LKQ Corporation (Nasdaq:LKQ) today reported third quarter 2022 financial results. “We are pleased with our third quarter results as they once again highlight our ongoing ability to combine best-in-class customer service with operational excellence. Our strong same day organic revenue growth and segment EBITDA margins in Wholesale - North America and Europe demonstrate our ability to serve our stakeholders in any environment,” noted Dominick Zarcone, President and Chief Executive Officer. “I want to thank our global teams for delivering another quarter of strong performance in a challenging macro environment, including commodities and foreign exchange volatility as well as other inflationary pressures that impacted our reported earnings. Additionally, we remain committed to returning capital to our stockholders, as evidenced by the 10% increase of the quarterly dividend and the expansion of our stock repurchase program.”

Third Quarter 2022 Financial Results

Revenue for the third quarter of 2022 was $3.1 billion, a decrease of 5.9% as compared to $3.3 billion in the third quarter of 2021. On a constant currency basis1, third quarter revenue grew by 1.0% to $3.3 billion. Parts and services organic revenue increased 4.8% on a reported basis (5.3% on a per day basis), while the net impact of acquisitions and divestitures decreased revenue by 2.3% and foreign exchange rates decreased revenue by 7.4%, for a total parts and services revenue decrease of 5.0%. Other revenue fell 17.4% primarily due to weaker commodity prices relative to the same period in 2021.

Net income2 for the quarter was $261 million as compared to $284 million for the same period in 2021. Diluted earnings per share2 for the quarter was $0.95 as compared to $0.96 for the same period of 2021, a decrease of 1.0%.

On an adjusted basis, net income1,2 in the quarter was $266 million as compared to $300 million for the same period of 2021, a decrease of 11.4%. Adjusted diluted earnings per share1,2 for the quarter was $0.97 as compared to $1.02 for the same period of 2021, a decrease of 4.9%.

1 Non-GAAP measure. See the table accompanying this release that reconciles the actual or forecasted U.S. GAAP measure to the actual or forecasted adjusted measure, which is non-GAAP.

2 References in this release to Net income and Diluted earnings per share, and the corresponding adjusted figures, reflect amounts from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders.

Cash Flow and Balance Sheet

For the third quarter, cash flow from operations and free cash flow1 were $273 million and $224 million, respectively. Cash flow from operations and free cash flow1 were $1.01 billion and $862 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. As of September 30, 2022, the balance sheet reflected total debt of $2.4 billion and net debt1 of $2.2 billion. Net leverage, as defined in the credit facility, was 1.3x EBITDA.

Stock Repurchase and Dividend Programs

During the third quarter of 2022, the Company invested $343 million to repurchase 6.8 million shares of its common stock. For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company has deployed $891 million to repurchase 17.6 million shares. Since initiating the stock repurchase program in late October 2018, the Company has repurchased approximately 52 million shares for a total of $2.2 billion through September 30, 2022. On October 25, 2022, the Board of Directors authorized a $1 billion increase to the existing share repurchase program and extended the duration through October 25, 2025.

On October 25, 2022, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.275 per share of common stock, payable on December 1, 2022, to stockholders of record at the close of business on November 17, 2022. This reflects a 10% increase over the prior quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share.

Other Events

On September 19, 2022, the Company announced new leadership appointments, effective immediately. Varun Laroyia, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, was appointed as Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of LKQ Europe. Rick Galloway, Chief Financial Officer of LKQ’s Wholesale - North America and Self Service segments, was appointed as LKQ’s Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.

2022 Outlook

Rick Galloway, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, commented: “The business continues to produce strong financial results in a difficult macro-economic environment. We anticipate the benefits associated with our operational excellence programs and capital allocation activities will be more than offset by the weak foreign exchange rates relative to the US dollar along with soft metals prices. Therefore, we have updated our guidance metrics to reflect these current market conditions, and also narrowed our guidance range for the balance of the year.”

For 2022, management updated the outlook as set forth below:

  2022 Previous Full Year Outlook 2022 Updated Full Year Outlook
Organic revenue growth for parts and services 4.5% to 6.5% 4.75% to 5.75%
Diluted EPS2 $4.09 to $4.29 $4.12 to $4.22
Adjusted diluted EPS1,2 $3.85 to $4.05 $3.85 to $3.95
Operating cash flow $1.3 billion $1.25 billion
Free cash flow1 minimum $1.0 billion approx. $1.0 billion
Free cash flow conversion of EBITDA1 55% to 60% 55% to 60%

Our outlook for the full year 2022 is based on current conditions and recent trends, and assumes current U.S. federal tax legislation remains unchanged, the prices of scrap and precious metals hold near the September average, and no further deterioration due to the Ukraine/Russia conflict. We have applied foreign currency exchange rates near October spot levels, including $0.97 and $1.11 for the euro and pound sterling, respectively, for the balance of the year. Prior guidance issued on July 28, 2022 had currency exchange rate levels of $1.02 and $1.20 for the euro and pound sterling, respectively. Changes in these conditions may impact our ability to achieve the estimates. Adjusted figures exclude (to the extent applicable) the impact of restructuring and transaction related expenses; amortization expense related to acquired intangibles; excess tax benefits and deficiencies from stock-based payments; losses on debt extinguishment; impairment charges; direct impacts of the Ukraine/Russia conflict (including provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability and expenditures to support our employees and their families) and gains and losses related to acquisitions or divestitures (including changes in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities and the gain on the PGW Auto Glass sale).

1 Non-GAAP measure. See the table accompanying this release that reconciles the actual or forecasted U.S. GAAP measure to the actual or forecasted adjusted measure, which is non-GAAP.

2 References in this release to Net income and Diluted earnings per share, and the corresponding adjusted figures, reflect amounts from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This release contains (and management’s presentation on the related conference call will refer to) non-GAAP financial measures within the meaning of Regulation G promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Included with this release are reconciliations of each non-GAAP financial measure with the most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP.

Conference Call Details

LKQ will host a conference call and webcast on October 27, 2022 at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time (7:00 a.m. Central Time) with members of senior management to discuss the Company's results. To access the investor conference call, please dial (888) 330-3494. International access to the call may be obtained by dialing (646) 960-0860. The investor conference call will require you to enter conference ID: 5232422#.

Webcast and Presentation Details

The audio webcast and accompanying slide presentation can be accessed at (www.lkqcorp.com) in the Investor Relations section.

A replay of the conference call will be available by telephone at (800) 770-2030 or (647) 362-9199 for international calls. The telephone replay will require you to enter conference ID: 5232422#. An online replay of the audio webcast will be available on the Company's website. Both formats of replay will be available through November 11, 2022. Please allow approximately two hours after the live presentation before attempting to access the replay.

About LKQ Corporation

LKQ Corporation (www.lkqcorp.com) is a leading provider of alternative and specialty parts to repair and accessorize automobiles and other vehicles. LKQ has operations in North America, Europe and Taiwan. LKQ offers its customers a broad range of OEM recycled and aftermarket parts, replacement systems, components, equipment, and services to repair and accessorize automobiles, trucks, and recreational and performance vehicles.

Forward Looking Statements

Statements and information in this press release and on the related conference call, including our outlook for 2022, as well as remarks by the Chief Executive Officer and other members of management, that are not historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and are made pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of such Act.

Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our outlook, guidance, expectations, beliefs, hopes, intentions and strategies. These statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors including those identified below. All forward-looking statements are based on information available to us at the time the statements are made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

You should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual events or results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. The risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that could cause actual events or results to differ from the events or results predicted or implied by our forward-looking statements include the factors set forth below, and other factors discussed in our filings with the SEC, including those disclosed under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 and in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. These reports are available on our investor relations website at lkqcorp.com and on the SEC website at sec.gov.

These factors include the following (not necessarily in order of importance):

  • effects on our business from the ongoing disruption to economic activity caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, including a decrease in the demand for our products and services and interruptions to our supply chain;
  • employment-related issues arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, including workforce shortages and health and safety issues at the workplace;
  • changes in economic, political and social conditions in the U.S. and other countries in which we are located or do business, including the U.K. withdrawal from the European Union (also known as Brexit), the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the resulting governmental sanctions imposed on Russia, and the geopolitical tension in Taiwan, and the impact of these changes on our businesses, the demand for our products and our ability to obtain financing for operations;
  • increasing competition in the automotive parts industry, including parts sold on online marketplaces and the potential competitive advantage to original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") with "connected car" technology, as well as the various efforts by OEMs to restrict or prohibit the sale of aftermarket or recycled parts;
  • changes to our business relationships with insurance companies or changes by insurance companies to their business practices relating to the use of our products as well as changes in the level of acceptance and promotion of alternative automotive parts by insurance companies and vehicle repairers;
  • restrictions or prohibitions on selling or importing aftermarket products through enforcement by OEMs or governmental agencies of intellectual property rights or import laws;
  • variations in the number of vehicles manufactured and sold, vehicle accident rates, miles driven, and the age profile of vehicles in accidents, the increase of accident avoidance systems being installed in vehicles, the potential loss of sales of certain mechanical parts due to the rise of electric vehicle sales, or changes in the demand for our products and the supply of our inventory due to severity of weather and seasonality of weather patterns;
  • fluctuations in the prices of fuel, metals and other commodities;
  • changes in our relationships with our suppliers, disruption to our supply of inventory, or the misconduct, performance failures or negligence of our third party vendors or service providers could increase our expenses, impede our ability to serve our customers, or expose us to liability; as well as price increases, interruptions or disruptions to the supply of vehicle parts from aftermarket suppliers and vehicles from salvage auctions;
  • if our goodwill or other intangible assets become impaired, or there are declines in the values of our assets, including as a result of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, we may incur significant charges to our pre-tax income;
  • product liability claims by the end users of our products or claims by other parties who we have promised to indemnify for product liability matters and costs associated with recalls of the products we sell;
  • our ability to identify acquisition candidates at reasonable prices and our ability to successfully divest businesses and our ability to integrate, realize expected synergies, and successfully operate acquired companies and any companies acquired in the future, and the risks associated with these companies;
  • inflationary pressure on our supply chain as the economy recovers from the initial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;
  • inflationary pressures in product, labor, shipping, freight, and general overhead costs;
  • our ability to satisfy our debt obligations and to operate within the limitations imposed by financing arrangements, including the possibility of not satisfying one or more of the financial covenants in our credit facility or the terms of the indentures governing our senior notes;
  • our senior notes are subject to risks that could affect the value of the notes, require holders of the notes to return payments received from us or the guarantors, or affect our ability to repurchase the notes upon a change of control or pursuant to an asset sale offer;
  • our ability to obtain financing on acceptable terms to finance our growth;
  • our ability to issue dividend payments and fluctuations in the related payments;
  • changes in laws or regulations affecting our business;
  • our operations are subject to environmental regulations and we may incur costs relating to environmental matters;
  • our bylaws provide that the courts in the State of Delaware are the exclusive forums for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders;
  • changes to applicable U.S. and foreign tax laws, changes to interpretations of tax laws, and changes in our mix of earnings among the jurisdictions in which we operate;
  • the implementation of a border tax or tariff on imports and the negative impact on our business due to the amount of inventory we import;
  • governmental agencies may refuse to grant or renew our operating licenses and permits for our salvage, self service and refurbishing businesses;
  • loss of key management personnel may affect our ability to successfully manage our business and achieve our objectives;
  • the risks associated with operating in foreign jurisdictions, including foreign laws and economic and political instabilities and currency fluctuations in the U.S. dollar, pound sterling and euro versus other currencies;
  • additional unionization efforts, new collective bargaining agreements, and work stoppages;
  • our ability to develop and implement the operational and financial systems needed to manage our operations; and interruptions, outages or breaches of our operational systems, security systems, or infrastructure as a result of attacks on, or malfunctions of, our systems;
  • costs of complying with laws relating to the security of personal information;
  • business interruptions affecting our distribution centers, computer systems and the availability of inventory;
  • problems with our fleet of trucks and other vehicles could affect our business;
  • potential losses of our right to operate at key locations if we are not able to negotiate lease renewals or due to environmental issues; and
  • disruptions to the management and operations of our business and the uncertainties caused by activist investors.

Contact:Joseph P. Boutross - Vice President, Investor RelationsLKQ Corporation(312) 621-2793jpboutross@lkqcorp.com

LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIESUnaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, with Supplementary Data (In millions, except per share data)

  Three Months Ended September 30,
    2022       2021          
      % of Revenue (1)       % of Revenue (1)   $ Change   % Change
Revenue $ 3,104     100.0 %   $ 3,297     100.0 %   $ (193 )   (5.9) %
Cost of goods sold   1,828     58.9 %     1,953     59.2 %     (125 )   (6.4) %
Gross margin   1,276     41.1 %     1,344     40.8 %     (68 )   (5.0) %
Selling, general and administrative expenses   861     27.8 %     898     27.2 %     (37 )   (4.0) %
Restructuring and transaction related expenses   3     0.1 %     3     0.1 %         %
Gain on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale   (4 )   (0.1) %     1     %     (5 )   n/m
Depreciation and amortization   58     1.9 %     64     1.9 %     (6 )   (9.3) %
Operating income   358     11.5 %     378     11.5 %     (20 )   (5.5) %
Other expense (income):                      
Interest expense, net of interest income   17     0.5 %     16     0.5 %     1     10.1 %
Other income, net   (6 )   (0.2) %     (3 )   (0.1) %     (3 )   n/m
Total other expense, net   11     0.4 %     13     0.4 %     (2 )   (11.3) %
Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes   347     11.2 %     365     11.1 %     (18 )   (5.3) %
Provision for income taxes   88     2.8 %     89     2.7 %     (1 )   (2.3) %
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries   2     0.1 %     8     0.2 %     (6 )   (77.5) %
Income from continuing operations   261     8.4 %     284     8.6 %     (23 )   (8.2) %
Net income from discontinued operations   1     %         %     1     n/m
Net income   262     8.4 %     284     8.6 %     (22 )   (7.7) %
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest       %         %         n/m
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 262     8.4 %   $ 284     8.6 %   $ (22 )   (7.9) %
                       
Basic earnings per share: (2)                      
Income from continuing operations $ 0.95         $ 0.97         $ (0.02 )   (2.1) %
Net income from discontinued operations                           %
Net income   0.96           0.97           (0.01 )   (1.0) %
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest                           %
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 0.96         $ 0.97         $ (0.01 )   (1.0) %
                       
Diluted earnings per share: (2)                      
Income from continuing operations $ 0.95         $ 0.96         $ (0.01 )   (1.0) %
Net income from discontinued operations                           %
Net income   0.95           0.96           (0.01 )   (1.0) %
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest                           %
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 0.95         $ 0.96         $ (0.01 )   (1.0) %
                       
Weighted average common shares outstanding:                      
Basic   273.8           294.0           (20.2 )   (6.9) %
Diluted   274.6           294.9           (20.3 )   (6.9) %
(1)  The sum of the individual percentage of revenue components may not equal the total due to rounding.
(2)  The sum of the individual earnings per share amounts may not equal the total due to rounding.

LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIESUnaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, with Supplementary Data (In millions, except per share data)

  Nine Months Ended September 30,
    2022       2021          
      % of Revenue (1)       % of Revenue (1)   $ Change   % Change
Revenue $ 9,793     100.0 %   $ 9,903     100.0 %   $ (110 )   (1.1) %
Cost of goods sold   5,793     59.1 %     5,850     59.1 %     (57 )   (1.0) %
Gross margin   4,000     40.9 %     4,053     40.9 %     (53 )   (1.3) %
Selling, general and administrative expenses   2,683     27.4 %     2,648     26.7 %     35     1.4 %
Restructuring and transaction related expenses   10     0.1 %     16     0.2 %     (6 )   (37.3) %
Gain on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale   (159 )   (1.6) %         %     (159 )   n/m
Depreciation and amortization   178     1.8 %     195     2.0 %     (17 )   (8.7) %
Operating income   1,288     13.2 %     1,194     12.1 %     94     7.9 %
Other expense (income):                      
Interest expense, net of interest income   46     0.5 %     56     0.6 %     (10 )   (17.1) %
Loss on debt extinguishment       %     24     0.2 %     (24 )   n/m
Other income, net   (4 )   %     (15 )   (0.1) %     11     (72.3) %
Total other expense, net   42     0.4 %     65     0.7 %     (23 )   (35.5) %
Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes   1,246     12.7 %     1,129     11.4 %     117     10.4 %
Provision for income taxes   304     3.1 %     290     2.9 %     14     4.7 %
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries   8     0.1 %     17     0.2 %     (9 )   (53.3) %
Income from continuing operations   950     9.7 %     856     8.6 %     94     11.0 %
Net income from discontinued operations   5     0.1 %         %     5     n/m
Net income   955     9.8 %     856     8.6 %     99     11.7 %
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest       %     1     %     (1 )   n/m
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 955     9.7 %   $ 855     8.6 %   $ 100     11.7 %
                       
Basic earnings per share: (2)                      
Income from continuing operations $ 3.39         $ 2.86         $ 0.53     18.5 %
Net income from discontinued operations   0.02                     0.02     n/m
Net income   3.41           2.86           0.55     19.2 %
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest                           %
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 3.41         $ 2.86         $ 0.55     19.2 %
                       
Diluted earnings per share: (2)                      
Income from continuing operations $ 3.38         $ 2.85         $ 0.53     18.6 %
Net income from discontinued operations   0.02                     0.02     n/m
Net income   3.40           2.85           0.55     19.3 %
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest                           %
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 3.40         $ 2.85         $ 0.55     19.3 %
                       
Weighted average common shares outstanding:                      
Basic   280.2           299.2           (19.0 )   (6.3) %
Diluted   281.2           300.0           (18.8 )   (6.3) %
(1)  The sum of the individual percentage of revenue components may not equal the total due to rounding.
(2)  The sum of the individual earnings per share amounts may not equal the total due to rounding. .

LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIESUnaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets(In millions, except per share data)

  September 30, 2022   December 31, 2021
Assets      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 269     $ 274  
Receivables, net   1,051       1,073  
Inventories   2,635       2,611  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   247       296  
Total current assets   4,202       4,254  
Property, plant and equipment, net   1,169       1,299  
Operating lease assets, net   1,193       1,361  
Goodwill   4,132       4,540  
Other intangibles, net   626       746  
Equity method investments   146       181  
Other noncurrent assets   198       225  
Total assets $ 11,666     $ 12,606  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 1,356     $ 1,176  
Accrued expenses:      
Accrued payroll-related liabilities   224       261  
Refund liability   108       107  
Other accrued expenses   309       271  
Current portion of operating lease liabilities   181       203  
Current portion of long-term obligations   50       35  
Other current liabilities   123       112  
Total current liabilities   2,351       2,165  
Long-term operating lease liabilities, excluding current portion   1,066       1,209  
Long-term obligations, excluding current portion   2,390       2,777  
Deferred income taxes   246       279  
Other noncurrent liabilities   312       365  
Commitments and contingencies      
Redeemable noncontrolling interest   24       24  
Stockholders’ equity:      
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000.0 shares authorized, 322.3 shares issued and 270.1 shares outstanding at September 30, 2022; 321.6 shares issued and 287.0 shares outstanding at December 31, 2021   3       3  
Additional paid-in capital   1,499       1,474  
Retained earnings   6,536       5,794  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (539 )     (153 )
Treasury stock, at cost; 52.2 shares at September 30, 2022 and 34.6 shares at December 31, 2021   (2,237 )     (1,346 )
Total Company stockholders’ equity   5,262       5,772  
Noncontrolling interest   15       15  
Total stockholders’ equity   5,277       5,787  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 11,666     $ 12,606  

LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIESUnaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows(In millions)

  Nine Months Ended September 30,
    2022       2021  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:      
Net income $ 955     $ 856  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization   197       212  
Gain on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale   (159 )      
Stock-based compensation expense   31       25  
Loss on debt extinguishment         24  
Other   (22 )     (45 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions and dispositions:      
Receivables, net   (118 )     (134 )
Inventories   (349 )     (53 )
Prepaid income taxes/income taxes payable   63       (29 )
Accounts payable   378       378  
Other operating assets and liabilities   34       128  
Net cash provided by operating activities   1,010       1,362  
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:      
Purchases of property, plant and equipment   (148 )     (133 )
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment   5       16  
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired   (4 )     (67 )
Proceeds from disposals of businesses   399       6  
Other investing activities, net   (8 )     (23 )
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   244       (201 )
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:      
Early-redemption premium         (16 )
Repayment of Euro Notes (2026)         (883 )
Borrowings under revolving credit facilities   1,323       4,098  
Repayments under revolving credit facilities   (1,451 )     (3,242 )
Repayments under term loans         (324 )
Borrowings (repayments) of other debt, net   9       (18 )
Settlement of derivative instruments, net         (89 )
Dividends paid to LKQ stockholders   (210 )      
Purchase of treasury stock   (872 )     (575 )
Other financing activities, net   (16 )     (17 )
Net cash used in financing activities   (1,217 )     (1,066 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (42 )     (4 )
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents   (5 )     91  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   274       312  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 269     $ 403  

The following unaudited tables compare certain third party revenue categories:

  Three Months Ended September 30,    
(In millions)   2022     2021   $ Change   % Change
Wholesale - North America $ 1,026   $ 1,025   $ 1     0.1 %
Europe   1,376     1,520     (144 )   (9.4) %
Specialty   452     465     (13 )   (2.8) %
Self Service   55     51     4     7.2 %
Parts and services   2,909     3,061     (152 )   (5.0) %
Wholesale - North America   82     87     (5 )   (4.5) %
Europe   4     5     (1 )   (27.0) %
Self Service   109     144     (35 )   (24.8) %
Other   195     236     (41 )   (17.4) %
Total $ 3,104   $ 3,297   $ (193 )   (5.9) %

Revenue changes by category for the three months ended September 30, 2022 vs. 2021:

  Revenue Change Attributable to:    
  Organic (1)   Acquisition and Divestiture   Foreign Exchange   Total Change (2)
Wholesale - North America 10.9 %   (10.6) %   (0.2) %   0.1 %
Europe 4.8 %   0.5 %   (14.7) %   (9.4) %
Specialty (9.1) %   6.6 %   (0.3) %   (2.8) %
Self Service 7.2 %   %   %   7.2 %
Parts and services 4.8 %   (2.3) %   (7.4) %   (5.0) %
Wholesale - North America (4.4) %   0.1 %   (0.2) %   (4.5) %
Europe (11.6) %   %   (15.3) %   (27.0) %
Self Service (24.8) %   %   %   (24.8) %
Other (17.1) %   %   (0.4) %   (17.4) %
Total 3.2 %   (2.1) %   (6.9) %   (5.9) %

(1)   We define organic revenue growth as total revenue growth from continuing operations excluding the effects of acquisitions and divestitures (i.e., revenue generated from the date of acquisition to the first anniversary of that acquisition, net of reduced revenue due to the disposal of businesses) and foreign currency movements (i.e., impact of translating revenue at different exchange rates). Organic revenue growth includes incremental sales from both existing and new (i.e., opened within the last twelve months) locations and is derived from expanding business with existing customers, securing new customers and offering additional products and services. We believe that organic revenue growth is a key performance indicator as this statistic measures our ability to serve and grow our customer base successfully.

(2)   The sum of the individual revenue change components may not equal the total percentage change due to rounding.

The following unaudited tables compare certain third party revenue categories:

  Nine Months Ended September 30,    
(In millions)   2022     2021   $ Change   % Change
Wholesale - North America $ 3,182   $ 3,018   $ 164     5.4 %
Europe   4,327     4,545     (218 )   (4.8) %
Specialty   1,424     1,454     (30 )   (2.1) %
Self Service   172     154     18     11.6 %
Parts and services   9,105     9,171     (66 )   (0.7) %
Wholesale - North America   271     263     8     3.6 %
Europe   18     20     (2 )   (11.7) %
Self Service   399     449     (50 )   (11.3) %
Other   688     732     (44 )   (6.0) %
Total $ 9,793   $ 9,903   $ (110 )   (1.1) %

Revenue changes by category for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 vs. 2021:

  Revenue Change Attributable to:    
  Organic (1)   Acquisition and Divestiture   Foreign Exchange   Total Change (2)
Wholesale - North America 11.7 %   (6.1) %   (0.1) %   5.4 %
Europe 5.3 %   0.4 %   (10.5) %   (4.8) %
Specialty (9.7) %   7.9 %   (0.3) %   (2.1) %
Self Service 11.6 %   %   %   11.6 %
Parts and services 5.1 %   (0.6) %   (5.3) %   (0.7) %
Wholesale - North America 3.2 %   0.6 %   (0.1) %   3.6 %
Europe (1.1) %   %   (10.5) %   (11.7) %
Self Service (11.3) %   %   %   (11.3) %
Other (5.8) %   0.2 %   (0.3) %   (6.0) %
Total 4.3 %   (0.5) %   (4.9) %   (1.1) %

(1)   We define organic revenue growth as total revenue growth from continuing operations excluding the effects of acquisitions and divestitures (i.e., revenue generated from the date of acquisition to the first anniversary of that acquisition, net of reduced revenue due to the disposal of businesses) and foreign currency movements (i.e., impact of translating revenue at different exchange rates). Organic revenue growth includes incremental sales from both existing and new (i.e., opened within the last twelve months) locations and is derived from expanding business with existing customers, securing new customers and offering additional products and services. We believe that organic revenue growth is a key performance indicator as this statistic measures our ability to serve and grow our customer base successfully.

(2)   The sum of the individual revenue change components may not equal the total percentage change due to rounding.

The following unaudited table reconciles revenue and revenue growth for parts & services and total revenue to constant currency revenue and revenue growth for the same measures:

    Three Months Ended September 30, 2022   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022
(In millions)   Consolidated   Europe   Consolidated   Europe
Parts & Services                
Revenue as reported   $ 2,909     $ 1,376     $ 9,105     $ 4,327  
Less: Currency impact     (226 )     (224 )     (483 )     (476 )
Revenue at constant currency   $ 3,135     $ 1,600     $ 9,588     $ 4,803  
                 
Total                
Revenue as reported   $ 3,104         $ 9,793      
Less: Currency impact     (228 )         (486 )    
Revenue at constant currency   $ 3,332         $ 10,279      
    Three Months Ended September 30, 2022   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022
    Consolidated   Europe   Consolidated   Europe
Parts & Services                
Revenue growth as reported   (5.0) %     (9.4) %     (0.7) %     (4.8) %
Less: Currency impact   (7.4) %     (14.7) %     (5.3) %     (10.5) %
Revenue growth at constant currency   2.4 %     5.3 %     4.6 %     5.7 %
                 
Total                
Revenue growth as reported   (5.9) %         (1.1) %      
Less: Currency impact   (6.9) %         (4.9) %      
Revenue growth at constant currency   1.0 %         3.8 %      

We have presented our revenue and the growth rate on both an as reported and a constant currency basis. The constant currency presentation, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We believe providing constant currency revenue information provides valuable supplemental information regarding our growth, consistent with how we evaluate our performance, as this statistic removes the translation impact of exchange rate fluctuations, which are outside of our control and do not reflect our operational performance. Constant currency revenue results are calculated by translating prior year revenue in local currency using the current year's currency conversion rate. This non-GAAP financial measure has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for an analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Our use of this term may vary from the use of similarly-titled measures by other issuers due to the potential inconsistencies in the method of calculation and differences due to items subject to interpretation. In addition, not all companies that report revenue growth on a constant currency basis calculate such measure in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculations are not necessarily comparable to similarly-named measures of other companies and may not be appropriate measures for performance relative to other companies.

The following unaudited table compares revenue and Segment EBITDA by reportable segment:

  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
    2022       2021       2022       2021  
(In millions)   % of Revenue     % of Revenue     % of Revenue     % of Revenue
Revenue                      
Wholesale - North America $ 1,109       $ 1,112       $ 3,454       $ 3,282    
Europe   1,380         1,525         4,345         4,565    
Specialty   452         466         1,426         1,457    
Self Service   164         195         571         603    
Eliminations   (1 )       (1 )       (3 )       (4 )  
Total revenue $ 3,104       $ 3,297       $ 9,793       $ 9,903    
Segment EBITDA                      
Wholesale - North America $ 216   19.4 %   $ 190   17.1 %   $ 648   18.7 %   $ 603   18.4 %
Europe   155   11.3 %     175   11.5 %     446   10.3 %     484   10.6 %
Specialty   49   10.8 %     52   11.1 %     176   12.4 %     193   13.2 %
Self Service   4   2.6 %     36   18.4 %     76   13.3 %     148   24.6 %
Total Segment EBITDA $ 424   13.7 %   $ 453   13.7 %   $ 1,346   13.7 %   $ 1,428   14.4 %

We have presented Segment EBITDA solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our segment profit and loss and underlying trends in our ongoing operations. We calculate Segment EBITDA as EBITDA excluding restructuring and transaction related expenses (which includes restructuring expenses recorded in Cost of goods sold); change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities; other gains and losses related to acquisitions, equity method investments, or divestitures; equity in losses and earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries; equity investment fair value adjustments; impairment charges; and direct impacts of the Ukraine/Russia conflict and related sanctions (including provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability and expenditures to support our employees and their families). EBITDA, which is the basis for Segment EBITDA, is calculated as net income attributable to LKQ stockholders excluding discontinued operations, depreciation, amortization, interest (which includes gains and losses on debt extinguishment) and income tax expense. Our chief operating decision maker, who is our Chief Executive Officer, uses Segment EBITDA as the key measure of our segment profit or loss. We use Segment EBITDA to compare profitability among our segments and evaluate business strategies. This financial measure is included in the metrics used to determine incentive compensation for our senior management. We also consider Segment EBITDA to be a useful financial measure in evaluating our operating performance, as it provides investors, securities analysts and other interested parties with supplemental information regarding the underlying trends in our ongoing operations. Segment EBITDA includes revenue and expenses that are controllable by the segment. Corporate general and administrative expenses are allocated to the segments based on usage, with shared expenses apportioned based on the segment's percentage of consolidated revenue. Refer to the table on the following page for a reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and Segment EBITDA.

The following unaudited table reconciles Net Income to EBITDA and Segment EBITDA:

  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)   2022       2021       2022       2021  
Net income $ 262     $ 284     $ 955     $ 856  
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest                     1  
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders   262       284       955       855  
Subtract:              
Net income from discontinued operations   1             5        
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders   261       284       950       855  
Add:              
Depreciation and amortization   58       64       178       195  
Depreciation and amortization - cost of goods sold   6       6       19       16  
Depreciation and amortization - restructuring expenses (1)         1             1  
Interest expense, net of interest income   17       16       46       56  
Loss on debt extinguishment                     24  
Provision for income taxes   88       89       304       290  
EBITDA   430       460       1,497       1,437  
Subtract:              
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries   2       8       8       17  
Equity investment fair value adjustments         2       (3 )     8  
Add:              
Restructuring and transaction related expenses (1)   3       2       10       15  
Gain on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale   (4 )     1       (159 )      
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities                     1  
Gains on previously held equity interests   (2 )           (1 )      
Direct impacts of Ukraine/Russia conflict (2)   (1 )           4        
Segment EBITDA $ 424     $ 453     $ 1,346     $ 1,428  
               
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders as a percentage of revenue   8.4 %     8.6 %     9.7 %     8.6 %
EBITDA as a percentage of revenue   13.8 %     13.9 %     15.3 %     14.5 %
Segment EBITDA as a percentage of revenue   13.7 %     13.7 %     13.7 %     14.4 %

Note: In the table above, the sum of the individual amounts may not equal the total due to rounding.

(1)   The sum of these two captions represents the total amount that is reported in Restructuring and transaction related expenses in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.(2) Adjustments include provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability (receivables and inventory) and expenditures to support our employees and their families in Ukraine.

We have presented EBITDA solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our operating performance and the value of our business. We calculate EBITDA as net income attributable to LKQ stockholders excluding discontinued operations, depreciation, amortization, interest (which includes gains and losses on debt extinguishment) and income tax expense. We believe EBITDA provides insight into our profitability trends and allows management and investors to analyze our operating results with the impact of continuing noncontrolling interest and without the impact of discontinued operations, depreciation, amortization, interest (which includes gains and losses on debt extinguishment) and income tax expense. We believe EBITDA is used by investors, securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating the operating performance and the value of other companies, many of which present EBITDA when reporting their results.

We have presented Segment EBITDA solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our segment profit and loss and underlying trends in our ongoing operations. We calculate Segment EBITDA as EBITDA excluding restructuring and transaction related expenses (which includes restructuring expenses recorded in Cost of goods sold); change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities; other gains and losses related to acquisitions, equity method investments, or divestitures; equity in losses and earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries; equity investment fair value adjustments; impairment charges; and direct impacts of the Ukraine/Russia conflict and related sanctions (including provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability and expenditures to support our employees and their families). Our chief operating decision maker, who is our Chief Executive Officer, uses Segment EBITDA as the key measure of our segment profit or loss. We use Segment EBITDA to compare profitability among our segments and evaluate business strategies. This financial measure is included in the metrics used to determine incentive compensation for our senior management. Segment EBITDA includes revenue and expenses that are controllable by the segment. Corporate general and administrative expenses are allocated to the segments based on usage, with shared expenses apportioned based on the segment's percentage of consolidated revenue.

EBITDA and Segment EBITDA should not be construed as alternatives to operating income, net income or net cash provided by operating activities, as determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In addition, not all companies that report EBITDA or Segment EBITDA information calculate EBITDA or Segment EBITDA in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculations are not necessarily comparable to similarly-named measures of other companies and may not be appropriate measures for performance relative to other companies.

The following unaudited table reconciles Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share to Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders, respectively:

  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except per share data)   2022       2021       2022       2021  
Net income $ 262     $ 284     $ 955     $ 856  
Less: net income attributable to continuing noncontrolling interest                     1  
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders   262       284       955       855  
Subtract:              
Net income from discontinued operations   1             5        
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders   261       284       950       855  
Adjustments - continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders:              
Amortization of acquired intangibles   15       19       48       59  
Restructuring and transaction related expenses   3       3       10       16  
Gains on previously held equity interests   (2 )           (1 )      
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities                     1  
Loss on debt extinguishment                     24  
Direct impacts of Ukraine/Russia conflict (1)   (1 )           4        
Gain on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale   (4 )     1       (159 )      
Excess tax benefit from stock-based payments   (1 )     (1 )     (3 )     (2 )
Tax effect of adjustments   (5 )     (6 )     11       (27 )
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 266     $ 300     $ 860     $ 926  
               
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding   274.6       294.9       281.2       300.0  
               
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders:              
Reported $ 0.95     $ 0.96     $ 3.37     $ 2.85  
Adjusted $ 0.97     $ 1.02     $ 3.06     $ 3.09  

(1)   Adjustments include provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability (receivables and inventory) and expenditures to support our employees and their families in Ukraine.

We have presented Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders as we believe these measures are useful for evaluating the core operating performance of our continuing business across reporting periods and in analyzing our historical operating results. We define Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders as Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share adjusted to eliminate the impact of continuing noncontrolling interest, discontinued operations, restructuring and transaction related expenses, amortization expense related to all acquired intangible assets, gains and losses on debt extinguishment, the change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, other gains and losses related to acquisitions, equity method investments, or divestitures, impairment charges, direct impacts of the Ukraine/Russia conflict and related sanctions (including provisions for and subsequent adjustments to reserves for asset recoverability and expenditures to support our employees and their families), excess tax benefits and deficiencies from stock-based payments and any tax effect of these adjustments. The tax effect of these adjustments is calculated using the effective tax rate for the applicable period or for certain discrete items the specific tax expense or benefit for the adjustment. Given the variability and volatility of the amount and frequency of costs related to transactions, management believes that these costs are not normal operating expenses and should be adjusted in our calculation of Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders. Our adjustment of the amortization of all acquisition-related intangible assets does not exclude the amortization of other assets, which represents expense that is directly attributable to ongoing operations. Management believes that the adjustment relating to amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets supplements the GAAP information with a measure that can be used to assess the comparability of operating performance. The acquired intangible assets were recorded as part of purchase accounting and contribute to revenue generation. Amortization of intangible assets that relate to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. Any future acquisitions may result in the amortization of additional intangible assets. These financial measures are used by management in its decision making and overall evaluation of our operating performance and are included in the metrics used to determine incentive compensation for our senior management. Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders should not be construed as alternatives to Net Income or Diluted Earnings per Share as determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In addition, not all companies that report measures similar to Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders calculate such measures in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculations are not necessarily comparable to similarly-named measures of other companies and may not be appropriate measures for performance relative to other companies.

The following unaudited table reconciles Forecasted Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders to Forecasted Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders, respectively:

  Forecasted
  Fiscal Year 2022
(In millions, except per share data) Minimum Outlook   Maximum Outlook
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 1,145     $ 1,173  
Adjustments:      
Amortization of acquired intangibles   62       62  
Restructuring and transaction related expenses   15       15  
Gain on disposal of businesses and impairment of net assets held for sale   (159 )     (159 )
Other adjustments   (1 )     (1 )
Tax effect of adjustments   8       8  
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 1,070     $ 1,098  
       
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding   278.0       278.0  
       
Diluted EPS from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders:      
U.S. GAAP $ 4.12     $ 4.22  
Non-GAAP (Adjusted) $ 3.85     $ 3.95  

We have presented forecasted Adjusted Net Income and forecasted Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders in our financial outlook. Refer to the discussion of Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders for details on the calculation of these non-GAAP financial measures. In the calculation of forecasted Adjusted Net Income and forecasted Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders, we included estimates of net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders, amortization of acquired intangibles for the full fiscal year 2022, restructuring and transaction related expenses under previously announced plans, and the related tax effect; we included for all other components the amounts incurred through September 30, 2022.

The following unaudited table reconciles Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow:

  Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)   2022     2021     2022     2021
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 273   $ 429   $ 1,010   $ 1,362
Less: purchases of property, plant and equipment   49     45     148     133
Free cash flow $ 224   $ 384   $ 862   $ 1,229

We have presented free cash flow solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our liquidity. We calculate free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities, less purchases of property, plant and equipment. We believe free cash flow provides insight into our liquidity and provides useful information to management and investors concerning our cash flow available to meet future debt service obligations and working capital requirements, make strategic acquisitions, pay dividends and repurchase stock. We believe free cash flow is used by investors, securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating the liquidity of other companies, many of which present free cash flow when reporting their results. This financial measure is included in the metrics used to determine incentive compensation for our senior management. Free cash flow should not be construed as an alternative to net cash provided by operating activities, as determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In addition, not all companies that report free cash flow information calculate free cash flow in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculation is not necessarily comparable to similarly-named measures of other companies and may not be an appropriate measure for liquidity relative to other companies.

The following unaudited table reconciles Forecasted Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Forecasted Free Cash Flow:

  Forecasted
  Fiscal Year 2022
(In millions) Outlook
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 1,250
Less: purchases of property, plant and equipment   250
Free cash flow $ 1,000

We have presented forecasted free cash flow in our financial outlook. Refer to the paragraph above for details on the calculation of free cash flow.

The following unaudited table reconciles Total Debt to Net Debt:

(In millions) September 30, 2022   December 31, 2021
Current portion of long-term obligations $ 50   $ 35
Long-term obligations, excluding current portion   2,390     2,777
Total debt, net of debt issuance costs   2,440     2,812
Add: Debt issuance costs   7     12
Total debt   2,447     2,824
Less: Cash and cash equivalents   269     274
Net debt $ 2,178   $ 2,550

We have presented net debt solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our liquidity and financial position. We calculate net debt as total debt less cash and cash equivalents. We believe net debt provides insight into our liquidity and provides useful information to management and investors concerning our financial position. We believe net debt is used by investors, securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating the liquidity and financial position of other companies, many of which present net debt when reporting their results. Net debt should not be construed as an alternative to total debt, as determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In addition, not all companies that report net debt information calculate net debt in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculation is not necessarily comparable to similarly-named measures of other companies and may not be an appropriate measure for performance relative to other companies.

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