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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             

Commission File Number: 0-26640

POOL-20200930_G1.JPG  
POOL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
   
Delaware 36-3943363
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)
   
109 Northpark Boulevard,
Covington, Louisiana  70433-5001
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(985) 892-5521
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share POOL NASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.          Yes x    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).                        Yes x    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x Accelerated filer
   
Non-accelerated filer   o Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes     No x

As of October 26, 2020, there were 40,158,582 shares of common stock outstanding.




POOL CORPORATION
Form 10-Q
For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.  Financial Statements
POOL CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data) 

Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Net sales $ 1,139,229  $ 898,500  $ 3,097,362  $ 2,617,283 
Cost of sales 810,531  640,569  2,205,555  1,854,408 
Gross profit 328,698  257,931  891,807  762,875 
Selling and administrative expenses 180,465  153,391  495,186  447,427 
Impairment of goodwill and other assets   —  6,944  — 
Operating income 148,233  104,540  389,677  315,448 
Interest and other non-operating expenses, net 1,861  5,498  9,292  18,538 
Income before income taxes and equity earnings 146,372  99,042  380,385  296,910 
Provision for income taxes 27,360  19,593  73,068  53,569 
Equity earnings in unconsolidated investments, net 86  76  248  210 
Net income $ 119,098  $ 79,525  $ 307,565  $ 243,551 
Earnings per share:    
Basic $ 2.97  $ 1.99  $ 7.68  $ 6.13 
Diluted $ 2.92  $ 1.95  $ 7.53  $ 5.97 
Weighted average shares outstanding:    
Basic 40,123  39,933  40,073  39,750 
Diluted 40,839  40,865  40,849  40,811 
Cash dividends declared per common share $ 0.58  $ 0.55  $ 1.71  $ 1.55 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
1


POOL CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
   2020 2019 2020 2019
Net income $ 119,098  $ 79,525  $ 307,565  $ 243,551 
Other comprehensive income (loss):    
Foreign currency translation gains (losses) 2,976  (2,156) (320) (734)
Change in unrealized gains (losses) on interest rate swaps, net of change in taxes of $(51), $188, $3,641 and $692
154  (565) (10,923) (2,074)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) 3,130  (2,721) (11,243) (2,808)
Comprehensive income $ 122,228  $ 76,804  $ 296,322  $ 240,743 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements.









2


POOL CORPORATION
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)

September 30, September 30, December 31,
2020 2019
2019 (1)
  (Unaudited) (Unaudited)  
Assets      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 74,749  $ 36,693  $ 28,583 
Receivables, net 135,555  95,971  76,648 
Receivables pledged under receivables facility 230,857  211,827  149,891 
Product inventories, net 612,824  616,217  702,274 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 12,696  12,384  16,172 
Total current assets 1,066,681  973,092  973,568 
Property and equipment, net 109,086  112,816  112,246 
Goodwill 199,360  188,133  188,596 
Other intangible assets, net 10,522  11,235  11,038 
Equity interest investments 1,314  1,237  1,227 
Operating lease assets 180,230  175,878  176,689 
Other assets 20,396  19,017  19,902 
Total assets $ 1,587,589  $ 1,481,408  $ 1,483,266 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 268,412  $ 214,309  $ 261,963 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 145,420  81,459  60,813 
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt 11,709  11,840  11,745 
Current operating lease liabilities 56,977  56,025  56,325 
Total current liabilities 482,518  363,633  390,846 
Deferred income taxes 29,476  27,951  32,598 
Long-term debt, net 328,225  535,720  499,662 
Other long-term liabilities 32,846  26,737  27,970 
Non-current operating lease liabilities 125,023  121,397  122,010 
Total liabilities 998,088  1,075,438  1,073,086 
Stockholders’ equity:      
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized;
40,153,287, 40,020,216 and 40,074,160 shares issued and
outstanding at September 30, 2020, September 30, 2019 and
December 31, 2019, respectively
40  40  40 
Additional paid-in capital 513,030  480,478  485,239 
Retained earnings (deficit) 98,033  (60,743) (64,740)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (21,602) (13,805) (10,359)
Total stockholders’ equity 589,501  405,970  410,180 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 1,587,589  $ 1,481,408  $ 1,483,266 
(1)  Derived from audited financial statements.
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
3


POOL CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2020 2019
Operating activities    
Net income $ 307,565  $ 243,551 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation 20,979  20,648 
Amortization 975  1,049 
Share-based compensation 11,095  10,243 
Equity earnings in unconsolidated investments, net (248) (210)
Impairment of goodwill and other assets 6,944  — 
Other 1,092  5,334 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:    
Receivables (135,129) (98,538)
Product inventories 99,767  68,827 
Prepaid expenses and other assets 311  1,231 
Accounts payable 3,385  (29,782)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 72,178  20,900 
Net cash provided by operating activities 388,914  243,253 
Investing activities    
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired (24,655) (8,913)
Purchases of property and equipment, net of sale proceeds (16,897) (26,926)
Net cash used in investing activities (41,552) (35,839)
Financing activities    
Proceeds from revolving line of credit 749,840  836,534 
Payments on revolving line of credit (909,637) (1,011,430)
Proceeds from asset-backed financing 261,700  189,000 
Payments on asset-backed financing (266,700) (136,300)
Payments on term facility (6,938) — 
Proceeds from short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt 13,255  27,633 
Payments on short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt (13,291) (24,962)
Payments of deferred financing costs (12) — 
Payments of deferred and contingent acquisition consideration (281) (311)
Proceeds from stock issued under share-based compensation plans 16,696  17,042 
Payments of cash dividends (68,599) (61,752)
Purchases of treasury stock (76,194) (23,188)
Net cash used in financing activities (300,161) (187,734)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (1,035) 655 
Change in cash and cash equivalents 46,166  20,335 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 28,583  16,358 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 74,749  $ 36,693 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
4


POOL CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Common Stock Additional
Paid-In
Retained Earnings Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Shares Amount Capital (Deficit) Loss Total
Balance at December 31, 2019 40,074  $ 40  $ 485,239  $ (64,740) $ (10,359) $ 410,180 
Net income
—  —  —  30,912  —  30,912 
Foreign currency translation
—  —  —  —  (5,430) (5,430)
Interest rate swaps, net of the change in taxes of $2,837
—  —  —  —  (8,510) (8,510)
Repurchases of common stock, net of retirements
(362) —  —  (66,619) —  (66,619)
Share-based compensation
—  —  3,654  —  —  3,654 
Issuance of stock under share-based compensation plans
219  —  6,358  —  —  6,358 
Declaration of cash dividends
—  —  —  (22,147) —  (22,147)
Balance at March 31, 2020 39,931  40  495,251  (122,594) (24,299) 348,398 
Net income
—  —  —  157,555  —  157,555 
Foreign currency translation
—  —  —  —  2,134  2,134 
Interest rate swaps, net of the change in taxes of $855
—  —  —  —  (2,567) (2,567)
Repurchases of common stock, net of retirements
(19) —  —  (3,584) —  (3,584)
Share-based compensation
—  —  3,567  —  —  3,567 
Issuance of stock under share-based compensation plans
130  —  4,453  —  —  4,453 
Declaration of cash dividends
—  —  —  (23,165) —  (23,165)
Balance at June 30, 2020 40,042  40  503,271  8,212  (24,732) 486,791 
Net income
—  —  —  119,098  —  119,098 
Foreign currency translation
—  —  —  —  2,976  2,976 
Interest rate swaps, net of the change in taxes of $(51)
—  —  —  —  154  154 
Repurchases of common stock, net of retirements
(20) —  —  (5,990) —  (5,990)
Share-based compensation
—  —  3,874  —  —  3,874 
Issuance of shares under share-based compensation plans
131  —  5,885  —  —  5,885 
Declaration of cash dividends
—  —  —  (23,287) —  (23,287)
Balance at September 30, 2020 40,153 $ 40  $ 513,030  $ 98,033  $ (21,602) $ 589,501 









5



Common Stock Additional
Paid-In
Retained Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
  Shares Amount Capital Deficit Loss Total
Balance at December 31, 2018 39,506  $ 40  $ 453,193  $ (218,646) $ (10,997) $ 223,590 
Net income
—  —  —  32,637  —  32,637 
Foreign currency translation
—  —  —  —  214  214 
Interest rate swaps, net of the change in taxes of $90
—  —  —  —  (269) (269)
Repurchases of common stock, net of retirements
(155) (1) —  (23,096) —  (23,097)
Share-based compensation
—  —  3,259  —  —  3,259 
Adoption of ASU 2016-02
—  —  —  (709) —  (709)
Issuance of stock under share-based compensation plans
328  7,070  —  —  7,071 
Declaration of cash dividends
—  —  —  (17,819) —  (17,819)
Balance at March 31, 2019 39,679  40  463,522  (227,633) (11,052) 224,877 
Net income
—  —  —  131,390  —  131,390 
Foreign currency translation
—  —  —  —  1,208  1,208 
Interest rate swaps, net of the change in taxes of $413
—  —  —  —  (1,240) (1,240)
Share-based compensation
—  —  3,335  —  —  3,335 
Issuance of stock under share-based compensation plans
219  —  5,533  —  —  5,533 
Declaration of cash dividends
—  —  —  (21,934) —  (21,934)
Balance at June 30, 2019 39,898  40  472,390  (118,177) (11,084) 343,169 
Net income
—  —  —  79,525  —  79,525 
Foreign currency translation
—  —  —  —  (2,156) (2,156)
Interest rate swaps, net of the change in taxes of $188
—  —  —  —  (565) (565)
Repurchases of common stock, net of retirements
(1) —  —  (92) —  (92)
Share-based compensation
—  —  3,649  —  —  3,649 
Issuance of shares under share-based compensation plans
123  —  4,439  —  —  4,439 
Declaration of cash dividends
—  —  —  (21,999) —  (21,999)
Balance at September 30, 2019 40,020 $ 40  $ 480,478  $ (60,743) $ (13,805) $ 405,970 
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
6


POOL CORPORATION
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Pool Corporation (the Company, which may be referred to as we, us or our) prepared the unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements following U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for interim financial information. As permitted under those rules, we have condensed or omitted certain footnotes and other financial information required for complete financial statements. 

The interim Consolidated Financial Statements include all normal and recurring adjustments that are necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position and operating results. All significant intercompany accounts and intercompany transactions have been eliminated.

A description of our significant accounting policies is included in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. You should read the interim Consolidated Financial Statements in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.  The results for our three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the expected results for our fiscal year ending December 31, 2020.

Newly Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

On January 1, 2020, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, and all related amendments, which are codified into Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 326, using the cumulative-effect transition method related to our trade receivables. This new standard changes the way companies evaluate credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments. For trade and other receivables, held-to-maturity debt securities, loans and other instruments, entities are required to use a new forward-looking “expected loss” model to evaluate impairment, potentially resulting in earlier recognition of allowances for losses. The new standard also requires enhanced disclosures, including the requirement to disclose the information used to track credit quality by year of origination for most financing receivables. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations, and we do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material effect on our results of operations in future periods. See Allowance for Doubtful Accounts within this note for more information.

We adopted ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, for our interim impairment tests performed in the period ended March 31, 2020. This new standard eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge (commonly referred to as Step 2 under the previous guidance). Rather, the measurement of a goodwill impairment charge is based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying value over its fair value (Step 1 under the previous guidance). The impact of the new standard is dependent on the specific facts and circumstances of individual impairments, if any. The adoption of this guidance did not impact our results of operations, statement of financial position or cash flows.

On January 1, 2020, we adopted ASU 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract, on a prospective basis. This new standard aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license. The adoption of this guidance did not materially impact our results of operations, statement of financial position or cash flows.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We record trade receivables at the invoiced amounts less an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses we may incur if customers do not pay. We perform periodic credit evaluations of our customers, and we typically do not require collateral. Consistent with industry practices, we generally require payment from our North American customers within 30 days, except for sales under early buy programs for which we provide extended payment terms to qualified customers.

7


Upon adoption of ASU 2016-13, we did not recognize an adjustment to the beginning balance of retained earnings as the impact from adoption was not material. Our estimate of future losses is made by management based upon historical bad debts, customer receivable balances, age of customer receivable balances, customers’ financial conditions and current and forecasted economic trends, including certain trends in the housing market, the availability of consumer credit and general economic conditions (as commonly measured by Gross Domestic Product or GDP). We monitor housing market trends through review of the House Price Index as published by the Federal Housing Finance Agency, which measures the movement of single-family house prices. Our assessment of future losses in the first nine months of 2020 further considered the uncertainty of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on forecasted economic trends. At the end of each quarter, we also perform a reserve analysis of all accounts with balances greater than $20,000 that are more than 60 days past due. During the year, we write off account balances when we have exhausted reasonable collection efforts and determined that the likelihood of collection is remote. These write-offs are charged against our allowance for doubtful accounts.

The following table summarizes the changes in our allowance for doubtful accounts (in thousands):
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2020 2019
Balance at beginning of period $ 5,472  $ 6,182 
Bad debt expense 1,667  2,639 
Write-offs, net of recoveries (1,844) (2,642)
Balance at end of period $ 5,295  $ 6,179 

Goodwill and Intangibles Impairment

As discussed in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, goodwill represents the excess of the amount we paid to acquire a company over the estimated fair value of tangible assets and identifiable intangible assets acquired, less liabilities assumed. We test goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually as of October 1st and at any other time when impairment indicators exist.

In the first quarter of 2020, we determined certain impairment triggers for our Australian reporting units had occurred due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on expected future operating cash flows. We performed interim goodwill impairment analyses, which included discounted cash flow analyses, and determined that the estimated fair values of our Australian reporting units no longer exceeded their carrying values. In the period ended March 31, 2020, we recorded impairment equal to the total goodwill and intangibles carrying amounts of our five Australian reporting units, which included goodwill impairment of $3.5 million and intangibles impairment, related to the Pool Systems tradename and trademark, of $0.9 million. We also considered the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the expected future operating cash flows of the remainder of our reporting units. Although we do not currently anticipate any long-term impacts for the overall business, we continue to monitor reporting units that we consider more at risk; this includes one reporting unit in Italy with a goodwill balance of $3.7 million at September 30, 2020, and three reporting units in Quebec, Canada, with an aggregate goodwill balance of $2.6 million at September 30, 2020.

The determination of our reporting units’ goodwill and intangibles fair values includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The principal assumptions, all of which are considered Level 3 inputs, used in our cash flow analyses consisted of changes in market conditions, forecasted future operating results (including sales growth rates and operating margins) and discount rates (including our weighted-average cost of capital).

Income Taxes

We reduce federal and state income taxes payable by the tax benefits associated with the exercise of nonqualified stock options and the lapse of restrictions on restricted stock awards. To the extent realized tax deductions exceed the amount of previously recognized deferred tax benefits related to share-based compensation, we record an excess tax benefit. We record all excess tax benefits as a component of income tax benefit or expense on the Consolidated Statements of Income in the period in which stock options are exercised or restrictions on awards lapse. We recorded excess tax benefits of $8.5 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to $4.5 million in the third quarter of 2019 and $22.6 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $21.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

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Retained Earnings

We account for the retirement of treasury shares as a reduction of Retained earnings (deficit). As of September 30, 2020, the Retained earnings on our Consolidated Balance Sheets reflects cumulative net income, the cumulative impact of adjustments for changes in accounting pronouncements, treasury share retirements since the inception of our share repurchase programs of $1.5 billion and cumulative dividends of $647.5 million.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The table below presents the components of our Accumulated other comprehensive loss balance (in thousands):
September 30, December 31,
2020 2019 2019
Foreign currency translation adjustments $ (10,447) $ (13,156) $ (10,127)
Unrealized losses on interest rate swaps, net of tax
(11,155) (649) (232)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss $ (21,602) $ (13,805) $ (10,359)


Recent Accounting Pronouncements Pending Adoption
The following table summarizes the recent accounting pronouncements that we plan to adopt in future periods:
Standard Description Effective Date Effect on Financial Statements and Other Significant Matters
ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740), Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes
Simplifies the accounting for income taxes by eliminating certain exceptions related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. Most amendments are required to be applied on a prospective basis, while certain amendments must be applied on a retrospective or modified retrospective basis. Annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020 We are currently evaluating the effect this standard will have on our financial position, results of operations and related disclosures. We do not expect that there will be a material impact to the financial statements as a result of adopting this ASU.
ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting
Provides temporary optional guidance to ease the potential burden in accounting for reference rate reform. The new guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. These transactions include: contract modifications, hedging relationships, and sale or transfer of debt securities classified as held-to-maturity. Entities may apply the provisions of the new standard as of the beginning of the reporting period when the election is made. The provisions of this update are only available until December 31, 2022, when the reference rate replacement activity is expected to be completed. We are currently evaluating the effect this standard will have on our financial position, results of operations and related disclosures.


Note 2 – Earnings Per Share

We calculate basic earnings per share (EPS) by dividing Net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding.  Diluted EPS reflects the dilutive effects of potentially dilutive securities, which include in-the-money outstanding stock options and shares to be purchased under our employee stock purchase plan. Using the treasury stock method, the effect of dilutive securities includes these additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding based on the assumption that these potentially dilutive securities had been issued.

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Stock options with exercise prices that are higher than the average market prices of our common stock for the periods presented are excluded from the diluted EPS calculation because the effect is anti-dilutive.

The table below presents the computation of EPS, including the reconciliation of basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding (in thousands, except EPS):
  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Net income $ 119,098  $ 79,525  $ 307,565  $ 243,551 
Weighted average shares outstanding:    
Basic 40,123  39,933  40,073  39,750 
Effect of dilutive securities:    
Stock options and employee stock purchase plan 716  932  776  1,061 
Diluted 40,839  40,865  40,849  40,811 
Earnings per share:    
Basic $ 2.97  $ 1.99  $ 7.68  $ 6.13 
Diluted $ 2.92  $ 1.95  $ 7.53  $ 5.97 
Anti-dilutive stock options excluded from diluted earnings per share computations   —   


Note 3 – Acquisitions

In September 2020, we acquired the distribution assets of Northeastern Swimming Pool Distributors, Inc., a wholesale distributor of swimming pool equipment, chemicals and supplies, adding two locations in Ontario, Canada and one location in Quebec, Canada.

In February 2020, we acquired the distribution assets of Master Tile Network LLC, a wholesale distributor of swimming pool tile and hardscape products, adding two locations in Texas, one location in Nevada and one location in Oklahoma.

We have completed our acquisition accounting for these acquisitions, subject to adjustments for standard holdback provisions per the terms of the purchase agreements, which are not material.

In January 2019, we acquired the distribution assets of W.W. Adcock, Inc., a wholesale distributor of swimming pool products, equipment, parts and supplies, adding two locations in Pennsylvania, one location in North Carolina and one location in Virginia. We have completed our acquisition accounting for this acquisition.

Subsequent to September 30, 2020, in October 2020, we acquired Jet Line Products, Inc., a wholesale distributor of swimming pool equipment, chemicals and supplies, adding three locations in New Jersey, three locations in New York, two locations in Texas and one location in Florida.

These acquisitions did not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations, either individually or in the aggregate.


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Note 4 – Fair Value Measurements and Interest Rate Swaps

Our assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis include the unrealized gains or losses on our interest rate swap contracts and contingent consideration related to recent acquisitions. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under the accounting guidance are described below:

Level 1    Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2    Inputs to the valuation methodology include:
quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets;
quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets;
inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability; or
inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.
Level 3    Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The table below presents the estimated fair values of our interest rate swap contract, our forward-starting interest rate swap contracts and our contingent consideration liabilities (in thousands):
 
Fair Value at September 30,
2020 2019
Level 2
Unrealized gains on interest rate swaps $   $ 631 
Unrealized losses on interest rate swaps 14,828  1,532 
Level 3
Contingent consideration liabilities $ 869  $ 745 

Interest Rate Swaps

We utilize interest rate swap contracts and forward-starting interest rate swap contracts to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in variable interest rates for future interest payments on our variable rate borrowings. 

For determining the fair value of our interest rate swap and forward-starting interest rate swap contracts, we use significant other observable market data or assumptions (Level 2 inputs) that we believe market participants would use in pricing similar assets or liabilities, including assumptions about counterparty risk.  Our fair value estimates reflect an income approach based on the terms of the interest rate swap contracts and inputs corroborated by observable market data including interest rate curves. We include unrealized gains in Prepaid expenses and other current assets and unrealized losses in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

We recognize any differences between the variable interest rate in effect and the fixed interest rates per our swap contracts as an adjustment to interest expense over the life of the swaps. If determined to be effective cash flow hedges, we record the changes in the estimated fair value of the swaps to Accumulated other comprehensive loss on our Consolidated Balance Sheets.  If any of our interest rate swaps were determined to be ineffective, we would recognize the changes in the estimated fair value of our swaps in Interest and other non-operating expenses, net on our Consolidated Statements of Income.

We currently have one interest rate swap contract in place, which became effective on November 20, 2019, and terminates on November 20, 2020. This swap contract was previously forward-starting and converts the variable interest rate to a fixed interest rate on our variable rate borrowings. For this interest rate swap, we have not recognized any gains or losses through income, nor has there been any effect on income from hedge ineffectiveness over the term of the swap contract.


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The following table provides additional details related to this swap contract:
Derivative Inception Date Effective Date Termination Date Notional Amount
(in millions)
Fixed Interest Rate
Interest rate swap 1 July 6, 2016 November 20, 2019 November 20, 2020 $150.0 1.1425%

For the interest rate swap contract in effect at September 30, 2020, a portion of the change in the estimated fair value between periods relates to future interest expense. Recognition of the change in fair value between periods attributable to accrued interest is reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss on the Consolidated Balance Sheets to Interest and other non-operating expenses, net on the Consolidated Statements of Income. This amount was not material in the nine month period ended September 30, 2020.

We have entered into forward-starting interest rate swap contracts to extend the hedged period for future interest payments on our variable rate borrowings. These swap contracts will convert the variable interest rate to a fixed interest rate on our variable rate borrowings.

The following table provides details related to each of our forward-starting interest rate swap contracts:
Derivative Inception Date Effective Date Termination Date Notional
Amount
(in millions)
Fixed
Interest
Rate
Forward-starting interest rate swap 1 May 7, 2019 November 20, 2020 September 29, 2022 $75.0 2.0925%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 2 July 25, 2019 November 20, 2020 September 29, 2022 $75.0 1.5500%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 3 February 5, 2020 February 26, 2021 February 28, 2025 $150.0 1.3800%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 4 March 9, 2020 September 29, 2022 February 26, 2027 $150.0 0.7400%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 5 March 9, 2020 February 28, 2025 February 26, 2027 $150.0 0.8130%

Failure of our swap counterparties would result in the loss of any potential benefit to us under our swap agreements. In this case, we would still be obligated to pay the variable interest payments underlying our debt agreements.  Additionally, failure of our swap counterparties would not eliminate our obligation to continue to make payments under our existing swap agreements if we continue to be in a net pay position.

Our interest rate swap and forward-starting interest rate swap contracts are subject to master netting arrangements. According to our accounting policy, we do not offset the fair values of assets with the fair values of liabilities related to these contracts.

Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements

In addition to our assets and liabilities that we measure at fair value on a recurring basis, our assets and liabilities are also subject to nonrecurring fair value measurements. Generally, our assets are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as a result of impairment charges.

In the first quarter of 2020, we recorded impairment charges of $6.9 million, which included $2.5 million from a long-term note, as collectability was impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and non-cash goodwill and intangibles impairment charges of $4.4 million, equal to the total goodwill and intangibles carrying amounts of our Australian reporting units. See Goodwill and Intangibles Impairment within Note 1 for more information on goodwill and intangibles impairment recognized in the period ended March 31, 2020.

Other

The carrying values of cash, receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to the short maturity of those instruments (Level 1 inputs). The carrying value of long-term debt approximates fair value (Level 3 inputs).  Our determination of the estimated fair value reflects a discounted cash flow model using our estimates, including assumptions related to borrowing rates (Level 3 inputs).
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Note 5 – Debt

The table below presents the components of our debt (in thousands):
  September 30,
  2020 2019
Variable rate debt
Short-term borrowings $   $ 2,116 
Current portion of long-term debt:
Australian credit facility 11,709  9,724 
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt 11,709  11,840 
Long-term portion:    
Revolving credit facility 40,876  375,235 
Term facility 178,062  — 
Receivables securitization facility 110,000  161,200 
Less: financing costs, net 713  715 
Long-term debt, net 328,225  535,720 
Total debt  $ 339,934  $ 547,560 

Our accounts receivable securitization facility (the Receivables Facility) provides for the sale of certain of our receivables to a wholly owned subsidiary (the Securitization Subsidiary). The Securitization Subsidiary transfers variable undivided percentage interests in the receivables and related rights to certain third-party financial institutions in exchange for cash proceeds, limited to the applicable funding capacities.

We account for the sale of the receivable interests as a secured borrowing on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. The receivables subject to the agreement collateralize the cash proceeds received from the third-party financial institutions. We classify the entire outstanding balance as Long-term debt, net on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as we intend and have the ability to refinance the obligations on a long-term basis. We present the receivables that collateralize the cash proceeds separately as Receivables pledged under receivables facility on our Consolidated Balance Sheets.

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Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis included in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.  

For a discussion of our base business calculations, see the Results of Operations section below.

Cautionary Statement for Purposes of the “Safe Harbor” Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

This report contains forward-looking information that involves risks and uncertainties.  Our forward-looking statements express our current expectations or forecasts of possible future results or events, including projections of earnings and other financial performance measures, statements of management’s expectations regarding our plans and objectives and industry, general economic and other forecasts of trends, future dividend payments and share repurchases, and other matters. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this filing, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise such statements to reflect new circumstances or unanticipated events as they occur.  You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historic or current facts and often use words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “believe,” “will likely result,” “outlook,” “project,” “may,” “can,” “plan,” “target,” “potential,” “should” and other words and expressions of similar meaning.

No assurance can be given that the expected results in any forward-looking statement will be achieved, and actual results may differ materially due to one or more factors, including impacts on our business from the COVID-19 pandemic, the sensitivity of our business to weather conditions, changes in the economy and the housing market, our ability to maintain favorable relationships with suppliers and manufacturers, competition from other leisure product alternatives and mass merchants, excess tax benefits or deficiencies recognized under ASU 2016-09 and other risks detailed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K and in Part II, Item 1A. of this Form 10-Q.  For these statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act.

OVERVIEW

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a pandemic, and on March 13, 2020, the United States declared a national emergency. States and cities have taken various measures in response to COVID-19, including mandating the closure of certain businesses and encouraging or requiring citizens to avoid large gatherings. Most of our North American operations are and have been continuously open for business as we are designated as an essential business in almost all of our markets. In Europe, our operations closed for a short period during the first half of 2020 in France, Spain and Italy, in order to comply with local authorities’ orders. Our products are used to maintain and protect outdoor commercial, residential and municipal environments through chemically-balanced, virus and bacteria-free swimming pool water. We also supply products used in the prevention of runoff, flood, fire and other natural disasters. These products are essential to the health and safety of the general public. As a result, our supply chain remains intact, with our customers continuing to meet end-user needs.

The health, safety and security of our employees has been, and remains, one of our highest priorities. We have adapted our operations and implemented a number of measures to facilitate a safer sales center environment for both our customers and employees, which includes following best practices and guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We implemented enhanced hygiene and sanitation practices at our sales centers and at our corporate offices. In rare instances, we have had to close facilities in whole or in part as a result of government regulations, as well as positive or presumed positive results from COVID-19 testing. The direct impact of any closures to date has not been material to our operations.

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Beginning in the middle of March, when stay-at-home orders related to the COVID-19 pandemic were initially issued, we experienced sales declines across most markets. However, as stay-at-home restrictions eased in late April through early May, our business not only rebounded, but accelerated, resulting in net sales of $1.28 billion for the second quarter of 2020. In the third quarter of 2020, we realized net sales of $1.14 billion, as our sales continued to benefit from elevated demand for residential pool products, driven by home-centric trends influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic. As families spend more time at home, our sales have benefited from greater swimming pool demand and usage, resulting in broad sales gains across our product categories and geographies. While the short-term impact of this trend has had a positive impact on our business, it is unclear what the long-term impact will be. In addition, governmental restrictions have had a material impact on some of our customers, limiting their ability to operate in certain geographies from mid-March into mid-May. While these restrictions were lifted, new stay-at-home orders or other government mandates could have a material impact on our results.

Our balance sheet remains strong with low leverage and sufficient access to additional capital. Given the seasonality of our business, our warehouses were stocked with inventory in preparation for the upcoming peak season prior to the implementation of most stay-at-home orders. As a result, the limited vendor supply interruptions experienced to date have had a minimal impact on our business. Supply disruptions have largely been limited to categories with the greatest demand, including heat-related equipment and above-ground swimming pools. We continue to work closely with our suppliers to maintain the flow of essential products to provide customers with the materials they need to serve their communities.

We began taking steps in April to reduce both capital expenditures and operating costs. Specifically, we reduced expenses for labor, fuel, utilities, advertising, meetings, travel and entertainment. As our business outlook and market trends have improved since the implementation of these cost-saving measures, we continue to assess our discretionary spending. We continue to reevaluate previously deferred capital expenditures and currently expect capital expenditures in 2020 to approximate 65% of 2019 capital expenditures and range from $20.0 million to $25.0 million.

The impact of the ongoing pandemic on our business and financial results will continue to vary by location and depend on numerous evolving factors that we are not able to accurately predict. These factors include the duration and scope of the pandemic, global economic conditions during and after the pandemic, governmental actions that have been taken (or may be taken in the future) in response to the pandemic and changes in customer and supplier behavior in response to the pandemic.

Financial Results

In the third quarter of 2020, net sales increased 27% to $1.14 billion compared to $898.5 million in the third quarter of 2019. Our sales benefited from continued elevated demand for residential pool products, driven by home-centric trends influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic, as working from home became routine and families created and enjoyed safe social and entertainment alternatives in their own backyards. We realized broad sales gains across many product categories, as maintenance, replacement, refurbishment and construction activities across most geographies were strong.
Gross profit increased 27% to $328.7 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $257.9 million in the same period of 2019. Gross margin increased 20 basis points to 28.9% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to 28.7% in the third quarter of 2019, with increased purchase volumes driving improvements in supply chain management.
Selling and administrative expenses (operating expenses) increased 18% to $180.5 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to $153.4 million in the third quarter of 2019, primarily reflecting a $20.1 million increase in performance-based compensation. Excluding performance-based compensation in both periods, operating expenses increased 5% due to growth-driven freight expenses and greater facility-related costs. As a percentage of net sales, operating expenses decreased to 15.8% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to 17.1% in the same period of 2019, as we continued to realize benefits from discretionary spending controls implemented earlier in the year.
Operating income in the third quarter of 2020 increased 42% to $148.2 million compared to $104.5 million in the same period in 2019. Operating margin was 13.0% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to 11.6% in the third quarter of 2019.
We recorded an $8.5 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, tax benefit from Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, in the quarter ended September 30, 2020, compared to a tax benefit of $4.5 million, or $0.11 per diluted share, realized in the same period of 2019.
Net income increased 50% to $119.1 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to $79.5 million in the third quarter of 2019. Earnings per share increased 50% to $2.92 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2020 compared to $1.95 in the same period of 2019. Excluding the impact from ASU 2016-09 in both periods, earnings per diluted share increased 47% to $2.71 in the third quarter of 2020 compared to $1.84 in the third quarter of 2019.
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References to product line and product category data throughout this report generally reflect data related to the North American swimming pool market, as it is more readily available for analysis and represents the largest component of our operations.
Financial Position and Liquidity

As of September 30, 2020, total net receivables, including pledged receivables, increased 19% compared to September 30, 2019, driven by our September sales growth and partially offset by improved collections. Our days sales outstanding (DSO), as calculated on a trailing four quarters basis, was 27.6 days at September 30, 2020 and 29.0 days at September 30, 2019. Our allowance for doubtful accounts balance was $5.3 million at September 30, 2020 and $6.2 million at September 30, 2019.

Net inventory levels decreased 1% compared to levels at September 30, 2019, reflecting the strong pace of sales in the third quarter of 2020. The inventory reserve was $11.4 million at September 30, 2020 and $9.9 million at September 30, 2019. Our inventory turns, as calculated on a trailing four quarters basis, were 3.7 times at September 30, 2020 and 3.2 times at September 30, 2019.

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities increased 79% compared to September 30, 2019, primarily reflecting increases in accrued performance-based compensation and unrealized losses on interest rate swaps.

Total debt outstanding at September 30, 2020 was $339.9 million, down 38% compared to total debt at September 30, 2019, as we have utilized our operating cash flows to decrease debt balances. We have used debt proceeds over the past 12 months primarily to fund business-driven working capital growth, acquisitions, payments of cash dividends and share repurchases.

Current Trends and Outlook

For a detailed discussion of trends through 2019, see the Current Trends and Outlook section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis included in Part II, Item 7 of our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.  

Based on our results to date and expectations for the remainder of the year, we expect 2020 diluted EPS of $8.05 to $8.35, including the impact of year-to-date tax benefits of $0.55 and the $0.15 impact of non-cash impairments recorded in the first quarter of 2020. Our previous 2020 earnings guidance range disclosed in our Second Quarter 2020 Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q was $6.90 to $7.30, including year-to-date tax benefits of $0.34 and the $0.15 impact of non-cash impairments. Our 2020 earnings guidance range assumes average weather conditions and no adverse impacts from a resurgence of COVID-19 and related government responses.

We expect net sales growth for 2020 to approximate 18% to 20%. The majority of our business is driven by recurring revenue streams from the installed base of pools, and we believe that underlying demand for most discretionary products, including those serving the renovation and construction markets, remains strong. In addition, we believe that our sales for the fourth quarter of 2020 will continue to benefit from delayed projects, subject to our customers’ building capacity, including the availability of labor and favorable weather. At the same time, the impact of new stay-at-home orders or government mandates, as well as unfavorable economic conditions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and the resurgence of COVID-19 cases in some of our markets, could adversely impact our business, including an easing of demand for products dependent on discretionary spending.

We expect gross margin for the full year of 2020 to decline modestly compared to gross margin for the full year of 2019 given the decline in gross margin through the first nine months of 2020. We expect gross margin for the fourth quarter of 2020 to be relatively flat compared to the fourth quarter of 2019.

We expect base business operating expenses for the remainder of the year to benefit from actions taken by management in the second quarter of 2020 to reduce costs and to vary ratably with changes in sales performance. For the year, we expect operating expenses to increase 10% to 12% compared to 2019, primarily due to increases in performance-based compensation.

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We expect our annual effective tax rate (excluding the benefit from ASU 2016-09) for 2020 will approximate 25.5%, which is consistent with 2019. Our effective tax rate is dependent on our results of operations and may change if actual results differ materially from our current expectations, particularly any significant changes in our geographic mix. Due to ASU 2016-09, we expect our effective tax rate will fluctuate from quarter to quarter, particularly in periods when employees elect to exercise their vested stock options or when restrictions on share-based awards lapse. We recorded a $22.6 million, or $0.55 per diluted share, tax benefit from ASU 2016-09 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. We may recognize additional tax benefits related to stock option exercises in 2020 from grants that expire in years after 2020. We have not included any expected benefits in our guidance beyond what we have recognized as of September 30, 2020.

We expect cash provided by operations will remain strong in comparison to net income for the 2020 fiscal year. We expect to continue to use cash to fund opportunistic share repurchases over the next year. We also expect to use cash for the payment of cash dividends as and when declared by our Board of Directors (the Board).

The following summarizes our current expectations for 2021:

We expect sales growth in 2021 to be impacted by the following factors and assumptions:
normal weather patterns;
continued elevated demand for residential pool products, driven by home-centric trends influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic;
a benefit from delayed projects depending on our customers’ building capacity, including the availability of labor, and weather;
estimated 2% growth in the installed base of pools;
estimated 4% growth from acquisitions completed throughout 2020; and
inflationary product cost increases of approximately 2% to 3% (compared to our historical average of 1% to 2%).

We expect performance-based compensation for the full year of 2021 to normalize and decrease by $15.0 million to $20.0 million compared to the full year of 2020.


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

As of September 30, 2020, we conducted operations through 381 sales centers in North America, Europe and Australia. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, approximately 94% of our net sales were from our operations in North America.

The following table presents information derived from the Consolidated Statements of Income expressed as a percentage of net sales:
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Net sales 100.0  % 100.0  % 100.0  % 100.0  %
Cost of sales 71.1  71.3  71.2  70.9 
Gross profit 28.9  28.7  28.8  29.1 
Selling and administrative expenses 15.8  17.1  16.0  17.1 
Impairment of goodwill and other assets   —  0.2  — 
Operating income 13.0  11.6  12.6  12.1 
Interest and other non-operating expenses, net 0.2  0.6  0.3  0.7 
Income before income taxes and equity earnings 12.8  % 11.0  % 12.3  % 11.3  %

Note: Due to rounding, percentages presented in the table above may not add to Operating income and Income before income taxes and equity earnings.

We have included the results of operations from acquisitions in 2020 and 2019 in our consolidated results since the acquisition dates.

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Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
The following table breaks out our consolidated results into the base business component and the excluded component (sales centers excluded from base business):
(Unaudited) Base Business Excluded Total
(in thousands) Three Months Ended Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
  September 30, September 30, September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019
Net sales $ 1,133,608  $ 895,489  $ 5,621  $ 3,011  $ 1,139,229  $ 898,500 
Gross profit 326,692  257,525  2,006  406  328,698  257,931 
Gross margin 28.8  % 28.8  % 35.7  % 13.5  % 28.9  % 28.7  %
Operating expenses 178,773  152,630  1,692  761  180,465  153,391 
Expenses as a % of net sales 15.8  % 17.0  % 30.1  % 25.3  % 15.8  % 17.1  %
Operating income (loss) 147,919  104,895  314  (355) 148,233  104,540 
Operating margin 13.0  % 11.7  % 5.6  % (11.8) % 13.0  % 11.6  %

In our calculation of base business results, we have excluded the following acquisitions for the periods identified:


Acquired

Acquisition
Date
Net
Sales Centers
Acquired

Periods
Excluded
Northeastern Swimming Pool Distributors, Inc. (1)
September 2020 3 September 2020
Master Tile Network LLC (1)
February 2020 4 July - September 2020

(1)We acquired certain distribution assets of this company.

When calculating our base business results, we exclude sales centers that are acquired, closed, or opened in new markets for a period of 15 months. We also exclude consolidated sales centers when we do not expect to maintain the majority of the existing business and existing sales centers that are consolidated with acquired sales centers.

We generally allocate corporate overhead expenses to excluded sales centers on the basis of their net sales as a percentage of total net sales.  After 15 months of operations, we include acquired, consolidated and new market sales centers in the base business calculation including the comparative prior year period.

The table below summarizes the changes in our sales center count during the first nine months of 2020:

December 31, 2019 373 
Acquired locations
New locations
Closed/consolidated locations (2)
September 30, 2020 381 

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Net Sales
  Three Months Ended  
September 30,
(in millions) 2020 2019 Change
Net sales $ 1,139.2  $ 898.5  $ 240.7  27%

Net sales and base business net sales increased 27% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019. Our sales benefited from continued elevated demand for residential pool products, driven by home-centric trends influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic, as working from home became routine and families created and enjoyed safe social and entertainment alternatives in their own backyards.

The following factors benefited our sales (listed in order of estimated magnitude):

strong demand for discretionary products, as evidenced by improvements in sales growth rates for product offerings such as equipment, building materials and above-ground pools and spas (see discussion below);
increased demand for residential swimming pool maintenance supplies due to increased usage, as evidenced by improvements in sales growth rates to retail customers (see discussion below);
market share gains, including those in building materials (see discussion below); and
inflationary product cost increases of approximately 1% to 2%.

We believe that higher sales growth rates for certain product offerings, such as equipment, building materials and above-ground pools and spas evidence increased spending in traditionally discretionary areas, such as pool construction, pool remodeling and equipment upgrades. In the third quarter of 2020, sales for equipment, which includes swimming pool heaters, pumps, lights and filters, increased 36% compared to the same period last year. Equipment collectively represented approximately 28% of net sales for the period. Sales of building materials, including sales from recently acquired Master Tile locations, grew 29% compared to the third quarter of 2019 and represented approximately 11% of net sales in the third quarter of 2020. Sales of above-ground pools and spas increased 60% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019 and represented approximately 2% of net sales for the period.

Sales to customers who service large commercial installations and specialty retailers that sell swimming pool supplies are included in the appropriate existing product categories, and growth or decline in these areas are reflected in the numbers above. Sales to retail customers increased 28% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019 and represented approximately 14% of our consolidated net sales for the third quarter of 2020. Sales to commercial customers declined 10% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019, driven by COVID-19 related closures and the decline in both business and leisure travel. Sales to commercial customers represented approximately 3% of our consolidated net sales for the third quarter of 2020.

Gross Profit
  Three Months Ended  
September 30,
(in millions) 2020 2019 Change
Gross profit $ 328.7  $ 257.9  $ 70.8  27%
Gross margin 28.9  % 28.7  %    

Gross margin increased 20 basis points to 28.9% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to 28.7% in the third quarter of 2019, with increased purchase volumes driving improvements in supply chain management.

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Operating Expenses
  Three Months Ended  
September 30,
(in millions) 2020 2019 Change
Selling and administrative expenses $ 180.5  $ 153.4  $ 27.1  18%
Operating expenses as a % of net sales 15.8  % 17.1  %    

Operating expenses increased 18% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019, reflecting an increase in performance-based compensation of $20.1 million in the third quarter of 2020. Excluding performance-based compensation in both periods, operating expenses increased 5% due to growth-driven freight expenses and greater facility-related costs.

Interest and Other Non-Operating Expenses, Net

Interest and other non-operating expenses, net for the third quarter of 2020 decreased $3.6 million compared to the third quarter of 2019. The decrease reflects lower average debt levels and lower average interest rates between periods. Our weighted average effective interest rate decreased to 1.9% for the third quarter of 2020 from 3.4% for the third quarter of 2019 on lower average outstanding debt of $331.5 million versus $568.3 million for the respective periods.

Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rate was 18.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 19.8% for the three months ended September 30, 2019. We recorded an $8.5 million tax benefit from ASU 2016-09 in the quarter ended September 30, 2020 compared to a tax benefit of $4.5 million realized in the same period last year. Excluding the benefits from ASU 2016-09, our effective tax rate was 24.5% for the third quarter of 2020 and 24.3% for the third quarter of 2019. Our third quarter effective income tax rate is typically lower compared to other quarters due to the timing of our accounting for uncertain tax positions, including the expiration of statutes of limitations.

Net Income and Earnings Per Share

Net income increased 50% to $119.1 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019. Earnings per diluted share increased 50% to $2.92 in the third quarter of 2020 versus $1.95 per diluted share for the comparable 2019 period. The benefit from ASU 2016-09 increased diluted earnings per share by $0.21 in the third quarter of 2020 and $0.11 in the third quarter of 2019. Excluding tax benefits in both periods, earnings per diluted share increased 47% to $2.71 in the third quarter of 2020 compared to $1.84 in the third quarter of 2019.

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Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
The following table breaks out our consolidated results into the base business component and the excluded component (sales centers excluded from base business):
(Unaudited) Base Business Excluded Total
(in thousands) Nine Months Ended Nine Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, September 30, September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019
Net sales $ 3,078,463  $ 2,601,801  $ 18,899  $ 15,482  $ 3,097,362  $ 2,617,283 
Gross profit 885,002  759,858  6,805  3,017  891,807  762,875 
Gross margin 28.7  % 29.2  % 36.0  % 19.5  % 28.8  % 29.1  %
Operating expenses (1)
495,710  443,107  6,420  4,320  502,130  447,427 
Expenses as a % of net sales 16.1  % 17.0  % 34.0  % 27.9  % 16.2  % 17.1  %
Operating income (loss) (1)
389,292  316,751  385  (1,303) 389,677  315,448 
Operating margin 12.6  % 12.2  % 2.0  % (8.4) % 12.6  % 12.1  %

(1)Base business and total include $6.9 million of impairment from goodwill and other assets recorded in the first quarter of 2020.

In our calculation of base business results, we have excluded the following acquisitions for the periods identified:


Acquired

Acquisition
Date
Net
Sales Centers
Acquired

Periods
Excluded
Northeastern Swimming Pool Distributors, Inc. (1)
September 2020 3 September 2020
Master Tile Network LLC (1)
February 2020 4 February - September 2020
W.W. Adcock, Inc. (1)
January 2019 4 January - March 2020 and
January - March 2019
Turf & Garden, Inc. (1)
November 2018 4 January 2020 and
January 2019

(1)We acquired certain distribution assets of each of these companies.

For a more detailed explanation of how we calculated base business results and a summary of the changes in our sales centers since December 31, 2019, please refer to the discussion under the heading Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2019.

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Net Sales
  Nine Months Ended  
September 30,
(in millions) 2020 2019 Change
Net sales $ 3,097.4  $ 2,617.3  $ 480.1  18%

Net sales and base business net sales for the first nine months of 2020 increased 18% compared to the same period last year. During the first quarter of 2020, sales benefited from earlier pool openings, as mild weather combined with school closures drove greater early-season residential pool usage. As stay-at-home restrictions eased in late April through early May, families continued to search for safe, at-home leisure activities, resulting in broad sales gains across our product categories and geographies. In the third quarter of 2020, our sales benefited from continued elevated demand for residential pool products, driven by home-centric trends influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic. Sales were also favorably impacted approximately 1% by an additional selling day in the first nine months of 2020.

The following factors benefited our sales (listed in order of estimated magnitude):

strong demand for discretionary products, as evidenced by improvements in sales growth rates for product offerings such as equipment, building materials and above-ground pools and spas (see discussion below);
increased demand for residential swimming pool maintenance supplies due to earlier pool openings and increased usage, as evidenced by improvements in sales growth rates to retail customers (see discussion below);
market share gains, including those in building materials (see discussion below);
inflationary product cost increases of approximately 1% to 2%.

We believe that sales growth rates for certain product offerings, such as equipment, building materials and above-ground pools and spas evidence increased spending in traditionally discretionary areas, such as pool construction, pool remodeling and equipment upgrades. In the first nine months of 2020, sales for equipment, which includes swimming pool heaters, pumps, lights and filters, increased approximately 26% compared to the same period last year. Equipment collectively represented 28% of net sales in the first nine months of 2020. Sales of building materials, including sales from recently acquired Master Tile locations, grew 18% compared to the first nine months of 2019 and represented approximately 12% of net sales in the first nine months of 2020. Sales of above-ground pools and spas increased 53% in the first nine months of 2020 and represented approximately 2% of net sales in the first nine months of 2020.

Sales to customers who service large commercial installations and specialty retailers that sell swimming pool supplies are included in the appropriate existing product categories, and growth or decline in these areas are reflected in the numbers above. In the first nine months of 2020, sales to retail customers increased 22% and represented approximately 14% of our consolidated net sales. Sales to commercial customers declined 10% in the first nine months of 2020, driven by COVID-19 related closures and the decline in both business and leisure travel. Sales to commercial customers represented approximately 4% of our consolidated net sales in the first nine months of 2020.

Gross Profit
  Nine Months Ended  
September 30,
(in millions) 2020 2019 Change
Gross profit $ 891.8  $ 762.9  $ 128.9  17%
Gross margin 28.8  % 29.1  %    

Gross margin declined 30 basis points to 28.8% compared to 29.1% in the same period last year, primarily due to sales of lower margin, big-ticket items, such as in-ground and above-ground pools and pool equipment, which comprised a larger portion of our product mix in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the first nine months of 2019.

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Operating Expenses
  Nine Months Ended  
September 30,
(in millions) 2020 2019 Change
Selling and administrative expenses $ 495.2  $ 447.4  $ 47.8  11%
Impairment of goodwill and other assets 6.9  —  6.9  100%
Operating expenses as a % of net sales 16.2  % 17.1  %    

Operating expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 increased 12% compared to the first nine months of 2019. In the first quarter of 2020, we recorded impairment charges of $6.9 million, which included $2.5 million from a long-term note, as collectability was impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and non-cash goodwill and intangibles impairment charges of $4.4 million, equal to the total goodwill and intangibles carrying amounts of our Australian reporting units. Excluding impairment charges, operating expenses were up 11%, reflecting a $32.1 million increase in performance-based compensation, in addition to growth-driven freight expenses and greater facility-related costs.

Interest and Other Non-Operating Expenses, Net

Interest and other non-operating expenses, net for the first nine months of 2020 decreased $9.2 million compared to the same period last year. The decrease reflects lower average debt levels and lower average interest rates between periods. Our weighted average effective interest rate decreased to 2.2% for the first nine months of 2020 from 3.5% for the same period of 2019 on average outstanding debt of $439.4 million versus $631.1 million for the respective periods.

Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rate was 19.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 18.0% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. We recorded a $22.6 million, or $0.55 per diluted share, tax benefit from ASU 2016-09 in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to a $21.1 million, or $0.52 per diluted share, tax benefit in the same period of 2019. Excluding the benefits from ASU 2016-09, our effective tax rate was 25.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 25.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Net Income and Earnings Per Share

Net income increased 26% to $307.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Earnings per diluted share increased to $7.53 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 versus $5.97 per diluted share for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Adjusted net income for the first nine months of 2020, excluding the $6.3 million, or $0.15 per diluted share, impact of non-cash impairments, net of tax, increased 29% to $313.9 million. Excluding the impact of non-cash impairments, net of tax, and tax benefits from ASU 2016-09 in both periods, adjusted diluted EPS increased 31% to $7.13 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $5.45 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. See the reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures below.


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Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted Income Statement Information
We have included adjusted net income and adjusted diluted EPS, which are non-GAAP financial measures, as supplemental disclosures because we believe these measures are useful to investors and others in assessing our year-over-year operating performance. We believe these measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, net income and diluted EPS presented in accordance with GAAP, respectively, and in the context of our other disclosures included within this Form 10-Q. Other companies may calculate these non-GAAP financial measures differently than we do, which may limit their usefulness as comparative measures.

The table below presents a reconciliation of net income to adjusted net income.

(Unaudited) Nine Months Ended
(in thousands) September 30,
2020
Net income $ 307,565 
Impairment of goodwill and other assets 6,944 
Tax impact on impairment of long-term note (1)
(654)
Adjusted net income $ 313,855 
(1)As described in our First Quarter 2020 Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our effective tax rate at March 31, 2020 was a 0.1% benefit. Excluding impairment from goodwill and intangibles and tax benefits from ASU 2016-09 recorded in the first quarter of 2020, our effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2020 was 25.4%, which we used to calculate the tax impact related to the $2.5 million long-term note impairment.

The table below presents a reconciliation of diluted EPS to adjusted diluted EPS.

(Unaudited) Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2020 2019
Diluted EPS $ 7.53  $ 5.97 
After-tax non-cash impairment charges 0.15  — 
Adjusted diluted EPS excluding after-tax non-cash impairment charges 7.68  5.97 
Tax benefit (0.55) (0.52)
Adjusted diluted EPS excluding after-tax non-cash impairment charges and tax benefit $ 7.13  $ 5.45 

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Seasonality and Quarterly Fluctuations

Our business is highly seasonal. In general, sales and operating income are highest during the second and third quarters, which represent the peak months of both swimming pool use and installation and irrigation and landscape installations and maintenance. Sales are substantially lower during the first and fourth quarters, when we may incur net losses. In 2019, we generated approximately 63% of our net sales and 81% of our operating income in the second and third quarters of the year.

We typically experience a build-up of product inventories and accounts payable during the winter months in anticipation of the peak selling season.  Excluding borrowings to finance acquisitions and share repurchases, our peak borrowing usually occurs during the second quarter, primarily because extended payment terms offered by our suppliers typically are payable in April, May and June, while our peak accounts receivable collections typically occur in June, July and August.

The following table presents certain unaudited quarterly data for the first, second and third quarters of 2020, the four quarters of 2019 and the fourth quarter of 2018.  We have included income statement and balance sheet data for the most recent eight quarters to allow for a meaningful comparison of the seasonal fluctuations in these amounts.  In our opinion, this information reflects all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of this data.  Due to the seasonal nature of our industry, the results of any one or more quarters are not necessarily a good indication of results for an entire fiscal year or of continuing trends.

(Unaudited) QUARTER
(in thousands) 2020 2019 2018
  Third Second First Fourth Third Second First Fourth
Statement of Income Data
Net sales $ 1,139,229  $ 1,280,846  $ 677,288  $ 582,234  $ 898,500  $ 1,121,328  $ 597,456  $ 543,082 
Gross profit 328,698  373,481  189,629  162,050  257,931  330,314  174,631  160,442 
Operating income 148,233  205,857  35,588  25,798  104,540  172,523  38,386  25,970 
Net income 119,098  157,555  30,912  18,024  79,525  131,390  32,637  16,811 
Balance Sheet Data
Total receivables, net $ 366,412  $ 453,405  $ 345,915  $ 226,539  $ 307,798  $ 417,126  $ 313,127  $ 207,801 
Product inventories, net 612,824  628,418  858,190  702,274  616,217  694,447  815,742  672,579 
Accounts payable 268,412  346,272  517,620  261,963  214,309  342,335  472,487  237,835 
Total debt 339,934  438,804  586,050  511,407  547,560  692,337  698,977  666,761 

We expect that our quarterly results of operations will continue to fluctuate depending on the timing and amount of revenue contributed by new and acquired sales centers.  Based on our peak summer selling season, we generally open new sales centers and close or consolidate sales centers, when warranted, either in the first quarter before the peak selling season begins or in the fourth quarter after the peak selling season ends.

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Weather is one of the principal external factors affecting our business.  The table below presents some of the possible effects resulting from various weather conditions.

Weather   Possible Effects
Hot and dry Increased purchases of chemicals and supplies
for existing swimming pools
  Increased purchases of above-ground pools and
irrigation and lawn care products
Unseasonably cool weather or extraordinary amounts of rain Fewer pool and irrigation and landscape installations
Decreased purchases of chemicals and supplies
  Decreased purchases of impulse items such as
above-ground pools and accessories
Unseasonably early warming trends in spring/late cooling trends in fall A longer pool and landscape season, thus positively impacting our sales
(primarily in the northern half of the U.S. and Canada)    
Unseasonably late warming trends in spring/early cooling trends in fall A shorter pool and landscape season, thus negatively impacting our sales
(primarily in the northern half of the U.S. and Canada)    

Weather Impacts on 2020 and 2019 Results

Overall, weather conditions in the third quarter of 2020 were generally favorable, which benefited results. Much of the western United States experienced above-average temperatures, particularly in California, which was also plagued with the most active wildfire year on record. Precipitation was below-average in most of the western half of the United States and normal to above-average in the eastern half. Likewise, results in the third quarter of 2019 were positively impacted by above-average temperatures and below-average precipitation throughout most of the country.

Weather conditions in the second quarter of 2020 were varied across the contiguous United States; however, results in the second quarter of 2020 benefited from generally mild weather conditions. Much of the western United States benefited from warmer weather, while the southeastern United States experienced slightly below-average temperatures. Southern California and the southeastern United States, including Florida, experienced more precipitation than normal. In contrast, results for the second quarter of 2019 were largely impacted by record rainfall and cooler temperatures in three of our largest markets, California, Texas and Arizona, particularly in the month of May, which was the second wettest May on record for the contiguous United States.

In the first quarter of 2020, sales benefited from above-average temperatures throughout the contiguous United States, particularly in the southern United States. These favorable weather conditions contrast from the first quarter of 2019 when wetter and cooler-than-normal temperatures to begin the year hindered sales growth.

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Liquidity is defined as the ability to generate adequate amounts of cash to meet short-term and long-term cash needs. We assess our liquidity in terms of our ability to generate cash to fund our operating activities, taking into consideration the seasonal nature of our business. Significant factors which could affect our liquidity include the following:

cash flows generated from operating activities;
the adequacy of available bank lines of credit;
the quality of our receivables;
acquisitions;
dividend payments;
capital expenditures;
changes in income tax laws and regulations;
the timing and extent of share repurchases; and
the ability to attract long-term capital with satisfactory terms.

Our primary capital needs are seasonal working capital obligations and other general corporate initiatives, including acquisitions, dividend payments and share repurchases. Our primary sources of working capital are cash from operations supplemented by borrowings, which have historically been sufficient to support our growth and finance acquisitions. The same principle applies to funds used for capital expenditures and share repurchases.

We prioritize our use of cash based on investing in our business, maintaining a prudent capital structure, including a modest amount of debt, and returning cash to our shareholders through dividends and share repurchases. Our specific priorities for the use of cash are as follows:

capital expenditures primarily for maintenance and growth of our sales center structure, technology-related investments and fleet vehicles;
strategic acquisitions executed opportunistically;
payment of cash dividends as and when declared by our Board of Directors (Board);
repayment of debt to maintain an average total leverage ratio (as defined below) between 1.5 and 2.0; and
repurchases of our common stock under our Board-authorized share repurchase program.

Capital expenditures were 1.0% of net sales in 2019, 1.1% of net sales in 2018 and 1.4% of net sales in 2017. Our higher capital spending in 2017 related to expanding our facilities and purchasing delivery vehicles to address growth. Over the last five years, capital expenditures have averaged roughly 1.0% of net sales. Due to the deferral of capital expenditures earlier in the year to address the COVID-19 pandemic, we expect capital expenditures in 2020 to approximate 65% of 2019 capital expenditures and range from $20.0 million to $25.0 million.

Sources and Uses of Cash

The following table summarizes our cash flows (in thousands):
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2020 2019
Operating activities $ 388,914  $ 243,253 
Investing activities (41,552) (35,839)
Financing activities (300,161) (187,734)

Cash provided by operations of $388.9 million for the first nine months of 2020 increased $145.7 million compared to the first nine months of 2019. The improvement in cash provided by operations primarily reflects an increase in net income, a decline in inventory balances between periods and improvements in working capital management.
Cash used in investing activities for the first nine months of 2020 increased compared to the first nine months of 2019 primarily due to the acquisitions of Master Tile Network LLC, which we completed in February 2020, and Northeastern Swimming Pool Distributors, Inc., which we completed in September 2020. The increase in cash used in investing activities due to acquisitions was partially offset by lower capital expenditures.
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Cash used in financing activities was $300.2 million for the first nine months of 2020 compared to $187.7 million for the first nine months of 2019, which reflects a $52.2 million increase in net debt payments, additional share repurchases of $53.0 million and an increase in dividends paid of $6.8 million.

Future Sources and Uses of Cash

Revolving Credit Facility
Our Credit Facility provides for $750.0 million in borrowing capacity under a five-year unsecured revolving credit facility and includes sublimits for the issuance of swingline loans and standby letters of credit.  Pursuant to an accordion feature, the aggregate maximum principal amount of the commitments under the Credit Facility may be increased at our request and with agreement by the lenders by up to $75.0 million, to a total of $825.0 million.  The Credit Facility matures on September 29, 2022. We intend to use the Credit Facility for general corporate purposes, for future share repurchases and to fund future growth initiatives.
At September 30, 2020, there was $40.9 million outstanding, a $4.8 million standby letter of credit outstanding and $704.3 million available for borrowing under the Credit Facility.  We pay interest on revolving borrowings under the Credit Facility at a variable rate based on the one month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), plus an applicable margin. The weighted average effective interest rate for the Credit Facility as of September 30, 2020 was approximately 1.1%, excluding commitment fees.
Term Facility
Our Term Facility provides for $185.0 million in borrowing capacity and matures on December 30, 2026. The Term Facility will be repaid in quarterly installments of 1.250% of the Term Facility on the last business day of each quarter beginning in the first quarter of 2020. The total of the quarterly payments will be equal to 33.75% of the Term Facility with the final principal payment, equal to 66.25% of the Term Facility, due on the maturity date. We may prepay amounts outstanding under the Term Facility without penalty other than interest breakage costs.
At September 30, 2020, there was $178.1 million outstanding under the Term Facility with a weighted average effective interest rate of 2.1%. We pay interest on borrowings under the Term Facility at a variable rate based on the one month LIBOR, plus an applicable margin.

Financial Covenants
Financial covenants of the Credit Facility and the Term Facility include maintenance of a maximum average total leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, which are our most restrictive financial covenants.  As of September 30, 2020, the calculations of these two covenants are detailed below:
Maximum Average Total Leverage Ratio. On the last day of each fiscal quarter, our average total leverage ratio must be less than 3.25 to 1.00.  Average Total Leverage Ratio is the ratio of the trailing twelve months (TTM) Average Total Funded Indebtedness plus the TTM Average Accounts Securitization Proceeds divided by the TTM EBITDA (as those terms are defined in the Credit Facility).  As of September 30, 2020, our average total leverage ratio equaled 1.01 (compared to 1.26 as of June 30, 2020) and the TTM average total debt amount used in this calculation was $466.3 million.

Minimum Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio. On the last day of each fiscal quarter, our fixed charge ratio must be greater than or equal to 2.25 to 1.00.  Fixed Charge Ratio is the ratio of the TTM EBITDAR divided by TTM Interest Expense paid or payable in cash plus TTM Rental Expense (as those terms are defined in the Credit Facility).  As of September 30, 2020, our fixed charge ratio equaled 7.10 (compared to 6.27 as of June 30, 2020) and TTM Rental Expense was $61.2 million.
The Credit Facility and the Term Facility also limit the declaration and payment of dividends on our common stock to no more than 50% of the preceding year’s Net Income (as defined in the Credit Facility and the Term Facility), provided no default or event of default has occurred and is continuing, or would result from the payment of dividends.  Additionally, we may declare and pay quarterly dividends notwithstanding that the aggregate amount of dividends paid would be in excess of the 50% limit described above so long as (i) the amount per share of such dividends does not exceed the amount per share paid during the most recent fiscal year in which we were in compliance with the 50% limit and (ii) our Average Total Leverage Ratio is less than 3.00 to 1.00 both immediately before and after giving pro forma effect to such dividends. Further, dividends must be declared and paid in a manner consistent with our past practice.
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Under the Credit Facility and the Term Facility, we may repurchase shares of our common stock provided no default or event of default has occurred and is continuing, or would result from the repurchase of shares, and our maximum average total leverage ratio (determined on a pro forma basis) is less than 2.50 to 1.00.  Other covenants include restrictions on our ability to grant liens, incur indebtedness, make investments, merge or consolidate, and sell or transfer assets.  Failure to comply with any of our financial covenants or any other terms of the Credit Facility and the Term Facility could result in higher interest rates on our borrowings or the acceleration of the maturities of our outstanding debt.

Receivables Securitization Facility

Our two-year accounts receivable securitization facility (the Receivables Facility) offers us a lower cost form of financing, with a peak funding capacity of up to $295.0 million between May 1 and May 31, which includes an additional seasonal funding capacity that is available between March 1 and July 31. Other funding capacities range from $120.0 million to $275.0 million throughout the remaining months of the year. The Receivables Facility matures on November 1, 2021.

The Receivables Facility provides for the sale of certain of our receivables to a wholly owned subsidiary (the Securitization Subsidiary). The Securitization Subsidiary transfers variable undivided percentage interests in the receivables and related rights to certain third-party financial institutions in exchange for cash proceeds, limited to the applicable funding capacities. Upon payment of the receivables by customers, rather than remitting to the financial institutions the amounts collected, we retain such collections as proceeds for the sale of new receivables until payments become due.
The Receivables Facility contains terms and conditions (including representations, covenants and conditions precedent) customary for transactions of this type. Additionally, an amortization event will occur if we fail to maintain a maximum average total leverage ratio (average total funded debt/EBITDA) of 3.25 to 1.00 and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio (EBITDAR/cash interest expense plus rental expense) of 2.25 to 1.00.
At September 30, 2020, there was $110.0 million outstanding under the Receivables Facility at a weighted average effective interest rate of 0.9%, excluding commitment fees.

Interest Rate Swaps
We utilize interest rate swap contracts and forward-starting interest rate swap contracts to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in variable interest rates for future interest payments on our variable rate borrowings.   Interest expense related to the notional amounts under all swap contracts is based on the fixed rates plus the applicable margin on the respective borrowings.
As of September 30, 2020, we had one interest rate swap contract in place, which became effective on November 20, 2019 and terminates on November 20, 2020. This swap contract was previously forward-starting and converts the variable interest rate on our variable rate borrowings to a fixed rate of 1.1425% on a notional amount of $150.0 million. Interest expense related to the notional amounts under this swap contract is based on the fixed rate plus the applicable margin on our variable rate borrowings.
We have entered into forward-starting interest rate swap contracts to extend the hedged period for future interest payments on our variable rate borrowings. These swap contracts will convert the variable interest rate to a fixed interest rate on our variable rate borrowings.

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The following table provides details related to each of our forward-starting interest rate swap contracts:

Derivative Inception Date Effective Date Termination Date Notional Amount (in millions) Fixed Interest Rate
Forward-starting interest rate swap 1 May 7, 2019 November 20, 2020 September 29, 2022 $75.0 2.0925%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 2 July 25, 2019 November 20, 2020 September 29, 2022 $75.0 1.5500%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 3 February 5, 2020 February 26, 2021 February 28, 2025 $150.0 1.3800%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 4 March 9, 2020 September 29, 2022 February 26, 2027 $150.0 0.7400%
Forward-starting interest rate swap 5 March 9, 2020 February 28, 2025 February 26, 2027 $150.0 0.8130%

Compliance and Future Availability
As of September 30, 2020, we believe we were in compliance with all covenants and financial ratio requirements under our Credit Facility, our Term Facility and our Receivables Facility.  We believe we will remain in compliance with all covenants and financial ratio requirements throughout the next twelve months.  For additional information regarding our debt arrangements, see Note 5 of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements,” included in Part II, Item 8 of our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K and in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.
We believe we have adequate availability of capital to fund present operations and the current capacity to finance any working capital needs that may arise.  We continually evaluate potential acquisitions and hold discussions with acquisition candidates.  If suitable acquisition opportunities arise that would require financing, we believe that we have the ability to finance any such transactions.
As of October 26, 2020, $176.9 million of the current Board-authorized amount under our share repurchase program remained available.  We expect to repurchase additional shares on the open market from time to time depending on market conditions.  We plan to fund these repurchases with cash provided by operations and borrowings under the Credit and Receivables Facilities.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
We prepare our Consolidated Financial Statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), which require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures. Management identifies critical accounting estimates as:
those that require the use of assumptions about matters that are inherently and highly uncertain at the time the estimates are made; and
those for which changes in the estimates or assumptions, or the use of different estimates and assumptions, could have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations or financial condition.
Management has discussed the development, selection and disclosure of our critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of our Board.  For a description of our critical accounting estimates that require us to make the most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, please see our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.  See Allowance for Doubtful Accounts in Note 1 of Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for more information on our adoption of ASU 2016-13. We have not changed any other policies from those previously disclosed.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements,” included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.
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Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
There have been no material changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 from what we reported in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. For additional information on our interest rate risk, refer to “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” included in Part II, Item 7A in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Currency Risk
There have been no material changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 from what we reported in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. For additional information on our currency risk, refer to “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” included in Part II, Item 7A in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures
The term “disclosure controls and procedures” is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Act).  The rules refer to the controls and other procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports that we file or submit under the Act is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  As of September 30, 2020, management, including the CEO and CFO, performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures.  Based on that evaluation, management, including the CEO and CFO, concluded that as of September 30, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
We maintain a system of internal control over financial reporting that is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.  Based on the most recent evaluation, we have concluded that no change in our internal control over financial reporting occurred during the last fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we are subject to various claims and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, including product liability, personal injury, commercial, contract and employment matters. While the outcome of any litigation is inherently unpredictable, based on currently available facts, we do not believe that the ultimate resolution of any of these matters will have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors
We are supplementing the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K with the below risk factor related to the COVID-19 pandemic. There have been no other material changes from the risk factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The outbreak of COVID-19 and associated responses could adversely impact our business and results of operations.

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted economic activity and markets throughout the world. In response, governmental authorities have imposed, and others in the future may impose, stay-at-home orders, shelter-in-place orders, quarantines, executive orders and similar government orders and restrictions to control the spread of COVID-19. Such orders or restrictions have resulted in temporary (and in some cases permanent) store closures, limitation of store hours, limitations on the number of people in stores or in warehouses, requirements on sanitation and social distancing practices and travel restrictions, among other effects. Our sales in March and April 2020 were adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, in the first quarter of 2020, we recorded impairment charges of $6.9 million related to the pandemic. For additional information, see Goodwill and Intangibles Impairment in Note 1 of Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q. Recently, there have been reports of increasing numbers of new COVID-19 cases in certain of our markets, including some of our larger markets, which could result in some governments extending or re-imposing restrictions. Accordingly, COVID-19 may have negative impacts on our business in the future, and any future adverse impacts on our business may be worse than we anticipate. The ultimate impact will depend on the severity and duration of the current COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken by governmental authorities and other third parties in response, each of which is uncertain, rapidly changing and difficult to predict.

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Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
The table below summarizes the repurchases of our common stock in the third quarter of 2020:
Period
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased (1)
Average Price
Paid per Share
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plan
Maximum Approximate
Dollar Value of Shares
That May Yet be Purchased
Under the Plan (2)
July 1-31, 2020 390  $ 313.96  —  $ 182,777,893 
August 1-31, 2020 —  $ —  —  $ 182,777,893 
September 1-30, 2020 19,613  $ 299.17  19,613  $ 176,910,333 
Total 20,003  $ 299.46  19,613   
(1)These shares may include shares of our common stock surrendered to us by employees in order to satisfy minimum tax withholding obligations in connection with certain exercises of employee stock options or lapses upon vesting of restrictions on previously restricted share awards, and/or to cover the exercise price of such options granted under our share-based compensation plans.  In the third quarter of 2020, 390 shares were surrendered for this purpose.
(2)As of October 26, 2020, $176.9 million of the authorized amount remained available under our current share repurchase program.
Our Board of Directors may declare future dividends at their discretion, after considering various factors, including our earnings, capital requirements, financial position, contractual restrictions and other relevant business considerations. For a description of restrictions on dividends in our Credit Facility, Term Facility and Receivables Facility, see the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis in Part I, Item 2. We cannot assure shareholders or potential investors that dividends will be declared or paid any time in the future if our Board determines that there is a better use of our funds.

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Item 6.  Exhibits

Exhibits filed as part of this report are listed below.
            Incorporated by Reference
No.   Description   Filed/ Furnished with this
Form 10-Q
  Form   File No.   Date Filed
  Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company.       10-Q   000-26640   8/9/2006
  Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company.       8-K   000-26640   2/8/2019
  Form of certificate representing shares of common stock of the Company.       8-K   000-26640   5/19/2006
  Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   X            
  Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and 15d‑14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   X            
  Certification by Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer furnished pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   X            
101.INS + Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.   X            
101.SCH + Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document   X            
101.CAL + Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document   X            
101.DEF + Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document   X            
101.LAB + Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document   X            
101.PRE + Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document   X            
104 + Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101) X
+ Attached as Exhibit 101 to this report are the following items formatted in iXBRL (Inline Extensible Business Reporting Language):
1.Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019;
2.Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019;
3.Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019;
4.Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019;
5.Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019; and
6.Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.







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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on October 30, 2020.
    POOL CORPORATION
     
     
     
     
  By: /s/ Mark W. Joslin
    Mark W. Joslin
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, and duly authorized signatory on behalf of the registrant







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