Chesapeake Energy (NYSE:CHK)
Historical Stock Chart
5 Years : From Dec 2014 to Dec 2019
Natural gas futures fell below $2 a million British Thermal Units in intraday trading Wednesday for the first time since January 2002. The milestone was passed as weak demand and robust production have driven prices down 55% over the last 52 weeks.
Futures were down 1.6% to $1.999/MMBtu in midday trading for the May contract on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Prices pierced the threshold after hovering just above it for hours.
"There's nothing that's out there right now that can push this higher," said Scott Gettleman, an independent gas trader at the Nymex.
Futures have been in steady decline for months now, plumbing 10-year lows on an almost weekly basis. They have tumbled below the $2 threshold due to a host of supply and demand difficulties--few of which show any sign of easing in the near future.
About half of all U.S. homes are heated using natural gas, and prices typically rise in the winter. But this winter was one of the mildest on record, squelching demand for the fuel.
At the same time, producers have shown little willingness to reduce their record output. The decline in prices hasn't been met with significant cuts to production. In January, Chesapeake Energy Corp. (CHK) and ConocoPhillips (COP) both announced output curtailments in response to falling prices, but the cuts represented only a fraction of their production and few other natural-gas producers followed suit.
The combination of reduced demand and abundant production has sent prices sliding sharply. Natural gas futures are down 33% so far this year.
Many producers, however, have shifted their drilling efforts to focus on fields containing more profitable crude oil and natural gas liquids. The liquids, which include ethane, propane and butane, are crucial in the production of plastics and other products.
The number of working gas rigs in the U.S. has fallen 27% over the last year to 647, according to oil-field services provider Baker Hughes Inc. (BHI). At the same time, the number of oil rigs has risen 50% to 1,329.
Still, these moves have had little impact. Gas output has remained high because most wells produce a mix of oil and gas--no matter whether they are classified as a natural gas well or an oil well. High oil prices effectively are subsidizing the cost of continued gas production in many cases. At the same time, many producers have locked in higher gas prices on the futures market. Others are obligated by the terms of leases on land to continue producing gas. Such deals were struck when gas prices were much higher.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration continues to report record U.S. natural-gas production. Last month, the agency said output in the lower 48 states rose to a record high of 72.85 billion cubic feet a day in January, the most recent date for which figures are available.
The rising output is raising fears that the market could run out of space to store gas later this year, as early as October. Inventories now stand at 2.479 trillion cubic feet, their highest level ever for this time of year and 60.5% above where they typically stand at this time.
That leaves perilously little space for the typical increase in stockpiles that takes place during the spring and summer months. The EIA said Tuesday it expects inventories to rise to 3.923 trillion cubic feet. The agency estimates that about 4.1 trillion cubic feet of working capacity exists across the U.S.
Additional gas demand from power generators could stall the decline, analysts said. Barclays said power generators have been gradually switching off coal plants and turning on gas plants, which are growing cheaper to run. But many utilities have large inventories of coal or long-term contracts that prevent widespread switching.
"The power system is not prepared to respond that quickly to this much of a drop in gas prices," said Mike Zenker, natural gas analyst at Barclays.
However in recent weeks, speculators have been paring their bets on lower gas prices, a sign that some of the most aggressive selling may be over. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission reported Friday that speculators reduced their so-called net short position 16.6% in the most recent week.
-By Dan Strumpf, Dow Jones Newswires; 212-416-2818; email@example.com