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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
 
 
FORM
10-Q
Quarterly report pursuant to section 13 or 15(d) of the Security Exchange Act of 1934
 
for the quarterly period ended:
March 31, 2020
or
Transition report pursuant to section 13 or 15(d) of the Security Exchange Act of 1934
Commission File Number:
001-10607
 
OLD REPUBLIC INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
36-2678171
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
 
 
307 North Michigan Avenue
Chicago
Illinois
 
60601
(Address of principal executive office)
 
(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: 312-346-8100

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock / $1 par value
 
ORI
 
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes: No:

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes: No:

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).Yes:   No:

The number of shares of the Registrant's Common Stock outstanding at March 31, 2020 was 303,992,688.

There are 54 pages in this report





OLD REPUBLIC INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
 
Report on Form 10-Q / March 31, 2020
 
INDEX
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PAGE NO.
 
 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION:
 
 
 
 
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
3
 
 
 
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
4
 
 
 
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
5
 
 
 
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF PREFERRED STOCK AND COMMON
 
 
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
6
 
 
 
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
7
 
 
 
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
8 - 19
 
 
 
 
MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL POSITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
20 - 49
 
 
 
 
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK
50
 
 
 
 
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
50
 
 
 
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION:
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1 - LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
51
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1A - RISK FACTORS
51
 
 
 
 
ITEM 6 - EXHIBITS
52
 
 
SIGNATURE
53
 
 
EXHIBIT INDEX
54





2



Old Republic International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
($ in Millions, Except Share Data)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Assets
 
 
 
Investments:
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities (at fair value) (amortized cost: $8,409.1 and $8,537.3)
$
8,495.4

 
$
8,796.5

Short-term investments (at fair value which approximates cost)
493.9

 
484.3

Total
8,989.4

 
9,280.9

Held to maturity:
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities (at amortized cost) (fair value: $1,048.5 and $1,058.2)
1,015.8

 
1,021.7

Equity securities (at fair value) (cost: $3,236.3 and $3,089.1)
3,214.9

 
4,030.5

Other investments
24.7

 
26.0

Total investments
13,244.8

 
14,359.2

Other Assets:
 
 
 
Cash
144.5

 
78.8

Accrued investment income
90.0

 
89.3

Accounts and notes receivable
1,590.3

 
1,466.7

Federal income tax recoverable: Current

 
5.7

 Deferred
130.1

 

Reinsurance balances and funds held
186.2

 
178.4

Reinsurance recoverable: Paid losses
76.0

 
68.5

 Policy and claim reserves
3,808.0

 
3,755.3

Deferred policy acquisition costs
323.3

 
325.4

Sundry assets
758.6

 
748.5

Total Other Assets
7,107.3

 
6,717.1

Total Assets
$
20,352.2

 
$
21,076.3

Liabilities, Preferred Stock, and Common Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Losses, claims, and settlement expenses
$
9,995.9

 
$
9,929.5

Unearned premiums
2,284.6

 
2,224.7

Other policyholders' benefits and funds
195.3

 
194.4

Total policy liabilities and accruals
12,475.8

 
12,348.7

Commissions, expenses, fees, and taxes
547.1

 
550.9

Reinsurance balances and funds
727.9

 
616.0

Federal income tax payable: Current
27.9

 

                                              Deferred

 
112.2

Debt
967.8

 
974.0

Sundry liabilities
462.5

 
474.1

Commitments and contingent liabilities

 

Total Liabilities
15,209.3

 
15,076.1

Preferred Stock (1)

 

Common Shareholders' Equity:
 
 
 
Common stock (1)
303.9

 
303.6

Additional paid-in capital
1,304.2

 
1,297.5

Retained earnings
3,715.8

 
4,386.0

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(69.2
)
 
77.7

Unallocated ESSOP shares (at cost)
(111.9
)
 
(64.8
)
Total Common Shareholders' Equity
5,142.9

 
6,000.1

Total Liabilities, Preferred Stock and Common Shareholders' Equity
$
20,352.2

 
$
21,076.3

________

(1)
At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were 75,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value preferred stock authorized, of which no shares were outstanding. As of the same dates, there were 500,000,000 shares of common stock, $1.00 par value, authorized, of which 303,992,688 and 303,652,553 were issued as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were 100,000,000 shares of Class B Common Stock, $1.00 par value, authorized, of which no shares were issued.

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

3



Old Republic International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)
($ in Millions, Except Share Data)
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net premiums earned
 
 
 
 
$
1,376.7

 
$
1,263.4

Title, escrow, and other fees
 
 
 
 
120.1

 
94.6

Total premiums and fees
 
 
 
 
1,496.8

 
1,358.1

Net investment income
 
 
 
 
114.1

 
112.1

Other income
 
 
 
 
34.6

 
30.4

Total operating revenues
 
 
 
 
1,645.7

 
1,500.6

Investment gains (losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized from actual transactions
 
 
 
 
18.5

 
12.3

Realized from impairments
 
 
 
 

 

Unrealized from changes in fair value of
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
equity securities
 
 
 
 
(962.7
)
 
355.6

Total realized and unrealized investment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
gains (losses)
 
 
 
 
(944.1
)
 
368.0

Total revenues
 
 
 
 
701.5

 
1,868.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Benefits, Claims and Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Benefits, claims and settlement expenses
 
 
 
 
619.7

 
598.5

Dividends to policyholders
 
 
 
 
2.9

 
7.5

Underwriting, acquisition, and other expenses
 
 
 
 
836.9

 
733.4

Interest and other charges
 
 
 
 
11.9

 
10.6

Total expenses
 
 
 
 
1,471.5

 
1,350.1

Income (loss) before income taxes (credits)
 
 
 
 
(769.9
)
 
518.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income Taxes (Credits):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current
 
 
 
 
40.0

 
43.7

Deferred
 
 
 
 
(205.2
)
 
62.5

Total
 
 
 
 
(165.1
)
 
106.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
$
(604.8
)
 
$
412.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss) Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
 
 
$
(2.01
)
 
$
1.38

Diluted
 
 
 
 
$
(2.01
)
 
$
1.37

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average shares outstanding: Basic
 
 
 
 
300,280,398

 
299,020,956

Diluted
 
 
 
 
300,280,398

 
300,172,853



See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

4



Old Republic International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
($ in Millions)
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
Net Income (Loss) As Reported
 
 
 
 
$
(604.8
)
 
$
412.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) on securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) before reclassifications,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
not included in the statements of income
 
 
 
 
(173.2
)
 
174.4

Amounts reclassified as realized investment (gains)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
losses in the statements of income
 
 
 
 
(.3
)
 
.8

Pretax unrealized gains (losses) on securities
 
 
 
 
(173.5
)
 
175.3

Deferred income taxes (credits)
 
 
 
 
(36.3
)
 
36.9

Net unrealized gains (losses) on securities, net of tax
 
 
 
 
(137.1
)
 
138.3

Defined benefit pension plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net pension adjustment before reclassifications
 
 
 
 

 
(2.6
)
Amounts reclassified as underwriting, acquisition,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
and other expenses in the statements of income
 
 
 
 
.9

 
1.0

Pretax net adjustment related to defined benefit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
pension plans
 
 
 
 
.9

 
(1.5
)
Deferred income taxes (credits)
 
 
 
 
.1

 
(.3
)
Net adjustment related to defined benefit pension
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
plans, net of tax
 
 
 
 
.7

 
(1.2
)
Foreign currency translation and other adjustments
 
 
 
 
(10.5
)
 
2.3

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
(146.9
)
 
139.3

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
$
(751.8
)
 
$
551.6




See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

5



Old Republic International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Preferred Stock
and Common Shareholders' Equity (Unaudited)
($ in Millions)
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
Convertible Preferred Stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning and end of period
 
 
 
 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
 
 
 
$
303.6

 
$
302.7

Dividend reinvestment plan
 
 
 
 

 

Net issuance of shares under stock based compensation plans
 
 
 
 
.3

 
.2

Balance, end of period
 
 
 
 
$
303.9

 
$
302.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
 
 
 
$
1,297.5

 
$
1,277.6

Dividend reinvestment plan
 
 
 
 
.2

 
.2

Net issuance of shares under stock based compensation plans
 
 
 
 
4.4

 
2.8

Stock based compensation
 
 
 
 
1.1

 
2.8

ESSOP shares released
 
 
 
 
.8

 
.5

Balance, end of period
 
 
 
 
$
1,304.2

 
$
1,284.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retained Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
 
 
 
$
4,386.0

 
$
3,849.8

Change in accounting principle
 
 
 
 
(2.3
)
 
18.4

Balance, beginning of period, as adjusted
 
 
 
 
4,383.6

 
3,868.3

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
(604.8
)
 
412.2

Dividends on common shares ($.21 and $.20 per common share)
 
 
 
 
(62.9
)
 
(59.6
)
Balance, end of period
 
 
 
 
$
3,715.8

 
$
4,220.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
 
 
 
$
77.7

 
$
(210.0
)
Net unrealized gains (losses) on securities, net of tax
 
 
 
 
(137.1
)
 
138.3

Net adjustment related to defined benefit pension plans,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
net of tax
 
 
 
 
.7

 
(1.2
)
Foreign currency translation and other adjustments
 
 
 
 
(10.5
)
 
2.3

Balance, end of period
 
 
 
 
$
(69.2
)
 
$
(70.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unallocated ESSOP Shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
 
 
 
$
(64.8
)
 
$
(73.9
)
ESSOP shares released
 
 
 
 
2.8

 
2.2

Purchase of unallocated ESSOP shares
 
 
 
 
(50.0
)
 

Balance, end of period
 
 
 
 
$
(111.9
)
 
$
(71.7
)


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

6



Old Republic International Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
($ in Millions)
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
(604.8
)
 
$
412.2

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to
 
 
 
 
net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Deferred policy acquisition costs
 
2.0

 
(3.2
)
Premiums and other receivables
 
(119.9
)
 
(85.7
)
Unpaid claims and related items
 
73.7

 
29.8

Unearned premiums and other policyholders' liabilities
 
.7

 
12.1

Income taxes
 
(171.5
)
 
101.0

Reinsurance balances and funds
 
89.9

 
43.1

Realized investment (gains) losses from actual transactions and impairments
 
(18.5
)
 
(12.3
)
Unrealized investment (gains) losses from changes in fair value
 
 
 
 
of equity securities
 
962.7

 
(355.6
)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other
 
1.9

 
(5.3
)
Total
 
216.3

 
136.2

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities:
 
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
 
Maturities and early calls
 
297.3

 
155.8

Sales
 
88.8

 
126.7

Sales of:
 
 
 
 
Equity securities
 
140.5

 
184.2

Other - net
 
3.2

 
3.0

Purchases of:
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities:
 
 
 
 
Available for sale
 
(274.4
)
 
(369.6
)
Equity securities
 
(271.2
)
 
(172.8
)
Other - net
 
(10.9
)
 
(12.3
)
Net decrease (increase) in short-term investments
 
(9.8
)
 
3.9

Total
 
(36.4
)
 
(80.9
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Issuance of common shares
 
5.0

 
3.2

Redemption of debentures and notes
 
(6.5
)
 
(6.5
)
Purchase of unallocated common shares by ESSOP
 
(50.0
)
 

Dividends on common shares
 
(62.9
)
 
(59.6
)
Other - net
 
.1

 
.1

Total
 
(114.2
)
 
(62.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in cash
 
65.6

 
(7.5
)
Cash, beginning of period
 
78.8

 
100.3

Cash, end of period
 
$
144.5

 
$
92.8

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid (received) during the period for: Interest
 
$
20.6

 
$
20.7

                                                                         Income taxes
 
$
6.7

 
$
5.3


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

7



OLD REPUBLIC INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
($ in Millions, Except Share Data)

1. Accounting Policies and Basis of Presentation:

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with the Financial Accounting Standards Board's ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with these notes and those included in the Company's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K incorporated herein by reference.

Pertinent accounting and disclosure pronouncements issued from time to time by the FASB are adopted by the Company as they become effective. Recent pronouncements are discussed below.

a) Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted FASB guidance on lease accounting which requires balance sheet recognition of all leases with a term greater than 12 months. The Company's adoption of this guidance is discussed in Note 7.

b) Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted the FASB’s current expected credit loss standard ("CECL") which requires the immediate recognition of estimated credit losses expected to occur over the remaining life of certain financial assets measured at amortized cost, including the Company’s reinsurance recoverables, held to maturity securities and its accounts and notes receivable. CECL replaces the current incurred loss impairment model that recognizes losses when a probability threshold is met with a requirement to recognize lifetime expected credit losses immediately when a financial asset is originated or purchased and at subsequent measurement dates. The expected credit losses, and subsequent adjustment to such losses, are recorded through an allowance account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, with the net carrying value of the asset presented on the consolidated balance sheet.

The guidance also modifies the impairment model for available for sale fixed maturity securities by requiring the recognition of other than temporary impairments ("OTTI") relating to credit losses through an allowance account, as opposed to a charge that cannot be revised should the underlying security recover. Under the revised guidance, the length of time a security has been in an unrealized loss position will no longer impact the determination as to whether an OTTI loss exists.

The guidance relating to financial assets measured at amortized cost was adopted on a modified retrospective basis, resulting in a net of tax adjustment to January 1, 2020 retained earnings of $2.3. The Company’s total credit loss allowance relating to financial assets was $30.1 as of January 1, 2020, comprised of $14.5 related to reinsurance recoverables, $15.5 related to accounts and notes receivable, and an immaterial amount related to held to maturity securities. No significant adjustments were made to the allowance during the first quarter of 2020.

The Company performs an ongoing evaluation of reinsurance balances outstanding and uses a probability-of-default methodology to estimate the credit allowance for uncollectible amounts. Allowances for uncollectible accounts and notes receivable are established based on a review of amounts outstanding, historical charge off activity, and current and forecasted economic conditions.

The revised impairment guidance for available for sale fixed maturity securities was adopted on a prospective basis. Related disclosures relative to this standard’s impact on the Company’s investment portfolio are included in Note 3.

The financial accounting and reporting process relies on estimates and on the exercise of judgment. In the opinion of management all adjustments consisting only of normal recurring accruals necessary for a fair presentation of interim periods' results and financial position have been recorded. Amounts shown in the consolidated financial statements and applicable notes are stated (except as otherwise indicated and as to share data) in millions, which amounts may not add to totals shown due to truncation. Necessary reclassifications are made in prior periods' financial statements whenever appropriate to conform to the most current presentation.

2. Common Share Data:

Earnings Per Share - Consolidated basic earnings per share excludes the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents and is computed by dividing income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares actually outstanding for the quarterly and year-to-date periods. Diluted earnings per share are similarly calculated with the inclusion of dilutive common stock equivalents. The following table provides a reconciliation of net income (loss) and the number of shares used in basic and diluted earnings per share calculations.

8



 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share -
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
income (loss) available to common stockholders
 
 
 
 
$
(604.8
)
 
$
412.2

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share -
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
weighted-average shares (a)
 
 
 
 
300,280,398

 
299,020,956

Effect of dilutive securities - stock based
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   compensation awards
 
 
 
 

 
1,151,897

Diluted earnings per share -
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
adjusted weighted-average shares (a)
 
 
 
 
300,280,398

 
300,172,853

Earnings per share: Basic
 
 
 
 
$
(2.01
)
 
$
1.38

Diluted
 
 
 
 
$
(2.01
)
 
$
1.37

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive common stock equivalents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
excluded from earnings per share computations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock based compensation awards
 
 
 
 
9,620,404

 
3,284,700

__________

(a) In calculating earnings per share, pertinent accounting rules require that common shares owned by the Company's Employee Savings and Stock Ownership Plan that are not yet allocated to participants in the plan be excluded from the calculation. Such shares are issued and outstanding, and have the same voting and other rights applicable to all common shares.

3. Investments:

The Company classifies its fixed maturity securities as those it either (1) has the positive intent and ability to hold until maturity, (2) has available for sale or (3) has the intention of trading.

Fixed maturity securities classified as "available for sale" are reported at fair value with changes in such values, net of deferred income taxes, reflected directly in shareholders' equity. Fixed maturity securities classified as "held to maturity" are carried at amortized cost. Equity securities are reported at fair value with changes in such values reflected as unrealized investment gains (losses) in the consolidated statements of income. Fair values for fixed maturity securities and equity securities are based on quoted market prices or estimates using values obtained from recognized independent pricing services.

The status and fair value changes of each of the fixed maturity investments are reviewed at least once per quarter during the year, and estimates of other-than-temporary impairments ("OTTI") in the portfolio's value are evaluated and established at each quarterly balance sheet date. In reviewing investments for OTTI, the Company, in addition to a security's market price history, considers the totality of such factors as the issuer's operating results, financial condition and liquidity, its ability to access capital markets, credit rating trends, most current audited financial statements, industry and securities markets conditions, and analyst expectations to reach its conclusions. Sudden fair value declines caused by such adverse developments as newly emerged or imminent bankruptcy filings, issuer default on significant obligations, or reports of financial accounting developments that bring into question the validity of the issuer's previously reported earnings or financial condition, are recognized as realized losses as soon as credible publicly available information emerges to confirm such developments. In the event the Company's estimate of OTTI is insufficient at any point in time, future periods' net income (loss) would be adversely affected by the recognition of additional impairment losses, but its financial position would not necessarily be affected adversely inasmuch as such losses, or a portion of them, could have been recognized previously as unrealized losses directly in shareholders' equity. The Company recognized no OTTI adjustments for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

A summary of fixed maturity securities by type, contractual maturity and credit quality are shown in the following tables. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities since borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

9



 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
Fixed Maturity Securities by Type:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2020:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. & Canadian Governments
$
1,752.3

 
$
108.1

 
$

 
$
1,860.4

Corporate
6,656.8

 
135.1

 
157.0

 
6,634.9

 
$
8,409.1

 
$
243.3

 
$
157.0

 
$
8,495.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Held to maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax-exempt
$
1,015.8

 
$
32.7

 
$

 
$
1,048.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. & Canadian Governments
$
1,842.3

 
$
36.9

 
$
.4

 
$
1,878.8

Corporate
6,694.9

 
225.5

 
2.8

 
6,917.6

 
$
8,537.3

 
$
262.5

 
$
3.3

 
$
8,796.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Held to maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax-exempt
$
1,021.7

 
$
36.5

 
$

 
$
1,058.2



 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
Fixed Maturity Securities Stratified by Contractual Maturity at March 31, 2020:
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
Due in one year or less
$
1,029.6

 
$
1,027.7

Due after one year through five years
4,914.0

 
4,961.4

Due after five years through ten years
2,423.3

 
2,465.1

Due after ten years
42.1

 
41.1

 
$
8,409.1

 
$
8,495.4

 
 
 
 
Held to maturity:
 
 
 
Due in one year or less
$
1.0

 
$
1.0

Due after one year through five years
459.4

 
469.6

Due after five years through ten years
555.3

 
577.5

Due after ten years

 

 
$
1,015.8

 
$
1,048.5



Fixed Maturity Securities Stratified by Credit Quality (a):
 
All Fixed Maturity Securities
 
Held to Maturity
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
Aaa
23.7
%
 
23.9
%
 
39.5
%
 
39.5
%
Aa
12.9

 
13.1

 
52.5

 
52.5

A
32.1

 
32.6

 
8.0

 
8.0

Baa
26.6

 
26.1

 

 

Total investment grade
95.3

 
95.7

 
100.0

 
100.0

All other (b)
4.7

 
4.3

 

 

Total
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%

__________

(a)
Credit quality ratings referred to herein are a blend of those assigned by the major credit rating agencies for U.S. and Canadian Governments, Agencies, Corporates and Municipal issuers.
(b)
"All other" includes non-investment grade or non-rated issuers.


10



As described in Note 1, the Company adopted the FASB's accounting guidance on CECL effective January 1, 2020. The credit allowance for the Company's held to maturity fixed maturity securities is evaluated using a probability-of-default methodology and due to the high credit quality of the portfolio, the resulting allowances established as of January 1, 2020 and March 31, 2020 were not material.

The following tables reflect the Company's gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by category and length of time that individual available for sale and held to maturity fixed maturity securities have been in an unrealized loss position. Fair value and issuer's cost comparisons follow:
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
March 31, 2020:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed Maturity Securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  U.S. & Canadian Governments
$
12.8

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
12.9

 
$

  Corporate
2,253.5

 
148.1

 
27.6

 
8.9

 
2,281.2

 
157.0

 
$
2,266.4

 
$
148.1

 
$
27.6

 
$
8.9

 
$
2,294.1

 
$
157.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of available for sale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
securities in unrealized
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
loss position
 
 
459

 
 
 
26

 
 
 
485

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Held to maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Tax-exempt
$
6.5

 
$

 
$
21.5

 
$

 
$
28.1

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of held to maturity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
securities in unrealized
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
loss position
 
 
3

 
 
 
8

 
 
 
11

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed Maturity Securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  U.S. & Canadian Governments
$
217.2

 
$
.3

 
$
53.0

 
$
.1

 
$
270.3

 
$
.4

  Corporate
176.4

 
1.9

 
54.3

 
.8

 
230.7

 
2.8

 
$
393.7

 
$
2.3

 
$
107.4

 
$
1.0

 
$
501.1

 
$
3.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of available for sale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
securities in unrealized
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
loss position
 
 
54

 
 
 
47

 
 
 
101

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Held to maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Tax-exempt
$

 
$

 
$
21.7

 
$

 
$
21.7

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of held to maturity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
securities in unrealized
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
loss position
 
 

 
 
 
8

 
 
 
8



In the above tables the unrealized losses on fixed income securities reflect changes in the interest rate environment. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated governmental responses caused substantial financial market disruption, which generally led to significant declines in fixed maturity security valuations, resulting in an increase in the unrealized losses on the available for sale portfolio at March 31, 2020. As part of its assessment of other-than-temporary impairments, the Company considers its intent to continue to hold the securities, and the likelihood that it will not be required to sell investment securities in an unrealized loss position until cost recovery, principally in consideration of its asset and liability matching objectives.


11



The following table shows cost and fair value information for equity securities:
 
Equity Securities
 

Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
March 31, 2020
$
3,236.3

 
$
420.1

 
$
441.5

 
$
3,214.9

December 31, 2019
$
3,089.1

 
$
968.0

 
$
26.6

 
$
4,030.5



During the first quarter of 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized pretax unrealized investment gains (losses) of $(962.7) and $355.6, respectively, emanating from changes in the fair value of equity securities in the consolidated statements of income. Changes in the fair value of equity securities still held at March 31, 2020 and 2019 were $(956.8) and $367.6, respectively.

Fair Value Measurements - Fair value is defined as the estimated price that is likely to be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants (an exit price) at the measurement date. A fair value hierarchy is established that prioritizes the sources ("inputs") used to measure fair value into three broad levels: Level 1 inputs are based on quoted market prices in active markets; Level 2 observable inputs are based on corroboration with available market data; and Level 3 unobservable inputs are based on uncorroborated market data or a reporting entity's own assumptions. Following is a description of the valuation methodologies and general classification used for financial instruments measured at fair value.

The Company uses quoted values and other data provided by a nationally recognized independent pricing source as inputs into its quarterly process for determining fair values of fixed maturity and equity securities. To validate the techniques or models used by pricing sources, the Company's review process includes, but is not limited to: (i) initial and ongoing evaluation of methodologies used by outside parties to calculate fair value; and (ii) comparisons with other sources including the fair value estimates based on current market quotations, and with independent fair value estimates provided by the independent investment custodian. The independent pricing source obtains market quotations and actual transaction prices for securities that have quoted prices in active markets and uses their own proprietary method for determining the fair value of securities that are not actively traded. In general, these methods involve the use of "matrix pricing" in which the independent pricing source uses observable market inputs including, but not limited to, investment yields, credit risks and spreads, benchmarking of like securities, broker-dealer quotes, reported trades and sector groupings to determine a reasonable fair value.

Level 1 securities include U.S. and Canadian Treasury notes, publicly traded common stocks, mutual funds, and short-term investments in highly liquid money market instruments. Level 2 securities generally include corporate bonds, municipal bonds, and certain U.S. and Canadian government agency securities. Securities classified within Level 3 include non-publicly traded bonds and equity securities. There were no significant changes in the fair value of Level 3 assets as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

The following tables show a summary of the fair value of financial assets segregated among the various input levels described above:
 
 
Fair Value Measurements
As of March 31, 2020:
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Available for sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. & Canadian Governments
 
$
1,079.9

 
$
780.5

 
$

 
$
1,860.4

Corporate
 

 
6,624.4

 
10.5

 
6,634.9

Short-term investments
 
493.9

 

 

 
493.9

Held to maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax-exempt
 

 
1,048.5

 

 
1,048.5

Equity securities
 
$
3,213.1

 
$

 
$
1.8

 
$
3,214.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2019:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. & Canadian Governments
 
$
1,068.1

 
$
810.7

 
$

 
$
1,878.8

Corporate
 

 
6,907.1

 
10.5

 
6,917.6

Short-term investments
 
484.3

 

 

 
484.3

Held to maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax-exempt
 

 
1,058.2

 

 
1,058.2

Equity securities
 
$
4,028.7

 
$

 
$
1.7

 
$
4,030.5



12




There were no transfers between Levels 1, 2 or 3 during the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

Investment income is reported net of allocated expenses and includes appropriate adjustments for amortization of premium and accretion of discount on fixed maturity securities acquired at other than par value. Dividends on equity securities are credited to income on the ex-dividend date. At March 31, 2020, the Company and its subsidiaries had no non-income producing fixed maturity or equity securities.

Realized investment gains and losses, which result from sales or impairments of securities, are reflected as revenues in the income statement and are determined on the basis of amortized value at date of sale for fixed maturity securities, and cost in regard to equity securities; such bases apply to the specific securities sold.

The following table reflects the composition of net investment income, net realized gains or losses, and the net change in unrealized investment gains or losses for each of the periods shown.
 
Quarters Ended
 
March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Investment income:
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities
$
74.5

 
$
74.6

Equity securities
38.1

 
35.0

Short-term investments
1.9

 
2.4

Other sources
1.1

 
1.6

Gross investment income
115.8

 
113.8

Investment expenses (a)
1.6

 
1.7

Net investment income
$
114.1

 
$
112.1

 
 
 
 
Investment gains (losses):
 
 
 
From actual transactions:
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities:
 
 
 
Gains
$
.9

 
$

Losses
(.5
)
 
(.9
)
Net
.3

 
(.9
)
Equity securities:
 
 
 
Gains
19.4

 
41.1

Losses
(1.2
)
 
(27.9
)
Net
18.2

 
13.2

Other investments, net

 

Total from actual transactions
18.5

 
12.3

From impairments

 

From unrealized changes in fair value of equity securities
(962.7
)
 
355.6

Total realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)
(944.1
)
 
368.0

Current and deferred income taxes (credits)(b)
(198.5
)
 
77.4

Net of tax realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)
$
(745.6
)
 
$
290.6

 
 
 
 
Changes in unrealized investment gains (losses)
 
 
 
reflected directly in shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Fixed maturity securities
$
(172.8
)
 
$
174.3

Less: Deferred income taxes (credits)
(36.2
)
 
36.8

 
(136.6
)
 
137.5

 
 
 
 
Other investments
(.7
)
 
.9

Less: Deferred income taxes (credits)
(.1
)
 
.1

 
(.5
)
 
.7

Net changes in unrealized investment gains (losses),
 
 
 
net of tax
$
(137.1
)
 
$
138.3

__________

(a)
Investment expenses largely consist of personnel costs and investment management and custody service fees.
(b)
Reflects primarily the combination of fully taxable investment gains or losses.


13



4. Losses, Claims and Settlement Expenses:

The establishment of claim reserves by the Company's insurance subsidiaries is a reasonably complex and dynamic process influenced by a large variety of factors. These factors principally include past experience applicable to the anticipated costs of various types of claims, continually evolving and changing legal theories emanating from the judicial system, recurring accounting, statistical, and actuarial studies, the professional experience and expertise of the Company's claim departments' personnel or attorneys and independent claim adjusters, ongoing changes in claim frequency or severity patterns such as those caused by natural disasters, illnesses, accidents, work‑related injuries, and changes in general and industry-specific economic conditions. Consequently, the reserves established are a reflection of the opinions of a large number of persons, of the application and interpretation of historical precedent and trends, of expectations as to future developments, and of management's judgment in interpreting all such factors. At any point in time, the Company is exposed to the incurrence of possibly higher or lower than anticipated claim costs due to all of these factors, and to the evolution, interpretation, and expansion of tort law, as well as the effects of unexpected jury verdicts.

All reserves are therefore based on estimates which are periodically reviewed and evaluated in the light of emerging claim experience and changing circumstances. The resulting changes in estimates are recorded in operations of the periods during which they are made. Return and additional premiums and policyholders' dividends, all of which tend to be affected by development of claims in future years, may offset, in whole or in part, favorable or unfavorable claim developments for certain coverages such as workers' compensation, portions of which are written under loss sensitive programs that provide for such adjustments. The Company believes that its overall reserving practices have been consistently applied over many years, and that its aggregate net reserves have generally resulted in reasonable approximations of the ultimate net costs of claims incurred. However, no representation is made nor is any guaranty given that ultimate net claim and related costs will not develop in future years to be greater or lower than currently established reserve estimates.

The Company’s accounting policy regarding the establishment of claim reserve estimates is described in Note 1(h) to the consolidated financial statements included in Old Republic’s 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The following table shows an analysis of changes in aggregate reserves for the Company's losses, claims and settlement expenses for each of the periods shown.























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14



Summary of changes in aggregate reserves for claims and related costs:
 
Quarters Ended
 
March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Gross reserves at beginning of period
$
9,929.5

 
$
9,471.2

Less: reinsurance losses recoverable
3,249.7

 
3,006.3

Net reserves at beginning of period:
 
 
 
General Insurance
6,021.3

 
5,766.1

Title Insurance
530.9

 
533.4

RFIG Run-off
118.9

 
154.5

Other
8.4

 
10.8

Sub-total
6,679.7

 
6,464.9

Incurred claims and claim adjustment expenses:
 
 
 
Provisions for insured events of the current year:
 
 
 
General Insurance
598.3

 
584.3

Title Insurance
24.7

 
20.2

RFIG Run-off (a)
6.6

 
11.3

Other
3.1

 
4.6

Sub-total
632.9

 
620.5

Change in provision for insured events of prior years:
 
 
 
General Insurance
(5.8
)
 
(11.5
)
Title Insurance
(3.1
)
 
(5.7
)
RFIG Run-off (a)
(1.8
)
 
(2.8
)
Other
(1.3
)
 
(1.2
)
Sub-total
(12.2
)
 
(21.3
)
Total incurred claims and claim adjustment expenses (a)
620.6

 
599.2

Payments:
 
 
 
Claims and claim adjustment expenses attributable to
 
 
 
   insured events of the current year:
 
 
 
General Insurance
96.3

 
100.5

Title Insurance
.1

 
.1

RFIG Run-off

 

Other
.7

 
1.3

Sub-total
97.2

 
102.0

Claims and claim adjustment expenses attributable to
 
 
 
   insured events of prior years:
 
 
 
General Insurance
418.8

 
426.7

Title Insurance
15.9

 
14.1

RFIG Run-off
13.2

 
24.4

Other
1.6

 
2.0

Sub-total
449.7

 
467.3

Total payments
546.9

 
569.3

Amount of reserves for unpaid claims and claim adjustment expenses
 
 
 
at the end of each period, net of reinsurance losses recoverable:
 
 
 
General Insurance
6,098.6

 
5,811.6

Title Insurance
536.4

 
533.6

RFIG Run-off
110.4

 
138.5

Other
7.8

 
10.8

Sub-total
6,753.3

 
6,494.7

Reinsurance losses recoverable
3,242.5

 
2,993.7

Gross reserves at end of period
$
9,995.9

 
$
9,488.4

__________

(a)
In common with all other insurance coverages, RFIG Run-off mortgage guaranty settled and incurred claim and claim adjustment expenses include only those costs actually or expected to be paid by the Company. Changes in mortgage guaranty aggregate case, IBNR, and loss adjustment expense reserves entering into the determination of incurred claim costs, take into account, among a large number of variables, claim cost reductions for anticipated

15



coverage rescissions and claims denials. Estimates of coverage rescissions and claim denials are no longer material to Old Republic's consolidated financial statements.

5. Employee Benefit Plans:

The Company had an active pension plan (the "Plan") covering a portion of its work force until December 31, 2013. The Plan is a defined benefit plan pursuant to which pension payments are based primarily on years of service and employee compensation near retirement. The Plan was closed to new participants and benefits were frozen as of December 31, 2013. As a result, eligible employees retained all of the vested rights as of the effective date of the freeze. While additional benefits no longer accrue, the Company's cumulative obligation continues to be subject to further adjustment due to changes in actuarial assumptions such as expected mortality and changes in interest rates. Net periodic pension costs for the quarterly periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were not material to Old Republic's consolidated statements of income.

During the first quarter of 2020, the Employee Savings and Stock Ownership Plan (ESSOP) purchased 3.3 million shares of Old Republic common stock for $50.0. The purchases were financed by loans to the ESSOP from participating subsidiaries.

6. Information About Segments of Business:

Old Republic is engaged in the single business of insurance underwriting and related services. The Company conducts its operations through a number of regulated insurance company subsidiaries organized into three major segments, namely its General Insurance (property and liability insurance), Title Insurance, and the Republic Financial Indemnity Group ("RFIG") Run-off Business. The results of a small life and accident insurance business are included with those of the parent holding company and its internal corporate services subsidiaries. Each of the Company's segments underwrites and services only those insurance coverages which may be written by it pursuant to state insurance regulations and corporate charter provisions. Segment results exclude investment gains or losses and other-than-temporary impairments as these are aggregated in the consolidated totals. The contributions of Old Republic's insurance industry segments to consolidated totals are shown in the following table.









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16



Segmented and Consolidated Results:
<
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
General Insurance (a):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net premiums earned
 
 
 
 
$
852.8

 
$
831.5

Net investment income and other income
 
 
 
 
125.1

 
118.5

Total revenues excluding investment gains (losses)
 
 
 
 
$
978.0

 
$
950.0

Segment pretax operating income (loss) (b)