Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 12/14/2018 @ 4:04PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : MMEX Resources Corporation (MMEX)
Quote : 0.0002  0.0 (0.00%) @ 8:57PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10‑Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended October 31, 2018

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________.

 

Commission file number: 000-55831

 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

(Exact name of Issuer as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

26-1749145

(State or other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

3616 Far West Blvd. #117-321

Austin, Texas 78731

 

 

855-880-0400

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(Issuer’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

¨

Accelerated filer

¨

Non-accelerated filer

¨

Smaller reporting company

x

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

Applicable only to issuers involved in bankruptcy proceedings during the preceding five years:

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes ¨ No ¨

 

Applicable only to corporate issuers:

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of December 14, 2018, there were 30,804,033 shares of Class A common stock, $0.001 par value, issued and outstanding and 15,000,000 shares of Class B common stock, $0.001 par value, issued and outstanding.

 

 
 
 
 

 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

QUARTER ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2018

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 

3

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

24

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

32

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

32

 

 

 

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

34

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

34

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

34

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

34

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

34

 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

34

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

35

 

 

 
2
 
Table of Contents

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. Financial Statements

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of MMEX Resources Corporation and subsidiaries (the “Company”) are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.

 

In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements contain all material adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows of the Company for the interim periods presented.

 

Operating results and cash flows for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for other interim periods or the full fiscal year. These condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2018 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

 

October 31,

2018

 

 

April 30,

2018

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$ 306,036

 

 

$ 304,173

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

-

 

 

 

5,000

 

Total current assets

 

 

306,036

 

 

 

309,173

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

531,663

 

 

 

301,269

 

Deposit

 

 

900

 

 

 

900

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$ 838,599

 

 

$ 611,342

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$ 979,560

 

 

$ 708,072

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

252,105

 

 

 

240,404

 

Accrued expenses – related party

 

 

31,633

 

 

 

31,633

 

Note payable, currently in default

 

 

75,001

 

 

 

75,001

 

Convertible notes payable, currently in default, net of discount of $0 and $0 at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively

 

 

75,000

 

 

 

75,000

 

Convertible notes payable, net of discount of $747,040 and $504,590 at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively

 

 

530,954

 

 

 

328,183

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

1,335,860

 

 

 

996,603

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

3,280,113

 

 

 

2,454,896

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible note payable, net of discount of $276,150 and $258,932 at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively

 

 

93,450

 

 

 

102,368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

3,373,563

 

 

 

2,557,264

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ deficit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock; $0.001 par value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A: 12,000,000,000 shares authorized, 29,607,693 and 21,274,369 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively

 

 

29,607

 

 

 

21,274

 

Class B: 2,000,000,000 shares authorized, 15,000,000 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

15,000

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

34,606,311

 

 

 

33,085,221

 

Non-controlling interest

 

 

9,871

 

 

 

9,871

 

Accumulated (deficit)

 

 

(37,195,753 )

 

 

(35,077,288 )

Total stockholders’ deficit

 

 

(2,534,964 )

 

 

(1,945,922 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

 

$ 838,599

 

 

$ 611,342

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

October 31,

 

 

Six Months Ended

October 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

349,283

 

 

 

132,581

 

 

 

749,531

 

 

 

470,711

 

Refinery start-up costs

 

 

154,813

 

 

 

165,420

 

 

 

316,645

 

 

 

498,531

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

573

 

 

 

417

 

 

 

1,144

 

 

 

707

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

504,669

 

 

 

298,418

 

 

 

1,067,320

 

 

 

969,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(504,669 )

 

 

(298,418 )

 

 

(1,067,320 )

 

 

(969,949 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(648,113 )

 

 

(431,793 )

 

 

(1,055,110 )

 

 

(726,401 )

Gain (loss) on derivative liabilities

 

 

7,787

 

 

 

(514,129 )

 

 

4,911

 

 

 

3,952,554

 

Gain on extinguishment of liabilities

 

 

10,168

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

8,916

 

 

 

475,587

 

Loss on conversion of debt

 

 

(9,862 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

(9,862 )

 

 

-

 

Gain on assignment and assumption agreement

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,090,271

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,090,271

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(640,020 )

 

 

144,349

 

 

 

(1,051,145 )

 

 

4,792,011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

 

(1,144,689 )

 

 

(154,069 )

 

 

(2,118,465 )

 

 

3,822,062

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

(1,144,689 )

 

 

(154,069 )

 

 

(2,118,465 )

 

 

3,822,062

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-controlling interest in (income) loss of consolidated subsidiaries

 

 

-

 

 

 

(651,005 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

(650,659 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to the Company

 

$ (1,144,689 )

 

$ (805,074 )

 

$ (2,118,465 )

 

$ 3,171,403

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per common share: - basic and diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$ (0.04 )

 

$ (0.05 )

 

$ (0.09 )

 

$ 0.23

 

Diluted

 

$ (0.04 )

 

$ (0.05 )

 

$ (0.09 )

 

$ 0.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

26,928,849

 

 

 

14,689,370

 

 

 

24,880,654

 

 

 

13,968,340

 

Diluted

 

 

26,928,849

 

 

 

14,689,370

 

 

 

24,880,654

 

 

 

14,671,616

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

Six Months Ended

October 31,

 

2018

 

2017

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

Net income (loss) attributable to the Company

 

$

(2,118,465

)

 

$

3,171,403

 

Non-controlling interest in loss of consolidated subsidiaries

 

-

 

650,659

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

1,144

 

707

 

Interest expense added to convertible note principal

 

39,600

 

38,247

 

Stock-based compensation

 

62,058

 

227,125

 

Loss (gain) on derivative liabilities

 

(4,911

)

 

(3,952,554

)

Gain on assignment and assumption agreement

 

-

 

(1,090,271

)

Gain on extinguishment of liabilities

 

(8,916

)

 

(475,587

)

Loss on conversion of debt

 

9,862

 

-

 

Amortization of debt discount

 

808,963

 

475,143

 

Convertible note payable issued for commitment fee

 

-

 

80,000

 

Decrease in prepaid expenses

 

5,000

 

-

 

Increase in deposits

 

-

 

(900

)

Increase in liabilities:

 

Accounts payable

 

271,488

 

135,039

 

Accrued expenses

 

60,136

 

67,433

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(874,041

)

 

(673,556

)

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(231,538

)

 

(101,910

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(231,538

)

 

(101,910

)

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

Proceeds from convertible notes payable

 

1,194,190

 

771,250

 

Proceeds from stock subscriptions receivable

 

116,252

 

-

 

Repayments of convertible notes payable

 

(203,000

)

 

-

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

1,107,442

 

771,250

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash

 

1,863

 

(4,216

)

Cash at the beginning of the period

 

304,173

 

54,513

 

Cash at the end of the period

 

$

306,036

 

$

50,297

Supplemental disclosure:

 

Interest paid

 

$

104,990

 

$

-

 

Income taxes paid

 

-

 

-

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

Common stock issued in conversion of debt

 

1,232,180

 

-

 

Common stock issued for accrued expenses

 

5,000

 

4,400

 

Settlement of derivative liability

 

103,319

 

-

 

Derivative liabilities for debt discount

 

953,821

 

1,043,220

 

Common stock issued for common stock payable

 

-

 

307,978

 

Settlement of convertible preferred stock and accrued interest for common stock

 

-

 

200,476

 

Common stock and additional paid-in capital for derivative liabilities in cashless exercise of warrants

 

-

 

1,906,006

 

Settlement of convertible notes payable and accrued interest for common stock

 

-

 

124,800

 

Accrued interest payable added to convertible note principal

 

-

 

8,723

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
6
 
Table of Contents

 

MMEX RESOURCES CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Six Months Ended October 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – BACKGROUND, ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

MMEX Resources Corporation (the “Company” or “MMEX”) is a company engaged in the exploration, extraction, refining and distribution of oil, gas, petroleum products and electric power. We plan to focus on the acquisition, development and financing of oil, gas, refining and electric power projects in Texas, Peru, and other countries in Latin America using the expertise of our principals to identify, finance and acquire these projects. The most significant focus of our current business plan is to build crude oil refining facilities in the Permian Basin in West Texas.

 

MMEX was formed as a Nevada corporation in 2005. The current management team led an acquisition of the Company (then named Management Energy, Inc.) through a reverse merger completed on September 23, 2010 and changed the Company’s name to MMEX Mining Corporation on February 11, 2011 and to MMEX Resources Corporation on April 6, 2016

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the following entities, all of which the Company maintains control through a majority ownership or through common ownership:

 

Name of Entity

 

%

 

Form of Entity

 

State of Incorporation

 

Relationship

 

 

 

 

 

MMEX Resources Corporation (“MMEX”)

 

-

 

Corporation

 

Nevada

 

Parent

Pecos Refining & Transport, LLC

 

100%

 

Corporation

 

Texas

 

Subsidiary

Armadillo Holdings Group Corp. (“AHGC”)

 

100%

 

Corporation

 

British Virgin Isles

 

Subsidiary

Armadillo Mining Corp. (“AMC”)

 

98.6%

 

Corporation

 

British Virgin Isles

 

Subsidiary

 

As of April 13, 2016, the Company assigned AMC to an irrevocable trust (the “Trust”), whose beneficiaries are the existing shareholders of MMEX. The accounts of AMC are included in the consolidated financial statements due to the common ownership. AMC through the Trust controls the Hunza coal interest previously owned by MMEX.

 

All significant inter-company transactions have been eliminated in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.

 

These financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, which in the opinion of management are necessary for a fair presentation of the information contained therein.

 

The Company has adopted a fiscal year end of April 30.

 

 
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NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Our significant accounting policies are described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on July 23, 2018.

 

Consolidation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its aforementioned subsidiaries and entities under common ownership. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The ownership interests in subsidiaries that are held by owners other than the Company are recorded as non-controlling interest and reported in our consolidated balance sheets within stockholders’ deficit. Losses attributed to the non-controlling interest and to the Company are reported separately in our consolidated statements of operations.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Derivative liabilities

 

In a series of subscription agreements, we have issued warrants in prior years that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that we have identified as derivatives. We have also identified the conversion feature of certain of our convertible notes payable as derivatives. We estimate the fair value of the derivatives using multinomial lattice models that value the derivative liabilities based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes. These estimates are based on multiple inputs, including the market price of our stock, interest rates, our stock price volatility and management’s estimates of various potential equity financing transactions. These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management’s judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

 

Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment is recorded at the lower of cost or estimated net recoverable amount, and is depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the related asset as follows:

 

Office furniture and equipment

 

10 years

Computer equipment and software

 

5 years

 

Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Significant renewals and betterments will be capitalized. At the time of retirement or other disposition of equipment, the cost and accumulated depreciation will be removed from the accounts and the resulting gain or loss, if any, will be reflected in operations.

 

The Company will assess the recoverability of property and equipment by determining whether the depreciation and amortization of these assets over their remaining life can be recovered through projected undiscounted future cash flows. The amount of equipment impairment, if any, will be measured based on fair value and is charged to operations in the period in which such impairment is determined by management.

 

 
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Fair value of financial instruments

 

Under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, and ASC 825, Financial Instruments, the FASB establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This Statement reaffirms that fair value is the relevant measurement attribute. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements as reflected herein. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes reported on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets are estimated by management to approximate fair value primarily due to the short-term nature of the instruments.

 

An entity is required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value using a hierarchy based on the level of independent, objective evidence surrounding the inputs used to measure fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The hierarchy prioritized the inputs into three levels that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Our derivative liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and estimated as follows:

 

October 31, 2018

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 1,335,860

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 1,335,860

 

 

April 30, 2018

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 996,603

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 996,603

 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. Accordingly, we recognize revenue when (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) the performance of service has been rendered to a customer or delivery has occurred; (3) the amount of fee to be paid by a customer is fixed and determinable; and (4) the collectability of the fee is reasonably assured.

 

 
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Refinery start-up costs

 

Costs incurred prior to opening the Company’s proposed crude oil refinery in Pecos County, Texas, including acquisition of refinery rights, planning, design and permitting, are recorded as start-up costs and expensed as incurred.

 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per share

 

Basic net income or loss per share is calculated by dividing net income or loss (available to common stockholders) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted income or loss per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock, such as stock options, warrants, convertible debt and convertible preferred stock, were exercised or converted into common stock. For the three months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017 and the six months ended October 31, 2018, potential dilutive securities had an anti-dilutive effect and were not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per common share, therefore, basic net loss per share is the same as diluted net loss per share. For the six months ended October 31, 2017, diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding included 6,357 common shares issuable for in-the-money warrants using the treasury stock method and 696,919 common shares issuable for convertible debt.

 

Stock-based compensation

 

Pursuant to FASB ASC 718, all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized in the statement of operations based on their fair values. For the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded share-based compensation to employees of $6,921 and $0, respectively.

 

Issuance of shares for non-cash consideration

 

The Company accounts for the issuance of equity instruments to acquire goods and/or services based on the fair value of the goods and services or the fair value of the equity instrument at the time of issuance, whichever is more reliably determinable. The Company’s accounting policy for equity instruments issued to consultants and vendors in exchange for goods and services follows the provisions of the standards issued by the FASB. The measurement date for the fair value of the equity instruments issued is determined as the earlier of (i) the date at which a commitment for performance by the consultant or vendor is reached or (ii) the date at which the consultant or vendor’s performance is complete. In the case of equity instruments issued to consultants, the fair value of the equity instrument is recognized over the term of the consulting agreement.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain amounts in the consolidated financial statements for prior year periods have been reclassified to conform with the current year periods presentation.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820).” The amendments in this Update modify certain disclosure requirements of fair value measurements and are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently unable to determine the impact on its consolidated financial statements of the adoption of this new accounting pronouncement.

 

 
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Although there are several other new accounting pronouncements issued or proposed by the FASB, which the Company has adopted or will adopt, as applicable, the Company does not believe any of these accounting pronouncements has had or will have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

NOTE 3 – GOING CONCERN

 

Our financial statements are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America applicable to a going concern, which contemplate the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. We have incurred continuous losses from operations, have an accumulated deficit of $37,195,753 and a total stockholders’ deficit of $2,534,964 at October 31, 2018, and have reported negative cash flows from operations since inception. In addition, we do not currently have the cash resources to meet our operating commitments for the next twelve months, and we expect to have ongoing requirements for capital investment to implement our business plan, including the construction of our proposed refinery project. Finally, our ability to continue as a going concern must be considered in light of the problems, expenses and complications frequently encountered by entrance into established markets and the competitive environment in which we operate.

 

Since inception, our operations have primarily been funded through private debt and equity financing, and we expect to continue to seek additional funding through private or public equity and debt financing.

 

Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on our ability to generate sufficient cash from operations to meet our cash needs and/or to raise funds to finance ongoing operations and repay debt. However, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in our efforts to raise additional debt or equity capital and/or that our cash generated by our operations will be adequate to meet our needs. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt that we will be able to continue as a going concern for a reasonable period of time.

 

The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of any uncertainty as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements also do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts, or amounts and classifications of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

NOTE 4 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Accrued expenses (see Note 7) to related parties totaled $31,633 as of October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018.

 

During the three months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, we incurred consulting fees and expense reimbursement related to the development of the refinery project to Maple Resources Corporation (“Maple Resources”), a related party controlled by our President and CEO, totaling $87,540 and $24,655, respectively. During the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, we incurred consulting fees and expense reimbursements to Maple Resources totaling $165,180 and $34,005, respectively. Amounts included in accounts payable due to Maple Resources totaled $0 and $5,583 as of October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively.

 

 
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NOTE 5 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,

2018

 

 

April 30,

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Office furniture and equipment

 

$ 13,863

 

 

$ 13,863

 

Computer equipment and software

 

 

10,962

 

 

 

10,962

 

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(9,456 )

 

 

(8,312 )

 

 

 

15,369

 

 

 

16,513

 

Land and improvements

 

 

516,294

 

 

 

284,756

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$ 531,663

 

 

$ 301,269

 

 

On July 28, 2017, the Company acquired 126 acres of land located near Fort Stockton, Texas for $67,088. This 126 acre parcel is part of the 476 acre tract on which the Company intends to build a crude oil refinery (Note 6). The Company subsequently acquired certain easements related to the land parcel for $16,958 and, through October 31, 2018, incurred improvement costs totaling $432,248.

 

Depreciation and amortization expense totaled $573 and $417 for the three months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1,144 and $707 for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

NOTE 6 – REFINERY PROJECT

 

On March 4, 2017, we entered into an agreement with Maple Resources, a related party, to acquire all of Maple’s right, title and interest (the “Rights”) in plans to build a crude oil refinery in Pecos County, Texas (the “Refinery Transaction”). Pursuant to the Refinery Transaction, we agreed to acquire the Rights in exchange for the issuance of 15,000,000 Class B common shares. The 15,000,000 Class B common stock issued for the Rights were valued at $150,000 by an independent valuation firm, with the $150,000 expensed to refinery start-up costs.

 

Through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Pecos Refining, we intend initially to build and commence operation of a 10,000 barrel-per-day distillation unit (the “Distillation Unit”) that will produce a non-transportation grade diesel primarily for sale in the local market for drilling mud and frac fluids, along with naphtha and heavy fuel oil to be sold to other refiners. Through a separate subsidiary, we intend to build and commence operation of a crude oil refinery (the “Large Refinery”) with up to 100,000 barrel-per-day capacity at the same location in West Texas (collectively with the Distillation Unit, the “Refinery Project”). The Refinery Project will be built on 476 acres located 20 miles northeast of Fort Stockton, Texas.

 

On July 28, 2017, we acquired the 126 acre parcel of the land, which is the site for our planned Distillation Unit (Note 5), at a purchase price of $550 per acre, or $69,249. We continue to negotiate with the seller of the property to acquire an additional 381 acre parcel, which is the site for the planned Large Refinery, at a price of $550 per acre, or approximately $210,000. We will be required to obtain additional financing to complete this purchase.

 

 
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On July 31, 2017, we filed an application with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (“TCEQ”) to obtain an air quality permit and obtained permit approval from the TCEQ on August 30, 2017. Accordingly, we will begin construction on the Distillation Unit on 15 acres of our 126 acre tract as soon we receive adequate financing to do so.

 

Completion of the Refinery Project will require substantial equity and debt financing and is subject to the receipt of required governmental permits.

 

NOTE 7 – ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accrued expenses consisted of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,

2018

 

 

April 30,

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued payroll

 

$ 30,090

 

 

$ 30,090

 

Accrued consulting

 

 

7,000

 

 

 

5,000

 

Accrued consulting – related party

 

 

31,633

 

 

 

31,633

 

Accrued interest

 

 

152,474

 

 

 

142,773

 

Other

 

 

62,541

 

 

 

62,541

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

283,738

 

 

$ 272,037

 

 

NOTE 8 – NOTES PAYABLE

 

Note Payable, Currently in Default

 

Note payable, currently in default, consists of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,

2018

 

 

April 30,

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable to an unrelated party, maturing March 18, 2014, with interest at 10%

 

$ 75,001

 

 

$ 75,001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$ 75,001

 

 

$ 75,001

 

 

Accrued interest payable on note payable, currently in default, totaled $42,134 and $38,384 at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively.

 

 
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Convertible Notes Payable, Currently in Default

 

Convertible notes payable, currently in default, consist of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,

2018

 

 

April 30,

2018

 

Note payable to an unrelated party, maturing January 27, 2012, with interest at 25%, convertible into common shares of the Company at $3.70 per share

 

$ 50,000

 

 

$ 50,000

 

Note payable to an unrelated party, maturing December 31, 2010, with interest at 10%, convertible into common shares of the Company at $1.00 per share

 

 

25,000

 

 

 

25,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75,000

 

 

 

75,000

 

Less discount

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$ 75,000

 

 

$ 75,000

 

 

Accrued interest payable on convertible notes payable, currently in default, totaled $91,616 and $85,991 at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively.

 

Current Convertible Notes Payable

 

Current convertible notes payable consist of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,

2018

 

 

April 30,

2018

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing two years from each advance, with an original issue discount equal to 10% and a one-time interest charge of 12% added to principal, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price. Advance dated October 19, 2017, maturing October 19, 2019

 

$ 91,080

 

 

$

 -

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing March 21, 2019, with interest at 8%, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price

 

 

190,914

 

 

 

220,000

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing March 21, 2019, with interest at 10%, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price

 

 

95,000

 

 

 

120,000

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing April 30, 2019, with interest at 12%, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price

 

 

68,000

 

 

 

-

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing May 30, 2019, with interest at 12%, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price

 

 

53,000

 

 

 

-

 

 

 
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Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing September 13, 2019, with interest at 10%, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price

 

 

110,000

 

 

 

-

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing September 18, 2019, with interest at 10%, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price

 

 

70,000

 

 

 

-

 

Original issue discount convertible debenture to an accredited investor, maturing October 5, 2019, with interest at 10%, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price

 

 

600,000

 

 

 

-

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing March 14, 2019, with interest at 12%, paid in full in September 2018

 

 

-

 

 

 

125,000

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing November 30, 2018, with interest at 12%, converted in full into shares of Class A common stock

 

 

-

 

 

 

83,000

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing January 23, 2019, with interest at 8%, converted in full into shares of Class A common stock

 

 

-

 

 

 

173,000

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing November 13, 2018, with interest at 12%, converted in full into shares of Class A common stock

 

 

-

 

 

 

111,773

 

Total

 

 

1,277,994

 

 

 

832,773

 

Less discount

 

 

(747,040 )

 

 

(504,590 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net

 

$ 530,954

 

 

$ 328,183

 

 

Effective October 19, 2017, the Company issued and delivered to Vista Capital Investments, LLC (“Vista”) a convertible note in the original maximum principal amount of $550,000 (consisting of an initial advance of $165,000 on such date and two other advances that have been converted in full into shares of Class A common stock). An original issue discount equal to 10% of each advance and a one-time interest charge of 12% were added to the principal. The maturity date of advances under the convertible note is two years from the date of each advance. Terms of the convertible note include certain penalties for additional principal and changes in conversion prices when the trading price of the Company’s common stock decreases to defined levels. The initial advance was issued at a discount, resulting in the receipt of $160,000, net of legal fees paid of $5,000. In addition, an original issue discount of $16,500 and a one-time 12% interest charge of $21,780 was added to the note principal at inception and a $10,000 penalty was added to note principal in December 2017, resulting in total principal of $213,280. Vista has converted principal of $92,500 into Class A common shares of the Company, resulting in a principal balance of $91,080 as of October 31, 2018 and had converted principal of $29,700 into Class A common shares of the Company, resulting a principal balance of $183,580 as of April 30, 2018.

 

Effective March 21, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to Auctus Fund, LLC (“Auctus”) an 8% convertible note in the principal amount of $220,000. The Company received $202,000 of note proceeds after payment of $18,000 of the fees and expenses of the lender and its counsel. The Company can redeem the note at any time prior to 90 days from the issuance date at a redemption price of 130% plus accrued interest. The redemption price thereafter increases to 145%, plus accrued interest, until the 180th day after issuance. Auctus, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance and accrued interest into shares of the Company’s Class A common stock at a price of no lower than $3.00 per share of common stock until the 180th day after issuance and thereafter at a 45% discount from the average of the two lowest trading prices during the 25 days prior to conversion. The note also contains penalty provisions in the event of default in repayment of the note (if not converted by Auctus into shares of common stock) on the maturity date of March 21, 2019. During the three months ended October 31, 2018, Auctus converted principal of $29,086 into Class A common shares of the Company, resulting in a principal balance of $190,914 as of October 31, 2018.

 

 
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Effective March 21, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to One44 Capital LLC (“One44”) a 10% convertible note in the principal amount of $120,000. The Company received $114,000 of note proceeds after payment of $6,000 of the fees and expenses of the lender and its counsel. The convertible note was purchased from One44 by GS Capital Partners, LLC (“GS”) on September 18, 2018. The Company can redeem the note at any time prior to 60 days from the issuance date at a redemption price of 130% of principal and accrued interest. The redemption price thereafter increases to 140% of principal and accrued interest, after 60 days until 120 days from the issuance date and 145% of principal and accrued interest after 120 days until the 180 days after issuance. GS, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance and accrued interest into shares of the Company’s Class A common stock at a 40% discount from the lowest trading price during the prior 20 trading days including the day the notice of conversion is received by the Company, with a floor of $0.03 per share until the 180th day after issuance. The note also contains penalty provisions in the event of default in repayment of the note (if not converted by GS into shares of common stock) on the maturity date of March 21, 2019. During the three months ended October 31, 2018, GS converted principal of $25,000 into Class A common shares of the Company, resulting in a principal balance of $95,000 as of October 31, 2018.

 

Effective July 10, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to Power Up Lending Group Ltd (“Power Up”) a 12% convertible note in the principal amount of $68,000. After deducting $3,000 of lender expenses, the Company received $75,000 of net proceeds. Power Up, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of common stock at a 39% discount from the average of the two lowest trading prices during the 20 days prior to conversion. The Company may prepay the note at a 20% redemption premium during the first 30 days after issuance, increasing in 5% increments each 30-day period thereafter until 180 days from issuance, after which the note may not be prepaid. The note also contains penalty provisions in the event of our default in repayment of the note (if not converted by Power Up into shares of common stock) on the maturity date of April 30, 2019. The note had a principal balance of $68,000 as of October 31, 2018. Subsequent to October 31, 2018, the note was assigned to another lender.

 

Effective August 16, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to Power Up a 12% convertible note in the principal amount of $53,000. After deducting $3,000 of lender expenses, the Company received $50,000 of net proceeds. Power Up, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of common stock at a 39% discount from the average of the two lowest trading prices during the 20 days prior to conversion. The Company may prepay the note at a 20% redemption premium during the first 30 days after issuance, increasing in 5% increments each 30-day period thereafter until 180 days from issuance, after which the note may not be prepaid. The note also contains penalty provisions in the event of our default in repayment of the note (if not converted by Power Up into shares of common stock) on the maturity date of April 30, 2019. The note had a principal balance of $53,000 as of October 31, 2018. Subsequent to October 31, 2018, the note was assigned to another lender.

 

Effective September 13, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to GS a 10% convertible note in the principal amount of $110,000. The note was issued at a discount, resulting in the Company’s receipt of $100,000 after payment of $5,500 of the fees and expenses of the lender and its counsel. GS, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of common stock (i) during the first 180 days, at a price of $3.00 per share of common stock and (ii) thereafter at a 40% discount from the lowest trading price during the 20 days prior to conversion. The note matures on September 13, 2019. The Company may redeem the note at redemption prices ranging from 115% to 135% during the first 180 days after issuance. The note had a principal balance of $110,000 as of October 31, 2018.

 

 
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Effective September 18, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to GS a 10% convertible note in the principal amount of $70,000. The note was issued at a discount and the Company received no net proceeds. GS paid $56,589 on behalf of the Company to a prior lender in settlement of a dispute and $9,101 was paid for fees and expenses of GS and its counsel. GS, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of common stock at a 40% discount from the lowest trading price during the 20 days prior to conversion (with a floor of $3.00 per share during the first six months after issuance.) The note matures on September 13, 2019. The Company may redeem the note at redemption prices ranging from 130% to 145% during the first 180 days after issuance. The note had a principal balance of $70,000 as of October 31, 2018.

 

Effective October 9, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to GS a 10% convertible debenture in the principal amount of $600,000. The debenture was issued with an original issue discount of $50,000, resulting in the Company’s receipt of $550,000 of net proceeds. The debenture was issued pursuant to a securities purchase agreement, which allows for the issuance of additional debentures to one or more holders on substantially identical terms. GS, at its option on and after the six month anniversary of the date of issuance, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the debentures into shares of common stock thereafter at a 40% discount from the average of the three lowest trading price during the 25 days prior to conversion. The debenture matures on October 5, 2019. The Company may redeem the debenture at redemption prices ranging from 112% to 137% during the first 180 days after issuance. The debenture had a principal balance of $600,000 as of October 31, 2018. Affiliates of Jack W. Hanks and Bruce Lemons, our directors, have pledged their shares of Class B Common Stock (constituting 100% of the outstanding shares of Class B Common Stock) to GS to secure the repayment of the debenture by the Company.

 

Effective March 14, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to JSJ Investments, Inc. (“JSJ”) a 12% convertible note in the principal amount of $125,000. The note was issued at a discount, resulting in the Company’s receipt of $115,750 after payment of $3,000 of the fees and expenses of the lender and its counsel. The Company can redeem the note at any time prior to 90 days from the issuance date at a redemption price of 120% plus accrued interest. The redemption price thereafter increases to 125%, plus accrued interest, until the 120th day from issuance, and thereafter increases to a redemption price of 145% plus accrued interest until the 180th day after issuance and 150% plus accrued interest until the maturity date of March 14, 2019. JSJ, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance and accrued interest into shares of the Company’s Class A common stock at a price of no lower than $3.00 per share of common stock until the 180th day after issuance and thereafter at a price 40% discount from the lowest trading price during the 20 days prior to conversion. The note also contains penalty provisions in the event of default in repayment of the note (if not converted by JSJ into shares of common stock) on the maturity date of March 14, 2019. The note was paid in full in September 2018.

 

Effective February 16, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to Power Up a 12% convertible note in the principal amount of $83,000. The Company received proceeds of $80,000 after payment of $3,000 of the fees and expenses of the lender and its counsel. Power Up, at its option beginning August 15, 2018, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of the Company’s common stock at a 39% discount from the average of the two lowest trading price during the 20 days prior to conversion. The Company may prepay the note at a 20% redemption premium during the first 30 days after issuance, increasing to 25% after 30 days from issuance, 33% after 60 days from issuance, 35% after 90 days from issuance, 40% after 120 days from issuance and 45% after 150 days from issuance. After the expiration of 180 days after issuance, the Company has no right of prepayment. The note also contains penalty provisions in the event of our default in repayment of the note (if not converted by Power Up into shares of common stock) on the maturity date of November 30, 2018. During the three months ended October 31, 2018, the note was converted in full into shares of the Company’s Class A common stock.

 

 
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Effective January 19, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to GS Capital Partners, LLC (“GS”) an 8% convertible note in the principal amount of $173,000. The note was issued at a discount, resulting in the Company’s receipt of $150,000 after payment of $8,000 of the fees and expenses of the lender and its counsel. GS, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of common stock (i) during the first 180 days, at a price of $3.00 per share of common stock and (ii) thereafter at a 40% discount from the average of the three lowest trading price during the 25 days prior to conversion. The note matures on January 23, 2019. The Company may redeem the note at redemption prices ranging from 118% to 133% during the first 180 days after issuance. During the six months ended October 31, 2018, the note was converted in full into shares of the Company’s Class A common stock.

 

Effective May 1, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to Power Up a 12% convertible note in the principal amount of $78,000. After deducting $3,000 of lender expenses, the Company received $65,000 of net proceeds. Power Up, at its option, may convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of common stock at a 39% discount from the average of the two lowest trading price during the 20 days prior to conversion. The Company may prepay the note at a 20% redemption premium during the first 30 days after issuance, increasing in 5% increments each 30 day period thereafter until 180 days from issuance, after which the note may not be prepaid. The note also contains penalty provisions in the event of our default in repayment of the note (if not converted by Power Up into shares of common stock) on the maturity date of February 15, 2019. The note was paid in full in October 2018.

 

Effective November 13, 2017, the Company issued and delivered to Power Up Lending Group Ltd (“Power Up”) a 12% convertible note in the principal amount of $111,773. The note was issued at a discount, resulting in the Company’s receipt of $97,000 after payment of $3,000 of the fees and expenses of the lender and its counsel. Power Up, at its option, could convert the unpaid principal balance of, and accrued interest on, the note into shares of the Company’s common stock (i) during the first 180 days, at a price of $.03 per share of common stock and (ii) thereafter at a 40% discount from the average of the three lowest trading price during the 25 days prior to conversion. During the six months ended October 31, 2018, the note was converted in full into shares of the Company’s Class A common stock.

 

 
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Long-Term Convertible Notes Payable

 

Long-term convertible notes payable consist of the following at:

 

 

 

October 31,

2018

 

 

April 30,

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing two years from each advance, with an original issue discount equal to 10% and a one-time interest charge of 12% added to principal, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advance dated September 13, 2018, maturing September 13, 2020

 

$ 123,200

 

 

$ -

 

Advance dated October 16, 2018, maturing October 16, 2020

 

 

246,400

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable to an accredited investor, maturing two years from each advance, with an original issue discount equal to 10% and a one-time interest charge of 12% added to principal, convertible into common shares of the Company at a defined variable exercise price:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advance dated October 19, 2017, maturing October 19, 2019

 

 

91,080

 

 

 

183,580

 

Advance dated December 14, 2017, maturing December 14, 2019, converted in full into shares of Class A common stock

 

 

-

 

 

 

123,200

 

Advance dated February 28, 2018, maturing February 28, 2020, converted in full into shares of Class A common stock

 

 

-

 

 

 

54,520

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

460,680

 

 

 

361,300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less October 19, 2017 advanced recorded as current

 

 

(91,080 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt

 

 

369,600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less discount

 

 

(276,150 )

 

 

(258,932 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$ 93,450

 

 

$ 102,368

 

 

 
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The long-term convertible notes payable are comprised of advances under two long-term convertible notes to Vista.

 

Effective September 13, 2018, the Company issued and delivered to Vista a convertible note in the original maximum principal amount of $550,000 (consisting of an initial advance of $100,000 on such date and possible future advances). An original issue discount equal to 10% of each advance will be added to principal. The maturity date of advances under the convertible note is two years from the date of each advance. Terms of the convertible note include certain penalties for additional principal and changes in conversion prices when the trading price of the Company’s common stock decreases to defined levels.

 

An original issue discount of $10,000 and a one-time 12% interest charge of $13,200 was added to the note principal at inception, resulting in total principal of $123,200, which balance was outstanding as of October 31, 2018.

 

On October 16, 2018, the Company received proceeds of $200,000 from a second advance under the Vista long-term convertible note. An original issue discount of $20,000 and a one-time 12% interest charge of $26,400 was added to the note principal, resulting in total principal of $123,200, which balance was outstanding as of October 31, 2018.

 

Effective October 19, 2017, the Company issued and delivered to Vista a convertible note in the original maximum principal amount of $550,000 (consisting of an initial advance of $165,000 on such date and possible future advances). An original issue discount equal to 10% of each advance will be added to principal. The maturity date of advances under the convertible note is two years from the date of each advance. Terms of the convertible note include certain penalties for additional principal and changes in conversion prices when the trading price of the Company’s common stock decreases to defined levels.

 

The initial advance was issued at a discount, resulting in the receipt of $160,000, net of legal fees paid of $5,000. See the discussion above under Current Convertible Notes Payable .

 

On December 14, 2017, the Company received proceeds of $100,000 from a second advance under the Vista long-term convertible note. An original issue discount of $10,000 and a one-time 12% interest charge of $13,200 was added to the note principal, resulting in total principal of $123,200, which balance was outstanding as of April 30, 2018. During the six months ended October 31, 2018, Vista converted principal of $123,200 into Class A common shares of the Company, extinguishing in full the note.

 

On February 28, 2018, the Company received proceeds of $232,500, net of legal fees paid of $2,500, from a third advance under the Vista long-term convertible note. An original issue discount of $23,500 and a one-time 12% interest charge of $31,020 was added to the note principal, resulting in total principal of $289,520. Through April 30, 2018, Vista converted principal of $235,000 into Class A common shares of the Company, resulting in a principal balance of $54,520 as of April 30, 2018. During the six months ended October 31, 2018, Vista converted the remaining $54,520 principal into Class A common shares of the Company, extinguishing in full the note.

 

Accrued interest payable on convertible notes payable totaled $18,724 and $24,805 at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, respectively.

 

The Company has identified the conversion feature of its convertible notes payable as a derivative and estimated the fair value of the derivative using a multinomial lattice model simulation and assuming the existence of a tainted equity environment (see Note 9).

 

NOTE 9 – DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES

 

In a series of subscription agreements, the Company issued warrants in prior years that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that have been identified as derivatives. In addition, the Company identified the conversion feature of certain convertible notes payable and convertible preferred stock as derivatives. As of October 31, 2018, the number of warrants or common shares to be issued under these agreements is indeterminate; therefore, the Company concluded that the equity environment is tainted and all additional warrants and convertible debt are included in the value of the derivative.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of the derivative liabilities at the issuance date and at each subsequent reporting date, using a multinomial lattice model simulation. The model is based on a probability weighted discounted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes.

 

 
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During the six months ended October 31, 2018, we had the following activity in our derivative liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrants

 

 

Notes

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, April 30, 2018

 

$ 90,772

 

 

$ 905,831

 

 

$ 996,603

 

New issuances of debt

 

 

-

 

 

 

953,821

 

 

 

953,821

 

Debt conversions and warrant exercises

 

 

-

 

 

 

(609,653 )

 

 

(609,653 )

Change in fair value of derivative liabilities

 

 

(14,046 )

 

 

9,135

 

 

 

(4,911 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, October 31, 2018

 

$ 76,726

 

 

$ 1,259,134

 

 

$ 1,335,860

 

 

Key inputs and assumptions used in valuing the Company’s derivative liabilities as of October 31, 2018 are as follows:

 

 

· Stock prices on all measurement dates were based on the fair market value

 

 

 

 

· Risk-free interest rate of 2.59%

 

 

 

 

· The probability of future financing was estimated at 100%

 

 

 

 

· Computed volatility ranging from 149% to 158%
 

These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management’s judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

 

NOTE 10 – EQUITY PURCHASE AGREEMENT

 

On June 12, 2017, the Company entered into an Equity Purchase Agreement with Crown Bridge. Pursuant to the terms of the Equity Purchase Agreement, Crown Bridge committed to purchase up to $3,000,000 of our common stock for a period of up to 24 months commencing upon the effectiveness of a registration statement covering the resale of shares issuable to Crown Bridge under the Equity Purchase Agreement. The Equity Purchase Agreement allowed the Company to deliver a put notice to Crown Bridge stating the dollar amount of common stock that it intends to sell to Crown Bridge on the date specified in the put notice. The amount of each put notice is limited to a formula that is equal to the lesser of (i) $100,000 or (ii) 150% of the average dollar value of the trading volume of the Company’s stock, measured at the lowest price during the trading period, for the seven days prior to the purchase of shares by Crown Bridge. The purchase price of shares issued in respect of each put notice is 80% of the average of the three lowest trading prices in the seven trading days immediately preceding the date on which the Company exercises its put right.

 

On February 14, 2018, March 19, 2018 and April 2, 2018, the Company delivered put notices to Crown Bridge pursuant to the Equity Purchase Agreement. A total of 130,095,970 Class A common shares were issued to Crown Bridge for total net cash proceeds of $284,371. A fourth put notice, dated April 6, 2018, was delivered to Crown Bridge for 98,947,321 Class A common shares, which shares were issued in July 2018. The fourth put notice was funded in September 2018 in the amount of $116,252.

 

The Company’s right to deliver further put notices under the Equity Purchase Agreement was terminated on April 10, 2018, when the listing of our Class A common stock was moved to the OTC Pink.

 

NOTE 11 – STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

Authorized Shares

 

The Company currently has authorized 12,010,000,000 shares consisting of 10,000,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, 2,000,000,000 shares of Class B common stock and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock. No shares of preferred stock have been issued.

 

On September 14, 2018, the Company amended its articles of incorporation to provide for a 1 for 100 reverse stock split of our Class A and Class B common shares. Shareholders owning in excess of 50.1% of the outstanding shares of voting common stock of the Company executed a written consent approving an amendment to Article IV of the Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company. The amendment was also approved by the Company’s Board of Directors and declared effective by FINRA on November 15, 2018. The Company has given retroactive effect to the reverse stock split for all periods presented.

 

 
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Stock Issuances

 

During the six months ended October, 2018, the Company issued a total of 8,333,325 shares of its Class A common stock: 219,403 shares for services valued at $61,558; 16,031 shares valued at $6,252 in payment of accrued expenses of $5,000 resulting in a loss on extinguishment of liabilities of $1,252; 7,108,418 shares valued at $1,335,079 in conversion of convertible notes principal of $692,079, accrued interest payable of $33,267, derivative liabilities of $609,653 and payment of fees of $500; and 989,473 shares pursuant to Equity Purchase Agreement (Note 10) for stock subscription receivable of $116,252.

 

During the six months ended October 31, 2017, the Company issued a total of 48,665 shares of its Class A common stock: 6,285 shares for common stock payable of $307,978; 2,925 shares for services valued at $337,125; 44 shares valued at $4,400 in payment of accrued expenses of $44,000 resulting in a gain on extinguishment of debt of $39,600; 35,336 shares in the cashless exercise of warrants and extinguishment of derivative liabilities of $1,906,006; 2,475 shares valued at $200,476 in the extinguishment of preferred stock of $137,500, accrued interest payable of $359,957 and derivative liabilities of $5,614 resulting in a gain on extinguishment of debt of $302,595 and 1,600 shares valued at $124,800 in the extinguishment of a convertible note payable of $120,000 and accrued interest payable of $119,365 resulting in a gain on extinguishment of debt of $114,565.

 

Warrants

 

The Company has issued warrants in prior years to investors in a series of subscription agreements in equity financings or for other stock-based compensation. Certain of the warrants contain anti-dilution provisions that the Company has identified as derivatives. We estimate the fair value of the derivatives using multinomial lattice models that value the warrants based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes and considering the existence of a tainted equity environment (see Note 9).

 

A summary of warrant activity during the nine months ended October 31, 2018 is presented below:

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

 

 

Weighted Average

Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, April 30, 2018

 

 

723,803

 

 

$ 1.00

 

 

 

3.90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

278,359

 

 

$ 1.00

 

 

 

 

 

Canceled / Expired

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, October 31, 2018

 

 

1,002,162

 

 

$ 1.00

 

 

 

3.40

 

 

The warrant shares granted during the six months ended October 31, 2018 are comprised of warrant shares issued to warrant holders pursuant to anti-dilution provisions.

 

 
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Common Stock Reserved

 

At October 31, 2018, 1,002,162 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock were reserved for issuance of outstanding warrants and 3,875,331,377 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock were reserved for convertible notes payable.

 

NOTE 12 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Legal

 

There were no legal proceedings against the Company.

 

NOTE 13 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In accordance with ASC 855-10, all subsequent events have been reported through the filing date as set forth below.

 

Effective November 15, 2018, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) approved the Company’s 1 for 100 reverse stock split of its Class A and Class B common shares.

 

Subsequent to October 31, 2018, the Company issued a total of 1,196,340 shares of its Class A common stock: 96,340 shares for compensation valued at $14,000 and 1,100,000 shares in consideration for the conversion of note payable principal totaling $40,151 and accrued interest payable of $3,004.

 

As a condition for entering into the October 9, 2018 GS convertible debenture, GS required affiliates of Jack W. Hanks and Bruce Lemons, our directors (the “Affiliates”), to pledge their shares of Class B Common Stock (constituting 100% of the outstanding shares of Class B Common Stock) to GS to secure the repayment of the debenture by the Company. As consideration to the Affiliates for entering into the GS pledge agreement, the Company granted a ten-year option, effective as of December 11, 2018, to the Affiliates to purchase 1,000,000 of Class A Shares and 1,000,000 of the Class B Shares at $0.08 per share.

 

 
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ITEM 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis constitutes forward-looking statements for purposes of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and as such involves known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The words “expect”, “estimate”, “anticipate”, “predict”, “believes”, “plan”, “seek”, “objective” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements or elsewhere in this report. Important factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievement to differ materially from our expectations are discussed in detail in Item 1 above. All written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified in their entirety by such factors. We undertake no obligation to publicly release the result of any revisions to these forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not entitled to rely on the safe harbor for forward looking statements under 27A of the Securities Act or 21E of the Exchange Act as long as our stock is classified as a penny stock within the meaning of Rule 3a51-1 of the Exchange Act. A penny stock is generally defined to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined in Rule 3a51-1) of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, including the notes thereto.

 

Overview

 

Business Plan

 

We are a development stage company engaged in the exploration, extraction, refining and distribution of oil, gas, petroleum products and electric power. We plan to focus on the acquisition, development and financing of oil, gas, refining and electric power projects in Texas, Peru, and other countries in Latin America using the expertise of our principals to identify, finance and acquire these projects.

 

The most significant focus of our current business plan is to build crude oil refining facilities in the Permian Basin in West Texas, which holds some of the largest tapped and untapped oil and gas reserves in the world. The Permian Basis is located principally in West Texas. While production in the Permian Basin in the past had been in decline, the development of hydraulic fracturing in shale zones reversed the trend, and the cost of developing oil and gas reserves from shale formations (the driver of recent US increases in production) is lower in the Permian Basin than in other areas of the US. For this reason, the activity in the Permian Basin has recently been expanding and drawing the interest of major oil and gas companies. The Permian’s Delaware Basin (MMEX refinery site is located in the SE segment of the Delaware Basin) is estimated to hold 46.3 billion barrels of crude, which is more than two times the amount of crude as the Permian’s Midland Basin. The Delaware Basin is the less drilled portion of the Permian oil field and signals that the Permian has an abundance of potential crude oil supply. We believe that the Permian Basin will be the major domestic producing region in the country for decades to come.

 

As reported in the general press, the U.S. has become a net oil exporter as of last week. “Energy Independence” has been reached by the U.S. for the first time in 75 years.

  

 
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There are six refineries in the Permian Basin located at El Paso, Texas; McKee, Texas; Borger, Texas; Big Spring, Texas; and Artesia, New Mexico. The total capacity of these refineries is 640,500 bpd. These refineries are older refineries designed to process historic production from the Permian Basin. As such, these refineries do not take high-API production or discount it significantly, such as the production being produced from the hydraulically-fractured shale zones in which the current increase in production is occurring in the Permian Basin. Moreover, the increasing amount of shale oil production has outpaced these refineries’ ability to process the new crude oil production. For these reasons, much of the new shale production is currently being exported out of the Permian Basin. Significant infrastructure improvements have been developed and announced to move Permian Basin production to the Texas Gulf Coast. According to the EIA, these infrastructure improvements have and will decrease the discount to WTI pricing that has often plagued the sale of Permian Basin shale crude in the recent past. The Company believes that while the construction of crude oil pipelines from the Permian Basin to the significant refining infrastructure in the Texas Gulf Coast might decrease discounts, pipeline companies will charge significant fees to transport the new shale production out of the Permian Basin, resulting, in effect, in a continued discount for such production, compared to the delivered price to the Refinery.

 

We intend to implement our current business plan in two phases, First, through our subsidiary, Pecos Refining, we intend to build and commence operation of a 10,000 bpd crude oil Distillation Unit that will produce a non-transportation grade diesel primarily for sale in the local market for drilling frac fluids, along with naptha and heavy fuel oil to be sold to other refiners. Second, through a separate subsidiary, we intend to build and commence operation of the Large Refinery with up to 100,000 bpd capacity at the same location in West Texas. These projects will be built on 476 acres located 20 miles northeast of Fort Stockton, Texas, near the Sulfur Junction spur of the Texas Pacifico Railroad. If successfully developed, the Refinery would connect to existing railways and pipelines to market diesel, gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas and other refined products within the U.S., with the potential to market these products and crude oil to western Mexico and South America. If completed, the Large Refinery will be one of the first full scale oil refineries built in the United States in more than 40 years.

 

The Company is focusing on the Distillation Unit first in an effort to build and commence operations, and ultimately generate cash flow, on an expedited basis. The permitting process is significantly shorter for construction of the Distillation Unit and is expected to be 45 days while the permitting process for the Large Refinery is expected to be 12-18 months. Additionally, the construction of the Distillation Unit will require significantly less capital than the construction of the Large Refinery.

 

Initially, Pecos Refining, the owner of the Distillation Unit, and the entity we may form to own and operate the Large Refinery will be wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company. However, the construction of the Distillation Unit and the Large Refinery will require substantial equity and debt financing, far beyond the expected resources of the Company, and we anticipate that these Subsidiaries will obtain equity and debt financing to finance the cost of construction. We anticipate these Subsidiaries will be able to finance up to 80% of the total costs of the Distillation Unit and the Large Refinery through debt financing, and the remaining 20% of the total costs would be financed through equity investments. To the extent these Subsidiaries raise money through the issuance of equity securities, our ownership will be diluted. We intend to retain managerial control of the Subsidiaries; however, our economic ownership of such entities may be a minority interest. As such, we will be entitled to only a portion of any future distributions made by these Subsidiaries.

 

We plan on marketing and distributing refined products in the Western areas of the United States and Mexico, and we may export product to Latin America. The Refinery will be located on the Texas Pacifico Railroad rail route 20 miles Northeast of Fort Stockton, Texas, approximately 1.5 miles from the Sulphur Junction on the Texas Pacifico Railroad. Once needed repairs are finished to the tracks and railway, the Texas Pacifico Railroad will connect to the Ferromex RR in Ojinago, Mexico, giving us access to the western Mexico markets.

 

 
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Based on our updated design plans along with the increased costs in steel, cement and per diem employment costs, we currently estimate that the aggregate cost of constructing the Distillation Unit with a 10,000 bpd capacity, would be approximately $88 million. According to a report the Company received from KP Engineering, the cost of a 50,000 bpd refinery is estimated to be approximately $500 million and the cost of a 100,000 bpd refinery is estimated to be approximately $850 million. These estimates are only preliminary estimates and are subject to substantial change when additional engineering is completed.

 

Constructing the Refinery will require a significant number of governmental permits and approvals. The principal permit for the construction of the Large Refinery is the Air Permit issued by TCEQ and significant construction will not begin until we have received it. On August 30, 2017, we received approval from the TCEQ for the air quality permit for the Distillation Unit. Trinity Consultants, the Company’s air quality permit advisor, estimates it will take approximately 18 months to obtain the air quality permit for the Large Refinery. According to VFuels Oil & Gas Engineering, construction for the Distillation Unit would take approximately 12 to 15 months. KP Engineering has estimated that the completion of the Large Refinery would take from 15 to 18 months following the receipt of the air quality permit.

 

Through October 31, 2018, we have had no revenues and have reported continuing losses from operations.

 

Results of Operations

 

Revenues

 

We have not yet begun to generate revenues.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Our selling, general and administrative expenses increased $216,702 to $349,283 for the three months ended October 31, 2018 from $132,581 for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and increased $278,820 to $749,531 for the six months ended October 31, 2018 from $470,711 for the six months ended October 31, 2017. These increases are due to additional professional fees, salary, travel and other expenses associated with securing debt financing and administrative activities of our refinery project

 

Refinery Start-Up Costs

 

We expense the direct costs incurred prior to opening our proposed crude oil refinery in Pecos County, Texas, including acquisition of refinery rights, planning, design and permitting. Such costs totaled $154,813 for the three months ended October 31, 2018, compared to $165,420 for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and totaled $316,645 for the six months ended October 31, 2018, compared to $498,531 for the six months ended October 31, 2017. The levels of spending on the development of our refinery will vary from period to period based on availability of financing.

 

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses are not currently material to our operations. Depreciation and amortization expenses were $573 and $417 for the three months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1,144 and $707 for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

 
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Other Income (Expense)

 

Our interest expense increased $216,320 to $648,113 for the three months ended October 31, 2018 from $431,793 for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and increased $328,709 to $1,055,110 for the six months ended October 31, 2018 from $726,401 for the six months ended October 31, 2017. These increases are due to interest accrued on new convertible debt during the current fiscal year, including amortization of debt discount, and prepayment penalties on the retirement of certain convertible notes payable.

 

We reported a gain on derivative liabilities of $7,787 for the three months ended October 31, 2018 and a loss on derivative liabilities of $514,129 for the three months ended October 31, 2017. We reported a gain on derivative liabilities of $4,911 for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and a gain on derivative liabilities of $3,952,554 for the six months ended October 31, 2017. The large gain on derivative liabilities in the first six months of the prior fiscal year resulted primarily from the exercise of substantially all warrants. In a series of subscription agreements, we have issued warrants in prior years that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that we have identified as derivatives. We also identified the variable conversion feature of certain convertible notes payable as derivatives. We estimate the fair value of the derivatives using multinomial lattice models that value the warrants based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes. These estimates are based on multiple inputs, including the market price of our stock, interest rates, our stock price volatility and management’s estimates of various potential equity financing transactions. These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management’s judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

 

We reported a gain on extinguishment of liabilities of $10,168 for the three months ended October 31, 2018 and $8,916 for the six months ended October 31, 2018 related to the issuance of our Class A common shares in payment of accrued expenses. Where shares of our Class A common stock are issued in extinguishment of liabilities, we record the value of the shares issued at the current market price, which at times may differ from the book value of the debt, resulting in a gain or loss on extinguishment of liabilities. We reported a gain on extinguishment of liabilities of $475,587 for the six months ended October 31, 2017.

 

We reported a loss on conversion of debt of $9,862 for the three months and six months ended October 31, 2018 related to the conversion of convertible notes payable to shares of our Class A common stock. We reported no gain or loss on conversion of debt for the three months and six months ended October 31, 2017.

 

We reported a gain on assignment and assumption agreement of $1,090,271 for the three months and six months ended October 31, 2017. On September 18, 2017, the Company, the members of LatAm and William B. Short (“Short”), an unrelated individual, entered into an Assignment and Assumption Agreement pursuant to which Short acquired the member interests in LatAm, thereby acquiring all the assets and assuming all the liabilities of MCCH, MCC and CC. Short agreed to assume all liabilities and hold the Company harmless from any and all liabilities (contingent or otherwise). In consideration therefor, the Company issued Short 100,000 shares of its Class A common stock, valued at $110,000, or $0.011 per share, equal to the market value of the stock on the date of the agreement, which amount was recorded as a reduction of the gain on assignment and assumption agreement.

 

 
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Net Income (Loss)

 

As a result, we reported a net loss of $1,144,689 for the three months ended October 31, 2018, a net loss of $154,069 for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and a net loss of $2,118,465 for the six months ended October 31, 2018. We reported net income of $3,822,062 for the six months ended October 31, 2017 primarily as a result of non-operating gains.

 

Non-Controlling Interest in Loss of Consolidated Subsidiaries

 

Currently, we have little activity in our consolidated subsidiaries. Non-controlling interest in income of consolidated subsidiaries was $0 for the three months and six months ended October 31, 2018 and $651,005 and $650,659 for the three months and six months ended October 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to the Company

 

Net loss attributable to the Company was $1,144,689 for the three months ended October 31, 2018, $805,074 for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and $2,118,465 for the six months ended October 31, 2019. Net income attributable to the Company was $3,171,403 for the six months ended October 31, 2017.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Working Capital

 

As of October 31, 2018, we had current assets of $306,036, comprised of cash, and current liabilities of $3,280,113, resulting in a working capital deficit of $2,974,077. Included in our current liabilities as of October 31, 2018 are derivative liabilities of $1,335,860, which we do not anticipate will require the payment of cash.

 

Sources and Uses of Cash

 

Our sources and uses of cash for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, beginning of period

 

$ 304,173

 

 

$ 54,513

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(874,041 )

 

 

(673,556 )

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(231,538 )

 

 

(101,910 )

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

1,107,442

 

 

 

771,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, end of period

 

$ 306,036

 

 

$ 50,297

 

 

We used net cash of $874,041 in operating activities for the six months ended October 31, 2018 as a result of net loss attributable to the Company of $2,118,465 and non-cash gains totaling $13,827, partially offset by non-cash expenses totaling $921,627, decrease in prepaid expenses of $5,000, and increases in accounts payable of $271,488 and accrued expenses of $60,136.

 

By comparison, we used net cash of $673,556 in operating activities for the six months ended October 31, 2017 as a result of net income attributable to the Company of $3,171,403, non-controlling interest in income of consolidated subsidiaries of $650,659, non-cash expenses totaling $821,222 and increases in accounts payable of $135,039 and accrued expenses of $67,433, offset by non-cash gains totaling $5,518,412 and increase in deposits of $900.

 

 
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Net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017 was $231,538 and $101,910, respectively, comprised of the purchase of property and equipment.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended October 31, 2018 was $1,107,442, comprised of proceeds from convertible notes payable of $1,194,190 and proceeds from stock subscription receivable of $116,252, partially offset by repayments of convertible notes payable of $203,000. We had net cash provided by financing activities of $771,250 for the six months ended October 31, 2017, comprised of proceeds from convertible notes payable.

 

Going Concern Uncertainty

 

Our financial statements are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America applicable to a going concern, which contemplate the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. We have incurred continuous losses from operations, have an accumulated deficit of $37,195,753 and a total stockholders’ deficit of $2,534,964 at October 31, 2018, and have reported negative cash flows from operations since inception. In addition, we do not currently have the cash resources to meet our operating commitments for the next twelve months, and we expect to have ongoing requirements for capital investment to implement our business plan, including the construction of our proposed refinery project. Finally, our ability to continue as a going concern must be considered in light of the problems, expenses and complications frequently encountered by entrance into established markets and the competitive environment in which we operate.

 

Since inception, our operations have primarily been funded through private debt and equity financing, and we expect to continue to seek additional funding through private or public equity and debt financing.

 

Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on our ability to generate sufficient cash from operations to meet our cash needs and/or to raise funds to finance ongoing operations and repay debt. However, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in our efforts to raise additional debt or equity capital and/or that our cash generated by our operations will be adequate to meet our needs. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt that we will be able to continue as a going concern for a reasonable period of time.

 

The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of any uncertainty as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements also do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts, or amounts and classifications of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Capital Resources

 

We have not generated any revenues or operating cash flows. As a result, we have significant short-term cash needs. Our principal source of operating capital has been provided from private sales of our common stock and warrants and debt financing.

 

During the six months ended October 31, 2018, we issued an aggregate of $1,202,600 principal amount from two convertible notes payable to Power Up Lending Group Ltd (“Power Up”), three convertible notes payable to GS Capital Partners, LLC (“GS”), and two advances from a convertible promissory note payable to Vista Capital Investments, LLC (“Vista”) resulting in total net proceeds to us of $1,194,190.

 

 
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On June 12, 2017, the Company entered into an Equity Purchase Agreement with Crown Bridge Partners, LLC (“Crown Bridge”). The Equity Purchase Agreement allowed the Company to deliver a put notice to Crown Bridge stating the dollar amount of common stock that it intends to sell to Crown Bridge on the date specified in the put notice. The amount of each put notice is limited to a formula that is equal to the lesser of (i) $100,000 or (ii) 150% of the average dollar value of the trading volume of the Company’s stock, measured at the lowest price during the trading period, for the seven days prior to the purchase of shares by Crown Bridge. The purchase price of shares issued in respect of each put notice is 80% of the average of the three lowest trading prices in the seven trading days immediately preceding the date on which the Company exercises its put right.

 

On February 14, 2018, March 19, 2018 and April 2, 2018, the Company delivered put notices to Crown Bridge pursuant to the Equity Purchase Agreement. A total of 1,300,960 Class A common shares were issued to Crown Bridge for total net cash proceeds of $284,371. A fourth put notice, dated April 6, 2018, was delivered to Crown Bridge for 989,473 Class A common shares, which shares were issued in July 2018. The fourth put notice was funded on September 4, 2018 in the amount of $116,252. The Company’s right to deliver further put notices under the Equity Purchase Agreement was terminated on April 10, 2018, when the listing of our Class A common stock was moved to the OTC Pink.

 

In addition, we do not expect to have the financial resources necessary to complete the proposed Refinery projects. The Company expects to operate the Distillation Unit through its subsidiary, Pecos Refining, and to operate the Large Refinery through another subsidiary set up for such purpose. The construction of the Distillation Unit and the Large Refinery will require substantial equity and debt financing, far beyond the expected resources of the Company. We anticipate that these Subsidiaries will obtain typical project development financing for the construction and development of the Distillation Unit and the Large Refinery and that such financings will be composed of both debt and equity financings. We anticipate these Subsidiaries will be able to finance approximately 80% of the total costs of the Distillation Unit and the Large Refinery through debt financing, and the remaining 20% of the total costs would be financed through equity investments. The Company has had only preliminary discussions with prospective equity sources regarding the financing of these projects and it is unclear at this time if we will be able to obtain such financing and, if so, how much equity in the Subsidiaries the equity investors will require in order to provide the financing. Any equity financing into which a Subsidiary enters will dilute the Company’s ownership of such Subsidiary. In addition, while the Company believes that the Refinery’s cost is financeable in large part through debt, it has not yet obtained a letter of intent or commitment for such financing.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to inventories, investments, intangible assets, income taxes, financing operations, and contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

 
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For further information on our significant accounting policies see the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2018 filed with the SEC and Note 2 to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in this quarterly report. There were no changes to our significant accounting policies during the three months ended October 31, 2018. The following is a description of those significant accounting policies that involve estimates and judgment by management.

 

Derivative liabilities

 

In a series of subscription agreements, we issued warrants in prior years that contain certain anti-dilution provisions that we have identified as derivatives. We have also identified the conversion feature of certain convertible notes payable as a derivative. We estimate the fair value of the derivatives using multinomial lattice models that value the derivatives based on a probability weighted cash flow model using projections of the various potential outcomes. These estimates are based on multiple inputs, including the market price of our stock, interest rates, our stock price volatility and management’s estimates of various potential equity financing transactions. These inputs are subject to significant changes from period to period and to management’s judgment; therefore, the estimated fair value of the derivative liabilities will fluctuate from period to period, and the fluctuation may be material.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

Under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, and ASC 825, Financial Instruments, the FASB establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This Statement reaffirms that fair value is the relevant measurement attribute. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements as reflected herein. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes reported on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets are estimated by management to approximate fair value primarily due to the short-term nature of the instruments.

 

An entity is required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value using a hierarchy based on the level of independent, objective evidence surrounding the inputs used to measure fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The hierarchy prioritized the inputs into three levels that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

 
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Our derivative liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and estimated as follows:

 

October 31, 2018

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 1,335,860

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 1,335,860

 

 

April 30, 2018

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

$ 996,603

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ 996,603

 

 

ITEM 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

ITEM 4 Controls and Procedures

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined) in Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(c) and 15d – 15(e). Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered in this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Securities Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the required time periods and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal controls will prevent all error or fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Due to the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. To address the material weaknesses, we performed additional analysis and other post-closing procedures in an effort to ensure our condensed consolidated financial statements included in this quarterly report have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, management believes that the financial statements included in this report fairly present in all material respects our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.

 

 
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Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act, as amended. Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2018. In making this assessment, our management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in 2013 Internal Control-Integrated Framework. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We have identified the following material weaknesses:

 

 

· As of October 31, 2018, we did not maintain effective controls over the control environment. Specifically, the Board of Directors does not currently have any independent members and no director qualifies as an audit committee financial expert as defined in Item 407(d)(5)(ii) of Regulation S-B. Since these entity level programs have a pervasive effect across the organization, management has determined that these circumstances constitute a material weakness.

 

 

 

 

· As of October 31, 2018, we did not establish a formal written policy for the approval, identification and authorization of related party transactions.
 

Because of these material weaknesses, management has concluded that the Company did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2018, based on the criteria established in “2013 Internal Control-Integrated Framework” issued by the COSO.

 

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 
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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1 Legal Proceedings

 

We are not a party to or otherwise involved in any legal proceedings.

 

In the ordinary course of business, we are from time to time involved in various pending or threatened legal actions. The litigation process is inherently uncertain and it is possible that the resolution of such matters might have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition and/or results of operations. However, in the opinion of our management, other than as set forth herein, matters currently pending or threatened against us are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

 

ITEM 1A Risk Factors

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

ITEM 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

During the six months ended October 31, 2018, the Company issued a total of 5,180,430 shares of its Class A common stock: 119,781 shares for services valued at $23,532 and 5,060,649 shares valued at $782,243 in conversion of convertible notes principal of $389,010, accrued interest payable of $27,719, derivative liabilities of $365,014 and payment of fees of $500.

 

ITEM 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

There is no information required to be disclosed by this Item.

 

ITEM 4 Mine Safety Disclosures

 

There is no information required to be disclosed by this Item.

 

ITEM 5 Other Information

 

There is no information required to be disclosed by this Item.

 

 
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ITEM 6 Exhibits

 

31.1*

 

Certification by Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a)

 

32.1*

 

Certification by Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

101.INS**

 

XBRL Instance Document

 

101.SCH**

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

101.CAL**

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

101.DEF**

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

101.LAB**

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

101.PRE**

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

_______________

*

Filed herewith.

 

**

Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 18 of the Securities Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to liability.

 

 
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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

MMEX Resources Corporation

 

 

 

Dated: December 14, 2018

By:

/s/ Jack W. Hanks

 

 

 

Jack W. Hanks

 

 

Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer),

President and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

36

 

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