UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2021
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from            to       _    ____
 
Commission file number: 001-35922
PEDEVCO Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Texas
 
22-3755993
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
575 N. Dairy Ashford, Suite 210, Houston, Texas
 
77079
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(713) 221-1768
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share
PED
NYSE American
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company 
 
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes   No 
 
At May 14, 2021, there were 79,461,603 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding.


 
 
PEDEVCO CORP.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
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CAUTIONARY NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
Some of the statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements discuss future expectations, contain projections of results of operations or financial conditions. The words “believe,” “intend,” “plan,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “project,” “goal” and similar expressions identify such a statement was made, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. These statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the statements. The forward-looking information is based on various factors and is derived using numerous assumptions. Factors that might cause or contribute to such a discrepancy include, but are not limited to, the risks discussed in this and our other Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings. We do not promise to or take any responsibility to update forward-looking information to reflect actual results or changes in assumptions or other factors that could affect those statements except as required by law. Future events and actual results could differ materially from those expressed in, contemplated by, or underlying such forward-looking statements.
 
Forward-looking statements may include statements about our:
 
business strategy;
reserves;
technology;
cash flows and liquidity;
financial strategy, budget, projections and operating results;
oil and natural gas realized prices;
timing and amount of future production of oil and natural gas;
availability of oil field labor;
the amount, nature and timing of capital expenditures, including future exploration and development costs;
drilling of wells;
government regulation and taxation of the oil and natural gas industry;
marketing of oil and natural gas;
exploitation projects or property acquisitions;
costs of exploiting and developing our properties and conducting other operations;
general economic conditions in the United States and around the world, including the effect of regional or global health pandemics (such as, for example, COVID-19);
● 
the effect of COVID-19 on the U.S. and global economy, the effect of U.S. and global efforts to reduce the spread of the virus, including ‘stay-at-home’ and other orders, and the resulting effect of such pandemic and governmental responses thereto on the market for oil and gas and the U.S. and global economy in general;
competition in the oil and natural gas industry;
effectiveness of our risk management activities;
environmental liabilities;
counterparty credit risk;
developments in oil-producing and natural gas-producing countries;
future operating results;
future acquisition transactions;
estimated future reserves and the present value of such reserves; and
plans, objectives, expectations and intentions contained in this Quarterly Report that are not historical.
 
All forward-looking statements speak only at the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report. The reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this Quarterly Report are reasonable, we provide no assurance that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. We disclose important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from our expectations under “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2021. These cautionary statements qualify all forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements except as required by law, including the securities laws of the United States and the rules and regulations of the SEC. 
 
 
1
 
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
PEDEVCO CORP.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
 
March 31,
2021
 
 
December 31,
2020
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 $18,532 
 $8,027 
Accounts receivable – oil and gas
  1,409 
  660 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  67 
  66 
Total current assets
  20,008 
  8,753 
 
    
    
Oil and gas properties:
    
    
Oil and gas properties, subject to amortization, net
  66,295 
  66,994 
Oil and gas properties, not subject to amortization, net
  4 
  4 
Total oil and gas properties, net
  66,299 
  66,998 
 
    
    
Operating lease – right-of-use asset
  246 
  270 
Other assets
  3,536 
  3,543 
Total assets
 $90,089 
 $79,564 
 
    
    
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
    
    
Current liabilities:
    
    
Accounts payable
 $678 
 $212 
Accrued expenses
  464 
  3,032 
Revenue payable
  879 
  836 
PPP loan – current
  349 
  288 
Operating lease liabilities – current
  107 
  105 
Asset retirement obligations – current
  245 
  234 
Total current liabilities
  2,722 
  1,978 
 
    
    
Long-term liabilities:
    
    
PPP loan, net of current portion
  21 
  82 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion
  167 
  195 
Asset retirement obligations, net of current portion
  1,828 
  1,673 
Total liabilities
  4,738 
  3,928 
 
    
    
Commitments and contingencies
    
    
 
    
    
Shareholders’ equity:
    
    
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized; 79,461,603 and 72,463,340 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
  79 
  72 
Additional paid-in capital
  212,830 
  203,850 
Accumulated deficit
  (127,558)
  (128,286)
Total shareholders’ equity
  85,351 
  75,636 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 $90,089 
 $79,564 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
2
 
 
PEDEVCO CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and gas sales
 $3,531 
 $2,832 
 
    
    
Operating expenses:
    
    
Lease operating costs
  1,286 
  1,522 
Exploration expense
  - 
  30 
Selling, general and administrative expense
  1,767 
  2,123 
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion
  1,561 
  3,437 
Total operating expenses
  4,614 
  7,112 
 
    
    
Gain on sale of oil and gas properties
  1,805 
  - 
 
    
    
Operating income (loss)
  722 
  (4,280)
 
    
    
Other income (expense):
    
    
Interest expense
  (1)
  - 
Interest income
  4 
  24 
Other income (expense)
  3 
  (1)
Total other income
  6 
  23 
 
    
    
Net income (loss)
 $728 
 $(4,257)
 
    
    
Loss per common share:
    
    
Basic
 $0.01 
 $(0.06)
Diluted
 $0.01 
 $(0.06)
 
    
    
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
    
    
Basic
  76,839,795 
  71,996,295 
Diluted
  77,039,719 
  71,996,295 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
3
 
 
PEDEVCO CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(amounts in thousands)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 $728 
 $(4,257)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
    
    
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion
  1,561 
  3,437 
Gain on sale of oil and gas properties
  (1,805)
  - 
Amortization of right-of-use asset
  24 
  22 
Share-based compensation expense
  684 
  853 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
Accounts receivable – oil and gas
  (749)
  1,778 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  (1)
  (4)
Accounts payable
  267 
  (3,373)
Accrued expenses
  161 
  254 
Revenue payable
  43 
  (4)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
  913 
  (1,294)
 
    
    
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
    
    
Cash paid for drilling and completion costs
  (582)
  (8,720)
Proceeds from the sale of oil and gas property
  1,871 
  - 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
  1,289 
  (8,720)
 
    
    
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
    
    
Proceeds from issuance of shares, net of offering costs
  8,303 
  - 
Net cash provided by financing activities
  8,303 
  - 
 
    
    
 
    
    
Net increase (decrease) in cash and restricted cash
  10,505 
  (10,014)
Cash and restricted cash at beginning of period
  11,324 
  25,712 
Cash and restricted cash at end of period
 $21,829 
 $15,698 
 
    
    
 
    
    
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
    
    
Cash paid for:
    
    
Interest
 $- 
 $- 
Income taxes
 $- 
 $- 
 
    
    
Noncash investing and financing activities:
    
    
Change in accrued oil and gas development costs
 $173 
 $4,128 
Changes in estimates of asset retirement costs, net
 $45 
 $210 
Issuance of restricted common stock
 $1 
 $1 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
4
 
 
PEDEVCO CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021 AND 2020
(Unaudited)
(amounts in thousands, except share amounts)
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional Paid-in
Capital
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Totals
 
Balances at December 31, 2020
  72,463,340 
 $72 
 $203,850 
 $(128,286)
 $75,636 
Issuance of restricted common stock
  960,000 
  1 
  (1)
  - 
  - 
Rescinded restricted common stock
  (16,667)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Issuance of common stock to non-affiliate
  5,968,500 
  6 
  8,297 
  - 
  8,303 
Cashless exercise of stock options
  86,430 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Share-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  684 
  - 
  684 
Net income
  - 
  - 
  - 
  728 
  728 
Balances at March 31, 2021
  79,461,603 
 $79 
 $212,830 
 $(127,558)
 $85,351 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional Paid-in
Capital
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Totals
 
Balances at December 31, 2019
  71,061,328 
 $71 
 $201,027 
 $(95,596)
 $105,502 
Issuance of restricted common stock
  1,119,000 
  1 
  (1)
  - 
  - 
Rescinded restricted common stock
  (55,000)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Share-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  853 
  - 
  853 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (4,257)
  (4,257)
Balances at March 31, 2020
  72,125,328 
 $72 
 $201,879 
 $(99,853)
 $102,098 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
5
 
 
PEDEVCO CORP.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements of PEDEVCO Corp. (“PEDEVCO” or the “Company”), have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto contained in PEDEVCO’s latest Annual Report filed with the SEC on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and the results of operations for the interim periods presented have been reflected herein. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. Notes to the financial statements that would substantially duplicate disclosures contained in the audited financial statements for the most recent fiscal year, as reported in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 23, 2021 (the “2020 Annual Report”), have been omitted.
 
The Company’s consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and subsidiaries in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
The Company's future financial condition and liquidity will be impacted by, among other factors, the success of our drilling program, the number of commercially viable oil and natural gas discoveries made and the quantities of oil and natural gas discovered, the speed with which we can bring such discoveries to production, the actual cost of exploration, appraisal and development of our prospects, the prevailing prices for, and demand for, oil and natural gas.
  
NOTE 2 – DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
PEDEVCO is an oil and gas company focused on the development, acquisition and production of oil and natural gas assets where the latest in modern drilling and completion techniques and technologies have yet to be applied. In particular, the Company focuses on legacy proven properties where there is a long production history, well defined geology and existing infrastructure that can be leveraged when applying modern field management technologies. The Company’s current properties are located in the San Andres formation of the Permian Basin situated in West Texas and eastern New Mexico (the “Permian Basin”) and in the Denver-Julesburg Basin (“D-J Basin”) in Colorado.  The Company holds its Permian Basin acres located in Chaves and Roosevelt Counties, New Mexico, through its wholly-owned operating subsidiary, Pacific Energy Development Corp. (“PEDCO”), which asset the Company refers to as its “Permian Basin Asset,” and it holds its D-J Basin acres located in Weld and Morgan Counties, Colorado, through its wholly-owned operating subsidiary, Red Hawk Petroleum, LLC (“Red Hawk”), which asset the Company refers to as its “D-J Basin Asset.”
 
The Company believes that horizontal development and exploitation of conventional assets in the Permian Basin and development of the Wattenberg and Wattenberg Extension in the D-J Basin represent among the most economic oil and natural gas plays in the United States (“U.S.”).  Moving forward, the Company plans to optimize its existing assets and opportunistically seek additional acreage proximate to its currently held core acreage, as well as other attractive onshore U.S. oil and gas assets that fit the Company’s acquisition criteria, that Company management believes can be developed using its technical and operating expertise and be accretive to shareholder value.  
 
 
6
 
 
NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
The Company has provided a discussion of significant accounting policies, estimates and judgments in its 2020 Annual Report. There have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies since December 31, 2020.
 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
The Company does not expect the adoption of any other recently issued accounting pronouncements to have a significant impact on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
 
Subsequent Events
 
The Company has evaluated all transactions through the date the consolidated financial statements were issued for subsequent event disclosure consideration.
 
NOTE 4 – REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
 
Disaggregation of Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The following table disaggregates revenue by significant product type in the periods indicated (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
Oil sales
 $3,433 
 $2,703 
Natural gas sales
  75 
  89 
Natural gas liquids sales
  23 
  40 
Total revenue from customers
 $3,531 
 $2,832 
 
There were no significant contract liabilities or transaction price allocations to any remaining performance obligations as of March 31, 2021. 
  
NOTE 5 – CASH
 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and restricted cash reported within the balance sheets, which sum to the total of such amounts in the periods indicated (in thousands): 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2021
 
 
December 31,
2020
 
Cash
 $18,532 
 $8,027 
Restricted cash included in other assets
  3,297 
  3,297 
Total cash and restricted cash
 $21,829 
 $11,324 
 
NOTE 6 – OIL AND GAS PROPERTIES
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s oil and gas activities by classification for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands):
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2020
 
 
Additions
 
 
Disposals
 
 
Transfers
 
 
Balance at March 31, 2021
 
Oil and gas properties, subject to amortization
 $146,950 
 $755 
 $(66)
 $- 
 $147,639 
Oil and gas properties, not subject to amortization
  4 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  4 
Asset retirement costs
  1,108 
  50 
  (5)
  - 
  1,153 
Accumulated depreciation, depletion and impairment
  (81,064)
  (1,433)
  - 
  - 
  (82,497)
Total oil and gas assets
 $66,998 
 $(628)
 $(71)
 $- 
 $66,299 
 
 
7
 
 
For the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company incurred $755,000 in capital costs primarily related to capital workovers for three wells in our Permian Basin Asset, which included clean outs, converting from an electric submersible pump (“ESP”) to rod pump, and installation of an ESP.
 
On March 18, 2021, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Red Hawk, consummated the sale of certain assets and associated liabilities located in its D-J Basin Asset to third parties pursuant to a Purchase and Sale Agreement.  The Company received net cash at closing of $1.9 million.  The final purchase price is further subject to customary post-closing adjustments. As a result of the transaction, the Company recognized a $1.8 million gain on sale of oil and gas properties on the Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
 
The depletion recorded for production on proved properties for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, amounted to $1,433,000, compared to $3,378,000, respectively.
 
NOTE 7 – PPP LOANS
 
On April 22, 2020, the Company received loan proceeds of $370,000 (the “Original PPP Loan”) under the U.S. Small Business Administration’s (“SBA”) Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) established as part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”), and on April 23, 2020, the SBA issued guidance that cast doubt on the ability of public companies to qualify for a PPP loan. As a result, out of an abundance of caution, on May 1, 2020, the Company repaid the full amount of the Original PPP Loan to Texas Capital Bank, N.A.
 
On June 2, 2020, the Company again received loan proceeds of $370,000 (the “New PPP Loan”) under the SBA PPP. The New PPP Loan is evidenced by a promissory note, dated as of May 28, 2020 (the “Note”), between the Company and Texas Capital Bank, N.A. The Note has a two-year term, bears interest at the rate of 1.00% per annum, and may be prepaid at any time without payment of any premium.  No payments of principal or interest are due during the six-month period beginning on the date of the Note. The principal and accrued interest under the Note are forgivable after eight weeks if the Company uses the New PPP Loan proceeds for eligible purposes, including payroll, benefits, rent, and utilities, and otherwise complies with PPP requirements, with the full principal and accrued interest expected to be forgiven in full by the Company. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had accrued $3,000 in interest on the Note. As of March 31, 2021, the full amount of the loan was outstanding, with $349,000 included in current liabilities on the balance sheet.
 
As of the issuance date of these financial statements, the Company believes that it has used the loan proceeds only for eligible expenses, has submitted the necessary loan forgiveness application to Texas Capital Bank, N.A., and the SBA has notified the Company that the SBA has selected its loan for review. The Company is awaiting completion of the review and confirmation from the SBA on its loan forgiveness determination.
 
NOTE 8 – ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS
 
Activity related to the Company’s asset retirement obligations is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2021
 
Balance at the beginning of the period (1)
 $1,907 
Accretion expense
  121 
Changes in estimates, net
  45 
Balance at end of period (2)
 $2,073 
 
(1) 
Includes $234,000 of current asset retirement obligations at December 31, 2020.
 
(2) 
Includes $245,000 of current asset retirement obligations at March 31, 2021.
 
 
8
 
 
NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
Lease Agreements
 
Currently, the Company has one operating lease for office space that requires Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 842 treatment, discussed below.
 
The Company’s leases typically do not provide an implicit rate. Accordingly, the Company is required to use its incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments based on the information available at the commencement date. The Company’s incremental borrowing rate would reflect the estimated rate of interest that it would pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term, an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. However, the Company currently maintains no debt (other than the New PPP Loan which the Company expects to be forgiven), and in order to apply an appropriate discount rate, the Company used an average discount rate of eight publicly traded peer group companies similar to it based on size, geographic location, asset types, and/or operating characteristics.
 
The Company has a sublease for its corporate offices in Houston, Texas on approximately 5,200 square feet of office space that expires on August 31, 2023 and has a base monthly rent of approximately $10,000.
 
Supplemental cash flow information related to the Company’s operating lease is included in the table below (in thousands):
 

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
March 31, 2021
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 30 
 
Supplemental balance sheet information related to operating leases is included in the table below (in thousands):
 
 
 
March 31, 2021
 
Operating lease – right-of-use asset
 $246 
 
    
Operating lease liabilities - current
 $107 
Operating lease liabilities - long-term
  167 
Total lease liability
 $274 
 
The weighted-average remaining lease term for the Company’s operating lease is 2.4 years as of March 31, 2021, with a weighted-average discount rate of 5.35%.
 
Lease liability with enforceable contract terms that have greater than one-year terms are as follows (in thousands):
 
Remainder of 2021
 $89 
2022
  121 
2023
  82 
Thereafter
  - 
Total lease payments
  292 
Less imputed interest
  (18)
Total lease liability
 $274 
 
 
9
 
 
Leasehold Drilling Commitments
 
The Company’s oil and gas leasehold acreage is subject to expiration of leases if the Company does not drill and hold such acreage by production or otherwise exercises options to extend such leases, if available, in exchange for payment of additional cash consideration. In the D-J Basin Asset, no net acres expire during the remainder of 2021, and no significant net acres expire thereafter (net to our direct ownership interest only). In the Permian Basin Asset, 2,731 acres are due to expire during the remainder of 2021 and 1,475 net acres expire thereafter (net to our direct ownership interest only). The Company plans to hold significantly all of this acreage through a program of drilling and completing producing wells. If the Company is not able to drill and complete a well before lease expiration, the Company may seek to extend leases where able. 
 
Other Commitments
 
Although the Company may, from time to time, be involved in litigation and claims arising out of its operations in the normal course of business, the Company is not currently a party to any material legal proceeding. In addition, the Company is not aware of any material legal or governmental proceedings against it or contemplated to be brought against it.
 
As part of its regular operations, the Company may become party to various pending or threatened claims, lawsuits and administrative proceedings seeking damages or other remedies concerning its commercial operations, products, employees and other matters.
 
Although the Company provides no assurance about the outcome of these or any other pending legal and administrative proceedings and the effect such outcomes may have on the Company, the Company believes that any ultimate liability resulting from the outcome of such proceedings, to the extent not otherwise provided for or covered by insurance, will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
  
NOTE 10 – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Common Stock
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company granted an aggregate of 960,000 restricted stock awards to various employees of the Company. Additionally, 16,667 shares of restricted common stock were forfeited to the Company and canceled due to an employee termination (see Note 11 below).
 
On February 5, 2021, the Company closed an underwritten public offering of 5,968,500 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $1.50 per share, which included the full exercise of the underwriter’s over-allotment option, for net proceeds (after deducting the underwriters’ discount equal to 6% of the public offering price and expenses associated with the offering) of approximately $8.3 million.
 
Warrants
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, no warrants were granted, exercised or cancelled, and as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had warrants to purchase 150,329 shares of common stock outstanding, with an exercise price of $0.32 per share and a June 25, 2021 expiration date. The intrinsic value of these outstanding, as well as exercisable, warrants at March 31, 2021 was $171,000.
 
NOTE 11 – SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
 
The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award over the vesting period.
 
 
10
 
 
Common Stock
 
On January 19, 2021, restricted stock awards were granted to officers of the Company for an aggregate of 940,000 of the Company’s common stock, under the Company’s Amended and Restated 2012 Equity Incentive Plan. The grant for the 940,000 shares of restricted stock vest as follows: 33.3% vest each subsequent year from the date of grant contingent upon the recipient’s continued service with the Company. These shares have a total fair value of $1,307,000 based on the market price on the issuance date.
 
On February 5, 2021, the Company closed an underwritten public offering of 5,968,500 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $1.50 per share, which included the full exercise of the underwriter’s over-allotment option, for net proceeds (after deducting the underwriters’ discount equal to 6% of the public offering price and expenses associated with the offering) of approximately $8.3 million.
 
On February 28, 2021, 16,667 shares of restricted common stock were rescinded due to an employee termination. As a result, these shares were canceled and the shares once again became eligible for future awards under the Company’s Amended and Restated 2012 Equity Incentive Plan.
 
On March 31, 2021, 20,000 restricted stock awards were granted to a new employee of the Company, under the Company’s Amended and Restated 2012 Equity Incentive Plan. The grant for the 20,000 shares of restricted stock vest as follows: 100% vest on March 23, 2022, contingent upon the recipient’s continued service with the Company. These shares have a total fair value of $29,000 based on the market price on the issuance date.
 
Stock-based compensation expense recorded related to the vesting of restricted stock for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $570,000. The remaining unamortized stock-based compensation expense at March 31, 2021 related to restricted stock was $1,881,000.
 
Options
 
On January 19, 2021, the Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 550,000 shares of common stock to various Company employees at an exercise price of $1.39 per share. The options have a term of five years and fully vest in January 2024, with 33.3% vesting each subsequent year from the date of grant, contingent upon each recipient’s continued service with the Company. The aggregate fair value of the options on the date of grant, using the Black-Scholes model, was $654,000. Variables used in the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for the options issued include: (1) a discount rate of 0.45% based on the applicable US Treasury bill rate, (2) expected term of 3.5 years, (3) expected volatility of 156% based on the trading history of the Company, and (4) zero expected dividends.
 
On January 28, 2021, the Company issued 86,430 total shares of common stock upon the cashless exercise of stock options to purchase an aggregate of 191,999 shares of common stock with exercise prices ranging between $1.10 and $1.68 per share, based on a then-current market value of $2.89 per share, under the terms of the options. The options had an intrinsic value of $250,000 on the exercise date.
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized stock option expense of $114,000. The remaining amount of unamortized stock options expense at March 31, 2021, was $722,000.
 
The intrinsic value of outstanding and exercisable options at March 31, 2021 was $108,000.
 
 
11
 
 
Option activity during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was:  
 
 
 
Number of Options
 
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
 
Weighted Average Remaining Contract Term (Years)
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2020
  1,234,849 
 $2.43 
  2.7 
Granted
  550,000 
 $1.39 
    
Exercised
  (191,999)
 $1.59 
    
Expired/Canceled
  (236,334)
 $4.01 
    
Outstanding at March 31, 2021
  1,354,516 
 $1.85 
  3.3 
Exercisable at March 31, 2021
  532,515 
 $2.38 
  1.8 
 
NOTE 12 – EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE
 
Earnings (loss) per common share-basic is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Net income (loss) per common share-diluted assumes the conversion of all potentially dilutive securities and is calculated by dividing net (loss) income by the sum of the weighted average number of shares of common stock, as defined above, outstanding plus potentially dilutive securities. Net (loss) income per common share-diluted considers the impact of potentially dilutive securities except in periods in which there is a loss because the inclusion of the potential common shares, as defined above, would have an anti-dilutive effect.
 
The calculation of earnings (loss) per share for the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows (amounts in thousands, except share and per share data):
 
Numerator:
 
March 31,
2021
 
 
March 31,
2020
 
Net income (loss)
 $728 
 $(4,257)
 
    
    
Effect of common stock equivalents
  - 
  - 
Net income (loss) adjusted for common stock equivalents
 $728 
 $(4,257)
 
    
    
Denominator:
    
    
Weighted average common shares – basic
  76,839,795 
  71,996,295 
 
    
    
Dilutive effect of common stock equivalents:
    
    
Options and Warrants
  199,923 
  - 
 
    
    
Denominator:
    
    
Weighted average common shares – diluted
  77,039,719 
  71,996,295 
 
    
    
Earnings (loss) per common share – basic
 $0.01 
 $(0.06)
 
    
    
Earnings (loss) per common share – diluted
 $0.01 
 $(0.06)
 
For the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, share equivalents related to options to purchase 1,202,849 and 1,179,849 shares of common stock, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share as the inclusion of such shares would be anti-dilutive.
 
NOTE 13 – INCOME TAXES
 
The Company has estimated that its effective tax rate for U.S. purposes will be zero for the 2021 and 2020 fiscal years as a result of net losses and a full valuation allowance against the net deferred tax assets. Consequently, the Company has recorded no provision or benefit for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
 
 
12
 
 
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Introduction
  
The following is management’s discussion and analysis of the significant factors that affected the Company’s financial position and results of operations during the periods included in the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements. You should read this in conjunction with the discussion under “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, and the unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this quarterly Report.
 
Certain abbreviations and oil and gas industry terms used throughout this Quarterly Report are described and defined in greater detail under “Glossary of Oil And Natural Gas Terms” on page 4 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 23, 2021.
 
Our fiscal year ends on December 31st. Interim results are presented on a quarterly basis for the quarters ended March 31, June 30, and September 30th, the first quarter, second quarter and third quarter, respectively, with the quarter ending December 31st being referenced herein as our fourth quarter. Fiscal 2021 means the year ended December 31, 2021, whereas fiscal 2020 means the year ended December 31, 2020.
 
Certain capitalized terms used below but not otherwise defined, are defined in, and shall be read along with the meanings given to such terms in, the notes to the unaudited financial statements of the Company for the three months ended March 31, 2021, above.
 
Unless the context requires otherwise, references to the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” “PEDEVCO” and “PEDEVCO Corp.” refer specifically to PEDEVCO Corp. and its wholly and majority-owned subsidiaries.
 
In addition, unless the context otherwise requires and for the purposes of this Report only:
 
“Bbl” refers to one stock tank barrel, or 42 U.S. gallons liquid volume, used in this Report in reference to crude oil or other liquid hydrocarbons;
 
“Boe” refers to barrels of oil equivalent, determined using the ratio of one Bbl of crude oil, condensate or natural gas liquids, to six Mcf of natural gas;
 
“Bopd” refers to barrels of oil day;
 
“Mcf” refers to a thousand cubic feet of natural gas;
 
“NGL” refers to natural gas liquids;
 
“Exchange Act” refers to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended;
 
“SEC” or the “Commission” refers to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission;
 
 
“SWD” means a saltwater disposal well; and
 
“Securities Act” refers to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
 
 
13
 
 
Available Information
 
The Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to reports filed pursuant to Sections 13(a) and 15(d) of the Exchange Act, are filed with the SEC. The Company is subject to the informational requirements of the Exchange Act and files or furnishes reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Such reports and other information filed by the Company with the SEC are available free of charge at our website (www.pedevco.com) under “Investors” – “SEC Filings”, when such reports are available on the SEC’s website. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov. The Company periodically provides other information for investors on its corporate website, www.pedevco.com. This includes press releases and other information about financial performance, information on corporate governance and details related to the Company’s annual meeting of shareholders. The information contained on the websites referenced in this Form 10-Q is not incorporated by reference into this filing. Further, the Company’s references to website URLs are intended to be inactive textual references only.
 
General Overview
 
We are an oil and gas company focused on the development, acquisition and production of oil and natural gas assets where the latest in modern drilling and completion techniques and technologies have yet to be applied. In particular, we focus on legacy proven properties where there is a long production history, well defined geology and existing infrastructure that can be leveraged when applying modern field management technologies. Our current properties are located in the San Andres formation of the Permian Basin situated in West Texas and eastern New Mexico and in the Denver-Julesburg Basin in Colorado.  As of March 31, 2021, we held approximately 34,815 net Permian Basin acres located in Chaves and Roosevelt Counties, New Mexico, through PEDCO and approximately 11,700 net D-J Basin acres located in Weld and Morgan Counties, Colorado, through our wholly-owned operating subsidiary, Red Hawk. As of March 31, 2021, we held interests in 382 gross (303 net) wells in our Permian Basin Asset of which 29 are active producers, 15 are active injectors and two are active Saltwater Disposal Wells (“SWDs”), all of which are held by PEDCO and operated by its wholly-owned operating subsidiaries, and interests in 74 gross (21.0 net) wells in our D-J Basin Asset, of which 18 gross (16.2 net) wells are operated by Red Hawk and currently producing, 35 gross (5.2 net) wells are non-operated, and 21 wells have an after-payout interest.
 
Strategy
 
We believe that horizontal development and exploitation of conventional assets in the Permian Basin and development of the Wattenberg and Wattenberg Extension in the D-J Basin, represent among the most economic oil and natural gas plays in the U.S. We plan to optimize our existing assets and opportunistically seek additional acreage proximate to our currently held core acreage, as well as other attractive onshore U.S. oil and gas assets that fit our acquisition criteria, that Company management believes can be developed using our technical and operating expertise and be accretive to stockholder value. 
 
Specifically, we seek to increase stockholder value through the following strategies:
 
● 
Grow production, cash flow and reserves by developing our operated drilling inventory and participating opportunistically in non-operated projects. We believe our extensive inventory of drilling locations in the Permian Basin and the D-J Basin, combined with our operating expertise, will enable us to continue to deliver accretive production, cash flow and reserves growth. We have identified approximately 150 gross drilling locations across our Permian Basin acreage based on 20-acre spacing. We believe the location, concentration and scale of our core leasehold positions, coupled with our technical understanding of the reservoirs will allow us to efficiently develop our core areas and to allocate capital to maximize the value of our resource base.
● 
Apply modern drilling and completion techniques and technologies. We own and intend to acquire additional properties that have been historically underdeveloped and underexploited. We believe our attention to detail and application of the latest industry advances in horizontal drilling, completions design, frac intensity and locally optimal frac fluids will allow us to successfully develop our properties.
● 
Optimization of well density and configuration. We own properties that are legacy conventional oil fields characterized by widespread vertical development and geological well control. We utilize the extensive petrophysical and production data of such legacy properties to confirm optimal well spacing and configuration using modern reservoir evaluation methodologies.
 
 
14
 
 
● 
Maintain a high degree of operational control. We believe that by retaining high operational control, we can efficiently manage the timing and amount of our capital expenditures and operating costs, and thus key in on the optimal drilling and completions strategies, which we believe will generate higher recoveries and greater rates of return per well.
● 
Leverage extensive deal flow, technical and operational experience to evaluate and execute accretive acquisition opportunities. Our management and technical teams have an extensive track record of forming and building oil and gas businesses. We also have significant expertise in successfully sourcing, evaluating and executing acquisition opportunities. We believe our understanding of the geology, geophysics and reservoir properties of potential acquisition targets will allow us to identify and acquire highly prospective acreage in order to grow our reserve base and maximize stockholder value.
● 
Preserve financial flexibility to pursue organic and external growth opportunities. We intend to maintain a disciplined financial profile in order to provide us flexibility across various commodity and market cycles. We intend to utilize our strategic partners and public currency to continuously fund development and operations.
 
Our strategy is to be the operator and/or a significant working interest owner, directly or through our subsidiaries and joint ventures, in the majority of our acreage so that we can dictate the pace of development in order to execute our business plan. Our 2021 development plan includes several projects delayed from our 2019 Phase II Permian Basin Asset development program, which were put on hold through 2020 due to the COVID-19 outbreak and the related low oil price environment through most of 2020. In late 2020, we resumed work on these carryover projects, including the completion of a SWD well in the Chaveroo field (Chaves and Roosevelt Counties, New Mexico) which was brought online in September 2020. In September 2020, we brought online one horizontal San Andres well from our 2019 Phase I Permian Basin Asset development program that was previously shut in due to salt water disposal capacity constraints. In January 2021, we initiated production hookup and commencement of two horizontal San Andres wells drilled in our 2019/2020 Phase II Permian Basin Asset development program. Over the remainder of 2021, we plan to permit up to ten horizontal San Andres wells in our Permian Basin Asset and anticipate drilling and completing at least two of these wells in fall 2021, with the remainder planned to be drilled and completed in 2022. We also plan to complete several potential well reactivation projects, and complete several enhancement and facilities projects across our operated Permian Basin Asset. Additionally, we plan to spend approximately $1.2 million to participate in non-operated well projects on our D-J Basin Asset, pursuant to well proposals received from third party operators on lands in which we share a leasehold interest. This 2021 development program is based upon our current outlook for the remainder of the year and is subject to revision, if and as necessary, to react to market conditions, product pricing, contractor availability, requisite permitting and capital availability, additional non-operated well projects on our D-J Basin Asset that may become available, capital allocation changes between assets, acquisitions, divestitures and other adjustments determined by the Company in the best interest of its shareholders while prioritizing our financial strength and liquidity.
 
We expect that we will have sufficient cash available to meet our needs over the foreseeable future, including to fund our 2021 development program, discussed above, which cash we anticipate being available from (i) projected cash flow from our operations, (ii) existing cash on hand, (iii) equity infusions or loans (which may be convertible) made available from SK Energy LLC (“SK Energy”), which is 100% owned and controlled by Simon Kukes, our Chief Executive Officer and director, which funding SK Energy is under no obligation to provide, (iv) public or private debt or equity financings (similar to our recently completed February 2021 underwritten offering, as discussed below), and (v) funding through credit or loan facilities. In addition, we may seek additional funding through asset sales, farm-out arrangements, and credit facilities to fund potential acquisitions in 2021.
 
 
15
 
 
Results of Operations and Financial Condition
 
Market Conditions and Commodity Prices
 
Our financial results depend on many factors, particularly the price of natural gas and crude oil and our ability to market our production on economically attractive terms. Commodity prices are affected by many factors outside of our control, including changes in market supply and demand, which are impacted by among other factors, weather conditions, inventory storage levels, basis differentials and other factors. As a result, we cannot accurately predict future commodity prices and, therefore, we cannot determine with any degree of certainty what effect increases or decreases in these prices will have on our production volumes or revenues. In addition to production volumes and commodity prices, finding and developing sufficient amounts of natural gas and crude oil reserves at economical costs are critical to our long-term success. We expect prices to remain volatile for the remainder of the year. For information about the impact of realized commodity prices on our natural gas and crude oil and condensate revenues, refer to “Results of Operations” below.
 
Results of Operations
 
The following discussion and analysis of the results of operations for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The majority of the numbers presented below are rounded numbers and should be considered as approximate.
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
We reported net income for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 of $0.7 million, or $0.01 per share, compared to a net loss for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 of $4.3 million or ($0.06) per share. The increase in net income of $5.0 million was primarily due to a $0.7 million increase in revenue coupled with a $1.8 million gain on sale of oil and gas properties and a $2.5 million decrease in total operating expenses, when comparing the current period to the prior year period (all of which are discussed in more detail below).
 
Net Revenues
 
The following table sets forth the operating results and production data for the periods indicated:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
Increase
 
 
% Increase
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
(Decrease)
 
 
(Decrease)
 
Sale Volumes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Crude Oil (Bbls)
  62,122 
  82,492 
  (20,370)
  (25%)
Natural Gas (Mcf)
  32,900 
  60,866 
  (27,966)
  (46%)
NGL (Bbls)
  802 
  3,879 
  (3,077)
  (79%)
Total (Boe) (1)
  68,407 
  96,515 
  (28,108)
  (29%)
 
    
    
    
    
Crude Oil (Bbls per day)
  690 
  907 
  (217)
  (24%)
Natural Gas (Mcf per day)
  366 
  669 
  (303)
  (45%)
NGL (Bbls per day)
  9 
  43 
  (34)
  (79%)
Total (Boe per day) (1)
  760 
  1,062 
  (302)
  (28%)
 
    
    
    
    
Average Sale Price:
    
    
    
    
Crude Oil ($/Bbl)
 $55.26 
 $32.76 
 $22.50 
  69%
Natural Gas ($/Mcf)
  2.28 
  1.47 
  0.81 
  55%
NGL ($/Bbl)
  28.68 
  10.32 
  18.36 
  178%
 
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Net Operating Revenues (in thousands):
    
    
    
    
Crude Oil
 $3,433 
 $2,703 
 $730 
  27%
Natural Gas
  75 
  89 
  (14)
  (16%)
NGL
  23 
  40 
  (17)
  (43%)
           Total Revenues
 $3,531 
 $2,832 
 $699 
  25%
 
(1)
Assumes 6 Mcf of natural gas equivalents to 1 barrel of oil.
 
 
16
 
 
Total crude oil, natural gas and NGL revenues for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 increased $0.7 million, or 25%, to $3.5 million, compared to $2.8 million for the same period a year ago, due primarily to a favorable price variance of $2.0 million, offset by an unfavorable volume variance of $1.3 million. Production decreases are primarily related to several of our newer wells having higher peak production in the prior year, coupled with our oil and gas property sale and well shut-ins related to the winter storms that occurred in the current 2021 period.
 
Operating Expenses and Other Income (Expense)
 
The following table summarizes our production costs and operating expenses for the periods indicated (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
Increase
 
 
% Increase
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
 
 (Decrease)
 
 
 (Decrease)
 
Direct Lease Operating Expenses
 $926 
 $1,089 
 $(163)
  (15%)
Workovers
  118 
  166 
  (48)
  (29%)
Other*
  242 
  267 
  (25)
  (9%)
Total Lease Operating Expenses
 $1,286 
 $1,522 
 $(236)
 $(16%)
 
    
    
    
    
Exploration Expenses
  - 
  30 
  (30)
  (100%)
Depreciation, Depletion,
    
    
    
    
  Amortization and Accretion
 $1,561 
  3,437 
  (1,876)
  (55%)
 
    
    
    
    
General and Administrative (Cash)
 $1,083 
 $1,270 
 $(187)
 $(15%)
Share-Based Compensation (Non-Cash)
  684 
  853 
  (169)
  (20%)
Total General and Administrative Expense
 $1,767 
 $2,123 
 $(356)
 $(17%)
 
    
    
    
    
Gain on Sale of Oil and Gas Properties
 $1,805 
 $- 
 $1,805 
  100%
 
    
    
    
    
Interest Expense
 $(1)
 $- 
 $(1)
  (100%)
Interest Income
 $4 
 $24 
 $(20)
  (83%)
Other Income (Expense)
 $3 
 $(1)
 $4 
  400%
 
*Includes severance, ad valorem taxes and marketing costs.
 
Lease Operating Expenses. The decrease of $0.2 million was primarily due to the Company maintaining cost cutting initiatives that were implemented by the Company during the prior year, coupled with greater efficiencies and overall lower operating expense rates.
 
Exploration Expense.  There was minimal change in exploration activity undertaken by the Company in the current year’s period compared to the prior year’s period.  
 
Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization and Accretion. The $1.9 million decrease was primarily the result of a decrease in our depletable base due to the impairment of our oil and gas properties at the prior year end (discussed below) coupled with production decreases in the current period, when compared to the prior period. For the year ended December 31, 2020, due to falling oil and gas prices, we incurred a $19.3 million impairment of our oil and gas properties located in our D-J Basin Asset.
 
General and Administrative Expenses (excluding share-based compensation). The decrease of $0.2 million in general and administrative expenses (excluding share-based compensation) was primarily due to decreases in payroll, as well as other cost decreases, resulting from a 20% reduction in salary for all of the Company’s salaried employees and officers implemented on April 1, 2020, which was put in place to reduce costs at the time that oil and gas prices were falling as a result of decreased demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and a reduction of non-essential contractors. The 20% reduction in salaries has since been returned to prior levels beginning April 1, 2021, as the Company determined that the oil markets have recovered to acceptable levels.
 
 
17
 
 
Share-Based Compensation. Share-based compensation, which is included in general and administrative expenses in the Statements of Operations, decreased by $0.2 million primarily due to the forfeiture of certain employee stock-based options and nonvested restricted shares due to employee terminations. Share-based compensation is utilized for the purpose of conserving cash resources for use in field development activities and operations.
 
Gain on Sale of Oil and Gas Properties. The Company sold rights to 230 net acres and interests in three non-operated wells located in the D-J Basin for net cash proceeds of $1.9 million and recognized a gain on sale of oil and gas properties of $1.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021. We had no sales of oil and gas properties during the three months ended March 31, 2020.
 
Interest Expense.  The increase of $0.01 million was due to accrued interest related to the Company’s New PPP Loan (see Note 7 to the notes to the unaudited financial statements of the Company included above).
 
Interest Income and Other Expense. Includes interest earned from our interest-bearing cash accounts, for which interest rates have decreased significantly when comparing the current period to the prior period, and the settlement of accounts payables offset by finance charges.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The primary sources of cash for the Company during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 were from an underwritten public offering to purchase $8.3 million of common stock, $1.9 million in the sale of oil and gas properties, and the sales of crude oil and natural gas. The primary uses of cash were funds used for completion and operating costs.
 
Impact of COVID-19
 
In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus, which causes the infectious disease known as COVID-19, was reported in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” on January 30, 2020, and a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. COVID-19 has, since the early part of 2020, reduced worldwide economic activity. Due to COVID-19, the Company or its employees, suppliers, and other partners may be prevented from conducting business activities at full capacity for an indefinite period of time, including due to the spread of the disease within these groups or due to shutdowns that may be requested or mandated by governmental authorities. While it is not possible at this time to estimate the full impact that COVID-19 will have on the Company’s business, the continued spread of COVID-19 and the measures taken by the governments of countries affected and in which the Company operates have disrupted, and may continue to disrupt, the operation of the Company’s business for a prolonged period. The COVID-19 outbreak and mitigation measures have also had an adverse impact on global economic conditions, as well as an adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial condition and may continue to have an adverse effect on the Company, including on its potential to conduct financings on terms acceptable to the Company, if at all. In addition, the Company has taken temporary precautionary measures intended to help minimize the risk of the virus to its employees, vendors, and guests, including limiting the number of occupants at the Company’s Houston headquarters and requiring all others to work remotely, and discouraging employee attendance at in-person work-related meetings, which could negatively affect the Company’s business. The extent to which the COVID-19 outbreak will continue to impact the Company’s results will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information that may emerge concerning the severity of the virus, the availability and efficacy of vaccines, the ability of the general public to obtain such vaccines and the willingness of individuals to be vaccinated, and the actions to contain its impact. However, any further decrease in the price of oil, or the demand for oil and gas, will likely have a negative impact on our results of operations and cash flows.
 
 
18
 
 
In response to the effects of COVID-19, the Company has adopted policies, procedures, and practices both in its Houston office headquarters and across its field operations to protect its employees, contractors, and guests from COVID-19, including the adoption of a COVID-19 Response Plan, implementation of contractor questionnaires to assess COVID-19 risk and exposure prior to entering any Company facility or worksite, adopting best practices, guidelines and protocols recommended by the Centers for Disease Control (the “CDC”) and the Office of the Texas Governor for the prevention of exposure and spread of COVID-19, and instituting bi-weekly management calls discussing the Company’s ongoing response to the COVID-19 pandemic and effectiveness thereof. Given the Company’s robust online systems and workflow practices and procedures, the Company has not experienced any material challenges or reductions in efficiency or effectiveness of its office-based workforce, while its field personnel continue to attend to their daily field operations uninterrupted, while mindful of social distancing and other preventative measures and safeguards recommended by the CDC.
 
Further, to help conserve its operating cash, in April 2020 and continuing to April 2021, the Company initiated significant temporary G&A cost-reduction measures, including reducing all employee and officer salaries by 20% (which salaries were returned to their original levels as of April 1, 2021, as the Company determined that the oil markets had recovered to acceptable levels), cutting all discretionary spending, and undertaking additional actions, as well implementing cost-reduction measures to reduce lease operating expenses (“LOE”). We plan to continue to closely monitor the global energy markets and oil and gas pricing, with our 2021 development plan being subject to revision, if and as necessary, to react to market conditions in the best interest of its shareholders, while prioritizing its financial strength and liquidity.
 
Working Capital
 
At March 31, 2021, the Company’s total current assets of $20.0 million exceeded its total current liabilities of $2.7 million, resulting in a working capital surplus of $17.3 million, while at December 31, 2020, the Company’s total current assets of $8.8 million exceeded its total current liabilities of $2.0 million, resulting in a working capital surplus of $6.8 million. The $10.5 million increase in our working capital surplus is primarily related to cash received from the sale of common stock in our underwritten offering (discussed below) and the sale of certain oil and gas properties.
 
Financing
 
On February 5, 2021, the Company closed an underwritten public offering of 5,968,500 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $1.50 per share, which included the full exercise of the underwriter’s over-allotment option, for net proceeds (after deducting the underwriters’ discount equal to 6% of the public offering price and expenses associated with the offering) of approximately $8.3 million (discussed in greater detail below under PART II - OTHER INFORMATION - ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS - Use of Proceeds From Sale of Registered Securities).
 
We expect that we will have sufficient cash available to meet our needs over the foreseeable future, which cash we anticipate being available from (i) projected cash flow from our operations, (ii) existing cash on hand, (iii) equity infusions or loans (which may be convertible) made available from SK Energy LLC (“SK Energy”), which is 100% owned and controlled by Simon Kukes, our Chief Executive Officer and director, which funding SK Energy is under no obligation to provide, (iv) public or private debt or equity financings, and (v) funding through credit or loan facilities. In addition, we may seek additional funding through asset sales, farm-out arrangements, and credit facilities to fund potential acquisitions in 2021. If market conditions are not conducive to developing our assets consistent with our 2021 development program, the Company may choose to delay or extend the drilling program and associated capital expenditures into the future. Furthermore, as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, and the sharp decline in oil prices which occurred partially as a result of the decreased demand for oil caused by such outbreak and the actions taken globally to stop the spread of such virus, in mid-April 2020, the Company shut-in all of its operated producing wells in its Permian Basin Asset and D-J Basin Asset to preserve the Company’s oil and gas reserves for production during a more favorable oil price environment, with the Company now back on full production from its operated wells in the Permian Basin and the D-J Basin that the Company had shut-in in mid-April 2020 due to the partial recovery of oil prices in early June 2020. If oil prices deteriorate significantly from current levels, the Company may again shut-in some or all of its oil and gas production, which would result in reduced or no cash flow being generated from operations during the period such wells are shut-in, have a material adverse effect on the Company’s projected cash flow from operations, and, once our cash on hand is depleted, eventually require additional infusions of capital through debt and/or equity financings, asset sales, farm-out arrangements, lines of credit, or other means, which may not be available on favorable terms, if at all.
 
 
19
 
 
Cash Flows (in thousands)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2021
 
 
2020
 
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities
 $913 
 $(1,294)
Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities
  1,289 
  (8,720)
Cash flows provided by financing activities
  8,303 
  - 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and restricted cash
 $10,505 
 $(10,014)
 
Cash Flows provided by (used in) Operating Activities. Net cash operating activities increased by $2.2 million for the current year’s period, when compared to the prior year’s period, primarily due to an increase in net income of $5.0 million, offset by a decrease of $1.9 million in depreciation, depletion and amortization and a $1.8 million gain on the sale of oil and gas properties, coupled with net increases to our other components of working capital, which are related to our increased revenue and a reduction of payables in the current period.
 
Cash Flows provided by (used in) Investing Activities. Net cash provided by investing activities increased by $10.0 million for the current year’s period, when compared to the prior year’s period, primarily due to $8.1 million less in capital spending coupled with $1.9 million in proceeds from the sale of oil and gas properties.
 
Cash Flows provided by Financing Activities.  In the current period, the Company issued common stock, net of offering costs, for $8.3 million.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
The Company does not participate in financial transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships. As of March 31, 2021, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
Critical Accounting Policies
 
Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. See our 2020 Form 10-K for further discussion of our critical accounting policies.
 
Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
None.
 
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Pursuant to Item 305(e) of Regulation S-K (§ 229.305(e)), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item as it is a “smaller reporting company,” as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1).
 
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time period specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, as appropriate, in order to allow timely decisions in connection with required disclosure.
 
 
20
 
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”)(the Principal Executive Officer) and Chief Accounting Officer (“CAO”)(the Principal Financial/Accounting Officer), we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Based on this evaluation, our CEO and CAO concluded as of March 31. 2021, that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended March 31, 2021, that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting, including any corrective actions regarding significant deficiencies and material weaknesses.
 
As a result of COVID-19, our workforce has continued to operate primarily in a work from home environment for the quarter ended March 31, 2021. While pre-existing controls were not specifically designed to operate in our current work from home operating environment, we do not believe that such work from home actions have had a material adverse effect on our internal controls over financial reporting. We have continued to re-evaluate and refine our financial reporting process to provide reasonable assurance that we could report our financial results accurately and timely.
 
 
21
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
Although we may, from time to time, be involved in litigation and claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business, we are not currently a party to any material legal proceeding. In addition, we are not aware of any material legal or governmental proceedings against us or contemplated to be brought against us.
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
 
There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the Commission on March 23, 2021 (the “Form 10-K”), under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors”, other than as set forth below, and investors are encouraged to review such risk factors in the Annual Report and below, prior to making an investment in the Company. Any of these factors, in whole or in part, could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, operating results and stock price.
 
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
The Company did not issue or sell any unregistered equity securities during the quarter ended March 31, 2021, and through the date of the filing of this Report, which were not previously disclosed in a prior Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our Annual Report on Form 10-K or in a Current Report on Form 8-K.
 
Use of Proceeds From Sale of Registered Securities
 
Our shelf Registration Statement on Form S-3 (Reg. No. 333-250904) in connection with the sale by us of up to $100 million in securities (common stock, preferred stock, warrants and units) was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 2, 2020.
 
On February 3, 2021, we filed a final Rule 424(b)(5) prospectus supplement relating to the primary offering by us in a firm commitment underwritten public offering of 5,190,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price per share of $1.50.  The underwriters of the offering (Kingswood Capital Markets, division of Benchmark Investments, Inc. as sole bookrunner and Dawson James Securities) were also provided an option to purchase an additional 778,500 shares from us, at the public offering price less the underwriting discount, within 45 days of the offering to cover over-allotments, if any, which overallotment option was exercised in full by the underwriters. The offering (including the sale of the underwriters’ overallotment shares) closed on February 5, 2021. The net proceeds to us from our sale of the common stock (including the shares sold in connection with the exercise of the underwriters’ overallotment) were approximately $8.3 million (after deducting the underwriting discount and commissions and offering expenses payable by us). No further shares will be sold under the prospectus supplement.
 
No payments for our expenses were made in the offering described above directly or indirectly to (i) any of our directors, officers or their associates, (ii) any person(s) owning 10% or more of any class of our equity securities or (iii) any of our affiliates. There has been no material change in the planned use of proceeds from our offering as described in our final prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b).
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
None.
 
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
None.
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
Not Applicable.
 
 
22
 
 
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
 
None.
 
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
 
 
 
 
 
Incorporated By Reference
Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
Form
 
Exhibit
 
Filing Date
 
File Number
 
 
Underwriting Agreement, dated February 2, 2021, by and between U.S. Energy Corp. and Kingswood Capital Markets, division of Benchmark Investments, Inc
 
8-K
 
1.1
 
February 3, 2021
 
001-35922
 
 
Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated December 29, 2019, entered into by and among Red Hawk Petroleum, LLC, DJ Homestead, LLC, and Petro Operating Company, LLC
 
10-K
 
10.37
 
March 23, 2021
 
001-35922
 
 
Closing Letter, dated March 18, 2021, entered into by and among Red Hawk Petroleum, LLC, DJ Homestead, LLC, and Petro Operating Company, LLC
 
10-K
 
10.38
 
March 23, 2021
 
001-35922
 
Form of Lock-Up Agreement (February 2021 Offering)
 
8-K
 
10.1
 
February 3, 2021
 
001-35922
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.INS*
 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.SCH*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.CAL*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.DEF*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.LAB*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.PRE*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Filed herewith.
** Furnished herewith.
# Schedules and exhibits have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(5) of Regulation S-K. A copy of any omitted schedule or exhibit will be furnished supplementally to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request; provided, however that PEDEVCO Corp. may request confidential treatment pursuant to Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, for any schedule or exhibit so furnished.
 
 
23
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
PEDEVCO Corp.
 
 
 
 
 
 
May 17, 2021
By:
/s/ Simon Kukes
 
 
 
Simon Kukes
 
 
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
 
PEDEVCO Corp.
 
 
 
 
 
 
May 17, 2021
By:
/s/ Paul A. Pinkston
 
 
 
Paul A. Pinkston
 
 
 
Chief Accounting Officer
 
 
 
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
24
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