UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2020

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ____________to _____________

 

Commission File Number: 001-37357

 

INNOVATION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

30-0565645

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Empl.

Ident. No.)

 

301 Edgewater Place - Suite 100

Wakefield, MA 01880

 (Address of principal executive offices, Zip Code)

 

(978) 921-4125

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒     No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒     No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-Accelerated Filer

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐     No ☒

 

The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common equity, as of May 11, 2020 is as follows:

 

Class of Securities

 

Shares Outstanding

Common Stock Class A, $0.0001 par value

 

292,754,152

Common Stock Class B, $0.0001 par value

 

1,818,180

 

 

 

INNOVATION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2020

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019 (unaudited)

 

 4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months and nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

 

 5

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficiency for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

 

 6

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

 

8

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

9

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

35

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

50

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

50

 

 

 

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

51

 

Item 1A

Risk Factors

 

51

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

51

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

51

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

51

 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

51

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

52

 

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

53

 

 
2

Table of Contents

  

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Any statements contained in this report that are not statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements. When we use the words “intends,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continues,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” “believes,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “will” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology, we are identifying forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, any statements regarding our future financial performance, results of operations or sufficiency of capital resources to fund our operating requirements; statements relating to potential licensing, partnering or similar arrangements concerning our drug compounds; statements concerning our future drug development plans and projected timelines for the initiation and completion of preclinical and clinical trials; the potential for the results of ongoing preclinical or clinical trials; other statements regarding our future product development and regulatory strategies, including with respect to specific indications such as, among others, COVID-19; and any other statements which are other than statements of historical fact. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to, our ability to continue as a going concern and our capital needs; our ability to fund and successfully progress internal research and development efforts and to create effective, commercially-viable drugs; our ability to effectively and timely conduct clinical trials; our ability to ultimately distribute our drug candidates; our ability to achieve certain future regulatory, development and commercialization milestones under our license agreement with Alfasigma S.p.A.; the development of treatments or vaccines relating to the COVID-19 pandemic by other entities; and compliance with regulatory requirements, as well as other factors described elsewhere in this report and our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.

 

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. Except as may be required by applicable law, we do not undertake or intend to update or revise our forward-looking statements, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this report as a result of new information or future events or developments. Thus, you should not assume that our silence over time means that actual events are bearing out as expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. You should carefully review and consider the various disclosures we make in this report and our other reports filed with the SEC that attempt to advise interested parties of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may affect our business. Readers are cautioned not to put undue reliance on forward-looking statements.

 

For further information about these and other risks, uncertainties and factors, please review the disclosure included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K under “Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors” and in this report under “Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors.”

 

 
3

Table of Contents

   

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

INNOVATION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

AS OF MARCH 31, 2020 AND JUNE 30, 2019

(Unaudited)

(Rounded to nearest thousand except for shares data)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

ASSETS

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$ 775,000

 

 

$ 579,000

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

36,000

 

 

 

46,000

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

811,000

 

 

 

625,000

 

Other Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent costs - net

 

 

3,120,000

 

 

 

3,342,000

 

Property, plant and equipment - net

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

Security deposit

 

 

78,000

 

 

 

78,000

 

Total Other Assets

 

 

3,198,000

 

 

 

3,421,000

 

Total Assets

 

$ 4,009,000

 

 

 

4,046,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIENCY

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable - (including related party payables of approx. $1,498,000 and $1,511,000, respectively)

 

$ 2,320,000

 

 

$ 2,127,000

 

Accrued expenses - (including related party accruals of approx. $78,000 and $45,000, respectively)

 

 

118,000

 

 

 

85,000

 

Accrued salaries and payroll taxes - (including related party accrued salaries of approx. $3,329,000 and $3,129,000, respectively)

 

 

3,434,000

 

 

 

3,162,000

 

Operating lease - current portion

 

 

132,000

 

 

 

-

 

Note payable - related party

 

 

1,822,000

 

 

 

1,922,000

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

7,826,000

 

 

 

7,296,000

 

Other Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series B 5% convertible preferred stock liability at $1,080 stated value; 350 and 1,196 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively

 

 

200,000

 

 

 

879,000

 

Operating lease - non-current portion

 

 

454,000

 

 

 

-

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

8,480,000

 

 

 

8,175,000

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' Deficiency

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 designated shares, no shares issued and outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock - Class A, $0.0001 par value, 600,000,000 shares and 300,000,000 shares authorized, as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively, 267,408,840 shares and 202,860,141 shares issued as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively, 266,749,392 shares and 202,631,923 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively

 

 

27,000

 

 

 

21,000

 

Common stock - Class B, (10 votes per share); $.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 1,818,180 shares and 909,090 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

95,414,000

 

 

 

90,537,000

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(99,766,000 )

 

 

(94,596,000 )

Treasury stock, at cost (659,448 shares and 228,218 shares as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively)

 

 

(146,000 )

 

 

(91,000 )

Total Stockholders' Deficiency

 

 

(4,471,000 )

 

 

(4,129,000 )

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficiency

 

$ 4,009,000

 

 

$ 4,046,000

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements

 

 
4

Table of Contents

  

INNOVATION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS AND NINE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2020 AND 2019

(Unaudited)

(Rounded to nearest thousand except for shares and per share data) 

 

 

 

For the three Months

Ended

 

 

For the Nine Months

Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$ 400,000

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expenses

 

 

276,000

 

 

 

707,000

 

 

 

1,885,000

 

 

 

3,463,000

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

461,000

 

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

1,080,000

 

 

 

942,000

 

Officers' payroll and payroll tax expenses

 

 

131,000

 

 

 

126,000

 

 

 

367,000

 

 

 

367,000

 

Professional fees

 

 

57,000

 

 

 

45,000

 

 

 

279,000

 

 

 

349,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

925,000

 

 

 

1,128,000

 

 

 

3,611,000

 

 

 

5,121,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss from operations

 

 

(925,000 )

 

 

(1,128,000 )

 

 

(3,211,000 )

 

 

(5,121,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,000

 

Change in fair value of preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

50,000

 

 

 

102,000

 

 

 

50,000

 

Interest expense – debt

 

 

(59,000 )

 

 

(44,000 )

 

 

(155,000 )

 

 

(145,000 )

Interest expense – preferred stock liability

 

 

(11,000 )

 

 

(15,000 )

 

 

(51,000 )

 

 

(1,990,000 )

Warrants modification expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,212,000 )

 

 

 

Impairment expense of operating lease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(643,000 )

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(70,000 )

 

 

9,000

 

 

 

(1,959,000 )

 

 

(2,045,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

 

(995,000 )

 

 

(1,137,000 )

 

 

(5,170,000 )

 

 

(7,166,000 )

Provision for income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$ (995,000 )

 

$ (1,137,000 )

 

$ (5,170,000 )

 

$ (7,166,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted loss per share attributable to common stockholders

 

$ (0.00 )

 

$ (0.01 )

 

$ (0.02 )

 

$ (0.04 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted weighted average number of common shares

 

 

238,835,390

 

 

 

182,556,203

 

 

 

219,491,850

 

 

 

172,051,124

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
5

Table of Contents

 

INNOVATION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIENCY

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

(Unaudited)

(Rounded to nearest thousand, except for shares data)

For the Nine Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

 

 

Common Stock A

 

 

Common Stock B

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Par Value

$0.0001

 

 

Shares

 

 

Par Value

$0.0001

 

 

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Total

 

Balance at June 30, 2018

 

 

163,103,927

 

 

$ 17,000

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$ 83,747,000

 

 

$ (85,915,000 )

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$ (2,151,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued to consultant for services at $0.84 - $1.38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000

 

Shares issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

112,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

112,000

 

Stock options issued to consultant for services at $0.43 - $0.73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

Stock options issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60,000

 

Issuance of 572,264 shares to Officer and employee

 

 

572,264

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,000

 

Stock options issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,000

 

Net loss for the three months ended 9/30/2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,050,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,050,000 )

Balance at September 30, 2018

 

 

163,676,191

 

 

$ 17,000

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$ 83,976,000

 

 

$ (87,965,000 )

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$ (3,972,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued to consultant for services at $0.84 - $1.38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

Shares issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

148,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

148,000

 

Stock options issued to consultant for services at $0.43 - $0.73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

Stock options issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78,000

 

Issuance of 533,334 shares to Officer & 218,946 shares were withheld for tax purposes as Treasury shares, so net issuance was 314,387 shares

 

 

(218,946 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

218,946

 

 

 

(87,000 )

 

 

(87,000 )

Issuance of 38,930 shares to employee, 9,272 shares were withheld for tax purposes as Treasury shares, so net issuance was 29,658 shares

 

 

(9,272 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,272

 

 

 

(4,000 )

 

 

(4,000 )

Issuance of 12,500 shares to Consultant

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion of 1,310 preferred stocks to 12,808,388 common stock

 

 

12,808,388

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Offering cost for Q2-2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(159,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(159,000 )

To record underlying Series 1, Series 2 and Series 3 Warrants attached to 2,000 shares Series B Preferred Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

817,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

817,000

 

To record beneficial conversion feature of Series B preferred stock & warrants discounts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,917,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,917,000

 

Transfer of the related preferred stock liability to APIC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

963,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

963,000

 

Allocating warrants (proportion of value exercised) to Pref Stock Liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20,000 )

Shares issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

Stock options issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34,000

 

Net loss for the three months ended 12/31/2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,979,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,979,000 )

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

 

176,268,861

 

 

$ 18,000

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$ 87,780,000

 

 

$ (91,944,000 )

 

 

228,218

 

 

$ (91,000 )

 

$ (4,237,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued to consultant for services at $0.84 - $1.38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

Shares issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

145,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

145,000

 

Stock options issued to consultant for services at $0.43 - $0.73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,000

 

Stock options issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

77,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

77,000

 

Shares issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,000

 

Stock options issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,000

 

Cancellation of debt for the purchase of 909,090 shares of Common Stock Class B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

909,090

 

 

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

5% dividend paid by issuance of preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,000

 

Conversion of 954 preferred stocks to 11,306,457 common stock

 

 

11,306,457

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transfer of the related preferred stock liability to APIC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

735,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

735,000

 

Allocating warrants (proportion of value exercised) to Pref Stock Liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(45,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(45,000 )

Reversal of the stock based compensation related to unvested options and shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,000 )

Net loss for the three months ended 3/31/2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,137,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,137,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

187,575,318

 

 

$ 19,000

 

 

 

909,090

 

 

$

 

 

$ 88,868,000

 

 

$ (93,081,000 )

 

 

228,218

 

 

$ (91,000 )

 

$ (4,285,000 )

 

 
6

Table of Contents

 

For the Nine Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Common Stock A

 

 

Common Stock B

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Par Value

$0.0001

 

 

Shares

 

 

Par Value

$0.0001

 

 

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Total

 

Balance at June 30, 2019

 

 

202,631,923

 

 

$ 21,000

 

 

 

909,090

 

 

$

 

 

$ 90,537,000

 

 

$ (94,596,000 )

 

 

228,218

 

 

$ (91,000 )

 

$ (4,129,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65,000

 

Shares issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

124,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

124,000

 

Stock options issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28,000

 

Shares issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

Stock options issued to consultant for services at $0.43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

Shares issued to consultant for services at $0.43 - $0.73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000

 

Issuance of 12,500 shares to Consultant

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of 1,066,667 shares to Officer & 421,611 shares were withheld for tax purposes as Treasury shares

 

 

1,066,667

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of shares for tax purposes as Treasury Shares

 

 

(421,611 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

421,611

 

 

 

(54,000 )

 

 

(54,000 )

Issuance of 58,394 shares to employee & 9,619 shares were withheld for tax purposes as Treasury shares

 

 

58,394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of shares for tax purposes as Treasury Shares

 

 

(9,619 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,619

 

 

 

(1,000 )

 

 

(1,000 )

Conversion of 890 preferred stocks to 9,030,870 common stock

 

 

9,030,870

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

475,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

476,000

 

Excess of exercise price of 1,045 warrants over fair value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

478,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

478,000

 

Net loss for the three months ended 9/30/2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,550,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,550,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2019

 

 

212,369,124

 

 

$ 22,000

 

 

 

909,090

 

 

$

 

 

$ 91,726,000

 

 

$ (96,146,000 )

 

 

659,448

 

 

$ (146,000 )

 

$ (4,544,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

37,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

37,000

 

Shares issued to officer as equity awards at $0.398 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

71,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

71,000

 

Stock options issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,000

 

Shares issued to employee for services at $0.398 - $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

Stock options issued to consultant for services at $0.43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

Shares issued to consultant for services at $0.43 - $0.73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

Conversion of 291 preferred stocks to 6,182,539 common stock

 

 

6,182,539

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

156,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

156,000

 

Excess of exercise price of 147 warrants over fair value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46,000

 

Warrants Modification expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,212,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,212,000

 

Net loss for the three months ended 12/31/2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,625,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,625,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

218,551,663

 

 

$ 22,000

 

 

 

909,090

 

 

$

 

 

$ 93,278,000

 

 

$ (98,771,000 )

 

 

659,448

 

 

$ (146,000 )

 

$ (5,617,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Options issued to employee for services at $0.398 to $1.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,000

 

Shares issued to employee for services at $0.132 to $0.705

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

Stock Options issued to consultants for services at $0.089 to $0.127

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,000

 

Stock Options issued to directors for services at $0.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

103,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

103,000

 

Shares issued to directors for services at $0.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,000

 

To reverse the option expense & stock awards granted for officer Art - Q3-2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(86,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(86,000 )

To reverse the option expense & stock awards granted for officer- Q3-2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(165,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(165,000 )

Conversion of 2,884 preferred stocks to 48,197,729 common stock

 

 

48,197,729

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,538,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,543,000

 

Excess of exercise price of 2,945 warrants over fair value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

552,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

552,000

 

To adjust the 41 Pref stock from $982.5 to $535.12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,000

 

Cancellation of debt for the purchase of 909,090 shares of Common Stock Class B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

909,090

 

 

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

Net loss for the three months ended 3/31/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(995,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(995,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

266,749,392

 

 

$ 27,000

 

 

 

1,818,180

 

 

$

 

 

$ 95,414,000

 

 

$ (99,766,000 )

 

 

659,448

 

 

$ (146,000 )

 

$ (4,471,000 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
7

Table of Contents

  

INNOVATION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2020 AND 2019

(Unaudited)

(Rounded to nearest thousand, except for shares data) 

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$ (5,170,000 )

 

$ (7,166,000 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock and stock options issued as compensation

 

 

302,000

 

 

 

798,000

 

Amortization of patent costs

 

 

279,000

 

 

 

277,000

 

Patent write-off

 

 

 

 

 

155,000

 

Depreciation of equipment

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1,000

 

Gain on disposal of equipment

 

 

 

 

 

(40,000 )

Interest expense-preferred stock

 

 

51,000

 

 

 

1,990,000

 

Change in fair value of preferred stock

 

 

(102,000 )

 

 

(50,000 )

Warrants modification expense

 

 

1,212,000

 

 

 

 

Impairment expense of operating lease

 

 

643,000

 

 

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and security deposits

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

43,000

 

Accounts payable

 

 

193,000

 

 

 

(930,000 )

Accrued expenses

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

(25,000 )

Accrued officers' salaries and payroll taxes

 

 

272,000

 

 

 

(45,000 )

Operating lease liability

 

 

(58,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(2,334,000 )

 

 

(4,992,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales proceeds of property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

40,000

 

Patent costs

 

 

(57,000 )

 

 

(58,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(57,000 )

 

 

(18,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercise of warrants

 

 

2,642,000

 

 

 

1,253,000

 

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

(55,000 )

 

 

(91,000 )

Proceeds from issuance of preferred stocks and warrants, net of financing costs

 

 

 

 

 

1,892,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

2,587,000

 

 

 

3,054,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH

 

 

196,000

 

 

 

(1,956,000 )

CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

 

 

579,000

 

 

 

2,424,000

 

CASH, END OF PERIOD

 

$ 775,000

 

 

$ 468,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$ 111,000

 

 

$ 128,000

 

Cash paid for tax

 

$

 

 

$

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH FLOW INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitment shares issued as deferred offering costs

 

$

 

 

$ (159,000 )

Allocating warrants (proportion of value exercised) to preferred stock liability

 

$

 

 

$ (65,000 )

Initial warrant valuation

 

$ 1,212,000

 

 

 

817,000

 

Beneficial conversion features on preferred stock and warrant discounts

 

$

 

 

$ 1,917,000

 

Stock dividend paid by issuance of preferred stock

 

$

 

 

$ 17,000

 

Conversion of Series B Convertible Preferred stock to Common stock

 

$ 2,169,000

 

 

$ 1,698,000

 

Excess of exercise price of warrants at $850-$950 over fair value of $535

 

$ 1,094,000

 

 

$

 

Cancellation of shareholder debt for the purchase of 909,090 shares of Common stock Class B shares

 

$ 100,000

 

 

$ 100,000

 

 

 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
8

Table of Contents

 

INNOVATION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(Unaudited) 

 

1. Basis of Presentation and Nature of Operations

 

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Innovation Pharmaceuticals Inc. have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, including the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted from these statements pursuant to such rules and regulations and, accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes necessary for comprehensive consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements for the year ended June 30, 2019, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019.

 

In the opinion of the management of Innovation Pharmaceuticals Inc., all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the three-month and nine-month periods have been made. Results for the interim period presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that might be expected for the entire fiscal year. When used in these notes, the terms “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” mean Innovation Pharmaceuticals Inc.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

Innovation Pharmaceuticals Inc. (“Innovation”) was incorporated on August 1, 2005 in the State of Nevada. Effective June 5, 2017, the Company amended its Articles of Incorporation and changed its name from Cellceutix Corporation to Innovation Pharmaceuticals Inc. On February 15, 2019, the Company formed IPIX Pharma Limited (“IPIX Pharma”), a wholly-owned subsidiary incorporated under the Companies Act 2014 of Ireland. IPIX Pharma is a Private Company Limited by Shares. The subsidiary will serve as a key hub for strategic collaboration with European companies and medical communities in addition to providing cost-saving efficiencies and flexibility with respect to developing Brilacidin under European Medicines Agency standards.

 

The Company is a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company. The Company’s common stock is quoted on OTCQB, symbol “IPIX.”

 

Basis of Consolidation

 

These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Innovation, a Nevada corporation, and our wholly-owned subsidiary, IPIX Pharma, an Ireland limited company. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. Translation gains and losses for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were not significant.

 

 
9

Table of Contents

  

Nature of Operations - Overview

 

We are in the business of developing innovative small molecule therapies to treat diseases with significant medical need, particularly in the areas of inflammatory diseases, cancer, dermatology and anti-infectives. Our strategy is to use our business and scientific expertise to maximize the value of our pipeline. We will do this by focusing initially on our lead compounds, Brilacidin and Kevetrin, and advancing them as quickly as possible along the regulatory pathway. We aim to develop the highest quality data and broadest intellectual property to support our compounds.  

 

We currently own all development and marketing rights to our products, other than the rights granted to Alfasigma S.p.A. in July 2019 for the development, manufacturing and commercialization of locally-administered Brilacidin for UP/UPS. In order to successfully develop and market our products, we may have to partner with additional companies. Prospective partners may require that we grant them significant development and/or commercialization rights in return for agreeing to share the risk of development and/or commercialization.

 

2. Going Concern and Liquidity

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the assumption that the Company is a going concern, which contemplates the realization of its assets and the settlement of its liabilities in the normal course of operations.

 

We have incurred recurring losses since inception and expect to continue to incur losses as a result of costs and expenses related to our research and development of our compounds and our corporate general and administrative expenses. As of March 31, 2020, the Company has an accumulated deficit of approximately $99.8 million, representative of recurring losses since inception. The Company earned $0.4 million as an initial upfront payment under the terms of the License Agreement with Alfasigma (see Note 7. Exclusive License Agreement to the condensed consolidated financial statements).  The Company does not currently have any products on the market and will continue to not have significant revenues until it begins to market its products after it has obtained the necessary Federal Drug Administration (the “FDA”) and/ or other health authorities’ approval, or generates income from the licensing of its drugs. As a result, the Company expects to continue to incur losses over the next 12 months from the date of this filing. Accordingly, the Company’s planned operations, including total budgeted expenditures of approximately $11.5 million for the next twelve months, raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern.

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company’s cash amounted to $0.8 million and current liabilities amounted to $7.8 million. The Company had expended substantial funds on its clinical trials and expects to continue our spending on research and development expenditures. The Company’s net cash used in operating activities for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 was approximately $2.3 million, and current projections indicate that the Company will continue to have negative cash flows from operating activities for the foreseeable future. Our net losses incurred for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, amounted to $5.2 million and $7.2 million, respectively, and we had a working capital deficit of approximately $7.0 million and $6.7 million, respectively, at March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019.

 

The Company’s primary sources of liquidity are cash and cash equivalents as well as issuances of its equity securities. During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 2,945 shares of its Series B 5% convertible preferred stock, for aggregate gross proceeds of $2.6 million, upon exercise of 2,945 warrants. As of March 31, 2020, Series 1-4 warrants to purchase 4,775 shares of Series B preferred stock were outstanding. As the Company cannot be certain the remaining warrants will be exercised, there can be no assurance those funds or other funds will be available when needed (see Note 13. Equity Transactions to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

The amount of cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2020 is approximately $0.8 million. The Company expects to seek to obtain additional funding through business development activities (i.e. licensing and partnerships) and future equity issuances. There can be no assurance as to the availability or terms upon which such financing and capital might be available. The Company will be unable to proceed with its planned drug development programs, meet its administrative expense requirements, capital costs, or staffing costs without raising additional capital in the future. These condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the carrying values and classifications of assets and liabilities that would be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

 
10

Table of Contents

  

3. Significant Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include contract research accruals, recoverability of long-lived assets, valuation of equity grants and income tax valuation. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Basic Loss per Share

 

Basic and diluted loss per share is computed based on the weighted average common shares and common share equivalents outstanding during the period. Common share equivalents consist of stock options, convertible notes payable underlying shares, unvested restricted stock and Series B Convertible Preferred Stock at a conversion price at approximately $0.07 and $0.04 per share for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Common share equivalents of 38 million shares and 66 million shares of common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, because we incurred net losses for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, and the effect of including these potential common shares in the net loss per share calculations would be antidilutive and are therefore not included in the calculations.

 

Treasury Stock

 

The Company accounts for treasury stock using the cost method. There were 659,448 shares and 228,218 shares of treasury stock outstanding, purchased at a total cumulative cost of $146,000 and $91,000 as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively (see Note 13. Equity Transactions to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

Treasury stock, representing shares of the Company’s common stock that have been acquired for payroll tax withholding on vested stock grants, is recorded at its acquisition cost and these shares are not considered outstanding.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On July 1, 2019, the Company adopted the new accounting standard ASC 606 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all the related amendments (“new revenue standard”) using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of July 1, 2019. The adoption of ASC Topic 606 did not have impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements or cash flows, for the Company had no revenue and no contracts which were not completed as of July 1, 2019.

 

The Company has acquired and further developed license rights to Functional Intellectual Property (“functional IP”) that it licenses to customers for defined license periods.  A functional IP license is a license to intellectual property that has significant standalone functionality that does not include supporting or maintaining the intellectual property during the license period.  The Company’s patented drug formulas have significant standalone functionality in the form of their abilities to treat a disease or condition.  Further, there is no expectation that the Company will undertake any activities to change the functionality of the drug formulas during the license periods (see Note 7. Exclusive License Agreement to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

 
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Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services.

 

Pursuant to ASC 606, a customer is a party that has contracted with an entity to obtain goods or services that are an output of the entity’s ordinary activities in exchange for consideration.

 

To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that an entity determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps:

 

 

(i)

identify the contract(s) with a customer;

 

 

 

 

(ii)

identify the performance obligations in the contract, including whether they are distinct in the context of the contract;

 

 

 

 

(iii)

determine the transaction price, including the constraint on variable consideration;

 

 

 

 

(iv)

allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and

 

 

 

 

(v)

recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies each performance obligation.

  

The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the entity will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations, and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. If a promised good or service is not distinct, it is combined with other performance obligations. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied.

 

The terms of the Company’s licensing agreement include the following:

 

 

(i)

up-front fees;

 

 

 

 

(ii)

milestone payments related to the achievement of development, regulatory, or commercial goals; and

 

 

 

 

(iii)

royalties on net sales of licensed products.

 

 
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License of Intellectual Property: If the license to the Company’s intellectual property is determined to be distinct from the other performance obligations identified in the arrangement, the Company recognizes revenues from non-refundable, up-front fees allocated to the license when the license is transferred to the customer and the customer is able to use and benefit from the license. If not distinct, the license is combined with other performance obligations in the contract. For licenses that are combined with other performance obligations, the Company assesses the nature of the combined performance obligation to determine whether the combined performance obligation is satisfied over time or at a point in time and, if over time, the appropriate method of measuring progress for purposes of recognizing revenue. The Company evaluates the measure of progress each reporting period and, if necessary, adjusts the measure of performance and related revenue recognition.

 

Milestone Payments: At the inception of each arrangement that includes developmental and regulatory milestone payments, the Company evaluates whether the achievement of each milestone specifically relates to the Company’s efforts to satisfy a performance obligation or transfer a distinct good or service within a performance obligation. If the achievement of a milestone is considered a direct result of the Company’s efforts to satisfy a performance obligation or transfer a distinct good or service and the receipt of the payment is based upon the achievement of the milestone, the associated milestone value is allocated to that distinct good or service. If the milestone payment is not specifically related to the Company’s effort to satisfy a performance obligation or transfer a distinct good or service, the amount is allocated to all performance obligations using the relative standalone selling price method. The Company also evaluates the milestone to determine whether they are considered probable of being reached and estimates the amount to be included in the transaction price using the most likely amount method. If it is probable that a significant revenue reversal would not occur, the associated milestone value is included in the transaction price to be allocated, otherwise, such amounts are constrained and excluded from the transaction price. At the end of each subsequent reporting period, the Company re-evaluates the probability of achievement of such development milestones and any related constraint, and if necessary, adjusts its estimate of the transaction price. Any such adjustments to the transaction price are allocated to the performance obligations on the same basis as at contract inception. Amounts allocated to a satisfied performance obligation shall be recognized as revenue, or as a reduction of revenue, in the period in which the transaction price changes.

 

Royalties: For arrangements that include sales-based royalties, including milestone payments based on the level of sales, and the license is deemed to be the predominant item to which the royalties relate, the Company will recognize revenue at the later of (i) when the related sales occur, or (ii) when the performance obligation to which some or all of the royalty has been allocated has been satisfied (or partially satisfied) in accordance with the royalty recognition constraint.

 

Accounting for Stock Based Compensation

 

The stock-based compensation expense incurred by the Company for employees and directors in connection with its stock option plan is based on the employee model of ASC 718, and the fair market value of the options is measured at the grant date. Under ASC 718 employee is defined as “An individual over whom the grantor of a share-based compensation award exercises or has the right to exercise sufficient control to establish an employer-employee relationship based on common law as illustrated in case law and currently under U.S. ‘tax regulations’. Our consultants do not meet the employer-employee relationship as defined by the IRS and therefore are accounted for under ASC 505-50.  Effective July 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting.

 

 
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The Company followed the accounting guidance in ASC 505-50-30-11 until July 1, 2019 which provides that an issuer shall measure the fair value of the equity instruments in these transactions using the stock price and other measurement assumptions as of the earlier of the following dates, referred to as the measurement date:

 

 

i.

The date at which a commitment for performance by the counterparty to earn the equity instruments is reached (a performance commitment); and

 

ii.

The date at which the counterparty’s performance is complete.

 

Upon the adoption of ASU 2018-07, the Company measured the fair value of equity instruments for nonemployee based payment awards on the grant date.

 

Recent Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which allows companies to account for nonemployee awards in the same manner as employee awards. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those annual periods. This new pronouncement has been adopted in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Prior to July 1, 2019, the Company accounted for leases under ASC 840, Accounting for Leases. Effective July 1, 2019, the Company adopted the guidance of ASC 842, Leases, which requires an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases. The Company adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach. The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company elected the ‘package of practical expedients,’ which permitted the Company not to reassess under the new standard its prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs; and all of the new standard’s available transition practical expedients. As a result, the comparative financial information has not been updated and the required disclosures prior to the date of adoption have not been updated and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The adoption of ASC 842 on July 1, 2019 resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets of approximately $670,000, lease liabilities for operating leases of approximately $670,000, and a zero cumulative-effect adjustment to accumulated deficit. The Company elected to exclude from its balance sheets recognition of leases having a term of 12 months or less (“short-term leases”). Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company determined that the operating lease right-of-use asset is impaired as of September 30, 2019, and it recognized an impairment loss of approximately $643,000, after recording amortization of the right-of-use asset for July, August, and September 2019 totaling approximately $27,000, resulting in a carrying value of $0 since September 30, 2019 (see Note 8. Operating Lease to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

In July 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480) and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features; and II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Non-controlling Interests with a Scope Exception. Part I of this update addresses the complexity of accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features. Down round features are features of certain equity-linked instruments (or embedded features) that result in the strike price being reduced on the basis of the pricing of future equity offerings. Current accounting guidance creates cost and complexity for entities that issue financial instruments (such as warrants and convertible instruments) with down round features that require fair value measurement of the entire instrument or conversion option. Part II of this update addresses the difficulty of navigating Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, because of the existence of extensive pending content in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. This pending content is the result of the indefinite deferral of accounting requirements about mandatorily redeemable financial instruments of certain nonpublic entities and certain mandatorily redeemable non-controlling interests. The amendments in Part II of this update do not have an accounting effect. This ASU is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of ASU 2017-11, during the year ended June 30, 2019, did not have any impact on the financial statements and related disclosures.

 

 
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4. Patents, net

 

Patents, net consisted of the following (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

Useful life

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

June 30,

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchased Patent Rights- Brilacidin, and related compounds

 

 

14

 

 

$ 4,082,000

 

 

$ 4,082,000

 

Purchased Patent Rights-Anti-microbial- surfactants and related compounds

 

 

12

 

 

 

144,000

 

 

 

144,000

 

Patents - Kevetrin and related compounds

 

 

17

 

 

 

1,175,000

 

 

 

1,118,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,401,000

 

 

 

5,344,000

 

Less: Accumulated amortization for Brilacidin, Anti-microbial- surfactants and related compounds

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,993,000 )

 

 

(1,765,000 )

Accumulated amortization for Patents-Kevetrin and related compounds

 

 

 

 

 

 

(288,000 )

 

 

(237,000 )

Total

 

 

 

 

 

$ 3,120,000

 

 

$ 3,342,000

 

 

The patents are amortized on a straight-line basis over the useful lives of the assets, determined to be 12-17 years from the date of acquisition.

 

Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was approximately $93,000 and $92,000, respectively, and was approximately $279,000, and $277,000 for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

During the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company has written off the Prurisol patent and other patents of approximately $0 and $155,000, respectively and included in general and administrative expenses.

 

At March 31, 2020, the future amortization period for all patents was approximately 5.43 years to 16.75 years. Future estimated amortization expenses are approximately $93,000 for the year ending June 30, 2020, $373,000 for each year from 2021 to 2024, and total of $1,535,000 for the year ending June 30, 2025 and thereafter.

 

 
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5. Accrued Expenses – Related Parties and Other

 

Accrued expenses consisted of the following (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

June 30,

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued research and development consulting fees

 

$ 40,000

 

 

$ 40,000

 

Accrued rent (Note 10) - related parties

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

8,000

 

Accrued interest (Note 11)  - related parties

 

 

70,000

 

 

 

37,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$ 118,000

 

 

$ 85,000

 

 

6. Accrued Salaries and Payroll Taxes - Related Parties and Other

 

Accrued salaries and payroll taxes consisted of the following (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

June 30,

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued salaries - related parties

 

$ 2,764,000

 

 

$ 2,647,000

 

Accrued salaries – ex- President and Chief Medical Officer

 

 

425,000

 

 

 

352,000

 

Accrued payroll taxes - related parties

 

 

140,000

 

 

 

130,000

 

Accrued salaries

 

 

30,000

 

 

 

 

Withholding tax – payroll & other taxes

 

 

75,000

 

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$ 3,434,000

 

 

$ 3,162,000

 

 

The Company has accrued payroll to Dr. Krishna Menon, ex-President of Research of approximately $1,443,000 for his past services with the Company, and this amount was included in Accrued salaries – related parties.  Dr. Menon’s employment was terminated with the Company on September 18, 2018, and Dr. Menon resigned from the Company’s Board of Directors on December 11, 2018. Dr. Menon, on behalf of himself and Kard Scientific, a company controlled by the Menon family, Dr. Krishna Menon, Anita Menon, Rajah Menon, and  Doret Menon, demanded payment of these amounts in October 2019; however, the Company disputes the underlying basis for these amounts and notified Dr. Menon in November 2019 of the Company’s intent not to pay them. 

 

7. Exclusive License Agreement

 

On July 18, 2019, the Company entered into an Exclusive License Agreement (the “License Agreement”) with Alfasigma S.p.A., a global pharmaceutical company (“Alfasigma”), granting Alfasigma the worldwide right to develop, manufacture and commercialize locally-administered Brilacidin for the treatment of ulcerative proctitis/ulcerative proctosigmoiditis (UP/UPS).

 

Under the terms of the License Agreement, Alfasigma made an initial upfront non-refundable payment of $0.4 million to the Company and will make additional payments of up to $24.0 million to the Company based upon the achievement of certain milestones, including a $1.0 million payment due following commencement of the first phase III clinical trial of Brilacidin for UP/UPS and an additional $1.0 million payment upon the filing of a marketing approval application with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or the European Medicines Agency. At this time AlfaSigma has not commenced a Phase 1 clini cal trial with Brilacidin. In addition to the milestones, Alfasigma will pay a royalty to the Company equal to six percent of net sales of Brilacidin for UP/UPS, subject to adjustment as provided in the License Agreement.

 

The Company generated revenue of $0.4 million and $0.0 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Revenue during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 represented the initial non-refundable payment of $0.4 million received from Alfasigma.

 

 
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8. Operating Leases

 

Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Generally, the implicit rate of interest in arrangements is not readily determinable and the Company utilizes its incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments. The Company’s incremental borrowing rate is a hypothetical rate based on its understanding of what its credit rating would be. The operating lease ROU asset includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives.  Our variable lease payments primarily consist of maintenance and other operating expenses from our real estate leases. Variable lease payments are excluded from the ROU assets and lease liabilities and are recognized in the period in which the obligation for those payments is incurred. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

We have lease agreements with lease and non-lease components. We have elected to account for these lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. We are also electing not to apply the recognition requirements to short-term leases of twelve months or less and instead will recognize lease payments as expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

The Company determined that the operating lease right-of-use asset is fully impaired on September 30, 2019 because of the Company’s current lack of working capital (see Note 2. Going Concern and Liquidity to the condensed consolidated financial statements) resulting in its limited usage of the leased office. The Company has been unable to enter into a sub-lease agreement for this leased office on September 30, 2019.  As such, the Company recognized an impairment loss of approximately $643,000, after recording amortization of the right-of-use asset for July, August, and September 2019 totaling approximately $27,000, resulting in a carrying value of $0 since September 30, 2019. The Company vacated the leased office space in December 2019, and in January 2020 the Company initiated a lawsuit against the lessor relating to an automatic extension of the lease for the office space and related matters (See Note 9).

 

The components of lease expense and supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the period are as follows:

 

 

 

Nine Months

Ended

March 31,

2020

 

Lease Cost

 

 

 

Operating lease cost (included in general and administrative in the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations)

 

$ 92,000

 

Variable lease cost

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

$ 98,000

 

Other Information

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for the nine months ended March 31, 2020

 

$ 174,000

 

Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases (in years)

 

 

3.42

 

Average discount rate – operating leases

 

 

18 %

 

 
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The supplemental balance sheet information related to leases for the period is as follows:

 

 

 

At March 31,

2020

 

Operating leases 

 

 

 

Short-term operating lease liabilities

 

$ 132,000

 

Long-term operating lease liabilities

 

 

454,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating lease liabilities

 

$ 586,000

 

 

The following table provides maturities of the Company’s lease liabilities at March 31, 2020 as follows:

 

 

 

Operating

Leases

 

Fiscal Year Ending June 30,

 

 

 

2020 (remaining 3 months)

 

$ 56,000

 

2021

 

 

223,000

 

2022

 

 

223,000

 

2023

 

 

223,000

 

2024 (remaining 3 months)

 

 

60,000

 

Total lease payments

 

 

785,000

 

Less: Imputed interest/present value discount

 

 

(199,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

Present value of lease liabilities 

 

$ 586,000

 

  

Operating lease cost for the three months and the nine months ended March 31, 2020 was approximately $26,000 and $92,000, respectively. Rent expense, net of lease income, under this operating lease agreement was approximately $58,000 and $168,000 for the three months and the nine months ended March 31, 2019, respectively.

 

 
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9. Commitments and Contingencies

 

Litigation

 

On January 22, 2020, the Company filed a complaint against Cummings Properties, LLC in the Superior Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (C.A. No. 20-77CV00101), seeking, among other things, declaratory relief that the lease for the Company’s prior principal executive offices did not automatically extend for an additional five years from September 2018, return of the Company’s security deposit, and damages. This action is in the preliminary stages and the Company is currently unable to determine the probability of the outcome or reasonably estimate the loss or gain, if any.

 

Contractual Commitments

 

The Company has total non-cancellable contractual minimum commitments of approximately $2.0 million to contract research organizations as of March 31, 2020. Expenses are recognized when services are performed by the contract research organizations.

 

Contingent Liability  -  Disputed Invoices

 

As described in Note 8, the Company has accrued payroll to Dr. Krishna Menon, ex-President of Research of approximately $1,443,000 for his past services with the Company, and this amount was included in accrued salaries and payroll taxes.  As described in Note 10, the Company has a payable to KARD of approximately $1,486,000 for its research and development expenses and this amount was included in accounts payable.  KARD is a company owned by Dr. Menon. Dr. Menon’s employment was terminated with the Company on September 18, 2018, and Dr. Menon resigned from the Company’s Board of Directors on December 11, 2018. Dr. Menon, on behalf of himself and KARD, demanded payment of these amounts in October 2019; however, the Company disputes the underlying basis for these amounts and notified Dr. Menon in November 2019 of the Company’s intent not to pay them. 

 

All of the above disputed invoices were reflected as current liabilities as of March 31, 2020.

 

10. Related Party Transactions

 

Office Lease

 

The Company charged Kard Scientific (“KARD”) $1,800 for space for the two months of July and August, 2018. Dr. Menon, a significant shareholder of the Company and the former President of Research and former director of the Company, also serves as the Chief Operating Officer and Director of Kard Scientific. Dr. Menon’s employment was terminated with the Company on September 18, 2018, and Dr. Menon resigned from the Company’s Board of Directors on December 11, 2018. As of September 1, 2018, KARD no longer leases space from the Company.

 

Pre-clinical Studies

 

The Company previously engaged KARD to conduct specified pre-clinical studies. The Company did not have an exclusive arrangement with KARD. All work performed by KARD needed prior approval by the executive officers of the Company, and the Company retained all intellectual property resulting from the services by KARD. The Company no longer uses KARD. At March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the accrued research and development expenses payable to KARD was approximately $1,486,000 and this amount was included in accounts payable.  Dr. Menon, on behalf of himself and KARD, demanded payment of these amounts in October 2019; however, the Company disputes the underlying basis for these amounts and notified Dr. Menon in November 2019 of the Company’s intent not to pay them.

 

 
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Share Issuance

 

On February 23, 2020, the Company issued (i) options for the purchase of 500,000 shares of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.10 per share, which is 110% of the previous per share closing price of $0.09 on February 21, 2020, and (ii) 500,000 shares of Class A common stock to each member of the Company’s Board of Directors, consisting of Leo Ehrlich, Barry Schechter and Zorik Spektor.

 

Other related party transactions are disclosed in Note 11 below.

 

11. Convertible Note Payable - Related Party

 

The Ehrlich Promissory Note C is an unsecured demand note with Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, that originated in 2010, bears 9% simple interest per annum and is convertible into the Company’s Class A common stock at $0.50 per share.  

 

On December 29, 2010, the Company issued 18,000,000 Equity Incentive Options to Mr. Ehrlich, which are exercisable at $0.11 per share. On May 8, 2012, the Company did not have the ability to repay the Ehrlich Promissory Note C loan of approximately $2,022,000 and agreed to change the interest rate from 9% simple interest to 10% simple interest, and the Company issued 2,000,000 Equity Incentive Options exercisable at $0.51 per share equal to 110% of the closing bid price of $0.46 per share on May 7, 2012. Options are valid for ten years from the date of issuance.

 

On January 29, 2019, the Company issued 909,090 shares of Class B common stock at the option exercise price of $0.11 per share to Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, for his partial exercise of his option, paid by the cancellation of debt to Mr. Ehrlich of $100,000 to satisfy the exercise price (as permitted pursuant to the terms of the option agreement).

 

On March 30, 2020, the Company issued 909,090 shares of Class B common stock at the option exercise price of $0.11 per share to Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, for his partial exercise of his option, paid by the cancellation of debt to Mr. Ehrlich of $100,000 to satisfy the exercise price (as permitted pursuant to the terms of the option agreement).

 

As of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the principal balance of this convertible note payable to Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO was approximately $1,822,000 and $1,922,000, respectively.

 

During the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company accrued interest of $144,000 and $145,000 to Mr. Ehrlich, respectively and paid the interests in cash of $111,000 and $128,000 to Mr. Ehrlich, respectively.

 

As of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the balance of accrued interest payable were $70,000 and $36,000, respectively (see Note 5. Accrued Expenses – Related Parties and Other to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

As of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the total outstanding balances of principal and interest were approximately $1,892,000 and $1,959,000, respectively.

 

 
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12. Equity Incentive Plans, Stock-Based Compensation, Exercise of Options and Warrants Outstanding

 

Stock-based Compensation – Stock Options

 

2016 Equity Incentive Plan

 

On February 23, 2020, the Board of Directors approved an amendment to Section 4.1 of the Corporation’s 2016 Equity Incentive Plan to increase the annual limit on the number of awards under such Plan to outside directors from 250,000 to 1,500,000.

 

On June 30, 2016, the Board of Directors adopted the Company’s 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”). The 2016 Plan became effective upon adoption by the Board of Directors on June 30, 2016.

 

Up to 20,000,000 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock may be issued under the 2016 Plan (subject to adjustment as described in the 2016 Plan).

 

Stock Options

 

The fair value of options granted for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was estimated on the date of grant using the Black Scholes model that uses assumptions noted in the following table.

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Expected term (in years)

 

3 - 10

 

 

5-10

 

Expected stock price volatility

 

73.68% to 92.21%

 

 

67.34% to 104.11%

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.41% to 1.50%

 

 

2.51% to 2.86%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

0

 

 

0

 

   

The components of stock-based compensation expense included in the Company’s Condensed Statement of Operations for the three months and nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

Three months ended

March 31

 

 

Nine months ended

March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Stock-based compensation – officers

 

 

 

 

 

222,000

 

 

 

297,000

 

 

 

620,000

 

Stock-based compensation – employees

 

 

22,000

 

 

 

41,000

 

 

 

82,000

 

 

 

134,000

 

Stock-based compensation – consultants

 

 

14,000

 

 

 

19,000

 

 

 

31,000

 

 

 

44,000

 

Reversal of forfeited stock-based compensation

 

 

(251,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

(251,000 )

 

 

 

– included in Research and Development expenses

 

 

(215,000 )

 

 

282,000

 

 

 

159,000

 

 

 

798,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation – officers – included in General and Administration expenses

 

 

143,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

143,000

 

 

 

 

Total Stock-based compensation, net

 

 

(72,000 )

 

 

282,000

 

 

 

302,000

 

 

 

798,000

 

 

 
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During the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

 

On February 23, 2020, the Company issued 500,000 options each to our Chairman and CEO and two other Board members, which are exercisable for 10 years at $0.10 per share of common stock. The total value of these options to purchase 1,500,000 shares was approximately $103,000 and we recognized approximately $103,000 of stock-based compensation costs and charged to additional paid-in capital as of March 31, 2020. The assumptions we used in the Black Scholes option-pricing model were disclosed above.  On the same date, the Company also issued 500,000 Class A Common shares each to our Chairman and CEO and two other Board members (See Note 13).

 

On March 30, 2020, the Company issued 250,000 options to a consultant for his one year contract and exercisable for 3 years at $0.086 per share of common stock. The total value of these 250,000 shares of stock option was approximately $12,000 and we recognized approximately $12,000 of stock-based compensation costs and charged to additional paid-in capital as of March 31, 2020. The assumptions we used in the Black Scholes option-pricing model were disclosed above.

 

On September 1, 2019, the Company issued to Dr. Arthur Bertolino, the President and Chief Medical Officer of the Company, 1,066,667 shares of common stock. The Company also issued 617,839 stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. These stock options are valued at approximately $71,000, based on the closing bid price as quoted on the OTC on August 30, 2019 at $0.132 per share. Due to the fact that Dr. Bertolino resigned on December 19, 2019, the Company recorded the forfeiture of his options and shares after 60 days of his resignation. During the nine months ended March 30, 2020, the Company reversed the stock-based compensation expenses of approximately $35,000 based on the amount of those unvested options and stock awards we expensed in the prior two quarters of the current year.

 

On September 1, 2019, the Company also issued to Ms. Jane Harness, the Senior Vice President, Clinical Sciences and Portfolio Management of the Company, 58,394 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company also issued 172,987 options to purchase common stock. These stock options are valued at approximately $20,000, based on the closing bid price as quoted on the OTC on August 30, 2019 at $0.132 per share. During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded approximately $5,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards, including approximately $4,000 of stock option expense and $1,000 of stock awards.

 

On September 1, 2018, the Company issued to Dr. Bertolino 1,066,667 shares of common stock. The Company also issued 617,839 stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. These stock options are valued at approximately $225,000, based on the closing bid price as quoted on the OTCQB on August 31, 2018 at $0.40 per share. As above mentioned of Dr. Bertolino’s resignation on December 19, 2019, the Company recorded the forfeiture of his options and shares after 60 days of his resignation. During the nine months ended March 30, 2020, the Company reversed the stock-based compensation expenses of approximately $216,000 based on the amount of those unvested options and stock awards we expensed in the prior two quarters of the current year and prior years.  During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded approximately $52,000 of During the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded approximately $188,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards, including approximately $65,000 of stock option expense and $123,000 of stock awards.

 

 
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On September 1, 2018, the Company also issued to Ms. Harness 58,394 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company also issued 172,987 options to purchase common stock. These stock options are valued at approximately $63,000, based on the closing bid price as quoted on the OTCQB on August 31, 2018 at $0.40 per share. During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded approximately $22,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards including approximately $16,000 of stock option expense and $6,000 of stock awards. During the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded approximately $17,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards including approximately $12,000 of stock option expense and $5,000 of stock awards.

 

On September 1, 2017, the Company agreed to grant to Dr. Bertolino under the 2016 Plan (i) 1,066,667 shares of restricted stock and (ii) a ten-year option to purchase 617,839 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.705 per share. The 1,066,667 shares were valued at approximately $752,000 and the 617,839 stock options valued at approximately $399,000. Both shares and options were planned to be amortized over 2 years to September 1, 2019 unless the probability of the other above vesting requirements occurring were met at an earlier date.. During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded approximately $99,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the forfeiture of the foregoing equity awards, including approximately $34,000 of stock option expense and $65,000 of stock awards. During the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded approximately $432,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards, including approximately $150,000 of stock option expense and $282,000 of stock awards.

 

On September 1, 2017, the Company agreed to grant to Ms. Harness under the 2016 Plan (i) 58,394 shares of restricted stock and (ii) a ten-year option to purchase 172,987 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.705 per share. The 58,394 shares were valued at approximately $41,000 and the 172,987 stock options valued at approximately $112,000. Both shares and options were planned to be amortized over 3 years to September 1, 2020 unless the other vesting requirements are met sooner. During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded approximately $38,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards including approximately $28,000 of stock option expense and $10,000 of stock awards. During the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded approximately $38,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards including approximately $28,000 of stock option expense and $10,000 of stock awards.

 

On September 1, 2016, the Company and Ms. Harness entered into an executive employment agreement as the Company’s VP, Clinical Sciences and Project Management, effective on September 1, 2016. Commencing on September 1, 2016, the Company agreed to pay Ms. Harness an annual salary of $250,000. In addition, the Company agreed to grant to Ms. Harness under the Company 2016 Equity Incentive Plan 58,394 shares of restricted stock. Ten-year options to purchase 172,987 shares of the Company’s common stock were also granted at an exercise price of $1.37 per share. The 58,394 shares were valued at approximately $80,000, which were amortized over three years to September 1, 2019. The 172,987 stock options were valued at approximately $220,000 and will be exercisable for 10 years at an exercise price of $1.26 per share. They were amortized over 3 years to September 1, 2019. During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded approximately $17,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards including approximately $12,000 of stock option expense and $5,000 of stock awards. During the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded approximately $75,000 of stock-based compensation expense in connection with the foregoing equity awards including approximately $55,000 of stock option expense and $20,000 of stock awards.

 

During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded approximately $18,000 of stock-based compensation expense to two consultants including approximately $13,000 of stock option expense and $5,000 of stock awards. During the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded approximately $44,000 of stock-based compensation expense to consultants including approximately $36,000 of stock option expense and $8,000 of stock awards.

 

 
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Exercise of options

 

On March 30, 2020, the Company issued 909,090 shares of Class B common stock at the option exercise price of $0.11 per share to Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, for his partial exercise of his 909,090 options, paid by the cancellation of debt to Mr. Ehrlich of $100,000 to satisfy the exercise (see Note 11. Convertible Note Payable - Related Party to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

On January 29, 2019, the Company issued 909,090 shares of Class B common stock at the option exercise price of $0.11 per share to Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, for his partial exercise of his 909,090 options, paid by the cancellation of debt to Mr. Ehrlich of $100,000 to satisfy the exercise price (as permitted pursuant to the terms of the option agreement).

 

Forfeiture of options

 

Dr. Bertolino resigned as President and Chief Medical Officer and as a member of the Board of Directors of the Company on December 19, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, all his 2,858,521 options he held were forfeited, representing the options he was granted since June 27, 2016 to September 1, 2019.  The Company reversed the $251,000 of unvested options and shares that were expensed in the current year and prior years.

 

Stock Options Issued and Outstanding

 

The following table summarizes all stock option activity under the Company’s equity incentive plans:

 

 

 

 Number of
Options

 

 

 Weighted Average
Exercise Price

 

 

 Weighted Average
Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

 Aggregate

Intrinsic Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at June 30, 2018

 

 

41,643,571

 

 

$ 0.22

 

 

 

2.76

 

 

$ 17,523,113

 

Granted

 

 

1,195,826

 

 

$ 0.31

 

 

 

7.64

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(909,090 )

 

$ 0.11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited/expired

 

 

(19,260,424 )

 

$ 0.21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at June 30, 2019

 

 

22,669,883

 

 

$ 0.24

 

 

 

2.41

 

 

$ 1,340,000

 

Granted

 

 

2,540,826

 

 

$ 0.08

 

 

 

9.32

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(909,090 )

 

$ 0.11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited/expired

 

 

(2,858,521 )

 

$ 0.66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

21,443,098

 

 

$ 0.18

 

 

 

1.85

 

 

$ 380,836

 

Exercisable at March 31, 2020

 

 

19,597,124

 

 

$ 0.18

 

 

 

1.12

 

 

$ 335,836

 

Unvested stock options at March 31, 2020

 

 

1,845,974

 

 

$ 0.14

 

 

 

9.69

 

 

$

 

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

Restricted Stock Awards Outstanding

 

The following summarizes our restricted stock activity:  

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

Grant Date

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Fair Value

 

Total awards outstanding at June 30, 2018

 

 

1,208,157

 

 

$ 0.72

 

Total shares granted

 

 

1,130,061

 

 

$ 0.40

 

Total shares vested

 

 

(597,263 )

 

$ 0.72

 

Total shares forfeited

 

 

(11,667 )

 

$ 0.76

 

Total unvested shares outstanding at June 30, 2019

 

 

1,729,288

 

 

$ 0.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total shares granted

 

 

2,625,061

 

 

$ 0.11

 

Total shares vested

 

 

(1,137,561 )

 

$ 0.56

 

Total shares forfeited

 

 

(1,600,001 )

 

$ 0.22

 

Total unvested shares outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

1,616,787

 

 

$ 0.11

 

 

Scheduled vesting for outstanding restricted stock awards at March 31, 2020 is as follows:

 

 

 

Year Ending June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2023

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scheduled vesting

 

 

1,500,000

 

 

 

58,394

 

 

 

38,929

 

 

 

19,464

 

 

 

1,616,787

 

  

As of March 31, 2020, there was approximately $118,000 of net unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested restricted stock-based compensation arrangements. This compensation is recognized on a straight-line basis resulting in approximately $111,000 of compensation expected to be expensed over the next twelve months, and the total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense having a weighted average recognition period of 0.48 years.

 

 
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Stock Warrants Outstanding

 

Warrants to Purchase 5% convertible preferred stock (“Series B preferred stock”)

 

On October 5, 2018, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (“Securities Purchase Agreement”) with one multi-family office for the sale of 2,000 shares of the Company’s newly-created Series B 5% convertible preferred stock (“Series B preferred stock”), for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $2.0 million. Each share of preferred stock was initially sold together with three warrants: (i) a Series 1 warrant, which entitles the holder thereof to purchase 1.25 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share, or 2,500 shares of preferred stock in the aggregate for approximately $2.5 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up to nine months following issuance (later extended to 15 months following issuance), (ii) a Series 2 warrant, which entitles the holder thereof to purchase 1.25 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share, or 2,500 shares of preferred stock in the aggregate for approximately $2.5 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up to 15 months following issuance, and (iii) a Series 3 warrant, which entitles the holder thereof to purchase 1.50 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share, or 3,000 shares of preferred stock in the aggregate for approximately $2.9 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up to 24 months following issuance. On May 9, 2019, the Company entered into a warrant restructuring and additional issuance agreement (the “Issuance Agreement”) with the holders of the Series B preferred stock and warrants pursuant to which the Company issued an additional 100 shares of Series B preferred stock and Series 4 warrants to purchase an additional 2,500 shares of preferred stock, and the holders of the Series B preferred stock and warrants agreed to exercise warrants to purchase up to $2.0 million of Series B preferred stock through November 2019 subject to the conditions set forth in the Issuance Agreement. The Series 4 warrant entitles the holder thereof to purchase 2,500 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share for approximately $2.5 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up to nine months following issuance. In addition, the Company extended the termination date for the Series 1 warrants by six months, and agreed to issue one additional share of preferred stock to the Series B investors for each five shares issued upon the exercise of the existing warrants or Series 4 warrants through November 9, 2019, up to a maximum of 400 shares of preferred stock. On December 26, 2019, the Company extended the termination date for each series of warrants to December 31, 2021 (see Note 13. Equity Transactions to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

  

The warrants issued in connection with the Series B preferred stock are deemed to be free standing equity instruments and are recorded in permanent equity (additional paid in capital) based on a relative fair value allocation of proceeds (i.e. warrants’ relative fair value to the Series B preferred stock fair value (without the warrants)) with an offsetting discount to the Series B preferred stock.

 

Exercise of Warrants to Purchase 5% convertible preferred stock

 

During the period from October 5, 2018 (date of issuance of preferred stock and warrants) to June 30, 2019, the Company issued 2,780 shares of its Series B 5% convertible preferred stock, for aggregate gross proceeds of $2.73 million, upon exercise of 2,780 warrants issued by the Company in October 2018. As of June 30, 2019, Series 1-4 warrants to purchase 7,720 shares of Series B preferred stock were outstanding.

 

During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 2,945 shares of its Series B 5% convertible preferred stock, for aggregate gross proceeds of $2.6 million, upon exercise of 2,945 warrants. As of March 31, 2020, Series 1-4 warrants to purchase 4,775 shares of Series B preferred stock were outstanding. As the Company cannot be certain the remaining warrants will be exercised, there can be no assurance those funds or other funds will be available when needed (see Note 13. Equity Transactions to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

The following table summarizes the outstanding Series B preferred stock warrants:

 

 

 

Warrants

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

 

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at June 30, 2018

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

10,500

 

 

 

982.50

 

 

 

2.00

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(2,780 )

 

 

982.50

 

 

 

2.00

 

 

 

 

Expired

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at June 30, 2019

 

 

7,720

 

 

$ 985.50

 

 

 

1.21

 

 

$ 752,700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(2,945 )

 

 

897.02

 

 

 

3.11

 

 

 

 

Expired

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

4,775

 

 

 

850.00

 

 

 

1.75

 

 

 

4,224,839

 

  

 
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Warrants to Purchase Common Stock

 

On June 28, 2018, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Aspire Capital Fund, LLC, pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell up to $7.0 million of shares of the Company’s Class A common stock to Aspire Capital, without an underwriter or placement agent. The Company issued to Aspire Capital warrants to purchase 8,000,000 shares of its common stock exercisable for 5 years at an exercise price of $0.38 per share. The warrants were recorded within stockholders’ deficiency. The fair value of the warrants issued on June 28, 2018 was estimated on the date of issuance using the Black-Scholes-Merton Model.  The value of the warrants issued was approximately $1.7 million.  Assumptions used in the Black Scholes option-pricing model for these warrants were as follows:

 

Average risk-free interest rate

 

 

2.73 %

Average expected life-years

 

 

5

 

Expected volatility

 

 

52.77 %

Expected dividends

 

 

0 %

 

The following table summarizes the outstanding common stock warrants:

 

 

 

Warrants

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

 

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at June 30, 2018

 

 

8,000,000

 

 

$ 0.38

 

 

 

5.00

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Extended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expired

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at June 30, 2019

 

 

8,000,000

 

 

$ 0.38

 

 

 

4.00

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Extended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expired

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

8,000,000

 

 

$ 0.38

 

 

 

3.25

 

 

$

 

 

As of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, 8,000,000 warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock exercisable for 5 years at an exercise price of $0.38 per share were outstanding.

 

13. Equity Transactions

 

Class B Common Stock

 

On January 29, 2019, the Company issued 909,090 shares of Class B common stock at the option exercise price of $0.11 per share to Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, for his partial exercise of his option, paid by the cancellation of debt to Mr. Ehrlich of $100,000 to satisfy the exercise price (as permitted pursuant to the terms of the option agreement).

 

On March 30, 2020, the Company issued 909,090 shares of Class B common stock at the option exercise price of $0.11 per share to Mr. Ehrlich, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, for his partial exercise of his option, paid by the cancellation of debt to Mr. Ehrlich of $100,000 to satisfy the exercise price (See Note 11. Convertible Note Payable to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

As of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the total outstanding number of Class B common stock were 1,818,180 shares and 909,090 shares, respectively.

 

 
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Class A Common Stock

 

On February 23, 2020, the Company issued 500,000 options each to our Chairman and CEO and two other Board members (see Note 12) and the Company also issued 500,000 shares of Class A common stock each to our Chairman and CEO and two other Board members, which shares will vest on June 30, 2020. The total value of these 1,500,000 shares was approximately $135,000 and we recognized approximately $40,000 of stock-based compensation costs and charged to additional paid-in capital as of March 31, 2020 and will recognize the remaining balance of $95,000 as of June 30, 2020.

 

Series B 5% convertible preferred stock purchase agreement

 

On October 5, 2018, as modified on May 9, 2019 (see Warrant Restructuring and Additional Issuance Agreement as described below), the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (“Securities Purchase Agreement”) with one multi-family office for the sale of an aggregate of 2,000 shares of the Company’s newly-created Series B 5% convertible preferred stock (“Series B preferred stock” or “preferred stock”), for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $2.0 million. An initial closing for the sale of 1,250 shares of the Series B preferred stock closed on October 9, 2018, and a second closing for the sale of 750 shares of the Series B preferred stock closed on October 12, 2018. Under the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company also issued to the investors warrants to purchase up to an additional 8,000 shares of preferred stock.

 

The Series B preferred stock is mandatorily redeemable under certain circumstances and, as such, is presented as a liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company has elected to measure the value of its preferred stock using the fair value method with offsetting discounts associated with the fair value allocated to the warrants and for the intrinsic value attributed to the beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”). The fair value of the Series B preferred stock (without the warrants) will be assessed at each subsequent reporting date with changes in fair value recorded in the profit and loss as a separate line item below the “loss from operations” section, in accordance with ASC 480-10-35-5.

 

The warrants issued in connection with the Series B preferred stock are deemed to be free standing equity instruments and are recorded in permanent equity (additional paid in capital) based on a relative fair value allocation of proceeds (i.e. warrants’ relative fair value to the Series B preferred stock fair value (without the warrants)) with an offsetting discount to the Series B preferred stock. Given that the Series B preferred stock is convertible at any time under these features, the underlying warrant discounts were accreted upon issuance and recorded as interest (resulting in no remaining discount to the Series B preferred stock liability after the issuance).

 

The Company recorded the October 9, 2018 issuance of 1,250 shares Series B Preferred Stock at approximately $0.7 million and the underlying Series 1, Series 2 and Series 3 warrants at approximately $0.5 million in total by allocating the gross proceeds to Series B preferred stock (without the warrants) and warrants based on their relative fair values or direct valuation as appropriate. The Company recorded BCF of approximately $1.2 million associated with the issuance of the 1,250 shares of Series B preferred stock to additional paid-in capital. The Company then recorded interest of approximately $1.2 million for the BCF and warrant discounts as a first day interest given that the Series B preferred shares can be converted at any time to common stock and given no set term.

 

 
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The Company recorded the October 12, 2018 issuance of 750 shares Series B Preferred Stock at approximately $0.4 million and the underlying Series 1, Series 2 and Series 3 warrants at approximately $0.3 million in total by allocating the gross proceeds to Series B preferred stock (without the warrants) and warrants based on their relative fair values or direct valuation as appropriate. The Company recorded BCF of approximately $0.7 million associated with the issuance of the 750 shares of Series B preferred stock to additional paid-in capital. The Company then recorded interest of approximately $0.7 million for the BCF and warrant discounts as a first day interest given that Series B preferred shares can be converted at any time to common stock and given no set term.

 

The issuance costs associated with the Series B preferred stock transaction were attributed to the Series B preferred stock (without the warrants) and to the Series 1, Series 2 and Series 3 warrants based on their relative fair values. The issuance costs attributed to the warrants of approximately $32,000 were reflected as a reduction to additional paid-in capital. The issuances costs associated with the Series B preferred stock liability of approximately $41,000 was recorded immediately as an element of interest cost, which are reflected in interest expense - preferred stock. The Company recognized change in fair value of preferred stock liabilities of approximately $102,000 and $50,000 under Other (income) expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Underlying Series B preferred stock dividends, paid quarterly, was accrued as interest (given the liability classification of the Series B preferred stock) on a daily basis given fixed dividend terms under the Series B preferred stock. The Company recorded 5% dividend accretion on total outstanding Series B preferred stock at March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019.

 

The total dividends of approximately $52,000 and $32,000 are treated as interest expense – preferred stock during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Balance of accrued dividends of $12,000 and $24,000 was included at Preferred stock liability as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019.  

 

Terms of the Preferred Stock

 

The rights and preferences of the preferred stock are set forth in a Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of Series B 5% Convertible Preferred Stock filed with the Nevada Secretary of State on October 5, 2018 (the “Certificate of Designation”). Each share of preferred stock has an initial stated value of $1,080 and may be converted at any time at the holder’s option into shares of the Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal of the lower of (i) $0.32 per share and (ii) 85% of the lowest volume weighted average price of the Company’s common stock on a trading day during the ten trading days prior to and ending on, and including, the conversion date. The conversion price may be adjusted following certain triggering events and subsequent equity sales and is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of stock splits, stock dividends, recapitalization or similar events affecting the Company’s common stock.

 

The holders of the preferred stock are limited in the amount of stated value of the preferred stock they can convert on any trading day. The conversion cap limits conversions by the holders to the greater of $75,000 and an amount equal to 30% of the aggregate dollar trading volume of the Company’s common stock for the five trading days immediately preceding, and including, the conversion date. However, the conversion cap will be increased if the trading volume in the first 30 minutes of any trading session exceeds certain trailing average daily volume amounts. In addition, the holders of the preferred stock may not convert shares of preferred stock if, after giving effect to the conversion, a holder together with its affiliates would beneficially own in excess of 9.99% of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

Redemption Rights

 

Following 30 days after the initial closing, the Company may elect to redeem the preferred stock for 120% of the aggregate stated value then outstanding, plus all accrued but unpaid dividends and all liquidated damages and other amounts due in respect of the preferred stock. The Company’s right to redeem the preferred stock is contingent upon it having complied with a number of conditions, including compliance with its obligations under the Certificate of Designation. Shares of preferred stock generally have no voting rights, except as required by law and except that the Company shall not take certain actions without the consent of the holders of the preferred stock.

 

Warrants

 

Each share of preferred stock was initially sold together with three warrants: (i) a Series 1 warrant, which entitles the holder thereof to purchase 1.25 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share, or 2,500 shares of preferred stock in the aggregate for approximately $2.5 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up nine months following issuance (later extended to 15 months following issuance), (ii) a Series 2 warrant, which entitles the holder thereof to purchase 1.25 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share, or 2,500 shares of preferred stock in the aggregate for approximately $2.5 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up to 15 months following issuance, and (iii) a Series 3 warrant, which entitles the holder thereof to purchase 1.50 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share, or 3,000 shares of preferred stock in the aggregate for approximately $2.9 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up to 24 months following issuance. On May 9, 2019, the Company entered into a warrant restructuring and additional issuance agreement (the “Issuance Agreement”) with the holders of the Series B preferred stock and warrants pursuant to which the Company issued an additional 100 shares of Series B preferred stock and Series 4 warrants to purchase an additional 2,500 shares of preferred stock, and the holders of the Series B preferred stock and warrants agreed to exercise warrants to purchase up to $2.0 million of Series B preferred stock through November 2019 subject to the conditions set forth in the Issuance Agreement. The Series 4 warrant entitles the holder thereof to purchase 2,500 shares of preferred stock at $982.50 per share for approximately $2.5 million in aggregate exercise price, for a period of up to nine months following issuance. In addition, the Company extended the termination date for the Series 1 warrants by six months, and agreed to issue one additional share of preferred stock to the Series B investors for each five shares issued upon the exercise of the existing warrants or Series 4 warrants through November 9, 2019, up to a maximum of 400 shares of preferred stock, all 400 shares of which had been issued as of March 31, 2020. On December 26, 2019, the Company extended the termination date for each series of warrants to December 31, 2021 (see below). 

 

The Series B Preferred shareholders’ warrants held were modified on May 9, 2019 (see Warrant Restructuring and Additional Issuance Agreement described below). Pursuant to this warrant restructuring agreement,  the Company had the option to compel these shareholders to exercise each month up to $400,000 of their Series 1 warrants. These warrant holders exercised a total of approximately $4.1 million of their Series 1 to 4 warrants, starting from May 2019 through March 2020. In addition, subject to the satisfaction of certain circumstances, the Company may call for cancellation any or all of the warrants following 90 days after their issuance, for a payment in cash equal to 8% of the aggregate exercise price of the warrants being called. The warrants subject to any such call notice will be cancelled 30 days following the Company’s payment of the call fee, provided that the warrant holders have not exercised the warrants prior to cancellation.

 

 
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Conversion of preferred stock to common stock

 

During the year ended June 30, 2019, the two preferred stockholders converted 3,891 shares of Series B preferred stock into 39.2 million shares of common stock.  With regard to conversions, the Company reversed Series B preferred stock liability relating to the conversion and recorded as Additional paid-in capital at par value. The Company reversed the amount of approximately $3,068,000 based on the proportion of Series B preferred stock converted relative to the original total issued. As of June 30, 2019, 1,196 shares of Series B 5% convertible preferred stock were outstanding.

 

During the nine months ended March 31, 2020, the two preferred stockholders converted 4,065 shares of Series B preferred stock into 63.4 million shares of common stock.  As of March 31, 2020, 350 shares of Series B 5% convertible preferred stock were outstanding.

 

Warrant Amendment Agreement and Extension of Warrant Terms

 

On December 26, 2019, the Company entered into a Warrant Amendment Agreement with the holders of the warrants to purchase our Series B preferred stock, pursuant to which we have amended the warrants as follows: (i) to extend the termination date for each warrant to December 31, 2021, and (ii) to adjust the exercise price of each warrant from $982.50 to $850.00 per share of Series B preferred stock. The warrants modification expense of $1,212,000 was computed as the incremental value of the modified warrants over the unmodified warrants on the modification date using a per share price of $0.05 per share, which was the market price on December 26, 2019. Assumptions used in the Black Scholes option-pricing model for these warrants were as follows:

 

Average risk-free interest rate

 

 

1.64 %

Average expected life-years

 

 

2

 

Expected volatility

 

 

99.03 %

Expected dividends

 

 

0 %

  

Warrant Restructuring and Additional Issuance Agreement

 

On May 9, 2019, the Company entered into a Warrant Restructuring and Additional Issuance Agreement (“Issuance Agreement”) with the Series B investors of its Series B preferred stock and warrants to purchase Series B preferred stock. Pursuant to the Issuance Agreement, the Series B investors have agreed, subject to the conditions set forth therein, to exercise existing warrants to purchase 500 shares of preferred stock and to amend the existing warrants to permit the Company to compel the exercise of up to $400,000 of existing warrants each calendar month commencing June 3, 2019 and ending November 1, 2019, or, if earlier, until the aggregate amount of the forced exercises is $2,000,000. As consideration for the Series B investors entering into the Issuance Agreement, the Company has issued 100 shares of preferred stock and warrants to purchase 2,500 shares of preferred stock (“Series 4 warrants”) to the Series B investors. In addition, the Company extended the termination date for the Series 1 warrants issued in October 2018 by six months, and has agreed to issue one additional share of preferred stock to the Series B investors for each five shares issued upon the exercise of the existing warrants or Series 4 warrants through November 9, 2019, up to a maximum of 400 shares of preferred stock, all 400 shares of which had been issued as of March 31, 2020.

 

 
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The warrants were modified in accordance with ASC 470-50 and, as a result, immediately prior to the modification, the Company recognized a loss of approximately $63,000 to change in fair value of preferred stock liabilities under Other (income) expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

Subsequent to the modification, the Company recognized an expense of approximately $294,000 due to the above modification of Series B preferred stock terms in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations

 

The fair value of the Series B convertible preferred stock is measured in accordance with ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurement,” using “Monte Carlo simulation” modeling, incorporating the following inputs:

 

 

 

June 30, 2019

 

 

May 9, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0.00 %

 

 

0.00 %

Expected stock-price volatility

 

 

54.5 %

 

 

51.9 %

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

2.18 %

 

 

2.43 %

Expected term of warrants (years)

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

0.25

 

Stock price

 

$ 535.12

 

 

$ 535.12

 

Exercise price ( modified on December 26, 2019 as above stated)

 

$ 850.00

 

 

$ 982.50

 

  

Treasury Stock

 

On September 1, 2019, 58,394 restricted shares issued to Ms. Harness vested. The total taxable compensation to Ms. Harness for the 58,394 vested shares was approximately $1,222, based upon the closing stock price on August 31, 2019 of $0.13 a share. The Company issued 48,775 common shares (net share issuance amount), to Ms. Harness. The remaining 9,619 shares of common stock were withheld from Ms. Harness for the payment of payroll taxes to the Federal and State taxing authorities and these shares withheld are being reported by the Company as treasury stock, at cost, on the Company’s accompanying balance sheets.

 

On September 1, 2019, 1,066,667 restricted shares issued to Dr. Bertolino vested. The total taxable compensation to Dr. Bertolino for the 1,066,667 vested shares was approximately $53,545, based upon the closing stock price on August 30, 2019 of $0.13 a share. The Company issued 645,056 common shares (net share issuance amount), to Dr. Bertolino. The remaining 421,611 shares of common stock were withheld from Dr. Bertolino for the payment of payroll taxes to the Federal and State taxing authorities and these shares withheld are being reported by the Company as treasury stock, at cost, on the Company’s accompanying balance sheets.

 

On September 1, 2018, 38,930 restricted shares issued to Ms. Harness vested. The total taxable compensation to Ms. Harness for the 38,930 vested shares was approximately $3,690, based upon the closing stock price on August 31, 2018 of $0.40 a share. The Company issued 29,658 common shares (net share issuance amount), to Ms. Harness. The remaining 9,272 shares of common stock were withheld from Ms. Harness for the payment of payroll taxes to the Federal and State taxing authorities and these shares withheld are being reported by the Company as treasury stock, at cost, on the Company’s accompanying balance sheets.

 

On September 1, 2018, 533,334 restricted shares issued to Dr. Bertolino vested. The total taxable compensation to Dr. Bertolino for the 533,334 vested shares was approximately $87,140, based upon the closing stock price on August 31, 2018 of $0.40 a share. The Company issued 314,387 common shares (net share issuance amount), to Dr. Bertolino. The remaining 218,946 shares of common stock were withheld from Dr. Bertolino for the payment of payroll taxes to the Federal and State taxing authorities and these shares withheld are being reported by the Company as treasury stock, at cost, on the Company’s accompanying balance sheets.

 

There were 659,448 shares and 228,218 shares held in treasury, purchased at a total cumulative cost of $146,000 and $91,000 as of March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

 
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14. Fair Value Measurement

 

The Company has elected to measure its preferred stock using the fair value method. The fair value of the preferred stock is the estimated amount that would be paid to redeem the liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company calculates the fair value of the Series B Preferred stock using a lattice model that takes into consideration the future redemption value on the instrument, which is tied to the Company’s stock price.

 

These valuations are considered to be Level 3 fair value measurements as the significant inputs are unobservable and require significant management judgment or estimation. Considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, the Company’s estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company, or holders of the instruments, could realize in a current market exchange. Significant assumptions used in the fair value models include: the estimates of the redemption dates; credit spreads; dividend payments; and the market price of the Company’s common stock. The use of different assumptions and/or estimation methodologies could have a material effect on the estimated fair values.

  

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of the Company’s beginning and ending Level 3 preferred stock liability balance for the period from October 5, 2018 (date of issuance of preferred stock and warrants) to June 30, 2019 and March 31, 2020.

 

Series B 5% convertible preferred stock liability

 

 

 

Balance, July 1, 2018

 

$

 

Issuance of preferred stock at fair value

 

 

1,116,000

 

Issuance of preferred stock by exercise of  warrants

 

 

2,895,000

 

Conversion of preferred stock to common stock

 

 

(3,068,000 )

Change in fair value of preferred stock due to modification of terms

 

 

(357,000 )

Issuance of 100 shares valued at $535.12 per share Series B Preferred Stock per May 2019 Modification

 

 

54,000

 

Contingent consideration of 400 extra shares

 

 

214,000

 

5% accrued dividend (1) – for the year ended 6.30.2019

 

 

42,000

 

     Settlement of accrued dividend by issuance of PS

 

 

(17,000 )

Balance, June 30, 2019

 

$ 879,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of preferred stock due to modification of terms

 

 

(102,000 )

Issuance of preferred stock through accrued dividend, valued at fair value

 

 

34,000

 

Issuance of preferred stock by exercise of  warrants

 

 

1,688,000

 

Conversion of preferred stock to common stock

 

 

(2,287,000 )

5% accrued dividend (1) – for the 9 months ended 3.31.2020

 

 

52,000

 

     Settlement of accrued dividend by issuance of PS

 

 

(64,000 )

Balance, March 31, 2020

 

$ 200,000

 

___________

(1)

The 5% accrued dividend is reported in interest expense—preferred stock.

 

The total dividends of approximately $52,000 and $42,000 are treated as interest expense – preferred stock during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and during the year ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The Series B preferred stock dividends of $64,000 was paid by issuance of Series B preferred stocks, and the remaining accrued dividends of $12,000 was included at Preferred stock liability as of March 31, 2020.  

 

 
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15. Subsequent Events

 

Equity Transactions

 

From April 1, 2020 to date of the issuance of these financial statements, the Company issued 1,600 shares of its Series B 5% convertible preferred stock, for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $1.4 million, upon exercise of 1,600 warrants. In addition, there were 1,950 preferred stock shares converted to approximately 26.0 million shares of common stock.

 

COVID-19

 

Recently, due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, the Company has been approached by a number of organizations regarding a desire to conduct research on Brilacidin against the novel coronavirus, following release of information on its potential as a treatment. Material Transfer Agreements have been signed with a couple academic institutions and Brilacidin drug substance (Brilacidin tetrahydrochloride) provided for experimental research on the antiviral properties of Brilacidin.  Available research data has been released, with subsequent testing imminent. Grant applications for funding of further development of Brilacidin in treatment of COVID-19 are either filed or in progress of being filed. Partnering opportunities, with industry and academic partners, are also ongoing. Given the safety and efficacy data already known about Brilacidin from multiple routes of administration, a Phase 2 study with Brilacidin (as intravenous solution) is in planning.

 

The Company has evaluated events subsequent to March 31, 2020 through the issuance of these financial statements and determined that there were no additional events requiring disclosure.

 

 
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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and plan of operations should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes to those statements included in this Form 10-Q. This discussion includes forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainties. You should review our important note about forward-looking statements preceding the condensed consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of this Part I. As a result of many factors, such as those set forth under “Risk Factors” in this Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

 

Management’s Plan of Operation

 

Overview

 

Innovation Pharmaceuticals Inc. is a clinical stage pharmaceutical company developing innovative therapies with dermatology, oncology, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic applications. The Company owns the rights to numerous drug compounds, including Brilacidin, our lead drug in a new class of compounds called defensin-mimetics, and Kevetrin (thioureidobutyronitrile), our lead anti-cancer compound.

 

Recent Developments

 

On February 13, 2020, the Company announced that its Phase 1 trial of orally administered Brilacidin for Ulcerative Colitis met its primary endpoints with positive topline results.

 

On February 18, 2020, the Company announced that it is exploring Brilacidin as a potential novel coronavirus treatment. 

 

On March 5, 2020, the Company announced that it is planning for a Phase 2 clinical trial of Brilacidin for Ulcerative Colitis and had begun interacting with vendors in preparation for the study.

 

On April 1, 2020, the Company announced that it received data from a U.S. Regional Biocontainment Laboratory (RBL) supporting Brilacidin’s direct inhibition of SARS-COV-2, the novel coronavirus responsible for COVID-19.

 

On April 6, 2020, the Company announced that it is in discussions to advance Brilacidin into human trials against COVID-19. The Company has received numerous inquiries and remains involved in procuring clinical trial supplies as it prepares for interaction with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to advance this initiative.

 

On April 20, 2020, the Company announced that a publication indicated that screening of 11,552 compounds identified Brilacidin as one of the most promising potential inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2.  In addition, the Company announced that the U.S. Regional Biocontainment Laboratory that had conducted the initial tests will advance Brilacidin to the next stage of testing and that a majority of drugs tested at the RBL did not meet the threshold to advance. The next stage of testing has been commenced as of date of the filing.

 

On May 5, 2020, the Company announced that the Company has executed a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) with a leading U.S.-based Public Health Research Institute to evaluate the immunomodulatory and antiviral properties of Brilacidin in relation to COVID-19.

 

 
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Business Development and Licensing

 

The Company is actively engaged in business development and licensing initiatives with multiple specialty and global pharmaceutical companies across its entire pipeline of drugs. From time to time, the Company may be party to various indications of interest and term sheets and participate in preliminary discussions and negotiations regarding potential licensing or partnership arrangements. It remains the Company’s primary objective to complete licensing deals, territorial and/or global, to provide access to non-dilutive capital to advance clinical assets forward in the most expeditious and cost-effective manner. The Company can make no assurance that partnerships will occur but is committed toward executing on these potential alliance and partnership opportunities.

 

In July 2019, the Company entered into a license agreement with Alfasigma, granting Alfasigma the worldwide right to develop, manufacture and commercialize rectally administered Brilacidin for UP/UPS. The license agreement also provides Alfasigma with a right of first refusal for Brilacidin for the treatment of more extensive forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s disease, and a right of first negotiation for Brilacidin in other gastrointestinal indications.

 

Active Clinical Development Programs

 

Compound

Target/Indication

Clinical Status

Brilacidin

Oral Mucositis (OM)

Phase 2 Study (completed)

Phase 3 in preparation

 

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Phase 2 UP/UPS Proof of Concept Study (completed)

Phase 1 Safety/toleration/PK of oral dosage form (completed)

Phase 2 UC Safety/toleration/PK and Proof of Concept in preparation

 

ABSSSI (Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infection)

Phase 2 (completed)

 

COVID-19

Phase 2 in preparation

Kevetrin

Ovarian Cancer

Phase 2 Study (completed)

 

We have no product sales to date and we will not receive any product revenue until we receive approval from the FDA or equivalent foreign regulatory agencies to begin marketing a pharmaceutical product. Milestone payments from our licensee are also dependent on clinical/regulatory milestones. We are actively engaged in business development for partnering our drugs. Developing pharmaceutical products, however, is a lengthy and very expensive process and there can be no assurance that we will complete such development or commercialize such for several years, if ever.

 

The Company devotes most of its efforts and resources on its compounds Brilacidin and Kevetrin, which are in clinical development. We anticipate using our expertise to manage and perform what we believe are the most critical aspects of the product development process which include: (i) design and oversight of clinical trials; (ii) development and execution of strategies for the protection and maintenance of intellectual property rights; and (iii) interactions with regulatory authorities domestically and internationally. We expect to concentrate on product development and engage in a limited way in product discovery, avoiding the significant investment of time and financial resources that is generally required for a promising compound to be identified and brought into clinical trials.

 

Set forth below is an overview of our most recent research and development efforts on Brilacidin and Kevetrin through the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is submitted:

 

 
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Brilacidin

 

COVID-19 — Recently, due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, the Company has been approached by a number of organizations regarding a desire to conduct research on Brilacidin against the novel coronavirus, following release of information on its potential as a treatment. Material Transfer Agreements have been signed with academic institutions and Brilacidin drug substance (Brilacidin tetrahydrochloride) was provided for experimental research on the antiviral properties of Brilacidin.  Available research data has been released (see Recent Developments), with subsequent testing now ongoing. Grant applications for funding of further development of Brilacidin in treatment of COVID-19 are either filed or in progress of being filed. Partnering opportunities, with industry and academic partners, are also ongoing. Given the safety and efficacy data already known about Brilacidin from multiple routes of administration, a Phase 2 study with Brilacidin (as intravenous solution) is in planning.

 

Oral Mucositis (OM) study — In a randomized, double-blind Phase 2 study of Brilacidin for the prevention and control of OM in patients receiving chemoradiation for treatment of Head and Neck Cancer (HNC), analysis of patients who received at least 55 Gy cumulative units of radiation showed that Brilacidin markedly reduced the rate of severe OM (WHO Grade ≥ 3), delayed onset of severe OM and decreased duration of severe OM. The Company made available, in a blog published on its website, a comparative data table (based on public information) showing Brilacidin compares favorably to other compounds in development for preventing and treating severe OM. The Company and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have completed an End-of-Phase 2 meeting concerning the continuing development of Brilacidin oral rinse to decrease the incidence of severe OM in HNC patients receiving chemoradiation. Both parties agreed to an acceptable Brilacidin Phase 3 development pathway, including studying Brilacidin oral rinse effects on severe OM when cisplatin, the preferred chemotherapy regimen in HNC care, is administered in higher concentrations (80-100 mg/m2) every 21 days, and at lower concentrations (30-40 mg/m2) administered weekly as part of the chemoradiation regimen.

 

IBD, UP/UPS study — (see Note 7. Exclusive License Agreement to the condensed consolidated financial statements). A Phase 2a trial comprised three sequential cohorts, with progressive dose escalation by cohort—cohort A (6 patients) - 50 mg, cohort B (6 patients) - 100 mg, and cohort C (5 patients) - 200 mg, respectively. Treatment with Brilacidin by daily enema administration was performed for 42 days. The primary efficacy endpoint of clinical remission (accounting for stool frequency, rectal bleeding and endoscopy findings subscores) was met by the majority of patients across the cohorts. Brilacidin was generally well-tolerated. Patient quality of life (as assessed by the short inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire, or SIBDQ) showed notable improvements. Limited systemic exposure to Brilacidin was demonstrated as measured by plasma Brilacidin concentrations. Future development work with locally-administered Brilacidin for UP/UPS will be conducted by Alfasigma.

 

IBD, Ulcerative Colitis (UC) — Brilacidin is also being developed as a treatment in more extensive forms of IBD, with formulation development plans including oral tablets first aimed for the treatment of ulcerative colitis and then Crohn’s disease. The Company has partnered with BDD Pharma for oral development of Brilacidin in tablet form utilizing BDD Pharma’s patented OralogiK™ tablet technology to achieve selective delivery of Brilacidin to the colon. Initial clinical testing in a Phase 1 single-dose escalation trial was conducted in January 2020, which tested a radio (gamma) isotope labeled Brilacidin oral formulation in healthy volunteers to assess targeting, dispersion, safety, toleration, and the pharmacokinetic profile. Following multidose testing in healthy volunteers, a placebo-controlled Phase 2 clinical trial in UC patients would be targeted to begin in the second half of calendar year 2020. We aim to design this patient clinical trial to firmly anchor proof-of-concept for treatment of ulcerative colitis.

 

 
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ABSSSI

 

In February 2016, the Company submitted a Special Protocol Assessment (SPA) request, along with a final protocol, to the FDA, for a Phase 3 clinical trial of Brilacidin for the treatment of Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infection (ABSSSI) caused by gram-positive bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We received from the FDA comments and considerations for incorporation into our study design. Management decided to delay its response to FDA due to the low price per share of our common stock and the approximately $30 million costs required for this study. Our strategy, for now, is to achieve success with other trials and attract partnering opportunities that may provide significant upfront payments and milestone payments, which can then be used to fund the ABSSSI program. We see ABSSSI as the appropriate gateway indication in infectious diseases, enabling potential further studies of Brilacidin’s use for implant coating and biofilm infections.

 

Expenditures on Brilacidin were approximately $0.2 million and $0.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and approximately $0.6 million and $1.1 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

For Brilacidin overall, we see significant potential in treatment of COVID-19 (by the IV route), and in treatment of Oral Mucositis (by oral rinse) and IBD (by oral tablet). The available clinical data also suggest that other inflammatory conditions including various dermatology disorders and conditions may, likewise, be treated locally and efficaciously with Brilacidin.

 

Kevetrin

 

The Company has completed a Phase 2a trial of Kevetrin in treating late-stage Ovarian Cancer. The main objective of the trial focused on confirming the modulation by Kevetrin of p53 pathways in tumors, as well as monitoring the response of tumors to the treatment. The study was successful in demonstrating modulation of p53 directly in ovarian cancer tumor tissue in patients. Pharmacokinetic data collected on Kevetrin during the Phase 1 clinical trial demonstrated that the compound has a short half-life of approximately two hours. This short half-life makes it a compelling candidate for an oral drug delivery treatment for the main purpose of allowing simple daily, or multiple-times daily administrations within or outside the hospital setting. Compared to injectable or intravenous treatments, oral therapy is the preferred drug delivery method of patients. Preliminary laboratory studies are encouraging and support the potential of developing an oral formulation, but there are no assurances made or implied that the Company will be successful in completing development of an oral formulation. Toxicology studies for the oral formulation of Kevetrin are approximately half completed, with the remainder of this work to be completed when the Company secures additional financial resources. Next steps in the development of Kevetrin include: completing bridging toxicology work for an oral formulation; developing the oral formulation (pill or tablet); requesting an FDA meeting to discuss trial results to date and the design of future trials; and performing a dosing safety study in healthy volunteers once the oral formulation has been developed. Once completed, these steps would likely quickly lead to Phase 2 testing of oral Kevetrin in both solid tumors and leukemias, with ovarian cancer likely continuing to be the lead indication.

 

Expenditures on Kevetrin were insignificant during the both the quarters and nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

We have no product sales to date and we will not receive any product revenue until we receive approval from the FDA or equivalent foreign regulatory agencies to begin marketing a pharmaceutical product. Developing pharmaceutical products, however, is a lengthy and very expensive process and there can be no assurance that we will complete such development or commercialize such for several years, if ever.

 

 
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Going Concern

 

We have identified conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. As of March 31, 2020, we had approximately $0.8 million in cash compared to $0.6 million of cash as of June 30, 2019. The amount of cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet as of the date of this filing is approximately $1.5 million and is not adequate to fund our operations. The Company’s only revenue during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 is $0.4 million under the terms of the License Agreement with Alfasigma (see Note 7. Exclusive License Agreement to the condensed consolidated financial statements). We have no product sales as we do not have any products in the market and will continue to not have significant revenues until we begin to market our products after we have obtained the necessary FDA approval. As a result, the Company expects to continue to incur losses over the next 12 months from the date of this filing. Accordingly, the Company’s planned operations, including total budgeted expenditures of approximately $11.8 million for the next twelve months, raise doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern for the next 12 months. If we are not able to continue as a going concern, it is likely that holders of our common stock will lose all of their investment. Our condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

To continue as a going concern, we must secure additional funding to support our current operating plan. The Company expects to seek to obtain additional funding through business development activities (i.e. licensing and partnerships), such as the license agreement with Alfasigma, and future equity issuances. There can be no assurance as to the availability or terms upon which such financing and capital might be available.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based upon our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP, and which requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates are the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities, which in turn may impact our reported revenue and expenses. Our actual results could differ significantly from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Please see Note 3 of the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the summary of significant accounting policies. In addition, please see Part II, Item 7, “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates since our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019.

 

 
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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

Please see Note 3 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, Significant Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements, for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements and their effect, if any, on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Results of Operations

 

We expect to incur losses from operations for the next few years. We expect to incur increasing research and development expenses, including expenses related to additional clinical trials for our proprietary programs. Based upon our expected rate of expenditures over the next 12 months, we expect to raise additional capital through, among other things, the sale of equity or debt securities to meet all of our anticipated obligations for our current operations through our fiscal year end of June 30, 2020. However, continuing operations for the next 12 months from the date of this filing is very much dependent upon our ability to raise equity from existing or new financing sources. There can be no assurance as to the availability or terms upon which such financing and capital might be available.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Revenue

 

We generated no revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

We incurred operating expenses of approximately $0.9 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Research and Development Expenses for Proprietary Programs

 

Below is a summary of our research and development expenses for our proprietary programs by categories of costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

 

Change

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clinical studies and development research

 

$ 323,000

 

 

$ 128,000

 

 

$ 195,000

 

 

 

152 %

Officers’ payroll and payroll tax expenses related to R&D Department

 

 

 

 

 

120,000

 

 

 

(120,000 )

 

 

(100 )%

Employees payroll and payroll tax expenses related to R&D Department

 

 

77,000

 

 

 

84,000

 

 

 

(7,000 )

 

 

(8 )%

Stock-based compensation – officers

 

 

 

 

 

222,000

 

 

 

(222,000 )

 

 

(100 )%

Stock-based compensation – employees

 

 

22,000

 

 

 

41,000

 

 

 

(19,000 )

 

 

(46 )%

Stock-based compensation – consultants

 

 

13,000

 

 

 

19,000

 

 

 

(6,000 )

 

 

(32 )%

Reversal of forfeited stock-based compensation

 

 

(251,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

(251,000 )

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses

 

 

92,000

 

 

 

93,000

 

 

 

(1,000 )

 

 

(1 )%

Total

 

$ 276,000

 

 

$ 707,000

 

 

$ (431,000 )

 

 

(61 )%

   

 
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Research and development expenses for proprietary programs decreased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to less spending on our programs due to our current lack of working capital. Clinical studies and development expenses will continue to decrease in future reporting periods if there is no increase in the Company’s financial liquidity.

 

Officers’ payroll decreased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the fact that the Company’s President and Chief Medical Officer resigned on December 19, 2019, which led to no officers’ payroll under research and development during the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Employees payroll and payroll tax expenses decreased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to fewer employees engaged in preclinical development after March 31, 2019, which led to the decrease in employees’ payroll during the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Stock-based compensation - officers decreased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the fact that the Company’s President and Chief Medical Officer resigned on December 19, 2019 and the Company reversed the stock-based compensation expenses of approximately $251,000 based on the amount of those unvested options and stock awards we expensed in the current year and all prior periods.

 

Stock-based compensation - employees decreased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the decrease of vesting in the number of stock awards granted to employees during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

Stock-based compensation - consultants decreased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to less stock awards being granted to two consultants during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

Our research and development expenses include costs related to preclinical and clinical trials, outsourced services and consulting, officers’ payroll and related payroll tax expenses, other wages and related payroll tax expenses, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization expenses. We manage our proprietary programs based on scientific data and achievement of research plan goals. Our scientists record their time to specific projects when possible; however, many activities occurring simultaneously benefit multiple projects and cannot be readily attributed to a specific project. Accordingly, the accurate assignment of time and costs to a specific project is difficult and may not give a true indication of the actual costs of a particular project. As a result, we do not report costs on an individual program basis.

 

 
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General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses consist mainly of compensation and associated fringe benefits not included in cost of research and development expenses for proprietary programs and include other management, business development, accounting, information technology and administration costs, including patent filing and prosecution, recruiting, consulting and professional services, travel and meals, facilities, depreciation and other office expenses.

 

Below is a summary of our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

 

Change

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Insurance and health expense

 

$ 105,000

 

 

$ 121,000

 

 

$ (16,000 )

 

 

(13 )%

Operating lease and utility expense

 

 

36,000

 

 

 

59,000

 

 

 

(23,000 )

 

 

(39 )%

Stock-based compensation-Officers

 

 

143,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

143,000

 

 

-%

 

Business development expense

 

 

143,000

 

 

 

27,000

 

 

 

116,000

 

 

 

430 %

Other G&A

 

 

34,000

 

 

 

43,000

 

 

 

(9,000 )

 

 

(21 )%

Total

 

$ 461,000

 

 

$ 250,000

 

 

$ 211,000

 

 

 

84 %

  

General and administrative expenses increased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, primarily due to the increase in stock-based compensation - officers of $143,000 (see Note 13) and business development expense of $116,000, which offset by the decrease in operating lease expense of $23,000.  

 

Officers’ Payroll and Payroll Tax Expenses

 

Below is a summary of our Officers’ payroll and payroll tax expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

Change

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Officers’ payroll and payroll tax expenses

 

$ 131,000

 

 

$ 126,000

 

 

$ 5,000

 

 

 

4 %

  

Officers’ payroll and payroll tax expenses increased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, primarily related to an increase in payroll tax liabilities in this period.

 

Professional Fees

 

Below is a summary of our Professional fees for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

Change

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Audit, legal and professional fees

 

$ 57,000

 

 

$ 45,000

 

 

$ 12,000

 

 

 

27 %

 

Professional fees increased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, primarily related to an increase in legal fees of $20,000, offset by decrease in audit and accounting fees.

 

 
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Other Income (Expense)

 

Below is a summary of our other income (expense) for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

Change

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value – Series B preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

50,000

 

 

 

(50,000 )

 

 

(100 )%

Interest expense – debt

 

$ (58,000 )

 

$ (44,000 )

 

$ (14,000 )

 

 

32 %

Interest expense – preferred stock liability

 

 

(12,000 )

 

 

(15,000 )

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

(20 )%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Income (Expense), net

 

$ (70,000 )

 

$ (9,000 )

 

$ (61,000 )

 

 

(678 )%

  

There was a decrease in change in fair value related to the Series B preferred stock for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to no change in fair value related to the Series B preferred stock for the three months ended March 31, 2020 (see Note 14. Fair Value Measurement to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

There was an increase in interest expense – debt during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the increase in finance charge of paying insurance. In addition, there was a decrease in the note payable to related party in connection to the cancellation of debt to Mr. Ehrlich of $100,000 in January 2019 to satisfy the exercise price of 909,090 shares of Class B common stock at the option exercise price of $0.11 per share (see Note 11. Convertible Note Payable - Related Party to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

There was a decrease in interest expense – preferred stock liability of approximately $3,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the decrease in 5% dividend accrued for the Series B preferred stock for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

Net Losses

 

We incurred net losses of $1.0 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively because of the above-mentioned factors.

 

For the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Revenue

 

We generated revenue of $0.4 million and $0 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Revenue during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 represented the initial non-refundable payment from the exclusive license agreement signed with Alfasigma S.p.A., a global pharmaceutical company (see Note 7. Exclusive License Agreement to the condensed consolidated financial statements).

 

We incurred operating expenses of approximately $3.6 million and $5.1 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

 
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Research and Development Expenses for Proprietary Programs

 

Below is a summary of our research and development expenses for our proprietary programs by categories of costs for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

For the nine months ended

 

 

Change

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clinical studies and development research

 

$ 999,000

 

 

$ 1,542,000

 

 

$ (543,000 )

 

 

(35 )%

Officers’ payroll and payroll tax expenses related to R&D Department

 

 

232,000

 

 

 

466,000

 

 

 

(234,000 )

 

 

(50 )%

Employees payroll and payroll tax expenses related to R&D Department

 

 

217,000

 

 

 

379,000

 

 

 

(162,000 )

 

 

(43 )%

Stock-based compensation – officers

 

 

298,000

 

 

 

620,000

 

 

 

(322,000 )

 

 

(52 )%

Stock-based compensation – employees

 

 

82,000

 

 

 

134,000

 

 

 

(52,000 )

 

 

(39 )%

Stock-based compensation – consultants

 

 

29,000

 

 

 

44,000

 

 

 

(15,000 )

 

 

(34 )%

Reversal of forfeited stock-based compensation

 

 

(251,000 )

 

 

 

 

 

(251,000 )

 

%

Depreciation and amortization expenses

 

 

279,000

 

 

 

278,000

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

%

Total

 

$ 1,885,000

 

 

$ 3,463,000

 

 

$ (1,578,000 )

 

 

(46 )%

 

Research and development expenses for proprietary programs decreased during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, primarily due to less spending on our programs due to our current lack of working capital. Clinical studies and development expenses will continue to decrease in future reporting periods if there is no increase in the Company’s financial liquidity.

 

Officers’ payroll decreased during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the fact that the Company’s President and Chief Medical Officer resigned on December 19, 2019, which led to no officers’ payroll under research and development during the nine months ended March 31, 2020.

  

Employees payroll and payroll tax expenses decreased during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to fewer employees engaged in preclinical development after March 31, 2019, which led to the decrease in employees’ payroll during the nine months ended March 31, 2020.

 

Stock-based compensation - officers decreased during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the fact that the Company’s President and Chief Medical Officer resigned on December 19, 2019 and the Company reversed the stock-based compensation expenses of approximately $251,000 based on the amount of those unvested options and stock awards we expensed in the current year and all prior periods.

 

Stock-based compensation - employees decreased during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to the decrease of vesting in the number of stock awards granted to employees in 2020.

 

Stock-based compensation - consultants decreased during the nine months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019, due to less stock awards being granted to consultants during the nine months ended March 31, 2020.

  

Our research and development expenses include costs related to preclinical and clinical trials, outsourced services and consulting, officers’ payroll and related payroll tax expenses, other wages and related payroll tax expenses, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization expenses. We manage our proprietary programs based on scientific data and achievement of research plan goals. Our scientists record their time to specific projects when possible; however, many activities occurring simultaneously benefit multiple projects and cannot be readily attributed to a specific project. Accordingly, the accurate assignment of time and costs to a specific project is difficult and may not give a true indication of the actual costs of a particular project. As a result, we do not report costs on an individual program basis.

 

 
44

Table of Contents

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses consist mainly of compensation and associated fringe benefits not included in cost of research and development expenses for proprietary programs and include other management, business development, accounting, information technology and administration costs, including patent filing and prosecution, recruiting, consulting and professional services, travel and meals, facilities, depreciation and other office expenses.

 

Below is a summary of our general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively (rounded to nearest thousand):

 

 

 

For the nine months ended

 

 

Change

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2020 vs. 2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Insurance and health expense