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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from          to

Commission File Number: 001-36745

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

59-2262718

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

 

 

50 Health Sciences Drive

 

Stony Brook, New York

11790

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

631-240-8800

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading
Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.001 par value

APDN

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

   Yes        No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

   Yes        No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

   Yes        No

On August 6, 2021, the registrant had 7,486,120 shares of common stock outstanding.

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc.

Form 10-Q for the Quarter Ended June 30, 2021

Table of Contents

    

Page

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1 - Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

1

Item 2 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

24

Item 3 - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

37

Item 4 - Controls and Procedures

37

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1 – Legal Proceedings

37

Item 1A – Risk Factors

37

Item 2 – Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

37

Item 3 – Defaults Upon Senior Securities

37

Item 4 – Mine Safety Disclosures

37

Item 5 – Other Information

37

Item 6 – Exhibits

38

Part I - Financial Information

Item 1 - Financial Statements

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

    

June 30, 

    

September 30, 

2021

2020

(unaudited)

ASSETS

 

  

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

12,173,443

$

7,786,743

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $7,438 and $11,968 at June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively

 

737,347

 

194,319

Inventories

 

429,116

 

497,367

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

356,414

 

599,296

Total current assets

 

13,696,320

 

9,077,725

Property and equipment, net

 

2,576,616

 

1,277,655

Other assets:

 

  

 

  

Deposits

 

95,053

 

95,083

Goodwill

 

285,386

 

285,386

Intangible assets, net

 

536,354

 

605,330

Total Assets

$

17,189,729

$

11,341,179

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

$

1,321,753

$

1,926,427

Promissory notes payable-current portion

329,299

Secured convertible notes payable, net of debt issuance costs

1,499,116

Deferred revenue

 

252,807

 

511,036

Total current liabilities

 

1,574,560

 

4,265,878

Long term accrued liabilities

 

31,467

 

848,307

Promissory notes payable-long term portion

517,488

Total liabilities

 

1,606,027

 

5,631,673

Commitments and contingencies (Note H)

 

  

 

  

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc. stockholders’ equity:

 

  

 

  

Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized; -0- shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively

 

 

Series A Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized; -0- issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively

 

 

Series B Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized; -0- issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share; 200,000,000 shares authorized as of June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, 7,486,120 and 5,142,779 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively

 

7,488

 

5,144

Additional paid in capital

 

295,191,444

 

275,548,737

Accumulated deficit

 

(279,610,999)

 

(269,835,650)

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc. stockholders’ equity:

 

15,587,933

 

5,718,231

Noncontrolling interest

(4,231)

(8,725)

Total equity

15,583,702

5,709,506

Total liabilities and equity

$

17,189,729

$

11,341,179

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

1

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended June 30, 

Nine Months Ended June 30, 

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

Revenues

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Product revenues

$

639,637

$

56,911

$

2,154,844

$

492,582

Service revenues

 

1,060,683

 

374,605

 

3,833,159

1,124,926

Total revenues

1,700,320

431,516

 

5,988,003

 

1,617,508

 

Cost of revenues

550,457

 

154,804

 

1,149,629

 

566,417

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

3,239,953

 

2,589,042

 

10,298,343

 

7,247,999

Research and development

 

1,029,627

 

814,599

 

2,652,047

 

2,082,043

Depreciation and amortization

 

247,771

 

61,865

 

544,564

 

203,469

Total operating expenses

 

4,517,351

 

3,465,506

 

13,494,954

 

9,533,511

LOSS FROM OPERATIONS

 

(3,367,488)

 

(3,188,794)

 

(8,656,580)

 

(8,482,420)

 

  

 

  

Interest income (expense), net

3,572

(28,624)

 

11,975

 

(86,811)

Loss on extinguishment of convertible notes payable

(1,774,662)

Gain on extinguishment of notes payable

839,945

Other expense, net

(82,799)

 

(72,694)

 

(191,533)

 

(334,527)

 

Loss before provision for income taxes

(3,446,715)

 

(3,290,112)

 

(9,770,855)

 

(8,903,758)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

 

 

NET LOSS

(3,446,715)

(3,290,112)

(9,770,855)

(8,903,758)

Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

(2,278)

662

(4,494)

(528)

NET LOSS attributable to Applied DNA Sciences, Inc.

(3,448,993)

(3,289,450)

(9,775,349)

(8,904,286)

Deemed dividend related to warrant modifications

2,842

NET LOSS attributable to common stockholders

$

(3,448,993)

$

(3,289,450)

$

(9,775,349)

$

(8,907,128)

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders-basic and diluted

$

(0.46)

$

(0.72)

$

(1.45)

$

(2.54)

Weighted average shares outstanding- basic and diluted

 

7,486,120

 

4,577,997

 

6,724,503

 

3,512,149

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

2

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Unaudited)

For the Nine Month Period Ended June 30, 2021

Common 

Additional 

    

Common 

Stock 

Paid in 

Accumulated 

Noncontrolling

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Interest

    

Total

Balance, October 1, 2020

 

5,142,779

$

5,144

$

275,548,737

$

(269,835,650)

$

(8,725)

$

5,709,506

Exercise of warrants

518,551

519

2,605,010

2,605,529

Fair value of warrants issued in connection with convertible note repayment

1,643,440

1,643,440

Stock based compensation expense

571,498

571,498

Net loss

(4,809,556)

2,494

(4,807,062)

Balance, December 31, 2020

5,661,330

$

5,663

$

280,368,685

$

(274,645,206)

$

(6,231)

$

5,722,911

Common stock issued in public offering, net of offering costs

1,810,000

1,810

13,754,697

13,756,507

Exercise of warrants

1,600

2

8,398

8,400

Exercise of options cashlessly

13,190

13

(13)

Stock based compensation expense

649,248

649,248

Net loss

(1,516,800)

(278)

(1,517,078)

Balance, March 31, 2021

7,486,120

7,488

294,781,015

(276,162,006)

(6,509)

18,619,988

Stock based compensation expense

410,429

410,429

Net loss

(3,448,993)

2,278

(3,446,715)

Balance, June 30, 2021

7,486,120

$

7,488

$

295,191,444

$

(279,610,999)

$

(4,231)

$

15,583,702

For the Nine Month Period Ended June 30, 2020

Common

Additional

Common

Stock

Paid in

Accumulated

Noncontrolling

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Interest

    

Total

Balance, October 1, 2019

 

1,207,993

$

1,208

$

255,962,922

$

(256,805,589)

$

(7,040)

$

(848,499)

Common stock issued in public offering, net of offering costs

 

2,285,000

 

2,285

 

10,527,745

 

 

10,530,030

Deemed dividend - warrant repricing

 

 

 

2,842

 

(2,842)

 

Stock based compensation expense

 

 

 

205,490

 

 

205,490

Net loss

 

 

 

 

(2,662,711)

 

(30)

(2,662,741)

Balance, December 31, 2019

 

3,492,993

$

3,493

$

266,698,999

$

(259,471,142)

$

(7,070)

$

7,224,280

Exercise of warrants

566,950

567

2,767,566

2,768,133

Stock based compensation expense

227,268

227,268

Net loss

(2,952,125)

1,220

(2,950,905)

Balance, March 31, 2020

4,059,943

$

4,060

$

269,693,833

$

(262,423,267)

$

(5,850)

$

7,268,776

Exercise of warrants

908,254

909

4,434,358

4,435,267

Stock based compensation expense

364,819

364,819

Net loss

(3,289,450)

(662)

(3,290,112)

Balance, June 30, 2020

4,968,197

$

4,969

$

274,493,010

$

(265,712,717)

$

(6,512)

$

8,778,750

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

3

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

For the Nine Months Ended June 30,

    

2021

    

2020

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Net loss

$

(9,770,855)

(8,903,758)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

544,564

 

203,469

Loss on extinguishment of convertible notes payable

1,774,662

Gain on extinguishment of notes payable

(839,945)

Stock-based compensation

 

1,631,175

 

797,577

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

19,195

Provision for bad debts

 

6,245

 

21,880

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

(549,273)

 

586,879

Inventories

 

68,251

 

(302,011)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets and deposits

 

242,882

 

17,371

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

(1,525,355)

 

(402,777)

Deferred revenue

 

(258,229)

 

(197,779)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(8,675,878)

 

(8,159,954)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Purchase of intangible asset

(36,525)

Purchase of property and equipment

(1,642,277)

 

(19,657)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(1,642,277)

 

(56,182)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Net proceeds from exercise of warrants

2,613,929

7,203,401

Net proceeds from sale of common stock

13,756,507

Net proceeds from sale of common stock and warrants

10,639,728

Repayment of convertible notes

 

(1,665,581)

 

(107,802)

Proceeds from promissory notes

846,789

Net cash provided by financing activities

14,704,855

 

18,582,116

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

4,386,700

 

10,365,980

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

7,786,743

 

558,988

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

12,173,443

$

10,924,968

Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:

 

  

 

  

Cash paid during period for interest

$

$

45,354

Cash paid during period for income taxes

$

$

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

  

 

Interest paid in kind

$

28,329

$

35,625

Property and equipment acquired, and included in accounts payable

$

132,270

$

611,046

Deemed dividend-warrant repricing

$

$

2,842

Deferred offering costs reclassified to additional paid in capital

$

$

109,698

FV of warrants issued

$

1,074,118

$

Intangible asset costs incurred, and included in accounts payable

$

$

14,375

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

4

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE A — NATURE OF THE BUSINESS

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc. (“Applied DNA” or the “Company”) develops and markets DNA-based technology solutions utilizing its LinearDNATM large-scale polymerase chain reaction (“PCR”) based manufacturing platform. The Company’s proprietary platform produces large quantities of DNA for use in the nucleic acid-based in vitro diagnostics and preclinical nucleic-acid based drug development and manufacturing markets (“Biotherapeutic Contract Research and Manufacturing”) and for supply chain security, anti-counterfeiting and anti-theft technology purposes (“Non-Biologic Tagging”). In response to the SARS-CoV-2 (“COVID-19”) pandemic, the Company developed a PCR-based molecular diagnostic test for COVID-19, which was granted Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) by the U.S.  Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) in May 2020.  The Company currently manufactures and sells its EUA authorized COVID-19 molecular diagnostic test kit under the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit trademark (“COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing”).  In addition, and in further response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company developed and is currently offering COVID-19 pooled surveillance testing to detect instances of COVID-19 in defined populations. Unlike diagnostic testing, which looks for the occurrence of COVID-19 at the individual level, surveillance testing looks for infections within a defined population or community and can be used for making health management decisions at the population level.  The Company’s COVID-19 pooled surveillance testing services are currently offered under the safeCircleTM trademark (“COVID-19 Surveillance Testing”). As of May 10, 2021, the Company also offers COVID-19 diagnostic testing services under its wholly owned subsidiary that holds a New York clinical laboratory permit and a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988, 42 U.S.C. §263a (“CLIA”) certification for COVID-19 testing using EUA authorized methods and devices (“Clinical Testing Laboratory”). The Company is also developing an invasive circulating tumor cell capture and identification technology (“iCTC Technology”) which uses a patented functional assay to capture live invasive circulating tumor cell and associated lymphocytes that can be identified and expanded for further analysis, including genetic sequencing.

Biotherapeutic Contract Research and Manufacturing

The Company’s patented continuous flow PCR systems and other proprietary PCR-based production technology and post-processing systems that comprise the LinearDNATM platform allows for the large-scale production of specific DNA sequences. The LinearDNATM platform is currently being used for customers to manufacture DNA as components of in vitro diagnostic tests and for preclinical nucleic acid-based drug development in the fields of adoptive cell therapies (CAR T and TCR therapies), DNA vaccines (anti-viral and cancer), RNA therapies, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) based therapies and gene therapies.

The Company provides preclinical contract research and manufacturing services for the nucleic acid-based therapeutic markets. It works with biotech and pharmaceutical companies to convert plasmid-based and/or viral transduction-based preclinical biotherapeutics into PCR-produced linear DNA-based forms that can be produced on the Company’s LinearDNATM platform. In addition, it provides contract research services to RNA based drug and biologic customers for preclinical studies. These services include the design, development and manufacture of PCR-produced DNA templates for RNA. In addition, the Company also uses its LinearDNATM platform to produce very large gram-scale quantities of DNA for the in vitro diagnostic market where the Company’s DNA is used for both commercially available diagnostics and diagnostics under development.

The Company is currently directly engaged in preclinical drug candidate development activities focusing on therapeutically relevant DNA constructs manufactured via its LinearDNATM platform in the fields of DNA-based anti-viral and anti-cancer vaccines, CAR-T cell immunotherapy and the manufacture of rAAV vectors for gene therapy.

Table of Contents

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE A — NATURE OF THE BUSINESS, continued

Biotherapeutic Contract Research and Manufacturing, continued

The Company is also engaged in preclinical and animal drug candidate development activities focusing on therapeutically relevant DNA constructs manufactured via its PCR-based production platform. The Company seeks to develop, acquire and commercialize, alone or with partners, a diverse pipeline of nucleic acid-based therapeutics based on PCR-produced linear DNA. To this end, the Company is currently working with its development partners Takis S.R.L. and Evvivax S.R.L. (“Takis/Evvivax”) to develop an amplicon-based linear DNA vaccine for COVID-19 that would be manufactured on the Company’s LinearDNATM platform. Together with its development partners, the Company’s amplicon-based linear COVID-19 vaccine candidate has shown efficacy in preclinical cell and small animal studies. In September 2020, the Company entered into an Animal Clinical Trial Agreement with Takis/Evvivax and with Veterinary Oncology Services, PLLC, an affiliate of Guardian Veterinary Specialists (“GVS”), a multi-specialty veterinary hospital. In November 2020, the Company, together with Takis/Evvivax and GVS, announced receipt of approvals from the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) on an advanced clinical strategy to conduct a veterinary trial of an amplicon-based linear DNA vaccine COVID-19 candidate. The Company’s jointly developed amplicon-based DNA vaccine for COVID-19 is currently in a veterinary clinical trial in domestic feline cats, with the end goal of applying for a USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service conditional license to enable commercial veterinary sales for veterinary applications. In April 2021, the Company announced preliminary data from its veterinary clinical trial in felines conducted with Takis/Evvivax and GVS. The preliminary data showed that all felines in the trial produced SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies after a single prime dose of the vaccine candidate. Subsequently in May 2021, the Company announced additional preliminary data from its feline clinical trial that showed a booster injection of the amplicon-based linear DNA vaccine candidate delivered 30 days after the prime vaccination elected a 5-fold increase in neutralizing antibody titers, with every member of the trial cohort producing  neutralizing antibody titers. In June 2021, the Company further announced preliminary data from an in vitro neutralization study of sera from the feline trial cohort against the B.1.1.7 (U.K.), P1 (Brazil), and B.1.526 (New York) SARS-CoV-2 variants. The preliminary data showed that the amplicon-based linear DNA vaccine candidate induced neutralizing antibodies against the 1.1.7 (U.K.), P1 (Brazil), and B.1.526 (New York) SARS-CoV-2 variants in 100% of the trial cohort.

6

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE A — NATURE OF THE BUSINESS, continued

COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing

On May 13, 2020 the Company received an EUA from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the clinical use of the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit for the qualitative detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2 in respiratory specimens including anterior nasal swabs, self-collected at a healthcare location or collected by a healthcare worker, and nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs, mid-turbinate nasal swabs, nasopharyngeal washes/aspirates or nasal aspirates, and bronchoalveolar lavage specimens collected by a healthcare worker from individuals who are suspected of COVID-19 by their healthcare provider. Under the EUA, testing is limited to laboratories certified under the CLIA, that meet requirements to perform high complexity tests. Subsequently, during July and November 2020, the Company was granted EUA amendments that expand the installed base of PCR equipment platforms on which the Company’s Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit can be processed and significantly increased the daily testing capacity of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit through the use of automation. On May 11, 2021, the Company received a re-issued EUA that expanded the intended use of the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit to include use with anterior nasal swab specimens that are self-collected in the presence of a healthcare provider from individuals without symptoms or other reasons to suspect COVID-19 when tested at least weekly and with no more than 168 hours between serially collected specimens. The expanded intended use allows certified laboratory users of the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit and the Company, through its ADCL subsidiary, to provide serial screening testing to individuals with the return of individual testing results. The May 11, 2021 re-issued EUA also updated the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit’s Instructions for Use to include the KingFisher™ Flex Purification System, a high-throughput robotic nucleic acid extraction system. The scope of the EUA, as amended, is expressly limited to use consistent with the Instructions for Use by authorized laboratories, certified under CLIA to perform high complexity tests. The EUA will be effective until the declaration that circumstances exist justifying the authorization of the emergency use of in vitro diagnostics for detection and/or diagnosis of COVID-19 is terminated or until the EUA’s prior termination or revocation. The Company’s Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit has not been FDA cleared or approved, and the EUA’s limited authorization is only for the detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2, not for any other viruses or pathogens. The Company currently manufactures the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit at its facilities in Stony Brook, New York.

COVID-19 Surveillance Testing

Starting in July 2020, the Company under its wholly owned subsidiary, Applied DNA Clinical Labs LLC (“ADCL”), began offering COVID-19 pooled surveillance testing to customers as a Testing-as-a-Service (TaaS) offering branded under the safeCircleTM trademark. Unlike diagnostic testing, which looks for the occurrence of COVID-19 at the individual level, safeCircleTM surveillance testing looks for infections within a defined population or community and can be used for making health management decisions at the population level. safeCircleTM surveillance testing uses high-sensitivity pooled COVID-19 testing utilizing the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit. Under the safeCircleTM surveillance testing service, pooled test results are returned to the sponsoring organization in the aggregate only, not directly to the participating individuals, and may be performed without CLIA certification. Once potentially infected portions of a defined population are identified by the safeCircleTM surveillance testing service, the individuals comprising the potentially infected portions of the defined population are referred to follow on diagnostic testing at a clinical lab to obtain individual results, which may include ADCL. ADCL is offering its safeCircleTM surveillance testing in compliance with current CDC, FDA, CMS and New York State Department of Health recommendations. The use of pooled sampling procedures for the safeCircleTM surveillance testing service has been internally validated by ADCL in compliance with current CDC guidance. The use of pooled sampling procedures is not included in the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit EUA.

The Company currently provides safeCircleTM surveillance testing to primary/secondary/higher education institutions, private clients, local governments, and businesses and college athletic programs.

7

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE A — NATURE OF THE BUSINESS, continued

In addition, starting in February 2021, the Company began the development of its LineaTM COVID-19 Selective Genomic SurveillanceTM mutation panel for the qPCR-based detection of SARS-CoV-2 genetic mutations (the “SGS Panel”). In May 2021, the Company announced that it had completed technical validation of the SGS Panel . Use of the SGS Panel is currently limited to Research Use Only (RUO).

Clinical Testing Laboratory

Under the Company’s ADCL subsidiary, on May 10, 2021 the Company received its New York clinical laboratory permit and its CLIA certification from the New York State Department of Health, Clinical Laboratory Evaluation Program (“CLEP”) for COVID-19 testing using EUA authorized methods and devices. Now that certification has been obtained, the Company is able to operate a clinical diagnostic laboratory for COVID-19 testing and provide individual patient testing results.

iCTC Technology

The Company’s iCTC Technology uses a patented functional assay to capture live invasive circulating tumor cell and associated lymphocytes that can be identified and expanded for further analysis, including genetic sequencing. The Company’s iCTC Technology has been used and is currently being used in a human cancer drug candidate clinical trial to monitor cancer disease progression in the trial subjects as a Research Use Only diagnostic assay. The Company seeks to further develop and commercialize this technology and to potentially integrate aspects of the iCTC Technology with its PCR know-how and with the LinearDNATM platform for cancer research and nucleic acid-based drug development.

Non-Biological Tagging and Related Services

The Company’s supply chain security business allows its customers to use non-biologic DNA (molecular) tags, manufactured via its LinearDNATM platform, to mark objects, and then identify these objects by detecting the absence or presence of the molecular tag. The Company’s core products include:

SigNature® Molecular Tags produced by the Company’s LinearDNATM platform, provide an approach to authenticate goods within large and complex supply chains for materials such as cotton, and leather, in-home textiles and apparel, pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, cannabis and other products.  
SigNify® IF portable DNA readers and SigNify consumable reagent test kits provide definitive real-time authentication of molecular tags in the field, providing a front-line solution for supply chain integrity backed with forensic-level molecular tag authentication. Applied DNA’s software platform enables customers to track materials throughout a supply chain or product life.
CertainT® trademark indicates the use of Applied DNA’s tagging, testing and tracking platforms and solutions, enabling manufacturers, brands and trade organizations to convey proof of their product claims.

8

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Interim Financial Statements

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2021 and for the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 are unaudited. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and are presented in accordance with the requirements of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2021. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020 and footnotes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on December 17, 2020, as amended.

Principles of Consolidation

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, APDN (B.V.I.) Inc., Applied DNA Sciences Europe Limited, and Applied DNA Sciences India Private Limited, ADCL and its majority-owned subsidiary, LineaRx, Inc. (“LRx”). Significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2020 contained herein has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2020 but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP.

Liquidity

The Company has recurring net losses, which have resulted in an accumulated deficit of $279,610,999 as of June 30, 2021. The Company incurred a net loss of $9,770,855 and generated negative operating cash flow of $8,675,878 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021. At June 30, 2021 the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $12,173,443 and working capital of $12,121,760.

The Company has historically financed its operations principally from the sale of equity and equity-linked securities. Through June 30, 2021, the Company has dedicated most of its financial resources to commercialization of its LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit and its clinical testing laboratory, as well as to  research and development efforts, including the development and validation of its own technologies as well as, advancing its intellectual property, and general and administrative activities.

As discussed in Note F, on January 13, 2021, the Company closed on a registered direct public offering of 1,810,000 shares of Common Stock at a purchase price of $8.30 per share. Net proceeds, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions, and other offering expenses, were approximately $13.8 million.  In addition, during the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021, 520,151 warrants were exercised, resulting in net proceeds, after deducting underwriting commissions, to the Company of approximately $2.6 million.

9

Table of Contents

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued

The Company expects to finance its operations primarily through cash received from the January 2021 registered direct public offering and the warrant exercises, discussed above, as well as collection of its accounts receivable. The Company estimates that it will have sufficient cash and cash equivalents to fund operations for the next twelve months from the date of filing of this quarterly report.

The Company may require additional funds to complete the continued development of its products, services, product manufacturing, and to fund expected additional losses from operations until revenues are sufficient to cover its operating expenses. In addition, if the Company is successful with any of its preclinical vaccine candidates, the Company would require additional funds to complete the vaccine candidate development. If revenues are not sufficient to cover the Company’s operating expenses, and if the Company is not successful in obtaining the necessary additional financing, the Company will most likely be forced to reduce operations.

COVID-19 Risks and Uncertainties

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as a pandemic which has spread throughout the world. The Company is monitoring this situation, and it is unable to predict the impact that COVID-19 will have on the Company’s future financial position and operating results due to numerous uncertainties. The Company believes that the COVID-19 pandemic adversely impacted the global textile industry, which has resulted in a reduction of textile related revenues, specifically as it relates to our cotton customer contract.  On March 7, 2020 the Governor of New York declared a health emergency and issued an order (as amended) to close all nonessential businesses, which was followed by a phased reopening. Portions of the Company’s business were deemed to be an essential business, such as its government and pharmaceutical contracts, as well as its vaccine and diagnostic candidate development. However, the Company has experienced, and may continue to experience in the future, facility closures related to its “nonessential” businesses, and pursuant to the government order, the Company reduced the scope of its operations. The Company received a loan of approximately $847,000 on May 1, 2020 from Bank of America as lender pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). As disclosed in Note E, the PPP loan was fully forgiven during February 2021.

As a result of COVID-19, the Company has experienced a decline in revenues from non-biological tagging and related services, primarily as it relates to its cotton customer contract. Historically revenues from the Company’s cotton customer contract are seasonal and recognized primarily during the Company’s first and fourth fiscal quarters.Due to the impacts of the COVID-19 global pandemic, the Company did not recognize revenue for the shipment of DNA concentrate relating to its cotton customer contract during the three or nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021. However, the Company has experienced an increase in its Biotherapeutic Contract Research and Manufacturing business as a result of COVID-19, specifically as it relates the Company’s COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing and COVID-19 Surveillance Testing.  Due to the rapid development and fluidity of this situation, the magnitude and duration of the pandemic and its impact on the Company’s future operations and liquidity is uncertain as of the date of this Quarterly Report.

10

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts and disclosures. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The most complex and subjective estimates include revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts, recoverability of long-lived assets, including the values assigned to goodwill, intangible assets and property and equipment, fair value calculations for stock-based compensation and warrants, contingencies and management’s anticipated liquidity. Management reviews its estimates on a regular basis and the effects of any material revisions are reflected in the consolidated financial statements in the period they are deemed necessary. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.

Revenue Recognition

The Company follows Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued accounting standard updates which clarify the principles for recognizing revenue arising from contracts with customers (“ASC 606” or “Topic 606”).

Revenue Recognition, continued

The core principle of the revenue standard is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to clients in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 applies a five-step model for revenue measurement and recognition and also requires increased disclosures including the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows related to contracts with clients.

The Company measures revenue at the amounts that reflect the consideration to which it is expected to be entitled in exchange for transferring control of goods and services to customers. The Company recognizes revenue either at the point in time or over the period of time that performance obligations to customers are satisfied. The Company’s contracts with customers may include multiple performance obligations (e.g. taggants, maintenance, authentication services, research and development services, etc.). For such arrangements, the Company allocates revenues to each performance obligation based on their relative standalone selling price.

The Company recognizes revenue upon transfer of control of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive for those goods or services, including any variable consideration.

Due to the short-term nature of the Company’s contracts with customers, it has elected to apply the practical expedients under Topic 606 to: (1) expense as incurred, incremental costs of obtaining a contract and (2) not adjust the consideration for the effects of a significant financing component for contracts with an original expected duration of one year or less.

11

Table of Contents

APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued

Product Revenues and Authentication Services

The Company’s PCR-produced linear DNA products are manufactured in accordance with contracts with customers. The Company recognizes revenue upon satisfying its promises to transfer goods or services to customers under the terms of its contracts. These performance obligations are satisfied at the point in time the Company transfers control of the goods to the customer, which in nearly all cases is when title to and risk of loss of the goods transfer to the customer. The timing of transfer of title and risk of loss is dictated by customary or explicitly stated contract terms. The Company does not consider payment terms of a performance obligation for customers with contractual terms that are one year or less and has elected the practical expedient. Nearly all the Company’s sales contracts reflect market pricing at the time the contract is executed, or are one year or less, and generally provide for shipment within 30 to 60 days after the price has been agreed upon with the customer. The Company invoices customers upon shipment, and its collection terms range, on average, from 30 to 60 days.

LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit Contract

Under the Company’s LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit contract, the customer purchases the Company’s COVID-19 Assay Kits and related consumables for the laboratory equipment.  The customer also has the right to use certain laboratory equipment solely for the processing of the Company’s COVID-19 Assay Kit. The current contract has a term of twelve months and no minimum purchase requirements. The Company determines the amount of revenue allocated to the COVID-19 Assay Kits and related consumables based on the relative standalone selling prices.  This contract has an embedded lease for the right to use the Company’s equipment and the Company determines the amount of lease revenue allocated to the equipment based on the relative standalone selling prices. The Company evaluated the terms of this embedded lease and determined its classification as an operating lease. The cost of the equipment is capitalized within property and equipment.

Equipment Lease Revenues

As discussed above, the Company leases certain laboratory equipment to a customer under its LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit contract.  The contract includes the sale of the Company’s LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kits (“COVID-19 Assay Kits”), as well as a lease for certain laboratory  equipment for the processing of the COVID-19 Assay Kits.  Revenues for the lease of equipment under this contract are recognized as an operating lease as the equipment is being utilized by the customer.  This contract provides the customer the right to use the equipment for the term of the contract solely for the purpose of processing the  Company’s COVID-19 Assay Kits.  Lease revenue from this contract is presented in product revenues in the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations.  Lease revenue was $43,960 and $150,048, respectively for the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021.  This performance obligation is satisfied over-time, as the equipment is being utilized by the customer to process the Company’s COVID-19 Assay Kits.

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued

Authentication Services

The Company recognizes revenue for authentication services upon satisfying its promises to provide services to customers under the terms of its contracts. These performance obligations are satisfied at the point in time the Company services are complete, which in nearly all cases is when the authentication report is released to the customer.

Clinical Laboratory Testing Services

The Company records revenue for its clinical laboratory testing service contracts, which includes its COVID-19 Surveillance Testing, upon satisfying its promise to provide services to customers under the terms of its contracts. These performance obligations are satisfied at the point in time that Company services are complete, which in nearly all cases is when the testing results are released to the customer.

Research and Development Services

The Company records revenue for its research and development contracts using the over-time revenue recognition model. Revenue is primarily measured using the cost-to-cost method, which the Company believes best depicts the transfer of control to the customer.  Under the cost-to-cost method, the extent of progress towards completion is measured based on the ratio of actual costs incurred to the total estimated costs expected upon satisfying the identified performance obligation.

Revenues are recorded proportionally as costs are incurred. For contracts where the total costs cannot be estimated, revenues are recognized for the actual costs incurred during a period until the remaining costs to complete a contract can be estimated. The Company has elected not to disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected duration of one year or less.

Disaggregation of Revenue

The following table presents revenues disaggregated by our business operations and timing of revenue recognition:

Three Month Period Ended:

June 30, 

June 30, 

    

2021

    

2020

Research and development services (over-time)

$

197,812

$

343,624

Equipment lease services (over-time)

43,960

Clinical laboratory testing services (point-in-time)

826,613

Product and authentication services (point-in-time):

 

 

Supply chain

 

23,947

 

4,358

Asset marking

 

113,721

 

83,534

Large scale DNA production

 

 

Diagnostic kits

494,267

Total

$

1,700,320

$

431,516

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued

    

Nine Month Period Ended:

June 30, 

June 30, 

    

2021

    

2020

Research and development services (over-time)

$

586,285

$

996,597

Equipment lease services (over-time)

 

150,048

 

Clinical laboratory testing services (point-in-time)

 

3,154,263

 

Product and authentication services (point-in-time):

 

 

Supply chain

 

123,947

 

35,678

Asset marking

 

386,160

 

303,261

Large scale DNA production

 

 

281,972

Diagnostic kits

 

1,587,300

 

Total

$

5,988,003

$

1,617,508

Contract balances

As of June 30, 2021, the Company has entered into contracts with customers for which revenue has not yet been recognized. Consideration received from a customer prior to revenue recognition is recorded to a contract liability and is recognized as revenue when the Company satisfies the related performance obligations under the terms of the contract. The Company’s contract liabilities, which are reported as deferred revenue on the condensed consolidated balance sheet, consist almost entirely of research and development contracts where consideration has been received and the development services have not yet been fully performed.

The opening and closing balances of the Company’s contract balances are as follows:

October 1, 

June 30, 

$

    

Balance sheet classification

    

2020

    

2021

    

change

Contract liabilities

 

Deferred revenue

$

511,036

$

252,807

$

258,229

For the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021, the Company recognized $83,082 and $275,249, respectively of revenue that was included in Contract liabilities as of October 1, 2020.

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued

Inventories

Inventories, which consist primarily of raw materials, work in progress and finished goods, are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with cost determined by using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. The estimated useful life for computer equipment, lab equipment and furniture is 3 years and leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their useful life or the remaining lease terms.  As of June 30, 2021, and September 30, 2020 there was $177,533 and $785,541 of construction in progress that was included in lab equipment and leasehold improvements, respectively. In addition, as of June 30, 2021 there was $240,264 of laboratory equipment that is being leased to a customer. The lease was determined to be an operating lease.

Income Taxes

The Company recognizes deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company estimates the degree to which tax assets and credit carryforwards will result in a benefit based on expected profitability by tax jurisdiction.

In its interim financial statements, the Company follows the guidance in ASC 270, “Interim Reporting” and ASC 740 “Income Taxes,” whereby the Company utilizes the expected annual effective tax rate in determining its income tax provisions for the interim periods. That rate differs from U.S. statutory rates primarily as a result of a valuation allowance related to the Company’s net operating loss carryforward as a result of the historical losses of the Company.

Net Loss Per Share

The Company presents loss per share utilizing a dual presentation of basic and diluted loss per share. Basic loss per share includes no dilution and has been calculated based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive common stock equivalents consist of shares issuable upon the exercise of the Company’s stock options, warrants, and secured convertible notes.

For the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, common stock equivalent shares are excluded from the computation of the diluted loss per share as their effect would be anti-dilutive.

Securities that could potentially dilute basic net income per share in the future were not included in the computation of diluted net loss per share because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 are as follows:

    

2021

    

2020

Warrants

 

745,268

 

1,213,501

Stock options

 

452,485

 

321,357

Secured convertible notes

70,963

 

1,197,753

 

1,605,821

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation for employees, directors, and nonemployees in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 requires all share-based payments, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the statement of operations based on their fair values. Under the provisions of ASC 718, stock-based compensation costs are measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and are recognized as expense over the requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the equity grant). The fair value of the Company’s common stock options is estimated using the Black Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions: expected volatility, dividend rate, risk free interest rate and the expected life. The Company expenses stock-based compensation by using the straight-line method. In accordance with ASC 740, excess tax benefits realized from the exercise of stock-based awards are classified as cash flows from operating activities. All excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies (including tax benefits of dividends on share-based payment awards) are recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the consolidated statements of operations.

Concentrations

Financial instruments and related items, which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk, consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and trade receivables. The Company places its cash and cash equivalents with high credit quality institutions. At times, such investments may be in excess of the FDIC insurance limit. As of June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $11,484,000 and $7,300,000, respectively in excess of the FDIC insurance limit.

The Company’s revenues earned from sale of products and services for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 included an aggregate of 30% from one customer. The Company’s revenues earned from sale of products and services for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 included an aggregate of 28% and 12% from two customers, respectively.

The Company’s revenues earned from sale of products and services for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 included an aggregate of 10%, 17% and 42% from three customers, respectively.

The Company’s revenues earned from sales of product and services for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020 included an aggregate of 10%, 11%, 13%, 13% and 15% from five customers, respectively.

Two customers accounted for 47% of the Company’s accounts receivable at June 30, 2021. Four customers accounted for 74% of the Company’s accounts receivable at September 30, 2020.

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE B — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued

Recent Accounting Standards

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, “Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging— Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40).” The objective of this update is to simplify the accounting for convertible preferred stock by removing the existing guidance in ASC 470-20, “Debt: Debt with Conversion and Other Options,” that requires entities to account for beneficial conversion features and cash conversion features in equity, separately from the host convertible debt or preferred stock. The guidance in ASC 470-20 applies to convertible instruments for which the embedded conversion features are not required to be bifurcated from the host contract and accounted for as derivatives. In addition, the amendments revise the scope exception from derivative accounting in ASC 815-40 for freestanding financial instruments and embedded features that are both indexed to the issuer’s own stock and classified in stockholders’ equity, by removing certain criteria required for equity classification. These amendments are expected to result in more freestanding financial instruments qualifying for equity classification (and, therefore, not accounted for as derivatives), as well as fewer embedded features requiring separate accounting from the host contract. This amendment also further revises the guidance in ASU 260, “Earnings per Share,” to require entities to calculate diluted earnings per share (EPS) for convertible instruments by using the if-converted method. In addition, entities must presume share settlement for purposes of calculating diluted EPS when an instrument may be settled in cash or shares. The amendments in ASU 2020-06 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2020-06 to have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

NOTE C — INVENTORIES

Inventories consist of the following:

June 30, 

September 30, 

    

2021

    

2020

(unaudited)

Raw materials

$

396,811

$

387,815

Work in-progress

77,667

Finished goods

 

32,305

 

31,885

Total

$

429,116

$

497,367

NOTE D — ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED LIABILITIES

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are as follows:

June 30, 

September 30, 

    

2021

    

2020

(unaudited)

Accounts payable

$

716,122

$

1,250,021

Accrued salaries payable

 

479,031

 

525,602

Other accrued expenses

 

126,600

 

150,804

Total

$

1,321,753

$

1,926,427

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE E — NOTES PAYABLE

CARES Act Loan

The Company received a loan of approximately $847,000 on May 1, 2020 from Bank of America as lender pursuant to the PPP of the CARES Act.

All or a portion of the loan may be forgiven by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) upon application by the Company beginning 60 days but not later than 130 days after loan approval and upon documentation of expenditures in accordance with the SBA requirements. Under the CARES Act, loan forgiveness is available for the sum of documented payroll costs, covered rent payments, covered mortgage interest, and covered utilities during the covered period as defined by the CARES Act.  The Company used the proceeds from the loan to retain employees, maintain payroll and make lease and utility payments.

For purposes of the CARES Act, payroll costs exclude compensation of an individual employee in excess of $100,000, prorated annually. Not more than 40% of the forgiven amount may be for non-payroll costs. Forgiveness is reduced if full-time headcount declines, or if salaries and wages for employees with salaries of $100,000 or less annually are reduced by more than 25%. In the event the loan, or any portion thereof, is forgiven pursuant to the PPP, the amount forgiven is applied to outstanding principal. The Company’s PPP loan, including accrued interest was fully forgiven on February 26, 2021. The forgiveness of the loan resulted in a gain on extinguishment of debt of $839,945 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021.

Repayment of the July 2019 Notes

On October 9, 2020, the Company entered into a letter agreement (the “Letter Agreement”) with Dillon Hill Capital, LLC (“Dillon Hill”), as sole holder of the $1.5 million of secured convertible notes issued in July 2019 (the “July 2019 Notes”), providing for  the repayment in full of the July 2019 Notes, in an aggregate amount of $1,665,581 (the “Payoff Amount”), representing the outstanding principal amount of the July 2019 Notes plus accrued but unpaid interest through the scheduled maturity of the July 2019 Notes. The Company paid the Payoff Amount to Dillon Hill on October 9, 2020. As of October 9, 2020, all of the obligations and liabilities of the Company and its affiliates under the July 2019 Notes, the Purchase Agreement, and the Security Agreements, and any other related documents and instruments, were satisfied in full, and all related liens, mortgages or other security interests were automatically released. Based solely on a review of Schedule 13G filings with the SEC, Dillon Hill at the time of the repayment of the July 2019 Notes and thereafter has been a greater than 5% shareholder in the Company’s common stock.

Warrant Exercise Agreement

In conjunction with the Letter Agreement discussed above, on October 7, 2020, the Company entered into Warrant Exercise Agreements with Dillon Hill and its affiliate, Dillon Hill Investment Company LLC (together, the “Investors”), whereby 318,000 of the warrants issued to the Investors in the Company’s November 2019 underwritten public offering (the “2019 Warrants”) with an exercise price of $5.25 per share were exercised. The gross proceeds to the Company from this partial exercise of the 2019 Warrants is $1,669,500.

In consideration of this partial exercise of the 2019 Warrants and of the consent to repayment of the July 2019 Notes, as described above, the Company agreed to issue 159,000 replacement warrants (the “Replacement Warrants”) to the Investors, which is an amount equal to one-half the amount of the 2019 Warrants exercised pursuant to the Warrant Exercise Agreements. The Replacement Warrants have an exercise price of $7.54. The Warrant Exercise Agreements expired on January 5, 2021.

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE E — NOTES PAYABLE, continued

Warrant Exercise Agreement, continued

Each Replacement Warrant is exercisable beginning on the date of issuance thereof and ending on the five-year anniversary of such date. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the Replacement Warrants will be subject to adjustment in the event of any stock dividend, split, recapitalization, reorganization, or similar transaction, as described in the Replacement Warrant.

On each of December 9 and 10, 2020, the Investors exercised 100,000 of their 2019 Warrants, for an aggregate exercise of 200,000 of their 2019 Warrants, resulting in total net proceeds to the Company of approximately $1.1 million. As a result of these exercises, pursuant to the Warrant Exercise Agreements the Company issued to the Investors an aggregate of 100,000 additional replacement warrants, which are substantially similar to the Replacement Warrants described above except that 50,000 of the newly-issued replacement warrants have an exercise price of $6.57 and 50,000 of such replacement warrants have an exercise price of $6.46.

No additional 2019 Warrants were exercised by January 5, 2021 and no additional replacement warrants were issued.

The repayment of the July 2019 Notes resulted in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1,774,662 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021. Included in the loss on extinguishment of debt is $1,640,245 for the fair value of the Replacement Warrants (described above) that were issued in conjunction with the payoff of the July 2019 Notes.

NOTE F — CAPITAL STOCK

On January 13, 2021, the Company closed on a registered direct public offering (the “Offering) of 1,810,000 shares (the “Shares”) of the Company’s common stock, pursuant to (i) the securities purchase agreement, dated January 10, 2021, by and between the Company and certain institutional investors(the “Purchasers”) whereby the Company agreed to issue and sell the Shares directly to the Purchasers at a price of $8.30 per share of Common Stock and (ii) the placement agency agreement, dated January 10, 2021, by and between the Company and Roth Capital Partners, LLC (the “Placement Agent”).

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE G —WARRANTS AND STOCK OPTIONS

Warrants

The following table summarizes the changes in warrants outstanding. These warrants were granted in lieu of cash compensation for services performed or as financing expenses in connection with the sales of the Company’s common stock.

Transactions involving warrants (see Note E) are summarized as follows:

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Number of

Price Per  

    

Shares

    

Share

Balance at October 1, 2020

 

1,038,919

$

10.83

Granted

 

259,000

 

7.14

Exercised

 

(520,151)

 

5.25

Cancelled or expired

 

(32,500)

 

171.56

Balance at June 30, 2021

 

745,268

$

6.44

Stock Options

For the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021, the Company issued an aggregate of 44,400 and 198,405 options, respectively to employees, officers, non-employee board of director members and a consultant.

The fair value of options granted during the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 was determined using the Black Scholes Option Pricing Model. For the purposes of the valuation model,  the Company used the simplified method for determining the granted options expected lives. The simplified method is used since the Company does not have adequate historical data to utilize in calculating the expected term of options. The fair value for options granted during the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 was calculated using the following weighted average assumptions: stock price $6.35; exercise price $6.35; expected term 5 years; dividend yield 0; volatility 144%; and risk-free rate of 0.84%.The fair value for options granted during the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 was calculated using the following weighted average assumptions: stock price $6.43; exercise price $6.43; expected term 5.10 years; dividend yield 0; volatility 141%; and risk-free rate of 0.46%. The weighted average grant date fair value per share for options granted during the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 was  $5.68 and $5.72, respectively.

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE H — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Operating Leases

The Company leases office space under an operating lease in Stony Brook, New York for its corporate headquarters. The lease is for a 30,000 square foot building. The term of the lease commenced on June 15, 2013 and expired on May 31, 2017, with the option to extend the lease for two additional three-year periods. The Company has exercised its option to extend the lease for one additional three-year period ending May 31, 2019. The base rent during the additional three-year period is $458,098 per annum. During November 2019, the Company extended this lease until January 15, 2020. In addition to the office space, the Company also has 2,200 square feet of laboratory space. On January 20, 2020, the Company entered into an agreement to amend both of these leases, extending the term for the corporate headquarters as well as the laboratory space until January 15, 2021, with a one-year renewal option. During October 2020, the Company exercised the one-year renewal option, extending the term for this lease until January 15, 2022. The Company also has a satellite testing facility in Ahmedabad, India, which occupies 1,108 square feet for a three-year term beginning November 1, 2017. During September 2020, the Company renewed this lease with a new expiration date of September 30, 2021. The base rent is approximately $6,500 per annum. The Company’s total short-term lease obligation as of June 30, 2021 is $289,263.

The total rent expense for the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 were $138,661 and $423,157, respectively. The total rent expense for the three and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2020 were $150,353 and $437,603, respectively.

Employment Agreement

The employment agreement with Dr. James Hayward, the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), entered into in July 2016  provides that he will be the Company’s CEO and will continue to serve on the Company’s Board of Directors. On July 28, 2017, a new employment agreement was entered into with the CEO effective July 1, 2017. The initial term was from July 1, 2017 through June 30, 2018, with automatic one-year renewal periods. As of June 30, 2020, the employment contract renewed for an additional year. Under the new agreement, the CEO will be eligible for a special cash incentive bonus of up to $800,000, $300,000 of which is payable if and when annual revenue reaches $8 million and $100,000 of which would be payable for each $2 million of annual revenue in excess of $8 million. Pursuant to the contract, the CEO’s annual salary is $400,000. The Board of Directors, acting in its discretion, may grant annual bonuses to the CEO. The CEO will be entitled to certain benefits and perquisites and will be eligible to participate in retirement, welfare and incentive plans available to the Company’s other employees.

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE H — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (continued)

Employment Agreement, continued

The employment agreement with the CEO also provides that if he is terminated before the end of the initial or a renewal term by the Company without cause or if the CEO terminates his employment for good reason, then, in addition to previously earned and unpaid salary, bonus and benefits, and subject to the delivery of a general release and continuing compliance with restrictive covenants, the CEO will be entitled to receive a pro rata portion of the greater of either (X) the annual bonus he would have received if employment had continued through the end of the year of termination or (Y) the prior year’s bonus; salary continuation payments for two years following termination equal to the greater of (i) three times base salary or (ii) two times base salary plus bonus; company-paid COBRA continuation coverage for 18 months post-termination; continuing life insurance benefits (if any) for two years; and extended exercisability of outstanding vested options (for three years from termination date or, if earlier, the expiration of the fixed option term). If termination of employment as described above occurs within six months before or two years after a change in control of the Company, then, in addition to the above payments and benefits, all of the CEO’s outstanding options and other equity incentive awards will become fully vested and the CEO will receive a lump sum payment of the amounts that would otherwise be paid as salary continuation. In general, a change in control will include a 30% or more change in ownership of the Company.

Upon termination due to death or disability, the CEO will generally be entitled to receive the same payments and benefits he would have received if his employment had been terminated by the Company without cause (as described in the preceding paragraph), other than salary continuation payments.

Effective March 15, 2018, the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Compensation Committee”), approved a bonus of $121,125 that would be payable to the CEO when the Company reaches $3,000,000 in revenues for two consecutive quarters or $12,000,000 in revenues for a fiscal year, provided that the CEO is still employed by the Company on such date (the “Revenue Bonus”).

Effective May 2, 2018, the Compensation Committee, increased the amount of the Revenue Bonus to $403,623; effective December 27, 2018, to $553,623; and effective December 5, 2019 to $803,623. The revenue targets underlying the Revenue Bonus have not yet been achieved. The Revenue Bonus has no expiration date and may be earned at any time during the CEO’s employment if the Revenue Goals are achieved.

On March 2, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement with the CEO, pursuant to which the Company agreed to accelerate the payment of $556,840 of the Revenue Bonus to the CEO in recognition of his contributions to the Company. In exchange for the payment of the Revenue Bonus, the CEO agreed to waive his right to earn any remaining portions of the Revenue Bonus.

The CEO voluntarily reduced his salary for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. As of October 3, 2020, the Company has re-affirmed the employment agreement’s annual salary of $400,000, and from that date the CEO’s salary will be paid at such rate. On October 19, 2020, the Company awarded the CEO, a one-time discretionary bonus, to be paid in cash, of $250,000, in recognition of his contributions to the Company.

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APPLIED DNA SCIENCES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2021

(unaudited)

NOTE H — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (continued)

Litigation

From time to time, the Company may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. When the Company is aware of a claim or potential claim, it assesses the likelihood of any loss or exposure. If it is probable that a loss will result and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, the Company will record a liability for the loss. In addition to the estimated loss, the recorded liability includes probable and estimable legal costs associated with the claim or potential claim. Litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm the Company’s business. There is no pending litigation involving the Company at this time.

NOTE I — SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On August 3, 2021 ADCL was awarded a competitively-bid COVID-19 testing contract by the City University of New York (CUNY) Board of Trustees to facilitate the University’s reopening in the fall (the “Contract”). The Contract term is 12 months, has a maximum value not to exceed $35.0 million, and contains no minimum weekly testing commitment.  The Contract specifies ADCL’s deployment of safeCircle™, its high-throughput, pooled COVID-19 testing program, to provide weekly asymptomatic diagnostic COVID-19 screening of on-campus unvaccinated students, staff, and faculty, and a random sampling of vaccinated individuals across the CUNY school system. ADCL’s solution includes the use of subcontractor CLEARED4’s health verification platform for appointments, sample tracking, and value-add services of campus access management. As prime contractor, ADCL will also provide on-site staffing and sample transport and logistics.

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Item 2. — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (including but not limited to this Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are intended to qualify for the “safe harbor” created by those sections. In addition, we may make forward-looking statements in other documents filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and our management and other representatives may make forward-looking statements orally or in writing to analysts, investors, representatives of the media and others. These statements relate to future events or to our future operating or financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performances or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements can generally be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and include, but are not limited to, statements using terminology such as “can”, “may”, “could”, “should”, “assume”, “forecasts”, “believe”, “designated to”, “will”, “expect”, “plan”, “anticipate”, “estimate”, “potential”, “position”, “predicts”, “strategy”, “guidance”, “intend”, “budget”, “seek”, “project” or “continue”, or the negative thereof or other comparable terminology regarding beliefs, plans, expectations or intentions regarding the future, including risks relating to the continuing outbreak of COVID-19. You should read statements that contain these words carefully because they:

discuss our future expectations;
contain projections of our future results of operations or of our financial condition; and
state other “forward-looking” information.

We believe it is important to communicate our expectations. However, forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections about our business and our industry and are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors. Accordingly, our actual results and the timing of certain events may differ materially from those expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors and risks, including, but not limited to, those set forth in this Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report, those set forth from time to time in our other filings with the SEC, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, and the following factors and risks:

our expectations of future revenues, expenditures, capital, or other funding requirements;
the adequacy of our cash and working capital to fund present and planned operations and growth;
our business strategy and the timing of our expansion plans;
our expectations concerning product candidates for our technologies;
our expectations concerning existing or potential development and license agreements for third-party collaborations and joint ventures;
our expectations of when different phases of clinical activity may commence and conclude;
the effect of governmental regulations;

24

our expectations of when regulatory submissions may be filed or when regulatory approvals may be received; and;
our expectations of when or if we will become profitable.

Any or all of our forward-looking statements may turn out to be wrong. They may be affected by inaccurate assumptions that we might make or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Among the factors that could affect future results are:

the inherent uncertainties of product development based on our new and as yet not fully proven technologies;
the risks and uncertainties regarding the actual effect on humans of seemingly safe and efficacious formulations and treatments when tested clinically;
Our LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kits and COVID-19 pooled surveillance testing may become obsolete or suffer a decline in demand for a variety of reasons;
the inherent uncertainties associated with clinical trials of product candidates;
the inherent uncertainties associated with the process of obtaining regulatory clearance or approval to market product candidates;
the inherent uncertainties associated with commercialization of products that have received regulatory approval;
economic and industry conditions generally and in our specific markets;
the volatility of, and decline in, our stock price; and
our ability to obtain the necessary financing to fund our operations and effect our strategic development plan.

All forward-looking statements and risk factors included in this Quarterly Report are made as of the date hereof, in each case based on information available to us as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligations to update any forward-looking statement or risk factor, unless we are required to do so by law. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make updates with respect to other forward-looking statements or that we will make any further updates to those forward-looking statements at any future time.

Forward-looking statements may include our plans and objectives for future operations, including plans and objectives relating to our products and our future economic performance, projections, business strategy and timing and likelihood of success. Assumptions relating to the forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report involve judgments with respect to, among other things, future economic, competitive and market conditions, future business decisions, and the time and money required to successfully complete development and commercialization of our technologies, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control.

Any of the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report could prove inaccurate and, therefore, we cannot assure you that any of the results or events contemplated in any of such forward-looking statements will be realized. Based on the significant uncertainties inherent in these forward-looking statements, the inclusion of any such statement should not be regarded as a representation or as a guarantee by us that our objectives or plans will be achieved, and we caution you against relying on any of the forward looking-statements contained herein.

25

Our trademarks currently used in the United States include Applied DNA Sciences®, SigNature® molecular tags, SigNature® T molecular tags, fiberTyping®, DNAnet®, SigNify®, Beacon®, CertainT®, LinearDNA™, Linea™  COVID-19 Assay Kit, safeCircleTM Surveillance Program and Selective Genomic SurveillanceTM  mutation panel . We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names or trademarks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies. All trademarks, service marks and trade names included or incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report are the property of the respective owners.

Introduction

We develop and market DNA-based technology solutions utilizing our Linea DNATM large-scale Polymerase chain reaction (“PCR”) based manufacturing platform. Our proprietary PCR-based DNA LinearDNATM manufacturing platform produces large quantities of DNA for use in nucleic acid-based in vitro medical diagnostics and preclinical nucleic acid-based drug development and manufacturing markets (“Biotherapeutic Contract Research and Manufacturing”) and for supply chain security, anti-counterfeiting and anti-theft technology purposes (“Non-Biologic Tagging”). In response to the SARS-CoV-2 (“COVID-19”) pandemic, we developed a PCR-based molecular diagnostic test for COVID-19, which was granted EUA by the FDA in May 2020. We currently manufacture and sell our EUA authorized COVID-19 molecular diagnostic test kit under the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit trademark. In addition, and in further response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we developed and are currently offering COVID-19 pooled surveillance testing to detect instances of COVID-19 in defined populations. Unlike diagnostic testing, which looks for the occurrence of COVID-19 at the individual level, surveillance testing looks for infections within a defined population or community and can be used for making health management decisions at the population level. Our COVID-19 pooled surveillance testing services are currently offered under the safeCircleTM trademark. As of May 10, 2021, we also offer COVID-19 diagnostic testing services under our wholly owned subsidiary that holds a New York clinical laboratory permit and a CLIA certification for COVID-19 testing using EUA authorized methods and devices. We are also developing an invasive circulating tumor cell capture and identification technology (“iCTC Technology”) which uses a patented functional assay to capture live invasive circulating tumor cell and associated lymphocytes that can be identified and expanded for further analysis, including genetic sequencing.

Applied DNA’s LinearDNATM PCR platform is capable of producing large scale DNA, which we believe offers many benefits over the limitations of other large-scale DNA manufacturing systems, including:

Speed – Production of DNA via the LinearDNATM platform can be measured in terms of hours, not days and weeks like other large-scale DNA manufacturing platforms.
Scale – The LinearDNATM platform is flexible and can be adapted to encompass large quantity production.
Purity – DNA produced via PCR is pure, resulting in only large quantities of the target DNA sequence. Unwanted DNA sequences such as bacterially derived DNA are not present.
Customization – DNA produced via PCR can be easily chemically modified to suit specific customer applications.

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Biotherapeutic Contract Research and Manufacturing

Our patented continuous flow PCR systems and other proprietary PCR-based production technology and post-processing systems that comprise the LinearDNATM platform allows for the large-scale production of specific DNA sequences. The LinearDNATM platform is currently being used for customers to manufacture DNA as components of in vitro diagnostic tests and for preclinical nucleic acid-based drug development in the fields of adoptive cell therapies (CAR T and TCR therapies), DNA vaccines (anti-viral and cancer), RNA therapies, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) based therapies and gene therapies. We believe our LinearDNATM platform confers a distinct competitive advantage in cost, cleanliness, and time-to-market as compared to other DNA manufacturing systems.

We provide preclinical contract research and manufacturing services for the nucleic acid-based therapeutic markets. We work with biotech and pharmaceutical companies to convert plasmid-based and/or viral transduction-based preclinical biotherapeutics into PCR-produced linear DNA-based forms that can be produced on our LinearDNATM platform. In addition, we provide contract research services to RNA based drug and biologic customers for preclinical studies. These services include the design, development, and manufacture of PCR-produced DNA templates for RNA. In addition, we also use our LinearDNATM platform to produce very large gram-scale quantities of DNA for the in vitro diagnostic market where our DNA is used for both commercially available diagnostics and diagnostics under development.

We also seek to develop, acquire, and commercialize, ourselves or with partners, a diverse portfolio of nucleic acid-based therapeutics based on PCR-produced linear DNA to improve existing nucleic acid-based therapeutics or to create new nucleic acid-based therapeutics that address unmet medical needs. We are currently directly engaged in preclinical drug candidate development activities focusing on therapeutically relevant DNA constructs manufactured via our LinearDNATM platform in the fields of DNA-based anti-viral and anti-cancer vaccines, CAR-T cell immunotherapy and the manufacture of rAAV vectors for gene therapy.

We are also engaged in preclinical and animal drug candidate development activities focusing on therapeutically relevant DNA constructs manufactured via our PCR-based production platform. We seek to develop, acquire and commercialize, alone or with partners, a diverse portfolio of nucleic acid-based therapeutics based on PCR-produced linear DNA which we believe will improve existing nucleic acid-based therapeutics or create new nucleic acid-based therapeutics that address unmet medical needs. To this end, we are currently working with our development partners Takis S.R.L. and Evvivax S.R.L. (“Takis/Evvivax”) to develop an amplicon-based linear DNA vaccine for COVID-19 that would be manufactured on our LinearDNATM platform. Together with our development partners, our amplicon-based linear COVID-19 vaccine candidate has shown efficacy in preclinical cell and small animal studies. In September 2020, we entered into an Animal Clinical Trial Agreement with Takis/Evvivax and with Veterinary Oncology Services, PLLC, an affiliate of Guardian Veterinary Specialists (“GVS”), a multi-specialty veterinary hospital. In November 2020, we, together with Takis/Evvivax and GVS, announced receipt of approvals from the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) on an advanced clinical strategy to conduct a veterinary trial of a vaccine candidate. Our jointly developed amplicon-based DNA vaccine for COVID-19 is currently in a veterinary clinical trial in domestic felines, with the end goal of applying for a USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service conditional license to enable commercial veterinary sales of the vaccine candidate. In April 2021, the Company announced preliminary data from its veterinary clinical trial in felines conducted with Takis/Evvivax and GVS. The preliminary data showed that all felines in the trial produced SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies after a single prime dose of the vaccine candidate. Subsequently in May 2021, we announced additional preliminary data from our feline clinical trial that showed a booster injection of the amplicon-based linear DNA vaccine candidate delivered 30 days after the prime vaccination elected a 5-fold increase in neutralizing antibody titers, with every member of the trial cohort producing  neutralizing antibody titers. In June 2021, we further announced preliminary data from an in vitro neutralization study of sera from the feline trial cohort against the B.1.1.7 (U.K.), P1 (Brazil), and B.1.526 (New York) SARS-CoV-2 variants. The preliminary data showed that the amplicon-based linear DNA vaccine candidate induced neutralizing antibodies against the 1.1.7 (U.K.), P1 (Brazil), and B.1.526 (New York) SARS-CoV-2 variants in 100% of the trial cohort.

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COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing

On May 13, 2020 we received an EUA from the FDA for the clinical use of the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit for the qualitative detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2 in respiratory specimens including anterior nasal swabs, self-collected at a healthcare location or collected by a healthcare worker, and nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs, mid-turbinate nasal swabs, nasopharyngeal washes/aspirates or nasal aspirates, and bronchoalveolar lavage specimens collected by a healthcare worker from individuals who are suspected of COVID-19 by their healthcare provider. Under the EUA, testing is limited to laboratories certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988, 42 U.S.C. §263a (“CLIA”), that meet requirements to perform high complexity tests. Subsequently, during July and November 2020, we were granted EUA amendments that expand the installed base of PCR equipment platforms on which our Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit can be processed and significantly increased the daily testing capacity of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit through the use of automation. On May 11, 2021,we received a re-issued EUA that expanded the intended use of the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit to include use with anterior nasal swab specimens that are self-collected in the presence of a healthcare provider from individuals without symptoms or other reasons to suspect COVID-19 when tested at least weekly and with no more than 168 hours between serially collected specimens. The expanded intended use allows certified laboratory users of the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit and through our ADCL subsidiary, to provide serial screening testing to individuals with the return of individual testing results. The May 11, 2021 re-issued EUA also updated the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit’s Instructions for Use to include the KingFisher™ Flex Purification System, a high-throughput robotic nucleic acid extraction system. The scope of the EUA, as amended, is expressly limited to use consistent with the Instructions for Use by authorized laboratories, certified under CLIA to perform high complexity tests. The EUA will be effective until the declaration that circumstances exist justifying the authorization of the emergency use of in vitro diagnostics for detection and/or diagnosis of COVID-19 is terminated or until the EUA’s prior termination or revocation. Our Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit has not been FDA cleared or approved, and the EUA’s limited authorization is only for the detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2, not for any other viruses or pathogens. We currently manufacture the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit at our facilities in Stony Brook, New York.

On December 29, 2020, we received a letter (the “FDA Information Request”) from the FDA requesting certain information about the potential impact of the 69—70del SARS-CoV-2 (“COVID-19”) mutation (the “69—70del mutation”) on the performance of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit. The 69—70del mutation is a mutation in the S-gene of COVID-19 that is found in several variants of COVID-19, including, but not limited to the so called “UK Variant,” whose technical designation is UK COV202012/01 or the B.1.1.7 variant.  The B.1.1.7 variant contains many mutations, including the 69—70del mutation.  The B.1.1.7 variant has been associated with an increased risk of transmission.  As a result, early identification of individuals potentially infected with this variant is important because it could reduce further transmission of COVID-19.

In response to the FDA Information Request, we performed analysis of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit’s performance in the presence of the 69—70del mutation. Results showed that sensitivity of one of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit’s two targets, specifically the S1 target, was highly diminished in the presence of the 69—70del mutation. The sensitivity of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit’s other target, S2, was not impacted by the mutation. This results in a detection pattern in the presence of the 69—70del mutation where the sensitivity of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit’s S1 target is highly reduced as compared to the sensitivity of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit’s S2 target (“S-gene target dropout”). While reduced sensitivity with molecular diagnostics is typically not desirable, with certain multi-target COVID-19 molecular diagnostic tests such as the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit, reduced sensitivity in regard to one target allows viral variants to be identified while still detecting the presence of COVID-19 via the assay’s other target(s). On December 31, 2020, we responded to the FDA Information Request informing the FDA of the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit’s S-gene target dropout in the presence of the 69—70del mutation.

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On January 8, 2021, the FDA issued an Alert to Health Care Providers and Clinical Laboratory Staff (the “FDA Alert”) regarding the potential impact of COVID-19 mutations on the accuracy of COVID-19 molecular diagnostic tests. Coincident with the FDA Alert, the FDA also issued a Letter to Health Care Providers and Clinical Laboratory Staff (the “FDA Letter”). The FDA Alert and the FDA Letter advised that false negatives are a risk with all laboratory tests, including COVID-19 molecular diagnostic tests. The FDA further advised that false negatives can occur with any COVID-19 molecular diagnostic test if a mutation occurs in the region of the virus that the test is designed to assess. The FDA explained that the potential for false negatives with COVID-19 molecular diagnostics may be increased with tests that only assess a single region of the COVID-19 virus as compared to tests that assess more than one region of the virus. The FDA stated that it believes the overall impact of COVID-19 mutations on testing accuracy will be low.

The FDA Alert and the FDA Letter also stated that FDA is conducting continuous data analysis to evaluate all currently EUA authorized molecular tests in light of COVID-19 mutations. Based on the FDA’s own analysis and input from manufacturers, the FDA Alert and the FDA Letter identified three EUA authorized molecular diagnostic tests that might be impacted by currently known COVID-19 mutations. The FDA Alert and the FDA Letter stated that the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit and one other molecular diagnostic test exhibit S-gene target dropout detection patterns when certain COVID-19 variants are present, including variants with the 69—70del mutation, which includes the B.1.1.7 variant.  The FDA Letter further stated that this detection pattern may help with the early identification of new COVID-19 variants in patients, including variants with the 69—70del mutation, which could help to reduce the further spread of COVID-19. The FDA Letter also noted that when the S-gene target dropout is observed in patient samples tested with the identified kits such samples should be considered for additional characterization via full genetic sequencing, which would allow for identification of the specific variant at issue. The FDA letter concluded that due to the identified kits’ multi-target design, overall test sensitivity should not be impacted. On February 22, 2021, the FDA issued the final Guidance “Policy for Evaluating Impact of Viral Mutations on COVID-19 Tests” which provides information and recommendations relating to test design and routine monitoring for developers and current manufacturers to address the potential impact of emerging and future viral genetic mutations on COVID-19 tests.

COVID-19 Surveillance Testing

Starting in July 2020, under our wholly owned subsidiary, Applied DNA Clinical Labs LLC (“ADCL”), began offering COVID-19 pooled surveillance testing to customers as a Testing-as-a-Service (TaaS) offering branded under the safeCircleTM trademark. Unlike diagnostic testing, which looks for the occurrence of COVID-19 at the individual level, safeCircleTM surveillance testing looks for infections within a defined population or community and can be used for making health management decisions at the population level. safeCircleTM surveillance testing uses high-sensitivity pooled COVID-19 testing utilizing the Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit. Under the safeCircleTM surveillance testing service, pooled test results are returned to the sponsoring organization in the aggregate only, not directly to the participating individuals, and may be performed without CLIA certification. Once potentially infected portions of a defined population are identified by the safeCircleTM surveillance testing service, the individuals comprising the potentially infected portions of the defined population are referred to follow on diagnostic testing at a clinical lab to obtain individual results, which may include ADCL. ADCL is offering its safeCircleTM surveillance testing in compliance with current CDC, FDA, CMS, and New York State Department of Health recommendations. The use of pooled sampling procedures for the safeCircleTM surveillance testing service has been internally validated by ADCL in compliance with current CDC guidance. The use of pooled sampling procedures is not included in the LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit EUA.

We seek to continue to commercialize the safeCircleTM surveillance testing TaaS offering with institutional clients such as schools, colleges, and businesses. We currently provide safeCircleTM surveillance testing to primary/secondary/higher education institutions, private clients, local governments, and businesses and college athletic programs.

In addition, starting in February 2021, we began the development of our LineaTM COVID-19 Selective Genomic Surveillance mutation panel for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 genetic mutations (the “SGS Panel”). In May 2021, the Company announced that it had completed technical validation of the SGS Panel.

Use of the SGS Panel is currently limited to Research Use Only (RUO).

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Clinical Testing Laboratory

Under our ADCL subsidiary, on May 10, 2021 we received our New York clinical laboratory permit and our CLIA certification from the New York State Department of Health Clinical Laboratory Evaluation Program (“CLEP”) for COVID-19 testing using EUA authorized methods and devices. Now that the certification was obtained, we will be able to operate a clinical diagnostic laboratory for COVID-19 testing and provide individual patient testing results. Through ADCL, we seek to further commercialize our EUA authorized LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit. We also intend to work towards expanding our New York clinical laboratory permit and CLIA certifications to include, among other diagnostic tests, our iCTC Technology, which would allow us to further commercialize this technology.

iCTC Technology

We seek to further develop, manufacture and commercialize our Vita-AssayTM iCTC Technology acquired from Vitatex, Inc. in August 2019. Our iCTC Technology uses a patented functional assay to capture live invasive circulating tumor cell and associated lymphocytes that can be identified and expanded for further analysis, including genetic sequencing. We believe our iCTC Technology can be used as an early cancer diagnostic tool, to facilitate cancer disease progression monitoring, to assess metastatic tumor risk and to discover epitopes to serve as targets for nucleic acid-based immunotherapies. Our iCTC Technology has been used and is currently being used in a human cancer drug candidate clinical trial to monitor cancer disease progression in the trial subjects as a Research Use Only diagnostic assay. We believe our iCTC Technology has several advantages over existing in vitro circulating tumor cell diagnostic technologies that do not capture live iCTC cells. The Company seeks to further develop and commercialize this technology and to potentially integrate aspects of the iCTC Technology with the LinearDNATM platform for cancer research and nucleic acid-based drug development.

Non-Biologic Tagging and Security Products and Services

Our supply chain security business allows our customers to use non-biologic DNA (molecular) tags manufactured on our LinearDNATM platform to mark objects in a unique manner and then identify these objects by detecting the absence or presence of the molecular tag. We believe our molecular tags are not economically feasible nor practical to replicate, and that our disruptive tracking platform offers broad commercial relevance across many industry verticals.

The underlying strategy in our tagging business is to become an authenticity and traceability platform provider for large complex supply chains, particularly in process industries in which contracts for our products and services are typically larger and recurring over longer duration as compared to our historic norms, where the benefits to customers and consumers are more significant, and where our forensic security and traceability offer a unique and protected value. Using our tagging products and technology, manufacturers, brands, and other stakeholders can ensure authenticity and protect against diversion throughout a product’s journey from manufacturer to use.

SigNature® Molecular Tags, SigNature® T Molecular Tags, fiberTyping®, SigNify® Beacon® and CertainT® comprise our principal Non-Biologic tagging and security technology platform.

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Signature Molecular Tags

SigNature® molecular tags manufactured via our LinearDNATM platform form the core of our supply chain security technology platform. They provide forensic power and protection for a wide array of applications. Highly secure, robust and durable, SigNature® molecular tags are an ingredient that can be used to fortify brand protection efforts; strengthen supply chain security; and mark, track and convict criminals. Through our SigNature® molecular tags, custom DNA sequences can be embedded into a wide range of host carriers including natural and synthetic materials such as cotton, leather, cannabis, ink, varnish, thread, metal coatings, and pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals. SigNature® molecular tag formulations are made to be resistant to challenging environments such as heat, cold, vibration, abrasion, organic solvents, chemicals, UV radiation and other extreme environmental conditions, and can be identified for numerous years after being embedded directly into or on an item. The sequence of each individual molecular tag is recorded and stored in a secure database so that we can later detect it to obtain definitive proof of the presence or absence of a specific molecular tag using a simple in-field test, or in our laboratories. Our in-lab forensic testing capability delivers Certificate of DNA Authentication (“CODA”) or an expert witness report, with expert witness services for some cases. Because DNA can be amplified with high fidelity, only minute quantities of our molecular tags extracted from our customers’ goods are necessary for successful analysis and authentication. As a result, SigNature® molecular tags can fold seamlessly into production and logistics workflows at extremely low concentrations.

Our SigNature® molecular tags can be uniquely designed for specific industries. For example, our SigNature® T molecular tags, designed for textiles and apparel industry, are specially engineered to adhere tenaciously to textile substrates, which make them resistant to standard textile production conditions. The result is an enduring forensic level molecular tag that remains present from the fiber stage through to the finished product. Overall SigNature® molecular tags now exist on hundreds of millions of commodity goods ranging from consumer product packaging to microcircuits to cotton and synthetic fibers.

SigNify®

SigNify® IF portable DNA readers and SigNify® consumable reagent test kits provide definitive real-time authentication of molecular tags in the field, providing a front-line solution for supply chain integrity backed with forensic-level molecular tag authentication.

CertainT®

The CertainT® trademark indicates the use of our tagging, testing and tracking platforms and solutions, enabling manufacturers, brands and trade organizations to convey proof of their product claims.

CertainT® and other customer applications include the use of a software platform that enables customers to manage the security of company-marked goods from point of marking to point of authentication or validation to end of life. The base platform is configurable to customer requirements. Basic functions offered include molecular tag inventory management, program training and communications, a database of marked items information, associated documents and images, chain of custody and location tracking, sample authentication processing and CODA downloads, and other administrative functions.

 Subsequent Events

On August 3, 2021 ADCL was awarded a competitively-bid COVID-19 testing contract by the City University of New York (CUNY) Board of Trustees to facilitate the University’s reopening in the fall (the “Contract”). The Contract term is 12 months, has a maximum value not to exceed $35.0 million, and contains no minimum weekly testing commitment.  The Contract specifies ADCL’s deployment of safeCircle™, our high-throughput, pooled COVID-19 testing program, to provide weekly asymptomatic diagnostic COVID-19 screening of on-campus unvaccinated students, staff, and faculty, and a random sampling of vaccinated individuals across the CUNY school system. ADCL’s solution includes the use of subcontractor CLEARED4’s health verification platform for appointments, sample tracking, and value-add services of campus access management. As prime contractor, ADCL will also provide on-site staffing and sample transport and logistics.

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Plan of Operations

General

Historically, the substantial portion of our revenues has been generated from sales of our SigNature® and SigNature® T molecular tags, our principal supply chain security and product authentication solutions. However, most of our near-term growth in revenues has been derived from sales of our  Linea™ COVID-19 Assay Kit, and our COVID-19 Surveillance Testing. We also expect future growth in revenues to be derived from the manufacturing of DNA products for the biotechnology and in vitro diagnostic markets. To a lesser extent, we expect to grow revenues from the sale of SigNature® molecular tags, SigNature® T molecular tags, SigNify® and CertainT® offerings as we work with companies and governments to secure supply chains for various types of products and product labeling throughout the world, although we have seen a decrease in such revenues principally due to the impact of COVID-19. We are also seeking to establish a revenue stream from our iCTC Technology. We have continued to incur expenses in expanding our business to meet current and anticipated future demand. We have limited sources of liquidity. Our products and services are offered in the United States, Europe and Asia.

Critical Accounting Policies and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

See Note B to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for our critical accounting policies and recent accounting pronouncements.

Comparison of Results of Operations for the Three-Month Periods Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

Revenues

Product revenues

For the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we generated $639,637 and $56,911, respectively, in revenues from product sales. Product revenue increased by $582,786 or 1,024% for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three-month period ended June 30, 2020. The increase in product revenues was primarily related to an increase of approximately $538,000 in sales of our LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit, of which approximately $517,000 was attributable to sales pursuant to our contract with Stony Brook University Hospital.

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Service revenues

For the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we generated $1,060,683 and $374,605 in revenues from sales of services, respectively. The increase in service revenues of $686,078 or 183% for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year is attributable to an increase of approximately $827,000 from COVID-19 Surveillance Testing. This increase was offset by a decrease of approximately $196,000 in our textile market.

Costs and Expenses

Cost of Revenues

Cost of revenues for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 increased by $395,653 or 256% from $154,804 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 to $550,457 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021. Cost of revenues as a percentage of product revenues was 86% and 272% for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This improvement in cost of revenues as a percentage of product revenues is due to product sales mix, as sales during the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 included diagnostic kit sales, which are at a higher gross margin. This increase was also the result of certain costs of revenues being fixed costs such as payroll and rent, which were not fully absorbed with the level of product revenues during the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period during fiscal 2021.

Selling, General and Administrative

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 increased by $650,911 or 25% to $3,239,953 from $2,589,042 in three-month period 2020. The increase is primarily attributable to an increase in payroll, consulting and other administrative expenses of approximately $560,000 for staffing and setting up the ADCL laboratory.

Research and Development

Research and development expenses increased to $1,029,627 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 from $814,599 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $215,028 or 26%. This increase is primarily due to increased purchases relating to our clinical lab build out as well as for research projects related to genetic sequencing and isotopic research analysis projects.

Depreciation and Amortization

In the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, depreciation and amortization increased by $185,906 or 301% from $61,865 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 to $247,771 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021. This increase is related primarily to assets purchased to support our COVID-19 surveillance testing,as well the production of our LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kits.

Interest income (expense), net

Interest income (expense) for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, increased to income of $3,572 from expense of $28,624 in the same period of 2020. The decrease in interest expense was due to the repayment of the July 2019 Notes during October 2020.

Other expense, net

Other expense, net for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, was $82,799 and $72,694, respectively.

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Net Loss Attributable to Common Stockholders

Net loss increased $159,543, or 5% to $3,448,993 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to $3,289,450 for the three month period ended June 30, 2020 due to the factors noted above.

Comparison of Results of Operations for the Nine-month Periods Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

Revenues

Product revenues

For the nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we generated $2,154,844 and $492,582 in revenues from product sales, respectively. Product revenue increased by $1,662,262 or 337% for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020. The increase in product revenues was primarily related to an increase of approximately $1,718,000 in sales of our LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit, of which approximately $1,647,000 was attributable to sales pursuant to our contract with Stony Brook University Hospital.

Service revenues

For the nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we generated $3,833,159 and $1,124,926 in revenues from sales of services, respectively. The increase in service revenues of $2,708,233 or 241% for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year is attributable to an increase of approximately $3,154,000 from COVID-19 Surveillance Testing, offset by a decrease of approximately $301,000 in our textile market.

Costs and Expenses

Cost of Revenues

Cost of revenues for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 increased by $583,212 or 103% from $566,417 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020 to $1,149,629 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021. Cost of revenues as a percentage of product revenues was 53% and 115% for the nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This decrease in cost of revenues as a percentage of product revenues is due to product sales mix, as sales during the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 included diagnostic kit sales, which are at a higher gross margin. This increase was also the result of certain costs of revenues being fixed costs such as payroll and rent, which were not fully absorbed with the level of product revenues during the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the period during fiscal 2021.

Selling, General and Administrative

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 increased by $3,050,344 or 42% to $10,298,343 from $7,247,999 in the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020. The increase is primarily attributable to an increase in stock-based compensation expense of $708,000 relating to officer and employee stock option grants that vested immediately and an increase in payroll of approximately $1,423,000.  The increase in payroll relates to an increase of approximately $790,000 for the staffing of ADCL and other increased headcounts, as well as an increase for officer bonuses.

Research and Development

Research and development expenses increased to $2,652,047 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 from $2,082,043 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $570,004 or 27%. This increase is predominantly in laboratory equipment and supplies for our on-going R&D projects.   These increases were offset by a reduction of approximately $37,000 relating to a government award.

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Depreciation and Amortization

In the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021, depreciation and amortization increased by $341,095 or 168% from $203,469 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020 to $544,564 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021. This increase is related primarily to assets purchased to support our COVID-19 surveillance and diagnostic testing, as well the production of our LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit.

Interest income (expense), net

Interest (expense) income for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021, increased to income of $11,975 from expense of $86,811 in the same period of fiscal 2020. The decrease in interest expense was due to the repayment of the July 2019 Notes during October 2020.

Other expense, net

Other expense, net for the nine-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, was $191,533 and $334,527, respectively. The decrease of $142,994 is due to a decrease in franchise taxes during the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021.

Loss on Extinguishment of Convertible Notes Payable

Loss on extinguishment of convertible notes payable of $1,774,662 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 relates to the repayment of the July 2019 Notes. The loss on extinguishment represents the difference between the fair value of the July 2019 Notes, including the fair value of the Replacement Warrants issued, on the repayment date compared to its carrying value.

Gain on Extinguishment of Notes Payable

Gain on extinguishment of notes payable for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 of $839,945 relates to the full forgiveness of the Company’s PPP loan. The gain on extinguishment represents the difference between the fair value of the PPP loan on the forgiveness date compared to their carrying value.

Net Loss Attributable to Common Stockholders

Net loss increased $868,220, or 10% to $9,775,349 for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to $8,907,128 for the nine month period ended June 30, 2020 due to the factors noted above.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our liquidity needs consist of our working capital requirements and research and development expenditure funding. As of June 30, 2021, we had working capital of $12,121,760. For the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021, we used cash in operating activities of  $8,675,878 consisting primarily of our loss of $9,770,855 net with non-cash adjustments of $544,564 in depreciation and amortization charges, $1,631,175 in stock-based compensation expense, $1,774,662 in loss on extinguishment of convertible notes payable, $839,945 gain on extinguishment of notes payable and a provision for bad debts of $6,245. Additionally, we had a net increase in operating assets of $1,783,584 and a net decrease in operating liabilities of $238,140. Cash used in investing activities of $1,642,277 was for the purchase of property and equipment, primarily for the development and implementation of our COVID-19 Surveillance Testing, as well as our LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kits. Cash provided by financing activities was $14,704,855, which included net proceeds from a registered direct public offering of 13,756,507, warrant exercises of $2,613,929, and the repayment of convertible notes payable of $1,665,581.

We have recurring net losses, which have resulted in an accumulated deficit of $279,610,999 as of June 30, 2021. At June 30, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $12,173,443.

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We have historically financed our operations through the sale of equity and equity-linked securities. Through June 30, 2021, the Company has dedicated most of its financial resources to commercialization of our LineaTM COVID-19 Assay Kit and our clinical testing laboratory, as well as to research and development, including the development and validation of its own technologies as well as, advancing its intellectual property, and general and administrative activities.

On January 13, 2021, we closed on a registered direct public offering of 1,810,000 shares of Common Stock at a purchase price of $8.30 per share. Net proceeds, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions, and other offering expenses, were approximately $13.8 million. In addition, during the nine-month period ended June 30, 2021, 520,151 warrants were exercised, resulting in net proceeds, after deducting underwriting commissions, to us of approximately $2.6 million.

We expect to finance our operations primarily through cash received from the January 2021 registered direct public offering and the warrant exercises, discussed above, as well as collection of our accounts receivable. We estimate that we will have sufficient cash and cash equivalents to fund operations for the next twelve months from the date of filing of this quarterly report. Historically, we have financed our operations principally from the sale of equity and equity-linked securities.

COVID-19 Risks and Uncertainties

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as a pandemic which has spread throughout the world. We are monitoring this situation, and we are unable to predict the impact that COVID-19 will have on our future financial position and operating results due to numerous uncertainties. We believe that the COVID-19 pandemic adversely impacted the global textile industry, which has resulted in a reduction of textile related revenues, specifically as it relates to our cotton customer contract. On March 7, 2020 the Governor of New York declared a health emergency and issued an order (as amended) to close all nonessential businesses, which was followed by a phased reopening. Portions of our business were deemed to be an essential business, such as our government and pharmaceutical contracts, as well as our vaccine and diagnostic candidate development. However, we have experienced, and may continue to experience in the future, facility closures related to our “nonessential” businesses, and pursuant to the government order, we reduced the scope of our operations. We received a loan of approximately $847 thousand on May 1, 2020 from Bank of America as lender pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). As disclosed in Note E to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements, the PPP loan was fully forgiven during February 2021.

As a result of COVID-19, we have experienced a decline in revenues from non-biological tagging and related services, primarily as it relates to our cotton customer contract. Historically revenues from our cotton customer contract are seasonal and recognized primarily during our first and fourth fiscal quarters. Due to the impacts of the COVID-19 global pandemic, we did not recognize revenue for the shipment of DNA concentrate relating to our cotton customer contract during the three or nine-month period ended June 30, 2021. However, we have experienced an increase in our Biotherapeutic Contract Research and Manufacturing business as a result of COVID-19, specifically as it relates to our COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing and COVID-19 Surveillance Testing. Due to the rapid development and fluidity of this situation, the magnitude and duration of the pandemic and its impact on our future operations and liquidity is uncertain as of the date of this Quarterly Report.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

Inflation

The effect of inflation on our revenue and operating results was not significant.

36

Item 3— Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Information requested by this Item is not applicable as we are electing scaled disclosure requirements available to smaller reporting companies with respect to this Item.

Item 4. — Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Based on the evaluation of these disclosure controls and procedures, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of June 30, 2021, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

During the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Part II - Other Information

Item 1. — Legal Proceedings.

None.

Item 1A. — Risk Factors.

None.

Item 2. — Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

None.

Item 3. — Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.

Item 4. — Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

Item 5. — Other Information.

None.

37

Item 6. — Exhibits.

Incorporated by Reference to SEC Filing

Exhibit

Exhibit

No.

Filed Exhibit Description

Form

No.

File No.

Date Filed

3.1

Conformed version of Certificate of Incorporation of Applied DNA Sciences, Inc., as most recently amended by the Fifth Certificate of Amendment, effective Thursday, September 17, 2020

S-8

4.1

333-249365

10/7/2020

3.2

Bylaws

8-K

3.2

002-90539

1/16/2009

31.1*

Certification of Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

31.2*

Certification of Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.1**

Certification of Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.2**

Certification of Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

101 INS*

XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

101 SCH*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101 CAL*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101 DEF*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101 LAB*

XBRL Extension Label Linkbase Document

101 PRE*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

104*

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

*

Filed herewith.

**

Furnished herewith

***

Denotes compensatory plan, compensation arrangement or management contract.

Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 are being furnished and shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall such exhibits be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except as otherwise stated in any such filing.

38

Signatures

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc.

 

 

Dated: August 12, 2021

/s/ JAMES A. HAYWARD

 

James A. Hayward, Ph.D.

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

(Duly authorized officer and principal executive officer)

 

 

 

/s/ BETH JANTZEN

Dated: August 12, 2021

Beth Jantzen, CPA

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

(Duly authorized officer and principal financial and accounting officer)

39

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