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Table of Contents



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q​

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission File Number: 001-36083

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

76-0533927

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

13139 Jess Pirtle Blvd.

Sugar Land, TX 77478

(Address of principal executive offices)

(281) 295-1800

(Registrant’s telephone number)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Trading Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, Par value $0.001

AAOI

NASDAQ Global Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒    No ☐ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes ☒    No ☐ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

☐ 

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

☐ 

Smaller reporting company

☒ 

 

   

Emerging growth company

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.                     ☐ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).                                       Yes ☐  No ☒

 

As of July 30, 2021 there were 27,141,368 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.

Table of Contents

   

Page

Part I. Financial Information

   

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

3

   

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2020

3

   

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

4

   

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three and Six Months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

5

   

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

6

   

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

7

   

 

 

Notes To Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

8

   

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

25

   

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

34

   

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

34

   

 

Part II. Other Information

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

35

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

35

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

35

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

35

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

35

Item 5.

Other Information

35

Item 6.

Exhibits

35

 

Signatures

37

 

 

 

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited, in thousands)

   

June 30,

   

December 31,

 

 

2021

   

2020

 

ASSETS

 

   

 

Current Assets

 

   

 

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 44,013     $ 43,425  

Restricted cash

    6,486       6,689  

Accounts receivable - trade, net of allowance of $62 and $62, respectively

    48,404       43,042  

Notes receivable

    3,819       401  

Inventories

    100,399       110,397  

Prepaid income tax

    2       2  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    5,101       5,213  

Total current assets

    208,224       209,169  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    246,797       252,984  

Land use rights, net

    5,846       5,854  

Operating right of use asset

    7,503       7,729  

Financing right of use asset

    73       88  

Intangible assets, net

    3,888       3,999  

Other assets, net

    813       982  

TOTAL ASSETS

  $ 473,144     $ 480,805  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

       

 

Current liabilities

 

       

Current portion of notes payable and long-term debt

  $ 41,876     $ 38,265  

Accounts payable

    25,593       29,482  

Bank acceptance payable

    6,469       15,860  

Current lease liability - operating

    1,020       1,012  

Current lease liability - financing

    18       18  

Accrued liabilities

    15,509       18,511  

Total current liabilities

    90,485       103,148  

Notes payable and long-term debt, less current portion

    19,360       13,904  

Convertible senior notes

    78,264       77,854  

Non-current lease liability - operating

    7,672       7,926  

Non-current lease liability - financing

    72       82  

TOTAL LIABILITIES

    195,853       202,914  

Stockholders' equity:

 

   

 

Preferred Stock; 5,000 shares authorized at $0.001 par value; no shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

    -       -  

Common Stock; 45,000 shares authorized at $0.001 par value; 26,919 and 25,110 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

    27       25  

Additional paid-in capital

    375,312       354,685  

Accumulated other comprehensive income

    14,286       11,690  

Accumulated deficit

    (112,334 )     (88,509 )

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

    277,291       277,891  

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

  $ 473,144     $ 480,805  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share data)

   

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Revenue, net

  $ 54,189     $ 65,222     $ 103,890     $ 105,689  

Cost of goods sold

    43,411       51,486       82,393       85,615  

Gross profit

    10,778       13,736       21,497       20,074  

Operating expenses

 

   

   

   

 

Research and development

    10,914       10,803       21,842       21,361  

Sales and marketing

    2,832       3,430       5,792       6,366  

General and administrative

    10,681       10,611       21,550       21,249  

Total operating expenses

    24,427       24,844       49,184       48,976  

Loss from operations

    (13,649 )     (11,108 )     (27,687 )     (28,902 )

Other income (expense)

 

   

   

   

 

Interest income

    16       47       32       194  

Interest expense

    (1,367 )     (1,489 )     (2,798 )     (2,944 )

Other income (expense), net

    6,797       974       6,628       1,231  

Total other income (expense), net

    5,446       (468 )     3,862       (1,519 )

Loss before income taxes

    (8,203 )     (11,576 )     (23,825 )     (30,421 )

Income tax expense

    -       (7,024 )     -       (4,976 )

Net loss

  $ (8,203 )   $ (18,600 )   $ (23,825 )   $ (35,397 )

Net loss per share

 

   

   

   

 

Basic

  $ (0.31 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (1.72 )

Diluted

  $ (0.31 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (1.72 )

 

   

   

   

 

Weighted average shares used to compute net loss per share:

 

   

   

   

 

Basic

    26,850,032       20,858,450       26,636,755       20,533,417  

Diluted

    26,850,032       20,858,450       26,636,755       20,533,417  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(Unaudited, in thousands)

 

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Net loss

  $ (8,203 )   $ (18,600 )   $ (23,825 )   $ (35,397 )

Gain/ (Loss) on foreign currency translation adjustment

    3,630       1,454       2,596       (948 )

Comprehensive loss

  $ (4,573 )   $ (17,146 )   $ (21,229 )   $ (36,345 )

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Three and Six Months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Unaudited, in thousands)

                                  Accumulated              

 

Preferred Stock

   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

other

   

   

 

 

Number

   

   

Number

   

   

paid-in

   

comprehensive

   

Accumulated

   

Stockholders'

 

 

of shares

   

Amount

   

of shares

   

Amount

   

capital

   

gain (loss)

   

deficit

   

equity

 

March 31, 2021

        $       26,787     $ 27     $ 371,920     $ 10,656     $ (104,131 )   $ 278,472  

Public offering of common stock, net

                35             262                   262  

Issuance of restricted stock, net of shares withheld for employee tax

                97             (144 )                 (144 )

Share-based compensation

                            3,274                   3,274  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

                                  3,630             3,630  

Net loss

                                        (8,203 )     (8,203 )

June 30, 2021

        $       26,919     $ 27     $ 375,312     $ 14,286     $ (112,334 )   $ 277,291  

   

   

   

   

   

   

Accumulated

   

   

 

 

Preferred Stock

   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

other

   

   

 

 

Number

   

   

Number

   

   

paid-in

   

comprehensive

   

Accumulated

   

Stockholders'

 

 

of shares

   

Amount

   

of shares

   

Amount

   

capital

   

gain (loss)

   

deficit

   

equity

 

March 31, 2020

        $       20,249     $ 20     $ 306,305     $ (1,972 )   $ (46,854 )   $ 257,499  

Public offering of common stock, net

                1,578       2       14,002                   14,004  

Stock options exercised, net of shares withheld for employee tax

                            3                   3  

Issuance of restricted stock, net of shares withheld for employee tax

                113             (207 )                 (207 )

Share-based compensation

                            3,302                   3,302  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

                                  1,454             1,454  

Net loss

                                        (18,600 )     (18,600 )

June 30, 2020

        $       21,940     $ 22     $ 323,405     $ (518 )   $ (65,454 )   $ 257,455  

 

   

   

   

   

   

   

Accumulated

   

   

 

 

Preferred Stock

   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

other

   

   

 

 

Number

   

   

Number

   

   

paid-in

   

comprehensive

   

Accumulated

   

Stockholders'

 

 

of shares

   

Amount

   

of shares

   

Amount

   

capital

   

gain (loss)

   

deficit

   

equity

 

January 1, 2021

        $       25,110     $ 25     $ 354,685     $ 11,690     $ (88,509 )   $ 277,891  

Public offering of common stock, net

                1,546       2       15,228                   15,230  

Stock options exercised, net of shares withheld for employee tax

                2             8                   8  

Issuance of restricted stock, net of shares withheld for employee tax

                261             (402 )                 (402 )

Share-based compensation

                            5,793                   5,793  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

                                  2,596             2,596  

Net loss

                                        (23,825 )     (23,825 )

June 30, 2021

        $       26,919     $ 27     $ 375,312     $ 14,286     $ (112,334 )   $ 277,291  

 

   

   

   

   

   

   

Accumulated

   

   

 

 

Preferred Stock

   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

other

   

   

 

 

Number

   

   

Number

   

   

paid-in

   

comprehensive

   

Retained

   

Stockholders'

 

 

of shares

   

Amount

   

of shares

   

Amount

   

capital

   

gain (loss)

   

earnings

   

equity

 

January 1, 2020

        $       20,140     $ 20     $ 303,401     $ 430     $ (30,057 )   $ 273,794  

Public offering of common stock, net

                1,582       2       13,928                   13,930  

Stock options exercised, net of shares withheld for employee tax

                            3                   3  

Issuance of restricted stock, net of shares withheld for employee tax

                218             (467 )                 (467 )

Share-based compensation

                            6,540                   6,540  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

                                  (948 )           (948 )

Net loss

                                        (35,397 )     (35,397 )

June 30, 2020

        $       21,940     $ 22     $ 323,405     $ (518 )   $ (65,454 )   $ 257,455  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited, in thousands)

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

 

Operating activities:

 

   

 

Net loss

  $ (23,825 )   $ (35,397 )

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

   

 

Provision for losses on accounts receivable

    -       1  

Lower of cost or market reserve adjustment to inventory

    2,211       2,924  

Depreciation and amortization

    12,870       12,154  

Amortization of debt issuance costs

    434       444  

Deferred income taxes, net

    -       5,147  

Loss on disposal of assets

    5       9  

Share-based compensation

    5,793       6,540  

Interest for Extinguishment of Debt

    (70 )     -  

Extinguishment of Debt

    (6,229 )     -  

Unrealized foreign exchange gain

    692       (134 )

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

           

Accounts receivable, trade

    (5,362 )     (9,690 )

Notes receivable

    (3,390 )     (49 )

Prepaid income tax

    -       13  

Inventories

    8,934       (15,362 )

Other current assets

    72       (725 )

Operating right of use asset

    381       300  

Accounts payable

    (3,889 )     12,688  

Accrued liabilities

    (3,082 )     (2,323 )

Lease liability

    (427 )     (309 )

Net cash used in operating activities

    (14,882 )     (23,769 )

Investing activities:

 

   

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

    (3,582 )     (6,759 )

Proceeds from disposal of equipment

    110       52  

Deposits and prepaid for equipment

    (272 )     (2,304 )

Purchase of intangible assets

    (188 )     (208 )

Net cash used in investing activities

    (3,932 )     (9,219 )

Financing activities:

 

   

 

Proceeds from issuance of notes payable and long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs

    -       6,229  

Principal payments of long-term debt and notes payable

    (2,227 )     (2,221 )

Proceeds from line of credit borrowings

    66,742       52,637  

Repayments of line of credit borrowings

    (50,119 )     (48,689 )

Proceeds from bank acceptance payable

    10,722       14,080  

Repayments of bank acceptance payable

    (20,206 )     (10,377 )

Proceeds from issuance of convertible senior notes, net of debt issuance costs

    -       (16 )

Principal payments of financing lease

    (9 )     (8 )

Exercise of stock options

    8       3  

Payments of tax withholding on behalf of employees related to share-based compensation

    (402 )     (466 )

Proceeds from common stock offering, net

    15,336       13,929  

Net cash provided by financing activities

    19,845       25,101  

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

    (646 )     -232  

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

    385       (8,119 )

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

    50,114       67,028  

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

  $ 50,499     $ 58,909  

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

         

Cash paid (received) for:

         

Interest, net of amounts capitalized

  $ 2,394     $ 2,478  

Income taxes

    1       (192 )

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

       

 

Extinguishment of Debt and interest

    (6,299 )      

Purchase of property and equipment with line of credit borrowings

          941  

Net change in accounts payable related to property and equipment additions

    (2,341 )     (785 )

Net change in deposits and prepaid for equipment related to property and equipment additions

    35       1,327  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1.   Description of Business​

Business Overview

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. (“AOI” or the “Company”) is a Delaware corporation. The Company is a leading, vertically integrated provider of fiber-optic networking products, primarily for four networking end-markets: internet data center, cable television ("CATV"), telecommunications ("telecom") and fiber-to-the-home ("FTTH"). The Company designs and manufactures a wide range of optical communications products at varying levels of integration, from components, subassemblies and modules to complete turn-key equipment.

The Company has manufacturing and research and development facilities located in the U.S., Taiwan and China. In the U.S., at its corporate headquarters and manufacturing facilities in Sugar Land, Texas, the Company primarily manufactures lasers and laser components and performs research and development activities for laser component and optical module products. In addition, the Company also has a research and development facility in Duluth, Georgia. The Company operates in Taipei, Taiwan and Ningbo, China through its wholly-owned subsidiary Prime World International Holdings, Ltd. (“Prime World”, incorporated in the British Virgin Islands). Prime World operates a branch in Taipei, Taiwan, which primarily manufactures transceivers and performs research and development activities for the transceiver products. Prime World is also the parent of Global Technology, Inc. (“Global”, incorporated in the People’s Republic of China). Through Global, the Company primarily manufactures certain of its data center transceiver products, including subassemblies, as well as CATV systems and equipment, and performs research and development activities for the CATV products.

Interim Financial Statements

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim information and with the instructions on Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In accordance with those rules and regulations, the Company has omitted certain information and notes required by GAAP for annual consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, except as otherwise noted, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and results of operations for the periods presented. The year-end condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Annual Report”) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the entire fiscal year. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Significant estimates and assumptions that impact these financial statements and the accompanying notes relate to, among other things, allowance for credit losses, inventory reserve, product warranty costs, share-based compensation expense, estimated useful lives of property and equipment, and taxes.

8

 
 

Note 2.  Significant Accounting Policies

There have been no changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to the significant accounting policies described in its 2020 Annual Report, except as described below.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Yet to be Adopted

 

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting”, which provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions to the GAAP guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. ASU 2020-04 was further amended in January 2021 by ASU 2021-01, which clarified the applicability of certain provisions. Both ASU 2020-04 and AUC 2021-01 are currently effective prospectively for all entities through December 31, 2022 when the reference rate replacement activity is expected to have completed. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 and AUC 2021-01 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. As of June 30, 2021, the Company is evaluating the impact this standard may have on its consolidated financial statements. 

 

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, “Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20)” and “Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entities Own Equity” (Subtopic 815-40). This ASU simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by eliminating two of the three models in ASC 470-20 that requires separating embedded conversion features from convertible instruments. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this pronouncement to its consolidated financial statements. 

 

In November 2020, the SEC issued a new rule that modernizes and simplifies various aspects and financial disclosure requirements in Regulation S-K, specifically related to Item 301 “Selected Financial Data”, Item 302 “Supplementary Financial Information” and Item 303 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” (“MD&A”). The intent of this new rule is to (i) eliminate duplicative disclosures, (ii) enhance and promote more principles-based MD&A disclosures with the objective of making them more meaningful for investors, all while (iii) simplifying the compliance requirements and efforts for registrants, by providing them with the flexibility to present management’s perspective on the registrant’s financial condition and results of operations. While most of the changes involve reducing or eliminating previously required information and disclosures, the rule does expand the disclosure requirements surrounding certain aspects of the various items in Regulation S-K discussed above. The final rule was published in the Federal Register on January 11, 2021, is effective thirty days after its publication date, or February 10, 2021, and registrants are required to comply with this final rule in the registrant’s first fiscal year ending on or after the date that is 210 days after the publication date. The Company plans to comply with the new disclosure requirements on schedule and currently does not anticipate any material financial impact in complying with these new requirements.

 

 

 

Note 3.  Revenue Recognition

Disaggregation of Revenue

Revenue is classified based on the location where the product is manufactured. For additional information on the disaggregated revenues by geographical region, see Note 17, "Geographic Information.”

9

 

Revenue is also classified by major product category and is presented below (in thousands):

   

Three months ended June 30,

 

         

% of

           

% of

 

 

2021

   

Revenue

   

2020

   

Revenue

 

Data Center

  $ 22,392       41.3 %   $ 52,533       80.5 %

CATV

    27,599       50.9 %     6,141       9.4 %

Telecom

    3,333       6.2 %     6,170       9.5 %

FTTH

    298       0.5 %     1       0.0 %

Other

    567       1.0 %     377       0.6 %

Total Revenue

  $ 54,189       100.0 %   $ 65,222       100.0 %

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

         

% of

           

% of

 

 

2021

   

Revenue

   

2020

   

Revenue

 

Data Center

  $ 48,331       46.5 %   $ 85,797       81.2 %

CATV

    46,238       44.5 %     10,364       9.8 %

Telecom

    7,811       7.5 %     8,730       8.3 %

FTTH

    722       0.7 %     1       0.0 %

Other

    788       0.8 %     797       0.8 %

Total Revenue

  $ 103,890       100.0 %   $ 105,689       100.0 %

 

 

 

Note 4.  Leases

The Company leases space under non-cancellable operating leases for manufacturing facilities, research and development offices and certain storage facilities and apartments. These leases do not contain contingent rent provisions. The Company also leases certain machinery, office equipment and a vehicle. Many of its leases include both lease (e.g. fixed payments including rent, taxes, and insurance costs) and non-lease components (e.g. common-area or other maintenance costs) which are accounted for as a single lease component as the Company has elected the practical expedient to group lease and non-lease components for all leases. Several of the leases include one or more options to renew which have been assessed and either included or excluded from the calculation of the lease liability of the right of use ("ROU") asset based on management’s intentions and individual fact patterns. Several warehouses and apartments have non-cancellable lease terms of less than one-year and therefore, the Company has elected the practical expedient to exclude these short-term leases from its ROU asset and lease liabilities.

As most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate, which is the rate incurred to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. Based on the applicable lease terms and current economic environment, the Company applies a location approach for determining the incremental borrowing rate.

The components of lease expense were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

   

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Operating lease expense

  $ 304     $ 296     $ 606     $ 591  

Financing lease expense

    8       8       16       16  

Short Term lease expense

    5       37       14       69  

Total lease expense

  $ 317     $ 341     $ 636     $ 676  

 

10

 

Maturities of lease liabilities are as follows for the future one-year periods ending  June 30, 2021 (in thousands):

      Operating       Financing  

2022

  $ 1,285     $ 22  

2023

    1,308       22  

2024

    1,274       54  

2025

    1,235        

2026

    1,233        

2027 and thereafter

    3,486        

Total lease payments

  $ 9,821     $ 98  

Less imputed interest

    (1,129 )     (8 )

Present value

  $ 8,692     $ 90  

The weighted average remaining lease term and discount rate for operating leases were as follows for the periods indicated:

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

 

Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term (Years) - operating leases

    7.84       8.65  

Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term (Years) - financing leases

    2.33       3.33  

Weighted Average Discount Rate - operating leases

    3.23 %     3.16 %

Weighted Average Discount Rate - financing leases

    5.00 %     5.00 %

 

Supplemental cash flow information related to operating leases was as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities

 

   

 

Operating cash flows from operating leases

    653       640  

Operating cash flows from financing lease

    3       3  

Financing cash flows from financing lease

    9       8  

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities

    109       261  

 

 

Note 5.  Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the statement of financial position that sum to the total of the same such amounts in the statement of cash flows (in thousands):

 

   

June 30,

   

December 31,

 

 

2021

   

2020

 

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 44,013     $ 43,425  

Restricted cash

    6,486       6,689  

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the statement of cash flows

  $ 50,499     $ 50,114  

Restricted cash includes guarantee deposits for customs duties, China government subsidy fund, and compensating balances required for certain credit facilities. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, there was $2.2 million and $4.9 million of restricted cash required for bank acceptance notes issued to vendors, respectively. In addition, there was $2.4 million and $0.5 million certificate of deposit associated with credit facilities with a bank in China as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. There was $1.8 million and $1.0 million guarantee deposits for customs duties as of  June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

11

 
 

Note 6.  Earnings (Loss) Per Share

Basic net loss per share has been computed using the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share has been computed using the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and dilutive potential common shares from stock options, restricted stock units and senior convertible notes outstanding during the period. In periods with net losses, normally dilutive shares become anti-dilutive. Therefore, basic and diluted loss per share are the same.

The following table sets forth the computation of the basic and diluted net loss per share for the periods indicated (in thousands):

   

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Numerator:

 

   

   

   

 

Net loss

  $ (8,203 )   $ (18,600 )   $ (23,825 )   $ (35,397 )

Denominator:

 

   

   

   

 

Weighted average shares used to compute net loss per share

 

   

   

   

 

Basic

    26,850       20,858       26,637       20,533  

Diluted

    26,850       20,858       26,637       20,533  

Net loss per share

 

   

   

   

 

Basic

  $ (0.31 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (1.72 )

Diluted

  $ (0.31 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (0.89 )   $ (1.72 )

The following potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the diluted net loss per share as their effect would have been antidilutive (in thousands):

   

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Employee stock options

    4       11       8       13  

Restricted stock units

    9       10       14       13  

Shares for convertible senior notes

    4,587       4,587       4,587       4,587  

Total antidilutive shares

    4,600       4,608       4,609       4,613  

 

 

Note 7.  Inventories

Inventories, net of inventory write-downs, consist of the following for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

June 30, 2021

   

December 31, 2020

 

Raw materials

  $ 29,085     $ 25,555  

Work in process and sub-assemblies

    46,558       52,544  

Finished goods

    24,756       32,298  

Total inventories

  $ 100,399     $ 110,397  

The lower of cost or market adjustment expensed for inventory for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was each $1.3 million. The lower of cost or market adjustment expensed for inventory for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $2.2 million and $2.9 million, respectively. 

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the direct inventory write-offs related to scrap, discontinued products, and damaged inventories were $4.8 million and $3.7 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the direct inventory write-offs related to scrap, discontinued products, and damaged inventories were $10.8 million and $6.2 million, respectively. 

12

 
 

Note 8.  Property, Plant & Equipment

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

June 30, 2021

   

December 31, 2020

 

Land improvements

  $ 806     $ 806  

Building and improvements

    89,127       88,280  

Machinery and equipment

    259,651       253,738  

Furniture and fixtures

    5,607       5,540  

Computer equipment and software

    12,610       11,912  

Transportation equipment

    710       699  

    368,511       360,975  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

    (155,507 )     (142,434 )

    213,004       218,541  

Construction in progress

    32,692       33,342  

Land

    1,101       1,101  

Total property, plant and equipment, net

  $ 246,797     $ 252,984  

For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the depreciation expense of property, plant and equipment was $6.3 million and $6.0 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the depreciation expense of property, plant and equipment was $12.6 million and $11.9 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the capitalized interest was $0.2 million and 0.1 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the capitalized interest was $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

 

As of June 30, 2021, the Company concluded that its continued loss history constitutes a triggering event as described in ASC 360-10-35-21,Property, Plant, and Equipment.  The Company performed a recoverability test and concluded that future undiscounted cash flows exceed the carrying amount of the Company’s long-lived assets and therefore no impairment charge was recorded. 

 

 

 

Note 9.  Intangible Assets, net

Intangible assets consisted of the following for the periods indicated (in thousands):

   

June 30, 2021

 

 

Gross

   

Accumulated

   

Intangible

 

 

Amount

   

amortization

   

assets, net

 

Patents

  $ 8,362     $ (4,480 )   $ 3,882  

Trademarks

    22       (16 )     6  

Total intangible assets

  $ 8,384     $ (4,496 )   $ 3,888  

   

December 31, 2020

 

 

Gross

   

Accumulated

   

Intangible

 

 

Amount

   

amortization

   

assets, net

 

Patents

  $ 8,158     $ (4,165 )   $ 3,993  

Trademarks

    21       (15 )     6  

Total intangible assets

  $ 8,179     $ (4,180 )   $ 3,999  

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, amortization expense for intangible assets, included in general and administrative expenses on the income statement, was each $0.1 million. The remaining weighted average amortization period for intangible assets is approximately 6 years.

 

At June 30, 2021, future amortization expense for intangible assets is estimated to be (in thousands):

 

2022

  $ 609  

2023

    609  

2024

    609  

2025

    609  

2026

    609  

thereafter

    843  
    $ 3,888  

 

13

 
 

Note 10.  Fair Value of Financial Instruments​

The following table represents a summary of the Company’s financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the periods indicated (in thousands):

   

As of June 30, 2021

   

As of December 31, 2020

 

 

(Level 1)

   

(Level 2)

   

(Level 3)

   

Total

   

(Level 1)

   

(Level 2)

   

(Level 3)

   

Total

 

Assets:

 

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

 

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 44,013     $     $     $ 44,013     $ 43,425     $     $     $ 43,425  

Restricted cash

    6,486                 $ 6,486       6,689                 $ 6,689  

Note receivable

          3,819             3,819       -       401             401  

Total assets

  $ 50,499     $ 3,819     $     $ 54,318     $ 50,114     $ 401     $     $ 50,515  

Liabilities:

 

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

 

Bank acceptance payable

  $     $ 6,469     $     $ 6,469     $     $ 15,860     $       15,860  

Convertible senior notes

          70,265             70,265             70,225             70,225  

Total liabilities

  $     $ 76,734     $     $ 76,734     $     $ 86,085     $     $ 86,085  

The carrying value amounts of accounts receivable, note receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities approximate fair value because of the short-term maturity of these instruments. The carrying value amounts of bank acceptances approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of the debt since it renews frequently at current interest rates. The Company believes that the interest rates in effect at each period end represent the current market rates for similar borrowings.

 

The fair value of its convertible senior debt is measured for disclosure purpose. The fair value is based on observable market prices for this debt, which is traded in less active markets and are therefore classified as a Level 2 fair value measurement.

 

 

Note 11.  Notes Payable and Long-Term Debt

Notes payable and long-term debt consisted of the following for the periods indicated (in thousands):

   

June 30, 2021

   

December 31, 2020

 

Revolving line of credit with a U.S. bank up to $20,000 with interest at 2.25% , maturing October 15, 2022

  $ 19,360     $ 18,700  

Paycheck Protection Program Term Note with interest at fixed rate 1.0%, maturing April 16, 2022

          6,229  

Revolving line of credit with a Taiwan bank up to $3,436 with 2.2% interest, maturing April 14, 2021

          1,756  

Notes payable to a finance company due in monthly installments with 3.5% interest, maturing January 21, 2022

    902       1,941  

Notes payable to a finance company due in monthly installments with 3.1% interest, maturing January 21, 2022

    1,183       2,149  

Revolving line of credit with a China bank up to $8,917 with interest ranging from 4.5%, maturing October 14, 2020

          2,299  

Revolving line of credit with a China bank up to $25,449 with interest from 3.01% to 4.57%, maturing May 24, 2024

    16,915       11,603  

Credit facility with a China bank up to $14,125 with interest of 3.5%, maturing January 5, 2024

    15,482        

Credit facility with a China bank up to $7,167 with interest of 5.7%, maturing from June 20, 2022

    7,430       7,510  

Sub-total

    61,272       52,187  

Less debt issuance costs, net

    (36 )     (18 )

Grand total

    61,236       52,169  

Less current portion

    (41,876 )     (38,265 )

Non-current portion

  $ 19,360     $ 13,904  

 

   

 

Bank Acceptance Notes Payable

 

   

 

Bank acceptance notes issued to vendors with a zero percent interest rate

  $ 6,469     $ 15,860  

 

14

 

The current portion of long-term debt is the amount payable within one year of the balance sheet date of June 30, 2021.

Maturities of long-term debt are as follows for the future one-year periods ending June 30, (in thousands):

2022

  $ 41,876  

2023

    19,360  

Total outstanding

  $ 61,236  

On September 28, 2017, the Company entered into a Loan Agreement (“Loan Agreement”), a Promissory Note, an Addendum to the Promissory Note, a Truist Bank Security Agreement, a Trademark Security Agreement, and a Patent Security Agreement (together the “Credit Facility”) with Truist Bank (which acquired Branch Banking and Trust Company or BB&T in connection with a merger in December 2019). The Company’s obligations under the Credit Facility are secured by the Company’s accounts receivable, inventory, intellectual property, and all business assets with the exception of real estate and equipment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On September 30, 2019, the Company executed a Fourth Amendment to Loan Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment”) with Truist Bank. Under the terms of the Fourth Amendment (i) the maximum commitment under the line of credit was reduced from $25,000,000 to $20,000,000; (ii) the maturity date of the line of credit was extended from September 28, 2020 to April 2, 2021; (iii) pricing of the unused line fee was adjusted to 0.30% per annum; and (iv) created the requirement that if, at any time during any reporting period and pursuant to the most recent loan base report received by Truist Bank, the principal balance outstanding under the line of credit exceeds the lesser of the approved maximum amount of the line of credit commitment amount or the collateral loan value reduced by the reserves, the Company shall immediately prepay the line of credit to the extent necessary to eliminate such excess. Such reserves shall, at any time that the fixed charge coverage ratio for the loan is less than 1.5 to 1.0, tested for the period of twelve months ended on the applicable covenant measurement date, equal to an amount equal to seventy-five percent (75%) of the lesser of the line of credit commitment amount or collateral loan value reduced by the sum of (i) the principal balance outstanding under the line of credit, (ii) the letter of credit exposure reserve, and (iii) the availability reserve as determined by Truist Bank from the most recent loan base report and otherwise in the sole discretion of Truist Bank after consideration of collections.

 

On  April 5, 2021, the Company executed a Fifth Amendment to the Loan Agreement (the "Fifth Amendment") and a Fourth Amendment to a Security Agreement, a Note Modification Agreement, and an Addendum to a Promissory Note (together with the Fifth Amendment the “Amended Credit Facility”) with Truist Bank. The Amended Credit Facility renews the $20 million line of credit with Truist bank originally entered into on September 28, 2017. Under the terms of the Amended Credit Facility, the maturity date of the line of credit is extended from  April 2, 2021 to  October 15, 2022. Borrowings will bear interest at a rate equal to LIBOR plus 1.5%, with a LIBOR floor of 0.75%. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had $19.4 million outstanding and was in compliance with all covenants under the Amended Credit Facility.

 

On April 17, 2020, the Company entered into a term note ("PPP Term Note") with Truist Bank, with a principal amount of $6.23 million pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). The PPP loan is evidenced by a promissory note. The PPP Term Note bears interest at a fixed annual rate of 1.00%, with the first six months of interest deferred. Beginning in November 2020, the Company is required to make  18 equal monthly payments of principal and interest with the final payment due in April 2022. The PPP Term Note may be accelerated upon the occurrence of an event of default. The PPP Term Note is unsecured and guaranteed by the United States Small Business Administration ("SBA"). On June 14, 2021, the Company received notification from Truist Bank that the SBA approved the Company's application for forgiveness of the entire principle amount of the PPP Term Note, plus all accrued interest. The forgiveness of the PPP Term Note has been recognized as other income during the second quarter ended June 30, 2021. 
 
 

 

 

 

On September 15, 2020, Prime World entered into an Amendment to the Finance Lease Agreements dated November 29, 2018 and January 21, 2019 (the “Amendment”) with Chailease Finance Co., Ltd. (“Chailease”). The Amendment amends the Finance Lease Agreements, dated November 29, 2018 and January 21, 2019 (hereafter collectively referred to as the “Original Finance Agreements”). Pursuant to the Amendment, Prime World agrees to pay Chailease NT$22,311,381, or approximately $0.8 million for certain leased equipment listed in the Amendment (the “Leased Equipment”). This payment will include all outstanding lease payments, costs and expenses; simultaneously, Chailease agrees to transfer title of such Leased Equipment back to Prime World. Regarding all other equipment contemplated in the Original Finance Agreements but not listed in the Amendment, pursuant to the terms and conditions made under the Original Finance Agreements, Prime World is obligated to pay Chailease monthly lease payments which total NT$159,027,448, or approximately $5.5 million (the “Lease Payments”). The Lease Payments will begin on September 21, 2020 with the last Lease Payment due on January 21, 2022, title of all other equipment contemplated under the Original Finance Agreements but not listed in the Amendment will transfer to Prime World upon completion of the Lease Payments and expiration of the Original Finance Agreements. As of June 30, 2021, $0.9 million was outstanding under the November 29, 2018 Finance Lease Agreement and $1.2 million was outstanding under the January 21, 2019 Finance Lease Agreement.

 

On  October 7, 2020, Prime World entered into a revolving credit facility totaling NT$100 million, or approximately $3.44 million (the “NT$100M Credit Line”) and a $1 million USD credit line (the “ US$1M Credit Line”) with Taishin. Borrowing under the NT$100M Credit Line will be used for short-term working capital; borrowing under the US$1M Credit Line will be strictly used for spot transactions in the foreign exchange market. The NT$100M Credit Line and the US$1M Credit Line are collectively referred to as the “Taishin Credit Facility”. On January 14, 2021, the NT$100M Credit Line with Taishin was extended for three (3) months until April 14, 2021. Prime World  may draw upon the Taishin Credit Facility from  October 7, 2020 through  April 14, 2021. The term of each draw under the NT$100M Credit Line shall be either 90 or 120 days and will bear interest at a rate of 2.15% for each draw; borrowings under the US$1M Credit Line will bear interest equal to Taishin’s foreign exchange rate effective on the day of the applicable draw. At the end of the draw term Prime World will make payment for all principal and accrued interest. Prime World’s obligations under the Taishin Credit Facility will be secured by a promissory note between Prime World and Taishin. As of June 30, 2021, the Company has fully repaid the Taishin Credit Facility. 

 

17

 

On April 19, 2019, the Company’s China subsidiary, Global, entered into a twelve (12) month revolving line of credit agreement, totaling 60,000,000 RMB, or approximately $8.9 million, (the “China Merchants Credit Line”), with China Merchants Bank Co., Ltd., in Ningbo, China (“China Merchants”). The China Merchants Credit Line will be used by Global for general corporate purposes, including the issuance of bank acceptance notes to Global’s vendors. On April 14, 2020, Global extended the revolving line of credit agreement with China Merchants by six (6) months. Global  may draw upon the China Merchants Credit Line from April 19, 2019 until October 14, 2020 (the “Credit Period”). During the Credit Period, Global may request to draw upon the China Merchants Credit Line on an as-needed basis; however, the amount of available credit under the China Merchants Credit Line and the approval of each draw may be reduced or declined by China Merchants due to changes in Chinese government regulations and/or changes in Global’s financial and operational condition at the time of each requested draw. Each draw will bear interest equal to China Merchants’ commercial banking interest rate effective on the day of the applicable draw. Global’s obligations under the China Merchants Credit Line are unsecured. The China Merchants Credit Line has been replaced by the Replacement China Merchants Credit Line on  October 19, 2020.

 

On May 24, 2019, the Company’s China subsidiary, Global, entered into a five-year revolving credit line agreement, totaling 180,000,000 RMB (the “SPD Credit Line”), or approximately $25.4 million, and a mortgage security agreement (the “Security Agreement”), with SPD. Borrowing under the SPD Credit Line will be used for general corporate and capital investment purposes, including the issuance of bank acceptance notes to Global’s vendors. The total SPD Credit Line of 180 million RMB is inclusive of all credit facilities previously entered into with SPD including: a 30 million RMB credit facility entered into on May 7, 2019; and a 9.9 million RMB credit facility entered into on April 30, 2019 and $2 million credit facility entered into on May 8, 2019. Global may draw upon the SPD Credit Line on an as-needed basis at any time during the 5-year term; however, draws under the SPD Credit Line may become due and repayable to SPD at SPD’s discretion due to changes in Chinese government regulations and/or changes in Global’s financial and operational condition. Each draw will bear interest equal to SPD’s commercial banking interest rate effective on the day of the applicable draw. Global’s obligations under the SPD Credit Line will be secured by real property owned by Global and mortgaged to the Bank under the terms of the Security Agreement. As of June 30, 2021, $16.9 million was outstanding under the SPD Credit Line and the outstanding balance of bank acceptance notes issued to vendors was $3.5 million.

On June 21, 2019, the Company’s China subsidiary, Global, entered into an 18 month credit facility totaling 100,000,000 RMB (the “¥100M Credit Facility”), or approximately $14.1 million, with China Zheshang Bank Co., Ltd., in Ningbo City, China (“CZB”). Borrowing under the ¥100M Credit Facility will be used by Global for general corporate purposes. On January 6, 2021, the ¥100M Credit Facility with CZB was extended for three (3) years until January 5, 2024. Global may draw upon the ¥100M Credit Facility from June 21, 2019 until January 5, 2024 (the “¥100M Credit Period”). During the ¥100M Credit Period, Global may request to draw upon the ¥100M Credit Facility on an as-needed basis; however, draws under the ¥100M Credit Facility may become due and repayable to CZB at CZB’s discretion due to changes in Chinese government regulations and/or changes in Global’s financial and operational condition. Each draw will bear interest equal to CZB’s commercial banking interest rate effective on the day of the applicable draw. Global’s obligations under the ¥100M Credit Facility will be secured by real property owned by Global and mortgaged to CZB under the terms of the Real Estate Security Agreement. The agreements for the ¥100M Credit Facility and the Real Estate Security Agreement also contain rights and obligations, representations and warranties, and events of default applicable to the Company that are customary for agreements of this type. As of June 30, 2021, $15.5 million was outstanding under the ¥100M Credit Facility and there was no outstanding balance of bank acceptance notes issued to vendors under this facility.

On June 21, 2019, the Company’s China subsidiary, Global, entered into a three-year credit facility totaling 50,000,000 RMB (the “¥50M Credit Facility”), or approximately $7.1 million, with CZB. Borrowing under the ¥50M Credit Facility will be used by Global for general corporate purposes. Global may draw upon the ¥50M Credit Facility from June 21, 2019 until June 20, 2022 (the “¥50M Credit Period”). During the ¥50M Credit Period, Global may request to draw upon the ¥50M Credit Facility on an as-needed basis; however, draws under the ¥50M Credit Facility may become due and repayable to CZB at CZB’s discretion due to changes in Chinese government regulations and/or changes in Global’s financial and operational condition. Each draw will bear interest equal to CZB’s commercial banking interest rate effective on the day of the applicable draw. Global’s obligations under the ¥50M Credit Facility will be secured by machinery and equipment owned by Global and mortgaged to CZB under the terms of the Machinery and Equipment Security Agreement. As of June 30, 2021, $7.4 million was outstanding under the ¥50M Credit Facility. 

 

On  October 19, 2020, the Company’s China subsidiary, Global entered into a new twelve (12) month revolving line of credit agreement, totaling 60,000,000 RMB, or approximately $8.9 million (the “Replacement China Merchants Credit Line”), with China Merchants, to replace the original China Merchants Credit Line. The Replacement China Merchants Credit Line will be used by Global for general corporate purposes. Global  may draw upon the Replacement China Merchants Credit Line during the period from  October 16, 2020 until  October 15, 2021. During such period, Global  may request to draw upon the Replacement China Merchants Credit Line on an as-needed basis; however, the amount of available credit under the Replacement China Merchants Credit Line and the approval of each draw  may be reduced or declined by China Merchants due to changes in Chinese government regulations and/or changes in Global’s financial and operational condition at the time of each requested draw. Each draw will bear interest equal to the China Merchants’ commercial banking interest rate effective on the day of the applicable draw. Global’s obligations under the Replacement China Merchants Credit Line is unsecured. As of June 30, 2021, there was no outstanding amount under the Replacement China Merchants Credit Line and the outstanding balance of bank acceptance notes issued to vendors was $3.0 million. 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had $5.3 million and $28.7 million of unused borrowing capacity, respectively.

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, there was $4.6 million and $5.4 million of restricted cash, investments or security deposits associated with the loan facilities, respectively.

18

 
 

Note 12.  Convertible Senior Notes

On March 5, 2019, the Company issued $80.5 million of 5% convertible senior notes due 2024 (the “Notes”). The Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of March 5, 2019 (the “Indenture”), between the Company and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as trustee, paying agent, and conversion agent (the “Trustee”). The Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.00% per year, payable in cash semi-annually in arrears on March 15 and September 15 of each year, beginning on September 15, 2019. The Notes will mature on March 15, 2024, unless earlier repurchased, redeemed or converted in accordance with their terms.

The sale of the Notes generated net proceeds of $76.4 million, after deducting the Initial Purchasers’ discounts and offering expenses payable by the Company. The Company used approximately $37.8 million of the net proceeds from the offering to fully repay the CapEx Loan and Term Loan with Truist Bank and the remainder will be used for general corporate purposes.

The following table presents the carrying value of the Notes for the periods indicated (in thousands):

   

June 30,

   

December 31,

 

 

2021

   

2020

 

Principal

  $ 80,500     $ 80,500  

Unamortized debt issuance costs

    (2,236 )     (2,646 )

Net carrying amount

  $ 78,264     $ 77,854  

The Notes are convertible at the option of holders of the Notes at any time until the close of business on the scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date. Upon conversion, holders of the Notes will receive shares of the Company’s common stock, together, if applicable, with cash in lieu of any fractional share, at the then-applicable conversion rate. The initial conversion rate is 56.9801 shares of the Company’s common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Notes (representing an initial conversion price of approximately $17.55 per share of common stock, which represents an initial conversion premium of approximately 30% above the closing price of $13.50 per share of the Company’s common stock on February 28, 2019), subject to customary adjustments. If a make-whole fundamental change (as defined in the Indenture) occurs, and in connection with certain other conversions before March 15, 2022, the Company will in certain circumstances increase the conversion rate for a specified period of time.

 

Initially there are no guarantors of the Notes, but the Notes will be fully and unconditionally guaranteed, on a senior, unsecured basis by certain of the Company’s future domestic subsidiaries.  The Notes are the Company’s senior, unsecured obligations and are equal in right of payment with existing and future senior, unsecured indebtedness, senior in right of payment to the Company’s existing and future indebtedness that is expressly subordinated to the Notes and effectively subordinated to the Company’s existing and future secured indebtedness, to the extent of the value of the collateral securing that indebtedness.  The Note Guarantee (as defined in the Indenture) of each future guarantor, if any, will be such guarantor’s senior, unsecured obligations and are equal in right of payment with existing and future senior, unsecured indebtedness, senior in right of payment to such future guarantor’s existing and future indebtedness that is expressly subordinated to the Notes and effectively subordinated to such future guarantor’s existing and future secured indebtedness, to the extent of the value of the collateral securing that indebtedness.

 

Holders may require the Company to repurchase their Notes upon the occurrence of a fundamental change (as defined in the Indenture) at a cash purchase price equal to the principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any.

 

The Company may not redeem the Notes prior to March 15, 2022.  On or after March 15, 2022, the Company may redeem for cash all or part of the Notes if the last reported sale price per share of the Company’s common stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price on (i) each of at least 20 trading days, whether or not consecutive, during the 30 consecutive trading days ending on, and including, the trading day immediately before the date the Company sends the related redemption notice; and (ii) the trading day immediately before the date the Company sends such redemption notice.  The redemption price is equal to 100% of the principal amount of the notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date.  In addition, calling any Note for redemption will constitute a “make-whole fundamental change” with respect to that Note, in which case the conversion rate applicable to the conversion of that Note will be increased in certain circumstances if it is converted after it is called for redemption.

 

19

 

The Indenture contains covenants that limit the Company’s ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to, among other things: (i) incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or issue disqualified stock; and (ii) create or incur liens.

Pursuant to the guidance in ASC 815-40, Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity, the Company evaluated whether the conversion feature of the note needed to be bifurcated from the host instrument as a freestanding financial instrument. Under ASC 815-40, to qualify for equity classification (or non-bifurcation, if embedded) the instrument (or embedded feature) must be both (1) indexed to the issuer’s own stock and (2) meet the requirements of the equity classification guidance. Based upon the Company’s analysis, it was determined the conversion option is indexed to its own stock and also met all the criteria for equity classification contained in ASC 815-40-25-7 and 815-40-25-10. Accordingly, the conversion option is not required to be bifurcated from the host instrument as a freestanding financial instrument. Since the conversion feature meets the equity scope exception from derivative accounting, the Company then evaluated whether the conversion feature needed to be separately accounted for as an equity component under ASC 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options.  The Company determined that notes should be accounted for in their entirety as a liability.

 

The Company incurred approximately $4.1 million in transaction costs in connection with the issuance of the Notes. These costs were recognized as a reduction of the carrying amount of the Notes utilizing the effective interest method and are being amortized over the term of the notes.

The following table sets forth interest expense information related to the Notes (in thousands):

   

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Contractual interest expense

  $ 1,006     $ 1,006     $ 2,013     $ 2,013  

Amortization of debt issuance costs

    206       205       410       414  

Total interest cost

  $ 1,212     $ 1,211     $ 2,423     $ 2,427  

Effective interest rate

    5.1 %     5.1 %     5.1 %     5.1 %

 

 

Note 13.  Accrued Liabilities​

Accrued liabilities consisted of the following for the periods indicated (in thousands):

   

June 30, 2021

   

December 31, 2020

 

Accrued payroll

  $ 7,371     $ 10,517  

Accrued employee benefits

    2,950       3,057  

Accrued state and local taxes

    1,001       251  

Accrued interest

    1,355       1,256  

Advance payments

    267       303  

Accrued product warranty

    337       703  

Accrued commission expenses

    1,210       974  

Accrued professional fees

    253       377  

Accrued shipping and tariff expenses

    171       526  

Accrued other

    594       547  

Total accrued liabilities

  $ 15,509     $ 18,511  

 

Note 14.  Other Income and Expense

Other income and (expense) consisted of the following for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

   

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Foreign exchange transaction gain

  $ 427     $ 113     $ 218     $ 252  

Government subsidy income

    115       876       154       981  

Other non-operating gain (loss)

    31       (6 )     32       6  

Loan forgiveness

    6,229             6,229        

Loss on disposal of assets

    (5 )     (9 )     (5 )     (9 )

Total other income (expense), net

  $ 6,797     $ 974     $ 6,628     $ 1,230  

20

 
 

Note 15.  Share-Based Compensation

Equity Plans

The Company’s board of directors and stockholders approved the following equity plans:

 

the 2006 Share Incentive Plan

 

the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (“2013 Plan”)

 

the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan (“2021 Plan”)

 

The Company issued stock options, restricted stock awards (“RSAs”) and restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to employees, consultants and non-employee directors. Stock option awards generally vest over a four-year period and have a maximum term of ten years. Stock options under these plans have been granted with an exercise price equal to the fair market value on the date of the grant. Nonqualified and Incentive Stock Options, RSAs and RSUs may be granted from these plans. Prior to the Company’s initial public offering in September 2013, the fair market value of the Company’s stock had been historically determined by the board of directors and from time to time with the assistance of third-party valuation specialists.

Stock Options

Options have been granted to the Company’s employees under the two incentive plans and generally become exercisable as to 25% of the shares on the first anniversary date following the date of grant and 12.5% on a semi-annual basis thereafter. All options expire ten years after the date of grant.

The following is a summary of option activity (in thousands, except per share data):

   

   

   

Weighted

   

   

Weighted

   

 

 

   

Weighted

   

Average

   

   

Average

   

 

 

   

Average

   

Share Price

   

Weighted

   

Remaining

   

Aggregate

 

 

Number of

   

Exercise

   

on Date of

   

Average

   

Contractual

   

Intrinsic

 

 

shares

   

Price

   

Exercise

   

Fair Value

   

Life

   

Value

 

 

(in thousands, except price data)

 

Outstanding at January 1, 2021

    276     $ 10.29         $ 5.41       2.67     $ 54  

Exercised

    (2 )   $ 6.00         $0.40             7  

Forfeited

    (3 )   $ 10.40           $5.64             1  

Outstanding, June 30, 2021

    271     $ 10.32    

    $ 5.44       2.19       46  

Exercisable, June 30, 2021

    271     $ 10.32    

   

      2.19       46  

Vested and expected to vest

    271     $ 10.33    

   

      2.19       46  

As of June 30, 2021, there was no unrecognized stock option expense.

21

 

Restricted Stock Units/Awards

The following is a summary of RSU/RSA activity (in thousands, except per share data):

   

   

Weighted

   

   

 

 

   

Average Share

   

Weighted

   

Aggregate

 

 

Number of

   

Price on Date

   

Average Fair

   

Intrinsic

 

 

shares

   

of Release

   

Value

   

Value

 

 

(in thousands, except price data)

 

Outstanding at January 1, 2021

    1,325         $ 14.97     $ 11,279  

Granted

    1,716           10.14       2,897  

Released

    (304 )   $ 9.39       18.46       2,856  

Cancelled/Forfeited

    (57 )  

      13.34       485  

Outstanding, June 30, 2021

    2,680           11.51       22,700  

Vested and expected to vest

    2,680           11.51       22,700  

As of June 30, 2021, there was $27.8 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to these RSUs and RSAs. This expense is expected to be recognized over 2.33 years.

Share-Based Compensation

Employee share-based compensation expenses recognized for the periods indicated (in thousands):

   

Three months ended

   

Six months ended

 

 

June 30,

   

June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Share-based compensation - by expense type

 

   

                 

Cost of goods sold

  $ 266     $ 237     $ 467     $ 483  

Research and development

    630       704       1,193       1,392  

Sales and marketing

    329       295       548       586  

General and administrative

    2,048       2,066       3,585       4,079  

Total share-based compensation expense

  $ 3,273     $ 3,302     $ 5,793     $ 6,540  

 

22

 
 

Note 16.  Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was 0% and 258.2%, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2021, the effective tax rate varied from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the benefit of the nontaxable PPP loan forgiveness, offset by the change of the valuation allowance on federal, state, Taiwan, and China deferred tax assets ("DTA"). For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the effective tax rate varied from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the level and mix of earnings among tax jurisdictions, and the change of valuation allowance on the US and state deferred tax assets, and the recording of a valuation allowance on Taiwan deferred tax assets.

 

The Company's effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was 0% and (16.25%), respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, the effective tax rate varied from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the change of the valuation allowance on federal, state, Taiwan and China DTA. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the effective tax rate varied from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the level and mix of earnings among tax jurisdictions, the change of the valuation allowance on the US and state deferred tax assets, and the recording of a valuation on Taiwan deferred tax assets.

 
 

 

 
 

 

The Company continually monitors and performs an assessment of the realizability of its DTAs, including an analysis of factors such as future taxable income, reversal of existing taxable temporary differences, and tax planning strategies. In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, the Company considered both positive and negative evidence related to the likelihood of realization of deferred tax assets using a “more likely than not” standard. In making such assessment, more weight was given to evidence that could be objectively verified, including recent cumulative losses. Based on the Company’s review of this evidence, management determined that a full valuation allowance against all of the Company’s net deferred tax assets at June 30, 2021 was appropriate.

 

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Stability Act (the "CARES Act") was signed into law on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act, among other things, includes tax provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer social security payments, net operating loss utilization and carryback periods, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property (“QIP”). On December 27, 2020, the Taxpayer Certainty and Disaster Tax Relief Act of 2020 was enacted as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, followed by the American Rescue Plan Act on March 1, 2021. These recent laws, among many other provisions, expand and extend the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”), refundable employee retention tax credits previously made available under the CARES Act and allow a full deduction for business meals for the 2021 and 2022 tax years. At this point we do not believe that these changes will have a material impact on our income tax provision for 2021. We will continue to evaluate the impact of new legislation on our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

 

 

Note 17.  Geographic Information

The Company operates in one reportable segment. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who is considered to be the chief operating decision maker, manages the Company’s operations as a whole and reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis, accompanied by information about product revenue, for purposes of evaluating financial performance and allocating resources.

The following tables set forth the Company’s revenue and asset information by geographic region. Revenue is classified based on the location of where the product is manufactured. Long-lived assets in the tables below comprise only property, plant, equipment and intangible assets (in thousands):

   

Three months ended June 30,

   

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020

 

Revenues:

 

   

   

   

 

United States

  $ 3,422     $ 4,735     $ 6,737     $ 8,496  

Taiwan

    29,493       40,604       55,888       64,486  

China

    21,274       19,883       41,265       32,707  

  $ 54,189     $ 65,222     $ 103,890     $ 105,689  

 

   

As of the period ended

 

 

June 30,

   

December 31,

 

 

2021

   

2020

 

Long-lived assets:

 

   

 

United States

  $ 89,096     $ 90,999  

Taiwan

    67,305       71,080  

China

    107,706       108,575  

  $ 264,107     $ 270,654  

23

 
 

Note 18.  Contingencies

Litigation

Overview

 

From time to time, the Company may be subject to legal proceedings and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, including, but not limited to, inquiries, investigations, audits and other regulatory proceedings, such as described below. The Company records a loss provision when it believes it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Unless otherwise disclosed, the Company is unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss for the legal proceeding described below.

 

Except for the lawsuits described below, the Company believes that there are no claims or actions pending or threatened against it, the ultimate disposition of which would have a material adverse effect on it.

 

Class Action and Shareholder Derivative Litigation

 

On August 7, 2018, a derivative lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas styled Lei Jin, derivatively on behalf ofApplied Optoelectronics, Inc. v. Chih-Hsiang (Thompson) Lin, Stefan J. Murry, William H. Yeh, Alex Ignatiev, Richard B. Black, Min-Chu Chen, Alan Moore, and Che-Wei Lin and Applied Optoelectronics, Inc., No. 4:18-cv-02713 alleging breaches of fiduciary duties, unjust enrichment, and violations of Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act based on similar factual allegations as in the securities class action captioned Mona Abouzied v. Applied Optoelectronics, Inc., Chih-Hsiang (Thompson) Lin, and Stefan J. Murry, et al., Case No. 4:17-cv-02399, which had been previously filed against the Company and was dismissed following a settlement in 2020.  On December 18, 2018, a second derivative complaint was filed styled Yiu Kwong Ng v.Chih-Hsiang (Thompson) Lin, Stefan J. Murry, William H. Yeh, Alex Ignatiev, Richard B. Black, Min-Chu Chen, Alan Moore, and Che-Wei Lin and Applied Optoelectronics, Inc., No. 4:18-cv-4751 alleging the same causes of actions as the Jin complaint and additional factual allegations regarding our announcement on September 28, 2018 that we had “identified an issue with a small percentage of 25G lasers within a specific customer environment.”  On January 11, 2019, the court consolidated these two derivative actions, and on January 15, 2019, the court entered an order staying the actions pending the resolution of the securities class actions. On June 24, 2020, the plaintiffs filed a notice that the stay of proceedings had been terminated, and on July 2, 2020, the parties filed a Joint Stipulation and Proposed Scheduling Order. The court entered the stipulated scheduling order on the same date, under which Defendants were required to file and serve their response or responsive pleading to the complaint by August 3, 2020. By agreement of the parties, the Court subsequently extended the deadline for Defendants to file and serve their response or responsive pleading to December 2, 2020. On December 2, 2020, Defendants filed their motion to dismiss the consolidated derivative complaint. On December 7, 2020, Plaintiffs filed a notice alerting the Court that they were intending to file an amended complaint, which was subsequently filed by Plaintiffs on January 13, 2021. Defendants filed a motion to dismiss all claims on March 1, 2021.  Plaintiffs’ response deadline is May 3, 2021.  On June 25, 2021, the parties filed a stipulation indicating that they had reached a settlement-in-principle of the action. On June 28, 2021, the Court stayed all deadlines in the action for 30 days to allow the parties to finalize the settlement. The deadline was extended to August 13, 2021. At this stage, we are not yet able to determine the likelihood of loss, if any, arising from this matter.

 

 

 

Note 19.  Subsequent Events

The Company repaid its revolving bank line of credit with Truist Bank in the amount of $19.4 million in July 2021.

 

24

 
 

Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2021 and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 included in our Annual Report. References to “Applied Optoelectronics,” “we,” “our” and “us” are to Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. and its subsidiaries unless otherwise specified or the context otherwise requires.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” that involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions that, if they never materialize or prove incorrect, could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The statements contained in this Quarterly Report that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Terminology such as "believe," "may," "estimate," "continue," "anticipate," "intend," "should," "could," "would," "target," "seek," "aim," "believe," "predicts," "think," "objectives," "optimistic," "new," "goal," "strategy," "potential," "is likely," "will," "expect," "plan," "project," "permit,"  or by other similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and industry and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause actual results and the timing of events to differ materially from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those identified in “Part II —Item 1A. Risk Factors” provided below, and those discussed in other documents we file with the SEC, including our Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Furthermore, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report.

Overview

We are a leading, vertically integrated provider of fiber-optic networking products. We target four networking end-markets: internet data centers, CATV, telecom and FTTH. We design and manufacture a range of optical communications products at varying levels of integration, from components, subassemblies and modules to complete turn-key equipment. In designing products for our customers, we typically begin with the fundamental building blocks of lasers and laser components. From these foundational products, we design and manufacture a wide range of products to meet our customers’ needs and specifications, and such products differ from each other by their end market, intended use and level of integration. We are primarily focused on the higher-performance segments within the internet data center, CATV, telecom and FTTH markets which increasingly demand faster connectivity and innovation. Our vertically integrated manufacturing model provides us several advantages, including rapid product development, fast response times to customer requests and control over product quality and manufacturing costs.

The four end markets we target are all driven by significant bandwidth demand fueled by the growth of network-connected devices, video traffic, cloud computing and online social networking. Within the internet data center market, we benefit from the increasing use of higher-capacity optical networking technology as a replacement for copper cables, particularly as speeds reach 100 Gbps and above, as well as the movement to open internet data center architectures and the increasing use of in-house equipment design among leading internet companies. Within the CATV market, we benefit from a number of ongoing trends including the build-out of CATV infrastructure in the US and other countries, the move to higher bandwidth networks among CATV service providers and the outsourcing of system design among CATV networking equipment companies. In the FTTH market, we benefit from continuing PON deployments and system upgrades among telecom service providers. In the telecom market, we benefit from deployment of new high-speed fiber-optic networks by telecom network operators, including 5G networks.

 

Our vertically integrated manufacturing model provides us several advantages, including rapid product development, fast response times to customer requests and greater control over product quality and manufacturing costs. We design, manufacture and integrate our own analog and digital lasers using a proprietary Molecular Beam Epitaxy, or MBE, and Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) fabrication process, which we believe is unique in our industry. We manufacture the majority of the laser chips and optical components that are used in our products. The lasers we manufacture are tested extensively to enable reliable operation over time and our devices are often highly tolerant of changes in temperature and humidity, making them well-suited to the CATV, FTTH and 5G telecom markets where networking equipment is often installed outdoors.

 

We have three manufacturing sites: Sugar Land, Texas, Ningbo, China and Taipei, Taiwan. Our research and development functions are generally partnered with our manufacturing locations, and we have an additional research and development facility in Duluth, Georgia. In our Sugar Land facility, we manufacture laser chips (utilizing our MBE and MOCVD processes), subassemblies and components. The subassemblies are used in the manufacture of components by our other manufacturing facilities or sold to third parties as modules. We manufacture our laser chips only within our Sugar Land facility, where our laser design team is located. In our Taiwan location, we manufacture optical components, such as our butterfly lasers, which incorporate laser chips, subassemblies and components manufactured within our Sugar Land facility. Additionally, in our Taiwan location, we manufacture transceivers for the internet data center, telecom, FTTH and other markets. In our China facility, we take advantage of lower labor costs and manufacture certain more labor intensive components and optical equipment systems, such as optical subassemblies and transceivers for the internet data center market, CATV transmitters (at the headend) and CATV outdoor equipment (at the node). Each manufacturing facility conducts testing on the components, modules or subsystems it manufactures and each facility is certified to ISO 9001:2015. Our facilities in Ningbo, China, Taipei, Taiwan, and Sugar Land, Texas are all certified to ISO 14001:2015.

Our business depends on winning competitive bid selection processes to develop components, systems and equipment for use in our customers’ products. These selection processes are typically lengthy, and as a result our sales cycles will vary based on the level of customization required, market served, whether the design win is with an existing or new customer and whether our solution being designed in our customers’ product is our first generation or subsequent generation product. We do not have any long-term purchase commitments (in excess of one year) with any of our customers, most of whom purchase our products on a purchase order basis. However, once one of our solutions is incorporated into a customer’s design, we believe that our solution is likely to continue to be purchased for that design throughout that product’s life cycle because of the time and expense associated with redesigning the product or substituting an alternative solution.

Our principal executive offices are located at 13139 Jess Pirtle Blvd., Sugar Land, TX 77478, and our telephone number is (281) 295-1800.

 

COVID-19 Pandemic

 

We are subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business is highly uncertain and difficult to predict as coronavirus continues to spread around the world. In March 2020, we instituted travel restrictions and implemented sanitation and disinfection procedures to safeguard the health and safety of our employees which continue today. Recently, we began allowing certain employee travel, but continue strict sanitation procedures in our facilities.  With increased vaccinations and the potential significant reduction of infections, we have implemented procedures for a safe return to the office environment for all of our employees. However, the spread of COVID-19 may still impact our supply chain operations through restrictions, reduced capacity and shutdown of business activities by suppliers whom we rely on for sourcing components and materials and third-party partners whom we rely on for manufacturing, warehousing and logistics services. Although demand for many of our products has been strong in the short-term as subscribers seek more bandwidth, customers’ purchasing decisions over the long-term may be impacted by the pandemic and its impact on the economy, which could in turn impact our revenue and results of operations. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may materially impact our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations is therefore uncertain.

 

 

Results of Operations

The following table set forth our consolidated results of operations for the periods presented and as a percentage of our revenue for those periods (in thousands, except percentages):

   

Three months ended

   

Three months ended

   

Six months ended

   

Six months ended

 

 

June 30,

   

June 30,

   

June 30,

   

June 30,

 

 

2021

   

2020

   

2021

   

2020