Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)

Registration No. 333-239874

 

PROSPECTUS

 

ELITE PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

 

262,500,000 Shares of Common Stock

 

This prospectus relates to the sale of up to 262,500,000 shares of our common stock by Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC, or Lincoln Park or the selling stockholder.

 

The shares of common stock being offered by the selling stockholder have been or may be issued to Lincoln Park pursuant to the purchase agreement, dated July 8, 2020, that we entered into with Lincoln Park (the “Purchase Agreement”).  See “The Lincoln Park Transaction” for a description of the purchase agreement and “Selling Stockholder” for additional information regarding Lincoln Park. We are not selling any securities under this prospectus and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock by the selling stockholder. As consideration for Lincoln Park’s irrevocable commitment to purchase common stock upon the terms of and subject to satisfaction of the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement, upon execution of the Purchase Agreement, we issued to Lincoln Park 5,975,857 shares of common stock as commitment shares. We have agreed to issue up to 5,975,857 additional shares of common stock as additional commitment shares, on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares of common stock under the Purchase Agreement.

 

The selling stockholder may sell or otherwise dispose of the shares of common stock described in this prospectus in a number of different ways and at varying prices. See “Plan of Distribution” for more information about how the selling stockholder may sell or otherwise dispose of the shares of common stock being registered pursuant to this prospectus. The selling stockholder is an “underwriter” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

 

The selling stockholder will pay all brokerage fees and commissions and similar expenses. We will pay the expenses (except brokerage fees and commissions and similar expenses) incurred in registering the shares, including legal and accounting fees. See “Plan of Distribution”.

 

Our common stock is dually quoted on the OTCBB and the OTCQB. On July 24, 2020, the last reported sale price of our common stock on the OTCQB was $0.066 per share.

 

You should read this prospectus, together with additional information described under the headings “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference” and “Where You Can Find More Information,” carefully before you invest in any of our securities.

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. These risks are described in the “Risk Factors” section on page 4 of this prospectus. You should also consider the risk factors described or referred to in any documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus, before investing in these securities.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

This prospectus is dated July 27, 2020

  

 

 

 

ELITE PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  

    Page
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements   ii
Prospectus Summary   1
Risk Factors   4
The Lincoln Park Transaction   5
Use of Proceeds   10
Market For Common Stock And Dividend Policy   10
Selling Stockholder   10
Plan of Distribution   12
Description Of Common Stock   13
Legal Matters   15
Experts   15
Where You Can Find More Information   16
Incorporation By Reference   16

 

We have not, and the selling stockholder has not, authorized anyone to provide you with information different from that contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or in any supplement to this prospectus or free writing prospectus, and neither we nor the selling stockholder takes any responsibility for any other information that others may give you. This prospectus is not an offer to sell, nor is it a solicitation of an offer to buy, the securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the date on the front cover of those documents, or that the information contained in any document incorporated by reference is accurate as of any date other than the date of the document incorporated by reference, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of a security. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.

 

This prospectus relates to the offering of our common stock. Before buying any of our common stock, you should carefully read this prospectus, any supplement to this prospectus, the information and documents incorporated herein by reference and the additional information under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Information Incorporated by Reference.” These documents contain important information that you should consider when making your investment decision.

 

References to the “Company,” “Elite,” “we,” “our” and “us” in this prospectus are to Elite Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires. This document includes trade names and trademarks of other companies. All such trade names and trademarks appearing in this document are the property of their respective holders.

 

i

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus and the documents we have incorporated by reference contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. When used in this report, statements that are not statements of current or historical fact are forward-looking statements, and include, without limitation, estimated future results of operations, estimates of future revenues, future expenses, future net income and future net income per share, as well as statements regarding future financing activities, the impact of the novel strain of coronavirus referred to as COVID-19 on the health and welfare of our employees and on our business, including any response to COVID-19 such as anticipated return to historical purchasing decisions by customers, the economic impact of COVID-19, changes in consumer spending, decisions to engage in certain medical procedures, future governmental orders that could impact our operations and the ability of our manufacturing facilities and suppliers to fulfill their obligations to us, and any other statements that refer to our expected, estimated or anticipated future results. Without limiting the foregoing, the words “plan,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “could,” “would,” “continue,” “pursue,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “contemplate,” “envisage,” “project” or “continue” or the negative other variations thereof, or similar expressions or other variations or comparable terminology are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact included and incorporated by reference in this prospectus regarding our financial position, business strategy and plans or objectives for future operations are forward-looking statements. Without limiting the broader description of forward-looking statements above, we specifically note, without limitation, that statements regarding the preliminary nature of the clinical program results and the potential for further product development, that involve known and unknown risks, delays, uncertainties and other factors not under our control, the requirement of substantial future testing, clinical trials, regulatory reviews and approvals by the Food and Drug Administration and other regulatory authorities prior and subsequent to the commercialization of products under development and those currently related to commercial operations, our ability to fund all of our activities and our ability to manufacture and sell any products, gain market acceptance earn a profit from sales or licenses of any drugs or our ability to discover new drugs in the future are all forward-looking in nature.

 

In addition, because these statements reflect our current views concerning future events, these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties including, without limitation, the risks related to the impact of COVID-19 (such as, without limitation, the scope and duration of the pandemic and the resulting economic crisis and levels of unemployment, governmental actions and restrictive measures implemented in response, material delays and cancellations of certain medical procedures, potential manufacturing and supply chain disruptions and other potential impacts to the business as a result of COVID-19) and the other risks and uncertainties more fully described under the caption “Risk Factors”, including disclosures incorporated therein by reference. These risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside of our control, and any other risks and uncertainties that we are not currently able to predict or identify, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and could cause our actual results to differ materially and adversely from those expressed in forward-looking statements contained or incorporated by reference in this document.

 

We do not undertake any obligation to update our forward-looking statements after the date of this prospectus for any reason, even if new information becomes available or other events occur in the future, except as may be required under applicable securities law. You are advised to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You are notified and should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors and consequently should not consider this to be a complete, all-inclusive discussion of all potential risks or uncertainties.

 

In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which are inherently unreliable and speak only as of the date of this prospectus, any free writing prospectus, or any document incorporated by reference in this prospectus. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the cautionary statements in this prospectus or any free writing prospectus, and the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We are not under any obligation, and we expressly disclaim any obligation, to update or alter any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed in or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus might not occur.

 

ii

 

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

This summary highlights selected information about Elite Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and this offering of common stock. This summary does not contain all of the information that may be important to you in making an investment decision. For a more complete understanding of Elite Pharmaceuticals, Inc. you should read carefully this entire prospectus, including the “Risk Factors” section and the other documents we refer to and incorporate by reference. Unless otherwise indicated, “common stock” means our common stock, par value $0.001 per share.

 

About Us

 

We are a specialty pharmaceutical company principally engaged in the development and manufacture of oral, controlled-release products, using proprietary know-how and technology, particularly as it relates to abuse resistant products and the manufacture of generic pharmaceuticals. Our strategy includes improving off-patent drug products for life cycle management, developing generic versions of controlled-release drug products with high barriers to entry and the development of branded and generic products that utilize our proprietary and patented abuse resistance technologies.

 

We occupy manufacturing, warehouse, laboratory and office space at 165 Ludlow Avenue and 135 Ludlow Avenue in Northvale, NJ (the “Northvale Facility”). The Northvale Facility operates under Current Good Manufacturing Practice (“cGMP”) and is a United States Drug Enforcement Agency (“DEA”) registered facility for research, development and manufacturing.

 

We focus our efforts on the following areas: (i) manufacturing of a line of generic pharmaceutical products with approved Abbreviated New Drug Applications (“ANDAs”); (ii) development of additional generic pharmaceutical products; (iii) development of the other products in our pipeline including the products with our partners; (iv) commercial exploitation of our products either by license and the collection of royalties, or through the manufacture of our formulations; and (v) development of new products and the expansion of our licensing agreements with other pharmaceutical companies, including co-development projects, joint ventures and other collaborations.

 

We believe that our business strategy enables us to reduce its risk by having a diverse product portfolio that includes both branded and generic products in various therapeutic categories and to build collaborations and establish licensing agreements with companies with greater resources thereby allowing us to share costs of development and improve cash-flow.

 

For additional information as to our business, properties and financial condition, please refer to the documents cited in “Where You Can Find More Information.”

 

The Purchase Agreement with Lincoln Park

 

On July 8, 2020, we entered into a purchase agreement with Lincoln Park, which we refer to in this prospectus as the Purchase Agreement, pursuant to which Lincoln Park has agreed to purchase from us up to an aggregate of $25,000,000 of our common stock (subject to certain limitations) from time to time over the term of the Purchase Agreement. Also on July 8, 2020, we entered into a registration rights agreement with Lincoln Park, which we refer to in this prospectus as the Registration Rights Agreement, pursuant to which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) the registration statement that includes this prospectus to register for resale under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, the shares of common stock that have been or may be issued to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement.

 

This prospectus covers the resale by the selling stockholder of 262,500,000 shares of our common stock, comprised of: (i) 5,975,857 shares that we already issued to Lincoln Park as a commitment fee for making the commitment under the Purchase Agreement, which we refer to as the “initial commitment shares,” (ii) an additional 250,548,286 shares we have reserved for issuance to Lincoln Park in the future under the Purchase Agreement, if and when we sell shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement; and (iii) up to an additional 5,975,857 shares as “additional commitment shares,” on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares under the Purchase Agreement.

 

 

1

 

 

 

Other than the 5,975,857 initial commitment shares that we have already issued to Lincoln Park pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, we have not issued any other shares of common stock to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement. We do not have the right to commence any sales of our common stock to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement until all of the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement have been satisfied, including that the SEC has declared effective the registration statement that includes this prospectus registering the shares being issued and sold to Lincoln Park, which we refer to in this prospectus as the Commencement. Thereafter, we may, from time to time and at our sole discretion for a period of 36-months, on any business day that we select, direct Lincoln Park to purchase up to 500,000 shares, which amounts may be increased depending on the market price of our common stock at the time of sale, which we refer to in this prospectus as “regular purchases.” In addition, at our discretion, Lincoln Park has committed to purchase other “accelerated amounts” and/or “additional accelerated amounts” under certain circumstances. We will control the timing and amount of any sales of our common stock to Lincoln Park. The purchase price of the shares that may be sold to Lincoln Park in regular purchases under the Purchase Agreement will be based on an agreed upon fixed discount to the market price of our common stock immediately preceding the time of sale as computed under the Purchase Agreement. The purchase price per share will be equitably adjusted for any reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split, or other similar transaction occurring during the business days used to compute such price. We may at any time in our sole discretion terminate the Purchase Agreement without fee, penalty or cost upon one business day notice. There are no restrictions on future financings, rights of first refusal, participation rights, penalties or liquidated damages in the Purchase Agreement or Registration Rights Agreement, other than a prohibition on our entering into certain types of transactions that are defined in the Purchase Agreement as “Variable Rate Transactions.” Lincoln Park may not assign or transfer its rights and obligations under the Purchase Agreement.

 

As of July 24, 2020, there were 846,954,821 shares of our common stock outstanding, of which 827,309,769 shares were held by non-affiliates, including the 5,975,857 initial commitment shares that we have already issued to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement. Although the Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to an aggregate of $25,000,000 of our common stock to Lincoln Park, only 262,500,000 shares of our common stock are being offered under this prospectus, which represents the 5,975,857 initial commitment shares that we have already issued to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, the 5,975,857 additional commitment shares which we may issue to Lincoln Park in the future under the Purchase Agreement, if and when we sell shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, and 250,548,286 additional shares of common stock that we may issue and sell to Lincoln Park as “purchase shares” in the future under the Purchase Agreement, if and when we sell shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement. Depending on the market prices of our common stock at the time we elect to issue and sell shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, we may need to register for resale under the Securities Act additional shares of our common stock in order to receive aggregate gross proceeds equal to the $25,000,000 total commitment available to us under the Purchase Agreement.  If all of the 262,500,000 shares offered by Lincoln Park under this prospectus were issued and outstanding as of the date hereof, such shares would represent approximately 24% of the total number of shares of our common stock outstanding and approximately 24% of the total number of outstanding shares held by non-affiliates, in each case as of the date hereof. If we elect to issue and sell more than the 262,500,000 shares offered under this prospectus to Lincoln Park, which we have the right, but not the obligation, to do, we must first register for resale under the Securities Act any such additional shares, which could cause additional substantial dilution to our stockholders. The number of shares ultimately offered for resale by Lincoln Park is dependent upon the number of shares we sell to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement.

 

The Purchase Agreement also prohibits us from directing Lincoln Park to purchase any shares of common stock if those shares, when aggregated with all other shares of our common stock then beneficially owned by Lincoln Park and its affiliates, would result in Lincoln Park and its affiliates having beneficial ownership, at any single point in time, of more than 4.99% of the then total outstanding shares of our common stock, as calculated pursuant to Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and Rule 13d-3 thereunder, which limitation we refer to as the “beneficial ownership cap.”

 

Issuances of our common stock in this offering will not affect the rights or privileges of our existing stockholders, except that the economic and voting interests of each of our existing stockholders will be diluted as a result of any such issuance. Although the number of shares of common stock that our existing stockholders own will not decrease, the shares owned by our existing stockholders will represent a smaller percentage of our total outstanding shares after any such issuance to Lincoln Park.

 

 

2

 

 

 

Summary of the Offering

  

Common stock offered by the selling stockholder

262,500,000 shares consisting of:

 

●     5,975,857 commitment shares issued to Lincoln Park upon the execution of the Purchase Agreement; 

●     up to 5,975,857 additional commitment shares, on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares under the Purchase Agreement; and

●     up to 250,548,286 purchase shares that we may sell to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement. 

   
Common stock outstanding 846,954,821 shares of common stock.
   
Use of proceeds We will receive no proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock by Lincoln Park in this offering. We may receive up to $25,000,000 aggregate gross proceeds under the Purchase Agreement from any sales we make to Lincoln Park pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. Any proceeds that we receive from such sales are anticipated to be used for research and product development, general corporate purposes and working capital requirements. See “Use of Proceeds.”
   
OTCQB symbol “ELTP”
   
Risk Factors See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 4 of this prospectus and the other information included in, or incorporated by reference into, this prospectus for a discussion of certain factors you should carefully consider before deciding to invest in our securities.

 

The number of shares of common stock is based on 846,954,821 shares outstanding as of July 24, 2020, and excludes:

 

5,375,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of options outstanding as of July 24, 2020;
79,008,661 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants held by Nasrat Hakim and outstanding as of July 24, 2020;
158,017,321 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of Series J Convertible Preferred Stock owned by Nasrat Hakim as of July 24, 2020;
2,750,000 additional shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under our 2014 Equity Incentive Plan; and
30,500,782 shares of common stock due and owing Directors, employees and consultants as of July 24, 2020.

 

 

3

 

 

RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Before making an investment decision, you should carefully consider the risks described below, as well as the risks described under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2020 and in the other filings we make with the SEC pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, which we have incorporated herein by reference. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks, and the market or trading price of our common stock could decline due to any of these risks. In addition, please read “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this prospectus, where we describe additional uncertainties associated with our business and the forward-looking statements included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. Please note that additional risks not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business and operations.

 

Risks Related to this Offering and Ownership of Our Common Stock

 

The sale or issuance of our common stock to Lincoln Park may cause dilution and the sale of the shares of common stock acquired by Lincoln Park, or the perception that such sales may occur, could cause the price of our common stock to fall.

 

On July 8, 2020, we entered into the Purchase Agreement with Lincoln Park, pursuant to which (i) we issued 5,975,857 initial commitment shares to Lincoln Park as a partial commitment fee payment for making its irrevocable commitment under the Purchase Agreement, (ii) Lincoln Park has committed to purchase up to an additional $25,000,000 of our common stock; and (iii) we may issue to Lincoln Park up to an additional 5,975,857 shares as additional commitment shares, on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares under the Purchase Agreement.

 

The shares of our common stock that may be issued under the Purchase Agreement may be sold by us to Lincoln Park at our discretion from time to time over a 36-month period commencing after the satisfaction of certain conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement, including that the SEC has declared effective the registration statement on Form S-3 that includes this prospectus. The purchase price for the shares that we may sell to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement will fluctuate based on the price of our common stock. Depending on market liquidity at the time, sales of such shares may cause the trading price of our common stock to fall.

 

We generally have the right to control the timing and amount of any future sales of our shares to Lincoln Park. Additional sales of our common stock, if any, to Lincoln Park will depend upon market conditions and other factors to be determined by us. We may ultimately decide to sell to Lincoln Park all, some or none of the additional shares of our common stock that may be available for us to sell pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. If and when we do sell additional shares to Lincoln Park, after Lincoln Park has acquired the shares, Lincoln Park may resell all, some or none of those shares at any time or from time to time in its discretion. Therefore, sales to Lincoln Park by us could result in substantial dilution to the interests of other holders of our common stock. Additionally, the sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock to Lincoln Park, or the anticipation of such sales, could make it more difficult for us to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that we might otherwise wish to effect sales.

 

We may require additional financing to sustain our operations, without which we may not be able to continue operations, and the terms of subsequent financings may adversely impact our stockholders.

 

We may direct Lincoln Park to purchase up to $25,000,000 worth of shares of our common stock under our agreement over a 36-month period generally in amounts up to 500,000 shares of our common stock, which may be increased to up to 900,000 shares of our common stock depending on the market price of our common stock at the time of sale, and, in each case, subject to a maximum limit of $1,000,000 per purchase, on any single business day (such share amounts being subject to adjustment for any reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split, reverse stock split or other similar transaction as provided in the Purchase Agreement). We also may direct Lincoln Park to purchase additional shares pursuant to Accelerated Purchases (see “The Lincoln Park Transaction”). Assuming a purchase price of $0.064 per share (based on the closing sale price of the common stock on July 24, 2020) and the purchase by Lincoln Park of 500,000 purchase shares, proceeds to us would only be $32,010.

 

4

 

 

The extent we rely on Lincoln Park as a source of funding will depend on a number of factors including the prevailing market price of our common stock and the extent to which we are able to secure working capital from other sources. If obtaining sufficient funding from Lincoln Park were to prove unavailable or prohibitively dilutive, we will need to secure another source of funding in order to satisfy our working capital needs. Even if we sell all $25,000,000 under the Purchase Agreement to Lincoln Park, we may still need additional capital to finance our future business plans and working capital needs, and we may have to raise funds through the issuance of equity or debt securities. Depending on the type and the terms of any financing we pursue, stockholders’ rights and the value of their investment in our common stock could be reduced. A financing could involve one or more types of securities including common stock, preferred stock, convertible debt or warrants to acquire common stock. These securities could be issued at or below the then prevailing market price for our common stock. In addition, if we issue secured debt securities, the holders of the debt would have a claim to our assets that would be prior to the rights of stockholders until the debt is paid. Interest on these debt securities would increase costs and negatively impact operating results. If the issuance of new securities results in diminished rights to holders of our common stock, the market price of our common stock could be negatively impacted.

 

Should the financing we require to sustain our working capital needs be unavailable or prohibitively expensive when we require it, the consequences could be a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.

 

Our management will have broad discretion over the use of the net proceeds from our sale of shares of common stock to Lincoln Park, you may not agree with how we use the proceeds and the proceeds may not be invested successfully.

 

Our management will have broad discretion as to the use of the net proceeds from our sale of shares of common stock to Lincoln Park, and we could use them for purposes other than those contemplated at the time of commencement of this offering. Accordingly, you will be relying on the judgment of our management with regard to the use of those net proceeds, and you will not have the opportunity, as part of your investment decision, to assess whether the proceeds are being used appropriately. It is possible that, pending their use, we may invest those net proceeds in a way that does not yield a favorable, or any, return for us. The failure of our management to use such funds effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows.

 

The Company has no history of paying dividends on its common stock, and we do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

The Company has not previously paid dividends on its common stock. We currently anticipate that we will retain all of our available cash, if any, for use as working capital and for other general corporate purposes. Any payment of future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend upon, among other things, our earnings, financial condition, capital requirements, level of indebtedness, statutory and contractual restrictions applicable to the payment of dividends and other considerations that our Board of Directors deems relevant. Investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize a return on their investment.

  

THE LINCOLN PARK TRANSACTION

 

General

 

On July 8, 2020, we entered into a purchase agreement with Lincoln Park, which we refer to in this prospectus as the Purchase Agreement, pursuant to which Lincoln Park has agreed to purchase from us up to an aggregate of $25,000,000 of our common stock (subject to certain limitations) from time to time over the term of the Purchase Agreement. Also on July 8, 2020, we entered into a registration rights agreement with Lincoln Park, which we refer to in this prospectus as the Registration Rights Agreement, pursuant to which we have filed with the SEC the registration statement that includes this prospectus to register for resale under the Securities Act the shares of common stock that have been or may be issued to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement.

 

This prospectus covers the resale by the selling stockholder of 262,500,000 shares of our common stock, comprised of: (i) 5,975,857 initial commitment shares that we already issued to Lincoln Park as partial payment of a commitment fee for making its irrevocable commitment under the Purchase Agreement, (ii) an additional 250,548,286 purchase shares we have reserved for issuance and sale to Lincoln Park in the future under the Purchase Agreement, if and when we decide to sell shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement; and (iii) up to an additional 5,975,857 shares as additional commitment shares, on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares under the Purchase Agreement.

 

5

 

 

Other than the 5,975,857 initial commitment shares, we have not issued any common stock to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement. We do not have the right to commence any sales of our common stock to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement until all of the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement have been satisfied, including that the SEC has declared effective the registration statement that includes this prospectus registering the shares that will be issued and sold to Lincoln Park, which we refer to in this prospectus as the Commencement. Thereafter, we may, from time to time and at our sole discretion for a period of 36-months, on any business day that we select, direct Lincoln Park to purchase up to 500,000 shares of common stock, which amounts may be increased depending on the market price of our common stock at the time of sale, which we refer to in this prospectus as “regular purchases.” In addition, at our discretion, Lincoln Park has committed to purchase other “accelerated amounts” and/or “additional accelerated amounts” under certain circumstances. We will control the timing and amount of any sales of our common stock to Lincoln Park. The purchase price of the shares that may be sold to Lincoln Park in regular purchases under the Purchase Agreement will be based on an agreed upon fixed discount to the market price of our common stock immediately preceding the time of sale as computed under the Purchase Agreement. The purchase price per share will be equitably adjusted for any reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split, or other similar transaction occurring during the business days used to compute such price. We may at any time in our sole discretion terminate the Purchase Agreement without fee, penalty or cost upon one business day notice. There are no restrictions on future financings, rights of first refusal, participation rights, penalties or liquidated damages in the Purchase Agreement or Registration Rights Agreement, other than a prohibition on our entering into certain types of transactions that are defined in the Purchase Agreement as “Variable Rate Transactions.” Lincoln Park may not assign or transfer its rights and obligations under the Purchase Agreement.

 

As of July 24, 2020, there were 846,954,821 shares of our common stock outstanding, of which 827,309,769 shares were held by non-affiliates, including the 5,975,857 shares that we have already issued to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement and additional shares owned by Lincoln Park. Although the Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to an aggregate of $25,000,000 of our common stock to Lincoln Park, only 262,500,000 shares of our common stock are being offered under this prospectus, which represents the 5,975,857 shares that we have already issued to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement and additional shares which may be issued to Lincoln Park in the future under the Purchase Agreement, if and when we sell shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, including additional commitment shares. Depending on the market prices of our common stock at the time we elect to issue and sell shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, we may need to register for resale under the Securities Act additional shares of our common stock in order to receive aggregate gross proceeds equal to the $25,000,000 total commitment available to us under the Purchase Agreement. If all of the 262,500,000 shares offered by Lincoln Park under this prospectus were issued and outstanding as of the date hereof, such shares would represent approximately 24% of the total number of shares of our common stock outstanding and approximately 24% of the total number of outstanding shares held by non-affiliates, in each case as of the date hereof. If we elect to issue and sell more than the 262,500,000 shares offered under this prospectus to Lincoln Park, which we have the right, but not the obligation, to do, we must first register for resale under the Securities Act any such additional shares, which could cause additional substantial dilution to our stockholders. The number of shares ultimately offered for resale by Lincoln Park is dependent upon the number of shares we sell to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement.

 

The Purchase Agreement also prohibits us from directing Lincoln Park to purchase any shares of common stock if those shares, when aggregated with all other shares of our common stock then beneficially owned by Lincoln Park and its affiliates, would result in Lincoln Park and its affiliates having beneficial ownership, at any single point in time, of more than 4.99% of the then total outstanding shares of our common stock, as calculated pursuant to Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and Rule 13d-3 thereunder, which limitation we refer to as the beneficial ownership cap.

 

Issuances of our common stock in this offering will not affect the rights or privileges of our existing stockholders, except that the economic and voting interests of each of our existing stockholders will be diluted as a result of any such issuance. Although the number of shares of common stock that our existing stockholders own will not decrease, the shares owned by our existing stockholders will represent a smaller percentage of our total outstanding shares after any such issuance to Lincoln Park.

 

We previously sold shares to Lincoln Park pursuant to a prior purchase agreement that expired on July 1, 2020.

 

Purchase of Shares Under the Purchase Agreement

 

Under the Purchase Agreement, upon Commencement, on any business day that we select, we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase up to 500,000 shares of our common stock in a regular purchase on such business day, which is referred to as a Regular Purchase in this prospectus, provided, however, that (i) the Regular Purchase may be increased to up to 600,000 shares, provided that the closing sale price of the common stock is not below $0.15 on the purchase date; (ii) the Regular Purchase may be increased to up to 700,000 shares, provided that the closing sale price of the common stock is not below $0.20 on the purchase date; (iii) the Regular Purchase may be increased to up to 800,000 shares, provided that the closing sale price of the common stock is not below $0.25 on the purchase date; and (iv) the Regular Purchase may be increased to up to 900,000 shares, provided that the closing sale price of the common stock is not below $0.30 on the purchase date. In each case, Lincoln Park’s maximum dollar commitment in any single Regular Purchase may not exceed $1,000,000. The Regular Purchase Share Limit is subject to proportionate adjustment in the event of a reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split or other similar transaction; provided, that if after giving effect to such full proportionate adjustment, the adjusted Regular Purchase Share Limit would preclude us from requiring Lincoln Park to purchase common stock at an aggregate purchase price equal to or greater than $100,000 in any single Regular Purchase, then the Regular Purchase Share Limit will not be fully adjusted, but rather the Regular Purchase Share Limit for such Regular Purchase shall be adjusted as specified in the Purchase Agreement, such that, after giving effect to such adjustment, the Regular Purchase Share Limit will be equal to (or as close as can be derived from such adjustment without exceeding) $100,000.

 

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The purchase price per share for each such Regular Purchase will be equal to 97% of the lower of:

 

the lowest sale price for our common stock on the purchase date of such shares; and
the arithmetic average of the three lowest closing sale prices for our common stock during the 10 consecutive business days ending on the business day immediately preceding the purchase date of such shares. 

 

In addition to Regular Purchases described above, we may also direct Lincoln Park, on any business day on which we have properly submitted a Regular Purchase notice directing Lincoln Park to purchase the maximum number of shares of our common stock that we are then permitted to include in a single Regular Purchase notice and the closing price of our common stock on such business day is not less than $0.03 per share (subject to adjustment for any reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split, reverse stock split or other similar transaction as provided in the Purchase Agreement), to purchase an additional amount of our common stock, which we refer to as an Accelerated Purchase, not to exceed the lesser of:

 

30% of the aggregate shares of our common stock traded during all or, if certain trading volume or market price thresholds specified in the Purchase Agreement are crossed on the applicable Accelerated Purchase date, which is defined as the next business day following the purchase date for the corresponding Regular Purchase, the portion of the normal trading hours on the applicable Accelerated Purchase date prior to such time that any one of such thresholds is crossed, which period of time on the applicable Accelerated Purchase date we refer to as the Accelerated Purchase Measurement Period; and
four times the number of purchase shares purchased pursuant to the corresponding Regular Purchase.

 

The purchase price per share for each such Accelerated Purchase will be equal to the lower of:

 

97% of the volume weighted average price of our common stock during the Accelerated Purchase Measurement Period on the applicable Accelerated Purchase date; and
the closing sale price of our common stock on the applicable Accelerated Purchase date; but in no event would the purchase price for such Accelerated Purchase be less than the applicable minimum Accelerated Purchase threshold price established in accordance with the Purchase Agreement.

 

We may also direct Lincoln Park, not later than 1:00 p.m., Eastern time, on a business day on which an Accelerated Purchase has been completed and all of the shares to be purchased thereunder (and under the corresponding Regular Purchase) have been properly delivered to Lincoln Park in accordance with the Purchase Agreement prior to such time on such business day, and provided that the closing price of our common stock on the business day immediately preceding such business day is not less than $0.03 per share (subject to adjustment for any reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split, reverse stock split or other similar transaction as provided in the Purchase Agreement), to purchase an additional amount of our common stock, which we refer to as an Additional Accelerated Purchase, of up to the lesser of:

 

30% of the aggregate shares of our common stock traded during a certain portion of the normal trading hours on such Accelerated Purchase date as determined in accordance with the Purchase Agreement, which period of time we refer to as the Additional Accelerated Purchase Measurement Period; and
four times the number of purchase shares purchased pursuant to the Regular Purchase corresponding to the Accelerated Purchase that was completed on such Accelerated Purchase date on which an Additional Accelerated Purchase notice was properly received.

 

We may, in our sole discretion, submit multiple Additional Accelerated Purchase notices to Lincoln Park prior to 1:00 p.m., Eastern time, on a single Accelerated Purchase date, provided that all prior Accelerated Purchases and Additional Accelerated Purchases (including those that have occurred earlier on the same day) have been completed and all of the shares to be purchased thereunder (and under the corresponding Regular Purchase) have been properly delivered to Lincoln Park in accordance with the Purchase Agreement and the closing sale price of our common stock on the business day immediately preceding the delivery of multiple Additional Accelerated Purchase notices is greater than $0.03.

 

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The purchase price per share for each such Additional Accelerated Purchase will be equal to the lower of:

 

97% of the volume weighted average price of our common stock during the applicable Additional Accelerated Purchase Measurement Period on the applicable Additional Accelerated Purchase date; and
the closing sale price of our common stock on the applicable Additional Accelerated Purchase date; but in no event would the purchase price for such Additional Accelerated Purchase be less than the applicable minimum Additional Accelerated Purchase threshold price established in accordance with the Purchase Agreement.

 

In the case of the Initial Purchase, Regular Purchases, Accelerated Purchases and Additional Accelerated Purchases, the purchase price per share will be equitably adjusted for any reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split, reverse stock split or other similar transaction occurring during the business days used to compute the purchase price.

 

Other than as described above, there are no trading volume requirements or restrictions under the Purchase Agreement, and we will control the timing and amount of any sales of our common stock to Lincoln Park.

 

Events of Default

 

Events of default under the Purchase Agreement include the following:

 

the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part lapses for any reason (including, without limitation, the issuance of a stop order), or any required prospectus supplement and accompanying prospectus are unavailable for the resale by Lincoln Park of our common stock offered hereby, and such lapse or unavailability continues for a period of 10 consecutive business days or for more than an aggregate of 30 business days in any 365-day period;
suspension by our principal market of our common stock from trading for a period of one business day;
the delisting of our common stock from the OTCQB operated by the OTC Markets Group, Inc. (or nationally recognized successor thereto), provided, however, that our common stock is not immediately thereafter trading on the New York Stock Exchange, The NASDAQ Capital Market, The NASDAQ Global Market, The NASDAQ Global Select Market, the NYSE American, the NYSE Arca, the OTC Bulletin Board or the OTCQX operated by the OTC Markets Group, Inc. (or nationally recognized successor to any of the foregoing);
the failure of our transfer agent to issue to Lincoln Park shares of our common stock within two business days after the applicable date on which Lincoln Park is entitled to receive such shares;
any breach of the representations or warranties or covenants contained in the Purchase Agreement or Registration Rights Agreement that has or could have a material adverse effect on us and, in the case of a breach of a covenant that is reasonably curable, that is not cured within five business days;
any voluntary or involuntary participation or threatened participation in insolvency or bankruptcy proceedings by or against us; or
if at any time we are not eligible to transfer our common stock electronically.

 

Lincoln Park does not have the right to terminate the Purchase Agreement upon any of the events of default set forth above. During an event of default, all of which are outside of Lincoln Park’s control, we may not direct Lincoln Park to purchase any shares of our common stock under the Purchase Agreement.

 

Our Termination Rights

 

We have the unconditional right, at any time, for any reason and without any payment or liability to us, to give notice to Lincoln Park to terminate the Purchase Agreement. In the event of bankruptcy proceedings instituted by us, the Purchase Agreement will automatically terminate. In the event of bankruptcy proceedings instituted against us, the Purchase Agreement will terminate if the proceedings are not discharged within 90 days.

 

No Short-Selling or Hedging by Lincoln Park

 

Lincoln Park has agreed that neither it nor any of its affiliates shall engage in any direct or indirect short-selling or hedging of our common stock during any time prior to the termination of the Purchase Agreement.

 

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Prohibitions on Variable Rate Transactions

 

There are no restrictions on future financings, rights of first refusal, participation rights, penalties or liquidated damages in the Purchase Agreement or Registration Rights Agreement other than a prohibition on entering into a “Variable Rate Transaction,” as defined in the Purchase Agreement.

 

Effect of Performance of the Purchase Agreement on Our Stockholders

 

All 262,500,000 shares registered in this offering which have been or may be issued or sold by us to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement are expected to be freely tradable. It is anticipated that shares registered in this offering will be sold over a period of up to 36-months commencing on the date that the registration statement including this prospectus becomes effective. The sale by Lincoln Park of a significant amount of shares registered in this offering at any given time could cause the market price of our common stock to decline and to be highly volatile. Sales of our common stock to Lincoln Park, if any, will depend upon market conditions and other factors to be determined by us. We may ultimately decide to sell to Lincoln Park all, some or none of the additional shares of our common stock that may be available for us to sell pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. If and when we do sell shares to Lincoln Park, after Lincoln Park has acquired the shares, Lincoln Park may resell all, some or none of those shares at any time or from time to time in its discretion. Therefore, sales to Lincoln Park by us under the Purchase Agreement may result in substantial dilution to the interests of other holders of our common stock. In addition, if we sell a substantial number of shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, or if investors expect that we will do so, the actual sales of shares or the mere existence of our arrangement with Lincoln Park may make it more difficult for us to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that we might otherwise wish to effect such sales. However, we have the right to control the timing and amount of any additional sales of our shares to Lincoln Park and the Purchase Agreement may be terminated by us at any time at our discretion without any cost to us.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, we have the right, but not the obligation, to direct Lincoln Park to purchase up to $25,000,000 of our common stock. Depending on the price per share at which we sell our common stock to Lincoln Park pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we may need to sell to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement more shares of our common stock than are offered under this prospectus in order to receive aggregate gross proceeds equal to the $25,000,000 total commitment available to us under the Purchase Agreement. If we choose to do so, we must first register for resale under the Securities Act such additional shares of our common stock, which could cause additional substantial dilution to our stockholders. The number of shares ultimately offered for resale by Lincoln Park under this prospectus is dependent upon the number of shares we direct Lincoln Park to purchase under the Purchase Agreement.

 

The Purchase Agreement prohibits us from issuing or selling to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement any shares of our common stock if those shares, when aggregated with all other shares of our common stock then beneficially owned by Lincoln Park and its affiliates, would exceed the beneficial ownership cap.

 

The following table sets forth the amount of gross proceeds we would receive from Lincoln Park from our sale of shares to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement at varying purchase prices:

 

Assumed
Average
Purchase
Price Per
Share
    Number of Registered
Shares to be Issued if
Full Purchase(1)
    Percentage of Outstanding
Shares After Giving Effect to
the Issuance to Lincoln
Park(2)
    Proceeds from the Sale of Shares
to Lincoln Park Under the
Purchase Agreement(1)
 
$ 0.05       262,500,000       23 %   $ 12,674,723  
$ 0.066 (3)     262,500,000       23 %   $ 16,667,640  
$ 0.10       261,951,714       24 %   $ 25,000,000  
$ 0.15       178,618,381       17 %   $ 25,000,000  
$ 0.20       136,951,714       14 %   $ 25,000,000  

 

1. Although the Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to $25,000,000 of our common stock to Lincoln Park, we are only registering 262,500,000 shares under this prospectus, including 5,975,857 initial commitment shares that we already issued to Lincoln Park as a partial commitment fee under the Purchase Agreement and up to an additional 5,975,857 shares we may issue as additional commitment shares, on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares under the Purchase Agreement, which may or may not cover all the shares we ultimately sell to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, depending on the purchase price per share. We have not and will not receive any proceeds from the issuance of the initial commitment shares or any additional commitment shares to Lincoln Park.
2. The denominator is based on 846,954,821 shares outstanding as of July 24, 2020, adjusted to include the number of shares set forth in the adjacent column which we would have sold to Lincoln Park, assuming the purchase price in the adjacent column. The numerator is based on the number of shares issuable under the Purchase Agreement at the corresponding assumed purchase price set forth in the adjacent column. The table does not give effect to the prohibition contained in the Purchase Agreement that prevents us from selling and issuing to Lincoln Park shares such that, after giving effect to such sale and issuance, Lincoln Park and its affiliates would beneficially own more than 4.99% of the then outstanding shares of our common stock.
3. The closing sale price of our shares on July 24, 2020.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

 

This prospectus relates to shares of our common stock that may be offered and sold from time to time by Lincoln Park. We will receive no proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock by Lincoln Park in this offering. We may receive up to $25,000,000 aggregate gross proceeds under the Purchase Agreement from any sales we make to Lincoln Park pursuant to the Purchase Agreement after the date of this prospectus. We estimate that the net proceeds to us from the sale of our common stock to Lincoln Park pursuant to the Purchase Agreement would be up to $24.974 million over an approximately 36-month period, assuming that we sell the full amount of our common stock that we have the right, but not the obligation, to sell to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement, and after other estimated fees and expenses. See “Plan of Distribution” elsewhere in this prospectus for more information.

 

We intend to use any net proceeds that we receive under the Purchase Agreement for research and product development, general corporate purposes and working capital requirements. It is possible that no shares will be issued under the Purchase Agreement.

  

MARKET FOR COMMON STOCK AND DIVIDEND POLICY

 

Our common stock is traded in the over-the-counter market and quoted on the OTCQB and on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol “ELTP.” The last reported sale price of our common stock on July 24, 2020 on the OTCQB was $0.066 per share. As of July 24, 2020, there were 125 holders of record of our common stock.

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividend on our common stock, nor do we currently intend to pay any cash dividend on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We expect to retain our earnings, if any, for the growth and development of our business.

  

SELLING STOCKHOLDER

 

This prospectus relates to the possible resale by the selling stockholder, Lincoln Park, of shares of our common stock that have been or may be issued to Lincoln Park pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.  We are filing the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part pursuant to the provisions of the Registration Rights Agreement, which we entered into with Lincoln Park on July 8, 2020, concurrently with our execution of the Purchase Agreement, in which we agreed to provide certain registration rights with respect to sales by Lincoln Park of the shares of our common stock that have been or may be issued to Lincoln Park under the Purchase Agreement.

 

Lincoln Park, as the selling stockholder, may, from time to time, offer and sell pursuant to this prospectus any or all of the shares that we may issue to Lincoln Park from time to time at our discretion under the Purchase Agreement.  The “selling stockholder” may sell some, all or none of its shares.  We do not know how long the selling stockholder will hold the shares before selling them, and we currently have no agreements, arrangements or understandings with the selling stockholder regarding the sale of any of the shares.

 

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The following table presents information regarding the selling stockholder and the shares that it may offer and sell from time to time under this prospectus.  The table is prepared based on information supplied to us by the selling stockholder, and reflects its holdings as of July 24, 2020.  Neither Lincoln Park nor any of its affiliates has held a position or office, or had any other material relationship, with us or any of our predecessors or affiliates.  Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and Rule 13d-3 thereunder.  The percentage of shares beneficially owned prior to the offering is based on 846,954,821 shares of our common stock actually outstanding as of July 24, 2020.

   

    Shares Beneficially
Owned Prior to Offering
    Number of Shares     Shares Beneficially
Owned After Offering(1)
 
Name   Number     %     Being Offered     Number     %  
Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC(2)     5,975,857 (3)      * (4)     262,500,000       0       * (5)

 

* Less than 1%

 

(1) Assumes the sale of all shares of common stock registered pursuant to this prospectus, although the selling stockholder is under no obligation known to us to sell any shares of common stock at this time.
(2) Josh Scheinfeld and Jonathan Cope, the Managing Members of Lincoln Park Capital, LLC, the manager of Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC, are deemed to be beneficial owners of all of the shares of common stock owned by Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC. Messrs. Cope and Scheinfeld have shared voting and investment power over the shares being offered under the prospectus filed with the SEC in connection with the transactions contemplated under the Purchase Agreement. Lincoln Park Capital, LLC is not a licensed broker dealer or an affiliate of a licensed broker dealer.
(3) Consists of 5,975,857 initial commitment shares we issued to Lincoln Park upon the execution of the Purchase Agreement. Excludes (i) up to 250,548,286 purchase shares being registered hereunder because the issuance and sale of such shares to Lincoln Park is solely at our discretion and is subject to certain conditions precedent, the satisfaction of all of which are outside of Lincoln Park’s control, including the registration statement on Form S-3 of which this prospectus is a part becoming and remaining effective under the Securities Act and (ii) up to 5,975,857 additional commitment shares because the issuance of such shares to Lincoln Park would only occur on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares under the Purchase Agreement. Furthermore, under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, issuances and sales of shares of our common stock to Lincoln Park are subject to certain limitations on the amounts we may sell to Lincoln Park at any time, including the beneficial ownership cap.  See the description under the heading “Lincoln Park Transaction” for more information about the Purchase Agreement.
(4) Calculated by dividing (1) the total number of shares beneficially owned by the selling stockholder on July 24, 2020, which pursuant to Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act solely consists of (a) the 5,975,857 shares of common stock held by Lincoln Park and (b) excludes 250,548,286 shares of common stock being registered hereunder because the issuance and sale of such shares to Lincoln Park is solely at our discretion and is subject to certain conditions precedent, the satisfaction of all of which are outside of Lincoln Park’s control, including the registration statement on Form S-3 of which this prospectus is a part becoming and remaining effective under the Securities Act and (b) up to 5,975,857 additional commitment shares because the issuance of such shares to Lincoln Park would only occur on a pro rata basis at such times during the term of the Purchase Agreement as we may direct Lincoln Park to purchase shares under the Purchase Agreement, by (2) the number of shares of our common stock outstanding as of July 24, 2020.
(5) Calculated by dividing (i) the total number of shares beneficially owned by the selling stockholder on July 24, 2020 (which pursuant to Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act consists of the 5,975,857 initial commitment shares held by Lincoln Park, assuming all shares of common stock registered hereunder have been resold by (ii) the number of shares of our common stock outstanding as of July 24, 2020, as adjusted to include the 256,524,143 shares which may be sold or issued to Lincoln Park as additional commitment shares hereunder in connection with the Purchase Agreement. 

 

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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 

The common stock offered by this prospectus is being offered by the selling stockholder, Lincoln Park.  The common stock may be sold or distributed from time to time by the selling stockholder directly to one or more purchasers or through brokers, dealers, or underwriters who may act solely as agents at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to the prevailing market prices, at negotiated prices, or at fixed prices, which may be changed. The sale of the common stock offered by this prospectus could be effected in one or more of the following methods:

 

ordinary brokers’ transactions;
transactions involving cross or block trades;
through brokers, dealers, or underwriters who may act solely as agents;
“at the market” into an existing market for the common stock;
in other ways not involving market makers or established business markets, including direct sales to purchasers or sales effected through agents;
in privately negotiated transactions; or
any combination of the foregoing.

 

In order to comply with the securities laws of certain states, if applicable, the shares may be sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in certain states, the shares may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the state or an exemption from the state’s registration or qualification requirement is available and complied with.

 

Lincoln Park is an “underwriter” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act.

 

Lincoln Park has informed us that it intends to use an unaffiliated broker-dealer to effectuate all sales, if any, of the common stock that it may purchase from us pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.  Such sales will be made at prices and at terms then prevailing or at prices related to the then current market price.  Each such unaffiliated broker-dealer will be an underwriter within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act.  Lincoln Park has informed us that each such broker-dealer will receive commissions from Lincoln Park that will not exceed customary brokerage commissions.

 

Brokers, dealers, underwriters or agents participating in the distribution of the shares offered by this prospectus may receive compensation in the form of commissions, discounts, or concessions from the purchasers, for whom the broker-dealers may act as agent, of the common stock sold by Lincoln Park through this prospectus. The compensation paid to any such particular broker-dealer by any such purchasers of common stock sold by Lincoln Park may be less than or in excess of customary commissions.  Neither we nor Lincoln Park can presently estimate the amount of compensation that any agent will receive from any purchasers of common stock sold by Lincoln Park.

 

We know of no existing arrangements between Lincoln Park or any other stockholder, broker, dealer, underwriter or agent relating to the sale or distribution of the shares offered by this prospectus.

 

We may from time to time file with the SEC one or more supplements to this prospectus or amendments to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part to amend, supplement or update information contained in this prospectus, including, if and when required under the Securities Act, to disclose certain information relating to a particular sale of shares offered by this prospectus by the selling stockholder, including the names of any brokers, dealers, underwriters or agents participating in the distribution of such shares by the selling stockholder, any compensation paid by Lincoln Park to any such brokers, dealers, underwriters or agents, and any other required information.

 

We will pay the expenses incident to the registration under the Securities Act of the offer and sale of the shares covered by this prospectus by Lincoln Park.  We have agreed to indemnify Lincoln Park and certain other persons against certain liabilities in connection with the offering of shares of common stock offered hereby, including liabilities arising under the Securities Act or, if such indemnity is unavailable, to contribute amounts required to be paid in respect of such liabilities.  Lincoln Park has agreed to indemnify us against liabilities under the Securities Act that may arise from certain written information furnished to us by Lincoln Park specifically for use in this prospectus or, if such indemnity is unavailable, to contribute amounts required to be paid in respect of such liabilities.

 

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Lincoln Park has represented to us that at no time prior to the Purchase Agreement has Lincoln Park or its agents, representatives or affiliates engaged in or effected, in any manner whatsoever, directly or indirectly, any short sale (as such term is defined in Rule 200 of Regulation SHO of the Exchange Act) of our common stock or any hedging transaction, which establishes a net short position with respect to our common stock.  Lincoln Park agreed that during the term of the Purchase Agreement, it, its agents, representatives or affiliates will not enter into or effect, directly or indirectly, any of the foregoing transactions.

 

We have advised Lincoln Park that it is required to comply with Regulation M promulgated under the Exchange Act. With certain exceptions, Regulation M precludes the selling stockholder, any affiliated purchasers, and any broker-dealer or other person who participates in the distribution from bidding for or purchasing, or attempting to induce any person to bid for or purchase any security which is the subject of the distribution until the entire distribution is complete. Regulation M also prohibits any bids or purchases made in order to stabilize the price of a security in connection with the distribution of that security. All of the foregoing may affect the marketability of the securities offered by this prospectus.

 

This offering will terminate on the date that all shares offered by this prospectus have been sold by Lincoln Park.

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTCQB and on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol “ELTP”.

  

DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK

 

Our articles of incorporation authorize us to issue 1,445,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share. As of July 24, 2020, there were 846,954,821 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding, all of which are fully paid and non-assessable. As of July 24, 2020, there were 5,510,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding options, 79,008,661 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants owned by Nasrat Hakim; 158,017,321 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of Series J Convertible Preferred Stock owned by Nasrat Hakim; 2,750,000 additional shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under our 2014 Equity Incentive Plan and 30,500,782 shares of common stock due and owing to Directors, employees and consultants.

 

Voting Rights

 

Holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote per share in the election of directors and on all other matters on which stockholders are entitled or permitted to vote, and vote along with the holders of our Series J Preferred Stock, which preferred stock entitles the holder of record thereof to the number of votes equal to the number of shares of common stock into which such share of Series J Preferred Stock is convertible (approximately 158,017,321 votes) on all matters brought before our stockholders. Holders of our common stock are not entitled to cumulative voting rights.

 

Dividend Rights

 

Subject to the terms of any then outstanding series of preferred stock, the holders of our common stock are entitled to dividends in the amounts and at times as may be declared by our board of directors out of funds legally available therefor.

 

Liquidation Rights

 

Upon liquidation or dissolution, holders of our common stock are entitled to share ratably in all net assets available, if any, for distribution to stockholders after we have paid, or provided for payment of, all of our debts and liabilities, and after payment of any liquidation preferences to holders of any then outstanding shares of preferred stock.

 

Other Matters

 

Holders of our common stock have no redemption, conversion or preemptive rights. There are no sinking fund provisions applicable to our common stock. The rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of our common stock are subject to the rights of the holders of shares of any series of outstanding preferred stock and preferred stock that we may issue in the future.

 

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Anti-Takeover Effects of Provisions of Nevada Law, Our Articles of Incorporation,

Our Bylaws and Our Stockholders’ Rights Plan

 

Nevada Control Share Law

 

We may be, or in the future we may become, subject to Nevada’s control share law. A corporation is subject to Nevada’s control share law if it has more than 200 stockholders, at least 100 of whom are stockholders of record and residents of Nevada, and if the corporation does business in Nevada, including through an affiliated corporation. This control share law may have the effect of discouraging corporate takeovers. As of the date of this prospectus, we have less than 100 stockholders of record who are residents of Nevada.

 

The control share law focuses on the acquisition of a “controlling interest,” which means the ownership of outstanding voting shares that would be sufficient, but for the operation of the control share law, to enable the acquiring person to exercise the following proportions of the voting power of the corporation in the election of directors: (1) one-fifth or more but less than one-third; (2) one-third or more but less than a majority; or (3) a majority or more. The ability to exercise this voting power may be direct or indirect, as well as individual or in association with others.

 

The effect of the control share law is that an acquiring person, and those acting in association with that person, will obtain only such voting rights in the control shares as are conferred by a resolution of the stockholders of the corporation, approved at a special or annual meeting of stockholders. The control share law contemplates that voting rights will be considered only once by the other stockholders. Thus, there is no authority to take away voting rights from the control shares of an acquiring person once those rights have been approved. If the stockholders do not grant voting rights to the control shares acquired by an acquiring person, those shares do not become permanent non-voting shares. The acquiring person is free to sell the shares to others. If the buyer or buyers of those shares themselves do not acquire a controlling interest, the shares are not governed by the control share law.

 

If control shares are accorded full voting rights and the acquiring person has acquired control shares with a majority or more of the voting power, a stockholder of record, other than the acquiring person, who did not vote in favor of approval of voting rights, is entitled to demand fair value for such stockholder’s shares.

 

In addition to the control share law, Nevada has a business combination law, which prohibits certain business combinations between Nevada publicly traded corporations and “interested stockholders” for two years after the interested stockholder first becomes an interested stockholder, unless the corporation’s board of directors approves the combination in advance. For purposes of Nevada law, an interested stockholder is any person who is: (a) the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of 10% or more of the voting power of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation, or (b) an affiliate or associate of the corporation and at any time within the previous two years was the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of 10% or more of the voting power of the then-outstanding shares of the corporation. The definition of “business combination” contained in the statute is sufficiently broad to cover virtually any kind of transaction that would allow a potential acquirer to use the corporation’s assets to finance the acquisition or otherwise to benefit its own interests rather than the interests of the corporation and its other stockholders.

 

The effect of Nevada’s business combination law is to potentially discourage parties interested in taking control of the Company from doing so if it cannot obtain the approval of our board of directors.

  

Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws

 

Our Articles of Incorporation and/or Bylaws provide that:

 

our Bylaws may be amended or repealed by our board of directors or our stockholders;
our board of directors is authorized to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock, the rights of which will be determined at the discretion of our board of directors and that, if issued, could operate as a “poison pill” to dilute the stock ownership of a potential hostile acquirer to prevent an acquisition that our board of directors does not approve;
our Board of directors is classified into three separate classes of directors with each respective class serving a three-year term;
our stockholders do not have cumulative voting rights, and therefore stockholders holding a majority of the voting stock outstanding will be able to elect all of our directors; and
our stockholders must comply with advance notice provisions to bring business before or nominate directors for election at a stockholder meeting.

 

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Stockholder Rights Plan

 

On November 15, 2013, we entered into a Stockholder Rights Plan and, under the Rights Plan, our board of directors declared a dividend distribution of one Right for each outstanding share of our common stock and one right for each share of common stock into which any of our outstanding Preferred Stock is convertible, to stockholders of record at the close of business on that date. Each Right entitles the registered holder to purchase from us one “Unit” consisting of one one-millionth (1/1,000,000) of a share of Series H Junior Participating preferred stock, at a purchase price of $2.10 per Unit, subject to adjustment, and may be redeemed prior to November 15, 2023, the expiration date, at $0.000001 per Right, unless earlier redeemed by us. The Rights generally are not transferable apart from the common stock and will not be exercisable unless and until a person or group acquires or commences a tender or exchange offer to acquire, beneficial ownership of 15% or more of our common stock. However, for Mr. Hakim, our Chief Executive Officer, the Rights Plan’s 15% threshold excludes shares beneficially owned by him as of November 15, 2013 and all shares issuable to him pursuant to his employment agreement and the Mikah Note.

 

The description and terms of the Rights are set forth in the Rights Agreement. The foregoing description of the Rights and the Rights Agreement are qualified in their entire by reference to the disclosure in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A12G and the Rights Agreement filed therewith, filed with the SEC on November 15, 2013, with such filing and exhibit being herein incorporated by reference.

 

Potential Effects of Authorized but Unissued Stock

 

We have shares of common stock and preferred stock available for future issuance without stockholder approval. We may utilize these additional shares for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings to raise additional capital, to facilitate corporate acquisitions or payment as a dividend on the capital stock.

 

The existence of unissued and unreserved common stock and preferred stock may enable our board of directors to issue shares to persons friendly to current management or to issue preferred stock with terms that could render more difficult or discourage a third-party attempt to obtain control of us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise, thereby protecting the continuity of our management. In addition, our board of directors has the discretion to determine designations, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, dividend rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences of each series of preferred stock, all to the fullest extent permissible under Nevada Law and subject to any limitations set forth in our Articles of Incorporation. The purpose of authorizing our board of directors to issue preferred stock and to determine the rights and preferences applicable to such preferred stock is to eliminate delays associated with a stockholder vote on specific issuances. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing desirable flexibility in connection with possible financings, acquisitions and other corporate purposes, could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third-party to acquire, or could discourage a third-party from acquiring, a majority of our outstanding voting stock.

 

American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC is the transfer agent and registrar for our common stock.

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTCQB and on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol “ELTP”.

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

The validity of the securities offered by this prospectus has been passed upon for us by Richard Feiner, Esq., New York, New York.

 

EXPERTS

 

The consolidated financial statements of Elite Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2020 and the two years then ended incorporated in this prospectus by reference from Elite Pharmaceuticals, Inc.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2020 have been audited by Buchbinder Tunick & Company LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report, which is incorporated herein by reference.  Such consolidated financial statements have been so incorporated in reliance upon the report of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

  

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WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

  

This prospectus forms part of a registration statement on Form S-3 filed by us with the SEC under the Securities Act. As permitted by the SEC, this prospectus does not contain all the information set forth in the registration statement filed with the SEC. For a more complete understanding of this offering, you should refer to the complete registration statement, including the exhibits thereto, on Form S-3 that may be obtained as described below. Statements contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement about the contents of any contract or other document are not necessarily complete. If we have filed any contract or other document as an exhibit to the registration statement or any other document incorporated by reference in the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part, you should read the exhibit for a more complete understanding of the document or matter involved. Each statement regarding a contract or other document is qualified in its entirety by reference to the actual document.

  

We file annual, quarterly and special reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to the public from commercial retrieval services and at the website maintained by the SEC at www.sec.gov. The reports and other information filed by us with the SEC are also available at our website. The address of the Company’s website is http://www.Elitepharma.com. Information contained on our website or that can be accessed through our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus.

  

INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

The SEC allows us to incorporate information into this prospectus “by reference,” which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to another document that we file separately with the SEC. The information incorporated by reference is deemed to be part of this prospectus, except for any information superseded by information contained directly in this prospectus. These documents contain important information about Elite and its financial condition, business and results.

 

We are incorporating by reference the filings listed below and any additional documents that we may file with the SEC pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act on or after the date we file this prospectus and prior to the termination of the offering, except we are not incorporating by reference any information furnished (but not filed) under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of any Current Report on Form 8-K and corresponding information furnished under Item 9.01 as an exhibit thereto: [hyperlink all of the following]

 

our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on June 29, 2020;
our Current Reports on Forms 8-K filed with the SEC on April 23, 2020, June 24, 2020, June 29, 2020 and July 9, 2020; and
the description of our common stock contained in our Form 8-A filed on February 16, 2000, including any amendments or reports filed for the purpose of updating the description.

 

We will provide, without charge, to each person to whom a copy of this prospectus has been delivered, including any beneficial owner, a copy of any and all of the documents referred to herein that are summarized in this prospectus, if such person makes a written or oral request directed to:

  

Elite Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

165 Ludlow Avenue

Northvale, NJ 07647

Attn: Corporate Secretary

(201) 750-2646

 

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262,500,000 Shares

 

ELITE PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

 

Common Stock

 

PROSPECTUS

 

July 27, 2020