Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 05/15/2019 @ 12:52PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Heat Biologics, Inc. (MM) (HTBX)
Quote : 0.7354  -0.0246 (-3.24%) @ 11:00PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 



 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

 


þ


 


QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019


OR


o


 


TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


For the transition period from _______________ to _______________

Commission file number: 001-35994

Heat Biologics, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

26-2844103

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

801 Capitola Drive

Durham, NC

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

27713

(Zip Code)

(919) 240-7133

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  þ    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  þ    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

¨

 

Accelerated filer

¨

Non-accelerated filer

þ

 

Smaller reporting company

þ

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

¨

If an emerging growth company indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o   No  þ

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

HTBX

Nasdaq Capital Market


As of May 10, 2019, there were 34,065,652 shares of Common Stock, $0.0002 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 




 


HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

 

 

Page No.

                     

                

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 (unaudited) and December 31, 2018

1

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss (unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018

2

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018

3

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018

4

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

5

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

24

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

24

 

 

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

25

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

25

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

26

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

26

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

26

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

26

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

26


SIGNATURES

27

 

 









FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements, other than statements of historical facts, contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management, are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “target,” “potential,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “continue” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results could differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, our ability to raise additional capital to support our clinical development program and other operations, our ability to develop products of commercial value and to identify, discover and obtain rights to additional potential product candidates, our ability to protect and maintain our intellectual property and the ability of our licensors to obtain and maintain patent protection for the technology or products that we license from them, the outcome of research and development activities, our reliance on third-parties, competitive developments, the effect of current and future legislation and regulation and regulatory actions, as well as other risks described more fully in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).  Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict, including those identified below, under Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and elsewhere herein and those identified under Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 28, 2019 and Amendment No. 1 thereto filed with the SEC on April 24, 2019. Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason.

As a result of these and other factors, we may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make. We do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.


NOTE REGARDING COMPANY REFERENCES

Throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, “Heat Biologics,” “the Company,” ‘we” and “our” refer to Heat Biologics, Inc.





i





PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets


 

 

March 31,

2019

 

December 31,

2018

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Current Assets

    

                          

    

                          

  

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

17,896,821

 

$

22,154,251

 

Short-term investments

 

 

5,611,538

 

 

5,570,027

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

79,047

 

 

28,538

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

818,662

 

 

961,317

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

24,406,068

 

 

28,714,133

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and Equipment, net

 

 

621,419

 

 

643,146

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In-process R&D

 

 

5,866,000

 

 

5,866,000

 

Goodwill

 

 

2,189,338

 

 

2,189,338

 

Right-of-use asset

 

 

463,910

 

 

 

Deposits

 

 

351,220

 

 

351,220

 

Total Other Assets

 

 

8,870,468

 

 

8,406,558

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Assets

 

$

33,897,955

 

$

37,763,837

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

1,618,812

 

$

974,619

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

340,627

 

 

1,032,539

 

Contingent consideration, current portion

 

 

1,209,000

 

 

1,187,000

 

Operating lease liability, current portion

 

 

166,142

 

 

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

948,906

 

 

1,678,051

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

4,283,487

 

 

4,872,209

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long Term Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration, net of current portion

 

 

2,010,515

 

 

1,918,225

 

Deferred tax liability

 

 

361,911

 

 

316,733

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

 

200,000

 

 

200,000

 

Operating lease liability, net of current portion

 

 

304,997

 

 

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

261,065

 

 

213,724

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

7,421,975

 

 

7,520,891

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $.0002 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized, 34,093,067 and 32,492,144 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019 (unaudited) and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

6,819

 

 

6,499

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

116,943,119

 

 

114,883,135

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(90,295,656

)

 

(84,580,180

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(28,093

)

 

(19,904

)

Total Stockholders’ Equity– Heat Biologics, Inc.

 

 

26,626,189

 

 

30,289,550

 

Non-Controlling Interest

 

 

(150,209

)

 

(46,604

)

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

26,475,980

 

 

30,242,946

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

$

33,897,955

 

$

37,763,837

 



See Notes to Financial Statements


1





HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)


 

 

Three Months Ended,
March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Revenue:

    

                          

    

                          

  

Grant and licensing revenue

 

$

701,062

 

$

752,527

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

3,172,247

 

 

2,872,950

 

General and administrative

 

 

3,347,601

 

 

1,780,339

 

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

114,290

 

 

11,118

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

6,634,138

 

 

4,664,407

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(5,933,076

)

 

(3,911,880

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

150,852

 

 

3,633

 

Other income, net

 

 

8,321

 

 

175,020

 

Total non-operating income, net

 

 

159,173

 

 

178,653

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss before income taxes

 

 

(5,773,903

)

 

(3,733,227

)

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

45,178

 

 

(205,000

)

Net loss

 

 

(5,819,081

)

 

(3,528,227

)

Net loss – non-controlling interest 

 

 

(103,605

)

 

(206,461

)

Net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.

 

$

(5,715,476

)

$

(3,321,766

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.—basic and diluted

 

$

(0.17

)

$

(0.71

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of common shares used in net loss per share attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted

 

 

33,225,164

 

 

4,709,553

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(5,819,081

)

 

(3,528,227

)

Unrealized (loss) gain on foreign currency translation

 

 

(8,189

)

 

21,325

 

Total other comprehensive loss

 

 

(5,827,270

)

 

(3,506,902

)

Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

(103,605

)

 

(206,461

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(5,723,665

)

$

(3,300,441

)








See Notes to Financial Statements


2





HEAT BIOLOGICS INC.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)


 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

Comprehensive

 

Non-Controlling

 

 

Stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

APIC

 

 

Deficit

 

Loss

 

Interest

 

 

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

 

 

$

6,499

 

 

$

114,883,135

 

 

$

(84,580,180

)

$

(19,904

)

$

(46,604

)

 

$

30,242,946

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

320

 

 

 

2,059,984

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,060,304

 

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,189

)

 

 

 

 

(8,189)

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,715,476

)

 

 

 

(103,605

)

 

 

(5,819,081

)

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

 

$

6,819

 

 

$

116,943,119

 

 

$

(90,295,656

)

$

(28,093

)

$

(150,209

)

 

$

26,475,980

 


 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

Comprehensive

 

Non-Controlling

 

 

Stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

APIC

 

 

Deficit

 

Loss

 

Interest

 

 

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

 

 

 

$

840

 

 

$

76,382,262

 

 

$

(68,846,326

)

$

(166,025

)

$

(1,589,842

)

 

$

5,780,909

 

Issuance of common stock, 1,403,367 shares

 

 

 

 

281

 

 

 

3,573,099

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,573,380

 

Stock issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(173,526

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(173,526

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

371,881

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

371,893

 

Other comprehensive gain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21,325

 

 

 

 

 

21,325

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,321,766

)

 

 

 

(206,461

)

 

 

(3,528,227

)

Balance at March 31, 2018

 

 

 

$

1,133

 

 

$

80,153,716

 

 

$

(72,168,092

)

$

(144,700

)

$

(1,796,303

)

 

$

6,045,754

 







See Notes to Financial Statements


3





HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)


 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

    

                          

    

                          

  

Net loss

 

$

(5,819,081

)

 

$

(3,528,227

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

67,186

 

 

 

44,075

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

2,060,304

 

 

 

371,893

 

C hange in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

114,290

 

 

 

11,118

 

Unrealized gain on investments

 

 

(5,588

)

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash arising from changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(50,684

)

 

 

9,422

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

142,812

 

 

 

305,097

 

Deferred financing costs

 

 

 

 

 

(10,173

)

Accounts payable

 

 

643,876

 

 

 

667,605

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

(691,912

)

 

 

(752,527

)

Deferred tax liability

 

 

45,178

 

 

 

(205,000

)

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

(729,443

)

 

 

(717,770

)

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

47,341

 

 

 

383

 

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

 

(4,175,721

)

 

 

(3,804,104

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(45,459

)

 

 

(419,141

)

Purchase of short-term investments, net

 

 

(35,923

)

 

 

 

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

 

 

(81,382

)

 

 

(419,141

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock, net of commissions

 

 

 

 

 

3,573,380

 

Stock issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

(173,526

)

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

3,399,854

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(327

)

 

 

21,674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (Decrease) Increase in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

 

 

(4,257,430

)

 

 

(801,717

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash – Beginning of Period

 

 

22,154,251

 

 

 

9,765,359

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash – End of Period

 

$

17,896,821

 

 

$

8,963,642

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 






See Notes to Financial Statements


4



 


HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)


1. Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies


Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation


The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. However, certain information or footnote disclosures normally included in complete financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed, or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). In the opinion of the Company’s management, the unaudited consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for the fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2019.


The consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are unaudited. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes, together with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 28, 2019 and Amendment No. 1 thereto filed with the SEC on April 24, 2019 (the “2018 Annual Report”).


The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 include the accounts of Heat Biologics, Inc. (“the Company”), and its subsidiaries, Pelican Therapeutics, Inc. (“Pelican”), Heat Biologics I, Inc. (“Heat I”), Heat Biologics III, Inc. (“Heat III”), Heat Biologics IV, Inc. (“Heat IV”), Heat Biologics GmbH, Heat Biologics Australia Pty Ltd., Zolovax, Inc., Delphi Therapeutics, Inc. and Scorpion Biosciences, Inc. The functional currency of the entities located outside the United States of America (the foreign entities) is the applicable local currency of the foreign entities. Assets and liabilities of the foreign entities are translated at period-end exchange rates. Statement of operations accounts are translated at the average exchange rate during the period. The effects of foreign currency translation adjustments are included in other comprehensive loss, which is a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, Heat held 85% controlling interest in Pelican. Heat accounts for its less than 100% interest in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, the Company presents non-controlling interest as a component of stockholders’ equity on its consolidated balance sheets and reports non-controlling interest net loss under the heading “net loss – non-controlling interest” on its consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.


All share numbers in the consolidated financial statements and footnotes below have been adjusted for the Company’s one-for-ten reverse stock split effective January 19, 2018.


Error Correction


As discussed in the Company’s report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018, during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company determined that an income tax benefit was required for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018. Specifically, the current year net operating losses gave rise to an indefinite-lived deferred tax asset which provided sufficient support to offset up to 80% of the Company’s indefinite-lived deferred tax liability. Accordingly, the income tax benefit for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as originally reported was understated by approximately $205,000. As revised, the Company has an income tax benefit of $205,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2018. The Company evaluated the effect of this error and concluded it was not material to any of its previously issued consolidated financial statements.





5



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Liquidity and Capital Resources


The Company has an accumulated deficit of approximately $90.3 million as of March 31, 2019 and a net loss of approximately $5.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and has not generated significant revenue or positive cash flows from operations. The Company expects to incur significant expenses and continued losses from operations for the foreseeable future. The Company expects its expenses to increase in connection with its ongoing activities, particularly as the Company continues its research and development and advances its clinical trials of, and seek marketing approval for, its product candidates and as the Company continues to fund the Pelican matching funds required in order to access the grant provided by the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas or CPRIT. In addition, if the Company obtains marketing approval for any of its product candidates, the Company expects to incur significant commercialization expenses related to product sales, marketing, manufacturing and distribution. Accordingly, the Company will need to obtain substantial additional funding in connection with its continuing operations. Adequate additional financing may not be available to the Company on acceptable terms, or at all. If the Company is unable to raise capital when needed or on attractive terms, it would be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate its research and development programs or any future commercialization efforts. To meet its capital needs, the Company intends to continue to consider multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, additional equity financings such as sales of its common stock under the B. Riley FBR, Inc. At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, if available, debt financings, partnerships, collaborations and other funding transactions. This is based on the Company’s current estimates, and the Company could use its available capital resources sooner than it currently expects. The Company is continually evaluating various cost-saving measures in light of its cash requirements in order to focus resources on its product candidates. The Company will need to generate significant revenues to achieve profitability, and it may never do so. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had approximately $23.5 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, which it believes is sufficient to fund its operations for one year from date of this filing.


Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash


The Company considers all cash and other highly liquid investments with initial maturities from the date of purchase of three months or less to be cash and cash equivalents. 


Short-term Investments

 

The Company classifies its short-term investments as available-for-sale securities, which are carried at their fair value based on the quoted market prices of the securities. On available-for-sale securities, realized and gains and losses, and unrealized gains and losses on equity securities, are included in net earnings in the period earned or incurred.

 

Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, useful lives of fixed assets, contingent consideration, income taxes and stock-based compensation. Actual results may differ from those estimates.


Segments


The Company has one reportable segment - the development of immunotherapies designed to activate and expand a patient's T-cell mediated immune system against cancer.


Business Combinations


The Company accounts for acquisitions using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires that all identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recorded at their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the fair values of identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill. When determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management makes significant estimates and assumptions. Critical estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include but are not limited to future expected cash flows from acquired patented technology. Management’s estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but are inherently uncertain and unpredictable and, as a result, actual results may differ from estimates.




6



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Goodwill and In-Process Research and Development


The Company classifies intangible assets into three categories: (1) intangible assets with definite lives subject to amortization, (2) intangible assets with indefinite lives not subject to amortization and (3) goodwill. The Company determines the useful lives of definite-lived intangible assets after considering specific facts and circumstances related to each intangible asset. Factors the Company considers when determining useful lives include the contractual term of any agreement related to the asset, the historical performance of the asset, and other economic facts; including competition and specific market conditions. Intangible assets that are deemed to have definite lives are amortized, primarily on a straight-line basis, over their estimated useful lives. Intangible assets that are deemed to have indefinite lives, including goodwill, are reviewed for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The impairment test for indefinite-lived intangibles, other than goodwill, consists of a comparison of the fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, an impairment charge is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. Indefinite-lived intangible assets, such as goodwill, are not amortized. The Company tests the carrying amounts of goodwill for recoverability on an annual basis or when events or changes in circumstances indicate evidence a potential impairment exists, using a fair value-based test. No impairment existed at March 31, 2019.


In-process research and development, or IPR&D, assets are considered to be indefinite-lived until the completion or abandonment of the associated research and development projects. IPR&D assets represent the fair value assigned to technologies that the Company acquires, which at the time of acquisition have not reached technological feasibility and have no alternative future use. During the period that the assets are considered indefinite-lived, they are tested for impairment on an annual basis, or more frequently if the Company becomes aware of any events occurring or changes in circumstances that indicate that the fair value of the IPR&D assets are less than their carrying amounts. If and when development is complete, which generally occurs upon regulatory approval and the ability to commercialize products associated with the IPR&D assets, these assets are then deemed definite-lived and are amortized based on their estimated useful lives at that point in time. If development is terminated or abandoned, the Company may have a full or partial impairment charge related to the IPR&D assets, calculated as the excess of carrying value of the IPR&D assets over fair value. No impairment existed at March 31, 2019.


Contingent Consideration

 

Consideration paid in a business combination may include potential future payments that are contingent upon the acquired business achieving certain milestones in the future (“contingent consideration”). Contingent consideration liabilities are measured at their estimated fair value as of the date of acquisition, with subsequent changes in fair value recorded in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company estimates the fair value of the contingent consideration as of the acquisition date using the estimated future cash outflows based on the probability of meeting future milestones. The milestone payments will be made upon the achievement of clinical and commercialization milestones as well as single low digit royalty payments and payments upon receipt of sublicensing income. Subsequent to the date of acquisition, the Company reassess the actual consideration earned and the probability-weighted future earn-out payments at each balance sheet date. Any adjustment to the contingent consideration liability will be recorded in the consolidated statements of operations. Contingent consideration liabilities expected to be settled within 12 months after the balance sheet date are presented in current liabilities, with the non-current portion recorded under long term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.


Research and Development


Research and development costs associated with developmental products not yet approved by the FDA as well as costs associated with bringing developmental products into advanced phase clinical trials as incurred. These costs consist primarily of pre-manufacturing and manufacturing drug costs, clinical trial execution, investigator payments, license fees, salaries, stock-based compensation and related personnel costs. Other costs include fees paid to consultants and outside service providers related to the development of the Company’s product candidates and other expenses relating to the design, development, and testing and enhancement of its product candidates.



7



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Revenue Recognition


The Company earns substantially all of its revenue from a research grant from CPRIT. The Company’s contract with CPRIT relates to developing a human TNFRSF25 agonist antibody for use in cancer patients through research and development efforts and a noncommercial license from CPRIT-funded research to CPRIT and other government agencies and institutions of higher education in Texas.


The CPRIT grant covers the period from June 1, 2016 through November 30, 2019, as amended, for a total grant award of up to $15.2 million. CPRIT advances grant funds upon request by the Company consistent with the agreed upon amounts and schedules as provided in the contract. The first tranche of funding of $1.8 million was received in May 2017, and a second tranche of funding of $6.5 million was received in October 2017. The next tranche of funding is expected to be requested and received in 2019. Funds received are reflected in deferred revenue as a liability until revenue is earned.  Grant revenue is recognized when qualifying costs are incurred. As of March 31, 2019, the deferred revenue balance was $0.3 million with $8.0 million recognized as revenue since contract inception.


As of March 31, 2019, deferred revenue includes $0.2 million we received from an economic development grant agreement with the City of San Antonio. Our obligations under the agreement include meeting certain employment levels for a period of not less than seven years commencing on or before December 31, 2017 and establishing Pelican’s corporate headquarters in San Antonio. The Economic Development Grant funds will be recognized as income upon the achievement of the performance criteria and determination that the cash is no longer refundable.


Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets


The Company’s prepaid expenses and other current assets consists primarily of the amount paid in advance for cGMP production of Pelican’s PTX-35 antibody and PTX-15 fusion protein for Pelican, as well as Chemistry Manufacturing and Control (“CMC”) material for the Company’s clinical trial studies for HS-110.


Income Taxes


Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, operating loss carryforwards, and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent that utilization is not presently more likely than not.


Significant Accounting Policies


The significant accounting policies used in preparation of these interim financial statements are disclosed in the 2018 Annual Report and have not changed significantly since such filing.


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-18: Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808): Clarifying the Interaction between Topic 808 and Topic 606. This ASU, in part, requires that certain transactions with collaboration partners be excluded from revenue recognized under Topic 606. ASU 2018-18 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is evaluating the impact of this standard and does not plan early adoption of this standard.


In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07: Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees, and as a result, the accounting for share-based payments to non-employees will be substantially aligned. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year, early adoption is permitted but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. The Company adopted this ASU in the first quarter of 2019 and there was no material effect on the Company’s results of operations or cash flows.




8



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-08 Not-For-Profit Entities (Topic 958): Clarifying the Scope and the Accounting Guidance for Contributions Received and Contributions Made , which is intended to clarify and improve the scope and the accounting guidance for contributions received and contributions made. The amendments in ASU No. 2018-08 should assist entities in (1) evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as contributions (nonreciprocal transaction) within the scope of Topic 958, Not-for-Profit Entities, or as exchange (reciprocal) transactions subject to other guidance and (2) determining whether a contribution is conditional. This amendment applies to all entities that make or receive grants or contributions. This ASU is effective for public companies serving as a resource recipient for fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company adopted this ASU in the first quarter of 2019 and there was no material effect on the recognition or measurement of revenue in the Company’s financial statements.


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02,  Leases (Topic 842), which requires recognition of a right-of-use asset and liability for future lease payments for contracts that meet the definition of a lease and requires disclosure of certain information about leasing arrangements. Generally, a lease exists when a contract or part of a contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. In determining whether a lease exists, we consider whether a contract provides us with both the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the identified asset and the right to direct the use of the identified asset. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2019 using the optional transition method and, as a result, did not recast prior period unaudited comparative financial statements. The Company has determined that its leases, consisting of leases for office and laboratory space without variable components, are operating leases. Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of operating lease right-of-use assets and associated lease liabilities of $520,399 and $528,253, respectively, as of January 1, 2019 on the  balance sheet with no cumulative impact to accumulated deficit and did not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations or cash flows.


2. Acquisition of Pelican Therapeutics


In 2017, the Company consummated the acquisition of 80% of the outstanding equity of Pelican, a related party, and Pelican became a majority owned subsidiary of the Company. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, cash consideration of approximately $0.3 million was distributed to the participating Pelican stockholders and the remainder of approximately $0.2 million for certain Pelican liabilities not satisfied was recognized as other income in the statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the period. In October 2018, Heat entered into an agreement with the University of Miami (“UM”) whereby UM exchanged its shares of stock in Heat’s subsidiaries, Heat I, Inc. and Pelican. The stock exchange resulted in Heat increasing its controlling ownership in Pelican from 80% to 85%.


Under the agreement, the Company is also obligated to make future payments based on the achievement of certain clinical and commercialization milestones, as well as low single digit royalty payments and payments upon receipt of sublicensing income:


(1)

$2,000,000 upon Pelican’s dosing of the first patient in its first Phase 1 trial for an oncology indication;

(2)

$1,500,000 upon Pelican’s dosing of the first patient in its first Phase 2 trial for an oncology indication;

(3)

$3,000,000 upon successful outcome of the first Phase 2 trial for an oncology indication;

(4)

$6,000,000 upon Pelican’s dosing of the first patient in its first Phase 3 trial for an oncology indication;

(5)

$3,000,000 upon Pelican’s dosing of the first patient in its first Phase 3 trial for a non- oncology indication;

(6)

$7,500,000 upon successful outcome of the first Phase 3 trial for an oncology indication;

(7)

$3,000,000 upon successful outcome of the first Phase 3 trial for a non-oncology indication;

(8)

$7,500,000 upon acceptance of a Biologics License Application (BLA) submission for an oncology indication;

(9)

$3,000,000 upon acceptance of a BLA submission for a non-oncology indication;

(10)

$7,500,000 upon first product indication approval in the United States or Europe for an oncology indication;

(11)

$3,000,000 upon first product indication approval in the United States or Europe for a non-oncology indication.




9



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


The fair value of these future milestone payments is reflected in the contingent consideration account under current liabilities with the non-current portion under long term liabilities on the balance sheet. The estimated fair value of the contingent consideration was determined using a probability-weighted income approach, at a discount of 6.0% based on the median yield of publicly traded non-investment grade debt of companies in the pharmaceutical industry. The Company estimates the fair value of the contingent consideration on a quarterly basis. The change was approximately $0.1 million and $0.0 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.


The Company has recorded the assets purchased and liabilities assumed at their estimated fair value in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 805:  Business Combinations . The purchase price exceeded the fair value of the net assets acquired resulting in goodwill of approximately $2.2 million. The identifiable indefinite-lived intangible asset consists of in-process R&D of approximately $5.9 million. The estimated fair value of the IPR&D was determined using a probability-weighted income approach, which discounts expected future cash flows to present value. The projected cash flows were based on certain key assumptions, including estimates of future revenue and expenses, taking into account the stage of development of the technology at the acquisition date and the time and resources needed to complete development. The Company utilized corporate bond yield data observed in the bond market to develop the discount rate utilized in the cash flows that have been probability adjusted to reflect the risks of product commercialization, which the Company believes are appropriate and representative of market participant assumptions. Operations of the acquired entity are included in the consolidated statements of operations from the acquisition date.


The purchase price has been allocated to the assets and liabilities as follows: 


Aggregate consideration:

 

 

 

Cash consideration

 

$

500,000

 

Stock consideration

 

$

1,052,000

 

Contingent consideration

 

$

2,385,000

 

Total Consideration

 

$

3,937,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase price allocation:

 

 

 

 

Cash acquired

 

$

31,199

 

In-process R&D

 

$

5,866,000

 

Goodwill

 

$

2,189,338

 

Deferred tax liability

 

$

(2,111,760

)

Net liabilities assumed

 

$

(1,102,777

)

Fair value of non-controlling interest

 

$

(935,000

)

Total purchase price

 

$

3,937,000

 


Goodwill is calculated as the difference between the acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred and the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The goodwill resulting from this acquisition arises largely from synergies expected from combining the operations. The goodwill is not deductible for income tax purposes.


In-process R&D assets are treated as indefinite-lived until the completion or abandonment of the associated R&D program, at which time the appropriate useful lives will be determined.


The Company calculated the fair value of the non-controlling interest acquired in the acquisition as 20% of the equity interest of Pelican, adjusted for a minority interest discount.


In May 2016, Pelican was awarded a $15.2 million CPRIT Grant from CPRIT for development of Pelican’s lead product candidate, PTX-35. The CPRIT Grant is expected to allow Pelican to develop PTX-35 through a 70-patient Phase 1 clinical trial. The Phase 1 clinical trial will be designed to evaluate PTX-35 in combination with other immunotherapies. The CPRIT Grant is subject to customary CPRIT funding conditions including a matching funds requirement where Pelican will match $0.50 for every $1.00 from CPRIT. Consequently, Pelican is required to provide $7.6 million in matching funds over the life of the project.




10



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Through March 31, 2019, CPRIT has provided $8.3 million of the total $15.2 million grant. The remaining $6.9 million is expected to become available in 2019. Through March 31, 2019, the Company has provided approximately $6.0 million funding to Pelican which includes matching CPRIT funds and the Company has $3.5 million to provide over the remaining contract period.


3. Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The carrying amount of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses and other payables approximate fair value due to their short maturities.


As a basis for determining the fair value of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, the Company utilizes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:


Level I – Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level II – Observable inputs, other than Level I prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.


Level III – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.


This hierarchy requires the Company to use observable market data, when available, and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the entire fair value measurement requires management to make judgments and consider factors specific to the asset or liability. The Company's cash equivalents are classified within Level I of the fair value hierarchy.


As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the fair values of cash, accounts payable, and accrued expenses approximated their carrying values because of the short-term nature of these assets or liabilities. The Company’s short-term investments consist of Level I securities which are comprised of highly liquid money market funds. The estimated fair value of the short-term investments was based on quoted market prices. There were no transfers between fair value hierarchy levels during the quarters ended March 31, 2019 or 2018.


The fair value of financial instruments measured on a recurring basis is as follows:


 

 

As of March 31, 2019

 

Description

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term investments

 

$

5,611,538

 

 

$

5,611,538

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration

 

 

3,219,515

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

3,219,515

 


 

 

As of December 31, 2018

 

Description

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term investments

 

$

5,570,027

 

 

$

5,750,027

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration

 

 

3,105,225

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

3,105,225

 




11



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


The following table summarizes the change in fair value, as determined by Level 3 inputs, for all assets and liabilities using unobservable Level 3 inputs for the year ended March 31, 2019:


 

 

Contingent Consideration

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

$

3,105,225

 

Change in fair value

 

 

114,290

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

$

3,219,515

 


The change in the fair value of the contingent consideration for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was primarily due to the effect of the change in discount rate, probability of achieving milestones, and passage of time on the fair value measurement. Adjustments associated with the change in fair value of contingent consideration are included in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.


The following table presents quantitative information about the inputs and valuation methodologies used for the Company’s fair value measurements of contingent consideration classified as Level 3 as of March 31, 2019:


 

 

Valuation
Methodology

 

Significant
Unobservable Input

 

Weighted Average
(range, if applicable)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent Consideration

 

Probability weighted
income approach

 

Milestone dates

 

2019-2026

 

 

 

 

Discount rate

 

5.96%

 

 

 

 

Probability of occurrence

 

23% to 86%


4. Short-Term Investments


The following summarizes information about short term investments at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively:


 

 

Amortized
Cost

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

 

Estimated
Fair Value

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mutual fund

 

$

5,606,081

 

 

$

5,457

 

 

$

5,611,538

December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mutual fund

 

$

5,570,158

 

 

$

(131

)

 

$

5,570,027


5. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets


Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following at:


 

 

March 31,

2019

 

December 31,
2018

 

Prepaid manufacturing expense

 

$

491,869

 

$

559,110

 

Prepaid insurance

 

 

169,249

 

 

284,931

 

Other prepaid expenses and current assets

 

 

157,544

 

 

117,276

 

 

 

$

818,662

 

$

961,317

 




12



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


6. Property and Equipment


Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives, ranging generally from five to seven years. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.


Property and equipment consisted of the following:


 

 

March 31,

2019

 

December 31,
2018

 

Lab equipment

 

$

1,257,525

 

$

1,218,532

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

9,445

 

 

9,445

 

Computers

 

 

45,055

 

 

38,589

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

58,146

 

 

58,146

 

Total

 

 

1,370,171

 

 

1,324,712

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(748,752

)

 

(681,566

)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

621,419

 

$

643,146

 


Depreciation expense was $67,186 and $44,075 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.


7. Goodwill and In-Process R&D


Goodwill of $2.2 million and in-process R&D of $5.9 million were recorded in connection with the acquisition of Pelican, as described in Note 2. The carrying value of goodwill and in-process R&D has remained unchanged and no impairment was recognized as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.


8. Accrued Expenses


Accrued expenses consist of the following:


 

 

March 31,
2019

 

December 31,
2018

 

Accrued clinical trial expenses

 

$

719,116

 

$

919,750

 

Compensation and related benefits

 

 

102,490

 

 

628,147

 

Patent fees

 

 

45,000

 

 

40,000

 

Deferred rent

 

 

 

 

7,854

 

Other expenses

 

 

82,300

 

 

82,300

 

 

 

$

948,906

 

$

1,678,051

 


9. Stockholders’ Equity


Common Stock Warrants


During the three months ended March 31, 2019, there were no changes in the Company’s outstanding warrants. As of March 31, 2019, the Company has outstanding warrants to purchase 9,030,730 shares of common stock issuable at a weighted-average exercise price of $1.89 per share.




13



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Equity Compensation Plans


Stock Options


The following is a summary of the stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2019:


 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

Outstanding, December 31, 2018

 

 

465,303

 

 

$

11.60

 

Granted

 

 

2,630,821

 

 

 

1.06

 

Expired

 

 

(1,338

)

 

 

20.54

 

Forfeited

 

 

(86,032

)

 

 

1.76

 

Outstanding, March 31, 2019

 

 

3,008,754

 

 

$

2.66

 


The weighted average grant-date fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $0.80. The fair value of each stock option was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions for stock options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2019:


Dividend yield

 

 

0.0

%

Expected volatility

 

 

131.1

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

2.5

%

Expected lives (years)

 

 

5.5

 


The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury interest rates at the time of the grant whose term is consistent with the expected life of the stock options. The Company used an average historical stock price volatility based on an analysis of reported data for a peer group of comparable companies that have issued stock options with substantially similar terms, as the Company had limited to no trading history for its common stock. Expected term represents the period that the Company’s stock option grants are expected to be outstanding. The Company elected to utilize the “simplified” method to estimate the expected term. Under this approach, the weighted-average expected life is presumed to be the average of the vesting term and the contractual term of the option.


Expected dividend yield was considered to be 0% in the option pricing formula since the Company had not paid any dividends and had no plans to do so in the future. As required by ASC 718, the Company reviews recent forfeitures and stock compensation expense. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Additionally, the Company conducts a sensitivity analysis. Based on these evaluations the Company currently does not apply a forfeiture rate.


The Company recognized $1,155,121 and $133,807 in stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively for the Company’s stock option awards.


The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding at March 31, 2019:


Options Outstanding

 

 

Options Vested and Exercisable

 

Balance

as of

3/31/2019

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life

(Years)

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

 

Balance

as of

3/31/2019

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life

(Years)

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

3,008,754

 

 

9.4

 

 

$2.66

 

 

1,256,273

 

 

9.0

 

 

$4.28

 


As of March 31, 2019, the unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options was $3,088,286 which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 16.5 months.



14



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Restricted Stock


The following is a summary of restricted stock and restricted stock unit activity for the three months ended March 31, 2019:


 

 

Shares

 

Unvested, December 31, 2018

 

 

56,520

 

Granted

 

 

1,579,179

 

Vested

 

 

(747,805

)

Forfeited

 

 

(49,215

)

Unvested, March 31, 2019

 

 

838,679

 


The Company recognized $905,183 and $238,086 in stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively.


As of March 31, 2019, there are 186,800 shares remaining available for grant under the Company’s equity compensation plans.


10. Grant and Licensing Revenues


In June 2016, Pelican entered into a cancer research grant contract or Grant Contract with CPRIT, under which CPRIT awarded a grant not to exceed $15.2 million for use in developing cancer treatments by targeting a novel T-cell costimulatory receptor (namely, TNFRSF25). The Grant Contract covers a period from June 1, 2016 through November 30, 2019, as amended.


Upon commercialization of the product, the terms of the Grant Contract require Pelican to pay tiered royalties in the low to mid-single digit percentages. Such royalties reduce to less than one percent after a mid-single-digit multiple of the grant funds have been paid to CPRIT in royalties.


The Company recognized grant revenue of approximately $0.7 million and $0.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company had deferred revenue of $0.5 million for proceeds received but for which the costs had not been incurred or the conditions of the award had not been met.


11. Net Loss Per Share


Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the periods. Fully diluted net loss per common share is computed using the weighted average number of common and dilutive common equivalent shares outstanding during the periods. Common equivalent shares consist of stock options and warrants that are computed using the treasury stock method.


For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, all of the Company’s common stock options, unvested restricted stock units and warrants were anti-dilutive and therefore have been excluded from the diluted calculation.


The following table reconciles net loss to net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.:


 

 

For the three months ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Net loss

 

$

(5,819,081

)

$

(3,528,227

)

Net loss - Non-controlling interest

 

 

(103,605

)

 

(206,461

)

Net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc.

 

$

(5,715,476

)

$

(3,321,766

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Weighted-average number of common shares used in net loss per share attributable to common stockholders —basic and diluted

 

 

33,225,164

 

 

4,709,533

 

Net loss per share attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc —basic and diluted

 

$

(0.17

)

$

(0.71

)




15



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


The following potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share due to their anti-dilutive effect:


 

 

 

For the three months ended

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Outstanding stock options

 

 

 

3,008,754

 

 

426,393

 

Restricted stock subject to forfeiture and restricted stock units

 

 

 

838,679

 

 

63,331

 

Outstanding common stock warrants

 

 

 

9,030,730

 

 

310,397

 


12. Income Tax

 

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, operating loss carryforwards, and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. As of March 31, 2019, $0.9 million of the deferred tax asset arising from the generation of 2018 net operating losses has been utilized to offset a portion of the previously recorded deferred tax liability associated with indefinite lived R&D in process costs. Specifically, the prior & current year net operating losses gave rise to an indefinite-lived deferred tax asset which provided sufficient support to offset a portion of the Company’s indefinite-lived deferred tax liability.


In accordance with FASB ASC 740, Accounting for Income Taxes, the Company reflects in the accompanying consolidated financial statements the benefit of positions taken in a previously filed tax return or expected to be taken in a future tax return only when it is considered ‘more-likely-than-not’ that the position taken will be sustained by a taxing authority. As of March 31, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the Company had no unrecognized income tax benefits and correspondingly there is no impact on the Company’s effective income tax rate associated with these items. The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties relating to uncertain income tax positions is to record them as a component of income tax expense. As of March 31, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the Company had no such accruals.


13. Leases

 

As described in Note 1, effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASC 842 using the optional transition method, applying no practical expedients. In accordance with the optional transition method, we did not recast the prior period consolidated financial statements. The lease term is the noncancelable period of the lease. There are no termination provisions or renewal periods reasonably certain of exercise or options controlled by the lessor. Finance leases, variable lease costs and short-term leases are not material to our consolidated financial statements.


The Company leases office space under operating leases. Total lease costs, consisting of fixed operating lease costs, in the three months ended March 31, 2019 amounted to $66,895.


As of March 31, 2019, lease liabilities have been determined using a weighted-average discount rate of approximately 8.6%. The rate implicit in the Company’s leases is not readily determinable. Accordingly, the Company uses its estimated incremental borrowing rate, which represents the rate of interest that it would pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term.


The weighted-average life of the Company’s leases is approximately 3.6 years. Operating cash flows in the three months ended March 31, 2019 include $67,521 of payments related to lease liabilities at the beginning of the period.




16



HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 


Maturities of operating lease liabilities as of March 31, 2019 were as follows:


Year ending December 31:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April 1 through December 31, 2019

 

$

166,238

 

2020

 

 

115,580

 

2021

 

 

118,158

 

2022

 

 

120,737

 

2023

 

 

20,195

 

Total lease payments

 

 

540,908

 

Less: imputed interest

 

 

(69,769

)

Present value of operating lease liabilities

 

$

471,139

 


In April 2019, the Company entered into a 96-month lease for office and laboratory space that is expected to commence upon the expiration of an existing lease in September 2019. Scheduled lease payments under the new lease total approximately $1.8 million.





17





ITEM 2.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.


You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including those discussed below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 28, 2019 and Amendment No. 1 thereto filed with the SEC on April 24, 2019 (the “2018 Annual Report”). This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. See “Forward-Looking Statements.”


OVERVIEW


We are a biopharmaceutical company developing immunotherapies focused on activating a patient’s immune system against cancer through T-cell activation and expansion.  Our T-cell Activation Platform (TCAP), includes two variations for intradermal administration Immune Pan-antigen Cytotoxic Therapy ( ImPACT ® ) and Combination Pan-antigen Cytotoxic Therapy ( ComPACT ). To further augment antigen experienced T-cell activation and expansion, we are also developing a novel T-cell co-stimulator PTX-35 for systemic administration. These programs are designed to harness the body's natural antigen specific immune activation and tolerance mechanisms to reprogram immunity and provide a long-term, durable clinical effect. Currently we are enrolling patients in our HS-110 combination immunotherapy trial, preparing IND submissions for HS-130 and PTX-35 programs, and providing pre-clinical, CMC development, and administrative support for these operations; while constantly focusing on protecting and expanding our intellectual property in areas of strategic interest.


We continue to enroll patients in our Phase 2 clinical trial for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in combination with either Bristol-Myers Squibb’s nivolumab (Opdivo ® ) or more recently, Merck &Co., Inc’s (Merck’s) anti-PD1 checkpoint inhibitor, pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA ® ). Our other programs are in pre-clinical and CMC development with two IND filings anticipated during 2019.


Our T-cell Activation Platform (TCAP), includes a variation of two TCAPs, ImPACT ® and ComPACT , which are designed to activate and expand tumor antigen specific “killer” T-cells to destroy a patient’s cancer. By turning immunologically “COLD tumors HOT,” we believe our platform will become an essential component of the immuno-oncology cocktail to enhance the effectiveness and durability of checkpoint inhibitors and other cancer therapies, thereby improving outcomes for those patients less likely to benefit from checkpoint inhibitors alone.


We believe the advantage of our approach is that our biologic agents deliver a broad range of tumor antigens that are unrecognized by the patient’s immune system prior to the malignant rise of the patient’s tumor. TCAP combines these tumor associated antigens with a powerful, naturally occurring immune adjuvant, gp96, to actively chaperone these antigens out of our non-replicating allogenic cell-based therapy into the local microenvironment of the skin. The treatment primes local natural immune recognition to activate T-cells to seek and destroy the cancer cells throughout the body. These TCAP agents can be administered with a variety of immuno-modulators to enhance a patient’s immune response through ligand specific T-cell activation.


Unlike many other “patient specific” or autologous immunotherapy approaches, our drugs are fully-allogenic, “off-the-shelf” products which means that we can administer immediately without the extraction of blood or tumor tissue from each patient or the creation of an individualized treatment based on these patient materials. Our TCAP product candidates from our ImPACT ® and ComPACT platforms are produced from allogeneic cell lines expressing tumor-specific proteins common among cancers. Because each patient receives the same treatment, we believe that our immunotherapy approach offers superior speed to initiation, logistical, manufacturing and importantly, cost benefits, compared to “personalized” precision medicine approaches.


Our ImPACT ® platform is an allogenic cell-based, T-cell-stimulating platform that functions as an immune activator to stimulate and expand T-cells. The key component of this innovative immunotherapy platform is the dual functionality of the heat shock protein, gp96.




18





As a molecular chaperone, gp96 is typically found within the cell’s endoplasmic reticulum and facilitates the folding of newly synthesized proteins for functionalized tasks. But when a cell abnormally dies through necrosis or infection, gp96 is naturally released into the surrounding microenvironment. At this moment, gp96 becomes a Danger Associated Molecular Protein or “DAMP”, a molecular warning signal for localized innate activation of the immune system. In this context gp96 serves as a potent adjuvant, or immune stimulator, via Toll-Like Receptor 4/2 (TLR4 and TLR2) signaling which serves to activate APCs to specialized dendritic cells that upregulate T-cell costimulatory ligands, MHC and immune activating cytokines. It is among the most powerful adjuvants found in the body and uniquely shows exclusive specificity to CD8+ “killer” T-cells through cross-presentation of the gp96-chaperoned tumor associated peptide antigens directly to MHC class I molecules for direct activation and expansion of CD8+ T-cells. Thus, gp96 plays a critical role in the mechanism of action for Heat’s T-cell activating platform immuno-therapies; mimicking necrotic cell death and activating a powerful, tumor antigen-specific T-cell immune response to attack the patient’s cancer cells.


ComPACT , our second TCAP, is a dual-acting immunotherapy designed to deliver antigen driven T-cell activation and specific co-stimulation in a single product.   ComPACT is designed to help unlock the body’s natural defenses and builds upon ImPACT ® by providing specific co-stimulation to enhance T-cell activation and expansion. It has the potential to simplify combination immunotherapy development for oncology patients, as it is designed to deliver the gp96 heat shock protein and a T-cell co-stimulatory fusion protein (OX40L) as a single therapeutic, without the need for multiple, independent biologic products.  The potential advantages of ComPACT include: (a) enhanced activation of antigen-specific CD8+ T-cells; (b) serving as a booster to expand the number of antigen-specific CD8+ T-cells compared to OX40L alone; (c) stimulation of T-cell memory function to remain effective in the body after treatment, even if the cancer comes back; (d) demonstration of less toxicity, as the source of cancer associated antigens and co-stimulator are supplied at the same time locally and the draining lymph nodes, which drive targeted, cancer specific immunity towards the tumor rather than throughout the body; and (e) a potential paradigm shift that is designed to simplify combination cancer immunotherapy versus systemic co-stimulation with conventional monoclonal antibodies (mAbs).


Pelican, our subsidiary, is a biotechnology company focused on the development of biologic based therapies designed to activate the immune system, including the monoclonal antibody, PTX-35. PTX-35, which is currently focused on preclinical IND enabling activities, is Pelican’s lead product candidate targeting the T-cell co-stimulator, TNFRSF25. It is designed to harness the body's natural antigen specific immune activation and tolerance mechanisms to reprogram immunity and provide a long-term, durable clinical effect. TNFRSF25 agonism has been shown to provide highly selective and potent stimulation of antigen experienced ‘memory’ CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells, which are the class of long-lived T-cells capable of eliminating tumor cells in patients. Due to the preferential specificity of PTX-35 to antigen experienced CD8+ T-cells, this agent represents a promising candidate as a T-cell co-stimulator in cancer patients.


When combined in preclinical studies with ImPACT ®  and  ComPACT platform immunotherapies, PTX-35 has been shown to enhance antigen specific T-cell activation to eliminate tumor cells. Pelican is also developing other biologics that target TNFRSF25 for various immunotherapy approaches, including PTX-45, a human TL1A-lg fusion protein designed as a shorter half-life agonist of TNFRSF25.


We continue to enroll patients in our HS-110 combination immunotherapy trial, prepare for IND submission of HS-130 ( ComPACT ), advance pre-clinical development of Pelican assets in anticipation of an IND submission, and provide general and administrative support for these operations and protecting our intellectual property. We currently do not have any products approved for sale and we have not generated any significant revenue since our inception and no revenue from product sales. We expect to continue to incur significant expenses and to incur increasing operating losses for at least the next several years. We anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially as we:


·

complete the ongoing clinical trials of our product candidates;

·

maintain, expand and protect our intellectual property portfolio;

·

seek to obtain regulatory approvals for our product candidates;

·

continue our research and development efforts;

·

add operational, financial and management information systems and personnel, including personnel to support our product development and commercialization efforts; and

·

operate as a public company.




19





Recent Developments


·

In January 2019, we dosed our first patient in a Phase 2 clinical trial investigating HS-110 in combination with Merck s anti-PD1 checkpoint inhibitor, KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab), in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).


·

In February 2019, we announced updated interim results from our ongoing Phase 2 study of HS-110 in patients with advanced NSCLC. The results were presented at the 2019 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium. Improved survival was observed in patients with low CD8+ "cold" tumor at baseline compared to high CD8+ patients; and the occurrence of injection site reactions correlated with improved overall survival. Whereas there were no differences in survival based on positive ( 1%) or negative PD-L1 expression. Key highlights of Cohort B results include an objective response rate of 15%, disease control rate of 55%, and a median progression-free survival of 2.7 months. We believe preliminary data suggests the addition of HS-110 to Nivolumab may restore responsiveness to treatment after tumor progression on prior checkpoint inhibitor therapy.


·

In April 2019, our CPRIT Grant, initially covering the period from June 1, 2016 through May 31, 2019, was extended from May 31, 2019 to November 30, 2019.


·

In April 2019, we entered into a 96-month lease for office and laboratory space that we anticipate occupying in September 2019 upon the expiration of our current lease.


·

In April 2019, we entered into an At Market Issuance Sales Agreement with B. Riley FBR, Inc. as sales agent pursuant to which the Company may sell from time to time, at its option, shares of its common stock.


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND SIGNIFICANT JUDGMENTS AND ESTIMATES


We believe that several accounting policies are important to understanding our historical and future performance. We refer to these policies as “critical” because these specific areas generally require us to make judgments and estimates about matters that are uncertain at the time we make the estimate, and different estimates—which also would have been reasonable—could have been used, which would have resulted in different financial results.


Our management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates based on historical experience and make various assumptions, which management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, which form the basis for judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.


The notes to our consolidated financial statements contained herein and to our audited consolidated financial statements contained in our 2018 Annual Report contain a summary of our significant accounting policies. We consider the following accounting policies critical to the understanding of the results of our operations:


·

Revenue;

·

In-process R&D;

·

Goodwill impairment;

·

Income tax;

·

Contingent consideration;

·

Stock-based compensation;

·

Research and development costs, including clinical and regulatory cost; and

·

Recent accounting pronouncements.




20





RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Comparison of the Three Months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018


Revenues. For the quarter ended March 31, 2019, we recognized $0.7 million of grant revenue for qualified expenditures under the CPRIT grant. We recognized $0.8 million of grant revenue related to CPRIT during the three months ended March 31, 2018. The decrease in grant revenue in the current-year period primarily reflects the expected timing of completion of deliveries under the current phase of the contract.  As of March 31, 2019, we had deferred revenue of $0.3 million for CPRIT proceeds received but for which the costs had not been incurred or the conditions of the award had not been met. We continue our efforts to secure future non-dilutive grant funding to subsidize ongoing research and development costs.


Research and development expense. Research and development expenses increased approximately 10% to $3.2 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 compared to $2.9 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2018. The components of R&D expense are as follows, in millions:


 

 

Three Months Ended,

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Programs

 

 

 

 

 

 

HS-110

 

$

0.8

 

 

$

1.0

 

HS-410

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

0.1

 

HS-130

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

0.1

 

PTX 35/15

 

 

0.9

 

 

 

0.8

 

Other programs

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

0.1

 

Unallocated research and development expenses

 

 

1.3

 

 

 

0.8

 

 

 

$

3.2

 

 

$

2.9

 


·

HS-110 expense decreased $0.2 million, reflecting the current-period mix of development activities, primarily due to decreased costs associated with the production of drug supplies and outsourced clinical services offset by increased payments to investigator sites for ongoing clinical trials

·

HS-410 expense decreased, reflecting completion of prior clinical trial activities.

·

HS-130 expense represented primarily regulatory consulting in the current period and clinical trial materials in the 2018 period.

·

PTX expense for 2019 was comparable to the 2018 period, primarily reflecting continued pre-clinical development of PTX-35.

·

Other programs include preclinical costs associated with our Zika program, T-cell costimulatory programs, and laboratory supplies.

·

The increase in unallocated research expenses primarily reflects personnel costs, including stock-based compensation from 2019 stock awards.


Change in fair value of contingent consideration. The change in fair value of contingent consideration was $0.1 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, compared to $0.0 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2018, primarily reflecting a lower discount rate and shorter discount periods.


General and administrative expense. General and administrative expense increased to $3.3 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 compared to $1.8 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2018. The increase is primarily attributable to increased stock-based compensation expense.


Non-operating income, net. Other income was $0.2 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, comparable in total to the quarter ended March 31, 2018. In 2019, other income was primarily related to interest income on cash and short-term investment balances. In 2018, other income is primarily related to the release of escrow funds to us for payment of liabilities related to the Pelican acquisition.


Net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc. We had a net loss attributable to Heat Biologics, Inc. of $5.7 million, or ($0.17) per basic and diluted share for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 compared to a net loss of $3.3 million, or ($0.71) per basic and diluted share for the quarter ended March 31, 2018.




21





Balance Sheet at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018


Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets. Prepaid expenses and other current assets was approximately $0.8 million as of March 31, 2019 and $1.0 million as of December 31, 2018. The $0.2 million decrease is primarily attributable to recognition of prepaid insurance amounts over their respective amortization period and the application of prior prepayments to vendors.


Right of Use Asset and Operating Lease Liabilities These assets and liabilities were first recognized in the quarter ended March 31, 2019, upon our adoption of ASU No. 2016-02,  Leases (Topic 842), which requires recognition of a right-of-use asset and liability for future lease payments for contracts that meet the definition of a lease.


Accounts Payable. Accounts payable was approximately $1.6 million as of March 31, 2019 compared to approximately $1.0 million as of December 31, 2018. The increase of approximately $0.6 million is related to payables for CMC and clinical services fees.


Deferred Revenue. We had deferred revenue of $0.5 million and $1.2 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. This deferred revenue represents proceeds received for the CPRIT grant and from an economic development grant for which the costs had not been incurred or the conditions of the award had not been met.


Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities. Accrued expenses were approximately $0.9 million as of March 31, 2019 compared to approximately $1.7 million as of December 31, 2018. The decrease of approximately $0.8 million was primarily related to 2018 employee bonuses which were accrued at December 31, 2018 but subsequently paid in January 2019.


Contingent Consideration. As of March 31, 2019, we had contingent consideration of $3.2 million related to our acquisition of Pelican, compared to approximately $3.1 million as of December 31, 2018. This amount represents the fair value of future milestone payments to Pelican shareholders which were discounted in accordance with ASC 805. We perform an analysis on a quarterly basis and as of March 31, 2019, we determined the change in the estimated fair value of the contingent consideration during the quarter was $0.1 million.


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES


Sources of Liquidity


Since our inception in June 2008, we have incurred significant losses and we have financed our operations with net proceeds from the private placement of our preferred stock, common stock and debt. More recently, we have primarily financed our operations with net proceeds from the public offering of our common stock and to a lesser extent, the proceeds from the exercise of warrants. During May 2018, we closed a public offering of shares of our common stock and warrants to purchase shares of our common stock in which we received net proceeds of approximately $18.8 million and after the closing of the offering, an additional $4.8 million from the exercise of 3,054,667 warrants issued in this offering. During November 2018, we closed a public offering of shares of our common stock and warrants to purchase shares of our common stock in which we received net proceeds of approximately $12.7 million. In addition, from August 2016 through July 2017 we received an aggregate of $9.3 million of net proceeds through our At Market Issuance Sales Agreement (the “FBR Sales Agreement”) with B. Riley FBR, Inc. formerly known as FBR Capital Markets & Co. On January 18, 2018, we entered into the H.C. Wainwright Sales Agreement that replaced the FBR Sales Agreement and which has subsequently been terminated. We received net proceeds of approximately $3.8 million from the sale of shares of our common stock through the H.C. Wainwright Sales Agreement. As of March 31, 2019, we had an accumulated deficit of $90.3 million. We had net losses of $16.6 million and $12.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We had net losses of $5.8 million and $3.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.




22





We expect to incur significant expenses and continued losses from operations for the foreseeable future. We expect our expenses to increase in connection with our ongoing activities, particularly as we continue the research and development and advance our clinical trials of, and seek marketing approval for, our product candidates and as we continue to fund the Pelican matching funds required in order to access the CPRIT Grant. In addition, if we obtain marketing approval for any of our product candidates, we expect to incur significant commercialization expenses related to product sales, marketing, manufacturing and distribution. Accordingly, we will need to obtain substantial additional funding in connection with our continuing operations. Although we currently have sufficient funds to complete our Phase 2 clinical trials, as currently planned, and expect that we will have sufficient funds to fund our operations through mid-year 2020, we will need to obtain substantial additional future funding in connection with our future planned clinical trials. Adequate additional financing may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are unable to raise capital when needed or on attractive terms, we would be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate our research and development programs or any future commercialization efforts. To meet our capital needs, we intend to continue to consider multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, additional equity financings such as sales of our common stock under at-the-market offerings, if available, debt financings, partnerships, collaborations and other funding transactions. This is based on our current estimates, and we could use our available capital resources sooner than we currently expect. We are continually evaluating various cost-saving measures in light of our cash requirements in order to focus our resources on our product candidates. We will need to generate significant revenues to achieve profitability, and we may never do so. As of March 31, 2019, we had approximately $23.5 million in cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments which we believe is sufficient to fund our operations for one year from date of this filing.


Cash Flows


Operating activities.  The use of cash in all periods resulted primarily from our net losses adjusted for non-cash charges and changes in the components of working capital. The increase in cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018 is primarily due to increased general and administrative expenses.


Investing activities .  The use of cash in all periods was primarily related to the purchase of property and equipment. The decrease is due to the purchase of lab equipment as we established our San Antonio facilities per the CPRIT Grant in the three months ended March 31, 2018.


Financing activities.   There were no cash inflows from financing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2019. The source of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2018 was public offerings of stock and issuance of common stock through an at-the-market Common Stock Sales Agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC., net of related stock issuance costs.


Current and Future Financing Needs

 

We have incurred an accumulated deficit of $90.3 million through March 31, 2019. We have incurred negative cash flows from operations since we started our business. We have spent, and expect to continue to spend, substantial amounts in connection with implementing our business strategy, including our planned product development efforts, our clinical trials, and our research and discovery efforts.

 

We intend to meet our financing needs through multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, additional equity financings, debt financings and/or funding from partnerships or collaborations.

 

However, the actual amount of funds we will need to operate is subject to many factors, some of which are beyond our control. These factors include the following:

 

·

the progress of our research activities;

·

the number and scope of our research programs;

·

the progress of our preclinical and clinical development activities;

·

the progress of the development efforts of parties with whom we have entered into research and development agreements;

·

our ability to maintain current research and development licensing arrangements and to establish new research and development and licensing arrangements;

·

our ability to achieve our milestones under licensing arrangements;

·

the costs involved in prosecuting and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights;

·

the costs and timing of regulatory approvals; and

·

profitability of our clinical laboratory diagnostic and microbiology services business.



23





We have based our estimate on assumptions that may prove to be wrong. We may need to obtain additional funds sooner or in greater amounts than we currently anticipate. Potential sources of financing include strategic relationships, public or private sales of our equity or debt and other sources. We may seek to access the public or private equity markets when conditions are favorable due to our long-term capital requirements. We do not have any committed sources of financing at this time, and it is uncertain whether additional funding will be available when we need it on terms that will be acceptable to us, or at all. Potential sources of financing that we are pursuing include strategic relationships, public or private sales of our equity (including through the B. Riley FBR, Inc. At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, or FBR Sales Agreement) or debt and other sources. We cannot assure that we will meet the requirements for use of the FBR Sales Agreement especially in light of the fact that we are currently limited by rules of the SEC as to the number of shares of common stock that we can sell pursuant to the FBR Sales Agreement due to the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates. If we raise funds by selling additional shares of common stock or other securities convertible into common stock, the ownership interest of our existing stockholders will be diluted. If we are not able to obtain financing when needed, we may be unable to carry out our business plan, including accessing the CPRIT Grant. As a result, we may have to significantly limit our operations and our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially harmed.


OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS


We did not have during the periods presented, and we do not currently have, any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined under Securities and Exchange Commission rules.


ITEM 3.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.


We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information required under this item.


ITEM 4.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.


Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures


Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2019. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. We have adopted and maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports filed under the Exchange Act, such as this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, is collected, recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules of the SEC. Our disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2019 our Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance concluded that, as of such a date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level .


Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, our previous Vice President of Finance retired and a new Vice President of Finance was appointed. In addition, we experienced changes in other accounting personnel with roles in our financial reporting processes. Other than such personnel changes, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.





24





PART II—OTHER INFORMATION 


ITEM 1.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.


From time to time we may become involved in legal proceedings or be subject to claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are not presently a party to any legal proceedings that, if determined adversely to us, would individually or taken together have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition or cash flows. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.


ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS.


The following information and updates should be read in conjunction with the information disclosed in Part 1, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” contained in our 2018 Annual Report. Except as disclosed below, there have been no material changes from the risk factors and uncertainties disclosed in our 2018 Annual Report.


We have incurred net losses every year since our inception and expect to continue to generate operating losses and experience negative cash flows and it is uncertain whether we will achieve profitability.


As of March 31, 2019, we had an accumulated deficit of $90.3 million. We had net losses of $16.6 million and $12.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We had net losses of $5.8 million and $3.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We expect to continue to incur operating losses until such time, if ever, as we are able to achieve sufficient levels of revenue from operations. Our ability to achieve profitability will depend on us obtaining regulatory approval for our product candidates and market acceptance of our product offerings and our capacity to develop, introduce and sell our products to our targeted markets. There can be no assurance that any of our product candidates will be approved for commercial sale, or even if our product candidates are approved for commercial sale that we will ever generate significant sales or achieve profitability. Accordingly, the extent of future losses and the time required to achieve profitability, if ever, cannot be predicted at this point.


Even if we succeed in developing and commercializing one or more product candidates, we expect to incur substantial losses for the foreseeable future and may never become profitable. We also expect to continue to incur significant operating expenses and anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially in the foreseeable future as we:


·

continue to undertake preclinical development and conduct clinical trials for product candidates;

·

seek regulatory approvals for product candidates;

·

implement additional internal systems and infrastructure; and

·

hire additional personnel.


We also expect to experience negative cash flows for the foreseeable future as we fund our operating losses. As a result, we will need to generate significant revenues or raise additional financing in order to achieve and maintain profitability. We may not be able to generate these revenues or achieve profitability in the future. Our failure to achieve or maintain profitability would likely negatively impact the value of our securities and financing activities.


We will need to raise additional capital to operate our business and our failure to obtain funding when needed may force us to delay, reduce or eliminate our development programs or commercialization efforts.


During the three months ended March 31, 2019, our operating activities used net cash of approximately $4.2 million and as of March 31, 2019, our cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments were approximately $23.5 million. We have experienced significant losses since inception and have a significant accumulated deficit. As of March 31, 2019, our accumulated deficit totaled approximately $90.3 million. During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, our operating activities used net cash of approximately $21.7 and $6.4 million, respectively. We expect to incur additional operating losses in the future and therefore expect our cumulative losses to increase. We do not expect to derive revenue from any significant source in the near future until we or our potential partners successfully commercialize our products. Despite cost-saving measures that we implemented, we expect our expenses to increase if and when we initiate and conduct Phase 3 and other clinical trials, and seek marketing approval for our product candidates. Until such time as we receive approval from the FDA and other regulatory authorities for our product candidates, we will not be permitted to sell our products and therefore will not have product revenues from the sale of products. For the foreseeable future, we will have to fund all of our operations and capital expenditures from equity and debt offerings, cash on hand, licensing fees and grants.



25





We expect that our current cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments will allow us to continue the enrollment of additional patients in the Phase 2 clinical trial for HS-110; however, if the trial design or size were to change, we may need to raise money earlier than anticipated.


We will need to raise additional capital to fund our future operations and we cannot be certain that funding will be available on acceptable terms on a timely basis, or at all. To meet our financing needs, we are considering multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, current and additional equity financings, which we expect will include sales of common stock through at the market issuances, debt financings and/or funding from partnerships or collaborations. Our ability to raise capital through the sale of securities may be limited by the various rules of the SEC and the NASDAQ Capital Market that place limits on the number and dollar amount of securities that we may sell. There can be no assurance that we will be able to meet the requirements for use of at-market-issuance agreements, especially in light of the fact that we are subject to the smaller reporting company requirements, or to complete any such transactions on acceptable terms or otherwise. Any additional sources of financing will likely involve the issuance of our equity or debt securities, which will have a dilutive effect on our stockholders. To the extent that we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience significant dilution. Any debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants that may impact our ability to conduct our business. If we do not succeed in raising additional funds on acceptable terms, we may be unable to complete planned preclinical and clinical trials or obtain approval of our product candidates from the FDA and other regulatory authorities, or continue to maintain our listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market. In addition, we could be forced to delay, discontinue or curtail product development, forego sales and marketing efforts, and forego licensing in attractive business opportunities. Any additional sources of financing will likely involve the issuance of our equity or debt securities, which will have a dilutive effect on our stockholders.

 

ITEM 2.

UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

None that were not previously disclosed in our Current Reports on Form 8-K.


ITEM 3.

DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES .


Not Applicable.


ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES .


Not Applicable.


ITEM 5.

OTHER INFORMATION.


None.


ITEM 6.

EXHIBITS.


The exhibits filed as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are set forth on the Exhibit Index. The Exhibit Index is incorporated herein by reference.





26





SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


 

 

HEAT BIOLOGICS, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date: May 15, 2019

 

By: 

/s/ Jeffrey A. Wolf

 

 

 

Jeffrey A. Wolf

 

 

 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

Date: May 15, 2019

 

By:

/s/ Robert J. Jakobs

 

 

 

Robert J. Jakobs

 

 

 

Vice President of Finance

 

 

 

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)









27





EXHIBIT INDEX


Exhibit No.

 

Description

1.1

 

At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, dated April 3, 2019, by and between Heat Biologics, Inc. and  B. Riley FBR, Inc. (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 4, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

4.1

 

Amendment No. 1 to the Rights Agreement dated as of March 8, 2019 to the Rights Agreement dated March 11, 2018 by and between Heat Biologics, Inc. and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as rights agent (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 12, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

10.1

 

Amendment to Employment Agreement between Heat Biologics, Inc. and Jeffrey T. Hutchins, effective as of January 1, 2019 (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 3, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

10.2

 

Heat Biologics, Inc. Form of Restricted Stock Agreement (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 3, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

10.3

 

Agreement by and between Heat Biologics, Inc. and Ann A. Rosar, dated March 7, 2019 (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 12, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

10.4

 

Offer Letter by and between Heat Biologics, Inc. and Robert J. Jakobs, dated March 7, 2019 (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 12, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

10.5

 

Attachment to CPRIT Contract (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 18, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

10.6

 

Lease between Durham KTP Tech 7, LLC and Heat Biologics, Inc. dated April 17, 2019 (previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 18, 2019 (File No. 001-35994))

31.1*

 

Certification of Jeffrey Wolf, Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a)

31.2*

 

Certification of Robert Jakobs, Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a)

32.1*

 

Certification of Jeffrey Wolf, Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to Section 1350 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.2*

 

Certification of Robert Jakobs, Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer, pursuant to Section 1350 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

101.INS*

 

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE*

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

———————

*

Filed herewith.





28


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