UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2020

 

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number 001-35955

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   04-3392453
State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

25 Hendrix Road, Suite A
West Henrietta, New York
  14586
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

  

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (585) 359-5900

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common Stock, par value $0.001   VUZI   Nasdaq Capital Market

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer x Non-accelerated filer ¨
           
Smaller reporting company x Emerging growth company ¨    

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

As of May 11, 2020, there were 34,307,210 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding. 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Vuzix Corporation

INDEX

 

    Page
No.
     
Part I – Financial Information 3
     
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited): 3
     
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 3
     
  Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 4
     
  Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 5
     
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 6
     
  Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements 7
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 15
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 22
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 22
     
Part II – Other Information 23
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 23
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 23
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 23
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 23
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure 23
     
Item 5. Other Information 23
     
Item 6. Exhibits 24
     
Signatures   25

 

  2  

 

  

Part 1: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1: Consolidated Financial Statements

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

    (Unaudited)
March 31,
2020
    December 31,
2019
 
             
ASSETS                
Current Assets                
Cash and Cash Equivalents   $ 6,142,658     $ 10,606,091  
Accounts Receivable, Net     376,570       1,371,913  
Accrued Project Revenue     160,206       -  
Note Receivable     250,000       250,000  
Inventories, Net     5,668,376       5,707,867  
Licenses, Net     527,249       -  
Manufacturing Vendor Prepayments     474,518       242,539  
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets     707,286       895,098  
                 
Total Current Assets     14,306,863       19,073,508  
                 
Long-Term Assets                
Fixed Assets, Net     3,880,275       4,327,676  
Operating Lease Right-of-Use Asset     1,964,984       2,096,190  
Patents and Trademarks, Net     1,261,841       1,294,675  
Licenses, Net     284,234       314,416  
Intangible Asset, Net     888,000       990,000  
Other Assets, Net     441,430       350,000  
                 
Total Assets   $ 23,027,627     $ 28,446,465  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY                
                 
Current Liabilities                
Accounts Payable   $ 1,297,924     $ 1,062,785  
Unearned Revenue     99,714       142,463  
Accrued Expenses     555,021       885,897  
Taxes Payable     21,200       18,687  
Operating Lease Right-of-Use Liability     524,825       524,825  
                 
Total Current Liabilities     2,498,684       2,634,657  
                 
Long-Term Liabilities                
Operating Lease Right-of-Use Liability     1,440,159       1,571,365  
                 
Total Liabilities     3,938,843       4,206,022  
                 
Stockholders' Equity                
Preferred Stock - $.001 Par Value, 5,000,000 Shares Authorized; 49,626 and 49,626 Shares Issued and Outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.     50       50  
Common Stock - $.001 Par Value, 100,000,000 Shared Authorized; 33,128,620 Shares Issued and Outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.     33,128       33,128  
Additional Paid-in Capital     169,160,041       168,950,076  
Accumulated Deficit     (150,104,435 )     (144,742,811 )
                 
Total Stockholders' Equity     19,088,784       24,240,443  
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity   $ 23,027,627     $ 28,446,465  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

  

  3  

 

   

VUZIX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Additional     Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Paid-In Capital     Deficit     Total  
                                           
Balance - January 1, 2020     49,626     $ 50       33,128,620     $ 33,128     $ 168,950,076     $ (144,742,811 )   $ 24,240,443  
                                                         
Stock-Based Compensation Expense     -       -       -       -       209,965       -       209,965  
Q1 2020 Net Loss     -       -       -       -       -       (5,361,624 )     (5,361,624 )
                                                         
Balance - March 31, 2020     49,626     $ 50       33,128,620     $ 33,128     $ 169,160,041     $ (150,104,435 )   $ 19,088,784  

 

 

    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Additional     Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Paid-In Capital     Deficit     Total  
                                           
Balance - January 1, 2019     49,626     $ 50       27,591,670     $ 27,591     $ 148,695,775     $ (118,266,441 )   $ 30,456,975  
                                                         
Stock-Based Compensation Expense     -       -       6,247       7       413,679       -       413,686  
Q1 2019 Net Loss     -       -       -       -       -       (6,359,761 )     (6,359,761 )
                                                         
Balance - March 31, 2019     49,626     $ 50       27,597,917     $ 27,598     $ 149,109,454     $ (124,626,202 )   $ 24,510,900  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

  

  4  

 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

    The Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
Sales:                
Sales of Products   $ 1,371,509     $ 1,373,371  
Sales of Engineering Services     160,206       -  
                 
Total Sales     1,531,715       1,373,371  
                 
Cost of Sales:                
Cost of Sales - Products Sold     1,426,038       1,333,481  
Cost of Sales - Engineering Services     25,161       -  
                 
Total Cost of Sales     1,451,199       1,333,481  
                 
Gross Profit (exclusive of depreciation shown separately below)     80,516       39,890  
                 
Operating Expenses:                
Research and Development     2,023,058       2,516,100  
Selling and Marketing     1,152,808       1,417,966  
General and Administrative     1,537,820       1,896,402  
Depreciation and Amortization     648,541       559,089  
Impairment of Patents and Trademarks     57,532       -  
                 
Total Operating Expenses     5,419,759       6,389,557  
Loss from Operations     (5,339,243 )     (6,349,667 )
                 
Other Income (Expense):                
Investment Income     22,157       58,313  
Other Taxes     (17,686 )     (52,662 )
Foreign Exchange Loss     (26,852 )     (15,745 )
                 
Total Other Income (Expense)     (22,381 )     (10,094 )
                 
Loss Before Provision for Income Taxes     (5,361,624 )     (6,359,761 )
Provision for Income Taxes     -       -  
                 
Net Loss     (5,361,624 )     (6,359,761 )
Preferred Stock Dividends     (499,838 )     (465,765 )
Loss Attributable to Common Stockholders   $ (5,861,462 )   $ (6,825,526 )
                 
Basic and Diluted Loss per Share   $ (0.18 )   $ (0.25 )
Weighted-average Shares Outstanding - Basic and Diluted     33,128,620       27,595,767  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

  

  5  

 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
Cash Flows from Operating Activities                
Net Loss   $ (5,361,624 )   $ (6,359,761 )
Non-Cash Adjustments                
Depreciation and Amortization     648,541       559,089  
Amortization of Software Development Costs in Cost of Sales - Products     25,000       25,000  
Stock-Based Compensation     282,201       489,754  
Impairment of Patents and Trademarks     57,532       -  
(Increase) Decrease in Operating Assets                
Accounts Receivable     450,454       572,577  
Accrued Project Revenue     (160,206 )     -  
Inventories     39,491       (828,424 )
Vendor Prepayments     (231,979 )     368,658  
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets     187,812       437,947  
Increase (Decrease) in Operating Liabilities                
Accounts Payable     235,139       (952,497 )
Accrued Expenses     (330,876 )     (171,068 )
Customer Deposits     -       (77,747 )
Unearned Revenue     (42,749 )     18,618  
Income and Other Taxes Payable     2,513       43,497  
                 
Net Cash Flows Used in Operating Activities     (4,198,751 )     (5,874,357 )
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                
Purchase of Fixed Assets     (221,074 )     (724,565 )
Investments in Patents and Trademarks     -       (41,475 )
Investments in Licenses and Other Intangible Assets     (43,608 )     (537,409 )
                 
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities     (264,682 )     (1,303,449 )
                 
Net Cash Flows from Financing Activities     -       -  
                 
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents     (4,463,433 )     (7,177,806 )
Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of Period     10,606,091       17,263,643  
                 
Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of Period   $ 6,142,658     $ 10,085,837  
                 
Supplemental Disclosures                
Investments in Other Intangible Assets included in Accrued Expenses   $ -     $ 250,000  
Unamortized Common Stock Expense included in Prepaid Expenses   $ 295,725     $ 463,154  
Non-Cash Investment in Licenses and Other Intangible Assets   $ 544,889     $ -  
Stock-Based Compensation Expense - Expensed less Previously Issued   $ 72,236     $ 76,068  

     

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

  

  6  

 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 – Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Vuzix Corporation (“the Company”) have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, the unaudited consolidated financial statements do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Certain re-classifications have been made to prior periods to conform with current reporting. The results of the Company’s operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results of the Company’s operations for the full fiscal year or any other period.

 

The accompanying interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto of the Company as of December 31, 2019, as reported in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 16, 2020.

 

Going Concern 

  

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern. This basis of accounting contemplates the recovery of our assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. These unaudited consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to the specific amounts and classifications of assets and liabilities, which might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern. The Company incurred net losses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 of $5,361,624 and annual net losses of $26,476,370 in 2019 and $21,875,713 in 2018. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $150,104,435.

 

The Company’s cash requirements are primarily for funding operating losses, research and development, working capital, and capital expenditures. Our cash requirements related to funding operating losses depend upon numerous factors, including new product development activities, our ability to commercialize our products, our products’ timely market acceptance, selling prices and gross margins, and other factors. Historically, the Company has met its cash needs primarily by the sale of equity securities.

  

The Company’s management intends to take actions necessary to continue as a going concern, as discussed herein. The Company will need to grow its business significantly to become profitable and self-sustaining on a cash flow basis or it will be required to raise new equity and/or debt capital. Management’s plans concerning these matters and managing our liquidity include, among other things:

 

  · the continued sale of our existing M300XL finished goods and Blade component inventory, of which we have significant levels;
     
  · the expected success of our third-generation monocular device for enterprise, the M400 Smart Glasses, which entered production near the end of the third quarter of 2019, and to date customer interest and adoption of the M400 has been more rapid than earlier models;
     
  · the commencement of volume manufacturing and sale of the new Vuzix Smart Swim product in the second quarter of 2020;
     
  · the timely sale and disposal of as many products and components as possible included in our inventory write-down losses as of December 31, 2019, primarily related to the first M300 Smart Glasses models, including the M300-C Smart Glasses in China, and excess components related to the cessation of such production;
     
  · increased our efforts to further promote our engineering services programs, which result in overall higher gross margins since such programs enable the absorption of some of our operating costs by utilizing a significant portion of our internal engineering fixed salary costs;
     
  · continued to pursue licensing and strategic opportunities around our waveguide technologies with potential OEMs, which would include the receipt of upfront licensing fees and on-going supply agreements;

  

  7  

 

 

  · greater control of operating costs and reductions in spending growth rates wherever possible; 
     
  · implementation of a Company-wide payroll reduction program for individuals earning more than $60,000 annually with required base salary reductions of 10% to 25% depending upon the respective base salary level in the period from May to December 31, 2020. The expected cash savings will be $1,200,000 and will result in the issuance of stock awards, at a rate of 150% of the net cash wage reductions;
     
  · decreased tradeshow and external PR expenditures;
     
  · right-sized operations across all areas of the Company, including head-count freezes or reductions;
     
  · delayed or curtailed discretionary and non-essential capital expenditures not related to near-term new products;
     
  · reduced the rate of new product introductions and leveraged existing platforms to reduce new product development and engineering costs;
     
  · the introduction of the M4000 in the second half of 2020 will be the Company’s next generation see-through waveguide-based product specifically designed for the enterprise market; and
     
  · further reductions of the rate of research and development spending on new technologies, particularly the use of external contractors.

    

Based upon our current amount of cash on hand, management’s historical ability to raise capital, and our ability to manage our cost structure and adjust operating plans if and as required, we have concluded that substantial doubt of our ability to continue as a going concern has been alleviated.

 

Customer Concentrations

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, one customer represented 15% of total product revenue and two confidential defense customers represented 100% of engineering services revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, no one customer represented more than 10% of total product revenue.

  

As of March 31, 2020, two customers represented 23% and 11% of accounts receivable, respectively and two confidential defense customers represented 100% of accrued project revenue. As of December 31, 2019, three customers represented 32%, 26% and 13%, respectively, of accounts receivable.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

 In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326). ASU 2016-13 provides for a new impairment model which requires measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments, including but not limited to accounts receivable. ASU 2016-13 will become effective for the Company on January 1, 2023 and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of this standard will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

    

  8  

 

  

Note 2 – Revenue Recognition and Contracts with Customers

 

Disaggregated Revenue

 

The Company’s total revenue was comprised of three major product lines: Smart Glasses Sales, Waveguide and Display Engine Sales, and Engineering Services. The following table summarizes the revenue recognized by major product line:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
    2020     2019  
             
Revenues                
Smart Glasses Sales   $ 1,371,509     $ 1,278,371  
Waveguide and Display Engine Sales     —        95,000  
Engineering Services     160,206        
                 
Total Revenue   $ 1,531,715     $ 1,373,371  

 

Significant Judgments

 

Under Topic 606 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, there are judgments used that could potentially impact both the timing of our satisfaction of performance obligations and our determination of transaction prices used in determining revenue recognized by major product line. Judgments made include considerations in determining our transaction prices for our standard product sales that include an end-user 30-day right to return if not satisfied with product and include general payment terms that are between Net 30 and 60 days. For our Engineering Services, performance obligations are recognized over time using the input method and the estimated costs to complete each project are considered significant judgments. 

 

Performance Obligations

 

 Revenues from our performance obligations are typically satisfied at a point in time for Smart Glasses, Waveguides and Display Engines, and our OEM Products, which are recognized when the customer obtains control and ownership, which is generally upon shipment. The Company also records revenue for performance obligations relating to our Engineering Services over time by using the input method measuring progress toward satisfying the performance obligations. Satisfaction of our performance obligations related to our Engineering Services is measured by the Company’s cost incurred as a percentage of total expected costs to project completion as the inputs of actual costs incurred by the Company are directly correlated with progress of completing the contract. As such, the Company believes that our methodologies for recognizing revenue over time for our Engineering Services correlate directly with the transfer of control of the underlying assets to our customers.

 

Our standard product sales include a twelve (12) month assurance-type product warranty. In the case of certain of our OEM products and waveguide sales, some include a standard product warranty of up to eighteen (18) months to allow distribution channels to offer the end customer a full twelve (12) months of coverage. We offer extended warranties to customers, which extend the standard product warranty on product sales for an additional twelve (12) month period. All revenue related to extended product warranty sales is deferred and recognized over the extended warranty period. Our Engineering Services contracts vary from contract to contract but typically include payment terms of Net 30 days from date of billing, subject to an agreed upon customer acceptance period.

  

  9  

 

   

The following table presents a summary of the Company’s net sales by revenue recognition method as a percentage of total net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2020:

 

    % of Total Net Sales  
Point-in-Time     90 %
Over Time - Input Method     10 %
Total     100 %

 

Remaining Performance Obligations

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $695,000 of remaining performance obligations under two current waveguide development projects with two global aerospace and defense firms, which represents the total transaction price of these development agreements of $855,000, less revenue recognized under percentage of completion in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The Company currently expects to recognize the remaining revenue relating to these existing performance obligations of $695,000 in the second quarter of 2020. Revenues earned less amounts paid at March 31, 2020 in the amount of $160,206 are reflected as Accrued Project Revenue in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $86,000 of remaining performance obligations related to its extended warranties, which are included in deferred revenue on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company is recognizing this deferred revenue on a straight-line basis ending on September 30, 2020.

  

Note 3 – Loss Per Share

 

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing the loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution from the assumed exercise of stock options and warrants, and the conversion of convertible preferred shares. During periods of net loss, all common stock equivalents are excluded from the diluted EPS calculation because they are anti-dilutive. Since the Company reported a net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the calculation for basic and diluted earnings per share is considered to be the same, as the impact of potential common shares is anti-dilutive. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, there were 12,858,707 and 7,529,006 common stock share equivalents, respectively, potentially issuable under conversion of preferred shares, options, and warrants that could dilute basic earnings per share in the future.

 

Note 4 – Inventories, Net

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value and consisted of the following:

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
Purchased Parts and Components   $ 5,524,161     $ 5,985,214  
Work in Process     2,231,136       2,414,142  
Finished Goods     2,500,949       2,096,744  
Less: Reserve for Obsolescence     (4,587,870 )     (4,788,233 )
Net   $ 5,668,376     $ 5,707,867  

 

  10  

 

 

Note 5 — Licenses, Net

 

    March 31,
2020
    December 31,
2019
 
Licenses   $ 493,717     $ 493,717  
Less: Accumulated Amortization     (227,123 )     (179,301 )
Additions     544,889        
      811,483       314,416  
Less: Current Portion     (527,249 )      
                 
Licenses, Net   $ 284,234     $ 314,416  

 

In January 2020, the Company entered into a global non-exclusive master reseller agreement for certain smart glasses software under which it committed to sell a minimum number of software licenses in 2020. The amount capitalized, included in current assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, will be expensed to cost of goods sold during the period based on actual software licenses sold, with any of the remaining prepaid licenses expensed at the end of the master reseller agreement’s term.

  

Note 6 – Intangible Asset, Net

 

    March 31,
2020
    December 31,
2019
 
             
Intangible Asset   $ 1,500,000     $ 1,500,000  
Less: Accumulated Amortization     (612,000 )     (510,000 )
                 
Intangible Asset, Net   $ 888,000     $ 990,000  

 

On October 4, 2018, the Company entered into amendment No. 1 to agreements (the “TDG Amendment”) with TDG Acquisition Company, LLC (“TDG”), aka Six15 Technologies, LLC. The TDG Amendment amends certain provisions of prior agreements between Vuzix and TDG, including an asset purchase agreement dated June 15, 2012, and an authorized reseller agreement dated June 15, 2012.

 

Pursuant to the TDG Amendment, the Company will be permitted to engage in sales of heads-up display components or subsystems (and any services to support such sale) for incorporation into a finished good or system for sale to military organizations, subject to certain conditions. The Company will also be permitted to sell its products to defense and security organizations that include business customers and governmental entity customers that primarily provide security and defense services, including police, fire fighters, EMTs, other first responders, and homeland and border security. The Company will owe TDG commissions with respect to all such sales until June 15, 2022, when the amendment and original non-compete agreements expire, after which the Company will be free to sell any product to any customer world-wide with no commission liability to TDG. Total commissions expense under this agreement for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $36,580 and nil, respectively.

  

Total amortization expense for this intangible asset for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $102,000. Future monthly amortization expense for the next 26 months is $34,000 per month or $408,000 per annum.

 

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Note 7 – Accrued Expenses

 

Accrued expenses consisted of the following:

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
Accrued Wages and Related Costs   $ 286,126     $ 394,669  
Accrued Professional Services     69,690       217,721  
Accrued Warranty Obligations     99,115       98,893  
Other Accrued Expenses     100,090       174,614  
                 
Total   $ 555,021     $ 885,897  

 

The Company has warranty obligations in connection with the sale of certain of its products. The warranty period for its products is generally twelve (12) months. The costs incurred to provide for these warranty obligations are estimated and recorded as an accrued liability at the time of sale. The Company estimates its future warranty costs based on product-based historical performance rates and related costs to repair.

 

The changes in the Company’s accrued warranty obligations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and the balance as of December 31, 2019 were as follows:

 

Accrued Warranty Obligation at December 31, 2019   $ 98,893  
Reductions for Settling Warranties     (17,122 )
Warranties Issued During Period     17,344  
         
Accrued Warranty Obligations at March 31, 2020   $ 99,115  

 

Note 8 – Income Taxes

 

The Company’s effective income tax rate is a combination of federal, state and foreign tax rates and differs from the U.S. statutory rate due to taxes on foreign income, permanent differences including tax-exempt interest, and the resolution of tax uncertainties, offset by a valuation allowance against U.S. deferred income tax assets.

 

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Note 9 – Capital Stock

 

Preferred stock

 

The Board of Directors is authorized to establish and designate different series of preferred stock and to fix and determine their voting powers and other special rights and qualifications. A total of 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.001 are authorized as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, 49,626 of which are designated as Series A Preferred Stock. There were 49,626 shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding on March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

On January 2, 2015, the Company closed a sale of Series A Preferred Stock to Intel Corporation (the “Series A Purchaser”), pursuant to which we issued and sold an aggregate of 49,626 shares of the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock, at a purchase price of $500 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $24,813,000. Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is convertible, at the option of the Series A holder, into 100 shares of the Company’s common stock (determined by dividing the Series A Original Issue Price of $500 by the Series A Conversion Price, which is equal to $5.00).

 

Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is entitled to receive dividends at a rate of 6% per year, compounded quarterly and payable in cash or in kind, at the Company’s sole discretion. As of March 31, 2020, total accumulated and unpaid preferred dividends were $9,100,930. As of December 31, 2019, total accumulated and unpaid preferred dividends were $8,601,092. There were no declared preferred dividends owed as of March 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019.

 

The Series A Purchaser has the right, but not the obligation, to participate in any proposed issuance by the Company of its securities, subject to certain exceptions and in such amount as is sufficient to maintain the Series A Purchaser’s ownership percentage in the Company, calculated immediately prior to such applicable financing, at a purchase price equal to the per share price of the Company’s securities in such applicable financing.

 

Common Stock

 

The Company’s authorized common stock consists of 100,000,000 shares, par value of $.001. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were 33,128,620 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

  

Note 10 – Stock Warrants

 

A summary of the various changes in warrants during the three months ended March 31, 2020 is as follows:

 

    Number of
Warrants
 
       
Warrants Outstanding at December 31, 2019     6,512,516  
Exercised During the Period      
Issued During the Period      
Expired During the Period      
         
Warrants Outstanding at March 31, 2020     6,512,516  

  

Of the outstanding warrants as of March 31, 2020, 1,033,062 expire on June 18, 2021 and the remaining 5,479,454 expire on January 2, 2022. The weighted average remaining term of the warrants was 1.7 years. The weighted average exercise price was $4.56 per share.

 

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Note 11 – Stock Option Plans

 

A summary of stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2020 is as follows:

 

    Number of 
Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
             
Outstanding at December 31, 2019     1,383,591     $ 4.77  
Granted            
Exercised            
Expired or Forfeited            
                 
Outstanding at March 31, 2020     1,383,591     $ 4.77  

  

The weighted average remaining contractual term for all options as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was 6.0 years and 6.3 years, respectively.

 

As of March 31, 2020, there were 1,058,503 options that were fully vested and exercisable at a weighted average exercise price of $4.67 per share. The weighted average remaining contractual term on the vested options is 5.3 years.

 

As of March 31, 2020, there were 325,088 unvested options exercisable at a weighted average exercise price of $5.12 per share. The weighted average remaining contractual term on the unvested options is 8.3 years.

 

The weighted average fair value of option grants was calculated using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing method. At March 31, 2020, the Company had approximately $1,394,000 of unrecognized stock compensation expense, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.1 years.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded total stock-based compensation expense, including stock awards, of $282,201 and $489,754, respectively.

  

Note 12 – Litigation 

 

We are not currently involved in any actual or pending legal proceeding or litigation and we are not aware of any such proceedings contemplated by or against us or involving our property, except as follows:

 

 On or about December 16, 2019, Throop, LLC (“Throop") filed a patent infringement lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Central District of California against the Company.  The complaint alleges that certain Vuzix products (which have yet to be sufficiently identified) infringe claims of U.S. Patent No. 7,035,897 and U.S. Patent No. 9,479,726.  Both patents expired on January 14, 2020.  The complaint purports to seek an injunction or payment of an ongoing royalty with respect to the patents, an award of damages to compensate for alleged past infringement, trebled damages, and an award of costs and attorney’s fees.  On March 6, 2020, before the Company filed a formal response to the complaint with the Court, Throop filed a voluntary dismissal without prejudice of the California complaint in response to the Company’s position that venue was improper. The Company denies that Throop is entitled to the relief requested and intends to vigorously defend itself against the claims asserted and any lawsuit related thereto brought against the Company going forward.

 

  14  

 

 

Note 13 – Right-of-Use Assets and Liabilities

 

Future lease payments under operating leases as of March 31, 2020 were as follows:

 

Remainder of 2020   $ 456,524  
2021     599,190  
2022     587,286  
2023     489,405  
Total Future Lease Payments     2,132,405  
Less: Imputed Interest     (167,421 )
Total Lease Liability Balance   $ 1,964,984  

 

Operating lease costs under the operating leases totaled $150,000 and $140,300 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

As of March 31, 2020, the weighted average discount rate was 4.5% and the weighted average remaining lease term was 3.5 years.

 

Note 14 – Subsequent Events

  

On May 4, 2020, the Company implemented a Company-wide payroll reduction program for individuals earning more than $60,000 annually with required base salary reductions of 15% to 25% depending upon the respective base salary level in the period from May to December 31, 2020. The expected cash savings will be $1,200,000 and will result in the issuance of stock awards under the Company’s 2014 Stock Incentive Plan, at a rate 150% of the net cash wage reductions. The FMV of these stock awards has been determined at $1.53 and a total of 1,178,590 stock awards were issued. These awards are subject to vesting and resale rules.

 

On April 21, 2020, the Company entered into a Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) Term Note under the Paycheck Protection Program of the recently enacted Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (the “US SBA”). The Company received total proceeds of $1,555,900 from the PPP Note. The PPP Note bears interest at the annual rate of 1%, with the first six months of interest deferred, has a term of two years, and is unsecured and guaranteed by the US SBA. The Company may apply for forgiveness of the PPP Note, with the amount which may be forgiven equating to the sum of payroll costs, covered rent and mortgage obligations, and covered utility payments incurred by the Company during the eight-week period beginning on April 21, 2020, calculated in accordance with the terms of the CARES Act.

   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this quarterly report and in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

As used in this report, unless otherwise indicated, the terms “Company,” “Vuzix”, “management,” “we,” “our,” and “us” refer to Vuzix Corporation.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Developments and Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this quarterly report. The preparation of these statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the appropriate application of certain accounting policies, many of which require us to make estimates and assumptions about future events and their impact on amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements, including the statement of operations, balance sheet, cash flow and related notes. We continually evaluate our estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements, including those related to revenue recognition, bad debts, inventories, warranty reserves, product warranty, carrying value of long-lived assets, fair value measurement of financial instruments and embedded derivatives, valuation of stock compensation awards, and income taxes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not apparent from other sources. Since future events and their impact cannot be determined with certainty, the actual results will inevitably differ from our estimates. Such differences could be material to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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We believe that our application of accounting policies, and the estimates inherently required therein, are reasonable. We periodically re-evaluate these accounting policies and estimates and make adjustments when facts and circumstances dictate a change. Historically, we have found our application of accounting policies to be appropriate, and actual results have not differed materially from those determined using necessary estimates.

 

Management believes certain factors and trends are important in understanding our financial performance. The critical accounting policies, judgments and estimates that we believe have the most significant effect on our consolidated financial statements are:

 

  · Valuation of inventories;

 

  · Carrying value of long-lived assets;

 

  · Going Concern;

 

  · Software development costs;

 

  · Revenue recognition;

 

  · Product warranty;

 

  · Stock-based compensation; and

 

  · Income taxes.

 

Our accounting policies are more fully described in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this quarterly report and in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. There have been no significant changes in our accounting policies for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, an effect on our financial condition, financial statements, revenues or expenses.

 

Business Matters

 

 We are engaged in the design, manufacture, marketing and sale of wearable computing devices and augmented reality wearable display devices also referred to as head mounted displays (or HMDs, but also known as HUDs or near-eye displays), in the form of Smart Glasses and Augmented Reality (AR) glasses. Our wearable display devices are worn like eyeglasses or attach to a head-worn mount. These devices typically include cameras, sensors, and a computer that enable the user to view, record and interact with video and digital content, such as computer data, the Internet, social media or entertainment applications. Our wearable display products integrate micro-display technology with our advanced optics to produce compact high-resolution display engines, less than half an inch diagonally, which when viewed through our smart glasses products create virtual images that appear comparable in size to that of a computer monitor or a large-screen television.

 

With respect to our Smart Glasses and AR products, we are focused on the enterprise, industrial, commercial, first responder, and medical markets. All of the mobile display and mobile electronics markets in which we compete have been and continue to be subject to rapid technological change almost yearly over the last decade including the rapid adoption of tablets, larger screen sizes and display resolutions along with declining prices on mobile phones and other computing devices, and as a result we must continue to improve our products’ performance and lower our costs. We believe our intellectual property portfolio gives us a leadership position in the design and manufacturing of micro-display projection engines, waveguides, mechanical packaging, ergonomics, and optical systems.

 

Impact of COVID-19

 

As our global operations expose us to risks associated with pandemics and epidemics worldwide, we could be harmed and our operations could suffer as a result. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has impacted our business operations and the results of our operations in the first quarter, primarily with delays in expected orders and smart glasses deployment by several customers, and to a lesser degree due to a reduction in manufacturing output caused by supplier shortages and delays from some of our suppliers in China. In addition, due to delays in certain supply chain areas, the expected launch times of our new M4000 and new version of our Blade Smart Glasses have been delayed several weeks. Additionally, we are experiencing increased lead times in regulatory testing of our products in some new countries, which has been forcing us to postpone customer deliveries in these new regions.

 

The broader implications of COVID-19 on our results from operations going forward remains uncertain. The COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to cause adverse effects to our customers, suppliers or business partners in locations that have or will experience more pronounced disruptions, which could result in a reduction to future revenue and manufacturing output as well as delays in our new product development activities. However, on the other hand, opportunities in the medical field with telemedicine and guided remote support and in enterprise with remote support use cases have been growing for Vuzix smart glasses products.  As companies try to go back to work, the need for enabling remote training and support for equipment in the field is becoming a new challenge for enterprise to address and our smart glasses products are poised to help companies address these challenges. Flying restrictions and resumption of travel in general it appears is not coming back any time soon and, in the interest of safety, companies are looking for alternatives.  Vuzix smart glasses solutions and those offered by our Value-Added Resellers provide a wide array of solutions today that can help immediately address these challenges. Also, our products are being used in medical applications from remote support for residents doing their rounds to remote patient care in assisted living facilities or the ICU (intensive care unit).

 

 As an essential manufacturer of telecommunications and microelectronic devices, as well as a supplier of essential technology services and products for medical professionals, first responders and other public safety, national defense and security customers, we have maintained our current production operations through this crisis. As we are committed to the safety and well-being of all our employees, we separated our production staff into 2 six-hour non-overlapping shifts, versus the 1 eight-hour shift that was in place before the COVID-19 outbreak. The majority of our non-production employees have been working remotely for Vuzix and will continue to do so for the time being.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019

 

The following table compares the Company’s consolidated statements of operations data for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

    Three Months Ended 31,  
    2020     2019     Dollar Change     % Increase (Decrease)  
Sales:                                
Sales of Products   $ 1,371,509     $ 1,373,371     $ (1,862 )     (0 %)
Sales of Engineering Services     160,206       -       160,206       NM  
                                 
Total Sales     1,531,715       1,373,371       158,344       12 %
                                 
Cost of Sales:                        
Cost of Sales - Products Sold     1,426,038       1,333,481       92,557       7 %
Cost of Sales - Engineering Services     25,161       -       25,161       NM  
                                 
Total Cost of Sales     1,451,199       1,333,481       117,718       9 %
                                 
Gross Profit (exclusive of depreciation shown separately below)     80,516       39,890       40,626       102 %
Gross Profit %     5 %     3 %                
                                 
Operating Expenses:                                
Research and Development     2,023,058       2,516,100       (493,042 )     (20 %)
Selling and Marketing     1,152,808       1,417,966       (265,158 )     (19 %)
General and Administrative     1,537,820       1,896,402       (358,582 )     (19 %)
Depreciation and Amortization     648,541       559,089       89,452       16 %
Impairment of Patents and Trademarks     57,532       -       57,532       NM  
                                 
Loss from Operations     (5,339,243 )     (6,349,667 )     1,010,424       (16 %)
                                 
Other Income (Expense):                                
Investment Income     22,157       58,313       (36,156 )     (62 %)
Other Taxes     (17,686 )     (52,662 )     34,976       (66 %)
Foreign Exchange Loss     (26,852 )     (15,745 )     (11,107 )     71 %
                                 
Total Other Income (Expense)     (22,381 )     (10,094 )     (12,287 )     122 %
                                 
Net Loss   $ (5,361,624 )   $ (6,359,761 )   $ 998,137       (16 %)

 

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Sales.    There was an overall increase in total sales for the three months ended March 31, 2020 over the same period in 2019 of $158,344 or 12%. The following table reflects the major components of our sales:

  

    Three Months Ended March 31, 2020     % of Sales     Three Months Ended March 31, 2019     % of Sales     Dollar Change     % Increase (Decrease)  
                                     
Sales of Smart Glasses   $ 1,354,433       88 %   $ 1,252,001       91 %   $ 102,432       8 %
Sales of Waveguides & Display Engines     -       0 %     95,000       7 %     (95,000 )     (100 %)
Sales Freight out     17,076       1 %     26,370       2 %     (9,294 )     (35 %)
Sales of Engineering Services     160,206       11 %     -       0 %     160,206       NM  
Total Sales   $ 1,531,715       100 %   $ 1,373,371       100 %   $ 158,344       12 %

  

Sales of Smart Glasses products rose by 8%, primarily the result of our M400 Smart Glasses, which we began selling in the fourth quarter of 2019. Sales revenues from our M-Series Smart Glasses was $1,040,526, a 43% increase of $322,935 over the prior year’s quarter. Total M-Series unit sales increased by 35% for the first quarter of 2020 versus the same period in 2019, and M400s made up 75% of revenues as compared to nil in the 2019 period, when the M400 was not for sale. Sale revenues of Blade smart glasses decreased by $293,450 or 55%, primarily driven by a 20% decrease in their average sales price and lower unit sales.

 

Sales of Waveguides and Display Engines for the three months ended March 31, 2020 were nil versus $95,000 in the prior year’s comparable period. These are made-to-order products and no new orders were received in the first quarter of 2020.

 

Sales of Engineering Services for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $160,206 as compared to nil in the 2019 period. The revenue recognized in the three months ended March 31, 2020 for engineering services was a result of two waveguide and display engine development projects which commenced in the first quarter of 2020 and both are expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2020.

  

Cost of Sales and Gross Profit.  Cost of product revenues and engineering services are comprised of materials, components, labor, warranty costs, freight costs, manufacturing overhead, software royalties, and the non-cash amortization of software development costs related to the production of our products and rendering of engineering services. The following table reflects the components of our cost of goods sold for products:

 

Component of Cost of Sales   Three Months Ended March 31, 2020     As % Related Product Sales     Three Months Ended March 31, 2019     As % Related Product Sales     Dollar Change     % Increase (Decrease)  
                                     
Product Cost of Sales   $ 744,575       54 %   $ 710,098       52 %   $ 34,477       5 %
Freight Costs     112,111       8 %     132,970       10 %     (20,859 )     (16 %)
Manufacturing Overhead     506,204       37 %     415,901       30 %     90,303       22 %
Warranty Costs     222       0 %     23,483       2 %     (23,261 )     (99 %)
Amortization of Software Development Costs     25,000       2 %     25,000       2 %     -       0 %
Software Royalties     37,926       3 %     26,029       2 %     11,897       46 %
                                                 
Total Cost of Sales - Products   $ 1,426,038       104 %   $ 1,333,481       97 %   $ 92,557       7 %
                                                 
Total Gross Profit (Loss)   $ (54,529 )           $ 39,890             $ (94,419 )     (237 %)

  

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, we reported an overall gross loss from product sales of $54,529 as compared to a gross profit of $39,890 in the same period in 2019. On a product cost of sales basis only, product direct costs were 54% of sales in the 2020 period as compared to 52% in 2019, primarily driven by lower selling prices of the M300XL in Q1-2020 versus the same period in 2019.

 

Manufacturing overhead costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020, as a percentage of total product sales, increased to 37% from 30% in the same period in 2019, with the majority of this increase representing additional personnel year-over-year. There was a negligible warranty expense of $222 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to $23,483 in the same period in 2019. This warranty cost reduction resulted from actual warranty returns being less than previously expected and for which we provisioned.

 

Costs for engineering services for the three months ended March 31, 2020 were $25,161 as compared to nil in 2019. The majority of the 2020 period amounts represented the reclassification of our internal R&D wage costs associated with two waveguide development projects. There was a gross profit of $135,045 from engineering services for the three months ended March 31, 2020 versus nil in the same period in 2019. 

  

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Research and Development.   Our research and development expenses consist primarily of compensation costs for personnel, related stock compensation expenses, third party services, purchase of research supplies and materials, and consulting fees related to research and development. Software development expenses to determine technical feasibility before final development and ongoing maintenance are not capitalized and are included in research and development costs.

  

    Three Months Ended March 31, 2020     % of Sales     Three Months Ended March 31, 2019     % of Sales     Dollar Change     % Increase (Decrease)  
                                                 
 Research and Development   $ 2,023,058       132 %   $ 2,516,100       183 %   $ (493,042 )     (20 %)

   

Research and development costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 decreased by $493,042 or 20% as compared to the same period in 2019. This reduction was largely driven by a decrease of $386,979 in external consulting fees related to our Blade software development, which was completed in the first half of 2019; and a reduction of $119,532 in net salary costs.

  

Selling and Marketing.    Selling and marketing costs consist of trade show costs, advertising, sales samples, travel costs, sales staff compensation costs including stock compensation expense, consulting fees, public relations agency fees, website costs and sales commissions paid to full-time staff and outside consultants.

 

    Three Months Ended March 31, 2020     % of Sales     Three Months Ended March 31, 2019     % of Sales     Dollar Change     % Increase (Decrease)  
                                                 
 Selling and Marketing   $ 1,152,808       75 %   $ 1,417,966       103 %   $ (265,158 )     (19 %)

  

Selling and marketing costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 decreased by $265,158 or 19% as compared to the same period in 2019. This reduction in costs was due to the following factors: a decrease in advertising and trade shows of $219,011; a $91,259 decrease in salary and stock-based compensation; and a $80,720 decrease in external consulting fees paid to foreign sales staff; partially offset by a $37,133 increase in computer and software subscription costs; and a $34,087 increase in commissions largely due to commissions payable to TDG pursuant to our non-compete agreement amendment (as described in Note 6 of the financial statements).

 

General and Administrative.   General and administrative costs include professional fees, investor relations (IR) costs including shares and warrants issued for IR services, salaries and related stock compensation, travel costs, office and rental costs.

 

    Three Months Ended March 31, 2020     % of Sales     Three Months Ended March 31, 2019     % of Sales     Dollar Change     % Increase (Decrease)  
                                                 
 General and Administrative   $ 1,537,820       100 %   $ 1,896,402       138 %   $ (358,582 )     (19 %)

  

General and administrative for the three months ended March 31, 2020 decreased by $358,582 or 19% as compared to the same period in 2019. This reduction in costs was due to the following factors: a decrease in legal fees of $152,065; a decrease in IT and security consulting fees of $133,693; a decrease in salary, commissions, benefits and stock compensation expenses of $66,060 related to staff reductions; and a decrease in IR and shareholder related expenses of $46,970; partially offset by an increase in insurance premiums of $41,038.

 

Depreciation and Amortization.   Depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $648,541 as compared to $559,089 in the same period in 2019, an increase of $89,452. The increase in depreciation expense is due to new investments in depreciable assets, including manufacturing equipment and molds placed into service from construction-in-progress and leasehold improvements associated with our plant expansion which were completed in the first quarter of 2019.

 

Other Income (Expense).  Total other expense, net was $22,381 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to $10,094 in the period in 2019. The overall increase of $12,287 in other expenses was primarily the result of a decrease of $36,156 in investment interest income; an increase of $11,107 in foreign exchange losses; partially offset by a decrease of $34,976 in other capital and branch taxes.

 

Provision for Income Taxes. There was not a provision for income taxes in the respective three-month periods ending March 31, 2020 and 2019.

  

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of March 31, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents of $6,142,658, a decrease of $4,463,433 from $10,606,091 as of December 31, 2019.

 

As of March 31, 2020, we had current assets of $14,306,863 as compared to current liabilities of $2,498,684 which resulted in a positive working capital position of $11,808,179. At December 31, 2019, we had a working capital position of $16,438,851. Our current liabilities are comprised principally of accounts payable, operating lease liabilities and accrued expenses.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we used $4,198,751 of cash for operating activities which includes: (i) a net loss of $5,361,624, partially offset by non-cash expenses totaling $1,013,274, (ii) $450,454 collection of trade accounts receivables that existed as of December 31, 2019, and (iii) $330,876 paydown of accrued expenses that existed as of December 31, 2019. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we used $5,584,357 of cash for operating activities.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we used $264,682 of cash for investing activities, which includes $221,074 for purchases of manufacturing equipment and product mold tooling. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we used $1,303,449 of cash for investing activities.

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company does not have any current or long-term debt obligations outstanding.

  

We incurred a net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 of $5,361,624 and annual net losses of $26,476,370 in 2019 and $21,875,713 in 2018. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $150,104,435.

 

The Company needs to grow its business significantly to become profitable and self-sustaining on a cash flow basis or it will be required to raise new equity and/or debt capital. Our cash requirements related to funding operating losses depend upon numerous factors, including new product development activities, our ability to commercialize our products, our products’ timely market acceptance, selling prices and gross margins, and other factors. The Company’s management intends to take actions necessary to continue as a going concern, and accordingly, our consolidated financial statements included in this report have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern. This basis of accounting contemplates the recovery of our assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The consolidated financial statements included in this report do not include any adjustments to the specific amounts and classifications of assets and liabilities which might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

If the Company raises additional funds by new equity issuances, the ownership interests of existing shareholders may be diluted. The amount of such dilution could increase due to the issuance of new warrants or securities with other dilutive characteristics, such as full ratchet anti-dilution clauses or price resets.

 

However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to raise capital in the future or that if we raise additional capital it will be sufficient to execute our business plan. To the extent that we are unable to raise sufficient additional capital, we will be required to substantially modify our business plan and our plans for operations, which could have a material adverse effect on us and our financial condition.

  

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Forward Looking Statements

 

This quarterly report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning:

 

  · trends in our operating expenses, including personnel costs, research and development expense, sales and marketing expense, and general and administrative expense;

 

  · the effect of competitors and competition in our markets;

 

  · our wearable products and their market acceptance and future potential;

 

  · our ability to develop, timely introduce, and effectively manage the introduction of new products and services or improve our existing products and services;

 

  · expected technological advances by us or by third parties and our ability to leverage them;

 

  · our ability to attract and retain customers;

 

  · our ability to accurately forecast consumer demand and adequately manage our inventory;

 

  · our ability to deliver an adequate supply of product to meet demand;

 

  · our ability to maintain and promote our brand and expand brand awareness;

 

  · our ability to detect, prevent, or fix defects in our products;

 

  · our reliance on third-party suppliers, contract manufacturers and logistics providers and our limited control over such parties;

 

  · trends in revenue, costs of revenue, and gross margin and our possible or assumed future results of operations;

 

  · our ability to attract and retain highly skilled employees;

 

  · the impact of foreign currency exchange rates;

 

  · the effect of future regulations;

 

  · the sufficiency of our existing cash and cash equivalent balances and cash flow from operations to meet our working capital and capital expenditure needs for at least the next 12 months; and

 

  · general market, political, economic and business conditions.

 

All statements in this quarterly report that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements. We may, in some cases, use terms such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “projects,” “should,” “will,” “would” or similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes to identify forward-looking statements.

 

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All such forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties and should be evaluated in light of important risk factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performances or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These risk factors include, but are not limited to, those that are described in “Risk Factors” under Item 1A and elsewhere in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission and the following: business and economic conditions, rapid technological changes accompanied by frequent new product introductions, competitive pressures, dependence on key customers, inability to gauge order flows from customers, fluctuations in quarterly and annual results, the reliance on a limited number of third party suppliers, limitations of our manufacturing capacity and arrangements, the protection of our proprietary technology, the effects of pending or threatened litigation, the dependence on key personnel, changes in critical accounting estimates, potential impairments related to investments, foreign regulations, liquidity issues, and potential material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting. Further, during weak or uncertain economic periods, customers may delay the placement of their orders. These factors often result in a substantial portion of our revenue being derived from orders placed within a quarter and shipped in the final month of the same quarter.

 

We caution readers to carefully consider such factors. Many of these factors are beyond our control. In addition, any forward-looking statements represent our estimates only as of the date they are made and should not be relied upon as representing our estimates as of any subsequent date. While we may elect to update forward-looking statements at some point in the future, except as may be required under applicable securities laws, we specifically disclaim any obligation to do so.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

We invest our excess cash in high-quality short-term corporate debt instruments, which bear lower levels of relative risk. We believe that the effect, if any, of reasonably possible near-term changes in interest rates on our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows should not be material to our cash flows or income. It is possible that interest rate movements would increase our unrealized gain or loss on interest rate securities. We are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates primarily through transaction gains and losses as a result of non-U.S. dollar denominated cash flows related to business activities in Japan and Europe. We do not currently hedge our foreign currency exchange rate risk. We estimate that any market risk associated with our international operations is unlikely to have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operation.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Management, with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), has performed an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures that are defined in Rule 13a-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) as of the end of the period covered by this report. This evaluation included consideration of the controls, processes, and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this evaluation, our management, including our CEO and CFO, concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at March 31, 2020.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act that occurred during the Company’s most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

We are not currently involved in any actual or pending legal proceeding or litigation and we are not aware of any such proceedings contemplated by or against us or involving our property, except as follows:

 

On or about December 16, 2019, Throop, LLC (“Throop") filed a patent infringement lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Central District of California against the Company.  The complaint alleges that certain Vuzix products (which have yet to be sufficiently identified) infringe claims of U.S. Patent No. 7,035,897 and U.S. Patent No. 9,479,726.  Both patents expired on January 14, 2020.  The complaint purports to seek an injunction or payment of an ongoing royalty with respect to the patents, an award of damages to compensate for alleged past infringement, trebled damages, and an award of costs and attorney’s fees.  On March 6, 2020, before the Company filed a formal response to the complaint with the Court, Throop filed a voluntary dismissal without prejudice of the California complaint in response to the Company’s position that venue was improper. The Company denies that Throop is entitled to the relief requested and intends to vigorously defend itself against the claims asserted and any lawsuit related thereto brought against the Company going forward.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this report you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes from those risk factors. The risks discussed in our 2019 annual report and described below could materially affect our business, financial condition and future results.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic may negatively affect our business.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic is having widespread, rapidly evolving, and unpredictable impacts on global society, economies, financial markets, and business practices. The continuing impacts of COVID-19 are highly unpredictable and could be significant, and may have an adverse effect on our business, operations and our future financial performance.

 

The impact of the pandemic on our business, operations and future financial performance could include, but is not limited to, that:

 

  · We may experience significant supply chain constraints such that we cannot procure the component parts necessary for manufacturing our Smart Glasses and Waveguide and Display engine solutions.

 

  · We may experience delays in our product development and new product introductions into the market.

 

  · The rapid and broad-based shift to a remote working environment creates inherent productivity, connectivity, and oversight challenges.

 

  · Volatility in the equity markets could affect the value of our equity to shareholders and have an impact on our ability to raise capital.

 

Our PPE loan, which was recently approved and funded, may be subject to audit and, due to an unclear and evolving regulatory framework, may need to be repaid.

 

On April 21, 2020, we were granted a loan totaling $1,555,900 under the Paycheck Protection Program of the CARES Act (the “PPP Loan”), some or all of which may be forgiven. This program was implemented in response to the unprecedented economic downturn related to the coronavirus. Official guidance and interpretations of the requirements of the program have been limited and have been changing over time. The PPP Loan matures on April 21, 2022 and bears annual interest at a rate of 1.0%, with the first six months of interest deferred. Despite our good-faith belief that we properly satisfied all eligibility requirements for the PPP Loan, we could be subject to regulatory scrutiny and a request for re-payment of the PPP Loan. 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

Sale of Unregistered Securities – none

 

Purchase of Equity Securities – none

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not Applicable

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit No.   Description
     
31.1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer of the Registrant pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer of the Registrant pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer of the Registrant pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.2   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer of the Registrant pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Link base Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Link base
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Link base Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Link base Document

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  VUZIX CORPORATION
     
Date: May 11, 2020 By: /s/ Paul Travers
    Paul Travers
    President, Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 11, 2020 By: /s/ Grant Russell
    Grant Russell
    Executive Vice President and Chief Financial
    Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

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