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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 001-40046
Core Scientific, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
86-1243837
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
210 Barton Springs Road
Suite 300
Austin, Texas
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
78704
(Zip Code)
(512) 402-5233
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share
CORZ
The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Warrants, exercisable for shares of common stock
CORZW
The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share
Shares Outstanding as of August 12, 2022
357,294,622


TABLE OF CONTENTS
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2

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
3

Core Scientific, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except par value)
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets (Unaudited)
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 128,542  $ 117,871 
Restricted cash 11,938  13,807 
Accounts receivable, net 2,840  1,382 
Accounts receivable from related parties 677  300 
Deposits for equipment 165,662  358,791 
Digital assets 40,664  234,298 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 161,234  30,111 
Total Current Assets 511,557  756,560 
Property, plant and equipment, net 1,049,070  597,304 
Goodwill 266,038  1,055,760 
Intangible assets, net 3,590  8,195 
Other noncurrent assets 14,903  21,045 
Total Assets $ 1,845,158  $ 2,438,864 
Liabilities, Redeemable Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 31,252  $ 11,617 
Accrued expenses and other 124,488  67,862 
Deferred revenue 71,837  63,417 
Deferred revenue from related parties 36,923  72,945 
Derivative warrant liabilities 5,808  — 
Finance lease liabilities, current portion 28,570  28,452 
Notes payable, current portion 217,674  75,996 
Total Current Liabilities 516,552  320,289 
Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion 48,701  62,145 
Notes payable, net of current portion (includes $726,554 and $557,007 at fair value)
852,323  652,213 
Other noncurrent liabilities 11,130  18,531 
Total Liabilities 1,428,706  1,053,178 
Contingently redeemable convertible preferred stock; $0.0001 par value; 2,000,000 shares authorized; — and 10,826 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively; $— and $45,164 total liquidation preference at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
—  44,476 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Stockholders’ Equity:
Common stock; $0.0001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized at both June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021; 353,481 and 271,576 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
35  27 
Additional paid-in capital 1,695,748  1,379,581 
Accumulated deficit (1,304,111) (27,432)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) 24,780  (10,966)
Total Stockholders’ Equity 416,452  1,341,210 
Total Liabilities, Redeemable Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity $ 1,845,158  $ 2,438,864 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
4

Core Scientific, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Revenue:
Hosting revenue from customers $ 31,338  $ 11,895  $ 58,676  $ 20,251 
Hosting revenue from related parties
7,598  6,667  13,474  11,003 
Equipment sales to customers
3,507  36,457  3,923  60,499 
Equipment sales to related parties
11,687  9,519  37,576  17,403 
Digital asset mining revenue
109,842  10,765  242,842  20,393 
Total revenue
163,972  75,303  356,491  129,549 
Cost of revenue:
Cost of hosting services 43,644  17,550  74,875  29,379 
Cost of equipment sales 13,541  31,100  36,076  57,331 
Cost of digital asset mining 94,070  2,115  162,820  3,768 
Total cost of revenue
151,255  50,765  273,771  90,478 
Gross profit
12,717  24,538  82,720  39,071 
Gain (loss) from sales of digital assets
11,808  (16) 13,971  14 
Impairment of digital assets (150,213) —  (204,198) — 
Impairment of goodwill and other intangibles (790,753) —  (790,753) — 
Losses on exchange or disposal of property, plant and equipment (13,057) (17) (13,057) (17)
Operating expenses:
Research and development
14,773  1,437  18,113  2,645 
Sales and marketing
10,238  720  11,636  1,254 
General and administrative
90,874  6,822  131,034  10,617 
Total operating expenses
115,885  8,979  160,783  14,516 
Operating (loss) income
(1,045,383) 15,526  (1,072,100) 24,552 
Non-operating (income) expenses, net:
Loss on debt extinguishment
—  7,974  —  8,016 
Interest expense, net
27,116  10,846  48,792  12,981 
Fair value adjustment on convertible notes (195,061) —  190,976  — 
Fair value adjustment on derivative warrant liabilities (22,189) —  (32,464) — 
Other non-operating expenses, net
3,876  3,519 
Total non-operating (income) expenses, net
(186,258) 18,822  210,823  20,999 
(Loss) income before income taxes
(859,125) (3,296) (1,282,923) 3,553 
Income tax (benefit) expense
(48,650) 118  (6,244) 118 
Net (loss) income
$ (810,475) $ (3,414) $ (1,276,679) $ 3,435 
Net (loss) income per share (Note 14):
Basic
$ (2.49) $ (0.02) $ (4.04) $ 0.02 
Diluted
$ (2.49) $ (0.02) $ (4.04) $ 0.02 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic
324,967  158,890  316,269  158,338 
Diluted
324,967  158,890  316,269  177,342 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
5

Core Scientific, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Net (loss) income
$ (810,475) $ (3,414) $ (1,276,679) $ 3,435 
Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes:
Change in fair value attributable to instrument-specific credit risk of convertible notes measured at fair value under the fair value option, net of tax effect of $—, $—, $— and $—
8,582  —  35,746  — 
Total other comprehensive income, net of income taxes
8,582  —  35,746  — 
Comprehensive (loss) income
$ (801,893) $ (3,414) $ (1,240,933) $ 3,435 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.


6

Core Scientific, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Contingently Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)

Contingently Redeemable
Convertible Preferred
Stock
Common Stock Additional
Paid-In Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance at March 31, 2022 —  —  324,564  32  1,604,116  (493,636) 16,198  1,126,710 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  (810,475) —  (810,475)
Other comprehensive income —  —  —  —  —  —  8,582  8,582 
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  115,492  —  —  115,492 
Issuance of common stock - employee stock options —  —  1,321  —  3,846  —  —  3,846 
Issuance of common stock - restricted stock and restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for tax withholding obligations —  —  27,399  (29,280) —  —  (29,277)
Issuance of common stock - exercise of convertible notes —  —  197  —  1,574  —  —  1,574 
Balance at June 30, 2022 —  —  353,481  35  1,695,748  (1,304,111) 24,780  416,452 
Balance at December 31, 2021 10,826  44,476  271,576  27  1,379,581  (27,432) (10,966) 1,341,210 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  (1,276,679) —  (1,276,679)
Other comprehensive income —  —  —  —  —  —  35,746  35,746 
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  136,065  —  —  136,065 
Issuance of common stock - employee stock options —  —  1,321  —  3,846  —  —  3,846 
Issuance of common stock - restricted stock and restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for tax withholding obligations —  —  34,202  (29,281) —  —  (29,277)
Issuance of common stock - exercise of convertible notes —  —  197  —  1,574  —  —  1,574 
Issuance of common stock - exercise of warrants —  —  3,001  —  —  —  —  — 
Conversion of contingently redeemable preferred stock to common stock (10,826) (44,476) 10,826  44,475  —  —  44,476 
Issuances of common stock - Merger with XPDI —  —  30,778  163,456  —  —  163,459 
Issuances of common stock - vendor settlement —  —  1,580  —  12,674  —  —  12,674 
Costs attributable to issuance of common stock and equity instruments - Merger with XPDI —  —  —  —  (16,642) —  —  (16,642)
Balance at June 30, 2022 —  —  353,481  35  1,695,748  (1,304,111) 24,780  416,452 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
7

Core Scientific, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Contingently Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)

  Contingently Redeemable
Convertible Preferred
Stock
Common Stock Additional
Paid-In Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
  Shares Amount Shares Amount
Balance at March 31, 2021 10,826  44,476  157,786  16  165,036  (67,895) —  97,157 
Net loss —  —  —  —  —  (3,414) —  (3,414)
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  2,136  —  —  2,136 
Issuances of common stock- warrants and options —  —  40  —  —  —  —  — 
Balance at June 30, 2021
10,826  44,476  157,826  16  167,172  (71,309) —  95,879 
Balance at December 31, 2020
6,766  $ 44,476  98,607  $ $ 163,967  $ (74,744) $ —  $ 89,224 
Retroactive application of the recapitalization 4,060  —  59,179  15  (15) —  —  — 
Balance at December 31, 2020, as adjusted 10,826  44,476  157,786  16  163,952  (74,744) —  89,224 
Net income —  —  —  —  —  3,435  —  3,435 
Stock-based compensation —  —  —  —  2,724  —  —  2,724 
Issuances of common stock- warrants and options —  —  40  —  496  —  —  496 
Balance at June 30, 2021
10,826  44,476  157,826  16  167,172  (71,309) —  95,879 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
8

Core Scientific, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021
Cash flows from Operating Activities:
Net (loss) income
$ (1,276,679) $ 3,435 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 91,974  5,991 
Amortization of operating lease right-of-use assets 107  — 
Stock-based compensation 136,795  2,724 
Digital asset mining revenue (242,842) (20,393)
Deferred income taxes (8,527) — 
Gain on sale of intangible assets (5,904) — 
Loss on debt extinguishment
—  8,016 
Fair value adjustment on derivative warrant liabilities (32,464) — 
Fair value adjustment on convertible notes 206,859  2,580 
Fair value adjustment on other liabilities 9,430  — 
Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs 3,920  742 
Losses on exchange or disposal of property, plant and equipment
13,057  17 
Impairment of digital assets 204,198  — 
Impairment of goodwill and other intangibles 790,753  — 
Changes in working capital components:
Accounts receivable, net (1,458) (6,800)
Accounts receivable from related parties (377) (16,061)
Digital assets 232,278  20,207 
Deposits for equipment for sales to customers 36,953  (260,568)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (24,246) 17,079 
Accounts payable 4,186  3,893 
Accrued expenses and other 33,297  3,267 
Deferred revenue 8,421  18,977 
Deferred revenue from related parties (36,022) 116,908 
Other noncurrent assets and liabilities, net (2,436) (21,345)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 141,273  (121,331)
Cash flows from Investing Activities:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (238,537) (39,075)
Deposits for self-mining equipment (217,677) — 
Proceeds from sale of intangibles 10,850  — 
Other (276) (142)
Net cash used in investing activities (445,640) (39,217)
Cash flows from Financing Activities:
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of transaction costs 198,857  496 
Proceeds from debt, net of issuance costs 216,257  245,372 
Repurchase of common shares to pay employee withholding taxes (29,278) — 
Principal repayments of finance leases (23,177) — 
Principal payments on debt (49,490) (35,670)
Net cash provided by financing activities 313,169  210,198 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 8,802  49,650 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—beginning of period 131,678  8,721 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—end of period $ 140,480  $ 58,371 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
9

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
1. ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
MineCo Holdings, Inc. was incorporated on December 13, 2017 in the State of Delaware and changed its name to Core Scientific, Inc. (“Legacy Core Scientific”) pursuant to an amendment to its Certificate of Incorporation dated June 12, 2018. On August 17, 2020 Legacy Core Scientific engaged in a holdco restructuring to facilitate a borrowing arrangement by Legacy Core Scientific pursuant to which Legacy Core Scientific was merged with and into a wholly owned subsidiary of Core Scientific Holding Co. and became a wholly owned subsidiary of Core Scientific Holding Co. and the stockholders of Legacy Core Scientific became the shareholders of Core Scientific Holding Co. On January 19, 2022, Core Scientific Holding Co. merged with Power & Digital Infrastructure Acquisition Corp., a Delaware corporation (“XPDI”), and XPDI Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of XPDI (“Merger Sub”), consummated the transactions contemplated under the merger agreement, following the approval at the special meeting of the stockholders of XPDI held on January 19, 2022. In connection with the closing of the merger, XPDI changed its name from Power & Digital Infrastructure Acquisition Corp. to Core Scientific, Inc. (“Core Scientific” or the “Company”). The Company, headquartered in Austin, Texas, is an infrastructure, technology and services company that conducts, or plans to conduct, the following business activities:
Owning and operating computer equipment used to process transactions conducted on one or more blockchain networks in exchange for transaction processing fees rewarded in digital currency assets, commonly referred to as mining;
Owning and operating datacenter facilities in the U.S. to provide colocation and hosting services for distributed ledger technology, also commonly known as blockchain;
Developing blockchain-based platforms and applications, including infrastructure management, security technologies, mining optimization, and recordkeeping;
Merger Agreement
In 2021, XPDI entered into a certain Agreement and Plan of Reorganization and Merger, dated as of July 20, 2021, as amended on October 1, 2021, and as further amended on December 29, 2021, by and among Core Scientific Holding Co., XPDI Merger Sub and XPDI (the “Merger Agreement”). XPDI’s stockholders approved the transactions (collectively, the “Merger”) contemplated by the Merger Agreement at a special meeting of stockholders held on January 19, 2022 (the “Special Meeting”).
Pursuant to the terms of (a) the Merger Agreement and (b) that certain Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of October 1, 2021, as amended on January 14, 2022, by and among XPDI, Core Scientific Holding Co., XPDI Merger Sub 3, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of XPDI (“Merger Sub 3”), and Blockcap, Inc., a Nevada corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of Core Scientific (“Blockcap”), the Merger was effected by (i) the merger of Merger Sub with and into Core Scientific (the “First Merger”), which occurred on January 19, 2022 (the “Closing Date”), with Core Scientific surviving the First Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of XPDI, (ii) the merger of Core Scientific with and into XPDI (the “Second Merger”), which occurred on January 20, 2022, with XPDI surviving the Second Merger, and (iii) following the closing of the Second Merger on January 20, 2022, the merger of Blockcap with and into Merger Sub 3 (the “Third Merger”), with Merger Sub 3 surviving the Third Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of XPDI under the name “Core Scientific Acquired Mining LLC.” Immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger (such effective time of the First Merger, the “Effective Time”), XPDI filed a Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the “Post-Combination Charter”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware pursuant to which XPDI changed its name from “Power & Digital Infrastructure Acquisition Corp.” to “Core Scientific, Inc.” (hereinafter referred to as the “Company” or “New Core”) and redesignated its Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“XPDI Class A Common Stock”), and Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“XPDI Class B Common Stock”), as common stock, par value $0.0001, of the Company (“New Core Common Stock”). The Exchange Ratio (as defined in the Merger Agreement) was 1.6001528688 of a share of New Core Common Stock per fully-diluted share of Core Scientific Common Stock.
In connection with the Special Meeting and the Merger, holders of 12.3 million of the 34.5 million then-outstanding shares of Class A common stock of XPDI exercised their right to redeem their shares for cash at a redemption price of approximately $10.00 per share, for an aggregate redemption amount of $123.5 million.
10

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

The Merger provided gross proceeds of approximately $221.6 million from the XPDI trust account, resulting in approximately $195.0 million in net cash proceeds to Core Scientific, after the payment of transaction expenses, which is presented within Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of transaction costs on the consolidated statements of cash flows. Following the Transaction, former Core Scientific stockholders owned 90.7%, former XPDI public stockholders owned 6.7% and XPDI’s sponsor owned 2.6% of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock, respectively, of the Company, excluding the impact of unvested restricted stock units and options. The proceeds from the Merger were used to fund mining equipment purchases and infrastructure build-out.
The Merger is accounted for as a reverse recapitalization with the Company being the accounting acquirer. A reverse recapitalization does not result in a new basis of accounting. Accordingly, the reverse recapitalization was treated as the equivalent of Core Scientific Holding Co. issuing stock for the net assets of XPDI, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of XPDI are stated at historical costs, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. The Company identified $18.6 million of direct and incremental transaction costs, which consist of legal, accounting, and other professional services directly related to the Merger, of which $10.7 million were recorded in other noncurrent assets on the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2021 and the remaining $7.9 million were recognized in the six months ended June 30, 2022. These transaction costs have been allocated to all instruments assumed or issued in the merger on a relative fair value basis as of the date of the merger. Transaction costs of $16.6 million have been allocated to equity-classified instruments and recognized as an adjustment to additional paid-in capital within total stockholders’ equity. The cash outflows related to these costs have been netted against the proceeds from the issuance of common stock upon the Merger with XPDI within financing activities on the Company’s consolidated statement of cash flows. Transaction costs of $2.0 million have been allocated to liability-classified instruments that are measured at fair value through earnings and have been recognized as a charge within general and administrative expenses in the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Immediately prior to the Effective Time, each share of Series A convertible preferred stock, par value $0.00001, of Core Scientific automatically converted into one share of Core Scientific common stock, par value $0.00001 per share (“Core Scientific Common Stock”), and each share of Series B convertible preferred stock, par value $0.00001, of Core Scientific automatically converted into one share of Core Scientific Common Stock.
In addition, immediately prior to the Effective Time, each share of XPDI Class B Common Stock automatically converted into one share of New Core Common Stock. 1.7 million shares (“SPAC Vesting Shares”) are subject to vesting conditions, and will vest i) upon the date on which New Core Common Stock’s volume-weighted average price is greater than $12.50 per share for any 20 trading days within any 30 consecutive trading day period within five years of the Closing Date or ii) upon any Company Sale that is consummated within five years of the Closing Date that results in the holders of the Company’s common stock receiving a Company Sale Price equal to or in excess of $12.50 per share. A Company Sale means any change in control of the Company, or a sale of substantially all of the Company’s assets that results in a change in control. Company Sale Price means the price per share paid to holders of common stock in a Company Sale.
As a result of the Merger, all of XPDI’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock automatically converted into shares of New Core Common Stock on a one-for-one basis. XPDI’s 8.6 million public warrants issued in its initial public offering (the “Public Warrants”) and 6.3 million warrants issued in connection with private placement at the time of XPDI’s initial public offering (the “Private Placement Warrants) became warrants for New Core Common Stock.
All share-based compensation awards were converted into comparable equity awards that are settled or exercisable for shares of New Core Common Stock. As a result, each stock option and warrant was converted into an option or warrant to purchase shares New Core Common Stock based on an exchange ratio of 1.6001528688. Each award of the Company’s restricted stock units (“RSUs”) was converted into RSUs of New Core based on an exchange ratio of 1.6001528688.
Each convertible note is convertible into New Core Common Stock in accordance with the terms of such convertible promissory note; provided, however, that with respect to outstanding convertible promissory notes for which Core Scientific received a duly executed exercise of conversion in accordance with such convertible promissory note, exercising the right of such holder to convert such convertible promissory note subject to and conditioned upon the occurrence of the Effective Time, the outstanding principal amount and accrued interest as of the Effective Time with respect to such convertible promissory note was converted into shares of New Core Common Stock, equal to the product (rounded down to the nearest whole number) of (i) the number of shares of Core Scientific Common Stock issuable upon the conversion of such convertible promissory note in accordance with such convertible promissory note immediately prior to the Effective Time and (ii) the Exchange Ratio.
11

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect the application of certain significant accounting policies as described below and elsewhere in these notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Basis of Presentation
We have prepared the accompanying consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim financial reporting. These consolidated financial statements are unaudited and, in our opinion, include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments and accruals necessary for a fair presentation of our consolidated cash flows, operating results, and balance sheets for the periods presented. Operating results for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for 2022. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) have been omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included as an exhibit to the amendment to the Current Report on Form 8-K/A, which was filed with the SEC on March 31, 2022 (the “8-K/A”).
Use of Estimates
The consolidated assets, liabilities and results of operations prior to the reverse recapitalization are those of Core Scientific Holding Co. The outstanding shares and corresponding capital amounts, and losses per share, prior to the reverse recapitalization, have been retroactively adjusted in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805, Business Combinations.
The preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Some of the more significant estimates include the valuation of the Company’s common shares and the determination of the grant date fair value of stock-based compensation awards for periods prior to the Merger, the valuation of goodwill and intangibles, the fair value of convertible debt, acquisition purchase price accounting, and income taxes. These estimates are based on information available as of the date of the financial statements; therefore, actual results could differ from management’s estimates.
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Cash and cash equivalents include all cash balances and highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less from the date of acquisition. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, cash equivalents included $105.1 million and $100.0 million of highly liquid money market funds, respectively, which are classified as Level 1 within the fair value hierarchy. Restricted cash consists of cash held in escrow to pay for construction and development activities.
The following table provides a reconciliation of the amount of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported on the Consolidated Balance Sheets to the total of the same amount shown in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (in thousands):
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 128,542  $ 117,871 
Restricted cash
11,938  13,807 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
$ 140,480  $ 131,678 
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
Property, plant and equipment includes land, buildings and improvements for datacenter facilities and leasehold improvements for the Company’s corporate headquarters. Property and equipment consists of computer, mining, network, electrical and other equipment, including right-of-use assets under finance leases. Property, plant and equipment, net is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Leasehold improvements are capitalized at cost and amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the lease term. Property, plant and equipment, net included construction in progress of $171.7 million and $42.6 million as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

12

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Subsequent to January 1, 2022, future obligations related to finance leases are presented as Finance lease liabilities, current portion and Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion in the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Finance lease right-of-use assets are included within Property and equipment, net on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Depreciation expense, including amortization of right-of-use assets held under finance leases, is primarily included in cost of revenue in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income.
Prior to January 1, 2022, future obligations related to capital leases accounted for under ASC 840, Leases, are presented as Finance lease liabilities, current portion and Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Capital lease assets for those periods are included within Property and equipment, net on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Amortization of capital lease assets for periods prior to January 1, 2022 is primarily included in cost of revenue in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income.
Self-mining computer equipment that is subsequently contracted for sale to customers is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with any write-down recognized as cost of equipment sales in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Derivative Warrant Liabilities

The Company does not use derivative instruments to hedge exposures to cash flow, market, or foreign currency risks. The Company evaluates all of its financial instruments, including issued stock purchase warrants, to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be classified as liabilities or as equity, is re-assessed at the end of each reporting period.
The Public Warrants and the Private Placement Warrants are recognized as derivative liabilities. Accordingly, the Company recognizes the warrant instruments as liabilities at fair value and adjusts the instruments to fair value at each reporting period. The liabilities are subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date until exercised, and any change in fair value is recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and presented as fair value adjustment on derivative warrant liabilities. The initial and subsequent estimated fair value of both the Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants was based on the listed price in an active market for the Public Warrants.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
Simplifying Income Taxes

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing the exceptions to the incremental approach for intra-period tax allocation in certain situations, the requirement to recognize a deferred tax liability for a change in the status of a foreign investment, and the general methodology for computing income taxes in an interim period when year-to date loss exceeds the anticipated loss for the year. The amendments also simplify the accounting for income taxes with regard to franchise tax, the evaluation of step up in the tax basis goodwill in certain business combinations, allocating current and deferred tax expense to legal entities that are not subject to tax and enacted change in tax laws or rates. The standard was applied on a prospective basis beginning January 1, 2022 and the adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases-(Topic 842). Under this new guidance, lessees are required to recognize for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases): 1) a lease liability equal to the lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis and 2) a right-of-use asset which will represent the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term (“ROU asset”). The Company adopted Topic 842 effective for the Company’s annual and interim reporting periods beginning January 1, 2022. The adoption of Topic 842 required the Company to recognize non-current assets and liabilities for right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on its Consolidated Balance Sheet, but it did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations or cash flows. Topic 842 also requires additional footnote disclosures to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
A modified retrospective transition approach is required, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2022 and used the effective date as the date of initial application. Consequently, financial information has not been updated, and the disclosures required under the new standard will not be provided for dates and periods before January 1, 2022.
13

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company has elected the ‘package of practical expedients’, which permits the Company not to reassess prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs under the new standard. The Company has not elected the use-of-hindsight or the practical expedient pertaining to land easements; the latter not being applicable to the Company.
The new standard also provides practical expedients for the Company’s ongoing accounting. The Company has elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases that qualify. This means, for those leases that qualify, the Company does not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities, and this includes not recognizing ROU assets or lease liabilities for existing short-term leases of those assets in transition. The Company has not elected to apply the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for the Company’s leases as of the transition date of January 1, 2022 but may apply the practical expedient prospectively to certain asset classes.

The cumulative effect of initially applying the new lease standard on January 1, 2022 is as follows (in thousands):

January 1, 2022
Beginning Balance Cumulative Effect Adjustment Beginning Balance, As Adjusted
Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets $ 30,111  $ (453) $ 29,658 
Other noncurrent assets $ 21,045  $ 1,814  $ 22,859 
Liabilities
Accrued expenses and other $ 67,862  $ (188) $ 67,674 
Other noncurrent liabilities $ 18,531  $ (1,173) $ 17,358 
The most significant judgments and impacts upon adoption of the standard include the following:
We recognized right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities for operating leases that have not previously been recorded. The lease liability for operating leases is based on the net present value of future minimum lease payments. The right-of-use asset for operating leases is based on the lease liability adjusted for the reclassification of certain balance sheet amounts such as prepaid rent. Deferred and prepaid rent are no longer presented separately but are included in the balance of operating lease right-of-use assets.
In determining the discount rate used to measure the right-of-use asset and lease liability, rates implicit in the leases were not readily available and therefore we used an estimate of our incremental borrowing rate. Our incremental borrowing rate was based on an estimated secured rate with reference to recent borrowings of similar collateral and tenure.
Certain line items in the Consolidated Balance Sheets have been renamed to align with the new terminology presented in the new lease standard; “Capital lease obligations, current portion” and “Capital lease obligations, net of current portion” are now presented as “Finance lease liabilities, current portion” and “Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively.
Upon adoption on January 1, 2022, Operating lease right-of-use assets of $6.7 million were recorded in Other noncurrent assets, which included $0.5 million related to prepaid rent that was reclassified from Prepaid expenses and other current assets and $4.8 million related to prepaid rent and other that had already previously been presented as Other noncurrent assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. In addition, upon adoption on January 1, 2022, the current portion of operating lease liabilities of $0.2 million were recorded in Accrued expenses and other and the noncurrent portion of operating lease liabilities of $1.2 million were recorded within Other noncurrent liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
14

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Accounting Standards not yet adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which will require an entity to measure credit losses for certain financial instruments and financial assets, including trade receivables. Under this update, on initial recognition and at each reporting period, an entity will be required to recognize an allowance that reflects the entity’s current estimate of credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the financial instrument. This update will be effective for the Company with the annual reporting period beginning January 1, 2023, including interim periods within that reporting period. Should the company lose its status as an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 and its status as a “smaller reporting company” as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, prior to this adoption date, the standard would be applicable in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impacts the adoption of this standard will have on the consolidated financial statements.
There are no other new accounting pronouncements that are expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
15

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

3. ACQUISITIONS, DISPOSITIONS AND RESTRUCTURING
In June 2020, Core Scientific entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with Atrio Inc. (“Atrio”) to acquire certain assets of Atrio in exchange for $1.2 million cash consideration and 0.5 million shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company and Atrio contemplated a valuation for the transaction of approximately $2.4 million based on an estimate of the fair value of the Company’s common stock of $2.19 per share which was allocated to cost of the acquired software intangible assets.
In a separate transaction in June 2020, the Company entered into an agreement with RStor, Inc. (“RStor”) to obtain a non-exclusive license to three specific patents held by RStor for consideration of 0.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company and RStor contemplated a valuation for the transaction of approximately $0.9 million based on an estimate of the fair value of the Company’s common stock of $2.19 per share which was allocated to the cost of the acquired patent intangible assets.
The software acquired from Atrio and the acquired patents from RStor are not businesses under ASC 805, Business Combinations, because substantially all the fair value of the acquired assets is concentrated in a single intellectual property asset. Accordingly, the asset purchases are accounted for as asset acquisitions where the cost of the acquisition, measured as the fair value of the cash consideration transferred and the common stock issued by the Company, is allocated to the assets acquired.
In March 2022, the Company reclassified $2.2 million of intangible assets related to the Atrio and RStor asset acquisitions to held for sale as a result of the expected sale of the software and related patents. The intangible assets were sold in June 2022 for proceeds of $10.9 million, resulting in a gain on sale of intangible assets of $5.9 million. The resulting gain is reflected within other non-operating expenses, net in the Statement of Operations.

Blockcap Acquisition
On July 30, 2021, the Company acquired 100% of the equity interest in Blockcap, one of its largest hosting customers. Blockcap is a blockchain technology company with industrial scale digital asset mining operations. Blockcap’s primary historical business was the mining of digital asset coins and tokens, primarily Bitcoin and, to a lesser extent, Siacoin and Ethereum. While Blockcap did sell or exchange the digital assets it mined to fund its growth strategies or for general corporate purposes from time to time, it generally retained its digital assets as investments in anticipation of continued adoption of digital assets as a “store of value” and a more accessible and efficient medium of exchange than traditional fiat currencies. In addition to mining, holding and exchanging digital assets, Blockcap also evaluated and completed investments in related technologies and ancillary businesses, including Radar Relay, Inc. (“RADAR”), an early stage company focused on technology enhancement and development in the digital asset industry that it acquired on July 1, 2021. The acquisition of Blockcap significantly expanded the Company’s self-mining operations and increased the number of miners it owns.
Consideration consisted of the issuance of 113.9 million shares of the Company’s common stock, approximately 6.8 million shares of the Company’s restricted stock and approximately 7.3 million options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. The acquisition has been accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting, whereby the net assets acquired and the liabilities assumed were recorded at fair value. The Company and Blockcap had preexisting relationships which were settled on the acquisition date. Using the estimated purchase price for the transaction, the Company has allocated the purchase price to identifiable assets and liabilities based upon fair value estimates. The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired was allocated to goodwill.
In a business combination, the initial allocation of the purchase price is considered preliminary and therefore subject to change until the end of the measurement period (not to exceed one year from the acquisition date). During the three months ended June 30, 2022, we determined that a measurement period adjustment to the accounting for the Blockcap acquisition was necessary based upon obtaining updated information about property, plant and equipment, net acquired, resulting in an increase in fair value of property, plant and equipment, net of $0.7 million, a decrease in goodwill of $1.0 million and additional depreciation expense of $0.3 million recognized in the three months ended June 30, 2022. The measurement period for the Blockcap acquisition closed during the three months ended June 30, 2022.
The following table summarizes the fair values for each major class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date. The Company retained the services of certified valuation specialists to assist with assigning estimated values to certain acquired assets and assumed liabilities. Amounts initially disclosed for the estimated values of certain acquired assets and liabilities assumed were adjusted through June 30, 2022 based on information arising after the initial preliminary valuation.


16

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements


PPA Allocation
Consideration (in thousands):
113.9 million common shares valued at $10.11 per share1,2
$ 1,151,985 
Fair value of replaced Blockcap share-based payments attributable to pre-combination service3
21,768 
Settlement of Blockcap debt4
25,607 
Settlement of preexisting contracts5
(60,522)
Total Consideration $ 1,138,838 
Fair value of assets acquired, and liabilities assumed:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 704 
Digital assets-Bitcoin 73,304 
Digital assets-Ethereum 365 
Digital assets-Bitcoin cash
Digital assets-Siacoin 554 
Digital assets-Other 3,329 
Other current assets 633 
Intangible assets, net 2,925 
Property, plant and equipment, net 98,965 
Other noncurrent assets 1,293 
Total assets acquired $ 182,080 
Accounts payable 492 
Accrued expenses and other 22,647 
Deferred revenue 414 
Other current liabilities 7,204 
Deferred tax liability 9,003 
Total liabilities assumed $ 39,760 
Total identifiable net assets $ 142,320 
Goodwill on acquisition $ 996,518 
1 113.9 million common shares represent the equivalent Core Scientific common shares issued to Blockcap shareholders as consideration for the purchase.
2 The price per share of our common shares was estimated to be $10.11. As the Core Scientific common shares were not listed on a public marketplace, the calculation of the fair value of the common shares was subject to a greater degree of estimation. Given the absence of a public market, an estimate of the fair value of the common shares was required at the time of the Blockcap acquisition. Objective and subjective factors were considered in determining the estimated fair value and because there was no active trading of the Core Scientific equity shares on an established securities market, an independent valuation specialist was engaged. The valuation was determined by weighting the outcomes of scenarios estimating share value based on both public company valuations and private company valuations. Both a market approach and common stock equivalency model were used to determine a range of outcomes, which were weighted based on probability to determine the result.
3 Reflects the estimated fair value of replaced Blockcap share-based payments allocated to purchase price based on the proportion of service related to the pre-combination period
4 Reflects the fair value of loans issued by the Company in July 2021 that were effectively used to settle debt that had previously been held by Blockcap. Refer to Note 6 for further discussion of the debt issuance.
5 Blockcap had preexisting hosting and equipment contracts with the Company that were effectively settled by the Company’s acquisition of Blockcap. As a result, the consideration transferred to Blockcap has been adjusted by the deferred revenue balances that were settled at the time of acquisition.

For a reconciliation of the carrying amount of goodwill at the beginning and end of the reporting period see Note 4.


17

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Intangible Assets and Liabilities
Goodwill with an assigned value of $1.00 billion represents the excess of the consideration transferred over the estimated fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the Blockcap acquisition. The goodwill recognized includes the assembled workforce of Blockcap and intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition. None of the goodwill resulting from the acquisition is deductible for income tax purposes. All of the goodwill acquired was allocated to the Mining segment. Management believes the acquisition of Blockcap strengthens its presence in the data mining market due to the scale of its operations. These factors are the basis for the excess purchase price paid over the value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, resulting in goodwill.
Other intangible assets acquired in the Blockcap acquisition consisted of $2.8 million of developed technology intangibles and $0.1 million of customer relationships with a weighted average useful life of 3 years.
2022 Restructuring
Current market conditions have led management to reevaluate operations and focus its efforts and resources on the core activities of its hosting and mining segments. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, management initiated a plan to exit certain activities, technologies and ancillary businesses, and to reduce portions of the Company’s workforce including those acquired through Blockcap’s acquisition of RADAR. Management anticipates that the restructuring will be complete by September 30, 2022.
Relating to this restructuring plan, estimated cash severance payments under the Company’s ongoing severance policy of $1.4 million were accrued and expensed as compensation in general and administrative expenses during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022.
As a result of exiting Blockchain Technologies, $2.0 million of intangible assets will cease to be used. Consequently, we recorded an impairment of other intangible assets of $2.0 million, which is presented within impairment of goodwill and other intangibles on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. Goodwill associated with these activities is entirely impaired in the mining reporting unit goodwill impairment charge of $788.7 million.

18

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

4. GOODWILL
The following table provides the reconciliation of the carrying amount of goodwill by segment at the beginning and end of the reporting period (in thousands):
Equipment Sales and Hosting Segment Mining Segment Total Goodwill
Balance as of December 31, 2021 $ 58,241  $ 997,519  $ 1,055,760 
Subsequent measurement period adjustment —  (1,000) (1,000)
Impairment of goodwill —  (788,722) (788,722)
Balance as of June 30, 2022 $ 58,241  $ 207,797  $ 266,038 
As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the carrying amount of goodwill was $266.0 million and $1.06 billion, respectively. There were $788.7 million of accumulated impairment losses as of June 30, 2022, and $788.7 million and no impairment losses were recorded for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The Company does not amortize goodwill, but tests it for impairment annually as of October 31, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable. The Company has the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair values of the reporting units are less than their carrying amounts as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test. If management determines that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the reporting unit’s carrying amount, or management chooses not to perform a qualitative assessment, then the quantitative goodwill impairment test will be performed. The quantitative test compares the fair value of the reporting unit with the reporting unit’s carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds its fair value, the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value is recognized as an impairment loss, and the resulting measurement of goodwill becomes its new cost basis. The Company’s reporting units are the same as its reportable and operating segments.
The Company identified a triggering event as of June 30, 2022 due to a decline in the Company’s stock price and market decline in the value of bitcoin and, as such, the Company performed the quantitative test to compare the fair value to the carrying amount for each reporting unit. The Company concluded the carrying amount of the Mining reporting unit exceeded its fair value and, as such, recorded an $788.7 million impairment of goodwill in its Mining reporting unit, which is presented within impairment of goodwill and other intangibles on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company concluded the fair value of the Equipment Sales and Hosting reporting unit exceeded its carrying amount, with an excess of fair value over carrying amount of approximately 136% of the carrying amount, and as such, did not record an impairment in its Equipment Sales and Hosting reporting unit.
The Company’s analysis involved the use of a market approach and an income approach, with equal weighting given to both approaches. Valuations using the market approach are derived from metrics of publicly traded companies. A significant judgment in using the market approach includes the selection of comparable businesses based on the markets in which each reporting unit operates, with consideration of risk profiles, size, geography, and business operations. Significant assumptions used in the income approach include growth (revenue, earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) and earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) margin, and terminal value) and discount rates, margins, capital expenditures, and the Company’s weighted average cost of capital. The Company used historical performance and management estimates of future performance to estimate margins and revenue growth rates. The Company’s growth rates and mining margins are impacted significantly by the future value of bitcoin. The income approach utilizes projected cash flow estimates developed by the Company to determine fair value, which are unobservable, Level 3 inputs. Unobservable inputs are used to measure fair value to the extent that relevant observable inputs are not available. The Company developed its estimates using the best information available at the time. The Company used discount rates that are commensurate with the risks and uncertainty inherent in the respective businesses. Assumptions used, such as forecasted growth rates, capital expenditures, and the Company’s cost of capital, are consistent with its internal projections and operating plans. Changes in management’s estimates or any of its other assumptions used in its analysis could result in a different conclusion. Further declines in the Company’s market capitalization or the deterioration of bitcoin’s value in the market could result in future goodwill impairments.
19

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

5. DERIVATIVE WARRANT LIABILITIES
As of June 30, 2022, the Company had 14.9 million warrants outstanding including: (a) 8.6 million Public Warrants and (b) 6.3 million Private Placement Warrants issued to XPDI Sponsor LLC (“Sponsor”) and certain institutional investors (“Anchor Investors”).
Each Public Warrant and Private Placement Warrant became exercisable 30 days following the Closing Date of the XPDI Merger and may be exercised for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share. The Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants expire January 19, 2027, which is five years after the Closing Date.
Redemption of Public Warrants when the price per share of common stock equals or exceeds $18.00
Once the warrants become exercisable, the Company may redeem the outstanding Public Warrants:
in whole and not in part;
at a price of $0.01 per warrant;
upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption to each warrant holder; and
if, and only if, the last reported sale price of common stock for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the Company sends the notice of redemption to the warrant holders equals or exceeds $18.00 per share (as adjusted).
The Company will not redeem the warrants as described above unless a registration statement under the Securities Act covering the issuance of the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants is then effective and a current prospectus relating to those shares of common stock is available throughout the 30-day redemption period. If and when the warrants become redeemable by the Company, the Company may exercise its redemption right even if it is unable to register or qualify the underlying securities for sale under all applicable state securities laws.
Redemption of Public Warrants when the price per share of common stock equals or exceeds $10.00
Once the warrants become exercisable, the Company may redeem the outstanding Public Warrants:
in whole and not in part;
at $0.10 per warrant upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption provided that holders will be able to exercise their warrants on a cashless basis prior to redemption and receive that number of shares determined by reference to an agreed table based on the redemption date and the “fair market value” (as defined below) of common stock;
if, and only if, the last reported sales price of the Company’s common stock for any twenty (20) trading days within the thirty (30) trading-day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which notice of the redemption is given (the “Reference Value”) equals or exceeds $10.00 per share (as adjusted for adjustments to the number of shares issuable upon exercise or the exercise price of a warrant); and
if the Reference Value is less than $18.00 per share (as adjusted for adjustments to the number of shares issuable upon exercise or the exercise price of a warrant), the Private Placement Warrants must also concurrently be called for redemption on the same terms as the outstanding Public Warrants, as described above.
The “fair market value” of common stock shall mean the volume-weighted average price of common stock during the 10 trading days immediately following the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the holders of warrants. In no event will the warrants be exercisable in connection with this redemption feature for more than 0.361 shares of Class A common stock per warrant (subject to adjustment).
Redemption of Private Placement Warrants
The terms of redemption of Private Placement Warrants are identical in all respects to those for the Public Warrants except that, so long as they are held by the Sponsor, Anchor Investors or their permitted transferees they will not be redeemable, except as described above in Redemption of Public Warrants when the price per share of common stock equals or exceeds $10.00. If the Private Placement Warrants are held by someone other than the Sponsor, the Anchor Investors or their respective permitted transferees, the Private Placement Warrants will be redeemable by the Company and exercisable by such holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants.
20

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Registration
If the Company fails to maintain a registration statement for the underlying common shares at any time, the holders of the Private Placement Warrants and Public Warrants may exercise such warrants on a cashless basis by exchanging the warrants for that number of shares of common stock equal to the lesser of (A) the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the Warrants, multiplied by the excess of the “Fair Market Value” (as defined below) less the Warrant Price by (y) the Fair Market Value and (B) the product of the number of Warrants surrendered and 0.361, subject to adjustment. “Fair Market Value” shall mean the volume-weighted average price of the shares of common stock as reported during the ten (10) trading day period ending on the trading day prior to the date that notice of exercise is received.
Classification
Both the Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants are classified as a liability on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet because their settlement amount is subject to change based on the existence of an effective registration statement for the underlying shares and the holder of the warrant (for Private Placement Warrants only). As of June 30, 2022, the liability balance was $5.8 million. For the three months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recorded a mark to market gain of $12.9 million and $9.3 million within the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recorded a mark to market gain of $18.8 million and $13.7 million within the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants, respectively. Refer to Note 8 for further information about the fair value measurement of the warrants.
21

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

6. NOTES PAYABLE
Notes payable as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consist of the following (in thousands):
June 30
2022
December 31
2021
Kentucky note $ 784  $ 1,032 
Genesis loan —  552 
NYDIG loan 48,642  67,435 
Stockholder loan 10,000  10,000 
Trinity loan 26,148  19,641 
Bremer loan 20,116  15,066 
Blockfi loan 60,652  60,000 
Anchor Labs loan 30,016  — 
Mass Mutual Barings loans 65,550  — 
B. Riley Bridge Notes 75,000  — 
Liberty loan 8,676  — 
Secured Convertible Notes1
227,528  220,871 
Other Convertible Notes2
308,753  301,226 
Other 2,073  663 
Total 883,938  696,486 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs (4,214) (3,187)
Fair value adjustment on convertible notes 190,273  34,910 
Total notes payable, net $ 1,069,997  $ 728,209 
1 Secured Convertible Notes (includes principal balance at issuance and PIK interest) which considers the minimum payoff at maturity of two times the face value of the note plus accrued interest. The minimum payoff at maturity related to the principal balance was $455.1 million on June 30, 2022. The minimum payoff at maturity related to the principal balance was $441.7 million on December 31, 2021.
2 Other Convertible Notes which considers the minimum payoff at maturity of one times the face value of the note plus accrued interest.
Kentucky NoteIn December 2018, the Company entered into a five-year secured promissory note agreement for $2.4 million in connection with the acquisition of property in Kentucky for datacenter development (“Kentucky note”). The note bears interest at a rate per annum of 5% and the Company is required to make monthly payments of principal and interest. Interest expense on the note has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 5%. The loan is secured by the underlying property purchased.
Genesis Loan—In July 2020, the Company entered into a credit facility with Genesis Global Capital, LLC that provides capacity of up to $13.0 million to finance the Company’s acquisition of blockchain computing equipment (“Genesis loan”). The Company borrowed $5.3 million in three installments and the borrowing capacity of the facility was reduced via an amendment in September 2020 to equal the actual amounts borrowed. The loans under the credit facility are secured by the blockchain computing equipment and the Company is required to comply with an approved mining strategy and other restrictions on use of the collateral. Loans under the credit facility have terms of 20 months, bear interest at a rate per annum of 16% plus a fixed risk premium, and require monthly payments. Interest expense on the loans has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 28%, which includes the amortization of a debt discount. The loan is secured by blockchain computing equipment financed by the loans. The loan was paid off in April 2022.
NYDIG Loan—In October 2020, the Company entered into a master equipment finance agreement with NYDIG and received a loan of $0.8 million to finance the Company’s acquisition of blockchain computing equipment. In March 2021, the Company received $3.8 million of additional loans under the master equipment finance agreement with NYDIG to finance the Company’s acquisition of blockchain computing equipment. The loans bear an interest rate of 15% and have a term of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loans has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 16%. The loans are secured by the blockchain computing equipment financed by the loans.
In May 2021, the Company received $13.4 million of additional loans under the master equipment finance agreement with NYDIG to finance the Company’s acquisition of blockchain computing equipment that bear an interest rate of 14.25% and have a term
22

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loans issued in May 2021 has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 17%.
In July 2021, the Company received blockchain computing equipment from NYDIG (which had been concurrently acquired by NYDIG from Blockcap in exchange for settlement of Blockcap’s debt with NYDIG) in exchange for $26.1 million of additional loans under the master equipment finance agreement with NYDIG that bear an interest rate of 14.25% and have a term of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loans issued in July 2021 has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 16%.
In November 2021, the Company received blockchain computing equipment from NYDIG in exchange for $33.4 million of additional loans under the master equipment finance agreement with NYDIG that bear an interest rate of 11% and have a term of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loans issued in November 2021 has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 11%.
Stockholder Loan—In January 2021, the Company borrowed $10.0 million from a stockholder for the purchase of blockchain computing equipment. The loan bears interest at 10% per annum over a two-year term. The loan was issued with a warrant to purchase 0.2 million shares of common stock at an exercise price of $4.21 per share. The warrant has a two-year term. The Company allocated proceeds of $9.5 million to the notes and $0.5 million to the warrants on a relative fair value basis. Interest expense on the loan has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 20%. The loan is secured by the blockchain computing equipment financed by the loan.
Trinity Loan—In August 2021, the Company entered into a $30.0 million master equipment finance facility agreement with Trinity Capital Inc. (“Trinity”) to finance the Company’s acquisition of blockchain computing equipment and received a loan of $1.0 million at close. The loan has a term of 36 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loan has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 11.0%. In November and December 2021, the Company borrowed $14.0 million and $5.0 million, respectively. The remaining balance of $10.0 million was drawn in February 2022. The loan is secured by the blockchain computing equipment financed by the loan.
Bremer Loan—In October 2021, the Company entered into a lending agreement with Bremer Bank, National Association to borrow up to $16.2 million in two tranches through May 22, 2022 for the purchase of blockchain mining equipment and for improvements to data center and infrastructure. In December 2021, the Company entered into an additional term loan to borrow up to $9.6 million. The Company borrowed $15.2 million in October through December 2021. The Company borrowed an additional $4.8 million in January through March 2022. In April 2022, the Company borrowed an additional $0.7 million from Bremer to finance the construction of our North Dakota facility. The loans bear interest at 5.5% annually and are due at the earlier of the date of sale of the underlying mining equipment or 60 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loans has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 5.6%. The loans require the Company to maintain the following financial covenants: (1) a minimum debt service coverage ratio (defined in the agreement as EBITDA divided by scheduled principal and interest payments) of not less than 1.2:1, measured annually beginning December 31, 2022; and (2) a fixed charge coverage ratio (defined in the agreement as EBITDA minus net distributions divided by scheduled principal and interest payments) of 1:1, measured annually beginning December 31, 2022. The loans are secured by a first priority security interest in certain of the assets financed by the loans.
Additionally, an interest buydown agreement was made between Grand Forks Growth Fund and the Bank of North Dakota acting on behalf of the PACE Program for the purpose of a buydown on the interest for certain of the Company’s loans financed through Bremer Bank. The total amount of interest buydown over the term of the loan is $0.8 million. In order to receive the interest buydown incentive, the Company must (a) continue operation in the jurisdiction for a minimum of five years from the benefit date, (b) employ 13 new full-time employees within two years of receiving the incentive and continue to keep them employed for the duration of the agreement and (c) continue to make debt payments and no event of default should occur. If the Company discontinues operation in the jurisdiction within the next five years, it is obligated to repay the incentive back to the Bank of North Dakota. If after two years, the Company does not employ 13 new full-time employees, the interest buydown will be prorated to reflect any partial fulfillment and the Company, at a minimum, is required to pay back the value of the incentive to the Bank of North Dakota. For the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, there was no interest buydown.
23

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Blockfi Loan—In December 2021, the Company entered into two lending agreements with Blockfi Lending, LLC to borrow up to $110.0 million for the purchase of blockchain mining equipment. The first agreement consists of $10.0 million and bears interest at 9.7% with a term of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loans issued in December 2021 has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 10.1%. The second agreement consists of $100.0 million and bears interest at 13.1% with a term of 24 months from issuance. The Company borrowed the first tranche totaling $60.0 million across the two loans in December 2021 and borrowed the second tranche of $20.0 million in January 2022. The remaining $30.0 million expired unused in March 2022. Interest expense on the loans issued in December 2021 has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 13.1%. The loans are secured by a first priority security interest in certain of the assets financed by the loans.
Anchor Labs Loan—In March 2022, the Company entered into a $20.0 million equipment loan and security agreement with Anchorage Lending CA, LLC. (“Anchor Labs”) to finance the Company’s purchase of blockchain computing equipment. The Company borrowed $20.0 million in March 2022. The loan has a term of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loan has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 12.5%. In May 2022, the Company entered into a $11.7 million equipment loan and security agreement with Anchor Labs to finance the Company’s purchase of blockchain computing equipment. The Company borrowed $11.7 million in May 2022. The loan has a term of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loan has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 12.5%. The loans are secured by a first priority security interest in certain of the assets financed by the loans.
Mass Mutual Barings Loans—In March 2022, the Company entered into a $100.0 million equipment loan and security agreement with Barings BDC, Inc., Barings Capital Investment Corporation and Barings Private Credit Corp. (“Mass Mutual Barings”) to finance the Company’s purchase of blockchain computing equipment. The Company borrowed the first tranche of $30.0 million in March 2022 and borrowed the second tranche of $39.6 million in April 2022. On June 30, 2022 the remaining $30.4 million funding commitment expired unused. The loans under the agreement have a term of 36 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loans have been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 9.8%. The loans are secured by certain blockchain computing equipment.
B. Riley Bridge Notes—In April 2022, the Company entered into a $60.0 million bridge promissory note with B. Riley Commercial Capital, LLC and a $15.0 million bridge promissory note with an affiliate of B. Riley Commercial Capital, LLC (the “Bridge Notes”) maturing in December 2022. Interest expense on the Bridge Notes has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 7.0%. In August 2022, the Company amended the Bridge Notes to, among other things, extend the maturity date to June 2023. See Note 17 for further information.
Liberty Loan—In April 2022, the Company entered into an $11.0 million equipment finance agreement with Liberty Commercial Finance LLC (“Liberty”) to finance the Company’s purchase of blockchain computing equipment. The Company borrowed $11.0 million in April 2022. The loan has a term of 24 months from issuance. Interest expense on the loan has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 10.6%. The loans are secured by a first priority security interest in the equipment purchased.
Convertible Notes—In April 2021, the Company entered into a secured convertible note purchase agreement and issued $215.0 million of secured convertible notes to new and existing lenders (the “Secured Convertible Notes”). In addition, in August 2021 the Company entered into a convertible note purchase agreement and issued $299.8 million of convertible notes in August through November 2021 under substantially the same terms and conditions as the original April 2021 notes except that the August through November 2021 notes have a minimum payoff based on the face value plus accrued interest rather than two times the outstanding face amount plus accrued interest. In addition, the August through November 2021 notes were unsecured until an IPO or SPAC merger and then became secured pari passu with the Secured Convertible Notes in January 2022 upon the closing of the Merger Agreement with XPDI (together with the Secured Convertible Notes, the “Convertible Notes”). In addition, the Company also issued $23.0 million from issuance through June 30, 2022 as payment-in-kind interest on convertible notes outstanding at the end of the period. The Convertible Notes have a maturity date of April 2025 and bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum, of which 4% is payable in cash and 6% is payable in kind. Upon the closing of the Merger Agreement with XPDI in January 2022, the Convertible Notes became convertible into common shares at the option of the holder at a conversion price equal to $8.00 per share. The proceeds from the Convertible Notes were used, in part, to repay $30.0 million of senior secured loans to Silverpeak Credit Partners LP. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, $1.6 million of Convertible Notes were exercised resulting in 0.2 million shares issued to the holders of the Convertible Notes that were exercised.
As discussed in Note 8, the Company has elected to measure its Convertible Notes at fair value and accordingly recognized $13.1 million of debt issuance costs as incurred at the time of issuance within interest expense, net in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (loss) income. The Convertible Notes had a fair value of $726.6 million compared to a principal amount of $536.3 million at June 30, 2022. The Company presents changes in fair value of the Convertible Notes during the
24

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

period as follows: (1) the 10% contractual rate of interest on the convertible notes (consisting of 4% cash interest and 6% PIK interest) is presented as interest expense, net on the Consolidated Statements of Operations; (2) changes in fair value attributable to the Company’s own credit risk are presented within accumulated other comprehensive loss on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and as a component of other comprehensive income on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income; and (3) other fair value changes are presented within non-operating expenses, net on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The fair value of the Company’s convertible notes as of December 31, 2021 included the effect of a negotiation discount, which is a calibration adjustment that reflects the illiquidity of the instruments and the Company's negotiating position. Since the transaction was an orderly transaction, the Company deemed that the fair value equaled the transaction price at initial recognition. However, the closing of the merger of XPDI (which represents the occurrence of a qualified financing event as defined by the terms of the notes) in January 2022 resulted in the elimination of the negotiation discount along with other changes in fair value resulted in a significant increase in the fair value of the convertible notes (excluding interest expense and instrument-specific credit risk) for the six months ended June 30, 2022.
The following summarizes the fair value adjustments and debt issuance costs recognized on the convertible notes (in thousands):
Financial statement line item Three Months Ended
June 30, 2022
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2022
Cash interest payments Interest expense, net $ 5,355  $ 10,582 
Payment-in-kind (PIK) interest Interest expense, net 8,032  15,883 
Instrument-specific credit risk Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes (8,582) (35,746)
Other fair value adjustments Fair value adjustment on convertible notes (195,061) 190,976 
Total fair value adjustments $ (190,256) $ 181,695 
Financial statement line item Three and Six Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Cash interest payments Interest expense, net $ 1,720 
Payment-in-kind (PIK) interest Interest expense, net 2,580 
Instrument-specific credit risk Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes — 
Other fair value adjustments Fair value adjustment on convertible notes — 
Total fair value adjustments $ 4,300 
Debt issuance costs Interest expense, net $ 5,581 
The principal amount of the Convertible Notes as of June 30, 2022 reflects the proceeds received plus any PIK interest added to the principal balance of the notes. Upon the closing of the Merger Agreement with XPDI in January 2022, the conversion price for the Convertible Notes became fixed at 80% of the financing price ($8.00 per share of common stock) and the holders now have the right to convert at any time until maturity. At maturity, any Secured Convertible Notes not converted will be owed two times the original face value plus accrued interest; any other Convertible Notes (other than the Secured Convertible Notes) not converted will be owed the original face value plus accrued interest. In addition, at any time (both before and after the merger with XPDI), the Company has the right to prepay the Secured Convertible Notes at the minimum payoff of two times the outstanding face value plus accrued interest and for other Convertible Notes the outstanding face value plus accrued interest. All of the Convertible Notes, totaling $536.3 million as of June 30, 2022, are scheduled to mature on April 19th, 2025, which includes $227.5 million for the face value of the Secured Convertible Notes which have payoff at maturity of two times the face value of the note plus accrued interest. The total amount that would be owed on the Secured Convertible Notes outstanding as of June 30, 2022 if held to maturity was $455.1 million. The total amount that would be owed on the Convertible Notes if prepaid as of June 30, 2022 was $777.2 million. See Note 8 for further information on fair value measurement of the Convertible Notes.

25

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

7. REVENUE
The Company primarily generates revenue from hosting services, sales of computer equipment and digital asset mining revenue. The Company generally recognizes revenue when the promised service is performed, or control of the promised equipment is transferred to customers. Revenue excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties, including sales and indirect taxes.
Deferred Revenue
The Company records contract liabilities in deferred revenue on the Consolidated Balance Sheets when cash payments are received in advance of performance and recognizes them as revenue when the performance obligations are satisfied. The Company’s deferred revenue balance as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 was $108.8 million and $136.4 million, respectively, all from advance payments received during the periods then ended.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized $3.9 million and $40.7 million of revenue, respectively, that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of the beginning of the year, primarily due to the deployment of customer equipment for which advanced payment had been received from customers prior to January 1, 2022. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company recognized $8.9 million and $35.8 million of revenue, respectively, that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of the beginning of the year, primarily due to deployment of customer equipment for which advance payments had been received from customers prior to January 1, 2021. Advanced payments received for hosting services are typically recognized as revenue within six months and advanced payments received for equipment sales are generally recognized as revenue within one year.
Performance Obligations
The Company’s performance obligations primarily relate to hosting services and equipment sales. The Company has performance obligations associated with commitments in customer hosting contracts for future services and commitments to acquire and deploy customer equipment that have not yet been recognized in the financial statements. For contracts with original terms that exceed one year (typically ranging from 18 to 48 months), those commitments not yet recognized as of June 30, 2022 and 2021 were $900.8 million and $427.5 million, respectively.
26

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

8. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company measures certain assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis in certain circumstances. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. To increase the comparability of fair value measures, the following hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation methodologies used to measure fair value:
Level 1 — Valuations based on quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 — Valuations based on observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3 — Valuations based on unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants. These valuations require significant judgment.
The Company uses observable market data when determining fair value whenever possible and relies on unobservable inputs only when observable market data is not available.
Recurring fair value measurements
The Public Warrants and the Private Placement Warrants are recognized as derivative liabilities in accordance with ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. Accordingly, the Company recognizes the warrant instruments as liabilities at fair value and adjusts the instruments to fair value at each reporting period. The liabilities are subject to remeasurement at each balance sheet date until exercised, and any change in fair value is recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. The initial and subsequent fair value estimates of the Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants are based on the listed price in an active market for such warrants.
The Company has elected to measure its Convertible Notes at fair value on a recurring basis because the Company believes it better reflects the underlying economics of the Convertible Notes, which contain multiple embedded derivative features. The fair value of the Company’s convertible notes payable is determined using a market approach based on observable market prices for similar securities when available.
Prior to the three months ended June 30, 2022, when observable market data was not available, the Company used an as-converted value plus risk put option model that included certain unobservable inputs that were significant to the fair value measurement such as probability of a financing event occurring (e.g., a SPAC merger or qualified financing), expected term, volatility and the negotiation discount. The fair value of the Secured Convertible Notes considered the minimum payoff at maturity of two times the face value of the note plus accrued interest, as well as the opportunity for appreciation if the value of the Company's stock increased 60% or more relative to the pricing at the financing event (since the conversion price is set at 80% of the stock price at the financing event, a stock price appreciation of 60% would match the minimum payoff of two times the face value plus accrued interest). The fair value of the other Convertible Notes considered the minimum payoff at maturity of one times the face value of the note plus accrued interest, as well as the opportunity for appreciation if the value of the Company's stock were to fall no more than 20% relative to the pricing at the financing event (since the conversion price is set at 80% of the stock price at the financing event, a stock price decline of 20% would match the minimum payoff of one times the face value plus accrued interest). Upon the closing of the Merger Agreement with XPDI in January 2022, the conversion price for the Convertible Notes became fixed at 80% of the financing price ($8.00 per share of common stock) and the holders now have the right to convert at any time until maturity.
Due to the occurrence of the SPAC merger and the subsequent significant decline in the Company’s stock price below the conversion price, the fair value of the Company’s convertible notes for the three months ended June 30, 2022 was determined using a discounted cash flow model that considers the principal and interest payments, including the minimum payoff at maturity of two times the face value of the note plus accrued interest for the Secured Convertible Notes and the value of the call option that includes certain unobservable inputs that may be significant to the fair value measurement such as expected term and volatility of the call option. This
The following presents the levels of the fair value hierarchy for the Company's derivative warrant liabilities and the Convertible Notes by issuance date measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (in thousands):
27

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

June 30, 2022
Fair value hierarchy
Principal Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Fair value
Derivative warrant liabilities:
Public Warrants $ —  $ 3,364  $ —  $ —  $ 3,364 
Private Placement Warrants —  —  2,444  —  2,444 
Total derivative warrant liabilities —  3,364  2,444  —  5,808 
Convertible notes:
April 19, 20211
$ 94,186  $ —  $ —  $ 172,610  $ 172,610 
April 21, 20211
5,291  —  —  9,697  9,697 
April 23, 20211
47,622  —  —  87,275  87,275 
April 26, 20211
80,429  —  —  147,398  147,398 
August 20, 20212
52,122  —  —  49,635  49,635 
September 10, 20212
15,559  —  —  15,272  15,272 
September 23, 20212
77,825  —  —  76,393  76,393 
September 24, 20212
61,825  —  —  60,687  60,687 
September 27, 20212
2,034  —  —  1,996  1,996 
October 1, 20212
89,269  —  —  87,627  87,627 
November 10, 20212
10,119  —  —  9,933  9,933 
Accrued PIK interest1,2,3
—  —  —  8,031  8,031 
Total convertible notes 536,281  —  —  726,554  726,554 
Total liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis $ 536,281  $ 3,364  $ 2,444  $ 726,554  $ 732,362 

December 31, 2021
Fair value hierarchy
Principal Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Fair value
Convertible notes:
April 19, 20211
$ 91,430  $ —  $ —  $ 101,078  $ 101,078 
April 21, 20211
5,137  —  —  5,674  5,674 
April 23, 20211
46,229  —  —  51,062  51,062 
April 26, 20211
78,075  —  —  86,165  86,165 
August 20, 20212
50,597  —  —  50,941  50,941 
September 10, 20212
16,110  —  —  16,472  16,472 
September 23, 20212
76,051  —  —  77,559  77,559 
September 24, 20212
60,016  —  —  61,179  61,179 
September 27, 20212
1,974  —  —  2,012  2,012 
October 1, 20212
86,655  —  —  87,150  87,150 
November 10, 20212
9,823  —  —  9,819  9,819 
Accrued PIK interest1,2,4
—  —  —  7,896  7,896 
Total convertible notes $ 522,097  $ —  $ —  $ 557,007  $ 557,007 

28

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

1 Secured Convertible Notes (includes principal balance at issuance and PIK interest) which considers the minimum payoff at maturity of two times the face value of the note plus accrued interest.
2 Other Convertible Notes (other than the Secured Convertible notes) which considers the minimum payoff at maturity of one times the face value of the note plus accrued interest.
3 Represents PIK interest accrued as of June 30, 2022 which will be recorded as additional principal for each respective convertible note on July 1, 2022.
4 Represents PIK interest accrued as of December 31, 2021 which will be recorded as additional principal for each respective convertible note on January 1, 2022.
Level 3 Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The following presents a rollforward of the activity for the Convertible Notes measured at fair value on a recurring basis using level 3 inputs as of June 30, 2022 (in thousands):
Convertible Notes
(Level 3)
Balance at December 31, 2021 $ 557,007 
Issuances (including PIK principal recorded) 7,896 
Settlements (including interest payments, PIK principal recorded and conversions) (13,123)
Unrealized losses 371,951 
Balance at March 31, 2022 923,731 
Issuances (including PIK principal recorded) 7,851 
Settlements (including interest payments, PIK principal recorded and conversions) (14,772)
Unrealized gains (190,256)
Balance at June 30, 2022 $ 726,554 
Securities are transferred from level 2 to level 3 when observable market prices for similar securities are no longer available and unobservable inputs become significant to the fair value measurement. All transfers into and out of level 3 are assumed to occur at the beginning of the quarterly reporting period in which they occur. As of June 30, 2022, level 3 financial instruments included all the Convertible Notes as the effect of unobservable inputs are significant to the fair value measurement. There were no transfers of securities into or out of level 3 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.

The following presents significant Level 3 unobservable inputs used to measure the fair value of certain convertible notes as of June 30, 2022 (dollars in thousands):
Fair value Unobservable Input Low High
Weighted Average1
Convertible Notes $ 726,554  Expected term (years) 2.80 2.80 2.80
Volatility 46.3  % 46.3  % 46.3  %
1 Weighted average based on the fair value of convertible notes.
Expected term is an input into the call option model that measures the length of time the instrument is expected to be outstanding before it is exercised or terminated. An increase in expected term, in isolation, would generally result in an increase in the fair value measurement of the convertible notes.
Volatility is an input into the call option model that measures the variability in possible returns for the convertible notes based on how much the price of underlying shares change in value over time. An increase in volatility, in isolation, would generally result in an increase in the fair value measurement of the convertible notes.
The increase or decrease in the fair value of the convertible notes resulting from changes to the expected term or volatility assumptions are not interrelated.
29

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

The Company presents separately in other comprehensive income (loss) the portion of the total change in the fair value of the convertible notes that resulted from a change in the instrument-specific credit risk on the convertible notes. The amount of change in the fair value attributable to instrument-specific credit risk is determined by comparing the amount of the total change in fair value to the amount of change in fair value that would have occurred if the Company’s credit risk had not changed during the period as reflected in the discount rates applied to the debt and risk put option.
Nonrecurring fair value measurements
The Company’s non-financial assets, including digital assets, property, plant and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets are measured at estimated fair value on a nonrecurring basis. These assets are adjusted to fair value only when an impairment is recognized, or the underlying asset is held for sale. Refer to the discussion of digital assets below for more information regarding fair value considerations when measuring the impairment of digital assets held.

Property, plant and equipment

On March 10, 2022, the Company entered into an agreement to sell mining equipment on order with a 3rd party supplier to a hosting customer in exchange for the Company receiving ownership of the customer’s mining equipment that had been hosted by the Company on its premises (the “Installed Miners”). The primary purpose of the exchange was to allow for the mutual termination of the hosting agreements in a manner that avoids the logistical costs and loss of revenue from downtime associated with relocating and installing the mining equipment. The exchange began during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and was completed in July 2022 as ordered mining equipment was received and exchanged for the Installed Miners. The agreement also includes the termination of the hosting agreement between the Company and the customer as ownership of the Installed Miners is transferred to the Company.

The Company recognized losses of $13.1 million on the exchanges during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, which are presented within Losses on exchange or disposal of property, plant and equipment on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The amount of the losses was measured as the difference between the fair value of the installed miners and the carrying value of the deposits for mining equipment to be exchanged. The fair value of the installed miners is classified as a Level 2 fair value measurement and was determined as of contract inception (March 10, 2022) using a cost approach. The replacement cost of the installed miners was estimated through a review of vendor equipment pricing of similar equipment. Physical deterioration was also considered and estimated based on an age/life analysis indicative of a market participant’s anticipated economic useful life for the assets.

Goodwill and other intangibles

On June 30, 2022, we evaluated our Mining reporting unit for impairment and recorded an impairment of goodwill and other intangibles of $790.8 million to adjust the carrying value of the reporting unit to the estimated fair value. Refer to Note 4 for additional information regarding the inputs and methodology used to estimate the fair value.

Digital Assets
The Company classifies digital assets primarily as level 1. The Company’s digital assets are accounted for as intangible assets with indefinite useful lives. The Company initially recognizes digital assets that are received as digital asset mining revenue based on the fair value of the digital assets. Digital assets that are purchased in an exchange of one digital asset for another digital asset are recognized at the fair value of the asset surrendered or at the fair value of the asset received if more readily apparent. Impairment exists when the carrying amount exceeds its fair value, which is measured using the quoted price of the digital asset at the time its fair value is being measured, which is measured once a day at 00:00 Coordinated Universal Time (“UTC”). To the extent that an impairment loss is recognized, the loss establishes the new cost basis of the digital asset. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized impairment of digital assets of $150.2 million and $204.2 million, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company did not have any impairment of digital assets. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized net gains of $11.8 million and $14.0 million, respectively, from sales of digital assets. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company recognized nominal losses and gains, respectively, from sales of digital assets. Digital assets are available for use, if needed, for current operations and are classified as current assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, the details of which are presented below (in thousands).
30

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

June 30
2022
December 31
2021
Bitcoin (BTC) $ 37,646  $ 224,843 
Ethereum (ETH) 1,200  4,665 
Polygon (MATIC) 182  1,085 
Siacoin (SC) —  803 
Dai (DAI) —  1,353 
Other 1,636  1,549 
Total digital assets $ 40,664  $ 234,298 
The Company does not have any off-balance sheet holdings of digital assets.
No non-financial assets were classified as level 3 as of June 30, 2022 or December 31, 2021.
Fair value of financial instruments
The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, net, accounts payable, notes payable and certain accrued expenses and other liabilities. The carrying amount of these financial instruments, other than notes payable discussed below, approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.
The fair value of the Company’s notes payable (excluding the Convertible Notes carried at fair value described above), which are carried at amortized cost, was determined based on a discounted cash flow approach using market interest rates of instruments with similar terms and maturities and an estimate for our standalone credit risk. We classified the other notes payable as Level 3 financial instruments due to the considerable judgment required to develop assumptions of the Company’s standalone credit risk and the significance of those assumptions to the fair value measurement. The estimated fair value of the Company’s other notes payable, including both the current and noncurrent portion, was $350.3 million at June 30, 2022 and $184.7 million at December 31, 2021. The carrying values of the notes payable, including both the current and noncurrent portion, was $343.4 million and $171.2 million at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

31

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

9. LEASES
Lessee
The Company has entered into non-cancellable operating and finance leases for office, data facilities, computer and networking equipment, electrical infrastructure and office equipment, with original lease periods expiring through 2033. In addition, certain leases contain bargain renewal options extending through 2051. The Company recognizes lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term, which includes any bargain renewal options. The Company recognizes rent expense on a straight-line basis over the lease period. In addition to minimum rent, certain leases require payment of real estate taxes, insurance, common area maintenance charges, and other executory costs. Differences between rent expense and rent paid are recognized as adjustments to operating lease right-of-use assets on the unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets. For certain leases the Company receives lease incentives, such as tenant improvement allowances, and records those as adjustments to operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on the unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets and amortizes the lease incentives on a straight-line basis over the lease term as an adjustment to rent expense.
The components of operating and finance leases are presented on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows (in thousands):
Financial statement line item June 30, 2022
Assets:
Operating lease right-of-use assets Other noncurrent assets $ 6,401 
Finance lease right-of-use assets Property, plant and equipment, net $ 97,655 
Liabilities:
Operating lease liabilities,
   current portion
Accrued expenses and other $ 75 
Operating lease liabilities, net
   of current portion
Other noncurrent liabilities $ 1,127 
Finance lease liabilities, current portion Finance lease liabilities, current portion $ 28,570 
Finance lease liabilities, net of
   current portion
Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion $ 48,701 
The components of lease expense were as follows (in thousands):
Financial statement line item Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Operating lease expense General and administrative expenses $ 154  $ 309 
Short-term lease expense General and administrative expenses 287  477 
Finance lease expense:
Amortization of right-of-use assets Cost of revenue 8,699  18,523 
Interest on lease liabilities Interest expense, net 2,248  4,339 
Total finance lease expense 10,947  22,862 
Total lease expense $ 11,388  $ 23,648 
In determining the discount rate used to measure the right-of-use asset and lease liability, we use rates implicit in the lease, or if not readily available, we use our incremental borrowing rate. Our incremental borrowing rate is based on an estimated secured rate with reference to recent borrowings of similar collateral and tenure when available. Determining our incremental borrowing rate, especially if there are insufficient observable borrowings near the time of lease commencement, may require significant judgment.
32

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Information relating to the lease term and discount rate is as follows:
June 30, 2022
Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term (Years)
Operating leases 21.5
Finance leases 2.5
Weighted Average Discount Rate
Operating leases 6.4  %
Finance leases 11.0  %

The following table summarizes the Company’s supplemental cash flow information (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Lease Payments
Operating lease payments $ 101  $ 202 
Finance lease payments $ 15,169  $ 27,526 
Supplemental Noncash Information
Operating lease right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations     $ —  $ — 
Finance lease right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations     $ —  $ 10,557 

The Company’s minimum payments under noncancelable operating and finance leases having initial terms and bargain renewal periods in excess of one year are as follows at June 30, 2022, and thereafter (in thousands):
Operating leases Finance leases
Remaining 2022 $ 69  $ 18,131 
2023 170  34,948 
2024 170  31,332 
2025 170  4,509 
2026 170 
2027 170  — 
Thereafter 1,251  — 
Total lease payments 2,170  88,923 
Less: imputed interest 968  11,652 
Total $ 1,202  $ 77,271 
Operating leases
In September 2021, the Company entered into operating lease agreements with Minnkota Power Cooperative to develop a hosting facility in Grand Forks, North Dakota as well as enter into a power supply purchase agreement to purchase 100 megawatts of power supply once construction of the hosting facility is complete. As a result of the agreements being entered into contemporaneously and in contemplation of one another, the agreements are considered to be a single unit of account and consideration has been allocated between lease and non-lease components based on relative standalone selling price with approximately $5.3 million allocated to the lease components and $2.6 million allocated to the non-lease components. Substantially all of the payments for the intended leases would be for a five-year to thirty-year term (comprising an initial five-year term with five five-year bargain renewal options to renew) with purchase options exercisable at any time for approximately $5.6 million less any rent paid to date and subject to certain other adjustments.
33

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

In addition to the above, in December 2021, the Company entered into an agreement to lease office space for its new corporate headquarters that commenced in July of 2022. The lease includes base rent of approximately $14.0 million to be paid over a period of 130 months.
Finance leases
In December 2021, the Company entered into finance lease agreements with Liberty Commercial Finance LLC totaling $40.9 million for the purchase of bitcoin mining equipment, with a weighted average term of 3.2 years. The leases bear interest at a weighted average rate per annum of 12.6% and the Company is required to make monthly payments of principal and interest. Interest expense on the lease has been recognized based on a weighted average effective interest rate of 12.6%.
In December 2021, the Company entered into finance lease agreements with MassMutual Asset Finance LLC totaling $50.0 million for the purchase of bitcoin mining equipment, with a weighted average term of 3.2 years. The leases bear interest at a rate per annum of 10% and the Company is required to make monthly payments of principal and interest. Interest expense on the leases has been recognized based on an effective interest rate of 10%.
34

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings—The Company is subject to legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company accrues losses for a legal proceeding when it is probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. However, the uncertainties inherent in legal proceedings make it difficult to reasonably estimate the costs and effects of resolving these matters. Accordingly, actual costs incurred may differ materially from amounts accrued and could materially adversely affect the Company’s business, cash flows, results of operations, financial condition and prospects. Unless otherwise indicated, the Company is unable to estimate reasonably possible losses in excess of any amounts accrued. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were no material loss contingency accruals.
Leases—See Note 9 for further information.
Purchase obligations—As of June 30, 2022, the Company had outstanding agreements to purchase blockchain mining equipment totaling approximately $192.4 million of which approximately $130.8 million was paid as deposits for blockchain mining equipment scheduled to be delivered in 2022. As of June 30, 2022, the aggregate amount of the Company’s purchase obligations totaled approximately $61.6 million, substantially all of which are expected to be settled within one year.

35

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

11. CONTINGENTLY REDEEMABLE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK
The Company is authorized to issue 2.00 billion shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 as of June 30, 2022. Prior to the Merger with XPDI, the Company was authorized to issue 50.0 million, shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 par value. As of December 31, 2021, 10.8 million shares of preferred stock were issued and outstanding.
Upon the closing of the merger with XPDI on January 19, 2022, each share of Series A and Series B Preferred Stock automatically converted into one share of Core Scientific common stock and each outstanding share of common stock issued as a result of the conversion of Series A and Series B Preferred Stock in connection with the Merger was cancelled and extinguished and converted into the right to receive a number of shares of New Core Common Stock equal to the Exchange Ratio of 1.6001528688. All of the Company’s shares of contingently redeemable convertible preferred stock were converted into 10.8 million shares of the Company’s common stock during the six months ended June 30, 2022.


36

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

12. STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Authorized Capital—As of June 30, 2022, the Company was authorized to issue 10.00 billion shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value. The holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to one vote per share.
In January 2021, in connection with the stockholder loan described in Note 6, the Company issued a warrant to the stockholder to purchase up to 0.2 million shares of common stock at an exercise price of $4.21 per share. The warrant is set to expire in January 2023 and is exercisable and unexercised as of June 30, 2022.
As a result of the Business Combination, all of XPDI’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock automatically converted into 30.8 million shares of New Core Common Stock on a one-for-one basis. XPDI’s 8.6 million public warrants issued in its initial public offering (the “Public Warrants”) and 6.3 million warrants issued in connection with private placement at the time of XPDI’s initial public offering (the “Private Placement Warrants”) became warrants for New Core Common Stock.
Following the Merger with XPDI, each share of common stock or warrant was converted to shares of New Core Common Stock or a warrant to purchase shares of New Core Common Stock based on an exchange ratio of 1.6001528688.
Warrant Exercises

In March 2020, the Company issued warrants to the Company’s president and chief executive officer and a member of the board of directors to purchase up to 6.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.84 per share (as amended). In March 2022, a warrant holder exercised their warrant to purchase 3.2 million shares in a cashless exercise resulting in 2.9 million net shares issued to the warrant holder after withholding 0.3 million shares for the exercise price.

In March 2020, the Company issued warrants to service providers in exchange for services provided related to the issuance of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. The warrants were for an aggregate of 0.2 million shares at an exercise price of $4.27 per share. In February 2022, 0.2 million of the warrants were exercised in a cashless exercise resulting in 0.1 million net shares issued to the warrant holders.

Convertible Note Exercises

As discussed in Note 6, the Company issued $514.8 million of Convertible Notes in 2021 along with issuing an additional $23.0 million from issuance through June 30, 2022 as payment-in-kind interest on convertible notes outstanding. The Convertible Notes became convertible into common shares at the option of the holder at a conversion price equal to $8.00 per share upon the closing of the Merger Agreement with XPDI in January 2022. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, $1.6 million of Convertible Notes were exercised resulting in 0.2 million shares issued to the holders of the Convertible Notes that were exercised.

SPAC Vesting Shares

1.7 million common shares are subject to vesting requirements, as described further in Note 1. These contingently issuable shares do not require future service in order to vest and do not result in stock-based compensation expense. The SPAC Vesting Shares are accounted for as an equity contract, and meet the criteria for equity classification. The Company has recorded the SPAC Vesting Shares within additional paid-in capital on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2022.
Vendor Settlement

In March 2022, the Company issued 1.6 million shares of the Company’s common stock related to a vendor liability that had been assumed by the Company in July 2021 as part of the Blockcap acquisition. In addition, the vendor liability includes requires settlement in cash based on the difference between the weighted average of the closing price of the Company’s common stock for each day there was a closing price during the thirty consecutive days immediately prior to the expiration of the lockup period (defined in the agreement as 180 days from the date from the closing of the XPDI merger) and the $21.3 million contractual amount of the liability. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 we recorded $9.8 million and $9.4 million within other non-operating expenses,
37

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

net on the Consolidated Statements of Operations related to changes in the fair value of the vendor liability. As of June 30, 2022, the fair value of the liability of $18.1 million was recorded within Accrued expenses and other on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Equity Incentive Plans
The Company has outstanding awards under the 2018 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”). No new awards can be made under the 2018 Plan subsequent to the XPDI Merger, as described below. Awards that were granted under the 2018 Plan included incentive stock options (must meet all statutory requirements), non-qualified stock options and restricted stock units. Awards granted under the 2018 Plan were subject to a minimum vesting period of at least one year commencing from the date of grant. Additionally, options granted under the plan must expire within ten years of the grant date and were required to be granted with exercise prices of no less than the fair value of the common stock on the grant date, as determined by the Company’s board of directors.

In July 2021, the Company acquired Blockcap. Under the terms of the Blockcap merger agreement, (i) each stock option granted, whether vested or unvested, and each award of restricted stock under the Blockcap, Inc. Equity Incentive Plan (the “Legacy Blockcap Plan”) was assumed by the Company. In addition, the Radar Relay, Inc. Amended and Restated 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the “RADAR Plan”) provides for the grant of stock options, restricted stock awards, and other awards to eligible employees, non-employee directors and consultants. On June 4, 2021, prior to its acquisition by the Company, Blockcap entered into an agreement and plan of merger with RADAR for all the issued and outstanding equity interests of RADAR, which merger closed on July 1, 2021 (the “Blockcap/RADAR Merger”). The RADAR Plan was assumed by us upon the closing of the Blockcap/RADAR Merger and the Blockcap acquisition. No new awards may be made under the Legacy Blockcap Plan and the RADAR Plan (the “Blockcap Plans”) subsequent to the closing of the Blockcap acquisition.

At the Special Meeting in connection with the XPDI Merger, the stockholders of XPDI approved the Core Scientific, Inc. 2021 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2021 Plan”). Awards granted under the 2021 Plan may be incentive stock options (must meet all statutory requirements), non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock and stock units, performance awards and other cash-based or stock-based awards. Awards granted under the 2021 Plan are subject to a minimum vesting period of at least one year commencing from the date of grant. Additionally, options granted under the plan must expire within ten years of the grant date and must be granted with exercise prices of no less than the fair value of the common stock on the grant date, as determined by the Company’s board of directors. Following the consummation of the Merger, the Company expects that its board of directors will make grants of awards under the Incentive Plan to eligible participants. The maximum number of shares of the Company’s common stock that may be issued under the 2021 Plan is 45.0 million shares, of which 43.0 million was available for issuance as of June 30, 2022.
Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation expense relates primarily to expense for restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), restricted stock units (“RSUs”), and stock options. As of June 30, 2022, we had unvested or unexercised stock-based awards outstanding representing approximately 82.7 million shares of our common stock, consisting of approximately 52.1 million RSAs and RSUs and options to purchase approximately 30.6 million shares of our common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $9.02 and weighted average expense amortization period of 3.4 years.
On June 8, 2022, the compensation committee (the “Compensation Committee”) of the board of directors (the “Board”) of the Company approved an amendment to the Company’s award agreement for the RSUs outstanding under the 2018 Plan, to provide for the waiver and elimination of the requirement that the Company undergo a “change in control” or a “public offering” for full vesting of the previously outstanding time-vested award (the “RSU Amendment”). Although the mergers that the Company underwent did not satisfy the event-based vesting requirement, they significantly reduced the possibility of the requirement being met as contemplated under the 2018 Plan. The RSU Amendment was authorized and approved by the Board and the Compensation Committee as necessary, desirable, and in the best interest of the Company and its stockholders. As a result of the RSU Amendment, all outstanding RSUs under the 2018 Plan are subject only to time-based vesting, of which RSUs covering approximately 42 million shares of Common Stock were net settled, with approximately 15 million shares of Common Stock to be canceled and forfeited to satisfy tax withholding obligations.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company granted 2.1 million and 14.0 million restricted stock units, respectively, to various employees and directors with a weighted-average grant date fair value (reflecting the RSU Amendment described above) of $5.45 and $2.78 per share, respectively.
38

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 is included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Cost of revenue $ 16,882  $ —  $ 18,921  $ — 
Research and development 13,177  —  15,059  — 
Sales and marketing 9,132  —  9,590  — 
General and administrative 71,807  2,136  93,225  2,724 
Total stock-based compensation expense $ 110,998  $ 2,136  $ 136,795  $ 2,724 
As of June 30, 2022, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options was approximately $131.4 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average time period of 3.4 years. As of June 30, 2022, the Company had approximately $136.8 million of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to RSAs and RSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average time period of 3.0 years.


39

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

13. INCOME TAXES
Current income tax expense represents the amount expected to be reported on the Company’s income tax returns, and deferred tax expense or benefit represents the change in net deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities as measured by the enacted tax rates that will be in effect when these differences reverse. Valuation allowances are recorded as appropriate to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount considered likely to be realized.
The income tax (benefit) expense and effective income tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
(in thousands, except percentages)
Income tax (benefit) expense $ (48,650) $ 118  $ (6,244) $ 118 
Effective income tax rate
5.7  % (3.6) % 0.5  % 3.3  %
For the three months ended June 30, 2022, discrete tax expense of $0.4 million is included in the $48.7 million of income tax benefit. The Company's estimated annual effective income tax rate without discrete items was 1.1%, compared to the US federal statutory rate of 21.0% due to the fair value adjustment on debt instruments (2.6)%, change in valuation allowance (5.5)%, goodwill impairment of (11.6)%, non-deductible interest (0.8)%, and other 0.8%. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, discrete tax expense of $7.7 million is included in the $6.2 million of income tax benefit.
For the three months ended June 30, 2021, no discrete tax expense was included in the $0.1 million of income tax expense. The Company’s estimated annual effective income tax rate without discrete items was 2.6%, compared to the US federal statutory rate of 21.0% due to the change in valuation allowance of (30.5)%, non deductible interest of 7.0%, and other 5.1%. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, no discrete tax expense was included in the $0.1 million of income tax expense.
40

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

14. NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS
Basic EPS is measured as the income or loss available to common stockholders divided by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS presents the dilutive effect on a per-share basis from the potential conversion of convertible securities or the exercise of options and/or warrants; the dilutive impacts of potentially convertible securities are calculated using the if-converted method; the potentially dilutive effect of options or warrants are computed using the treasury stock method. Securities that potentially have an anti-dilutive effect (i.e., those that increase income per share or decrease loss per share) are excluded from the diluted EPS calculation.
Upon the closing of the Merger Agreement with XPDI in January 2022, the Convertible Notes became convertible into common shares at the option of the holder at a conversion price equal to $8.00 per share and also began to meet the definition of a participating security. On or after the closing of the Merger, dividend payments made to equity holders of the Company are also made ratably to holders of the Convertible Notes on an as-converted basis. As a result, the Convertible Notes meet the definition of participating securities based on their respective rights to receive dividends and they are treated as a separate class of securities in computing basic EPS using the two-class method. Under the two-class method, all earnings (distributed and undistributed) are allocated to common stock and participating securities. However, undistributed losses are not allocated to the Convertible Notes under the two-class method because holders of the Convertible Notes do not have a contractual obligation to share in the losses of the Company. Diluted EPS for the Convertible Notes is calculated under both the two-class and if-converted methods, and the more dilutive amount is reported.
Restricted stock awards assumed from Blockcap in July 2021 and the SPAC Vesting Shares issued as part of the XPDI Merger in January 2022 also have non-forfeitable rights to receive dividends, if declared, and meet the definition of participating securities. Because these instruments do not have a contractual obligation to share in the losses of the Company, undistributed losses are not allocated to them.
As discussed in Note 1, the shares and corresponding capital amounts and earnings per share available for common stockholders prior to the Merger with XPDI have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Merger. As a result of the Merger, the Company has retrospectively adjusted the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding prior to January 19, 2022 by multiplying them by the exchange ratio of 1.6001528688 used to determine the number of shares of Class A common stock into which they converted.
The following table sets forth reconciliations of the numerators and denominators used to compute basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Net (loss) income $ (810,475) $ (3,414) $ (1,276,679) $ 3,435 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic 324,967  158,890  316,269  158,338 
Add: Dilutive share-based compensation awards —  —  —  19,004 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted 324,967  158,890  316,269  177,342 
Net (loss) income per share - basic
$ (2.49) $ (0.02) $ (4.04) $ 0.02 
Net (loss) income per share - diluted
$ (2.49) $ (0.02) $ (4.04) $ 0.02 
41

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

Potentially dilutive securities includes securities not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share because to do so would be anti-dilutive and contingently issuable shares for which all necessary conditions for issuance had not been satisfied by the end of the period. Potentially dilutive securities are as follows (in common stock equivalent shares, in thousands):
  Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2022 2021 2022 2021
Stock options
30,588  4,368  30,588  — 
Preferred stock
—  10,826  —  — 
Warrants
18,311  6,808  18,311  — 
Restricted stock and restricted stock units
52,064  54,832  52,064  54,832 
Convertible Notes 68,126  —  68,126  — 
SPAC Vesting Shares 1,725  —  1,725  — 
Total potentially dilutive securities
170,814  76,834  170,814  54,832 
42

Core Scientific, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

15. SEGMENT REPORTING
The Company has two operating segments: “Equipment Sales and Hosting” which consists primarily of its blockchain infrastructure and third-party hosting business and equipment sales to customers, and “Mining” consisting of digital asset mining for its own account. The blockchain hosting business generates revenue through the sale of consumption-based contracts for its hosting services which are recurring in nature. Equipment sales revenue is derived from its ability to leverage its partnership with leading equipment manufacturers to secure equipment in advance, which is then sold to its customers when they are unable to obtain them otherwise. The digital asset mining operation segment generates revenue from operating owned computer equipment as part of a pool of users that process transactions conducted on one or more blockchain networks. In exchange for these services, the Company receives digital assets.
The primary financial measures used by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) to evaluate performance and allocate resources are revenue and gross profit. The CODM does not evaluate performance or allocate resources based on segment asset or liability information; accordingly, the Company has not presented a measure of assets by segment. The segments’ accounting policies are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies. The Company excludes certain operating expenses and other expense from the allocations to operating segments. The following table presents revenue and gross (loss) profit by reportable segment for the periods presented (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Equipment Sales and Hosting Segment
Revenue:
Hosting revenue $ 38,936  $ 18,562  $ 72,150  $ 31,254 
Equipment sales 15,194  45,976  41,499  77,902 
Total revenue $ 54,130  $ 64,538  $ 113,649  $ 109,156 
Cost of revenue:
Cost of hosting services $ 43,644  $ 17,550  $ 74,875  $ 29,379