000080788210/32021Q2false6111100008078822020-09-282021-04-11xbrli:shares00008078822021-05-07iso4217:USD00008078822021-04-1100008078822020-09-27iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0000807882jack:RestaurantSalesMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882jack:RestaurantSalesMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882jack:RestaurantSalesMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882jack:RestaurantSalesMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882us-gaap:FranchiseMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FranchiseMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:FranchiseMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FranchiseMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882jack:RoyaltyandOtherMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882jack:RoyaltyandOtherMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882jack:RoyaltyandOtherMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882jack:RoyaltyandOtherMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882jack:FranchisecontributionsforadvertisingandotherservicesDomain2021-01-182021-04-110000807882jack:FranchisecontributionsforadvertisingandotherservicesDomain2020-01-202020-04-120000807882jack:FranchisecontributionsforadvertisingandotherservicesDomain2020-09-282021-04-110000807882jack:FranchisecontributionsforadvertisingandotherservicesDomain2019-09-302020-04-1200008078822021-01-182021-04-1100008078822020-01-202020-04-1200008078822019-09-302020-04-1200008078822019-09-2900008078822020-04-12jack:restaurant0000807882us-gaap:EntityOperatedUnitsMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:EntityOperatedUnitsMember2020-04-120000807882us-gaap:FranchisedUnitsMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FranchisedUnitsMember2020-04-12jack:segmentxbrli:pure0000807882us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:RoyaltyMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:RoyaltyMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:RoyaltyMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:RoyaltyMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882us-gaap:TechnologyServiceMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:TechnologyServiceMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:TechnologyServiceMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:TechnologyServiceMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882jack:FranchiseFeesMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882jack:FranchiseFeesMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882jack:FranchiseFeesMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882jack:FranchiseFeesMember2019-09-302020-04-1200008078822021-04-122021-04-1100008078822021-10-042021-04-1100008078822022-09-292021-04-1100008078822023-09-292021-04-1100008078822024-09-292021-04-1100008078822025-09-282021-04-110000807882jack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberjack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberjack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberjack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-04-110000807882jack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberjack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberjack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberjack:NonQualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberjack:SeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberjack:SeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberjack:SeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberjack:SeniorSecuredNotesClassA2Member2020-09-270000807882us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember2019-09-302020-04-12jack:defined_benefit_plan00008078822019-09-302020-01-19jack:healthcare_plan0000807882us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-09-302020-04-1200008078822019-01-010000807882jack:SERPMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882jack:SERPMember2021-04-110000807882us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-04-1100008078822021-01-1700008078822020-01-190000807882srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2021-01-170000807882srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2020-01-190000807882srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2020-09-270000807882srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2019-09-290000807882jack:AmountExpiringInNovember2021Member2021-04-110000807882jack:AmountExpiringInNovember2022Member2021-04-110000807882jack:NonvestedStockAwardsAndUnitsMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882jack:NonvestedStockAwardsAndUnitsMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882jack:NonvestedStockAwardsAndUnitsMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882jack:NonvestedStockAwardsAndUnitsMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2019-09-302020-04-120000807882us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2021-01-182021-04-110000807882us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-01-202020-04-120000807882us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-09-282021-04-110000807882us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-09-302020-04-12jack:former_employee0000807882jack:GesseleVJackInTheBoxIncMember2010-08-012010-08-310000807882us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-05-072021-05-07

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 11, 2021
or
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
for the transition period from ________to________.
Commission File Number: 1-9390
JACK-20210411_G1.JPG
____________________________________________________
JACK IN THE BOX INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware 95-2698708
(State of Incorporation) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
9357 Spectrum Center Blvd.
San Diego, California 92123
(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (858) 571-2121
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock JACK NASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes  þ    No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ Smaller reporting company
Accelerated filer Emerging growth company
Non-accelerated filer
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes      No  þ
As of the close of business May 7, 2021, 22,228,146 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.



JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX
 
    Page
  PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1.
2
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings
3
4
5
6
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3. Defaults of Senior Securities
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.    CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
April 11,
2021
September 27,
2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash $ 90,637  $ 199,662 
Restricted cash 18,137  37,258 
Accounts and other receivables, net 86,721  78,417 
Inventories 2,158  1,808 
Prepaid expenses 6,784  10,114 
Current assets held for sale 3,883  4,598 
Other current assets 3,703  3,724 
Total current assets 212,023  335,581 
Property and equipment:
Property and equipment, at cost 1,144,503  1,132,430 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization (812,489) (796,448)
Property and equipment, net 332,014  335,982 
Other assets:
Operating lease right-of-use assets 914,010  904,548 
Intangible assets, net 262  277 
Goodwill 47,161  47,161 
Deferred tax assets 71,167  72,322 
Other assets, net 214,138  210,623 
Total other assets 1,246,738  1,234,931 
$ 1,790,775  $ 1,906,494 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
Current maturities of long-term debt $ 850  $ 818 
Current operating lease liabilities 153,297  179,000 
Accounts payable 24,695  31,105 
Accrued liabilities 123,550  129,431 
Total current liabilities 302,392  340,354 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net of current maturities 1,271,412  1,376,913 
Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of current portion 792,183  776,094 
Other long-term liabilities 205,345  206,494 
Total long-term liabilities 2,268,940  2,359,501 
Stockholders’ deficit:
Preferred stock $0.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
—  — 
Common stock $0.01 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized, 82,510,007 and 82,369,714 issued, respectively
825  824 
Capital in excess of par value 496,798  489,515 
Retained earnings 1,704,766  1,636,211 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (108,640) (110,605)
Treasury stock, at cost, 60,287,482 and 59,646,773 shares, respectively
(2,874,306) (2,809,306)
Total stockholders’ deficit (780,557) (793,361)
$ 1,790,775  $ 1,906,494 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
  Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Revenues:
Company restaurant sales $ 85,962  $ 74,380  $ 200,240  $ 179,744 
Franchise rental revenues 77,901  69,885  181,650  165,969 
Franchise royalties and other 47,231  37,764  106,879  90,230 
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services 46,123  34,128  106,989  87,887 
257,217  216,157  595,758  523,830 
Operating costs and expenses, net:
Food and packaging 23,938  22,237  56,315  53,585 
Payroll and employee benefits 26,440  24,261  61,371  56,151 
Occupancy and other 13,349  12,570  31,184  28,528 
Franchise occupancy expenses 48,904  48,341  114,073  112,858 
Franchise support and other costs 3,341  2,971  6,614  7,647 
Franchise advertising and other services expenses 47,104  35,734  109,799  90,958 
Selling, general and administrative expenses 18,861  24,203  39,360  52,451 
Depreciation and amortization 10,696  12,282  25,267  29,010 
Impairment and other charges (gains), net 1,228  716  776  (8,575)
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (1,532) —  (2,815) (1,575)
192,329  183,315  441,944  421,038 
Earnings from operations 64,888  32,842  153,814  102,792 
Other pension and post-retirement expenses, net 203  512  474  39,490 
Interest expense, net 15,227  15,409  35,962  35,351 
Earnings before income taxes 49,458  16,921  117,378  27,951 
Income taxes 13,524  5,458  30,585  8,591 
Net earnings $ 35,934  $ 11,463  $ 86,793  $ 19,360 
Earnings per share:
Basic $ 1.58  $ 0.50  $ 3.80  $ 0.83 
Diluted $ 1.58  $ 0.50  $ 3.78  0.82 
Dividends declared per common share
$ 0.40  $ 0.40  $ 0.80  $ 0.80 


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
  Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Net earnings $ 35,934  $ 11,463  $ 86,793  $ 19,360 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Actuarial losses arising during the period —  (61,090) —  (32,507)
Actuarial losses and prior service costs reclassified to earnings 1,138  1,362  2,655  41,672 
1,138  (59,728) 2,655  9,165 
Tax effect (296) 15,503  (690) (2,379)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes 842  (44,225) 1,965  6,786 
Comprehensive income (loss) $ 36,776  $ (32,762) $ 88,758  $ 26,146 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
  Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net earnings $ 86,793  $ 19,360 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 25,267  29,010 
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and other 1,534  1,765 
Deferred finance cost amortization 3,013  3,046 
Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation arrangements (1,112) (77)
Deferred income taxes (882) 6,783 
Share-based compensation expense 2,836  5,865 
Pension and post-retirement expense 474  39,490 
(Gains) losses on cash surrender value of company-owned life insurance (9,352) 3,150 
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (2,815) (1,575)
Gains on the disposition of property and equipment, net (1,931) (10,170)
Non-cash operating lease costs (11,870) (13,118)
Impairment charges and other 1,340  133 
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding acquisitions:
Accounts and other receivables (4,490) (22,858)
Inventories (288) 28 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 3,461  (10,350)
Accounts payable (14,614) 20,660 
Accrued liabilities 6,499  1,400 
Pension and post-retirement contributions (3,577) (3,582)
Franchise tenant improvement allowance disbursements (567) (5,811)
Other (1,175) (4,222)
Cash flows provided by operating activities 78,544  58,927 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment (22,928) (12,777)
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment 3,629  22,394 
Proceeds from the sale and leaseback of assets —  17,373 
Proceeds from the sale of company-operated restaurants 965  1,575 
Other 2,616  1,036 
Cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities (15,718) 29,601 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Borrowings on revolving credit facilities —  111,376 
Repayments of borrowings on revolving credit facilities (107,875) (3,500)
Principal repayments on debt (415) (3,640)
Debt issuance costs —  (216)
Dividends paid on common stock (18,130) (18,466)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock 4,340  3,559 
Repurchases of common stock (65,000) (155,576)
Payroll tax payments for equity award issuances (3,892) (4,442)
Cash flows used in financing activities (190,972) (70,905)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and restricted cash (128,146) 17,623 
Cash and restricted cash at beginning of period 236,920  151,561 
Cash and restricted cash at end of period $ 108,774  $ 169,184 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

1.BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Nature of operations — Founded in 1951, Jack in the Box Inc. (the “Company”) operates and franchises Jack in the Box® quick-service restaurants. The following table summarizes the number of restaurants as of the end of each period:
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Company-operated 148  144 
Franchise 2,080  2,102 
Total system 2,228  2,246 
References to the Company throughout these notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are made using the first person notations of “we,” “us” and “our.”
Basis of presentation — The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020 (“2020 Form 10-K”). The accounting policies used in preparing these condensed consolidated financial statements are the same as those described in our 2020 Form 10-K with the exception of the accounting standards adopted in fiscal 2021, which are described below.
In our opinion, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of financial condition and results of operations for these interim periods have been included. Operating results for one interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results for any other interim period or for the full year.
Segment reporting — The Company is comprised of one operating segment.
Fiscal year — Our fiscal year is 52 or 53 weeks ending the Sunday closest to September 30. Fiscal years 2021 and 2020 include 53 and 52 weeks, respectively. Our first quarter includes 16 weeks and all other quarters include 12 weeks, with the exception of the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021, which includes 13 weeks. All comparisons between 2021 and 2020 refer to the 12-weeks (“quarter”) and 28-weeks (“year-to-date”) ended April 11, 2021 and April 12, 2020, respectively, unless otherwise indicated.
Use of estimates — In preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, management is required to make certain assumptions and estimates that affect reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the disclosure of contingencies. In making these assumptions and estimates, management may from time to time seek advice and consider information provided by actuaries and other experts in a particular area. Actual amounts could differ materially from these estimates.
Risks and uncertainties — The COVID-19 pandemic has continued to have varying degrees of disruption on our business. Throughout the pandemic substantially all of our restaurants have remained open, with the majority of our dining rooms closed and locations operating in an off-premise model, leveraging our drive-thru, carryout and delivery capabilities. We continue to prioritize the health and safety of team members and guests through adhering to all safety procedures that were implemented last year.
While we do not know the future impact COVID-19 will have on our business, or when our business will fully return to normal operations, we expect to see a continued impact from COVID-19 on our results in 2021.
Advertising costs — We administer a marketing fund which includes contractual contributions. In 2021 and 2020, marketing fund contributions from franchise and company-operated restaurants were approximately 5.0% of gross revenues, with the exception of our March and April 2020 marketing fees. In response to the economic burden associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company reduced March 2020 marketing fees to 4.0% and postponed the collection of these fees over the course of 24 months. April 2020 marketing fees ranged from 2% to 4% based on annualized sales volumes and these fees were collected over three months beginning October 2020. As of April 11, 2021, postponed marketing fees which remain uncollected were $5.5 million, of which $4.4 million is included within “Accounts and other receivable, net” and $1.1 million is included within “Other assets, net” in our condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Total contributions made by the Company are included in “Selling, general, and administrative expenses” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings and for the quarter and year-to-date totaled $4.3 million and $10.1 million, respectively, in 2021 and $3.5 million and $8.9 million, respectively, in 2020.
6

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Restricted cash In accordance with the terms of our securitized financing facility, certain cash balances are required to be held in trust. Such restricted cash primarily represents cash collections and cash reserves held by the trustee to be used for payments of quarterly interest and commitment fees required for the Class A-1 and Class A-2 Notes. Starting in the second quarter of 2020, with uncertainty surrounding COVID-19 events, we voluntarily elected to fund cash held in trust for one additional quarterly interest and commitment fee payment. This voluntary election was discontinued in the second quarter of 2021. As of April 11, 2021 and September 27, 2020, restricted cash balances were $18.1 million and $37.3 million, respectively.
Effect of new accounting pronouncements — In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued guidance which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs in cloud computing arrangements with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The Company adopted the standard in the first quarter of 2021. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued guidance replacing the incurred loss impairment methodology with a new methodology that reflects current expected losses on financial assets, including trade accounts receivables. The new methodology requires entities to estimate and recognize credit losses each reporting period. The Company adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2021 using the modified retrospective method. The adoption did not have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.
The Company closely monitors the financial condition of our franchisees and estimates the allowance for credit losses based on the lifetime expected loss on receivables. These estimates are based on historical collection experience with our franchisees as well as other factors, including current market conditions and events. Credit quality is monitored through the timing of payments compared to predefined aging criteria and known facts regarding the financial condition of the franchisee or customer. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after recovery efforts have ceased. The Company’s allowance for receivables have not historically been material.
The following table summarizes the activity in our allowance for doubtful accounts (in thousands):
Balance as of September 27, 2020 $ (5,541)
Provision for expected credit losses (476)
Write-offs charged against the allowance 19 
Balance as of April 11, 2021 $ (5,998)
We reviewed all other recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

2.REVENUE
Nature of products and services — We derive revenue from retail sales at Jack in the Box company-operated restaurants and rental revenue, royalties, advertising, and franchise and other fees from franchise-operated restaurants.
Our franchise arrangements generally provide for an initial franchise fee of $50,000 per restaurant and generally require that franchisees pay royalty and marketing fees at 5% of gross sales. These arrangements also require franchisees to pay sourcing, technology, and other miscellaneous fees.
Disaggregation of revenue — The following table disaggregates revenue by primary source (in thousands):
7

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Sources of revenue:
Company restaurant sales $ 85,962  $ 74,380  $ 200,240  $ 179,744 
Franchise rental revenues 77,901  69,885  181,650  165,969 
Franchise royalties 43,620  36,049  100,963  86,292 
Marketing fees 42,317  30,550  98,093  79,385 
Technology and sourcing fees 3,806  3,578  8,896  8,502 
Franchise fees and other services 3,611  1,715  5,916  3,938 
Total revenue $ 257,217  $ 216,157  $ 595,758  $ 523,830 
Contract liabilities — Our contract liabilities consist of deferred revenue resulting from initial fees received from franchisees for new restaurant openings or new franchise terms, which are recognized over the franchise term. We classify these contract liabilities as “Accrued liabilities” and “Other long-term liabilities” in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
A summary of significant changes in our contract liabilities is presented below (in thousands):
Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Deferred franchise fees at beginning of period $ 43,541  $ 46,272 
Revenue recognized (3,075) (3,061)
Additions 1,118  1,488 
Deferred franchise fees at end of period $ 41,584  $ 44,699 
The following table reflects the estimated franchise fees to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied as of April 11, 2021 (in thousands):
Remainder of 2021 $ 2,397 
2022 4,812 
2023 4,661 
2024 4,471 
2025 4,241 
Thereafter 21,002 
$ 41,584 
We have applied the optional exemption, as provided for under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which allows us to not disclose the transaction price allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations when the transaction price is a sales-based royalty.

3.SUMMARY OF REFRANCHISINGS AND FRANCHISE ACQUISITIONS
Refranchisings — In 2021 and 2020, no company-operated restaurants were sold to franchisees. Amounts included in “Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants” in both periods related to resolutions of certain contingencies from the sale of restaurants in prior years.
Franchise acquisitions — In fiscal 2021, we acquired four franchise restaurants in connection with exercising our right of first refusal. We account for the acquisition of franchised restaurants using the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. The purchase price allocations were based on fair value estimates determined using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3). The acquisition was not material to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
4.LEASES
As lessor, our leases and subleases primarily consist of restaurants that have been leased to franchisees subsequent to refranchising transactions. Revenues from leasing arrangements with our franchisees are presented in “Franchise rental revenues” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings, and the related expenses are presented in “Franchise occupancy expenses.”
The following table presents rental income (in thousands):
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Operating lease income - franchise $ 54,142  $ 54,695  $ 126,384  $ 127,359 
Variable lease income - franchise 23,759  15,190  55,266  38,610 
Franchise rental revenues $ 77,901  $ 69,885  $ 181,650  $ 165,969 
Operating lease income - closed restaurants and other (1) $ 1,360  $ 1,470  $ 3,225  $ 3,527 
____________________________
(1)Primarily relates to closed restaurant properties included in “Impairment and other charges (gains), net” in our condensed consolidated statements of earnings.

5.FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Financial assets and liabilities — The following table presents our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):
Total Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets (2)
(Level 1)
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (2)
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (2)
(Level 3)
Fair value measurements as of April 11, 2021:
Non-qualified deferred compensation plan (1) $ 18,066  $ 18,066  $ —  $ — 
Total liabilities at fair value $ 18,066  $ 18,066  $ —  $ — 
Fair value measurements as of September 27, 2020:
Non-qualified deferred compensation plan (1) $ 25,071  $ 25,071  $ —  $ — 
Total liabilities at fair value $ 25,071  $ 25,071  $ —  $ — 
____________________________
(1)We maintain an unfunded defined contribution plan for key executives and other members of management. The fair value of this obligation is based on the closing market prices of the participants’ elected investments. The obligation is included in “Accrued liabilities” and “Other long-term liabilities” on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)We did not have any transfers in or out of Level 1, 2 or 3.
The following table presents the carrying value and estimated fair value of our Class A-2 Notes as of April 11, 2021 and September 27, 2020 (in thousands):
April 11,
2021
September 27,
2020
Carrying Amount Fair Value Carrying Amount Fair Value
Class A-2 Notes $ 1,290,251  $ 1,355,044  $ 1,290,251  $ 1,354,241 
The fair value of the Class A-2 Notes was estimated using Level 2 inputs based on quoted market prices in markets that are not considered active markets.
Non-financial assets and liabilities — Our non-financial instruments, which primarily consist of property and equipment, operating lease right-of-use assets, goodwill and intangible assets, are reported at carrying value and are not required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. However, on an annual basis, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable, non-financial instruments are assessed for impairment. If applicable, the carrying values are written down to fair value.
In connection with our impairment reviews performed during 2021, no material fair value adjustments were required.

9

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
6.IMPAIRMENT AND OTHER CHARGES (GAINS), NET
Impairment and other charges (gains), net in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings is comprised of the following (in thousands):
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Costs of closed restaurants and other (1) $ 441  $ 331  $ 1,464  $ 432 
Restructuring costs (2) 118  1,163 
Losses (gains) on disposition of property and equipment, net (2) 229  267  (1,931) (10,170)
Accelerated depreciation 560  —  1,239  — 
$ 1,228  $ 716  $ 776  $ (8,575)
____________________________
(1)Costs of closed restaurants primarily include impairment charges as a result of our decision to close restaurants, ongoing costs associated with closed restaurants, and canceled project costs.
(2)Year-to-date 2021, includes gains on the sale of two real estate properties. Year-to-date 2020, includes a $10.8 million gain related to the sale of one of our corporate office buildings.

7.INCOME TAXES
The income tax provisions reflect tax rates of 27.3% in the second quarter and 26.1% year-to-date, compared with 32.3% and 30.7%, respectively, in fiscal year 2020. The major components of the year-over-year decrease in tax rates were a decrease in the impact of non-deductible compensation for certain officers, an increase in non-taxable gains from the market performance of insurance products used to fund certain non-qualified retirement plans, and a decrease in non-deductible costs resulting from a California Private Attorney General Act lawsuit settled in the prior year, partially offset by an adjustment related to state taxes recorded in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021.

8.RETIREMENT PLANS
Defined benefit pension plans — We sponsor two defined benefit pension plans, a frozen “Qualified Plan” covering substantially all full-time employees hired prior to January 1, 2011, and an unfunded supplemental executive retirement plan (“SERP”) which provides certain employees additional pension benefits and was closed to new participants effective January 1, 2007. Benefits under both plans are based on the employee’s years of service and compensation over defined periods of employment.
In the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company amended its Qualified Plan to add a limited lump sum payment window whereby certain terminated participants with a vested pension benefit could elect to receive either an immediate lump sum or a monthly annuity payment of their accrued benefit. The offering period began September 16, 2019 and ended October 31, 2019. The participants that elected a lump sum benefit under the program were paid in December 2019, which triggered settlement accounting. As a result of the offering, the Company’s Qualified Plan paid $122.3 million from its plan assets to those who accepted the offer, thereby reducing the plan’s pension benefit obligation. The transaction had no cash impact to the Company but did result in a non-cash settlement charge of $38.6 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Routine lump sum payments made in the second quarter of fiscal 2020 resulted in a non-settlement charge of $0.3 million.
Post-retirement healthcare plans — We also sponsor two healthcare plans, closed to new participants, that provide post-retirement medical benefits to certain employees who have met minimum age and service requirements. The plans are contributory, with retiree contributions adjusted annually, and they contain other cost-sharing features such as deductibles and coinsurance.
10

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Net periodic benefit cost — The components of net periodic benefit cost in each period were as follows (in thousands): 
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Defined benefit pension plans:
Interest cost $ 3,398  $ 3,669  $ 7,930  $ 8,745 
Expected return on plan assets (4,463) (4,706) (10,414) (11,362)
Pension settlements (1) —  321  —  38,927 
Actuarial losses (1) 1,213  1,019  2,829  2,691 
Amortization of unrecognized prior service costs (1) 19  10  45 
Net periodic benefit cost $ 152  $ 322  $ 355  $ 39,046 
Post-retirement healthcare plans:
Interest cost $ 130  $ 187  $ 303  $ 435 
Actuarial (gains) losses (1) (79) (184)
Net periodic benefit cost $ 51  $ 190  $ 119  $ 444 
___________________________
(1)Amounts were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into net earnings as a component of “Other pension and post-retirement expenses, net.”
Future cash flows — Our policy is to fund our plans at or above the minimum required by law. As of January 1, 2020, the date of our last actuarial funding valuation, there was no minimum contribution funding requirement for the Qualified Plan. Details regarding 2021 contributions are as follows (in thousands):
SERP Post-Retirement
Healthcare Plans
Net year-to-date contributions $ 3,060  $ 517 
Remaining estimated net contributions during fiscal 2021 $ 2,163  $ 743 
We continue to evaluate contributions to our Qualified Plan based on changes in pension assets as a result of asset performance in the current market and the economic environment. We do not anticipate making any contributions to our Qualified Plan in fiscal 2021.

9.STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
Summary of changes in stockholders’ deficit A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amounts of stockholders’ deficit is presented below (in thousands):
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Balance at beginning of period $ (749,123) $ (841,153) $ (793,361) $ (737,584)
Shares issued under stock plans, including tax benefit 4,226  3,375  4,340  3,559 
Share-based compensation expense 1,605  2,681  2,836  5,865 
Dividends declared (9,041) (9,067) (18,130) (18,492)
Purchases of treasury stock (65,000) —  (65,000) (153,550)
Net earnings 35,934  11,463  86,793  19,360 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes 842  (44,225) 1,965  6,786 
Cumulative-effect from a change in accounting principle —  —  —  (2,870)
Balance at end of period $ (780,557) $ (876,926) $ (780,557) $ (876,926)
Repurchases of common stock The Company repurchased 0.6 million shares of its common stock in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 at an average price of $101.45 per share for an aggregate cost of $65.0 million. There were no repurchases of common stock in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. As of April 11, 2021, this leaves $135.0 million remaining under share repurchase programs authorized by the Board of Directors, consisting of $35.0 million that expires in November 2021 and $100.0 million that expires in November 2022.
11

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Dividends — During 2021, the Board of Directors declared two cash dividends of $0.40 per common share totaling $18.2 million. Future dividends are subject to approval by our Board of Directors.

10.AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
The following table reconciles basic weighted-average shares outstanding to diluted weighted-average shares outstanding (in thousands):
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Weighted-average shares outstanding – basic 22,723  22,803  22,863  23,339 
Effect of potentially dilutive securities:
Nonvested stock awards and units 50  85  72  144 
Stock options —  — 
Performance share awards
Weighted-average shares outstanding – diluted 22,784  22,895  22,945  23,490 
Excluded from diluted weighted-average shares outstanding:
Antidilutive 32  362  39  307 
Performance conditions not satisfied at the end of the period 36  77  36  77 

11.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal matters — We assess contingencies, including litigation contingencies, to determine the degree of probability and range of possible loss for potential accrual in our financial statements. An estimated loss contingency is accrued in the financial statements if it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Because litigation is inherently unpredictable, assessing contingencies is highly subjective and requires judgments about future events. When evaluating litigation contingencies, we may be unable to provide a meaningful estimate due to a number of factors, including the procedural status of the matter in question, the availability of appellate remedies, insurance coverage related to the claim or claims in question, the presence of complex or novel legal theories, and the ongoing discovery and development of information important to the matter. In addition, damage amounts claimed in litigation against us may be unsupported, exaggerated, or unrelated to possible outcomes, and as such are not meaningful indicators of our potential liability or financial exposure. We regularly review contingencies to determine the adequacy of the accruals and related disclosures. The ultimate amount of loss may differ from these estimates. As of April 11, 2021 and September 27, 2020, the Company had recorded aggregate liabilities of $3.9 million and $3.8 million, respectively, within “Accrued liabilities” on our condensed consolidated balance sheets, for all matters including those described below, that were probable and reasonably estimable. While we believe that additional losses beyond these accruals are reasonably possible, we cannot estimate a possible loss contingency or range of reasonably possible loss contingencies beyond these accruals.
Gessele v. Jack in the Box Inc. — In August 2010, five former employees instituted litigation in federal court in Oregon alleging claims under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and Oregon wage and hour laws. The plaintiffs alleged that the Company failed to pay non-exempt employees for certain meal breaks and improperly made payroll deductions for shoe purchases and for workers’ compensation expenses, and later added additional claims relating to timing of final pay and related wage and hour claims involving employees of a franchisee. In 2016, the court dismissed the federal claims and those relating to franchise employees. In June 2017, the court granted class certification with respect to state law claims of improper deductions and late payment of final wages. In November 2019, the court issued a ruling on various dispositive motions, disallowing a portion of plaintiffs’ claimed damages. The parties participated in a voluntary mediation on March 16, 2020, but the matter did not settle. The plaintiffs recently filed a motion for reconsideration of the court’s prior denial of class certification regarding meal and rest break claims which was denied by the court. The plaintiffs requested permission to seek appellate review of that decision, but that request was rejected by the Ninth Circuit. The trial of this matter was recently reassigned to a new judge and is scheduled for December 2021. The Company continues to dispute liability and the plaintiffs’ damage calculations and will continue to vigorously defend against the lawsuit.
12

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Other legal matters — In addition to the matter described above, we are subject to normal and routine litigation brought by former or current employees, customers, franchisees, vendors, landlords, shareholders or others. We intend to defend ourselves in any such matters. Some of these matters may be covered, at least in part, by insurance or other third party indemnity obligation. We record receivables from third party insurers when recovery has been determined to be probable. We believe that the ultimate determination of liability in connection with legal claims pending against us, if any, in excess of amounts already provided for such matters in the consolidated financial statements, will not have a material adverse effect on our business, our annual results of operations, liquidity or financial position; however, it is possible that our business, results of operations, liquidity, or financial condition could be materially affected in a particular future reporting period by the unfavorable resolution of one or more matters or contingencies during such period.
Lease guarantees — We remain contingently liable for certain leases relating to our former Qdoba business which we sold in fiscal 2018. Under the Qdoba Purchase Agreement, the buyer has indemnified the Company of all claims related to these guarantees. As of April 11, 2021, the maximum potential liability of future undiscounted payments under these leases is approximately $26.4 million. The lease terms extend for a maximum of approximately 15 more years and we would remain a guarantor of the leases in the event the leases are extended for any established renewal periods. In the event of default, we believe the exposure is limited due to contractual protections and recourse available in the lease agreements, as well as the Qdoba Purchase Agreement, including a requirement of the landlord to mitigate damages by re-letting the properties in default, and indemnity from the Buyer. The Company has not recorded a liability for these guarantees as we believe the likelihood of making any future payments is remote.

12.SUPPLEMENTAL CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW INFORMATION (in thousands)
Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Non-cash investing and financing transactions:
Decrease in obligations for treasury stock repurchases $ —  $ (2,025)
Increase (decrease) in obligations for purchases of property and equipment $ 338  $ (1,247)
Increase in dividends accrued or converted to common stock equivalents $ 108  $ 65 
Consideration for franchise acquisitions $ —  $ 859 
Right-of use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations $ 92,723  $ 105,748 
Right-of use assets obtained in exchange for finance lease obligations $ 65  $ 132 

13

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
13.SUPPLEMENTAL CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION (in thousands)
April 11,
2021
September 27,
2020
Accounts and other receivables, net:
Trade $ 87,284  $ 77,082 
Notes receivable 1,714  1,193 
Income tax receivable 1,119  1,591 
Other 2,602  4,092 
Allowance for doubtful accounts (5,998) (5,541)
$ 86,721  $ 78,417 
Other assets, net:
Company-owned life insurance policies $ 120,164  $ 113,767 
Deferred rent receivable 47,419  48,604 
Franchise tenant improvement allowance 28,888  29,437 
Other 17,667  18,815 
$ 214,138  $ 210,623 
Accrued liabilities:
Payroll and related taxes $ 26,427  $ 34,475 
Insurance 23,383  25,310 
Advertising 16,144  9,861 
Sales and property taxes 8,760  22,038 
Deferred franchise fees 4,999  4,934 
Other 43,837  32,813 
$ 123,550  $ 129,431 
Other long-term liabilities:
Defined benefit pension plans $ 115,268  $ 120,811 
Deferred franchise fees 36,585  38,607 
Other 53,492  47,076 
$ 205,345  $ 206,494 

14.SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
On May 7, 2021, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.44 per common share, to be paid on June 11, 2021, to shareholders of record as of the close of business on May 26, 2021.
14


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
GENERAL
All comparisons between 2021 and 2020 refer to the 12-weeks (“quarter”) and 28-weeks (“year-to-date”) ended April 11, 2021 and April 12, 2020, respectively, unless otherwise indicated.
For an understanding of the significant factors that influenced our performance during 2021 and 2020, our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020.
Our MD&A consists of the following sections:
Overview — a general description of our business and 2021 highlights.
Results of operations — an analysis of our condensed consolidated statements of earnings for the periods presented in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Liquidity and capital resources — an analysis of our cash flows, including capital expenditures, share repurchase activity, dividends, and known known trends that may impact liquidity.
Discussion of critical accounting estimates — a discussion of accounting policies that require critical judgments and estimates.
New accounting pronouncements — a discussion of new accounting pronouncements, dates of implementation and the impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations, if any.
Cautionary statements regarding forward-looking statements — a discussion of the risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements made by management.
We have included in our MD&A certain performance metrics that management uses to assess company performance and which we believe will be useful in analyzing and understanding our results of operations. These metrics include:
Changes in sales at restaurants open more than one year (“same-store sales”), system restaurant sales, franchised restaurant sales, and average unit volumes (“AUVs”). Same-store sales, restaurant sales, and AUVs are presented for franchised restaurants and on a system-wide basis, which includes company and franchise restaurants. Franchise sales represent sales at franchise restaurants and are revenues of our franchisees. We do not record franchise sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues, marketing fees and percentage rent revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchise sales. We believe franchise and system same-store sales, franchised and system restaurant sales, and AUV information are useful to investors as they have a direct effect on the Company’s profitability.
Adjusted EBITDA represents net earnings on a generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) basis excluding income taxes, interest expense, net, gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants, impairment and other charges (gains), net, depreciation and amortization, amortization of tenant improvement allowances and other, and pension settlement charges. We are presenting Adjusted EBITDA because we believe that it provides a meaningful supplement to net earnings of the Company's core business operating results, as well as a comparison to those of other similar companies. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA, when viewed with the Company's results of operations in accordance with GAAP and the accompanying reconciliations within MD&A, provides useful information about operating performance and period-over-period change, and provides additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of the Company's core business without regard to potential distortions. Additionally, management believes that Adjusted EBITDA permits investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting our ongoing cash earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced.
Same-store sales, system restaurant sales, franchised restaurant sales, AUVs, and Adjusted EBITDA are not measurements determined in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation, or as an alternative to earnings from operations, or other similarly titled measures of other companies.
15


IMPACT OF COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has continued to have varying degrees of disruption on our business. Throughout the pandemic substantially all of our restaurants have remained open, with the majority of our dining rooms closed and locations operating in an off-premise capacity, leveraging our drive-thru, carryout and delivery capability. We have continued to follow the guidance of expert health authorities to ensure precautionary steps are taken to protect the health and safety of our employees and guests.
In fiscal 2020 during the last five weeks of the second quarter, upon the rise in “shelter-in-place” mandates and “social distancing” requirements across the country, system same-store sales decreased by 17.0%; however, starting in the third quarter and carrying into fiscal 2021, we have seen a significant acceleration of system same-store sales. The acceleration of sales during the last four quarters has been largely driven by average check growth which has more than offset a decline in traffic. It remains uncertain whether restaurant traffic will return to levels achieved prior to the outbreak of COVID-19.
While we do not know the future impact COVID-19 will have on our business, or when our business will fully return to normal operations, we expect to see a continued impact from COVID-19 on our results in 2021.
OTHER RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
On February 16, 2021, a Midwest franchisee that operated 68 restaurants filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Of these restaurants, we sublease 50 of the locations to the franchisee and own the land and building for the remaining 18 locations. Through the bankruptcy proceedings, the franchisee may reject the franchise agreements and leases for a number of these locations, resulting in potential impairment costs related to future lease obligations. As of the date of this report, franchise and lease agreements related to 3 of the locations have been rejected. The franchisee’s restaurants continue to operate, and the franchisee has remained current with their obligations to us, except for certain obligations that were not yet due as of the bankruptcy filing date which were not material to our consolidated financial statements. However, the Company could see negative impacts to our results as we work through this franchisee’s bankruptcy.
OVERVIEW
As of April 11, 2021, we operated and franchised 2,228 Jack in the Box quick-service restaurants, primarily in the western and southern United States, including one in Guam.
The following summarizes the most significant events occurring in 2021, and certain trends compared to a year ago:
System same-store sales System same-store sales increased by 20.6% in the quarter and 15.9% year-to-date. Company restaurant same-store sales increased 14.5% in the quarter, reflecting average check growth of 19.9% and a 5.4% decrease in transactions. Franchise same-store sales increased 21.3% in the quarter.
Company restaurant operations Company restaurant costs, including food and packaging, payroll and employee benefits, and occupancy and other operating costs, as a percentage of sales decreased in the quarter to 74.1% from 79.4% in the prior year quarter, primarily due to sales leverage as well as a decrease in food and packaging costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales.
Franchise operations Franchise same-store sales increased by 21.3% in the quarter, driving higher royalty and rent revenues of $7.6 million and $8.0 million, respectively.
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses SG&A decreased by $5.3 million in the quarter, primarily due to favorable mark-to-market adjustments on investments supporting the Company’s non-qualified retirement plans, lower costs related to litigation matters, and lower insurance costs versus the prior year quarter.
Adjusted EBITDA Adjusted EBITDA increased in 2021 to $178.1 million from $122.9 million in the prior year.

16


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table presents certain income and expense items included in our condensed consolidated statements of earnings as a percentage of total revenues, unless otherwise indicated. Percentages may not add due to rounding.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS DATA
  Quarter Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Revenues:
Company restaurant sales 33.4  % 34.4  % 33.6  % 34.3  %
Franchise rental revenues 30.3  % 32.3  % 30.5  % 31.7  %
Franchise royalties and other 18.4  % 17.5  % 17.9  % 17.2  %
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services 17.9  % 15.8  % 18.0  % 16.8  %
100.0  % 100.0  % 100.0  % 100.0  %
Operating costs and expenses, net:
Food and packaging (1) 27.8  % 29.9  % 28.1  % 29.8  %
Payroll and employee benefits (1) 30.8  % 32.6  % 30.6  % 31.2  %
Occupancy and other (1) 15.5  % 16.9  % 15.6  % 15.9  %
Franchise occupancy expenses (2) 62.8  % 69.2  % 62.8  % 68.0  %
Franchise support and other costs (3) 7.1  % 7.9  % 6.2  % 8.5  %
Franchise advertising and other services expenses (4) 102.1  % 104.7  % 102.6  % 103.5  %
Selling, general and administrative expenses 7.3  % 11.2  % 6.6  % 10.0  %
Depreciation and amortization 4.2  % 5.7  % 4.2  % 5.5  %
Impairment and other charges (gains), net 0.5  % 0.3  % 0.1  % (1.6) %
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (0.6) % —  % (0.5) % (0.3) %
Earnings from operations 25.2  % 15.2  % 25.8  % 19.6  %
Income tax rate (5) 27.3  % 32.3  % 26.1  % 30.7  %
____________________________
(1)As a percentage of company restaurant sales.
(2)As a percentage of franchise rental revenues.
(3)As a percentage of franchise royalties and other.
(4)As a percentage of franchise contributions for advertising and other services.
(5)As a percentage of earnings before income taxes.

17


The following table summarizes changes in same-store sales for company-owned, franchised, and system-wide restaurants:
  Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Company 14.5  % (4.1) % 10.4  % (0.1) %
Franchise 21.3  % (4.2) % 16.5  % (0.9) %
System 20.6  % (4.2) % 15.9  % (0.8) %
The following table summarizes changes in the number and mix of company and franchise restaurants:
  2021 2020
  Company Franchise Total Company Franchise Total
Beginning of year 144  2,097  2,241  137  2,106  2,243 
New —  —  16  16 
Acquired from franchisees (4) —  (8) — 
Closed —  (19) (19) (1) (12) (13)
End of period 148  2,080  2,228  144  2,102  2,246 
% of system % 93  % 100  % % 94  % 100  %
The following table summarizes restaurant sales for company-owned, franchised, and total system sales (in thousands):
  Quarter Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Company-owned restaurant sales $ 85,962  $ 74,380  $ 200,240  $ 179,744 
Franchised restaurant sales (1) 847,363  695,926  1,963,189  1,675,271 
System sales (1) $ 933,325  $ 770,306  $ 2,163,429  $ 1,855,015 
____________________________
(1)Franchised restaurant sales represent sales at franchised restaurants and are revenues of our franchisees. System sales include company and franchised restaurant sales. We do not record franchised sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues, marketing fees and percentage rent revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchised sales. We believe franchised and system restaurant sales information is useful to investors as they have a direct effect on the Company's profitability.
Below is a reconciliation of Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, net earnings (in thousands):
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Net earnings - GAAP $ 35,934  $ 11,463  $ 86,793  $ 19,360 
Income tax expense 13,524  5,458  30,585  8,591 
Interest expense, net 15,227  15,409  35,962  35,351 
Pension settlement charges —  321  —  38,927 
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (1,532) —  (2,815) (1,575)
Impairment and other charges (gains), net 1,228  716  776  (8,575)
Depreciation and amortization 10,696  12,282  25,267  29,010 
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and other 673  614  1,534  1,765 
Adjusted EBITDA - Non-GAAP $ 75,750  $ 46,263  $ 178,102  $ 122,854 

18


Company Restaurant Operations
The following table presents company restaurant sales and costs as a percentage of the related sales. Percentages may not add due to rounding (dollars in thousands):
  Quarter Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Company restaurant sales $ 85,962  $ 74,380  $ 200,240  $ 179,744 
Company restaurant costs:
Food and packaging $ 23,938  27.8  % $ 22,237  29.9  % $ 56,315  28.1  % $ 53,585  29.8  %
Payroll and employee benefits $ 26,440  30.8  % $ 24,261  32.6  % $ 61,371  30.6  % $ 56,151  31.2  %
Occupancy and other $ 13,349  15.5  % $ 12,570  16.9  % $ 31,184  15.6  % $ 28,528  15.9  %
Company restaurant sales increased $11.6 million, or 15.6% in the quarter and $20.5 million, or 11.4% year-to-date versus a year ago primarily due to average check growth, menu price increases, and an increase in the number of company-operated restaurants; partially offset by a decrease in traffic. The following table presents the approximate impact of these items on company restaurant sales in 2021 (in millions):
Quarter Year-to-date
AUV increase $ 10.4  $ 17.1 
Increase in the average number of restaurants 1.2  3.4 
Total change in company restaurant sales $ 11.6  $ 20.5 
Same-store sales at company-operated restaurants increased 14.5% in the quarter and 10.4% year-to-date compared to a year ago. The following table summarizes the change in company-operated same store-sales versus a year ago:
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Average check (1) 19.9  % 6.4  % 20.8  % 4.2  %
Transactions (5.4) % (10.5) % (10.4) % (4.3) %
Change in same-store sales 14.5  % (4.1) % 10.4  % (0.1) %
____________________________
(1)Amounts in 2021 include price increases of approximately 3.1% in the quarter and 3.3% year-to-date. Amounts in 2020 include price increase of approximately 2.4% in the quarter and 2.6% year-to-date.
Food and packaging costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales decreased to 27.8% in the quarter and 28.1% year-to-date in 2021 compared to 29.9% in the quarter and 29.8% year-to-date in 2020, driven by favorable changes in product mix and menu price increases, partially offset by higher costs for ingredients. Commodity costs increased in the quarter and year-to-date by approximately 1.7% and 1.6%, respectively, primarily due to increases in pork and oil, partially offset by a decrease in beef. For fiscal 2021, we currently expect commodity costs to increase by approximately 3% compared with fiscal 2020.
Payroll and employee benefit costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales decreased to 30.8% in the quarter and 30.6% year-to-date in 2021 compared to 32.6% in the quarter and 31.2% year-to-date in 2020, driven by sales leverage, which more than offset higher average wages resulting from wage inflation and a highly competitive labor market, and higher incentive compensation costs.
Occupancy and other costs, as a percentage of company restaurant sales, decreased to 15.5% in the quarter and 15.6% year-to-date in 2021 compared to 16.9% in the quarter and 15.9% year-to-date in 2020 primarily due to leverage from higher same-store sales and lower costs for maintenance and repairs, partially offset by higher costs for delivery fees as we continue to grow our delivery sales mix.

19


Franchise Operations
The following table presents franchise revenues and costs in each period and other information we believe is useful in analyzing the change in franchise operating results (dollars in thousands):
  Quarter Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Franchise rental revenues $ 77,901 $ 69,885 $ 181,650 $ 165,969
Royalties 43,620 36,049 100,963 86,292
Franchise fees and other 3,611 1,715 5,916 3,938
Franchise royalties and other 47,231 37,764 106,879 90,230
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services 46,123 34,128 106,989 87,887
Total franchise revenues $ 171,255 $ 141,777 $ 395,518 $ 344,086
Franchise occupancy expenses $ 48,904 $ 48,341 $ 114,073 $ 112,858
Franchise support and other costs 3,341 2,971 6,614 7,647
Franchise advertising and other services expenses 47,104 35,734 109,799 90,958
Total franchise costs $ 99,349 $ 87,046 $ 230,486 $ 211,462
Franchise costs as a percentage of total franchise revenues 58.0% 61.4% 58.3% 61.5%
Average number of franchise restaurants 2,071 2,085 2,075 2,086
Franchised restaurant sales $ 847,363 $ 695,926 $ 1,963,189 $ 1,675,271
Franchised restaurant AUVs $ 409 $ 334 $ 946 $ 803
Royalties as a percentage of total franchised restaurant sales 5.1% 5.2% 5.1% 5.2%
Franchise rental revenues increased $8.0 million, or 11.5% in the quarter, and $15.7 million or 9.4% year-to-date compared to the prior year, primarily due to higher percentage rent driven by higher franchise restaurant sales.
Franchise royalties and other increased $9.5 million, or 25.1% in the quarter, and $16.6 million, or 18.5% year-to-date compared to the prior year, primarily due to an increase in franchise restaurant sales driving royalties higher.
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services revenues increased $12.0 million, or 35.1% in the quarter and $19.1 million, or 21.7% year-to-date compared to the prior year, mainly due to an increase in marketing contributions due to higher franchise restaurant sales and as a result of reducing our marketing fees at the onset of the pandemic to provide additional financial support to our franchise operators.
Franchise occupancy expenses, primarily rent, increased $0.6 million in the quarter and $1.2 million year-to-date compared to the prior year, mainly due to annual base rent increases and higher costs for percentage rent expense.
Franchise support and other costs increased $0.4 million in the quarter, primarily due to higher incentive compensation, and decreased $1.0 million year-to-date, driven by a decrease in franchisee bad debt expense from specific franchise situations that occurred in the prior year.
Franchise advertising and other service expenses increased $11.4 million in the quarter and $18.8 million year-to-date compared to the prior year, primarily due to an increase in marketing contributions from our franchisees.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization decreased by $1.6 million in the quarter and $3.7 million year-to-date compared to the prior year, primarily due to certain franchise building assets becoming fully depreciated.

20


Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses
The following table presents the change in SG&A expenses compared with the prior year (in thousands):
Increase/(Decrease)
Quarter Year-to-date
Advertising $ 792  $ 1,243 
Incentive compensation (including share-based compensation and related payroll taxes) 2,282  2,573 
Cash surrender value of COLI policies, net (5,914) (8,578)
Litigation matters (1,891) (5,822)
Insurance (2,064) (2,356)
Other 1,453  (151)
$ (5,342) $ (13,091)
Advertising costs represent company contributions to our marketing fund and are generally determined as a percentage of company-operated restaurant sales. Advertising costs increased $0.8 million in the quarter and $1.2 million year-to-date compared to the prior year primarily due to higher company-operated restaurant sales, and a decrease in the contribution percentage in the prior year.
Incentive compensation increased by $2.3 million in the quarter and $2.6 million year-to-date versus a year ago primarily as a result of higher achievement levels compared to the prior year, partially offset by a decrease in stock-based compensation as a result of turnover at the executive level.
The cash surrender value of our company-owned life insurance (“COLI”) policies, net of changes in our non-qualified deferred compensation obligation supported by these policies, are subject to market fluctuations. The changes in market values had a positive impact of $5.9 million in the quarter and $8.6 million year-to-date compared to the prior year.
Litigation matters decreased by $1.9 million in the quarter and $5.8 million year-to-date primarily due to costs incurred in the prior year related to various employment litigation matters.
Insurance costs decreased by $2.1 million in the quarter and $2.4 million year-to-date, primarily due to favorable claim development factors related to our workers’ compensation liabilities.
Impairment and Other Charges (Gains), Net
Impairment and other charges (gains), net is comprised of the following (in thousands):
Quarter Year-to-date
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Costs of closed restaurants and other $ 441  $ 331  $ 1,464  $ 432 
Restructuring costs (2) 118  1,163 
Losses (gains) on disposition of property and equipment, net 229  267  (1,931) (10,170)
Accelerated depreciation 560  —  1,239  — 
$ 1,228  $ 716  $ 776  $ (8,575)
Impairment and other charges (gains), net increased by $0.5 million in the quarter and $9.4 million year-to-date. Year-to-date, the increase is primarily due to a $10.8 million gain related to the sale of one of our corporate office buildings in 2020, partially offset by a $2.2 million gain on the sale of two real estate properties in the first quarter of 2021.
Gains on the Sale of Company-Operated Restaurants
In 2021 and 2020, no company-operated restaurants were sold to franchisees. Amounts included in “Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants” in all periods related to resolutions of certain contingencies from the sale of restaurants in prior years.
21


Other Pension and Post-Retirement Expenses, Net
Other pension and post-retirement expenses, net decreased by $0.3 million in the quarter and $39.0 million year-to-date versus the prior year, primarily due to non-cash settlement charges in 2020. Refer to Note 8, Retirement Plans, of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net is comprised of the following (in thousands):
  Quarter Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Interest expense $ 15,241  $ 15,458  $ 35,980  $ 35,877 
Interest income (14) (49) (18) (526)
Interest expense, net $ 15,227  $ 15,409  $ 35,962  $ 35,351 
Interest expense, net decreased by $0.2 million in the quarter and increased $0.6 million year-to-date compared with a year ago. In the quarter, the decrease is due to lower average debt balances compared to the prior year. Year-to-date, the increase is primarily due to a decrease in interest income versus the prior year.
Income Tax Expense
The income tax provisions reflect tax rates of 27.3% in the second quarter and 26.1% year-to-date, compared with 32.3% and 30.7%, respectively, in fiscal year 2020. The major components of the year-over-year decrease in tax rates were a decrease in the impact of non-deductible compensation for certain officers, an increase in non-taxable gains from the market performance of insurance products used to fund certain non-qualified retirement plans, and a decrease in non-deductible costs resulting from a California Private Attorney General Act lawsuit settled in the prior year, partially offset by an adjustment related to state taxes recorded in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021.

22


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
General
Our primary sources of liquidity and capital resources are cash flows from operations and borrowings available under our securitized financing facility. Our cash requirements consist principally of working capital, general corporate needs, capital expenditures, income tax payments, debt service requirements, franchise tenant improvement allowance distributions, dividend payments, and obligations related to our benefit plans. We generally reinvest available cash flows from operations to invest in our business, service our debt obligations, pay dividends and repurchase shares of our common stock.
Our primary sources of short-term and long-term liquidity are expected to be cash flows from operations and available borrowings under our Variable Funding Notes. As of April 11, 2021, the Company had $108.8 million of cash and restricted cash on its balance sheet and $110.5 million of borrowing availability under its Variable Funding Notes.
Based upon current levels of operations and anticipated growth, we expect that cash flows from operations, combined with our securitized financing facility including our Variable Funding Notes, will be sufficient to meet our capital expenditure, working capital and debt service requirements for at least the next twelve months and the foreseeable future.
Cash Flows
The table below summarizes our cash flows from continuing operations (in thousands):
  Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Total cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities $ 78,544  $ 58,927 
Investing activities (15,718) 29,601 
Financing activities (190,972) (70,905)
Net cash flows $ (128,146) $ 17,623 
Operating Activities. Operating cash flows increased $19.6 million compared with a year ago, primarily due to higher net income adjusted for non-cash items of $9.6 million and favorable changes in working capital of $10.0 million, mainly as a result of higher collections on receivables due to postponing collections of marketing and rent payments from our franchisees in the prior year, and decreases in interest payments and franchise tenant improvements allowance disbursements, partially offset by a decrease in payables due to timing and extending payment terms in the prior year.
Pension and Post-Retirement Contributions Our policy is to fund our pension plans at or above the minimum required by law. As of January 1, 2020, the date of our last actuarial funding valuation, there was no minimum contribution funding requirement for our qualified pension plan. In 2021, we contributed $3.6 million to our non-qualified pension plan and post-retirement plans.
Investing Activities. Cash provided by investing activities decreased by $45.3 million compared with a year ago, primarily due to $17.4 million of proceeds received in the prior year as a result of a sale and partial leaseback of a multi-tenant property, $18.8 million lower proceeds received on the sale of property and equipment, primarily due to proceeds received on the sale of a corporate office building in the prior year, and $10.2 million higher capital expenditures.

23


Capital Expenditures The composition of capital expenditures in each period follows (in thousands):
  Year-to-date
  April 11,
2021
April 12,
2020
Restaurants:
Restaurant facility expenditures $ 8,442  $ 6,026 
Purchases of assets intended for sale or sale and leaseback 10,343  417 
Other, including information technology 1,639  1,967 
20,424  8,410 
Corporate Services:
Information technology 658  2,926 
Other, including facility improvements 1,846  1,441 
2,504  4,367 
Total capital expenditures $ 22,928  $ 12,777 
In 2021, capital expenditures increased by $10.2 million compared to a year ago primarily due to a $9.9 million increase in purchases of assets intended for sale and leaseback. During 2021, we exercised our right of first refusal related to four leased restaurant properties which we intend to sell and leaseback within the next 12 months.
Financing Activities. Cash flows used in financing activities increased by $120.1 million compared with a year ago, primarily due to our repayment during the second quarter of $107.9 million of 2020 borrowings on our Variable Funding Notes, partially offset by a $90.6 million decrease in cash used for share repurchases.
Repurchases of Common Stock The Company repurchased 0.6 million shares of its common stock in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 for an aggregate cost of $65.0 million. As of April 11, 2021, $135.0 million remained available under share repurchase programs authorized by the Board of Directors, consisting of $35.0 million that expires in November 2021 and $100.0 million that expires in November 2022.
Dividends — During 2021, the Board of Directors declared two quarterly cash dividends of $0.40 per common share totaling $18.2 million. On May 7, 2021, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.44 per common share, representing a 10 percent increase from the prior dividend rate.
Long-Term Debt — As of April 11, 2021, we had $1.3 billion of outstanding borrowings under our securitized financing facility, comprised of total principal outstanding on the Class A-2 Notes (as defined below). During the second quarter of 2021, the Company fully paid down its outstanding borrowings on its Variable Funding Notes. As of April 11, 2021, borrowing availability under the Variable Funding Notes was $110.5 million.
On July 8, 2019, Jack in the Box Funding, LLC (the “Master Issuer”), a limited-purpose, bankruptcy-remote, wholly owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, completed its securitization transaction and issued $575.0 million of its Series 2019-1 3.982% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-I (the “Class A-2-I Notes”), $275.0 million of its Series 2019-1 4.476% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-II (the “Class A-2-II Notes”) and $450.0 million of its Series 2019-1 4.970% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2-III (the “Class A-2-III Notes”) and together with the Class A-2-I Notes and the Class A-2-II Notes, (the “Class A-2 Notes”), in an offering exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. In connection with the issuance of the Class A-2 Notes, the Master Issuer also entered into a revolving financing facility of Series 2019-1 Variable Funding Senior Secured Notes, Class A-1 (the “Variable Funding Notes”), which allows for the drawing of up to $150.0 million under the Variable Funding Notes and the issuance of letters of credit. The Class A-2 Notes and the Variable Funding Notes are referred to collectively as the “Notes.”
Interest and principal payments on the Class A-2 Notes are payable on a quarterly basis. The quarterly principal payment of $3.25 million on the Class A-2 Notes may be suspended when the specified leverage ratio, which is a measure of outstanding debt to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, adjusted for certain items (as defined in the Indenture), is less than or equal to 5.0x. Exceeding the leverage ratio of 5.0x does not violate any covenant related to the Class A-2 Notes. As of September 27, 2020 and April 11, 2021, the Company’s actual leverage ratio was under 5.0x, and as a result, quarterly principal payments were not required.
24


The legal final maturity date of the Class A-2 Notes is in August 2049, but it is expected that, unless earlier prepaid to the extent permitted under the Indenture, the anticipated repayment dates of the Class A-2-I Notes, the Class A-2-II Notes and the Class A-2-III Notes will be August 2023, August 2026 and August 2029, respectively (the “Anticipated Repayment Dates”). If the Master Issuer has not repaid or refinanced the Class A-2 Notes prior to the respective anticipated repayment date, additional interest will accrue pursuant to the Indenture.
Restricted Cash — In accordance with the terms of the Indenture, certain cash accounts have been established with the Indenture trustee for the benefit of the note holders and are restricted in their use. As of April 11, 2021, the Master Issuer had restricted cash of $18.1 million, which primarily represented cash collections and cash reserves held by the trustee to be used for payments of interest and commitment fees required for the Class A-1 and A-2 Notes.
Covenants and Restrictions The Notes are subject to a series of covenants and restrictions customary for transactions of this type, including (i) that the Master Issuer maintains specified reserve accounts to be used to make required payments in respect of the Notes, (ii) provisions relating to optional and mandatory prepayments and the related payment of specified amounts, including specified make-whole payments in the case of the Class A-2 Notes under certain circumstances, (iii) certain indemnification payments in the event, among other things, the assets pledged as collateral for the Notes are in stated ways defective or ineffective and (iv) covenants relating to recordkeeping, access to information and similar matters. The Notes are also subject to customary rapid amortization events provided for in the Indenture, including events tied to failure to maintain stated debt service coverage ratios, the sum of gross sales for specified restaurants being below certain levels on certain measurement dates, certain manager termination events, an event of default, and the failure to repay or refinance the Class A-2 Notes on the applicable scheduled maturity date. The Notes are also subject to certain customary events of default, including events relating to non-payment of required interest, principal, or other amounts due on or with respect to the Notes, failure to comply with covenants within certain time frames, certain bankruptcy events, breaches of specified representations and warranties, failure of security interests to be effective, and certain judgments. As of April 11, 2021, we were in compliance with all of our debt covenant requirements and were not subject to any rapid amortization events.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have entered into certain off-balance sheet contractual obligations and commitments in the ordinary course of business, which are recognized in our condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. There has been no material change in these arrangements as disclosed in our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020. We are not a party to any other off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

DISCUSSION OF CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
Critical accounting estimates are those that we believe are most important for the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results, and that require management’s most subjective and complex judgments. Judgments and uncertainties regarding the application of these policies may result in materially different amounts being reported under various conditions or using different assumptions. There have been no material changes to the critical accounting estimates previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020. 

NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Refer to Note 1, Basis of Presentation, of the notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
25


CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including further impacts that COVID-19 pandemic may have on our future operations. Any statements contained herein that are not historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “goals,” “guidance,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “may,” “will,” “would”, “should” and similar expressions. These statements are based on management’s current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate. These estimates and assumptions involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that are in some cases beyond our control. Factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted and is expected to continue to disrupt our business, which has affected and could continue to materially affect our operations, financial condition, and results of operations for an extended period of time.
We face significant competition in the food service industry and our inability to compete may adversely affect our business.
Changes in demographic trends and in customer tastes and preferences could cause sales and the royalties we receive from franchisees to decline.
Changes in consumer confidence and declines in general economic conditions could negatively impact our financial results.
Increases in food and commodity costs could decrease our profit margins or result in a modified menu, which could adversely affect our financial results.
Failure to receive scheduled deliveries of high-quality food ingredients and other supplies could harm our operations and reputation.
We have a limited number of suppliers for our major products and rely on a distribution network with a limited number of distribution partners for the majority of our national distribution program. If our suppliers or distributors are unable to fulfill their obligations under their contracts, it could harm our operations.
Food safety and food-borne illness concerns may have an adverse effect on our business by reducing demand and increasing costs.
Negative publicity relating to our business or industry could adversely impact our reputation.
Our business could be adversely affected by increased labor costs.
Inability to attract, train and retain top-performing personnel could adversely impact our financial results or business.
We may not have the same resources as our competitors for marketing, advertising and promotion.
We may be adversely impacted by severe weather conditions, natural disasters, terrorist acts or civil unrest that could result in property damage, injury to employees and staff, and lost restaurant sales.
We may not achieve our development goals.
Our highly franchised business model presents a number of risks, and the failure of our franchisees to operate successful and profitable restaurants could negatively impact our business.
We are subject to financial and regulatory risks associated with our owned and leased properties and real estate development projects.
Our tax provision may fluctuate due to changes in expected earnings.
We are subject to the risk of cybersecurity breaches, intrusions, data loss, or other data security incidents.
We are subject to risks associated with our increasing dependence on digital commerce platforms and technologies to maintain and grow sales, and we cannot predict the impact that these digital commerce platforms and technologies, other new or improved technologies or alternative methods of delivery may have on consumer behavior and our financial results.
We are dependent on information technology and digital service providers and any material failure, misuse, or interruption of our computer systems, supporting infrastructure, consumer-facing digital capabilities or social media platforms could adversely affect our business.
If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately determine our financial results or prevent fraud. As a result, the Company’s stockholders could lose confidence in our financial results, which would harm our business and the value of the Company’s common shares.
We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property, which could harm the value of our brands and adversely affect our business.
26


Jack in the Box may be subject to risk associated with disagreements with key stakeholders, such as franchisees.
The securitized debt instruments issued by certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries have restrictive terms, and any failure to comply with such terms could result in default, which could harm the value of our brand and adversely affect our business.
We have a significant amount of debt outstanding. Such indebtedness, along with the other contractual commitments of our Company or its subsidiaries, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, as well as the ability of certain of our subsidiaries to meet debt payment obligations.
The securitization transaction documents impose certain restrictions on our activities or the activities of our subsidiaries, and the failure to comply with such restrictions could adversely affect our business.
Changes in accounting standards may negatively impact our results of operations.
We are subject to increasing legal complexity and may be subject to claims or lawsuits that are costly to defend and could result in our payment of substantial damages or settlement costs.
Unionization activities or labor disputes may disrupt our operations and affect our profitability.
Increasing regulatory and legal complexity may adversely affect restaurant operations and our financial results.
Our insurance may not provide adequate levels of coverage against claims.
Governmental regulation may adversely affect our existing and future operations and results, including by harming our ability to profitably operate our restaurants.
The proliferation of federal, state, and local regulations increases our compliance risks, which in turn could adversely affect our business.
Legislation and regulations regarding our products and ingredients, including the nutritional content of our products, could impact customer preferences and negatively impact our financial results.
Failure to obtain and maintain required licenses and permits or to comply with food control regulations could lead to the loss of our food service licenses and, thereby, harm our business.
Our quarterly results and, as a result, the price of our common stock, may fluctuate significantly and could fall below the expectations of securities analysts and investors due to various factors.
Actions of activist stockholders could cause us to incur substantial costs, divert management’s attention and resources, and have an adverse effect on our business.
These and other factors are identified and described in more detail in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, but not limited to: the “Discussion of Critical Accounting Estimates,” and other sections in this Form 10-Q and the “Risk Factors” section of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020 (“Form 10-K”). These documents may be read free of charge on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Potential investors are urged to consider these factors, more fully described in our Form 10-K, carefully in evaluating any forward-looking statements, and are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are made only as of the date issued, and we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

27


ITEM 3.        QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There have been no material changes in our quantitative and qualitative market risks set forth in Part II, Item 7A “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020.

ITEM 4.        CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Based on an evaluation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended), as of the end of the Company’s quarter ended April 11, 2021, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively) have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s fiscal quarter ended April 11, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.


28


PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
There is no information required to be reported for any items under Part II, except as follows:

ITEM 1.        LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
See Note 11, Commitments and Contingencies, of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of our contingencies and legal matters.

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS
When evaluating our business and our prospects, you should consider the risks and uncertainties described under Item 1A of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020, which we filed with the SEC on November 18, 2020, as updated in this Item 1A. You should also consider the risks and uncertainties discussed under the heading “Cautionary Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in Item 2 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should also refer to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2020, including our financial statements and the related notes. These risks and uncertainties are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. If any of the risks or uncertainties actually occurs, our business and financial results could be harmed. In that case, the market price of our common stock could decline.

ITEM 2.        UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Stock Repurchases — In the second quarter of 2021 we repurchased 0.6 million shares of our common stock for an aggregate cost of $65.0 million. As of April 11, 2021, there was $35.0 million remaining under the Board-authorized stock buyback program which expires in November 2021 and $100.0 million which expires in November 2022.
(a)
Total number of shares purchased
(b)
Average price paid per share
(c)
Total number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced programs
(d)
Maximum dollar value that may yet be purchased under these programs
$ 200,000,000 
January 18, 2021 - February 14, 2021 —  $ —  —  $ 200,000,000 
February 15, 2021 - March 14, 2021 566,528  $ 100.11  566,528  $ 143,286,701 
March 15, 2021 - April 11, 2021 74,181  $ 111.71  74,181  $ 135,000,010 
Total 640,709  640,709 

ITEM 3.        DEFAULTS OF SENIOR SECURITIES
None.

ITEM 4.        MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.

ITEM 5.        OTHER INFORMATION
Item 5.03.    None.
29


ITEM 6.        EXHIBITS
Number Description Form Filed with SEC
10.2.22* Filed herewith
10.2.23* Filed herewith
10.2.24* Filed herewith
10.2.25* Filed herewith
31.1 Filed herewith
31.2 Filed herewith
32.1 Filed herewith
32.2 Filed herewith
101.INS iXBRL Instance Document
101.SCH iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File formatted in iXBRL
* Management contract or compensatory plan

30


SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
JACK IN THE BOX INC.
By:
/S/    TIM MULLANY
  Tim Mullany
  Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer)
(Duly Authorized Signatory)
Date: May 12, 2021
31
Jack in the Box (NASDAQ:JACK)
Historical Stock Chart
From Sep 2021 to Oct 2021 Click Here for more Jack in the Box Charts.
Jack in the Box (NASDAQ:JACK)
Historical Stock Chart
From Oct 2020 to Oct 2021 Click Here for more Jack in the Box Charts.