Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 11/08/2018 @ 9:18PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Sandridge Permian Trust Common Units of Benficial Interest (PER)
Quote : 1.75  0.0 (0.00%) @ 8:59AM

Quarterly Report (10-q)



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________
Form 10-Q
__________________________
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018  
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number: 001-35274
__________________________
SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________
Delaware
45-6276683
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., Trustee
601 Travis Street, 16th Floor,
Houston, Texas
77002 
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(512) 236-6555
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: Not applicable
__________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes o No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
þ
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
þ
Emerging growth company
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes o   No þ
As of November 1, 2018 , 52,500,000 units of Beneficial Interest in SandRidge Permian Trust were outstanding.




SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
FORM 10-Q
Quarter Ended September 30, 2018  


All references to “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Trust” refer to SandRidge Permian Trust. References to “SandRidge” refer to SandRidge Energy, Inc., and where the context requires, its subsidiaries. The royalty interests conveyed by SandRidge from its interests in certain properties in the Permian Basin in Andrews County, Texas (also referred to as the " Underlying Properties ")   and held by the Trust are referred to as the “Royalty Interests.”   As disclosed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, on November 1, 2018, SandRidge sold all of its interests in the Underlying Properties and all of its outstanding Trust units to Avalon Energy, LLC, a Texas limited liability company, which is referred to herein as “Avalon.”


2



DISCLOSURES REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” about the Trust, Avalon and other matters discussed herein that are subject to risks and uncertainties within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this document, including, without limitation, statements under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 2 of Part I and elsewhere herein regarding the Trust’s or Avalon ’s plans and objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking statements are generally accompanied by words such as “estimate,” “target,” “project,” “predict,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “potential,” “could,” “may,” “foresee,” “plan,” “goal,” “should,” “intend” or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and assumptions about future events. These statements are based on certain assumptions made by us in light of our experience and our perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments as well as other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. However, whether actual results and developments will conform with our expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the risk factors discussed in Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (the “ 2017 Form 10-K”), which could affect the future results of the energy industry in general, and the Trust and Avalon in particular, and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. The actual results or developments anticipated may not be realized or, even if substantially realized, they may not have the expected consequences to or effects on Avalon ’s business or the Trust’s results. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected in such forward-looking statements. The Trust undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements.




3


PART I. Financial Information

ITEM 1. Financial Statements

SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
STATEMENTS OF ASSETS AND TRUST CORPUS
(In thousands, except unit data)

September 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
ASSETS
(Unaudited) 
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 3,570  $ 2,292 
Investment in royalty interests
549,831  549,831 
Less: accumulated amortization and impairment
(434,326) (425,955)
Net investment in royalty interests
115,505  123,876 
Total assets
$ 119,075  $ 126,168 
TRUST CORPUS
Trust corpus, 52,500,000 common units issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
$ 119,075  $ 126,168 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

4


SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
STATEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTABLE INCOME (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per unit data)


Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30, 
2018  2017  2018  2017 
Revenues
Royalty income
$ 7,984  $ 7,208  $ 22,647  $ 22,280 
Total revenues
7,984  7,208  22,647  22,280 
Expenses
Post-production expenses
11  14  35  44 
Property taxes
—  —  —  759 
Production taxes
378  344  1,079  1,065 
Franchise taxes
—  —  47  47 
Trust administrative expenses
269  313  941  1,248 
Cash reserves withheld (used) for current Trust expenses, net of amounts (used) withheld  545  329  1,261  (247)
Total expenses
1,203  1,000  3,363  2,916 
Distributable income available to unitholders
$ 6,781  $ 6,208  $ 19,284  $ 19,364 
Distributable income per unit
$ 0.129  $ 0.118  $ 0.367  $ 0.368 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

5


SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN TRUST CORPUS (Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Nine Months Ended September 30, 
2018  2017 
Trust corpus, beginning of period
$ 126,168  $ 140,430 
Amortization of investment in royalty interests
(8,371) (10,379)
Net cash reserves withheld (used)
1,261  (247)
Distributable income
19,284  19,364 
Distributions paid to unitholders
(19,267) (19,372)
Trust corpus, end of period
$ 119,075  $ 129,796 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

6


SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1. Organization of Trust

SandRidge Permian Trust (the “Trust”) is a statutory trust formed under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act pursuant to a trust agreement, as amended and restated, by and among SandRidge Energy, Inc. (“SandRidge”), as Trustor, The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee (the “Trustee”), and The Corporation Trust Company, as Delaware Trustee (the “Delaware Trustee”).

The Trust holds Royalty Interests in specified oil and natural gas properties located in Andrews County, Texas (the “Underlying Properties”). The Royalty Interests were conveyed by SandRidge to the Trust concurrent with the initial public offering of the Trust’s common units in August 2011. As consideration for conveyance of the Royalty Interests, the Trust remitted the proceeds of the offering, along with 4,875,000 Trust common units and 13,125,000 Trust subordinated units, which subsequently converted to common units as a result of SandRidge having met its drilling obligation to the Trust in November 2014, to certain wholly owned subsidiaries of SandRidge. At September 30, 2018 , SandRidge owned 13,125,000 Trust units, or 25% of all Trust units.

As described in Note 6 below, on November 1, 2018, SandRidge sold all of its interests in the Underlying Properties and all of its outstanding Trust units to Avalon Energy, LLC, a Texas limited liability company (“Avalon”). In connection with the transaction, Avalon assumed all of SandRidge’s obligations under the trust agreement and the administrative services agreement (discussed in Note 4 below).

The Trust is passive in nature and neither the Trust nor the Trustee has any control over, or responsibility for, any operating or capital costs related to the Underlying Properties. The business and affairs of the Trust are administered by the Trustee. The trust agreement generally limits the Trust’s business activities to owning the Royalty Interests and activities reasonably related thereto, including activities required or permitted by the terms of the conveyances related to the Royalty Interests.

The Trust makes quarterly cash distributions of substantially all of its cash receipts, after deducting amounts for the Trust’s administrative expenses, property tax and Texas franchise tax and cash reserves withheld by the Trustee, on or about the 60th day following the completion of each quarter. Due to the timing of the payment of production proceeds to the Trust, each distribution covers production from a three-month period consisting of the first two months of the most recently ended quarter and the final month of the quarter preceding it.

The Trust will dissolve and begin to liquidate on March 31, 2031 (the “Termination Date”) and will soon thereafter wind up its affairs and terminate. At the Termination Date, 50% of the Royalty Interests will revert automatically to Avalon (as the assignee of SandRidge) . The remaining 50% of the Royalty Interests will be sold at that time, with the net proceeds of the sale, as well as any remaining Trust cash reserves, distributed to the unitholders on a pro rata basis. Avalon has a right of first refusal to purchase the Royalty Interests retained by the Trust at the Termination Date. The Trust will not dissolve until the Termination Date unless any of the following occurs: (a) the Trust sells all of the Royalty Interests; (b) cash available for distribution for any four consecutive quarters, on a cumulative basis, is less than $5.0 million; (c) Trust unitholders approve an earlier dissolution of the Trust; or (d) the Trust is judicially dissolved. In the case of any of the foregoing, the Trustee would then sell all of the Trust’s assets, either by private sale or public auction, and distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the Trust unitholders after payment, or reasonable provision for payment, of all Trust liabilities.

2. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Accounting.  The financial statements of the Trust differ from financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) as the Trust records revenues when cash is received (rather than when earned) and expenses when paid (rather than when incurred) and may also establish cash reserves for contingencies, which would not be accrued in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. This comprehensive basis of accounting other than GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) as specified by Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 12:E, Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts . Amortization of investment in royalty interests, calculated on a unit-of-production basis, and any impairments are charged directly to trust corpus. Distributions to unitholders are recorded when declared.

Significant Accounting Policies. Most accounting pronouncements apply to entities whose financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, which may require such entities to accrue or defer revenues and expenses in a period other than when such
7

SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
revenues are received or expenses are paid. Because the Trust’s financial statements are prepared on the modified cash basis as described above, most accounting pronouncements are not applicable to the Trust’s financial statements.

The Trust is treated for federal and applicable state income tax purposes as a partnership. For U.S. federal income tax purposes, a partnership is not a taxable entity and incurs no U.S. federal income tax liability. With respect to state taxation, a partnership is typically treated in the same manner as it is for U.S. federal income tax purposes. However, the Trust’s activities result in the Trust having nexus in Texas and, therefore, make it subject to Texas franchise tax. Texas franchise tax is treated as an income tax for financial statement purposes. The Trust is required to pay Texas franchise tax each year at a maximum effective rate (subject to changes in the statutory rate) of 0.525% of its gross income apportioned to Texas. The Trust records Texas franchise tax when paid.

Impairment of Investment in Royalty Interests.   On a quarterly basis, the Trust evaluates the carrying value of the investment in royalty interests by comparing the undiscounted cash flows expected to be realized from the Royalty Interests to the carrying value. If the expected future undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying value, the Trust recognizes an impairment loss for the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value of the Royalty Interests, which is determined using future cash flows of the net oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids (“NGL”) reserves attributable to the Royalty Interests, discounted at a rate based upon the weighted average cost of capital of publicly traded royalty trusts. The weighted average cost of capital is based upon inputs that are readily available in the public market. The future cash flows of the net oil, natural gas and NGL reserves attributable to the Royalty Interests utilizes the oil and natural gas futures prices readily available in the public market adjusted for differentials and estimated quantities of oil, natural gas and NGL reserves that geological and engineering data demonstrate, with reasonable certainty, to be recoverable in future years from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. As there are numerous uncertainties inherent in estimating quantities of proved reserves, these quantities are a significant unobservable input resulting in the fair value measurement being considered a level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. There were no impairments in the carrying value of the investment in royalty interests during the nine -month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 . Material write-downs in subsequent periods may occur if commodity prices decline. Any impairment would result in a non-cash charge to trust corpus and would not affect the Trust’s distributable income. See “Risks and Uncertainties” in Note 5 below for further discussion.

Distributable Income Per Unit. Distributable income per unit amounts as calculated for the periods presented in the accompanying unaudited statements of distributable income may differ from declared distribution amounts per unit due to rounding and the timing of the Trust’s payment of Trust administrative expenses.

Interim Financial Statements. The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the accounting policies stated in the audited financial statements contained in the 2017 Form 10-K and reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of the Trustee, necessary to state fairly the information in the Trust’s unaudited interim financial statements. The accompanying statement of assets and trust corpus as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from audited financial statements. The unaudited interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the 2017 Form 10-K.

3. Distributions to Unitholders

The Trust makes quarterly cash distributions of substantially all of its cash receipts, after deducting amounts for the Trust’s administrative expenses, property tax and Texas franchise tax and cash reserves withheld by the Trustee, on or about the 60th day following the completion of each quarter. Distributions cover a three-month production period. See Note 6 for discussion of the Trust’s quarterly distribution to be paid in November 2018 . A summary of the Trust’s distributions to unitholders during the nine -month period ended September 30, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017 is as follows:
Total
Distribution
Covered
Distribution
Per Common
Production Period
Date Declared
Date Paid
Paid
Unit
(in millions)
Calendar Quarter 2018
First Quarter
September 1, 2017 — November 30, 2017  January 25, 2018  February 23, 2018  $ 5.9  $ 0.113 
Second Quarter
December 1, 2017 — February 28, 2018  April  26, 2018  May 25, 2018  $ 6.6  $ 0.125 
Third Quarter
March 1, 2018 — May 31, 2018  July  26, 2018  August 24, 2018  $ 6.8  $ 0.129 

8

SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
Total
Distribution
Covered
Distribution
Per Common
Production Period
Date Declared
Date Paid
Paid
Unit
(in millions)
Calendar Quarter 2017
First Quarter
September 1, 2016 — November 30, 2016  January 26, 2017  February 24, 2017  $ 6.3  $ 0.120 
Second Quarter
December 1, 2016 — February 28, 2017  April  27, 2017  May 26, 2017  $ 6.8  $ 0.130 
Third Quarter
March 1, 2017 — May 31, 2017  July  27, 2017  August 25, 2017  $ 6.2  $ 0.119 
Fourth Quarter
June 1, 2017 — August 31, 2017  October 26, 2017  November 24, 2017  $ 5.0  $ 0.095 

4. Related Party Transactions

Trustee Administrative Fee.  Under the terms of the trust agreement, the Trust pays the Trustee an annual administrative fee ,   which p rior to 2017   was $150,000. The annual fee can be adjusted for inflation by no more than 3% in any year. The Trustee’s administrative fees paid during the three-month period ended September 30, 2018   totaled approximately $39,000 compared to approximately $38,000 for the three-month period ended September 30, 2017 . The Trustee’s administrative fees paid du ring   the nine -month period ended September 30, 2018   totaled approximately $116,000 compared to approximately $113,000 for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2017 .

Registration Rights Agreement . The Trust is party to a registration rights agreement pursuant to which the Trust has agreed to register the offering of the Trust units now held by Avalon   upon request by Avalon . The holders have the right to require the Trust to file no more than five registration statements in aggregate, one of which has been filed to date. The Trust does not bear any expenses associated with such transactions.

Administrative Services Agreement.  The Trust is party to an administrative services agreement w ith Avalon   (as the assignee of San dRidge ) that obligates the Trust to pay Avalon an annual administrative services fee for accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and informational services performed by Avalon on behalf of the Trust. For its services under the administrative services agreement, Avalon receives an annual fee of $300,000, which is payable in equal quarterly installments and will remain fixed for the life of the Trust. Avalon is also entitled to receive reimbursement for its out-of-pocket fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with the provision of any of the services under the administrative services agreement. The administrative services agreement will terminate on the earliest to occur of: (i) the date the Trust shall have dissolved and commenced winding up in accordance with the trust agreement, (ii) the date that all of the Royalty Interests have been terminated or are no longer held by the Trust, (iii) pertaining to services to be provided with respect to any Underlying Properties transferred by Avalon , the date that either Avalon or the Trustee may designate by delivering 90-days’ prior written notice, provided that the transferee of such Underlying Properties assumes responsibility to perform the services in place of Avalon and (iv) a date mutually agreed to by Avalon and the Trustee. D uring each of the three-month period s ended September 30, 2018   and 2017 , the Trust paid administrative fees to SandRidge equal to $75,000. During each of the nine -month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 , the Trust paid administrative fees to SandRidge equal to $ 225 ,000.

5. Commitments and Contingencies

Loan Commitment. Pursuant to the trust agreement, if at any time the Trust’s cash on hand (including available cash reserves) is not sufficient to pay the Trust’s ordinary course administrative expenses as they become due, Avalon   (as the assignee of SandRidge) will, at the Trustee’s request, loan funds to the Trust necessary to pay such expenses. Any funds loaned by Avalon pursuant to this commitment will be limited to the payment of current accounts payable or other obligations to trade creditors in connection with obtaining goods or services or the payment of other current liabilities arising in the ordinary course of the Trust’s business, and may not be used to satisfy Trust indebtedness, or to make distributions. If Avalon loans funds pursuant to this commitment, no further distributions will be made to unitholders (except in respect of any previously determined quarterly cash distribution amount) until such loan is repaid. Any such loan will be on an unsecured basis, and the terms of such loan will be substantially the same as that which would be obtained in an arm’s length transaction between Avalon and an unaffiliated third party. No such loan from SandRidge was outstanding at September 30, 2018 or December 31, 2017 .

9

SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
Risks and Uncertainties.  The Trust’s revenue and distributions are substantially dependent upon the prevailing and future prices for oil, natural gas and NGL, each of which depends on numerous factors beyond the Trust’s control such as overall oil, natural gas and NGL production and inventories in relevant markets, economic conditions, the global political environment, regulatory developments and competition from other energy sources. Oil, natural gas and NGL prices historically have been volatile and may be subject to significant fluctuations in the future. Low levels of future production, continued low commodity prices and the absence of any derivative arrangements would continue to reduce the Trust’s revenues and distributable income available to unitholders.

Following the closing of the sale described in Note 6 below , t he Trust is highly dependent on Avalon for multiple services, including the operation of the Trust wells, remittance of net proceeds from the sale of associated production to the Trust, administrative services such as accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and informational services pe rformed on behalf of the Trust. Avalon is a newly formed company with no operating history. Its activities to date have been limited to organizational efforts, assembling a management team, raising capital, researching and developing its business plan, and completing the acquisition of the Underlying Properties and all of SandRidge’s outstanding Trust units as described below.   The ability to operate the properties depends on Avalon's future financial condition and economic performance, access to capital, and other factors, many of which are out of Avalon 's control .

6. Subsequent Events

Distribution to Unitholders. On October 25, 2018 , the Trust declared a cash distribution of $ 0 .115 per unit covering production for the three-month period from June 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018 . The distribution will be paid on or about November 23, 2018 to record holders as of November 9, 2018 . Distributable income for June 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018 was calculated as follows (in thousands, except for unit and per unit amounts):

Revenues
Royalty income
$ 7,193 
Total revenues
7,193 
Expenses
Post-production expenses
11 
Production taxes
344 
Cash reserves withheld by Trustee (1)
814 
Total expenses
1,169 
Distributable income available to unitholders
$ 6,024 
Distributable income per unit (52,500,000 units issued and outstanding)
$ 0.115 
____________________
(1) Includes amounts withheld for payment of future Trust administrative expenses.

Sale to A valon Energy .   On November 1, 2018, SandRidge sold all of its interests in the Un derlying Properties and all of   its outstanding Trust units to Avalon .   In connecti on with the tra nsaction, Avalon assumed all of SandRidge 's obligations under the trust agreement and the administrati ve services agreement as of November 1, 2018 .   The Trust expects to continue in the normal course without disruption to the unitholders, and the resulting sale is not expected to have an impact on the operations and future distributions of the Trust.


10


ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis is intended to help the reader understand the financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and capital resources of SandRidge Permian Trust (the “Trust”). This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the Trust’s unaudited interim financial statements and the accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report and the Trust’s audited financial statements and the accompanying notes included in the 2017 Form 10-K.

Overview

The Trust is a statutory trust created under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act. The business and affairs of the Trust are administered by the Trustee and, as necessary, the Delaware Trustee. The Trust’s purpose is to hold the Royalty Interests, to distribute to the Trust unitholders cash that the Trust receives in respect of the Royalty Interests and to perform certain administrative functions in respect of the Royalty Interests and the Trust units. Other than the foregoing activities, the Trust does not conduct any operations or activities. The Trustee has no involvement with, control or authority over, or responsibility for, any aspect of the operations on or relating to the properties in which the Trust has an interest. The Trust derives all or substantially all of its income and cash flow from the Royalty Interests . The Trust is treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. The Trust’s activities result in the Trust having nexus in Texas and, therefore, make it subject to Texas franchise tax. The Trust is required to pay Texas franchise tax each year at a maximum effective rate (subject to changes in the statutory rate) of 0.525% of its gross income apportioned to Texas.

Commodity Price Volatility. The Trust’s quarterly cash distributions are highly dependent upon the prices realized from the sale of oil, natural gas and NGL. The markets for these commodities are volatile and experienced depressed pricing throughout 2016. Although oil, natural gas and NGL prices rose during 2017 and 2018 , a buildup in inventories, lower global demand, or other factors could cause prices for U.S. oil, natural gas and NGL to weaken.

Properties. As of September 30, 2018 , the Trust’s properties consisted of Royalty Interests in oil and natural gas wells, all of which are located in Andrews County, Texas.

Distributions. The Trust makes quarterly cash distributions of substantially all of its cash receipts, after deducting amounts for the Trust’s administrative expenses , property tax and Texas franchise tax and cash reserves withheld by the Trustee, on or about the 60th day following the completion of each quarter.

Pursuant to Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Section 1446, withholding tax on income effectively connected to a United States trade or business allocated to foreign partners should be made at the highest marginal rate. Under IRC Section 1441, withholding tax on fixed, determinable, annual, periodic income from United States sources allocated to foreign partners should be made at 30% of gross income unless the rate is reduced by treaty. This is intended to be a qualified notice to nominees and brokers as provided for under Treasury Regulation Section 1.1446-4(b) by the Trust, and while specific relief is not specified for IRC Section 1441 income, this disclosure is intended to suffice. Nominees and brokers should withhold at the highest marginal rate on the distribution made to foreign partners.

Sale to Avalon Energy. On November 1, 2018, SandRidge sold all of its interests in the oil and natural gas properties underlying   the Trust and all of its outstanding Trust units to Avalon Energy, LLC, a Texas limited liability company (the " Sale Transaction") . In connection with the transaction, Avalon assumed all of SandRidge's obligations under the trust agreement and the administrative services agreement as of November 1, 2018 . The Trust expects to continue in the normal course without disruption to the unitholders, and the resulting sale is not expected to have an impact on the operations and future distributions of the Trust.

11


Results of Trust Operations

The primary factors affecting the Trust’s revenues and costs are the quantity of oil, natural gas and NGL production attributable to the Royalty Interests and the prices received for such production. Royalty income, post-production expenses and certain taxes are recorded on a cash basis when net revenue distributions are received by the Trust from SandRidge (or, in future periods ,   Avalon ) . Information regarding the Trust’s production, pricing and costs for the three- and nine -month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is presented below.
Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30, 
2018(1)
2017(2)
2018(3)
2017(4)
Production Data 
Oil (MBbls)  121  144  369  448 
NGL (MBbls)  18  21  55  62 
Natural gas (MMcf)  54  70  174  214 
Combined equivalent volumes (MBoe)  148  177  453  545 
Average daily combined equivalent volumes (MBoe/d)  1.6  1.9  1.7  2.0 
Well Data 
Initial and Trust Development Wells producing - average  1,058  1,097  1,065  1,111 
Revenues (in thousands) 
Royalty income  $ 7,984  $ 7,208  $ 22,647  $ 22,280 
Total revenue  7,984  7,208  22,647  22,280 
Expenses (in thousands)
Post-production expenses  11  14  35  44 
Property taxes  —  —  —  759 
Production taxes  378  344  1,079  1,065 
Franchise taxes  —  —  47  47 
Trust administrative expenses  269  313  941  1,248 
Cash reserves withheld (used) for current Trust expenses, net of amounts (used) withheld  545  329  1,261  (247)
Total expenses  1,203  1,000  3,363  2,916 
Distributable income available to unitholders  $ 6,781  $ 6,208  $ 19,284  $ 19,364 
Average Prices 
Oil (per Bbl)  $ 61.87  $ 46.15  $ 56.85  $ 45.96 
NGL (per Bbl)  $ 22.88  $ 18.77  $ 23.33  $ 19.33 
Combined oil and NGL (per Bbl)  $ 56.79  $ 42.61  $ 52.53  $ 42.72 
Natural gas (per Mcf)  $ 1.50  $ 2.07  $ 1.96  $ 2.33 
Combined equivalent (per Boe)  $ 53.90  $ 40.64  $ 49.92  $ 40.84 
Average Prices – including impact of post-production expenses 
Natural gas (per Mcf)  $ 1.29  $ 1.86  $ 1.75  $ 2.13 
Combined equivalent (per Boe)  $ 53.82  $ 40.56  $ 49.84  $ 40.76 
Expenses (per Boe)
Post-production  $ 0.08  $ 0.08  $ 0.08  $ 0.08 
Production taxes  $ 2.56  $ 1.94  $ 2.38  $ 1.95 
____________________
1. Production volumes and related revenues and expenses for the three-month period ended September 30, 2018 (included in SandRidge’s Au gust 2018 net revenue distribution to the Trust) represent production from March 1, 201 8 to May 31 , 2018.
2. Production volumes and related revenues and expenses for the three-month period ended September 30, 2017 (included in SandRidge’s August 2017 net revenue distribution to the Trust) represent production from March 1, 201 7 to May 31 , 2017.
3. Production volumes and related revenues and expenses for the ni ne -month period ended September 30, 2018 (included in SandRidge’s February 2018 , May 2018 and August 2018 net revenue distribution to the Trust) represent production from September 1, 2017 to May 31 , 2018.
4. Production volumes and related revenues and expenses for the nine -month period ended September 30, 2017 (included in SandRidge’s February 2017 , May 2017 and August 201 7 net revenue distribution to the Trust) represent production from September 1, 2016 to May 31 , 2017.


12


Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 Compared to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2017  

Revenues

Royalty Income.   Royalty income is a function of production volumes sold attributable to the Royalty Interests and associated prices received. Royalty income received during the three-month period ended September 30, 2018 totaled $ 8.0 million compared to $ 7.2 million received during the three-month period ended September 30, 2017 . The approximate $0. 8 million in crease in royalty income consisted of approximately $1. 9 million attributable to an increase in prices received , partially offset by approximately $1. 1 million attributable to a decrease in total volumes produced . The average number of producing wells in the three-month period ended September 30, 2018 decreased by 39 from 1,097 wells in the three-month period ended September 30, 2017 , because wells that could not economically produce due to continued declining production were shut-in.

Expenses

Production Taxes. Production taxes are calculated as a percentage of oil and natural gas revenues, net of any applicable tax credits. Production taxes for the three-month period ended September 30, 2018 totaled approximately $0.4 million, or $2. 56 per Boe, and were approximately 4. 7 % of royalty income. Production taxes for the three-month period ended September 30, 2017 totaled approximately $0. 3 million, or $ 1.94 per Boe, and were approximately 4.8% of royalty income.

Distributable Income

Distributable income for the three-month period ended September 30, 2018 was $6. 8 million, which included a net addition of approximately $ 0. 5 million to the cash reserve for payment of future Trust expenses, reflecting approximately $ 0. 8 million withheld from the August 2018 cash distribution to unitholders partially offset by approximately $ 0. 3 million used to pay Trust expenses during the period. Distributable income for the three-month period ended September 30, 2017 was $6. 2 million, which included a net addition to the cash reserve for payment of future Trust expenses of approximately $ 0.3 million , reflecting approximately $ 0. 6 million withheld from the August 2017 cash distribution to unitholders partially offset by approximately $ 0.3 million used to pay Trust expenses during the period.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 Compared to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017

Revenues

Royalty Income. Royalty income received during nine -month period ended September 30, 2018 totaled $ 22.6 million compared to $ 22.3 million received during the nine -month period ended September 30, 2017 . The approximate $0. 3 million in crease in royalty income consisted of approximately $ 4. 1 million attributable to an increase in prices received , partially offset by approximately $ 3.8 million attributable to a decrease in total volumes produced . The average number of producing wells in the nine -month period ended September 30, 2018 decreased by 46 from 1,111 wells in the nine -month period ended September 30, 2017 , because wells that could not economically produce due to continued declining production were shut-in.

Expenses

Property Taxes. Property taxes paid during the nine -month period ended September 30, 2017 totaled approximately $0.8 million. There were no property taxes paid during the nine -month period ended September 30, 2018 , as the applicable taxes were paid during a prior period.

Trust Administrative Expenses. Trust administrative expenses generally consist of fees paid to the Trustee and the Delaware Trustee, administrative services fees paid to SandRidge   (or, fo llowing   the closing of the Sale Transaction, Avalon ) , tax return and related form preparation fees, legal and accounting fees, and other expenses incurred as a result of being a publicly traded entity. Trust administrative expenses for the nine -month period ended September 30, 2018 totaled $0. 9 million compared to approximately $ 1.2 million for the nine -month period ended September 30, 2017 . The decrease during the 2018 period partially relates to the timing of administrative expense payments.

Distributable Income

Distributable income for the nine -month period ended September 30, 2018 was $ 19.3 million, which included a net addition of approximately $ 1 . 3 million to the cash reserve for payment of future Trust expenses, reflecting approximately $ 2. 3 million withheld in
13


aggregate from the February 2018 , May 2018 and August 201 8 cash distributions to unitholders partially offset by approximately $ 1. 0 million used to pay Trust expenses during the period. Distributable income for the nine -month period ended September 30, 2017 was $1 9.4 million, which included a net reduction to the cash reserve for payment of future Trust expenses of approximately $0. 3 million, reflecting approximately $ 2. 1 million used to pay Trust expenses during the period partially offset by approximately $1. 8 million withheld in aggregate from the February 2017 , May 2017 and August 2017 cash distributions to unitholders.


Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Trust has no source of liquidity or capital resources other than cash flow generated from the Royalty Interests and borrowings to fund administrative expenses, including any amounts borrowed under Avalon ’s loan commitment described in Note 5 to the unaudited interim financial statements contained in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report. The Trust’s primary uses of cash are distributions to Trust unitholders, including, if applicable, payment of Trust administrative expenses, including any reserves established by the Trustee for future liabilities, payment of applicable taxes and payment of expense reimbursements to SandRidge (or, following the closing of the Sale Transaction, Avalon ) for out-of-pocket expenses incurred on behalf of the Trust. The Trust does not have any capital requirements related to drilling wells or any other operating or capital costs related to the wells.

Administrative expenses include payments to the Trustee and the Delaware Trustee as well as a quarterly fee of $75,000 to SandRidge (or, following the closing of the Sale Transaction, to Avalon)   pursuant to an administrative services agreement. Each quarter, the Trustee determines the amount of funds available for distribution. Available funds are the excess cash, if any, received by the Trust from the sale of production attributable to the Royalty Interests that quarter over the Trust’s expenses for the quarter. If at any time the Trust’s cash on hand (including available cash reserves) is not sufficient to pay the Trust’s ordinary course administrative expenses as they become due, the Trust may borrow funds from the Trustee or other lenders, including Avalon , to pay such expenses. The Trustee does not intend to lend funds to the Trust. If such funds are borrowed, no further distributions will be made to unitholders (except in respect of any previously determined quarterly distribution amount) until the borrowed funds have been repaid, except that if Avalon loans such funds, Avalon may permit the Trust to make distributions prior to Avalon being repaid. No such loan was outstanding at September 30, 2018 or December 31, 2017 .

Following the closing of the Sale Transaction , t he Trust is highly dependent on Avalon for multiple services, including the operation of the Trust wells, remittance of net proceeds from the sale of associated production to the Trust, administrative services such as accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and informational services performed on behalf of the Trust, and potentially for loans to pay Trust administrative expenses. Avalon is a newly formed company with no operating history. Its activities to date have been limited to organizational efforts, assembling a management team, raising capital, researching and developing its business plan, and completing the Sale Transaction.   The ability to operate the properties depends on Avalon ’s future financial condition and economic performance, access to capital, and other factors, many of which are out of Avalon’s control .

2018 Trust Distributions to Unitholders. During the nine -month period ended September 30, 2018 , the Trust’s distributions to unitholders were as follows:
Total
Covered
Distribution
Production Period
Date Declared
Date Paid
Paid
(in millions)
Calendar Quarter 2018 
First Quarter  September 1, 2017 — November 30, 2017  January 25, 2018  February 23, 2018  $ 5.9 
Second Quarter  December 1, 2017 — February 28, 2018  April  26, 2018  May 25, 2018  $ 6.6 
Third Quarter  March 1, 2018 — May 31, 2018  July  26, 2018  August 24, 2018  $ 6.8 


Future Trust Distributions to Unitholders. During the three-month production period from June 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018 , combined sales volumes were lower than the previous period and oil prices decreased . On October 25, 2018 , the Trust declared a cash distribution of $ 0 .115 per unit covering production for the period. The distribution will be paid on or about November 23, 2018 to record unitholders as of November 9, 2018 and was calculated as follows (in thousands, except for unit and per unit amounts):

14


Revenues
Royalty income
$ 7,193 
Total revenues
7,193 
Expenses
Post-production expenses
11 
Production taxes
344 
Cash reserves withheld by Trustee(1)
814 
Total expenses
1,169 
Distributable income available to unitholders
$ 6,024 
Distributable income per unit (52,500,000 units issued and outstanding)
$ 0.115 
____________________
(1)   Includes amounts withheld for payment of future Trust administrative expenses.

As the Trust cannot acquire or cause additional wells to be drilled on its behalf, the Trust’s production is expected to decline each quarter during the remainder of its life.

ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Trust is not required to provide information required by this Item.

ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Trustee conducted an evaluation of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and such information is accumulated and communicated as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this evaluation, the Trustee has concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures of the Trust are effective as of the end of the period covered by this report. In its evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures, the Trustee has relied, to the extent considered reasonable, on information provided by SandRidge.

Due to the nature of the Trust as a passive entity and in light of the contractual arrangements pursuant to which the Trust was created, including the provisions of (i) the trust agreement, (ii) the administrative services agreement, (iii) the development agreement and (iv) the conveyances granting the Royalty Interests, the Trustee’s disclosure controls and procedures related to the Trust necessarily rely on (A) information provided by SandRidge, including information relating to results of operations, the costs and revenues attributable to the Trust’s interests under the conveyance and other operating and historical data, plans for future operating and capital expenditures, reserve information, information relating to projected production, and other information relating to the status and results of operations of the Underlying Properties and the Royalty Interests, and (B) conclusions and reports regarding reserves by the Trust’s independent reserve engineers.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 , that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trustee’s internal control over financial reporting. The Trustee notes for purposes of clarification that it has no authority over, has not evaluated and makes no statement concerning, the internal control over financial reporting of SandRidge.








15


PART II. Other Information

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes to the risk factors contained in Item 1A of the 2017 Form 10-K.

ITEM 6. Exhibits

The following exhibits are filed or furnished as part of this Quarterly Report:

Incorporated by Reference
Exhibit
No.
Exhibit Description
Form
SEC
File No.
Exhibit
Filing Date
Filed or Furnished
Herewith
3.1 
S-1
333-174492
3.1 
05/25/2011
3.2 
8-K
001-35274
4.1 
08/19/2011
3.3 
10-Q
001-35274
3.3 
08/13/2012
3.4  8-K  001-35274  10.1  11/05/2018
31.1 
32.1 


16


SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

SANDRIDGE PERMIAN TRUST
By:
THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST
COMPANY, N.A., Trustee
By:
/s/ Sarah Newell
Sarah Newell
Vice President

Date: November 8, 2018  

The Registrant, SandRidge Permian Trust, has no principal executive officer, principal financial officer, board of directors or persons performing similar functions. Accordingly, no additional signatures are available, and none have been provided. In signing the report above, the Trustee does not imply that it has performed any such function or that any such function exists pursuant to the terms of the trust agreement under which it serves.


17

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