Report of Foreign Issuer (6-k)

Date : 08/01/2018 @ 10:09AM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Ternium S.A. Ternium S.A. American Depositary Shares (Each Representing Ten Shares, USD1.00 Par Value) (TX)
Quote : 27.8  0.0 (0.00%) @ 12:00PM

Report of Foreign Issuer (6-k)

FORM 6 - K



SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


Report of Foreign Private Issuer
Pursuant to Rule 13a - 16 or 15d - 16 of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934


As of 7/31/2018



Ternium S.A.
(Translation of Registrant's name into English)


Ternium S.A.
29 Avenue de la Porte-Neuve – 3rd floor
L-2227 Luxembourg
(352) 2668-3152
(Address of principal executive offices)


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or 40-F.

Form 20-F a Form 40-F __

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant by furnishing the information contained in this Form is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12G3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Yes __ No a


If “Yes” is marked, indicate below the file number assigned to the registrant in connection with Rule 12g3-2(b):
Not applicable



The attached material is being furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Rule 13a-16 and Form 6-K under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

This report contains Ternium S.A.’s press release announcing second quarter 2018 results.


SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.


TERNIUM S.A.


By: /s/ Pablo Brizzio                 By: /s/ Máximo Vedoya         
Name: Pablo Brizzio                Name: Máximo Vedoya
Title: Chief Financial Officer            Title: Chief Executive Officer


Dated: July 31, 2018




TERNIUMLOGOA01.GIF
 
PRESSRELEASEA01.GIF

Sebastián Martí
Ternium - Investor Relations
+1 (866) 890 0443
+54 (11) 4018 8389
www.ternium.com


Ternium Announces Second Quarter and First Half 2018 Results

Luxembourg, July 31, 2018 – Ternium S.A. (NYSE: TX) today announced its results for the second quarter period that ended June 30, 2018 .

The financial and operational information contained in this press release is based on Ternium S.A.’s operational data and consolidated condensed interim financial statements prepared in accordance with IAS 34 “Interim financial reporting” (IFRS) and presented in US dollars (USD) and metric tons.

Summary of Second Quarter 2018 Results

 
2Q 2018
 
1Q 2018
 
2Q 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Steel Shipments (tons)
3,322,000

 
3,523,000

-6
 %
 
2,641,000

26
%
Iron Ore Shipments (tons)
916,000

 
929,000

-1
 %
 
875,000

5
%
Net Sales (USD million)
3,134.0

 
2,961.3

6
 %
 
2,322.7

35
%
Operating Income (USD million)
650.3

 
523.1

24
 %
 
392.8

66
%
EBITDA 1  (USD million)
787.6

 
665.1

18
 %
 
497.9

58
%
EBITDA Margin (% of net sales)
25.1
%
 
22.5
%


 
21.4
%


EBITDA per Ton 2  (USD)
237.1

 
188.8



 
188.5



Income Tax Expense (USD million)
(175.7)

 
(41.2)



 
(59.1)



Net Income (USD million)
337.8

 
422.1



 
281.8



Equity Holders' Net Income (USD million)
326.6

 
366.7



 
249.7



Earnings per ADS 3  (USD)
1.66

 
1.87



 
1.27




EBITDA of USD 787.6 million, 18% higher sequentially, with higher EBITDA margin and lower shipments.
Earnings per ADS of USD 1.66 , a sequential decrease of USD 0.20 p er ADS.
Capital expenditures of USD 135.5 million, up from USD 102.4 million in the first quarter 2018 .
Free cash flow of USD414.6 million after USD89.7 million in the first quarter 2018.
Dividends paid to shareholders and non-controlling interest of USD244.9 million.
Net debt position of USD 2.4 billion at the end of June 2018, down from USD 2.6 billion at the end of March 2018 and equivalent to 1.0 time net debt to EBITDA.

Ternium’s operating income in the second quarter 2018 was USD 650.3 million, a USD 127.3 million increase compared to operating income in the first quarter 2018 due mainly to a USD94 increase in steel revenue per ton, partially offset by a USD54 increase in the steel segment’s operating cost per ton 4 and lower steel shipments. The decrease in shipments mainly reflected lower shipments of slabs to third parties, as a consequence of a higher level of slab integration among Ternium subsidiaries, and slightly weaker demand in Mexico and Argentina. Revenue per ton increased mainly as a result of higher realized prices in Mexico

1




and Other Markets, and a lower participation of slabs in the sales mix. Cost per ton increased mainly reflecting higher purchased slab costs.

Compared to the second quarter 2017 , the company’s operating income in the second quarter 2018 increased USD 257.5 million, due mainly to a 681,000-ton increase in shipments and a USD 56 increase in steel revenue per ton, partially offset by a USD28 increase in the steel segment’s operating cost per ton. The increase in shipments mainly reflected the consolidation of Ternium Brasil's sales in 2018, as demand for steel products remained relatively stable. Revenue per ton increased mainly as a result of higher realized prices in Ternium's main steel markets, partially offset by a higher participation of slabs in the sales mix. Cost per ton increased mainly reflecting higher raw material and purchased slab costs, partially offset by the consolidation of Ternium Brasil's slabs sales in 2018.

The company’s net income in the second quarter 2018 was USD 337.8 million, compared to USD 422.1 million in the first quarter 2018 . The USD 84.3 million decrease in net income was mainly due to higher net financial expenses and a higher effective tax rate, mostly as a result of the effect of foreign exchange rates fluctuations, partially offset by higher operating income. Changes in the value of the Mexican peso versus the US dollar produced significant sequential fluctuations in the effective tax rate, due to changes on deferred taxes, as well as in foreign exchange results in Ternium’s Mexican subsidiaries. In addition, a significant depreciation of the Argentine peso in the second quarter 2018 resulted in non-cash net foreign exchange losses and net financial instrument losses in Ternium Argentina.

Relative to the prior-year-period, net income in the second quarter 2018 increased USD 56.0 million, mainly due to higher operating income, partially offset by higher net financial expenses and a higher effective tax rate, mostly as a result of the effect of foreign exchange rate fluctuations.


Summary of First Half 2018 Results

 
1H 2018
 
1H 2017
 
 
 
 
 
Steel Shipments (tons)
6,844,000

 
5,116,000

34
%
Iron Ore Shipments (tons)
1,845,000

 
1,738,000

6
%
Net Sales (USD million)
6,095.3

 
4,397.8

39
%
Operating Income (USD million)
1,173.4

 
757.0

55
%
EBITDA (USD million)
1,452.7

 
962.6

51
%
EBITDA Margin (% of net sales)
23.8
%
 
21.9
%


EBITDA per Ton (USD)
212.2

 
188.2



Net Income (USD million)
759.9

 
592.2



Equity Holders' Net Income (USD million)
693.3

 
511.0



Earnings per ADS (USD)
3.53

 
2.60




EBITDA 5 of USD 1.5 billion, a 51% year-over-year increase mainly as a result of higher EBITDA per ton and higher shipments.
Earnings per ADS of USD 3.53 , a year-over-year increase of USD 0.93 per ADS.
Capital expenditures of USD 237.9 million, up from USD 182.5 million in the first half 2017 .

Operating income in the first half 2018 was USD 1.2 billion, a USD 416.4 million increase compared to operating income in the first half 2017 mainly due to a 1.7 million-ton increase in steel shipments and a USD 23 higher steel revenue per ton, partially offset by USD14 higher steel operating cost per ton. In the

2




first half 2018, steel demand and prices were higher year-over-year in all of Ternium's main markets. In addition, the consolidation of Ternium Brasil's slab sales in 2018 contributed to a 1.5 million-ton year-over-year increase in Other Markets' shipments, and partially offset the increase in realized prices. Cost per ton increased mainly reflecting higher raw material and purchased slab costs, partially offset by the consolidation of Ternium Brasil's slab sales in 2018.

Net income in the first half 2018 was USD 759.9 million, compared to net income of USD 592.2 million in the first half 2017 . The USD 167.7 million increase in the year-over-year comparison was mainly due to higher operating income, partially offset by higher net financial expenses mostly as a result of the effect of foreign exchange rate fluctuations, as explained above.


Application of IAS 29 in financial reporting of Argentine subsidiaries and associates

IAS 29 requires that the financial statements of entities whose functional currency is that of a hyperinflationary economy be adjusted for the effects of changes in a suitable general price index and be expressed in terms of the current unit of measurement at the closing date of the reporting period. Ternium considers that there is sufficient evidence to conclude that Argentina is a hyperinflationary economy under the terms of IAS 29 as from July 1, 2018, and, accordingly, it will apply IAS 29 as from that date in the financial reporting of its subsidiaries and associates located in Argentina.


Outlook

Following an exceptional performance during the first half of 2018, Ternium expects to continue showing strong EBITDA levels in the third quarter of the year, with healthy margins, despite lower shipments in Mexico and Argentina. The company anticipates sequentially lower volumes in Mexico as a result of continued weakness in the construction market, together with a slight seasonal decrease in the automotive, home appliances and HVAC industries. In Argentina, shipments are expected to decrease in the third quarter as a result of softening steel demand triggered by a significant depreciation of the Argentine peso beginning in May 2018 that led to a strong increase in interest rates in the country.

The introduction in the US of trade measures against imports of steel under section 232 produced a high level of trade friction in world steel markets, disrupting trade flows and causing an unusually wide gap between prices in the US and those in the rest of the world. There is significant uncertainty over the sustainability of current steel price levels in the US market, as trade conditions could continue changing over the following quarters and the current steel price gap could narrow if trade flows regain strength.


Analysis of Second Quarter 2018 Results

Net gain attributable to Ternium’s equity owners in the second quarter 2018 was USD 326.6 million, compared to net gain attributable to Ternium’s equity owners of USD 249.7 million in the second quarter 2017 . Including non-controlling interest, net gain for the second quarter 2018 was USD 337.8 million, compared to net gain of USD 281.8 million in the second quarter 2017 . Earnings per ADS in the second quarter 2018 were USD 1.66 , compared to earnings per ADS of USD 1.27 in the second quarter 2017 .
Net sales in the second quarter 2018 were USD 3.1 billion, or 35% higher than net sales in the second quarter 2017 . The following table outlines Ternium’s consolidated net sales for the second quarter 2018 and the second quarter 2017 :

3










 
Net Sales (million USD)
 
 
 
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
Dif.
 
Mexico
 
1,657.4
1,424.2
16
%
 
Southern Region
 
589.3
563.5
5
%
 
Other Markets
 
778.8
270.9
188
%
 
Total steel products net sales
 
3,025.4
2,258.6
34
%
 
Other products 1  
 
108.0
64.1
68
%
 
Steel segment net sales
 
3,133.4
2,322.7
35
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mining segment net sales
 
73.7
55.6
33
%
 
Intersegment eliminations
 
(73.1)
(55.6)
 
 
Net sales
 
3,134.0
2,322.7
35
%
 
1 The item "Other products" primarily includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Cost of sales was USD 2.2 billion in the second quarter 2018 , an increase of USD 504.8 million compared to the second quarter 2017 . This was principally due to a USD397.7 million, or 30%, increase in raw material and consumables used, mainly reflecting a 26% increase in steel shipment volumes and higher purchased slabs, scrap and zinc costs; and to a USD107.1 million increase in other costs, mainly including a USD44.6 million increase in maintenance expenses, a USD27.3 million increase in labor costs, a USD24.9 million increase in services and fees and a USD15.4 million increase in depreciation of property, plant and equipment. The consolidation of Ternium Brasil in the second quarter 2018 affected all of the above-mentioned components of the cost of sales, as well as the selling, general and administrative expenses.

Selling, General & Administrative (SG&A) expenses in the second quarter 2018 were USD 245.0 million, or 7.8% of net sales, an increase of USD 56.0 million compared to SG&A expenses in the second quarter 2017 , mainly due to the consolidation of Ternium Brasil and related transactions in 2018 (which started in September 2017).

Operating income in the second quarter 2018 was USD 650.3 million, or 20.8% of net sales, compared to operating income of USD 392.8 million, or 16.9% of net sales in the second quarter 2017 . The following table outlines Ternium’s operating income by segment for the second quarter 2018 and second quarter 2017 :









 
Steel segment
 
Mining segment
Intersegment
eliminations
 
Total
USD million
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
Net Sales
 
3,133.4

2,322.7
 
73.7

55.6
 
(73.1)

(55.6)

 
3,134.0
2,322.7
Cost of sales
 
(2,254.6)

(1,725.3)
 
(55.3)

(53.7)
 
76.8

50.8

 
(2,233.0)
(1,728.2)
SG&A expenses
 
(241.5)

(186.1)
 
(3.5)

(2.9)
 


 
(245.0)
(189.0)
Other operating (expense) income, net
 
(6.0
)
(12.7)
 
0.4

0.1
 


 
(5.6)
(12.6)
Operating income
 
631.3

398.5
 
15.3

(0.9)
 
3.7

(4.7)

 
650.3
392.8
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EBITDA
 
754.8

491.7
 
29.1

10.9
 
3.7

(4.7)

 
787.6
497.9



4




Steel reporting segment

The steel segment’s operating income was USD 631.3 million in the second quarter 2018 , an increase of USD 232.8 million compared to the second quarter 2017 , reflecting higher net sales, partially offset by higher operating costs.

Net sales of steel products in the second quarter 2018 increased 34% compared to the second quarter 2017 , reflecting a 681,000-ton increase in shipments and higher revenue per ton. Shipments increased 26% year-over-year due to higher volumes in all of Ternium’s steel markets, especially in Other Markets due to the consolidation of Ternium Brasil. Revenue per ton increased 6% , mainly as a result of higher realized steel prices in all of Ternium's main steel markets, partially offset by a higher participation of slabs in the sales mix (which is included in Other Markets).

 
 
Net Sales
(million USD)
 
Shipments
(thousand tons)
 
Revenue/ton
(USD/ton)
 
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
Dif.
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
Dif.
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
Dif.
Mexico
 
1,657.4

1,424.2

16
%
 
1,721.7

1,720.4

0
%
 
963

828

16
 %
Southern Region
 
589.3

563.5

5
%
 
604.2

599.4

1
%
 
975

940

4
 %
Other Markets
 
778.8

270.9

188
%
 
995.8

321.0

210
%
 
782

844

-7
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total steel products
 
3,025.4

2,258.6

34
%
 
3,321.6

2,640.8

26
%
 
911

855

6
 %
 Other products 1  
 
108.0

64.1

68
%
 





 






 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Steel segment
 
3,133.4

2,322.7

35
%
 






 






1  The item "Other products" primarily includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Operating cost increased 31% in the second quarter 2018 , due to the above mentioned 26% increase in shipments and a 4% increase in cost per ton. The increase in cost per ton year-over-year was mainly the result of higher raw material and purchased slab costs.


Mining reporting segment

The mining segment’s operating income was a gain of USD 15.3 million in the second quarter 2018 , compared to a loss of USD 0.9 million in the second quarter 2017 , mainly reflecting higher iron ore sales .

Mining products net sales in the second quarter 2018 increased USD 18.2 million, mainly as a result of a 27% increase in revenue per ton and higher shipments. Revenue per ton was USD 81 , USD 17 higher than in the second quarter 2017 . Shipments were 916,000 tons, 5% higher than in the second quarter 2017 .

 
 
Mining segment
 
 
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
Dif.
 
Net Sales (million USD)
 
73.7
55.6
33
%
 
Shipments (thousand tons)
 
915.6
874.5
5
%
 
Revenue per ton (USD/ton)
 
81
64
27
%
 

Operating cost increased 4% year-over-year, mainly due to the above-mentioned 5% increase in shipment volumes, partially offset by a reduction of 1% in operating cost per ton.


5




EBITDA in the second quarter 2018 was USD 787.6 million, or 25.1% of net sales, compared to USD 497.9 million, or 21.4% of net sales, in the second quarter 2017 .

Net financial results were a USD 149.2 million loss in the second quarter 2018 , compared to a USD 67.1 million loss in the second quarter 2017 . During the second quarter 2018 , Ternium’s net financial interest results totaled a loss of USD27.8 million, compared to a loss of USD19.6 million in the second quarter 2017 , mainly reflecting higher net indebtedness.

Net foreign exchange results were a loss of USD68.5 million in the second quarter 2018 compared to a loss of USD37.5 million in the second quarter 2017 . The net loss in the second quarter 2018 was mainly due to the negative non-cash impact of the Argentine peso’s 30% depreciation against the U.S. dollar on Ternium Argentina’s US dollar financial position (which uses the Argentine peso as its functional currency), partially offset by a positive impact of the Mexican peso’s 8% depreciation against the U.S. dollar on a net short local currency position in Ternium’s Mexican subsidiaries.

Change in fair value of financial instruments included in net financial results was a USD59.4 million loss in the second quarter 2018 compared to a USD9.8 million loss in the second quarter 2017 . The losses in these periods were mainly related to certain derivative instruments entered into to compensate for the interest rate charges derived from Ternium’s Argentine subsidiary's local currency denominated financial debt.

Equity in results of non-consolidated companies was a gain of USD 12.4 million in the second quarter 2018 , compared to a gain of USD 15.2 million in the second quarter 2017 .

Income tax expense in the second quarter 2018 was USD 175.7 million, or 34% of income before income tax expense, compared to an income tax expense of USD 59.1 million in the second quarter 2017 , or 17% of income before income tax expense. The effective tax rate in the second quarter 2018 included a non-cash charge on deferred taxes due to the 8% depreciation of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, which reduces, in U.S. dollar terms, the tax base used to calculate deferred tax at our Mexican subsidiaries (which have the U.S dollar as their functional currency). The unusually low effective tax rate in the second quarter 2017 was mainly the result of the non-cash gain on deferred taxes due to the 5% appreciation of the Mexican peso against the US dollar.

Net gain attributable to non-controlling interest in the second quarter 2018 was USD 11.2 million, compared to net gain of USD 32.1 million in the same period in 2017 .


Analysis of First Half 2018 Results

Net income attributable to Ternium’s equity owners in the first half 2018 was USD 693.3 million, compared to USD 511.0 million in the first half 2017 . Including non-controlling interest, net income for the first half 2018 was USD 759.9 million, compared to net income of USD 592.2 million in the first half 2017 . Earnings per ADS in the first half 2018 were USD 3.53 , compared to earnings of USD 2.60 in in the first half 2017 .
Net sales in the first half 2018 were USD 6.1 billion, 39% higher than net sales in the first half 2017 . The following table outlines Ternium’s consolidated net sales for the first half 2018 and the first half 2017 :


6




 
 
 Net Sales (million USD)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 Dif.
 
 
 
 
 
Mexico
 
3,172.8

2,724.0

16
%
 
 
 
 
 
Southern Region
 
1,226.3

1,074.9

14
%
 
 
 
 
 
Other Markets
 
1,504.0

494.7

204
%
 
 
 
 
 
Total steel products net sales
 
5,903.1

4,293.6

37
%
 
 
 
 
 
Other products 1  
 
191.4

104.2

84
%
 
 
 
 
 
Steel segment net sales
 
6,094.5

4,397.8

39
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mining segment net sales
 
143.5

118.2

21
%
 
 
 
 
 
Intersegment eliminations
 
(142.7
)
(118.2
)

 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
6,095.3

4,397.8

39
%
 
 
 
 
 
1 The item “Other products” primarily includes includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Cost of sales was USD 4.4 billion in the first half 2018 , an increase of USD 1.2 billion compared to the first half 2017 . This was principally due to a USD955.1 million, or 38%, increase in raw material and consumables used, mainly reflecting a 34% increase in steel shipments volume and higher purchased slab, scrap and zinc costs; and to a USD221.8 million increase in other costs, mainly including a USD79.3 million increase in labor cost, a USD75.5 million increase in maintenance expenses, a USD41.0 million increase in services and fees and a USD35.2 million increase in depreciation of property, plant and equipment.

Selling, General & Administrative (SG&A) expenses in the first half 2018 were USD 485.5 million, or 8.0% of net sales, an increase of USD 124.2 million compared to SG&A expenses in the first half 2017 mainly due to the consolidation of Ternium Brasil and related transactions in 2018 (which started in September 2017) and to higher freight and transport expenses, partially offset by lower services and fees expenses.

Other net operating income in the first half 2018 was a USD 0.2 million gain, compared to a USD 19.8 million loss in the first half 2017 mainly related to a donation for the construction of the Roberto Rocca technical school in Pesquería, Nuevo León, Mexico in the second quarter 2017.

Operating income in the first half 2018 was USD 1.2 billion, or 19.3% of net sales, compared to operating income of USD 757.0 million, or 17.2% of net sales, in the first half 2017 . The following table outlines Ternium’s operating income by segment for the first half 2018 and the first half 2017 :

 
 
Steel segment
 
Mining segment
Intersegment
eliminations
 
Total
USD million
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
Net Sales
 
6,094.5

4,397.8

 
143.5

118.2

 
(142.7)

(118.2)

 
6,095.3

4,397.8

Cost of sales
 
(4,477.8)

(3,274.5)

 
(107.7)

(102.3)

 
149.0

117.2

 
(4,436.5)

(3,259.6)

SG&A expenses
 
(476.8)

(356.1)

 
(8.7)

(5.2)

 


 
(485.5)

(361.3)

Other operating (expense) income, net
 
(0.4
)
(20.1)

 
0.6

0.3

 


 
0.2

(19.8)

Operating income (expense)
 
1,139.5

747.0

 
27.7

10.9

 
6.3

(0.9)

 
1,173.4

757.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EBITDA
 
1,391.5

929.4

 
55.0

34.2

 
6.3

(0.9)

 
1,452.7

962.6




7




Steel reporting segment

The steel segment’s operating income was USD 1.1 billion in the first half 2018 , an increase of USD 392.5 million compared to the operating income in the first half 2017 , reflecting higher net sales, partially offset by higher operating cost.

Net sales of steel products in the first half 2018 increased 37% compared to the first half 2017 , reflecting a 1.7 million-ton increase in shipments and a USD 23 increase in steel revenue per ton. Shipments increased 34% year-over-year due to higher shipments in all the markets, especially in Other Markets mainly due to the consolidation of Ternium Brasil in 2018 (which started in September 2017). Revenue per ton increased 3% , reflecting higher steel prices in Ternium Mexico and in the Southern Region, partially offset by lower revenue per ton in Other Markets in the first half 2018 .
 
 
Net Sales
(million USD)
 
Shipments
(thousand tons)
 
Revenue/ton
(USD/ton)
 
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 Dif.
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 Dif.
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 Dif.
Mexico
 
3,172.8

2,724.0

16
%
 
3,496.2

3,383.4

3
%
 
907

805

13
 %
Southern Region
 
1,226.3

1,074.9

14
%
 
1,249.5

1,144.5

9
%
 
981

939

4
 %
Other Markets
 
1,504.0

494.7

204
%
 
2,098.7

587.7

257
%
 
717

842

-15
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Total steel products
 
5,903.1

4,293.6

37
%
 
6,844.5

5,115.6

34
%
 
862

839

3
 %
Other products1
 
191.4

104.2

84
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Steel segment
 
6,094.5

4,397.8

39
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1  The item “Other products” primarily includes includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Operating cost increased 36% due to the above-mentioned 34% increase in shipment volumes and a 2% increase in operating cost per ton. The increase in operating cost per ton was mainly due to higher raw material and purchased slabs cost.


Mining reporting segment

The mining segment’s operating income was a gain of USD 27.7 million in the first half 2018 , compared to a gain of USD 10.9 million in the first half 2017 , reflecting higher iron ore sales.

Net sales of mining products in the first half 2018 were 21% higher than those in the first half 2017 , reflecting 14% higher revenue per ton and 6% higher shipments.
 
 
 Mining segment
 
 
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 Dif.
 
Net Sales (million USD)
 
143.5

118.2

21
%
 
Shipments (thousand tons)
 
1,844.9

1,737.9

6
%
 
Revenue per ton (USD/ton)
 
78

68

14
%
 

Operating cost increased 8% year-over-year mainly due to the above mentioned 6% increase in shipment volumes and a relatively stable operating cost per ton.

EBITDA in the first half 2018 was USD 1.5 billion, or 23.8% of net sales, compared with USD 962.6 million, or 21.9% of net sales, in the first half 2017 .

Net financial results were USD 228.9 million loss in the first half 2018 , compared to USD 107.0 million loss in the first half 2017 . During the first half 2018 , Ternium’s net financial interest results totaled a loss of

8




USD 56.5 million, compared with a loss of USD 36.4 million in the first half 2017 , reflecting higher average indebtedness.

Net foreign exchange results included a USD31.7 million negative year-over-year difference mainly related to the effect of the fluctuations of the Argentine and Mexican peso against the US dollar. In the first half 2018 , the Argentine peso depreciated 35% against the US dollar compared to 4% in the first half 2017 , resulting in a non-cash negative impact in Ternium Argentina’s US dollar financial position (which uses the Argentine peso as its functional currency). This was partially offset by a positive impact of the Mexican peso’s 1% depreciation against the US dollar on a net short local currency position in Ternium’s Mexican subsidiaries compared to a 15% appreciation in the first half 2017 .

Change in fair value of financial instruments included in net financial results was a USD73.6 million loss in the first half 2018 compared to a USD9.5 million gain in the first half 2017 . The loss in the first half 2018 was mainly related to certain derivative instruments entered into to compensate for the interest rate charges derived from Ternium’s Argentine subsidiary's local currency denominated financial debt.

Equity in results of non-consolidated companies was a gain of USD 32.3 million in the first half 2018 , compared to a gain of USD 36.6 million in the first half 2017 .

Income tax expense in the first half 2018 was USD 217.0 million, or 22% of income before income tax, compared to an income tax expense of USD 94.4 million, or 14% of income before income tax in the first half 2017 . The difference is mainly due to the non-cash impact on deferred taxes due to the fluctuation of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar (1% depreciation in the first half 2018 compared to a 15% appreciation in the first half 2017 ).

Net gain attributable to non-controlling interest in the first half 2018 was USD 66.6 million, compared to a net gain of USD 81.1 million in the first half 2017 .


Cash Flow and Liquidity

Net cash provided by operating activities in the first half 2018 was USD 742.2 million. Working capital increased by USD 350.8 million in the first half 2018 as a result of an aggregate USD263.2 million net increase in trade and other receivables and a USD225.8 million increase in inventories, partially offset by an aggregate USD138.2 million net increase in accounts payable and other liabilities. The net increase in trade and other receivables in the first half 2018 mainly reflected higher steel prices and volumes. The inventory value increase in the first half 2018 was mainly due to net USD143.0 million higher costs of slabs, goods in process and finished goods principally as a result of the pass-through of higher purchased slab, scrap, coal and iron ore prices; and USD157.7 million higher volume and price of raw materials, supplies and other; partially offset by USD74.8 million lower steel volume.

Capital expenditures in the first half 2018 were USD 237.9 million, USD 55.4 million higher than in the first half 2017 mainly due to the consolidation of Ternium Brasil. The main investments carried out during the first half 2018 included those made for new hot-rolling, hot-dipped galvanizing and pre-painting production capacity in the company’s Pesquería industrial center, improvement of environmental and safety conditions at certain facilities, the upgrade and expansion of two hot strip mills, the expansion of connectivity and equipment automation, and those made in Peña Colorada’s iron ore operations.

In the first half 2018 , Ternium's free cash flow 6 was USD 504.3 million. Net repayment of borrowings in the first half 2018 reached USD 359.3 million. Net dividends paid to shareholders were USD 215.9 million and net dividends paid by subsidiaries to non-controlling interest were USD 29.0 million. As of June 30, 2018 , Ternium’s net debt position 7 was USD 2.4 billion.


9




Net cash provided by operating activities in the second quarter 2018 was USD 550.1 million. Working capital increased by USD 84.7 million in the second quarter 2018 as a result of a USD67.6 million increase in inventories and an aggregate USD35.1 million net decrease in accounts payable and other liabilities, partially offset by an aggregate USD18.0 million net decrease in trade and other receivables. The inventory value increase in the second quarter 2018 was mainly due to a net USD43.5 million higher costs of slabs, goods in process and finished goods principally as a result of the pass-through of higher purchased slab, scrap, coal and iron ore prices, partially offset by a lower participation of purchased steel in the inventory mix; and USD53.7 million higher volume and price of raw materials and supplies; partially offset by net USD29.4 million lower steel volume. In the second quarter 2018 , Ternium's free cash flow 8 was USD 414.6 million.


Conference Call and Webcast

Ternium will host a conference call on August 1, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. ET in which management will discuss second quarter 2018 results. A webcast link will be available in the Investor Center section of the company’s website at www.ternium.com .

Forward Looking Statements

Some of the statements contained in this press release are “forward-looking statements”. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current views and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks that could cause actual results, performance or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by those statements. These risks include but are not limited to risks arising from uncertainties as to gross domestic product, related market demand, global production capacity, tariffs, cyclicality in the industries that purchase steel products and other factors beyond Ternium’s control.

About Ternium

Ternium is Latin America’s leading flat steel producer, with operating facilities in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, the southern United States and Central America. The company offers a broad range of high value-added steel products for customers active in the automotive, home appliances, construction, capital goods, container, food and energy industries through its manufacturing and service center network and advanced customer integration systems. More information about Ternium is available at www.ternium.com.

Notes

1  
EBITDA in the second quarter 2018 equals operating income of USD 650.3 million adjusted to exclude depreciation and amortization of USD 137.3 million.
2  
Consolidated EBITDA divided by steel shipments.
3  
American Depositary Share (ADS). Each represents 10 shares of Ternium’s common stock. Results are based on a weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding (net of treasury shares) of 1,963,076,776 .
4  
Operating cost per ton is equal to cost of sales plus SG&A, divided by shipments.
5  
EBITDA in the first half 2018 equals operating income of USD 1,173.4 million adjusted to exclude depreciation and amortization of USD 279.3 million.
6  
Free cash flow in the first half 2018 equals net cash provided by operating activities of USD 742.2 million less capital expenditures of USD 237.9 million.
7  
Net debt position at June 30, 2018 equals borrowings of USD2.8 billion less cash and equivalents plus other investments of USD0.4 billion.
8  
Free cash flow in the second quarter 2018 equals net cash provided by operating activities of USD 550.1 million less capital expenditures of USD 135.5 million.

10





Consolidated Income Statement

USD million
 
2Q 2018
 
2Q 2017
 
1H 2018
 
1H 2017
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
Net sales
 
3,134.0

 
2,322.7

 
6,095.3

 
4,397.8

Cost of sales
 
(2,233.0
)
 
(1,728.2
)
 
(4,436.5
)
 
(3,259.6
)
Gross profit
 
900.9

 
594.5

 
1,658.8

 
1,138.1

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
(245.0
)
 
(189.0
)
 
(485.5
)
 
(361.3
)
Other operating (expenses) income, net
 
(5.6
)
 
(12.6
)
 
0.2

 
(19.8
)
Operating income
 
650.3

 
392.8

 
1,173.4

 
757.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Finance expense
 
(33.3
)
 
(24.1
)
 
(67.1
)
 
(45.5
)
Finance income
 
5.5

 
4.5

 
10.6

 
9.1

Other financial expenses, net
 
(121.4
)
 
(47.5
)
 
(172.5
)
 
(70.6
)
Equity in earnings of non-consolidated companies
 
12.4

 
15.2

 
32.3

 
36.6

Profit before income tax expense
 
513.5

 
340.9

 
976.8

 
686.5

Income tax expense
 
(175.7
)
 
(59.1
)
 
(217.0
)
 
(94.4
)
Profit for the period
 
337.8

 
281.8

 
759.9

 
592.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Attributable to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Owners of the parent
 
326.6

 
249.7

 
693.3

 
511.0

Non-controlling interest
 
11.2

 
32.1

 
66.6

 
81.1

Profit for the period
 
337.8

 
281.8

 
759.9

 
592.2




11




Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

USD million
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
 
 
December 31,
2017
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
 
5,138.8

 
 
 
5,349.8

 
Intangible assets, net
 
 
1,027.4

 
 
 
1,092.6

 
Investments in non-consolidated companies
 
 
438.3

 
 
 
478.3

 
Deferred tax assets
 
 
129.1

 
 
 
121.1

 
Receivables, net
 
 
636.0

 
 
 
677.3

 
Trade receivables, net
 
 
5.6

 
 
 
4.8

 
Other investments
 
 
31.1

 
 
 
3.4

 
Total non-current assets
 
 
7,406.3

 
 
 
7,727.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Receivables, net
 
 
262.7

 
 
 
362.2

 
Derivative financial instruments
 
 
1.7

 
 
 
2.3

 
Inventories, net
 
 
2,589.4

 
 
 
2,550.9

 
Trade receivables, net
 
 
1,273.7

 
 
 
1,006.6

 
Other investments
 
 
97.9

 
 
 
132.7

 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
 
229.8

 
 
 
337.8

 
Total current assets
 
 
4,455.3

 
 
 
4,392.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-current assets classified as held for sale
 
 
2.2

 
 
 
2.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
 
11,863.8

 
 
 
12,122.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital and reserves attributable to the owners of the parent
 
 
5,257.6

 
 
 
5,010.4

 
Non-controlling interest
 
 
772.2

 
 
 
842.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Equity
 
 
6,029.7

 
 
 
5,852.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provisions
 
 
657.1

 
 
 
768.5

 
Deferred tax liabilities
 
 
453.1

 
 
 
513.4

 
Other liabilities
 
 
365.8

 
 
 
373.0

 
Trade payables
 
 
1.1

 
 
 
2.3

 
Financial Lease liabilities
 
 
67.4

 
 
 
69.0

 
Borrowings
 
 
1,512.2

 
 
 
1,716.3

 
Total non-current liabilities
 
 
3,056.6

 
 
 
3,442.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current income tax liabilities
 
 
72.2

 
 
 
52.9

 
Other liabilities
 
 
347.7

 
 
 
357.0

 
Trade payables
 
 
1,027.3

 
 
 
897.7

 
Derivative financial instruments
 
 
49.1

 
 
 
6.0

 
Financial Lease liabilities
 
 
8.0

 
 
 
8.0

 
Borrowings
 
 
1,273.1

 
 
 
1,505.6

 
Total current liabilities
 
 
2,777.5

 
 
 
2,827.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
 
 
5,834.0

 
 
 
6,269.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total equity and liabilities
 
 
11,863.8

 
 
 
12,122.6

 



12




Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

USD million
 
2Q 2018
 
2Q 2017
 
1H 2018
 
1H 2017
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit for the period
 
337.8

 
281.8

 
759.9

 
592.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments for:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
137.3

 
105.0

 
279.3

 
205.6

Equity in earnings of non-consolidated companies
 
(12.4
)
 
(15.2
)
 
(32.3
)
 
(36.6
)
Changes in provisions
 
(0.1
)
 
0.7

 
1.0

 
1.3

Net foreign exchange results and others
 
115.7

 
64.0

 
140.6

 
110.0

Interest accruals less payments
 
5.5

 
3.0

 
(7.1
)
 
2.0

Income tax accruals less payments
 
51.1

 
(278.0
)
 
(48.5
)
 
(309.6
)
Changes in working capital
 
(84.7
)
 
(140.7
)
 
(350.8
)
 
(458.5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
550.1

 
20.7

 
742.2

 
106.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(135.5
)
 
(98.6
)
 
(237.9
)
 
(182.5
)
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant & equipment
 
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.4

 
0.4

Dividends received from non-consolidated companies
 

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Loans to non-consolidated companies
 
4.8

 

 

 
(23.9
)
Increase in Other Investments
 
13.7

 
(2.7
)
 
6.3

 
(8.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(116.8
)
 
(101.0
)
 
(231.2
)
 
(214.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends paid in cash to company's shareholders
 
(215.9
)
 
(196.3
)
 
(215.9
)
 
(196.3
)
Dividends paid in cash to non-controlling interest
 
(29.0
)
 
(30.6
)
 
(29.0
)
 
(30.6
)
Financial Lease Payments
 
(2.5
)
 

 
(3.8
)
 
(1.1
)
Proceeds from borrowings
 
298.9

 
519.4

 
526.0

 
858.4

Repayments of borrowings
 
(477.7
)
 
(318.9
)
 
(885.4
)
 
(527.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(426.2
)
 
(26.4
)
 
(608.1
)
 
103.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
7.1

 
(106.6
)
 
(97.1
)
 
(4.5
)






13




 
 
Shipments
 
 
 
 
 
Thousand tons
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
1Q 2018
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mexico
 
1,721.7
 
1,720.4
 
1,774.5
 
 
3,496.2
 
3,383.4
 
Southern Region
 
604.2
 
599.4
 
645.3
 
 
1,249.5
 
1,144.5
 
Other Markets
 
995.8
 
321.0
 
1,103.0
 
 
2,098.7
 
587.7
 
Total steel segment
 
3,321.6
 
2,640.8
 
3,522.8
 
 
6,844.5
 
5,115.6
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total mining segment
 
915.6
 
874.5
 
929.3
 
 
1,844.9
 
1,737.9
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue / ton
 
 
 
 
 
USD/ton
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
1Q 2018
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mexico
 
963
 
828
 
854
 
 
907
 
805
 
Southern Region
 
975
 
940
 
987
 
 
981
 
939
 
Other Markets
 
782
 
844
 
658
 
 
717
 
842
 
Total steel segment
 
911
 
855
 
817
 
 
862
 
839
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total mining segment
 
81
 
64
 
75
 
 
78
 
68
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Sales
 
 
 
 
 
USD million
 
2Q 2018
2Q 2017
1Q 2018
 
1H 2018
1H 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mexico
 
1,657.4
 
1,424.2
 
1,515.4
 
 
3,172.8
 
2,724.0
 
Southern Region
 
589.3
 
563.5
 
637.0
 
 
1,226.3
 
1,074.9
 
Other Markets
 
778.8
 
270.9
 
725.3
 
 
1,504.0
 
494.7
 
Total steel products
 
3,025.4
 
2,258.6
 
2,877.7
 
 
5,903.1
 
4,293.6
 
 Other products 1  
 
108.0
 
64.1
 
83.5
 
 
191.4
 
104.2
 
Total steel segment
 
3,133.4
 
2,322.7
 
2,961.2
 
 
6,094.5
 
4,397.8
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total mining segment
 
73.7
 
55.6
 
69.7
 
 
143.5
 
118.2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total steel and mining segments
 
3,207.1
 
2,378.2
 
3,030.9
 
 
6,238.0
 
4,515.9
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intersegment eliminations
 
(73.1)
 
(55.6)
 
(69.6)
 
 
(142.7)
 
(118.2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Total net sales
 
3,134.0
 
2,322.7
 
2,961.3
 
 
6,095.3
 
4,397.8
 
1 The item “Other products” primarily includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.


14


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