Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 11/06/2019 @ 11:04AM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Cv Sciences, Inc. (QB) (CVSI)
Quote : 0.92  -0.03 (-3.16%) @ 2:53PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
ý
Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019
 
 
Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the transition period from _________ to ________
Commission File Number: 000-54677
CV Sciences, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
DELAWARE
 
80-0944970
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
(Address number of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(866) 290-2157
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading symbol(s)
Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001
CVSI
OTC:QB
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý   No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer 
o
Accelerated filer 
ý
 
Non-accelerated filer 
o
Smaller reporting company 
ý
 
Emerging growth company 
o
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of November 4, 2019, the issuer had 99,297,151 shares of issued and outstanding common stock, par value $0.0001.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE. None
 



CV SCIENCES, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
1
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
5
14
19
20
 
 
 
 
 
 
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
 
 
 
23

i


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)
CV SCIENCES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
September 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Assets
 

 
 

Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
13,738

 
$
12,684

Restricted cash
500

 
251

Accounts receivable, net
3,542

 
3,340

Inventory
10,025

 
7,132

Prepaid expenses and other
8,469

 
2,059

Total current assets
36,274

 
25,466

 
 
 
 
Inventory

 
1,418

Property & equipment, net
3,454

 
2,844

Operating lease assets
9,021

 

Intangibles, net
3,774

 
3,801

Goodwill
2,788

 
2,788

Other assets
1,227

 
585

Total assets
$
56,538

 
$
36,902

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
1,110

 
$
1,245

Accrued expenses
10,366

 
2,673

Operating lease liability - current
669

 

Notes payable

 
474

Total current liabilities
12,145

 
4,392

 
 
 
 
Operating lease liability
9,787

 

Deferred rent

 
1,329

Deferred tax liability
1,065

 
1,065

Other liabilities
298

 

Total liabilities
23,295

 
6,786

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)


 


 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $0.0001; 10,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, par value $0.0001; 190,000,000 shares authorized; 98,767 and 94,940 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
10

 
9

Additional paid-in capital
68,184

 
55,134

Accumulated deficit
(34,951
)
 
(25,027
)
Total stockholders' equity
33,243

 
30,116

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
56,538

 
$
36,902

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


CV SCIENCES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Product sales, net
$
12,603

 
$
13,601

 
$
44,368

 
$
34,020

Cost of goods sold
4,175
 
3,655
 
13,430
 
9,453
Gross Profit
8,428
 
9,946
 
30,938
 
24,567
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
1,544

 
530

 
4,574

 
1,125

Selling, general and administrative
8,657
 
5,890
 
36,261
 
15,952
 
10,201
 
6,420
 
40,835
 
17,077
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Income (Loss)
(1,773
)
 
3,526
 
(9,897
)
 
7,490

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest (income) expense, net
(7
)
 
31
 
(2
)
 
150
Income (loss) before income taxes
(1,766
)
 
3,495
 
(9,895
)
 
7,340

Income tax expense
3

 
200

 
29

 
240

Net Income (Loss)
$
(1,769
)
 
$
3,295

 
$
(9,924
)
 
$
7,100

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
98,733

 
91,639

 
97,524

 
90,959

Diluted
98,733

 
115,889

 
97,524

 
110,601

Net income (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.04

 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
0.08

Diluted
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.03

 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
0.06


See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


CV SCIENCES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)


 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2019
94,940

 
$
9

 
$
55,134

 
$
(25,027
)
 
$
30,116

Issuance of common stock under employee benefit plan
3,539

 
1

 
196

 

 
197

Stock-based compensation

 

 
2,091

 

 
2,091

Stock-based compensation associated with employment settlement

 

 
7,857

 

 
7,857

Net loss

 

 

 
(9,384
)
 
(9,384
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
98,479

 
10

 
65,278

 
(34,411
)
 
30,877

Issuance of common stock under employee benefit plan
225

 

 
57

 

 
57

Stock-based compensation

 

 
2,125

 

 
2,125

Net income

 

 

 
1,229

 
1,229

Balance at June 30, 2019
98,704

 
10

 
67,460

 
(33,182
)
 
34,288

Issuance of common stock under employee benefit plan
63

 

 
25

 

 
25

Stock-based compensation

 

 
699

 

 
699

Net loss

 

 

 
(1,769
)
 
(1,769
)
Balance at September 30, 2019
98,767

 
$
10

 
$
68,184

 
$
(34,951
)
 
$
33,243


 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2018
90,513

 
$
9

 
$
51,400

 
$
(35,028
)
 
$
16,381

Stock-based compensation

 

 
1,036

 

 
1,036

Net income

 

 

 
619

 
619

Balance at March 31, 2018
90,513

 
9

 
52,436

 
(34,409
)
 
18,036

Issuance of stock for professional services
150

 

 
62

 

 
62

Exercise of stock options
283

 

 
108

 

 
108

Stock-based compensation

 

 
360

 

 
360

Net income

 

 

 
3,186

 
3,186

Balance at June 30, 2018
90,946

 
9

 
52,966

 
(31,223
)
 
21,752

Issuance of stock for professional services
75

 

 
233

 

 
233

Exercise of stock options
711

 

 
236

 

 
236

Issuance of common stock from exercise of warrants on a net issuance basis
2,623

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 
238

 

 
238

Net income

 

 

 
3,295

 
3,295

Balance at September 30, 2018
94,355

 
$
9

 
$
53,673

 
$
(27,928
)
 
$
25,754

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


CV SCIENCES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(9,924
)
 
$
7,100

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
533

 
376

Amortization of beneficial conversion feature of convertible debts

 
50

Common stock issued for professional services

 
295

Stock-based compensation
4,915

 
1,634

Stock-based compensation associated with employment settlement
7,857

 

Bad debt expense
38

 
47

Non-cash lease expense
497

 

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(240
)
 
(1,030
)
Inventory
(1,475
)
 
1,959

Prepaid expenses and other
(659
)
 
(1,036
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
857

 
364

Deferred rent

 
167

Net cash provided by operating activities
2,399

 
9,926

 
 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Purchase of equipment
(872
)
 
(331
)
Tenant improvements to leasehold real estate
(29
)
 
(94
)
Net cash flows used in investing activities
(901
)
 
(425
)
 
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Repayment of convertible debt in cash

 
(660
)
Repayment of unsecured debt
(474
)
 
(966
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
279

 
343

Net cash flows used in financing activities
(195
)
 
(1,283
)
 
 
 
 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
1,303

 
8,218

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
12,935

 
2,792

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
$
14,238

 
$
11,010

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
9

 
$
150

Income taxes paid
$
70

 
$
70

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash transactions:
 
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment in accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
21

 
$

Operating ROU lease assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities
$
5,405

 
$

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)


1.
ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS
Description of Business - CV Sciences, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated under the name Foreclosure Solutions, Inc. in the State of Texas on December 9, 2010. On July 25, 2013, CannaVest Corp., a Texas corporation (“CannaVest Texas”), merged with the Company, a wholly-owned Delaware subsidiary of CannaVest Texas, to effectuate a change in the Company’s state of incorporation from Texas to Delaware. On January 4, 2016, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation reflecting its corporate name change to “CV Sciences, Inc.”, effective on January 5, 2016. In addition, on January 4, 2016, the Company amended its Bylaws to reflect its corporate name change to “CV Sciences, Inc.”
The Company has two operating segments; consumer products and specialty pharmaceutical. The consumer products segment develops, manufactures and markets products based on hemp-based Cannabidiol ("CBD"), under the name PlusCBD™ in a variety of market sectors including nutraceutical, beauty care and specialty foods. The specialty pharmaceutical segment is developing drug candidates which use CBD as a primary active ingredient.
Basis of Presentation - The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP"). All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates – The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Significant estimates include the valuation of intangible assets, valuation of inventory, and assumptions related to revenue recognition.

Fair Value Measurements – Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The accounting guidance establishes a three-level hierarchy for disclosure that is based on the extent and level of judgment used to estimate the fair value of assets and liabilities. 

Level 1 - uses unadjusted quoted prices that are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. The Company's Level 1 assets are comprised of $4.0 million in money market funds which are classified as cash equivalents. In addition, the Company's restricted cash of $0.5 million is comprised of certificates of deposit. The carrying value of the cash equivalents and restricted cash approximated the fair value as of September 30, 2019. The Company did not have any cash equivalents as of December 31, 2018. The Company does not have any liabilities that are valued using inputs identified under a Level 1 hierarchy as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

Level 2 - uses inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable through correlation with market data. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and inputs to valuation models or other pricing methodologies that do not require significant judgment because the inputs used in the model, such as interest rates and volatility, can be corroborated by readily observable market data. The Company did not have any assets or liabilities that are valued using inputs identified under a Level 2 hierarchy as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

Level 3 - uses one or more significant inputs that are unobservable and supported by little or no market activity, and that reflect the use of significant management judgment. Level 3 assets and liabilities include those whose fair value measurements are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar valuation techniques, and significant management judgment or estimation. The Company did not have any assets or liabilities that are valued using inputs identified under a Level 3 hierarchy as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments and subsequent amendments to the initial guidance: ASU 2018-19, ASU 2019-04 and ASU 2019-05 (collectively, “Topic 326”). Topic 326 requires measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held. Topic 326 is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of Topic 326 on

5

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”), which eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Instead, an entity should perform its annual or interim goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should then recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Additionally, an entity should consider income tax effects from any tax deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when measuring the goodwill impairment loss, if applicable. ASU 2017-04 requires the entity to apply these amendments on a prospective basis for which it is required to disclose the nature of and reason for the change in accounting upon transition. This disclosure shall be provided in the first annual period and in the interim period within the first annual period when the entity initially adopts the amendments. The Company shall adopt these amendments for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of ASU 2017-04 on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) in order to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for those leases classified as operating leases under prior GAAP. ASU 2016-02 requires that a lessee should recognize a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term on the balance sheet. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 in the first quarter of 2019 utilizing the optional alternative transition method through a cumulative-effect adjustment at the beginning of the first quarter of 2019.  The Company has elected the package of practical expedients, which allows the Company not to reassess (1) whether any expired or existing contracts as of the adoption date are or contain a lease, (2) lease classification for any expired or existing leases as of the adoption date and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases as of the adoption date. The Company elected to apply the hindsight practical expedient when determining lease term and assessing impairment of operating lease assets. The Company also applied the short-term lease recognition exemption for leases with terms at inception not greater than 12 months. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019 resulted in the recognition of operating lease assets of approximately $4.1 million and lease liabilities for operating leases of approximately $5.5 million on its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, with no material impact to its Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. See Note 4 for further information regarding the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-02 on the Company's financial statements.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU is intended to simplify aspects of share-based compensation issued to non-employees by making the guidance consistent with accounting for employee share-based compensation. ASU 2018-07 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of ASC Topic 606. This ASU became effective for the Company on January 1, 2019. Adoption of the new standard did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-09, Codification Improvements ("ASC 2018-09"). This ASU makes changes to a variety of topics to clarify, correct errors in, or make minor improvements to the Accounting Standards Codification. The majority of the amendments in ASU 2018-09 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company adopted ASU 2018-09 in the first quarter of 2019. Adoption of the new standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. ASU 2018-15 requires a customer in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract to follow the internal-use software guidance in Accounting Standards Codification 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to defer and recognize as an asset. For public business entities, the guidance is effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company early adopted this ASU during the quarter ended June 30, 2019, and applied the guidance prospectively to implementation costs incurred in new cloud computing arrangements. As of September 30, 2019, the Company has capitalized $0.8 million of implementation costs which is included in Other Assets.


6

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

2.
BALANCE SHEET DETAILS
Inventory
Inventory as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 was comprised of the following (in thousands):
 
September 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Raw materials
$
4,594

 
$
4,747

Finished goods
5,431

 
3,803

 
$
10,025

 
$
8,550

As of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had inventory outside the United States of $0.7 million and $0.5 million, respectively.
Accrued expenses
Accrued expenses as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):
 
September 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Accrued payroll expenses (1)
$
8,607

 
$
1,222

Other accrued liabilities
1,759

 
1,451

 
$
10,366

 
$
2,673

(1) This includes a $6.6 million tax liability associated with a related party transaction as discussed in Note 11.
 
 
 

3.
INTANGIBLES, NET
Intangible assets consisted of the following at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
 
Useful Life
(Years)
Balance - September 30, 2019:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
In-process research and development
$
3,730

 
$

 
$
3,730

 
Trade names
100

 
75

 
25

 
5
Non-compete agreements
77

 
58

 
19

 
5
 
$
3,907

 
$
133

 
$
3,774

 
 
Balance - December 31, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In-process research and development
$
3,730

 
$

 
$
3,730

 
Trade names
100

 
60

 
40

 
5
Non-compete agreements
77

 
46

 
31

 
5
 
$
3,907

 
$
106

 
$
3,801

 
 

4.
LEASES
The Company has entered into operating leases primarily for real estate. These leases are for the Company's operations, production, warehouse, sales, marketing and back office functions and have terms which range from 2 to 8 years, and do not include an option to renew. These operating leases are included in "Operating lease assets" on the Company's September 30, 2019 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, and represent the Company’s right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. The Company’s obligation to make lease payments are included in "Operating lease liability - current" and "Operating lease liability" on the

7

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Company's September 30, 2019 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.  Based on the present value of the lease payments for the remaining lease term of the Company's existing leases, the Company recognized operating lease assets of $4.1 million and lease liabilities for operating leases of $5.5 million on January 1, 2019, which includes derecognition of previously recorded deferred rent of $1.3 million. As of September 30, 2019, the Company had an additional operating lease obligation of $5.5 million and operating lease asset of $5.3 million related to the lease for the new 45,500 square foot production and warehouse facility located in San Diego, California with a lease term of 7.0 years. As of September 30, 2019, total operating lease assets and operating lease liabilities were $9.0 million and $10.5 million, respectively. The Company has entered into one short-term facility operating lease, with an initial term of twelve months or less. This lease is not recorded on the Company's balance sheet. All operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recognized approximately $0.5 million and $1.0 million, respectively, in total lease costs, which was mostly comprised of operating lease costs. Short-term lease costs related to short-term operating leases and variable lease costs were immaterial.
Because the rate implicit in each lease is not readily determinable, the Company uses the rate of interest that a lessee would have to pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. The Company has certain contracts for real estate which may contain lease and non-lease components which it has elected to treat as a single lease component. Cash paid for operating lease liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $0.7 million. Information related to the Company's operating lease assets and related lease liabilities were as follows:
 
September 30,
2019
Weighted average remaining lease term (in months)
79.88

Weighted average discount rate
6.5
%
Maturities of lease liabilities as of September 30, 2019 were as follows (in thousands):
Year ending December 31,
 
2019 (remaining three months)
$
384

2020
1,370

2021
1,966

2022
1,993

2023
2,058

2024
2,120

Thereafter
3,260

 
13,151

Less imputed interest
(2,695
)
Total lease liabilities
$
10,456

 
 
Current operating lease liabilities
$
669

Non-current operating lease liabilities
9,787

Total lease liabilities
$
10,456


8

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)


The following table provides the Company's operating lease commitment as of December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
Operating Lease Commitment
2019
$
925

2020
961

2021
923

2022
929

2023
957

Thereafter
2,085

 
$
6,780


The Company incurred rent expense of $0.2 million and $0.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

5.
NOTES PAYABLE
In October 2018, the Company entered into a finance agreement with First Insurance Funding in order to fund a portion of its insurance policies, which was amended in January 2019. The amount financed was $0.5 million and bears interest at a rate of 5.15%. The Company was required to make monthly payments of $0.1 million through July 2019. As of September 30, 2019, there was no outstanding balance. The outstanding balance was $0.5 million as of December 31, 2018.

6.
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
On June 11, 2019, the Company's stockholders approved an amendment to the CV Sciences, Inc. Amended and Restated 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2013 Plan") to increase the number of shares that may be issued under the 2013 Plan by an additional 3,000,000 shares. The Company’s stockholders also approved to add an automatic “evergreen” provision regarding the number of shares to be annually added to the 2013 Plan. As a result, the number of shares of common stock that will be automatically added to the 2013 Plan on January 1 of each year during the term of the plan, starting with January 1, 2020, will be the lesser of: (a) 4% of the total shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on December 31st of the prior year, (b) 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, or (c) a lesser number of shares of the Company’s common stock as determined by the Company’s Board of Directors. There are currently 31,000,000 shares authorized for issuance under the 2013 Plan. As of September 30, 2019, the Company had 7,043,000 of authorized unissued shares reserved and available for issuance upon exercise and conversion of outstanding awards under the 2013 Plan.
The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $0.7 million and $12.8 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $0.2 million and $1.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company's former President and Chief Executive Officer ("Mona Jr.") and the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company agreed that Mona Jr.’s resignation from the Company on January 22, 2019 was for Good Reason (as defined in Mona Jr.’s Employment Agreement) and agreed to extend the deadline for Mona Jr.’s exercise of his stock options for a period of five years. In exchange, Mona Jr. agreed that notwithstanding the terms of his Employment Agreement providing for acceleration of vesting of all stock options and restricted stock units (RSU's) upon a Good Reason resignation, certain of his unvested stock options would not immediately vest, but rather continue to vest if, and only if, certain Company milestones are achieved related to the Company’s drug development efforts. These stock options were issued in July 2016 (6,000,000 options) and March 2017 (5,000,000 options). The Company and Mona Jr. also agreed to mutually release all claims arising out of and related to Mona Jr.’s resignation and separation from the Company. As a result of the Settlement Agreement, the Company recorded stock-based compensation expense related to the accelerated vesting of the RSU's of $5.1 million and the modification of certain stock options of $2.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.
As of September 30, 2019, total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock-based compensation arrangements was $5.3 million which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.2 years.

9

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The following summarizes activity related to the Company's stock options and includes 7,250,000 performance-based options issued prior to December 31, 2018 outside of the 2013 Plan (in thousands, except per share data):
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average
Remaining Contract
Term (in years)
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
Outstanding - December 31, 2018
24,775
 
$
0.51

 
7.5

 
$
94,206

Granted
2,197
 
4.31

 

 

Exercised
(885)
 
0.36

 

 

Forfeited
(197)
 
1.6

 

 

Outstanding - September 30, 2019
25,890
 
0.83

 
6.2

 
29,971

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exercisable - September 30, 2019
23,368
 
0.62

 
5.9

 
28,776

Vested or expected to vest - September 30, 2019
25,890
 
$
0.83

 
6.2

 
$
29,971

The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $4.3 million. Upon option exercise, the Company issues new shares of stock. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $1.0 million.
The Company has established performance milestones in connection with the drug development efforts for its lead drug candidate CVSI-007. As of September 30, 2019, there were 10,750,000 remaining unvested stock options granted outside of the 2013 Plan which vest upon the completion of future performance conditions, including those related to the Settlement Agreement with Mona Jr.
The following table presents the weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted and the weighted-average assumptions used to estimate the fair value on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes valuation model:
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Volatility
106.0%
 
86.8%
 
112.3%
 
90.2%
Risk-Free Interest Rate
1.7%
 
2.8%
 
2.3%
 
2.6%
Expected Term (in years)
5.87
 
5.64
 
5.75
 
5.39
Dividend Rate
—%
 
—%
 
—%
 
—%
Fair Value Per Share on Grant Date
$3.16
 
$3.08
 
$3.83
 
$0.54
The risk-free interest rates are based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury constant maturities with remaining terms equivalent to the respective expected terms of the options. The Company estimates the expected term for stock options awarded to employees, non-employees, officers and directors using the simplified method in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Stock Compensation, because the Company does not have sufficient relevant historical information to develop reasonable expectations about future exercise patterns. Expected volatility is calculated based on the Company’s peer group, consisting of five companies in the industry in which the Company operates because the Company does not have sufficient historical volatility data. The Company will continue to use peer group volatility information until historical volatility of the Company is available to measure expected volatility for future grants. In the future, as the Company gains historical data for volatility of its own stock and the actual term over which stock options are held, expected volatility and the expected term may change, which could substantially change the grant-date fair value of future stock option awards, and, consequently, compensation of future grants.

10

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The following summarizes RSU activity that contain only service requirements to vest for the Amended 2013 Plan (in thousands, except per share data):
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
RSU's outstanding - December 31, 2018
2,950
 
$
2.14

Vested
(2,950
)
 
2.14
RSU's outstanding - September 30, 2019

 
$

The total fair value of RSU's vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $6.3 million. The associated stock-based compensation expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense.

7.
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE
The Company computes basic net income (loss) per share using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) assumes the conversion, exercise or issuance of all potential common stock equivalents, unless the effect of inclusion would be anti-dilutive. For purposes of this calculation, common stock equivalents include the Company's stock options, including those with performance or market conditions, unvested RSU's, and warrants.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except per share data):
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(1,769
)
 
$
3,295

 
$
(9,924
)
 
$
7,100

Denominator for basic and diluted net income (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding for basic
98,733
 
91,639
 
97,524
 
90,959
Dilutive potential common stock outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock options and RSU's

 
24,160
 

 
19,562
Warrants

 
90
 

 
80
Weighted average common shares outstanding for diluted
98,733
 
115,889
 
97,524
 
110,601
Basic net income (loss) per share
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.04

 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
0.08

Diluted net income (loss) per share
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.03

 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
0.06


The following common stock equivalents were not included in the calculation of net income (loss) per diluted share because their effect were anti-dilutive (in thousands):
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Stock options
5,392

 
3,160

 
6,943

 
6,985

Performance stock options
776

 
698

 
211

 
1,465

Warrants

 
10

 

 
20

Total
6,168

 
3,868

 
7,154

 
8,470


The above table excludes 10,750,000 unvested stock options for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, which vest upon the completion of future performance conditions.

11

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

8.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
On April 23, 2014, Tanya Sallustro filed a purported class action complaint (the “Complaint”) in the Southern District of New York (the “Court”) alleging securities fraud and related claims against the Company and certain of its officers and directors, and seeking compensatory damages including litigation costs. On December 11, 2015, the Company filed a motion to dismiss the consolidated amended complaint. On April 2, 2018, the Court issued a ruling granting in part and denying in part the motion to dismiss. Thereafter, plaintiff’s counsel agreed to dismiss the case in its entirety, with prejudice. On July 2, 2019, the Court entered a final order dismissing the Complaint with prejudice. The Company did not make any settlement payment, and at no time was there a finding of wrongdoing by the Company or any of its directors.
On March 17, 2015, a shareholder of the Company, Michael Ruth, filed a shareholder derivative suit in the Nevada District Court premised on the same event as the Complaint (which has now been dismissed with prejudice with no payment or finding of wrongdoing by the Company or any of the named defendants). The parties previously agreed to stay the action pending the conclusion of discovery of the Complaint. Because the Complaint was dismissed with prejudice on July 2, 2019, the stay has been lifted. On September 20, 2019, the Company filed a motion to dismiss Mr. Ruth's amended complaint. On November 4, 2019, Mr. Ruth filed his Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss and a decision on the motion is expected in early 2020. Management intends to vigorously defend the allegations, and an estimate of possible loss cannot be made at this time.
On August 24, 2018, David Smith filed a purported class action complaint in Nevada District Court (the "Smith Complaint") alleging certain misstatements in the Company's public filings that led to stock price fluctuations and financial harm. Several additional individuals filed similar claims, and the Smith suit and each of the other suits all arise out of a report published by Citron Research on Twitter on August 20, 2018, suggesting that the Company misled investors by failing to disclose that the Company’s efforts to secure patent protection had been “finally rejected” by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). On November 15, 2018, the Court consolidated the actions and appointed Richard Ina, Trustee for the Ina Family Trust, as Lead Plaintiff for the consolidated actions. On January 4, 2019, Counsel for Lead Plaintiff Richard Ina, Trustee for the Ina Family Trust, filed a “consolidated amended complaint”. On March 5, 2019, we filed a motion to dismiss the action. The motion has been fully briefed, and the parties are awaiting a decision from the Nevada District Court. Management intends to vigorously defend the allegations. Three shareholder derivative suits have been filed which are premised on the same event as the Smith Complaint. These derivative suits are stayed pending the outcome of the Company's motion to dismiss the Smith Complaint.
In the normal course of business, the Company is a party to a variety of agreements pursuant to which they may be obligated to indemnify the other party. It is not possible to predict the maximum potential amount of future payments under these types of agreements due to the conditional nature of our obligations, and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular agreement. Historically, payments made by us under these types of agreements have not had a material effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

12

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

9.
SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company operates in two distinct business segments: a consumer products segment in manufacturing, marketing and selling hemp-based CBD products to a range of market sectors; and a specialty pharmaceutical segment focused on developing and commercializing novel therapeutics utilizing CBD. The Company’s segments maintain separate financial information for which operating results are evaluated on a regular basis by the Company’s senior management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company evaluates its consumer products segment based on net product sales, gross profit and operating income or loss. The Company currently evaluates its specialty pharmaceutical segment based on the progress of its clinical development programs.
The following table presents information by reportable operating segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Consumer Products
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales, net
$
12,603

 
$
13,601

 
$
44,368

 
$
34,020

Gross profit
8,428

 
9,946

 
30,938

 
24,567

Research and development expense
437

 
171

 
1,815

 
363

Selling, general and administrative expense
8,646

 
5,870

 
36,230

 
15,916

Operating income (loss)
$
(655
)
 
$
3,905

 
$
(7,107
)
 
$
8,288

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Specialty Pharmaceutical
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales, net
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Gross profit

 

 

 

Research and development expense
1,107

 
359

 
2,759

 
762

Selling, general and administrative expense
11

 
20

 
31

 
36

Operating loss
$
(1,118
)
 
$
(379
)
 
$
(2,790
)
 
$
(798
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales, net
$
12,603

 
$
13,601

 
$
44,368

 
$
34,020

Gross profit
8,428

 
9,946

 
30,938

 
24,567

Research and development expense
1,544

 
530

 
4,574

 
1,125

Selling, general and administrative expense
8,657

 
5,890

 
36,261

 
15,952

Operating income (loss)
$
(1,773
)
 
$
3,526

 
$
(9,897
)
 
$
7,490

The Company's specialty and pharmaceutical segment includes goodwill of $2.8 million as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018. In addition, the Company's intangible assets of $3.8 million as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are included in the specialty pharmaceutical segment. All other assets are included in the consumer products segment as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018. The majority of the Company's sales are to U.S. based customers.

10.
INCOME TAXES
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company has recognized tax expense on net income related to certain state tax payments. Also, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company generated a net loss for which no tax benefit has been recognized due to uncertainties regarding the future realization of the tax benefit. The tax effects of the net loss will be recognized when realization of the tax benefit becomes more likely than not or the tax effects of the previous interim losses are utilized.


13

CV SCIENCES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

11.
RELATED PARTIES
As of September 30, 2019, the Company has a payable to its former President and Chief Executive Officer recorded of $0.7 million. The amount is mostly related to his termination benefits associated with his resignation from the Company. The termination benefit is payable to Mona Jr. via regular payroll through June 2021. The Company recorded $0.4 million in accrued expenses and $0.3 million in other liabilities.
As part of the Settlement Agreement described in Note 6, 2,950,000 RSUs vested and were issued to Mona Jr. The vesting of the RSU's is treated as taxable compensation and thus subject to income tax withholdings. No amounts were withheld (either in cash or the equivalent of shares of common stock from the vesting of the RSU's) and included in the Company’s payroll tax filing at the time of vesting. The compensation is subject to Federal and State income tax withholding and Federal Insurance Contributions Act (“FICA”) taxes withholding estimated to be $6.4 million for the employee portions. The employer portion of the FICA taxes is $0.2 million and has been recorded as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Although the primary tax liability is the responsibility of the employee, the Company is secondarily liable and thus has recorded the liability on its condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2019 in an amount of $6.6 million which was recorded as a component of Accrued expenses. The Company has recorded an offsetting receivable for the total estimated Federal and State income taxes which should have been withheld in addition to the employee portion of the FICA payroll taxes as the primary liability is ultimately the responsibility of the employee. This resulted in a receivable of $6.4 million as of September 30, 2019 which was recorded in the line item Prepaid expenses and other on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The associated liability may be relieved once the tax amount is paid by Mona Jr. and the Company has received the required taxing authority documentation from Mona Jr. However, if the amount is not paid, the Company would be liable for such withholding tax due. Additionally, the Company could be subject to negligence penalties if the amounts are ultimately not paid. The Company does not believe that any such penalties are probable or reasonably possible as of September 30, 2019.

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes to those statements that are included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our discussion includes forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors. We use words such as “anticipate”, “estimate”, “plan”, “project”, “continuing”, “ongoing”, “expect”, “believe”, “intend”, “may”, “will”, “should”, “could”, and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements.
OVERVIEW
We operate two distinct business segments. Our consumer products segment is focused on manufacturing, marketing and selling hemp-based CBD products to a range of market sectors. Our specialty pharmaceutical segment is focused on developing and commercializing novel therapeutics utilizing CBD. We are traded on the OTC:QB, and our trading symbol is CVSI.
Our consumer products business segment manufactures, markets and sells consumer products containing hemp-based CBD under our PlusCBD™ brand in a range of market sectors including nutraceutical, beauty care and specialty foods.
Our specialty pharmaceutical business segment is developing cannabinoids to treat a range of medical indications. Our product candidates are based on proprietary formulations, processes and technology that we believe are patent-protectable, and we are actively pursuing patent protection on our drug candidate.

14



Results of Operations
Revenues and gross profit
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Change
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Amount
 
%
 
2019
 
2018
 
Amount
 
%
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Product sales, net
$
12,603

 
$
13,601

 
$
(998
)
 
(7
)%
 
$
44,368

 
$
34,020

 
$
10,348

 
30
%
Cost of goods sold
4,175

 
3,655

 
$
520

 
14
 %
 
13,430

 
9,453

 
3,977

 
42
%
Gross profit
$
8,428

 
$
9,946

 
$
(1,518
)
 
(15
)%
 
$
30,938

 
$
24,567

 
$
6,371

 
26
%
Gross margin
66.9
%
 
73.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
69.7
%
 
72.2
%
 
 
 
 
Third quarter 2019 vs. 2018
We had product sales of $12.6 million and gross profit of $8.4 million, representing a gross margin of 66.9% in the third quarter of 2019 compared with product sales of $13.6 million and gross profit of $9.9 million, representing a gross margin of 73.1% in the third quarter of 2018. Our product sales decreased by $1.0 million or 7% in the third quarter of 2019 when compared to third quarter 2018 results. The decline is primarily due to lower sales as a result of increased market competition which started early in the third quarter of 2019. The increased market competition, primarily in the natural product channel, is partially due to the lack of a clear regulatory framework. As of September 30, 2019, our products were in 5,435 retail stores, of which 2,319 were with retailers in the food, drug and mass channel. This store count has increased from 2,093 as of September 30, 2018. During the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, e-commerce sales directly to consumers accounted for 21.6% and 13.0%, respectively.
Cost of goods sold consists primarily of raw materials, packaging, manufacturing overhead, merch card fees and shipping. Overhead cost includes manufacturing related personnel costs, facilities, depreciation, supplies, and quality assurance costs. Manufacturing related personnel costs payroll, employee benefits and stock-based compensation. Cost of goods sold in the third quarter of 2019 increased due to higher overhead cost compared to the third quarter of 2018. The gross profit decrease in the third quarter 2019 compared with 2018 is the result of our lower product sales and increased overhead cost to support our long-term growth.
First nine months 2019 vs. 2018
For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, our product sales increased by $10.3 million or 30%. The increase is primarily due to an increase in distribution, customer awareness and demand for our branded PlusCBD™ products. We also launched new products and formulations, including softgels, gummies, and most recently topicals, which helped drive our overall sales. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, e-commerce sales accounted for 17.3% and 13.2%, respectively.
The gross profit increase of $6.4 million or 26% to $30.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is in-line with increased product sales. Gross margins decreased from 72.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 to 69.7% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease is mostly due to higher overhead cost.
Operating expense
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Change
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Amount
 
%
 
2019
 
2018
 
Amount
 
%
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Research and development
$
1,544

 
$
530

 
$
1,014

 
191
%
 
$
4,574

 
$
1,125

 
$
3,449

 
307
%
Percentage of revenue
12
%
 
4
%
 
 
 
 
 
10
%
 
3
%
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
8,657

 
5,890

 
$
2,767

 
47
%
 
36,261

 
15,952

 
$
20,309

 
127
%
Percentage of revenue
69
%
 
43
%
 
 
 
 
 
82
%
 
47
%
 
 
 
 
Third quarter 2019 vs. 2018

15


Research and development (“R&D”) expense increased to $1.5 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to $0.5 million in the third quarter of 2018. The increase of $1.0 million or 191% is related to additional R&D expenses for our specialty pharmaceutical segment of $0.7 million and for our consumer products segment of $0.3 million. The increase in our specialty pharmaceutical segment is mostly related to preclinical work, development cost associated with our active pharmaceutical ingredient ("API"), and expenses paid to outside consultants. The additional R&D expense in our consumer products segment is mostly related to additional personnel cost, cost for clinical trials, and cost for outside services for our new consumer product developments.
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased to $8.7 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to $5.9 million in the third quarter of 2018. The increase of $2.8 million or 47% is mostly related to increases in our consumer products segment for marketing activities to support our growth, sales commissions and payroll expense as a result of our increased headcount.
First nine months 2019 vs. 2018
Research and development (“R&D”) expense increased to $4.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to $1.1 million in the first nine months of 2018. The increase of $3.4 million or 307% is related to additional R&D expenses for our specialty pharmaceutical segment of $2.0 million and for our consumer products segment of $1.5 million. The increase in our specialty pharmaceutical segment is mostly related to preclinical work, development cost associated with our API, and expenses paid to outside consultants. The additional R&D expense in our consumer products segment is mostly related to additional personnel cost and cost for outside services for our new consumer product developments.
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased to $36.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to $16.0 million in the first nine months of 2018. The increase of $20.3 million or 127% is mostly related to additional stock-based compensation expense, payroll expense related to the retirement of our former President and Chief Executive Officer ("Mona Jr.") and increases in our marketing activities to support our growth, sales commissions and payroll expense as a result of our increased headcount, driven by our consumer products segment. During the first quarter of 2019, we entered into a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Mona Jr., pursuant to which we agreed that Mona Jr.’s resignation on January 22, 2019 was for Good Reason (as defined in Mona Jr.’s Employment Agreement) and agreed to extend the deadline for Mona Jr.’s exercise of his stock options for a period of five years. In exchange, Mona Jr. agreed that notwithstanding the terms of his Employment Agreement providing for acceleration of vesting of all stock options and Restricted Stock Units (RSU's) upon a Good Reason resignation, certain of his unvested stock options would not immediately vest, but rather continue to vest if, and only if, certain of our milestones are achieved related to the our drug development efforts. These stock options were issued in July 2016 (6,000,000 options) and March 2017 (5,000,000 options). We also agreed to mutually release all claims arising out of and related to Mona Jr.’s resignation and separation from us. As a result of the Settlement Agreement, we recorded stock-based compensation expense related to the accelerated vesting of the RSU's and the modification of certain stock options of $5.1 million and $2.7 million in the first quarter of 2019, respectively.

16


Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We use Adjusted EBITDA internally to evaluate our performance and make financial and operational decisions that are presented in a manner that adjusts from their equivalent GAAP measures or that supplement the information provided by our GAAP measures. Adjusted EBITDA is defined by us as EBITDA (net income (loss) plus depreciation expense, amortization expense, interest and income tax expense, minus income tax benefit), further adjusted to exclude certain non-cash expenses and other adjustments as set forth below. We use Adjusted EBITDA because we believe it also highlights trends in our business that may not otherwise be apparent when relying solely on GAAP financial measures, since Adjusted EBITDA eliminates from our results specific financial items that have less bearing on our core operating performance.
We use Adjusted EBITDA in communicating certain aspects of our results and performance, including in this Quarterly Report, and believe that Adjusted EBITDA, when viewed in conjunction with our GAAP results and the accompanying reconciliation, can provide investors with greater transparency and a greater understanding of factors affecting our financial condition and results of operations than GAAP measures alone. In addition, we believe the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors in making period-to-period comparison of results because the adjustments to GAAP are not reflective of our core business performance.
Adjusted EBITDA is not presented in accordance with, or as an alternative to, GAAP financial measures and may be different from non-GAAP measures used by other companies. We encourage investors to review the GAAP financial measures included in this Quarterly Report, including our condensed consolidated financial statements, to aid in their analysis and understanding of our performance and in making comparisons.

17


A reconciliation from our net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 is detailed below:
 
Three months ended September 30, 2019
 
Three months ended September 30, 2018
 
Consumer Products
 
Specialty Pharma
 
Total
 
Consumer Products
 
Specialty Pharma
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
Net income (loss)
$
(651
)
 
$
(1,118
)
 
$
(1,769
)
 
$
3,674

 
$
(379
)
 
$
3,295

Depreciation
170

 

 
170

 
122

 

 
122

Amortization

 
9

 
9

 

 
9

 
9

Interest expense (income)
(7
)
 

 
(7
)
 
31

 

 
31

Income tax expense
3

 

 
3

 
200

 

 
200

EBITDA
(485
)
 
(1,109
)
 
(1,594
)
 
4,027

 
(370
)
 
3,657

Stock-based compensation (1)
657

 
42

 
699

 
238

 

 
238

Common stock issued for professional services (2)

 

 

 
233

 

 
233

Adjusted EBITDA
$
172

 
$
(1,067
)
 
$
(895
)
 
$
4,498

 
$
(370
)
 
$
4,128

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2019
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
 
Consumer Products
 
Specialty Pharma
 
Total
 
Consumer Products
 
Specialty Pharma
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
Net income (loss)
$
(7,134
)
 
$
(2,790
)
 
$
(9,924
)
 
$
7,898

 
$
(798
)
 
$
7,100

Depreciation
506

 

 
506

 
349

 

 
349

Amortization

 
27

 
27

 

 
27

 
27

Interest expense (income)
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
 
150

 

 
150

Income tax expense
29

 

 
29

 
240

 

 
240

EBITDA
(6,601
)
 
(2,763
)
 
(9,364
)
 
8,637

 
(771
)
 
7,866

Stock-based compensation (1)
4,794

 
121

 
4,915

 
1,634

 

 
1,634

Common stock issued for professional services (2)

 

 

 
295

 

 
295

Stock-based compensation associated with employment settlement (3)
7,857

 

 
7,857

 

 

 

Payroll expense associated with employment settlement (4)
934

 

 
934

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA
$
6,984

 
$
(2,642
)
 
$
4,342

 
$
10,566

 
$
(771
)
 
$
9,795

_________________
(1)
Represents stock-based compensation expense related to stock options and warrants awarded to employees, consultants and non-executive directors based on the grant date fair value using the Black-Scholes valuation model.
(2)
Represents common stock issued for professional services.
(3)
Represents stock-based compensation expense related to accelerated vesting of RSU's and the modification of certain stock options associated with the settlement agreement with our former President and Chief Executive Officer.
(4)
Represents accrued payroll and related benefits associated with the retirement of our former President and Chief Executive Officer.

18


Liquidity and Capital Resources
A summary of our changes in cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 is provided below:
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(in thousands)
Net cash flows provided by (used in):
 
 
 
Operating activities
$
2,399

 
$
9,926

Investing activities
(901
)
 
(425
)
Financing activities
(195
)
 
(1,283
)
Net increase in cash and restricted cash
1,303

 
8,218

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
12,935

 
2,792

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
$
14,238

 
$
11,010

Operating Activities
Net cash provided by or used in operating activities includes net income (loss) adjusted for non-cash expenses such as depreciation and amortization, bad debt expense, and stock-based compensation. Operating assets and liabilities primarily include balances related to funding of inventory purchases and customer accounts receivable. Operating assets and liabilities that arise from the funding of inventory purchases and customer accounts receivable can fluctuate significantly from day to day and period to period depending on the timing of inventory purchases and customer behavior.
Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $7.5 million to $2.4 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to $9.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The primary reason for this decrease is our change in operating assets and liabilities, mostly driven by additional inventory of $1.5 million to support our future growth. We also invested in our drug and product development activities, additional marketing expense, payroll and cost for outside consultants to support our future growth of our consumer products operating segment. In addition, we incurred additional cost of $2.0 million for our pharmaceutical operating segment.
Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities increased by $0.5 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the prior year period. Net cash used in investing activity consists of equipment purchases and tenant improvements. During 2019, we purchased additional manufacturing equipment and completed tenant improvements to our main facility. We also invested in additional technology to support our e-commerce activities.
Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities decreased by $1.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the prior year period. The primary reason for the decrease is the repayment of our unsecured debt of $0.5 million and convertible debt of $0.6 million in 2018.
Critical Accounting Policies
We have disclosed in the notes to our consolidated financial statements and in “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, those accounting policies that we consider to be significant in determining our results of operation and financial condition. There have been no material changes to those policies that we consider to be significant since the filing of our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The accounting principles used in preparing our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements conform in all material respects to GAAP.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 in the accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
None.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Not applicable to a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Item 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K.

19


ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission and to ensure that information required to be disclosed is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive and financial officers, to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and the Chief Financial Officer (CFO), with assistance from other members of management, have reviewed the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2019 and, based on their evaluation, have concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of such date due to a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting that was disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Remediation
As previously described in Part II, Item 9A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, we began implementing a remediation plan to address the material weakness mentioned above. The weakness will not be considered remediated, until the applicable controls operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are operating effectively. We expect that the remediation of this material weakness will be completed prior to the end of 2019.



20


PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
For a description of our material pending legal proceedings, please see Note 8, Commitments and Contingencies, to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Item 1A. RISK FACTORS
Not applicable to a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Item 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K.
Item 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
None.
Item 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
None.
Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
Item 5. OTHER INFORMATION
None.
Item 6. EXHIBITS
Exhibit No.
 
Description of Exhibit
2.1 (1)
 
Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of July 25, 2013, by and between CannaVEST Corp., a Texas corporation, and CannaVEST Corp., a Delaware corporation.
2.1 (2)
 
Agreement and Plan of Reorganization by and among CannaVEST Corp., CannaVEST Merger Sub, Inc., CANNAVEST Acquisition LLC, CanX, Inc. and the Starwood Trust, as the Shareholder Representative.
3.1 (1)
 
Certificate of Incorporation of CannaVEST Corp., as filed on January 26, 2013.
3.2 (1)
 
Bylaws of CannaVEST Corp., dated as of January 26, 2013.
3.3 (3)
 
Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of CannaVest Corp., as filed on January 4, 2016.
3.4 (4)
 
Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, as amended.
3.5 (5)
 
Amendment to the Bylaws of the Company, as amended.
3.6 (6)
 
Bylaws of the Company, as amended.
4.1 (7)
 
CannaVEST Corp. Specimen Stock Certificate
10.1 † (8)
 
Amended and Restated 2013 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended.
31.1*
 
31.2*
 
32.1*
 
32.2*
 
101 INS*
 
XBRL Instance Document**
101 SCH*
 
XBRL Schema Document**
101 CAL*
 
XBRL Calculation Linkbase Document**
101 DEF*
 
XBRL Definition Linkbase Document**
101 LAB*
 
XBRL Labels Linkbase Document**
101 PRE*
 
XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document**
________________________
* Filed herewith.

21


Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
** The XBRL related information in Exhibit 101 shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to liability of that section and shall not be incorporated by reference into any filing or other document pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing or document.
(1)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on August 13, 2013.
(2)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 4, 2016.
(3)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on April 14, 2016.
(4)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on May 16, 2016.
(5)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 22, 2017.
(6)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on May 9, 2017.
(7)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on July 31, 2013.
(8)
Incorporated by reference from an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 17, 2019.

22


SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
CV SCIENCES, INC.
(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
By
/s/ Joseph D. Dowling
 
 
Joseph D. Dowling
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
Dated November 5, 2019
 
 
 
 
By
/s/ Joerg Grasser
 
 
Joerg Grasser
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
 
 
Dated November 5, 2019

23

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