UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

 

  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

  

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

 

Commission File Number 000-55191

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc.

 (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   39-2078861
(State or other jurisdiction of   (IRS Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

Rua Vereador João Alves Praes, nº 95-A

Olhos D'Água, MG 39398-000, Brazil

 (Address of principal executive offices)

 

(833) 661-7900

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or, an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company", in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Ticker symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock BMIX

Pink Open Market, a marketplace of

OTC Markets Group

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS

 

As of May 16, 2021, the registrant had 2,749,425,287 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, issued and outstanding.

 

 
 
 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

      Page
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Financial Statements    
       
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2020   F-1
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2021 (Unaudited)   F-2
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2021 (Unaudited)   F-3
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2021 (Unaudited)   F-4
       
  Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)   F-5
       
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.   2
       
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   4
       
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.   4
       
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION    
       
Item 6. Exhibits   6
       
Signatures   7
       
Exhibits/Certifications    

 

 
 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

-1
 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

 

    March 31,   December 31,
    2021   2020
         
ASSETS        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 262,242     $ 253,598  
Accounts receivable     9,273       20,106  
Taxes recoverable     16,168       17,726  
Inventory     10,650       11,676  
Deposits and advances     1,145       2,039  
Total current assets     299,478       305,145  
Property and equipment, net     70,054       89,276  
Intangible assets, net     1,275,781       407,467  
Equity investments     150,000       150,000  
Total assets   $ 1,795,313     $ 951,888  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 1,370,121     $ 652,119  
Convertible notes payable     657,484       872,720  
Loans payable     —         235,308  
Related party notes and other payables     566,743       566,743  
Total current liabilities     2,594,348       2,326,890  
Other noncurrent liabilities     110,278       121,250  
Total liabilities     2,704,626       2,448,140  
                 
Stockholders' deficit:                
Series A preferred stock, $0.001 par value. 10,000,000 shares authorized; 1 share issued and outstanding                
issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively     1       1  
Common stock, $0.001 par value. 3,250,000,000 shares authorized; 2,552,577,359 and 1,997,930,297 shares                
issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively     2,552,577       1,997,930  
Additional paid-in capital     48,553,298       47,489,116  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (838,358 )     (775,113 )
Accumulated deficit     (52,901,093 )     (52,185,071 )
Total Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders' deficit     (2,633,575 )     (3,473,137 )
Non-controlling interest     1,724,262       1,976,885  
Total stockholders' deficit     (909,313 )     (1,496,252 )
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit     1,795,313     $ 951,888  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-1

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS (UNAUDITED)

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

  

    Three Months Ended March 31,
    2021   2020
         
Revenue   $ 4,459     $ 2,630  
Cost of revenue     22,989       29,233  
Gross loss     (18,530 )     (26,603 )
Operating expenses:                
Professional fees     82,291       46,070  
General and administrative     273,051       157,403  
Compensation and related costs     45,508       60,969  
Stock based compensation     711,446       21,300  
Total operating expenses     1,112,296       285,742  
Loss from operations     (1,130,826 )     (312,345 )
Other expense (income):                
Interest on promissory notes     64,750       52,414  
Amortization of debt discounts and other fees     —         151,339  
Loss on exchange of equity with related party     —         76,178  
Other expense (income)     (208 )     —    
Total other expense (income)     64,542       279,931  
Loss before provision for income taxes     (1,195,368 )     (592,276 )
Provision for income taxes     —         —    
Net loss     (1,195,368 )     (592,276 )
Loss attributable to non-controlling interest     (479,346 )     (69,658 )
Net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders   $ (716,022 )   $ (522,618 )
                 
Basic and diluted loss per share                
Net loss per share attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. common stockholders   $ —       $ —    
                 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                
Basic and diluted     2,267,306,033       1,052,857,504  
                 
Comprehensive loss:                
Net loss   $ (1,195,368 )   $ (592,276 )
Foreign currency translation adjustment     (36,367 )     (106,891 )
Comprehensive loss     (1,231,735 )     (699,167 )
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests     (452,468 )     (69,658 )
Comprehensive loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders   $ (779,267 )   $ (629,509 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-2

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

 

                        Accumulated            
                    Additional   Other           Total
    Series A Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Paid-in   Comprehensive   Accumulated   Noncontrolling   Stockholders'
    Shares   Value   Shares   Value   Capital   Loss   Deficit   Interests   Deficit
                                     
Balance, December 31, 2019     1     $ 1       1,132,435,380     $ 1,132,435     $ 47,724,570     $ (580,957 )   $ (51,043,408 )   $ 1,446,715     $ (1,320,644 )
                                                                         
Issuance of common stock in connection with sales made                                                                        
under private offerings     —         —         5,000,000       5,000       (5,000 )     —         —         —         —    
Issuance of common stock in exchange for consulting, professional                                                                        
and other services     —         —         5,666,594       5,667       333       —         —         —         6,000  
Issuance of common stock in connection with share exchange                                                                        
agreement with related party     —         —         53,947,368       53,947       22,979       —         —         —         76,926  
Issuance of common stock to related parties in lieu of cash for                                                                        
loans payable and other accrued obligations     —         —         200,000       200       80       —         —         —         280  
Conversion of convertible notes payable and other indebtedness                                                                        
into common stock     —         —         33,350,046       33,350       (9,818 )     —         —         —         23,532  
Exchange of common stock for Jupiter Gold common stock     —         —         (200,000,000 )     (200,000 )     100,000       —         —         100,000       —    
Stock based compensation     —         —         —         —         21,300       —         —         —         21,300  
Change in foreign currency translation     —         —         —         —         —         (106,891 )     —         —         (106,891 )
Sale of Jupiter Gold common stock in connection with                                                                        
equity offerings     —         —         —         —         —         —         —         300,000       300,000  
Net loss     —         —         —         —         —         —         (522,618 )     (69,658 )     (592,276 )
                                                                         
Balance, March 31, 2020     1     $ 1       1,030,599,388     $ 1,030,599     $ 47,854,444     $ (687,848 )   $ (51,566,026 )   $ 1,777,057     $ (1,591,773 )
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                               Accumulated                           
                                       Additional         Other                         Total   
       Series A Preferred Stock                 Common Stock                 Paid-in         Comprehensive         Accumulated         Noncontrolling         Stockholders'   
       Shares         Value         Shares         Value         Capital         Loss         Deficit         Interests         Deficit   
                                                                         
Balance, December 31, 2020     1     $ 1       1,997,930,297     $ 1,997,930     $ 47,489,116     $ (775,113 )   $ (52,185,071 )   $ 1,976,885     $ (1,496,252 )
                                                                         
Issuance of common stock in connection with sales made                                                                        
under private offerings     —         —         40,541,666       40,541       225,959       —         —         —         266,500  
Issuance of common stock in connection with the exercise of                                                                        
common stock options     —         —         131,675,682       131,676       (131,676 )     —         —         —         —    
Issuance of common stock in exchange for consulting, professional                                                                        
and other services     —         —         —         —         —         —         —         31,845       31,845  
Conversion of convertible notes payable and other indebtedness                                                                        
into common stock     —         —         382,429,714       382,430       258,453       —         —         —         640,883  
Stock based compensation     —         —         —         —         711,446       —         —         —         711,446  
Change in foreign currency translation     —         —         —         —         —         (63,245 )     —         26,878       (36,367 )
Sale of Jupiter Gold common stock in connection with                                                                        
equity offerings     —         —         —         —         —         —         —         118,000       118,000  
Sale of Apollo Resources common stock in connection with                                                                        
equity offerings     —         —         —         —         —         —         —         50,000       50,000  
Net loss     —         —         —         —         —         —         (716,022 )     (479,346 )     (1,195,368 )
                                                                         
Balance, March 31, 2021     1     $ 1       2,552,577,359     $ 2,552,577     $ 48,553,298     $ (838,358 )   $ (52,901,093 )   $ 1,724,262     $ (909,313 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-3

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

  

    Three Months Ended March 31,
    2021   2020
         
Cash flows from operating activities of continuing operations:        
Net loss   $ (1,195,368 )   $ (592,276 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:                
Stock based compensation and services     743,291       27,300  
Amortization of debt discounts     —         151,339  
Convertible debt issued in satisfaction of other financing costs     40,836       12,180  
Loss on share exchange agreement with related party     —         76,926  
Depreciation and amortization     12,090       13,746  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     (220,759 )     (9,366 )
Deposits and advances     752       —    
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     1,108,200       77,610  
Accrued salary due to officer     —         48,250  
Other noncurrent liabilities     (331 )     3,644  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities     488,711       (190,647 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Acquisition of capital assets     —         (788 )
Increase in intangible assets     (939,927 )     (13,516 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (939,927 )     (14,304 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Repayment of loans from officer     (2,943 )     (41,709 )
Net proceeds from sale of common stock     266,500       —    
Proceeds from sale of subsidiary common stock to noncontrolling interests     168,000       300,000  
Proceeds from convertible notes payable     270,000       —    
Repayment of loans payable     (235,308 )     —    
Net cash provided by financing activities     466,249       258,291  
                 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents     (6,389 )     (11,329 )
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents     8,644       42,011  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     253,598       151,088  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 262,242     $ 193,099  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:                
Cash paid for interest   $ —       $ 8,568  
Cash paid for income taxes   $ —       $ —    
                 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:                
Shares issued in connection with conversion of debt and accrued interest   $ 640,883     $ 23,532  
Shares issued in connection with relief of related party payable   $ —       $ 280  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-4

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION, BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Organization and Description of Business

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc. ("Brazil Minerals" or the "Company") was incorporated as Flux Technologies, Corp. under the laws of the State of Nevada, U.S. on December 15, 2011. The Company changed its management and business on December 18, 2012, to focus on mineral exploration. Brazil Minerals, through subsidiaries, owns mineral rights in Brazil for gold, diamonds, lithium, rare earths, titanium, iron, nickel, and sand.

 

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial statements and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and are expressed in United States dollars. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all the adjustments necessary (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) to present the financial position of the Company as of March 31, 2021, and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future period. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes thereto included in Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 31, 2021.

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company; its 99.99% owned subsidiary, BMIX Participações Ltda. (“BMIXP”), which includes the accounts of BMIXP’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Mineração Duas Barras Ltda. (“MDB”), and BMIXP’s 50% owned subsidiary, RST Recursos Minerais Ltda. (“RST”); its 99.99% owned subsidiary, Hercules Resources Corporation (“HRC”), which includes the accounts of HRC’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Hercules Brasil Comercio e Transportes Ltda. (“Hercules Brasil”); its 30.1% equity interest in Apollo Resources Corporation (“Apollo Resources”) and its subsidiary Mineração Apollo, Ltda.; and its 10.0% equity interest in Jupiter Gold Corporation (“Jupiter Gold”), which includes the accounts of Jupiter Gold’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Mineração Jupiter Ltda. The Company has concluded that Apollo Resources, Jupiter Gold and their subsidiaries are variable interest entities (“VIE”) in accordance with applicable accounting standards and guidance. As such, the accounts and results of Apollo Resources, Jupiter Gold and their subsidiaries have been included in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingencies at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

 

 F-5

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION, BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

Going Concern

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has limited working capital, has incurred losses in each of the past two years, and has not yet received material revenues from sales of products or services. These factors create substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustment that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company generating cash from its operations, the sale of its stock and/or obtaining debt financing. Historically, the Company has funded its operations primarily through the issuance of debt and equity securities. Management's plan to fund its capital requirements and ongoing operations include the generation of revenue from its mining operations and projects. Management's secondary plan to cover any shortfall is selling its equity securities, including common stock in the Company, or common stock in Jupiter Gold that it owns, and obtaining debt financing. There can be no assurance the Company will be successful in these efforts.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations except as noted below: 

 

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. ASU 2020-06 will simplify the accounting for convertible instruments by reducing the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock. Limiting the accounting models will result in fewer embedded conversion features being separately recognized from the host contract as compared with current GAAP. Convertible instruments that continue to be subject to separation models are (1) those with embedded conversion features that are not clearly and closely related to the host contract, that meet the definition of a derivative, and that do not qualify for a scope exception from derivative accounting and (2) convertible debt instruments issued with substantial premiums for which the premiums are recorded as paid-in capital. ASU 2020-06 also amends the guidance for the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity to reduce form-over-substance-based accounting conclusions. ASU 2020-06 will be effective January 1, 2024, for the Company. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than January 1, 2021, including interim periods within that year. The Company is evaluating the effect of the adoption of ASU 2020-06 on the consolidated financial statements, but currently does not believe ASU 2020-06 will have a significant impact on the Company’s accounting for its convertible debt instruments. The effect will largely depend on the composition and terms of the financial instruments at the time of adoption.

 

In February 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-02, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326) and Leases (Topic 842) - Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 119 and Update to SEC Section on Effective Date Related to Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which amends the effective date of the original pronouncement for smaller reporting companies. ASU 2016-13 and its amendments will be effective for the Company for interim and annual periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company believes the adoption will modify the way the Company analyzes financial instruments, but it does not anticipate a material impact on results of operations. The Company is in the process of determining the effects adoption will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-6

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 – COMPOSITION OF CERTAIN FINANCIAL STATEMENT ITEMS

 

Property and Equipment

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company's property and equipment at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

    March 31, 2021   December 31, 2020
    Cost   Accumulated Depreciation   Net Book
Value
  Cost   Accumulated Depreciation   Net Book
Value
                                               
Computers and office equipment   $ 3,830     $ (1,573 )   $ 2,257     $ 3,880     $ (573 )   $ 3,307  
Machinery and equipment     321,864       (257,870 )     63,994       348,376       (271,107 )     77,269  
Vehicles     116,220       (112,417 )     3,803       127,416       (118,716 )     8,700  
Total fixed assets   $ 441,914     $ (371,860 )   $ 70,054     $ 479,672     $ (390,396 )   $ 89,276  

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded depreciation expense of $12,090 and $13,746, respectively.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of mining rights are not amortized as the mining rights are perpetual. The carrying value was $1,275,781 and $407,467 at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Equity Investments without Readily Determinable Fair Values

 

On October 2, 2017, the Company entered into an exchange agreement whereby it issued 25,000,000 shares of its common stock in exchange for 500,000 shares of Ares Resources Corporation. The Company’s chief executive officer also serves as an officer of Ares Resources Corporation, thus making it a related party under common ownership and control. The shares were recorded at $150,000, or $0.006 per share. The shares were valued based upon the lowest market price of the Company’s common stock on the date the agreement.

 

On March 11, 2020, the Company issued 53,947,368 shares of common stock to Lancaster Brazil Fund pursuant to an addendum to the share exchange agreement dated September 28, 2018. The Company recorded a loss on exchange of equity with a related party of $76,926 representing the fair value of the additional shares of common stock issued.

 

Under ASC 321-10, the Company elected to use a measurement alternative for its equity investment that does not have a readily determinable fair value. As such, the Company measured its investment at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus any changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for an identical or similar investment of the same issuer. The Company owns less than 5% of the total shares outstanding of Ares Resources Corporation.

 

 F-7

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 – COMPOSITION OF CERTAIN FINANCIAL STATEMENT ITEMS (CONTINUED)

 

Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

    March 31, 2021   December 31, 2020
Accounts payable and other accruals   $ 1,161,257     $ 327,704  
Accrued interest     208,864       324,415  
Total   $ 1,370,121     $ 652,119  

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company acquired certain mineral (iron) rights for which approximately $834,000 remains payable.

 

NOTE 3 – CONVERTIBLE PROMISSORY NOTES PAYABLE

 

The following tables set forth the components of the Company’s convertible debentures as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

    March 31,
2021
  December 31, 2020
Convertible notes payable – fixed conversion price   $ 197,124       244,000  
Convertible notes payable – variable conversion price     460,360       628,720  
Total convertible notes   $ 657,484     $ 872,720  

 

The following table sets forth a summary of change in our convertible notes payable for the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

    March 31,
2021
Beginning balance   $ 872,720  
Conversion of convertible note principal into common stock     (526,072 )
Increase in principal amounts outstanding due to lender adjustments per terms of the note agreements     40,836  
Issuance of convertible notes payable     270,000  
Total convertible notes   $ 657,484  

 

Convertible Notes Payable - Fixed Conversion Price

 

On January 7, 2014, the Company issued to a family trust a senior secured convertible promissory note in the principal amount, and received gross proceeds, of $244,000 and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 488,000 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $62.50 per share through December 26, 2018. The Company received gross proceeds of $244,000 for the sale of such securities. The outstanding principal of the note bears interest at the rate of 12% per annum. The note is convertible at the option of the holder into common stock of the Company at a conversion rate of one share for each $50.00 of principal and interest converted. As of March 31, 2021, all warrants issued in connection with this note had expired.

 

The outstanding principal on the note was payable on March 31, 2015, which as of the date of these financial statements is past due and in technical default. The Company is in negotiations with the note holder to satisfy, amend the terms or otherwise resolve the obligation in default. No demand for payment has been made. As a result of the default, the interest rate on the note increased to 30% per annum. Interest was payable on September 30, 2014 and on the maturity date. In December 2020, the lender agreed to reduce the interest rate from the default rate of 30% to the stated rate of 10% retroactively. As a result, the Company recorded gain of $238,151 from the relief of interest expense to other income.

 

 F-8

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 – CONVERTIBLE PROMISSORY NOTES PAYABLE (CONTINUED)

 

On February 3, 2021, the Company issued 20,000,000 shares of common stock upon conversion of $80,000 in convertible notes payable and accrued interest. As of March 31, 2021, the balance of the note was $197,124 and the accrued interest payable totaled $142,062 in connection with this note.

 

Convertible Notes Payable - Variable Conversion Price

 

At various times to fund operations, the Company issues convertible notes payable in which the conversion features are variable. In addition, some of these convertible notes payable have on issuance discounts and other fees withheld.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company issued to one noteholder, in various transactions, $242,144 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $232,344 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance ranging from July to December 2017. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company’s common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note’s conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $241,852 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes. As of March 31, 2021, the outstanding principal balance on these notes total $115,500, and all discounts were fully amortized.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued to one noteholder in various transactions $477,609 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $454,584 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance ranging from January to August 2018. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company’s common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note’s conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $447,272 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 182,872,798 shares of its common stock upon the conversion of $50,000 and $ 14,004, respectively, in note principal and accrued interest. As of March 31, 2021, the outstanding principal balance on these notes total $52,000, and all discounts were fully amortized.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company issued to one noteholder in various transactions $137,306 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $130,556 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance ranging from August 2018 to April 2019. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company’s common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note’s conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $122,755 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 23,118,645 shares of its common stock upon the conversion of $118,996 and $27,496, respectively, in note principal and accrued interest. As of March 31, 2021, the outstanding principal balance on these notes total $22,860, and all discounts were fully amortized.

 

 F-9

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 – CONVERTIBLE PROMISSORY NOTES PAYABLE (CONTINUED)

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company issued to one noteholder in various transactions $282,000 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $276,000 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance in July 2020. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company’s common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note’s conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $276,000 and $6,000 for issuance costs were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 156,438,271 shares of its common stock upon the conversion of $310,200 and $40,186, respectively, in note principal and accrued interest. As of March 31, 2021, the principal balance on these notes was $0, and all discounts were fully amortized.

 

While many of these convertible notes are past their original maturity dates, the Company continues to maintains a favorable relationship and work with the lender with regard to financing its working capital needs. As of March 31, 2020, the Company has accrued interest payable totaling $66,802 in connection with these variable convertible notes. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, $0 and $70,500 of the discounts were amortized to interest expense, respectively.

 

Future Potential Dilution

 

Most of the Company's convertible notes payable contain adjustable conversion terms with significant discounts to market. As of March 31, 2021, the Company's convertible notes are convertible into an aggregate of approximately 14,938,261 shares of common stock. Due to the variable conversion prices on some of the Company's convertible notes, the number of common shares issuable is dependent upon the traded price of the Company's common stock.

 

NOTE 4 – LOANS PAYABLE

 

As of December 31, 2020, the Company had $235,308 in principal outstanding from bridge loans. The loans payable bear interest at 8.0% per annum and are payable upon demand. In February 2021, the Company repaid the full principal balance of $235,308 and accrued interest of $24,654.

 

NOTE 5 – OTHER NONCURRENT LIABILITIES

 

Other noncurrent liabilities are comprised solely of social contributions and other employee-related costs at our operating subsidiaries located in Brazil. The Company has been funding these amounts upon the termination of a worker or employee. The balance of these employee related costs as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 amounted to $110,278 and $121,250, respectively.

 

NOTE 6 – STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

 

Authorized and Amendments

 

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had 3,250,000,000 common shares authorized with a par value of $0.001 per share.

 

 F-10

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 6 – STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT (CONTINUED)

 

Series A Preferred Stock

 

On December 18, 2012, the Company filed with the Nevada Secretary of State a Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock ("Series A Stock") to designate one share of a new series of preferred stock. The Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock provides that for so long as Series A Stock is issued and outstanding, the holders of Series A Stock shall vote together as a single class with the holders of the Company's Common Stock, with the holders of Series A Stock being entitled to 51% of the total votes on all such matters regardless of the actual number of shares of Series A Stock then outstanding, and the holders of Common Stock are entitled to their proportional share of the remaining 49% of the total votes based on their respective voting power.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Transactions

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 40,541,666 shares of common stock for gross proceeds of $266,500 pursuant to subscription agreements with accredited investors. Additionally, the Company issued 382,429,714 shares of common stock upon conversion of $640,883 in convertible notes payable and accrued interest. Lastly, during the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 131,675,682 shares of common stock upon the cashless exercise of 141,000,000 warrants.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 Transactions

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 5,000,000 shares of common stock to an accredited investor pursuant to a subscription agreement dated April 18, 2018 for which the funds were received in a prior period. The Company issued 5,666,594 shares of common stock to non-employees for services rendered. The Company issued 33,350,046 shares of common stock upon conversion of $23,532 in convertible notes payable and accrued interest.

 

Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company exchanged 200,000,000 shares of common stock returned by an accredited investor for 150,000 shares of Jupiter Gold’s common stock held as an investment by the Company. The Company used the quoted fair value of each entity’s common stock on the dates of exchange to determine the exchange ratio.

 

See Note 8 – Related Party Transactions for additional disclosures of common stock issuances.

 

Common Stock Options

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 90,000,000 shares of common stock to officers and non-management directors. The options were valued at $369,768 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on the date of the grant which ranged from $0.0004 to $0.008, expected dividend yield of 0.0%, historical volatility calculated between 79.0% and 124.4%, risk-free interest rate ranging between 0.9% and 1.4%, and an expected term of 10 years.

 

The following table reflects all outstanding and exercisable options at March 31, 2021. All stock options immediately vest and are exercisable for a period of five to ten years from the date of issuance.

 

    Number of Options Outstanding and Vested   Weighted Average Exercise Price   Remaining Contractual Life (Years)     Aggregated Intrinsic Value  
Outstanding, January 1, 2021     119,917,140   $ 0.0025     3.6        
Issued     90,000,000     0.0000     9.8        
Exercised     (– )              
Forfeited     (313,340 )              
Outstanding and Vested, March 31, 2021     209,603,800   $ 0.0014     6.2   $ 3,402,341  

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had 209,603,800 common stock options outstanding with a weighted average life of 6.2 years at an average exercise price of $0.0014.

 

 F-11

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operating Leases

 

The Company leases office space as its principal executive offices in Pasadena, California for approximately $5,750 on a month-to-month basis. The Company also leases office space in the municipality of Olhos D’Agua, Brazil. Such costs are immaterial to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 8 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

The following tables set forth the components of the Company’s related party payables as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

    March 31, 2021   December 31, 2020
Convertible notes payable to related party   $ 566,743     $ 566,743  
                 

 

Effective June 30, 2018, the Company issued a convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $445,628 to its Chief Executive Officer against a portion of these unpaid compensatory balances. The note bears no interest and is payable on demand. The note is convertible at the option of the holder at the lower of (i) the average of the five lowest bid prices of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 trading days or (ii) the lowest price per share at which the Company sold its common stock in a transaction with a person who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert or the lowest price per share at which a noteholder who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company converted any debt of the Company into shares of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert. The note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $445,628 were recorded and are being amortized over a one-year period consistent with the maturity dates of convertible notes issued to third party holders. As of March 31, 2021, all discounts were fully amortized.

 

On April 7, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the issuance of a convertible note in the principal amount of $261,631 to its Chief Executive Officer against a portion of these unpaid compensatory balances. The note bears interest at an annual rate of 6.0% and is payable on demand. The note is convertible at the option of the holder at the lower of (i) $0.00045 or (ii) the lowest price per share at which a noteholder who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company converted any debt of the Company into common stock of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $261,631 were recorded and are being amortized over a one-year period consistent with the maturity dates of convertible notes issued to third party holders. As of March 31, 2021, there were unamortized debt discounts of $15,431 related to this note.

 

On April 7, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the exchange, initiated by a formal notice of conversion dated February 19, 2019, of $202,240 of convertible note principal due to its Chief Executive Officer for five-year stock options to purchase 224,711,111 shares of Brazil Minerals at an exercise price of $0.00001 and 505,600 shares of common stock of Jupiter Gold at an exercise price of $0.001. Per the terms of the convertible note agreement, the conversion notification permitted the holder, at his election, to receive either an issuance of 224,711,111 shares of Brazil Minerals and 505,600 shares of Jupiter Gold, or an issuance of stock options to purchase the same numbers of shares at a nominal exercise price. The options were valued at $270,255 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on date of grant of $0.0012, expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility ranging from 230.1% to 1,271.2%, risk-free interest rate of 2.50%, and an expected term of 5.00 years. In connection with the exchange, the Company recorded a loss on the extinguishment of debt totaling $68,015.

 

 F-12

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 8 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (CONTINUED)

 

On June 30, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the issuance of a convertible note in the principal amount of $61,724 to its Chief Executive Officer against a portion of these unpaid compensatory balances. The note bears interest at an annual rate of 6.0% and is payable on demand. The note is convertible at the option of the holder at the lower of (i) $0.0003 or (ii) the lowest price per share at which a noteholder who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company converted any debt of the Company into common stock of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $61,724 were recorded and are being amortized over a one-year period consistent with the maturity dates of convertible notes issued to third party holders. As of December 31, 2020, there were unamortized debt discounts of $30,862 related to this note.

 

On March 11, 2020, the Company issued 200,000 shares of its common stock with a fair value of $280, or $0.0014 per share, to its Chief Executive Officer in lieu of cash for loans payable and other accrued obligations.

 

On December 3, 2020, the Company issued 161,636,427 shares of common stock to its Chief Executive Officer in connection with the exercise stock options acquired on February 19, 2019 as described above.

 

Jupiter Gold Corporation

 

On February 12, 2020, the Company sold 900,000 shares of Jupiter Gold common stock that it held as an investment, 180,500 warrants to purchase up to 180,500 shares of Jupiter Gold common stock at $0.60 per share, and 50,000,000 warrants to purchase up to 50,000,000 shares of Brazil Minerals common stock at $0.0015 per share for gross proceeds of $250,000 to an accredited investor.

 

On February 14, 2020, the Company loaned $225,000 to Jupiter Gold in the form of a convertible promissory note. The note bears interest at 6.0% per annum and matures on December 31, 2023. As an inducement to enter into the transaction, the Company received 67,000 warrants to purchase up to 67,000 shares of Jupiter Gold common stock at a price of $0.60 per share. At any time after issuance, the note is convertible at the option of the holder at a rate of one share of Jupiter Gold common stock for each $0.60 of loan principal. The impact of transaction on the Company’s accounts was eliminated in consolidation. On February 15, 2020, the Company converted the promissory note in return for 375,000 shares of Jupiter Gold common stock.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, Jupiter Gold granted options to purchase an aggregate of 105,000 shares of its common stock to Marc Fogassa at prices ranging between $0.01 to $1.00 per share. The options were valued at $124,549 and recorded to stock-based compensation. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: the Company’s stock price on the date of the grant ($0.95 to $1.45), expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility calculated at 97.3%, risk-free interest rate between a range of 0.92% to 1.41%, and an expected term between 5 and 10 years.

 

As of March 31, 2020, Jupiter Gold had 2,400,000 common stock options outstanding with a weighted average life of 2.6 years at an average exercise price of $0.96 and an aggregated intrinsic value of $686,909.

 

Apollo Resource Corporation

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, Apollo Resources granted options to purchase an aggregate of 105,000 shares of its common stock to Marc Fogassa at a price of $0.01 per share. The options were valued at $217,129 and recorded to stock-based compensation. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: the Company’s stock price on the date of the grant ($0.10 to $4.00), expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility calculated at 49.2%, risk-free interest rate between a range of 0.68% to 1.41%, and an expected term between 5 and 10 years.

 

As of March 31, 2020, Jupiter Gold had 105,000 common stock options outstanding with a weighted average life of 9.7 years at an average exercise price of $0.01 and an aggregated intrinsic value of $419,030.

 

 F-13

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 8 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (CONTINUED)

 

Investment in Ares Resources Corporation's Common Stock

 

On October 2, 2017, the Company entered into a share exchange agreement with Ares Resources Corporation. The Company’s chief executive officer also serves as an officer of Ares Resources Corporation, thus making it a related party under common ownership and control. Refer to “Note 2 – Composition of Certain Financial Statement Items” for additional information.

 

On March 11, 2020, the Company issued 53,947,368 shares of common stock to Lancaster Brazil Fund pursuant to an addendum to the share exchange agreement dated September 28, 2018. The Company recorded a loss on exchange of equity with a related party of $76,926 representing the fair value of the additional shares of common stock issued.

 

As of March 31, 2021, no change in the value of the Ares common stock was recorded as the recorded value still approximated fair value.

 

NOTE 9 – RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

 

In light of the SEC's Division of Corporate Finance Disclosure Guidance Topic Number 9, dated March 25, 2020, on the impact of COVID-19, the Company notes the following as of May 20, 2021:

 

  · The Company has not had any reports of COVID-19 among its workforce;

 

  · The Company has been able to continue local operations of the Company in Brazil as they are located in a rural area currently unaffected by any lockdown restrictions implemented elsewhere in Brazil;

 

  · Travel between the U.S. and Brazil has essentially ceased; this is mitigated by the use of live streaming video and other methods as needed;

 

  · Some exploratory research of some of the Company’s projects have been delayed as certain municipalities in Brazil have unilaterally restricted the entry of outside persons; these actions are being legally challenged by branches of the state administration and the Company is monitoring all new developments;

 

  · The Company has postponed any expenses which are not critical to it at the moment.

 

Currency Risk

 

The Company operates primarily in Brazil which exposes it to currency risks. The Company’s business activities may generate intercompany receivables or payables that are in a currency other than the functional currency of the entity. Changes in exchange rates from the time the activity occurs to the time payments are made may result in the Company receiving either more or less in local currency than the local currency equivalent at the time of the original activity.

 

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements are denominated in U.S. dollars. Accordingly, changes in exchange rates between the applicable foreign currency and the U.S. dollar affect the translation of each foreign subsidiary’s financial results into U.S. dollars for purposes of reporting in the consolidated financial statements. The Company’s foreign subsidiaries translate their financial results from the local currency into U.S. dollars in the following manner: (a) income statement accounts are translated at average exchange rates for the period; (b) balance sheet asset and liability accounts are translated at end of period exchange rates; and (c) equity accounts are translated at historical exchange rates. Translation in this manner affects the shareholders’ equity account referred to as the foreign currency translation adjustment account. This account exists only in the foreign subsidiaries’ U.S. dollar balance sheets and is necessary to keep the foreign subsidiaries’ balance sheets in agreement.

 

 F-14

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 10 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In accordance with FASB ASC 855-10 Subsequent Events, the Company has analyzed its operations subsequent to March 31, 2021 to the date these consolidated financial statements were issued, and has determined that it does not have any material subsequent events to disclose in these consolidated financial statements, except for the following:

 

1) On April 9, 2021, GW Holdings Group, LLC converted approximately $270,000 in past-due convertible debt into 36,000,000 shares of our common stock.

 

2) On April 12, 2021, we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission a Form 8-K disclosing the following change in our Bylaws: “The Corporation is prohibited from issuing to a third-party any convertible loan, note, or debt in which the conversion price decreases if the price of the common stock of the Corporation decreases.”

 

3) On March 10, 2021, we had sent to the Heather U. Baines and Lloyd McAdams AB Living Trust dated 8-1-2001 (the “Trust”) the required 60-day notice of redemption (the “Notice of Redemption”) of the Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Note dated January 8, 2014 from Brazil Minerals, Inc. to the order of the Trust (the “Promissory Note”). Based upon the date that the Notice of Redemption was given, we would have been entitled to repurchase the Promissory Note and extinguish it on May 9, 2021. On May 6, 2021, the Trust informed us of its decision to convert the outstanding principal and accrued interest of the Promissory Note into 86,246,479 of our common shares.

 

4) On May 6, 2021, we informed GW Holdings Group LLC (“GW”) of its intention to pay off the entire principal and accrued interest on a convertible note in the original principal amount of $270,000 (the “Convertible Note”). On May 7, 2021, we paid $276,391 to GW by wire transfer to complete the payoff.

 

After the transactions stated above in items 1, 3, and 4, we have no outstanding investor debt on our books.

 

 F-15

Item 2.  MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes to those financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Report.

 

This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements for Brazil Minerals, Inc. reflect current expectations, as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and involve certain risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward- looking statements as a result of various factors. Factors that could cause future results to materially differ from the recent results or those projected in forward-looking statements include: unprofitable efforts resulting not only from the failure to discover mineral deposits but also from finding mineral deposits that, though present, are insufficient in quantity and quality to return a profit from production; market fluctuations; government regulations, including regulations relating to royalties, allowable production, importing and exporting of minerals, and environmental protection; competition; the loss of services of key personnel; unusual or infrequent weather phenomena, sabotage, government or other interference in the maintenance or provision of infrastructure as well as general economic conditions.

  

Description of Business

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc. with its subsidiaries ("Brazil Minerals", the "Company", "we", "us", or "our") has two components to its business model: (1) growing a portfolio of mineral rights in a wide spectrum of strategic and sought-after minerals, from which equity holdings and/or royalty interests may develop, and (2) mining certain specific areas for gold, diamonds, and sand.

 

We currently own mineral rights in Brazil for lithium, rare earths, titanium, cobalt, iron, manganese, nickel, gold, diamonds, precious gems, and industrial sand. Our first equity holdings from our exploration project generation strategy is Jupiter Gold Corporation ("Jupiter Gold", OTC: JUPGF).

 

Results of Operations

 

The Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to the Three Months ended March 31, 2020

 

Revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $4,459, compared to revenue of $2,630 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing an increase of 69.5%. We anticipate that revenues will begin to increase with the licensing of new high-quality areas for production in future periods.

 

Cost of goods sold for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $22,989, as compared to cost of goods sold of $29,233 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing a decrease of 21.4%. Cost of goods sold is primarily comprised of labor, fuel, and repairs and maintenance on our mining equipment. The decrease is explained by reduced production activities and mining costs partially attributable to the Company’s exploratory efforts and the risks and uncertainties surrounding COVID-19.

 

Gross loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $18,530, compared to gross loss of $26,603 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing an improvement of 30.4%.

 

Operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $1,112,296, compared to operating expenses of $285,742 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing an increase of 289.3%. The increase was mostly due to general and administrative expenses related to public company costs and increased financing efforts and stock-based compensation from issuances of stock options to officers and directors.

 

Other expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $64,542, compared to other expenses of $279,931 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing a decrease of 76.9%. The Company did not record any amortization of debt discounts and realized a decrease in interest expense on promissory notes due to reduced debt levels during the period ended March 31, 2021. Additionally, the Company recorded a $76,178 loss due to a fair market value adjustment provision included in a share exchange agreement with a related party during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

As a result, we incurred a net loss attributable to our stockholders of $716,022, or $0.00 per share, for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to a net loss attributable to our stockholders of $522,618, or $0.00 per share, during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of March 31, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $262,242 and a working capital deficit of $2,294,870.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $488,711 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to net cash used of $190,647 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing an increase in cash provided of $679,358 or 356.3%. Net cash used in investing activities totaled $939,927 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to net cash used of $14,304 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing an increase in cash used of $925,623 or 6,854.2%. Net cash provided by financing activities totaled $466,249 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $258,291 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing an increase in cash provided of $207,958 or 80.5%.

 

We have limited working capital, have historically incurred net operating losses, and have not yet received material revenues from the sale of products or services. These factors create substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

   

Our primary sources of liquidity have been derived through proceeds from the (i) issuance of debt and (ii) sales of our equity and the equity of one of our subsidiaries. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our capability to generate cash flows from operations and successfully raise new capital through debt issuances and sales of our equity. We believe that we will be successful in the execution of our initiatives, but there can be no assurance. We have no plans for any significant cash acquisitions in the foreseeable future.

 

Currency Risk

 

We operate primarily in Brazil which exposes us to currency risks. Our business activities may generate intercompany receivables or payables that are in a currency other than the functional currency of the entity. Changes in exchange rates from the time the activity occurs to the time payments are made may result in it receiving either more or less in local currency than the local currency equivalent at the time of the original activity.

 

Our condensed consolidated financial statements are denominated in U.S. dollars. Accordingly, changes in exchange rates between the applicable foreign currency and the U.S. dollar affect the translation of each foreign subsidiary’s financial results into U.S. dollars for purposes of reporting in the consolidated financial statements. Our foreign subsidiaries translate their financial results from the local currency into U.S. dollars in the following manner: (a) income statement accounts are translated at average exchange rates for the period; (b) balance sheet asset and liability accounts are translated at end of period exchange rates; and (c) equity accounts are translated at historical exchange rates. Translation in this manner affects the shareholders’ equity account referred to as the foreign currency translation adjustment account. This account exists only in the foreign subsidiaries’ U.S. dollar balance sheets and is necessary to keep the foreign subsidiaries’ balance sheets in agreement.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, loans to a related party, accrued expenses, and an amount due to a director. The carrying amount of these financial instruments approximates fair value due either to length of maturity or interest rates that approximate prevailing market rates unless otherwise disclosed in our financial statements. If our estimate of the fair value is incorrect at September 30, 2020, it could negatively affect our financial position and liquidity and could result in our having understated our net loss.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.  Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 of the financial statements. We have reviewed all recent accounting pronouncements issued to the date of the issuance of these financial statements, and we do not believe any of these pronouncements will have a material impact on us.

 

Item 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Pursuant to Item 305(e) of Regulation S-K (§ 229.305(e)), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item as it is a "smaller reporting company," as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1).

 

Item 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the design, operation, and effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act as of March 31, 2021. On the basis of that evaluation, management concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission"), and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure were effective.

 

(b) Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Our internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to management and to our Board of Directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on his evaluation under the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013), he concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of March 31, 2021.

   

(c) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred in the second quarter of 2020 that materially affected, or would be reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

(d)  Limitations of the Effectiveness of Internal Controls

 

The effectiveness of the Company's system of disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting is subject to certain limitations, including the exercise of judgment in designing, implementing and evaluating the control system, the assumptions used in identifying the likelihood of future events, and the inability to eliminate fraud and misconduct completely. As a result, there can be no assurance that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting will detect all errors or fraud. However, the Company's control systems have been designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives, and the Company's Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are effective at the reasonable assurance level.

 

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PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

None material.

 

Item 1A.   RISK FACTORS

 

There have been no material changes in the risk factors applicable to us from those identified in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2021.

 

Item 2.   UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we received an aggregate of $191,500 in gross proceeds from the sale of our common stock to six persons.

 

All of the above securities were issued in accordance with an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act") under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act by virtue of being offered without employing any means of general solicitation and issued to purchasers which represented to us that they are accredited investors and that they were acquiring the securities for investment and could bear the economic risk of the investment.

 

Item 3.   DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None

 

Item 4.   MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None

 

Item 5.   OTHER INFORMATION

 

None

 

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Item 6.   EXHIBITS

 

 

(a) Exhibits

 

Exhibit

Number 

   Description
     
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned there unto duly authorized.

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

  

  BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.
     
  By:  /s/ Marc Fogassa
    Marc Fogassa
Date: May 24, 2021   Chief Executive Officer

 

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