UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

 

 

Commission file number 000-55323

 

Mentor Capital, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

77-0395098

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

511 Fourteenth Street, Suite A-2, A-4, A-6, Ramona, CA 92065

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (760) 788-4700

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title of each class to be so registered

 

Trading Symbols (s)

 

Name of each exchange on which each class is to be registered

 

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Common Stock

(Title of class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

 

 

Yes

[   ]

No

[X]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

 

 

Yes

[   ]

No

[X]

 

Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from their obligations under those Sections.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Act of 1934 during the preceding (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

 

Yes

[   ]

No

[X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

 

Yes

[   ]

No

[X]


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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

[   ]

Accelerated filer

[   ]

Non-accelerated filer

[   ]

Smaller reporting Company

[X]

Emerging growth company

[   ]

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial acounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  [   ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act)

Yes

[   ]

No

[X]

 

At June 30, 2019, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of Common Shares held by non-affiliates of Mentor Capital, Inc. (based upon the closing sale price of such shares on OTCQX) was $5,740,523. Shares of Common Stock held by each officer and director and each person who owns more than 10% or more of the outstanding Common Stock have been excluded because these persons may be deemed to be affiliates. The determination of affiliate status for purpose of this calculation is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

 

At March 10, 2020, there were 22,850,947 shares of Mentor Capital, Inc.’s Common Stock outstanding and 11 shares of Series Q Preferred Stock outstanding.


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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains “forward-looking statements,” as defined in the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 21E of the Securites and Exchange Act 1934, as amended. All statements contained in this report other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, our business strategy and plans, and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “seek,” “look,” “hope,” “intend,” “expect,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Moreover, if we increase our investments in the cannabis-related industry or other industries we may be subject to heightened scrutiny and our portfolio companies may be subject to additional laws, rules, regulations, and statutes. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this Form 10-K may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.

 

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements.

 

All references in this Form 10-K to the “Company,” “Mentor,” “we,”, “us,” or “our” are to Mentor Capital, Inc.


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MENTOR CAPITAL, INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Page

PART I

 

 

 

Item 1.

Business.

 

5

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

 

11

Item IB.

Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

16

Item 2.

Properties.

 

16

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings.

 

16

Item 4.

Mines and Safety Disclosures.

 

17

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

18

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data.

 

19

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

19

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

30

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

30

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

31

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures.

 

31

Item 9B.

Other Information.

 

32

 

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

33

Item 11.

Executive Compensation.

 

36

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

38

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

39

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

39

 

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

40

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

41


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PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

Corporate History and Background

 

Mentor Capital, Inc. (“Mentor” or “the Company"), which reincorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in September 2015, was founded as an investment partnership in Silicon Valley, California by the current CEO in 1985. The Company was originally incorporated under the laws of the State of California in 1994 as Main Street Athletic Clubs, Inc. and operated a small chain of athletic clubs, a trucking company, and food companies, among other things. In 1996 our registration under Regulation A of the Securities Act of 1933 was declared effective and we began to trade publicly. In 1997, the Company changed its name to Main Street AC, Inc. and merged with a group of approximately fifteen oil and gas partnerships which proved to be unsuccessful. In 1998 we entered a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization in the Northern District of California, due to a need to decrease oil and gas related debt in excess of asset value.

 

As we emerged from bankruptcy, the court allowed the original issuance of approximately $145 Million in warrants to the Company’s claimants and creditors. The warrants were in (4) four classes, have been reset to lower prices, and have been principally exercised at $0.09, $0.11, $0.65, $1.00, $1.60 and $7.00 per share. The outstanding Series D warrants are exercisable at $1.60 per share, at which price we may receive as much as $10 Million in warrant proceeds. The amount of proceeds received from exercised warrants may be limited by the general status of the economy and the price per share of our regular shares of Common Stock. Warrant holders are more likely to exercise warrants at $1.60 per warrant share if the shares of our Common Stock are priced above $1.60 per share. The longer the Company’s Common Stock share price is above $1.60, the more likely warrant holders will be willing to exercise their warrants. If the Common Stock share price is less than $1.60 for a long period of time, the Company may also decide to lower the exercise price of outstanding warrants to entice warrant holders to exercise their warrants and invest in the Company. The amount of potential funds received by the Company from such exercises will decrease as the warrant exercise price decreases. There are also 87,456 outstanding Series B warrants exercisable at $0.11.

 

On February 9, 2015, in accordance with Section 1145 of the United States Bankruptcy Code and the Company’s Third Amended Plan of Reorganization (“Plan of Reorganization”), the Company announced a minimum 30 day partial redemption of up to 1% of the already outstanding Series D warrants to provide for the court specified redemption mechanism for warrants not exercised timely by the original holder or their estates. Company designees that applied during the 30 days paid 10 cents per warrant to redeem the warrant and then exercised the Series D warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s Common Stock at the court specified formula of not more than one-half of the closing bid price on the day preceding the 30 day exercise period. In successive months, the authorized partial warrant redemption amount was recalculated, and the redemption offer repeated according to the court formula. In the Company’s October 7, 2016 press release, Mentor stated that the 1% redemptions which were formerly priced on a calendar month schedule would subsequently be initiated and priced on a random date schedule after the prior 1% redemption was completed to prevent potential third-party manipulation of share prices at month-end. The periodic partial redemptions could continue to be recalculated and repeated until such unexercised warrants are exhausted, or the partial redemption is otherwise paused or truncated by the Company. For the year ended December 31, 2019, no warrants were redeemed. In 2018, the Company allowed for a partial redemption of 63,161 Series D warrants at an exercise price of $0.35 plus a $0.10 warrant redemption fee per warrant and an additional 379,436 Series D Warrants were exercised at their full exercise price of $1.60 plus the $0.10 warrant redemption fee per warrant. The regular warrant exercises and 1% partial redemption authorization, which were recalculated and repeated according to the court formula, resulted in a combined average exercise price of $1.42 per share for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The Bankruptcy Court approved Plan of Reorganization allows all the warrants and shares that are issued upon exercise of the warrants to trade freely under an exemption provided by Section 1145 of the United States Bankruptcy Code. We received an SEC “No Comment” letter and our Plan of Reorganization was confirmed January 11, 2000. The SEC’s letter is not and should not be interpreted as approval of the Company’s Disclosure Statement or Plan of Reorganization.

 

Recent Developments

 

Currently, our general business operations are intended to provide management consultation and headquarters functions, especially with regard to accounting and audits, for our majority-owned subsidiaries, which makes up most of our holdings. We monitor our less than majority positions for value and investment security. Management also spends considerable effort reviewing possible acquisition candidates, on an ongoing basis.


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In 2009 the Company began focusing its investing activities in leading-edge cancer companies. In early 2013 in response to government limitations on reimbursement for highly technical and expensive cancer treatments and a resulting business decline in the cancer immunotherapy sector, the Company decided to exit that space. In the summer of 2013, the Company was asked to consider investing in a cancer-related project with a medical marijuana focus. On August 29, 2013, the Company decided to divest of its cancer assets and focus future investments in the medical marijuana and cannabis sector. In late 2019, the Company expanded its target industry focus to potentially include energy, mining and minerals, technology, consumer products, management services, and manufacturing sectors with the goal of ensuring investment diversification.

 

Electrum Partners, LLC (Electrum)

 

The Company has an equity interest in Electrum which is carried at cost of $194,028 and $194,028 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. This equates to 6,198 membership interest units. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had a 4.70% and 4.74% interest of Electrum’s outstanding equity, respectively.

 

On October 30, 2018, the Company entered into a Recovery Purchase Agreement with Electrum to purchase a portion of Electrum’s potential recovery in its legal action captioned Electrum Partners, LLC, Plaintiff, and Aurora Cannabis Inc., Defendant, pending in the Supreme Court of British Columbia (“Litigation”). As described further in Note 11 to the attached financial statements, as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, Mentor has provided $146,195 and $100,000, respectively, in capital for payment of Litigation costs. In exchange, after repayment to Mentor of all funds invested for payment of Litigation costs, Mentor will receive 14% of anything of value received by Electrum as a result of the Litigation (“Recovery”). On October 31, 2018, Mentor entered into a secured Capital Agreement with Electrum and invested an additional $100,000 in Electrum. Under the Capital Agreement, on the payment date, Electrum will pay to Mentor the sum of (i) $100,000, (ii) ten percent (10%) of the Recovery, and (iii) 0.083334% of the Recovery for each full month from October 31, 2018 to the payment date for each full month that $833 is not paid to Mentor. The payment date for the Capital Agreement is the earlier of November 1, 2021, or the final resolution of the Litigation. On January 28, 2019, the Company entered into a second secured Capital Agreement with Electrum and invested an additional $100,000 in Electrum with payment terms similar to the October 31, 2018 Capital Agreement. As part of the January 28, 2019 Capital Agreement Mentor was granted an option to convert its 6,198 membership interests in Electrum into a cash payment of $194,027.78 plus an additional 19.4% of the Recovery. See note 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Mentor IP, LLC (MCIP)

 

On April 18, 2016, the Company formed Mentor IP, LLC (“MCIP”), a South Dakota limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor. MCIP was formed to hold interests related to patent rights obtained on April 4, 2016, when Mentor Capital, Inc. entered into that certain "Larson - Mentor Capital, Inc. Patent and License Fee Facility with Agreement Provisions for an -- 80% / 20% Domestic Economic Interest -- 50% / 50% Foreign Economic Interest" with R. L. Larson and Larson Capital, LLC (“MCIP Agreement”). Pursuant to the MCIP Agreement, MCIP obtained rights to an international patent application for foreign THC and CBD cannabis vape pens under the provisions of the Patent Cooperation Treaty of 1970, as amended. R. L. Larson continues its efforts to obtain exclusive licensing rights in the United States for THC and CBD cannabis vape pens for various THC and CBD percentage ranges and concentrations. Activity in 2019 and 2018 was limited to payment of patent application maintenance fees in Canada. Patent application national phase maintenance fees were expensed when paid and there were no assets related to MCIP on the consolidated financial statements at December 31, 2019 and 2018. Subsequent to year-end, on January 21, 2020 the United States Patent and Trademark Office granted a Notice of Allowance for the United States patent application. MCIP plans to apply for expedited prosecution under the Patent Prosecution Highway based upon the claims allowed in the corresponding United States patent application.

 

NeuCourt, Inc.

 

On November 22, 2017, the Company invested $25,000 in NeuCourt, Inc. (“NeuCourt”) as a convertible note receivable. The note bears interest at 5% per annum, originally matured November 22, 2019, and was amended on November 7, 2019 to extend the maturity date to November 22, 2021. No payments are required prior to maturity, however, at the time the November 22, 2017 note was extended, accrued interest through the extension date of November 7, 2019 was remitted to Mentor. As consideration for the extension date for the $25,000 note, a warrant to purchase up to 25,000 shares of NeuCourt common stock at $0.02 per share was issued to Mentor. On October 31, 2018, the Company invested an additional $50,000 as a convertible note receivable in NeuCourt which bears interest at 5% and matures October 31, 2020. Principal and unpaid interest on the Notes may be converted into a blend of shares of a to-be-created series of Preferred Stock and Common Stock of NeuCourt (i) on closing of a future financing round of at least $750,000, (ii) on the election of NeuCourt on maturity of the Note, or (iii) on election of Mentor following NeuCourt’s election to prepay the Note.


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On December 21, 2018, the Company purchased 500,000 shares of NeuCourt Common Stock for $10,000. This represents approximately 4.16% of the issued and outstanding NeuCourt shares at December 31, 2019. NeuCourt is a Delaware corporation that is developing a technology that is expected to be useful to the dispute resolution industry.

 

GlauCanna

 

On April 13, 2017, the Company agreed to provide $40,000 of funding to offset costs for the application of cannabis oil in a glaucoma study conducted by and otherwise paid for by Dr. Robert M. Mandelkorn, MD. In exchange for the funding Mentor, dba GlauCanna will hold an 80% interest in any commercial opportunities that result from the study while Dr. Mandelkorn will hold the remaining 20%. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had paid $30,000 and $25,000 of the funding, respectively.

 

G Farmalabs Limited

 

On March 17, 2017, the Company entered into a Notes Purchase Agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited, a Nevada corporation (“G Farma”), with operations in Washington that had planned operations in California under two temporary licenses pending completion of its Desert Hot Springs, California, location. Under the Agreement the Company purchased two secured promissory notes from G Farma in an aggregate principal face amount of $500,000. Since the initial investment, the Company executed eight addenda. Addendum II through Addendum VIII increased the aggregate principal face amount of the two notes to $1,100,000 and increased the combined monthly payments of the notes to $10,239 per month beginning March 15, 2019. The maturity date remained the same resulting in a total balloon payment on the notes of approximately $894,172 at maturity. G Farma has not made scheduled payments on the notes receivable since February 19, 2019. See notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

On September 6, 2018, the Company entered into an Equity Purchase and Issuance Agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited, G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC, GFBrands, Inc., Finka Distribution, Inc., and G FarmaLabs, WA, LLC under which Mentor was supposed to receive equity interests in the G Farma Equity Entities and their affiliates (together the “G Farma Equity Entities”) equal to 3.75% of the G Farma Equity Entities’ interests. On March 4, 2019, Addendum VIII increased the G Farma Equity Entities equity interest to which Mentor is immediately entitled to 3.843%, and added Goya Ventures, LLC as a G Farma Equity Entity. We are now in litigation with these entities and have fully impaired this investment, formerly valued at $41,600. See notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

On March 17, 2017 the Company entered into a Consulting Agreement with G Farma whereby the Company provided consulting services to G Farma. Under Addendum VIII, the monthly consulting payment was increased by subsequent addenda, and effective March 15, 2019 was $2,828 per month. Consulting service fees have not been paid since February 19, 2019. See notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

On February 22, 2019, the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location; the Company was not informed by G Farma of this incident until March 14, 2019. On April 24, 2019, the Company was informed that certain G Farma assets at its corporate location, including approximately $427,804 of equipment leased by G Farma Entities from Mentor Partner I, LLC, under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement, was impounded by the Corona Police, see further description under Mentor Partner I, LLC, below, and notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

This event severely impacted G Farma’s ability to pay amounts due the Company in the future and led the Company, in the quarter ended March 31, 2019, to fully impair G Farma notes receivable of $1,045,051, and fully impair the Company’s 3.843% equity interest in G Farma Equity Entities, formerly valued at $41,600. There were no impairments to these accounts at December 31, 2018.

 

On March 22, 2017, G Farma purchased 222,223 restricted shares of the Company’s Common Stock in a private placement at a price of $2.25 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $500,002. Pursuant to Addendum II entered into on April 28, 2017, G Farma purchased an additional 66,667 shares of the Company’s Common Stock at $1.50 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $100,000. The combined total purchase of $600,002 was to be paid as follows: (i) Assignment to the Company of an interest, equal to the amount of the purchase price, in any and all civil forfeiture or similar recoveries received by, or due to, G Farma including a $10 million claim filed March 29, 2017, against the County of Calaveras, or (ii) at any time before payment of the full purchase price from recovery, the Company could elect to have G Farma pay all or some of the purchase price on the date of the maturity of the promissory notes, described above under the Notes Purchase Agreement, or (iii) the Company could elect to have G Farma pay all or some of the purchase price by issuance to the Company of G Farma securities in aggregate amount equal to the purchase price as are offered to any other person (other than stock options offered to employees).


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G Farma’s civil forfeiture case in the Federal District Court for the Eastern District of California, a portion of which was one of the three ways in which G Farma could have paid the purchase price for the shares of Mentor Common Stock, was dismissed on April 12, 2018 and has no value. In the quarter ended March 31, 2019, the $600,002 contractual interest in G Farma’s legal recovery was fully impaired due to the events discussed in notes 1, 8, and 9 to the consolidated financial statements, where the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location, and the Corona Police impounded certain G Farma assets. These events significantly impacted G Farma’s financial position and its ability to make payments under the notes receivable which negatively impacts option (ii) for payment of the purchase price for the shares of Mentor Common Stock. Currently G Farma does not have an agreement to offer G Farma securities to other persons under purchase price payment option (iii), and any such securities would, at this point, likely have no value. G Farma defaulted on payment of the promissory notes leaving the Company with no means of collecting on this final alternative source of payment for the shares of common stock. On October 3, 2019, the Company rescinded the sale of its common stock to G Farma due to a complete failure of consideration. Subsequent to year-end, on March 6, 2020, the 288,890 shares of its Common Stock issued to G Farma were cancelled out by the Company’s stock transfer agent and returned to the authorized but unissued shares of the Company, see note 25 to the consolidated financial statements. The Company recognized the rescission of Common Stock at par value at December 31, 2019.

 

On May 28, 2019, the Company initiated an action against the G Farm Equity Entities and their guarantors in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin for breach of contract, among other things. See Item 3 “Legal Proceedings” to this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Total impairments related to the G Farma investments of $1,688,825 and $0 are included in Gain (loss) in investments in the consolidated income statements attached for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Mentor Partner I, LLC

 

On September 19, 2017, the Company formed Mentor Partner I, LLC (“Partner I”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for the purpose of cannabis-focused acquisition and investment. In 2018, Mentor contributed $996,000 of capital to Partner I to facilitate the purchase of manufacturing equipment to be leased from Partner I by G FarmaLabs Limited (“G Farma”), under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement dated January 16, 2018, as amended. Partner I acquired and delivered manufacturing equipment as selected by G Farma Entities under sales-type finance leases. Partner I recorded equipment sales revenue of $0 and $1,113,919 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Interest income recognized from Partner I finance leases for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, was $23,811, and $43,247, respectively.

 

On February 22, 2019, the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location; the Company learned of this on March 14, 2019. Because G Farma did not fulfill their obligations under the Master Equipment Lease and failed to operate in compliance with local and state cannabis laws, approximately $427,804 worth of Partner I equipment under lease to G Farma was impounded by the Corona Police on or around February 22, 2019. The Company learned of the equipment impoundment on April 24, 2019. This event severely impacted G Farma’s ability to pay amounts due the Company in the future and the G Farma lease receivable was put on non-accrual status effective April 1, 2019. Bad debt expense of $765,001, for the year ended December 31, 2019, is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the attached consolidated income statement. Additional lease costs of $21,680 to be invoiced in April 2019, did not meet our revenue recognition requirements and the increase in the lease receivable was offset directly to the reserve for bad debt, increasing the reserve for bad debt from $765,001 to $786,681 at December 31, 2019. There was no reserve for bad debt on finance leases receivable at December 31, 2018.

 

On May 28, 2019, Partner I and Mentor Capital, Inc. filed a complaint in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin for breach of contract against the G Farma Lease Entities and the G Farma Lease Guarantors. See Item 3 “Legal Proceedings” to this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As of December 31, 2019, the G Farma Entities had unauthorized possession of the remaining Mentor Partner I, LLC’s equipment of approximate $792,425 and are in default of their obligations under the Master Equipment Lease. Subsequent to year-end, on January 22, 2020, the Court granted the Company’s motion for writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting defendants from retaining control of or selling leased property. On January 31, 2020, all remaining equipment, not impounded by the Corona Police, was repossessed by the Company and moved to storage under the Company’s control, see note 25 to the consolidated financial statements. The anticipated recovery value of the finance lease receivable of $269,000 represents managements’ estimate of proceeds from sale or auction of the recovered equipment, less estimated costs to sell. Subsequent to year end, on March 5, 2020, the Company sold a portion of the recovered equipment, with an original cost of $495,967, for $240,000, see note 25 to the consolidated financial statements. Sale of remaining equipment is planned for second quarter of 2020. The Company will try to recover as much of its cost in the equipment as possible given that it has never been used.


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Mentor Partner II, LLC

 

On February 1, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner II, LLC (“Partner II”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for the purpose of cannabis-focused investing and acquisition. On February 8, 2018, Mentor contributed $400,000 to Partner II to facilitate the purchase of manufacturing equipment to be leased from Partner II by Pueblo West Organics, LLC (“Pueblo”), under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement, dated February 11, 2018. On March 12, 2019, Mentor agreed to use Partner II earnings of $61,368 to facilitate the purchase of additional manufacturing equipment to Pueblo West under a Second Amendment to the lease. During the year ended December 31, 2019, Partner II recognized equipment sales on finance leases of $74,889 with cost of goods of $57,607, and finance revenue of $51,603. During the year ended December 31, 2018, Partner II recognized equipment sales on finance leases of $449,719 with cost of goods sold of $345,938, and finance revenue of $10,506. In 2020 we will continue to recognize finance revenue from finance lease interest but do not expect to generate equipment sales revenue.

 

Mentor Partner III, LLC

 

On February 20, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner III, LLC (“Partner III”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for acquisition and investing purposes. Partner III has had no activity since its formation.

 

Mentor Partner IV, LLC

 

On February 28, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner IV, LLC (“Partner IV”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for acquisition and investing purposes. Partner IV has had no activity since its formation.

 

Overview

 

The Company expanded its target industry focus, beginning in the third quarter of 2019, from investments in the medical marijuana and social use cannabis sector to include energy, mining and minerals, technology, consumer products, management services, and manufacturing sectors with the goal of ensuring investment diversification. Our general business operations are intended to provide management consultation and headquarters functions, especially with regard to accounting and audits, for our larger investment targets and our majority-owned subsidiaries. We monitor our smaller and less than majority positions for value and investment security. Management also spends considerable effort reviewing possible acquisition candidates on an ongoing basis.

 

Mentor seeks to take significant positions in target companies to provide public market liquidity for founders, protection for investors, and funding for the companies, to incubate private companies that Mentor believes to have significant potential. When Mentor takes a significant position in its investees, it provides financial management when needed but leaves operating control in the hands of the company founders. Retaining control, receiving greater liquidity, and working with an experienced organization to efficiently develop disclosures and compliance are three potential key advantages to company founders working with Mentor Capital, Inc.

 

Because adult social use and medical marijuana opportunities often overlap, Mentor Capital participates in the legal recreational marijuana market. However, Mentor’s preferred focus is medical, and the Company seeks to facilitate the application of cannabis to cancer wasting, Parkinson’s disease, calming seizures, reducing ocular pressures from glaucoma and blunting chronic pain.

 

At December 31, 2019, the Company and subsidiaries had the following cannabis-related and non-cannabis investments in place. The Company’s investment in these companies currently totals $2,473,333:

 

$194,028 investment in Electrum Capital Partners, LLC membership interests. 

$346,195 investment in contractual interest in Electrum Capital Partners, LLC legal recovery.  

$67,697 legacy investment in Waste Consolidators, Inc. (“WCI”) (a 51% ownership which is eliminated in the consolidated financial statements). WCI is a $4.2 Million revenue generating private service business based in Phoenix, AZ with services in Austin, TX also. WCI works with business park owners, governmental centers, and apartment complexes to reduce their facilities related costs. 

$385,512 investment in an account receivable with annual payments of $117,000 that expires in or around January 2026 from a non-affiliated individual. 

$444,872 finance leases receivable from Pueblo West. 


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$269,000 finance leases receivable from G Farma, after $786,680 impairment. 

$10,000 invested in NeuCourt, Inc. Common Stock, representing approximately 4.16% of issued and outstanding NeuCourt Common Stock at December 31, 2019. 

$25,000 investment through Mentor IP, LLC for potential rights on a patent application for THC vape systems. 

$5,669 investment in OTCQB listed company stock warrants. 

$78,121 invested in NeuCourt, Inc. including accrued interest under two convertible promissory notes receivable that bear interest at 5% per annum.  

 

The Company continually works to identify potential acquisitions and investments. While evaluating whether an acquisition may be in the best interests of the Company and its shareholders, no transaction will be announced until that transaction is certain.

 

Currently, there are 33 states, and the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands, that have laws and/or regulation that recognize, in one form or another, legitimate medical uses for cannabis and consumer use of cannabis in connection with medical treatment. The state laws are in conflict with the federal Controlled Substances Act, which classifies cannabis as a schedule I controlled substance and makes marijuana use and possession illegal at the national level. In Gonzales v. Raich, 545 U.S. 1, 125 S. Ct. 2195 (2005), the United States Supreme Court ruled that under the authority of the Commerce Clause, U.S. Const., art. I, § 8, it is the Federal Government that has the right to regulate cannabis under the Controlled Substances Act, and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes. Thus, even in states where the use of cannabis has been legalized, its use remains a violation of federal law. The Obama administration stated that it is not an efficient use of resources to direct federal law enforcement agencies to prosecute those lawfully abiding by state-designated laws allowing the use and distribution of medical and recreational cannabis. However, the Trump administration has indicated that it will reconsider such policy and practice, especially with respect to recreational cannabis. Even if the Trump administration affirms the same approach with respect to medical or recreational cannabis, there is no guarantee that such policy and practice will not change regarding the low-priority enforcement of federal laws in states where cannabis has been legalized.

 

Competition

 

We face formidable competition in every aspect of our business. There are many companies that are interested in investing in target companies, similar to our focus, in the medical marijuana and cannabis industry, energy, mining and minerals, technology, consumer products, management services, and manufacturing sectors, many of which are well-funded companies.

 

Employees

 

Mentor has 4 full-time employees and 1 part-time employee in its corporate office in Ramona, California. The corporate office employees also provide administrative support for MCIP, Partner I, and Partner II operations. WCI has 38 full-time employees and 1 part-time employee in Tempe, Arizona and 8 full-time employees and 1 part-time employee in Austin, Texas.

 

Available Information About Registrant

 

We have voluntarily registered our securities under Section 12(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and such registration became effective January 19, 2015. Since that date, we have filed quarterly, annual, and current reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

 

The SEC maintains an Internet site containing reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov.

 

We intend to make available our periodic reports and other required disclosures at our company website located at: www.MentorCapital.com.


10


 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

In addition to other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the following risk factors should be carefully considered in evaluating our business since it operates in a highly challenging and complex business environment that involves numerous risks, some of which are beyond our control. The following discussion highlights a few of these risk factors, any one of which may have a significant adverse impact on our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

As a result of the risk factors set forth below and elsewhere in this Form 10-K, and the risks discussed in our Rule 15c2-11, previous quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and other publicly disclosed submissions, actual results could differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements.

 

We face significant risks, and the risks described below may not be the only risks we face. Additional risks that we do not know of or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. If any of the events or circumstances described in the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be harmed, and the trading price of our Common Stock could decline.

 

Management has a lack of experience operating as a fully reporting company and meeting the associated reporting obligations.

 

Management has operated Mentor Capital, Inc. as a non-reporting public company for over 25 years, and only five years ago voluntarily transitioned to reporting company status subject to financial and other SEC-required disclosures. Prior to such voluntary transition, management has not been required to prepare and make such required disclosures. As a reporting company, we will be subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the Dodd-Frank Act, the listing requirements of a national securities exchange, and other applicable securities rules and regulations. The Exchange Act requires, among other things, that we file annual, quarterly, and current reports with respect to our business and operating activities. As management has never before been required to prepare and file these disclosure reports, doing so may impose a significant expense, time, and reporting burden upon management. This distraction can divert management from its operation of the business to the detriment of core operations. Also, improper reporting due to inexperience can result in trading restrictions and other sanctions that may impair or even suspend trading in the Company’s Common Stock.

 

Investors may suffer risk of dilution following exercise of warrants for cash.

 

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had 22,850,947 outstanding shares of its Common Stock trading at approximately $0.12. As of the same date the Company also had 6,252,954 outstanding Series D warrants exercisable for shares of Common Stock at $1.60 per share. These Series D warrants do not have a cashless exercise feature. The Company anticipates that the warrants will be increasingly exercised when the per share price of the Company’s Common Stock is greater than $1.60 per share. Exercise of these Series D warrants may result in immediate and potentially substantial dilution to current holders of the Company’s Common Stock. At December 31, 2019, there were 87,456 Series B warrants exercisable at $0.11 that do not have a cashless exercise feature. In addition, the Company has 689,159 outstanding Series H warrants with a per share exercise price of $7.00 held by an investment bank and its affiliates. These $7.00 Series H warrants include a cashless exercise feature. Current and future shareholders may suffer dilution of their investment and equity ownership if any of the warrant holders elect to exercise their warrants.

 

Beginning on February 9, 2015, in accordance with Section 1145 of the United States Bankruptcy Code and in accordance with the Company’s court-approved Plan of Reorganization, the Company announced that it would allow for partial redemption of up to 1% per month of the outstanding Series D warrants to provide for the court specified redemption mechanism for warrants not exercised timely by the original holder or their estates. On October 7, 2016, the Company announced that the 1% redemptions which were formerly priced on a calendar month schedule would subsequently be initiated and priced on a random date schedule after the prior 1% redemption is complete to prevent potential third-party manipulation of share prices during the pricing period at month-end. Company designees that apply during the redemption period must pay 10 cents per warrant to redeem the warrants and then exercise the Series D warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s Common Stock at a maximum of one-half of the closing bid price on the day preceding the 1% partial redemption. The 1% partial redemption may continue to be periodically recalculated and repeated according to the court formula until such unexercised warrants are exhausted or the partial redemption is otherwise suspended or truncated by the Company. There were no warrant redemptions in 2019. In 2018, the Company allowed for a partial redemption of 63,161 Series D warrants at an exercise price per warrant of $0.35 plus a $0.10 warrant redemption fee per warrant and an additional 379,436 Series D Warrants were exercised at their full exercise price of $1.60 plus the $0.10 warrant redemption fee per warrant.


11


 

 

We operate in a turbulent market populated by businesses that are highly volatile.

 

The U.S. market for cannabis products is highly volatile. While we believe that it is an exciting and growing market, many companies involved in cannabis products and services used to be involved in illegal activities, some still are, and many of them operate in unconventional ways. Some of these differences which represent challenges to us include not keeping appropriate financial records, inexperience with business contracts, not having access to customary business banking or brokerage relationships, not having quality manufacturing relationships, and not having customary distribution arrangements. Any one of these challenges, if not managed well, could materially adversely impact our business.

 

Many cannabis activities, products, and services still violate law.

 

The legal patchwork to which cannabis companies are subject is still evolving and frequently uncertain. While we believe that anti-cannabis laws are softening and that the trend is toward legalization of cannabis products, many states, and the U.S. government still view some or all cannabis activity as illegal. Notwithstanding this uncertainty, we intend to do our best to engage in activities that are unambiguously legal and to use what influence we have with our affiliates for them to do the same. But we will not always have control over those companies with whom we do business, and there is a risk that we could suffer a substantial and material loss due to routine legal prosecution. Similarly, many jurisdictions have adopted so-called “zero tolerance” drug laws and laws prohibiting the sale of what is considered drug paraphernalia. If our, or our affiliates’ activities related to cannabis activities, products, and services are deemed to violate one or more federal or state laws, we may be subject to civil and criminal penalties, including fines, impounding of cannabis products, and seizure of our assets. A company in which we invested suffered asset seizure which included some equipment licensed by us that we have so far been unable to recover.

 

Our business model is to partner with or acquire other companies.

 

We do not manufacture or sell products or services. Rather, we try to find businesses whose products, managers, technology or other factors we like and acquire or invest in those businesses. There is no certainty that we will find suitable partners or that we will be able to engage in transactions on advantageous terms with partners we identify. There is also no certainty that we will be able to consummate a transaction on favorable terms, or any transaction at all, with any potential cannabis related acquisitions or that our partners will be able to navigate the maze of cannabis laws that may affect them. To date, several of our acquisitions/investments have not turned out well for us.

 

The Federal Government’s attitude toward cannabis could materially harm our business

 

Changes to the Federal Government’s administration and the manner in which the federal government regulates cannabis, including how it intends to enforce laws prohibiting medical marijuana and recreational cannabis use could materially negatively affect our business. If recreational use is limited, that could represent 75% of the potential overall cannabis market revenues. Eliminating recreational cannabis use would be an existential threat to many cannabis entities. Being historically illegal, many cannabis contracts, including our contracts, may not be able to be enforced in the courts.

 

Many of the people and entities with whom we work in the cannabis industry are not used to engaging in other than normal course business transactions.

 

Many of the people and entities with whom we engage may not be used to operating in business transactions in the normal course. Entities and persons operating in the cannabis industry may be unaccustomed to entering into written agreements or keeping financial records according to GAAP. Additionally, entities and persons with whom we engage may not pay particular attention to the obligations with which they have agreed in written contracts. We have experienced these differences with several different entities in which we’ve invested or considered investing, including several entities which failed to comply with contractual obligations, which led us into litigation and other legal remedies.


12


 

 

Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in our forward-looking statements.

 

This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws that relate to future events or future financial performance. When used in this report, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “seeks,” “looks,” “hopes,” “plans,” “predicts,” “expects,” “estimates,” “intends,” “will,” “continue,” “may,” “potential,” “should” and similar expressions. These statements are only expressions of expectation. Our actual results could, and likely will, differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those set forth above and elsewhere in this report and including factors unanticipated by us and not included herein. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of these statements. Accordingly, we caution readers not to place undue reliance on these statements. Where required by applicable law, we will undertake to update any disclosures or forward-looking statements.

 

A failure to obtain financing could prevent us from executing our business plan

 

We anticipate that current cash resources will be sufficient for us to execute our business plan through for the next 16 months. It is possible that if future financing is not obtained, we will not be able to execute our plans. We believe that securing substantial additional sources of financing is possible, but there is no assurance of our ability to secure such financing. A failure to obtain additional financing could prevent us from making necessary expenditures for advancement and growth to partner with more cannabis businesses and hire additional personnel. If we raise additional financing by selling equity, or convertible debt securities, the relative equity ownership of our existing investors could be diluted, or the new investors could obtain terms more favorable than previous investors. If we raise additional funds through debt financing, we could incur significant borrowing costs and be subject to adverse consequences in the event of a default.

 

If we are unable to protect our intellectual property, our competitive position would be adversely affected.

 

We, and our partners and subsidiaries intend to rely on patent protection, trademark and copyright law, trade secret protection and confidentiality agreements with our employees and others to protect our intellectual property. Despite our precautions, unauthorized third parties may copy our, and our affiliates’ and partners’, products and services or reverse engineer or obtain and use information that we regard as proprietary. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect proprietary rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States. Our means of protecting our, and our affiliates’ and partners’, proprietary rights may not be adequate, and third parties may infringe or misappropriate our, and our affiliates’ and partners’, patents, copyrights, trademarks, and similar proprietary rights. If we, or our affiliates and partners, fail to protect intellectual property and proprietary rights, our business, financial condition and results of operations would suffer. We believe that neither we nor our affiliates and partners infringe upon the proprietary rights of any third party, and no third party has asserted an infringement claim against us. It is possible, however, that such a claim might be asserted successfully against us in the future. We may be forced to suspend our operations to pay significant amounts to defend our rights, and a substantial amount of the attention of our management may be diverted from our ongoing business, all of which would materially adversely affect our business.

 

We are engaged in litigation.

 

On May 28, 2019, we filed a complaint against the G Farma Entities and three guarantors of the G Farma agreements in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin, for breach of the G Farma agreements including promissory notes, leases, and other agreements, as well as actions for an injunction to recover leased property, to recover collateral under a security agreement, and to collect from guarantors on the agreements, among other things. Mentor intends to vigorously pursue this matter; however, collection is uncertain at this time. There is no surety that we will prevail in this lawsuit or that we will be able to recover funds if we do prevail.

We depend on our key personnel and may have difficulty attracting and retaining the skilled staff we need to execute our growth plans.

 

Our success will be dependent largely upon the personal efforts of our Chief Executive Officer, Chet Billingsley, and other senior managers. The loss of key staff could have a material adverse effect on our business and prospects. To execute our plans, we will have to retain current employees. Competition for recruiting and retaining highly skilled employees with technical, management, marketing, sales, product development, and other specialized training is intense. We may not be successful in retaining such qualified personnel. Specifically, we may experience increased costs in order to retain skilled employees. If we are unable to retain experienced employees as needed, we would be unable to execute our business plan.


13


 

 

Founder and CEO Chet Billingsley, along with other members of the Company Board of Directors, have considerable control over the company through their aggregate ownership of 22.35% of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Common Stock on a fully diluted basis.

 

As of March 10, 2020, Mr. Billingsley owned approximately 15.75% of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Common Stock on a fully diluted basis. Together with other members of the Company’s Board of Directors, management of the Company owns approximately 22.35% of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Common Stock on a fully diluted basis. Mr. Billingsley also holds 2,050,228 Series D warrants, exercisable at $1.60 per share, and 87,456 Series B warrants, exercisable at $0.11 per share. Additionally, Robert Meyer, Stan Shaul, David Carlile, and Lori Stansfield, directors of the Company, hold an aggregate of 854,352 Series D warrants exercisable at $1.60 per share. Due to the large number of shares of Common Stock owned by the management of the Company, management has considerable ability to exercise control over the Company and matters submitted for shareholder approval, including the election of directors and approval of any merger, consolidation or sale of substantially all of the assets of the Company. Additionally, due to his position as CEO and Chairman of the Board, Mr. Billingsley has the ability to control the management and affairs of the Company. As board members and officers, Mr. Billingsley and the other persons in management positions of the Company owe a fiduciary duty to our shareholders and must act in good faith in a manner each reasonably believes to be in the best interests of our shareholders. As shareholders, Mr. Billingsley and the other officers and directors are entitled to vote their shares in their own interests, which may not always be in the interests of our shareholders generally.

 

We face rapid change.

 

The market for our partners’ and subsidiaries’ products and services is characterized by rapidly changing laws and technologies, marketing efforts, and extensive research and the introduction of new products and services. We believe that our future success will depend in part upon our ability to continue to invest in companies that develop and enhance products and services offered in the energy, mining and minerals, technology, consumer products, management services, manufacturing, or cannabis markets. As a result, we expect to continue to make investments in our partners and subsidiaries to promote further engineering, research, and development. There can be no assurance that our partners and subsidiaries will be able to develop and introduce new products and services or enhance initial products in a timely manner to satisfy customer needs, achieve market acceptance or address technological changes in our target markets. Failure to develop products and services and introduce them successfully and in a timely manner could adversely affect our competitive position, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

If we experience rapid growth, we will need to manage such growth well.

 

We may experience substantial growth in the size of our staff and the scope of our operations, resulting in increased responsibilities for management. To manage this possible growth effectively, we will need to continue to improve our operational, financial and management information systems, will possibly need to create departments that do not now exist, and hire, train, motivate and manage a growing number of staff. Due to a competitive employment environment for qualified technical, marketing and sales personnel, we expect to experience difficulty in filling our needs for qualified personnel. There can be no assurance that we will be able to effectively achieve or manage any future growth, and our failure to do so could delay product development cycles and market penetration or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We could face product liability risks and may not have adequate insurance.

 

Our partners’ and affiliates’ products may be used for medical purposes. We may become the subject of litigation alleging that our partners’ and affiliates’ products were ineffective or unsafe. Thus, we may become the target of lawsuits from injured or disgruntled customers or other users. We intend to, but do not now, carry product and liability insurance, but in the event that we are required to defend more than a few such actions, or in the event we are found liable in connection with such an action, our business and operations may be severely and materially adversely affected.


14


 

 

There is a limited market for our Common Stock.

 

Our Common Stock is not listed on any exchange and trades on the OTC Markets OTCQX system. As such, the market for our Common Stock is limited and is not regulated by the rules and regulations of any exchange. Freely trading shares of even fully reporting cannabis companies receive careful scrutiny by brokers who may require legal opinion letters, proof of consideration, medallion guarantees, or expensive fee payments before accepting or declining share deposit. Further, the price of our Common Stock and its volume in the market may be subject to wide fluctuations. Our stock price could decline regardless of our actual operating performance, and stockholders could lose a substantial part of their investment as a result of industry or market-based fluctuations. Our stock may trade relatively thinly. If a more active public market for our stock is not sustained, it may be difficult for stockholders to sell shares of our Common Stock. Because we do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our Common Stock for the foreseeable future, stockholders will not be able to receive a return on their shares unless they are able to sell them. The market price of our Common Stock will likely fluctuate in response to a number of factors, including but not limited to, the following:

 

sales, sales cycle, and market acceptance or rejection of our affiliates’ products; 

our ability to engage with partners who are successful in selling products; 

economic conditions within the cannabis industry; 

development of law related to cannabis products and services; 

the timing of announcements by us or our competitors of significant products, contracts or acquisitions or publicity regarding actual or potential results or performance thereof;  

domestic and international economic, business and political conditions; 

justified or unjustified adverse publicity; and 

proper or improper third-party short sales or other manipulation of our stock. 

 

We have a long business and corporate existence.

 

We began in Silicon Valley in 1985 as a limited partnership and operated as Mentor Capital, LP until we incorporated as Main Street Athletic Clubs, Inc. in California in 1994. We were privately owned until September 1996; at which time our Common Stock began trading on the Over The Counter Pink Sheets. Our merger and acquisition and business development activities have spanned many business sectors, and we went through a bankruptcy reorganization in 1998. In late 2015, we reincorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware.

 

Failure to maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 could have a material adverse effect on our stock price.

 

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the related rules and regulations of the SEC require annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. If we fail to adequately maintain compliance with, or maintain the adequacy of, our internal control over financial reporting, as such standards are modified, supplemented or amended from time to time, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the related rules and regulations of the SEC. If we cannot favorably assess our internal controls over financial reporting, investor confidence in the reliability of our financial reports may be adversely affected, which could have a material adverse effect on our stock price.

 

We have indemnified our officers and directors.

 

We have indemnified our Officers and Directors against possible monetary liability to the maximum extent permitted under California and Delaware law.

 

The worldwide economy could impact the company in numerous ways.

 

The effects of negative worldwide economic events, such as the recent coronavirus outbreak, may cause disruptions and extreme volatility in global financial markets, increased rates of default and bankruptcy, impact levels of consumer spending, and may impact our business, operating results, or financial condition. The ongoing worldwide economic situation, future weakness in the credit markets and significant liquidity problems for the financial services industry may also impact our financial condition in a number of ways. For example, current or potential customers may delay or decrease spending with us, or our partners and affiliates, or may not pay us, or our partners or affiliates, or may delay paying us, or our partners or affiliates, for previously purchased products and services. Also, we may have difficulties in securing additional financing.


15


 

 

Competitors in the Canadian public market may have a material advantage over us. The Canadian government has loosened the laws and regulations with regard to cannabis earlier and at a faster pace than in the United States. The financial regulations with regard to cannabis investing and banking are also more favorable in Canada than for the Company in the United States. This Canadian advantage may have a material negative effect on the Company business.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

We lease office facilities used in our business. Mentor currently rents 2,000 square feet of office space under a one-year lease in Ramona, California in San Diego County expiring in September 2020. WCI manages its Arizona and Texas business from its Tempe, Arizona location where it leases approximately 3,000 square feet of office and warehouse space for $2,200 per month under an operating lease expiring in January 2021. WCI does not have an office or warehouse space in Austin, Texas. MCIP, Partner I, and Partner II administrative support is provided by Mentor in its Ramona, California corporate offices.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

G FarmaLabs Limited

 

On May 28, 2019, Mentor Capital, Inc. and Mentor Partner I, LLC filed a complaint in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin for, among other things, breach of contract against G FarmaLabs Limited, Atanachi (“Ata”) Gonzalez, Nicole Gonzalez, G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC, GFBrands, Inc., fka G FarmaBrands, Inc., Finka Distribution, Inc., G FarmaLabs WA, LLC, and Goya Ventures, LLC (together “Defendants”). Under the complaint, among other things:

 

Mentor Capital, Inc. alleges that G FarmaLabs Limited and Ata Gonzalez and Nicole Gonzalez as guarantors of the G Farma obligations have failed to perform their several obligations under a Note Purchase Agreement and two secured Promissory Notes dated March 17, 2017, as amended. At December 31, 2019, the aggregate amount due, owing, and unpaid under both Notes is $1,045,051. Interest of approximately $67,770 is also due but has not been accrued in the financial statements due to uncertainty of collection. 

Mentor Partner I, LLC alleges that G FarmaLabs Limited, G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC as Lessees and GFBrands, Inc, Ata Gonzalez, and Nicole Gonzalez as guarantors of the lease obligations have failed to perform their several obligations under a Master Equipment Lease dated January 16, 2018, as amended. At December 31, 2019, the aggregate amount due, owing, and unpaid under the Lease is $1,055,680. Interest of approximately $93,710 is also due but has not been accrued in the financial statements due to uncertainty of collection.  

Mentor Capital, Inc. also alleges that the G FarmaLabs Limited and Ata Gonzalez and Nicole Gonzalez as guarantors have failed to perform their obligations under (i) a Consulting Agreement dated March 17, 2017, as amended, (ii) a Rights Agreement dated March 17, 2017, and (iii) a Security Agreement dated March 17, 2017, as amended. 

Mentor Capital, Inc. also alleges that G FarmaLabs Limited, G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC, GFBrands, Inc., Finka Distribution, Inc., G FarmaLabs WA, LLC, and Goya Ventures, LLC have failed to perform their obligations under an Equity Purchase and Issuance Agreement dated September 6, 2018, as amended.  

Mentor Capital, Inc. and Mentor Partner I, LLC sought an injunction against all Defendants preventing Defendants from keeping equipment leased under the Master Lease Agreement. 

 

On or about November 13, 2019, G FarmaLabs Limited, Ata Gonzales, and Nicole Gonzales filed a cross-complaint against Mentor Capital, Inc. alleging breach of contract related to the Consulting Agreement dated March 17, 2017, and seeking declaratory relief related to the validity of the agreements between the parties. Mentor Capital, Inc. filed its answer to the cross-complaint on December 6, 2019.

 

On December 6, 2019, Mentor Capital, Inc. and Mentor Partner I, LLC filed a motion for summary judgment seeking judgment on the first eleven causes of action for breach of contract under its complaint, as amended. The hearing on the motion for summary judgment is set for March 25, 2020.

 

The Company plans to vigorously pursue the litigation.


16


 

 

On October 11, 2019, Mentor Capital, Inc. and Mentor Partner I, LLC filed a motion for writ of possession seeking return of the equipment leased under the Master Equipment Lease and a preliminary injunction preventing Defendants from transferring, selling, or otherwise refusing to return such equipment. On January 22, 2020, the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin issued an order granting the Company’s motion for writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting the defendants from retaining control of or selling leased property. On January 31, 2020, all remaining equipment, which was not impounded by the Corona Police, was repossessed by the Company and moved to storage under the Company’s control. See note 25 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.


17


 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Our shares of Common Stock are traded on the Over-The-Counter OTCQX Best Market (“OTCQX”) under the symbol “MNTR.” Due to market fluctuations, the Company’s market capitalization has been below $5 million for more than 30 consecutive calendar days and has been notified by OTC Markets Group that it has until April 22, 2020 to cure this deficiency.

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sales prices for our Common Stock as reported on the OTC Markets. This information reflects inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, markdown or commission and may not represent actual transactions.

 

 

 

High

 

Low

Quarter Ended December 31, 2019

 

$

0.190

 

$

0.066

Quarter Ended September 30, 2019

 

$

0.349

 

$

0.150

Quarter Ended June 30, 2019

 

$

0.540

 

$

0.290

Quarter Ended March 31, 2019

 

$

0.750

 

$

0.330

Quarter Ended December 31, 2018

 

$

0.880

 

$

0.300

Quarter Ended September 30, 2018

 

$

1.130

 

$

0.640

Quarter Ended June 30, 2018

 

$

1.480

 

$

0.770

Quarter Ended March 31, 2018

 

$

2.650

 

$

1.000

Quarter Ended December 31, 2017

 

$

2.290

 

$

0.450

 

Holders

 

As of December 31, 2019, there were approximately 11,494 registered holders of record of our Common Stock. As of December 31, 2019, we had a total of 22,850,947 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding; 11 shares of Series Q Preferred Stock issued and outstanding; 87,456 Series B warrants outstanding which are exercisable for 87,456 shares of Common Stock; 6,252,954 Series D warrants outstanding which are exercisable for 6,252,954 shares of Common Stock, and 689,159 Series H warrants outstanding which are exercisable for 689,159 shares of Common Stock.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have not declared or paid cash dividends or made distributions in the past, and do not anticipate that we will pay cash dividends or make distributions in the foreseeable future.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

On August 8, 2014, Mentor announced a plan to repurchase 300,000 shares of its outstanding stock. This will be funded by approximately 5% of the Company’s cash and cash provided by current assets and receivables. During the period January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2019, Mentor repurchased the following shares of Common Stock:

 

Period

Total number of shares purchased under plan

Average price paid per share

Total number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programs

Maximum number of shares that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs

January 1 through December 31, 2018

-

N/A

44,748

255,252

January 1 through December 31, 2019

-

N/A

44,748

255,252

TOTAL

-

 

44,748

255,252

 

Equity Compensation Plan

 

Mentor does not currently have an equity compensation plan in place and does not immediately intend to create such a plan in the future.


18


 

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

On March 22, 2017, Mentor sold 222,223 shares of its unregistered Common Stock in a private placement for $500,002.

 

On October 3, 2019, the Company rescinded the sale and subsequent to year-end, on March 6, 2020, cancelled the issuance of 222,223 shares of its Common Stock due to a complete failure of consideration, see notes 11 and 25.

 

On April 28, 2017, Mentor sold 66,667 shares of its unregistered Common Stock in a private placement for $100,000.

 

On October 3, 2019, the Company rescinded the sale and subsequent to year-end, on March 6, 2020, cancelled the issuance of 66,667 shares of its Common Stock due to a complete failure of consideration, see notes 11 and 25.

 

On May 30, 2018, Mentor sold 11 shares of its unregistered Series Q Preferred Stock in a private placement for $110,000.

 

Other than as stated above, there have been no other unregistered securities sold within the past three years.

 

Each of these sales of shares of Common Stock was made in reliance on Rule 506(b) of Regulation D and Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

Proceeds of $600,002 were to be used to invest in a right to recover proceeds from a civil action further described in note 12 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Proceeds of $110,000 were invested in the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Mentor Partner II, for purposes of purchasing equipment.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information called for by this item.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes to those statements that are included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Corporate Background

 

Beginning September 2008, after the name change back to Mentor Capital, Inc., the Company’s common stock traded publicly under the trading symbol OTC Markets: MNTR and after February 9, 2015 as OTCQB: MNTR and after August 6, 2018, under the trading symbol OTCQX: MNTR. Due to market fluctuation, the Company’s market capitalization has been below $5 million for more than 30 consecutive calendar days and has been notified by OTC Markets Group that it has until April 22, 2020 to cure this deficiency.

 

In 2009 the Company began focusing its investing activities in leading-edge cancer companies. In response to government limitations on reimbursement for highly technical and expensive cancer treatments and a resulting business decline in the cancer immunotherapy sector, the Company decided to exit that space. In the summer of 2013, the Company was asked to consider investing in a cancer-related project with a medical marijuana focus. On August 29, 2013, the Company decided to fully divest of its cancer assets and focus future investments in the medical marijuana and cannabis sector. In March 2018, the Company sold its equity interest in our final remaining cancer investment. In the third quarter of 2019, the Company expanded its target industry focus to potentially include energy, mining and minerals, technology, consumer products, management services, and manufacturing sectors with the goal of ensuring investment diversification.


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Acquisitions and investments

 

Waste Consolidators, Inc. (WCI)

 

WCI is a legacy investment of which the Company owns a 51% interest. WCI is included in the consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Electrum Partners, LLC (Electrum)

 

Electrum is a Nevada based cannabis consulting, investment, and management company. The Company has a membership equity interest in Electrum which is carried at cost of $194,028 and $194,028 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s investment represents a 4.70% and 4.74% interest of Electrum’s outstanding equity, respectively.

 

On October 30, 2018, Mentor entered into a Recovery Purchase Agreement (“Recovery Agreement”) with Electrum under which the Mentor purchased a portion of Electrum’s potential recovery in the ongoing legal action pending in the Supreme Court of British Columbia (“Litigation”). Mentor agreed to pay $100,000 of costs incurred in the Litigation as consideration for Mentor receiving ten percent (10%) of anything of value received by Electrum as a result of the Litigation (“Recovery”) in addition to repayment of its initial investment. As of December 31, 2019, Mentor has invested an additional $46,195 of capital in Electrum to be used for payment of Electrum’s legal fees in exchange for an additional four percent (4%) of the Recovery, as provided for in the Recovery Agreement. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Recovery Agreement investment is reported in the consolidated balance sheets at our cost of $146,195 and $100,000, respectively, and the remaining commitment to pay legal costs of $0 and $84,059, respectively, is included in accrued liabilities.

 

On October 31, 2018, Mentor entered into a secured Capital Agreement with Electrum and invested an additional $100,000 of capital in Electrum. Under the Capital Agreement, on the payment date, Electrum will pay to Mentor the sum of (i) $100,000, (ii) ten percent (10%) of the Recovery, and (iii) 0.083334% of the Recovery for each full month from October 31, 2018 to the payment date for each full month that $833 is not paid to Mentor. The payment date for the Capital Agreement is the earlier of November 1, 2021, or the final resolution of the Litigation.

 

On January 28, 2019, the Company entered into a second secured Capital Agreement with Electrum and invested an additional $100,000 of capital in Electrum with payment terms similar to the October 31, 2018 Capital Agreement. As part of the January 28, 2019 Capital Agreement, Mentor was granted an option to convert its 6,198 membership interests in Electrum into a cash payment of $194,028 plus an additional 19.4% of the Recovery, see note 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

NeuCourt, Inc.

 

The Company has two convertible notes receivable from NeuCourt, Inc. which are recorded at the aggregate principal face amount of $75,000 and $75,000 plus accrued interest of $3,121 and $1,801 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, as presented in note 7 to the attached consolidated financial statements. The notes bear 5% interest. Note dated November 22, 2017, for $25,000 principal face amount, matured November 22, 2019, and was extended to November 22, 2021. Note dated October 31, 2018, for $50,000 principal face amount matures on October 31, 2020. No payments are required prior to maturity, however, at the time the November 22, 2017 note was extended, accrued interest through the extension date of November 7, 2019 was remitted to Mentor. As consideration for the extension date for the $25,000 note, a warrant to purchase 25,000 shares of NeuCourt common stock at $0.02 per share was issued to Mentor. Principal and unpaid interest on the Notes may be converted into a blend of shares of a to-be-created series of Preferred Stock and Common Stock of NeuCourt (i) on closing of a future financing round of at least $750,000, (ii) on the election of NeuCourt on maturity of the Note, or (iii) on election of Mentor following NeuCourt’s election to prepay the Note.

 

On December 21, 2018, the Company purchased 500,000 shares of NeuCourt Common Stock for $10,000, approximately 4.16% of the issued and outstanding NeuCourt shares at December 31, 2019. NeuCourt is a Delaware corporation that is developing a technology that is expected to be useful to the dispute resolution industry.


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G FarmaLabs Limited

 

On March 17, 2017, the Company entered into a Notes Purchase Agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited, a Nevada corporation (“G Farma”), with operations in Washington and planned operations in California under two temporary licenses which were pending completion of its Desert Hot Springs, California, location. Under the Agreement the Company purchased two secured promissory notes from G Farma in an aggregate principal face amount of $500,000. Since the initial investment, the Company made several additional investments in G Farma. Addenda II through VIII increased the aggregate investment amount to $1,110,000. G Farma has not made scheduled payments on the notes receivable since February 19, 2019. See notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

On September 6, 2018, the Company entered into an Equity Purchase and Issuance Agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited, G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC, GFBrands, Inc., Finka Distribution, Inc., and G FarmaLabs, WA, LLC under which Mentor was supposed to receive equity interests in the G Farma Equity Entities and their affiliates (together the “G Farma Equity Entities”) equal to 3.75% of the G Farma Equity Entities interests. On March 4, 2019, Addendum VIII increased the G Farma Equity Entities’ equity interest to which Mentor is immediately entitled to 3.843%, and added Goya Ventures, LLC as a G Farma Equity Entity. We are now in litigation with these entities and have fully impaired this investment, formerly valued at $41,600. See notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

On March 17, 2017 the Company entered into a Consulting Agreement with G Farma whereby the Company provided consulting services to G Farma. The monthly consulting payment was increased to $2,828 per month effective March 15, 2019, under the March 4, 2019 Addendum VIII modification paid on January 29, 2019. Consulting service fees have not been paid since February 19, 2019.

 

On February 22, 2019, the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location; the Company was not informed by G Farma of this incident until March 14, 2019. On April 24, 2019, the Company was informed that certain G Farma assets at its corporate location, including approximately $427,804 of equipment leased by G Farma Entities from Mentor Partner I, LLC, under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement, was impounded by the Corona Police, see further description under Mentor Partner I, LLC, below, and notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

This event severely impacted G Farma’s ability to pay amounts due the Company in the future and led the Company, in the quarter ended March 31, 2019, to fully impair G Farma notes receivable of $1,045,051, and fully impair the Company’s 3.843% equity interest in G Farma Equity Entities, formerly valued at $41,600. There were no impairments to these accounts at December 31, 2018. See notes 8 and 11 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

On March 22, 2017, G Farma purchased 222,223 restricted shares of the Company’s Common Stock in a private placement at a price of $2.25 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $500,002. Pursuant to Addendum II entered into on April 28, 2017, G Farma purchased an additional 66,667 shares of the Company’s Common Stock at $1.50 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $100,000. The combined total purchase of $600,002 was paid in exchange for the following: (i) Assignment to the Company of an interest, equal to the amount of the purchase price, in any and all civil forfeiture or similar recoveries received by, or due to, G Farma including a $10 million claim filed March 29, 2017, against the County of Calaveras, or (ii) at any time before payment of the full purchase price from recovery, the Company could elect to have G Farma pay all or some of the purchase price on the date of the maturity of the promissory notes, described above under the Notes Purchase Agreement, or (iii) the Company could elect to have G Farma pay all or some of the purchase price by issuance to the Company of G Farma securities in aggregate amount equal to the purchase price as are offered to any other person (other than stock options offered to employees).


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G Farma’s civil forfeiture case in the Federal District Court for the Eastern District of California, a portion of which was one of the three ways the purchase price could have been paid for the purchase of the shares of Mentor Common Stock, was dismissed on April 12, 2018 and has no value. In the quarter ended March 31, 2019, the $600,002 contractual interest in G Farma’s legal recovery was fully impaired due to the events discussed in notes 1, 8, and 9 to the consolidated financial statements, where the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location, and the Corona Police impounded certain G Farma assets. These events significantly impacted G Farma’s financial position and its ability to make payments under the notes receivable which negatively impacts option (ii) for payment of the purchase price for the shares of the Company’s Common Stock. Currently G Farma does not have an agreement to offer G Farma securities to other persons under purchase price payment option (iii), and any such securities would, at this point, likely have no value. G Farma defaulted on payment of the promissory notes leaving the Company with no means of collecting on this final alternative source of payment for the shares of Common Stock. On October 3, 2019, the Company rescinded the sale of an aggregate of 288,890 shares of its Common Stock to G Farma, issued at an aggregate purchase price of $600,002, due to a complete failure of consideration. Subsequent to year-end, on March 6, 2020, the 288,890 shares were cancelled by the Company’s stock transfer agent, see note 25 to the consolidated financial statements. The Company recognized the rescission of the Common Stock at par value on December 31, 2019.

 

Total impairments related to the G Farma investments of $1,688,825 and $0 are included in Gain (loss) in investments in the consolidated income statements attached for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Mentor Partner I, LLC

 

On September 19, 2017, the Company formed Mentor Partner I, LLC (“Partner I”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for the purpose of cannabis-focused acquisition and investment. In 2018, Mentor contributed $996,000 of capital to Partner I to facilitate the purchase of manufacturing equipment to be leased from Partner I by G FarmaLabs Limited (“G Farma”) under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement dated January 16, 2018, as amended. Partner I acquired and delivered manufacturing equipment as selected by G Farma Entities under sales-type finance leases. Partner I recorded equipment sales revenue of $0 and $1,113,919 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

On February 22, 2019, the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location; the Company was not informed by G Farma of this incident until March 14, 2019. Because G Farma did not fulfill their obligations under the Master Equipment Lease and failed to operate in compliance with local and state cannabis laws, approximately $427,804 worth of Partner I equipment under lease to G Farma was impounded by the Corona Police on or around February 22, 2019. The Company did not learn of its leased equipment being impounded until April 24, 2019. This event severely impacted G Farma’s ability to pay amounts due the Company in the future and the G Farma lease receivable was put on non-accrual status effective April 1, 2019. Bad debt expense of $765,001, for the year ended December 31, 2019, is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the attached consolidated income statement. Additional lease costs of $21,680 to be invoiced in April 2019, did not meet our revenue recognition requirements and the increase in the lease receivable was offset directly to the reserve for bad debt, increasing the reserve for bad debt from $765,001 to $786,681 at December 31, 2019. There was no reserve for bad debt on finance leases receivable at December 31, 2018.

 

On May 28, 2019, Partner I and Mentor Capital, Inc. filed a complaint in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin for breach of contract, among other things, against the G Farma Equity Entities and their guarantors. As of December 31, 2019, the G Farma Equity Entities had unauthorized possession of the remaining Mentor Partner I, LLC’s equipment valued at approximate $792,425 and are in default of their obligations under the Master Equipment Lease. Subsequent to year-end, on January 22, 2020, the Court granted the Company’s motion for writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting defendants from retaining control of or selling Company’s leased property. On January 31, 2020, all remaining equipment, not impounded by the Corona Police, was repossessed by the Company and moved to storage under the Company’s control, see note 25 to the consolidated financial statements. The anticipated recovery value of the finance lease receivable of $269,000 represents managements’ estimate of proceeds from auction or sale of the recovered equipment. Subsequent to year-end, on March 5, 2020, the Company sold a portion of the recovered equipment, with an original cost of $495,967, for $240,000, see note 25 to the consolidated financial statements. Sale of remaining equipment is planned for second quarter of 2020. The Company will try to recover as much of its cost in the equipment as possible given that it has never been used.


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Mentor Partner II, LLC

 

On February 1, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner II, LLC (“Partner II”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for the purpose of cannabis-focused acquisition and investing. On February 8, 2018, Mentor contributed $400,000 to Partner II to facilitate the purchase of manufacturing equipment to be leased from Partner II by Pueblo West under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement dated February 11, 2018, as amended. On March 12, 2019, Mentor agreed to use Partner II earnings of $61,368 to facilitate the purchase of additional manufacturing equipment leased to Pueblo West under a Second Amendment to the lease, see note 9 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Mentor Partner III, LLC

 

On February 20, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner III, LLC (“Partner III”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for acquisition and investing purposes. There has been no activity in Partner III subsequent to formation.

 

Mentor Partner IV, LLC

 

On February 28, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner IV, LLC (“Partner IV”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for acquisition and investing purposes. There has been no activity in Partner IV subsequent to formation.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Company’s future success is dependent upon its ability to make a return on our investments to generate positive cash flow and to obtain sufficient capital from non-portfolio-related sources. Management believes they can raise the appropriate funds needed to support their business plan and develop an operating, cash flow positive company.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Basis of presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes include the activity of majority-owned subsidiaries of 51% or more. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.

 

Segment reporting

 

The Company has determined that there are two reportable segments: 1) the cannabis and medical marijuana segment, and 2) the Company’s legacy investment in WCI which works with business park owners, governmental centers, and apartment complexes to reduce their facility related operating costs.

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our consolidated financial statements, and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.

 

Significant estimates relied upon in preparing these consolidated financial statements include revenue recognition, accounts and notes receivable reserves, expected future cash flows used to evaluate the recoverability of long-lived assets, estimated fair values of long-lived assets used to record impairment charges related to goodwill, amortization periods, accrued expenses, and recoverability of the Company’s net deferred tax assets and any related valuation allowance.


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Although the Company regularly assesses these estimates, actual results could differ materially from these estimates. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from management’s estimates if past experience or other assumptions do not turn out to be substantially accurate.

 

Concentrations of cash

 

The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents in bank deposit accounts which at times may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts nor does the Company believe it is exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents.

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

The Company considers all short-term debt securities purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company had no short-term debt securities as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable consist of trade accounts arising in the normal course of business and are classified as current assets and carried at original invoice amounts less an estimate for doubtful receivables based on historical losses as a percent of revenue in conjunction with a review of outstanding balances on a quarterly basis. The estimate of allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the Company's bad debt experience, market conditions, and aging of accounts receivable, among other factors. If the financial condition of the Company's customers deteriorates resulting in the customer's inability to pay the Company's receivables as they come due, additional allowances for doubtful accounts will be required. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company has an allowance for doubtful receivables in the amount of $38,984 and $18,907, respectively.

 

Investments in securities, at fair value

 

Investment in securities consists of debt and equity securities reported at fair value. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments - Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” effective January 1, 2018, which requires that any change in fair value is reported in net income. The adoption of the guidance resulted in the recognition of $34,822 of net after-tax unrealized gains on equity investments as a cumulative effect adjustment that decreased our retained deficit as of January 1, 2018, and decreased AOCI by the same amount. The Company elected to report changes in the fair value of equity investment in realized investment gains (losses), net.

 

Long term investments

 

The Company’s investments in entities where it is a minority owner and does not have the ability to exercise significant influence are recorded at fair value if readily determinable. If the fair market value is not readily determinable, the investment is recorded under the cost method. Under this method, the Company’s share of the earnings or losses of such investee company is not included in the Company’s financial statements. The Company reviews the carrying value of its long-term investments for impairment each reporting period.

 

Convertible notes receivable

 

The Company had a convertible note receivable from Electrum Partners, LLC (“Electrum”) under an Addendum to Convertible Note and Purchase Option Agreement (“Addendum”) dated April 28, 2017. Under the Addendum, the Company invested $100,000 in Electrum by the purchase of a second promissory note in the principal face amount of $100,000 (“Note II”) from Electrum, with interest at 10% per annum compounded monthly. Note II required monthly principal and interest payments of $2,290 to the Company beginning June 12, 2017. On May 31, 2018, the Company elected to convert the residual principal and accrued but unpaid interest totaling $86,256 into an additional equity investment in Electrum at $164 per unit for an additional 526 membership interest units. The Company holds 6,198 membership interests in Electrum at December 31, 2019 and 2018.


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The Company has two convertible notes receivable from NeuCourt, Inc. which are recorded at the aggregate principal face amount of $75,000 plus accrued interest of $3,121 and $1,801 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, as presented in Note 7. The notes bear 5% interest. One $25,000 principal face amount note, which matured November 22, 2019, was extended to November 22, 2021. A second $50,000 principal face amount note matures on October 31, 2020. No payments are required prior to maturity, however, at the time the $25,000 note was extended, accrued interest through the extension date of November 7, 2019 was paid to Mentor. Principal and unpaid interest may be converted into a blend of shares of a to-be-created series of Preferred Stock, and Common Stock, of NeuCourt (defined as “Conversion Shares”) (i) on closing of a future financing round of at least $750,000, (ii) on the election of NeuCourt on maturity of the Note, or (iii) an election of Mentor following NeuCourt’s election to prepay the Note. The Conversion Price for the Note is the lower of (i) 75% of the price paid in the Next Equity Financing, or the price obtained by dividing a $3,000,000 valuation cap by the fully diluted number of shares. The number of Conversion Shares issued on conversion shall be the quotient obtained by dividing the outstanding principal and unpaid accrued interest on a Note to be converted on the date of conversion by the Conversion Price (the “Total Number of Shares”). The Total Number of Shares shall consist of Preferred Stock and Common Stock as follows: (i) That number of shares of Preferred Stock obtained by dividing (a) the principal amount of each Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereunder by (b) the price per share paid by other purchasers of Preferred Stock in the Next Equity Financing (such number of shares, the "Number of Preferred Stock") and (ii) that number of shares of Common Stock equal to the Total Number of Shares minus the Number of Preferred Stock.

 

Using the valuation cap of $3,000,000, the Notes would convert into an aggregate of 289,207 and 270,324 Conversion Shares at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In the event of a Corporate Transaction prior to repayment or conversion of the Notes, the Company shall receive back two times the outstanding principal of each note, plus all accrued unpaid interest. NeuCourt is a Delaware corporation that is developing a technology that is expected to be useful in the dispute resolution industry.

 

Investment in account receivable, net of discount

 

On April 10, 2015, the Company entered into an Exchange Agreement whereby the Company received an investment in an account receivable with installment payments of $117,000 per year through 2026. The investment is stated at face value, net of unamortized purchase discount. The discount is amortized to interest income over the term of the exchange agreement.

 

Finance leases receivable

 

The Company, through its subsidiaries, is the lessor of manufacturing equipment subject to leases under master leasing agreements. The leases contain an element of dealer profit and lessee bargain purchase options at prices substantially below the subject assets’ estimated residual values at the exercise date for the options. Consequently, the Company classified the leases as sales-type leases (the “finance leases”) for financial accounting purposes. For such finance leases, the Company reports the discounted present value of (i) future minimum lease payments (including the bargain purchase option, if any) and (ii) any residual value not subject to a bargain purchase option as a finance lease receivable on its balance sheet and accrues interest on the balance of the finance lease receivable based on the interest rate inherent in the applicable lease over the term of the lease. For each finance lease, the Company recognized revenue in an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and cost of sales equal to the net book value of the equipment at the inception of the applicable lease.

 

A finance receivable is considered impaired, based on current information and events, if it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to contractual terms. Impaired finance receivables include finance receivables that have been restructured and are troubled debt restructures. As discussed in Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements, impairment of the finance lease receivable from G Farma was $786,680 at December 31, 2019, based on Management’s estimate of amounts we expect to recover, and is included in bad debt expense in the consolidated income statement for the year ended December 31, 2019. The finance receivables were not impaired as of December 31, 2018. Subsequent to year-end, on January 31, 2020, Mentor obtained possession of the equipment leased to G Farma by Mentor Partner I, LLC which was not impounded by the Corona Police, see Note 25.


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Credit quality of notes receivable and finance leases receivable and credit loss reserve

 

As our notes receivable and finance leases receivable are limited in number, our management is able to analyze estimated credit loss reserves based on a detailed analysis of each receivable as opposed to using portfolio-based metrics. Our management does not use a system of assigning internal risk ratings to each of our receivables. Rather, each note receivable and finance lease receivable are analyzed quarterly and categorized as either performing or non-performing based on certain factors including, but not limited to, financial results, satisfying scheduled payments and compliance with financial covenants. A note receivable or finance lease receivable will be categorized as non-performing when a borrower experiences financial difficulty and has failed to make scheduled payments. As part of the monitoring process we may physically inspect the collateral or a borrower’s facility and meet with a borrower’s management to better understand such borrower’s financial performance and its future plans on an as-needed basis.

 

As described in Note 1, on March 14, 2019, the Company was notified by G Farma that the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location and posted a notice preventing entry to the facility. The Building Department notice stated that G Farma had improperly modified electric and gas lines. On April 24, 2019, the Company learned that certain G Farma assets at their corporate location, including equipment valued at approximately $427,804 leased by Mentor Partner I to G Farma, had been impounded by the Corona Police. This event significantly impacted G Farma’s financial position and its ability to make payments under the finance lease receivable. G Farma has not made a lease payment since February 19, 2019 and had refused to return the remaining leased equipment valued at $792,425. In addition, equipment valued at $66,374, intended to be leased to G Farma but being stored by a distributor at G Farma’s request, was returned by Partner I to the distributor for $15,000 less $5,000 for storage fees.

 

On May 28, 2019, the Company and Mentor Partner I, LLC filed a complaint against G Farma, its affiliated entities, and three guarantors to the G Farma agreements, described in Notes 1, 8, 9, and 11, in the California Superior Court in and for the County of Marin. The Company is primarily seeking monetary damages for breach of the G Farma agreements including promissory notes, leases, and other agreements, as well as actions to recover collateral under a security agreement and collect from guarantors on the agreements. Mentor intends to vigorously pursue this matter; however, collection is uncertain at this time. See Note 21. Subsequent to year-end, on January 22, 2020, the Court granted the Company’s motion for a writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting the G Farma defendants from retaining control of or selling leased equipment. On January 31, 2020, all remaining equipment leased by Mentor Partner I to G Farma, which was not impounded by the Corona Police, was repossessed by the Company and moved to storage under the Company’s control and, on March 5, 2020, a portion of the recovered equipment was sold, See Note 25.

 

Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment is recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed on the declining balance method over the estimated useful lives of various classes of property. The estimated lives of the property and equipment are generally as follows: computer equipment, three to five years; furniture and equipment, seven years; and vehicles and trailers, four to five years. Depreciation on vehicles used by WCI to service its customers is included in cost of goods sold in the condensed consolidated income statements. All other depreciation is included in selling, general and administrative costs in the condensed consolidated income statements.

 

Expenditures for renewals and betterments are capitalized, and maintenance and repairs are charged to expense. Gains and losses from the retirement or disposition of property and equipment are included in operations in the period incurred.

 

Lessee Leases

 

We determine whether an arrangement is a lease at inception. Lessee leases are classified as either finance leases or operating leases. A lease is classified as a finance lease if any one of the following criteria are met: the lease transfers ownership of the asset by the end of the lease term, the lease contains an option to purchase the asset that is reasonably certain to be exercised, the lease term is for a major part of the remaining useful life of the asset or the present value of the lease payments equals or exceeds substantially all of the fair value of the asset. A lease is classified as an operating lease if it does not meet any one of these criteria. Our operating leases are comprised of office space leases, and office equipment. Fleet vehicle leases entered into prior to January 1, 2019, under ASC 840 guidelines, are classified as operating leases. Fleet vehicle leases entered into beginning January 1, 2019, under ASC 842 guidelines, are classified as finance leases. Our leases have remaining lease terms of 1 month to 44 months. Our fleet finance leases contain a residual value guarantee which, based on past lease experience, is unlikely to result in a liability at the end of the lease. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments.


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Costs associated with operating lease assets are recognized on a straight-line basis, over the term of the lease, within cost of goods sold for vehicles used in direct servicing of WCI customers and in operating expenses for costs associated with all other operating leases. Finance lease assets are amortized within cost of goods sold for vehicles used in direct servicing of WCI customers and within operating expenses for all other finance lease assets, on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful lives of the assets or the lease term. The interest component of a finance lease is included in interest expense and recognized using the effective interest method over the lease term. We have agreements that contain both lease and non-lease components. For vehicle fleet operating leases, we account for lease components together with non-lease components (e.g., maintenance fees).

 

Long-lived assets impairment assessment

 

In accordance with the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other,” we regularly review the carrying value of intangible and other long-lived assets for the existence of facts or circumstances, both internally and externally, that suggest impairment. The carrying value and ultimate realization of these assets is dependent upon our estimates of future earnings and benefits that we expect to generate from their use. If our expectations of future results and cash flows are significantly diminished, intangible assets and other long-lived assets may be impaired, and the resulting charge to operations may be material. When we determine that the carrying value of intangibles or other long-lived assets may not be recoverable based upon the existence of one or more indicators of impairment, we use the projected undiscounted cash flow method to determine whether an impairment exists and then measure the impairment using discounted cash flows.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill of $1,324,142 was derived from consolidating WCI effective January 1, 2014, and $102,040 of goodwill related to the 1999 acquisition of a 50% interest in WCI. The Company accounts for its Goodwill in accordance with FASB ASC 350, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other,” which requires the Company to test goodwill for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable, rather than amortize. Goodwill impairment tests consist of a comparison of each reporting unit’s fair value with its carrying value. Impairment exists when the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value for each reporting unit. To estimate the fair value, management used valuation techniques which included the discounted value of estimated future cash flows. The evaluation of impairment requires the Company to make assumptions about future cash flows over the life of the asset being evaluated. These assumptions require significant judgment and are subject to change as future events and circumstances change. Actual results may differ from assumed and estimated amounts. Management determined that no impairment write-downs were required as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Revenue recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” and FASB ASC Topic 842, “Leases.” Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to government authorities.

 

Service fees generated by WCI are for monthly services performed to reduce customer’s operating costs. Service fees are invoiced and recognized as revenue in the month services are performed.

 

For each finance lease, the Company recognized as a gain or loss the amount equal to (i) the net investment in the finance lease less (ii) the net book value of the equipment at the inception of the applicable lease. At lease inception we capitalize the total minimum finance lease payments receivable from the lessee, the estimated unguaranteed residual value of the equipment at lease termination, if any, and the initial direct costs related to the lease, less unearned income. Unearned income is recognized as finance income over the term of the lease using the effective interest rate method.

 

Revenue from consulting agreements is recognized at the time the related services are provided as specified in the consulting agreements.

 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per common share

 

We compute net loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share”. Under the provisions of ASC 260, basic net loss per share includes no dilution and is computed by dividing the net loss available to common stockholders for the period by the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share takes into consideration shares of Common Stock outstanding (computed under basic net loss per share) and potentially dilutive securities that are not anti-dilutive.


27


 

 

Outstanding warrants that had no effect on the computation of dilutive weighted average number of shares outstanding as their effect would be anti-dilutive were approximately 7,000,000 and 7,000,000 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. There were 87,456 and 4,500 potentially dilutive shares outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Assumed conversion of Series Q Preferred Stock into Common Stock would be anti-dilutive as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 and is not included in calculating the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with accounting guidance now codified as FASB ASC 740, "Income Taxes," which requires that the Company recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates in effect in the years the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred income tax benefit (expense) results from the change in net deferred tax assets or deferred tax liabilities. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely than not that some or all deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

The Company applies the provisions of ASC 740, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes". The ASC prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The ASC provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest, and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. The Company utilizes a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions (tax contingencies). The first step evaluates the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates it is more likely than not that we will sustain the position on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes. The second step measures the tax benefit as the largest amount of more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The Company did not identify any material uncertain tax positions on returns that have been filed or that will be filed. The Company did not recognize any interest or penalties for unrecognized tax provisions during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, nor were any interest or penalties accrued as of December 31, 2019 and 2018. To the extent the Company may accrue interest and penalties, it elects to recognize accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax provisions as a component of income tax expense.

 

Advertising and promotion

 

The Company expenses advertising and promotion costs as incurred. Advertising and promotion costs were $14,319 and $54,124 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Fair value measurements

 

The Company adopted ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement”, which defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal, or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The valuation techniques maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

 

The Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure Topic establish a fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the valuation inputs into three broad levels. These three general valuation techniques that may be used to measure fair value are as follows: Market approach (Level 1) – which uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities. Prices may be indicated by pricing guides, sale transactions, market trades, or other sources. Cost approach (Level 2) – which is based on the amount that currently would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (replacement cost); and the Income approach (Level 3) – which uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount based on current market expectations about the future amounts (including present value techniques, and option-pricing models). Net present value is an income approach where a stream of expected cash flows is discounted at an appropriate market interest rate.

 

The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, customer deposits and other accrued liabilities approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

The fair value of available-for-sale investment securities is based on quoted market prices in active markets.

 

The fair value of the investment in account receivable is based on the net present value of calculated interest and principal payments. The carrying value approximates fair value as interest rates charged are comparable to market rates for similar investments.


28


 

 

The fair value of notes receivable is based on the net present value of calculated interest and principal payments. The carrying value approximates fair value as interest rates charged are comparable to market rates for similar notes.

 

The fair value of long-term notes payable is based on the net present value of calculated interest and principal payments. The carrying value of long-term debt approximates fair value due to the fact that the interest rate on the debt is based on market rates.

 

Results of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018:

 

Revenues

 

We had revenue of $4,326,472 and gross profit of $1,280,811 (30.6% gross profit) for the year ended December 31, 2019 versus revenue of $5,281,533 and gross profit of $1,570,106 (30.7% gross profit) for the year ended December 31, 2018, a decrease in revenue of ($955,061) and a decrease in gross profit of ($289,295). WCI service fee revenue in 2019 increased by $534,061 with an increase in gross profit of $93,464. We formed Partner I and Partner II for the purpose of specific equipment sales-type financing leases and, as expected, the majority of the revenue for this was recognized in 2018 resulting in recognized revenue from direct sale financing leases of $74,889 in 2019 compared to $1,563,638 in 2018. Finance lease revenue was $75,415 in 2019 compared to $53,754 in 2018. Consulting revenue was $8,310 in 2019 compared to $30,343 in 2018.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $3,026,753 compared to $2,157,536 for the year ended December 31, 2018, an increase of $869,217. The increase was due to bad debt expense related to impairment of the G Farma finance leases of $765,001, an increase in business and vehicle insurance costs of $42,546, an increase in corporate auto lease expense of $35,367, an increase in shareholder services of $38,213, attributable to the annual shareholder meeting held in 2019, an increase in professional fees of $25,381, and an increase in salaries and related costs of $48,301, partially offset by a decrease in customer bad debt of ($20,289), a decrease in outside services of ($12,850), a decrease in advertising costs of ($39,804), and a decrease in other selling, general and administrative expenses of ($12,649).

 

Other income and expense

 

Other income and expense, net, totaled ($1,657,861) for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $186,401 for the year ended December 31, 2018, a decrease of ($1,844,262). The decrease was due primarily to ($1,688,825) impairment loss on investments in G Farma, compared to a gain in 2018 on G Farma investments of $33,249, an increased loss on other investments of ($135,882), a decrease in interest income of ($60,092), and an increase in interest expense of ($5,189), partially offset by an increase on gain on equipment disposal of $4,938 and an increase in other income of $7,539.

 

Net results

 

The net result for the year ended December 31, 2019 was a net loss attributable to Mentor of ($3,436,890) or ($0.149) per Mentor common share compared to a loss attributable to Mentor of ($409,161) or ($0.018) per Mentor common share for the year ended December 31, 2018. Management will continue to make an effort to lower operating expenses and increase revenue and gross margin. The Company will continue to look for acquisition opportunities to expand its portfolio in the cannabis industry in companies that are positive for operating revenue or have the potential to become positive for operating revenue.

 

Changes in cash flows

 

At December 31, 2019, we had cash of $686,611 and working capital of $1,067,640. Operating cash outflows during 2019 were ($996,996), inflows from investing activities were $310,496, and outflows from financing activities were ($97,463). We are evaluating various options to raise additional funds, including loans.


29


 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Since our reorganization, we have raised capital through warrant holder exercise of warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock. At December 31, 2019, we had cash of $686,611 and working capital of $1,067,640. Operating cash outflows in the year ended December 31, 2019 were ($996,996), including ($3,418,632) of net loss, less non-cash amortization of discount on our investment in account receivable of ($79,994), less increase in accrued interest receivable of ($8,015), less an increase of ($73,078) in operating assets, and less a ($69,344) decrease in operating liabilities, partially offset by non-cash depreciation and amortization of $78,606, bad debt expense of $808,241, loss on investment in securities of $76,395, non-cash impairment on G Farma investments of $1,688,825.

 

Net cash inflows in 2019 from investing activities were $310,496 including proceeds sale of investment securities of $286,190, proceeds from notes receivable of $7,298, and proceeds from investment in account receivable of $230,000, partially offset by increased note receivable to G Farma of ($31,000), purchase of contractual interest in legal Recovery of Electrum ($146,195), purchases of property and equipment of ($11,765), and down payments on right of use assets of ($24,032).

 

Net outflows from financing activities in 2019 were ($97,463) including payments on short term loan from related party of ($12,528), payments on finance lease liability of ($28,207), payments on long-term debt of ($54,204), and distributions to non-controlling interest of ($2,524).

 

We will be required to raise additional funds through financing, additional collaborative relationships or other arrangements until we are able to raise revenues to a point of positive cash flow.

 

We believe our existing available resources will be sufficient to satisfy our funding requirements for 16 months.

 

In addition, on February 9, 2015, in accordance with Section 1145 of the United States Bankruptcy Code and the Company’s court-approved Plan of Reorganization, the Company announced a minimum 30 day partial redemption of up to 1% (approximately 90,000) of the already outstanding Series D warrants to provide for the court specified redemption mechanism for warrants not exercised timely by the original holder or their estates. Company designees that applied during the 30 days paid 10 cents per warrant to redeem the warrant and then exercised the Series D warrant to purchase a share at the court specified formula of not more than one-half of the closing bid price on the day preceding the 30-day exercise period. In the Company’s October 7, 2016 press release, Mentor stated that the 1% redemptions which were formerly priced on a calendar month schedule would subsequently be initiated and be priced on a random date schedule after the prior 1% redemption is completed to prevent potential third-party manipulation of share prices at month-end. The periodic partial redemptions may continue, at the Company’s discretion, to be recalculated and repeated until such unexercised warrants are exhausted, or the partial redemption is otherwise truncated by the Company.

 

There were no warrant redemptions in 2019. In January 2018, there were 379,436 Series D warrants exercised at the regular exercise price of $1.60 for Series D warrants for $607,097. On September 9, 2018, there were two partial redemption requests accepted to exercise 63,161 outstanding Series D warrants for $22,106 plus warrant redemption fees of $6,316. We believe that such redemptions and exercises remain a potential funding source to provide monthly cash in excess of what is required for monthly operations for an extending period of time while we are exploring other major sources of funding for further acquisitions.

 

Disclosure About Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any transactions, agreements or other contractual arrangements that constitute off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information called for by this item.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

The full text of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, and 2018, begins on page F-1 of this Annual Report.


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Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

There have been no changes in or disagreements with accountants on accounting and financial disclosure.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures

 

Management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resources constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

 

Based on management’s evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of December 31, 2019, our disclosure controls and procedures are designed at a reasonable assurance level and are effective to provide reasonable assurance that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our managers, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

(b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting.

 

We regularly review our system of internal control over financial reporting and make changes to our processes and systems to improve controls and increase efficiency, while ensuring that we maintain an effective internal control environment. Changes may include such activities as implementing new, more efficient systems, consolidating activities, and migrating processes.

 

There have been no changes in internal control over financial reporting in the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

(c) Management’s report on internal control over financial reporting

 

The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act. The Company’s internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to the Company’s management and Board of Directors regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

Pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; 

Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and 

Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements. 

 

Because of its inherent limitation, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


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Management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 based on the framework set forth in the Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013), issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2019.

 

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None

 


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PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance.

 

Our executive officers and directors, and their respective ages, as of December 31, 2019, are as follows:

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

Chet Billingsley

 

67

 

President and Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the Board of Directors, and Audit Committee Member

Lori Stansfield

 

60

 

Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, and Director

Robert B. Meyer

 

80

 

Secretary and Director

Stan Shaul

 

55

 

Director and Audit Committee Member

David G. Carlile

 

63

 

Director and Audit Committee Chair

 

Chet Billingsley has been our Chief Executive Officer since 1994 and founded the private company predecessor of the Company in 1985. On May 6, 2017, Mr. Billingsley was appointed as a member of Mentor’s Audit Committee. On behalf of the Company, Mr. Billingsley has conducted dozens of acquisitions and business financings during this period. He began investing in 1979 and as CEO successfully completed the Series 65 examination and briefly was a registered investment advisor with an affiliated portfolio entity in 2010. He received his undergraduate education at West Point, and a Master’s Degree in Applied Physics from Harvard University, with concurrent study at Harvard Business School and at MIT. Mr. Billingsley worked at General Electric from January 1979 to June 1985. An avid business writer, Mr. Billingsley’s most recent feature is “In Defense of Business Ethics” in Management Today.

 

Lori J. Stansfield, CPA, has been our Chief Financial Officer since May 27, 2014. On April 9, 2015, Lori was appointed as a director and named as Treasurer. Lori is also the Chief Financial Officer of NeuCourt, Inc., an entity in which the Company has purchased convertible promissory notes and shares of common stock. For the six years prior to joining Mentor, Lori was Director of Audit Services for Robert R. Redwitz & Co., in San Diego, California. She has taught, written about, managed, audited and prepared financial statements during the past thirty years. She graduated Magna cum Laude in accounting from the University of Colorado in Denver and where she also received a Master’s Degree in marketing. She is certified as a public accountant in both Colorado and California. Ms. Stanfield has no affiliated or conflicting outside business interests.

 

Robert B. Meyer, was named Secretary of the Board of Directors on April 9, 2015. He previously held a director position between January 11, 2000 and August 27, 2003 and later returned to this role on April 29, 2012. As the largest outside shareholder, Mr. Meyer has been a senior professional voice in the company's management for over 18 years. Mr. Meyer was the founder, publisher, and editor of a business magazine, Barter News, which went into print in 1979. In 2003, he began a monthly newsletter called The Competitive Edge. He was one of the first charter inductees of the International Reciprocal Trade Association's "Barter Hall of Fame," and he has twice addressed the American Countertrade Association, a prestigious organization of Major Fortune 500 companies who countertrades in billions of dollars annually. As a business founder, Mr. Meyer brings his knowledge and business understanding to Board discussions. Mr. Meyer is a former professional baseball player, playing in the major leagues with New York Yankees, Kansas City Athletics, Los Angeles Angels, Seattle Pilots and Milwaukee Brewers from 1960 - 1971. Mr. Meyer has no affiliated or conflicting outside business interests.

 

Stan Shaul was appointed as a director on November 24, 1998, and on May 6, 2017, he was appointed as a member of Mentor’s Audit Committee. Mr. Shaul was our Treasurer from November 24, 1998 until April 9, 2015. Mr. Shaul is the President of SportsClix, Inc. that he founded and incorporated on November 15, 1999, Co-Founder/Chief Architect of Podium, Inc., the President of Cardan Media, Senior Solutions Engineer for RichRelevance, Inc. between February and May 2019, and Principal Solutions Consultant with Vlocity. He has over 30 years of experience in software engineering, team building, management, and development. As a business founder and significant Company shareholder, he brings business understanding, insight, and shareholder interest to his Board deliberations. He graduated with a Bachelor's degree in Mathematics and Computer Science from UCLA. Mr. Shaul has no affiliated or conflicting outside business interests.

 

David G. Carlile was appointed as a director on April 14, 2017, and on May 6, 2017, he was appointed as a member of Mentor's Audit Committee and named Audit Committee Chairman. For over 34 years, Mr. Carlile has served in Senior Management positions in the coal industry; he has been the President of Carlile Enterprises, Inc. for over 17 years and he served as the Vice President of Marketing and Sales with Lighthouse Resources from 2012 through May 2016 and again from July 1, 2019 to the present. He received his BS in Mining Geology from the Imperial College, University of London in 1977. He also received a Master's Degree in Mining Engineering from the University of Arizona in 1979. Mr. Carlile has no affiliated or conflicting outside business interests.


33


 

 

Director Qualifications

 

The selection of directors is a complex and subjective process requiring consideration of many intangible factors. The Company believes that candidates should generally meet the following criteria:

 

Significant historic or current Mentor share ownership. 

Business founder and CEO experience. 

Broad training, experience and a successful track record at senior policy-making levels in business, government, education, technology, accounting, law, consulting and/or administration; 

The highest personal and professional ethics, integrity and values; 

Commitment to representing the long-term interests of the Company and all of its shareholders; 

An inquisitive and objective perspective, strength of character, and the mature judgment essential to effective decision making; 

Expertise that is useful to the Company and complementary to the background and experience of other Board members; and  

Sufficient time to devote to Board activities and to enhance their knowledge of our business, operations, and industry. 

 

The Board believes that our current directors meet these criteria. The directors bring a strong and diversified background and set of essential skills to the Board, as described above in the director descriptions.

 

Term of Office

 

All directors hold office until the next annual meeting of shareholders and until their respective successors are elected. Directors may also be elected at any special meeting of shareholders held for that purpose. Nominees for the board of directors are presented by management. Except for a vacancy created by the removal of a director, all vacancies in the Board of Directors, whether caused by resignation, death or otherwise, may be filled by a majority of the remaining directors, though less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining director, and each director so elected shall hold office until his successor is elected at an annual, regular or special meeting of the shareholders. Vacancies created by the removal of a director may be filled only by approval of the shareholders. The shareholders may elect a director at any time to fill any vacancy not filled by the directors.

 

Certain Legal Proceedings

 

No director, nominee for director, or executive officer of the Company has appeared as a party in any legal proceeding material to an evaluation of his or her ability or integrity during the past ten years.

 

Audit Committee

 

On May 6, 2017, a resolution was unanimously adopted by the Board to create an audit committee, and the following board members were appointed to serve on the committee: Stan Shaul, David Carlile, and Chet Billingsley. It was further resolved that David Carlile serve as the chairman of the Company’s Audit Committee. Our Audit Committee operates under a written charter which may be found on Mentor’s website at https://ir.mentorcapital.com/corporate-governance.

 

Our Audit Committee is responsible for, among other things, assisting the Board in fulfilling its general oversight responsibilities with respect to the Company’s accounting and financial disclosures, audits of the financial statements, internal controls, and audit functions.

 

As part of the financial statement audit, the auditors are required to communicate with the Audit Committee by written communication. The Audit Committee discusses the audited financial statements with management.

 

The Audit Committee had one meeting in 2018 and one meeting 2019. Both meetings were attended by all Audit Committee members.


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Membership of the Audit Committee

 

The Audit Committee shall be comprised of three or more directors as determined by the Board, of which a majority of the members shall satisfy the independence requirements of Section 10A(m)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and all other regulatory requirements applicable to the Company. Two members of the Audit Committee, Messrs. Shaul and Carlile, are considered independent under the Audit Committee Charter. Mr. Billingsley, as an employee of the Company, is not an independent member but he was appointed to the Audit Committee because Mr. Billingsley has intimate knowledge of the Company and provides financial expertise.

 

Each Audit Committee member understands fundamental financial statements, including the Company’s balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. Mr. Billingsley, an employee of the Company, serves as the “audit committee financial expert” as defined under applicable SEC rules and is not independent. Audit Committee members shall continue to be members as long as they remain directors and until their successors as committee members are elected and qualified or until their earlier death, incapacity, resignation or removal. Any member may be removed by the Board, with or without cause, and for no cause, at any time. Vacancies on the Audit Committee may be filled by the Board.

 

Audit Committee Report

 

The Audit Committee provides this report for the Company’s Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2019 on Form 10-K. The following disclosure is made over the printed names of each member of the Audit Committee. The members of the Audit Committee have signed the current disclosure.

 

REPORT OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE

 

The following is the report of the Audit Committee with respect to our audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.

 

We reviewed and discussed with management the Company’s audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019. In addition, we discussed with BF Borgers CPA PC the matters required by the applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and the Commission. Also, we received from BF Borgers CPA PC the written disclosures required by the Independence Standards Board Standard No. 1 and have discussed with BF Borgers CPA PC its independence from the Company. Based upon this information and these materials, we recommend to the Board of Directors that the audited financial statements be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

David Carlile (Audit Committee Chairman)

Stan Shaul

Chet Billingsley

 

Compensation or Nominating Committees and Conflicts of Interest

 

The Board does not have a compensation committee comprised of independent directors; the functions that would have been performed by such committee is performed by our directors as a whole. The Board of Directors has not established a nominating committee. The Board has been of the opinion that such committees are not necessary since the Company is in early stages of developing a portfolio of cannabis investments, and to date, the entire Board of Directors has been performing the functions of such committees. Thus, there is a potential conflict of interest in that our directors and officers have the authority to determine issues concerning management compensation and nominations that may affect management decisions.

 

We do not have a policy regarding the consideration of any director candidates which may be recommended by our stockholders. Our Board has not considered or adopted a policy regarding the consideration of director candidates recommended by our stockholders as we have not received a recommendation from any stockholder for any candidate to serve on our Board for over ten years. We do not know if any of our stockholders will make a recommendation for any candidate to serve on our Board given the relatively small size of our company and the small remuneration for attendance at the Board meetings.


35


 

 

The Board has responsibility for establishing broad corporate policies and reviewing our overall performance rather than day-to-day operations. The primary responsibility of the Board is to oversee the management of the Company and, in doing so, serve the best interests of the Company and its stockholders. The Board selects, evaluates and provides for the succession of executive officers and, subject to stockholder election, directors. It reviews and approves major corporate strategy changes and evaluates significant policies and proposed major commitments of corporate resources. The Board also participates in decisions that have a potential major economic impact on the Company. Management keeps the directors informed of Company activity through regular communication.

 

Director compensation for attendance at each regular or special meeting of the Board, if any, is set by Board resolution. Officers of the Company are appointed by the Board. The salaries of the officers shall be fixed from time to time by the Board. The CEO’s compensation has not been changed by the Board since 2000.

 

Shareholders may contact the Chairman of the Board by telephone or email at the Company’s corporate offices with any questions or concerns they wish to have addressed. The Chairman will discuss any material shareholder questions, concerns, or other information with the other directors as necessary.

 

Board Leadership and Role in Risk Oversight

 

Chet Billingsley acts as Mentor’s Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board. Robert Meyer acts as the Company’s Secretary and lead independent director. Mentor has determined that its leadership structure is appropriate as Mentor is still in the early stages of developing a cannabis portfolio and Mr. Billingsley is the most familiar with the cannabis industry. The Board has direct discussions with the CEO and suggests operating approaches to mitigate identified risks on a regular basis. Because all independent directors are major shareholders, direct discussions reinforce the priority of reducing shareholder risk and increasing shareholder return to all corporate actions.

 

Familial Relationships Amongst Directors and Executives

 

There are no family relationships between any of our directors or executive officers and any other directors or executive officers.

 

Meetings of the Board of Directors

 

The Board of Directors of Mentor conducts business through meetings of the Board or by unanimous written consents of the Board. Such actions by written consent of all directors are, according to Delaware corporate law and our bylaws, valid and effective as if they had been passed at a meeting of the directors duly called and held. With the exception of Mr. Billingsley and Ms. Stansfield, all directors are independent directors under the adopted definition of independence from the NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 4200(a)(15). The directors are all shareholders of the Company.

 

Mentor held four meetings of the Board of Directors in 2019 and four meetings of the Board of Directors in 2018. All directors attended each of the meetings.

 

Code of Ethics

 

On March 21, 2019, the Company adopted a Code of Ethics in compliance with Section 406 of Regulation S-K which is applicable to all officers, directors, and employees of the Company. The Code of Ethics is available at the Company’s website at https://ir.mentorcapital.com/governance-docs without charge. Interested persons may also request a copy of such Code of Ethics without charge by contacting the Company at the address or telephone number included on the cover page of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

The following table summarizes all compensation recorded by us in each of the last two completed fiscal years for our principal executive officer and each other executive officer whose annual compensation exceeded $100,000. The value attributable to any option awards, if any, is computed in accordance with FASB ASC 718 “Compensation - Stock Compensation,”.


36


 

 

Summary Executive Compensation Table

 

Name and Principal Position

Year

Salary

($)

Bonus ($)

Stock Awards ($)

Option

Awards ($)

Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation ($)

Nonqualified Deferred Compensation ($)

All Other Compensation ($)

Total ($)

Chet

Billingsley

Chairman

and CEO

2019

120,000(1)

-

-

-

-(3)

52,372(5)

11,500(2)

183,872

2018

120,000(1)

-

-

-

-(3)

-(5)

9,000(2)

129,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lori

Stansfield

Treasurer and CFO

2019

143,217

200

-

-

-

-

11,000(4)

154,417

2018

139,635

500

-

-

-

-

8,500(4)

148,635

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)Base annual salary for the Chief Executive Officer of $104,000 per year plus $12,000 vacation pay and $4,000 sick pay has not changed from the amount set by the court in the 1998 Chapter 11 bankruptcy document.  

 

(2)Mr. Billingsley received compensation for his service as a member of Mentor’s Board of Directors. In 2019, Mr. Billingsley was paid $2,000 for each of four regular Board Meetings he attended, $2,000 for attending the 2019 Shareholder Meeting, $500 for each of two instances when significant additional services were provided to the Company related to written resolutions, and $500 for the annual Audit Committee meeting. In 2018, Mr. Billingsley was paid $2,000 for each of four regular Board Meetings he attended, $500 when significant additional services were provided to the Company related to written resolutions and $500 for the annual Audit Committee meeting. 

 

(3)The CEO earns an incentive fee and a bonus which are payable in cash upon merger, resignation or termination or in installments at the CEO’s option. The incentive fee is 1% of the increase in market capitalization based on the bid price of the Company’s stock beyond the book value at confirmation of the reorganization, which was approximately $260,000. The bonus is 0.5% of the increase in market capitalization for each $1.00 increase in stock price up to a maximum of $8 per share (4%) based on the bid price of the stock beyond the book value at confirmation of the reorganization. This incentive was authorized in 1998 and confirmed in 2000 under the Company’s Plan of Reorganization.  

 

(4)Ms. Stansfield received compensation for her service as a member of Mentor’s Board of Directors. In 2019, Ms. Stansfield was paid $2,000 for each of four board meetings she attended, $2,000 for attending the 2019 Shareholder Meeting, $500 for each of two instances when additional services were provided to the Company related to written resolutions. In 2018, Ms. Stansfield received $2,000 for each of four board meetings she attended, $500 for one time additional services were provided to the Company related to written resolutions.  

 

(5)Our accrual for estimated retirement and other benefits to Mr. Billingsley increased by $52,372 in 2019. 

 

Director Compensation

 

The following table sets forth information concerning the compensation of directors of Mentor, other than Mr. Billingsley and Ms. Stansfield, for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

 

Fees

Earned

or Paid

In Cash

($)

 

 

 

Non-Equity

Incentive

Plan

Compensation

($)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonqualified

Deferred

Compensation

($)

 

 

 

 

Stock

Awards

($)

Option

Awards

($)

All Other

Compensation

($)

 

Director

Name

Bonus

($)

Total

($)

Stan Shaul

9,500(1)

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,500

Robert B. Meyer

9,000(1)

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,000

David G. Carlile

9,500(1)

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,500

 

(1)Each director is paid $2,000 for attendance at each regular quarterly Board meeting. During 2019, Mentor Board of Directors were paid for four board meetings held in 2019. In addition, the Board of Directors were paid $500 each time additional services were provided to the Company related to written resolutions. Mr. Shaul and Mr. Carlile were each paid $500 for the annual Audit Committee meeting held in 2019.  


37


 

 

Mentor does not currently have any equity incentive plan in place for officers, directors, or employees.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

Beneficial Ownership of Directors, Officers, and 5% Stockholders

 

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a person and the percentage of ownership of that person, shares of Common Stock subject to options and warrants held by that person that are currently exercisable or become exercisable within 60 days are deemed outstanding even if they have not actually been exercised. Those shares, however, are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. The following table sets forth certain information as to shares of our Common Stock owned by (i) each person known to beneficially own more than five percent of our outstanding Common Stock or Preferred Stock, (ii) each of our directors, and executive officers named in our summary compensation table, and (iii) all of our executive officers and directors as a group.

 

The percent ownership information presented in the table below is based on the total number of shares of Mentor’s Common Stock outstanding as of March 10, 2019 which was 22,850,947.

 

Title of Security

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner

 

Amount and Nature of Beneficial Ownership

 

Percentage of Class

Common Stock

 

Chet Billingsley

PO Box 1709

Ramona, CA 92065

 

4,598,145(1, 2)

 

15.75%(7)

Common Stock

 

Stan Shaul

2586 Claybourne Court

Newbury Park, CA 91320

 

244,928(3)

 

0.84%(8)

Common Stock

 

Robert B. Meyer

21141 Canada Road, #7E

Lake Forest, CA 92677

 

1,303,789(4)

 

4.47%(8)

Common Stock

 

David G. Carlile

3336 Daybreaker Drive

Park City, UT 84098

 

138,508(5)

 

0.47%(8)

Common Stock

 

Lori Stansfield

6000 Nagel Street

La Mesa, CA 91942

 

240,000(6)

 

0.82%(8)

Common Stock

 

Directors and Officers as a group

 

6,525,370

 

22.35%(9)

 

 

(1)136,575 of Mr. Billingsley’s shares of Common Stock are held in a Rule 10b5-1 Plan under third party control to preclude any directed share sales by him when non-public information is known. Mr. Billingsley’s set sales orders under the Rule 10b5-1 Plan are less than 16,000 shares per week. This Rule 10b5-1 plan was initiated on January 28, 2020 at which time the closing bid price for Mentor stock was $0.15 per share and Rule 10b5-1 sales are expected to continue through the filing of this report. His remaining shares are held in certificate form outside of a brokerage account and are not immediately available for sale. 

(2)In addition to 2,460,461 shares of Common Stock, Mr. Billingsley also holds 2,050,228 Series D warrants exercisable at $1.60 per share and 87,456 Series B warrants exercisable at $0.11 per share. As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, Mr. Billingsley has not exercised any of these Series B or D warrants. 

(3)In addition to 22,031 shares of Common Stock, Mr. Shaul also holds 222,897 Series D warrants exercisable at $1.60 per share. As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, Mr. Shaul has not exercised any Series D warrants. 

(4)In addition to 864,834 shares of Common Stock, Mr. Meyer also holds 438,955 Series D warrants exercisable at $1.60 per share. As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, Mr. Meyer has not exercised any Series D warrants. 


38


 

 

(5)In addition to 136,008 shares of Common Stock, Mr. Carlile holds 2,500 Series D warrants exercisable at $1.60 per share. As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, Mr. Carlile has not exercised any Series D warrants originally held or redeemed as a designee since he became a member of the Company’s board of directors on April 14, 2017. 

(6)In addition to 50,000 shares of Common Stock, Ms. Stansfield holds 190,000 Series D warrants exercisable at $1.60 per share.  

(7)The Percentage of Class ownership of Mr. Billingsley is calculated based on the total number of outstanding shares of Common Stock (22,850,947), Series B warrants (87,456) and Series D warrants (6,252,954).  

(8)The Percentage of Class ownership of Mr. Shaul, Mr. Meyer, Mr. Carlile, and Ms. Stansfield is calculated based on the total number of outstanding shares of Common Stock (22,850,947) and Series D warrants (6,252,954). 

(9)Calculated based on the diluted Percentage of Class ownership of the Registrant’s management, executive officers, and directors. 

 

If an individual or entity tried to take control of the Company, Mr. Billingsley is authorized to obtain a loan from the Company to pay for the exercise of his unexercised Series D warrants.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

Except as disclosed below, between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2019, there were no transactions, and there are no proposed transactions, in which we were or are to be a participant, involving an amount in excess of $120,000, and in which any related person had or will have a direct or indirect material interest.

 

Mr. Billingsley acts as both the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company. Ms. Stansfield acts as both the Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of the Board of Directors of the Company. Mr. Meyer acts as the Company’s Secretary but is not paid for his role and is not a Company employee. With the exception of Mr. Billingsley and Ms. Stansfield, all directors are independent directors under the adopted definition of independence from the NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 4200(a)(15). The directors are all shareholders of the Company.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

The following table summarizes the fees, as applicable, of BF Borgers CPA PC, our independent auditor for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Fee Category

 

2019

 

2018

Audit Fees (1)

$

78,300

$

59,400

Audit-Related Fees (2)

 

-

 

-

Tax Return Fees (3)

 

7,250

 

7,150

All Other Fees (4)

 

-

 

-

 

(1)Audit fees include the audit of our annual financial statements, review of our quarterly financial statements and services that are normally provided by the independent auditors in connection with engagements for those fiscal years. This category also includes advice on audit and accounting matters that arose during, or as a result of, the audit or the review of interim financial statements. 

(2)Audit-related fees consist of assurance and related services by the independent auditors that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and are reported above under “Audit Fees.” The services for the fees disclosed under this category include consultation regarding our correspondence with the SEC and other accounting consulting. Mentor did not incur any audit-related fees in fiscal years 2019 or 2018. 

(3)The services for the fees disclosed under this category include tax return preparation and technical tax advice. 

(4)All other fees, if any, consist of fees for other miscellaneous items. 

 

Our Board has adopted a procedure for pre-approval of all fees charged by our independent auditors. Under the procedure, the Board approves the engagement letter with respect to audit, tax and review services. Other fees are subject to pre-approval by the Board, or, in the period between meetings, by a designated member of Board. Any such approval by the designated member is disclosed to the entire Board at the next meeting. The audit and tax fees paid to the auditors with respect to 2019 and 2018 were pre-approved by the entire Board.


39


 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

Financial Statements

 

The Company is filing the following financial statements with this Annual Report on Form 10-K:

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm. 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 

Consolidated Income Statements for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 

Notes to the Financial Statements 

 

Exhibits

 

The following exhibits are filed as part of this report:

 

Exhibit Number

Description

3.1

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (Incorporated by reference to Mentor’s Definitive Information Statement on Schedule 14C filed with the SEC on July 10, 2015).

3.2

Bylaws of the Company (Incorporated by reference to Mentor’s Definitive Information Statement on Schedule 14C filed with the SEC on July 10, 2015).

4.1

Instrument Defining Rights of Security Holders. (A copy of our Bankruptcy Plan of Reorganization, including Mentor’s Sixth Amended Disclosure Statement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4 of our Registration Statement on Form 10, filed with the SEC on November 19, 2014.)

4.2

Description of assumed warrants to purchase shares of Mentor’s Common Stock (Incorporated by reference to Mentor’s Definitive Information Statement on Schedule 14C filed with the SEC on July 10, 2015).

4.3

Certificate of Designations of Rights, Preferences, Privileges, and Restrictions of Series Q Preferred Stock (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to Mentor’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Period Ended September 30, 2017, filed with the SEC on November 9, 2017)

4.4

Description of Company’s Securities

21.1

Subsidiaries of the Company

31.1

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

31.2

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.1

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.2

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

101

Interactive Data Files


40


 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Annual Report for the period ending December 31, 2019 on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

Mentor Capital, Inc.

 

 

Date: March 24, 2020By: /s/ Chet Billingsley 

Chet Billingsley,

Director, Chairman, and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

Date: March 24, 2020By: /s/ Lori Stansfield  

Lori Stansfield,

Director, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer

 

 

Directors

 

 

Date: March 24, 2020By: /s/ Stan Shaul 

Stan Shaul

Director

 

 

Date: March 24, 2020By: /s/ David Carlile 

David Carlile

Director 

 

 

Date: March 24, 2020By: /s/ Robert Meyer  

Robert Meyer

Director and Secretary


41


 

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

MENTOR CAPITAL, INC.

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm for years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

F-1

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

F-2 – F-3

Consolidated Income Statements for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

F-4

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

F-5

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

F-6 – F-7

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-8


42



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the shareholders and the board of directors of Mentor Capital, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Mentor Capital, Inc. (the "Company") as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the related statements of operations, stockholders' equity (deficit), and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud.

 

Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

 

/s/ BF Borgers CPA PC

BF Borgers CPA PC

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2014.

Lakewood, CO

March 24, 2020

 

 


F-1



Mentor Capital, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

686,611

 

$

1,470,574

Investment in securities, at fair value

 

 

-

 

 

362,585

Deposits on manufacturing equipment purchases

 

 

-

 

 

43,907

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

521,605

 

 

437,508

Net finance leases receivable, current portion

 

 

62,145

 

 

175,727

Net finance leases receivable, non-performing, current portion

 

 

269,000

 

 

-

Investment in installment receivable, current portion

 

 

4,000

 

 

117,000

Notes receivable, current portion

 

 

-

 

 

45,173

Convertible notes receivable, current portion

 

 

52,930

 

 

26,384

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

59,065

 

 

77,634

Employee advances

 

 

4,421

 

 

4,004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

 

1,659,777

 

 

2,760,496

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment

 

 

153,163

 

 

195,571

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(121,542)

 

 

(152,602)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

31,621

 

 

42,969

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

324,408

 

 

-

Finance lease right-of-use assets

 

 

169,692

 

 

-

Investment in account receivable, net of discount and current portion

 

 

381,512

 

 

418,518

Net finance leases receivable, net of current portion

 

 

382,727

 

 

1,361,554

Notes receivable, net of current portion

 

 

-

 

 

971,653

Convertible notes receivable, net of current portion

 

 

25,191

 

 

50,417

Contractual interests in legal recoveries

 

 

346,195

 

 

800,002

Deposits

 

 

9,575

 

 

9,575

Long term investments

 

 

209,697

 

 

251,297

Goodwill

 

 

1,426,182

 

 

1,426,182

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total other assets

 

 

3,275,179

 

 

5,289,198

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

4,966,577

 

$

8,092,663

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements


F-2



Mentor Capital, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

74,120

 

$

67,455

Accrued expenses

 

 

217,764

 

 

359,568

Related party payable

 

 

27,472

 

 

40,000

Deferred revenue

 

 

22,653

 

 

86,461

Finance lease liability - current portion

 

 

41,675

 

 

-

Operating lease liability - current portion

 

 

184,436

 

 

-

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

24,017

 

 

53,166

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

592,137

 

 

606,650

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued salary, retirement and incentive fee - related party

 

 

1,108,438

 

 

1,027,118

Finance lease liability, net of current portion

 

 

112,418

 

 

-

Operating lease liability, net of current portion

 

 

140,900

 

 

-

Long term debt, net of current portion

 

 

-

 

 

25,055

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total long-term liabilities

 

 

1,361,756

 

 

1,052,173

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,953,893

 

 

1,658,823

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 5,000,000 shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

authorized; 11 and 0 series Q preferred shares issued

 

 

 

 

 

 

and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018*

 

 

-

 

 

-

Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 75,000,000 shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

authorized; 22,850,947 and 23,139,837 shares issued

 

 

 

 

 

 

and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

2,285

 

 

2,314

Additional paid in capital

 

 

13,071,655

 

 

13,071,626

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(9,875,206)

 

 

(6,438,316)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

-

 

 

-

Non-controlling interest

 

 

(186,050)

 

 

(201,784)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total shareholders' equity

 

 

3,012,684

 

 

6,433,840

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

$

4,966,577

 

$

8,092,663

* Par value is less than $0.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements


F-3



Mentor Capital, Inc.

Consolidated Income Statements

For The Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

2019

 

2018

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

Service fees

$

4,167,858

 

$

3,633,798

Lease equipment sales

 

74,889

 

 

1,563,638

Finance lease revenue

 

75,415

 

 

53,754

Consulting revenue

 

8,310

 

 

30,343

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenue

 

4,326,472

 

 

5,281,533

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

 

3,045,661

 

 

3,711,427

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

1,280,811

 

 

1,570,106

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

3,026,754

 

 

2,157,536

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(1,745,943)

 

 

(587,430)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income and (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

Gain (loss) on investments

 

(1,767,474)

 

 

23,984

Interest income

 

108,113

 

 

168,205

Interest expense

 

(22,596)

 

 

(17,407)

Gain (loss) on equipment disposal

 

2,200

 

 

(2,738)

Other income (expense)

 

21,896

 

 

14,357

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total other income and (expense)

 

(1,657,861)

 

 

186,401

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before provision for income taxes

 

(3,403,804)

 

 

(401,029)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

14,828

 

 

19,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

(3,418,632)

 

 

(420,279)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest

 

18,258

 

 

(11,118)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Mentor

$

(3,436,890)

 

$

(409,161)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per Mentor common share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

$

(0.149)

 

$

(0.018)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares of Mentor common stock

 

 

 

 

 

outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

23,117,615

 

23,075,926

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements


F-4



Mentor Capital, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)

For The Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

Controlling interest

 

 

 

Preferred stock

Common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

$0.001 par

Shares

$0.001 par

Additional paid in capital

Accumulated equity

(deficit)

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

Total

Non-controlling equity (deficit)

Totals

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

-

$-

22,814,283

$2,281

12,560,619

$(6,063,977)

$34,822

$6,533,745

$(187,132)

$6,346,613

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion of warrants to common stock, net of conversion costs

-

-

442,597

45

629,160

-

-

629,205

-

629,205

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of Series Q preferred stock

11

-

-

-

109,985

-

-

109,985

-

109,985

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January 25, 2018 shares canceled

-

-

(117,043)

(12)

(228,138)

-

-

(228,150)

-

(228,150)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-controlling distribution

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(3,534)

(3,534)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reclassification of unrealized gains on investments in equity securities

-

-

-

-

-

34,822

(34,822)

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

-

-

-

-

-

(409,161)

-

(409,161)

(11,118)

(420,279)

Balance at December 31, 2018

11

$-

23,139,837

$2,314

13,071,626

$(6,438,316)

$-

$6,635,624

$(201,784)

$6,433,840

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rescind sale of common stock to G Farma

-

-

(288,890)

(29)

29

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-controlling distribution

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(2,524)

(2,524)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

-

-

-

-

-

(3,436,890)

-

(3,436,890)

18,258

(3,418,632)

Balance at December 31, 2019

11

$-

22,850,947

$2,285

13,071,655

$(9,875,206)

$-

$3,198,734

$(186,050)

$3,012,684

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements


F-5



Mentor Capital, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For The Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

(3,418,632)

 

$

(420,279)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net

 

 

 

 

 

cash provided by (used by) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

23,113

 

 

20,762

Non-cash amortization on right of use assets

 

55,493

 

 

-

(Gain) loss on equipment disposal

 

-

 

 

2,738

Bad debt expense

 

808,241

 

 

63,529

Amortization of discount on investment in account receivable

 

(79,994)

 

 

(79,156)

Change in accrued interest income

 

(8,015)

 

 

1,678

(Gain) loss on investment in securities, at fair value

 

76,395

 

 

62,322

(Gain) loss on long-term investments

 

-

 

 

(86,307)

Impairment of G Farma investments

 

1,688,825

 

 

-

Decrease (increase) in operating assets

 

 

 

 

 

Cash in attorney trust account

 

-

 

 

314,536

Finance leases receivable

 

26,801

 

 

(334,482)

Deposits on equipment

 

27,231

 

 

(43,907)

Accounts receivable - trade

 

(127,337)

 

 

(56,239)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

644

 

 

(33,522)

Employee advances

 

(417)

 

 

9,679

Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

6,665

 

 

7,195

Accrued expenses

 

(141,804)

 

 

134,647

Deferred revenue

 

(15,525)

 

 

86,461

Accrued salary, retirement and benefits - related party

 

81,320

 

 

57,637

Net cash provided by (used by) operating activities

 

(996,996)

 

 

(292,708)

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from receivable – Bhang Corporation

 

-

 

 

1,987,099

Purchase of investment securities

 

-

 

 

(236,272)

Proceeds from securities sold

 

286,190

 

 

-

Purchase of convertible notes receivable

 

-

 

 

(50,000)

Proceeds from convertible notes receivable

 

-

 

 

27,561

Advances on notes receivable

 

(31,000)

 

 

(179,000)

Proceeds from notes receivable

 

7,298

 

 

34,844

Investment in direct financing lease equipment

 

-

 

 

(1,202,799)

Purchase of contractual interest in legal recovery

 

(146,195)

 

 

(200,000)

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(11,765)

 

 

(25,740)

Down payment on right of use assets

 

(24,032)

 

 

-

Proceeds from sale of investment in Brighter Day Health

 

-

 

 

109,000

Purchase of long-term investments

 

-

 

 

(15,669)

Proceeds from investment in receivable

 

230,000

 

 

117,000

Net cash provided by (used by) investing activities

 

310,496

 

 

366,024


F-6



Mentor Capital, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)

For The Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

2019

 

2018

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Warrants converted to common stock, net of costs

$

-

 

$

629,205

Payments to rescind Bhang owners’ common stock

 

-

 

 

(228,150)

Issuance of Series Q preferred shares, net of costs

 

-

 

 

109,985

Short term loan from related party

 

-

 

 

40,000

Payments on short term loan from related party

 

(12,528)

 

 

-

Payments on finance lease liability

 

(28,207)

 

 

-

Proceeds from long-term debt

 

-

 

 

50,000

Payments on long-term debt

 

(54,204)

 

 

(34,438)

Non-controlling interest distribution

 

(2,524)

 

 

(3,534)

Net cash provided by (used by) financing activities

 

(97,463)

 

 

563,068

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in cash

 

(783,963)

 

 

636,384

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning cash

 

1,470,574

 

 

834,190

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending cash

$

686,611

 

$

1,470,574

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

$

22,975

 

$

17,451

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for income taxes

$

18,948

 

$

20,220

 

 

 

 

 

 

NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING TRANSACTION:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right of use assets acquired through operating lease liability

$

541,865

 

$

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right of use assets acquired through finance lease liability

$

182,301

 

$

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bhang Corporation receivable cancelled by return of Mentor common

 

 

 

 

 

stock

$

-

 

$

228,150

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements


F-7



Mentor Capital, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

Note 1 - Nature of operations

 

Corporate Structure Overview 

 

Mentor Capital, Inc. (“Mentor” or “the Company”), was reincorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in September 2015.

 

The entity was originally founded as an investment partnership in Silicon Valley, California, by the current CEO in 1985 and subsequently incorporated under the laws of the State of California on July 29, 1994. On September 12, 1996, the Company’s offering statement was qualified pursuant to Regulation A of the Securities Act, and the Company began to trade its shares publicly. On August 21, 1998, the Company filed for voluntary reorganization, and on January 11, 2000, the Company emerged from Chapter 11 reorganization. The Company relocated to San Diego, California, and contracted to provide financial assistance and investment into small businesses. On May 22, 2015, a corporation named Mentor Capital, Inc. (“Mentor Delaware”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware. A shareholder-approved merger between Mentor and Mentor Delaware was approved by the California and Delaware Secretaries of State, and became effective September 24, 2015, thereby establishing Mentor as a Delaware corporation.

 

Beginning September 2008, after the name change back to Mentor Capital, Inc., the Company’s common stock traded publicly under the trading symbol OTC Markets: MNTR and after February 9, 2015, as OTCQB: MNTR and after August 6, 2018, under the trading symbol OTCQX: MNTR. Due to market fluctuations, the Company’s market capitalization has been below $5 million for more than 30 consecutive calendar days and has been notified by OTC Markets Group that it has until April 22, 2020 to cure this deficiency.

 

In 2009, the Company began focusing its investing activities in leading-edge cancer companies. In 2012, in response to government limitations on reimbursement for certain highly technical and expensive cancer treatments and a resulting business decline in the cancer immunotherapy sector, the Company decided to exit that space. In the summer of 2013, the Company was asked to consider investing in a cancer-related project with a medical marijuana focus. On August 29, 2013, the Company decided to divest of its cancer assets and focus future investments in the medical marijuana and cannabis sector. In March 2018, the Company sold its equity interest in our final remaining cancer investment. In late 2019, the Company expanded its target industry focus to potentially include energy, mining and minerals, technology, consumer products, management services, and manufacturing sectors with the goal of ensuring investment diversification.

 

Mentor has a 51% interest in Waste Consolidators, Inc. (“WCI”). WCI was incorporated in Colorado in 1999 and operates in Arizona and Texas. It is a legacy investment that was first invested into in 2003.

 

On April 18, 2016, the Company formed Mentor IP, LLC (“MCIP”), a South Dakota limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor. MCIP was formed to invest in intellectual property and specifically to hold the investment in patent interests obtained on April 4, 2016 when Mentor Capital, Inc. entered into an agreement with R. L. Larson and Larson Capital, LLC (“Larson”) to seek and secure the benefits of mutual effort directed toward the capture of license fees from domestic and foreign THC and CBD cannabis vape patents.

 

On April 13, 2017, Mentor entered into an agreement to provide $40,000 of funding to offset costs of the application of cannabis oil in a glaucoma study conducted by and otherwise paid for by Dr. Robert M. Mandelkorn, MD. Mentor, doing business as GlauCanna, will hold an 80% interest in any commercial opportunities that result from the study. Dr. Mandelkorn will hold the remaining 20%.

 

The Company has a membership equity interest in Electrum Partners, LLC (“Electrum”) which is carried at cost of $194,028 and $194,028 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. On January 28, 2019, as part of a Second Capital Agreement between Mentor and Electrum (described in Note 11), Mentor was granted an option to convert its 6,198 membership interests in Electrum into a cash payment of $194,028 plus an additional 19.4% of anything of value received by Electrum as a result of the pending litigation in British Columbia (see below).


F-8



Note 1 - Nature of operations (continued)

 

On September 19, 2017, the Company formed Mentor Partner I, LLC (“Partner I”), a California limited liability company as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for the purpose of cannabis-focused investing. In 2018, Mentor contributed $996,000 of capital to Partner I to facilitate the purchase of manufacturing equipment to be leased from Partner I by G FarmaLabs Limited (“G Farma”) under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement dated January 16, 2018, as amended. Amendments expanded the Lessee under the agreement to include G FarmaLabs Limited, and G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC, (collectively referred to as “G Farma Lease Entities”). The finance leases resulting from this investment have been impaired by $765,001 at December 31, 2019, due to circumstances further described in Note 9.

 

On February 1, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner II, LLC (“Partner II”), a California limited liability company as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for the purpose of cannabis-focused investing. On February 8, 2018, Mentor contributed $400,000 to Partner II to facilitate the purchase of manufacturing equipment to be leased from Partner II by Pueblo West Organics, LLC, a Colorado limited liability company (“Pueblo West”) under a Master Equipment Lease Agreement dated February 11, 2018, as amended. On March 12, 2019, Mentor agreed to use Partner II earnings of $61,368 to facilitate the purchase of additional manufacturing equipment to Pueblo West under a Second Amendment to the lease, see Note 9.

 

On February 20, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner III, LLC (“Partner III”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for acquisition and investing purposes. Partner III has had no activity subsequent to formation.

 

On February 28, 2018, the Company formed Mentor Partner IV, LLC (“Partner IV”), a California limited liability company, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mentor for acquisition and investing purposes. Partner IV has had no activity subsequent to formation.

 

On September 6, 2018, the Company entered into an Equity Purchase and Issuance Agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited, G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC, GFBrands, Inc., Finka Distribution, Inc., and G FarmaLabs, WA, LLC under which Mentor was supposed to receive equity interests in the G Farma Equity Entities and their affiliates (together the “G Farma Equity Entities”) equal to 3.75% of the G Farma Equity Entities interests (See Note 8). On March 4, 2019, Addendum VIII increased the G Farma Equity Entities’ equity interest to which Mentor is immediately entitled to 3.843%, and added Goya Ventures, LLC as a G Farma Equity Entity. We are now in litigation with these entities, see Note 12.

 

On October 30, 2018, the Company entered into a Recovery Purchase Agreement with Electrum. Electrum is the plaintiff in an ongoing legal action pending in the Supreme Court of British Columbia (“Litigation”). As described further in Note 11, Mentor provided capital for payment of Litigation costs in the amount of $146,195 and $100,000 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In exchange, Mentor will receive 14.00% of anything of value received by Electrum as a result of the Litigation (“Recovery”), after first receiving reimbursement of Mentor’s funded portion of the Litigation costs. On October 31, 2018, Mentor entered into a secured Capital Agreement with Electrum and invested an additional $100,000 of capital in Electrum. Under the Capital Agreement, on the payment date, Electrum will pay to Mentor the sum of (i) $100,000, (ii) ten percent (10%) of the Recovery, and (iii) 0.083334% of the Recovery for each full month from October 31, 2018 to the payment date for each full month that $833 is not paid to Mentor. The payment date is the earlier of November 1, 2021, or the final resolution of the Litigation. On January 28, 2019, the Company entered into a second secured Capital Agreement with Electrum and invested an additional $100,000 of capital in Electrum with payment terms similar to the October 31, 2018 Capital Agreement. As part of the January 28, 2019 Capital Agreement Mentor was granted an option to convert its 6,198 membership interests in Electrum into a cash payment of $194,027 plus an additional 19.4% of the Recovery, see Note 11.

 

On December 21, 2018, Mentor paid $10,000 to purchase 500,000 shares of NeuCourt, Inc. common stock, representing approximately 4.16% of NeuCourt’s issued and outstanding common stock at December 31, 2019.


F-9



Note 1 - Nature of operations (continued)

 

On March 14, 2019, the Company was notified by G Farma that, on February 22, 2019, the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location and posted a notice preventing entry to the facility. The notice cited unpermitted modifications to electrical, mechanical and plumbing, including all undetermined building modifications, as the reason for closure.

 

On April 24, 2019, the Company was informed that certain G Farma assets at G Farma’s corporate location, including equipment valued at approximately $427,804 leased to G Farma from Partner I, were impounded by the Corona Police on or around February 22, 2019. This event significantly impacted G Farma’s financial position and its ability to make payments under the finance leases receivable and notes receivable due the Company. See Notes 8, 9, and 11.

 

G Farma has not made scheduled payments on the finance lease receivable or the notes receivable since February 19, 2019 and Company management feels it is unlikely we will fully recover amounts due us. Based on our analysis of current conditions, we recorded a bad debt allowance of $765,001 on the finance lease receivable, as of December 31, 2019, see Note 9, and fully impaired G Farma notes receivable, and the contractual interest in G Farma’s legal recovery, see Note 8. This resulted in an impairment at December 31, 2019, of $1,073,731 on G Farma notes receivable of $1,045,051 plus accrued interest of $28,680, and full impairment of $600,002 on our investment in the G Farma contractual interest in legal recovery. On December 31, 2019, the Company recorded the rescission of 288,890 shares of the Company’s Common Stock issued to G Farma in exchange for the contractual interest in G Farma’s legal recovery and cancelled out by the Company’s stock transfer agent subsequent to year-end, see Note 25. The Company’s equity investment in G Farma Entities, previously valued at $41,600, has also been impaired and reduced to $0, at December 31, 2019, see Notes 8 and 11.

 

The Company’s sale of its shares of Common Stock to G Farma in exchange for investment in the G Farma contractual interest in legal recovery was rescinded on October 3, 2019 and the Company recorded this as cancellation of equity at December 31, 2019, returning the Company to its original position, as if the shares had not been issued. Subsequent to year-end, on March 6, 2020, the shares were cancelled out and returned to unissued shares by the Company’s stock transfer agent, see Note 25.

 

On May 28, 2019, Mentor Capital, Inc. and Mentor Partner I, LLC filed a complaint against the G Farma Entities and three guarantors to the G Farma agreements, described herein and in Notes 8, 9, and 11, in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin. The Company is primarily seeking monetary damages for breach of the G Farma agreements including promissory notes, leases, and other agreements, as well as actions for an injunction to recover leased property, to recover collateral under a security agreement, and to collect from guarantors on the agreements, among other things. Mentor intends to vigorously pursue this matter; however, collection is uncertain at this time. Subsequent to year-end, on January 22, 2020, the Court granted the Company’s motion for writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting defendants from retaining control of or selling leased property. Subsequent to year-end, on January 31, 2020, all remaining equipment leased to G Farma by Mentor Partner I which was not impounded by the Corona Police was repossessed by the Company and moved to storage under the Company’s control and on March 5, 2020, the Company sold a portion of the recovered equipment, see Note 25. Sale of remaining equipment is planned for second quarter of 2020 and will be auctioned or sold to the highest bidder or offeror. The Company will try to recover as much of its cost in the equipment as possible given that it has never been used.

 

Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies

 

Basis of presentation 

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes include the activity of majority-owned subsidiaries of 51% or more. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.

 

Segment reporting

 

The Company has determined that there are two reportable segments: 1) the cannabis and medical marijuana segment, and 2) the Company’s legacy investment in WCI, which works with business park owners, governmental centers, and apartment complexes to reduce their facility related operating costs.


F-10



Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our consolidated financial statements, and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.

 

Significant estimates relied upon in preparing these consolidated financial statements include revenue recognition, accounts and notes receivable reserves, expected future cash flows used to evaluate the recoverability of long-lived assets, estimated fair values of long-lived assets used to record impairment charges related to investments, goodwill, amortization periods, accrued expenses, and recoverability of the Company’s net deferred tax assets and any related valuation allowance.

 

Although the Company regularly assesses these estimates, actual results could differ materially from these estimates. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from management’s estimates if past experience or other assumptions do not turn out to be substantially accurate.

 

Recent Accounting Standards

 

From time to time, the FASB or other standards setting bodies issue new accounting pronouncements. Updates to the FASB Accounting Standard Codifications (“ASCs”) are communicated through issuance of an Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”). Unless otherwise discussed, we believe that the impact of recently issued guidance, whether adopted or to be adopted in the future, is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

 

Revenue Recognition – On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (ASU 2014-09). Under the new guidance, an entity will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers at an amount that the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Leasing revenue recognition is specifically excluded and therefore the new standard is only applicable to service fee and consulting revenue. A five-step model has been introduced for an entity to apply when recognizing revenue. The new guidance also includes enhanced disclosure requirements. The guidance was effective January 1, 2018 and was applied on a modified retrospective basis. The adoption did not have an impact on our financial statements.

 

Financial Instruments - On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2016-01, “Financial Instruments – Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” which requires us to prospectively record changes in the fair value of our equity investments, except for those accounted for under the equity method, in net income instead of in accumulated other comprehensive income. As of January 1, 2018, we recognized a decrease of $34,822 in retained deficit for the cumulative effect of the adoption of ASU 2016-01, with an offset to accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI).

 

Lease Accounting – On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases,” or ASC 842, which requires the recognition of the right-of-use, or ROU, assets and related operating and finance lease liabilities on the balance sheet. As permitted by ASC 842, we elected the adoption date of January 1, 2019, which is the date of initial application. As a result, the consolidated balance sheet prior to January 1, 2019 was not restated, continues to be reported under ASC Topic 840, Leases, or ASC 840, which did not require the recognition of operating lease liabilities on the balance sheet, and is not comparative.


F-11



Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Recent Accounting Standards (continued)

 

Under ASC 842, all leases are required to be recorded on the balance sheet and are classified as either operating leases or finance leases. The lease classification affects the expense recognition in the income statement. Operating lease charges are recorded entirely in operating expenses. Finance lease charges are split, where amortization of the right-of-use asset is recorded in operating expenses and an implied interest component is recorded in interest expense. The expense recognition for operating leases and finance leases under ASC 842 is substantially consistent with ASC 840. As a result, there is no significant difference in our results of operations presented in our consolidated income statement and consolidated statement of comprehensive income for each period presented. Under the new guidance, our lessor accounting is unchanged.

 

We adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach for all leases existing at January 1, 2019. The adoption of ASC 842 had a substantial impact on our balance sheet. The most significant impact was the recognition of the operating lease right-of-use assets and the liability for operating leases. The accounting for finance leases (capital leases) was substantially unchanged. Accordingly, upon adoption, leases that were classified as operating leases under ASC 840 were classified as operating leases under ASC 842, and we recorded an adjustment of $538,179 to operating lease right-of-use assets and the related lease liability. The lease liability is based on the present value of the remaining minimum lease payments, determined under ASC 840, discounted using our secured incremental borrowing rate at the effective date of the original lease date, using the original lease term as the tenor. As permitted under ASC 842, we elected several practical expedients that permit us to not reassess (1) whether a contract is or contains a lease, (2) the classification of existing leases, and (3) whether previously capitalized costs continue to qualify as initial indirect costs. The application of the practical expedients did not have a significant impact on the measurement of the operating lease liability.

 

We also adopted the following standards on the applicable effective dates, none of which had a material impact on our financial statements or financial statement disclosures.

 

Standard

 

Effective date

2018-07

Compensation – Stock Compensation: Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting

January 1, 2019

2018-02

Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income: Reclassification of Certain Tax effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

January 1, 2019

2017-08

Receivables - Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs – Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities

January 1, 2018

2016-18

Statement of Cash Flows – Restricted Cash

January 1, 2018

2016-16

Income Taxes – Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory

January 1, 2018

2016-15

Statement of Cash Flows – Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments

January 1, 2018

 

Newly Issued Not Yet Effective Accounting Standards

 

Credit Losses - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments – Issued in June 2016, ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” replaces the current incurred loss impairment method with a method that reflects expected credit losses. We plan to adopt the new standard on its revised effective date of our fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2022, by recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying the new standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of Retained earnings. The adoption of this guidance will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

Intangibles - Goodwill and Others – Issued in January 2017, ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” simplifies how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those periods. The adoption of this guidance will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

Concentrations of cash

 

The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents in bank deposit accounts which at times may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts nor does the Company believe it is exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents.


F-12



Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

The Company considers all short-term debt securities purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company had no short-term debt securities as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable consist of trade accounts arising in the normal course of business and are classified as current assets and carried at original invoice amounts less an estimate for doubtful receivables based on historical losses as a percent of revenue in conjunction with a review of outstanding balances on a quarterly basis. The estimate of allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the Company's bad debt experience, market conditions, and aging of accounts receivable, among other factors. If the financial condition of the Company's customers deteriorates resulting in the customer's inability to pay the Company's receivables as they come due, additional allowances for doubtful accounts will be required. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company has an allowance for doubtful receivables in the amount of $38,984 and $18,907, respectively.

 

Investments in securities, at fair value

 

Investment in securities consists of debt and equity securities reported at fair value. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments - Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” effective January 1, 2018, which requires that any change in fair value is reported in net income. The adoption of the guidance resulted in the recognition of $34,822 of net after-tax unrealized gains on equity investments as a cumulative effect adjustment that decreased our retained deficit as of January 1, 2018, and decreased AOCI by the same amount. The Company elected to report changes in the fair value of equity investment in realized investment gains (losses), net.

 

Long term investments

 

The Company’s investments in entities where it is a minority owner and does not have the ability to exercise significant influence are recorded at fair value if readily determinable. If the fair market value is not readily determinable, the investment is recorded under the cost method. Under this method, the Company’s share of the earnings or losses of such investee company is not included in the Company’s financial statements. The Company reviews the carrying value of its long-term investments for impairment each reporting period.

 

Convertible notes receivable

 

The Company had a convertible note receivable from Electrum Partners, LLC (“Electrum”) under an Addendum to Convertible Note and Purchase Option Agreement (“Addendum”) dated April 28, 2017. Under the Addendum, the Company invested an additional $100,000 in Electrum by the purchase of a second promissory note in the principal face amount of $100,000 (“Note II”) from Electrum, with interest at 10% per annum compounded monthly. Note II required monthly principal and interest payments of $2,290 to the Company beginning June 12, 2017. On May 31, 2018, the Company elected to convert the residual principal and accrued but unpaid interest totaling $86,256 into an additional equity investment in Electrum at $164 per unit for an additional 526 membership interest units. The Company holds 6,198 membership interests in Electrum at December 31, 2019 and 2018.


F-13



Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Convertible notes receivable (continued)

 

The Company has two convertible notes receivable from NeuCourt, Inc. which are recorded at the aggregate principal face amount of $75,000 plus accrued interest of $3,121 and $1,801 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, as presented in Note 7. The notes bear 5% interest. One $25,000 principal face amount note, which matured November 22, 2019, was extended to November 22, 2021. A second $50,000 principal face amount note matures on October 31, 2020. No payments are required prior to maturity, however, at the time the $25,000 note was extended, accrued interest through the extension date of November 7, 2019 was paid to Mentor. Principal and unpaid interest may be converted into a blend of shares of a to-be-created series of Preferred Stock, and Common Stock, of NeuCourt (defined as “Conversion Shares”) (i) on closing of a future financing round of at least $750,000, (ii) on the election of NeuCourt on maturity of the Note, or (iii) an election of Mentor following NeuCourt’s election to prepay the Note. The Conversion Price for the Note is the lower of (i) 75% of the price paid in the Next Equity Financing, or the price obtained by dividing a $3,000,000 valuation cap by the fully diluted number of shares. The number of Conversion Shares issued on conversion shall be the quotient obtained by dividing the outstanding principal and unpaid accrued interest on a Note to be converted on the date of conversion by the Conversion Price (the “Total Number of Shares”), The Total Number of Shares shall consist of Preferred Stock and Common Stock as follows: (i) That number of shares of Preferred Stock obtained by dividing (a) the principal amount of each Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereunder by (b) the price per share paid by other purchasers of Preferred Stock in the Next Equity Financing (such number of shares, the "Number of Preferred Stock") and (ii) that number of shares of Common Stock equal to the Total Number of Shares minus the Number of Preferred Stock.

 

Using the valuation cap of $3,000,000, the Notes would convert into an aggregate of 289,207 and 270,324 Conversion Shares at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In the event of a Corporate Transaction prior to repayment or conversion of the Note, the Company shall receive back two times the outstanding principal of each note, plus all accrued unpaid interest. NeuCourt is a Delaware corporation that is developing a technology that is expected to be useful in the dispute resolution industry.

 

Investment in account receivable, net of discount

 

On April 10, 2015, the Company entered into an Exchange Agreement whereby the Company received an investment in an account receivable with installment payments of $117,000 per year through 2026. The investment is stated at face value, net of unamortized purchase discount. The discount is amortized to interest income over the term of the exchange agreement.

 

Finance leases receivable

 

The Company, through its subsidiaries, is the lessor of manufacturing equipment subject to leases under master leasing agreements. The leases contain an element of dealer profit and lessee bargain purchase options at prices substantially below the subject assets’ estimated residual values at the exercise date for the options. Consequently, the Company classified the leases as sales-type leases (the “finance leases”) for financial accounting purposes. For such finance leases, the Company reports the discounted present value of (i) future minimum lease payments (including the bargain purchase option, if any) and (ii) any residual value not subject to a bargain purchase option as a finance lease receivable on its balance sheet and accrues interest on the balance of the finance lease receivable based on the interest rate inherent in the applicable lease over the term of the lease. For each finance lease, the Company recognized revenue in an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and cost of sales equal to the net book value of the equipment at the inception of the applicable lease.

 

A finance receivable is considered impaired, based on current information and events, if it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to contractual terms. Impaired finance receivables include finance receivables that have been restructured and are troubled debt restructures. As discussed in Note 9, impairment of the finance lease receivable from G Farma was $786,680 at December 31, 2019, based on Management’s estimate of amounts we expect to recover, and is included in bad debt expense in the consolidated income statement for the year ended December 31, 2019. The finance receivables were not impaired as of December 31, 2018. Subsequent to year-end, on January 31, 2020, Mentor obtained possession of equipment leased to G Farma which was not impounded by the Corona Police, see Note 25.


F-14



Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Credit quality of notes receivable and finance leases receivable and credit loss reserve

 

As our notes receivable and finance leases receivable are limited in number, our management is able to analyze estimated credit loss reserves based on a detailed analysis of each receivable as opposed to using portfolio-based metrics. Our management does not use a system of assigning internal risk ratings to each of our receivables. Rather, each note receivable and finance lease receivable are analyzed quarterly and categorized as either performing or non-performing based on certain factors including, but not limited to, financial results, satisfying scheduled payments and compliance with financial covenants. A note receivable or finance lease receivable will be categorized as non-performing when a borrower experiences financial difficulty and has failed to make scheduled payments. As part of the monitoring process we may physically inspect the collateral or a borrower’s facility and meet with a borrower’s management to better understand such borrower’s financial performance and its future plans on an as-needed basis.

 

As described in Note 1, on March 14, 2019, the Company was notified by G Farma that the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location and posted a notice preventing entry to the facility. The Building Department notice stated that G Farma had modified electric and gas lines. On April 24, 2019, the Company learned that certain G Farma assets at their corporate location, including equipment leased to G Farma by Mentor Partner I valued at approximately $427,804, had been impounded by the Corona Police. This event significantly impacted G Farma’s financial position and its ability to make payments under the finance lease receivable. G Farma has not made a lease payment since February 19, 2019 and had refused to return the remaining $792,425 of leased equipment. In addition, equipment valued at $66,374, being stored by a distributor at G Farma’s request, was returned by Partner I to the distributor for $15,000 less $5,000 for storage fees.

 

Credit quality of notes receivable and finance leases receivable and credit loss reserve (continued)

 

On May 28, 2019, the Company and Mentor Partner I, LLC filed a complaint against the G Farma Entities and three guarantors to the G Farma agreements, described in Notes 1, 8, 9, and 11, in the California Superior Court in and for the County of Marin. The Company is primarily seeking monetary damages for breach of the G Farma agreements including promissory notes, leases, and other agreements, as well as actions for an injunction to recover leased property, to recover collateral under a security agreement, and to collect from guarantors on the agreements. Mentor intends to vigorously pursue this matter; however, collection is uncertain at this time, see Note 21. Subsequent to year-end, on January 22, 2020, the Court granted the Company’s motion for a writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting defendants from retaining control of or selling leased equipment. On January 31, 2020, all remaining equipment leased by Mentor Partner I to G Farma, which was not impounded by the Corona Police, was repossessed by the Company and moved to storage under the Company’s control and, on March 5, 2020, a portion of the recovered equipment was sold, See Note 25.

 

Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment is recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed on the declining balance method over the estimated useful lives of various classes of property. The estimated lives of the property and equipment are generally as follows: computer equipment, three to five years; furniture and equipment, seven years; and vehicles and trailers, four to five years. Depreciation on vehicles used by WCI to service its customers is included in cost of goods sold in the condensed consolidated income statements. All other depreciation is included in selling, general and administrative costs in the condensed consolidated income statements.

 

Expenditures for renewals and betterments are capitalized, and maintenance and repairs are charged to expense. Gains and losses from the retirement or disposition of property and equipment are included in operations in the period incurred.


F-15



 

 

Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Lessee Leases

 

We determine whether an arrangement is a lease at inception. Lessee leases are classified as either finance leases or operating leases. A lease is classified as a finance lease if any one of the following criteria are met: the lease transfers ownership of the asset by the end of the lease term, the lease contains an option to purchase the asset that is reasonably certain to be exercised, the lease term is for a major part of the remaining useful life of the asset or the present value of the lease payments equals or exceeds substantially all of the fair value of the asset. A lease is classified as an operating lease if it does not meet any one of these criteria. Our operating leases are comprised of office space leases, and office equipment. Fleet vehicle leases entered into prior to January 1, 2019, under ASC 840 guidelines, are classified as operating leases. Fleet vehicle leases entered into beginning January 1, 2019, under ASC 842 guidelines, are classified as finance leases. Our leases have remaining lease terms of 1 month to 44 months. Our fleet finance leases contain a residual value guarantee which, based on past lease experience, is unlikely to result in a liability at the end of the lease. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments.

 

Costs associated with operating lease assets are recognized on a straight-line basis, over the term of the lease, within cost of goods sold for vehicles used in direct servicing of WCI customers and in operating expenses for costs associated with all other operating leases. Finance lease assets are amortized within cost of goods sold for vehicles used in direct servicing of WCI customers and within operating expenses for all other finance lease assets, on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful lives of the assets or the lease term. The interest component of a finance lease is included in interest expense and recognized using the effective interest method over the lease term. We have agreements that contain both lease and non-lease components. For vehicle fleet operating leases, we account for lease components together with non-lease components (e.g., maintenance fees).

 

Long-lived assets impairment assessment

 

In accordance with the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other,” we regularly review the carrying value of intangible and other long-lived assets for the existence of facts or circumstances, both internally and externally, that suggest impairment. The carrying value and ultimate realization of these assets is dependent upon our estimates of future earnings and benefits that we expect to generate from their use. If our expectations of future results and cash flows are significantly diminished, intangible assets and other long-lived assets may be impaired, and the resulting charge to operations may be material. When we determine that the carrying value of intangibles or other long-lived assets may not be recoverable based upon the existence of one or more indicators of impairment, we use the projected undiscounted cash flow method to determine whether an impairment exists and then measure the impairment using discounted cash flows.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill of $1,324,142 was derived from consolidating WCI effective January 1, 2014, and $102,040 of goodwill related to the 1999 acquisition of a 50% interest in WCI. The Company accounts for its Goodwill in accordance with FASB ASC 350, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other,” which requires the Company to test goodwill for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable, rather than amortize. Goodwill impairment tests consist of a comparison of each reporting unit’s fair value with its carrying value. Impairment exists when the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value for each reporting unit. To estimate the fair value, management used valuation techniques which included the discounted value of estimated future cash flows. The evaluation of impairment requires the Company to make assumptions about future cash flows over the life of the asset being evaluated. These assumptions require significant judgment and are subject to change as future events and circumstances change. Actual results may differ from assumed and estimated amounts. Management determined that no impairment write-downs were required as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.


F-16



Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Revenue recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” and FASB ASC Topic 842, “Leases.” Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to government authorities.

 

Service fees generated by WCI are for monthly services performed to reduce customer’s operating costs. Service fees are invoiced and recognized as revenue in the month services are performed.

 

For each finance lease, the Company recognized as a gain or loss the amount equal to (i) the net investment in the finance lease less (ii) the net book value of the equipment at the inception of the applicable lease. At lease inception we capitalize the total minimum finance lease payments receivable from the lessee, the estimated unguaranteed residual value of the equipment at lease termination, if any, and the initial direct costs related to the lease, less unearned income. Unearned income is recognized as finance income over the term of the lease using the effective interest rate method.

 

Revenue from consulting agreements is recognized at the time the related services are provided as specified in the consulting agreements.

 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per common share

 

We compute net loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share.” Under the provisions of ASC 260, basic net loss per share includes no dilution and is computed by dividing the net loss available to common stockholders for the period by the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share takes into consideration shares of Common Stock outstanding (computed under basic net loss per share) and potentially dilutive securities that are not anti-dilutive.

 

Outstanding warrants that had no effect on the computation of dilutive weighted average number of shares outstanding as their effect would be anti-dilutive were approximately 7,000,000 and 7,000,000 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. There were 87,456 and 4,500 potentially dilutive shares outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Assumed conversion of Series Q Preferred Stock into Common Stock would be anti-dilutive as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 and is not included in calculating the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with accounting guidance now codified as FASB ASC 740, "Income Taxes," which requires that the Company recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates in effect in the years the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred income tax benefit (expense) results from the change in net deferred tax assets or deferred tax liabilities. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely than not that some or all deferred tax assets will not be realized.


F-17



Note 2 - Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Income taxes (continued)

 

The Company applies the provisions of ASC 740, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes." The ASC prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The ASC provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest, and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. The Company utilizes a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions (tax contingencies). The first step evaluates the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates it is more likely than not that we will sustain the position on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes. The second step measures the tax benefit as the largest amount of more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The Company did not identify any material uncertain tax positions on returns that have been filed or that will be filed. The Company did not recognize any interest or penalties for unrecognized tax provisions during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, nor were any interest or penalties accrued as of December 31, 2019 and 2018. To the extent the Company may accrue interest and penalties, it elects to recognize accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax provisions as a component of income tax expense.

 

Advertising and promotion

 

The Company expenses advertising and promotion costs as incurred. Advertising and promotion costs were $14,319 and $54,124 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Fair value measurements

 

The Company adopted ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement”, which defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal, or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The valuation techniques maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

 

The Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure Topic establish a fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the valuation inputs into three broad levels. These three general valuation techniques that may be used to measure fair value are as follows: Market approach (Level 1) – which uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities. Prices may be indicated by pricing guides, sale transactions, market trades, or other sources. Cost approach (Level 2) – which is based on the amount that currently would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (replacement cost); and the Income approach (Level 3) – which uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount based on current market expectations about the future amounts (including present value techniques, and option-pricing models). Net present value is an income approach where a stream of expected cash flows is discounted at an appropriate market interest rate.

 

The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, customer deposits and other accrued liabilities approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

The fair value of available-for-sale investment securities is based on quoted market prices in active markets.

 

The fair value of the investment in account receivable is based on the net present value of calculated interest and principal payments. The carrying value approximates fair value as interest rates charged are comparable to market rates for similar investments.

 

The fair value of notes receivable is based on the net present value of calculated interest and principal payments. The carrying value approximates fair value as interest rates charged are comparable to market rates for similar notes.

 

The fair value of long-term notes payable is based on the net present value of calculated interest and principal payments. The carrying value of long-term debt approximates fair value due to the fact that the interest rate on the debt is based on market rates.


F-18



Note 3 – Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets consist of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Prepaid insurance

$

5,867

$

5,520

Prepaid lease expense

 

-

 

17,925

Other prepaid costs

 

53,198

 

54,189

 

$

59,065

$

77,634

 

Note 4 – Investment in account receivable

 

On April 10, 2015, the Company entered into an exchange agreement whereby the Company received an investment in an account receivable with annual installment payments of $117,000 for 11 years, through 2026, totaling $1,287,000 in exchange for 757,059 shares of Mentor Common Stock obtained through exercise of 757,059 Series D warrants at $1.60 per share plus a $0.10 per warrant redemption price.

 

The Company valued the transaction based on the market value of Company common shares exchanged in the transaction, resulting in a 17.87% discount from the face value of the account receivable. The discount is being amortized monthly to interest over the 11-year term of the agreement. The April 10, 2015 investment in account receivable is supported by an exchange agreement and consisted of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Face value

$

706,000

$

936,000

Unamortized discount

 

(320,488)

 

(400,482)

Net balance

 

385,512

 

535,518

Current portion

 

(4,000)

 

(117,000)

Long term portion

$

381,512

$

418,518

 

For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, $79,994 and $79,156 of discount amortization is included in interest income.

 

Note 5 - Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment is comprised of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Computers

$

37,271

$

37,271

Furniture and fixtures

 

22,075

 

22,075

Machinery and vehicles

 

93,817

 

136,225

 

 

153,163

 

195,571

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(121,542)

 

(152,602)

 

 

 

 

 

Net Property and equipment

$

31,621

$

42,969

 

Depreciation and amortization expense was $23,113 and $20,762 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Of these amounts, depreciation on WCI vehicles used to service customer accounts is included in cost of goods sold and was $11,333 and $12,493 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. All other depreciation is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated income statements.


F-19



Note 6 – Lessee Leases

 

Our operating leases are comprised of office space and office equipment leases. Fleet and vehicle leases entered into prior to January 1, 2019, under ASC 840 guidelines, are classified as operating leases. Fleet leases entered into beginning January 1, 2019, under ASC 842 guidelines, are classified as finance leases.

 

Gross right of use assets recorded under finance leases related to WCI vehicle fleet leases were $206,332 and $0 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Accumulated amortization associated with finance leases was $36,640 and $0 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Lease costs recognized in our consolidated income statements is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

2019

Operating lease cost included in cost of goods

$

205,015

Operating lease cost included in operating costs

 

56,881

Total operating lease cost

 

261,896

Finance lease cost, included in cost of goods:

 

 

Amortization of lease assets

 

36,640

Interest on lease liabilities

 

9,640

Total finance lease cost

 

46,280

Short-term lease cost

 

34,280

Total lease cost

$

342,456

 

Right of use asset amortization under operating agreements was $214,030 for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Other information about lease amounts recognized in our consolidated financial statements is summarized as follows:

 

 

December 31, 2019

Weighted-average remaining lease term – operating leases

1.73 years

Weighted-average remaining lease term – finance leases

3.25 years

Weighted-average discount rate – operating leases

10.2%

Weighted-average discount rate – finance leases

9.0%

 

As of December 31, 2019, our lease liabilities were as follows:

 

 

 

Finance Leases

 

Operating Leases

 

Total

Gross lease liabilities

$

208,641

$

356,958

$

565,599

Less: imputed interest

 

(54,548)

 

(31,622)

 

(86,170)

Present value of lease liabilities

 

154,093

 

325,336

 

479,429

Less: current portion

 

(41,675)

 

(184,436)

 

(226,111)

Long-term lease liabilities

$

112,418

$

140,900

$

253,318


F-20



Note 7 – Convertible notes receivable

 

Convertible notes receivable consists of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

November 22, 2017, NeuCourt, Inc. convertible note receivable including accrued interest of $191 and $1,384 at December 31, 2019 and 2018. The note bears interest at 5% per annum, originally matured November 22, 2019, and was extended to mature November 22, 2021. Principal and accrued interest are due at maturity. Upon extension, the Company received $2,496 of accrued interest. Principal and unpaid interest may be converted into a blend of shares of a to-be-created series of Preferred Stock and Common Stock of NeuCourt (i) on closing of a future financing round of at least $750,000, (ii) on the election of NeuCourt on maturity of the Note, or (iii) on election of Mentor following NeuCourt’s election to prepay the Note. *

$

25,191

$

26,384

 

 

 

 

 

October 31, 2018, NeuCourt, Inc. convertible note receivable including accrued interest of $2,930 and $417 at December 31, 2019 and 2018. The note bears interest at 5% per annum and matures October 31, 2020. Principal and accrued interest are due at maturity. Principal and unpaid interest may be converted into a blend of shares of a to-be-created series of Preferred Stock and Common Stock of NeuCourt (i) on closing of a future financing round of at least $750,000, (ii) on the election of NeuCourt on maturity of the Note, or (iii) on election of Mentor following NeuCourt’s election to prepay the Note. *

 

52,930

 

50,417

 

 

 

 

 

Total convertible notes receivable

 

78,121

 

76,801

 

 

 

 

 

Less current portion

 

(52,930)

 

(26,384)

 

 

 

 

 

Long term portion

$

25,191

$

50,417

 

*The Conversion Price for each Note is the lower of (i) 75% of the price paid in the Next Equity Financing, or the price obtained by dividing a $3,000,000 valuation cap by the fully diluted number of shares. The number of Conversion Shares issued on conversion shall be the quotient obtained by dividing the outstanding principal and unpaid accrued interest on a Note to be converted on the date of conversion by the Conversion Price (the “Total Number of Shares”), The Total Number of Shares shall consist of Preferred Stock and Common Stock as follows: (i) That number of shares of Preferred Stock obtained by dividing (a) the principal amount of each Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereunder by (b) the price per share paid by other purchasers of Preferred Stock in the Next Equity Financing (such number of shares, the "Number of Preferred Stock") and (ii) that number of shares of Common Stock equal to the Total Number of Shares minus the Number of Preferred Stock. Using the valuation cap of $3,000,000, the November 22, 2017 Note would convert into 93,259 Conversion Shares and the October 31, 2018 Note would convert into 195,948 Conversion Shares. In the event of a Corporate Transaction prior to repayment or conversion of the Note, the Company shall receive back two times the outstanding principal on the Note, plus all accrued unpaid interest. 

 

Note 8 - Note purchase agreement and consulting agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited

 

On March 17, 2017, the Company entered into a Notes Purchase Agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited (“G Farma”), a Nevada corporation. Under the Agreement the Company purchased two secured promissory notes from G Farma in an aggregate principal amount of $500,000, both of which bore interest at 7.42% per annum, with monthly payments beginning on April 15, 2017, and maturity on April 15, 2022. The two G Farma notes, as amended by subsequent addenda, are secured by all property, real and personal, tangible or intangible of G Farma and are guaranteed by GF Brands, Inc. and two majority shareholders of G Farma. Effective as of March 4, 2019, the Company and G Farma had executed eight addenda subsequent to the original agreement.

 

The latest addendum, Addendum VIII, was effective as of March 4, 2019. Addendum II through Addendum VIII, increased the aggregate principal face amount of the working capital note to $990,000 and increased the monthly payments on the working capital note to $10,239 per month beginning March 15, 2019. The maturity date remained the same resulting in a total balloon payment on the working capital note of approximately $800,008 at maturity. G Farma has not made scheduled payments on the notes receivable since February 19, 2019.


F-21



Note 8 - Note purchase agreement and consulting agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited (continued)

 

On September 6, 2018, as a result of an Equity Purchase and Issuance Agreement, certain entities were obligated to deliver to Mentor equity interests equal to 3.75% of G Farma and its affiliates’ (“G Farma Equity Entities”) in exchange for Mentor relinquishing its contingent equity rights under the Rights Agreement, increasing the working capital loan by $79,000, and leasing $171,000 of additional equipment to G Farma through Partner I. At December 31, 2018, Mentor had estimated the fair value of the 3.75% equity interest in the G Farma Equity Entities Mentor was supposed to receive, based on then licensed operations of the G Farma Equity Entities, at $41,600. On March 4, 2019, Addendum VIII increased the working capital note by $31,000 and the Company obtained from G Farma an obligation to issue an additional 0.093% interest in the G Farma Equity Enities, resulting in a total 3.843% equity interest in the G Farma Equity Entities and included the addition of Goya Ventures, LLC as a party to the Equity Purchase and Issuance Agreement. However, due to the uncertain financial position of the G Farma Entities, following the closure of its Corporate office and impoundment of certain Mentor assets leased to G Farma, described in Notes 1 and 10, the Company fully impaired its equity interests in G Farma Equity Entities and recorded a loss on investments of $41,600 in the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

 

In addition, on March 17, 2017, the Company entered into a Consulting Agreement with G Farma whereby the Company was to receive a monthly consulting fee in arrears of $1,400 per month. This monthly consulting fee was increased proportionately with Addendum II and Addenda IV through VII resulting in a required fee of $2,741 per month as of December 31, 2018. Addendum VIII increased the required consulting fee to $2,828, effective March 15, 2019; however consulting fees have not been remitted by G Farma since February 19, 2019 and recognition of consulting fee revenue was suspended, effective April 1, 2019. Consulting fee revenue was $8,310 and $30,343 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

G Farma has not made scheduled payments on the finance lease receivable or the notes receivable since February 19, 2019, and the Company feels that it is unlikely it can recover the full amounts due. Because G Farma did not fulfill their obligations under the Master Equipment Lease and failed to operate in compliance with local and state cannabis laws, approximately $427,804 worth of Partner I equipment under lease to G Farma was impounded by the Corona Police on or around February 22, 2019. The Company learned of the equipment impoundment on April 24, 2019. Additionally, G Farma continued to hold approximately $792,425 worth of Mentor Partner I, LLC’s leased equipment in breach of the Master Equipment Lease which required the immediate return of Mentor Partner I, LLC’s equipment in the event of default. See also Notes, 9, 11, and 21 to the condensed consolidated financial statements. Subsequent to year-end, on January 22, 2020, the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin granted Mentor Capital, Inc.’s and Mentor Partner I, LLC’s motion for writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting the G Farma Entities defendants from retaining control of or selling leased property and allowed the Company to repossess its leased equipment under G Farma’s control. See note 25.

 

All arrangements with G Farma, have been placed on non-accrual basis effective April 1, 2019. Accrual of interest on notes receivable and finance leases, as well as consulting revenue, was suspended April 1, 2019.

 

As described in Note 1, on February 22, 2019, the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location and posted a notice preventing entry to the facility; the Company was not informed by G Farma of this incident until March 14, 2019. The notice cited unpermitted modifications to electrical, mechanical and plumbing, including all undetermined building modifications, as the reason for closure. On April 24, 2019, the Company was notified that certain G Farma assets at the corporate location, including equipment valued at approximately $427,804 leased to G Farma from Partner I, were impounded by the Corona Police. This event has significantly impacted G Farma’s financial position and its ability to make future payments under the finance leases receivable and notes receivable due the Company.


F-22



Note 8 - Note purchase agreement and consulting agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited (continued)

 

Company management is uncertain that G Farma will be able to perform under its obligations to the Company. Based on our analysis of current conditions, our investments in G Farma notes receivable were fully impaired in the first quarter of 2019. The Company recorded an impairment of loss on notes receivable of $1,045,051, for the year ended December 31, 2019, which is included in loss on investments in the condensed consolidated statement of income. On May 28, 2019, Mentor Capital, Inc. filed a complaint in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin for, among other things, breach of contract against G Farma, its affiliates, and the guarantors of the various G Farma agreements, see Note 21.

 

Notes receivable from G Farma consists of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Real estate note

$

111,009

$

111,843

Working capital note

 

934,042

 

909,507

Impairment recorded

 

(1,045,051)

 

-

Note receivable discount

 

-

 

(7,591)

Accrued interest

 

-

 

3,067

 

 

-

 

1,016,826

Less current portion

 

-

 

(45,173)

Long term portion of notes receivable

$

-

$

971,653

 

Note 9 – Finance leases receivable

 

Mentor Partner I

 

Partner I entered into a Master Equipment Lease Agreement with G FarmaLabs Limited and G FarmaLabs DHS, LLC (the “G Farma Lease Entities”) with guarantees by GFBrands, Inc., formerly known as G FarmaBrands, Inc, Ata Gonzalez and Nicole Gonzalez (collectively, the “G Farma Lease Guarantors”) dated January 16, 2018, and amended March 7, April 4, June 20, and September 7, 2018, and March 4, 2019. Partner I acquired and delivered manufacturing equipment as selected by G Farma Lease Entities under sales-type finance leases. Partner I recorded equipment sales revenue of $0 and $1,157,166 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

As discussed in Notes 1 and 8, on February 22, 2019, the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location; the Company was not informed by G Farma of this incident until March 14, 2019. On April 24, 2019, the Company was informed that certain G Farma assets at its corporate location, including equipment valued at approximately $427,804 leased to the G Farma Lease Entities under the Master Equipment Lease Agreement, was impounded by the Corona Police. This event severely impacted G Farma’s ability to pay amounts due the Company in the future and the G Farma lease receivable was put on non-accrual status effective April 1, 2019 and is classified as non-performing on the consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2019. Bad debt expense of $765,001, for the year ended December 31, 2019, is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated income statement. Additional lease costs of $21,680 to be invoiced in April 2019, did not meet our revenue recognition requirements and the increase in the lease receivable was offset directly to the reserve for bad debt, increasing the reserve for bad debt from $765,001 to $786,681 at December 31, 2019. There was no reserve for bad debt on finance leases receivable at December 31, 2018. At G Farma’s direction, equipment valued at $66,374 was held by the distributor and, in October 2019, was returned by Partner I to the distributor for $15,000 less $5,000 for storage fees.

 

On May 28, 2019, Partner I and Mentor Capital, Inc. filed a complaint in the Superior Court of California in the County of Marin for, among other things, breach of contract against the G Farma Lease Entities and the G Farma Lease Guarantors. As of December 31, 2019, the G Farma Lease Entities had unauthorized possession of Mentor Partner I, LLC’s equipment valued at approximate $792,425 which was not seized by the Corona Police Department and are in default of their obligations under the Master Equipment Lease. The anticipated recovery value of the finance lease receivable represents managements’ estimate of sales proceeds, less estimated costs to sell, from auction or sale of the recovered equipment.

 

Subsequent to year-end, on January 22, 2020, the Court granted the Company’s motion for writ of possession and preliminary injunction prohibiting defendants from retaining control of or selling leased property and, on January 31, 2020, all remaining equipment leased to G Farma by Mentor Partner I which was not impounded by the Corona Police was repossessed by the Company and moved to storage under the Company’s control, see Note 25. Subsequent to year end, on March 5, 2020, the Company sold a portion of the recovered equipment, with an original cost of $495,967, for $240,000, see Note 25. Sale of remaining equipment is planned for second quarter of 2020. The Company will try to recover as much of its cost in the equipment as possible given that it has never been used.


F-23



Note 9 – Finance leases receivable (continued)

 

Mentor Partner II

 

Partner II entered into a Master Equipment Lease Agreement with Pueblo West, dated February 11, 2018, amended November 28, 2018 and March 12, 2019. Partner II acquired and delivered manufacturing equipment as selected by Pueblo West under sales-type finance leases. Partner II recorded equipment sales revenue of $74,889 and $460,225 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. At December 31, 2019, all Partner II leased equipment under finance leases receivable is located in Colorado.

 

We review the finance leases receivable by individual account to determine expected collectability. The allowance for credit losses is an estimate of the losses inherent in our finance receivables taking into consideration past loss experience, known and inherent risks in the portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of underlying collateral and current economic conditions.

 

The Company issues a payment schedule upon inception of the lease. Revenue is recognized at the time equipment is delivered. Principal on lease payments received prior to delivery of equipment is recorded as a decrease in the finance lease receivable and interest received in advance is recorded as a liability under deferred revenue.

 

Net investment in finance leases

 

The net investment included in finance leases at December 31, 2019 are as follows:

 

 

 

Partner I

Non-performing

 

Partner II

Performing

 

 

Total

Gross minimum lease payments receivable

$

1,455,685

$

587,854

$

2,043,539

Accrued interest

 

-

 

2,463

 

2,463

Less: unearned interest

 

(400,005)

 

(145,445)

 

(545,450)

Less: reserve for bad debt

 

(786,680)

 

-

 

(786,680)

Finance leases receivable

 

269,000

 

444,872

 

713,872

Less current portion

 

(269,000)

 

(62,145)

 

(331,145)

Long term portion

$

-

$

382,727

$

382,727

 

The net investment included in finance leases at December 31, 2018, all of which were classified as performing, are as follows:

 

 

 

Partner I

 

Partner II

 

Total

Gross minimum lease payments receivable

$

1,516,985

$

581,000

$

2,097,985

Accrued interest

 

5,312

 

2,752

 

8,064

Less: unearned interest

 

(410,837)

 

(157,931)

 

(568,768)

Finance leases receivable

 

1,111,460

 

425,821

 

1,537,281

Less current portion

 

(127,644)

 

(48,083)

 

(175,727)

Long term portion

$

983,816

$

377,738

$

1,361,554

 

Interest income recognized from Partner I finance leases for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, was $23,811 and $43,247, respectively.

 

Interest income recognized from Partner II finance leases for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $51,603 and $10,506, respectively.


F-24



Note 9 – Finance leases receivable (continued)

 

At December 31, 2019, minimum future payments receivable under all finance leases receivable were as follows:

 

12 months ending

December 31,

 

Non-performing (Partner I)

 

Performing (Partner II)

 

Total

2020

$

269,000

$

62,145

$

331,145

2021

 

-

 

69,053

 

69,053

2022

 

-

 

76,727

 

76,727

2023

 

-

 

85,255

 

85,255

2024

 

-

 

94,731

 

94,731

Thereafter

 

-

 

56,961

 

56,961

 

$

269,000

$

444,872

$

713,872

 

Note 10 – Deposits on manufacturing equipment purchases

 

At December 31, 2019 and 2018, Partner I had deposits with manufacturing equipment suppliers in the amount of $0 and $43,907 respectively, for equipment to be leased by the G Farma entities in California once the equipment was delivered.

 

Note 11 - Contractual interests in legal recoveries

 

Interest in G FarmaLabs Limited legal recovery 

 

On March 22, 2017, G Farma purchased 222,223 restricted shares of the Company’s Common Stock in a private placement at a price of $2.25 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $500,002. Pursuant to Addendum II entered into on April 28, 2017, G Farma purchased an additional 66,667 shares of the Company’s Common Stock at $1.50 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $100,000. The combined total purchase of $600,002 was to be paid as follows: (i) Assignment to the Company of an interest, equal to the amount of the purchase price, in any and all civil forfeiture or similar recoveries received by, or due to, G Farma including a $10 million claim filed March 29, 2017, against the County of Calaveras, or (ii) at any time before payment of the full purchase price from recovery, the Company may elect to have G Farma pay all or some of the purchase price on the date of the maturity of the promissory notes, described above under the Notes Purchase Agreement, or (iii) the Company may elect to have G Farma pay all or some of the purchase price by issuance to the Company of G Farma securities in aggregate amount equal to the purchase price as are offered to any other person (other than stock options offered to employees).

 

G Farma’s civil forfeiture case in the Federal District Court for the Eastern District of California, a portion of which was one of the three ways in which the purchase price could be paid for the purchase of shares of Mentor Common Stock, was dismissed on April 12, 2018 and has no value. In the quarter ended March 31, 2019, the $600,002 contractual interest in G Farma’s legal recovery intended as consideration for payment of the shares of Company’s Common Stock was fully impaired due to the events discussed in Notes 1, 8, and 9, where the City of Corona Building Department closed access to G Farma’s corporate location and the Corona Police impounded certain G Farma assets. These events significantly impacted G Farma’s financial position and its ability to make payments under the notes receivable which negatively impacts option (ii) for the payment of the purchase price for the shares of Company’s Common Stock. Currently G Farma does not have an agreement to offer G Farma securities to other persons under purchase price payment option (iii), and any such securities would, at this point, likely have no value. G Farma defaulted on payment of the promissory notes leaving the Company with no means of collecting on the final alternative source of payment for the shares of common stock. On October 3, 2019, the Company rescinded the sale of an aggregate of 288,890 shares of its Common Stock to G Farma, issued at an aggregate purchase price of $600,002, due to a complete failure of consideration. Subsequent to year-end, on March 6, 2020, the 288,890 shares of Common Stock were cancelled out and returned to unissued shares by the Company’s stock transfer agent, see Note 25 to the consolidated financial statements. The Company recognized the rescission of the Common Stock at par value on December 31, 2019.


F-25



Note 11 - Contractual interests in legal recoveries (continued)

 

Interest in Electrum Partners, LLC legal recovery

 

Electrum is the plaintiff in that certain legal action captioned Electrum Partners, LLC, Plaintiff, and Aurora Cannabis Inc., Defendant, pending in the Supreme Court of British Columbia (“Litigation”). On October 23, 2018, Mentor entered into a Joint Prosecution Agreement among Mentor, Mentor’s corporate legal counsel, Electrum, and Electrum’s legal counsel.

 

On October 30, 2018, Mentor entered into a Recovery Purchase Agreement (“Recovery Agreement”) with Electrum under which Mentor purchased a portion of Electrum’s potential recovery in the Litigation. Mentor agreed to pay $100,000 of costs incurred in the Litigation, in consideration for ten percent (10%) of anything of value received by Electrum as a result of the Litigation (“Recovery”) in addition to repayment of its initial investment. As of December 31, 2019, Mentor invested an additional $46,195 of capital in Electrum for payment of legal fees in consideration for an additional four percent (4%) of the Recovery. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Recovery Agreement investment is reported in the consolidated balance sheets at our cost of $146,195 and $100,000, respectively, and the remaining commitment to pay legal costs of $0 and $84,059, respectively, is included in accrued liabilities. This investment is subject to loss should Electrum not prevail in the Litigation. However Company management estimates that recovery is more likely than not, and no impairment has been recorded at December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

On October 31, 2018, Mentor also entered into a secured Capital Agreement with Electrum under which Mentor invested an additional $100,000 of capital in Electrum. In consideration for Mentor’s investment, Electrum shall pay to Mentor, on the payment date, the sum of (i) $100,000, (ii) ten percent of the Recovery, and (iii) 0.083334% of the Recovery for each full month from October 31, 2018 to the payment date for each full month that $833 is not paid to Mentor. The payment date under the October 31, 2018 Capital Agreement is the earlier of November 1, 2021, or the final resolution of the Litigation. Payment is secured by all assets of Electrum. This investment is included at cost of $100,000 in Contractual interests in legal recoveries on the consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

On January 28, 2019, Mentor entered into a second secured Capital Agreement with Electrum. Under the second Capital Agreement, Mentor invested an additional $100,000 of capital in Electrum. In consideration for Mentor’s investment, Electrum shall pay to Mentor on the payment date the sum of (i) $100,000, (ii) ten percent (10%) of the Recovery, and (iii) the greater of (A) 0.083334% of the Recovery for each full month from the date hereof until the payment date if the Recovery occurs prior to the payment date, and (B) $833.34 for each full month from the date hereof until the payment date. The payment date is the earlier of November 1, 2021, and the final resolution of the Litigation. This investment is included at its $100,000 cost as part of the Contractual interests in legal recoveries on the condensed consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2019. In addition, the second Capital Agreement provides that Mentor may, at any time up to and including 90 days following the payment date, elect to convert its 6,198 membership interests in Electrum into a cash payment of $194,028 plus an additional 19.4% of the Recovery.

 

Note 12 – Concentration of credit risk

 

The Company had a significant portion of its assets invested in G Farma entities, which assets have now been impaired. These investments included the notes receivable and the intended 3.843% equity in G Farma Equity Entities described in Note 8, and the finance leases receivable described in Note 9. At December 31, 2019, after the bad debt reserve described in Note 9 and the asset impairments described in Notes 8, 9, and 11, these assets represent 5% of the consolidated total assets of the Company. At December 31, 2018, these assets represented 27% of the consolidated total assets of the Company.

 

The Company closely monitors each investment based on known and inherent risks in our investments which include financial results, satisfying scheduled payments and compliance with financial covenants, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of underlying collateral and current economic conditions.

 

The events described in Notes 1, 8, 9, and 11, led the Company to record a bad debt reserve against finance leases receivable of $786,680 at December 31, 2019. There was no bad debt reserve against finance leases receivable at December 31, 2018. Bad debt expense related to the finance leases receivable of $765,001 and $0, respectively, is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated income statements for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The receivable and bad debt reserve at December 31, 2019 includes an additional $21,679 which is unlikely of collections and therefore was not recognized as revenue or as bad debt expense.


F-26



Note 12 – Concentration of credit risk (continued)

 

These same events, led the Company to fully impair G Farma notes receivable of $1,045,051, fully impair the $600,002 contractual interest in G Farma’s legal recovery, and fully impair the Company’s 3.843% equity interest in G Farma Equity Entities, formerly valued at $41,600 as of December 31, 2019. On October 3, 2019, the Company rescinded the sale of an aggregate of 288,890 shares of its Common Stock to G Farma, due to complete failure of consideration, see Note 11. Impairments related to the G Farma investments of $1,688,825 and $0 are included in Gain (loss) in investments in the consolidated income statements for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Note 13 – Investments and fair value

 

We account for our financial assets in accordance with ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement.” This standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The fair value measurement disclosures are grouped into three levels based on valuation factors: Level 1 represents assets valued at quoted prices in active markets using identical assets; Level 2 represents assets valued using significant other observable inputs, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other observable inputs; and, Level 3 represents assets valued using significant unobservable inputs.

 

The hierarchy of Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 Assets are listed as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurement Using

 

 

Unadjusted Quoted Market Prices

 

Quoted Prices for Identical or Similar Assets in Active Markets

 

Significant Unobservable Inputs

 

Significant Unobservable Inputs

 

Significant Unobservable Inputs

 

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

 

(Level 3)

 

(Level 3)

 

 

Investment in Securities

 

 

 

Contractual interest Legal Recovery

 

Investment in Common Stock Warrants

 

Other Equity Investments

Balance at December 31, 2017

$

188,635

$

-

$

600,002

$

-

$

163,714

Total gains or losses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Included in earnings (or changes in net assets)

 

(62,322)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

86,306

Purchases, issuances, sales, and settlements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases

 

236,272

 

-

 

200,000

 

5,669

 

96,256

Issuances

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

8,351

Sales

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(108,999)

Settlements

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

362,585

 

-

 

800,002

 

5,669

 

245,628

Total gains or losses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Included in earnings (or changes in net assets)

 

(76,395)

 

-

 

(600,002)

 

-

 

(41,600)

Purchases, issuances, sales, and settlements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases

 

-

 

-

 

146,195

 

-

 

-

Issuances

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Sales

 

(286,190)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Settlements

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Balance at December 31, 2019

$

-

$

-

$

346,195

$

5,669

$

204,028


F-27



Note 14 – Common Stock warrants

 

The Company’s Plan of Reorganization, which was approved by the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of California on January 11, 2000, provided for the creditors and claimants to receive new warrants in settlement of their claims. The warrants expire May 11, 2038.

 

All Series A, B, C and D warrants have been called, and all Series A and C warrants have been exercised. All Series B warrants had been exercised at December 31, 2017 however, on January 23, 2018, 117,000 shares of Mentor’s Common Stock purchased in 2014 through warrant exercises by two Bhang shareholders under an agreement that was ultimately rescinded, were returned to the Company and the associated exercise of warrants was reversed with 87,456 Series B warrants and 29,544 Series D warrants reinstated. The Company intends to allow warrant holders or Company designees, in place of original holders, additional time as needed to exercise the remaining Series B and D warrants. The Company may lower the exercise price of all or part of a warrant series at any time. Similarly, the Company could reverse split the stock to raise the stock price above the warrant exercise price. The warrants are specifically not affected and do not split with the shares in the event of a reverse split. If the called warrants are not exercised, the Company has the right to designate the warrants to a new holder in return for a $0.10 per share redemption fee payable to the original warrant holders as discussed further in Note 15. All such changes in the exercise price of warrants were provided for by the court in the Plan of Reorganization to provide a mechanism for all debtors to receive value even if they could not or did not exercise their warrant. Therefore, Management believes that the act of lowering the exercise price is not a change from the original warrant grants and the Company did not record an accounting impact as the result of such change in exercise prices.

 

All Series A and Series C warrants were exercised by December 31, 2014. Exercise prices in effect at January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2019 for Series B warrants were $0.11 and Series D warrants were $1.60.

 

In 2009, the Company entered into an Investment Banking agreement with Network 1 Financial Securities, Inc. and a related Strategic Advisory Agreement with Lenox Hill Partners, LLC with regard to a potential merger with a cancer development company. In conjunction with those related agreements, the Company issued 689,159 Series H ($7) Warrants, with a 30-year life. The warrants are subject to cashless exercise based upon the ten-day trailing closing bid price preceding the exercise as interpreted by the Company.

 

As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the weighted average contractual life for all Mentor warrants was 18.5 years and 19.5 years, respectively, and the weighted average outstanding warrant exercise price was $2.11 and $2.11 per share, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, a total of 0 and 442,597 warrants were exercised, respectively. There were no warrants issued during the periods ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. In January 2018, the 2014 exercise of 87,456 Series B warrants and 29,544 Series D warrants were reversed and reinstated. The intrinsic value of outstanding warrants at December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $875 and $20,115, respectively.

 

The following table summarizes Series B and Series D common stock warrants as of each period:

 

 

 

Series B

 

Series D

 

B and D Total

Outstanding at December 31, 2017

 

-

 

6,666,007

 

6,666,007

Reinstated

 

87,456

 

29,544

 

117,000

Issued

 

-

 

-

 

-

Exercised

 

-

 

(442,597)

 

(442,597)

Outstanding at December 31, 2018

 

87,456

 

6,252,954

 

6,340,410

Issued

 

-

 

-

 

-

Exercised

 

-

 

-

 

-

Outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

87,456

 

6,252,954

 

6,340,410


F-28



Note 14 - Common stock warrants (continued)

 

Series E, F, G and H warrants were issued for investment banking and advisory services during 2009. Series E, F and G warrants were exercised in 2014. The following table summarizes Series H ($7) warrants as of each period:

 

 

 

Series H $7.00 exercise price

Outstanding at December 31, 2017

 

689,159

Issued

 

-

Exercised

 

-

Outstanding at December 31, 2018

 

689,159

Issued

 

-

Exercised

 

-

Outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

689,159

 

On February 9, 2015, in accordance with Section 1145 of the United States Bankruptcy Code and the Company’s Plan of Reorganization, the Company announced a minimum 30-day partial redemption of up to 1% (approximately 90,000) of the already outstanding Series D warrants to provide for the court specified redemption mechanism for warrants not exercised timely by the original holder or their estates. Company designees that applied during the 30 days paid 10 cents per warrant to redeem the warrant and then exercised the Series D warrant to purchase a share at the court specified formula of not more than one-half of the closing bid price on the day preceding the 30-day exercise period. In the Company’s October 7, 2016 press release, Mentor stated that the 1% redemptions which were formerly priced on a calendar month schedule would subsequently be initiated and be priced on a random date schedule after the prior 1% redemption is completed to prevent potential third-party manipulation of share prices at month-end. The periodic partial redemptions could continue to be periodically recalculated and repeated until such unexercised warrants are exhausted, or the partial redemption is otherwise paused, suspended or truncated by the Company. For the year ended December 31, 2019, no warrants were redeemed. In 2018, the Company allowed for a partial redemption of 63,161 Series D warrants at an exercise price per warrant of $0.35 plus a $0.10 warrant redemption fee per warrant and an additional 379,436 Series D Warrants were exercised at their full exercise price of $1.60 plus the $0.10 warrant redemption fee per warrant. The regular warrant exercises and 1% partial redemption authorization, which were recalculated and repeated according to the court formula, resulted in a combined average exercise price of $1.42 per share for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Note 15 – Warrant redemption liability

 

The Plan of Reorganization provides the right for the Company to call, and the Company or its designee to redeem warrants that are not exercised timely, as specified in the Plan, by transferring a $0.10 redemption fee to the former holders. Certain individuals desiring to become a Company designee to redeem warrants have deposited redemption fees with the Company that, when warrants are redeemed, will be forwarded to the former warrant holders through DTCC or at their last known address 30 days after the last warrant of a class is exercised, or earlier at the discretion of the Company. The Company has arranged for a service to process the redemption fees in offset to an equal amount of liability.

 

In prior years the Series A, Series B and Series C redemption fees have been distributed through DTCC into holder’s brokerage accounts or directly to the holders. All Series A and Series C warrants have been exercised and are no longer outstanding. There are 87,456 Series B warrants outstanding which are held by Chet Billingsley, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”).

 

Once the Series D warrants have been fully redeemed and exercised the fees for the Series D warrant series will likewise be distributed. Mr. Billingsley has agreed to assume liability for paying these redemption fees and therefore warrant redemption fees received are retained by the Company for operating costs. Should Mr. Billingsley be incapacitated or otherwise become unable to pay the warrant redemption fees, the Company will remit the warrant redemption fees to former holders from amounts due to Mr. Billingsley from the Company, which are sufficient to cover the redemption fees at December 31, 2019 and 2018.


F-29



Note 16 – Stockholders’ equity

 

Common Stock

 

The Company was incorporated in California in 1994 and was redomiciled as a Delaware corporation, effective September 24, 2015. There are 75,000,000 authorized shares of Common Stock at $0.0001 par value. The holders of Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of the stockholders.

 

On August 8, 2014, the Company announced that it was initiating the repurchase of 300,000 shares of its Common Stock (approximately 2% of the Company’s common shares outstanding at that time). As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, 44,748 and 44,748 shares have been repurchased and retired, respectively.

 

Preferred Stock

 

Mentor has 5,000,000, $0.0001 par value, preferred shares authorized.

 

On July 13, 2017, the Company filed a Certificate of Designation of Rights, Preferences, Privileges and Restrictions of Series Q Preferred Stock (“Certificate of Designation”) with the Delaware Secretary of State to designate 200,000 preferred shares as Series Q Preferred Stock, such series having a par value of $0.0001 per share. Series Q Preferred Stock is convertible into Common Stock, at the option of the holder, at any time after the date of issuance of such share and prior to notice of redemption of such share of Series Q Preferred Stock by the Company, into such number of fully paid and nonassessable shares of Common Stock as determined by dividing the Series Q Conversion Value by the Conversion Price at the time in effect for such share.

 

The per share “Series Q Conversion Value”, as defined in the Certificate of Designation, shall be calculated by the Company at least once each calendar quarter as follows: The per share Series Q Conversion Value shall be equal the quotient of the “Core Q Holdings Asset Value” divided by the number of issued and outstanding shares of Series Q Preferred Stock. The “Core Q Holdings Asset Value” shall equal the value, as calculated and published by the Company, of all assets that constitute Core Q Holdings which shall include such considerations as the Company designates and need not accord with any established or commonly employed valuation method or considerations. “Core Q Holdings” consists of all proceeds received by the Company on the sale of shares of Series Q Preferred Stock and all securities, acquisitions, and business acquired from such proceeds by the Company. The Company shall periodically, but at least once each calendar quarter, identify, update, account for and value, the assets that comprise the Core Q Holdings.

 

The “Conversion Price” of the Series Q Preferred Stock shall be at the product of 105% and the closing price of the Company’s Common Stock on a date designated and published by the Company. The Series Q Preferred Stock is intended to allow for a pure play investment in cannabis companies that have the potential to go public. The Series Q Preferred Stock will be available only to accredited, institutional or qualified investors.

 

The Company sold and issued 11 shares of Series Q Preferred Stock on May 30, 2018, at a price of $10,000 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $110,000 (“Series Q Purchase Price”). The Company invested the Series Q Purchase Price as capital in Partner II to purchase equipment to be leased to Pueblo West. Therefore, the Core Q Holdings at December 31, 2019 and 2018 include this interest. The Core Q Holdings Asset Value at December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $14,621 and $12,844 per share, respectively. There is no contingent liability for the Series Q Preferred Stock conversion at December 31, 2019 and 2018. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Series Q Preferred Stock could have been converted at the Conversion Price of $0.13 and $0.36, respectively, into an aggregate of 1,237,166 and 392,447 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, respectively. Because there were net losses for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, these shares were anti-dilutive and therefore are not included in the weighted average share calculation for these periods.


F-30



Note 17 – Lease commitments

 

We have entered into non-cancellable operating and finance leases for office and warehouse space, computers, furniture, fixtures, machinery and vehicles, see Note 6. The following summarizes our lease liability maturities for operating and finance leases:

 

Maturity of lease liabilities

 

 

 

 

December 31,

 

Finance leases

 

Operating leases

2020

$

41,675

$

184,436

2021

 

45,584

 

124,750

2022

 

49,861

 

16,150

2023

 

16,973

 

-

Total

 

154,093

 

325,336

Less: Current maturities

 

41,675

 

184,436

Long-term liability

$

112,418

$

140,900

 

Note 18 – Long term debt and revolving line of credit

 

Long term debt

 

Long term debt at December 31, 2019 and 2018 consists of the following:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Commercial credit agreement with Bond Street Servicing, LLC at 11.6% interest per annum, semi-monthly payments of $1,648, maturing October 16, 2019. Net of $1,059 loan service fees at December 31, 2018.

$

-

$

30,131

 

 

 

 

 

Loan through American Express National Bank, AENB, interest at 8.99% per annum, monthly principal and interest payments of $2,284, maturing December 2020.

 

24,017

 

48,090

 

 

 

 

 

Total notes payable

 

24,017

 

78,221

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Current maturities

 

(24,017)

 

(53,166)

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

-

$

25,055

 

Commercial credit agreement with Bond Street Servicing, LLC

 

WCI entered into a commercial credit agreement with Bond Street Servicing, LLC and was charged a $4,000 loan service fee which was being amortized as additional interest over the life of the loan on a straight line basis. The unamortized loan service fee balance was $0 and $1,059 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively


F-31



Note 19 – Accrued salary, accrued retirement, and incentive fee – related party

 

As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had an outstanding liability to its Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) as follows:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Accrued salaries and benefits

$

829,231

$

802,775

Accrued retirement and other benefits

 

540,860

 

485,996

Offset by shareholder advance

 

(261,653)

 

(261,653)

 

$

1,108,438

$

1,027,118

 

As approved by resolution of the Board of Directors in 1998, the CEO will be paid an incentive fee and a bonus which are payable in installments at the CEO’s option. The incentive fee is 1% of the increase in market capitalization based on the bid price of the Company’s stock beyond the book value at confirmation of the bankruptcy, which was approximately $260,000. The bonus is 0.5% of the increase in market capitalization for each $1 increase in stock price up to a maximum of $8 per share (4%) based on the bid price of the stock beyond the book value at confirmation of the bankruptcy. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the incentive fee expense was $0 and $0, respectively.

 

Note 20 – Related party transactions

 

WCI received a short term, non-interest bearing loan, from an officer of WCI in December 2018. The loan balance reported on the consolidated balance sheet as a related party payable, at December 31, 2019 and 2018, was $27,472 and $40,000, respectively.

 

Note 21 – Commitments and contingencies

 

On May 28, 2019, the Company and Mentor Partner I, LLC filed suit against the G Farma Entities and three guarantors to the G Farma agreements, described in Notes 1, 8, 9, and 11, in the California Superior Court in and for the County of Marin. The Company is primarily seeking monetary damages for breach of the G Farma agreements including promissory notes, leases, and other agreements, as well as actions for an injunction to recover leased property, to recover collateral under a security agreement, and to collect from guarantors on the agreements. Mentor intends to vigorously pursue this matter; however, collection is uncertain at this time. Due to uncertainty of collection, the Company has recorded reserves against the finance leases receivable described in Note 9 and has fully impaired all other notes receivables and investments in G Farma described in Notes 8, 9 and 11.

 

On November 13, 2019, G Farma filed a Cross-Complaint for declaratory relief and breach of contract relating to the consulting agreement between Mentor and G Farma. The Company filed an answer on December 6, 2019 denying each and every allegation of the Cross-Complaint and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter.


F-32



Note 22 – Segment Information

 

The Company is an operating, acquisition, and investment business. Subsidiaries in which the Company has a controlling financial interest are consolidated. The Company has determined that there are two reportable segments; 1) the cannabis and medical marijuana segment which includes the fair value of securities investments in GW Pharmaceuticals Plc. (GWPH), KushCo. Holdings, Inc. (KSHB), previously Kush Bottles, Inc., Generation Alpha, Inc. (GNAL), previously Solis Tek, Inc., and GB Sciences, Inc. (GBLX) stock, the cost basis of membership interests of Electrum, the contractual interest in the Electrum legal recovery, the fair value of convertible notes receivable and accrued interest from NeuCourt, the notes receivable from G Farma, the contractual interest in the G Farma legal recovery, the equity in G Farma Equity Entities, finance leases to G Farma and finance leases to Pueblo West, and the operation of subsidiaries in the cannabis and medical marijuana sector, and 2) Facilities operations related, representing the Company’s legacy investment in WCI which works with business park owners, governmental centers, and apartment complexes to reduce their facility related operating costs. The Company also had a certain small cancer-related legacy investment until March 2018 and an investment in note receivable from a non-affiliated party that is included in the Corporate and Eliminations section below.

 

 

 

Cannabis and Medical Marijuana Segment

 

Facilities Operations Related

 

Corporate and Eliminations

 

Consolidated

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

$

158,614

$

4,167,858

$

-

$

4,326,472

Operating income (loss)

 

(796,232)

 

74,128

 

(1,023,839)

 

(1,745,943)

Interest income

 

23,561

 

10

 

84,542

 

108,113

Interest expense

 

-

 

26,921

 

(4,325)

 

22,596

Total assets

 

1,572,998

 

1,646,867

 

1,746,712

 

4,966,577

Property additions

 

-

 

11,766

 

-

 

13,484

Depreciation and amortization

 

-

 

11,333

 

11,780

 

23,113

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

$

1,647,735

$

3,633,798

$

-

$

5,281,533

Operating income (loss)

 

431,971

 

17,395

 

(1,036,796)

 

(587,430)

Interest income

 

83,398

 

4

 

84,803

 

168,205

Interest expense

 

377

 

19,658

 

(2,628)

 

17,407

Total assets

 

4,571,778

 

1,228,783

 

2,292,102

 

8,092,663

Property additions

 

-

 

13,484

 

12,256

 

25,740

Depreciation and amortization

 

-

 

12,493

 

8,269

 

20,762

 

The following table reconciles operating segments and corporate-unallocated operating income (loss) to consolidated income before income taxes for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, as presented in the consolidated income statements:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Operating loss

$

(1,745,943)

$

(587,430)

Realized gain (loss) on investments

 

(1,767,474)

 

23,984

Interest income

 

108,113

 

168,205

Interest expense

 

(22,596)

 

(17,407)

Gain (loss) on equipment disposals

 

2,200

 

(2,738)

Other income

 

21,896

 

14,357

Income before income taxes

$

(3,403,804)

$

(401,029)


F-33



Note 23 – Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

The changes in the balances for accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) for the years ended December 31 were as follows:

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

Marketable securities

 

 

 

 

Beginning balance

$

-

$

34,822

Gains (losses) on available for sale securities

 

-

 

-

Less: Tax (tax benefit)

 

-

 

-

Net gains (losses) on available for sale securities

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

(Gains) Losses reclassified from AOCI to retained deficit

 

-

 

(34,822)

Less: Tax (tax benefit)

 

-

 

-

Net gains (losses) reclassified from AOCI to retained

deficit, net of tax

 

-

 

(34,822)

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

-

 

(34,822)

Ending balance

$

-

$

-

 

Note 24 – Income tax

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “2017 Tax Act”) was enacted. The 2017 Tax Act includes a number of changes to existing U.S. tax laws that affect the Company, most notably a reduction of the top U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. The 2017 Tax Act also provides for the acceleration of depreciation for certain assets placed in service after September 27, 2017 as well as prospective changes beginning in 2018, including additional limitations on the deductibility of executive compensation and interest.

 

The Company and its subsidiary, WCI, are taxed as C-Corporations for federal income tax purposes. Mentor’s subsidiary LLCs were disregarded entities for income, therefore, MCIP, Partner I, and Partner II, taxable income or loss is reported by their respective shareholders.

 

The provision (benefit) for income taxes for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 consist of the following:

 

 

 

2019