K2 HealthVentures Loan and Security Agreement
In July 2022, the Company entered into a loan and security agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with K2 HealthVentures LLC (together with its affiliates, “K2HV”, and together with any other lender from time to time party thereto, the “Lenders”), as administrative agent for the Lenders, and Ankura Trust Company, LLC, as collateral agent for the Lenders. The Loan Agreement provides up to $50.0 million principal in term loans (the “Term Loan”) consisting of a first tranche of $30.0 million funded at closing and a subsequent second tranche of up to $20.0 million upon the Company’s request before March 1, 2025, subject to review by the Lenders of certain information from the Company and discretionary approval by the Lenders.
In connection with entering into the Loan Agreement, the Company also issued to K2HV a warrant to purchase shares of common stock (see Note 8), which was an incremental cost to the Loan Agreement; thus, the allocated fair value of the warrant was recorded as part of the issuance cost.
The Term Loan will mature on August 1, 2026, with interest only payments for 30 months, and thereafter interest and principal payments for the remaining 18 months. It bears a variable interest rate equal to the greater of (i) 7.95% and (ii) the sum of (A) the prime rate last quoted in The Wall Street Journal (or a comparable replacement rate, as determined by the Lenders, if The Wall Street Journal ceases to quote such rate) and (B) 3.20%. Upon the final payment under the Loan Agreement, the Lenders are entitled to an end of term charge equal to 6.45% of the aggregate original principal amount of the term loans made pursuant to the Loan Agreement. The final payment fee is being accreted and amortized into interest expense using the effective interest rate method over the term of the loan. The effective interest is 11.19% for the first tranche. This could change given it is a variable interest rate facility.
The Company may prepay, at its option, all, but not less than all, of the outstanding principal balance and all accrued and unpaid interest with respect to the principal balance being prepaid of the term loans, subject to a prepayment premium as follows: 3% of the loan amounts prepaid if such prepayment occurs in the first year after funding; 2% if such prepayment occurs in the second year after funding; 1% if such prepayment occurs in the third year after funding; and 0% thereafter.
The Lenders may elect at any time following the closing and prior to the full repayment of the term loans to convert any portion of the principal amount of the term loans then outstanding, up to an aggregate of $3.25 million in principal amount, into shares of the Company’s common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, at a conversion price of $2.6493, subject to customary 19.99% Nasdaq beneficial ownership limitations. The Company also granted registration rights to the Lenders with respect to shares received upon such conversion.
Further, the Lenders may elect to invest up to $5.0 million in future equity financings of the Company, provided such investment is limited to no more than 10% of the total amount raised in such equity financing.
The Loan Agreement contains customary representations and warranties, events of default and affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants that limit or restrict the Company’s ability to, among other things, dispose of assets, make changes to the Company’s business, management, ownership or business locations, merge or consolidate, incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends or other distributions or repurchase equity, make investments, and enter into certain transactions with affiliates, in each case subject to certain exceptions. The Loan Agreement also contains covenants requiring that the Company maintain cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities balance of at least $25.0 million so long as the Company’s total market capitalization is less than $250.0 million.
As security for its obligations under the Loan Agreement, the Company granted the Lenders a first priority security interest on substantially all of the Company’s assets (other than intellectual property), subject to certain exceptions.
The Company capitalized $0.9 million of debt issuance costs which consist of incremental costs incurred for the Lenders and third-party legal firms as well as the fair value of the warrant issued in conjunction with the origination of the term loan. The book value of debt approximates its fair value given the variable interest rate. Long-term debt and the unamortized discount balances are as follows: