Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 05/10/2019 @ 6:59PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. (SNCR)
Quote : 7.37  -0.06 (-0.81%) @ 11:00PM

Quarterly Report (10-q)


 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
 
Or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from          to
 
Commission file number 000-52049

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
06-1594540
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
200 Crossing Boulevard, 8th   Floor
Bridgewater, New Jersey
08807
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(866) 620-3940
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 

(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
x
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No x
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.0001 par value

 SNCR
The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC

As of May 6, 2019 , there were 42,790,173 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.



SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
FORM 10-Q INDEX

 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.  CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND NOTES

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited) (In thousands)
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 

ASSETS
Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
88,768

 
$
103,771

Restricted cash*
1,526

 
6,089

Marketable securities, current
19,674

 
28,230

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $5,139 and $4,599 at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively**
108,939

 
102,798

Prepaid expenses
41,932

 
45,058

Other current assets
10,045

 
8,508

Total current assets
270,884

 
294,454

Marketable securities, non-current
369

 
6,658

Property and equipment, net
52,128

 
67,937

Operating lease right-of-use assets
64,747

 

Goodwill
223,359

 
224,899

Intangible assets, net
92,759

 
98,706

Other assets
10,013


8,982

Equity method investment
376

 
1,619

Total assets
$
714,635

 
$
703,255


LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
18,948

 
13,576

Accrued expenses
52,875

 
59,545

Deferred revenues, current
65,083

 
57,101

Short-term convertible debt, net of debt issuance costs
97,205

 
113,542

Total current liabilities
234,111

 
243,764

Lease financing obligation

 
9,494

Operating lease liabilities, non-current
66,559

 

Deferred tax liabilities
796

 
1,347

Deferred revenues, non-current
46,700

 
59,841

Other non-current liabilities
7,504

 
10,797

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
12,500

 
12,500

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)


 


Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized; 195 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019
177,065

 
176,603

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000 shares authorized, 49,908 and 49,836 shares issued; 42,746 and 42,674 outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
5

 
5

Treasury stock, at cost (7,162 and 7,162 shares at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)
(82,087
)
 
(82,087
)
Additional paid-in capital
533,224

 
534,673

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(31,966
)
 
(30,383
)
Accumulated deficit
(249,776
)
 
(233,299
)
Total stockholders’ equity
169,400

 
188,909

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
714,635

 
$
703,255

_______________________________
*
See Note 2 .  Basis of Presentation and Consolidation for restricted cash details.
**
See Note 6. Investments in Affiliates and Related Transactions for related party transactions reflected in this account.

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
 
$
88,105

 
$
83,709

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenues*
 
38,953

 
44,549

Research and development
 
19,681

 
20,905

Selling, general and administrative
 
29,246

 
38,110

Restructuring charges
 
421

 
1,108

Depreciation and amortization
 
20,143

 
23,271

Total costs and expenses
 
108,444

 
127,943

Loss from operations
 
(20,339
)
 
(44,234
)
Interest income
 
189

 
3,552

Interest expense
 
(585
)
 
(1,247
)
Gain on extinguishment of debt
 
387

 

Other Income
 
463

 
4,282

Equity method investment loss, net
 
(1,243
)
 
(205
)
Loss from operations, before taxes
 
(21,128
)
 
(37,852
)
Benefit (provision) for income taxes
 
1,391

 
(125
)
Net loss
 
(19,737
)
 
(37,977
)
Net (income) loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(313
)
 
1,285

Preferred stock dividend
 
(7,537
)
 
(3,353
)
Net loss attributable to Synchronoss
 
$
(27,587
)
 
$
(40,045
)
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(0.68
)
 
$
(0.95
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.68
)
 
$
(0.95
)
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
40,320

 
42,181

Diluted
 
40,320

 
42,181

________________________________
*
Cost of revenues excludes depreciation and amortization which are shown separately.

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.






4


SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(Unaudited) (In thousands)
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Net loss
 
$
(19,737
)
 
$
(37,977
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(295
)
 
2,872

Unrealized loss on available for sale securities
 
(905
)
 
(21
)
Net (loss) income on intra-entity foreign currency transactions
 
(383
)
 
829

Total other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(1,583
)
 
3,680

Comprehensive loss
 
(21,320
)
 
(34,297
)
Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(313
)
 
1,285

Comprehensive loss attributable to Synchronoss
 
$
(21,633
)
 
$
(33,012
)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited) (In thousands)

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
Additional
 
Accumulative Other
 
 
 
Total
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Paid-In Capital
 
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Accumulated deficit
 
Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2018
49,836

 
$
5

 
(7,162
)
 
$
(82,087
)
 
$
534,673

 
$
(30,383
)
 
$
(233,299
)
 
$
188,909

Stock based compensation

 

 

 

 
5,779

 

 

 
5,779

Issuance of restricted stock
73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock dividends declared

 

 

 

 
(7,075
)
 

 

 
(7,075
)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs

 

 

 

 
(462
)
 

 

 
(462
)
Shares withheld for taxes in connection with issuance of restricted stock
(1
)
 

 

 

 
(4
)
 

 

 
(4
)
Net loss attributable to Synchronoss

 

 

 

 

 

 
(20,050
)
 
(20,050
)
Non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 
313

 

 

 
313

Total other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 
(1,583
)
 

 
(1,583
)
ASC 842 lease standard implementation impact

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,573

 
3,573

Balance at March 31, 2019
49,908

 
$
5

 
(7,162
)
 
$
(82,087
)
 
$
533,224

 
$
(31,966
)
 
$
(249,776
)
 
$
169,400

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
Additional
 
Accumulative Other
 
 
 
Total
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Paid-In Capital
 
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Accumulated deficit
 
Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2017
52,028

 
$
5

 
(5,060
)
 
$
(105,584
)
 
$
597,553

 
$
(23,373
)
 
$
(5,014
)
 
$
463,587

Stock based compensation

 

 

 

 
7,186

 

 

 
7,186

Issuance of restricted stock
246

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock dividends declared

 

 

 

 
(3,353
)
 

 

 
(3,353
)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs

 

 

 

 
(86
)
 

 

 
(86
)
Treasury shares received in connection with PIPE Purchase Agreement

 

 
(5,995
)
 
(44,830
)
 

 

 

 
(44,830
)
Net loss attributable to Synchronoss

 

 

 

 

 

 
(36,692
)
 
(36,692
)
Non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 
11,496

 

 

 
11,496

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 
3,647

 

 
3,647

ASC 606 revenue recognition implementation impact

 

 

 

 

 
33

 
(10,130
)
 
(10,097
)
Other

 

 

 

 
(38
)
 

 
(1
)
 
(39
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
52,274

 
$
5

 
(11,055
)
 
$
(150,414
)
 
$
612,758

 
$
(19,693
)
 
$
(51,837
)
 
$
390,819


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited) (In thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating activities: 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(19,737
)
 
$
(37,977
)
Adjustments to reconcile Net Loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
20,143

 
23,272

Change in fair value of financial instruments

 
(3,849
)
Amortization of debt issuance costs
155

 
353

(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt
(387
)
 

Accrued PIK interest*

 
(3,447
)
(Earnings) loss from equity method investments*
1,243

 
205

Amortization of bond premium
(36
)
 
17

Deferred income taxes
(525
)
 
191

Non-cash interest on leased facility

 
275

Stock-based compensation
5,555

 
7,184

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
(6,141
)
 
36,153

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
4,272

 
9,402

Other assets
(242
)
 
710

Accounts payable
6,084

 
8,646

Accrued expenses
(10,780
)
 
(10,873
)
Other liabilities
(370
)
 
(137
)
Deferred revenues
(4,918
)
 
(39,514
)
Net cash used for operating activities
(5,684
)
 
(9,389
)
Investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(2,627
)
 
(1,093
)
Purchases of capitalized software
(2,704
)
 
(7,047
)
Purchases of marketable securities available for sale
(11,278
)
 
(6,676
)
Maturity of marketable securities available for sale
26,207

 
1,450

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
9,598

 
(13,366
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Share-based compensation-related proceeds, net of taxes paid on withholding shares 

 
263

Extinguishment of outstanding Convertible Senior Notes
(16,106
)
 

Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock

 
86,220

Preferred dividend payment
(7,075
)
 

Payments on capital obligations
(280
)
 
(369
)
Net cash (used for) provided by financing activities
(23,461
)
 
86,114

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(19
)
 
2,253

Net decrease in cash, restricted cash and cash equivalents
(19,566
)
 
65,612

Cash, restricted cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
109,860

 
246,126

Cash, restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
90,294

 
$
311,738

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents per the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
$
88,768

 
$
310,426

Restricted cash per the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
$
1,526

 
$
1,312

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
$
90,294

 
$
311,738

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Accrued dividends on Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock
$
7,075

 
$
3,353

_______________________________
*
See Note 6. Investments in Affiliates and Related Transactions for related party transactions reflected in this account.

 See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)



1. Description of Business

General

Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. (“Synchronoss” or the “Company”) Digital, Cloud, Messaging and IoT platforms help the world’s leading companies, including operators, original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), and Media and Technology providers to deliver continuously transformative customer experiences that create high value engagement and new monetization opportunities.
The Company currently operates in and markets solutions and services directly through the Company’s sales organizations in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific. The Company’s platforms give customers new opportunities in the Telecommunications, Media and Technology (“TMT”) space, taking advantage of the rapidly converging services, connected devices, networks and applications.
The Company delivers platforms, products and solutions including:
Digital experience management (Platform as a Service) - including digital journey creation, and journey design products that use analytics that power digital advisor products for IT and Business Channel Owners
Cloud sync, backup, storage, device set up, content transfer and content engagement for user generated content
Advanced, multi-channel messaging peer-to-peer (“P2P”) communications and application-to-person (“A2P”) commerce solutions
IoT management technology for Smart Cities, Smart Buildings, Automotive and more

The Company’s platforms are designed and built to be Operator-grade, secure, flexible and scalable and easy to deploy and use - enabling multiple converged communications, commerce and applications and devices - deployed across multiple distribution channels including e-commerce, m-commerce, telesales, retail stores, care and call centers, self-service, indirect and other outlets.
The Synchronoss Digital Experience Platform (“DXP”) is a purpose-built experience management toolset that sits between the customers’ end-user facing applications and their existing back end systems, enabling the authoring and management of customer journeys in a cloud-native no/low-code environment. This platform uses products such as Journey Creator, Journey Advisor, CX Baseline and Digital Coach to create a wide variety of insight-driven customer experiences across existing channels (digital and analogue) including creating the ability to pause and resume continuous, intelligent experiences in an omni-channel environment. DXP can be operated by IT professionals and “citizen” developers (business analysts, etc.) enabling the Company’s customers to bring more compelling and complex experiences to market in less time with fewer and more diverse resources in a real-time, collaborative environment.
The Synchronoss Personal Cloud Platform™ is a secure and highly scalable white label platform designed to store and sync subscriber’s personally created content seamlessly to and from current and new devices. This allows carrier’s customers to protect, engage with and manage their personal content and gives the Company’s Operator customers the ability to increase ARPU through a new monthly recurring charge (“MRC”) and opportunities to mine valuable data that will give subscribers access to new, beneficial services. Additionally, the Company’s Personal Cloud Platform performs an expanding set of value-add services including facilitating an Operator’s initial device setup and enhancing visibility and control across disparate devices within subscribers’ smart homes.
The Synchronoss Messaging Platform powers hundreds of millions of subscribers’ mail boxes worldwide. The Company’s Advanced Messaging Product is a powerful, secure and intelligent white label messaging platform that expands capabilities for Operators and TMT companies to offer P2P messaging via Rich Communications Services (“RCS”). Additionally, the Company’s Advanced Messaging Product powers commerce and a robust ecosystem for Operators, brands and advertisers to execute Application to Person (“A2P”) commerce and data-rich dialogue with subscribers.
The Synchronoss IoT Platform creates an easy to use environment and extensible ecosystem making the management of disparate devices, sensors, data pools and networks easier to manage by IoT administrators and drives the propagation of new IoT applications and monetization models for TMT companies. The Company’s IoT platform utilizes Synchronoss platforms (DXP, Cloud, Messaging), products and solutions to make IoT more accessible and actionable for Smart Building facility managers, Smart City planners, Automotive OEMs and TMT ecosystem players.
2 .  Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

8

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)



The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Synchronoss and in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended  December 31, 2018 . The results of operations for the three months ended  March 31, 2019  are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2019.

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIE”) in which the Company is the primary beneficiary and entities in which the Company has a controlling interest. Investments in less than majority-owned companies in which the Company does not have a controlling interest, but does have significant influence, are accounted for as equity method investments. Investments in less than majority-owned companies in which the Company does not have the ability to exert significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the investee are accounted for using the cost method. All material intercompany transactions and accounts are eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.

For further information about the Company’s basis of presentation and consolidation or its significant accounting policies, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 .

Restricted Cash

Restricted cash includes amounts related to various deposits, escrows and other cash collateral that are restricted by contractual obligation. As of March 31, 2019 , the restricted cash amounts were primarily attributed to cash held in transit, and operating cash held by the Company’s consolidated joint venture Zentry, LLC (“Zentry”), which cannot be used to fulfill the obligations of the Company as a whole.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

Recent accounting pronouncements adopted
Standard
 
Description
 
Effect on the financial statements
Update 2018-07—Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Non-employee Share-Based Payment Accounting
 
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, regarding ASC Topic 718 “Compensation - Stock Compensation,” which largely aligns the accounting for share-based compensation for non-employees with employees. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year.  For all other entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606.
 
The adoption of this standard does not have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
Date of adoption: January 1, 2019.
 
 
 
 
ASU 2018-15 Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Cloud Computing Arrangements
 
In August 2018, the FASB issued final guidance requiring a customer in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract to follow the internal use software guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350-402 Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal Use Software (Subtopic 350-40) to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as assets. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption of the amendments is permitted, including adoption in any interim period, for all entities and should be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption.
 
The adoption of this standard does not have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
Date of adoption: January 1, 2020.
 
 
 
 


9

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


Leases

The Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, Leases (ASC 842) on January 1, 2019. For further discussion of the adoption, refer to the “Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted or Otherwise Effective as of March 31, 2019” section below. ASC 842 applies to a number of arrangements to which the Company is party whereby the Company acts as a lessee.

Whenever the Company enters into a new arrangement, it must determine, at the inception date, whether the arrangement contains a lease. This determination generally depends on whether the arrangement conveys to the Company the right to control the use of an explicitly or implicitly identified fixed asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. Control of an underlying asset is conveyed to the Company if the Company obtains the rights to direct the use of and to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from using the underlying asset.

If a lease exists, the Company must then determine the separate lease and non-lease components of the arrangement. Each right to use an underlying asset conveyed by a lease arrangement should generally be considered a separate lease component if it both: (i) can benefit the Company without depending on other resources not readily available to the Company and (ii) does not significantly affect and is not significantly affected by other rights of use conveyed by the lease. Aspects of a lease arrangement that transfer other goods or services to the Company but do not meet the definition of lease components are considered non-lease components. The consideration owed by the Company pursuant to a lease arrangement is generally allocated to each lease and non-lease component for accounting purposes. However, the Company has elected to not separate lease and non-lease components. Each lease component is accounted for separately from other lease components, but together with the associated non-lease components.

For each lease, the Company must then determine:

The lease term - The lease term is the period of the lease not cancellable by the Company, together with periods covered by: (i) renewal options the Company is reasonably certain to exercise or that are controlled by the lessor and (ii) termination options the Company is reasonably certain not to exercise.

The present value of lease payments is calculated based on:

Lease payments - Lease payments include certain fixed and variable payments, less lease incentives, together with amounts probable of being owed by the Company under residual value guarantees and, if reasonably certain of being paid, the cost of certain renewal options and early termination penalties set forth in the lease arrangement. Lease payments exclude consideration that is: (i) not related to the transfer of goods and services to the Company and (ii) allocated to the non-lease components in a lease arrangement, except for the classes of assets where the Company has elected to not separate lease and non-lease components.

Discount rate - The discount rate must be determined based on information available to the Company upon the commencement of a lease. Lessees are required to use the rate implicit in the lease whenever such rate is readily available; however, as the implicit rate in the Company's leases is generally not readily determinable, the Company generally uses the hypothetical incremental borrowing rate it would have to pay to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments, on a collateralized basis, over a timeframe similar to the lease term.

Lease classification - In making the determination of whether a lease is an operating lease or a finance lease, the Company considers the lease term in relation to the economic life of the leased asset, the present value of lease payments in relation to the fair value of the leased asset and certain other factors, including the lessee's and lessor's rights, obligations and economic incentives over the term of the lease.

Generally, upon the commencement of a lease, the Company will record a lease liability and a right-of-use (ROU) asset. However, the Company has elected, for certain classes of underlying assets with initial lease terms of twelve months or less (known as short-term leases), to not recognize a lease liability or ROU asset. Lease liabilities are initially recorded at lease commencement as the present value of future lease payments. ROU assets are initially recorded at lease commencement as the initial amount of

10

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


the lease liability, together with the following, if applicable: (i) initial direct costs and (ii) lease payments made, net of lease incentives received, prior to lease commencement.

Over the lease term, the Company generally increases it lease liabilities using the effective interest method and decreases its lease liabilities for lease payments made. The Company generally amortizes its ROU assets over the shorter of the estimated useful life and the lease term and assesses its ROU assets for impairment, similar to other long-lived assets.

For finance leases, amortization expense and interest expense are recognized separately in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, with amortization expense generally recorded on a straight-line basis and interest expense recorded using the effective interest method. For operating leases, a single lease cost is generally recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Lease costs for short-term leases not recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease costs not initially included in the lease liability and ROU asset impairment charges are expensed as incurred.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (ASU 2016-02). In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases” (ASU 2018-10), which provides narrow amendments to clarify how to apply certain aspects of the new lease standard, and ASU No. 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842) - Targeted Improvements” (ASU 2018-11), which addresses implementation issues related to the new lease standard. These and certain other lease-related ASUs have generally been codified in ASC 842. ASC 842 supersedes the lease accounting requirements in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 840, Leases (ASC 840), and requires lessees to, among other things, recognize a lease liability, which represents the discounted obligation to make future minimum lease payments, and a corresponding right-of-use asset on the balance sheet for most leases.

The Company adopted ASC 842 on January 1, 2019 for leases that existed on that date. The Company has elected to apply the provisions of ASC 842 modified retrospectively at January 1, 2019 through a cumulative-effect adjustment. Prior period results continue to be presented under ASC 840 based on the accounting standards originally in effect for such periods.

The Company has elected certain practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within ASC 842 to leases that commenced before January 1, 2019, including the package of practical expedients. Due to the Company's election of the package of practical expedients, the Company has carried forward certain historical conclusions for expired or existing contracts, including conclusions relating to initial direct costs and to the existence and classification of leases.

As of January 1, 2019, as a result of adopting ASC 842, the Company recorded a net decrease of $3.6 million million to its Accumulated deficit.

The adoption of ASC 842 did not have a material effect on the Company's Loss from continuing operations or Net loss, or the related per-share amounts, during the three months ended March 31, 2019 .


11

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


Standards issued not yet adopted
Standard
 
Description
 
Effect on the financial statements
Update 2018-17-Consolidation (Topic 810): Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities
 
For entities other than private companies, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The amendments in this Update are effective for a private company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. All entities are required to apply the amendments in this Update retrospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings at the beginning of the earliest period presented. Early adoption is permitted.
 
The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this ASU on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
Date of adoption: January 1, 2020.
 
 
 
 
ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments
 
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 which replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current U.S. GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. The ASU is effective for public companies in annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those years.
 
The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this ASU on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
Date of adoption: January 1, 2020.
 
 
 
 


3. Revenue

Disaggregation of revenue

The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers into the nature of the products and services and geographical regions. The Company’s geographic regions are the Americas, EMEA, and APAC. The majority of the Company’s revenue is from the Technology, Media and Telecom (collectively, “TMT”) sector.
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Cloud
 
Digital
 
Messaging
 
Total
 
Cloud
 
Digital
 
Messaging
 
Total
Geography
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas
$
38,914

 
$
20,764

 
$
2,064

 
$
61,742

 
$
35,860

 
$
20,879

 
$
2,611

 
$
59,350

APAC

 
998

 
18,470

 
19,468

 

 
1,684

 
15,923

 
17,607

EMEA
1,796

 
1,089

 
4,010

 
6,895

 
2,444

 
448

 
3,860

 
6,752

Total
$
40,710

 
$
22,851

 
$
24,544

 
$
88,105

 
$
38,304

 
$
23,011

 
$
22,394

 
$
83,709

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service Line
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Professional Services
$
3,718

 
$
4,248

 
$
12,015

 
$
19,981

 
$
3,444

 
$
5,708

 
$
4,559

 
$
13,711

Transaction Services
1,467

 
2,557

 
6

 
4,030

 
2,343

 
1,779

 

 
4,122

Subscription Services
35,489

 
15,916

 
9,010

 
60,415

 
32,129

 
15,077

 
8,779

 
55,985

License
36

 
130

 
3,513

 
3,679

 
388

 
447

 
9,056

 
9,891

Total
$
40,710

 
$
22,851

 
$
24,544

 
$
88,105

 
$
38,304

 
$
23,011

 
$
22,394

 
$
83,709


Trade Accounts Receivable and Contract balances

The Company classifies its right to consideration in exchange for deliverables as either a receivable or a contract asset. A receivable is a right to consideration that is unconditional (i.e. only the passage of time is required before payment is due). For

12

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


example, the Company recognizes a receivable for revenues related to its time and materials and transaction or volume-based contracts. The Company presents such receivables in Trade accounts receivable, net in its condensed consolidated statements of financial position at their net estimated realizable value. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts to provide for the estimated amount of receivables that may not be collected. The allowance is based upon an assessment of customer creditworthiness, historical payment experience, the age of outstanding receivables and other applicable factors.

A contract asset is a right to consideration that is conditional upon factors other than the passage of time. For example, the Company would record a contract asset if its records revenue on a professional services engagement but are not entitled to bill until the Company achieves specified milestones. Contract asset balance at March 31, 2019 is $3.7 million .

Amounts collected in advance of services being provided are accounted for as contract liabilities, which are presented as deferred revenue on the accompanying balance sheet and are realized with the associated revenue recognized under the contract. Nearly all of the Company's contract liabilities balance is related to services revenue, primarily subscription services contracts.

The Company’s contract assets and liabilities are reported in a net position on a customer basis at the end of each reporting period.

Significant changes in the contract liabilities balance (current and noncurrent) during the period are as follows (in thousands):
 
Contract Liabilities*
Balance - January 1, 2019
$
116,942

Revenue recognized in the period
(76,737
)
Amounts billed but not recognized as revenue
71,578

Balance - March 31, 2019
$
111,783

________________________________
*
Comprised of Deferred Revenue

Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations

Topic 606 requires that the Company disclose the aggregate amount of transaction price that is allocated to performance obligations that have not yet been satisfied as of March 31, 2019 . The Company has elected not to disclose transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations for:

1.
Contracts with an original duration of one year or less, including contracts that can be terminated for convenience without a substantive penalty;
2.
Contracts for which the Company recognizes revenues based on the right to invoice for services performed;
3.
Variable consideration allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied performance obligation or to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a distinct good or service that forms part of a single performance obligation in accordance with Topic 606 Section 10-25-14(b), for which the criteria in Topic 606 Section 10-32-40 have been met. This applies to a limited number of situations where the Company is dependent upon data from a third party or where fees are highly variable.

Many of the Company’s performance obligations meet one or more of these exemptions. Specifically, the Company has excluded the following from the Company’s remaining performance obligations, all of which will be resolved in the period in which amounts are known:
consideration for future transactions, above any contractual minimums
consideration for success-based transactions contingent on third party data
credits for failure to meet future service level requirements

As of March 31, 2019 , the aggregate amount of transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations, other than those meeting the exclusion criteria above, was $313.8 million , of which approximately 95.9% is expected to be recognized as revenues within 2 years , and the remainder thereafter.

Estimates of revenue expected to be recognized in future periods also exclude unexercised customer options to purchase services that do not represent material rights to the customer. Customer options that do not represent a material right are only accounted for in accordance with Topic 606 when the customer exercises its option to purchase additional goods or services.


13

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


4. Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A three-level hierarchy prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value as follows:

Level 1 - Observable inputs - quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
Level 2 - Observable inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities includes quoted prices for similar instruments, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in inactive markets, and amounts derived from valuation models where all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs - includes amounts derived from valuation models where one or more significant inputs are unobservable and require the Company to develop relevant assumptions.

The following is a summary of assets, liabilities and redeemable noncontrolling interests and their related classifications under the fair value hierarchy:
 
March 31, 2019
 
Total
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (1)
$
90,294

 
$
90,294

 
$

 
$

Marketable securities-short term (2)
19,674

 

 
19,674

 

Marketable securities-long term (2)
369

 

 
369

 

Total assets
$
110,337

 
$
90,294

 
$
20,043

 
$

Temporary equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interests (3)
$
12,500

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,500

Total temporary equity
$
12,500

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,500


 
December 31, 2018
 
Total
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (1)
$
109,860

 
$
109,860

 
$

 
$

Marketable securities-short term (2)
28,230

 

 
28,230

 

Marketable securities-long term (2)
6,658

 

 
6,658

 

Total assets
$
144,748

 
$
109,860

 
$
34,888

 
$

Temporary Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interests (3)
$
12,500

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,500

Total temporary equity
$
12,500

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,500

________________________________
(1)  
Cash equivalents primarily included money market funds.
(2)  
Marketable securities are comprised of municipal bonds, certificates of deposit. corporate bonds, treasury bonds, and mutual funds.
(3)  
Put arrangements held by the noncontrolling interests in certain of the Company’s joint ventures.

Marketable Securities

The Company utilizes the market approach to measure fair value for its financial assets. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets. The Company’s marketable securities investments classified as Level 2 primarily utilize broker quotes in a non-active market for valuation of these securities. No transfers of assets between Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 of the fair value measurement hierarchy occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2019 .


14

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


For marketable debt securities, unrealized gains and losses are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in stockholders’ equity. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. The Company evaluates investments with unrealized losses to determine if the losses are other than temporary. The Company has determined that the gross unrealized losses at March 31, 2019 and 2018 are temporary. In making this determination, the Company considered the financial condition, credit ratings and near-term prospects of the issuers, the underlying collateral of the investments, and the magnitude of the losses as compared to the cost and the length of time the investments have been in an unrealized loss position. Additionally, while the Company classifies the securities as available for sale, the Company does not currently intend to sell such investments and it is more likely than not to recover the carrying value prior to being required to sell such investments.

The marketable equity securities are mutual funds measured at fair value and classified within Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. Unrealized gains and losses related to our marketable equity securities were recognized in other income (expense), net.

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , the estimated fair value of investments in marketable debt securities, were as follows:
 
March 31, 2019
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
Marketable securities - debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Municipal bonds
2,475

 
2

 
(3
)
 
2,474

Treasury bonds
9,929

 

 

 
9,929

Total
$
12,404

 
$
2

 
$
(3
)
 
$
12,403


As of March 31, 2019 , the aggregate related fair value of investment with unrealized losses was approximately $1.2 million .
 
December 31, 2018
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
Marketable securities - debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificates of deposit
$
3,776

 
$

 
$
(16
)
 
$
3,760

Corporate bonds
402

 

 
(1
)
 
401

Municipal bonds
10,913

 

 
(32
)
 
10,881

Treasury bonds
15,685

 

 

 
15,685

Total
$
30,776

 
$

 
$
(49
)
 
$
30,727


As of December 31, 2018 , the aggregate related fair value of investment with unrealized losses was approximately $14.9 million .

The contractual maturities of marketable debt securities were as follows:
 
March 31, 2019
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
Due within one year
$
12,035

 
$
12,034

Due after 1 year through 5 years
67

 
67

Due after 5 years through 10 years
302

 
302

Due after 10 years

 

Total marketable securities - debt
$
12,404

 
$
12,403



15

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , the estimated fair value of investments in marketable equity securities, were as follows:
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
$
4,161

Mutual funds purchases
 
3,479

Realized gains (losses)
 

Balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
7,640


Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

The redeemable noncontrolling interests recorded at fair value are put arrangements held by the noncontrolling interests in certain of the Company’s joint ventures. The Company recognizes changes in the redemption value immediately as they occur and adjusts the carrying value of the noncontrolling interest to the greater of the estimated redemption value, which approximates fair value, at the end of each reporting period or the initial carrying amount.

The fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interests was estimated by applying an income approach using a discounted cash flow analysis. This fair value measurement is based on significant inputs that are not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement. Significant changes in the underlying assumptions used to value the redeemable noncontrolling interests could significantly increase or decrease the fair value estimates recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 redeemable noncontrolling interests during the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:
Balance at December 31, 2018
$
12,500

Fair value adjustment
(313
)
Net loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
313

Balance at March 31, 2019
$
12,500


5. Leases

We have entered into contracts with third parties to lease a variety of assets, including certain real estate, equipment, automobiles and other assets. Our leases frequently allow for lease payments that could vary based on factors such as inflation or the degree of utilization of the underlying asset. For example, certain of our real estate leases could require us to make payments that vary based on common area maintenance charges, insurance and other charges. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

We are party to certain sublease arrangements, primarily related to our real estate leases, where we act as the lessee and intermediate lessor. The Company does not have material sublease arrangements.

The following table presents information about the Company's ROU assets and lease liabilities at March 31, 2019 (in thousands):
ROU assets:
 
Non-current operating lease ROU assets
$
64,747

 
 
Operating lease liabilities:
 
Current operating lease liabilities*
$
7,230

Non-current operating lease liabilities
66,559

Total operating lease liabilities
$
73,789

________________________________
*
Amounts are included in Accrued Expenses on Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

16

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)



The following table presents information about lease expense and sublease income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 (in thousands):
Operating lease cost*
$
3,434

Other lease costs and income:
 
Variable lease costs*
408

Sublease income*
(695
)
 
 
Total net lease cost
$
3,147

________________________________
*
Amounts are included in Cost of revenues, Selling, general and administrative and/or Research and development based on the function that the underlying leased asset supports which are reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The following table provides the undiscounted amount of future cash flows included in our lease liabilities at March 31, 2019 for each of the five years subsequent to  December 31, 2018 and thereafter, as well as a reconciliation of such undiscounted cash flows to our lease liabilities at March 31, 2019 (in thousands):

 
Operating Leases
Remainder of 2019
$
9,491

2020
13,448

2021
12,621

2022
12,111

2023
10,056

Thereafter
43,646

Total future lease payments
101,373

Less: amount representing interest
(27,584
)
Present value of future lease payments (lease liability)
$
73,789


The following table provides the weighted-average remaining lease term and weighted-average discount rates for our leases as of March 31, 2019 :
Operating Leases:
 
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years), weighted based on lease liability balances
8.23

Weighted-average discount rate (percentages), weighted based on the remaining balance of lease payments
8.0
%

The following table provides certain cash flow and supplemental noncash information related to our lease liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 (in thousands):
Operating Leases:
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
$
3,068

Lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets



6. Investments in Affiliates and Related Transactions

Sequential Technology International, LLC

In connection with the divestiture of the exception handling business of the Company, Synchronoss entered into a three -year Cloud Telephony and Support services agreement to grant Sequential Technology International, LLC (“STIN”) access to certain

17

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


Synchronoss software and private branch exchange systems to facilitate exception handling operations required to support STIN customers.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 , the Company recognized $6.4 million and $6.4 million , respectively in revenue related to Cloud Telephony and Support services, and $0.0 million and $0.5 million , respectively, in revenue related to all other services.

The STIN affiliate accounts receivable balances in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of  March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , were $30.5 million and $27.5 million , respectively. These amounts principally included revenues generated from the Cloud and Telephony Support Services agreement and pass-through of vendor expenses incurred during the transition and assignment of vendor contracts.

7. Debt

Total debt consists of the following:
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Convertible Senior Notes
$
97,429

 
$
113,980

Unamortized debt issuance cost (1)
(224
)
 
(438
)
Total debt, carrying value
$
97,205

 
$
113,542

Total short-term debt, carrying value
$
97,205

 
$
113,542

________________________________
(1)
Unamortized debt issuance cost is related to Convertible Senior Notes.

Convertible Senior Notes

On August 12, 2014, the Company issued $230.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 0.75% Convertible Senior Notes due in 2019 (the “2019 Notes”). The 2019 Notes mature on August 15, 2019, and bear interest at a rate of 0.75% per annum payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. The Company accounted for the $230.0 million face value of the debt as a liability and capitalized approximately $7.1 million of financing fees, related to the issuance which are presented net of the face value of the 2019 Notes on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The 2019 Notes are senior, unsecured obligations of the Company, and are convertible into shares of its common stock based on a conversion rate of 18.8072 shares per $1,000 principal amount of 2019 Notes which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $53.17 per share. The Company will satisfy any conversion of the 2019 Notes with shares of the Company’s common stock. The 2019 Notes are convertible at the note holders’ option prior to their maturity and if specified corporate transactions occur. The issue price of the 2019 Notes was equal to their face amount.

Holders of the 2019 Notes who convert their notes in connection with a qualifying fundamental change, as defined in the related indenture, may be entitled to a make-whole premium in the form of an increase in the conversion rate. Additionally, following the occurrence of a fundamental change, holders may require that the Company repurchase some or all of the 2019 Notes for cash at a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the notes being repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. As of March 31, 2019 , none of these conditions existed with respect to the 2019 Notes.

The 2019 Notes are the Company’s direct senior unsecured obligations and rank equal in right of payment to all of the Company’s existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness.

At  March 31, 2019 , the carrying amount of the liability was  $97.2 million  and the outstanding principal of the 2019 Notes was  $97.4 million , with an effective interest rate of approximately  1.37% . The fair value of the 2019 Notes was  $95.9 million  at  March 31, 2019 . The fair value of the liability of the 2019 Notes was determined using a discounted cash flow model based on current market interest rates available to the Company. These inputs are corroborated by observable market data for similar liabilities and therefore classified within Level 2 of the fair-value hierarchy.

18

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


The Company is required to meet all SEC filing requirements and deadlines to be compliant with the 2019 Notes. In the event that the Company does not meet the filing requirements, the Company will be in default under the 2019 Notes unless it elects to pay the noteholders additional interest of 0.25% up to 180 days from the date of the notice of default and 0.50% thereafter up to 360 days. The Company may agree to pay additional interest to the holders by notifying holders and the trustee within 90 days from the notice of default. If the Company decides to pay the additional interest but has not remedied its failure to meet all SEC filing requirements within 360 days from the notice of default, it will be in default. If the Company fails to elect to pay the additional interest, it will be in default if it does not remedy its failure to meet all SEC filing requirements within the 90 days from the notice of default.

The Company received a notice of default from holders of more than 25% of the outstanding principal amount of the 2019 Notes on October 13, 2017. In accordance with the terms of the 2019 Notes, the Company elected to begin paying additional interest starting January 11, 2018 (the 90 th day following the Company’s receipt of the notice of default). As a result of the Company regaining compliance with its SEC filing requirements, the Company was no longer required to pay the additional interest as of July 9, 2018. The Company was required to record a derivative related to this contingent interest as a liability and expense in its financial statements due to the late filings of the Company’s quarterly reports on Form 10-Q in 2017. At March 31, 2019 , the recorded contingent interest derivative liability within accrued expenses was zero as a result of Company regaining compliance with its SEC filing requirements.

Interest expense

The following table summarizes the Company’s interest expense:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Convertible Senior Notes
 
 
 
 
Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
155

 
353

Interest on borrowings
 
191

 
431

Additional interest on default
 

 
129

Capital leases
 

 
242

Other
 
239

 
92

Total
 
$
585

 
$
1,247


8. Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) / Income

The changes in accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income during the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
Other comprehensive loss
 
Tax effect
 
Balance at March 31, 2019
Foreign currency
$
(26,436
)
 
$
(295
)
 
$

 
$
(26,731
)
Unrealized loss on intra-entity foreign currency transactions
(3,906
)
 
(538
)
 
155

 
(4,289
)
Unrealized holding losses on marketable debt securities
(41
)
 
(905
)
 

 
(946
)
Total
$
(30,383
)
 
$
(1,738
)
 
$
155

 
$
(31,966
)


9. Stockholders’ Equity

There were no significant changes to Company’s authorized capital stock and preferred stock during the  three  months ended  March 31, 2019 .


19

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


Common Stock

Each holder of common stock is entitled to vote on all matters and is entitled to one vote for each share held. Dividends on common stock will be paid when, and if, declared by the Company’s Board of Directors. No dividends have ever been declared or paid by the Company.

Preferred Stock

The Board of Directors is authorized to issue preferred shares and has the discretion to determine the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, dividend rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences of preferred stock.

In accordance with the terms of the Share Purchase Agreement dated as of October 17, 2017 (the “PIPE Purchase Agreement”), with Silver Private Holdings I, LLC, an affiliate of Siris (“Silver”), on February 15, 2018, the Company issued to Silver 185,000 shares of its newly issued Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), par value $0.0001 per share, with an initial liquidation preference of $1,000 per share, in exchange for $97.7 million in cash and the transfer from Silver to the Company of the 5,994,667 shares of the Company’s common stock held by Silver (the “Preferred Transaction”).

As of March 31, 2019 , there were 195,181 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding, including the initial issuance of 185,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and the issuance of 10,181 shares of Series A Preferred Stock as dividends.

Certificate of Designation of the Series A Preferred Stock

The rights, preferences, privileges, qualifications, restrictions and limitations of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock are set forth in the Series A Certificate. Under the Series A Certificate, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, on each share of Series A Preferred Stock on a quarterly basis, an amount equal to the dividend rate of 14.5% divided by four and multiplied by the then-applicable Liquidation Preference (as defined in the Series A Certificate) per share of Series A Preferred Stock (collectively, the “Preferred Dividends”). The Preferred Dividends are due on January 1, April 1, July 1 and October 1 of each year (each, a “Series A Dividend Payment Date”). The Company may choose to pay the Preferred Dividends in cash or in additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock. In the event the Company does not declare and pay a dividend in-kind or in cash on any Series A Dividend Payment Date, the unpaid amount of the Preferred Dividend will be added to the Liquidation Preference. In addition, the Series A Preferred Stock participates in dividends declared and paid on shares of the Company’s common stock.

Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is convertible, at the option of the holder, into the number of shares of common stock equal to the “Conversion Price” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate) multiplied by the then applicable “Conversion Rate” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate). Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is initially convertible into 55.5556 shares of common stock, representing an initial “conversion price” of approximately $18.00 per share of common stock. The Conversion Rate is subject to equitable proportionate adjustment in the event of stock splits, recapitalizations and other events set forth in the Series A Certificate.

On and after the fifth anniversary of February 15, 2018, holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to cause the Company to redeem each share of Series A Preferred Stock for cash in an amount equal to the sum of the current liquidation preference and any accrued dividends. Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is also redeemable at the option of the holder upon the occurrence of a “Fundamental Change” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate) at a specified premium (“Liquidation Value”). In addition, the Company is also permitted to redeem all outstanding shares of the Series A Preferred Stock at any time (i) within the first 30 months of the date of issuance for the sum of the then-applicable Liquidation Preference, accrued but unpaid dividends and a make whole amount (known as “Redemption Value”) and (ii) following the 30-month anniversary of the date of issuance for the sum of the then-applicable Liquidation Preference and the accrued but unpaid dividends. As of March 31, 2019 , the Liquidation Value and Redemption Value of the Preferred Shares was $243.1 million .

The holders of a majority of the Series A Preferred Stock, voting separately as a class, are entitled at each of the Company’s annual meetings of stockholders or at any special meeting called for the purpose of electing directors (or by written consent signed by the holders of a majority of the then-outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock in lieu of such a meeting): (i) to nominate and elect two members of the Company’s Board of Directors for so long as the Preferred Percentage (as defined in the Series A Certificate) is equal to or greater than 10% ; and (ii) to nominate and elect one member of the Company’s Board of Directors for so long as the Preferred Percentage is equal to or greater than 5% but less than 10% .

20

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)



For so long as the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate at least one director, the Company is required to obtain the prior approval of Silver prior to taking certain actions, including: (i) certain dividends, repayments and redemptions; (ii) any amendment to the Company’s certificate of incorporation that adversely effects the rights, preferences, privileges or voting powers of the Series A Preferred Stock; (iii) issuances of stock ranking senior or equivalent to shares of Series A Preferred Stock (including additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock) in the priority of payment of dividends or in the distribution of assets upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company; (iv) changes in the size of the Company’s Board of Directors; (v) any amendment, alteration, modification or repeal of the charter of the Company’s Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors and related documents; and (vi) any change in the Company’s principal business or the entry into any line of business outside of the Company’s existing lines of businesses. In addition, in the event that the Company is in EBITDA Non-Compliance (as defined in the Series A Certificate) or the undertaking of certain actions would result in the Company exceeding a specified pro forma leverage ratio, then the prior approval of Silver would be required to incur indebtedness (or alter any debt document) in excess of $10.0 million , enter or consummate any transaction where the fair market value exceeds $5.0 million individually or $10.0 million in the aggregate in a fiscal year or authorize or commit to capital expenditures in excess of $25.0 million in a fiscal year.

Each holder of Series A Preferred Stock has one vote per share on any matter on which holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote separately as a class, whether at a meeting or by written consent. The holders of Series A Preferred Stock are permitted to take any action or consent to any action with respect to such rights without a meeting by delivering a consent in writing or electronic transmission of the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock entitled to cast not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize, take or consent to such action at a meeting of stockholders. In addition to any vote (or action taken by written consent) of the holders of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock as a separate class provided for in the Series A Certificate or by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, the holders of shares of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote with the holders of shares of common stock (and any other class or series that may similarly be entitled to vote on an as-converted basis with the holders of common stock) on all matters submitted to a vote or to the consent of the stockholders of the Company (including the election of directors) as one class.

Under the Series A Certificate, if Silver and certain of its affiliates have elected to effect a conversion of some or all of their shares of Series A Preferred Stock and if the sum, without duplication, of (i) the aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock issued to such holders upon such conversion and any shares of the Company’s common stock previously issued to such holders upon conversion of Series A Preferred Stock and then held by such holders, plus (ii) the number of shares of the Company’s common stock underlying shares of Series A Preferred Stock that would be held at such time by such holders (after giving effect to such conversion), would exceed the 19.9% of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s voting stock on an as converted basis (the “Conversion Cap”), then such holders would only be entitled to convert such number of shares as would result in the sum of clauses (i) and (ii) (after giving effect to such conversion) being equal to the Conversion Cap (after giving effect to any such limitation on conversion). Any shares of Series A Preferred Stock which a holder has elected to convert but which, by reason of the previous sentence, are not so converted, will be treated as if the holder had not made such election to convert and such shares of Series A Preferred Stock will remain outstanding. Also, under the Series A Certificate, if the sum, without duplication, of (i) the aggregate voting power of the shares previously issued to Silver and certain of its affiliates held by such holders at the record date, plus (ii) the aggregate voting power of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock held by such holders as of such record date, would exceed 19.99% of the total voting power of the Company’s outstanding voting stock at such record date, then, with respect to such shares, Silver and certain of its affiliates are only entitled to cast a number of votes equal to 19.99% of such total voting power. The limitation on conversion and voting ceases to apply upon receipt of the requisite approval of holders of the Company’s common stock under the applicable listing standards.

Form of Investor Rights Agreement
 
Concurrently with the closing of the Preferred Transaction, Synchronoss and Silver entered into an Investor Rights Agreement.  Under the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, Silver and Synchronoss have agreed that, effective as of the closing of the Preferred Transaction, the Board of Directors of Synchronoss will consist of ten members.  From and after the closing of the Preferred Transaction, so long as the holders of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate a member to the Board of Directors pursuant to the Series A Certificate, the Board of Directors of Synchronoss will consist of (i)  two directors nominated and elected by the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock; (ii)  four directors who meet the independence criteria set forth in the applicable listing standards (each of whom will be initially agreed upon by Synchronoss and Silver); and (iii)  four other directors, two of whom shall satisfy the independence criteria of the applicable listing standards and, as of the closing of the Preferred Transaction, one of whom shall be the individual then serving as chief executive officer of Synchronoss and one of whom

21

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


shall be the current chairman of the Board of Directors of Synchronoss as of the date of execution of the Investors Rights Agreement.  Following the closing of the Preferred Transaction, so long as the holders of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate at least one director to the Board of Directors of Synchronoss pursuant to the Series A Certificate, Silver will have the right to designate two members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors.
 
Pursuant to the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, neither Silver nor its affiliates may transfer any shares of Series A Preferred Stock subject to certain exceptions (including transfers to affiliates that agree to be bound by the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement).
 
For so long as Silver has the right to appoint a director to the Board of Directors of Synchronoss, without the prior approval by a majority of directors voting who are not appointed by the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock, neither Silver nor its affiliates will directly or indirectly purchase or acquire any debt or equity securities of Synchronoss (including equity-linked derivative securities) if such purchase or acquisition would result in Silver’s Standstill Percentage (as defined in the Investor Rights Agreement) being in excess of 30% . However, the foregoing standstill restrictions would not prohibit the purchase of shares pursuant to the PIPE Purchase Agreement or the receipt of shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued as Preferred Dividends pursuant to the Series A Certificate, shares of Common Stock received upon conversion of shares of Series A Preferred Stock or receipt of any shares of Series A Preferred Stock, Common Stock or other securities of the Company otherwise paid as dividends or as an increase of the Liquidation Preference (as defined in the Series A Certificate) or distributions thereon.  Silver will also have preemptive rights with respect to issuances of securities of Synchronoss to maintain its ownership percentage.
 
Under the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, Silver will be entitled to (i)  three demand registrations, with no more than two demand registrations in any single calendar year and provided that each demand registration must include at least 10% of the shares of Common Stock held by Silver, including shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of shares of Series A Preferred Stock and (ii) unlimited piggyback registration rights with respect to primary issuances and all other issuances.

A summary of the Company’s Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock balance at March 31, 2019 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2019 , are presented below:
 
Preferred Stock
 
Shares
 
Amount
Balance at December 31, 2018
195

 
$
176,603

Issuance of preferred stock

 

Initial discount and issuance costs related to preferred stock

 

Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs

 
462

Issuance of preferred PIK dividend

 

Balance at March 31, 2019
195

 
$
177,065


Registration Rights

There were no significant changes to the Company’s registration rights during the three months ended March 31, 2019 .


22

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


Stock Plans

There were no significant changes to the Company’s Stock Plans during the three months ended March 31, 2019 . As of March 31, 2019 , there were zero shares available for the grant or award under the Company’s 2015 Plan and 0.3 million shares available for the grant or award under the Company’s new hire equity incentive plan.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019 , the Company granted awards to purchase an aggregate of insignificant number of shares under the Company’s 2015 Plan, none of which awards are vested as of March 31, 2019 . If there is an insufficient number of shares available under the 2015 Plan for issuance upon vesting and subsequent exercise of such awards, the Company intends to settle such awards for cash. These awards as well as the Company’s performance cash awards granted to executives under the 2019-2021 LTI Plan have been accounted for as liability awards, due to the Company’s intent and the ability to settle such awards in cash upon vesting and has reflected such awards in accrued expenses. As of March 31, 2019 , the liability for such awards is approximately $0.2 million .

Stock-Based Compensation

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense related to all of the Company’s stock awards included by operating expense categories, as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Cost of revenues
 
$
686

 
$
1,112

Research and development
 
1,225

 
1,540

Selling, general and administrative
 
3,644

 
4,534

Total stock-based compensation expense
 
$
5,555

 
$
7,186


The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense related to all of the Company’s stock awards included by award types, as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Stock options
 
$
1,697

 
$
1,760

Restricted stock awards
 
3,858

 
5,426

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
 

 

Total stock-based compensation before taxes
 
5,555

 
7,186

Tax benefit
 
$
1,058

 
$
2,423


The total stock-based compensation cost related to unvested equity awards as of March 31, 2019 was approximately $34.6 million . The expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.23 years .

Stock Options

There were no significant changes to the Company’s Stock Option Plans during the three months ended March 31, 2019 .


23

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model for determining the estimated fair value for stock options. The weighted-average assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model are as follows: 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Expected stock price volatility
 
69.2
%
 
64.5
%
Risk-free interest rate
 
2.5
%
 
2.5
%
Expected life of options (in years)
 
4.23

 
4.09

Expected dividend yield
 
0.0
%
 
0.0
%
Weighted-average fair value (grant date) of the options
 
$
3.95

 
$
4.17


The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2019
Options
 
Number of
Options
 
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
 
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (Years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding at December 31, 2018
 
4,254

 
$
17.93

 
 
 
 
Options Granted
 
167

 
7.79

 
 
 
 
Options Exercised
 

 

 
 
 
 
Options Cancelled
 
(273
)
 
29.31

 
 
 
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2019
 
4,148

 
$
16.77

 
4.97
 
$
33

Vested at March 31, 2019
 
1,470

 
$
26.61

 
3.67
 
$

Exercisable at March 31, 2019
 
1,470

 
$
26.61

 
3.67
 
$


The total intrinsic value for stock options exercisable at March 31, 2019 and 2018 was nil for both periods. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was nil for both periods.

Awards of Restricted Stock and Performance Stock

There were no significant changes to the Company’s restricted stock award (“Restricted Stock”) and performance stock plan during the three months ended March 31, 2019 from December 31, 2018 .

A summary of the Company’s unvested restricted stock at March 31, 2019 , and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2019 , is presented below:
Unvested Restricted Stock
 
Number of
Awards
 
Weighted- Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Unvested at December 31, 2018
 
2,700

 
$
12.71

Granted (1)
 
124

 
7.17

Vested
 
(407
)
 
17.30

Forfeited
 
(52
)
 
13.74

Unvested at March 31, 2019 (2)
 
2,365

 
$
11.62

________________________________
(1) Includes 31 performance-based cash units.
(2)  
Includes 102 performance-based cash units.


24

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


Restricted stock awards are granted subject to other service conditions or service and performance conditions (“Performance-Based Awards”). Restricted stock and Performance-Based Awards are measured at the closing stock price at the date of grant and are recognized straight line over the requisite service period.

10. Income Taxes

The Company recognized approximately $1.4 million in related income tax benefit and $0.1 million in related tax provision during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 , respectively. The effective tax rate was approximately 6.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 , which was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to the valuation allowances recorded in domestic and foreign jurisdictions offset by certain jurisdictions projecting current tax expense. The Company considered all available evidence, including historical profitability and projections of future taxable income together with new evidence, both positive and negative, that could affect the view of the future realization of deferred tax assets. As a result of the assessment, no change was recorded by the Company to the valuation allowance during the three months ended March 31, 2019 .


11. Restructuring

Throughout 2017 and in 2018, the Company initiated a work-force reduction as part of a corporate restructuring, with reductions occurring across all levels and departments within the Company, primarily to reduce costs subsequent to an acquisition or divestiture. As part of these efforts, the Company continues to identify workforce optimization opportunities to better align the Company’s resources with its key strategic priorities.

A summary of the Company’s restructuring accrual at March 31, 2019 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2019 , are presented below:
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
Charges
 
Payments
 
Balance at March 31, 2019
Employment termination costs
$
1,276

 
$
421

 
$
(1,250
)
 
$
447


12. Earnings per Common Share (“EPS”)

Basic EPS is computed based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the year. Diluted EPS is computed based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the year plus the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents using the treasury stock method and the average market price of the Company’s common stock for the year. The Company includes participating securities (Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock - Participation with Dividends on Common Stock that contain preferred dividend) in the computation of EPS pursuant to the two-class method. The two-class method of computing earnings per share is an allocation method that calculates earnings per share for common stock and participating securities. During periods of net loss, no effect is given to the participating securities because they do not share in the losses of the Company.

25

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)



The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in computing basic and diluted net income attributable to common stockholders per common share from continued and discontinued operations.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Numerator - Basic:
 
 
 
Net loss from operations
$
(19,737
)
 
$
(37,977
)
Net (income) loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
(313
)
 
1,285

Preferred stock dividend
(7,537
)
 
(3,353
)
Net loss attributable to Synchronoss
$
(27,587
)
 
$
(40,045
)
 
 
 
 
Numerator - Diluted:
 
 
 
Net loss from operations attributable to Synchronoss
$
(27,587
)
 
$
(40,045
)
Income effect for interest on convertible debt, net of tax

 

Net loss attributable to Synchronoss
$
(27,587
)
 
$
(40,045
)
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic
40,320

 
42,181

Dilutive effect of:
 
 
 
Shares from assumed conversion of convertible debt 1

 

Shares from assumed conversion of preferred stock 2

 

Options and unvested restricted shares

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted
40,320

 
42,181

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.68
)
 
$
(0.95
)
Diluted
$
(0.68
)
 
$
(0.95
)
 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive stock options excluded

 
2,441

Unvested shares of restricted stock awards
2,365

 
1,855


(1)  
The calculation does not include the effect of assumed conversion of convertible debt of 1,957,105 shares for 2019 and 4,325,646 , for 2018 , which is based on 18.8072 shares per $1,000 principal amount of the 2019 Notes.

(2)  
The calculation for 2019 period does not include the effect of assumed conversion of preferred stock of 10,843,394 shares, which is based on 55.5556 shares per $1,000 principal amount of the preferred stock, because the effect would have been anti–dilutive.

13. Commitments, Contingencies and Other

Purchase Obligations

Aggregate annual future minimum payments under non-cancelable agreements are as follows:
Year ending March 31,
 
Colocation
Remainder of 2019
 
$
14,795

2020
 
18,641

2021
 
43

2022
 

2023 and thereafter
 

 
 
$
33,479


Legal Matters

On May 1, 2017, May 2, 2017, June 8, 2017 and June 14, 2017, four putative class actions were filed against the Company and certain of its current and former officers and directors in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (the “Securities Law Action”). After these cases were consolidated, the court appointed as lead plaintiff Employees’ Retirement System of the State of Hawaii, which filed, on November 20, 2017, a consolidated amended complaint purportedly on behalf of purchasers of our common stock between February 3, 2016 and June 13, 2017. On February 2, 2018, the defendants moved to dismiss the consolidated amended complaint in its entirety, with prejudice. Before that motion was decided, on August 24, 2018, lead plaintiff filed a second consolidated amended complaint purportedly on behalf of purchasers of our common stock between October 28, 2014 and June 13, 2017. The second consolidated amended complaint asserts claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and it alleges, among other things, that the defendants made false and misleading statements of material information concerning our financial results, business operations, and prospects. The plaintiff seeks unspecified damages, fees, interest, and costs. Defendants’ motion to dismiss the second consolidated amended complaint is pending before the Court. The Company believes that the asserted claims lack merit, and intends to defend against all of the claims vigorously. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the Company cannot predict the outcome of the actions at this time and can give no assurance that the asserted claims will not have a material adverse effect on its financial position or results of operations.

On September 15, 2017, October 24, 2017, October 27, 2017 and October 30, 2017, the Company’s shareholders filed derivative lawsuits against certain of its officers and directors and the Company (as nominal defendant) in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (the “Derivative Suits”). On May 24, 2018, the Court consolidated the Derivative Suits and appointed Lisa LeBoeuf as lead plaintiff. The lead plaintiff designated as the Operative Complaint the complaint she previously had filed on October 27, 2017, which alleges claims related to breaches of fiduciary duties and unjust enrichment. The Operative Complaint’s allegations relate to substantially the same facts as those underlying the Securities Law Action described above. Plaintiff seeks unspecified damages and for the Company to take steps to improve its corporate governance and internal procedures. Defendants’ motion to dismiss the Operative Complaint is pending before the Court. On March 7, 2019, Synchronoss shareholders, Beth Daniel and Juan Solis, filed a separate derivative lawsuit against certain of the Company’s current and former officers and directors and the Company (as nominal defendant) in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, asserting substantially the same allegations as those underlying the Derivative Suits and the Securities Law Action described above. Plaintiffs seek unspecified damages and for the Company to take steps to improve its corporate governance and internal procedures. Defendants filed a motion to stay the action, which is pending before the Court. Defendants also filed a motion to dismiss the action. Defendants have requested that the motion to dismiss will be briefed only in the event the requested stay is denied or later lifted. The Company believes that the asserted claims lack merit and intends to defend against all of the claims vigorously. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation,

26

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


the Company cannot predict the outcome of the Derivative Suits at this time, and can give no assurance that the asserted claims will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

On July 11, 2017, Shareholder Representative Services LLC, on behalf of the persons entitled to receive merger consideration (the “Sellers”) in connection with the Company’s acquisition of Razorsight, commenced arbitration against the Company with respect to a dispute over the amount due to the Sellers as additional consideration.   Under the Razorsight purchase agreement, the Sellers are entitled to a percentage of any revenue recognized by the Company generated from the sale or licensing of Razorsight products in 2016 after a specific revenue threshold is obtained.  The parties disagreed over the determination of the amount of revenue recognized in 2016.  The parties entered into an agreement resolving the arbitration in May 2018.

On June 13, 2018, The Bank of New York Mellon, in its capacity as trustee (the “Trustee”) under the indenture dated as of August 12, 2014 (the “Indenture”) governing for the 2019 Notes, filed a verified complaint with the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, captioned The Bank of New York Mellon, as Indenture Trustee v. Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. (the “BNY Action”). The BNY Action complaint alleged that a “Fundamental Change” has occurred under the Indenture as a result of the Company’s Common Stock ceasing to be listed or quoted on Nasdaq and that an event of default under the Indenture has occurred as a result of the Company’s failure to provide a notice of such Fundamental Change which, if true, following notice from holders of more than 25% of the outstanding principal under the Notes would trigger the acceleration of the principal and interest outstanding under the 2019 Notes, which otherwise mature on August 15, 2019. On November 2, 2018, the parties filed a stipulation of dismissal of the BNY Action.

Except as set forth above, the Company is not currently subject to any legal proceedings that could have a material adverse effect on its operations; however, it may from time to time become a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of its business. The Company is currently the plaintiff in several patent infringement cases. The defendants in several of these cases have filed counterclaims. Although the Company cannot predict the outcome of the cases at this time due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the Company continues to pursue its claims and believes that the counterclaims are without merit, and the Company intends to defend all of such counterclaims.

14. Additional Financial Information

Other Income

The following table sets forth the components of Other Income included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,