: (i) extended the maturity date to November 20, 2024; (ii) increased the revolving credit facility from $65.0 million to $75.0 million; (iii) delayed step downs of the Company’s leverage covenant; and (iv) increased the limit on capital expenditures to $37.0 million in 2020 and to $45.0 million in 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter.
Borrowings under the First Amended Credit Facility, including the term loan facility, bear interest annually, at the Company’s option, at either (i) LIBOR plus a margin of 2.00% to 2.75% per annum, based upon the consolidated total lease-adjusted leverage ratio or (ii) the highest of the following base rates plus a margin of 1.00% to 1.75% per annum: (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%; (b) the U.S. Bank prime rate or (c) the one-month LIBOR plus 1.00%. The Amendment includes a commitment fee of 0.20% to 0.35% per annum, based upon the consolidated total lease-adjusted leverage ratio, on any unused portion of the revolving credit facility.
8

On June 16, 2020 (the “Effective Date”), the Company amended its 2018 Credit Facility by entering into the Second Amendment to the Credit Facility (the “Second Amendment” or the “Second Amended Credit Facility”). Beginning on the Effective Date and through the third quarter of 2021 (the “Amendment Period”), borrowings under the Second Amended Credit Facility, including the term loan facility (“Borrowings”), will bear interest at LIBOR plus 3.25% per annum. Following the Amendment Period, borrowings will bear interest at LIBOR plus a margin of 2.00% to 3.00% per annum, based upon the consolidated total lease-adjusted leverage ratio. Among other things, the Second Amendment (i) waives the lease-adjusted leverage ratio and fixed charge ratio covenants through the first quarter of 2021; (ii) amends the Company’s lease-adjusted leverage ratio and fixed coverage ratio covenant thresholds beginning in the second quarter of 2021 through the third quarter of 2022 and the first quarter of 2022, respectively and (iii) limits capital expenditures to $12.0 million in 2020, $12.0 million plus a liquidity-based performance basket up to an additional $12.0 million in 2021, $34.0 million in 2022, $37.0 million in 2023 and $45.0 million annually thereafter.
As of September 29, 2020, the Company had $44.0 million of indebtedness (excluding $1.8 million of unamortized debt issuance costs) and $3.2 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Second Amended Credit Facility. As of September 29, 2020, the Company had cash on hand of $8.6 million.
The term loan requires principal payments of $187,500 per quarter through the third quarter of 2021, $375,000 per quarter through the third quarter of 2022, $531,250 per quarter through the third quarter of 2023 and $625,000 per quarter thereafter through maturity.

Aggregate maturities for debt outstanding as of September 29, 2020 are as follows (in thousands):
Year 1 $ 938 
Year 2 1,500 
Year 3 2,125 
Year 4 2,500 
Year 5 36,930 
Total $ 43,993 

The Company’s outstanding indebtedness bore interest at rates between 3.07% to 6.25% during the first three quarters of 2020.

The Company also maintains outstanding letters of credit to secure obligations under its workers’ compensation program and certain lease obligations. The Company was in compliance with all of its debt covenants as of September 29, 2020.
4. Fair Value Measurements

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and all other current liabilities approximate their fair values due to their short-term nature. The carrying amounts of borrowings approximate fair value as the line of credit and term borrowings vary with market interest rates and negotiated terms and conditions are consistent with current market rates. The fair value of the Company’s line of credit and term borrowings are measured using Level 2 inputs.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

Assets recognized or disclosed at fair value in the condensed consolidated financial statements on a non-recurring basis include items such as leasehold improvements, property and equipment, operating lease assets, goodwill and other intangible assets. These assets are measured at fair value if determined to be impaired or when acquired.

Adjustments to the fair value of assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis as of September 29, 2020 and October 1, 2019 are discussed in Note 7, Restaurant Impairments, Closure Costs and Asset Disposals.

5. Income Taxes

The following table presents the Company’s provision for income taxes (in thousands):
9

Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Provision for income taxes $ 27  $ 64  $ 73  $ 64 
Effective tax rate (27.0) % 1.5  % (0.4) % 2.2  %

The effective tax rate for the third quarter of 2020 and first three quarters of 2020 reflects the impact of the previously recorded valuation allowance. For the remainder of fiscal 2020, the Company does not anticipate material income tax expense or benefit as a result of the valuation allowance recorded. The Company will maintain the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets until there is sufficient evidence to support a full or partial reversal. The reversal of a previously recorded valuation allowance will generally result in a benefit from income tax.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”), which provides economic relief in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, was signed into law. The CARES Act includes provisions that permit refunds of alternative minimum tax credits, temporary modifications to the limitations placed on the tax deductibility of net interest expenses, and technical amendments for qualified improvement property (“QIP”). We do not expect that the provisions in the CARES Act will have a material impact to our tax rate or expense during 2020.

6. Stock-Based Compensation

The Company’s Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”), as amended and restated in May of 2013, authorizes the grant of non-qualified stock options, incentive stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance share units (“PSUs”) and incentive bonuses to employees, officers, non-employee directors and other service providers. As of September 29, 2020, approximately 2.9 million share-based awards were available to be granted under the Plan.

The following table shows total stock-based compensation expense (in thousands):
Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Stock-based compensation expense $ 708  $ (61) $ 1,960  $ 1,820 
Capitalized stock-based compensation expense $ 12  $ 11  $ 50  $ 32 

Stock-based compensation expense for the third quarter of 2019 included a credit due to the departure of our former Executive Chairman.

7. Restaurant Impairments, Closure Costs and Asset Disposals

The following table presents restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals (in thousands):
Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Restaurant impairments (1)
$ 113  $ 89  $ 2,375  $ 2,554 
Closure costs (1)
(168) (809) 345  (675)
Loss on disposal of assets and other 424  1,056  1,263  1,761 
$ 369  $ 336  $ 3,983  $ 3,640 
_____________________________
(1)Restaurant impairments and closure costs in all periods presented above include amounts related to restaurants previously impaired or closed.

There were no restaurant impairments during the third quarters of 2020 and 2019. During the first three quarters of 2020, five restaurants were impaired compared to two restaurant impairments in the first three quarters of 2019. Impairment is based on management’s current assessment of the expected future cash flows of a restaurant based on recent results and other specific market factors. Impairment expense is a Level 3 fair value measure and is determined by comparing the carrying value of restaurant assets to the estimated fair value of the restaurant assets at resale value and the right-of-use asset based on a discounted cash flow analysis utilizing market lease rates. The Company will continue to monitor the impact from the
10

COVID-19 pandemic as it relates to recoverability of long-lived assets. Although we have seen an improvement in sales, we are unable to predict how long these conditions will persist, what additional measures may be introduced by governments or what effect any such additional measures may have on restaurants and our business. Any measure that encourages consumers to stay in their homes, engage in social distancing or avoid larger gatherings of people for an extended period of time is highly likely to be harmful to the restaurant industry in general.

Closure costs in the third quarter and first three quarters of 2020 and 2019 include ongoing costs related to restaurants closed in previous years as well as three company-owned restaurants closed during the third quarter of 2020 that were near the end of the lease term. In addition, closure costs were offset by gains resulting from adjustments to liabilities as lease terminations occur. These gains included a total of $0.6 million in the third quarter and first three quarters of 2020, and $0.8 million and $0.7 million during the third quarter and first three quarters of 2019, respectively.

Loss on disposal of assets and other includes expenses recognized during the first three quarters of 2020 and 2019 related to the divestiture of company-owned restaurants to a franchisee.

These expenses are included in the “Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals” line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

8. Earnings (Loss) Per Share

Basic earnings (loss) per share (“EPS”) is calculated by dividing net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each period. Diluted EPS is calculated using net income (loss) available to common stockholders divided by diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding during each period. Potentially dilutive securities include shares of common stock underlying stock options, warrants and RSUs. Diluted EPS considers the impact of potentially dilutive securities except in periods in which there is a loss because the inclusion of the potential common shares would have an anti-dilutive effect.

The following table sets forth the computations of basic and diluted EPS (in thousands, except share and per share data):
  Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Net (loss) income $ (127) $ 4,243  $ (19,440) $ 2,830 
Shares:    
Basic weighted average shares outstanding 44,358,763  43,990,049  44,238,400  44,007,345 
Effect of dilutive securities —  909,127  —  1,071,194 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding 44,358,763  44,899,176  44,238,400  45,078,539 
(Loss) earnings per share:    
Basic (loss) earnings per share $ —  $ 0.10  $ (0.44) $ 0.06 
Diluted (loss) earnings per share $ —  $ 0.09  $ (0.44) $ 0.06 

The Company computes the effect of dilutive securities using the treasury stock method and average market prices during the period. Potential common shares are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share when the effect would be anti-dilutive. The shares issuable on the vesting or exercise of share-based awards or exercise of outstanding warrants that were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive totaled 3,107,448 and 1,748,444 for the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively, and totaled 3,251,799 and 1,490,202 for the first three quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

9. Leases

As discussed in Note 1, Business Summary and Basis of Presentation, the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic impacted us significantly, including causing us to close all of our dining rooms starting in March 2020. We commenced reopening a portion of our dining rooms in June of 2020 and as of September 29, 2020, over 90% of our restaurant dining rooms are open. During the second and third quarters of 2020, we were able to negotiate with the majority of our landlords to obtain rent abatements, defer rent amounts due during the second quarter, or in some cases, extend the period of the respective lease term. In the case where the lease term was extended, we remeasured the remaining consideration in the contract. The total rent that was deferred for lease amendments that have been executed through September 29, 2020 was $4.2 million.
11

Further, for certain of our restaurants, the COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact to the underlying asset values. In the second quarter of 2020, we recorded right-of-use asset impairment charges of $0.3 million to reduce the carrying value of certain operating lease assets to their respective estimated fair value. There was no impairment during the third quarter of 2020.
Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases is as follows (in thousands):
Classification September 29,
2020
December 31,
2019
Assets
Operating Operating lease assets, net $ 202,993  $ 209,717 
Finance
Finance lease assets, net (1)
3,308  771 
Total leased assets $ 206,301  $ 210,488 
Liabilities
Current lease liabilities
Operating Current operating lease liabilities $ 25,357  $ 22,775 
Finance
Current finance lease liabilities (2)
1,059  510 
Long-term lease liabilities
Operating Long-term operating lease liabilities 219,473  225,014 
Finance
Long-term finance lease liabilities (2)
2,309  281 
Total lease liabilities $ 248,198  $ 248,580 
_____________________
(1)The finance lease assets are included in property and equipment, net in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)The current portion of the finance lease liabilities is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and the long-term portion was included in other long-term liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Sublease income recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was $0.2 million for both the third quarter of 2020 and 2019, and $0.7 million and $0.4 million for the first three quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information related to leases are as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Cash paid for lease liabilities:
Operating leases $ 14,784  $ 10,795  $ 28,358  $ 32,301 
Finance leases 324  223  776  600 
$ 15,108  $ 11,018  $ 29,134  $ 32,901 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities:
Operating leases $ 108  $ 2,646  $ 10,388  $ 7,856 
Finance leases 545  —  3,387  229 
$ 653  $ 2,646  $ 13,775  $ 8,085 


10. Supplemental Disclosures to Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

The following table presents the supplemental disclosures to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three quarters ended September 29, 2020 and October 1, 2019 (in thousands):
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Interest paid (net of amounts capitalized) $ 1,902  $ 1,972 
Income taxes (refunded) paid (78)
Purchases of property and equipment accrued in accounts payable 2,818  2,538 

12

11. Revenue Recognition

Revenue

Revenue consists of sales from restaurant operations, franchise royalties and fees, and sublease income. Revenue from the operation of company-owned restaurants is recognized when sales occur. The Company reports revenue net of sales tax collected from customers and remitted to governmental taxing authorities.

Gift Cards

The Company sells gift cards which do not have an expiration date, and it does not deduct non-usage fees from outstanding gift card balances. The Company recognizes revenue from gift cards when the gift card is redeemed by the customer or the Company determines the likelihood of the gift card being redeemed by the customer is remote (“gift card breakage”). The determination of the gift card breakage rate is based upon Company-specific historical redemption patterns. The Company has determined that approximately 9% of gift cards will not be redeemed and recognizes gift card breakage ratably over the estimated redemption period of the gift card, which is approximately 24 months. Gift card liability balances are typically highest at the end of each calendar year following increased gift card purchases during the holiday season.

As of September 29, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the current portion of the gift card liability, $1.9 million and $2.4 million, respectively, was included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and the long-term portion, $0.5 million and $0.9 million, respectively, was included in other long-term liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Revenue recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the redemption of gift cards was $2.8 million and $4.1 million for the first three quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Franchise Fees

Royalties from franchise restaurants are based on a percentage of restaurant revenues and are recognized in the period the related franchised restaurants’ sales occur. In the second quarter of 2020, we forgave the franchise royalties due for the quarter due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the third quarter of 2020, we resumed recognizing franchise royalty revenue and cash collection. Development fees and franchise fees, portions of which are collected in advance, are nonrefundable and are recognized in income ratably over the term of the related franchise agreement or recognized upon the termination of the agreement between the Company and the franchisee. The Company has determined that the initial franchise services are not distinct from the continuing rights or services offered during the term of the franchise agreement and should be treated as a single performance obligation; therefore, initial fees received from franchisees are recognized as revenue over the term of each respective franchise agreement, which is typically 20 years.
Loyalty Program
The Company operates the Noodles Rewards program, which is primarily a spend-based loyalty program. With each purchase, Noodles Rewards members earn loyalty points that can be redeemed for rewards, including free products. Using an estimate of the value of reward redemptions, we defer revenue associated with points earned, net of estimated points that will not be redeemed. Points generally expire after six months. Revenue is recognized in a future period when the reward points are redeemed. As of September 29, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the deferred revenue related to the rewards was $2.0 million and $0.6 million, respectively, and was included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
12. Commitments and Contingencies

In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to other proceedings, lawsuits and claims. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties, and outcomes are not predictable with assurance. Consequently, the Company is unable to ascertain the ultimate aggregate amount of monetary liability or financial impact with respect to these matters as of September 29, 2020. These matters could affect the operating results of any one financial reporting period when resolved in future periods. The Company believes that an unfavorable outcome with respect to these matters is remote or a potential range of loss is not material to its consolidated financial statements. Significant increases in the number of these claims, or one or more successful claims that result in greater liabilities than the Company currently anticipates, could materially and adversely affect its business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
13

NOODLES & COMPANY
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Noodles & Company is a Delaware corporation that was organized in 2002. Noodles & Company and its subsidiaries are sometimes referred to as “we,” “us,” “our” and the “Company” in this report. The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes in Item 1 and with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. We operate on a 52- or 53-week fiscal year ending on the Tuesday closest to December 31. Our fiscal quarters each contain 13 operating weeks, with the exception of the fourth quarter of a 53-week fiscal year, which contains 14 operating weeks. Fiscal years 2020 and 2019 each contain 52 weeks.    

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

In addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve risks and uncertainties such as the number of restaurants we intend to open, projected capital expenditures and estimates of our effective tax rates. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “objective,” “intend,” “should,” “could,” “can,” “would,” “expect,” “believe,” “design,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “plan” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on currently available operating, financial and competitive information. Examples of forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts, such as statements regarding our ability to navigate the COVID-19 pandemic, projected capital expenditures, the revenue and balance sheet impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, estimated costs associated with our closure of underperforming restaurants, the implementation and results of strategic initiatives and our future financial performance. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements due to reasons including, but not limited to, the extent, duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic; governmental and customer response to the COVID-19 pandemic; other conditions beyond our control such as weather, natural disasters, disease outbreaks, epidemics or pandemics impacting our customers or food supplies; consumer reaction to industry related public health issues and health pandemics and perceptions of food safety, our ability to achieve and maintain increases in comparable restaurant sales and to successfully execute our business strategy, including new restaurant initiatives and operational strategies to improve the performance of our restaurant portfolio; our ability to maintain compliance with debt covenants and continue to access financing necessary to execute our business strategy; the success of our marketing efforts; our ability to open new restaurants on schedule; current economic conditions; price and availability of commodities; our ability to adequately staff our restaurants; changes in labor costs; consumer confidence and spending patterns; seasonal factors; and those discussed in “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” as filed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly periods ended March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020.

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Our Business

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in significant disruption to the restaurant industry and adversely affected our business. Comparable sales have meaningfully and progressively improved since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic as our business was well-positioned for the transition to largely off-premise dining that has resulted from the outbreak. The shifting demand pattern towards our off-premise offerings, including delivery, has caused a reduction in our restaurant level margins due primarily to higher delivery fees, partially offset by improved efficiencies throughout the balance of our expense profile.

As of the date of this filing, significant uncertainty exists concerning the magnitude of the impact and the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. As of the date of this filing, substantially all of our restaurants continue to operate, and dining rooms are open in over 85% of our company-owned locations. While we cannot predict the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will impact our business, we intend to continue to actively monitor the evolving situation and may take further actions that alter our business operations as may be required by federal, state or local authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our team members, customers, suppliers and shareholders.

14

Recent Trends, Risks and Uncertainties

Comparable Restaurant Sales. In the third quarter of 2020, system-wide comparable restaurant sales decreased 3.8%, comprised of a 3.6% decrease for company-owned restaurants and a 5.0% decrease for franchise restaurants.

Recent restaurant openings not in the Company’s comparable restaurant base, many of which offer order ahead drive-thru pick-up windows, continue to perform at the highest sales level of any class of new restaurants in the Company’s history. In October of 2020, the Company opened two company-owned restaurants, including one restaurant that has broken the Company’s record for sales during their initial 7, 14 and 21 days of operation.

The cadence of comparable restaurant sales and average unit volumes during the third quarter of 2020 are as set forth below. Company-owned restaurants were closed on July 4 and 5, 2020 in appreciation of our teams’ efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic. All restaurants were open during that time frame in 2019, negatively impacting comparable restaurant sales during the same period in 2020:
Comparable Restaurant Sales
4 Weeks Ended July 28, 2020 (1)
4 Weeks Ended August 25, 2020 5 Weeks Ended September 29, 2020
Company-owned (8.4)% (4.6)% 1.1%
Franchise (7.2)% (5.1)% (3.2)%
System-wide (8.2)% (4.7)% 0.4%
Average Unit Volumes (000’s) $1,181 $1,212 $1,172
_____________________
(1) Company-owned restaurants were closed July 4 and July 5, 2020.

We believe our return to positive comparable sales for the five weeks ended September 29, 2020, aided by impressive digital growth, is evidence of our strong brand positioning and ability to meet the needs of today's consumer for great tasting healthy food served conveniently where and when guests want it. However, our ability to retain positive comparable sales depends, among other reasons, on (i) the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, (ii) limitations imposed by federal, state and local governments with respect to reduced seating capacity in our restaurants and other social distancing measures, (iii) our customers’ future willingness to eat at restaurants and (iv) macroeconomic conditions and the length of time required for the national and local economies to achieve economic recovery following the crisis.

Cost of Sales. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have and expect to continue to incur incremental costs of sales, including the use of additional packaging supplies to support the continued increase in to go and off premise orders. Despite the increased packaging costs, we have continued to work with our suppliers for ongoing supply chain savings resulting in lower cost of sales. To date, there has been minimal disruption to our supply chain network, including the supply of our ingredients, packaging or other sourced materials, though it is possible that more significant disruptions could occur if the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact the markets in which we operate. We are working closely with our distributors and contract manufacturers as the situation evolves. We intend to continue to actively monitor the situation, including the status of our supply chain, to determine the appropriate actions to minimize any supply chain interruptions.

Labor Costs. In the first three quarters of 2020, we were able to mitigate the impact of increased base labor costs through labor efficiencies such as our procedures around optimizing food preparation times. Additionally, with the increased adoption of digital ordering from our customers, we modified our labor model to reduce the number of front of house hours in our restaurants. Some jurisdictions in which we operate have recently increased their minimum wage and other jurisdictions are considering similar actions. Significant additional government-imposed increases could materially affect our labor costs.

Certain Restaurant Closures. We permanently closed four company-owned restaurants in the first three quarters of 2020. We currently do not anticipate a significant number of permanent restaurant closures in the foreseeable future; however, we may from time to time permanently close certain restaurants, including permanent closures at, or near, the expiration of the leases for these restaurants.

Restaurant Development. In the first three quarters of 2020, we opened two new company-owned restaurants. Subsequent to the third quarter of 2020, we opened two additional company-owned restaurants. As of September 29, 2020, we had 378 company-owned restaurants and 76 franchise restaurants in 29 states. Given the Company’s sales recovery in recent months, as well as an anticipated increase in favorable real estate availability, we expect to incorporate increased unit development into our strategic growth plan for 2021 and beyond.

15

Key Measures We Use to Evaluate Our Performance

To evaluate the performance of our business, we utilize a variety of financial and performance measures. These key measures include revenue, average unit volume (“AUV”), comparable restaurant sales, restaurant contribution, restaurant contribution margin, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA.

Revenue

Restaurant revenue represents sales of food and beverages in company-owned restaurants. Several factors affect our restaurant revenue in any period, including the number of restaurants in operation and per-restaurant sales. Franchise royalties and fees represent royalty income and initial franchise fees. While we expect that the majority of our revenue and net income growth will be driven by company-owned restaurants, our franchise restaurants remain an important factor impacting our revenue and financial performance.

Seasonal factors cause our revenue to fluctuate from quarter to quarter. Our revenue per restaurant is typically lower in the first and fourth quarters, due to reduced winter and holiday traffic, and is typically higher in the second and third quarters. As a result of these factors, as well as the magnitude of the COVID-19 pandemic on any given quarter, our quarterly operating results and comparable restaurant sales may fluctuate significantly.

Average Unit Volume

AUV consists of the average annualized sales of all restaurants for a given time period. AUV is calculated by dividing restaurant revenue by the number of operating days within each time period and multiplying by the number of operating days we have in a typical year. This measurement allows management to assess changes in revenue patterns at our restaurants.

Comparable Restaurant Sales

Comparable restaurant sales refer to year-over-year sales comparisons for the comparable restaurant base. We define the comparable restaurant base to include restaurants open for at least 18 full periods. This measure highlights performance of existing restaurants, as the impact of new restaurant openings is excluded. Changes in comparable restaurant sales are generated by changes in traffic, which we calculate as the number of entrées sold, or changes in per-person spend, calculated as sales divided by traffic. Per-person spend can be influenced by changes in menu prices and the mix and number of items sold per person.

Measuring our comparable restaurant sales allows us to evaluate the performance of our existing restaurant base. Various factors impact comparable restaurant sales, including:

consumer recognition of our brand and our ability to respond to changing consumer preferences;

overall economic trends, particularly those related to consumer spending;

our ability to operate restaurants effectively and efficiently to meet consumer expectations;

pricing;

the number of restaurant transactions, per-person spend and average check amount;

marketing and promotional efforts;

abnormal weather patterns;

food safety and foodborne illness concerns;

the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;

local competition;

trade area dynamics;

16

introduction of new and seasonal menu items and limited time offerings; and

opening new restaurants in the vicinity of existing locations.

Consistent with common industry practice, we present comparable restaurant sales on a calendar-adjusted basis that aligns current year sales weeks with comparable periods in the prior year, regardless of whether they belong to the same fiscal period or not. Since opening new company-owned and franchise restaurants is a part of our long-term growth strategy and we anticipate new restaurants will be a component of our long-term revenue growth, comparable restaurant sales is only one measure of how we evaluate our performance.

Restaurant Contribution and Restaurant Contribution Margin

Restaurant contribution represents restaurant revenue less restaurant operating costs which are cost of sales, labor, occupancy and other restaurant operating costs. Restaurant contribution margin represents restaurant contribution as a percentage of restaurant revenue. We expect restaurant contribution to increase in proportion to the number of new restaurants we open and our comparable restaurant sales growth.

We believe that restaurant contribution and restaurant contribution margin are important tools for investors and other interested parties because they are widely-used metrics within the restaurant industry to evaluate restaurant-level productivity, efficiency and performance. We also use restaurant contribution and restaurant contribution margin as metrics to evaluate the profitability of incremental sales at our restaurants, restaurant performance across periods and restaurant financial performance compared with competitors. Restaurant contribution and restaurant contribution margin are supplemental measures of the operating performance of our restaurants and are not reflective of the underlying performance of our business because corporate-level expenses are excluded from these measures.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

We define EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest expense, provision (benefit) for income taxes and depreciation and amortization. We define adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest expense, provision (benefit) for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals, acquisition costs, severance costs and stock-based compensation expense.

We believe that EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA provide clear pictures of our operating results by eliminating certain non-recurring and non-cash expenses that may vary widely from period to period and are not reflective of the underlying business performance.

The presentation of restaurant contribution, restaurant contribution margin, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or to be superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). We use these non-GAAP financial measures for financial and operational decision making and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. We believe that they provide useful information to management and investors about operating results, enhance the overall understanding of past financial performance and future prospects and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision making.

17

Results of Operations

The following table presents a reconciliation of net (loss) income to EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA:
  Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
  (in thousands, unaudited)
Net (loss) income $ (127) $ 4,243  $ (19,440) $ 2,830 
Depreciation and amortization 5,541  5,458  16,273  16,626 
Interest expense, net 822  737  2,710  2,298 
Provision for income taxes 27  64  73  64 
EBITDA $ 6,263  $ 10,502  $ (384) $ 21,818 
Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals (1)
369  336  3,983  3,640 
Stock-based compensation expense 708  (61) 1,960  1,820 
Fees and costs related to transactions and other acquisition/disposition costs
—  130  162  166 
Severance costs 365  112  454  112 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 7,705  $ 11,019  $ 6,175  $ 27,556 
_____________________
(1)Restaurant impairments and closure costs in all periods presented above include amounts related to restaurants previously impaired or closed. See Note 7, Restaurant Impairments, Closure Costs and Asset Disposals.

Restaurant Openings, Closures and Relocations

The following table shows restaurants opened or closed during the periods indicated:
  Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Company-Owned Restaurant Activity    
Beginning of period 380  395  389  394 
Openings
Acquisition (1)
—  —  — 
Closures (3) (2) (4) (2)
Divestitures (2)
—  (5) (9) (5)
Restaurants at end of period 378  391  378  391 
Franchise Restaurant Activity    
Beginning of period 76  62  68  65 
Openings —  —  —  — 
Acquisitions (2)
— 
Closures —  —  (1) (2)
Divestiture (1)
—  —  —  (1)
Restaurants at end of period 76  67  76  67 
Total restaurants 454  458  454  458 
_____________________________
(1)Represents one franchise restaurant acquired by us.
(2)Represents nine company-owned restaurants sold to a franchisee in 2020 and five company-owned restaurants sold to a franchisee in 2019.

Statement of Operations as a Percentage of Revenue

The following table summarizes key components of our results of operations for the periods indicated as a percentage of our total revenue, except for the components of restaurant operating costs, which are expressed as a percentage of restaurant revenue.
18

  Fiscal Quarter Ended Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
(unaudited)
Revenue:        
Restaurant revenue 98.5  % 98.7  % 98.8  % 98.8  %
Franchising royalties and fees, and other 1.5  % 1.3  % 1.2  % 1.2  %
Total revenue 100.0  % 100.0  % 100.0  % 100.0  %
Costs and expenses:
Restaurant operating costs (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below):
Cost of sales 24.8  % 25.3  % 25.1  % 25.9  %
Labor 29.9  % 32.5  % 32.7  % 33.1  %
Occupancy 11.2  % 10.4  % 12.5  % 10.7  %
Other restaurant operating costs 18.6  % 14.7  % 18.3  % 14.7  %
General and administrative 10.2  % 8.8  % 11.0  % 9.3  %
Depreciation and amortization 5.2  % 4.6  % 5.7  % 4.8  %
Pre-opening 0.2  % 0.2  % 0.1  % 0.1  %
Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals 0.3  % 0.3  % 1.4  % 1.0  %
Total costs and expenses 99.3  % 95.7  % 105.8  % 98.5  %
Income (loss) from operations 0.7  % 4.3  % (5.8) % 1.5  %
Interest expense, net 0.8  % 0.6  % 0.9  % 0.7  %
(Loss) income before taxes (0.1) % 3.6  % (6.8) % 0.8  %
Provision for income taxes —  % 0.1  % —  % —  %
Net (loss) income (0.1) % 3.6  % (6.8) % 0.8  %

19

Third Quarter Ended September 29, 2020 Compared to Third Quarter Ended October 1, 2019

The table below presents our unaudited operating results for the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, and the related quarter-over-quarter changes.
  Fiscal Quarter Ended Increase / (Decrease)
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
$ %
 
  (in thousands, unaudited)
Revenue:        
Restaurant revenue $ 104,413  $ 116,759  $ (12,346) (10.6) %
Franchising royalties and fees, and other 1,569  1,545  24  1.6  %
Total revenue 105,982  118,304  (12,322) (10.4) %
Costs and expenses:        
Restaurant operating costs (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below):
       
Cost of sales 25,900  29,544  (3,644) (12.3) %
Labor 31,264  37,951  (6,687) (17.6) %
Occupancy 11,737  12,108  (371) (3.1) %
Other restaurant operating costs 19,383  17,161  2,222  12.9  %
General and administrative 10,827  10,436  391  3.7  %
Depreciation and amortization 5,541  5,458  83  1.5  %
Pre-opening 239  266  (27) (10.2) %
Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals 369  336  33  9.8  %
Total costs and expenses 105,260  113,260  (8,000) (7.1) %
Income from operations 722  5,044  (4,322) (85.7) %
Interest expense, net 822  737  85  11.5  %
(Loss) income before taxes (100) 4,307  (4,407) *
Provision for income taxes 27  64  (37) (57.8) %
Net (loss) income $ (127) $ 4,243  $ (4,370) *
Company-owned:
Average unit volume $ 1,187  $ 1,188  $ (1) (0.1) %
Comparable restaurant sales (3.6) % 2.2  %
________________
*Not meaningful.

Revenue

Total revenue decreased $12.3 million in the third quarter of 2020, or 10.4%, to $106.0 million, compared to $118.3 million in the third quarter of 2019. This decrease was due to a decline in traffic related to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic during the third quarter of 2020, as well as a $2.3 million decrease related to the refranchising of nine total restaurants since the third quarter of 2019. Additionally, revenue decreased due to temporary closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the closure of all of our company-owned restaurants on July 4 and 5, 2020.

AUV, which normalizes for the impact of temporary restaurant closures, was relatively flat year-over-year as strong off-premise sales, including digital, offset the COVID-19 pandemic related impacts including having in restaurant dining closed for a significant portion of the third quarter 2020.

System-wide comparable restaurant sales were down 3.8% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019, comprised of a 3.6% decrease at company-owned restaurants and a 5.0% decrease at franchise-owned restaurants. The comparable restaurant sales decline in the third quarter of 2020 was driven primarily by a decline in traffic related to the impact
20

of the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by increased off-premise sales. Comparable restaurant sales improved throughout the quarter.

System-wide comparable sales were down 8.2% for the four weeks ended July 28, 2020, down 4.7% for the four weeks ended August 25, 2020 and increased 0.4% for the five weeks ended September 29, 2020.

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales decreased by $3.6 million, or 12.3%, in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019, due primarily to the reduction in restaurant revenue. As a percentage of restaurant revenue, cost of sales decreased to 24.8% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to 25.3% in third quarter of 2019 primarily due to ongoing supply chain initiatives, increased menu pricing and lower discounting, partially offset by higher packaging costs associated with the shift to increased off-premise sales in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Labor Costs

Labor costs decreased by $6.7 million, or 17.6%, in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019. As a percentage of restaurant revenue, labor costs decreased to 29.9% in the third quarter of 2020 from 32.5% in the third quarter of 2019 as a result of labor initiatives including modifying our labor model to reduce the number of front of house hours in our restaurants, especially during the time that indoor dining was not available, and improved turnover trends, partly offset by the decline in restaurant sales associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Occupancy Costs

Occupancy costs decreased by $0.4 million, or 3.1%, in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019 primarily due to restaurants closed or impaired since the beginning of the third quarter of 2019. As a percentage of revenue, occupancy costs increased to 11.2% in the third quarter of 2020, compared to 10.4% in the third quarter of 2019 due to reduced revenue from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Other Restaurant Operating Costs

Other restaurant operating costs increased by $2.2 million, or 12.9%, in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019 due to increased third-party delivery fees partially offset by a decrease in utilities and credit card fees. As a percentage of restaurant revenue, other restaurant operating costs increased to 18.6% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to 14.7% in the third quarter of 2019 due primarily to increased third-party delivery fees resulting from a significant expansion of our use of third-party delivery services due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Third party delivery fees were 5.5% and 1.6% of total revenue for the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

General and Administrative Expense

General and administrative expense increased by $0.4 million or 3.7% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019, due primarily to the cost savings initiatives implemented as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including position reductions, temporary salary reductions and reduction in bonus expense, partially offset by increases in severance and stock based compensation. The third quarter of 2019 included a credit related to cancelled grants due to the departure of our Executive Chairman. As a percentage of revenue, general and administrative expense increased to 10.2% in the third quarter of 2020 from 8.8% in the third quarter of 2019 due primarily to the decline in revenue.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization increased by $0.1 million, or 1.5%, in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019, due primarily to restaurants closed or impaired since the beginning of the third quarter of 2019 and the impact of the nine
restaurants sold to a franchisee, partially offset by new asset additions. As a percentage of revenue, depreciation and
amortization increased to 5.2% in the third quarter of 2020 from 4.6% in the third quarter of 2019.

Restaurant Impairments, Closure Costs and Asset Disposals

Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals remained flat in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019. No impairment was recorded in the third quarters of 2020 or 2019.
21


Interest Expense

Interest expense increased by $0.1 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019. The increase was due to higher average borrowings and a higher average interest rate during the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019.

Provision for Income Taxes

The effective tax rate was (27.0)% for the third quarter of 2020 compared to 1.5% for the third quarter of 2019. The amount recorded for the provision for income taxes for the third quarter of 2020 was $27,000. The effective tax rate for the third quarter of 2020 reflects the impact of the previously recorded valuation allowance. For the remainder of fiscal 2020, we do not anticipate material income tax expense or benefit as a result of the valuation allowance recorded. We will maintain a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets until there is sufficient evidence to support a full or partial reversal. The reversal of a previously recorded valuation allowance will generally result in a benefit from income tax.

Three Quarters Ended September 29, 2020 Compared to Three Quarters Ended October 1, 2019

The table below presents our unaudited operating results for the first three quarters of 2020 and 2019, and the related period-over-period changes.
  Three Fiscal Quarters Ended Increase / (Decrease)
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
$ %
 
  (in thousands, except percentages)
Revenue:        
Restaurant revenue $ 283,150  $ 344,382  $ (61,232) (17.8) %
Franchising royalties and fees, and other 3,337  4,158  (821) (19.7) %
Total revenue 286,487  348,540  (62,053) (17.8) %
Costs and expenses:    
Restaurant operating costs (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below):
   
Cost of sales 71,124  89,083  (17,959) (20.2) %
Labor 92,632  113,920  (21,288) (18.7) %
Occupancy 35,473  36,849  (1,376) (3.7) %
Other restaurant operating costs 51,861  50,475  1,386  2.7  %
General and administrative 31,415  32,424  (1,009) (3.1) %
Depreciation and amortization 16,273  16,626  (353) (2.1) %
Pre-opening 383  331  52  15.7  %
Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals 3,983  3,640  343  9.4  %
Total costs and expenses 303,144  343,348  (40,204) (11.7) %
(Loss) income from operations (16,657) 5,192  (21,849) *
Interest expense, net 2,710  2,298  412  17.9  %
(Loss) income before taxes (19,367) 2,894  (22,261) *
Provision for income taxes 73  64  14.1  %
Net (loss) income $ (19,440) $ 2,830  $ (22,270) *
Company-owned:
Average unit volumes $ 1,037  $ 1,164  $ (127) (10.9) %
Comparable restaurant sales (14.0) % 3.4  %
________________
*Not meaningful.
22


Revenue

Total revenue decreased by $62.1 million, or 17.8%, in the first three quarters of 2020, to $286.5 million compared to $348.5 million in the same period of 2019. This decrease was primarily due to the decrease in comparable restaurant sales as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as refranchising 14 restaurants to a franchisee and the impact of closures of our company-owned restaurants on July 4 and 5, 2020.

AUVs were down slightly in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the first three quarters of 2019 due primarily to the decline in the second quarter of 2020 as a result of the early impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Comparable restaurant sales decreased by 14.0% at company-owned restaurants, decreased by 16.7% at franchise-owned restaurants and decreased by 14.3% system-wide in the first three quarters of 2020. The comparable restaurant sales decline in the first three quarters of 2020 was driven primarily by a decline in traffic related to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by increased off-premise sales and a new menu pricing structure.

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales decreased by $18.0 million, or 20.2%, in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019, due primarily to the decline in restaurant sales associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, ongoing supply chain initiatives, increased menu pricing and lower discounting, partially offset by higher packaging costs associated with the shift to increased off-premise sales. As a percentage of restaurant revenue, cost of sales decreased to 25.1% in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to 25.9% in the first three quarters of 2019 primarily due to increased menu pricing and supply chain savings initiatives.

Labor Costs

Labor costs decreased by $21.3 million, or 18.7%, in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019, due primarily to the decline in restaurant sales associated with the COVID-19 pandemic as well as labor initiatives implemented in the first three quarters of 2020 including modifying our labor model to reduce the number of front of house hours in our restaurants, especially during the time that indoor dining rooms were closed. As a percentage of restaurant revenue, labor costs decreased to 32.7% in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to 33.1% in the first three quarters of 2019. The decrease as a percentage of restaurant revenue was driven by the labor initiatives implemented.

Occupancy Costs

Occupancy costs decreased by $1.4 million, or 3.7%, in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the first three quarters of 2019 due to restaurants closed or impaired since the beginning of the third quarter of 2019 as well as the impact of the 14 restaurants sold to a franchisee since the third quarter of 2019. As a percentage of revenue, occupancy costs increased to 12.5% in first three quarters of 2020, compared to 10.7% in the first three quarters of 2019, primarily due to reduced revenue from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Other Restaurant Operating Costs

Other restaurant operating costs increased by $1.4 million, or 2.7%, in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the first three quarters of 2019, due to increased third-party delivery fees partially offset by decreases in utilities, repairs and maintenance, and credit card fees. As a percentage of restaurant revenue, other restaurant operating costs increased to 18.3% in the first three quarters of 2020, compared to 14.7% in the first three quarters of 2019 due primarily to increased third-party delivery fees resulting from a significant expansion of our use of third-party delivery services in the second and third quarters of 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Third party delivery fees were 4.8% and 1.4% of total revenue for the first three quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

General and Administrative Expense

General and administrative expense decreased by $1.0 million, or 3.1%, in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the first three quarters of 2019, due primarily to the cost savings initiatives implemented as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including position reductions, furloughs, temporary salary reductions and reduction in bonus expense, partially offset by an increase in severance and marketing expense. As a percentage of revenue, general and administrative expense increased to 11.0% in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to 9.3% in the first three quarters of 2019, primarily due to reduced revenue from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
23


Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization decreased by $0.4 million, or 2.1%, in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the first three quarters of 2019 primarily due to restaurants closed or impaired since the third quarter of 2019 and the impact of the 14 restaurants sold to a franchisee, partially offset by new asset additions. As a percentage of revenue, depreciation and amortization increased to 5.7% in the first three quarters of 2020, compared to 4.8% in the first three quarters of 2019, due primarily to the decline in restaurant sales as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Restaurant Impairments, Closure Costs and Asset Disposals

Restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals increased by $0.3 million in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the first three quarters of 2019. The increase was largely due to ongoing closure costs which was higher during the first three quarters of 2020 by $1.0 million compared to the same period in 2019 as the closure costs in the first three quarters of 2019 were partially offset by gains recognized from the adjustments to liabilities on lease terminations. During the first three quarters of 2020, we also incurred losses from the disposal of assets related to the divestiture of company-owned restaurants to a franchisee. Additionally, there were five restaurant impairments in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to two restaurant impairments in the first three quarters of 2019.

Interest Expense

Interest expense increased by $0.4 million in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019. The increase was mainly due to higher average borrowings and a higher average interest rate in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the first three quarters of 2019.

Provision for Income Taxes

The effective tax rate was (0.4)% for the first three quarters of 2020 compared to 2.2% for the first three quarters of 2019. The effective tax rate for the first three quarters of 2020 reflects the impact of the previously recorded valuation allowance. For the remainder of fiscal 2020, we do not anticipate material income tax expense or benefit as a result of the valuation allowance recorded. We will maintain a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets until there is sufficient evidence to support a full or partial reversal. The reversal of a previously recorded valuation allowance will generally result in a benefit from income tax.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Summary of Cash Flows
On November 20, 2019, the Company amended its 2018 Credit Facility by entering into the First Amendment to the Credit Facility (the “Amendment” or “Amended Credit Facility”).

On June 16, 2020 (the “Effective Date”), the Company amended its 2018 Credit Facility by entering into the Second Amendment to the Credit Facility (the “Second Amendment” or the “Second Amended Credit Facility”). Beginning on the Effective Date and through the third quarter of 2021 (the “Amendment Period”), borrowings under the Second Amended Credit Facility, including the term loan facility (“Borrowings”), will bear interest at LIBOR plus 3.25% per annum. Following the Amendment Period, Borrowings will bear interest at LIBOR plus a margin of 2.00% to 3.00% per annum, based upon the consolidated total lease-adjusted leverage ratio. Among other things, the Second Amendment (i) waives the lease-adjusted leverage ratio and fixed charge ratio covenants until the beginning of the second quarter of 2021, (ii) amends the Company’s lease-adjusted leverage ratio and fixed coverage ratio covenant thresholds beginning in the second quarter of 2021 through the third quarter of 2022 and the first quarter of 2022, respectively and (iii) limits capital expenditures to $12.0 million in 2020, $12.0 million plus a liquidity-based performance basket up to an additional $12.0 million in 2021, $34.0 million in 2022, $37.0 million in 2023 and $45.0 million annually thereafter. As of September 29, 2020, our cash and cash equivalents balance was $8.6 million and the amount available for future borrowings under our Amended Credit Facility was $52.3 million.

We have historically used cash to fund capital expenditures for new restaurant openings, reinvest in our existing restaurants, invest in infrastructure and information technology and maintain working capital. Our working capital position benefits from the fact that we generally collect cash from sales to customers the same day, or in the case of credit or debit card transactions, within several days of the related sale, and we typically have up to 30 days to pay our vendors.

24

We believe that we will be in compliance with our debt covenants and have sufficient sources of cash to meet our liquidity needs and capital resource requirements for the next twelve months, primarily through currently available cash and cash equivalents and cash flows from operations.

Cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities are shown in the following table (in thousands):
  Three Fiscal Quarters Ended
  September 29,
2020
October 1,
2019
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 8,314  $ 16,269 
Net cash used in investing activities (9,887) (14,823)
Net cash used in financing activities (265) (3,015)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents $ (1,838) $ (1,569)

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased to $8.3 million in the first three quarters of 2020 from net cash provided by operating activities of $16.3 million in the first three quarters of 2019. The decline in operating cash flows resulted primarily from decreased net income during the first three quarters of 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic as well as working capital changes during the first three quarters of 2020 compared to the prior period of 2019, adjusted for non-cash items such as depreciation and amortization, restaurant impairments, closure costs and asset disposals, stock-based compensation.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities decreased $4.9 million in the first three quarters of 2020 from $14.8 million in the first three quarters of 2019. This decrease was primarily due to fewer new restaurant openings in the first three quarters of 2020 compared to 2019 and the acquisition of one franchise restaurant in 2019.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities was $0.3 million in the first three quarters of 2020 largely related to precautionary draws on our revolving credit facility of $55.5 million offset by subsequent repayments totaling $54.1 million and related debt issuance costs as well as payments on finance leases. The first three quarters of 2019 included payments on long-term debt and finance leases.

Capital Resources

Future Capital Expenditure Requirements. Our capital expenditure requirements are primarily dependent upon the pace of our real estate development program and resulting new restaurant openings, costs for maintenance and remodeling of our existing restaurants as well as information technology expenses and other general corporate capital expenditures.

Due to the initial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, in the first two quarters of 2020, we substantively halted capital investment in new unit development as well as other discretionary capital initiatives, including our “kitchen of the future” initiative. We estimate capital expenditures will be approximately $11.5 million to $12.0 million for fiscal year 2020, primarily for repairs and maintenance and the opening of four company-owned restaurants. We expect such capital expenditures to be funded by currently available cash and cash equivalents and cash from operations.

Current Resources. Our operations have not historically required significant working capital and, like many restaurant companies, we operate with negative working capital. Restaurant sales are primarily paid for in cash or by credit or debit card, and restaurant operations do not require significant inventories or receivables. In addition, we receive trade credit for the purchase of food, beverages and supplies, therefore reducing the need for incremental working capital to support growth.

Liquidity. In the third quarter of 2020, we paid down $51.8 million on our revolving credit facility, providing the Company with a cash balance of approximately $8.6 million at the end of the third quarter of 2020 compared to $10.5 million as of December 31, 2019. We believe that our current cash and cash equivalents, the expected cash flows from company-owned restaurant operations, the expected franchise fees and royalties and available borrowings under the credit facility will be sufficient to fund our cash requirements for working capital needs and capital improvements and maintenance of existing restaurants for at least the next twelve months.
25


Credit Facility

In November of 2019, we amended our 2018 Credit Facility by entering into that certain First Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Amendment” or “First Amended Credit Facility”). Among other things, the Amendment: (i) extended the maturity date to November 20, 2024; (ii) increased the revolving credit facility from $65.0 million to $75.0 million; (iii) delayed step downs of the Company’s leverage covenant; and (iv) increased the limit on capital expenditures to $37.0 million in 2020 and to $45.0 million in 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter. Upon execution of the First Amended Credit Facility, the Company repaid in full its outstanding indebtedness under its prior credit facility using funds drawn on the First Amended Credit Facility. Upon repayment, the prior credit facility and all related agreements were terminated.
On June 16, 2020 (the “Effective Date”), the Company amended its 2018 Credit Facility by entering into the Second Amendment to the Credit Facility (the “Second Amendment” or the “Second Amended Credit Facility”). Beginning on the Effective Date and through the third quarter of 2021 (the “Amendment Period”), borrowings under the Second Amended Credit Facility, including the term loan facility (“Borrowings”), will bear interest at LIBOR plus 3.25% per annum. Following the Amendment Period, borrowings will bear interest at LIBOR plus a margin of 2.00% to 3.00% per annum, based upon the consolidated total lease-adjusted leverage ratio. Among other things, the Second Amendment (i) waives the lease-adjusted leverage ratio and fixed charge ratio covenants through the first quarter of 2021; (ii) amends the Company’s lease-adjusted leverage ratio and fixed coverage ratio covenant thresholds beginning in the second quarter of 2021 through the third quarter of 2022 and the first quarter of 2022, respectively and (iii) limits capital expenditures to $12.0 million in 2020, $12.0 million plus a liquidity-based performance basket up to an additional $12.0 million in 2021, $34.0 million in 2022, $37.0 million in 2023 and $45.0 million annually thereafter.

We have historically used cash to fund capital expenditures for new restaurant openings, reinvest in our existing restaurants, invest in infrastructure and information technology and maintain working capital. Our working capital position benefits from the fact that we generally collect cash from sales to customers the same day, or in the case of credit or debit card transactions, within several days of the related sale, and we typically have up to 30 days to pay our vendors.

As of September 29, 2020, we had $44.0 million of indebtedness (excluding $1.8 million of unamortized debt issuance costs) and $3.2 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Second Amended Credit Facility. The term loan requires principal payments of $187,500 per quarter through the third quarter of 2021, $375,000 per quarter through the third quarter of 2022, and $531,250 per quarter through the third quarter of 2023 and $625,000 per quarter thereafter through maturity.

Our Second Amended Credit Facility is secured by a pledge of stock of substantially all of our subsidiaries and a lien on substantially all of our and our subsidiaries’ personal property assets.

Based on our most recent financial estimates of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, we believe that we will be in compliance with our debt covenants and have sufficient liquidity to meet our cash requirements and reduced capital resource requirements for the next twelve months primarily through currently available cash and cash equivalents and cash flows from operations.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We had no off-balance sheet arrangements or obligations as of September 29, 2020.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Preparing consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by the application of our accounting policies. Our significant accounting policies are described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Critical accounting estimates are those that require application of management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. While we apply our judgment based on assumptions believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, actual results could vary from these assumptions. It is possible that materially different amounts would be reported using different assumptions. Our critical accounting estimates are identified and described in our annual consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
26


Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates on debt. Our exposure to interest rate fluctuations is limited to our outstanding bank debt, which bears interest at variable rates. As of September 29, 2020, we had $44.0 million of outstanding borrowings under our credit facility. An increase or decrease of 1.0% in the effective interest rate applied on these loans would have resulted in a pre-tax interest expense fluctuation of approximately $0.4 million on an annualized basis. There is currently uncertainty around whether LIBOR will continue to exist after 2021. If LIBOR ceases to exist, we may need to renegotiate our loan documents and we cannot predict what alternative index would be negotiated with our lenders. As a result, our interest expense could increase, thereby increasing our interest payments and costs of funding our other fixed costs, and impacting our available cash flow for general corporate requirements.

Commodity Price Risk

We purchase certain products that are affected by commodity prices and are, therefore, subject to price volatility caused by weather, market conditions and other factors which are not considered predictable or within our control. Although these products are subject to changes in commodity prices, certain purchasing contracts or pricing arrangements contain risk management techniques designed to minimize price volatility. Typically, we use these types of purchasing techniques to control costs as an alternative to directly managing financial instruments to hedge commodity prices. In many cases, we believe we will be able to address material commodity cost increases by adjusting our menu pricing or changing our product delivery strategy. However, increases in commodity prices, without adjustments to our menu prices, could increase restaurant operating costs as a percentage of restaurant revenue.

Inflation

The primary inflationary factors affecting our operations are food, labor costs, energy costs and materials used in the construction of new restaurants. Increases in the minimum wage requirements directly affect our labor costs. Many of our leases require us to pay taxes, maintenance, repairs, insurance and utilities, all of which are generally subject to inflationary increases. Finally, the cost of constructing our restaurants is subject to inflationary increases in the costs of labor and material. Over the past five years, inflation has not significantly affected our operating results with the exception of increased wage inflation that affected our results from 2016 through the first three quarters of 2020. We expect wage inflation may continue to affect our results in the near future.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Our management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our principal executive and financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 29, 2020, pursuant to Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

Based on that evaluation, our principal executive and financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to provide reasonable assurance that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief accounting officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during our most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

27


PART II

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

In the normal course of business, we are subject to other proceedings, lawsuits and claims. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties, and outcomes are not predictable with assurance. Consequently, we are unable to ascertain the ultimate aggregate amount of monetary liability or financial impact with respect to these matters as of September 29, 2020. These matters could affect the operating results of any one financial reporting period when resolved in future periods. We believe that an unfavorable outcome with respect to these matters is remote or a potential range of loss is not material to our consolidated financial statements. Significant increases in the number of these claims, or one or more successful claims that result in greater liabilities than we currently anticipate, could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

A description of the risk factors associated with our business is contained in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. There have been no material changes to our Risk Factors as previously reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly periods ended March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

28

Item 6. Exhibit Index
Exhibit Number Description of Exhibit
10.1*
10.2*
10.3*
10.4*
31.1 
32.1 
101.INS Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104.0  Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
__________________
*Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
29

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
NOODLES & COMPANY
By: /s/  KATHRYN LOCKHART
Kathryn Lockhart
Chief Accounting Officer (chief accounting officer and duly authorized signatory for the registrant)
Date October 29, 2020


30
Noodles (NASDAQ:NDLS)
Historical Stock Chart
From Dec 2020 to Jan 2021 Click Here for more Noodles Charts.
Noodles (NASDAQ:NDLS)
Historical Stock Chart
From Jan 2020 to Jan 2021 Click Here for more Noodles Charts.