UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended: December 31, 2018

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File No. 000-27631

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.

(Exact Name of Small Business Issuer as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   65-0782227
(State or Other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)   Identification Number)

 

414-3120 Rutherford Rd
Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0B1

(Address of Principal Executive Offices, Including Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s Telephone Number, including area code: (888) 554-8789

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Common Stock, $.0001 per share par value

 

Indicate by check mark if registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark if registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all Reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter year that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes: [  ] No: [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter year that the registrant was required to submit and post such files. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Check if there is no disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item 405 of Regulation S-B is contained in this form and no disclosure will be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K. [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “small reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company [X]
    Emerging growth company [  ]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition year for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes [  ] No [X]

 

As of December 31, 2018, there were the following shares outstanding: Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, 24,634,051. Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 1,000,000 preferred shares.

 

 

 

     
 

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.

 

INDEX

 

PART 1
   
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 4
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 12
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 12
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 12
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 12
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 12
   
PART II
   
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 13
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 14
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 14
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 16
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 17
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 34
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 34
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION 35
   
PART III
   
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 36
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 37
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 37
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 38
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES 38
   
PART IV
   
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 39

 

Page 2 of 40
     

 

References in this document to “Franchise Holdings,” “us,” “we,” “our” or “Company” refer to Franchise Holdings International, Inc. unless the context indicates otherwise.

 

Cautionary Statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

The following discussion contains forward-looking statements regarding us, our business, prospects and results of operations that are subject to certain risks and uncertainties posed by many factors and events that could cause our actual business, prospects and results of operations to differ materially from those that may be anticipated by such forward-looking statements. Factors that may affect such forward-looking statements include, without limitation: our ability to successfully develop new products and services for new markets; the impact of competition on our revenues, changes in law or regulatory requirements that adversely affect or preclude clients from using us for certain applications; delays our introduction of new products or services; and our failure to keep pace with our competitors. When used in this discussion, words such as “believes”, “anticipates”, “expects”, “intends” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not the exclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to revise any forward-looking statements in order to reflect events or circumstances that may subsequently arise. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made by us in this report and other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission that attempt to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business.

 

Page 3 of 40
     

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Narrative Description of the Business

 

Our History

 

Franchise Holdings was incorporated in the State of Nevada on April 2, 2003. Franchise Holdings International, Inc. completed a merger with TMAN Global.com Inc. on April 30, 2003. This merger was in the nature of a change in domicile of the Florida corporation to the State of Nevada, as well as the acquisition of a new business. Since the inception of our current business operations, we have been in the business of acquiring franchise, license and distribution rights in new and emerging growth companies.

 

On December 16, 2014, Franchise Holdings International, Inc. (FNHI) entered into an Agreement (the “Agreement”) to acquire all issued and outstanding shares of Worksport Ltd. (The Company” or Worksport”), an Ontario (Canada) corporation located at 8820 Jane St, Vaughan, Ontario, L4K 2M9 Canada.

 

Operations

 

General

 

Worksport was founded in 2011 to take advantage of the limited innovation provided by existing tonneau cover manufacturers. Tonneau covers have remained much the same in price and design since 2005, with one main company controlling a majority of the tonneau cover market. This dynamic market segment is in need of a new innovative manufacturer of high quality, functional, and aggressively priced tonneau covers. Worksport has developed multiple products for the most prominent pick-up trucks available in North America. Details of each product can be found at www.Worksport.com . Worksport sells its products through wholesalers in Canada and the U.S. and through third-party online retailers. Worksport also manufactures its patented designed covers for other businesses under its private label and OEM manufacturing initiative.

 

On April 20th, 2018, the board of directors approved special resolutions to the articles of incorporation of Truxmart Ltd, as incorporated in the province on Ontario, Canada. The articles of the Corporation were amended to change the name of the Corporation from Truxmart Ltd. to Worksport Ltd.

 

Nature of Products and Services

 

2017 Truck Sales

 

Ram sold more pickup trucks in the United States during April 2017 than Chevrolet. Truck sales numbers are in. This is the second month this calendar year that Ram full-size truck lineup is outselling Chevrolet. Chevy Silverado is still in second place with Year-To- Date numbers, but the sales are declining when compared to same time years last year.

 

Ford F-Series is still number one in United States sales. Even if you combine the Silverado and Sierra sales together, these are still lower than the F-Series numbers. Although, Ford sales in April were about even when compared to last year (-0.2%).

 

Toyota Tundra is also sliding down in sales, but it has a firm grasp on the fifth place. The Nissan Titan is gaining sales with the availability of the half-ton and XD variants, but raw numbers are still relatively low. Nissan sold 4,033 Titans in April 2017. ( http://www.tfltruck.com/2017/05/2017-april-pickup-truck-sales-sales-report/ )

 

The August 2017 sales numbers for the United States are in. Ford F-Series continues to lead in full-size pickup truck sales. Chevrolet is now comfortable in second place for sales in August and so far this year. Ram struggled a little in August, but the company held the third position without much worry. GMC Sierra sales started to come up as well, but they are still down when compared to last year. Toyota Tundra had a fairly good month and about even for the month. Nissan Titan is still struggling to get sales momentum.

 

Full-Size Truck Sales – August 2017

 

    Aug 2017 #     Aug 2017/2016     YTD 2017 #     YTD 2017/2016 %  
Ford F-Series     77,007       15.0 %     576,334       9.2 %
Chevrolet Silverado     54,448       3.9 %     363,354       -4.4 %

 

Page 4 of 40
     

 

    Aug 2017 #     Aug 2017/2016     YTD 2017 #     YTD 2017/2016 %  
Ram     37,608       -7.0 %     327,759       5.0 %
GMC Sierra     17,254       -1.3 %     136,370       -6.8 %
Toyota Tundra     10,320       4.5 %     74,518       -1.1 %
Nissan Titan     3,521       182.1 %     31,776       274.3 %

 

( http://www.tfltruck.com/2017/09/template-full-size-truck-august-sales-report/ )

 

2018 Truck Sales

 

If you were wondering if Ford would sell over one million full-size trucks in 2018, they did not. However, Ford sold 909,330 F-Series trucks and improved by 1.4% over the previous year.

 

GM sold nearly the same number (small increase) of pickup trucks in 2018 as they did in 2017. The Chevy Silverado and the GMC Sierra combined for a total of 805,135 trucks in 2018. GM sold 803,807 full-size truck the year prior.

 

Ram showed a considerable 7.2% increase year-over-year, but Ram is still in third place. Toyota showed a 1.7% improvement in Tundra sales, so it’s holding the line. The same cannot be said for the Nissan Titan. Nissan’s big pickup truck decreased -4.7% in annual sales.

 

    DEC 18 #     MoM 18/17 %     YTD 18 #     YTD 18/17 %  
Ford F-Series     87,772       -1.8 %     909,330       1.4 %
Chevy Silverado     53,906 *     -3.6 %     585,581       -0.0 %
Ram     60,155       34.0 %     536,980       7.2 %
GMC Sierra     22,437 *     6.1 %     219,554       0.7 %
Toyota Tundra     11,216       3.0 %     118,258       1.7 %
Nissan Titan     4,661       -16.5 %     50,459       -4.7 %
Total     240,147       5.5 %     2,420,162       2.1 %

 

The entire USA full-size truck market grew by 2.1% in 2018 over 2017, which is great news for all pickup truck enthusiasts. The truck world is healthy in general.

 

https://www.tfltruck.com/2019/01/year-wrap-up-what-is-the-best-selling-truck-in-2018-here-you-go/

 

Page 5 of 40
     

 

Canadian sales of pickup trucks began a rapid ascent as the economic collapse of a decade ago came to an end. If fuel prices fluctuated, pickup truck sales increased. If passenger car volume dropped, pickup truck sales improved. If SUV demand grew, pickup truck sales grew, too.

 

Then along came 2018, and five years of the pickup truck’s ascent came to a screeching halt. Don’t confuse the sector’s seven-per-cent year-over-year decline in 2018 with poor volume — Canadian businesses, governments, and individuals still acquired more new pickup trucks in 2018 than during any of those post-recession years.

 

But the growth rate was clearly not sustainable. Overall, auto sales grew nearly 40 per cent between 2009 and 2017; and pickup truck volume exploded at a 75 per cent clip during the same phase. There was bound to be a move toward the norm at some point, and that move began in 2018.

 

Pickup truck volume fell by 28,000 units over the last 12 months. The bulk of those losses came in the massive full-size category, which accounts for 9 out of every 10 pickup sales. Midsize pickup volume, on the other hand, actually increased seven per cent, even before the launches of the new Ford Ranger and Jeep Gladiator.

 

Pickups still produce one-fifth of all auto sales in Canada, a greater share than the same trucks south of the border. With figures from the Global Automakers of Canada, these are the 11 best-selling pickup trucks in Canada. In fact, these are figures for each and every pickup truck nameplate on sale in Canada.

 

11. Honda Ridgeline: 4,094, down 12 per cent

10. Nissan Frontier: 4,134, down 3 per cent

9. Nissan Titan: 5,445, up 4 per cent

8. GMC Canyon: 6,706, up 7 per cent

7. Chevrolet Colorado: 9,348, up 16 per cent

6. Toyota Tundra: 11,738, up 24 per cent

5. Toyota Tacoma: 13,878, up 11 per cent 2019 Toyota Tacoma TRD Pro

4. Chevrolet Silverado: 55,334, down 6 per cent

3. GMC Sierra: 56,242, down 9 per cent

2. Ram P/U: 84,854, down 14 per cent

1. Ford F-Series: 145,694, down 6 per cent

 

https://driving.ca/ford/f-150/features/feature-story/canadas-11-best-selling-pickup-trucks-in-2018

 

In the USA, truck sales were solid.

 

The U.S. auto market has been strong in the first two quarters of 2018. More than 8.6 million cars have been sold in 2018 through the first half of the year, that’s a YTD year-over-year increase of nearly 2%, according to data from Kelley Blue Book, the automotive research company.

 

Demand for pickup trucks has been particularly strong, with YTD new sales hitting 1,415,389, according to Kelley Blue Book’s data. This has come with American consumers making a concurrent decision to abandon the sedan and passenger car.

 

All three of America’s big three automakers (Ford, General Motors, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles) have pickup trucks on the market. In fact, the top-3 best-selling trucks so far in 2018 are Ford’s F-Series, GM’s Chevrolet Silverado, and FCA’s Ram Pickup.

 

But other truck models have broken in and gained market share. The trucks that have made the greatest year-over-year improvement in 2018 are GMC Canyon, Chevrolet Colorado, and Toyota Tacoma. In fact, Chevrolet Colorado’s year-over-year sales have risen a whopping 38.9% compared to this time in 2017.

 

The cars that saw the largest year-over-year drop in sales are Honda Ridgeline, Nissan Titan, and Ram Pickup. The Honda Ridgeline saw the greatest year-over-year decline, with its sales down 19.4% as compared to 2017.

 

Americans love their pickup trucks though. Below are the 11 best-selling full-size and mid-size pickup trucks in the first two quarters of 2018.

 

11. Honda Ridgeline: 14,988 sold in 2018. Down 19.4% over 2017.

10. GMC Canyon: 16,848 sold in 2018. Up 13.2% over 2017.

9. Nissan Titan: 23,294. -4.8%.

8. Nissan Frontier: 41,701. +10.3%.

7. Toyota Tundra: 55,792. +4.0%.

6. Chevrolet Colorado: 69,875. +38.9% 5. GMC Sierra: 100,874. +1.7%.

4. Toyota Tacoma: 116,266. +22.9%.

3. Ram Pickup: 233,539. -6.7%.

2. Chevrolet Silverado: 291,074. +10.7%. 1. Ford F-Series: 451,138. +4.9%.

 

https://www.businessinsider.com/best-selling-pickup-trucks-in-us-in-2018-2018-8

 

Page 6 of 40
     

 

2018 SEMA Report

 

The 2018 SEMA Report shows the results of the previous year and indicates that 2017 was another good year for the specialty-equipment industry. The overall size of the market grew to $42.92 billion. The 4% growth continues a multiple-year trend. SEMA projects that enter the market will continue to grow through the end of 2018 and bring retail sales close to $45 billion.

 

This current growth trend is fueled by strong overall economic performance, including an ongoing decline in unemployment and growth in consumer spending. A strong economy paired with rising consumer confidence means that more people are willing to spend money on discretionary items, such as specialty automotive parts. While new vehicle sales have leveled off, they still remain at near-record highs—close to 17 million per year. Recently announced tariffs on imported steel, aluminum, etc. and other policy changes could affect the economy and the industry in 2018, but to this point, demand has been strong.

 

Page 7 of 40
     

 

 

(excerpt from 2018 SEMA report, relating to the tonneau cover aftermarket in USA / non-oem dealer sales)

 

Background

 

For many years, consumers have had very limited options available to them from tonneau cover manufacturers. The leading manufacturers in the North American market have had very few new model developments. The tonneau cover market can be divided into four main styles of covers:

 

1. Soft Folding & Roll-up covers (Vinyl covers)

2. Hard Folding & Standing Covers (Aluminum and FRP)

3. Solid one piece caps and lids (Plastic & Fiberglass)

4. Retractable Covers (Plastic & Aluminum)

 

Page 8 of 40
     

 

We believe the consumer favors models that are the least cumbersome, most functional, and lowest initial cost. Solid one piece covers and retractable covers are the least desirable because of their limited functionality and overall cost. Therefore, the most popular covers in today’s market are soft and hard folding/rolling tonneau covers.

 

Market Analysis and Distribution

 

The Specialty Equipment (aftermarket) consists of three major types of customers which include; master warehouse distributor, dealer / wholesaler, and end retail consumer. Master warehouse distributors will stock and distribute product to their customers, which are usually local dealers and wholesalers. Dealers and wholesalers are local stores which sell product to some businesses and retail consumers in their area and online. Dealers will purchase most of their product from their local distributor who will deliver to them regularly. Retail end consumers are simply the end user of your product. Worksport currently sells its product line through distributors and dealer networks.

 

The OEM market consists of vehicle manufactures with corporate offices and distribution points globally. Specifically, within North America the OEM market would consist of corporate offices and warehouses in Canada, USA, and Mexico. Target OEM’s for Worksport would be:

 

Toyota Motor Co.

Ford Motor Co.

Nissan Motor Co.

General Motors

FCA Automotive (RAM Trucks)

 

In 2017, each vehicle manufacturer above, purchases their OEM brand tonneau covers (tonneau cover installed at the factory) from an independent accessory manufacturer, such as Worksport. No vehicle manufacturer designs and manufacturers their own tonneau covers.

 

Worksport’s target market includes master warehouse distributors and dealers.

 

In the Canadian market, Worksport does the majority of its business with warehouse distributors, and select dealer customers. In the US market, Worksport’s customer base is mostly dealers and wholesalers.

 

Worksport USA is a supplying member of one of the largest after-market buying groups in the USA. American Aftermarket Group (AAG), owned by Line-X coatings, consists of over 700 car and truck accessory stores. Being a supplying member of AAG gives Worksport access to most of the large truck accessory dealers, wholesalers, and online stores in the USA. Our products are sold to AAG members by the sales staff at AAG and all customer service and maintenance is done through phone calls, emails, and infrequent visits.

 

Worksport Canada sells to only select dealers in Ontario as well as, the largest warehouse distributor in eastern Canada. Robert Thibert in Châteauguay, QC has over 600,000 square feet of warehouse space in three provinces in Canada. Robert Thibert is responsible for stocking and selling our product to their customer base in Canada. Worksport dealer sales in Ontario are to only select dealers who assist with product feedback.

 

Regular contact is made with our customer base about new product, promotions, updates, and general sales by phone, email, and in person, when possible.

 

A partial list of our customers includes:

 

Enterprise Robert Thibert (Québec, Canada)

Trailer Parts Etc. (Florida, USA)

Auto Zone (California)

Turn 5 Distributing

 

Competition

 

Companies that compete in this market are Truck Hero Group, Tonno Pro and Rugged Liner however not all companies charge competitive prices:

 

The Extang (TruckHero) Trifecta retails in the USA for $425. The Tonno Pro Tri Fold retails for $269. The Rugged Liner Tri Fold retails for $329. Whereas the Worksport Tri Fold retails for CAD$259; US$239.

 

The Extang Solid Fold retails in the USA for $799. The Rugged Liner Hard Fold retails for $689. The Worksport Forte retails at CAD$699; US$689.

 

Page 9 of 40
     

 

Low profile Roll-Up covers are manufactured by many different companies. The two most popular Roll-Up covers are the Truxedo (TruckHero) Low-ProQT, which retails for $499 and the Tonno Pro Low-Roll which retails for $269. The Worksport Roll-Up retails for $CAD299; US$269.

 

Truck Hero Group is the holding company for Extang Corporation, TruXedo, Inc., BedRug, Inc, UnderCover Inc., Advantage Truck Accessories Inc, Retrax Inc, and BAK Industries, NFAB, RealTruck.Com, Auto Customs, and ARE Truck Caps. They account for the majority of the competing brands in North America.

 

The area of biggest growth in the tonneau cover market is in the area of aggressively priced hard folding tonneau covers. Currently, the market distribution is shared by three primary participants, with LKQ/Keystone considered the market leader.

 

Sales, Marketing and Distribution Strategy

 

Worksport’s sales strategy is constantly changing and dynamic. Sales are made through warehouse distributors, as they typically handle product sales and promotion through their in-house sales department. To fully saturate the market a business must entice the retail consumer to purchase its product by way of a strong internet presence which will consist of YouTube videos and commercials, an interactive website, search engine optimization, social media, etc. The next step is to have strong working relationships and reputations among dealers and wholesalers who purchase Worksport’s product, either directly or through distributors.

 

Worksport will continue to grow private label sales where Worksport sells products, branded as other companies’ products. Clients who wish to participate in the tonneau cover market, but do not have the ability to navigate the complex manufacturing processes paired with challenging intellectual property rights can utilize Worksports designs, patents, factories, and distribution infrastructure to be able to stock and sell its own unique product without facing any challenges of directly manufacturing.

 

Worksport hopes to become the leader in the tonneau cover market through innovation. Our main objective is to design and engineer our products to better suit todays new, dynamic, and innovative models of light trucks.

 

Worksport hopes to become a significant player in our market segment by always maintaining a strong emphasis on customer service, innovation, quality, and a robust global branding.

 

Worksport’s target market is North, Central, and South America with future plans to expand globally to other market opportunities. Worksport intends to earn revenues from both the automotive specialty equipment market as well as OEM production for vehicle manufactures, globally.

 

Worksport also plans to gain market share and core value by internally engineering our products to best suit the evolving needs of the consumer as well as a strong intellectual property portfolio (2 Granted Patent, 3 patent applications in Canada and USA – as of 2019)

 

The Company’s current product lines are as follows:

 

1. Worksport Tri Fold (introduced in 2011)

 

The Worksport Tri Fold is our staple soft folding tonneau cover. The Tri Fold is made with features such as stainless steel hardware, double coated vinyl tarp, and all aluminum and plastic coated front clamps. The Tri Fold is made available to our customer base at an average cost savings of 5% over competing products. Worksport has designed multiple unique variations of this product and is currently manufacturing various versions for Worksport branded sales, as well as private label clients.

 

2. Worksport Smart Fold (introduced in 2012)

 

The Worksport Smart Fold is our second product to market and offers our patented rear Smart Latch system. The Smart Fold is the first innovation in the rear latching system offered on soft folding tonneau covers. The Smart Fold cover comes with all of the same features as the Tri Fold but with a new rear latch system that allows the cover to be opened by simply pulling a release cable which is a new innovation in the soft tri fold segment of our market.

 

The Company introduced three new products at the Specialty Equipment Manufacturers Association (SEMA) show in Las Vegas in November 2014. These products were the following:

 

3. Worksport Quad-Fold (Introduced 2015)

 

The Worksport Quad-Fold will be the first vinyl wrapped tonneau cover to fold in four sections. This cover will also allow its users full bed access by being foldable upwards towards the rear window of the truck. We chose to make the world’s first quad folding cover so this cover is more compact when standing parallel to the back window of a truck, thus eliminating wind resistance and rear window obstruction.

 

Page 10 of 40
     

 

4. Worksport Forte (2nd Gen launched in 2016 as Private Label in Canada Only)

 

Taking valuable information learned from the launch of the first generation Worksport Forte. The all-new redesigned Worksport Forte “GEN2” has been engineered to be easy to install and operate while being offered at an MAP price that fills a much needed void between soft and hard tonneau covers.

 

The GEN2 Forte cover will now be built using 6MM thick aluminum panels with a robust honeycomb core, coated in a durable matte- black scratch resistant powder coating. The GEN2 Forte cover will be 30% lighter and cost 25-30% less to manufacture. With robust packaging, the lighter weight GEN2 Forte will also save time and money with up to 10% more load quantity in a standard 40’ HC container, therefore maximizing value and product profitability. Notably, the GEN2 Forte will not come with the same cargo-division and tool bags as its predecessor, as cargo division and storage solutions are being closely reviewed and implemented with the Worksport Alpha series of products.

 

The GEN2 Forte will be manufactured as a Worksport branded product as well as a cornerstone product for private label manufacturing in North, Central, and South American markets.

 

In addition, we are currently re-engineering the Worksport Smart Fold latch system based on consumer feedback. As a consequence, the next generation Smart Fold covers will be far easier to install and will be available for both domestic and imported light trucks.

 

Worksport also launched its new Alpha series of tonneau covers at SEMA 2015. The Alpha products are set to be released late 2019, upon successful capital raise for new research and development. The Alpha and Alpha Helios model covers are anticipated to be very successful in the automotive aftermarket.

 

Production and Delivery

 

Worksport products are manufactured to our specifications and design in China. All of our soft (vinyl) covers are made in a factory in Ningbo, China. All future Worksport hard products are manufactured in China. Our soft cover factory is capable of producing 3,000 pieces per month and our hard cover factory is capable of producing 1,500 pieces per month. Production at both factories can be increased within thirty days to facilitate volumes up to ten times the Chinese contract manufacturers’ current output without any stress on their capacity.

 

Employees

 

Currently, we employ 1 full-time person. We may hire additional employees in the future to facilitate anticipated growth projections. We reimburse our employee for all necessary and customary business related expenses.

 

We have no plans or agreements which provide health care, insurance or compensation on the event of termination of employment or change in our control.

 

Proprietary Information

 

Patent

 

As of this date, the Company through Mr. Rossi has obtained two U.S. Patents. In addition, the Company retained patent counsel in October 2014 to file three provisional U.S. patent applications, also in this arena, one of which was granted March, 2019. In March 2019, the Company filed one additional provisional patent for multiple inventions in the arena.Worksport has paid $11,419 since approximately October 26, 2012, toward the costs of obtaining US Patent 8,814,249 - System for securing a truck bed cover, (filed October 26, 2012, granted May 1, 2014). This patent is owned by Steven Rossi, previously the sole stockholder of Worksport. Under an exclusive license agreement between the Company and Mr. Rossi, dated November 26, 2014, Worksport has the right to commercialize this patent. Under this agreement, Worksport is not obligated to pay any royalties to Mr. Rossi. It is, however, obligated to pay any expenses incurred to keep the patent in full force and effect. In 2015 Steven Rossi, CEO of Worksport, filed three patent applications and one provisional patent application all under exclusive license to Worksport.

 

Government Regulation

 

We believe that governmental regulation will not be significant to us now or in the future.

 

Page 11 of 40
     

 

Research and Development

 

We will spend for research and development activities on an ongoing basis.

 

Environmental Compliance

 

We believe that we are not subject to any material costs for compliance with any environmental laws.

 

How to Obtain our SEC Filings

 

We file annual, quarterly, and special reports, proxy statements, and other information with the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC). Reports, proxy statements and other information filed with the SEC can be inspected and copied at the public reference facilities of the SEC at 100 F Street N.E., Washington, DC 20549. Such material may also be accessed electronically by means of the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

 

Our investor relations department can be contacted at our principal executive office at 3120 Rutherford Road, Suite 414, Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0B2. Our phone number is 1 (888) 554-8789. Our website is www.franchiseholdingsinternational.com

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” are not required to provide the information required by this Item 1A.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information in this Item.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

We currently occupy office space in Toronto, Ontario. All Worksport product in the USA is stocked by a bonded third party logistics warehouse at an annual rent of approximately $10,000. We have virtually no owned equipment and rely on contracted logistics partners and their equipment to support Worksports supply chain and distribution.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are not a party to any material legal proceedings, nor is our property the subject of any material legal proceeding.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

 

Page 12 of 40
     

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Markets (“OTCQB”) under the symbol “FNHID.”

 

The table below sets forth the high and low closing prices of the Company’s Common Stock during the years indicated. The quotations reflect inter-dealer prices without retail mark-up, markdown or commission and may not reflect actual transactions.

 

    Fiscal Year Ended     Fiscal Year Ended  
    December 31, 2018     December 31, 2017  
    High     Low     High     Low  
First Quarter   $ 0.027     $ 0.011     $ 0.060     $ 0.006  
Second Quarter   $ 0.019     $ 0.008     $ 0.048     $ 0.025  
Third Quarter   $ 0.042     $ 0.017     $ 0.052     $ 0.019  
Fourth Quarter   $ 0.042     $ 0.017     $ 0.030     $ 0.012  

 

The closing sales price of the Company’s common stock as reported on May 13, 2019 was $0.1377 per share.

 

Holders

 

As of May 13th, 2019, there were approximately 120 record holders of our common stock and there are 39,217,661 shares of our common stock outstanding.

 

Stock Transfer Agent

 

The stock transfer agent for our securities is Corporate Stock Transfer of Denver, Colorado. Their address is 3200 Cherry Creek Drive South, Suite 430, Denver, Colorado 80209. Their phone number is (303) 282-4800.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have not previously declared or paid any dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate declaring any dividends in the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends on our common stock is within the discretion of our board of directors.

 

Equity Incentive Plan

 

We adopted an equity incentive plan on June 5, 2015 (the “Plan”). The Plan provides for the grant of the following types of stock awards: (i) incentive stock options, (ii) non-statutory stock options, (iii) stock appreciation rights, (iv) restricted stock awards, (v) restricted stock unit awards and (vi) other stock awards. The Plan is intended to help the Company secure and retain the services of eligible award recipients, provide incentives for such persons to exert maximum efforts for the success of the Company and any Affiliate and provide a means by which the eligible recipients may benefit from increases in value of the Common Stock. The Board will administer the Plan. Up to 100,000,000 shares may be issued under the Plan. No other stock options or similar instruments have been granted to any of our officers or directors pursuant to the Plan.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company completed three unregistered sales of equity securities, all pursuant to Rule 506(b) of Regulation D. The company raised $300,000 in exchange for 2,500,001 post consolidation common shares of the company. This consisted of the following investments:

 

Date     Amount     Securities Purchased  
Sept-17-2018     $ 150,000.00       1,250,000.00  
Sept-18-2018     $ 25,000.00       208,334.00  
Oct-26-2018     $ 125,000.00       1,041,667.00  
TOTAL     $ 300,000.00       2,500,001.00  

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

There were no repurchases of shares of the Company’s common stock during the three months ended December 31, 2018.

 

Page 13 of 40
     

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information in this Item.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with financial statements of FNHI for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the notes thereto. Additional information relating to FNHI is available at www.franchiseholdingsinternational.com

 

Safe Harbor for Forward-Looking Statements

 

Certain statements included in this MD&A constitute forward-looking statements, including those identified by the expressions anticipate, believe, plan, estimate, expect, intend, and similar expressions to the extent they relate to FNHI or its management. These forward-looking statements are not facts, promises, or guarantees; rather, they reflect current expectations regarding future results or events. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, activities, performance, or events to differ materially from current expectations. These include risks related to revenue growth, operating results, industry, products, and litigation, as well as the matters discussed in FNHI’s MD&A under Risk Factors . Readers should not place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. FNHI disclaims any obligation to publicly update or to revise any such statements to reflect any change in the Company’s expectations or in events, conditions, or circumstances on which any such statements may be based, or that may affect the likelihood that actual results will differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes included in this report.

 

Results of Operations

 

Revenue

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018, revenue from the entire line of Worksport products were $481,521, as compared to $408,701 for the year ended, December 31, 2017. The year over year sales remained fairly stable with an increase of approximately 18% as the three private label clients and availability of product to fill orders in the USA and Canada was more consistent.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018 revenue generated in Canada was $65,190 compared to $329,000 for the same period in 2017 a decrease of 80%. This decrease in Canada is primarily attributable to higher demand in the USA, resulting in temporarily limited factory capacity to handle Canadian market sales. For the year ended December 31, 2018 revenue generated in the United States was $416,331 compared to $80,000 for the same period in 2017. This represents an increase in US- source revenue of approximately 420% year-over- year. This increase in the US is primarily attributable the companies ability to re-enter the US market as of mid-2018, after the allowance of use of the Worksport trademark.

 

Sales from online retailers of the Worksport products increased from $71,000 in 2017 to $151,285 in 2018, an increase of 113%. The online retailers accounted for 32% of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to 17% for the year ended December 31, 2017. Distributor sales decreased from $297,000 in 2017, to $64,164 in 2018. This decrease was due to aggressive selling within the US market during the year ended December 31, 2018. Private label sales in 2018 were $265,969 and accounted for 56% of total sales. Worksport supports a total of four private label clients in 2018 and expects to continue to grow that field of business as it develops unique and non-competing products to offer to other prospective clients in the US and Canadian markets.

 

Currently, Worksport works closely with one distributor in Canada, along with its own contracted distribution and inventory facility in Breinigsville, PA and Depew, NY. This does not include multiple independent online retailers.

 

Although Worksport currently supports a total of 10 dealers and distributors, Worksport will return to a focus on online sales with new inventory being received in the US market in 2018. Worksport continues to believe the trend of increasing sales through online retailers will continue to outpace the traditional distribution business model. Moreover, reputable online retailer’s customers tend to provide larger sales volumes, greater margin of profit as well as greater protection against price erosion.

 

Page 14 of 40
     

 

Cost of Sales

 

Cost of sales increased by 66% from $231,771 to $384,908 for the year ended December 31, 2018. This increase is related to custom and duty charges for US freight costs as well as increased sales. Our cost of sales, as a percentage of sales, was approximately 80% and 57% for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. This decrease in gross margin is related to the fluctuation in foreign exchange rates used to translate Canadian Dollar sales into United States Dollars for purposes of financial reporting as well as cost associated with warehousing inventory, to fulfil just in time sales, in the US market.

 

Within cost of sales, shipping and freight costs accounted for 31% of cost of sales during the year ended December 31, 2018, whereas in 2017, it accounted for 10% of cost of sales. This increase is primarily attributed to an increase in volume of sales, as well as US customs and duty charges on related freight costs, which increased from 2% to 12% during the 2018 year.

 

Worksport provides its distributors and online retailers an “all-in” wholesale price. This includes any import duty charges, taxes and shipping charges. Discounts are applied if the distributor or retailer chooses to use their own shipping process. Certain exceptions apply on rare occasions where product is shipped outside the contiguous United Sates or from the United States to Canada. Volume discounts are also offered to certain higher volume customers. Worksport also offers a “dock price” or “pickup program”; where clients are able to pick up product directly from one of Worksport stocking warehouses

 

Operating Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2018 were $268,707 compared to $1,531,467 for the year ended December 31, 2017. This decrease is a function of a reduction in office and general expenses which consisted of a significant decrease in Sales Wages, offset by increases in Investor relations, Insurance, General expenses, and Shipping and freight as follows:

 

  Sales wages decreased due to the effects of the issuance of 16,000,000 shares (2,666,667 shares after the effects of the reverse stock split) with a fair market value of $1,360,000, issued to Mr. Rossi for services rendered in 2017. These shares were subsequently retired and exchanged for preferred shares of the Company.
     
  Investor relations increased by $41,122 or 492% from $8,357 to $49,479 due to the engagement of two investor relations companies in late fiscal 2017 that continued throughout fiscal 2018.
     
  Insurance increased by $6,694 or 54%, as a result of timing differences between policy payments.
     
  General expenses decreased for 2018 by $13,339 for amortization of property and equipment, repairs and maintenance, and general supplies and expenses.
     
  Shipping and freight charges increased by 31% or $14,752 due to an overall increase in US custom and duties.

 

Professional fees which include accounting, legal fees, consulting fees, and listing and filing fees, increased from $417,595 for the year ended December 31, 2017 to $864,160 for the year ended December 31, 2018 – an increase of $107%. The accounting and audit fees increased by 108% from $49,123 to $102,413. The consulting fees increased by 88% or $282,569 because of website and other consulting work performed by two main consultants. Legal fees increased by 271% or $61,971. Listing and filing fees increased by $48,735 or 210% largely due to more consistent SEC filings than in 2017.

 

Other Income and Expenses

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, there was a settlement of payables which resulted in a loss of $495,944 and the issuance of share subscriptions with a fair market value of $650,000.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, we entered into a share issuance/ claim extinguishment agreement whereby we agreed to issue 35,000,000 shares common stock with a fair market value of $1,217,827 in exchange for the assumption of aggregate accounts payable of the Company. The fair value of the shares to be issued pursuant to the Agreement was in excess of the amount of $183,270 of payables being extinguished resulting in a loss on the settlement of debt in the amount of $1,034,557. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we settled two other notes and had an aggregate of $104,000 gain on the settlements.

 

During 2017 the Company issued an additional promissory note and incurred related expenses. During 2017, all these notes were settled which required us to revalue the instruments prior to settlement and record the gain/loss. As a result of the fair value of the derivative exceeding the face value of the promissory notes, also recognized a discount on the issuance of the promissory notes which was amortized over the year in which the promissory notes were outstanding. Due to the timing of when the notes were issued, and the notes were settled during 2017 the amortization was larger in 2017 compared to 2016. Since this was finalized in 2017, there was no such costs for the 2018 fiscal year.

 

Page 15 of 40
     

 

Net Loss

 

Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $1,763,038 compared to a net loss of $3,403,106 for the year ended December 31, 2017 which is a 48% decrease in net loss. This decrease was a result of the following:

 

  General and administrative expenses as discussed above decreased 82% for 2018 compared to the 2017 year.
  There was no loss on derivative during 2018 as compared to $521,486 loss during 2017.
  There was no amortization of debt discount during 2018 as compared to $105,600 during the 2017 year.
  There were no debt issuance costs during 2018 as compared to $2,971 for the 2017 year.

 

Overall, operating expenses which included general and administrative expenses decreased by 33% during 2018 as compared to 2017; and other income (expense) which included loss on derivatives, amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs, decreased by 66% during 2018 as compared to the 2017 year.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash Flow Activities

 

Cash decreased from $66,691 at December 31, 2017 to $25,323 at December 31, 2018, a decrease of $41,638 or 62%. This decrease was primarily a result of cash used in operations being higher this year than in 2017. Although during 2018, $298,742 was raised through financing activities, the net cash used in operating activities was $379,276 or 95% of the 2017 amount.

 

Financing Activities

 

During fiscal 2018 and 2017, aside from working capital we funded operations through, the issuance of common stock, share subscriptions receivable and the interest bearing loans. Proceeds from financing activities totaled $298,742. Our stock issuances and notes payable contain features that may be dilutive to our shareholders.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements with any party.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our discussion and analysis of results of operations and financial condition are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We evaluate our estimates on an ongoing basis, including those related to provisions for uncollectible accounts receivable, inventories, valuation of intangible assets and contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

The accounting policies that we follow are set forth in Note 3 to our financial statements as included in this annual report. These accounting policies conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and have been consistently applied in the preparation of the financial statements.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

As a “smaller reporting company,” as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information in this Item.

 

Page 16 of 40
     

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 18
●   Balance Sheet at December 31, 2018 and 2017 19
●    Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 20
●    Statements of Equity for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 21
●    Statements of Cash Flow for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 22
●    Notes to the Financial Statements 23

 

Page 17 of 40
     

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

of Franchise Holdings International, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Franchise Holdings International, Inc. (the Company) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2018, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Consideration of the Company’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As more fully described in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has incurred net losses and has an accumulated deficit. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2 to the financial statements. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

/s/ Haynie & Company

Salt Lake City, Utah

May 13, 2019

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2016.

 

Page 18 of 40
     

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

    2018     2017  
Assets            
Current Assets                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 25,323     $ 66,961  
Accounts receivable net (note 3)     61,883       189,502  
Inventory (note 4)     289,516       44,635  
Prepaid inventory     -       19,684  
Prepaid expenses and deposits     124,114       392,047  
Total Current Assets     500,835       712,829  
Prepaid Expenses - long term     -       136,466  
Property and Equipment, net (note 5)     43,860       43,079  
Intangible Assets, net (note 6)     12,673       13,096  
Total Assets   $ 557,368     $ 905,470  
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)                
Current Liabilities                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 401,766     $ 230,770  
Payroll taxes payable     82,365       5,114  
Related party loan (note 11)     9,372       22,211  
Current portion of notes payable (note 7)     287,425       275,844  
Total Current Liabilities     780,928       533,939  
Total Liabilities     780,928       533,939  
Commitments and Contingencies                
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)                
Series A Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 100,000 shares issued and outstanding     10,000       10,000  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 299,000,000 shares authorized, 24,634,051 and 20,387,873 shares issued and outstanding, respectively (note 10)     2,463       2,039  
Additional paid-in capital     8,103,934       7,474,811  
Share subscriptions receivable     (1,577 )     (10,755 )
Share subscriptions payable     2,019,532       1,531,080  
Accumulated deficit     (10,354,299 )     (8,591,261 )
Cumulative translation adjustment     (3,613 )     (44,383 )
Total Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)     (223,560 )     371,531  
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)   $ 557,368     $ 905,470  

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 19 of 40
     

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

    2018     2017  
Net Sales     481,521       408,701  
Cost of Goods Sold     384,908       231,771  
Gross Profit     96,614       176,930  
Operating Expenses                
General and administrative     268,707       1,531,467  
Sales and marketing     90,567       3,715  
Professional fees     864,160       417,595  
Loss (gain) on foreign exchange     84,306       4,651  
Total operating expenses     1,307,741       1,957,428  
Loss from operations     (1,211,127 )     (1,780,498 )
Other Expense                
Interest expense (note 7)     (55,548 )     (13,307 )
Loss on derivative (note 9)     -       (521,486 )
Amortization of debt discount     -       (105,600 )
Debt issuance costs     -       (2,971 )
Finance charges     (418 )     (48,244 )
Loss on settlement of debt     (495,944 )     (931,000 )
Total other expense     (551,910 )     (1,622,608 )
Net Loss     (1,763,038 )     (3,403,106 )
Other Comprehensive Loss                
Foreign currency translation adjustment     40,770       (40,605 )
Comprehensive Loss     (1,722,268 )     (3,443,711 )
                 
Loss per Share (basic and diluted)     (0.08 )     (0.17 )
Weighted Average Number of Shares (basic and diluted)     22,348,119       20,387,873  

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 

Page 20 of 40
     

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.

Consolidated Statement of Shareholders’ Equity

December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Additional Paid-in     Share Subscriptions     Share Subscription     Accumulated     Cumulative Translation     Total Stockholders’
Equity
 
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Receivable     Payable     Deficit     Adjustment     (Deficit)  
Balance at December 31,2016     -     $ -       11,348,024     $ 2,039     $ 4,195,280     $ (9,350 )   $ -     $ (5,188,155 )   $ (3,778 )   $ (1,004,867 )
Issuance for conversion of loans     -       -       10,890,754       1,089       1,378,814       -       -       -       -       1,379,903  
Issuance for services rendered by a related party     -       -       12,000,000       1,200       1,358,801       -       -       -       -       1,360,001  
Issuance for services     -       -       582,429       58       109,942       (3,155 )     575,000       -       -       681,845  
Issuance for settlement of payables     -       -       1,733,333       173       361,747       -       856,080       -       -       1,218,000  
Exchange of common stock for preferred stock     1,000,000       10,000       (16,666,667 )     (1,667 )     -       -       -       -       -       -  
Issuance for cash and subscription payable     -       -       500,000       50       37,960       -       100,000       -       -       138,010  
Issuance in settlement of subscription receivable     -       -       -       -       -       1,750       -       -       -       1,750  
Beneficial conversion feature     -       -       -       -       40,600       -       -       -       -       40,600  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (3,403,106 )     -       (3,403,106 )
Foreign currency translation adjustment     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (40,605 )     (40,605 )
Balance at December 31, 2017     1,000,000     $ 10,000       20,387,873     $ 2,039     $ 7,474,811     $ (10,755 )   $ 1,531,080     $ (8,591,261 )   $ (44,383 )   $ 371,531  
Issuance for services     -       -       3,125,001       312       533,958       -       (534,270 )     -       -       -  
Issuance for settlement of payables     -       -       1,121,177       112       95,166       -       (95,278 )     -       -       -  
Issuance for cash and subscription payable     -       -       -       -       -       -       1,118,000       -       -       1,118,000  
Uncollectible receivables     -       -       -       -       -       9,177       -       -       -       9,177  
Net Loss     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (1,763,038 )     -       (1,763,038 )
Foreign currency translation adjustment     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       40,770       40,770  
Balance at December 31, 2018     1,000,000     $ 10,000       24,634,051     $ 2,463     $ 8,103,934     $ (1,577 )   $ 2,019,532     $ (10,354,299 )   $ (3,613 )   $ (223,560 )

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 

Page 21 of 40
     

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

    2018     2017  
Operating Activities                
Net Loss   $ (1,763,038 )   $ (3,403,106 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization     1,516       1,290  
Accretion of debt discount and debt issuance costs     -       108,571  
Uncollectible Subscription Receivable     9,178       -  
Shares issued for current and future services             1,466,846  
Loss on settlement of debt     495,944       931,000  
Loss on derivative (note 9)     -       521,486  
      (1,256,400 )     (373,913 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities (note 16)     877,124       178,971  
Net cash used in operating activities     (379,276 )     (194,942 )
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                
Purchase of property and equipment     (1,874 )     (4,874 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (1,874 )     (4,874 )
                 
Financing Activities                
Proceeds from issuance of stock for cash     300,000       139760  
Proceeds from notes payable     22,639       176,237  
Shareholder Assumption of Debt     (11,058 )     -  
Proceeds from shareholder loans     (12,839 )     22,211  
Repayment of promissory notes     -       (30,826 )
Net cash provided by financing activities     298,742       307,382  
Effects of Foreign Currency Translation     40,770       (40,605 )
Change in cash     (41,638 )     66,961  
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of year     66,961       -  
Cash and cash equivalents end of year   $ 25,323     $ 66,961  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:                
Interest paid   $ 39,572     $ 5,414  
Supplemental Disclosure of non-cash investing and financing Activities                
Shares issued for settlement of notes and accounts payable   $ 18,000     $ 1,365,817  
Beneficial conversion feature   $       $ 40,600
Shares issued to service providers   $ 150,000     $ 575,000  
Preferred shares issued for common shares   $ -     $ 10,000  
Shares issued for share subscriptions payable   $ 611,548     $ -  
Write off share subscriptions receivable   $ (9,177 )   $ -  
Reverse stock split   $ 12,312     $ -  

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 22 of 40
     

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

1. Nature of Operations and Reverse Acquisition Transaction

 

Franchise Holdings International, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in the State of Nevada on April 2, 2003. During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company completed a reverse acquisition transaction (the “Reverse Acquisition”) with TruXmart Ltd. (“TruXmart”). On May 2, 2018, Truxmart legally changed its name to Worksport Ltd. (“Worksport”). Worksport designs and distributes truck tonneau covers in Canada and the United States.

 

2. Basis of Presentation and Going Concern

 

a) Statement of Compliance

The Company’s financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) as issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”).

 

b) Basis of Measurement

The Company’s financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis.

 

c) Functional and Presentation Currency

Franchise Holdings International, Inc.’s functional currency is the United States Dollar (USD). The Canadian Dollar (“CAD”) is the functional currency of Worksport.

 

The translation of CAD denominated assets and liabilities into USD for the purpose of these consolidated financial statements does not necessarily mean the Company could realize or settle, in USD, the reported values of these assets and liabilities in USD. Likewise, it does not mean the Company could return or distribute the reported USD value of Worksport’s capital to its shareholders.

 

d) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

e) Going Concern

These financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which assumes that the Company will be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business for the foreseeable future. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company incurred a net loss of $1,763,038 and as of that date, the Company’s accumulated deficit was $10,354,299. While the Company has demonstrated the ability to generate revenue, there are no assurances that it will be able to achieve level of revenues adequate to generate sufficient cash flow from operations or obtain additional financing through private placements, public offerings and/or bank financing necessary to support our working capital requirements. To the extent that funds generated from any private placements, public offerings and/or bank financing are insufficient, we will have to raise additional working capital. No assurance can be given that additional financing will be available, or if available, will be on acceptable terms. These conditions raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. If adequate working capital is not available the Company may be forced to discontinue operations, which would cause investors to lose their entire investment.

 

f) Reclassification

Certain comparative figures have been re-classified to conform to the current period’s presentation.

 

3. Significant Accounting Policies

 

Consolidation - The Company is incorporated in the state of Nevada. The Company has one wholly-owned subsidiary, Worksport Ltd., a company incorporated in the province of Ontario. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents - Cash and cash equivalents includes cash on account and demand deposits with maturities of three months or less.

 

Receivables - Trade accounts receivable are stated at the amount the Company expects to collect. Receivables are reviewed individually for collectability. If the financial condition of the Company’s customers were to deteriorate, adversely affecting their ability to make payments, allowances may be required.

 

Page 23 of 40
     

 

The Company offers credit terms on the sale of the Company’s products to a significant majority of the Company’s customers and requires no collateral from these customers. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts receivable based upon the Company’s historical experience and a specific review or accounts receivable at the end of each period. As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had no allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

Inventory - Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost being determined by a weighted average basis. Cost includes the cost of materials plus direct labor applied to the product.

 

Warranties - The Company offers limited warranties against product defects. Customers who are not completely satisfied with their purchase may attempt to be reimbursed for their purchases outside the warranty period. For the years ending December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred warranty expenses of $3,538 and $1,595.

 

Revenue Recognition – Beginning after December 15, 2016, for public entities reporting Revenue from Contracts with Customers, ASC 606, a new accounting standard for revenue recognition was issued. Sales are recognized when products are shipped, with no right of return, and the title and risk of loss has passed to unaffiliated customers or when they are delivered based on the terms of the sale, there is persuasive evidence of an agreement, the price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenue related to shipping and handling costs billed to customers is included in net sales and the related shipping and handling costs are included in cost of products sold. These standards have had no material effect on the reported consolidated financial statements.

 

Property and Equipment - Capital assets are recorded at cost and are amortized using the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives:

 

Furniture and equipment   5 years
Computers   3 years

 

As at December 31, 2018, the Company’s product molds were not yet ready for use. As such, they have not been depreciated during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Income Taxes - Provisions for income taxes are based on taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred taxes on temporary differences between the amount of taxable income and pretax financial income, and between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are included in the consolidated financial statements at currently enacted income tax rates applicable to the period in which the deferred tax assets and liabilities are expected to be realized or settled as prescribed in FASB ASC 740. As changes in tax laws or rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted through the provision for income taxes.

 

Tax positions initially need to be recognized in the financial statements when it is more-likely-than-not the positions will be sustained upon examination by the tax authorities.

 

Foreign Currency Translation - Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are initially recorded in the functional currency using exchange rates in effect at the dates of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency using exchange rates prevailing at the end of the reporting period. All exchange gains and losses are included in the statement of operations and deficit.

 

For the purpose of presenting financial statements in United States Dollars, the assets and liabilities are expressed in United States Dollars using exchange rates prevailing at the end of the reporting period. Income and expense items are translated at the average exchange rates for the period, unless exchange rates fluctuated significantly during that period, in which case the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions are used. Exchange differences arising, if any, are recognized in other comprehensive loss and reported as cumulative translation adjustment in shareholder’s equity.

 

For the purpose of these financial statements, the following exchange rates were used:

 

    Balance Sheet   Income Statement
December 31, 2018   0.7330 USD/ CAD   0.7721 USD/ CAD
December 31, 2017   0.7954 USD/ CAD   0.7706 USD/ CAD

 

Financial Instruments - Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 825, Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments, requires disclosures of the fair value of financial instruments. The carrying value of the Company’s current financial instruments, which include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities and shareholder loan, approximates their fair values because of the short-term maturities of these instruments.

 

Page 24 of 40
     

 

Measurement - The Company initially measures its financial instrument at fair value, except for certain non-arm’s length transactions. The Company subsequently measures all its financial assets and financial liabilities at amortized cost, except for investments in equity instruments that are quoted in an active market, which are measured at fair value. Changes in fair value are recognized in earnings for the period in which they occur.

 

Financial assets measured at amortized cost include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, related party receivable, other receivables and share subscriptions receivable. Financial liabilities measured at amortized cost include accounts payable and accrued liabilities, and promissory note payable.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments - The Company has issued and could issue instruments with such terms that require the Company to account for the transactions as derivative financial instruments. The Company is accounting for these transactions in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, which requires that every derivative instrument is recorded on the balance sheet as an asset or liability measured at its fair value as of the reporting date. ASC 815 also requires changes in the derivatives’ fair value to be recognized in earnings for the period.

 

Related Party Transactions - All transactions with related parties are in the normal course of operations and are measured at the exchange amount.

 

Intangible Assets and Impairment - Patents and other intangibles are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives and are evaluated for impairment at least annually or when events or circumstances arise that indicate the existence of impairment. The Company evaluates the recoverability of identifiable intangible assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that an intangible asset’s carrying amount may not be recoverable. When indicators of impairment exist, the Company measures the carrying amount of the asset against the estimated undiscounted future cash flows associated with it. Should the sum of the expected future cash flows be less than the carrying value of the asset being evaluated, an impairment loss would be recognized. The impairment loss would be calculated as the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value. The evaluation of asset impairment requires the Company to make assumptions about future cash flows over the life of the asset being evaluated. These assumptions require significant judgment and actual results may differ from assumed and estimated amounts. During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had no impairment losses related to intangible assets.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which was amended with ASU No. 2015-14, ASU No. 2016-08, ASU No. 2016-10, ASU No. 2016-11, ASU No. 2016-12 and ASU No. 2016-20. These new standards supersede all existing revenue recognition requirements, including most industry specific guidance. The new standard requires a company to recognize revenue when it transfers goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the company expects to receive for those goods or services. The Company has evaluated the guidance and it did not at this time have significant changes to the footnote disclosures related to revenue recognition as a result of implementing these new standards. This standard was implemented effective January 1, 2018 with no material effect to the Company or the consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02: Leases ASU 2016-02 requires companies to generally recognize on the balance sheet operating and financing lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning January 1, 2020 on a modified retrospective basis and earlier adoption is permitted. Management is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of ASU 2016-02 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and based on the Company’s one lease agreement, does not anticipate a material impact.

 

In November 2016, the FASB issued an ASU amending the presentation of restricted cash within the statement of cash flows. The new guidance requires that restricted cash be included within cash and cash equivalents on the statement of cash flows. The ASU is effective retrospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company has adopted this ASU on January 1, 2018 which have had no impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting. This Standard was issued to provide clarity and reduce both diversity in practice and cost complexity when applying the guidance regarding a change to the terms and conditions of a stock-based payment award. ASU 2017-09 also provides guidance about the types of changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award that require an entity to apply modification accounting. The standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2018. Since this standard is to be applied prospectively, there will be no effect on prior financial statements and the Company does not currently have any option agreements where this standard would be applicable.

 

In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): (Part I) Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features, (Part II). Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception . Part I applies to entities that issue financial instruments such as warrants, convertible debt or convertible preferred stock that contain down round features. Part II simply replaces the indefinite deferral for certain mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests and mandatorily redeemable financial instruments of nonpublic entities contained within current account guidance with a scope exception and does not impact the accounting for these mandatorily redeemable instruments. This ASU is effective for the Company for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. The Company has not had any instruments that meet the criteria for Part I, but could issue such instruments in the future; therefore, the Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the standard could have on its future consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 25 of 40
     

 

ASU No. 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities was issued in August 2017. The amendments under ASU 2017-12, refine and expand hedge accounting requirements for both financial (e.g., interest rate) and commodity risks. Its provisions create more transparency around how economic results are presented, both on the face of the financial statements and in the footnotes. It also makes certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of hedge accounting guidance. The standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company will adopt this ASU on January 1, 2020. The Company does not currently have any derivative or hedging instruments but may in the future. The Company is assessing the impact the adoption of this ASU could have on the consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU 2018-02, Income Statement Reporting - Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) allows the reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and will improve the usefulness of information reported to financial statement users. However, because the amendments only relate to the reclassification of the income tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, the underlying guidance that requires that the effect of a change in tax laws or rates be included in income from continuing operations is not affected. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Management is currently evaluating the effect that the provisions of ASU 2018-02 will have on the Company’s financial statements.

 

4. Inventory

 

At December 31, 2018 and 2017 inventory comprised the following:

 

    2018     2017  
Finished goods   $ 282,239     $ 44,635  
Promotional items     700       -  
Raw materials     6,577       -  
    $ 289,516     $ 44,635  
Prepaid inventory   $ -     $ 19,684  


 

5. Property and Equipment

 

Major classes of property and equipment at December 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

    2018  
    Cost     Accumulated Depreciation     Net  
                   
Equipment   $ 8,850     $ 2,254     $ 6,595  
Product molds     37,243       -       37,243  
Computers     1,162       1,141       21  
    $ 47,255     $ 3,395     $ 43,860  

 

    2017  
    Cost     Accumulated Depreciation     Net  
Equipment   $ 6,976     $ 1,181     $ 5,795  
Product molds     37,243       -       37,243  
Computers     1,162       1,121       41  
    $ 45,381     $ 2,302     $ 43,079  

 

Page 26 of 40
     

 

During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized depreciation expense of $1,093 and $1,058, respectively. All current property and equipment, as well as any future purchases of property and equipment have been pledged as security for the notes payable disclosed in Note 7.

 

6. Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of costs incurred to establish the Worksport Tri-Fold and Smart Fold patent technology, as well as the Company’s website. The patent was issued August 26, 2014. The patent will be amortized on a straight-line basis over its useful life of 25 years. The Company’s website has an indefinite useful life and has not been amortized. The change in intangible assets for the years ending December 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

    2018  
          Accumulated        
    Cost     Amortization     Net  
Patent   $ 10,574     $ 1,401     $ 9,173  
Website     3,500       -       3,500  
  $ 14,074     $ 1,401     $ 12,673  

 

    2017  
    Cost     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net  
Patent   $ 10,574     $ 978     $ 9,596  
Website     3,500       -       3,500  
    $ 14,074     $ 978     $ 13,096  

 

Amortization of the patent over the next five years and beyond at December 31, 2018 is as follows:

 

2019   $ 423  
2020   $ 423  
2021   $ 423  
2022   $ 423  
2023   $ 423  
2024 and later   $ 7,058  

 

7. Notes Payable

 

2018 Notes Payable

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company issued two additions to the original unsecured promissory note of July 2016, totaling $22,639 ($30,884 Canadian dollars). Interest is accrued at 18% per annum, payable monthly. The payment terms of the original note including these additions are due “upon completion of going public on the Canadian Securities Exchange, with no change in interest rate.

 

2017 Notes Payable

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued an unsecured promissory note in the amount of $9,545 ($12,000 Canadian Dollars). The unsecured promissory note is due in August 2018 and bears interest at a rate of 18% per annum, payable monthly. As of December 31, 2018, the note was in default. The company is subsequently working with the note holder on the details of the extension.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued secured promissory notes in the amount of $53,848 ($67,700 Canadian Dollars). The secured promissory notes are due in October and November 2018 and bears interest at a rate of 12% per annum. The secured promissory notes are secured by Company inventory and personal assets held by the CEO. As of December 31, 2018, the note was in default. The company is subsequently working with the note holder on the details of the extension.

 

Page 27 of 40
     

 

During the years ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued secured promissory notes in the amount of $60,000. The secured promissory notes are due in August and November 2018 and bear interest at a rate of 12% per annum. The secured promissory notes are secured by Company inventory and personal assets held by the CEO. As of December 31, 2018, the note was in default. The company is subsequently working with the note holder on the details of the extension.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued a secured promissory note in the amount of $52,845 ($64,677 Canadian Dollars), respectively. The secured promissory note is due in July 2018 and bears interest at a rate of 18% per annum. The secured promissory note is secured by all present and after-acquired property and assets of the Company. The balance owed on this note payable at December 31, 2017 is $73,452 ($92,348 Canadian Dollars). At December 31, 2017, the accrued interest on this note payable was $13,134 ($16,513 Canadian Dollars). The payment due date remains the same as stated: upon completion of going public on the Canadian Securities Exchange with no change in interest rate.

 

Secured Promissory Note

 

In October 2015, the Company signed a secured promissory note with an investor in the principal amount of $79,768 ($102,000 Canadian Dollars. The Company received proceeds of $58,653 (75,000 Canadian Dollars) and $21,115 (27,000 Canadian Dollars) was recorded as a discount which was accreted over the life of the note. The promissory note required a daily payment of $249 (324 Canadian Dollars) until January 26, 2017 and carried a 40.0% interest rate.

 

The promissory note was secured by all assets of the Company. During 2017, the lender agreed to settle the loan for $30,826 ($39,000 Canadian Dollars) resulting in the Company recording a $13,556 gain on the forgiveness of the remaining portion of the secured promissory note.

 

The amounts repayable under notes payable and secured promissory note at December 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

    2018     2017  
 Balance owing, December 31,   $ 287,425     $ 275,844  
Less amounts due within one year     (287,425 )     (275,844 )
Long-term portion   $ -     $ -  

 

8. Convertible Promissory Notes Payable

 

a) During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company issued a promissory note in the amount of $65,000 to a consultant for the purposes of generating subscriptions of the Company’s common stock. The principal balance was allocated as follows: $12,200 was allocated against additional paid-in capital, with the remaining $52,800 expensed as financing charges. The promissory note was due February 18, 2017 and was non-interest bearing. During 2017, the promissory note was assigned to another lender. At the time of assignment, the terms of this note were renegotiated with the new holder whereby the note became due in February 2018 and convertible into common stock at 50% of the lowest trading price in the thirty days prior to the conversion. This modification resulted in the promissory note becoming a derivative instrument whereby the Company recorded a $65,000 discount on the promissory note and a derivative liability of $938,001 and a loss resulting from the formation of the derivative totaling $873,001. The discount was amortized over the term of the note and the derivative liability was revalued at each reporting period.
   
 

On September 15, 2017, the terms of the promissory note were modified whereby the note became convertible at a fixed rate of $0.02 per share or 3,200,000 shares of common stock. As part of the modification, the discount and derivative liability were adjusted to their fair value as of September 15, 2017 which was $29,740 for the discount and $101,766 for the derivative liability and the Company recorded interest expense from the discount of $35,260 and decreased the derivative loss by $836,235. The Company then recorded the $65,000 convertible promissory note under its current terms whereby the derivative liability of $101,766 was removed along with the original $29,740 discount and recorded a beneficial conversion discount of $40,600 based on the Company’s common stock having a value of stock $0.033 per share on September 15, 2017. This resulted in the Company recording a $101,766 gain on the modification of the loan. On September 22, 2017 the note holder converted the promissory note for 3,200,000 common shares and recorded the $40,600 beneficial discount as interest expense.

   
b)

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company entered into a $77,750 convertible promissory note with a maturity date of March 22, 2017. The convertible promissory note bore interest at a rate of 10.0% per annum. The Holder had the right to convert any unpaid principal amount into shares of the Company’s common stock at the lesser of (i) 45% of the previous day trading price or (ii) 45% of the lowest trading price for the previous 25-day trading period. In connection with the issuance of the convertible promissory note, the Company incurred debt issuance costs of $7,500 which were amortized over the maturity period of the convertible promissory note. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the promissory note and accrued interest was converted into 37,640,800 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

Page 28 of 40
     

 

c)

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company entered into a $55,500 convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $55,000 with a maturity date of June 28, 2017. The convertible promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10.0% per annum. The Holder had the right to convert any unpaid principal amount into shares of the Company’s common stock at the lesser of (i) the closing sale price of the Company’s common stock from the previous date or ii) 55% of the lowest sale price for the Company’s common stock for the previous 20-day period. In connection with the issuance of the convertible promissory note, the Company incurred debt issuance costs of $1,500 which were being amortized over the maturity period of the convertible promissory note. Included in interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, is $751 and $746, respectively related to the amortization of the debt issuance costs. During 2017, and prior to the maturity date, the promissory note and accrued interest was converted in full into 24,503,724 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

As a result of the derivative liabilities associated with the conversion feature of the convertible promissory notes, exceeding the principal amounts of the convertible promissory notes, the Company has recognized aggregate discounts on the convertible promissory notes of $238,350. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recognized an expense of $105,600 related to the amortization of the discounts. There were no amounts expensed for 2018.

 

9. Derivative Liability

 

The Company adopted ASC 815 which defines the determination of whether an instrument (or embedded feature) is solely indexed to an entity’s own stock. During the period ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued convertible promissory notes payable, as described in note 8, which contain features that entitled the holder to convert any outstanding amounts payable under the convertible promissory note into common stock, the number of which is dependent on several factors. As such, ASC 815 determines the convertible promissory note to be a hybrid financial instrument that includes an embedded derivative that required separation from the main financial instrument and recognition at fair value. The Company measured fair value using the Black-Scholes option valuation mode. The Company computed the fair value of the derivative liability at each reporting period and the change in the fair value was recorded as a non-cash expense or non-cash income.

 

At origination, the Company valued the conversion feature of the convertible promissory note described in note 8(a) and determined that at origination, the fair value of the derivative liability related to the conversion feature was $938,001. Of this amount $65,000 was allocated to a discount on the convertible loan with the remaining $873,001 expensed.

 

On September 15, 2017, in conjunction with the modification of the convertible promissory note, the Company revalued the conversion feature and determined the value of the derivative liability decreased to $101,766. The corresponding gain of $836,235 has been recognized during the year ended December 31, 2017 and had the effect of decreasing the original loss recorded at the time of origination. As part of the loan modification, the $101,766 derivative liability was written off and included as part the gain on loan modification.

 

During 2017, in conjunction with the settlement of the convertible promissory notes, the Company revalued the derivative liability and determined the value increased to $1,190,068. The corresponding increase of $485,201 has the effect of increasing the loss on derivative. As part of the conversion of the convertible promissory notes the $1,190,068 derivative liability was removed and included as part of additional paid-in capital.

 

The assumptions used by the Company during 2018 and 2017 range as follows:

 

    2018-12-31   2017-12-31
Expected term   NA   0.06 to 1.0 years
Share price   NA   $0.01 to $0.05
Expected volatility   NA   87% to 515%
Expected dividends   None   None
Risk-free interest rate   NA   0.47% to 1.17%
Forfeitures   NA   None

 

The assumptions used in determining fair value represent management’s best estimates, but these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management’s judgment. As a result, if factors change the Company’s fair value estimates could be materially different in the future.

 

10. Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

During 2018, the Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of its Series A Preferred Stock with a par value of $0.0001. These shares have voting rights equal to 299 shares of common stock, per share of preferred.

 

Page 29 of 40
     

 

In 2018, the Company was authorized to issue 49,833,333 shares of its common stock with a par value of $0.0001. All shares were ranked equally with regards to the Company’s residual assets.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company entered into an agreement with an investor relations company to provide various services to the Company. These services were valued at $150,000 and will be charged to expense as certain milestones are met. The agreement is to be settled through the issuance of 1,250,000 common shares. From April through September, the investor relations company had met milestones that corresponded to $63,600 of expense being recorded. None of the shares had been issued through December 31, 2018.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company entered into a share issuance/ claim extinguishment agreement with two parties, pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue 8,333,333 shares of its common stock in exchange for the assumption of aggregate accounts payable of the Company totaling $154,057. The fair value of the shares to be issued was estimated to be $650,000 resulting in a loss on the settlement of debt in the amount of $495,944 recognized during the year ended December 31, 2018. During the year ended December 31, 2018, 990,742 shares were issued under this agreement which reduced the stock subscription payable by $77,278. The third parties failed to pay the Company’s vendors as agreed so the Company notified them that they are in breach of contract. The matter has yet to be resolved but the Company does not expect to issue the remaining shares.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company issued 3,125,001 common shares related to consulting agreements with two individuals with a subscription payable value of $534,270.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company received proceeds of $300,000 on subscription agreements ($0.12 per share). The Company will issue 2,500,000 shares for this capital raise.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company entered into a share issuance agreement with a public relations company whereby they would issue shares in satisfaction for service rendered. Through December 31, 2018, the public relations company provided services valued at $18,000. During September 2018, the Company issued 130,435 shares valued at $0.138 per share to settle the payable.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2018, the Company completed a share consolidation of the Company’s issued and outstanding common shares based on six (6) pre-consolidation shares to one (1) post-consolidation share. The Consolidation reduced the number of issued and outstanding common shares of the Company from 147,804,298 pre-Consolidation common shares to approximately 24,634,051 post-Consolidation common shares. While the share consolidation occurred subsequent to December 31, 2018, the Company has accounted for the effects retrospectively as such, the schedules and all references to shares, options and warrants throughout the financial statements have been updated to reflect the number of post-consolidation securities.

 

2017 Transactions

 

During the period ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 1,000,000 shares of its Series A Preferred Stock to its controlling shareholder and CEO in exchange for 16,666,667 shares of common stock owned by the controlling shareholder and CEO.

 

On November 1, 2017 the Company entered into an agreement with an investor where by the investor contributed $300,000 for 1,693,122 shares of common stock. The $300,000 contributed comprised $100,000 in cash and $200,000 of services to be rendered over two years. The agreement also provides that if the market value of the 1,693,122 shares is below $175,000 six months from the date of agreement (May 1, 2018) the Company will issue additional shares to make the total market value $175,000. The Company analyzed this fair value guarantee and concluded additional shares would need to be issued and have accrued $53,096 at December 31, 2017 related to this fair value guarantee. The agreement also provided the investor would receive six million warrants at an exercise price of $0.07 and a contractual life of two years. Lastly, if the Company effects a stock split within two years of the date of the agreement the investor will be entitled to $50,000 of additional value. The Company is not considering a stock split currently and will accrue the $50,000 should they consider pursuing a stock split. The shares have yet to be issued and the $300,000 investment is classified as share subscription payable at December 31, 2017.

 

During the period ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 10,890,754 common shares pursuant to the conversion of the convertible promissory notes discussed in note 8.

 

During the period ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 12,000,000 common shares of the Company to its CEO pursuant to the Company’s employee stock incentive plan at a deemed cost of $0.006 per share. The fair value of the common shares of $1,360,000 has been included as general and administrative expense during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Page 30 of 40
     

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 525,762 common shares in connection with two consulting agreements, the fair value of which was $100,000. The consultants paid, in aggregate, $3,154 for the shares, and the remaining balance of $96,846 will be expensed over the 180-day term of the consulting agreements.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company entered into a share issuance/ claim extinguishment agreement as disclosed in note 6. Pursuant to the debt assumption agreement, the Company issued 1,733,333 common shares during the period ended December 31, 2017. As at December 31, 2017, 4,100,000 common shares remain reserved for issuance pursuant to the share issuance/ claim extinguishment agreement.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 500,000 shares of its common stock for cash proceeds of $38,010. Also, during the year ended December 31, 2017 the Company issued 56,667 shares of its common stock in exchange for services valued at

$10,000.

 

11. Related Party Transactions

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded salaries expense of $63,796 (2017 - $36,668) related to services rendered to the Company by its major shareholder and CEO.

 

12. Income Taxes

 

a) The income tax expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 is reconciled per the schedule below:

 

    2018     2017  
Net loss before income taxes   $ (1,763,038 )   $ (3,403,106 )
Depreciation     566       506  
Non-deductible portion of meals and entertainment     2,953       309  
Share based compensation     -       1,360,001  
Derivative loss     -       521,486  
Expenses paid in shares     322,056       (10,417 )
GL Settlement of Debt     495,944          
Adjusted net loss for tax purposes     (951,207 )     (1,531,221 )
Statutory rate     25.35 %     24.73 %
      (241,127 )     (378,671 )
Increase in valuation allowance     241,127       378,671  
Provision for income taxes   $ -     $ -  

 

b) Deferred Income Tax Assets

 

The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to the deferred income tax assets at December 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

    2018     2017  
Net operating loss carry forwards   $ 997,723     $ 767,446  
Transaction costs     34,109       36,677  
      1,031,832       804,123  
Deferred tax assets not recognized     (1,031,832 )     (804,123 )
Net deferred tax asset   $ -     $ -  

 

Page 31 of 40
     

 

c) Cumulative Net Operating Losses

 

The Company has non-capital losses carried forward of approximately $4,377,000 available to reduce future years’ taxable income. These losses will expire as follows:

 

    United States     Canada     Total  
2034   $ 53,000     $ 183,000     $ 236,000  
2035     161,000       368,000       529,000  
2036     868,000       262,000       1,130,000  
2037     1,472,000       59,000       1,531,000  
2038     431,000       520,000       951,000  
    $ 2,985,000     $ 1,392,000     $ 4,377,000  

 

These net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $4,377,000 may be offset against future taxable income for the years 2019 through 2038. No tax benefit from continuing or discontinued operations have been reported in the December 31, 2018 consolidated financial statements since the potential tax benefit is offset by a valuation allowance of the same amount.

 

Due to change in ownership provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, net operation loss carryforwards for Federal income tax reporting purposes are subject to annual limitations. Should a change in ownership occur, net operating loss carryforwards may be limited as to use in future years.

 

The Company complies with the provisions of FASB ASC 740 in accounting for its uncertain tax positions. ASC 740 addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under ASC 740, the Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely that not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The Company has determined that the Company has no significant uncertain tax positions requiring recognition under ASC 740.

 

The Company recognizes interest accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. The Company had no accruals for interest and tax penalties at December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

The Company does not expect the amount of unrecognized tax benefits to materially change within the next twelve months.

 

The Company is required to file income tax returns in the U.S. and Canadian Federal jurisdictions, as well as the states of New York, New Jersey, and Utah and in the province of Ontario. The Company is no longer subject to income tax examinations by tax authorities for tax years ending before December 31, 2014.

 

13. Financial Instruments

 

Credit Risk

 

The Company is exposed to credit risk on the accounts receivable from its customers. In order to reduce its credit risk, the Company has adopted credit policies which include the analysis of the financial position of its customers and the regular review of their credit balances. The Company incurred no bad debt expense during the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Currency Risk

 

The Company is exposed to currency risk on its sales and purchases denominated in Canadian Dollars. The Company actively manages these risks by adjusting its pricing to reflect currency fluctuations and purchasing foreign currency at advantageous rates.

 

Liquidity Risk

 

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will not be able to meet its obligations associated with financial liabilities. The Company relies on cash flows generated from operations, as well as injections of capital through the issuance of the Company’s capital stock to settle its liabilities when they become due.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

The Company is not exposed to significant interest rate risk due to the short-term maturity of its monetary current assets and current liabilities.

 

Page 32 of 40
     

 

Concentration of Supplier Risk

 

The Company purchases all of its inventory from one supplier source in Asia. The Company carries significant strategic inventories of these materials to reduce the risk associated with this concentration of suppliers. Strategic inventories are managed based on demand. To date, the Company has been able to obtain adequate supplies of the materials used in the production of its products in a timely manner from existing sources. The loss of this key supplier or a delay in shipments could have an adverse effect on its business.

 

Concentration of Customer Risk

 

The following table includes the percentage of the Company’s sales to significant customers for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017. A customer is considered to be significant if they account for greater than 10% of the Company’s annual sales:

 

    2018     2017  
Customer A     37.8 %     72.4 %
Customer B     31.2 %     10.4 %
Customer C     19.8 %     - %
Customer D     10.4 %     - %
      99.2 %     82.8 %

 

The loss of any of these key customers could have an adverse effect on the Company’s business. At December 31, 2018, $182,738 was included in revenue from Company A, representing 37.8% of the Company’s accounts receivable as at that date. Customer B represented 31.2% or $150,707, Customer C represented 19.8% or $95,738, and Customer D represented 10.4% or $50,086. With Customer A and B representing 69% of the revenue, the loss of either or both customers would have an adverse effect on the Company’s revenue.

 

In 2017, Customer A represented 72.4% or $304,813, and Customer B represented 10.2% or $42,738. Loss of either customers would have a severe effect on the Company’s revenue.

 

14. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company complies with the accounting guidance under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820-10, Fair Value Measurements, as well as certain related FASB staff positions. This guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, the Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which it would transact business and considers assumptions that marketplace participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and risk of nonperformance.

 

The guidance also establishes a fair value hierarchy for measurements of fair value as follows: Level 1 – quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 – inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 – unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

As of December 31, 2018, and 2017, the Company had no assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

Page 33 of 40
     

 

15. Changes in Cash Flows from Operating Assets and Liabilities

 

The changes to the Company’s operating assets and liabilities for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

    2018     2017  
Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable   $ 127,620     $ (108,356 )
Decrease (increase) in inventory     (225,197 )     14,656  
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and deposits     554,405       162,754  
Decrease (increase) in related party receivables     (6 )     7,770  
Increase (decrease) in income taxes payable     77,251       318  
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities     343,051       104,464  
Increase (decrease) in bank overdraft     -       (2,635 )
    $ 877,124     $ 178,971  

 

16. Commitments

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company entered into a License Agreement whereby the Company was granted an exclusive license under Patent Rights to make, use, offer for sale, import or sell a proprietary latching system developed and patented by the Company’s shareholder (the “Licensor”). The License Agreement allows the Company to manufacture or sub- license the patented latching system and provide services utilizing the patented latching system within the United States and its territories and possessions and any foreign countries where Patent Rights exist. The License Agreement does not require the payment of license issue fees or royalties, however, the Company will be required to maintain any fees or costs associated to keep the patent active. The License Agreement will be in effect for the life of the last-to-expire patent or last-to-be-abandoned patent application licensed under this Agreement, whichever is later. The Company will have the right to terminate the Agreement in whole or as to any portion of Patent Rights at any time by giving such notice to the Licensor. Should the Company violate or fail to perform any term of this Agreement, the Licensor may give written notice of such default (“Notice of Default”) to the Company. Should the Company fail to repair such default within sixty days, of the effective date of such notice, the Licensor will have the right to terminate the License Agreement and the licenses therein by a second written notice (“Notice of Termination”) to the Company. If a Notice of Termination is sent to the Company, the License Agreement will automatically terminate on the effective date of such notice.

 

17. Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through May 13th, 2019 which is the date the financial statements were available to be issued and the following events after year end occurred:

 

  On January 7 th , 2019 the company completed an unregistered sales of equity securities, pursuant to Rule 506(b) of Regulation D. The company raised $25,000 in exchange for 208,334 post consolidation common shares of the company.
     
  A 1 for 6 reverse stock split of common shares was deemed declared effective, by FINRA, on March 29th, 2019 occurred. On march 8th, 2019; The Board of Directors authorized the submission of a Certificate of Change/Amendment to the Nevada Secretary of State in which the Company sought to affect a reverse split of its common stock at the rate of 1 for 6 for the purpose of increasing the per share price for the Company’s stock in an effort to meet the minimum listing requirements of the Canadian Stock Exchange (“CSE”). The Certificate of Change was submitted to the Nevada Secretary of State on March 20, 2019 and the FINRA corporate action was filed on March 21, 2019. FINRA declared the 1 for 6 reverse stock split effective on March 29, 2019.
     
  On April 3, 2019, Steven Rossi was issued 13,583,397 shares of Franchise Holdings International, Inc. common stock as approved by the board of directors, due to a conversion of all 1,000,000 shares of his Series A Preferred stock.
     
  On April 2, 2019 Mr. Craig Loverock was appointed to our Board of Directors and as Chairman of our Audit Committee. Per the language in the Written Consent of Board of Directors dated April 2, 2019, Mr. Loverock shall be paid $1,000 CDN for each month of service as Director, and such payment shall be made quarterly. Mr. Loverock shall be eligible to participate in all employee compensations plans that are available to other Officers and Directors of the Corporation from time to time.
     
  On February 28, 2019 the company issued 1,000,000 common shares of Franchise Holdings International, Inc per the terms of a service agreement for services rendered by the consultant to the company.
     
  On May 9 th , 2019 the company issued 1,680,084 common shares of Franchise Holdings International, Inc per the terms of a service agreement for services rendered by the consultant to the company.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)). Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of the end of the year covered in this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the required time years and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Page 34 of 40
     

 

Our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal controls will prevent all error or fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Due to the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. To address the material weaknesses, we performed additional analysis and other post-closing procedures in an effort to ensure our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, management believes that the financial statements included in this report fairly present in all material respects our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the years presented.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act, as amended. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the Chief Executive Officer and Principal Accounting Officer and effected by our Board of Directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

 

The framework our management uses to evaluate the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting is based on the guidance provided by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO) of the Treadway Commission in its 2013 report: INTERNAL CONTROL - INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK. Based on our evaluation under the framework described above, our management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was ineffective as of December 31, 2018 due to the same material weaknesses that rendered our disclosure controls and procedures ineffective. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is not effective due to a lack of sufficient resources to hire a support staff in order to separate duties between different individuals. The Company lacks the appropriate personnel to handle all the varying recording and reporting tasks on a timely basis. The Company plans to address these material weaknesses as resources become available by hiring additional professional staff, as funding becomes available, outsourcing certain aspects of the recording and reporting functions, and separating responsibilities. We have identified the following material weak-nesses. A CFO was hired by FNHI in 2017.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we did not maintain effective controls over the control environment. Specifically, we have not developed and effectively communicated to our employees the accounting policies and procedures. This has resulted in inconsistent practices. Further, the Board of Directors does not currently have any independent members and no director qualifies as an audit committee financial expert as defined in Item 407(d)(5)(ii) of Regulation S-K. Since these entity level programs have a pervasive effect across the organization, management has determined that these circumstances constitute a material weakness. As a result, an audit committee Chairman has been hired.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we did not maintain effective controls over financial statement disclosure. Specifically, controls were not designed and in place to ensure that all disclosures required were originally addressed in our financial statements. Accordingly, management has determined that this control deficiency constitutes a material weakness.

 

During reviews of the 2018 quarterly filings and audit of the December 31, 2018 financial statements, we noted delays in the communications between the company’s operational and accounting personnel that led to delays in filings and at times rework related to receiving additional information after financial statements had been compiled.

 

During the 2018 audit, there were multiple adjustments made as the Company had failed to reconcile accounts properly. We note that several adjustments had to be re-reconciled due to the continuous inaccuracy.

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company lacked sufficient internal accounting expertise. This resulted in delays in completing the quarterly and annual regulatory filings as several adjustments to the Company’s balances were required prior to filing and the timing of communications between the Company and its auditors were not optimal. Subsequent to December 31, 2018, the Company engaged a public accounting firm to handle the internal accounting and bookkeeping functions and liaise with the Company’s auditors with respect to the Company’s quarterly and annual filings.

 

Because of these material weaknesses, management has concluded that the Company did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018, based on the criteria established in “INTERNAL CONTROL-INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK” issued by the COSO.

 

Change In Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our last fiscal year that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Attestation Report of the Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the SEC that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Not applicable

 

Page 35 of 40
     

 

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Our Directors and Executive Officers, ages and position held with us is as follows:

 

Name Position Held
Steven Rossi * President, Secretary and Director
Michael Johnston # Chief Financial Officer
Paul Haber ** Director
Lorenzo Rossi *** Director
Craig Loverock **** Director; Chair of Audit Committee

 

* appointed as an officer and director effective November 7, 2014

** appointed as an officer and director effective October 27, 2017

*** appointed as a director effective December 9, 2014

# appointed on December 5, 2017

****Appointed April 22, 2019

 

The persons named above are expected to hold said offices/positions until the next annual meeting of our stockholders. Mr. Steven Rossi cannot be considered to be independent directors.

 

Mr. Steven Rossi attended from the University of Toronto from 2005 to 2007, majoring in Life Science. He founded two companies in 2005 and 2006: 2230164 Ontario, Inc. and Scrap my Junk Car. Both businesses are still in operation and Mr. Rossi is not active in the business operations of them at this time. Mr. Rossi established, developed and ran both of these automotive related companies at the same time for five years. Since founding Worksport, Mr. Rossi has been granted one U.S. Patent on tonneau cover design and has filed three more U.S. and Canadian Patent applications. He has licensed all patents to Worksport on an exclusive basis.

 

Mr. Johnston CA, CPA, a graduate of the University of Western Ontario, is a partner at Toronto’s Forbes Andersen LLP, Chartered Professional Accountants, and offers over 12 years of experience with both private and public companies.

 

Mr. Haber, age 47, has been involved in corporate finance and capital markets for over 18 years. He has helped many companies navigate the IPO/RTO process and has participated in numerous M&A and financing transactions.

 

Mr. Haber currently sits on the board of directors of South American Silver Corp. (TSX:SAC) and Chinapintza Mining Corp. (TSXV:CPA). Mr. Haber is a past director of High Desert Gold Corp., China Health and Diagnostics Ltd., IND Dairytech Inc., Migao Corporation. Mr. Haber is also active in the TSX Venture Capital Pool Company program having helped found the Black Birch Capital Acquisition series of CPCs as well as many others.

 

Mr. Haber started his career with Coopers & Lybrand (now PricewaterhouseCoppers LLP). He is both a Chartered Accountant and a Certified Public Accountant, with an Honours Bachelors of Arts Degree in Management from the University of Toronto. Mr. Haber was awarded his Chartered Director designation from the DeGroote School of Business in partnership with the Conference Board of Canada.

 

Mr. Lorenzo Rossi received a Master of Education in 1995 from the University of Toronto and a Bachelor of Arts from Laurentia n University in 1977. Since 2005 he has been the Computer Science & Communications Technology Department Head at the Cardinal Carter Academy for the Arts of the Toronto Catholic District Schools. Mr. Lorenzo Rossi is the father of Mr. Steven Rossi.

 

Craig Loverock, CPA, CA, is a Chartered Professional Accountant with over 24 years’ experience in accounting and finance roles in Canada, the United States and England. Mr. Loverock has been the Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary at Contagious Gaming Inc. since November 30, 2015, and currently serves as the Chief Financial Officer of Sproutly Canada, Inc. From October 2014 to May 2015, he served as the Chief Financial Officer of VoiceTrust Inc. From November 2012 to October 2014, he served as the Chief Financial Officer and Chief Compliance Officer of Quartz Capital Group Ltd. From January 2010 to November 2012, he provided Chief Financial Officer consulting services to a number of high-growth businesses. Mr. Loverock served as the Senior Financial Advisor to the Chairman at Magna International from August 2007 to January 2010. Mr. Loverock received his Chartered Accountant designation from the Institute of Chartered Accountants, Ontario in 1997.

 

Committees of the Board of Directors

 

Currently, we have an audit committee which is chaired by Mr Craig Loverock.

 

Page 36 of 40
     

 

Director and Executive Compensation

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, Steven Rossi was paid salaries of $63,796 (2017 - $36,668)

 

Employment Agreements

 

We have no written employment agreements with any of our executive officer or key employee.

 

Equity Incentive Plan

 

We adopted the Plan on June 5, 2015. The Plan provides for the grant of the following types of stock awards: (i) incentive stock options,

(ii) non-statutory stock options, (iii) stock appreciation rights, (iv) restricted stock awards, (v) restricted stock unit awards and (vi) other stock awards. The Plan is intended to help the Company secure and retain the services of eligible award recipients, provide incentives for such persons to exert maximum efforts for the success of the Company and any affiliate and provide a means by which the eligible recipients may benefit from increases in value of the Common Stock. The Board will administer the Plan. Up to 100,000,000 shares may be issued under the Plan. No other stock options or similar instruments have been granted to any of our officers or directors pursuant to the Plan.

 

Indemnification and Limitation on Liability of Directors

 

Our Articles of Incorporation limit the liability of our directors to the fullest extent permitted by Nevada law. Nothing contained in the provisions will be construed to deprive any director of his right to all defenses ordinarily available to the director nor will anything herein be construed to deprive any director of any right he may have for contribution from any other director or other person.

 

At present, there is no pending litigation or proceeding involving any of our directors, officers, employees or agents where indemnification will be required or permitted. Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to our directors, officers and controlling persons pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, we have been advised that in the opinion of the Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933 and is, therefore, unenforceable.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, Steven Rossi was paid salaries of $63,796 (2017 - $36,668).

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

The following sets forth the number of shares of our $0.0001 par value common stock beneficially owned by (i) each person who, as of May 13th, 2019, was known by us to own beneficially more than five percent (5%) of its common stock; (ii) our individual Director and (iii) our Officer and Director as a group. A total of 68,088,142 common shares were issued and outstanding as of May 13th, 2019.

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner (1) Number of Shares Owned Percentage of Ownership

 

Steven Rossi

414-3120 Rutherford Rd

Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0B1

           
      15,500,064       38.54 %
                 

Michael Johnston

 414-3120 Rutherford Rd
Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0B1

    0       0.0 %
                 
Paul Haber
414-3120 Rutherford Rd
Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0B1
    0       00 %
                 
Lorenzo Rossi
414-3120 Rutherford Rd
Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0B1
    0       0.0 %
                 
Craig Loverock
414-3120 Rutherford Rd
Vaughan, Ontario, Canada L4K 0B1
    0       0.0 %
                 
All Officers and Directors as a Group     15,500,064       38.54 %

 

Page 37 of 40
     

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Particular Transactions

 

Steven Rossi is the owner of U.S. Patent #8,814,249 filed on October 26, 2012 and issued on May 1, 2014. Worksport paid $7,718 in patent filing expenses. Worksport licenses this patent from Mr. Rossi.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded salaries expense of $63,796 (2017 - $36,668) related to services rendered to the Company by its major shareholder and CEO.

 

Controlling Persons

 

The Company is not aware of any agreements or understandings by a person or group of persons that could be construed as a controlling person.

 

Director Independence

 

Our board of directors consists of Messrs. Rossi, Haber, and Rossi. The board considers all relevant facts and circumstances in its determination of independence of all members of the board (including any relationships set forth in this prospectus under the heading “Certain Related Person Transactions). After review of the Directors by the Board, and specifically by the Chairman of the Board, it has been determined that no board members are considered independent. The Company uses the term “independent” as described by NASDAQ.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

Our independent auditor, Haynie & Company billed an aggregate of $38,200 and $68,303 for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, for professional services rendered for the audit of our annual financial statements and review of the financial statements included in our quarterly reports.

 

We have an audit committee chaired by Craig Loverock, who was appointed on April 2, 2019. The audit committee performs the duties of evaluating the scope and cost of the engagement of an auditor before the auditor renders audit and non-audit services.

 

Page 38 of 40
     

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

The following exhibits required by Item 601 to be filed herewith are incorporated by reference to previously filed documents:

 

Exhibit    
Number   Description
     
3.1   Articles of Incorporation (1)
     
3.2   Bylaws (1)
     
3.3   Articles of Merger of TMAN Global.com, Inc. and Franchise Holdings International, Inc.
     
10.1   Definitive Share Exchange Agreement, dated as of December 16 2014, by and among the Company, Steven Rossi and Worksport, Ltd. (2)
     
10.2   Patent license agreement, dated November 26, 2014 (2)
     
10.3   Corporate Advisory Services Agreement by and between Worksport, Ltd. and Belair Capital Partners, Inc., dated May 1, 2014 (2)
     
10.4   Shipping Agreement with Federal Express (FedEX) dated September 26, 2014 (2)
     
10.5   Shipping Agreement with United Parcel Service (UPS) dated March 31, 2014 (2)
     
10.6   Warehousing and Shipping with JBF Express dated June 24, 2013 (2)
     
10.7   Continuous Importation Bond with Globe Express Services (2)
     
10.8   Business Services Agreement, by and between 1369781and FNHI, dated June 1, 2015 (3)
     
10.9   Business Services Agreement, by and between 2224342and FNHI, dated June 23, 2015 (3)
     
10.10   Services Agreement, by and between Marchese and FNHI, dated June 3, 2015 (3)
     
10.11   Services Agreement, by and between JAAM and FNHI, dated June 8, 2015 (3)
     
10.12   Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws, dated March 29th, 2019 (4)
     
31.1   Certification of CEO/CFO pursuant to Sec. 302
     
32.1   Certification of CEO/CFO pursuant to Sec. 906
     
101.INS **   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH **   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL **   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF **   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB **   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE **   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

(1) Filed as an exhibit to the registrant’s Form 10-KSB, filed October 13, 1999 and incorporated by reference herein.

(2) Filed as an exhibit to the registrant’s Form 8-K, filed on December 17, 2014 and incorporated by reference herein.

(3) Filed as an exhibit to the registrant’s Form S-1, filed on July 21, 2015 and incorporated by reference herein.

(4) Filed as an exhibit to the registrant’s Form 8-K filed on March 29th, 2019 and incorporated by reference herein.

 

Page 39 of 40
     

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated: May 13, 2019 By: /s/ Steven Rossi
  Name: Steven Rossi
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

By: /s/ Steven Rossi   Dated: May 13, 2019
  Steven Rossi    
  Director    
By: /s/ Lorenzo Rossi   Dated: May 13, 2019
  Lorenzo Rossi    
  Director    
By: /s/ Paul Haber   Dated: May 13, 2019
  Paul Haber    
  Director    

 

Page 40 of 40
     
Franchise (QB) (USOTC:FNHI)
Historical Stock Chart
From Apr 2020 to May 2020 Click Here for more Franchise (QB) Charts.
Franchise (QB) (USOTC:FNHI)
Historical Stock Chart
From May 2019 to May 2020 Click Here for more Franchise (QB) Charts.