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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________.

 

Commission file number: 001-40792

 

BTCS Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   90-1096644

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

9466 Georgia Avenue #124, Silver Spring, MD   20910
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (202) 430-6576

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001   BTCS  

The Nasdaq Stock Market

(The Nasdaq Capital Market)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No

 

As of August 8, 2022, there were 12,965,537 shares of common stock, par value $0.001, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 
 

 

BTCS INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
     
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
ITEM 1 Financial Statements 4
     
  Condensed Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021 4
     
  Condensed Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 5
     
  Condensed Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 6
     
  Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 8
     
  Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements 9-20
     
ITEM 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 21
     
ITEM 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 29
     
ITEM 4 Controls and Procedures 29
     
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
     
ITEM 1 Legal Proceedings 30
     
ITEM 1A Risk Factors 30
     
ITEM 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 30
     
ITEM 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities 30
     
ITEM 4 Mine Safety Disclosures 30
     
ITEM 5 Other Information 30
     
ITEM 6 Exhibits 30
     
  Signature 31

 

2
 

 

BTCS INC.

 

As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”), the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company,” the “Registrant,” and “BTCS Inc.,” mean BTCS Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated.

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains forward-looking statements, including our liquidity, our belief that our revenues will increase, our blockchain infrastructure efforts will form the core growth for our Digital Asset Platform, our plans and development of our Digital Asset Dashboard and the integration of Staking-as-a-Service, our Digital Asset treasury strategy, our belief regarding blockchain, plans to expand the proof-of-stake (“PoS”) operations and other future business plans. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “intends,” “may,” “potential,” “continues,” “plans,” “seeks,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects” and similar references to future periods.

 

Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. We caution you therefore against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future performance. The results anticipated by any or all of these forward-looking statements might not occur. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include the rewards and costs associated with staking or validating transactions on blockchains, regulatory issues related to our business model, continued drop in crypto prices, significant decrease in value of our digital assets and rewards while locked up, loss or theft of the private withdrawal keys resulting in the complete loss of digital assets and reward, and others which are contained in our filings with the SEC, including our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Any forward-looking statement made by us speaks only as of the date on which it is made. Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as may be required by law.

 

3
 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1 Financial Statements

 

BTCS Inc.

Balance Sheets

 

                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2022     2021  
    (Unaudited)        
Assets:                
Current assets:                
Cash   $ 3,191,418     $ 1,400,867  
Digital assets/currencies     19,803       3,117,360  
Staked digital assets/currencies     2,475,868       623,754  
Prepaid expense     261,175       324,551  
Total current assets     5,948,264       5,466,532  
                 
Other assets:                
Property and equipment, net     10,615       9,783  
Staked digital assets/currencies - long term     5,498,808       8,625,678  
Total other assets     5,509,423       8,635,461  
                 
Total Assets   $ 11,457,687     $ 14,101,993  
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity:                
Accounts payable and accrued expense   $ 143,037     $ 138,716  
Accrued compensation     140,187       7,334  
Warrant liabilities     783,750       1,852,500  
Total current liabilities     1,066,974       1,998,550  
                 
Stockholders’ equity:                
Common stock, 97,500,000 shares authorized at $0.001 par value, 12,703,794 and 10,528,212 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively     12,705       10,529  
Additional paid in capital     159,432,894       147,682,384  
Accumulated deficit     (149,054,886 )     (135,589,470 )
Total stockholders’ equity     10,390,713       12,103,443  
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity   $ 11,457,687     $ 14,101,993  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

4
 

 

BTCS Inc.

Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

                                 
    For the Three Months Ended     For the Six Months Ended  
    June 30,     June 30,  
    2022     2021     2022     2021  
                         
Revenues                                
Validator revenue (net of fees)   $ 514,349     $ 380,499     $ 1,077,364     $ 453,023  
Total revenues     514,349       380,499       1,077,364       453,023  
                                 
Cost of revenues                                
Validator expense     93,900       59,249       231,769       74,245  
Gross profit     420,449       321,250       845,595       378,778  
                                 
Operating expenses:                                
General and administrative   $ 512,051     $ 312,967     $ 1,162,340     $ 866,948  
Research and development     185,004       245,336       321,722       328,269  
Compensation and related expenses     638,025       1,703,771       2,061,921       9,041,450  
Marketing     23,691       1,365       65,484       2,786  
Impairment loss on digital assets/currencies     8,894,797       2,267,374       12,202,225       3,569,138  
Realized gains on digital asset/currency transactions     (398,446 )     -       (469,556 )     (3,054,418 )
Total operating expenses     9,855,122       4,530,813       15,344,136       10,754,173  
                                 
Other income (expenses):                                
Interest expense     -       (59,835 )     -       (114,082 )
Amortization on debt discount     -       (572,675 )     -       (1,134,771 )
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities     1,710,000       -       1,068,750       -  
Distributions to warrant holders     -       -       (35,625 )     -  
Total other income (expenses)     1,710,000       (632,510 )     1,033,125       (1,248,853 )
                                 
Net loss   $ (7,724,673 )   $ (4,842,073 )   $ (13,465,416 )   $ (11,624,248 )
Deemed dividends related to amortization of beneficial conversion feature of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       (16,177 )     -       (32,353 )
Deemed dividends related to recognition of downround adjustment to conversion amount for Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       (198,663 )     -       (5,020,883 )
Net loss attributable to common stockholders   $ (7,724,673 )   $ (5,056,913 )   $ (13,465,416 )   $ (16,677,484 )
                                 
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted   $ (0.61 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (1.08 )   $ (3.19 )
                                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted     12,644,719       5,667,229       12,446,102       5,225,019  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

5
 

 

BTCS Inc.

Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022

 

                                         
                    Additional           Total  
        Common Stock     Paid-in     Accumulated     Stockholders’  
        Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Equity  
Balance December 31, 2021 - -     10,528,212     $ 10,529     $ 147,682,384     $ (135,589,470 )   $ 12,103,443  
Issuance of common stock, net of offering cost / At-the-market offering         1,830,588       1,831       10,602,610       -       10,604,441  
Stock-based compensation         344,994       345       1,782,457       -       1,782,802  
Dividend distributions         -       -       (634,557 )     -       (634,557 )
Net loss - -     -       -       -       (13,465,416 )     (13,465,416 )
Balance June 30, 2022 - -     12,703,794     $ 12,705     $ 159,432,894     $ (149,054,886 )   $ 10,390,713  

 

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021

 

                                                                         
    Series C-1 Convertible     Series C-2 Convertible                 Additional           Total  
    Preferred Stock     Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Paid-in     Accumulated     Stockholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Equity  
Balance December 31, 2020     29,414     $ 29       -     $ -       4,201,035     $ 4,201     $ 120,578,944     $ (119,539,887 )   $ 1,043,287  
Common stock issued including equity commitment fee, net     -       -       -       -       288,778       289       2,811,245       -       2,811,534  
Issuance of common stock and warrants for cash, net     -       -       -       -       950,000       950       8,855,500       -       8,856,450  
Issuance of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       -       1,100,000       1,100,000       -       -       -       -       1,100,000  
Conversion of Series C-1 Convertible Preferred stock     (29,414 )     (29 )     -       -       19,609       20       (167 )     -       (176 )
Beneficial conversion features associated with convertible notes payable     -       -       -       -       -       -       1,000,000       -       1,000,000  
Beneficial conversion feature of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       -       -       (129,412 )     -       -       129,412       -       -  
Deemed dividends related to amortization of beneficial conversion feature of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       -               32,353       -       -       (32,353 )     -       -  
Deemed dividends related to recognition of downround adjustment to conversion amount for Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       -               5,020,883       -       -       (5,020,883 )     -       -  
Warrant exercise     -       -       -       -       200,000       200       398,000       -       398,200  
Stock-based compensation     -       -       -       -       52,797       53       9,226,174       -       9,226,227  
Stock-based compensation in connection with issuance of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       -       -       179,277       -       -       -       -       179,277  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (11,624,248 )     (11,624,248 )
Balance June 30, 2021     -     $ -       1,100,000     $ 6,203,101       5,712,219     $ 5,713     $ 137,945,872     $ (131,164,135 )   $ 12,990,551  

 

6
 

 

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022

 

                                         
                    Additional           Total  
        Common Stock     Paid-in     Accumulated     Stockholders’  
        Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Equity  
Balance March 31, 2022 - -     12,616,010     $ 12,617     $ 158,848,780     $ (141,330,213 )   $ 17,531,184  
Issuance of common stock, net of offering cost / At-the-market offering         40,012       40       90,634       -       90,674  
Stock-based compensation         47,772       48       493,480       -       493,528  
Dividend distributions         -       -       -       -       -  
Net loss - -     -       -       -       (7,724,673 )     (7,724,673 )
Balance June 30, 2022 - -     12,703,794     $ 12,705     $ 159,432,894     $ (149,054,886 )   $ 10,390,713  

 

 

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021

 

                                                                         
    Series C-1 Convertible     Series C-2 Convertible                 Additional           Total  
    Preferred Stock     Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Paid-in     Accumulated     Stockholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Equity  
Balance March 31, 2021     -     $ -       1,100,000     $ 5,988,261       5,589,037     $ 5,590     $ 135,674,928     $ (126,322,062 )   $ 15,346,717  
Common stock issued including equity commitment fee, net     -       -       -       -       116,964       117       798,830       -       798,947  
Deemed dividends related to amortization of beneficial conversion feature of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       -               16,177       -       -       (16,177 )     -       -  
Deemed dividends related to recognition of downround adjustment to conversion amount for Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       -               198,663       -       -       (198,663 )     -       -  
Stock-based compensation     -       -       -       -       6,218       6       1,686,954       -       1,686,960  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (4,842,073 )     (4,842,073 )
Balance June 30, 2021     -     $ -       1,100,000     $ 6,203,101       5,712,219     $ 5,713     $ 137,945,872     $ (131,164,135 )   $ 12,990,551  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

7
 

 

BTCS Inc.

Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

                 
    For the Six Months Ended  
    June 30,  
    2022     2021  
             
Net Cash flows used from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (13,465,416 )   $ (11,624,248 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:                
Depreciation expense     1,727       299  
Amortization on debt discount     -       1,134,771  
Stock-based compensation     1,782,802       9,226,702  
Stock-based compensation in connection with issuance of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       179,277  
Validator revenue     (1,077,364 )     (453,023 )
Blockchain network fees (non-cash)     1,321       -  
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities     (1,068,750 )     -  
Purchase of non-productive digital assets/currencies     -       (5,761,549 )
Sale of non-productive digital assets/currencies     2,547,322       4,274,491  
Realized gains on digital assets/currencies transactions     (469,556 )     (3,054,418 )
Impairment loss on digital assets/currencies     12,202,225       3,569,138  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     63,376       (566,337 )
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     565       130,541  
Accrued compensation     132,853       (346,689 )
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities     651,105       (3,291,045 )
                 
Net cash used in investing activities:                
Purchase of productive digital assets/currencies for validating     (9,141,785 )     (8,493,136 )
Sale of productive digital assets/currencies     310,149       -  
Purchase of property and equipment     (2,558 )     (3,245 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (8,834,194 )     (8,496,381 )
                 
Net cash provided by financing activities:                
Dividend distributions     (630,801 )     -  
Proceeds from exercise of warrants     -       400,000  
Proceeds from issuance of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock     -       1,100,000  
Net proceeds from issuance of convertible notes     -       1,000,000  
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants for cash     -       8,865,000  
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock     -       2,814,133  
Net proceeds from issuance common stock/ At-the-market offering     10,604,441       -  
Payment to convertible notes principle     -       -  
Net cash provided by financing activities     9,973,640       14,179,133  
                 
Net increase in cash     1,790,551       2,391,707  
Cash, beginning of period     1,400,867       524,135  
Cash, end of period   $ 3,191,418     $ 2,915,842  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing and investing activities:                
Deemed dividends related to amortization of beneficial conversion feature of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock   $ -     $ 32,353  
Deemed dividends related to recognition of downround adjustment to conversion amount for Series C-2 convertible preferred stock   $ -     $ 5,020,883  
Conversion of Series C-1 Preferred Stock   $ -     $ 196  
Beneficial conversion feature of Series C-2 convertible preferred stock   $ -     $ 129,412  
Beneficial conversion features associated with convertible notes payable   $ -     $ 1,000,000  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

8
 

 

BTCS Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

 

Note 1 - Business Organization and Nature of Operations

 

BTCS Inc. (formerly Bitcoin Shop, Inc.), a Nevada corporation (the “Company”) was incorporated in 2008. In February 2014, the Company entered the business of hosting an online e-commerce marketplace where consumers could purchase merchandise using Digital Assets, including Bitcoin. The Company is currently focused on blockchain and digital currency ecosystems. In late 2014 we shifted our focus towards our transaction verification service business, also known as Bitcoin mining, though in mid-2016 we ceased our mining operation at our North Carolina facility due to capital constraints. In January 2015, the Company began a rebranding campaign using its BTCS.com domain to better reflect its broadened strategy. The Company recently released its new website which included broader information on its strategy.

 

The Company’s blockchain infrastructure operations focuses on securing next-generation blockchains and operating validator nodes on various proof of stake-based blockchain networks, earning rewards of additional Digital Assets by actively validating transactions on the networks. The Company is developing a Digital Asset Platform that would enable users to aggregate their Digital Asset portfolio holdings from multiple exchanges and wallets into a single platform to view and analyze performance, risk metrics, and potential tax implications. The internally developed platform utilizes Digital Asset exchange APIs to read user data and does not allow for the trading of assets. We also are developing and plan to integrate into the Digital Asset Platform a proprietary Staking-as-a-Service feature that would enable users participate in asset leveraging through securing blockchain protocols and to stake and delegating supported cryptocurrencies to BTCS operated validator nodes through a non-custodial platform.

 

The market is rapidly evolving and there can be no assurances that we will be competitive with industry participants that have or may have greater resources than us.

 

Amendment to Articles of Incorporation

 

On August 12, 2021, the Company filed a Certificate of Change with the Nevada Secretary of State to affect a 1-for-10 reverse split of the Company’s class of Common Stock (the “Reverse Split”). The Certificate of Change became effective on August 13, 2021.

 

No fractional shares were issued in connection with the Reverse Split and all such fractional interests were rounded up to the nearest whole number of shares of Common Stock. The Company now has 97,500,000 shares of Common Stock authorized. Numbers of shares of the Company’s preferred stock were not affected by the Reverse Split; however, the conversion ratios have been adjusted to reflect the Reverse Split. The financial statements and notes to the financial statements have been retroactively restated to reflect the Reverse Split.

 

Note 2 - Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, the instructions to Form 10-Q and the rules and regulations of the SEC. Accordingly, since they are interim statements, the accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements, but in the opinion of the Company’s management, reflect all adjustments consisting of normal, recurring adjustments, that are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. Interim results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year ended December 31, 2022. The unaudited condensed financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

9
 

 

Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

There have been no material changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies to those previously disclosed in the 2021 Annual Report.

 

Basis of presentation

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”).

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified in order to conform with the current period presentation. These reclassifications have no impact on the Company’s previously reported net income (loss).

 

Concentration of Cash

 

The Company maintains cash balances at two financial institutions in checking accounts and money market accounts. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of six months or less when purchased to be cash and cash equivalents. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had approximately $3.2 million and $1.4 million in cash. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash.

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash deposits. Accounts at each institution are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had approximately $2.7 million and $0.9 million in excess of the FDIC insured limit, respectively.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The core principle of the new revenue standard is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The following five steps are applied to achieve that core principle:

 

  Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer
  Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract
  Step 3: Determine the transaction price
  Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
  Step 5: Recognize revenue when the Company satisfies a performance obligation

 

Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company generates revenue through staking rewards.

 

The Company has entered into network-based smart contracts by running its own Digital Asset validating nodes as well as by staking Digital Assets with staking pools on nodes run by third-party operators (either directly or through exchanges). Through these contracts, the Company provides cryptocurrency to stake on a node for the purpose of validating transactions and adding blocks to a respective blockchain network. The term of a smart contract can vary based on the rules of the respective blockchain and typically last a few weeks to months after it is canceled by the operator and requires that the cryptocurrency staked remain locked up during the duration of the smart contract. In exchange for staking the cryptocurrency and validating transactions on blockchain networks, the Company is entitled to all of the fixed cryptocurrency award for running the Company’s own node and is entitled to a fractional share of the fixed cryptocurrency award a third-party staking pool operator receives (less digital asset transaction fees payable to the pool operator or exchanges, which are immaterial and are recorded as a deduction from revenue), for successfully adding a block to the blockchain. The Company’s fractional share of awards received by a third-party staking pool is based on the proportion of cryptocurrency the Company staked to the staking pool node to the total cryptocurrency staked by all pool participants validating blockchain transactions.

 

10
 

 

The provision of validating blockchain transactions is an output of the Company’s ordinary activities. Each separate block creation or validation under a smart contract with a network represents a performance obligation. The transaction consideration the Company receives - the cryptocurrency awards - is a non-cash consideration, which the Company measures at fair value on the date received. The fair value of the cryptocurrency award received is determined using the quoted price of the related cryptocurrency at the time of receipt. The satisfaction of the performance obligation for transaction verification services occurs at a point in time when confirmation is received from the network indicating that the validation is complete, and the awards are available for transfer. At that point, revenue is recognized.

 

Cost of revenue

 

The Company’s cost of revenue consists primarily of direct production costs related to the operations of validating transactions on the network, rent and utilities for locations housing server nodes to the extent applicable, hosting costs if cloud-based servers are utilized and fees (including stock-based fees) paid to 3rd parties to assist in software maintenance and operations of its nodes.

 

Digital Assets Translations and Remeasurements

 

The Company accounts for its Digital Assets as indefinite-lived intangible assets in accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles –Goodwill and Other. An intangible asset with an indefinite useful life is not amortized but assessed for impairment annually, or more frequently, when events or changes in circumstances occur indicating that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived asset is impaired. Impairment exists when the carrying amount exceeds its fair value. In testing for impairment, the Company has the option to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that an impairment exists. If it is determined that it is not more likely than not that an impairment exists, a quantitative impairment test is not necessary. If the Company concludes otherwise, it is required to perform a quantitative impairment test. To the extent an impairment loss is recognized, the loss establishes the new cost basis of the asset. Subsequent reversal of impairment losses is not permitted.

 

Digital Assets held are included in the balance sheets as either current assets or other assets if they are staked and locked up for over one year. The Company’s Digital Assets are initially recorded at fair value upon receipt (or “carrying value”). The fair value of Digital Assets is determined using the average U.S. dollar spot price of the related Digital Asset. On a quarterly basis, Digital Assets are measured at carrying value, net of any impairment losses incurred since receipt. The Company will record impairment losses as the fair value falls below the carrying value of the Digital Assets at any time during the period, as determined using the lowest U.S. dollar spot price of the related Digital Asset subsequent to its acquisition. The Digital Assets can only be marked down when impaired and not marked up when their value increases.

 

Such impairment in the value of Digital Assets are recorded as a component of costs and expenses in our statements of operations. The Company recorded impairment losses related to Digital Assets of approximately $12.2 million and $3.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022, and 2021, respectively

 

Impairment losses cannot be recovered for any subsequent increase in fair value until the sale or disposal of the asset. Realized gain (loss) on sale of Digital Assets are included in other income (expense) in the statements of operations. The Company recorded realized gains (losses) on Digital Assets of approximately $470,000 and $3.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

The presentation of purchases and sales of Digital Assets on the Statement of Cash Flows is determined by the nature of the Digital Assets, which can be characterized as productive (i.e. purchased for purposes of staking) or non-productive. The purchase of non-productive Digital Assets and currencies are included as an operating activity, whereas the purchase of productive Digital Assets and currencies are included as investing activities in accordance with ASC 230-10-20 Investing activities. Productive Digital Assets that are staked with a lock-up period of less than 12 months are presented on the Balance Sheet as current assets. Staked Digital Assets with remaining lock-up periods of greater than 12 months are presented as long-term other assets on the Balance Sheet.

 

11
 

 

Internally Developed Software

 

Internally developed software consisting of the core technology of the Company’s Digital Asset Platform which is being designed to allow user to aggregate and analyze data from Digital Asset exchanges. For internally developed software, the Company uses both its own employees as well as the services of external vendors and independent contractors. The Company accounts for computer software used in the business in accordance with ASC 985-20 and ASC 350.

 

ASC 985-20, Software-Costs of Computer Software to Be Sold, Leased, or Otherwise Marketed, requires that software development costs incurred in conjunction with product development be charged to research and development expense until technological feasibility is established. Thereafter, until the product is released for sale, software development costs must be capitalized and reported at the lower of unamortized cost or net realizable value of the related product. Some companies use a “tested working model” approach to establishing technological feasibility (i.e., beta version). Under this approach, software under development will pass the technological feasibility milestone when the Company has completed a version that contains essentially all the functionality and features of the final version and has tested the version to ensure that it works as expected.

 

ASC 350, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other, requires computer software costs associated with internal use software to be charged to operations as incurred until certain capitalization criteria are met. Costs incurred during the preliminary project stage and the post-implementation stages are expensed as incurred. Certain qualifying costs incurred during the application development stage are capitalized as property, equipment and software. These costs generally consist of internal labor during configuration, coding, and testing activities. Capitalization begins when (i) the preliminary project stage is complete, (ii) management with the relevant authority authorizes and commits to the funding of the software project, and (iii) it is probable both that the project will be completed and that the software will be used to perform the function intended.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consists of computer, equipment and office furniture and fixtures, all of which are recorded at cost. Depreciation and amortization is recorded using the straight-line method over the respective useful lives of the assets ranging from three to five years. Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP. This requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the period. The Company’s significant estimates and assumptions include the recoverability and useful lives of indefinite life intangible assets, stock-based compensation, and the valuation allowance related to the Company’s deferred tax assets. Certain of the Company’s estimates, including the carrying amount of the indefinite life intangible assets, could be affected by external conditions, including those unique to the Company and general economic conditions. It is reasonably possible that these external factors could have an effect on the Company’s estimates and could cause actual results to differ from those estimates and assumptions.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company recognizes income taxes on an accrual basis based on tax positions taken or expected to be taken in its tax returns. A tax position is defined as a position in a previously filed tax return or a position expected to be taken in a future tax filing that is reflected in measuring current or deferred income tax assets and liabilities. Tax positions are recognized only when it is more likely than not (i.e., likelihood of greater than 50%), based on technical merits, that the position would be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. Tax positions that meet the more likely than not threshold are measured using a probability-weighted approach as the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the Company’s financial statements or tax returns. A valuation allowance is established to reduce deferred tax assets if all, or some portion, of such assets will more than likely not be realized. Should they occur, the Company’s policy is to classify interest and penalties related to tax positions as income tax expense. Since the Company’s inception, no such interest or penalties have been incurred.

 

12
 

 

Accounting for Warrants

 

The Company accounts for the issuance of Common Stock purchase warrants issued in connection with the equity offerings in accordance with the provisions of ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”). The Company classifies as equity any contracts that (i) require physical settlement or net-share settlement or (ii) gives the Company a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in its own shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement). The Company classifies as assets or liabilities any contracts that (i) require net-cash settlement (including a requirement to net-cash settle the contract if an event occurs and if that event is outside the control of the Company) or (ii) gives the counterparty a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement). In addition, Under ASC 815, registered Common Stock warrants that require the issuance of registered shares upon exercise and do not expressly preclude an implied right to cash settlement are accounted for as derivative liabilities. The Company classifies these derivative warrant liabilities on the balance sheet as a current liability.

 

The Company assessed the classification of Common Stock purchase warrants as of the date of each offering and determined that such instruments originally met the criteria for equity classification; however, as a result of the Company no longer being in control of whether the warrants may be cash settled, the instruments no longer qualify for equity classification. Accordingly, the Company classified the warrants as a liability at their fair value and adjusts the instruments to fair value at each reporting period. This liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date until the warrants are exercised or expired, and any change in fair value is recognized as “change in the fair value of warrant liabilities” in the statements of operations. The fair value of the warrants has been estimated using a Black-Scholes valuation model (see Note 4).

 

Stock-based compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718 Compensation - Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 addresses all forms of share-based payment (“SBP”) awards including shares issued under employee stock purchase plans and stock incentive shares. Under ASC 718 awards result in a cost that is measured at fair value on the awards’ grant date, based on the estimated number of awards that are expected to vest and will result in a charge to operations.

 

Share-based payment awards exchanged for services are accounted for at the fair value of the award on the estimated grant date.

 

Options

 

Stock options issued under the Company’s long-term incentive plans are granted with an exercise price equal to no less than the market price of the Company’s stock at the date of grant and expire up to ten years from the date of grant. These options often vest over a one-year period.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of stock option grants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the assumptions used in calculating the fair value of stock-based awards represent management’s best estimates and involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management’s judgment.

 

13
 

 

Restricted Stock Units (RSUs)

 

For awards vesting upon the achievement of a service condition, compensation cost measured on the grant date will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. Stock-based compensation expense for the market-based restricted stock units with explicit service conditions is recognized on a straight-line basis over the longer of the derived service period or the explicit service period, regardless of whether the market condition is satisfied. However, in the event that the explicit service period is not met, previously recognized compensation cost would be reversed. Market-based restricted stock units subject to market-based performance targets require achievement of the performance target as well as a service condition in order for these RSUs to vest.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of market-based RSUs as of the grant date and expected derived term using a Monte Carlo simulation that incorporates pricing inputs covering the period from the grant date through the end of the derived service period.

 

Dividends

 

On January 5, 2022, the board of directors of the Company declared a non-recurring special dividend of $0.05 for each outstanding share of Common Stock of the Company, payable to holders of record as of the close of business on March 17, 2022. The dividend distributions are considered a return of capital as the distributions are in excess of the Company’s current and accumulated earnings and profits. The return of capital distribution reduces the Company’s additional paid in capital balance. The Company will evaluate the appropriateness of potential future dividends as the Company continues to grow its operations. Dividend distributions amounted to $635,000 and $0 during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

Advertising Expense

 

Advertisement costs are expensed as incurred and included in marketing expenses. Advertising and marketing expenses amounted to approximately $65,000 and $3,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

Net Loss per Share

 

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing the net income or loss applicable to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares and, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potential common shares consist of the Company’s convertible preferred stock, convertible notes, restricted stock units, options and warrants. Diluted loss per share excludes the shares issuable upon the conversion of preferred stock, notes and warrants from the calculation of net loss per share if their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

The following financial instruments were not included in the diluted loss per share calculation as of June 30, 2022 and 2021 because their effect was anti-dilutive:

 

                 
    As of June 30,  
    2022     2021  
Warrants to purchase common stock     945,837       962,794  
Series C-1 Convertible Preferred stock     -       4,011,765  
Convertible notes     -       239,264  
Options     1,235,000       -  
Non-vested restricted stock awards units     1,644,198       -  
Total     3,825,035       5,213,823  

 

14
 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”), which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU No. 2019-12 effective January 1, 2021, and the adoption did not have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current GAAP. The ASU removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, and it also simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU No. 2019-12 effective January 1, 2021, and the adoption did not have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future financial statements.

 

Note 4 - Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

 

Financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts and other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities are carried at cost, which management believes approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. The Company measures the fair value of financial assets and liabilities based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

 

The Company uses three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1 - quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

Level 2 - quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable

Level 3 - inputs that are unobservable (for example, cash flow modeling inputs based on assumptions)

 

The following table presents the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021:

 

    Fair value measured at June 30, 2022  
    Total at
June 30,
    Quoted prices in active markets     Significant other observable inputs     Significant unobservable inputs  
    2022     (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)  
Liabilities                                
Warrant Liabilities   $ 783,750     $  -     $  -     $ 783,750  

 

    Fair value measured at December 31, 2021  
    Total at December 31,     Quoted prices in active markets     Significant other
observable inputs
    Significant unobservable inputs  
    2021     (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)  
Liabilities                                
Warrant Liabilities   $ 1,852,500     $   -     $   -     $  1,852,500  

 

15
 

 

Level 3 Valuation Techniques

 

Level 3 financial liabilities consist of the warrant liabilities for which there is no current market for these securities such that the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation. Changes in fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate.

 

A significant decrease in the volatility or a significant decrease in the Company’s stock price, in isolation, would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement. Changes in the values of the warrant liabilities are recorded in “change in fair value of warrant liabilities” in the Company’s statements of operations.

 

On March 2, 2021, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Offering”) with certain purchasers pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell an aggregate of (i) 950,000 shares of Common Stock, and (ii) Common Stock warrants (the “Warrants”) to purchase up to 712,500 shares of Common Stock for gross proceeds of $9.5 million in a private placement. The closing of the Offering occurred on March 4, 2021.

 

The Warrants require, at the option of the holder, a net-cash settlement following certain fundamental transactions (as defined in the Warrants) at the Company. At the time of issuance, the Company maintained control of certain fundamental transactions and as such the Warrants were initially classified in equity. As of December 31, 2021, the Company no longer maintained control of certain fundamental transactions as they did not control a majority of shareholder votes. As such, the Company may be required to cash settle the Warrants if a fundamental transaction occurs which is outside the Company’s control. Accordingly, the Warrants are classified as liabilities. The Warrants have been recorded at their fair value using the Black-Scholes valuation model, and will be recorded at their respective fair value at each subsequent balance sheet date. This model incorporates transaction details such as the Company’s stock price, contractual terms, maturity, risk free rates, as well as volatility.

 

The Warrants require the issuance of registered shares upon exercise, do not expressly preclude an implied right to cash settlement and are therefore accounted for as derivative liabilities. The Company classifies these derivative warrant liabilities on the balance sheet as a current liability.

 

A summary of quantitative information with respect to the valuation methodology and significant unobservable inputs used for the Company’s warrant liabilities that are categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy at the date of issuance and, as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, is as follows:

 

   

June 30,

2022

   

December 31,

2021

 
Risk-free rate of interest     3.01 %     1.26 %
Expected volatility     165.8 %     162.5 %
Expected life (in years)     3.68       4.18  
Expected dividend yield     -       -  

 

The risk-free interest rate was based on rates established by the Federal Reserve Bank. For the Warrants, the Company estimates expected volatility giving primary consideration to the historical volatility of its Common Stock. The general expected volatility is based on the standard deviation of the Company’s underlying stock price’s daily logarithmic returns. The expected life of the warrants was determined by the expiration date of the warrants. The expected dividend yield was based on the fact that the Company has not historically paid dividends on its Common Stock and does not expect to pay recurring dividends on its Common Stock in the future.

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

    Fair Value of Level 3 financial liabilities  
    June 30,     June 30,  
    2022     2021  
Beginning balance   $ 1,852,500     $ -  
Warrant liabilities classification     -       -  
Fair value adjustment of warrant liabilities     (1,068,750 )     -  
Ending balance   $ 783,750     $ -  

 

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Note 5 - Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

On August 25, 2021, the Company issued approximately 14,500 shares of Common Stock in connection with the 1-for-10 Reverse Split resulting from the rounding up of fractional shares of Common Stock to the whole shares of Common Stock. The financial statements have been retroactively restated to reflect the reverse stock split.

 

At The Market Offering Agreement

 

On September 14, 2021, the Company entered into an At-The-Market Offering Agreement (the “ATM Agreement”) with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC, as agent (“H.C. Wainwright”), pursuant to which the Company may offer and sell, from time-to-time through H.C. Wainwright, shares of the Company’s Common Stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $98,767,500 million (the “Shares”). The Company will pay H.C. Wainwright a commission rate equal to 3.0% of the aggregate gross proceeds from each sale of Shares.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company sold a total of 1,830,588 shares of Common Stock under the ATM Agreement for aggregate total gross proceeds of approximately $10,944,000 at an average selling price of $5.98 per share, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $10,604,000 after deducting commissions and other transaction costs.

 

2021 Equity Incentive Plan

 

The Company’s 2021 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2021 Plan”) was effective on January 1, 2021 and approved by shareholders on March 31, 2021. The Company has reserved 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock for issuance pursuant to the 2021 Plan. The Company received shareholder approval on June 13, 2022 to increase the reserved amount under the 2021 Plan to 7,000,000 shares.

 

Options

 

On January 1, 2021, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the grant of 1.2 million stock options with an exercise price of $1.90 under the Company’s 2021 Plan to Messrs. David Garrity a director, and Charles Allen and Michal Handerhan, executive officers and directors of the Company. Effective as of January 1, 2021, the Company and each optionee executed Stock Option Agreements evidencing the option grants. While stockholder approval (or ratification) of the grants was not required (under either the Stock Option Agreements or by the resolutions of the Board of Directors approving such grants), the Board of Directors voluntarily caused the Company to seek shareholder ratification of the grants to limit any potential exposure to breach of fiduciary duty claims. As a result, based on the guidance in ASC 718, the date the stockholders ratified the grants (March 31, 2021) is the deemed grant date solely with respect to GAAP for those stock options. Of the stock options: (i) 480,000 options vested on January 1, 2022 and (ii) the remaining options vested (prior to March 31, 2021) based upon the Company’s stock price meeting certain milestones.

 

A summary of option activity under the Company’s stock option plan for six months ended June 30, 2022 is presented below:

 

    Number of Shares    

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

    Total Intrinsic Value     Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life
(in years)
 
Outstanding as of December 31, 2021     1,235,000     $ 2.14     $ 1,488,000       4.3  
Employee options granted     -       -       -       -  
Outstanding as of June 30, 2022     1,235,000     $ 2.14     $ -       3.8  
Options vested and exercisable as of June 30, 2022     1,224,500     $ 2.07     $ -       3.8  

 

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RSUs

 

Effective January 2, 2022, the Board of Directors of the Company ratified the following arrangements approved by its Compensation Committee:

 

The Board of Directors of the Company ratified grants of RSUs to each independent director. David Garrity, Carol Van Cleef and Charles Lee were each granted 31,848 restricted stock units (the “Board Grants”). The Board Grants vest in four equal installments at the end of each calendar quarter in 2022. As of March 31, 2022, 23,886 RSUs vested and are reflected as capital shares payable on the Balance Sheet amounting to approximately $75,000.

 

The Company’s executive officers were granted RSUs as part of a long-term incentive plan (“LTI”), with vesting terms set for when the Company’s market capitalization reaches and sustains a market capitalization for 30 consecutive days above four defined market capitalization thresholds of $100 million, $150 million, $200 million and $400 million.

 

Effective February 22, 2022, upon appointment of Manish Paranjape as Chief Technology Officer of the Company, Mr. Paranjape was also granted RSUs as part of the LTI plan, with consistent vesting terms set for when the Company’s market capitalization above the same four defined market capitalization thresholds.

 

The RSUs granted to each executive employee are as follows:

 

                  Market Cap Vesting Thresholds  
            Total        
Officer Name   Title   Grant Date   RSUs Granted     $ 100 million     $ 150 million     $ 200 million     $ 400 million  
Charles Allen   Chief Executive Officer   1/2/2022     694,444       173,611       173,611       173,611       173,611  
Michal Handerhan   Chief Operations Officer   1/2/2022     444,444       111,111       111,111       111,111       111,111  
Michael Prevoznik   Chief Financial Officer   1/2/2022     222,224       55,556       55,556       55,556       55,556  
Manish Paranjape   Chief Technology Officer   2/22/2022     160,184       40,046       40,046       40,046       40,046  
              1,521,296       380,324       380,324       380,324       380,324  

 

To the extent any market capitalization targets set forth above for Mr. Prevoznik and Mr. Paranjape are achieved, the RSUs will also be subject to the following five-year vesting schedule: 20% of the LTI RSUs which have met a market capitalization criteria will vest on the one-year anniversary of the grant date, and the remaining 80% of the LTI RSUs which have met a market capitalization criteria will vest monthly over the four years following the one year anniversary of the grant date.

 

For awards vesting upon the achievement of a service condition, compensation cost measured on the grant date will be recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. Stock-based compensation expense for the market-based restricted stock units with explicit service conditions is recognized on a straight-line basis over the longer of the derived service period or the explicit service period, regardless of whether the market condition is satisfied. However, in the event that the explicit service period is not met, previously recognized compensation cost would be reversed. Market-based restricted stock units subject to market-based performance targets require achievement of the performance target as well as a service condition in order for these RSUs to vest.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of market-based RSUs as of the grant date and expected derived term using a Monte Carlo simulation that incorporates pricing inputs covering the period from the grant date through the end of the derived service period.

 

18
 

 

The following weighted-average assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 for the Monte-Carlo simulation:

 

    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
    2022     2021  
Vesting Hurdle Price   $ 19.39       -  
Term (years)     5.00       -  
Expected stock price volatility     103.7 %     -  
Risk-free rate of interest     1.32 %     -  

 

Expected Volatility: The Company uses historical volatility as it provides a reasonable estimate of the expected volatility. Historical volatility is based on the most recent volatility of the stock price over a period of time equivalent to the expected term of the RSUs.

 

Risk-Free Interest Rate: The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. treasury zero-coupon yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the expected term of the RSUs.

 

Expected Term: The Company’s expected term represents the weighted-average period that the Company’s RSUs are expected to be outstanding. The expected term is based on the stipulated 5 year period from the grant date until the market based criteria are achieved. If the market-based criteria are not achieved within the five year period from the grant date, the RSUs will not vest and shall expire.

 

Vesting Hurdle Price: The vesting hurdle prices are determined by taking the vesting Market Cap criteria divided by the shares outstanding as of the valuation dates.

 

A summary of the Company’s restricted stock units granted under the 2021 Plan during the six months ended June 30, 2022 are as follows:

 

    Number of Restricted Stock Units     Weighted Average Grant Day Fair Value  
Nonvested at December 31, 2021     29,363     $ 5.96  
Granted     1,662,607       3.29  
Vested     (47,772 )     3.14  
Forfeited     -       -  
Nonvested at June 30, 2022     1,644,198     $ 3.34  

 

Stock Based Compensation

 

Stock-based compensation expense is recorded as a part of selling, general and administrative expenses, compensation expenses and cost of revenues. Stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 was as follows:

 

                                 
    For the Three Months Ended June 30,     For the Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2022     2021     2022     2021  
Employee bonus stock awards   $ -     $ -     $ 894,027     $ -  
Employee stock option awards     12,812       1,620,768       82,446       8,660,328  
Employee restricted stock unit awards     405,714       1,375       747,704       1,375  
Non-employee restricted stock awards     89,656       100,166       171,737       162,806  
Series C-2 Allocation     -       -       -       179,277  
Stock-based compensation   $ 508,182     $ 1,722,309     $ 1,895,914     $ 9,003,786  

 

19
 

 

Note 6 – Accrued Expenses

 

Accrued expenses consist of the following:

 

                 
    June 30, 2022     December 31, 2021  
Compensation and related expenses   $ 140,187     $ 7,334  
Accounts Payable     139,280       138,716  
Other     3,757       -  
Accrued Expenses   $ 283,224     $ 146,050  

 

Accrued compensation and related expenses include approximately $139,000 related to performance bonus accruals as of June 30, 2022.

 

Note 7 - Employee Benefit Plans

 

The Company maintains defined contribution benefit plans under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code covering substantially all qualified employees of the Company (the “401(k) Plan”). Under the 401(k) Plan, the Company may make discretionary contributions of up to 100% of employee contributions. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company made contributions to the 401(k) Plan of $45,000.

 

Note 8 – Liquidity

 

The Company follows “Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern”. The Company’s financial statements have been prepared assuming that it will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business.

 

As reflected in the financial statements, the Company has historically incurred a net loss and has an accumulated deficit at June 30, 2022, a net loss and net cash used in operating activities for the reporting period then ended. The Company is implementing its business plan and generating revenue; however, the Company’s cash position and liquid Digital Assets are sufficient to support its daily operations over the next twelve months.

 

Note 9 - Subsequent Events

 

The Company evaluates events that have occurred after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements are issued. Based upon the evaluation, the Company did not identify any recognized or non-recognized subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the financial statements other than disclosed.

 

During the period from July 1, 2022 to August 8, 2022, the Company sold a total of 261,743 shares of Common Stock under the ATM Agreement for aggregate total gross proceeds of approximately $417,000 at an average selling price of $1.59 per share, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $402,000 after deducting commissions and other transaction costs.

 

20
 

 

ITEM 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our historical financial statements and the notes to those statements that appear elsewhere in this report. Certain statements in the discussion contain forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including those discussed in the Risk Factors contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. When we refer to the “2022 Quarter” and the “2021 Quarter” we are referring to the three months ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021 quarters, respectively. Further, when we refer to the “2022 Period” and the “2021 Period” we are referring to the six months ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021 periods, respectively. Additionally, the twelve months ending December 31, 2022 is referred to as “Fiscal 2022.”

 

Overview

 

BTCS is an early entrant in the Digital Asset market and one of the first U.S. publicly-traded companies to focus on Digital Assets and blockchain technologies. Through our blockchain-infrastructure operations, we secure disruptive next-generation blockchains and operate validator nodes on various proof of stake-based blockchain networks, earning rewards of additional Digital Assets by actively validating transactions on the networks. While this process is similar to Bitcoin mining the consensus mechanism is different. Now we are building on the foundation of our pre-established infrastructure with the development of a Digital Asset Platform. The first feature of the dashboard, which is an open beta, allows users to evaluate their Digital Asset portfolios from multiple exchanges on a single platform. We also are developing and plan to integrate into the platform a Staking-as-a-Service feature that, once launched, will allow users to participate in asset leveraging through securing blockchain protocols.

 

Blockchain Infrastructure

 

Blockchain infrastructure operations can broadly be defined as earning a reward for securing a blockchain by validating transactions on that blockchain. There are currently two main consensus mechanisms used to secure blockchains: i) proof-of-work (“PoW”), in which nodes dedicate computational resources, and ii) proof-of-stake (“PoS”), in which nodes dedicate financial resources. The intention behind both PoW and PoS is to make it practically impossible for any single malicious actor to have enough computational power or ownership stake to successfully attack the blockchain.

 

In the case of PoW, a miner does “work” using energy-consuming computers and is rewarded for this “work” with Digital Assets. The miner, typically through pools running nodes, validates transactions on the blockchain, essentially converting electricity and computing power into a digital currency reward comprised of transaction fees and newly-minted Digital Assets. Bitcoin is an example of PoW and is by far the largest and most secure PoW blockchain.

 

PoS miners, often referred to as validators in PoS systems, actively operate nodes and validate transactions. Validators are required to stake holdings of a digital currency to participate in the consensus algorithm and are rewarded in tokens for aligning behavior with the rules of the algorithm. Bad behavior can be penalized by “slashing” the validator’s holdings and/or rewards. Validators can also be removed from the network for breaking the rules. Ill-intentioned behavior among validators is discouraged, allowing for the blockchain to be properly maintained and secured. Compared to PoW, PoS blockchains require less energy.

 

Depending on the PoS blockchain protocol, native token holders have the opportunity to leverage their asset holdings by either running their own validator (“Validating”) or delegating their rights to a validator (“Delegating” or “Staking”). With Delegating or Staking, token holders indirectly participate in blockchain networks by maintaining control of their private keys and delegating their tokens to an existing validator. Therefore, Delegating is more akin to assigning voting rights of stock to another person or entity via a power of attorney. With Validating, a node operator and token holder combine tokens in order to improve the node’s collective odds of earning token rewards for successfully validating new transactions and blocks on the network. With both Delegating and Validating, the validator operators earn a fee for providing the technical capabilities of running a node 24/7 that requires regular, active maintenance and industry expertise.

 

BTCS uses its blockchain infrastructure to operate validator nodes on various proof of stake-based blockchain networks. In connection with the validation of transactions occurring on those blockchain networks, BTCS will stake the Digital Assets native to those blockchains on the validator nodes it operates in order to earn staking rewards. BTCS may also use its blockchain infrastructure to validate and sign transactions on behalf of customers that delegate their validation and voting rights to BTCS-operated validator nodes (referred to as “Staking-as-a-Service” or “SaaS”).

 

A SaaS provider maintains an active role in validating transactions on a given PoS network on behalf of its delegators by (1) arranging transactions using software to stake the relevant Digital Assets; (2) monitoring the nodes it is operating to ensure they remain online, ready to validate transactions; and (3) verifying transactions on the network when required to earn rewards.

 

21
 

 

Apart from Ethereum, all of the Company’s Digital Asset holdings are in tokens secured by PoS or similar consensus mechanisms that allow for Delegating and asset leveraging. The Company is currently actively operating validator nodes on Ethereum’s Beacon Chain, Cosmos, Kava, Tezos, Avalanche, Kusama, Polygon and Cardano. The Company has also staked the following tokens Polkadot, Algorand, Axie Infinity and Solana. Building on that base, the Company plans to expand its PoS operations to secure other disruptive blockchain protocols that also allow for delegating.

 

The Company believes its blockchain infrastructure efforts will form the core growth for its Digital Asset Platform. The Company utilizes cloud infrastructure to operate and run its validator nodes and does not maintain its own physical assets, but may add this infrastructure in the future.

 

The Company currently holds the following Digital Assets which are core to its blockchain infrastructure efforts. The table also includes Bitcoin which is not core to our infrastructure operations.

 

Digital Assets Held at Period End

 

Asset   2021Q2     2021Q3     2021Q4     2022Q1     2022Q2  
Bitcoin (BTC)     90       90       90       90       -  
Ethereum (ETH)     7,879       7,992       8,098       8,196       8,283  
Cardano (ADA)     257,757       257,757       257,757       257,757       260,555  
Kusama (KSM)     123       374       374       5,278       5,550  
Tezos (XTZ)     14,966       24,172       24,504       70,453       71,369  
Solana (SOL)             4,788       4,779       7,043       7,136  
Polkadot (DOT)             8,032       8,032       38,816       39,986  
Terra (LUNA)             3,584       3,584       3,621       -  
Cosmos (ATOM)             3,072       3,072       80,474       86,613  
Polygon (MATIC)             67,114       67,114       454,486       466,022  
Avalanche (AVAX)             2,025       2,073       14,273       14,594  
Algorand (ALGO)             50,584       51,103       51,197       51,201  
Axie Infinity (AXS)                             22,322       31,763  
Kava (KAVA)                             183,966       264,917  

 

22
 

 

Fair Market Value of Digital Assets at Period End

 

Asset   2021Q2     2021Q3     2021Q4     2022Q1     2022Q2  
Bitcoin (BTC)   $ 3,153,675     $ 3,941,180     $ 4,167,579     $ 4,098,481     $ -  
Ethereum (ETH)*   $ 17,920,148     $ 23,990,541     $ 29,820,477     $ 26,894,723     $ 8,840,595  
Cardano (ADA)   $ 356,600     $ 545,028     $ 337,716     $ 294,320     $ 119,555  
Kusama (KSM)   $ 26,501     $ 123,957     $ 103,866     $ 992,851     $ 267,583  
Tezos (XTZ)   $ 45,495     $ 146,914     $ 106,679     $ 262,023     $ 101,102  
Solana (SOL)           $ 675,373     $ 813,791     $ 863,854     $ 239,700  
Polkadot (DOT)           $ 229,558     $ 214,616     $ 826,875     $ 281,496  
Terra (LUNA)           $ 138,351     $ 306,353     $ 373,005     $ -  
Cosmos (ATOM)           $ 111,252     $ 99,761     $ 2,325,374     $ 651,909  
Polygon (MATIC)           $ 75,644     $ 169,604     $ 735,034     $ 222,466  
Avalanche (AVAX)           $ 135,191     $ 226,499     $ 1,383,403     $ 247,059  
Algorand (ALGO)           $ 82,381     $ 84,830     $ 47,492     $ 16,115  
Axie Infinity (AXS)                           $ 1,416,264     $ 461,649  
Kava (KAVA)                           $ 828,742     $ 468,634  
Total   $ 21,502,420     $ 30,195,370     $ 36,451,772     $ 41,342,441     $ 11,917,863  
QoQ Change     7 %     40 %     21 %     13 %     -71 %
YoY Change     2013 %     1780 %     825 %     105 %     -45 %

 

* Approximately 9 ETH is not staked.

 

23
 

 

Prices of Digital Assets at Period End

 

Asset   2021Q2     2021Q3     2021Q4     2022Q1     2022Q2  
Bitcoin (BTC)   $ 35,041     $ 43,791     $ 46,306     $ 45,539     $ 19,785  
Ethereum (ETH)   $ 2,275