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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________

FORM 10-Q
___________________________________

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to

Commission File Number: 001-39548
___________________________________

BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________
Delaware
95-3936623
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
685 Stockton Drive
Exton, Pennsylvania
19341
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (610) 458-5000
___________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading Symbol Name of each exchange on which registered
Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share BSY
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S‑T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non‑accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ☒
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 

As of May 3, 2022, the registrant had 11,601,757 shares of Class A and 275,932,539 shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding.



BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
3
4
6
7
9

2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)

March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 129,617  $ 329,337 
Accounts receivable 233,032  241,807 
Allowance for doubtful accounts (7,486) (6,541)
Prepaid income taxes 26,254  16,880 
Prepaid and other current assets 32,644  34,348 
Total current assets 414,061  615,831 
Property and equipment, net 32,043  31,823 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 49,432  50,818 
Intangible assets, net 329,029  245,834 
Goodwill 2,217,578  1,588,477 
Investments 8,680  6,438 
Deferred income taxes 47,683  71,376 
Other assets 59,797  48,646 
Total assets $ 3,158,303  $ 2,659,243 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 19,058  $ 16,483 
Accruals and other current liabilities 351,273  323,603 
Deferred revenues 215,448  224,610 
Operating lease liabilities 16,963  17,482 
Income taxes payable 5,048  6,696 
Current portion of long-term debt 5,000  5,000 
Total current liabilities 612,790  593,874 
Long-term debt 1,871,527  1,430,992 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities 89,282  94,890 
Long-term operating lease liabilities 34,907  35,274 
Deferred revenues 13,006  7,983 
Deferred income taxes 58,316  65,014 
Income taxes payable 7,718  7,725 
Other liabilities 13,104  14,269 
Total liabilities 2,700,650  2,250,021 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 100,000,000 shares; none issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
—  — 
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 100,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 11,601,757 shares as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, and Class B Common Stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 1,800,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 273,532,336 and 270,924,962 shares as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
2,851  2,825 
Additional paid-in capital 957,498  937,805 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(75,324) (91,774)
Accumulated deficit (427,372) (439,634)
Total stockholders’ equity 457,653  409,222 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$ 3,158,303  $ 2,659,243 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
3



BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)

Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Revenues:
Subscriptions $ 241,233  $ 188,125 
Perpetual licenses 10,205  10,116 
Subscriptions and licenses 251,438  198,241 
Services 24,079  23,764 
Total revenues 275,517  222,005 
Cost of revenues:
Cost of subscriptions and licenses 33,727  28,945 
Cost of services 22,058  20,344 
Total cost of revenues 55,785  49,289 
Gross profit 219,732  172,716 
Operating expense (income):
Research and development 61,273  47,803 
Selling and marketing 45,945  32,440 
General and administrative 51,154  33,221 
Deferred compensation plan (5,138) 167 
Amortization of purchased intangibles 9,906  3,438 
Total operating expenses 163,140  117,069 
Income from operations
56,592  55,647 
Interest expense, net (7,042) (2,319)
Other income, net
10,641  14,482 
Income before income taxes
60,191  67,810 
Provision for income taxes
(3,231) (10,358)
Loss from investment accounted for using the equity method, net of tax
(572) (446)
Net income
56,388  57,006 
Less: Net income attributable to participating securities
(9) — 
Net income attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders
$ 56,379  $ 57,006 
Per share information:
Net income per share, basic
$ 0.18  $ 0.19 
Net income per share, diluted
$ 0.18  $ 0.18 
Weighted average shares, basic 307,969,672  302,583,452 
Weighted average shares, diluted 331,330,256  321,736,649 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
4



BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Net income
$ 56,388  $ 57,006 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:
Foreign currency translation adjustments 16,437  (9,182)
Actuarial gain on retirement plan, net of tax effect of $(5) and $(8), respectively
13  21 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes
16,450  (9,161)
Comprehensive income
$ 72,838  $ 47,845 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
5



BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Accumulated
Class A and Class B Additional Other Total
Common Stock Paid-in Comprehensive Accumulated Stockholders’
Shares Par Value Capital Loss Deficit Equity
Balance, December 31, 2021 282,526,719  $ 2,825  $ 937,805  $ (91,774) $ (439,634) $ 409,222 
Net income
—  —  —  —  56,388  56,388 
Other comprehensive income
—  —  —  16,450  —  16,450 
Dividends declared —  —  —  —  (8,353) (8,353)
Shares issued in connection with deferred compensation plan, net 809,751  —  —  (24,254) (24,246)
Deferred compensation plan elective participant deferrals —  —  669  —  —  669 
Shares issued in connection with Executive Bonus Plan, net 72,105  4,995  —  (2,192) 2,804 
Shares issued in connection with employee stock purchase plan 109,749  4,610  —  (121) 4,490 
Stock option exercises, net 1,401,249  14  2,754  —  (7,651) (4,883)
Acquisition option exercises, net 149,855  (1) —  —  — 
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  6,667  —  —  6,667 
Shares related to restricted stock, net 64,665  (1) —  (1,555) (1,555)
Balance, March 31, 2022 285,134,093  $ 2,851  $ 957,498  $ (75,324) $ (427,372) $ 457,653 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Accumulated
Class A and Class B Additional Other Total
Common Stock Paid-in Comprehensive Accumulated Stockholders’
Shares Par Value Capital Loss Deficit Equity
Balance, December 31, 2020 272,154,504  $ 2,722  $ 741,113  $ (26,233) $ (376,003) $ 341,599 
Net income
—  —  —  —  57,006  57,006 
Other comprehensive loss
—  —  —  (9,161) —  (9,161)
Purchase of capped call options, net of tax of $6,250
—  —  (19,430) —  —  (19,430)
Dividends declared —  —  —  —  (8,219) (8,219)
Shares issued in connection with deferred compensation plan, net 339,503  —  —  (8,862) (8,859)
Deferred compensation plan elective participant deferrals —  —  854  —  —  854 
Shares issued in connection with Executive Bonus Plan, net 79,961  5,573  —  (2,037) 3,537 
Stock option exercises, net 1,263,121  12  1,739  —  (7,158) (5,407)
Stock-based compensation expense —  —  2,786  —  —  2,786 
Shares related to restricted stock, net (114,606) (1) —  —  (708) (709)
Balance, March 31, 2021 273,722,483  $ 2,737  $ 732,635  $ (35,394) $ (345,981) $ 353,997 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
6



BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income
$ 56,388  $ 57,006 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 17,212  8,993 
Bad debt allowance
955  746 
Deferred income taxes 9,042  966 
Stock-based compensation expense 15,099  8,913 
Deferred compensation plan (5,138) 1,021 
Amortization and write-off of deferred debt issuance costs 1,778  1,229 
Change in fair value of derivative (12,084) (13,661)
Change in fair value of contingent consideration 500  — 
Change on fair value of investments (112) — 
Gain on sale of aircraft (2,029) — 
Foreign currency remeasurement loss (gain)
1,677  (583)
Loss from investment accounted for using the equity method, net of tax
572  446 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effect from acquisitions:
Accounts receivable 8,691  14,903 
Prepaid and other assets 5,718  8,257 
Accounts payable, accruals, and other liabilities 26,791  54,977 
Deferred revenues (12,515) (21,889)
Income taxes payable, net of prepaid income taxes (10,814) 11,474 
Net cash provided by operating activities
101,731  132,798 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment and investment in capitalized software (4,176) (2,655)
Proceeds from sale of aircraft 2,380  — 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (695,968) (57,975)
Other investing activities (2,811) — 
Net cash used in investing activities
(700,575) (60,630)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from credit facilities 563,912  16,000 
Payments of credit facilities (123,696) (262,000)
Proceeds from convertible senior notes, net of discounts and commissions —  672,750 
Payments of debt issuance costs —  (3,777)
Purchase of capped call options —  (25,530)
Repayment of term loan (1,250) — 
Payments of financing leases (48) (50)
Payments of acquisition debt and other consideration (2,721) (25)
Payments of dividends (8,528) (8,219)
Payments for shares acquired including shares withheld for taxes (35,117) (18,763)
Proceeds from stock purchases under employee stock purchase plan 4,611  — 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 2,768  1,751 
Net cash provided by financing activities
399,931  372,137 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (807) 3,225 
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(199,720) 447,530 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year 329,337  122,006 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$ 129,617  $ 569,536 
7



BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Supplemental information:
Cash paid for income taxes $ 6,766  $ 4,214 
Income tax refunds 798  4,519 
Interest paid 5,296  766 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
Contingent acquisition consideration —  549 
Deferred, non-contingent consideration, net —  1,718 
Convertible senior notes expenses included in Accounts payable and Accruals and other current liabilities
—  605 
Capped call options expenses included in Accounts payable
—  150 
Share-settled Executive Bonus Plan awards 4,996  5,574 
Deferred compensation plan elective participant deferrals 669  855 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
8


BENTLEY SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)

Note 1: Basis of Presentation
Basis of Presentation — The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Bentley Systems, Incorporated (“Bentley” or the “Company”) and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part II, Item 8 of the Company’s 2021 Annual Report on Form 10K on file with the SEC. In management’s opinion, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal, recurring and non-recurring adjustments) that were considered necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows at the dates and for the periods indicated. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. The December 31, 2021 consolidated balance sheet included herein is derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements.
Certain reclassifications of prior period amounts have been made to conform to the current period presentation.
Business Combinations — On January 31, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of Power Line Systems, a leader in software for the design of overhead electric power transmission lines and their structures, for $695,968 in cash, net of cash acquired. On June 17, 2021, the Company completed the acquisition of Seequent Holdings Limited (“Seequent”), a leader in software for geological and geophysical modeling, geotechnical stability, and cloud services for geodata management and collaboration, for $883,336 in cash, net of cash acquired, plus 3,141,342 shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock (see Note 4).
Note 2: Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020‑04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020‑04”), which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. ASU 2020‑04 applies only to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform between March 12, 2020 and December 31, 2022. The expedients and exceptions provided by ASU 2020‑04 do not apply to contract modifications made and hedging relationships entered into or evaluated after December 31, 2022, except for hedging relationships existing as of December 31, 2022, that an entity has elected certain optional expedients for and that are retained through the end of the hedging relationship. The Company had no transactions that were impacted by ASU 2020‑04 during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
9



Note 3: Revenue from Contracts with Customers
Nature of Products and Services
The Company generates revenues from subscriptions, perpetual licenses, and services.
Subscriptions
SELECT subscriptions — The Company provides prepaid annual recurring subscriptions that accounts (which are based on distinct contractual and billing relationships with the Company, where affiliated entities of a single parent company may each have an independent account with the Company) can elect to add to a new or previously purchased perpetual license. SELECT provides accounts with benefits, including upgrades, comprehensive technical support, pooled licensing benefits, annual portfolio balancing exchange rights, learning benefits, certain Azure‑based cloud collaboration services, mobility advantages, and access to other available benefits. SELECT subscriptions revenues are recognized as distinct performance obligations are satisfied. The performance obligations within the SELECT offering, outside of the portfolio balancing exchange right, are concurrently delivered and have the same pattern of recognition. These performance obligations are accounted for ratably over the term as a single performance obligation.
Enterprise subscriptions — The Company also provides Enterprise subscription offerings, which provide its largest accounts with complete and unlimited global access to the Company’s comprehensive portfolio of solutions. Enterprise License Subscriptions (“ELS”) provide access for a prepaid fee, which is based on the account’s usage of software in the preceding year, to effectively create a fee‑certain consumption‑based arrangement. ELS contain a term license component, SELECT maintenance and support, and performance consulting days. The SELECT maintenance and support benefits under ELS do not include a portfolio balancing performance obligation. Revenue is allocated to the various performance obligations based on their respective standalone selling price (“SSP”). Revenue allocated to the term license component is recognized upon delivery at the start of the subscription term while revenues for the SELECT maintenance and support and the performance consulting days are recognized as delivered over the subscription term. Billings in advance are recorded as Deferred revenues in the consolidated balance sheets.
Enterprise 365 (“E365”) subscriptions provide unrestricted access to the Company’s comprehensive software portfolio, similar to ELS, however, the accounts are charged based upon daily usage. The daily usage fee also includes a term license component, SELECT maintenance and support, hosting, and Success Blueprints, which are designed to achieve business outcomes through more efficient and effective use of the Company’s software. E365 revenues are recognized based upon usage incurred by the account. Usage is defined as distinct user access on a daily basis. E365 subscriptions can contain quarterly usage floors or collars as accounts transition to the usage model or for accounts within the public sector. The term of E365 subscriptions aligns with calendar quarters and revenue is recognized based on actual usage.
10



Term license subscriptions — The Company provides annual, quarterly, and monthly term licenses for its software products. Term license subscriptions contain a term license component and SELECT maintenance and support. Revenue is allocated to the various performance obligations based on their SSP. Annual term licenses (“ATL”) are generally prepaid annually for named user access to specific products and include the Company’s Virtuoso subscriptions sold via the Company’s Virtuosity eStore for practitioner licenses. Virtuoso subscriptions are bundles with customizable training and expert consultation administered through “keys” or credits. Quarterly term license (“QTL”) subscriptions allow accounts to pay quarterly in arrears for license usage that is beyond their prepaid subscriptions. Monthly term license (“MTL”) subscriptions are identical to QTL subscriptions, except for the term of the license, and the manner in which they are monetized. MTL subscriptions require a Cloud Services Subscription (“CSS”), which is described below. For ATL, revenue allocated to the term license component is recognized upon delivery at the start of the subscription term while revenue for the SELECT maintenance and support is recognized as delivered over the subscription term. For Virtuoso keys, revenue is recognized as services are delivered. Billings in advance are recorded as Deferred revenues in the consolidated balance sheets. For usage‑based QTL and MTL subscriptions, revenues are recognized based upon usage incurred by the account. Usage is defined as peak usage over the respective terms. The terms of QTL and MTL subscriptions align with calendar quarters and calendar months, respectively, and revenue is recognized based on actual usage.
Visas and Passports are quarterly or annual term licenses enabling users to access specific project or enterprise information and entitles users to certain functionality of the Company’s ProjectWise and AssetWise systems. The Company’s standard offerings are usage based with monetization through the Company’s CSS program as described below.
CSS is a program designed to streamline the procurement, administration, and payment process. The program requires an estimation of annual usage for CSS eligible offerings and a deposit of funds in advance. Actual consumption is monitored and invoiced against the deposit on a calendar quarter basis. CSS balances not utilized for eligible products or services may roll over to future periods or are refundable. Paid and unconsumed CSS balances are recorded in Accruals and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Software and services consumed under CSS are recognized pursuant to the applicable revenue recognition guidance for the respective software or service and classified as subscriptions or services based on their respective nature.
Perpetual licenses
Perpetual licenses may be sold with or without attaching a SELECT subscription. Historically, attachment and retention of the SELECT subscription has been high given the benefits of the SELECT subscription discussed above. Perpetual licenses revenues are recognized upon delivery of the license to the user.
Services
The Company provides professional services, including training, implementation, configuration, customization, and strategic consulting services. The Company performs projects on both a time and materials and a fixed fee basis. Certain of the Company’s fixed‑fee arrangements, including its Success Services offerings, are structured as subscription‑like, packaged offerings that are annually recurring in nature. Success Services are standard service offerings that provide a level of dedicated professional services above the standard technical support offered to all accounts as part of their SELECT or Enterprise agreement. Revenues are recognized as services are performed.
The Company primarily utilizes its direct internal sales force and also has arrangements through independent channel partners to promote and sell Bentley products and subscriptions to end‑users. Channel partners are authorized to promote the sale of an authorized set of Bentley products and subscriptions within an authorized geography under a Channel Partner Agreement.
11



Significant Judgments and Estimates
The Company’s contracts with customers may include promises to transfer licenses (perpetual or term‑based), maintenance, and services to a user. Judgment is required to determine if the promises are separate performance obligations, and if so, the allocation of the transaction price to each performance obligation. When an arrangement includes multiple performance obligations which are concurrently delivered and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer, the Company accounts for those performance obligations as a single performance obligation. For contracts with more than one performance obligation, the transaction price is allocated among the performance obligations in an amount that depicts the relative SSP of each obligation. Judgment is required to determine the SSP for each distinct performance obligation. In instances where SSP is not directly observable, such as when the Company does not sell the product or service separately, the Company determines the SSP using information that may include market conditions and other observable inputs. The Company uses a range of amounts to estimate SSP when it sells each of the products and services separately and needs to determine whether there is a discount that should be allocated based on the relative SSP of the various products and services.
The Company’s SELECT agreement provides users with perpetual licenses a right to exchange software for other eligible perpetual licenses on an annual basis upon renewal. The Company refers to this option as portfolio balancing and has concluded that the portfolio balancing feature represents a material right resulting in the deferral of the associated revenue. Judgment is required to estimate the percentage of users who may elect to portfolio balance and considers inputs such as historical user elections. This feature is available once per term and must be exercised prior to the respective renewal term. The Company recognizes the associated revenue upon election or when the portfolio balancing right expires. This right is included in the initial and subsequent renewal terms and the Company reestablishes the revenue deferral for the material right upon the beginning of the renewal term. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company has deferred $17,724 and $18,020, respectively, related to portfolio balancing exchange rights which is included in Deferred revenues in the consolidated balance sheets.
Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Contract assets $ 309  $ 336 
Deferred revenues 228,454  232,593 
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company’s contract assets relate to performance obligations completed in advance of the right to invoice and are included in Prepaid and other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Contract assets were not impaired as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
Deferred revenues consist of billings made or payments received in advance of revenue recognition from subscriptions and services. The timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of billings to users.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022, $97,005 of revenues that were included in the December 31, 2021 deferred revenues balance were recognized. There were additional deferrals of $94,522, which were primarily related to new billings and acquisitions (see Note 4). For the three months ended March 31, 2021, $91,125 of revenues that were included in the December 31, 2020 deferred revenues balance were recognized. There were additional deferrals of $78,210, which were primarily related to new billings.
Remaining Performance Obligations
The Company’s contracts with customers include amounts allocated to performance obligations that will be satisfied at a later date. As of March 31, 2022, amounts allocated to these remaining performance obligations are $228,454, of which the Company expects to recognize 94.3% over the next 12 months with the remaining amount thereafter.
12



Disaggregation of Revenues
The following table details revenues:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Subscriptions:
SELECT subscriptions $ 66,598  $ 66,140 
Enterprise subscriptions (1)
81,827  71,015 
Term license subscriptions 92,808  50,970 
Subscriptions 241,233  188,125 
Perpetual licenses 10,205  10,116 
Subscriptions and licenses 251,438  198,241 
Services:
Recurring 4,701  6,077 
Other 19,378  17,687 
Services 24,079  23,764 
Total revenues $ 275,517  $ 222,005 
(1)Enterprise subscriptions includes revenue attributable to E365 subscriptions of $68,598 and $48,265 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The Company recognizes perpetual licenses and the term license component of subscriptions as revenue when either the licenses are delivered or at the start of the subscription term. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $125,225 and $95,625 of license related revenues, respectively, of which $115,020 and $85,509, respectively, were attributable to the term license component of the Company’s subscription based commercial offerings recorded in Subscriptions in the consolidated statements of operations.
The Company derived 7% and 8% of its total revenues through channel partners for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Revenue to external customers is attributed to individual countries based upon the location of the customer.
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Americas (1)
$ 154,260  $ 108,862 
Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (“EMEA”) (2)
77,480  73,848 
Asia-Pacific (“APAC”)
43,777  39,295 
Total revenues $ 275,517  $ 222,005 
(1)Americas includes the United States (“U.S.”), Canada, and Latin America (including the Caribbean). Revenue attributable to the U.S. totaled $116,133 and $92,940 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
(2)Revenue attributable to the United Kingdom totaled $22,291 and $22,383 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
13


Note 4: Acquisitions
On January 31, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of Power Line Systems, a leader in software for the design of overhead electric power transmission lines and their structures, for $695,968 in cash, net of cash acquired. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company completed a number of acquisitions, for an aggregate purchase price of $1,269,844. On June 17, 2021, the Company completed the acquisition of Seequent, a leader in software for geological and geophysical modeling, geotechnical stability, and cloud services for geodata management and collaboration, for $883,336 in cash, net of cash acquired, plus 3,141,342 shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock. The operating results of the acquired businesses, except for Seequent, were not material, individually or in the aggregate, to the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and financial position.
The aggregate details of the Company’s acquisition activity are as follows:
Acquisitions Completed in
Three Months Ended Year Ended
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Number of acquisitions 13 
Cash paid at closing (1)
$ 715,114  $ 1,072,820 
Cash acquired (19,146) (37,837)
Net cash paid $ 695,968  $ 1,034,983 
(1)Of the cash paid at closing for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and year ended December 31, 2021, $3,000 and $8,701, respectively, was deposited into an escrow account to secure any potential indemnification and other obligations of the seller.
The fair value of the contingent consideration from acquisitions is included in the consolidated balance sheets as follows:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Accruals and other current liabilities $ 3,401  $ 5,382 
Other liabilities 960  1,231 
Contingent consideration from acquisitions $ 4,361  $ 6,613 
The fair value of non-contingent consideration from acquisitions is included in the consolidated balance sheets as follows:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Accruals and other current liabilities $ 3,522  $ 4,751 
Other liabilities 6,180  6,177 
Non-contingent consideration from acquisitions $ 9,702  $ 10,928 
The operating results of the acquired businesses are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements from the closing date of each respective acquisition. The purchase price for each acquisition has been allocated to the net tangible and intangible assets and liabilities based on their estimated fair values at the respective acquisition date.
14


The Company is in the process of finalizing the purchase accounting for Power Line Systems. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed were provisionally recorded at their estimated fair values on the acquisition date. The initial accounting for Power Line Systems is not complete because the evaluation necessary to assess the fair values of certain net assets acquired is still in process. The provisional amounts are subject to revision until the evaluations are completed to the extent that additional information is obtained about the facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date. The allocation of the purchase price may be modified from the date of the acquisition as more information is obtained about the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, however, such measurement period cannot exceed one year.
Acquisition costs are expensed as incurred and are recorded in General and administrative in the consolidated statements of operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company incurred acquisition expenses of $10,574 and $6,861, respectively, which include costs related to legal, accounting, valuation, insurance, general administrative, and other consulting fees. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, $9,773 of the Company’s acquisition expenses related to the acquisition of Power Line Systems, and $6,716 of the Company’s acquisition expenses related to the acquisition of Seequent for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
15


The following summarizes the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as the weighted average useful lives assigned to acquired intangible assets at the respective date of each acquisition (including contingent consideration):
Acquisitions Completed in
Three Months Ended Year Ended
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Consideration:
Cash paid at closing $ 715,114  $ 1,072,820 
Shares issued at closing (1)(2)
—  182,390 
Contingent consideration —  4,544 
Deferred, non-contingent consideration, net —  10,090 
Total consideration $ 715,114  $ 1,269,844 
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed:
Cash $ 19,146  $ 37,837 
Accounts receivable and other current assets 1,098  24,174 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 1,237  12,095 
Property and equipment 963  4,383 
Other assets —  874 
Software and technology (weighted average useful life of 5 years)
9,700  43,560 
Customer relationships (weighted average useful life of 10 and 9 years, respectively)
78,300  158,555 
Trademarks (weighted average useful life of 10 years)
5,200  38,256 
In-process research and development —  3,700 
Total identifiable assets acquired excluding goodwill 115,644  323,434 
Accruals and other current liabilities (610) (27,649)
Deferred revenues (10,219) (26,245)
Operating lease liabilities (1,237) (11,988)
Deferred income taxes (6,865) (53,342)
Other liabilities —  (716)
Total liabilities assumed (18,931) (119,940)
Net identifiable assets acquired excluding goodwill 96,713  203,494 
Goodwill 618,401  1,066,350 
Net assets acquired $ 715,114  $ 1,269,844 
(1)Of the total 3,141,342 shares issued at closing, 83,627 shares are subject to forfeiture if post‑closing employment service conditions are not met. Accordingly, $5,452 is being recorded as stock‑based compensation expense over the related forfeiture period of two years (see Note 15).
(2)A fair value adjustment of $16,943 was applied to the stock consideration due to restrictions on the transfer of securities.
16


The fair values of the working capital, other assets (liabilities), and property and equipment approximated their respective carrying values as of the acquisition date.
The fair values of deferred revenues were determined in accordance with the Company’s revenue recognition policies (see Note 3).
The fair values of the intangible assets were primarily determined using the income approach. When applying the income approach, indications of fair values were developed by discounting future net cash flows to their present values at market‑based rates of return. The cash flows were based on estimates used to price the acquisitions and the discount rates applied were benchmarked with reference to the implied rate of return from the Company’s pricing model and the weighted average cost of capital.
Goodwill recorded in connection with the acquisitions was attributable to synergies expected to arise from cost saving opportunities, as well as future expected cash flows. The Company expects $519,564 of the goodwill recorded relating to the acquisition of Power Line Systems will be deductible for income tax purposes.
Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information
Had the acquisition of Seequent been made at the beginning of 2020, unaudited pro forma total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021 would have been $255,783. Net income, net income per share, basic, and net income per share, diluted for the three months ended March 31, 2021 would not have been materially different than the amounts reported primarily due to the pro forma adjustments to reflect the amortization of purchased intangibles and the cost to finance the transaction, net of the related tax effects.
The unaudited pro forma financial information is for informational purposes only and is not indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the acquisition had taken place at the beginning of 2021. The unaudited pro forma financial information combines the historical results of the Company, the adjusted historical results of Seequent considering the date the Company completed the acquisition of Seequent, and the effects of the pro forma adjustments described above.
Acquisition Subsequent to March 31, 2022
In April 2022, the Company completed one acquisition. The acquisition is not expected to be material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
17


Note 5: Property and Equipment, Net
Property and equipment, net consist of the following:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Land $ 2,811  $ 2,811 
Building and improvements 36,366  35,188 
Computer equipment and software 49,169  47,651 
Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 14,400  14,274 
Aircraft 2,038  4,075 
Other 59  61 
Property and equipment, at cost 104,843  104,060 
Less: Accumulated depreciation (72,800) (72,237)
Total property and equipment, net $ 32,043  $ 31,823 
Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $2,490 and $2,497, respectively.
Related Party Equipment Sale
In January 2022, the audit committee of the Company’s board of directors authorized the Company to sell 50% of its interest in the Company’s aircraft at fair market value to an entity controlled by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer. The transaction was completed on February 1, 2022 for $2,380 and resulted in a gain of $2,029, which was recorded in Other income, net in the consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Subsequent to the transaction, ongoing operating and fixed costs of the aircraft are shared on a proportional use basis subject to a cost-sharing agreement. Such costs were not material during the three months ended March 31, 2022. Pursuant to FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 850, Related Party Disclosures, the Company determined this transaction was to a related party.
Note 6: Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are as follows:
Balance, December 31, 2021 $ 1,588,477 
Acquisitions 618,401 
Foreign currency translation adjustments 10,828 
Other adjustments (128)
Balance, March 31, 2022 $ 2,217,578 
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Details of intangible assets other than goodwill are as follows:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Estimated
Useful Life
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
Software and technology
3-5 years
$ 95,909  $ (50,327) $ 45,582  $ 101,588  $ (63,225) $ 38,363 
Customer relationships
3-10 years
324,657  (91,288) 233,369  245,325  (83,799) 161,526 
Trademarks
3-10 years
68,703  (22,422) 46,281  63,080  (20,893) 42,187 
Non-compete agreements
5 years
350  (156) 194  350  (139) 211 
489,619  (164,193) 325,426  410,343  (168,056) 242,287 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
In-process research and development 3,603  —  3,603  3,547  —  3,547 
Total intangible assets $ 493,222  $ (164,193) $ 329,029  $ 413,890  $ (168,056) $ 245,834 
The aggregate amortization expense for purchased intangible assets with finite lives was reflected in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Cost of subscriptions and licenses $ 3,022  $ 1,151 
Amortization of purchased intangibles 9,906  3,438 
Total amortization expense $ 12,928  $ 4,589 
Note 7: Investments
Investments consist of the following:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Cost method investments $ 8,538  $ 6,438 
Equity method investment 142  — 
Total investments $ 8,680  $ 6,438 
Through iTwin Ventures, the Company invests in technology development companies, generally in the form of equity interests or convertible notes. The Company recorded these investments under the cost method. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company invested $2,111 in cost method investments.
The Company accounts for Digital Construction Works, Inc. (“DCW”) using the equity method. DCW, a 50%-owned joint venture with Topcon Positioning Systems, Inc., operates as a digital integrator of software and cloud services for the construction industry. DCW’s focus is to transform the construction industry from its legacy document‑centric paradigm by simplifying and enabling digital automated workflows and processes, technology integration, and digital twinning services for infrastructure. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company invested $700 in DCW. Pursuant to FASB ASC Topic 850, Related Party Disclosures, the Company has determined that DCW is a related party. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, transactions between the Company and DCW were not material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
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Note 8: Leases
The Company’s operating leases consist of office facilities, office equipment, and automobiles, and the Company’s finance lease consists of computer equipment. The finance lease is not material for the periods presented. As of March 31, 2022, the Company’s leases have remaining terms of less than one year to nine years, some of which include one or more options to renew, with renewal terms from one year to ten years and some of which include options to terminate the leases from less than one year to five years.
For contracts with lease and non‑lease components, the Company has elected not to allocate the contract consideration, and account for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. Payments under the Company’s lease arrangements are primarily fixed, however, certain lease agreements contain variable payments, which are expensed as incurred and not included in the operating lease assets and liabilities. Variable lease cost may include common area maintenance, property taxes, utilities, and fluctuations in rent due to a change in an index or rate. The Company has elected not to recognize a right‑of‑use asset or lease liability for short‑term leases (leases with a term of twelve months or less). Short‑term leases are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations on a straight‑line basis over the lease term.
The components of operating lease cost reflected in the consolidated statements of operations were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Operating lease cost (1)
$ 5,753  $ 4,543 
Variable lease cost 1,273  968 
Short-term lease cost
Total operating lease cost $ 7,031  $ 5,515 
(1)Operating lease cost includes rent cost related to operating leases for office facilities of $5,553 and $4,351 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Other information related to leases was as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases $ 5,114  $ 4,686 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities (1)
$ 2,876  $ 614 
(1)Right‑of‑use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities does not include the impact from acquisitions of $1,237 and $192 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The weighted average remaining lease term for operating leases was 4.1 years as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The weighted average discount rate was 2.6% and 2.5% as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
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Maturities of operating lease liabilities are as follows:
March 31, 2022
Remainder of 2022 $ 14,267 
2023 14,311 
2024 9,624 
2025 6,911 
2026 4,440 
Thereafter 6,146 
Total future lease payments 55,699 
Less: Imputed interest (3,829)
Total operating lease liabilities $ 51,870 
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had additional operating lease minimum lease payments of $956 for executed leases that have not yet commenced, primarily for office locations.
Supplemental balance sheet information related to the financing lease was as follows:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Property and equipment $ 471  $ 484 
Accumulated depreciation (471) (453)
Property and equipment, net $ —  $ 31 
Accruals and other current liabilities $ 48  $ 98 
Total financing lease liabilities $ 48  $ 98 
Note 9: Accruals and Other Current Liabilities
Accruals and other current liabilities consist of the following:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
CSS deposits $ 200,589  $ 162,046 
Accrued benefits 41,927  36,656 
Accrued compensation 29,437  37,725 
Due to customers 14,500  12,798 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities 7,779  7,309 
Accrued indirect taxes 6,457  7,520 
Accrued acquisition stay bonus 5,838  9,461 
Accrued cloud provisioning costs 5,396  5,862 
Accrued professional fees 3,945  6,940 
Non-contingent consideration from acquisitions 3,522  4,751 
Contingent consideration from acquisitions 3,401  5,382 
Employee stock purchase plan contributions 3,118  4,818 
Other accrued and current liabilities 25,364  22,335 
Total accruals and other current liabilities $ 351,273  $ 323,603 
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Note 10: Long‑Term Debt
Long‑term debt consists of the following:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Bank credit facility:
Revolving loan facility $ 440,216  $ — 
Term loan:
Principal 198,750  200,000 
Unamortized debt issuance costs (500) (534)
Term loan net carrying value 198,250  199,466 
Bank credit facility net carrying value 638,466  199,466 
2026 Notes:
Principal 690,000  690,000 
Unamortized debt issuance costs (13,769) (14,677)
2026 Notes net carrying value 676,231  675,323 
2027 Notes:
Principal 575,000  575,000 
Unamortized debt issuance costs (13,170) (13,797)
2027 Notes net carrying value 561,830  561,203 
Total net carrying value 1,876,527  1,435,992 
Less: Current portion of long-term debt (5,000) (5,000)
Total long-term debt $ 1,871,527  $ 1,430,992 
Bank Credit Facility
The Company has an amended and restated Credit Agreement, which provides for an $850,000 senior secured revolving loan facility with a maturity date of November 15, 2025 and a $200,000 senior secured term loan as described further below (the “Credit Facility”).
The Company’s $200,000 senior secured term loan has a maturity of November 15, 2025 (the “2021 Term Loan”). The 2021 Term Loan requires principal repayment at the end of each calendar quarter. Beginning with March 31, 2022 and ending with December 31, 2023, the Company is required to repay $1,250 per quarter. Beginning with March 31, 2024 and ending with the last such date prior to the maturity date, the Company is required to repay $2,500 per quarter. The Company incurred $540 of debt issuance costs related to the 2021 Term Loan. The Company used borrowings under the 2021 Term Loan to pay down borrowings under the swingline sub‑facility and revolving loan facility under the Credit Facility.
In addition to the senior secured revolving loan facility, the Credit Facility also provides up to $50,000 of letters of credit and other borrowings subject to availability, including a $85,000 U.S. Dollar swingline sub‑facility and a $200,000 incremental “accordion” sub‑facility. The Company had $150 of letters of credit and surety bonds outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had $409,634 and $849,850, respectively, available under the Credit Facility.
Borrowings under the Credit Facility are guaranteed by all of the Company’s first tier domestic subsidiaries and are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the Company’s and the guarantors’ U.S. assets and 65% of the stock of their directly owned foreign subsidiaries. The Credit Facility contains both affirmative and negative covenants, including maximum net leverage ratios. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all covenants in its Credit Facility.
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Convertible Senior Notes
2026 Notes
On January 26, 2021, the Company completed a private offering of $690,000 of 0.125% convertible senior notes due 2026 (the “2026 Notes”). The 2026 Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of January 26, 2021, between the Company and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee (the “2026 Indenture”). Interest will accrue from January 26, 2021 and will be payable semi‑annually in arrears in cash on January 15 and July 15 of each year, with the first payment due on July 15, 2021. The 2026 Notes will mature on January 15, 2026, unless earlier converted, redeemed or repurchased. The Company incurred $18,055 of expenses in connection with the 2026 Notes offering consisting of the payment of initial purchasers’ discounts and commissions, professional fees, and other expenses (“transaction costs”). The Company used $25,530 of the net proceeds from the sale of the 2026 Notes to pay the premiums of the capped call options described further below, and approximately $250,500 to repay outstanding indebtedness under the Credit Facility and to pay related fees and expenses. The Company used the remainder of the net proceeds from the sale of the 2026 Notes for general corporate purposes and towards funding certain acquisitions, including Seequent (see Note 4).
Prior to October 15, 2025, the 2026 Notes will be convertible at the option of the holder only under the following circumstances: (1) during any calendar quarter (and only during such quarter) commencing after the calendar quarter ending on June 30, 2021, if the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B Common Stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price for each of at least 20 trading days, whether or not consecutive, during the 30 consecutive trading days ending on, and including, the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter; (2) during the five consecutive business days immediately after any ten consecutive trading day period (such ten consecutive trading day period, the “measurement period”) in which the trading price per $1 principal amount of 2026 Notes for each trading day of the measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B Common Stock on such trading day and the conversion rate on such trading day; (3) upon the occurrence of certain corporate events or distributions on the Company’s Class B Common Stock, as described in the 2026 Indenture; and (4) if the Company calls the 2026 Notes for redemption. On or after October 15, 2025 until 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the second scheduled trading day immediately before the maturity date, the 2026 Notes will be convertible at the option of the holder at any time.
The Company will settle conversions by paying or delivering, as applicable, cash, shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock or a combination of cash and shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock, at the Company’s election, based on the applicable conversion rate. The initial conversion rate is 15.5925 shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock per $1 principal amount of 2026 Notes, which represents an initial conversion price of approximately $64.13 per share, and is subject to adjustment as described in the 2026 Indenture. If a “make-whole fundamental change” (as defined in the 2026 Indenture) occurs, then the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate for a specified period of time.
The Company will have the option to redeem the 2026 Notes in whole or in part at any time on or after January 20, 2024 and on or before the 40th scheduled trading day immediately before the maturity date if the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B common stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price on (1) each of at least 20 trading days, whether or not consecutive, during any 30 consecutive trading days ending on, and including, the trading day immediately before the date the Company sends the related redemption notice; and (2) the trading day immediately before the date the Company sends such notice. The redemption price will be equal to the principal amount of the 2026 Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the redemption date.
23



Upon a fundamental change (as defined in the 2026 Indenture), holders may, subject to certain exceptions, require the Company to purchase their 2026 Notes in whole or in part for cash at a price equal to the principal amount of the 2026 Notes to be purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date (as defined in the 2026 Indenture). In addition, upon a Make‑Whole Fundamental Change (as defined in the 2026 Indenture), the Company will, under certain circumstances, increase the applicable conversion rate for a holder that elects to convert its 2026 Notes in connection with such Make‑Whole Fundamental Change. No adjustment to the conversion rate will be made if the stock price in such Make‑Whole Fundamental Change is either less than $44.23 per share or greater than $210.00 per share. The Company will not increase the conversion rate to an amount that exceeds 22.6090 shares per $1 principal amount of 2026 Notes, subject to adjustment. The 2026 Indenture also contains a customary merger covenant.
The 2026 Notes were accounted for as debt, with no bifurcation of the embedded conversion feature. Transaction costs were recorded as a direct deduction from the related debt liability in the consolidated balance sheet and are amortized to interest expense over the term of the 2026 Notes. The effective interest rate for the 2026 Notes is 0.658%.
As of March 31, 2022, none of the conditions of the 2026 Notes to early convert has been met.
The 2026 Notes contain both affirmative and negative covenants. As of March 31, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all covenants in the 2026 Notes.
Capped Call Options — In connection with the pricing of the 2026 Notes, the Company entered into capped call options with certain of the initial purchasers or their respective affiliates and certain other financial institutions. The Company incurred $150 of expenses in connection with the capped call options. The capped call options are expected to reduce potential dilution to the Company’s Class B Common Stock upon any conversion of 2026 Notes and/or offset any cash payments the Company is required to make in excess of the principal amount of converted notes, as the case may be, with such reduction and/or offset subject to a cap. The cap price of the capped call options is initially $72.9795 per share, which represents a premium of 65% above the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B Common Stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on January 21, 2021 and is subject to customary adjustments under the terms of the capped call options.
The capped call options were entered into in conjunction with the issuance of the 2026 Notes, however, they are legally separate agreements that can be separately exercised, with the receipt of shares under the capped call options having no effect on the 2026 Notes, and are legally detachable. As the capped call options are both legally detachable and separately exercisable from the 2026 Notes, the Company accounts for the capped call options separately from the 2026 Notes. The capped call options are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and classified in stockholders’ equity. As such, the premiums paid for the capped call options have been included as a net reduction to Additional paid-in capital in the consolidated balance sheet.
2027 Notes
On June 28, 2021, the Company completed a private offering of $575,000 of 0.375% convertible senior notes due 2027 (the “2027 Notes”). The 2027 Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of June 28, 2021, between the Company and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee (the “2027 Indenture”). Interest will accrue from June 28, 2021 and will be payable semi‑annually in arrears in cash on January 1 and July 1 of each year, with the first payment due on January 1, 2022. The 2027 Notes will mature on July 1, 2027, unless earlier converted, redeemed or repurchased. The Company incurred $15,065 of expenses in connection with the 2027 Notes offering consisting of transaction costs. The Company used $25,875 of the net proceeds from the sale of the 2027 Notes to pay the premiums of the capped call options described further below, and $536,062 to repay outstanding indebtedness under the Credit Facility and to pay related fees and expenses.
24



Prior to April 1, 2027, the 2027 Notes will be convertible at the option of the holder only under the following circumstances: (1) during any calendar quarter (and only during such quarter) commencing after the calendar quarter ending on September 30, 2021, if the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B Common Stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price for each of at least 20 trading days, whether or not consecutive, during the 30 consecutive trading days ending on, and including, the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter; (2) during the five consecutive business days immediately after any ten consecutive trading day period (such ten consecutive trading day period, the “measurement period”) in which the trading price per $1 principal amount of 2027 Notes for each trading day of the measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B Common Stock on such trading day and the conversion rate on such trading day; (3) upon the occurrence of certain corporate events or distributions on the Company’s Class B Common Stock, as described in the 2027 Indenture; and (4) if the Company calls the 2027 Notes for redemption. On or after April 1, 2027 until 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the second scheduled trading day immediately before the maturity date, the 2027 Notes will be convertible at the option of the holder at any time.
The Company will settle conversions by paying or delivering, as applicable, cash, shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock or a combination of cash and shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock, at the Company’s election, based on the applicable conversion rate. The initial conversion rate is 12.0153 shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock per $1 principal amount of 2027 Notes, which represents an initial conversion price of approximately $83.23 per share, and is subject to adjustment as described in the 2027 Indenture. If a “make-whole fundamental change” (as defined in the 2027 Indenture) occurs, then the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate for a specified period of time.
The Company will have the option to redeem the 2027 Notes in whole or in part at any time on or after July 5, 2024 and on or before the 40th scheduled trading day immediately before the maturity date if the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B common stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price on (1) each of at least 20 trading days, whether or not consecutive, during any 30 consecutive trading days ending on, and including, the trading day immediately before the date the Company sends the related redemption notice; and (2) the trading day immediately before the date the Company sends such notice. The redemption price will be equal to the principal amount of the 2027 Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the redemption date.
Upon a fundamental change (as defined in the 2027 Indenture), holders may, subject to certain exceptions, require the Company to purchase their 2027 Notes in whole or in part for cash at a price equal to the principal amount of the 2027 Notes to be purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date (as defined in the 2027 Indenture). In addition, upon a Make‑Whole Fundamental Change (as defined in the 2027 Indenture), the Company will, under certain circumstances, increase the applicable conversion rate for a holder that elects to convert its 2027 Notes in connection with such Make‑Whole Fundamental Change. No adjustment to the conversion rate will be made if the stock price in such Make‑Whole Fundamental Change is either less than $61.65 per share or greater than $325.00 per share. The Company will not increase the conversion rate to an amount that exceeds 16.2206 shares per $1 principal amount of 2027 Notes, subject to adjustment. The 2027 Indenture also contains a customary merger covenant.
The 2027 Notes were accounted for as debt, with no bifurcation of the embedded conversion feature. Transaction costs were recorded as a direct deduction from the related debt liability in the consolidated balance sheet and are amortized to interest expense over the term of the 2027 Notes. The effective interest rate for the 2027 Notes is 0.864%.
As of March 31, 2022, none of the conditions of the 2027 Notes to early convert has been met.
The 2027 Notes contain both affirmative and negative covenants. As of March 31, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all covenants in the 2027 Notes.
25



Capped Call Options — In connection with the pricing of the 2027 Notes, the Company entered into capped call options with certain of the initial purchasers or their respective affiliates and certain other financial institutions. The Company incurred $50 of expenses in connection with the capped call options. The capped call options are expected to reduce potential dilution to the Company’s Class B Common Stock upon any conversion of 2027 Notes and/or offset any cash payments the Company is required to make in excess of the principal amount of converted notes, as the case may be, with such reduction and/or offset subject to a cap. The cap price of the capped call options is initially $95.5575 per share, which represents a premium of 55% above the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s Class B Common Stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on June 23, 2021 and is subject to customary adjustments under the terms of the capped call options.
The capped call options were entered into in conjunction with the issuance of the 2027 Notes, however, they are legally separate agreements that can be separately exercised, with the receipt of shares under the capped call options having no effect on the 2027 Notes, and are legally detachable. As the capped call options are both legally detachable and separately exercisable from the 2027 Notes, the Company accounts for the capped call options separately from the 2027 Notes. The capped call options are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and classified in stockholders’ equity. As such, the premiums paid for the capped call options have been included as a net reduction to Additional paid-in capital in the consolidated balance sheet.
Interest Expense
Interest expense consists of the following:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Bank credit facility (1):
Revolving loan facility $ 2,225  $ 729 
Term loan 1,067  — 
Interest rate swap 294  301 
Amortization and write-off of deferred debt issuance costs 243  575 
3,829  1,605 
2026 Notes:
0.125% Coupon interest
216  154 
Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs 908  654 
1,124  808 
2027 Notes:
0.375% Coupon interest
539  — 
Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs 627  — 
1,166  — 
Other obligations 1,005  (12)
Total interest expense $ 7,124  $ 2,401 
(1)The weighted average interest rate was 2.32% and 1.90% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
26



Interest rate risk associated with the Credit Facility is managed through an interest rate swap which has a termination date of April 2, 2030. Under the terms of the interest rate swap, the Company fixed its LIBOR borrowing rate at 0.73% on a notional amount of $200,000. The interest rate swap is not designated as a hedging instrument for accounting purposes. The Company accounts for the interest rate swap as either an asset or a liability in the consolidated balance sheets and carries the derivative at fair value. Gains and losses from the change in fair value are recognized in Other income, net in the consolidated statements of operations. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded a swap related asset at fair value of $22,201 and $10,117, respectively, in Other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
Note 11: Executive Bonus Plan
Certain of the Company’s key employees, including its named executive officers, participate in the amended and restated Bentley Systems, Incorporated Bonus Pool Plan (the “Bonus Plan”). Pursuant to the Bonus Plan, participants are eligible to receive incentive bonuses that are determined based on the Company’s adjusted Management Report Operating Income (“MROI”), as defined in the plan agreement and before deduction for such plan payments. For purposes of the Bonus Plan, the bonus pool thereunder may be funded with up to an aggregate of 20% of the Company’s adjusted MROI, subject to approval by the board of directors, with payments made to plan participants based on each such participant’s allocated interest in the bonus pool. The plan permits the deduction of certain holdback amounts from the plan’s pool, from which amounts can then be allocated to fund items including equity and/or cash incentive compensation for non‑plan participants and participant charitable contributions.
A participant may defer any portion, or all, of such participant’s incentive bonus payable pursuant to the Bonus Plan into the deferred compensation plan (see Note 12). A participant’s non‑deferred incentive bonus is payable in cash, however, the Bonus Plan provides, in part, that a participant may elect to receive any portion, or all, of such participant’s non‑deferred incentive bonus in the form of shares of fully vested Class B Common Stock issued under the Bentley Systems, Incorporated 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan, subject to the limitation described below. The Company records the election of non‑deferred incentive bonus in the form of shares of fully vested Class B Common Stock as stock‑based compensation expense in the consolidated statements of operations (see Note 15). Such election must be made prior to the start of the applicable calendar quarter for which the incentive bonus is to be paid, and the number of shares of Class B Common Stock payable in respect of such elected amount is calculated using a volume-weighted average price of the Company’s Class B Common Stock for the period commencing on the tenth trading day prior to the end of the applicable calendar quarter and ending on the tenth trading day following the end of the applicable calendar quarter. Notwithstanding participants’ elections to receive shares of fully vested Class B Common Stock in respect of their non‑deferred incentive bonus payments, if, in any calendar quarter, the aggregate U.S. Dollar value of shares of fully vested Class B Common Stock payable in respect of the non‑deferred incentive bonuses exceeds $7,500, the portion of each participant’s non‑deferred incentive bonus payable in shares of fully vested Class B Common Stock will be reduced pro rata such that the $7,500 limit is not exceeded, and, for each affected participant, the amount of such reduction will be payable in cash.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the incentive compensation, including cash payments, election to receive shares of fully vested Class B Common Stock, and deferred compensation to plan participants, recognized under this plan (net of all applicable holdbacks) was $9,719 and $8,875, respectively.
Note 12: Retirement Plans
Deferred Compensation Plan
Under the Company’s unfunded amended and restated Bentley Systems, Incorporated Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan (the “DCP”), certain officers and key employees may defer all or any part of their incentive compensation, and the Company may make discretionary awards on behalf of such participants. Elective participant deferrals and discretionary Company awards are received in the form of phantom shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock, which are valued for tax and accounting purposes in the same manner as actual shares of Class B Common Stock, and are recorded as stock‑based compensation expense in the consolidated statements of operations (see Note 15).
27


DCP participants’ holdings in phantom shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock are equity classified as they will be settled in shares of Class B Common Stock upon eventual distribution.
In August 2021, the Company’s board of directors approved an amendment to the DCP, which offered to certain active executives in the DCP a one‑time, short‑term election to reallocate a limited portion of their DCP holdings from phantom shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock into other phantom investment funds. For further discussion of the aforementioned DCP reallocation, see Note 12 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 of the Company’s 2021 Annual Report on Form 10‑K.
DCP participants’ holdings in phantom investment funds and amounts in the DCP attributable to certain non‑colleague participants are classified as liabilities in either Accruals and other current liabilities or Deferred compensation plan liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets as they will be settled in cash upon eventual distribution. The deferred compensation plan liabilities are marked to market at the end of each reporting period, with changes in the liabilities recorded as an expense (income) to Deferred compensation plan in the consolidated statements of operations.
Deferred compensation plan (income) expense was $(5,138) and $167 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, DCP elective participant deferrals were $669 and $854, respectively. No discretionary contributions were made to the DCP during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, phantom shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock issuable by the DCP were 24,111,988 and 25,384,449, respectively.
The total liabilities related to the DCP is included in the consolidated balance sheets as follows:
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Accruals and other current liabilities $ 7,779  $ 7,309 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities 89,282  94,890 
Total DCP liabilities $ 97,061  $ 102,199 
Note 13: Common Stock
Common Stock Issuances, Sales, and Repurchases
For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company issued 1,401,249 shares of Class B Common Stock to colleagues who exercised their stock options, net of 314,659 shares withheld at exercise to pay for the cost of the stock options, as well as for $7,651 of applicable income tax withholdings. The Company received $2,768 in proceeds from the exercise of stock options. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 1,263,121 shares of Class B Common Stock to colleagues who exercised their stock options, net of 262,210 shares withheld at exercise to pay for the cost of the stock options, as well as for $7,158 of applicable income tax withholdings. The Company received $1,751 in proceeds from the exercise of stock options.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company issued 149,855 shares of Class B Common Stock related to the exercise of acquisition options (see Note 15), net of 585,145 shares withheld at exercise to pay for the cost of the options. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the exercise of these options.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company issued 72,105 and 79,961 shares of Class B Common Stock, respectively, in connection with Bonus Plan incentive compensation, net of shares withheld. Of the total 128,496 shares awarded for the three months ended March 31, 2022, 56,391 shares were sold back to the Company in the same period to pay for applicable income tax withholdings of $2,192. Of the total 126,038 shares awarded for the three months ended March 31, 2021, 46,077 shares were sold back to the Company in the same period to pay for applicable income tax withholdings of $2,037.
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For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company issued 809,751 and 339,503 shares of Class B Common Stock, respectively, to DCP participants in connection with distributions from the plan. The distribution in shares for the three months ended March 31, 2022 totaled 1,310,061 shares of which 500,310 shares were sold back to the Company in the same period to pay for applicable income tax withholdings of $24,246. The distribution in shares for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled 556,475 shares of which 216,972 shares were sold back to the Company in the same period to pay for applicable income tax withholdings of $8,859.
Dividends
The Company declared cash dividends during the periods presented as follows:
Dividend
Per Share Amount
2022:
First quarter $ 0.03  $ 8,353 
2021:
First quarter $ 0.03  $ 8,219 
Global Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Bentley Systems, Incorporated Global Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”) provides eligible colleagues of the Company with an opportunity to contribute up to 15% of their eligible compensation toward the purchase of the Company’s Class B Common Stock at a discounted price, up to a maximum of $25 per year and subject to any other plan limitations. Unless otherwise determined by the board of directors, offering periods will run from January 1st (or the first trading day thereafter) through June 30th (or the first trading day prior to such date), and from July 1st (or the first trading day thereafter) through December 31st (or the first trading day prior to such date). The purchase price per share at which shares of Class B Common Stock are sold in an offering period under the ESPP will be equal to the lesser of 85% of the fair market value of a share of Class B Common Stock (i) on the first trading day of the offering period, or (ii) on the purchase date (i.e., the last trading day of the purchase period). During the three months ended March 31, 2022, colleagues who elected to participate in the ESPP purchased a total of 109,749 shares of Class B Common Stock, net of shares withheld, resulting in cash proceeds to the Company of $4,611. Of the total 112,249 shares purchased, 2,500 shares were sold back to the Company to pay for applicable income tax withholdings of $121. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, no shares were issued under the ESPP. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $3,118 and $4,818 of ESPP withholding via colleague payroll deduction were recorded in Accruals and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets, respectively.
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Note 14: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated other comprehensive loss consists of the following during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Foreign Actuarial (Loss)
Currency Gain on
Translation Retirement Plan Total
Balance, December 31, 2021 $ (90,867) $ (907) $ (91,774)
Other comprehensive income, before taxes
16,437  18  16,455 
Tax expense   (5) (5)
Other comprehensive income, net of taxes
16,437  13  16,450 
Balance, March 31, 2022 $ (74,430) $ (894) $ (75,324)
Foreign Actuarial (Loss)
Currency Gain on
Translation Retirement Plan Total
Balance, December 31, 2020 $ (25,219) $ (1,014) $ (26,233)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, before taxes
(9,182) 29  (9,153)
Tax expense —  (8) (8)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of taxes
(9,182) 21  (9,161)
Balance, March 31, 2021 $ (34,401) $ (993) $ (35,394)
Note 15: Equity Awards and Instruments
Stock-Based Compensation Expense
Total stock‑based compensation expense was as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Bonus Plan expense (see Note 11) $ 8,161  $ 6,124 
Restricted stock and restricted stock units (“RSUs”) expense (1)
5,365  1,497 
Stock option expense 756  998 
ESPP expense (see Note 13) 680  449 
DCP elective participant deferrals expense (2) (see Note 12)
137  — 
Total stock-based compensation expense (3)
$ 15,099  $ 9,068 
(1)Includes acquisition‑related shares for the three months ended March 31, 2022 (see Note 4).
(2)DCP elective participant deferrals expense excludes deferred incentive bonus payable pursuant to the Bonus Plan.
(3)As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $8,658 and $6,749 remained in Accruals and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets, respectively.
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Total stock‑based compensation expense is included in the consolidated statements of operations as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Cost of subscriptions and licenses $ 385  $ 89 
Cost of services 383  243 
Research and development 5,395  3,955 
Selling and marketing 1,454  788 
General and administrative 7,482  3,993 
Total stock-based compensation expense $ 15,099  $ 9,068 
Stock‑based compensation expense is measured at the grant date fair value of the award and is recognized ratably over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period. Specifically for performance‑based RSUs, stock‑based compensation expense is measured at the grant date fair value of the award and is recognized ratably over the requisite service period based on the number of awards expected to vest at each reporting date. The Company accounts for forfeitures of equity awards as those forfeitures occur.
Stock Options
The following is a summary of stock option activity and related information under the Company’s applicable equity incentive plans:
Weighted
Weighted Average
Average Remaining Aggregate
Stock Exercise Price Contractual Intrinsic
Options Per Share Life (in years) Value
Outstanding, December 31, 2021 6,917,925  $ 5.26 
Exercised (1,715,908) 4.42 
Forfeited (25,125) 5.56 
Outstanding, March 31, 2022 5,176,892  $ 5.54  1.6 $ 200,026 
Exercisable, March 31, 2022 3,144,392  $ 5.55  1.6 $ 121,455 
For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company received cash proceeds of $2,768 and $1,751, respectively, related to the exercise of stock options. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $62,025 and $61,267, respectively.
As of March 31, 2022, there was $1,873 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 0.9 years.
Acquisition Options — In addition to stock options granted under the Company’s equity incentive plans, in connection with an acquisition completed in March 2018, the Company issued to certain selling shareholder entities options to acquire an aggregate of up to 900,000 shares of Class B Common Stock. The options have a five‑year term, were exercisable on March 27, 2022, and have an initial exercise price of $6.805 per share. The exercise price of the options is subject to a cap and collar adjustment mechanism that automatically reduces (but not to less than $0.01) or increases the exercise price based on the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the Company’s Class B Common Stock on the exercise date. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, 735,000 shares were exercised. As of March 31, 2022, 165,000 shares remain outstanding and have an aggregate intrinsic value of $1,465.
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Restricted Stock and RSUs
Under the equity incentive plans, the Company may grant both time‑based and performance‑based shares of restricted Class B Common Stock and RSUs to eligible colleagues. Time‑based awards generally vest ratably on each of the first four anniversaries of the grant date. Performance‑based awards vesting is determined by the achievement of certain business profitability and growth targets, which include growth in annualized recurring revenues, as well as actual bookings for perpetual licenses and non‑recurring services, and certain non‑financial performance targets. Performance targets are generally set for annual performance periods.
The following is a summary of unvested restricted stock and RSU activity and related information under the Company’s applicable equity incentive plans:
Time- Performance-
Based Based
Time- Performance- Weighted Weighted
Total Based Based Average Average
Restricted Restricted Restricted Grant Date Grant Date
Stock Stock Stock Fair Value Fair Value
and RSUs and RSUs and RSUs Per Share Per Share
Unvested, December 31, 2021 1,708,545  1,611,862  96,683 
(4)
$ 32.81  $ 49.93 
Granted 1,377,889 
(1)
1,072,104 
(3)
305,785 
(5)
39.26 39.26
Vested (95,877) (4,707) (91,170)
(4)
44.20  49.93 
Forfeited (20,044) (14,531) (5,513) 39.27  49.93 
Unvested, March 31, 2022 2,970,513 
(2)
2,664,728  305,785  $ 35.35  $ 39.26 
(1)For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company only granted RSUs.
(2)Includes 67,957 RSUs which are expected to be settled in cash.
(3)Includes 199,076 time‑based RSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 to certain officers and key employees, which cliff vest on January 31, 2025.
(4)Relates to the 2021 annual performance period. Total stock‑based compensation expense associated with these awards was fully recognized as of December 31, 2021.
(5)Relates to the 2022 annual performance period, except for 185,186 performance‑based RSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 with extraordinary terms, which are described below.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted 185,186 performance‑based RSUs to certain officers and key employees, which vest subject to the achievement of certain performance goals over a three‑year performance period (the “Performance Period”). For each year of the Performance Period, one‑third of the performance‑based RSUs will be subject to a cliff, whereby no vesting of that portion will occur unless the Company’s Adjusted EBITDA margin also equals or exceeds the relevant target level for such year. Provided Adjusted EBITDA margin targets are met, the total number of performance‑based RSUs that will vest is determined by the achievement of certain business profitability and growth targets, which include growth in annualized recurring revenues, as well as actual bookings for perpetual licenses and non‑recurring services. Final actual vesting will be determined on January 31, 2025.
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During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted 120,599 performance‑based RSUs to certain officers and key employees, which vest subject to the achievement of certain performance goals related to the 2022 annual performance period. Provided Adjusted EBITDA margin targets are met, the total number of performance‑based RSUs that will vest is determined by the achievement of certain business profitability and growth targets, which include growth in annualized recurring revenues, as well as actual bookings for perpetual licenses and non‑recurring services. To the extent performance exceeds the applicable targets for 2022, these grantees could realize a maximum of 1.25x the number of annual performance‑based RSUs granted or 150,749 performance‑based RSUs.
In 2016, the Company granted RSUs subject to performance‑based vesting as determined by the achievement of certain business growth targets. Certain colleagues elected to defer delivery of such shares upon vesting. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, 10,888 and 10,864 shares, respectively, were delivered to colleagues, and 7 and 14 additional shares, respectively, were earned as a result of dividends. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, 9,340 and 20,221 shares, respectively, of these vested and deferred RSUs remained outstanding.
The weighted average grant date fair values of RSUs granted were $39.26 and $45.32, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, restricted stock and RSUs were issued net of 38,955 and 14,869 shares, respectively, which were sold back to the Company to settle applicable income tax withholdings of $1,555 and $708, respectively.
As of March 31, 2022, there was $83,341 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested time‑based restricted stock and RSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.2 years. There was no remaining unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested performance‑based restricted stock. As of March 31, 2022, there was $11,676 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested performance‑based RSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.0 years.
Note 16: Income Taxes
The Company calculates its interim income tax provision in accordance with ASC Topics 270, Interim Reporting, and 740, Income Taxes. At the end of each interim period, the Company makes an estimate of the annual U.S. domestic and foreign jurisdictions’ expected effective tax rates and applies these rates to its respective year to date taxable income or loss. The computation of the estimated effective tax rates at each interim period requires certain estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the fiscal year, projections of the proportion of income (or loss) earned and taxed in the U.S. and foreign tax jurisdictions, along with permanent differences, and the likelihood of deferred tax asset utilization. The Company’s estimates and assumptions may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained, or as the tax environment changes. Should facts and circumstances change during a period causing a material change to the estimated effective income tax rate, a cumulative adjustment will be recorded.
The income tax provisions for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were based on the estimated annual effective income tax rates adjusted for discrete items occurring during the periods presented. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized an aggregate consolidated income tax expense of $3,231 and $10,358, respectively, for U.S. domestic and foreign income taxes. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded discrete tax benefits of $12,728 and $7,485, respectively, primarily associated with significant windfall tax benefits from stock‑based compensation, net of the impact from officer compensation limitation provisions. The effective income tax rate of 5.4% on Income before income taxes of $60,191 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was lower than the effective income tax rate of 15.3% on Income before income taxes of $67,810 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 primarily due to an increase in discrete tax benefits as discussed above.
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During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company repatriated $100,000 of undistributed previously taxed earnings generated by its foreign subsidiaries to the U.S. Subsequent to March 31, 2022, the Company repatriated $50,000 of accumulated undistributed previously taxed earnings generated by its foreign subsidiaries as of March 31, 2022 to the U.S. The repatriation was used to fund a portion of the acquisition of Power Line Systems (see Note 4). The cash repatriations did not have a material impact on Provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2022.
Note 17: Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Derivatives Not Designated As Hedging Instrument
The Company has an interest rate swap with a notional amount of $200,000 and a termination date of April 2, 2030 to reduce the interest rate risk associated with the Company’s Credit Facility. The interest rate swap is not designated as a hedging instrument for accounting purposes. The Company accounts for the interest rate swap as either an asset or a liability in the consolidated balance sheets and carries the derivative at fair value.
The following is a summary of the interest rate swap activity:
Three Months Ended
March 31, Recognized in Consolidated
2022 2021 Statements of Operations
Interest rate swap:
Gain from change in fair value
$ 12,084  $ 13,661 
Other income, net
Payments 294  301  Interest expense, net
Fair Value
The Company applies the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, for fair value measurements of financial assets and financial liabilities and for fair value measurements of non‑financial items that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the consolidated financial statements.
The Company’s financial instruments include cash equivalents, account receivables, certain other assets, accounts payable, accruals, certain other current and long‑term liabilities, and long‑term debt.
The following methods and assumptions were used by the Company in estimating its fair value disclosures for financial instruments as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
Current assets and current liabilities — In general, the carrying amounts reported on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets for current assets and current liabilities approximate their fair values due to the short‑term nature of those instruments.
Acquisition contingent consideration — The fair value of these liabilities is based on significant inputs not observable in the market, which represents a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. The valuation of contingent consideration uses assumptions the Company believes would be made by a market participant.
Interest rate swap — The fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap is measured based on the implied forward rates from the U.S. Dollar one‑month LIBOR yield curve and are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.
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Long-term debt — The fair value of the Company’s borrowings under its Credit Facility approximated its carrying value based upon discounted cash flows at current market rates for instruments with similar remaining terms. The Company considers these valuation inputs to be Level 2 inputs in the fair value hierarchy. As of March 31, 2022, the estimated fair value of the 2026 Notes and 2027 Notes was $681,030 and $502,257, respectively. As of December 31, 2021, the estimated fair value of the 2026 Notes and 2027 Notes was $720,284 and $531,915, respectively. The estimated fair value of the 2026 Notes and 2027 Notes is based on quoted market prices of the Company’s instrument in markets that are not active and are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. Considerable judgment is necessary to interpret the market data and develop estimates of fair values. Accordingly, the estimates presented are not necessarily indicative of the amounts at which these instruments could be purchased, sold, or settled.
Deferred compensation plan liabilities — The fair value of deferred compensation plan liabilities, including the liability classified phantom investments in the DCP, are marked to market at the end of each reporting period.
A financial asset or liability classification is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The fair value hierarchy consists of the following three levels:
Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on management’s own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value.
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The following tables provide the financial assets and financial liabilities carried at fair value measured on a recurring basis:
March 31, 2022 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
Assets:
Money market funds (1)
$ 21  $ —  $ —  $ 21 
Interest rate swap (2)
—  22,201  —  22,201 
Total assets $ 21  $ 22,201  $ —  $ 22,222 
Liabilities:
Acquisition contingent consideration (3)
$ —  $ —  $ 4,361  $ 4,361 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities (4)
97,061  —  —  97,061 
Cash-settled equity awards (5)
497  —  —  497 
Total liabilities $ 97,558  $ —  $ 4,361  $ 101,919 
December 31, 2021 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
Assets:
Money market funds (1)
$ 21  $ —  $ —  $ 21 
Interest rate swap (2)
—  10,117  —  10,117 
Total assets $ 21  $ 10,117  $ —  $ 10,138 
Liabilities:
Acquisition contingent consideration (3)
$ —  $ —  $ 6,613  $ 6,613 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities (4)
102,199  —  —  102,199 
Cash-settled equity awards (5)
353  —  —  353 
Total liabilities $ 102,552  $ —  $ 6,613  $ 109,165 
(1)Included in Cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated balance sheets.
(2)Included in Other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
(3)Included in Other liabilities, except for current liabilities of $3,401 and $5,382 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, which are included in Accruals and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Acquisition contingent consideration liability is measured at fair value and is based on significant inputs not observable in the market, which represents a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. The valuation of contingent consideration uses assumptions the Company believes would be made by a market participant.
(4)Included in Deferred compensation plan liabilities, except for current liabilities of $7,779 and $7,309 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, which are included in Accruals and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
(5)Included in Accruals and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
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The following table is a reconciliation of the changes in fair value of the Company’s financial liabilities which have been classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy:
Three Months Ended Year Ended
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Balance, beginning of year $ 6,613  $ 4,299 
Payments (2,721) (2,371)
Addition —  4,544 
Change in fair value 500  294 
Foreign currency translation adjustments (31) (153)
Balance, end of period $ 4,361  $ 6,613 
The Company did not have any transfers between levels within the fair value hierarchy.
Note 18: Commitments and Contingencies
Purchase Commitment — In the normal course of business, the Company enters into various purchase commitments for goods and services. As of March 31, 2022, the non‑cancelable future cash purchase commitment for services related to the cloud provisioning of the Company’s software solutions was $41,947 through May 2023. The Company expects to fully consume its contractual commitment in the ordinary course of operations.
Operating Leases — The Company leases certain office facilities, office equipment, and automobiles under operating leases having initial or remaining non‑cancelable terms in excess of one year (see Note 8).
Litigation — From time to time, the Company is involved in certain legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. In management’s opinion, based upon the advice of counsel, the outcome of such actions is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s future financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
Note 19: Geographic Data
Revenues by geographic area are presented in Note 3. The following table presents the Company’s long‑lived assets (other than goodwill), net of depreciation and amortization by geographic region (see Notes 5, 6, and 8):
March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021
Americas (1)
$ 188,292  $ 99,500 
EMEA 40,574  44,730 
APAC 181,638  184,245 
Total long-lived assets $ 410,504  $ 328,475 
(1)Americas includes the U.S., Canada, and Latin America (including the Caribbean).
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Note 20: Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net is comprised of the following:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Interest expense (see Note 10) $ (7,124) $ (2,401)
Interest income 82  82 
Interest expense, net $ (7,042) $ (2,319)
Note 21: Other Income, Net
Other income, net is comprised of the following:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Foreign exchange (loss) gain (1)
$ (3,071) $ 792 
Other income, net (2)
13,712  13,690 
Total other income, net
$ 10,641  $ 14,482 
(1)Foreign exchange (loss) gain is primarily attributable to foreign currency translation derived primarily from U.S. Dollar denominated cash and cash equivalents, account receivables, customer deposits, and intercompany balances held by foreign subsidiaries.
(2)For the three months ended March 31, 2022, other income, net includes a gain from the change in fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap of $12,084 (see Note 17) and a gain on the sale of 50% of the Company’s interest in its aircraft of $2,029 (see Note 5), partially offset by a loss from the change in fair value of acquisition contingent consideration of $500. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, other income, net includes a gain from the change in fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap of $13,661 (see Note 17).
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Note 22: Net Income Per Share
The Company issues certain performance-based RSUs determined to be participating securities because holders of such shares have non-forfeitable dividend rights in the event of the Company’s declaration of a dividend for common shares. As of March 31, 2022, there were 305,785 participating securities outstanding. As of March 31, 2021, there were no participating securities outstanding.
Undistributed net income allocated to participating securities are subtracted from net income in determining basic net income attributable to common stockholders. Basic net income per share is computed by dividing basic net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares, inclusive of undistributed shares held in the DCP as phantom shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock.
For the Company’s diluted net income per share numerator, interest expense, net of tax, attributable to the conversion of the convertible senior notes is added back to basic net income attributable to common stockholders. For the Company’s diluted net income per share denominator, the basic weighted average number of shares is adjusted by the effect of dilutive securities, including awards under the Company’s equity compensation plans and ESPP, and by the dilutive effect of the assumed conversion of the convertible senior notes. Diluted net income per share attributable to common stockholders is computed by dividing diluted net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of fully diluted common shares.
Except with respect to voting and conversion, the rights of the holders of the Company’s Class A Common Stock and the Company’s Class B Common Stock are identical. Each class of shares has the same rights to dividends and allocation of income (loss) and, therefore, net income per share would not differ under the two‑class method.
The details of basic and diluted net income per share are as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Numerator:
Net income
$ 56,388  $ 57,006 
Less: Net income attributable to participating securities
(9) — 
Net income attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders, basic
56,379  57,006 
Add: Interest expense, net of tax, attributable to assumed conversion of convertible senior notes 1,695  130 
Net income attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders, diluted
$ 58,074  $ 57,136 
Denominator:
Weighted average shares, basic 307,969,672  302,583,452 
Dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock, and RSUs 5,542,252  11,388,113 
Dilutive effect of ESPP 150,709  114,364 
Dilutive effect of assumed conversion of convertible senior notes 17,667,623  7,650,720 
Weighted average shares, diluted 331,330,256  321,736,649 
Net income per share, basic
$ 0.18  $ 0.19 
Net income per share, diluted
$ 0.18  $ 0.18 
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The following potential common shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share attributable to common stockholders because their effect would have been anti‑dilutive for the periods presented:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Stock options, restricted stock, and RSUs 1,282,161  6,714 
Total anti-dilutive securities 1,282,161  6,714 
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q and with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part II, Item 8 of our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10‑K on file with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In addition to historical information, this discussion contains forward‑looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from management’s expectations. Factors that could cause such differences are set forth in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q.
All amounts presented in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, except share and per share amounts, are presented in thousands. Additionally, many of the amounts and percentages have been rounded for convenience of presentation.
Overview:
We are a leading global provider of software for infrastructure engineering, enabling the work of civil, structural, geoprofessional, and plant engineering practitioners, their project delivery enterprises, and owner‑operators of infrastructure assets.
Our enduring commitment is to develop and support the most comprehensive portfolio of integrated software offerings across professional disciplines, project and asset lifecycles, infrastructure sectors, and geographies. Our software enables digital workflows across engineering disciplines, distributed project teams, from offices to the field, and across computing form factors, including desktops, on‑premises servers, cloud‑native services, mobile devices, and web browsers. We deliver our solutions via on‑premises, cloud, and hybrid environments. Our users engineer, construct, and operate projects and assets across the following infrastructure sectors:
public works (including roads, rail, airports, ports, and water and wastewater networks)/utilities (including electric, gas, water, and communications). We estimate that this sector represents 52% of the net infrastructure asset value of the global top 500 infrastructure owners based on the 2021 edition of the Bentley Infrastructure 500 Top Owners, our annual compilation of the world’s largest infrastructure owners ranked by net depreciated value of their tangible fixed assets;
industrial (including discrete and process manufacturing, power generation, and water treatment plants)/resources (including oil and gas, mining, and offshore). We estimate that this sector represents 34% of the global top 500 infrastructure owners’ net infrastructure asset value; and
commercial/facilities (including office buildings, hospitals, and campuses). We estimate that this sector represents 14% of the global top 500 infrastructure owners’ net infrastructure asset value.
We offer solutions for enterprises and professionals across the infrastructure lifecycle. Our Engineering Applications and Geoprofessional Applications support the breadth of engineering and geoprofessional disciplines and are primarily desktop applications for professional practitioners. Our project delivery and asset performance Enterprise systems are provided via cloud and hybrid environments, developed respectively to extend enterprise collaboration during project delivery, and to manage and leverage engineering information during operations and maintenance. Our Industry Solutions solve domain‑specific problems for owners of infrastructure assets, and the project delivery ecosystems that support these owners. Our cloud-native iTwin Platform solutions enable digital twin workflows, which can span project and asset lifecycles.
We continue to make substantial investments in research and development because we believe the infrastructure engineering software market presents compelling opportunities for the application of new technologies that advance our current solutions. Our research and development roadmap balances technology advances and new offerings with continuous enhancements to existing offerings. Our allocation of research and development resources is guided by management‑established priorities, input from product managers, and user and sales force feedback.
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We bring our offerings to market primarily through direct sales channels that generated approximately 92% of our 2021 total revenues.
Our sources of revenue growth, in order of magnitude and excluding the impact from acquisitions, come from the recurrence of existing subscriptions revenues, additional revenue and growth from existing accounts using the same products, additional revenue and growth from existing accounts using new products, and growth from new accounts. For the year ended December 31, 2021, subscriptions represented 84% of our total revenues, and together with certain services revenues that are recurring in nature and represented 2% of our total revenues, bring the proportion of our recurring revenues to 86% of our total revenues. The remaining 14% of our revenues were generated from the sale of perpetual licenses and the delivery of non‑recurring services. We have a highly‑diversified account base, with our largest account representing no more than 2.5% of our total revenues in 2021. Our 2021 total revenues were also diversified by account type, size, and geography. Additionally, we believe that we have a loyal account base, with over 70% of our 2021 total revenues from organizations that have been our accounts for over ten years. Between 2002 and 2021, our total revenues had an approximately 8% compound annual growth rate.
Our Commercial Offerings:
Our solutions are made available to our accounts in a broad range of commercial offerings designed to accommodate the diverse preferences of our accounts, which range from owned versus subscribed, short‑term subscriptions versus longer term annual subscriptions, and fee‑certain arrangements versus variable or consumption‑based arrangements with consumption measurement durations of less than one year. We contract our commercial offerings under a single form of standard contract, which includes liability and other risk protections in our favor, and appropriate standard addendums to the primary contract, which specifically address the commercial offerings provided. Our standard commercial offerings are summarized in the table below, with further descriptions following the table:
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SELECT Subscriptions. Our SELECT subscription is a prepaid annual recurring subscription that accompanies a new or previously purchased perpetual license. We believe that the SELECT benefits summarized below support our favorable rates of account retention and growth:
Software upgrades;
Comprehensive technical support;
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License pooling providing accounts with efficiency advantages;
Portfolio balancing providing accounts the opportunity to exchange unused or under used licenses with other of our license offerings;
Learning benefits, Azure‑based cloud collaboration services, and mobility advantages; and
Access to our entire application portfolio with usage of licenses not previously purchased monetized quarterly in arrears based on consumption. See the section titled “Term License Subscriptions” below.
Enterprise Subscriptions. Our Enterprise subscription offerings provide our largest accounts with complete and unlimited global access to our comprehensive portfolio of solutions.
Enterprise License Subscriptions (“ELS”). Our ELS offering provides access to our comprehensive portfolio of solutions for a fixed annual fee. Subsequent annual renewals are based on the account’s usage of software in the preceding year, effectively resulting in an annual consumption‑based arrangement. The majority of our ELS subscribers were historically SELECT subscribers that have grown into a position to take full advantage of our ELS offering.
Enterprise 365 (“E365”) Subscriptions. Under our E365 subscription, participating accounts have unrestricted access to our comprehensive software portfolio, similar to ELS, however they are charged based upon daily usage. E365 subscriptions can contain quarterly usage floors or collars as accounts transition to the usage model or for accounts within the public sector. The daily usage fee also includes a term license component, SELECT maintenance and support, hosting, and Success Blueprints, which are designed to achieve business outcomes through more efficient and effective use of our software. The E365 subscription offering was introduced during the fourth quarter of 2018. We are prioritizing efforts to transition ELS subscribers to E365 subscriptions, primarily to simplify pricing, more closely align consumption to monetization, and to establish Success Blueprints as recurring to ensure better business outcomes for our users. To the extent we succeed in transitioning subscribers to E365, we recognize a greater proportion of our revenues on a quarterly basis rather than substantially upfront. See the section titled “Key Factors Impacting Comparability and Performance.”
Term License Subscriptions
Annual Term Licenses (“ATL”) Subscription. Annual term licenses are generally prepaid annually for named user access to specific products and include our Virtuoso subscriptions sold via our Virtuosity eStore for practitioner licenses. Virtuoso subscriptions are bundles with customizable training and expert consultation administered through “keys” or credits. ATL are also used to monetize site or enterprise wide access for certain of our AssetWise solutions within given usage bands.
Quarterly Term License (“QTL”) Subscription. Through quarterly term licenses, accounts pay quarterly in arrears for licenses they have used representing usage beyond their contracted quantities. Much like our Enterprise subscription programs, a QTL allows smaller- and medium‑sized accounts to match usage to ongoing project requirements.
Monthly Term License (“MTL”) Subscription. Monthly term licenses are identical to QTL subscriptions, except for the term of the license, and the manner in which they are monetized. MTL subscriptions require a Cloud Services Subscription, which is discussed below.
Visas and Passports. Visas and Passports are quarterly or annual term licenses enabling users to access specific project or enterprise information and entitles our users to certain functionality of our ProjectWise and AssetWise systems. Generally, a Passport provides desktop, web, and mobile application access to project information and certain functions, and a Visa provides similar access, plus added functionality depending upon the product to which the Visa is aligned.
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While certain legacy arrangements are supported, our standard offering requires Visas and Passports to be fulfilled and contracted via a CSS, which is discussed below.
Cloud Services Subscription (“CSS”). CSS is designed to streamline the procurement, administration, and payment process for us and our accounts. A CSS requires an upfront annual estimation of MTL, Visa and Passport consumption, and any Success Services expected for the upcoming year. A deposit for the annual estimated consumption is submitted in advance. Actual consumption is monitored and invoiced against the deposit on a calendar quarter basis. Accounts are charged only for what gets used and deposited amounts never expire.
Perpetual Licenses
We historically have sold perpetual licenses and continue to offer them to our accounts as an available option for most of our applications. Perpetual licenses are available for accounts that prefer to own their software licenses and may be sold with or without attaching a SELECT subscription. Historically, attachment and retention of the SELECT subscription has been high given the benefits of the SELECT subscription.
Services
We provide professional services, including training, implementation, configuration, customization, and strategic consulting services. We perform projects on both a time and materials and a fixed fee basis. Certain of our fixed‑fee arrangements, including our Success Services offerings, are structured as subscription‑like, packaged offerings that are annually recurring in nature. Success Services are standard service offerings that provide a level of dedicated professional services above the standard technical support offered to all accounts as part of their SELECT or Enterprise agreement.
Key Business Metrics:
We regularly review the following key metrics to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends in our business, prepare financial projections, and make strategic decisions.
Twelve Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Last twelve-months recurring revenues $ 885,882  $ 716,902 
Constant Currency:
Annualized recurring revenues (“ARR”) growth rate 27  % 10  %
Account retention rate 98  % 98  %
Recurring revenues dollar-based net retention rate 108  % 107  %
Last twelve‑months recurring revenues. Last twelve‑months recurring revenues is calculated as recurring revenues recognized over the preceding twelve‑month period. We define recurring revenues as subscriptions revenues that recur monthly, quarterly, or annually with specific or automatic renewal clauses and services revenues in which the underlying contract is based on a fixed fee and contains automatic annual renewal provisions.
We believe that last twelve‑months recurring revenues is an important indicator of our performance during the immediately preceding twelve‑month time period. We believe that we will continue to experience favorable growth in recurring revenues primarily due to our strong account retention and recurring revenues dollar‑based net retention rates, as well as the addition of new accounts with recurring revenues. The last twelve‑months recurring revenues for the periods ended March 31, 2022 compared to the last twelve‑months of the preceding twelve‑month period increased by $168,980. This increase was primarily due to growth in ARR, which is primarily the result of growing our recurring revenues within our existing accounts as expressed in our recurring revenues dollar‑based net retention rate, as well as additional recurring revenues resulting from new accounts and acquisitions. For the twelve months
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ended March 31, 2022, 87% of our revenues were recurring revenues.
Constant currency metrics. In reporting period‑over‑period results, we calculate the effects of foreign currency fluctuations and constant currency information by translating current period results using prior period average foreign currency exchange rates. Our definition of constant currency may differ from other companies reporting similarly named measures, and these constant currency performance measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as a substitute for, our operating performance measures calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).
ARR growth rate. Our ARR growth rate is the growth rate of our ARR, measured on a constant currency basis. Our ARR is defined as the sum of the annualized value of our portfolio of contracts that produce recurring revenues as of the last day of the reporting period, and the annualized value of the last three months of recognized revenues for our contractually recurring consumption‑based software subscriptions with consumption measurement durations of less than one year. We believe that the last three months of recognized revenues, on an annualized basis, for our recurring software subscriptions with consumption measurement period durations of less than one year is a reasonable estimate of the annual revenues, given our consistently high retention rate and stability of usage under such subscriptions. ARR resulting from the annualization of recurring contracts with consumption measurement durations of less than one year, as a percentage of total ARR, was 39% and 38% as of March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Within our consumption‑measured ARR, the continuous uptake of our E365 subscription offering has increased daily consumption‑measured ARR, representing 30% of total ARR as of March 31, 2022. Our ARR growth rate was favorably impacted by the ARR onboarding from our platform acquisitions of Power Line Systems and Seequent Holdings Limited (“Seequent”) by 15% for the twelve months ended March 31, 2022. We believe that ARR and ARR growth are important metrics indicating the scale and growth of our business. Furthermore, we believe ARR, considered in connection with our recurring revenues dollar‑based net retention rate, is a leading indicator of revenue growth.
In March 2022, in response to the Russia‑Ukraine war, we announced a pause of sales in Russia and Belarus, in addition to our strict compliance with applicable sanctions, regimes, and other regulatory restrictions on business activities in those countries. As a result of the conflict, we have deemed our overall business recurrence in the affected countries to have been reduced by about 50%, and accordingly, have reduced our related ARR by $5,190. Our ARR as of March 31, 2022 was $962,550, calculated using the spot foreign exchange rates as of March 31, 2022.
Account retention rate. Our account retention rate for any given twelve-month period is calculated using the average currency exchange rates for the prior period, as follows: the prior period recurring revenues from all accounts with recurring revenues in the current and prior period, divided by total recurring revenues from all accounts during the prior period. Our account retention rate is an important indicator that provides insight into the long‑term value of our account relationships and our ability to retain our account base. We believe that our consistent and high account retention rates illustrate our ability to retain and cultivate long‑term relationships with our accounts.
Recurring revenues dollar‑based net retention rate. Our recurring revenues dollar‑based net retention rate is calculated using the average exchange rates for the prior period, as follows: the recurring revenues for the current period, including any growth or reductions from existing accounts, but excluding recurring revenues from any new accounts added during the current period, divided by the total recurring revenues from all accounts during the prior period. A period is defined as any trailing twelve months. We believe our recurring revenues dollar‑based net retention rate is a key indicator of our success in growing our revenues within our existing accounts. Given that recurring revenues represented 87% of our total revenues for the twelve months ended March 31, 2022, this metric helps explain our revenue performance as primarily growth into existing accounts. We believe that our consistent and high recurring revenues dollar‑based net retention rate illustrates our ability to consistently retain accounts and grow them.
Our calculation of these metrics may not be comparable to other companies with similarly‑titled metrics.
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Non-GAAP Financial Measures:
In addition to our results determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we also use the below non‑GAAP financial information to evaluate our ongoing operations and for internal planning and forecasting purposes.
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
Adjusted EBITDA $ 97,616  $ 82,976 
Adjusted Net Income 79,556  64,130 
Adjusted EBITDA. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income adjusted for interest expense, net, provision (benefit) for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, stock‑based compensation, expense (income) relating to deferred compensation plan liabilities, acquisition expenses, other non‑operating (income) expense, net, and (income) loss from investment accounted for using the equity method, net of tax.
Adjusted Net Income. We define Adjusted Net Income as net income adjusted for the following: amortization of purchased intangibles and developed technologies, stock‑based compensation, expense (income) relating to deferred compensation plan liabilities, acquisition expenses, other non‑operating (income) expense, net, the tax effect of the above adjustments to net income, and (income) loss from investment accounted for using the equity method, net of tax. The income tax effect of non‑GAAP adj