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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number: 000-54286

 

CEA INDUSTRIES INC.

(formerly known as Surna Inc.)

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   27-3911608

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

385 South Pierce Avenue, Suite C

Louisville, Colorado 80027

  80027
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

 

(303) 993-5271

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.00001 par value   CEAD   Nasdaq Capital Markets
Warrants to purchase common stock   CEADW   Nasdaq Capital Markets

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

None

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the last 90 days. YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer, “accelerated filer,” “non-accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company
    Emerging Growth Company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ☐ NO

 

As of May 12, 2022, the number of outstanding shares of common stock of the registrant was 7,784,444.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2022

 

Table of Contents

 

  Page
Cautionary Statement ii
   
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)  
   
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 1
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 2
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 3
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 4
   
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 5
   
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 25
   
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 34
   
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 34
   
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 35
   
Item 1A. Risk Factors 35
   
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 35
   
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 35
   
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 35
   
Item 5. Other Information 35
   
Item 6. Exhibits 35
   
SIGNATURES 36
   
EXHIBIT INDEX 37

 

i

 

 

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless otherwise indicated, the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our” refer to CEA Industries Inc. and, where appropriate, its wholly owned subsidiary.

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 2, contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are not historical fact but are based on current management expectations that involve substantial risks, uncertainties, and other factors, some of which are beyond our control and difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. We generally identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar words. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements including, but not limited to, any projections of revenue, gross profit, earnings or loss, tax provisions, cash flows or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies or objectives of management for future operations; any statements regarding current or future macroeconomic or industry-specific trends or events and the impact of those trends and events on us or our financial performance; any statements regarding pending investigations, legal claims or tax disputes; any statements of expectation or belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

 

These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that could cause our actual results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, performance, prospects, opportunities, achievements or industry results, as well as those of the markets we serve or intend to serve, to differ materially from those expressed in, or suggested by, these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on assumptions regarding our present and future business strategies and the environment in which we operate. Important factors that could cause those differences include, but are not limited to:

 

  our business prospects and the prospects of our existing and prospective customers;
     
  the impact on our business and that of our customers of the current and future response by the government and business to the COVID-19 pandemic, including what is necessary to protect our staff and the staff of our customers in the conduct of our business;
     
  our overall financial condition, including our reduced revenue and business disruption, due to the COVID-19 pandemic business and economic response and its consequences;
     
  the inherent uncertainty of product development;
     
  regulatory, legislative and judicial developments, especially those related to changes in, and the enforcement of, cannabis laws;
     
  increasing competitive pressures in the CEA (Controlled Environment Agriculture) industry;
     
  the ability to effectively operate our business, including servicing our existing customers and obtaining new business;
     
  our relationships with our customers and suppliers;
     
  the continuation of normal payment terms and conditions with our customers and suppliers, including our ability to obtain advance payments from our customers;
     
  general economic conditions, our customers’ operations and access to capital, and market and business disruptions including severe weather conditions, natural disasters, health hazards, terrorist activities, financial crises, political crises or other major events, or the prospect of these events, adversely affecting demand for the products and services offered by us in the markets in which we operate;

 

ii

 

 

  the continuation of normal supply of products from our suppliers;
     
  changes in our business strategy or development plans, including our expected level of capital expenses and working capital;
     
  our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
     
  our ability to raise equity and debt capital, as needed from time to time, to fund our operations and growth strategy, including possible acquisitions;
     
  our ability to identify, complete and integrate potential strategic acquisitions;
     
  future revenue being lower than expected;
     
  our ability to convert our backlog into revenue in a timely manner, or at all; and
     
  our intention not to pay dividends.

 

Although we believe that we use reasonable assumptions for these forward-looking statements, any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions also could be inaccurate. In light of these and other uncertainties, the inclusion of a projection or forward-looking statement in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should not be regarded as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved. These risks and uncertainties include those described or identified in “Item 1A – Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as updated from time to time in the Company’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The forward-looking statements and projections contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are intended to be within the meaning of “forward-looking statements” in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

 

iii

 

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
    2022     2021  
      (Unaudited)          
ASSETS                
Current Assets                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 22,033,664     $ 2,159,608  
Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $159,744 and $181,942, respectively)     191,002       179,444  
Other receivables     50,762       -  
Inventory, net     1,005,918       378,326  
Prepaid expenses and other     1,774,219       1,273,720  
Total Current Assets     25,055,565       3,991,098  
Noncurrent Assets                
Property and equipment, net     77,239       77,346  
Goodwill     631,064       631,064  
Intangible assets, net     1,830       1,830  
Deposits     14,747       14,747  
Operating lease right-of-use asset     540,444       565,877  
Total Noncurrent Assets     1,265,324       1,290,864  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 26,320,889     $ 5,281,962  
                 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)                
                 
CURRENT LIABILITIES                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 1,389,028     $ 1,345,589  
Deferred revenue     5,485,416       2,839,838  
Accrued equity compensation     83,625       83,625  
Other liabilities     37,078       37,078  
Current portion of operating lease liability     112,072       100,139  
Total Current Liabilities     7,107,219       4,406,269  
                 
NONCURRENT LIABILITIES                
Operating lease liability, net of current portion     459,482       486,226  
Total Noncurrent Liabilities     459,482       486,226  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES     7,566,701       4,892,495  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 7)     -       -  
                 
TEMPORARY EQUITY                
Series B Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.00001 par value; 0 and 3,300 issued and outstanding, respectively     -       3,960,000  
Total Temporary Equity     -       3,960,000  
                 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)                
Preferred stock; 25,000,000 and 150,000,000 shares authorized, respectively     -       -  
Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 200,000,000 and 850,000,000 shares authorized, respectively; 7,784,444 and 1,600,835 shares issued and outstanding, respectively     78       16  
Additional paid in capital     48,958,618       25,211,017  
Accumulated deficit     (30,204,508 )     (28,781,566 )
Total Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)     18,754,188       (3,570,533 )
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)   $ 26,320,889     $ 5,281,962  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

    2022     2021  
    For the Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2022     2021  
Revenue, net   $ 1,744,427     $ 2,366,529  
                 
Cost of revenue     1,653,919       2,021,923  
                 
Gross profit     90,508       344,606  
                 
Operating expenses:                
Advertising and marketing expenses     251,015       177,145  
Product development costs     138,918       112,638  
Selling, general and administrative expenses     1,311,777       740,473  
Total operating expenses     1,701,710       1,030,256  
                 
Operating loss     (1,611,202 )     (685,650 )
                 
Other income (expense):                
Other income (expense), net     185,000       (107,000 )
Interest income (expense),net     3,260       (718 )
Total other income (expense)    

188,260

      (107,718 )
                 
Loss before provision for income taxes     (1,422,942 )     (793,368 )
                 
Income taxes     -       -  
                 
Net loss   $ (1,422,942 )   $ (793,368 )
                 
Convertible preferred series B stock dividends     (35,984 )     -  
Deemed dividend on convertible preferred series B stock on down round    

(439,999

)     -  
                 
Net Loss Available to Common Shareholders   $ (1,898,925 )   $ (793,368 )
                 
Loss per common share – basic and dilutive   $ (0.41 )   $ (0.50 )
                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and dilutive     4,622,427       1,576,844  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Number of

Shares

    Amount    

Paid in

Capital

   

Accumulated

Deficit

   

Shareholders’

Deficit

 
    Common Stock     Additional              
   

Number of

Shares

    Amount    

Paid in

Capital

   

Accumulated

Deficit

   

Shareholders’

Deficit

 
Balance December 31, 2021 -   1,600,835     $    16   - $ 25,211,017     $ (28,781,566 )   $ (3,570,533 )
Fair value of vested stock options granted to employees     -       -       32,938       -       32,938  
Fair value of vested stock options granted to directors     -       -       29,656       -       29,656  
Common shares issued in settlement of restricted stock units issued to directors     3,367       0       24,994       -       24,994  
Fair value of restricted stock units issued to directors     -       -       4,928       -       4,928  
Issuance of common shares to round up partial shares following reverse split     6,798       0       0               0  
Common shares and warrants issued for cash     5,811,138       58       21,711,073       -       21,711,131  
Common shares and warrants issued on conversion of series B preferred stock     362,306       4       1,979,996       -       1,980,000  
Dividends on series B preferred stock     -       -       (35,984 )     -       (35,984 )
Net loss -   -       -   -   -       (1,422,942 )     (1,422,942 )
Balance March 31, 2022 -   7,784,444     $ 78   - $ 48,958,618     $ (30,204,508 )   $ 18,754,188  

 

   

Number of

Shares

    Amount    

Number of

Shares

    Amount    

Number of

Shares to

be Issued

    Amount    

Additional

Paid in

Capital

   

Accumulated

Deficit

   

Shareholders’

Deficit

 
   

Series A

Preferred Stock

    Common Stock                    
   

Number of

Shares

    Amount    

Number of

Shares

    Amount    

Number of

Shares to

be Issued

    Amount    

Additional

Paid in

Capital

   

Accumulated

Deficit

   

Shareholders’

Deficit

 
Balance December 31, 2020     42,030,331     $    420       1,576,844     $     16       -             $ 26,107,159     $ (27,443,643 )   $    (1,336,048 )
Common shares to be issued in settlement of legal dispute     -       -       -       -       6,667       67,000       -       -       67,000  
Fair value of vested stock options granted to employees     -       -       -       -       -       -       128,434       -       128,434  
Fair value of vested stock options granted to directors     -       -       -       -       -       -       6,342       -       6,342  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (793,368 )     (793,368 )
Balance March 1, 2021     42,030,331     $ 420       1,576,844     $ 16       6,667     $ 67,000     $   26,241,935     $ (28,237,011 )   $ (1,927,640 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

    2022     2021  
    For the Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2022     2021  
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:                
Net loss   $ (1,422,942 )   $ (793,368 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:                
Depreciation and intangible asset amortization expense     8,556       18,377  
Share-based compensation     92,517       6,342  
Common stock issued for other expense     -       67,000  
Provision for doubtful accounts     (22,168 )     -  
Provision for excess and obsolete inventory     3,676       (4,371 )
Loss on disposal of assets     5,499       -  
Amortization of ROU asset     25,433       49,051  
                 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     10,610       6,748  
Inventory     (631,269 )     (187,679 )
Prepaid expenses and other     (551,261 )     (1,026,765 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     43,438       5,354  
Deferred revenue     2,645,579       2,362,905  
Accrued interest     -       718  
Lease deposit     -       (8,061 )
Operating lease liability, net     (14,811 )     (64,672 )
Accrued equity compensation     -       52,794  
Net cash (used in)/provided by operating activities     192,857       484,373  
                 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities                
Purchases of property and equipment     (13,948 )     (12,326 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (13,948 )     (12,326 )
                 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities                
Payment of dividends on series B preferred stock     (35,984 )     -  
Redemption of series B preferred stock     (1,980,000 )     -  
Cash proceeds on sale of common stock and warrants, net of expenses     21,711,131       -  
Proceeds from issuance of note payable     -       514,200  
Net cash provided by financing activities     19,695,147       514,200  
                 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents     19,874,056       986,247  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period     2,159,608       2,284,881  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   $ 22,033,664     $ 3,271,128  
                 
Supplemental cash flow information:                
Interest paid   $ -     $ -  
Income taxes paid   $ -     $ -  
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:                
Conversion of series B preferred stock   $ 1,980,000     $

-

 
Deemed dividend on series B preferred stock arising on down round   $

439,999

    $ -  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1 – General

 

Description of Business

 

CEA Industries Inc., formerly Surna Inc. (the “Company”), was incorporated in Nevada on October 15, 2009. We design, engineer and sell environmental control and other technologies for the Controlled Environment Agriculture (“CEA”) industry. The CEA industry is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the United States’ economy. From leafy greens (kale, Swiss chard, mustard, cress), microgreens (leafy greens harvested at the first true leaf stage), ethnic vegetables, ornamentals, and small fruits (such as strawberries, blackberries and raspberries) to bell peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes and cannabis and hemp, some producers grow crops indoors in response to market dynamics or as part of their preferred farming practice. In service of the CEA industry, our principal technologies include: (i) architectural design and licensed engineering of commercial scale thermodynamic systems specific to cultivation facilities, (ii) liquid-based process cooling systems and other climate control systems, (iii) air handling equipment and systems, (iv) LED lighting, benching and racking solutions for indoor cultivation, (v) automation and control devices, systems and technologies used for environmental, lighting and climate control, and (vi) preventive maintenance services for CEA facilities Our customers include commercial, state- and provincial-regulated CEA growers in the U.S. and Canada as well as other international locations. Customers are those growers building new facilities and those expanding or retrofitting existing facilities. Currently, our revenue stream is derived primarily from supplying our products, services and technologies to commercial indoor facilities ranging from several thousand to more than 100,000 square feet. Headquartered in Louisville, Colorado, we leverage our experience in this space to bring value-added climate control solutions to our customers that help improve their overall crop quality and yield, optimize energy and water efficiency, and satisfy the evolving state and local codes, permitting and regulatory requirements. Although our customers do, we neither produce nor sell cannabis or its related products.

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Our Business

 

The impact of the government and the business economic response to the COVID-19 pandemic has affected demand across the majority of our markets and disrupted work on projects. The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to have continued adverse effects on our sales, project implementation, supply chain infrastructure, operating margins, and working capital.

 

The resulting effects and uncertainties from the COVID-19 pandemic, including the depth and duration of the disruptions to customers and suppliers, its future effect on our business, on our results of operations, and on our financial condition, cannot be predicted. We expect that the economic disruptions will continue to have an effect on our business over the longer term. Despite this uncertainty, we continue to monitor costs and continue to take actions to reduce costs in order to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to the best of our ability. However, these actions may not be sufficient in the long run to avoid reduced sales, increased losses and reduced operating cash flows in our business. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company experienced significant delays in the receipt of equipment it had ordered to meet its customer orders due to disruption and delays in its supply chain arising from the long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Consequently, our revenue recognition of these customer sales has been delayed until future periods when the shipment of these orders can be completed.

 

Financial Statement Presentation

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business within one year after the date the consolidated financial statements are available to be issued. The Company continues to experience recurring losses since its inception. As a result, in order to continue as a going concern, the Company has been reliant on the ability to obtain additional sources of financing to fund growth. As indicated in Note 9 – Shareholders Equity (Deficit) below, on February 15, 2022, the Company received approximately $22,000,000 in proceeds from completion of an equity offering. Based on management’s evaluation, the proceeds from the Offering will be more than sufficient to fund any deficiencies in working capital or cash flow from operations, and the Company is confident that it will be able to meet its obligations as they come due, and fund operations for at least 12 months after the date the consolidated financial statements are available to be issued. Accordingly, the conditions around liquidity and limited working capital necessary to fund operations have been addressed.

 

Interim Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and note disclosures, normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP, have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring items) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2022. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

5
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its controlled and wholly owned subsidiaries, Hydro Innovations, LLC (“Hydro”) and Surna Cultivation Technologies LLC (“SCT”). Intercompany transactions, profit, and balances are eliminated in consolidation.

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

On January 17, 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a reverse stock split at a ratio of one-for-one hundred and fifty. Such reverse stock split was implemented effective January 27, 2022. The par value for the Common Stock was not affected.

 

As a result of this reverse stock split, the number of the Company’s shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021, was reduced from 240,125,224 to 1,600,835.

 

All Common Stock, warrants, options and per share amounts set forth herein are presented to give retroactive effect to the Reverse Split for all periods presented.

 

Use of Estimates

 

Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and that affect the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Key estimates include: allocation of transaction prices to performance obligations under contracts with customers, standalone selling prices, timing of expected revenue recognition on remaining performance obligations under contracts with customers, valuation of intangible assets, valuation of equity-based compensation, valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, warranty accruals, accounts receivable and inventory allowances, and legal contingencies.

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

 

All highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase are considered to be cash equivalents. The Company may, from time to time, have deposits in financial institutions that exceed the federally insured amount of $250,000. As of March 31, 2022, the balance in the Company’s account was approximately $22,034,000, consequently $21,784,000 of this balance was not insured by the FDIC. The Company has not experienced any losses to date on depository accounts.

 

Income (Loss) Per Common Share

 

Basic income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period without consideration of common stock equivalents. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding and potentially dilutive common stock equivalents, including stock options, warrants and restricted stock units and other equity-based awards, except in cases where the effect of the common stock equivalents would be antidilutive. Potential common stock equivalents consist of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options and warrants and the vesting of restricted stock units using the treasury method.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, there were warrants and options outstanding to purchase Company common stock and shares of convertible preferred stock and restricted stock units that were convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2022, the Company incurred a net loss and consequently the common share equivalents of these potentially dilutive equity instruments have not been included in the calculations of loss per share because such inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

 

6
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

As of March 31, 2022, and 2021, there were respectively, 8,021,057 and 201,662, potentially dilutive equity instruments outstanding in respect of shares of convertible preferred stock and warrants and options outstanding to purchase Company common stock.

 

Goodwill

 

The Company recorded goodwill in connection with its acquisition of Hydro Innovations, LLC in July 2014. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment annually or more frequently when events or changes in circumstances indicate that fair value of the reporting unit has been reduced to less than its carrying value. The Company performs a quantitative impairment test annually on December 31 by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill is considered not impaired. An impairment charge would be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The Company determined that it has one reporting unit.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company concluded that the projected impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its sales, contract completion and revenues in the near term, together with the volatility in its share price during the quarter represented potential indicators of impairment. Accordingly, the Company performed an interim impairment analysis at March 31, 2022 and concluded that no impairment relating to goodwill existed at March 31, 2022.

 

Temporary Equity

 

Shares of preferred stock that are redeemable for cash or other assets are classified as temporary equity if they are redeemable, at the option of the holder, at a fixed or determinable price on a fixed or determinable date or upon the occurrence of an event that is not solely within the control of the issuer. Redeemable equity instruments are initially carried at the fair value of the equity instrument at the issuance date, net of issuance costs, which is subsequently adjusted to redemption value (including the amount for dividends earned but not yet declared or paid) at each balance sheet date if the instrument is currently redeemable or if it is probable that the instrument will become redeemable.

 

7
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers and all the related amendments (“ASC 606” or the “revenue standard”) to all contracts and elected the modified retrospective method.

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s revenue by source:

 

    2022     2021  
   

For the Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
    2022     2021  
Equipment and systems sales   $ 1,642,572     $ 2,163,468  
Engineering and other services     86,049       181,083  
Shipping and handling     15,806       21,978  
Total revenue   $ 1,744,427     $ 2,366,529  

 

Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy Summary

 

The Company accounts for revenue in accordance with ASC 606. Under the revenue standard, a performance obligation is a promise in a contract with a customer to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer. Most of the Company’s contracts contain multiple performance obligations that include engineering and technical services as well as the delivery of a diverse range of climate control system equipment and components, which can span multiple phases of a customer’s project life cycle from facility design and construction to equipment delivery and system installation and start-up. The Company does not provide construction services or system installation services. Some of the Company’s contracts with customers contain a single performance obligation, typically engineering only services contracts.

 

A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. When there are multiple performance obligations within a contract, the Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation based on standalone selling price. When estimating the selling price, the Company uses various observable inputs. The best observable input is the Company’s actual selling price for the same good or service, however, this input is generally not available for the Company’s contracts containing multiple performance obligations. For engineering services, the Company estimates the standalone selling price by reference to certain physical characteristics of the project, such as facility size and mechanical systems involved, which are indicative of the scope and complexity of the mechanical engineering services to be provided. For equipment sales, the standalone selling price is determined by forecasting the expected costs of the equipment and components and then adding an appropriate margin, based on a range of acceptable margins established by management. Depending on the nature of the performance obligations, the Company may use a combination of different methods and observable inputs if certain performance obligations have highly variable or uncertain standalone selling prices. Once the selling prices are determined, the Company applies the relative values to the total contract consideration and estimates the amount of the transaction price to be recognized as each promise is fulfilled.

 

Generally, satisfaction occurs when control of the promised goods is transferred to the customer or as services are rendered or completed in exchange for consideration in an amount for which the Company expects to be entitled.The Company recognizes revenue for the sale of goods when control transfers to the customer, which primarily occurs at the time of shipment. The Company’s historical rates of return are insignificant as a percentage of sales and, as a result, the Company does not record a reserve for returns at the time the Company recognizes revenue. The Company has elected to exclude from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes (e.g., sales, use, value added, and certain excise taxes) that are assessed by a governmental authority in connection with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the Company from the customer. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue net of sales taxes. The revenue and cost for freight and shipping is recorded when control over the sale of goods passes to the Company’s customers.

 

The Company also has performance obligations to perform certain engineering services that are satisfied over a period of time. Revenue is recognized from this type of performance obligation as services are rendered based on the percentage completion towards certain specified milestones.

 

The Company offers assurance-type warranties for its products and products manufactured by others to meet specifications defined by the contracts with customers and does not have any material separate performance obligations related to these warranties. The Company maintains a warranty reserve based on historical warranty costs.

 

Other Judgments and Assumptions

 

The Company typically receives customer payments in advance of its performance of services or transfers of goods. Applying the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-32-18, which the Company has elected, the Company does not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component since the Company expects, at contract inception, that the period between when the Company transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less. Accordingly, the remaining performance obligations related to customer contracts does not consider the effects of the time value of money.

 

8
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Applying the practical expedient in ASC 340-40-25-4, the Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred since the amortization period of the assets that the Company otherwise would have recognized is one year or less. These costs include certain sales commissions and incentives, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses, and are payable only when associated revenue has been collected and earned by the Company.

 

Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities

 

Contract assets reflect revenue recognized and performance obligations satisfied in advance of customer billing. Contract liabilities relate to payments received in advance of the satisfaction of performance under the contract. The Company receives payments from customers based on the terms established in its contracts.

 

Contract assets include unbilled amounts where revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer and the right of payment is conditional, subject to completing a milestone, such as a phase of a project. The Company typicallydoes not have material amounts of contract assets since revenue is recognized as control of goods are transferred or as services are performed. As of March 31, 2022, and 2021, the Company had no contract assets.

 

Contract liabilities consist of advance payments in excess of revenue recognized. The Company’s contract liabilities are recorded as a current liability in deferred revenue in the consolidated balance sheets since the timing of when the Company expects to recognize revenue is generally less than one year. As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, deferred revenue, which was classified as a current liability, was $5,485,416 and $2,839,838, respectively.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company recognized revenue of $1,162,374 related to the deferred revenue at January 1, 2022. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized revenue of $1,880,634 related to the deferred revenue at January 1, 2021.

 

Remaining Performance Obligations

 

Remaining performance obligations, or backlog, represents the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to the remaining obligations that the Company has not performed under its customer contracts. The Company has elected not to use the optional exemption in ASC 606-10-50-14, which exempts an entity from such disclosures if a performance obligation is part of a contract with an original expected duration of one year or less. Accordingly, the information disclosed about remaining performance obligations includes all customer contracts, including those with an expected duration of one year or less.

 

Industry uncertainty, project financing concerns, and the licensing and qualification of our prospective customers, which are out of the Company’s control, make it difficult for the Company to predict when it will recognize revenue on its remaining performance obligations. There are risks that the Company may not realize the full contract value on customer projects in a timely manner or at all, and completion of a customer’s cultivation facility project is dependent upon the customer’s ability to secure funding and real estate, obtain a license and then build their cultivation facility so they can take possession of the equipment. Accordingly, the time it takes for customers to complete a project, which corresponds to when the Company is able to recognize revenue, is driven by numerous factors including: (i) the large number of first-time participants interested in the indoor cannabis cultivation business; (ii) the complexities and uncertainties involved in obtaining state and local licensure and permitting; (iii) local and state government delays in approving licenses and permits due to lack of staff or the large number of pending applications, especially in states where there is no cap on the number of cultivators; (iv) the customer’s need to obtain cultivation facility financing; (v) the time needed, and coordination required, for our customers to acquire real estate and properly design and build the facility (to the stage when climate control systems can be installed); (vi) the large price tag and technical complexities of the climate control and air sanitation system; (vii) the availability of power; and (viii) delays that are typical in completing any construction project. Further, based on the current economic climate, the uncertainty regarding the COVID-19 virus, and the Company’s recent cost cutting measures, there is no assurance that the Company will be able to fulfill its backlog, and the Company may experience contract cancellations, project scope reductions and project delays.

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Company’s remaining performance obligations, or backlog, was $11,179,000.There is significant uncertainty regarding the timing of the Company’s recognition of revenue on its remaining performance obligations, and there is no certainty that these will result in actual revenues. The backlog at March 31, 2022, includes booked sales orders of $2,217,000 from several customers that the Company does not expect to be realized until 2023, if at all. Given the present economic uncertainty arising from the impact of the novel coronavirus COVID-19, the Company believes that several of its current contracts may be delayed or canceled.

 

9
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

The remaining performance obligations expected to be recognized through 2023 are as follows:

 

    2022     2023     Total  
Remaining performance obligations related to engineering only paid contracts   $ -     $ -     $ -  
Remaining performance obligations related to partial equipment paid contracts     8,962,000       2,217,000     11,179,000  
Total remaining performance obligations   $ 8,962,000     $ 2,217,000     $ 11,179,000  

 

Product Warranty

 

The Company warrants the products that it manufactures for a warranty period equal to the lesser of 12 months from start-up or 18 months from shipment. The Company’s warranty provides for the repair, rework, or replacement of products (at the Company’s option) that fail to perform within stated specification. The Company’s third-party suppliers also warrant their products under similar terms, which are passed through to the Company’s customers.

 

The Company assesses the historical warranty claims on its manufactured products and, since 2016, warranty claims have been approximately 1% of annual revenue generated on these products. Based on the Company’s warranty policy, an accrual is established at 1% of the trailing 18 months revenue. The Company continues to assess the need to record a warranty reserve at the time of sale based on historical claims and other factors. As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the Company had an accrued warranty reserve amount of $187,702 and $186,605, respectively, which are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

 

Accounting for Share-Based Compensation

 

The Company recognizes the cost resulting from all share-based compensation arrangements, including stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units that the Company grants under its equity incentive plan in its condensed consolidated financial statements based on their grant date fair value. The expense is recognized over the requisite service period or performance period of the award. Awards with a graded vesting period based on service are expensed on a straight-line basis for the entire award. Awards with performance-based vesting conditions, which require the achievement of a specific company financial performance goal at the end of the performance period and required service period, are recognized over the performance period. Each reporting period, the Company reassesses the probability of achieving the respective performance goal. If the goals are not expected to be met, no compensation cost is recognized and any previously recognized amount recorded is reversed. If the award contains market-based vesting conditions, the compensation cost is based on the grant date fair value and expected achievement of market condition and is not subsequently reversed if it is later determined that the condition is not likely to be met or is expected to be lower than initially expected.

 

The grant date fair value of stock options is based on the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model (the “Black-Scholes Model”). The Black-Scholes Model requires judgmental assumptions including volatility and expected term, both based on historical experience. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury interest rates whose term is consistent with the expected term of the option. The Company determines the assumptions used in the valuation of option awards as of the date of grant. Differences in the expected stock price volatility, expected term or risk-free interest rate may necessitate distinct valuation assumptions at those grant dates. As such, the Company may use different assumptions for options granted throughout the year. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the valuation assumptions used to determine the fair value of each option award on the date of grant were: expected stock price volatility ranged from 158.21% to 158.70%; expected term in years 10 and risk-free interest rate ranged from 1.52% to 1.98%.

 

The grant date fair value of restricted stock and restricted stock units is based on the closing price of the underlying stock on the date of the grant.

 

The Company has elected to reduce share-based compensation expense for forfeitures as the forfeitures occur since the Company does not have historical data or other factors to appropriately estimate the expected employee terminations and to evaluate whether particular groups of employees have significantly different forfeiture expectations.

 

10
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

The following is a summary of share-based compensation expenses included in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

 

    2022     2021  
   

For the Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
    2022     2021  
Share-based compensation expense included in:                
Cost of revenue   $ 791     $ 14,135  
Advertising and marketing expenses     2,762       6,474  
Product development costs     -       6,694  
Selling, general and administrative expenses     88,964       31,833  
Total share-based compensation expense included in consolidated statement of operations   $ 92,517     $ 59,136  

 

Included in the expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021, is an accrual for $52,794 for the 2021 Annual Employee Incentive Compensation Plan.

 

Concentrations

 

One customer accounted for 35% of the Company’s revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Three customers accounted for 38%, 16%, and 11% of the Company’s revenue for the three months March 31, 2021.

 

Three customers accounted for 44%, 19% and 16% of the Company’s accounts receivable as of March 31, 2022. Two customers accounted for 60%, and 31% of the Company’s accounts receivable as of March 31, 2021.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers”, which requires companies to apply ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers acquired in a business combination. This creates an exception to the general recognition and measurement principle in ASC 805, which uses fair value. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, and the guidance should be applied prospectively. The impact of the standard on Company’s consolidated financial statements is dependent on the size and frequency of any future acquisitions the Company may complete.

 

In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. This guidance clarifies and reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options due to a lack of explicit guidance in the FASB Codification. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance is to be applied prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring on or after the effective date. The adoption of this guidance has not had a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

11
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

In March 2020, the FAS issued ASU No. 2020-04 “Reference Reform (Topic 848) Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting” (“ASU 2020-04”). ASU 2020-04 provides optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. The amendments are effective for the Company as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on its consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

 

Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the financial statements upon adoption. The Company does not discuss recent pronouncements that are not anticipated to have an impact on or are unrelated to its financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or disclosures.

 

Note 2 – Leases

 

In February 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASC 842” or the “new lease standard”). The Company adopted ASC 842 as of January 1, 2019, using the effective date method.

 

The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company has elected to apply the “package of practical expedients” which allow the Company to not reassess: (i) whether existing or expired arrangements contain a lease, (ii) the lease classification of existing or expired leases, or (iii) whether previous initial direct costs would qualify for capitalization under the new lease standard. The Company has also elected to apply the short-term lease exemption for all leases with an original term of less than 12 months, for purposes of applying the recognition and measurements requirements in the new lease standard.

 

12
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

On July 28, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement to lease 11,491 square feet of office and manufacturing space (the “New Facility Lease”), in Louisville, CO. The New Facility Lease commenced on November 1, 2021 and continues through January 31, 2027. From November 2021 through January 2022, the monthly rent was abated. Beginning February 2022, the monthly rent is $10,055 and will increase by 3% annually every November through the end of the New Facility Lease term. Pursuant to the New Facility Lease, the Company made a security deposit of $14,747. The Company has the option to renew the New Facility Lease for an additional five years. Additionally, the Company pays the actual amounts for property taxes, insurance, and common area maintenance. The New Facility Lease agreement contains customary events of default, representations, warranties, and covenants.

 

Upon commencement of the New Facility Lease, the Company recognized on the balance sheet an operating lease right-of-use asset and lease liability in the amount of $582,838. The lease liability was initially measured as the present value of the unpaid lease payments at commencement and the ROU asset was initially measured at cost, which comprises the initial amount of the lease liability adjusted for lease payments made at or before the lease commencement date, plus any initial direct costs incurred less any lease incentives received. The renewal option to extend the New Facility Lease is not included in the right-of-use asset or lease liability, as the option is not reasonably certain to be exercised. The Company regularly evaluates the renewal option and when it is reasonably certain of exercise, the Company will include the renewal period in its lease term.

 

The lease cost, cash flows and other information related to the Facility Lease were as follows:

 

   

As of March 31,

2022

 
Operating lease right-of-use asset   $ 540,444  
Operating lease liability, current   $ 112,072  
Operating lease liability, long-term   $ 459,482  
         
Remaining lease term     4.8 years  
Discount rate     3.63 %

 

   

For the Three

Months Ended

March 31, 2022

 
Operating cash outflow from operating lease   $ 20,109  

 

13
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Future annual minimum lease payments on the Facility Lease as of March 31, 2022 are as follows:

  

Years ended December 31,      
2022 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2022)   $ 91,095  
2023     124,897  
2024     128,643  
2025     132,503  
2026     136,473  
Thereafter     11,654  
Total minimum lease payments     625,265  
Less imputed interest     (53,710 )
Present value of minimum lease payments   $ 571,555  

 

Note 3 – Inventory

 

Inventory consisted of the following:

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
    2022     2021  
Finished goods   $ 913,887     $ 272,199  
Work in progress     971       1,050  
Raw materials     186,115       196,456  
Allowance for excess & obsolete inventory     (95,055 )     (91,379 )
Inventory, net   $ 1,005,918     $ 378,326  

 

Overhead expenses of $16,555 and $13,589 were included in the inventory balance as of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively.

 

The inventory balance at March 31, 2022 includes $692,195 for inventory in transit from one of our suppliers that was delivered to our customer in April of 2022.

 

Advance payments on inventory purchases are recorded in prepaid expenses until title for such inventory passes to the Company. Prepaid expenses included approximately $1,579,000 and $1,069,000 in advance payments for inventory for the periods ended March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively.

 

14
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Note 4 – Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following:

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
    2022     2021  
Furniture and equipment   $ 271,056     $ 274,472  
Vehicles     15,000       15,000  
Leasehold improvements     -       -  
Property and equipment, gross     286,056       289,472  
Accumulated depreciation     (208,817 )     (212,126 )
Property and equipment, net   $ 77,239     $ 77,346  

 

Depreciation expense was $8,556 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, $1,214 was allocated to cost of sales, $304 was allocated to inventory with the remainder recorded as selling, general, and administrative expense.

 

Note 5 – Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities consisted of the following:

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
    2022     2021  
Accounts payable   $ 729,040     $ 616,056  
Sales commissions payable     9,107       27,592  
Accrued payroll liabilities     266,456       322,873  
Product warranty accrual     187,702       186,605  
Other accrued expenses     196,723       192,463  
Total   $ 1,389,028     $ 1,345,589  

 

Note 6 – Note Payable and Accrued Interest

 

On February 10, 2021, the Company entered into a note payable with its current bank in the principal amount of $514,200, for working capital purposes.

 

The loan amount bears interest at 1% and is due on February 5, 2026. The loan may be repaid in advance without penalty. The loan is also potentially forgivable in full provided proceeds are used for payment of payroll expenses, rent, utilities and mortgage interest and certain other terms and conditions are met. If any portion of the loan is not forgiven, payments will commence 10 months following the end of the 24-week deferral period. The loan has typical default provisions, including for change of ownership, general lender insecurity as to repayment, non-payment of amounts due, defaults on other debt instruments, insolvency, dissolution or termination of the business as a going concern and bankruptcy.

 

On November 30, 2021, the Company received notice from the bank that its loan received on February 10, 2021, in the principal amount of $514,200 and all accrued interest of $2,832, was fully forgiven. This gain on loan forgiveness was recorded as Other Income in the Statement of Operations during the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

15
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Note 7 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

Litigation

 

The Company settled a litigation with a former employee effective March 30, 2021, which included the issuance of 6,667 shares of common stock of the Company, as part of the settlement. These shares were issued on April 8, 2021, as “restricted securities,” subject to a lock-up agreement of six months, without registration rights, and pursuant to a private placement exemption. The settlement agreement also included mutual releases and no admission of liability. The cost to the Company of this settlement, $107,000, in total, has been recognized in full in Other Expenses during the year ended December 31, 2021. The issuance of the 6,667 shares of common stock (valued at $67,000) has been recognized in common stock issued during the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

From time to time, in the normal course of its operations, the Company is subject to litigation matters and claims. Litigation can be expensive and disruptive to normal business operations. Moreover, the results of complex legal proceedings are difficult to predict, and the Company’s view of these matters may change in the future as the litigation and events related thereto unfold. The Company expenses legal fees as incurred. The Company records a liability for contingent losses when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss is known. An unfavorable outcome to any legal matter, if material, could have an adverse effect on the Company’s operations or its financial position, liquidity or results of operations.

 

Leases

 

The Company has a lease agreement for its manufacturing and office space. Refer to Note 2 Leases above.

 

Other Commitments

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into commitments to purchase inventory and may also provide indemnifications of varying scope and terms to customers, vendors, lessors, business partners, and other parties with respect to certain matters, including, but not limited to, losses arising out of the Company’s breach of such agreements, services to be provided by the Company, or from intellectual property infringement claims made by third parties. In addition, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with its directors and certain of its officers and employees that will require the Company to, among other things, indemnify them against certain liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors, officers, or employees. The Company maintains director and officer insurance, which may cover certain liabilities arising from its obligation to indemnify its directors and certain of its officers and employees, and former officers, directors, and employees of acquired companies, in certain circumstances.

 

Note 8 – Temporary Equity

 

On September 28, 2021, the Company sold to an institutional investor (the “Investor”), 3,300 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”), stated value $1,000 per share, convertible into shares of common stock, for an aggregate purchase price of $3,000,000 (“Consideration”). The Company received net proceeds of approximately $1,260,000 on September 28, 2021, and the balance of approximately $1,365,000 on November 4, 2021.

 

The Series B Preferred Stock had an annual dividend of 8% and an initial common stock conversion price of $8.55. The conversion rate was subject to adjustment in various circumstances, including stock splits, stock dividends, pro rata distributions, fundamental transactions and upon a triggering event and subject to reset if the common stock of the Company sold in any subsequent equity transaction, including a qualified offering, was sold at a price below the then conversion price.

 

The Series B Preferred Stock was mandatorily convertible on the third anniversary of its issuance. All conversions of the Series B Preferred Stock were subject to a blocker provision of 4.99%.

 

16
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Probability of Redemption: As it was considered probable the Series B Preferred stock would become redeemable outside of the Company’s control, the Series B Preferred stock was disclosed as temporary equity and was initially adjusted as of September 30, 2021 to its redemption value of 120% of the stated value of $1,000 per share, or $3,960,000. As a result, the Company recorded a $2,262,847 non-cash redemption value adjustment during 2021. This redemption value adjustment is treated as similar to a dividend on the preferred stock for GAAP purposes; accordingly, the redemption value adjustment is therefore added to the “Net Loss” to arrive at “Net Loss Attributable to Common Shareholders on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. In addition, since the Company did not have a balance of retained earnings, the redemption value adjustment was recorded against additional paid-in capital.

 

On February 16, 2022, the Company redeemed 1,650 shares of its Series B Preferred Stock for payment of $2.016 million in cash, which included both principal and accrued dividends of approximately $36,000.

 

On February 16, 2022, the remaining 1,650 shares of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock were converted into 362,306 shares of common stock and 703,069 warrants; 170,382 of the warrants vested immediately, have an indefinite term and an exercise price of $0.01 (“pre-funded conversion warrants”), the balance of 532,688 warrants also vested immediately, have a term of 5 years and have an exercise price of $5.00. The initial common stock conversion price for the shares of Series B Preferred Stock was $8.55. However, the terms of the Series B preferred stock were such that the stock conversion price was to be reduced to 75% of the offering price in any subsequent qualified public offering of Company equity instruments, if lower than the common stock conversion price of $8.55. The Company’s public offering that closed on February 15, 2022, was completed at an offering price of $4.13. Accordingly, the initial common stock conversion price for the shares of Series B Preferred Stock was reduced from $8.55 to $3.0975, representing 75% of the offering price of $4.13. As a result, the Company recognized a deemed dividend of $439,999 to Series B Shareholders in respect of the additional shares of common stock and warrants they received on the conversion of their shares of Series B Preferred stock. As the Company does not have a balance of retained earnings, the deemed dividend was recorded against additional paid-in capital.

 

The Company has no remaining Preferred Shares outstanding as of March 31, 2022.

 

Note 9 – Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

Directors Remuneration

 

On January 3, 2022, the Company issued 3,125 non-qualified stock options under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan to each of two existing directors. The options had an exercise price of $4.80, vested immediately and had a term ending at the earlier of five years after the date on which the optionee’s continuous service ends, or the tenth anniversary on which the option was granted.

 

On January 17, 2022, the Company issued an RSU grant of 3,367 shares of common stock 2021 Equity Incentive Plan to each of two new directors, 1,684 shares of common stock vested immediately on grant date and the remaining 1,683 shares of common stock will vest on January 17, 2023, if the recipient remains in service as an independent director. 1,684 shares of common stock were issued to each of the two new directors in settlement of the RSUs that vested immediately.

 

Revised Compensation Plan

 

On January 17, 2022, the Board of Directors revised the previously adopted compensation plan. This plan supersedes the plan adopted on August 20, 2021. The Plan is effective retroactively for the current independent directors and for independent directors elected or appointed after the Effective Date. 3,367 restricted stock units in respect of this plan were issued on January 17, 2022. Cash fees were paid on January 21, 2022.

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

On January 17, 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a reverse stock split at a ratio of one-for-one hundred and fifty. The reverse stock split was implemented effective January 27, 2022. The par value for the Common Stock was not affected.

 

As a result of this reverse stock split, the number of the Company’s shares of common stock issued and outstanding at December 31, 2021 was reduced from 240,125,244 to 1,600,835. All Common Stock, warrants, options and per share amounts set forth herein are presented to give retroactive effect to the Reverse Split for all periods presented.

 

17
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Change in Authorized Share Capital

 

In connection with the aforementioned reverse stock split, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the reduction of the authorized capital of the Company to 200,000,000 shares of common stock and 25,000,000 shares of preferred stock.

 

Equity Raise

 

On February 10, 2022, the Company signed a firm commitment underwriting agreement for the public offering of shares of common stock and warrants, which closed on February 15, 2022. The Company received net proceeds of approximately $22 million for the sale of 5,811,138 shares of common stock and 6,572,808 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock for five years, exercisable immediately, at an exercise price of $5.00. The Company also issued to the representative of the underwriters 290,557 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.1625, during the period commencing August 9, 2022, and expiring on February 10, 2027.

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had 200,000,000 shares authorized at a $.00001 par value. Effective March 31, 2022, 7,784,444 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding. No shares of preferred stock are issued and outstanding.

 

Note 10 – Equity Incentive Plans

 

2017 Equity Incentive Plan

 

Under the Company’s 2017 Equity Incentive Plan, as may be modified and amended by the Company from time to time (the “2017 Equity Plan”), the Board of Directors (the “Board”) (or the compensation committee of the Board, if one is established) may award stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), restricted stock unit awards (“RSUs”), shares granted as a bonus or in lieu of another award, and other stock-based performance awards. The 2017 Equity Plan allocates 333,333 shares of the Company’s common stock (“Plan Shares”) for issuance of equity awards under the 2017 Equity Plan. If any shares subject to an award are forfeited, expire, or otherwise terminate without issuance of such shares, the shares will, to the extent of such forfeiture, expiration, or termination, again be available for awards under the 2017 Equity Plan.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, no shares or options were issued and 13,333 options were cancelled under the 2017 Plan.

 

As of March 31,2022, of the 333,333 shares authorized under the 2017 Plan for equity awards, 163,692 shares have been issued, awards related to 148,905 options remain outstanding, and 20,736 shares remain available for future equity awards.

 

2021 Equity Incentive Plan

 

On March 22, 2021, the Board approved the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2021 Equity Plan”), which was approved by the stockholders on July 22, 2021. The 2021 Equity Plan permits the Board to grant awards of up to 666,667 shares of common stock. The 2021 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options intended to qualify under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock awards and restricted stock unit awards and other equity linked awards to our employees, consultants and directors. If an equity award (i) expires or otherwise terminates without having been exercised in full or (ii) is settled in cash (i.e., the holder of the award receives cash rather than stock), such expiration, termination or settlement will not reduce (or otherwise offset) the number of shares of common stock that may be issued pursuant to this Plan.

 

18
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company issued 3,367 shares of its common stock to two new independent directors under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan, pursuant to the Director Compensation plan adopted in January 2022.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted awards for 21,167 non-qualified stock options to employees under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan as described below.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted awards for 6,250 non-qualified stock options to directors under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan, pursuant to the Director Compensation plan adopted in August of 2021.

 

As of March 31,2022, of the 666,667 shares authorized under the 2021 Equity Plan, 10,170 relate to restricted shares issued, 33,408 relate to outstanding non-qualified stock options, 40,816 relate to outstanding incentive stock options, 3,367 relate to outstanding restricted stock units and 578,906 shares remain available for future equity awards.

 

There was $222,707 in unrecognized compensation expense for unvested non-qualified stock options, incentive stock options and restricted stock units at March 31, 2022 which will be recognized over approximately 3 years.

 

Non-Qualified and Incentive Stock Options

 

A summary of the non-qualified stock options and incentive stock options granted to employees and consultants under the 2017 and 2021 Equity Plans during the three months ended March 31, 2022, are presented in the table below:

 

   

Number of

Options

   

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

   

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Term

   

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

 
                         
Outstanding, December 31, 2021     158,174     $ 10.99       7.6     $         -  
Granted     21,167     $ 3.55       9.8     $

4,650

 
Exercised     -     $ -       -     $ -  
Forfeited     (13,333 )   $ 9.15       0.0     $ -  
Expired     -     $ -       -     $ -  
Outstanding, March 31, 2022     166,007     $ 10.18       8.2     $ 4,650  
Exercisable, March 31, 2022     118,828     $ 11.89       7.6     $ 610  

 

19
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we issued a total of 21,167 stock options to employees as follows:

 

  6,167 stock options were issued to three new employees. The vesting of these options ranges from immediate to three years, have a term of 10 years and an exercise price ranging from $4.80 to $6.90.
  15,000 stock options were issued to our newly appointed Chief Financial Officer. The options vest as follows: 2,000 vested immediately, 3,000 on March 11, 2023, 5,000 on March 11, 2024, and 5,000 on March 11, 2025. The options have a term of 10 years and an exercise price of $2.20.
  During the three months ended March 31, 2022, 1,667 fully vested stock options and 11,667 unvested stock options were forfeited following the departure of one former employee.

 

A summary of non-vested non-qualified stock options activity for employees and consultants under the 2017 and 2021 Equity Plans for the three months ended March 31, 2022, are presented in the table below:

 

  

Number of

Options

   

Weighted

Average

Grant-Date

Fair Value

   

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

   

Grant-Date

Fair Value

 
                        
Nonvested, December 31, 2021     41,846     $ 7.65     $         -     $ 320,122  
Granted     21,167     $ 3.51     $ -     $ 74,296  
Vested     (4,167 )   $ 4.50     $ -     $ (18,751 )
Forfeited     (11,667 )   $ 9.01     $ -     $ (105,120 )
Expired     -     $ -     $ -     $ -  
Nonvested, March 31, 2022     47,179     $ 5.73     $ -     $ 270,547  

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, the Company recorded $32,939 and $0 as compensation expense related to vested options issued to employees and consultants, net of forfeitures, respectively.

 

A summary of the non-qualified stock options granted to directors under the 2017 Equity Plan and the 2021 Equity Plan, during the three months ended March 31, 2022, are presented in the table below:

 

   

Number of

Options

   

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

   

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Term

   

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value ($000)

 
                         
Outstanding, December 31, 2021     50,872     $ 10.02       6.6     $        -  
Granted     6,250     $ 4.80       9.8     $ -  
Exercised     -     $ -       -     $ -  
Forfeited/Cancelled     -     $ -       -     $ -  
Expired     -     $ -       -     $ -  
Outstanding, March 31, 2022     57,122     $ 9.44       6.7     $ -  
Exerciseable, March 31, 2022     57,122     $ 9.44       6.7     $ -  

 

A summary of non-vested non-qualified stock options activity for directors under the 2017 Equity Plan and the 2021 Equity Plan, for the three months ended March 31, 2022, are presented in the table below:

 

20
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Number of

Options

   

Weighted

Average

Grant-Date

Fair Value

   

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

   

Grant-Date

Fair Value

 
                        
Nonvested, December 31, 2021     -     $ -     $ -     $ -  
Granted     6,250     $ 4.80     $ (14,313 )   $ 29,688  
Vested     (6,250 )   $ 4.80     $ 14,313   $ (29,688 )
Forfeited     -     $ -     $

-

    $ -  
Expired     -     $ -     $ -     $ -  
Nonvested, March 31, 2022     -             $ -     $ -  

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, the Company incurred $29,656 and $6,342 respectively, as compensation expense related to 6,250 and 3,333 vested options, respectively, issued to directors.

 

Effective January 3, 2022, the Company issued 6,250 non-qualified stock options under the 2021 Equity Plan to its then current directors. The options vested upon grant. The options have a term of 10 years and an exercise price equal to the closing price of the Company’s common stock on The OTC Markets on the day immediately preceding the grant date.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

Effective January 17,2022, the Company issued 6,734 restricted stock units (RSUs) under the 2021 Equity Plan to newly appointed directors. 3,367 of these RSUs vested upon grant and the remining 3,367 will vest on January 17, 2023.

 

The Company recorded $29,923 during the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compensation expense related to vested RSUs issued to directors.

 

  

Number of

Units

   

Weighted

Average

Grant-Date

Fair Value

   

Aggregate

Intrinsic Value

 
                  
Outstanding, December 31, 2021     -     $ -     $       -  
Granted     6,734     $ 7.42     $ -  
Vested and settled with share issuance     (3,367 )   $ 7.42     $ -  
Forfeited/canceled     -     $ -     $ -  
Outstanding, March 31, 2022     3,367     $ 7.42     $ -  

 

 

21
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Note 11 - Warrants

 

The following table summarizes information with respect to outstanding warrants to purchase common stock during the three months ended March 31, 2022:

 

 

         

Weighted

Average

   

Weighted

Average

Remaining

    Aggregate  
    Number     Exercise     Life     Intrinsic  
    Outstanding     Price     In Months     Value  
                         
Outstanding at December 31, 2021     227,719     $ 9.59       33     $          0  
                                 
Issued     7,566,435     $ 4.89       58 *   $ 425,955  
                                 
Exercised     -       -       -       -  
                                 
Expired     -       -       -       -  
                                 
Outstanding at March 31, 2022     7,794,154     $ 5.03       58 *   $ 425,955  

 

* Excludes 170,382 warrants with an indefinite life.

 

The following table summarizes information about warrants outstanding at March 31, 2022:

 

      Warrants     Weighted Average  
Exercise price     Outstanding     Months Outstanding  
               
  9.45       192,982       30  
                     
  10.40       34,737       31  
                     
  5.00       7,105,496       59  
                     
  5.16       290,557       59  
                     
  0.01       170,382       Indefinite Life  
          7,794,154       58 *

 

* Excludes 170,382 warrants with an indefinite life. 

 

22
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Q3 2021 Warrants Issued to Series B Preferred Stockholder

 

On September 28, 2021, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an institutional investor, pursuant to which the investor purchased from the Company 3,300 shares of convertible Series B Preferred Stock with a stated value of $1,000 per share, or $3,300,000 of stated value in the aggregate, and a warrant to purchase up to 192,982 shares of common stock of the Company for an aggregate purchase price of $3,000,000. The warrant is exercisable until September 28, 2024, at an exercise price of $9.45, subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends and other typical adjustments and changes in capitalization, including mergers and acquisitions and distribution of rights.

 

Q3 2021 Warrants Issued to Series B Preferred Placement Agent

 

In connection with the sale of the shares of convertible Series B Preferred Stock described above, the Company issued 34,737 warrants to the placement agent and its designees. Half of the warrants were issued on September 28, 2021, and the second half were issued on November 3, 2021, and are exercisable commencing February 28, 2022 and May 3, 2022, respectively, until September 28, 2024 and November 3, 2024, respectively. The exercise price per share of the warrants is $10.40, subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends and other typical adjustments and changes in capitalization, including mergers and acquisitions and distribution of rights.

 

Q1 2022 Investor Warrants

 

On February 15, 2022, the Company issued 5,811,138 investment units for aggregate gross proceeds of $24,000,000, or $4.13 per unit. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant for the purchase of one share of the Company’s common stock. The warrants vested immediately, had a term of 5 years and an exercise price of $5.00.

 

Q1 2022 Overallotment Warrants

 

Further on February 15, 2022, in connection the Company’s issuance of 5,811,138 investment units for aggregate gross proceeds of $24,000,000, or $4.13 per unit as described above, a further 761,670 warrants were issued in connection with the subscription for substantially all of the available 15% overallotment warrants. The warrants were acquired for consideration of $0.01 per warrant, vested immediately, had a term of 5 years and an exercise price of $5.00.

 

Q1 2022 Underwriter Warrants

 

Further on February 15, 2022, in connection the Company’s issuance of 5,811,138 investment units for aggregate gross proceeds of $24,000,000, or $4.13 per unit described above, the Company also issued representatives of the underwriters 290,557 warrants. Each warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.1625, during the period commencing August 9, 2022, and expiring on February 10, 2027.

 

Q1 2022 Series B Preferred Shares Pre-Funded Conversion Warrants

 

On February 16, 2022, in connection with the conversion of 1,650 shares of Series B Preferred Stock into 362,306 shares of the Company’s common stock, the Series B Preferred Shareholder was issued with 170,382 pre-funded conversion warrants. Each warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.01, vested immediately and had an indefinite life.

 

23
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Q1 2022 Series B Preferred Shares Conversion Warrants

 

Further on February 16, 2022, in connection with the conversion of 1,650 shares of Series B Preferred Stock into 362,306 shares of the Company’s common stock, the Series B Preferred Shareholder was also issued with 532,688 Series B Preferred shares conversion warrants. Each warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.00, vested immediately and had a term of 5 years.

 

Note 12 – Income Taxes

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Company has U.S. federal and state net operating losses (“NOLs”) of approximately $22,514,000, of which $11,196,000 will expire, if not utilized, in the years 2034 through 2037, however, NOLs generated subsequent to December 31, 2017 do not expire but may only be used against taxable income to 80%. In response to the novel coronavirus COVID-19, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act temporarily repealed the 80% limitation for NOLs arising in 2018, 2019 and 2020.

 

In addition, pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, use of the Company’s NOLs carryforwards may be limited in the event of cumulative changes in ownership of more than 50% within a three-year period. In addition, under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), and corresponding provisions of state law, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change,” which is generally defined as a greater than 50% change, by value, in its equity ownership over a three-year period, the corporation’s ability to use its pre-change net operating loss carryforwards and other pre-change tax attributes to offset its post-change income or taxes may be limited. Our sale of securities, both in September 2021 and February 2022, will need to be considered for determination of any “ownership change” that we have undergone during a determination period. If an ownership change occurs and our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards is materially limited, it would harm our future bottom-line operating results by effectively increasing our future tax obligations

 

The Company must assess the likelihood that its net deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income, and to the extent the Company believes that recovery is not likely, the Company establishes a valuation allowance. Management’s judgment is required in determining the Company’s provision for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowance recorded against the net deferred tax assets. The Company recorded a full valuation allowance as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. Based on the available evidence, the Company believes it is more likely than not that it will not be able to utilize its net deferred tax assets in the foreseeable future. The Company intends to maintain valuation allowances until sufficient evidence exists to support the reversal of such valuation allowances. The Company makes estimates and judgments about its future taxable income that are based on assumptions that are consistent with the Company’s plans. Should the actual amounts differ from the Company’s estimates, the carrying value of the Company’s deferred tax assets could be materially impacted.

 

Note 13 – Related Party Transactions

 

The Company entered into a manufacturer representative agreement with RSX Enterprises (“RSX”) in March 2021 to become a non-exclusive representative for the Company to assist in marketing and soliciting orders. James R. Shipley, a current director of the Company, has a significant ownership interest in RSX.

 

Under the manufacturer representative agreement, RSX will act as a non-exclusive representative for the Company within the United States, Canada and Mexico and may receive a commission for qualified customer leads. The agreement had an initial term through December 31, 2021 with automatic one-year renewal terms unless prior notice is given 90 days prior to each annual expiration. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company paid $7,555 in commissions under this agreement.

 

Note 14 – Subsequent Events

 

In accordance with ASC 855, Subsequent Events, the Company has evaluated all subsequent events through the date the financial statements were available to be issued. No material subsequent events occurred after March 31, 2022, other than as set out below:

 

On April 1, 2022, 31,793 non-qualified stock options were issued to 21 employees in respect of the Company’s 2021 Annual Incentive Awards. The options vested immediately, have a term of 10 years and an exercise price of $2.51. The expense in respect of this issuance had been fully in fully accrued in 2021.

 

24
 

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, which include additional information about our accounting policies, practices, and the transactions underlying our financial results, as well as with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as filed with the SEC. In addition to historical information, the following discussion and other parts of this Quarterly Report contain forward-looking information that involves risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated by such forward-looking information due to the factors discussed under “Cautionary Statements” appearing elsewhere herein and the risks and uncertainties described or identified in “Item 1A – Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as updated from time to time in the Company’s filings with the SEC, and Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report entitled “Risk Factors.”

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

To supplement our financial results on U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) basis, we use non-GAAP measures including net bookings, backlog, as well as adjusted net income (loss) which reflects adjustments for certain non-cash expenses such as stock-based compensation, certain debt-related items and depreciation expense. We believe these non-GAAP measures are helpful in understanding our past performance and are intended to aid in evaluating our potential future results. The presentation of these non-GAAP measures should be considered in addition to our GAAP results and are not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information prepared or presented in accordance with GAAP. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures reflect an additional way to view aspects of our operations that, when viewed with our GAAP results, provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business. For purposes of this Quarterly Report, (i) “adjusted net income (loss)” and “adjusted operating income (loss)” mean GAAP net income (loss) and operating income (loss), respectively, after adjustment for non-cash equity compensation expense, debt-related items and depreciation expense, and (ii) “net bookings” means new sales contracts executed during the quarter for which we received an initial deposit, net of any adjustments including cancellations and change orders during the quarter.

 

Our backlog, remaining performance obligations and net bookings may not be indicative of future operating results, and our customers may attempt to renegotiate or terminate their contracts for a number of reasons, including delays in or inability to obtain project financing or licensing or abandonment of the project entirely. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that contracts included in the backlog or remaining performance obligations will actually generate revenues or when the actual revenues will be generated.

 

Overview

 

CEA Industries is an engineering and design company focused on selling environmental control and other technologies and services to the Controlled Environment Agriculture (“CEA”) industry. The CEA industry uses technology-based methods to grow crops in a way that provides protection from the outdoor elements; these methods have traditionally included indoor agriculture and vertical farming. The CEA industry aims to optimize the use of horticultural resources such as water, energy, space, capital and labor, to create an agriculture business that is more efficient and more productive than traditional farming methods.

 

Headquartered in Colorado, we leverage our experience in the CEA industry to bring our customers a variety of value-added technology solutions that help improve their overall crop quality and yield, optimize energy and water efficiency, and satisfy the evolving state and local codes, permitting and regulatory requirements. We do this by offering our customers a variety of principal service and product offerings that include: (i) architectural design and licensed engineering of commercial scale thermodynamic systems specific to cultivation facilities, (ii) liquid-based process cooling systems and other climate control systems, (iii) air handling equipment and systems, (iv) LED lighting, benching and racking solutions for indoor cultivation, (v) automation and control devices, systems and technologies used for environmental, lighting and climate control, and (vi) preventive maintenance services for CEA facilities.

 

Currently, our revenue stream is derived primarily from supplying our products, services and technologies to commercial indoor facilities operating in the cannabis industry. Our customers include state and provincial-regulated CEA growers located in the U.S., Canada and other international locations. They are focused on building new CEA facilities and expanding or retrofitting existing CEA facilities. Our customers operate CEA facilities that range in size from several thousand square feet to more than 100,000 square feet.

 

25
 

 

CEA growers currently face a challenging business environment that includes high energy costs, water usage and conservation issues, and continuously evolving waste removal regulations. In addition to these issues, our cannabis growing customers face increasingly rigorous quality standards and declining cannabis prices in a growing industry whose standards are constantly evolving. A primary challenge for our customers involves finding innovative ways to reduce energy costs. On average, 50% of our customers’ energy costs are driven by HVACD systems and another 40% by lighting systems.

 

We support our clients by providing integrated mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (“MEP”) engineering design, proprietary and curated environmental control equipment, and automation offerings that serve the CEA industry. In addition, we believe we are among the leading experts in engineering environmental control systems for CEA facilities, which is commonly viewed as the most challenging component of a CEA facility’s technical infrastructure. Over our 16 years in business, we have served over 200 commercial indoor CEA facilities. While a professional engineer (“PE”) license is not required in any other design component of a CEA facility, such a license is required for the design of a CEA facility’s environmental control equipment, and our senior engineers hold PE licenses.

 

We believe our customers partner with us because we have the reputation and experience to help them make cost-conscious and effective decisions on their environmental and climate control systems. Our clients are focused on their crops and rely on us to partner with them on ways to optimize their CEA facility. We are also mindful of the evolving and substantial environmental sustainability standards and concerns raised by governments, consumers and other stakeholders. CEA facilities are resource intensive, and a growing list of states have implemented building code changes that limit energy consumption in cultivation facilities. Energy and resource efficiency is a high priority to us as engineers, and the senior engineers on our team hold the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (“LEED”) credential. In addition, our CEO helped build a cleantech company, and is a published author in the energy efficient technologies space. We believe this sustainability-focused technical experience is a unique advantage that our customers value when working with us.

 

While the Company historically focused on HVACD systems, in May of 2021, we announced an initiative to expand our product and service offerings to include most of the technical product and service infrastructure requirements associated with building and retrofitting CEA facilities, as well as post-build recurring maintenance services. Our engineering design services and consulting expertise facilitates early engagement with our customers at the pre-build and construction phases, and this enables us to better understand our customers’ goals at the beginning of a project, and provide the associated infrastructure products and services to reach those goals. Through our prior engagements with customers, we have built long-term relationships with our existing customers, which we plan to leverage and build on in the future.

 

We have three core assets that we believe will support us as we pursue our business strategy. First, we enjoy strong relationships with relevant stakeholders in the CEA industry. Largely focused in the cannabis segment, our partnerships include relationships with new and existing growers, capital providers, consultants, independent contractors, and numerous others. Second, our experience in this industry over time has built up specialized engineering know-how and experience. We have been serving indoor cultivators since 2006 and designing CEA cultivation facilities since 2016. Since then, we have tested and solidified best practices from designing environmental control systems for CEA cultivation facilities. Finally, we have a line of proprietary environmental control products that support the specific growing environments that our customers want. We believe these products offer significant benefits to our customers and we are in the process of expanding our product slate.

 

Shares of our common stock and warrants are traded on the Nasdaq Capital Markets under the ticker symbol “CEAD” and “CEADW”, respectively.

 

26
 

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Our Business

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted national, regional, and local governments, including those in the markets that the Company operates in, to implement preventative or protective measures to control its spread. As a result, there have been disruptions in business operations around the world, with an impact on our business.

 

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated government and business response, the Company took and continues to take measures to adjust its operations as necessary. In early 2020 the Company responded to reduced orders by reducing expenses in an effort to preserve cash. As 2020 progressed and our sales rebounded, and we were able to obtain additional funds through a forgivable bank loan, we restored our workforce increased our operations. Many of the expense reductions were reversed by the end of 2021 when orders picked up and the overall business climate improved. Because the pandemic continues in different parts of the world and in different ways in the United States, the Company continues to actively monitor its operations.

 

We are experiencing unexpected and uncontrollable delays with our international supply of products and shipments from vendors due to a significant increase in shipments to U.S. ports, compounded by a reduction in cargo being shipped by air, a general shortage of containers, and a shortage of domestic truck driver availability. While these delays have moderately improved in recent months, we, along with many other importers of goods across all industries, continue to experience severe congestion and extensive wait times for carriers at ports across the United States. In addition, restrictions imposed by local, state and federal agencies due to the COVID-19 pandemic have led to reduced personnel of importers, government staff and others in our supply chain. We have been working diligently with our network of freight partners and suppliers to expedite delivery dates and provide solutions to reduce further impact and delays. However, we are unable to determine the full impact of these delays and how long they will continue as they are out of our control.

 

While the Company is continuing to navigate the financial, operational, and personnel challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic, the full extent of the impact of COVID-19 on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, including the duration and spread of the pandemic, the potential uncertainty related to (and proliferation of) new strains, and related actions taken by federal, state, local and international government officials, to prevent and manage the spread of COVID-19. All of these efforts are uncertain, out of our control, and cannot be predicted at this time.

 

Impact of Ukranian Conflict

 

Currently, we believe that the conflict between Ukraine and Russia does not have any direct impact on our operations, financial condition or financial reporting. We believe the conflict will have only a general impact on our operations in the same manner as it is having a general impact on all businesses that have their operations limited to North America resulting from international sanction and embargo regulations, possible shortages of goods and goods incorporating parts that may be supplied from the Ukraine or Russia, supply chain challenges, and the international and US domestic inflationary results of the conflict and government spending for and funding of our country’s response. As our operations are related only to the North American controlled agricultural industry, largely within the cannabis space, we do not believe we will be targeted for cyber-attacks. We have no operations in the countries directly involved in the conflict or are specifically impacted by any of the sanctions and embargoes, as we principally operate in the United States and Canada. We do not believe that the conflict will have any impact on our internal control over financial reporting. Other than general securities market trends, we do not have reason to believe that investors will evaluate the company as having special risks or exposures related to the Ukranian conflict.

 

Our Corporate Strategy

 

Our strategy for growing the Company and increasing shareholder value is informed by two key pillars:

 

Pursue Organic Growth Opportunities Execute on Consolidation Opportunities

 

Pursue aggressive organic growth. According to New Frontier Data and Grandview Research, the legal cannabis market and the global indoor farming markets are forecasted to grow at a 15% annual rate for the foreseeable future. This is largely driven by the cannabis cultivation market we currently focus on, and the rapidly growing popularity of the vertical farming market.

 

We are well positioned to build our business by serving both of these segments, by servicing current and future customers to the CEA industry, and by expanding our customer base to include indoor farming growers. In May of 2021 we announced a series of pivots, to better enable the Company to grow organically:

 

Expansion to New Markets. We expanded our business development plan to include the pursuit of non-cannabis CEA facilities, which includes indoor cultivation farms and other CEA technology users outside of the cannabis industry. This expansion has approximately doubled our potential addressable market without any additional upfront retrofit costs to our Company.

 

Expansion of Product Offering. As previously noted, the Company historically focused on offering HVACD systems to help our existing CEA clients manage their environmental control issues. While significant, this offering represented approximately one third of the total slate of potential products and services required to help a grower build and maintain a CEA facility. We continue to believe that our clients want to focus on growing plants, while leaving the technical infrastructure buildout and maintenance to a more experienced partner. As part of our May 2021 initiative, we expanded our product and service offerings by including almost all of the primary technologies and services required to build and maintain a CEA facility. This expansion includes architectural design, lighting, benching, sensing & control systems, and CO2 dosing and control. It also includes maintenance services and other post-build products and services that create more recurring revenue streams than the product set we traditionally offered.

 

27
 

 

For example, by offering Facility Selection & Design services, we plan to establish ‘pre-build’ customer relationships with prospects at the earliest opportunity in the lifecycle of the CEA facility. From there, we plan to offer nearly every piece of the technical infrastructure required in a facility, engaging with our customers at the earliest possible moment to provide all products and services required for the buildout of their CEA facility. Once a CEA facility is built, our Preventive Maintenance Services will provide recurring revenue, as we maintain the productivity of the facility for the facility’s full life.

 

We believe that we are uniquely positioned to engineer all of the complex components of a CEA facility into a more integrated and coordinated system, because of our dedicated engineering staff and our experience in over 800 projects including over 200 commercial facilities. We have built a wide network of technology vendors from which we curate a selection of the best products. We are the leading experts in applying the most challenging component of the technical infrastructure, the environmental controls. As a result, we have the knowledge required to engineer the interactions among the required components. The reputation we have built and the relationships we have established as experts in the complex environmental control space positions us to engineer the interactions among the other key components. We believe this effort will grow revenues from our existing platform in the future.

 

Corporate Name Rebrand. In November of 2021 we changed the name of our parent company from Surna Inc. to CEA Industries Inc. We believe this name better demonstrates the breadth of both our newly expanded product offering and our ability to serve the broader CEA industry in segments beyond traditional cannabis cultivation. We believe this name will more clearly identify our business to prospects and make us easier to find on various social media and search engine platforms. In January 2022, we moved our environmental controls operations to Surna Cultivation Technologies LLC, a newly formed subsidiary of CEA Industries Inc., in order to separate our environmental controls business from other businesses we plan to pursue as we expand our product and service offerings.

 

Seek strategic relationships, mergers, and acquisitions to add to our existing business. We have been involved in over 800 cultivation projects over 16 years. This experience has exposed us to almost all of the ancillary and primary product and service components within a CEA facility, including lighting, irrigation, HVACD, fertigation, sensors, controls, CO2 dosing, monitoring, facility power availability, and energy consumption. Exposure to these primary components has built a uniquely well-informed view of the value contribution from various primary services and components on offer in the marketplace.

 

We believe that this knowledge will help us identify opportunities to acquire products and services for strategic relationships and potential acquisitions. As we evaluate the state of the CEA industry and the various industry participants, we see significant opportunity for the industry to create value through consolidation. As a growing industry, CEA has a significant need for capital and a recognition that not all companies can be funded for growth. We believe this positions us well as we identify partners whose business platforms are complementary to our business platform.

 

Finally, members of our team have extensive experience in identifying, evaluating and acquisitions that are accretive and create long-term value for our shareholders. We believe that assets on our platform can benefit our shareholders via synergies and scale economics. For certain component providers, we believe that our public stock and strong existing platform of products, expertise, and marketing reach will make us an attractive partner for a potentially accretive, value creating partnership.

 

Our Bookings, Backlog and Revenue

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we executed new sales contracts with a total contract value of $2,347,000. During this same period, we had positive change orders of $159,000 and cancellations of $401,000. The cancellations were based on discussions with customers who have abandoned their projects. After adjustments for these change orders and cancellations, our net bookings in the three months ended March 31, 2022 were $2,105,000, representing a decrease of $1,888,000 (or 47%) from net bookings of $3,993,000 in the fourth quarter of 2021.

 

28
 

 

 

Our backlog at March 31, 2022 was $11,179,000, an increase of $361,000, or 3%, from December 31, 2021. The increase in backlog is the result of lower revenue in the first quarter. Our backlog at March 31, 2022 includes booked sales orders of $2,217,000 (20% of the total backlog) from several customers that we do not expect to be realized until 2023. We believe the sales orders in this portion of our backlog have an elevated level of risk and may, ultimately, be delayed or cancelled by our customers. Therefore, investors should not view backlog as earned revenue.

 

The following table sets forth: (i) our beginning backlog (the remaining contract value of outstanding sales contracts for which we have received an initial deposit as of the previous period), (ii) our net bookings for the period (new sales contracts executed during the period for which we received an initial deposit, net of any adjustments including cancelations and change orders during the period), (iii) our recognized revenue for the period, and (iv) our ending backlog for the period (the sum of the beginning backlog and net bookings, less recognized revenue).

 

    For the quarter ended  
   

March 31,

2021

   

June 30,

2021

   

September 30,

2021

   

December 31,

2021

   

March 31,

2022

 
Backlog, beginning balance   $ 8,448,000     $ 11,578,000     $ 7,987,000     $ 9,881,000     $ 10,818,000  
Net bookings, current period   $ 5,497,000     $ 919,000     $ 5,600,000     $ 3,993,000     $ 2,105,000  
Recognized revenue, current period   $ 2,367,000     $ 4,510,000     $ 3,706,000     $ 3,056,000     $ 1,744,000  
Backlog, ending balance   $ 11,578,000     $ 7,987,000     $ 9,881,000     $ 10,818,000     $ 11,179,000  

 

The completion of a customer’s new build facility project is dependent upon the customer’s ability to secure funding and real estate, obtain a license and then build their cultivation facility so they can take possession of the equipment. Accordingly, the time it takes for these customers to complete a new build project, which corresponds to when we are able to recognize revenue, is driven by numerous factors including: (i) the large number of first-time participants interested in the indoor cannabis cultivation business; (ii) the complexities and uncertainties involved in obtaining state and local licensure and permitting; (iii) local and state government delays in approving licenses and permits due to lack of staff or the large number of pending applications, especially in states where there is no cap on the number of cultivators; (iv) the customer’s need to obtain cultivation facility financing; (v) the time needed, and coordination required, for our customers to acquire real estate and properly design and build the facility (to the stage when climate control systems can be installed); (vi) the large price tag and technical complexities of the climate control and air sanitation system; (vii) the availability of power; and (viii) delays that are typical in completing any construction project.

 

As has historically been the case for the Company at each quarter-end, there remains significant uncertainty regarding the timing of revenue recognition of our backlog as of March 31, 2022.

 

We have provided an estimate in our condensed consolidated financial statements for when we expect to recognize revenue on our remaining performance obligations (i.e., our Q1 2022 backlog), using separate time bands, with respect to engineering only paid contracts and partial equipment paid contracts. There continues to be significant uncertainty regarding the timing of our recognition of revenue on our Q1 2022 backlog. Refer to the Revenue Recognition section of Note 1 in our condensed consolidated financial statements, included as part of this Quarterly Report for additional information on our estimate of future revenue recognition on our remaining performance obligations.

 

Our backlog, remaining performance obligations and net bookings may not be indicative of future operating results, and our customers may attempt to renegotiate or terminate their contracts for a number of reasons, including delays in or inability to obtain project financing or licensing or abandonment of the project entirely. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that contracts included in backlog or remaining performance obligations will generate revenues or when the revenues will be generated. Net bookings and backlog are considered non-GAAP financial measures, and therefore, they should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, our GAAP measures for recognized revenue, deferred revenue and remaining performance obligations. Further, we can provide no assurance as to the profitability of our contracts reflected in remaining performance obligations, backlog and net bookings.

 

29
 

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021

 

Revenues and Cost of Goods Sold

 

Revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $1,744,000, compared to $2,367,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, representing a decrease of $622,000, or 26%. The decrease was primarily due to delays with our international supply of products and shipments from vendors which delayed contract fulfillment and revenue recognition on existing contracts. As a result, even though our bookings were down, our ending backlog increased. The supply chain impact was largely due to delays at U.S. ports, compounded by a reduction in cargo shipped by air, a shortage of containers, and a shortage of domestic truck delivery availability.

 

Cost of revenue decreased by $368,000, or 18%, from $2,022,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 to $1,654,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in revenue and an increase in fixed costs as a percent of revenue as discussed below.

 

The gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $91,000 compared to $345,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, a decrease of 74%. Gross profit margin decreased by 9.4 percentage points from 14.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 to 5.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 primarily due to an increase in fixed costs as a percent of revenue, as described below.

 

Our fixed costs (which include engineering, service, manufacturing and project management salaries and benefits and manufacturing overhead) totaled $359,000, or 21% of total revenue, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to $337,000, or 14% of total revenue, for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase of $22,000 was primarily due to an increase in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) of $33,000, offset by a decrease in overhead of $11,000.

 

Our variable costs (which include the cost of equipment, outside engineering costs, shipping and handling, travel and warranty costs) totaled $1,295,000, or 74% of total revenue, in the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to $1,685,000, or 71% of total revenue, in the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in variable costs was primarily due to: (i) a decrease in equipment costs of $376,000 driven by lower revenue, (ii) a decrease in warranty expense of $64,000, offset by (iii) an increase in travel expenses of $45,000.

 

We continue to focus on gross margin improvement through a combination of efforts, including more disciplined pricing, better absorption of our fixed costs as we convert our bookings into revenue, and the implementation over time of lower-cost supplier alternatives.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses increased to $1,702,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, from $1,030,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, an increase of $671,000, or 65%. The operating expense increase consisted of: (i) an increase in selling, general and administrative expenses (“SG&A expenses”) of $571,000, (ii) an increase in advertising and marketing expenses of $74,000, and (iii) an increase in product development expenses of $26,000.

 

The increase in SG&A expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, was primarily due to: (i) an increase of $384,000 in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) and other employee related costs, (ii) an increase of $87,000 for accounting and other professional fees, (iii) an increase in insurance costs of $44,000, and (iv) an increase of $50,000 for board fees and investor relations expenses.

 

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The increase in marketing expenses was primarily due to (i) an increase in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) of $51,000, and (ii) an increase in other promotional marketing expenses of $23,000.

 

The increase in product development costs was due to an increase in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) of $26,000.

 

Operating Income (Loss)

 

We recognized an operating loss of $1,611,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to an operating loss of $686,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, an increase of $926,000, or 135%. The operating loss for the three months ended March 31, 2022 included $93,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation and $7,000 of depreciation and amortization expense, compared to $59,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation and $17,000 of depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding these non-cash items, our operating loss increased by $902,000, or 148%.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

We recognized other income (net) of $188,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to other expense (net) of $108,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Other income for the three months ended March 31, 2022 primarily consisted of income from an insurance settlement of $185,000. Other expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 consisted of $107,000 related to the settlement of litigation with a former employee.

 

Net Income (Loss)

 

Overall, we recognized a net loss of $1,423,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to a net loss of $793,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, an increase of $630,000, or 79%. The net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2022 included $93,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation and $7,000 of depreciation and amortization expense, compared to $126,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation and $17,000 of depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Excluding these non-cash items, our net loss increased by $673,000, or 104%.

 

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents

 

As of March 31, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of $22,034,000, compared to cash and cash equivalents of $2,160,000 as of December 31, 2021. The $19,874,000 increase in cash and cash equivalents during the three months ended March 31, 2022, was primarily the result of cash proceeds from the sale of common stock and warrants of $21,711,000, offset by the redemption of series B preferred stock and interest of $2,016,000. Our cash is held in bank depository accounts in certain financial institutions. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we held deposits in financial institutions that exceeded the federally insured amount.

 

As of March 31, 2022, we had accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts) of $191,000, inventory (net of excess and obsolete allowance) of $1,006,000 (including $692,000 of inventory in transit), and prepaid expenses of $1,774,000 (including $1,579,000 in advance payments on inventory purchases). While we typically require advance payment before we commence engineering services or ship equipment to our customers, we have made exceptions requiring us to record accounts receivable, which carry a risk of non-collectability especially since most of our customers are funded on an as-needed basis to complete facility construction. We expect our exposure to accounts receivable risk to increase as we continue to pursue larger projects.

 

31
 

 

As of March 31, 2022, we had total accounts payable and accrued expenses of $1,389,000, deferred revenue of $5,485,000, accrued equity compensation of $84,000, other current liabilities of $37,000 and the current portion of operating lease liability of $112,000. As of March 31, 2022, we had working capital of $17,948,000, compared to a working capital deficit of $415,000 as of December 31, 2021. The increase in our working capital was primarily related to (i) an increase in cash of $19,874,000, (ii) an increase in inventory of $628,000, (iii) an increase in prepaid expenses and other assets of $551,000, offset by (iv) an increase in deferred revenue of $2,646,000.

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We currently intend to retain all available funds and any future earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

Summary of Cash Flows

 

The following summarizes our approximate cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

 

   

For the Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
    2022     2021  
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 193,000     $ 484,000  
Net cash used in investing activities     (14,000 )     (12,000 )
Net cash provided by financing activities     19,695,000       514,000  
Net increase in cash   $ 19,874,000     $ 986,000  

 

Operating Activities

 

We incurred a net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2022 of $1,423,000 and have an accumulated deficit of $30,205,000 as of March 31, 2022.

 

Cash provided by operations for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 was $193,000 compared to $484,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, a decrease of $291,000.

 

The decrease in cash provided by operating activities during the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, was primarily attributable to: (i) an increase in net loss of $630,000, (ii) an increase in cash used to fund working capital of $361,000, and (iii) a decrease in non-cash operating charges of $22,000.

 

The increase in working capital was related to: (i) an increase in cash of $19,874,000, (ii) an increase in inventory of $628,000, (iii) an increase in prepaid expenses and other assets of $551,000, offset by (iv) an increase in deferred revenue of $2,646,000.

 

The decrease in non-cash operating charges was due to (i) a decrease in amortization of ROU asset of $24,000, (ii) a decrease in the allowance for doubtful accounts of $22,000, and (iii) an increase in other share-based compensation of $19,000.

 

Investing Activities

 

The $14,000 cash used in investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2022 was related to the purchase of property and equipment. Cash used in investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was related to the purchase of property and equipment of $12,000.

 

Financing Activities

 

Cash flows from financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2022, was the result of cash proceeds from the sale of common stock and warrants (net of issuance costs) of $21,711,000, offset by a cash payment of $2,016,000 for the redemption of series B preferred stock, including related interest.

 

32
 

 

Common Stock Equity Offering

 

On February 10, 2022, the Company signed a firm commitment underwriting agreement for the public offering of shares of common stock and warrants, which closed on February 15, 2022. The Company received net proceeds of approximately $21,711,000 for the sale of 5,811,138 shares of common stock and 6,572,808 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock for five years, exercisable immediately, at an exercise price of $5.00. The Company also issued to the representative of the underwriters 290,557 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.16, during the period commencing August 9, 2022, and expiring on February 10, 2027.

 

The net proceeds from the offering will be used to advance the Company’s organic growth and new product initiatives, to pursue select acquisitions, and for general corporate and working capital purposes. In connection with this offering, we received approval to list our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “CEAD” and our warrants under the symbol “CEADW”. As a result, effective February 10, 2022, trading of both shares of the Company’s common stock and certain of the Company’s warrants commenced on the Nasdaq.

 

Inflation

 

To date, we have experienced and are likely to continue to face inflationary increases on the cost of products, which may adversely affect our margins and financial results, and the pricing of our service and product supply contracts. The inflationary pressures are in both the larger economy and in the industries related to building renovations, retrofitting and new build facilities in which we operate. This inflation is reflected in higher wages, increased pricing of equipment and other products that we have contracted to provide to our customers, and generally higher prices across all sectors of the economy. As we move forward, we plan to continuously monitor our various contract terms and may decide to add clauses that will permit us to adjust pricing if inflation and price increase pressures on us will impact our ability to perform our contracts and maintain our margins.

 

Contractual Payment Obligations

 

As of March 31, 2022, our contractual payment obligations consisted of a building lease. Refer to Note 2Leases of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements, included as part of this Quarterly Report for a discussion of building lease.

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

Refer to Note 7 – Commitments and Contingencies of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements, included as part of this Quarterly Report for a discussion of commitments and contingencies.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We are required to disclose any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources that are material to investors. As of March 31, 2022, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we did not engage in any off-balance sheet financing activities other than those included in the “Contractual Payment Obligations” discussed above and those reflected in Note 7 of our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Recent Developments

 

Refer to Note 12 - Subsequent Events of the notes to condensed consolidated financial statements, included as part of this Quarterly Report for certain significant events occurring since March 31, 2022.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Certain accounting policies are particularly important to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations and require the application of significant judgment by our management or can be materially affected by changes from period to period in economic factors or conditions that are outside of our control. As a result, they are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. In applying these policies, management uses their judgment to determine the appropriate assumptions to be used in the determination of certain estimates. Those estimates are based on our historical operations, our future business plans and projected financial results, the terms of existing contracts, observance of trends in the industry, information provided by our customers, and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. Key estimates include: allocation of transaction prices to performance obligations under contracts with customers, standalone selling prices, timing of expected revenue recognition on remaining performance obligations under contracts with customers, valuation of intangible assets, valuation of equity-based compensation, valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, warranty accruals, accounts receivable and inventory allowances, and legal contingencies.

 

33
 

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are a smaller reporting company, as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, therefore are not required to provide the information under this item.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Principal Financial and Accounting Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act), as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer concluded that as a result of material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as described in Item 9A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed with the SEC, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of March 31, 2022.

 

We did not maintain effective controls over certain aspects of the financial reporting process because: (i) we lack a sufficient complement of personnel with a level of accounting expertise and an adequate supervisory review structure that is commensurate with our financial reporting requirements, (ii) there is inadequate segregation of duties due to our limited number of accounting personnel, and (iii) we have insufficient controls and processes in place to adequately verify the accuracy and completeness of spreadsheets that we use for a variety of purposes including revenue, taxes, stock-based compensation and other areas, and place significant reliance on, for our financial reporting.

 

We intend to take appropriate and reasonable steps to make the necessary improvements to remediate these deficiencies. We are committed to continuing to improve our financial organization including, without limitation, expanding our accounting staff and improving our systems and controls to reduce our reliance on the manual nature of our existing systems. However, due to our size and our financial resources, remediating the several identified weaknesses has not been possible and may not be economically feasible now or in the future.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes identified in connection with our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended March 31, 2022, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

34
 

 

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

We are not currently a party to any material legal proceedings, nor are we aware of any pending or threatened litigation that would have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, cash flows, or financial condition should such litigation be resolved unfavorably. We have and will continue to have commercial disputes arising in the ordinary course of our business.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the information set forth in this Form 10-Q, you should also carefully review and consider the risk factors contained in our other reports and periodic filings with the SEC, including, without limitation, the risk factors and uncertainties contained under the caption “Item 1A—Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 that could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. The risk factors discussed in that Form 10-K do not identify all risks that we face because our business operations could also be affected by additional factors that are not known to us or that we currently consider to be immaterial to our operations.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

On February 16, 2022, the Company agreed to convert 1,650 shares of the Series B Preferred Stock into 362,306 shares of common stock and 703,069 warrants. Of the warrants, 170,382 are pre-funded warrants that vested immediately, have an indefinite term and an exercise price of $0.01, and the balance of 532,688 warrants also vested immediately, have a term of 5 years and have an exercise price of $5.00. Each warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of common stock. The issuances were to an accredited investor pursuant to an exemption from registration of the Securities Act under Section 4(a)(2).

 

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

The documents listed in the Exhibit Index of this Form 10-Q are incorporated by reference or are filed with this Form 10-Q, in each case as indicated therein (numbered in accordance with Item 601 of Regulation S-K).

 

35
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  CEA INDUSTRIES INC.
  (the “Registrant”)
     
Dated: May 12, 2022 By: /s/ Anthony K. McDonald
    Anthony K. McDonald
    Chief Executive Officer and President
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Dated: May 12, 2022 By: /s/ Ian K. Patel
    Ian K. Patel
    Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

36
 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit    
Number   Description of Exhibit
     
31.1 *   Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2 *   Certification of Principal Financial and Accounting Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1**   Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.2**   Certification of Principal Financial and Accounting, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 101.INS*   Inline XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Schema
     
101.CAL*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase
     
101.DEF*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase
     
101.LAB*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
     
101.PRE*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase
     
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

 

* Filed herewith.
** Furnished herewith.

 

37

 

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