Report of Foreign Issuer (6-k)

Date : 03/08/2018 @ 6:08AM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : SK Telecom Co., Ltd. (SKM)
Quote : 27.48  0.55 (2.04%) @ 3:59PM

Report of Foreign Issuer (6-k)

Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 6-K

 

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE MONTH OF MARCH 2018

Commission File Number: 333-04906

 

 

SK Telecom Co., Ltd.

(Translation of registrant’s name into English)

 

 

Euljiro 65(Euljiro2-ga), Jung-gu

Seoul 04539, Korea

(Address of principal executive office)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

Form 20-F  ☒            Form 40-F  ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):  ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):  ☐

 

 

 


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Submission of Audit Report

 

1. Name of External Auditor      KPMG Samjong Accounting Corporation  
2. Date of Receiving External Audit Report      March 6, 2018  

3. Auditor’s Opinion on Seperate Financial Statements

    

 

FY2017

 

Unqualified

 

 

 

    

 

FY2016

 

Unqualified

 

 

 

4. Financial Highlights of Seperate Financial Statements (KRW)

  

- Total Assets

     25,557,521,520,546        25,448,574,619,396  

- Total Liabilities

     10,550,130,194,227        11,191,620,107,847  

- Total Shareholders’ Equity

     15,007,391,326,319        14,256,954,511,549  

- Capital Stock

     44,639,473,000        44,639,473,000  

- Total Shareholder’s Equity / Capital Stock Ratio(%)

     33,619.1        31938.0  

- Operating Revenue

     12,468,034,993,132        12,350,479,375,462  

- Operating Profit

     1,697,709,027,091        1,782,172,440,205  

- Profit before Income Tax

     1,603,807,975,455        1,562,782,259,530  

- Profit for the Year

     1,331,114,092,010        1,217,273,742,023  


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017 and 2016

(With Independent Auditors’ Report Thereon)


Table of Contents

Contents

 

     Page  

Independent Auditors’ Report

     1  

Separate Statements of Financial Position

     3  

Separate Statements of Income

     5  

Separate Statements of Comprehensive Income

     6  

Separate Statements of Changes in Equity

     7  

Separate Statements of Cash Flows

     8  

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

     10  

Independent Accountant’s Review Report on Internal Accounting Control System (“IACS”)

     91  

Report on the Assessment of Internal Accounting Control System (“IACS”)

     92  


Table of Contents

Independent Auditors’ Report

Based on a report originally issued in Korean

To The Board of Directors and Shareholders

SK Telecom Co., Ltd.:

We have audited the accompanying separate financial statements of SK Telecom Co., Ltd. (the “Company”) which comprise the separate statements of financial position as at December 31, 2017 and 2016, the separate statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for the years then ended, and notes, comprising a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.

Management’s Responsibility for the Separate Financial Statements

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these separate financial statements in accordance with Korean International Financial Reporting Standards, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of separate financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

Auditors’ Responsibility

Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these separate financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with Korean Standards on Auditing. Those standards require that we comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the separate financial statements are free from material misstatement.

An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the separate financial statements. The procedures selected depend on our judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the separate financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, we consider internal control relevant to the entity’s preparation and fair presentation of the separate financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the separate financial statements.

We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.

Opinion

In our opinion, the separate financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the separate financial position of the Company as at December 31, 2017 and 2016 and of its separate financial performance and its separate cash flows for the years then ended in accordance with Korean International Financial Reporting Standards.


Table of Contents

Other Matter

The procedures and practices utilized in the Republic of Korea to audit such separate financial statements may differ from those generally accepted and applied in other countries.

KPMG Samjong Accounting Corp.

Seoul, Korea

February 23, 2018

 

This report is effective as of February 23, 2018, the audit report date. Certain subsequent events or circumstances, which may occur between the audit report date and the time of reading this report, could have a material impact on the accompanying separate financial statements and notes thereto. Accordingly, the readers of the audit report should understand that the above audit report has not been updated to reflect the impact of such subsequent events or circumstances, if any.

 

2


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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Financial Position

As of December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won)    Note      December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Assets

        

Current Assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

     30,31      W 880,583        874,350  

Short-term financial instruments

     5,30,31        94,000        95,000  

Short-term investment securities

     7,30,31        47,383        97,340  

Accounts receivable - trade, net

     6,30,31,32        1,520,209        1,594,504  

Short-term loans, net

     6,30,31,32        54,403        54,143  

Accounts receivable - other, net

     6,30,31,32,34        1,003,509        772,570  

Prepaid expenses

        121,121        107,989  

Inventories, net

        29,837        32,479  

Advanced payments and other

     6,7,30,31        17,053        32,740  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

        3,768,098        3,661,115  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-Current Assets:

        

Long-term financial instruments

     5,30,31        382        102  

Long-term investment securities

     7,30,31        724,603        560,966  

Investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures

     8        9,152,321        8,726,538  

Property and equipment, net

     9,32        6,923,133        7,298,539  

Goodwill

     10        1,306,236        1,306,236  

Intangible assets, net

     11        3,089,545        3,275,663  

Long-term loans, net

     6,30,31,32        7,512        11,160  

Long-term accounts receivable - other

     6,30,31,34        285,118        147,139  

Long-term prepaid expenses

        25,169        27,918  

Guarantee deposits

     6,30,31,32        173,513        173,287  

Long-term derivative financial assets

     16,30,31        30,608        176,465  

Deferred tax assets

     27        30,953        58,410  

Defined benefit assets

     15        40,082        24,787  

Other non-current assets

        249        249  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Non-Current Assets

        21,789,424        21,787,459  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Assets

      W 25,557,522        25,448,574  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.

 

3


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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Financial Position, Continued

As of December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won)    Note      December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

 

     

Current Liabilities:

        

Current installments of long-term debt, net

     12,30,31      W 1,131,047        628,868  

Current installments of long-term payables - other

     13,30,31        301,751        301,773  

Accounts payable – other

     30,31,32        1,664,054        1,546,252  

Withholdings

     30,31        517,991        642,582  

Accrued expenses

     30,31        790,368        663,918  

Income tax payable

     27        206,060        461,999  

Unearned revenue

        3,705        1,360  

Derivative financial liabilities

     16,30,31        27,791        86,950  

Provisions

     14        48,508        59,027  

Receipts in advance

        76,126        71,431  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

        4,767,401        4,464,160  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-Current Liabilities:

        

Debentures, excluding current installments, net

     12,30,31        4,334,848        4,991,067  

Long-term borrowings, excluding current installments, net

     12,30,31        42,486        61,416  

Long-term payables - other

     13,30,31        1,328,630        1,602,943  

Long-term unearned revenue

        7,033        2,389  

Long-term derivative financial liabilities

     16,30,31        10,719        —    

Long-term provisions

     14        16,178        21,493  

Other non-current liabilities

     30,31        42,836        48,152  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Non-Current Liabilities

        5,782,730        6,727,460  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

        10,550,131        11,191,620  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Shareholders’ Equity

        

Share capital

     1,17        44,639        44,639  

Capital surplus and others

     17,18,19,20        371,895        371,481  

Retained earnings

     21,22        14,512,556        13,902,627  

Reserves

     23        78,301        (61,793
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Shareholders’ Equity

        15,007,391        14,256,954  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

 

   W 25,557,522        25,448,574  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.

 

4


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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Income

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won except for per share data)    Note      2017     2016  

Operating revenue:

     32       

Revenue

      W 12,468,035       12,350,479  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

     32       

Labor

        624,900       634,754  

Commissions

        4,864,463       4,716,555  

Depreciation and amortization

        2,370,192       2,242,546  

Network interconnection

        628,610       687,048  

Leased line

        290,324       347,741  

Advertising

        150,361       174,186  

Rent

        435,170       424,929  

Cost of products that have been resold

        515,013       502,770  

Others

     24        891,293       837,778  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        10,770,326       10,568,307  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating profit

        1,697,709       1,782,172  

Finance income

     26        188,025       323,563  

Finance costs

     26        (274,098     (261,393

Other non-operating income

     25        18,471       54,288  

Other non-operating expenses

     25        (165,783     (200,771

Profit (loss) on investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures, net

     8        139,484       (135,077
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit before income tax

        1,603,808       1,562,782  

Income tax expense

     27        272,694       345,508  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit for the year

      W 1,331,114       1,217,274  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share

     28       

Basic and diluted earnings per share (in won)

      W 18,613       17,001  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.

 

5


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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Comprehensive Income

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won)    Note      2017      2016  

Profit for the year

      W 1,331,114        1,217,274  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

        

Items that will never be reclassified to profit or loss, net of taxes:

        

Remeasurement of defined benefit liabilities

     15        1,746        (10,319

Items that are or may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss, net of taxes:

        

Net change in unrealized fair value of available-for-sale financial assets

     23,26        119,910        5,385  

Net change in unrealized fair value of derivatives

     16,23,26        20,184        (13,950
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) for the year, net of taxes

        141,840        (18,884
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

      W 1,472,954        1,198,390  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.

 

6


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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Changes in Equity

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won)                                                            
          Capital surplus and others     Retained earnings     Reserves     Total equity  
    Share
capital
    Paid-in
surplus
    Treasury
share
    Hybrid bonds     Share option     Other     Sub-total        

Balance at January 1, 2016

  W 44,639       2,915,887       (2,260,626     398,518       —         (684,333     369,446       13,418,603       (53,228     13,779,460  

Total comprehensive income:

                   

Profit for the year

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         1,217,274       —         1,217,274  

Other comprehensive loss

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         (10,319     (8,565     (18,884
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         1,206,955       (8,565     1,198,390  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Transactions with owners:

                   

Annual dividends

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         (635,482     —         (635,482

Interim dividends

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         (70,609     —         (70,609

Business combination under common control

    —         —         —         —         —         2,035       2,035       —         —         2,035  

Interest on hybrid bonds

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         (16,840     —         (16,840
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    —         —         —         —         —         2,035       2,035       (722,931     —         (720,896
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2016

  W 44,639       2,915,887       (2,260,626     398,518       —         (682,298     371,481       13,902,627       (61,793     14,256,954  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2017

  W 44,639       2,915,887       (2,260,626     398,518       —         (682,298     371,481       13,902,627       (61,793     14,256,954  

Total comprehensive income:

                   

Profit for the year

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         1,331,114       —         1,331,114  

Other comprehensive income

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         1,746       140,094       141,840  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         1,332,860       140,094       1,472,954  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Transactions with owners:

                   

Annual dividends

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         (635,482     —         (635,482

Interim dividends

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         (70,609     —         (70,609

Share option

    —         —         —         —         414       —         414       —         —         414  

Interest on hybrid bonds

    —         —         —         —         —         —         —         (16,840     —         (16,840
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    —         —         —         —         414       —         414       (722,931     —         (722,517
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

  W 44,639       2,915,887       (2,260,626     398,518       414       (682,298     371,895       14,512,556       78,301       15,007,391  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.

 

7


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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Cash Flows

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won)    Note      2017     2016  

Cash flows from operating activities:

       

Cash generated from operating activities

       

Profit for the year

      W 1,331,114       1,217,274  

Adjustments for income and expenses

     35        2,804,239       2,931,278  

Changes in assets and liabilities related to operating activities

     35        (293,836     (143,263
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Sub-total

        3,841,517       4,005,289  

Interest received

        46,774       23,014  

Dividends received

        101,256       113,955  

Interest paid

        (183,939     (199,332

Income tax paid

        (548,138     (367,354
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

        3,257,470       3,575,572  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

       

Cash inflows from investing activities:

       

Decrease in short-term investment securities, net

        50,000       —    

Decrease in short-term financial instruments, net

        1,000       36,500  

Collection of short-term loans

        206,932       232,745  

Proceeds from disposals of long-term investment securities

        15,276       336,669  

Proceeds from disposals of investments in subsidiaries and associates

        —         1,063  

Increase in cash due to business combination

        —         360  

Proceeds from disposals of property and equipment

        19,667       14,539  

Proceeds from disposals of intangible assets

        3,811       7,689  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Sub-total

        296,686       629,565  

Cash outflows for investing activities:

       

Increase in short-term investment securities, net

        —         (6,335

Increase in short-term loans

        (203,511     (237,197

Increase in long-term financial instruments

        —         (40

Acquisitions of long-term investment securities

        (12,863     (19,501

Increase in investments in subsidiaries and associates

        (286,298     (87,088

Acquisitions of property and equipment

        (1,870,634     (1,674,027

Acquisitions of intangible assets

        (75,298     (580,219
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Sub-total

        (2,448,604     (2,604,407
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

      W (2,151,918     (1,974,842
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.

 

8


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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Cash Flows, Continued

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won)    Note      2017     2016  

Cash flows from financing activities:

       

Cash inflows from financing activities:

       

Proceeds from issuance of debentures

      W 647,328       607,474  

Cash inflows from settlement of derivatives

        188       251  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Sub-total

        647,516       607,725  

Cash outflows for financing activities:

       

Decrease in short-term borrowings, net

        —         (230,000

Repayments of long-term borrowings

        (13,002     (12,814

Repayments of long-term accounts payable - other

 

     (302,867     (120,718

Repayments of debentures

        (602,733     (680,000

Payments of dividends

        (706,091     (706,091

Payments of interest on hybrid bonds

        (16,840     (16,840

Cash outflows from settlement of derivatives

        (105,269     —    
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Sub-total

        (1,746,802     (1,766,463
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

        (1,099,286     (1,158,738
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

        6,266       441,992  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year

        874,350       431,666  

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

        (33     692  
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year

 

   W 880,583       874,350  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.

 

9


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

1. Reporting Entity

SK Telecom Co., Ltd. (“the Company”) was incorporated in March 1984 under the laws of the Republic of Korea (“Korea”) to provide cellular telephone communication services in Korea. The Company mainly provides wireless telecommunications services in Korea. The head office of the Company is located at 65, Eulji-ro, Jung-gu, Seoul, Korea.

The Company’s common shares and depositary receipts (DRs) are listed on the Stock Market of Korea Exchange, the New York Stock Exchange and the London Stock Exchange. As of December 31, 2017, the Company’s total issued shares are held by the following shareholders:

 

     Number of
shares
     Percentage of
total shares issued (%)
 

SK Holdings Co., Ltd.

     20,363,452        25.22  

National Pension Service

     7,392,350        9.16  

Institutional investors and other minority stockholders

     42,853,358        53.07  

Treasury shares

     10,136,551        12.55  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total number of shares

     80,745,711        100.00  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

2. Basis of Presentation

 

  (1) Statement of compliance

These separate financial statements were prepared in accordance with Korean International Financial Reporting Standards (“K-IFRS”), as prescribed in the Act on External Audits of Stock Companies in the Republic of Korea .

These financial statements are separate financial statements prepared in accordance with K-IFRS No.1027, Separate Financial Statements , presented by a parent or an investor with joint control of or significant influence over an investee, in which the investments are accounted for at cost.

The separate financial statements were authorized for issuance by the Board of Directors on February 2, 2018, which will be submitted for approval at the shareholders’ meeting to be held on March 21, 2018.

 

  (2) Basis of measurement

The separate financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis, except for the following material items in the separate statement of financial position:

 

    derivative financial instruments measured at fair value;

 

    financial instruments at fair value through profit or loss measured at fair value;

 

    available-for-sale financial assets measured at fair value; and

 

    assets for defined benefit plans recognized at the net of the fair value of plan assets less the total present value of defined benefit obligations.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

2. Basis of Presentation, Continued

 

  (3) Functional and presentation currency

These separate financial statements are presented in Korean won, which is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates.

 

  (4) Use of estimates and judgments

The preparation of the separate financial statements in conformity with K-IFRS requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period prospectively.

1) Critical judgments

Information about critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the separate financial statements is included in Note 4 for classification of lease.

2) Assumptions and estimation uncertainties

Information about assumptions and estimation uncertainties that have a significant risk of resulting in a material adjustment within the next financial year are included in the following notes: allowance for doubtful accounts, estimated useful lives of property and equipment and intangible assets, impairment of goodwill, recognition of provision, measurement of defined benefit liabilities, and recognition of deferred tax assets (liabilities).

3) Fair value measurement

A number of the Company’s accounting policies and disclosures require the measurement of fair values, for both financial and non-financial assets and liabilities. The Company has an established policies and processes with respect to the measurement of fair values. This includes a valuation team that has overall responsibility for overseeing all significant fair value measurements, including Level 3 fair values, and reports directly to the finance executives.

The valuation team regularly reviews significant unobservable inputs and valuation adjustments. If third party information, such as broker quotes or pricing services, are used to measure fair values, then the valuation team assesses the evidence obtained from the third parties to support the conclusion that such valuations meet the requirements of K-IFRS, including the level in the fair value hierarchy in which such valuations should be classified.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

2. Basis of Presentation, Continued

 

  (4) Use of estimates and judgments, Continued

 

  3) Fair value measurement, Continued

 

When measuring the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company uses market observable data as far as possible. Fair values are categorized into different levels in a fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used in the valuation techniques as follows:

    Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

 

    Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices); and

 

    Level 3: inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

If the inputs used to measure the fair value of an asset or a liability fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy, then the fair value measurement is categorized in its entirety in the same level of the fair value hierarchy as the lowest level input that is significant to the entire measurement. The Company recognizes transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy at the end of the reporting period during which the change has occurred.

Information about assumptions used for fair value measurements are included in Note 31.

 

3. Changes in accounting policies

Except the following amendments to the standards that are effective for annual periods beginning on January 1, 2017, the accounting policies have been applied consistently to all periods presented in these separate financial statements.

1) K-IFRS No. 1007, Cash Flow Statements

The Company adopted the amendments to K-IFRS No. 1007, which form a part of the IASB’s broader disclosure initiative, in the period beginning on January 1, 2017. The amendment requires the Company to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes. The Company disclosed the reconciliation of the opening and closing balances of liabilities arising from financing activities including changes from financing cash flows; changes arising from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses; the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates; changes in fair values; and other changes in Note 35.

2) K-IFRS No. 1012, Income Taxes

The Company adopted the amendments to K-IFRS No. 1012 in the period beginning January 1, 2017. The amendments clarify the necessity to consider whether there are restrictions on tax laws on the sources of taxable profits which may be used for the reversal of deductible temporary difference. In addition, the amendments provide the guidance on how to estimate the probable future taxable profit and specify the circumstances where an asset can be recovered for more than its carrying amount. These amendments have no impact on the Company’s separate financial statements.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies

The significant accounting policies applied by the Company in the preparation of its separate financial statements in accordance with K-IFRSs are included below. The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to all periods presented in these separate financial statements.

 

  (1) Operating segments

The Company presents disclosures relating to operating segments on its consolidated financial statements in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1108, Operating Segments and such disclosures are not separately disclosed on these separate financial statements.

 

  (2) Investments in subsidiaries and associates

These separate financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1027, Separate Financial Statements . The Company applies the cost method to investments in subsidiaries and associates in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1027. Dividends from a subsidiary or associate are recognized in profit or loss when the right to receive the dividend is established.

The assets and liabilities acquired under business combination under common control are recognized at the carrying amounts in the ultimate controlling shareholder’s consolidated financial statements. The difference between consideration and carrying amount of net assets acquired is added to or subtracted from capital surplus and others.

 

  (3) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash balances, call deposits and financial asset with maturities of three months or less from the acquisition date that are easily convertible to cash and subject to an insignificant risk of changes in their fair value.

 

  (4) Inventories

Inventories are stated at the acquisition cost using the average method. During the period, a perpetual inventory system is used to track inventory quantities, which is adjusted to the physical inventory counts performed at the period end. When the net realizable value of inventories is less than the acquisition cost, the carrying amount is reduced to the net realizable value and any difference is charged to current operations as operating expenses.

 

  (5) Non-derivative financial assets

The Company recognizes and measures non-derivative financial assets by the following four categories: financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, held-to-maturity investments, loans and receivables and available-for-sale financial assets. The Company recognizes financial assets in the separate statement of financial position when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Upon initial recognition, non-derivative financial assets not at fair value through profit or loss are measured at their fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of asset.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (5) Non-derivative financial assets, Continued

 

  (i) Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

A financial asset is classified as financial asset at fair value through profit or loss if it is held for trading or is designated as such upon initial recognition. Upon initial recognition, transaction costs are recognized in profit or loss when incurred. Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are measured at fair value, and changes therein are recognized in profit or loss.

 

  (ii) Held-to-maturity investments

A non-derivative financial asset with a fixed or determinable payment and fixed maturity, for which the Company has the positive intention and ability to hold to maturity, are classified as held-to-maturity investment. Subsequent to initial recognition, held-to-maturity investments are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method.

 

  (iii) Loans and receivables

Loans and receivables are financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. Subsequent to initial recognition, loans and receivables are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method except for loans and receivables of which the effect of discounting is immaterial.

 

  (iv) Available-for-sale financial assets

Available-for-sale financial assets are those non-derivative financial assets that are designated as available-for-sale or are not classified as financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, held-to-maturity investments or loans and receivables. Subsequent to initial recognition, they are measured at fair value, with changes in fair value, net of any tax effect, recorded in other comprehensive income (OCI) in equity. Investments in equity instruments that do not have a quoted market price in an active market and whose fair value cannot be reliably measured are measured at cost.

 

  (v) De-recognition of financial assets

The Company derecognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or it transfers the rights to receive the contractual cash flows on the financial asset in a transaction in which substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset are transferred. Any interest in transferred financial assets that is created or retained by the Company is recognized as a separate asset or liability. If the Company retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the transferred financial assets, the Company continues to recognize the transferred financial assets and recognizes financial liabilities for the consideration received.

 

  (vi) Offsetting between financial assets and financial liabilities

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is presented in the statement of financial position only when the Company currently has a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts, and there is the intention to settle on a net basis or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (6) Derivative financial instruments, including hedge accounting

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value. Subsequent to initial recognition, derivatives are measured at fair value, and changes therein are accounted for as described below.

 

  (i) Hedge accounting

The Company holds forward exchange contracts, interest rate swaps, currency swaps and other derivative contracts to manage interest rate risk and foreign exchange risk. The Company designates derivatives as hedging instruments to hedge the risk of changes in the fair value of assets, liabilities or firm commitments (a fair value hedge) and foreign currency risk of highly probable forecasted transactions or firm commitments (a cash flow hedge).

On initial designation of the hedge, the Company formally documents the relationship between the hedging instrument(s) and hedged item(s), including the risk management objectives and strategy in undertaking the hedge transaction, together with the methods that will be used to assess the effectiveness of the hedging relationship.

Fair value hedge

Changes in the fair value of a derivative hedging instrument designated as a fair value hedge are recognized in profit or loss. The gain or loss from remeasuring the hedging instrument at fair value for a derivative hedging instrument and the gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk are recognized in profit or loss in the same line item of the statement of income. The Company discontinues fair value hedge accounting if the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, or if the hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting. Any adjustment arising from gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk is amortized to profit or loss from the date the hedge accounting is discontinued.

Cash flow hedge

When a derivative is designated to hedge the variability in cash flows attributable to a particular risk associated with a recognized asset or liability or a highly probable forecasted transaction that could affect profit or loss, the effective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized in other comprehensive income, net of tax, and presented in the hedging reserve in equity. Any ineffective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized immediately in profit or loss. If the hedging instrument no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, expires or is sold, terminated, exercised, or the designation is revoked, then hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument that has been recognized in other comprehensive income is reclassified to profit or loss in the periods during which the forecasted transaction occurs. If the forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, then the balance in other comprehensive income is recognized immediately in profit or loss.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (6) Derivative financial instruments, including hedge accounting, Continued

 

  (ii) Separable embedded derivatives

Embedded derivatives are separated from the host contract and accounted for separately only if the following criteria have been met:

 

  (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative are not closely related to those of the host contract;

 

  (b) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative would meet the definition of a derivative; and

 

  (c) the hybrid (combined) instrument is not measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in profit or loss.

Changes in the fair value of separable embedded derivatives are recognized immediately in profit or loss.

 

  (iii) Other derivative financial instruments

Changes in the fair value of other derivative financial instrument not designated as a hedging instrument are recognized immediately in profit or loss.

 

  (7) Impairment of financial assets

A financial asset not carried at fair value through profit or loss is assessed at each reporting date to determine whether there is objective evidence that it is impaired. A financial asset is impaired if objective evidence indicates that a loss event has occurred after the initial recognition of the asset, and that the loss event had a negative effect on the estimated future cash flows of that asset that can be estimated reliably. However, losses expected as a result of future events, regardless of likelihood, are not recognized.

Objective evidence that a financial asset is impaired includes following loss events:

 

    significant financial difficulty of the issuer or obligor;

 

    a breach of contract, such as default or delinquency in interest or principal payments;

 

    the lender, for economic or legal reasons relating to the borrower’s financial difficulty, granting to the borrower a concession that the lender would not otherwise consider;

 

    it becoming probable that the borrower will enter bankruptcy or other financial reorganization;

 

    the disappearance of an active market for that financial asset because of financial difficulties; or

 

    observable data indicating that there is a measurable decrease in the estimated future cash flows from a group of financial assets since the initial recognition of those assets, although the decrease cannot yet be identified with the individual financial assets in the group.

In addition, for an investment in an equity security, a significant or prolonged decline in its fair value below its cost is objective evidence of impairment.

If financial assets have objective evidence that they are impaired, impairment losses are measured and recognized.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (7) Impairment of financial assets, Continued

 

  (i) Financial assets measured at amortized cost

An impairment loss in respect of a financial asset measured at amortized cost is calculated as the difference between its carrying amount and the present value of its estimated future cash flows discounted at the asset’s original effective interest rate. The Company can recognize impairment losses directly or by establishing an allowance account. If, in a subsequent period, the amount of the impairment loss decreases and the decrease can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment was recognized (such as an improvement in the debtor’s credit rating), the previously recognized impairment loss is reversed either directly or by adjusting an allowance account.

 

  (ii) Financial assets carried at cost

If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss has occurred on an unquoted equity instrument that is not carried at fair value because its fair value cannot be reliably measured, or on a derivative asset that is linked to and must be settled by delivery of such an unquoted equity instrument, the amount of the impairment loss is measured as the difference between the carrying amount of the financial asset and the present value of estimated future cash flows discounted at the current market rate of return for a similar financial asset. Such impairment losses are not reversed.

 

  (iii) Available-for-sale financial assets

When a decline in the fair value of an available-for-sale financial asset has been recognized in other comprehensive income and there is objective evidence that the asset is impaired, the cumulative loss that had been recognized in other comprehensive income is reclassified from equity to profit or loss as a reclassification adjustment even though the financial asset has not been derecognized. Impairment losses recognized in profit or loss for an investment in an equity instrument classified as available-for-sale is not reversed through profit or loss subsequently. If, in a subsequent period, the fair value of a debt instrument classified as available-for-sale increases and the increase can be objectively related to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized in profit or loss, the impairment loss is reversed, with the amount of the reversal recognized in profit or loss.

 

  (8) Property and equipment

Property and equipment are initially measured at cost. The cost of property and equipment includes expenditures arising directly from the construction or acquisition of the asset, any costs directly attributable to bringing the asset to the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management and the initial estimate of the costs of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located.

Subsequent to initial recognition, an item of property and equipment is carried at its cost less any accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment losses.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (8) Property and equipment, Continued

 

Subsequent costs are recognized in the carrying amount of property and equipment at cost or, if appropriate, as a separate item if it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of the replaced part is derecognized. The costs of the day-to-day servicing are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Property and equipment, except for land, are depreciated on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives that appropriately reflect the pattern in which the asset’s future economic benefits are expected to be consumed. A component that is significant compared to the total cost of property and equipment is depreciated over its separate useful life.

Gains and losses on disposal of an item of property and equipment are determined by comparing the proceeds from disposal with the carrying amount of property and equipment and are recognized as other non-operating income (loss).

The estimated useful lives of the Company’s property and equipment are as follows:

 

     Useful lives (years)

Buildings and structures

   15, 30

Machinery

   3 ~ 6

Other property and equipment

   4 ~10

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at the end of each reporting date and adjusted, if appropriate. The change is accounted for as a change in an accounting estimate.

 

  (9) Borrowing costs

The Company capitalizes borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized in expense as incurred. A qualifying asset is an asset that requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Financial assets are not qualifying assets. Assets that are ready for their intended use or sale when acquired are not qualifying assets.

To the extent that the Company borrows funds specifically for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset, the Company determines the amount of borrowing costs eligible for capitalization as the actual borrowing costs incurred on that borrowing during the period less any investment income on the temporary investment of those borrowings. To the extent that the Company borrows funds generally and uses them for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset, the Company determines the amount of borrowing costs eligible for capitalization by applying a capitalization rate to the expenditures on that asset. The capitalization rate is the weighted average of the borrowing costs applicable to the borrowings of the Company that are outstanding during the period, other than borrowings made specifically for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset. The amount of borrowing costs that the Company capitalizes during a period do not exceed the amount of borrowing costs incurred during that period.

 

18


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (10) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are measured initially at cost and, subsequently, are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses.

Amortization of intangible assets except for goodwill is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of intangible assets from the date that they are available for use. The residual value of intangible assets is zero. However, club memberships are expected to be available for use as there are no foreseeable limits to the periods. This intangible asset is determined as having indefinite useful lives and not amortized.

The estimated useful lives of the Company’s intangible assets are as follows:

 

     Useful lives (years)

Frequency usage rights

   5 ~ 13

Land usage rights

   5

Industrial rights

   5, 10

Development costs

   5

Facility usage rights

   10, 20

Other

   3 ~ 20

Amortization periods and the amortization methods for intangible assets with finite useful lives are reviewed at the end of each reporting period. The useful lives of intangible assets that are not being amortized are reviewed at the end of each reporting period to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support indefinite useful life assessments for those assets. Changes are accounted for as changes in accounting estimates.

Expenditures on research activities are recognized in profit or loss as incurred. Development expenditures are capitalized only if development costs can be measured reliably, the product or process is technically and commercially feasible, future economic benefits are probable, and the Company intends to and has sufficient resources to complete development and to use or sell the asset. Other development expenditures are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Subsequent expenditures are capitalized only when they increase the future economic benefits embodied in the specific asset to which it relates. All other expenditures, including expenditures on internally generated goodwill and brands, are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (11) Government grants

Government grants are not recognized unless there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the grant’s conditions and that the grant will be received.

 

  (i) Grants related to assets

Government grants whose primary condition is that the Company purchases, constructs or otherwise acquires a long-term asset are deducted in calculating the carrying amount of the asset. The grant is recognized in profit or loss over the life of a depreciable asset as a reduction to depreciation expense.

 

  (ii) Grants related to income

Government grants which are intended to compensate the Company for expenses incurred are deducted from the related expenses.

 

  (12) Impairment of non-financial assets

The carrying amounts of the Company’s non-financial assets, other than assets arising from employee benefits, inventories, deferred tax assets and non-current assets held for sale, are reviewed at the end of the reporting period to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, then the asset’s recoverable amount is estimated. Goodwill and intangible assets that have indefinite useful lives or that are not yet available for use, irrespective of whether there is any indication of impairment, are tested for impairment annually by comparing their recoverable amount to their carrying amount.

The Company estimates the recoverable amount of an individual asset, if it is impossible to measure the individual recoverable amount of an asset, then the Company estimates the recoverable amount of cash-generating unit (“CGU”). A CGU is the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets. The recoverable amount of an asset or CGU is the greater of its value in use and its fair value less costs to sell. The value in use is estimated by applying a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset or CGU, for which estimated future cash flows have not been adjusted, to the estimated future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset or CGU.

An impairment loss is recognized in profit or loss to the extent the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

Goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated to each CGU that is expected to benefit from the synergies arising from the business acquired. Any impairment identified at the CGU level will first reduce the carrying value of goodwill and then be used to reduce the carrying amount of the other assets in the CGU on a pro rata basis. Except for impairment losses in respect of goodwill which are never reversed, an impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset’s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (13) Leases

The Company classifies and accounts for leases as either a finance or operating lease, depending on the terms. Leases where the Company assumes substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

 

  (i) Finance leases

At the commencement of the lease term, the Company recognizes as finance assets and finance liabilities in its separate statement of financial position, the lower amount of the fair value of the leased property and the present value of the minimum lease payments, each determined at the inception of the lease. Any initial direct costs are added to the amount recognized as an asset.

Minimum lease payments are apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The finance charge is allocated to each period during the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Contingent rents are charged as expenses in the periods in which they are incurred.

The depreciable amount of a leased asset is allocated to each accounting period during the period of expected use on a systematic basis consistent with the depreciation policy the Company adopts for depreciable assets that are owned. If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term, the asset is fully depreciated over the shorter of the lease term and its useful life. The Company reviews to determine whether the leased assets are impaired at the reporting date.

 

  (ii) Operating leases

Leases where the lessor retains a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are recognized in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

 

  (iii) Determining whether an arrangement contains a lease

Determining whether an arrangement is, or contains, a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement and requires an assessment of whether fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset.

At inception or reassessment of the arrangement, the Company separates payments and other consideration required by such an arrangement into those for the lease and those for other elements on the basis of their relative fair values. If the Company concludes for a financial lease that it is impracticable to separate the payments reliably, the Company recognizes an asset and a liability at an amount equal to the fair value of the underlying asset that was identified as the subject of the lease. Subsequently, the liability is reduced as payments are made and an imputed finance charge on the liability is recognized using the Company’s incremental borrowing rate of interest.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (14) Non-current assets held for sale

Non-current assets, or disposal groups comprising assets and liabilities, that are expected to be recovered primarily through sale rather than through continuing use, are classified as held for sale. In order to be classified as held for sale, the asset (or disposal group) must be available for immediate sale in its present condition and its sale must be highly probable. The assets or disposal group that are classified as non-current assets held for sale are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and fair value less cost to sell. The Company recognizes an impairment loss for any initial or subsequent write-down of an asset (or disposal group) to fair value less costs to sell, and a gain for any subsequent increase in fair value less costs to sell, up to the cumulative impairment loss previously recognized in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1036, Impairment of Assets .

A non-current asset that is classified as held for sale or part of a disposal group classified as held for sale is not depreciated (or amortized).

 

  (15) Non-derivative financial liabilities

The Company classifies non-derivative financial liabilities into financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss or other financial liabilities in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangement. The Company recognizes financial liabilities in the separate statement of financial position when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the financial liability.

 

  (i) Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss include financial liabilities held for trading or designated as such upon initial recognition. Subsequent to initial recognition, financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are measured at fair value, and changes therein are recognized in profit or loss. Upon initial recognition, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issue of the financial liability are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

 

  (ii) Other financial liabilities

Non-derivative financial liabilities other than financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are classified as other financial liabilities. At the date of initial recognition, other financial liabilities are measured at fair value minus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issue of the financial liability. Subsequent to initial recognition, other financial liabilities are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

The Company derecognizes a financial liability from the separate statement of financial position when it is extinguished (i.e. when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expires).

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (16) Employee benefits

 

  (i) Short-term employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits are employee benefits that are due to be settled within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. When an employee has rendered service to the Company during an accounting period, the Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for that service.

 

  (ii) Other long-term employee benefits

Other long-term employee benefits include employee benefits that are settled beyond 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. The Company’s net obligation in respect of long-term employee benefits is the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods. That benefit is discounted to determine its present value. Remeasurements are recognized in profit or loss in the period in which they arise.

 

  (iii) Retirement benefits: defined contribution plans

When an employee has rendered service to the Company during a period, the Company recognizes the contribution payable to a defined contribution plan in exchange for that service as a liability (accrued expense), after deducting any contribution already paid. If the contribution already paid exceeds the contribution due for service before the end of the reporting period, the Company recognizes that excess as an asset (prepaid expense) to the extent that the prepayment will lead to a reduction in future payments or a cash refund.

 

  (iv) Retirement benefits: defined benefit plans

At the end of reporting period, defined benefits liabilities relating to defined benefit plans are recognized at present value of defined benefit obligations net of fair value of plan assets.

The calculation is performed annually by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. When the fair value of plan assets exceeds the present value of the defined benefit obligation, the Company recognizes an asset, to the extent of the present value of any economic benefits available in the form of refunds from the plan or reduction in the future contributions to the plan.

Remeasurements of the net defined benefit liability, which comprise actuarial gains and losses, the return on plan assets (excluding interest) and the effect of the asset ceiling (if any, excluding interest), are recognized immediately in other comprehensive income. The Company determines net interests on net defined benefit liability (asset) by multiplying discount rate determined at the beginning of the annual reporting period and considers changes in net defined benefit liability (asset) from contributions and benefit payments. Net interest costs and other costs relating to the defined benefit plan are recognized through profit or loss.

When the plan amendment or curtailment occurs, gains or losses on amendment or curtailment in benefits for the past service provided are recognized through profit or loss. The Company recognizes gain or loss on a settlement when the settlement of defined benefit plan occurs.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (16) Employee benefits, Continued

 

  (v) Termination benefits

The Company recognizes a liability and expense for termination benefits at the earlier of the period when the Company can no longer withdraw the offer of those benefits and the period when the Company recognizes costs for a restructuring that involves the payment of termination benefits. If benefits are payable more than 12 months after the reporting period, they are discounted to their present value.

 

  (17) Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The risks and uncertainties that inevitably surround many events and circumstances are taken into account in reaching the best estimate of a provision. Where the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are determined at the present value of the expected future cash flows.

Where some or all of the expenditures required to settle a provision are expected to be reimbursed by another party, the reimbursement is recognized when, and only when, it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received if the entity settles the obligation. The reimbursement is treated as a separate asset.

Provisions are reviewed at the end of each reporting period and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. If it is no longer probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

A provision is used only for expenditures for which the provision was originally recognized.

 

  (18) Transactions in foreign currencies

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the functional currency of the Company at exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated to the functional currency using the reporting date’s exchange rate. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies that are measured at fair value are retranslated to the functional currency at the exchange rate at the date that the fair value was determined.

Foreign currency differences arising on retranslation are recognized in profit or loss, except for differences arising on the retranslation of available-for-sale equity instruments.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (19) Share capital

Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issuance of ordinary shares and share options are recognized as a deduction from equity, net of any tax effects.

When the Company repurchases its own shares, the amount of the consideration paid is recognized as a deduction from equity and classified as treasury shares. The profits or losses from the purchase, disposal, reissue, or retirement of treasury shares are directly recognized in equity being as transaction with owners.

 

  (20) Hybrid bond

The Company recognizes a financial instrument issued by the Company as an equity instrument if it does not include contractual obligation to deliver financial assets including cash to the counter party.

 

  (21) Share-based Payment

For equity-settled share-based payment transaction, if the fair value of the goods or services received cannot be reliably estimated, the Company measures their value indirectly by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted. Related expense, with a corresponding increase in capital surplus and others, is recognized over the vesting period of the awards. The amount recognized as an expense is adjusted to reflect the number of awards for which the related service and non-market performance conditions are expected to be met, such that the amount ultimately recognized is based on the number of awards that meet the related service and non-market performance conditions at the vesting date.

 

  (22) Revenue

Revenue from the sale of goods, rendering of services or use of assets is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Returns, trade discounts and volume rebates are recognized as a reduction of revenue.

When two or more revenue generating activities or deliverables are sold under a single arrangement, each deliverable that is considered to be a separate unit of account is accounted for separately. The allocation of consideration from a revenue arrangement to its separate units of account is based on the relative fair values of each unit.

 

  (i) Services rendered

Revenue from cellular services consists of revenue from basic charges, voice charges, data charges, data-roaming services and interconnection charges. Such revenues are recognized as services are performed.

Revenue from other services rendered is recognized in profit or loss in proportion to the stage of completion of the transaction at the reporting date. The stage of completion is assessed by reference to surveys of work performed.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (22) Revenue, Continued

 

  (ii) Goods sold

Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence exists, usually in the form of an executed sales agreement, that the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, recovery of the consideration is probable, the associated costs and possible return of goods can be estimated reliably, there is no continuing management involvement with the goods, and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably.

 

  (iii) Customer loyalty programs

For customer loyalty programs, the fair value of the consideration received or receivable in respect of the initial sale is allocated between the award credits and the other components of the sale. The amount allocated to the award credits is estimated by reference to the fair value of the services to be provided with respect to the redeemable award credits. The fair value of the services to be provided with respect to the redeemable portion of the award credits granted to the customers in accordance with customer loyalty programs is estimated taking into account the expected redemption rate and timing of the expected redemption. Considerations allocated to the award credits are deferred and revenue is recognized when the award credits are recovered and the Company performs its obligation to provide the service. The amount of revenue recognized is based on the relative size of the total award credits that are expected to be redeemed and the redeemed award credits in exchange for services.

 

  (23) Finance income and finance costs

Finance income comprises interest income on funds invested (including available-for-sale financial assets), dividend income, gains on disposal of available-for-sale financial assets, changes in fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, and gains on hedging instruments that are recognized in profit or loss. Interest income is recognized as it accrues in profit or loss, using the effective interest rate method. Dividend income is recognized in profit or loss on the date that the Company’s right to receive payment is established.

Finance costs comprise interest expense on borrowings, changes in fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, and losses on hedging instruments that are recognized in profit or loss. Interest expense on borrowings and debentures are recognized in profit or loss using the effective interest rate method.

 

  (24) Income taxes

Income tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current tax and deferred tax are recognized in profit or loss except to the extent that it relates to a business combination, or items recognized directly in equity or in other comprehensive income.

The Company prepares consolidated income tax returns under the tax-consolidation system and its economically unified wholly owned subsidiaries.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (24) Income taxes, Continued

 

  (i) Current tax

In accordance with the tax-consolidation system, the Company calculates current taxes on the consolidated taxable income for the Company and its wholly owned domestic subsidiaries and recognizes the income tax payable as current tax liabilities of the Company.

Current tax is the expected tax payable or receivable on the taxable profit or loss for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period and includes interests and fines related to income taxes paid or payable. The taxable profit is different from the accounting profit for the period since the taxable profit is calculated excluding the temporary differences, which will be taxable or deductible in determining taxable profit (tax loss) of future periods, and non-taxable or non-deductible items from the accounting profit.

 

  (ii) Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognized, using the asset-liability method, in respect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes. The Company recognizes a deferred tax liability for all taxable temporary differences, except for the difference associated with investments in subsidiaries and associates that the Company is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. The Company recognizes a deferred tax asset for all deductible temporary differences, to the extent that it is probable that the temporary difference will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized.

A deferred tax asset is recognized for the carryforward of unused tax losses and unused tax credits to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the unused tax losses and unused tax credits can be utilized. Future taxable profit is dependent on the reversal of taxable temporary differences. If there are insufficient taxable temporary differences to recognize the deferred tax asset, the business plan of the Company and the reversal of existing temporary differences are considered in determining the future taxable profit.

The Company reviews the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset at the end of each reporting period and reduces the carrying amount to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow the benefit of part or all of that deferred tax asset to be utilized.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period. The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Company expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (24) Income taxes, Continued

 

  (ii) Deferred tax, Continued

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset only if there is a legally enforceable right to offset the related current tax liabilities and assets, and they relate to income taxes levied by the same tax authority and they are intended to be settled current tax liabilities and assets on a net basis. Income tax expense in relation to dividend payments is recognized when liabilities relating to the dividend payments are recognized.

 

  (25) Earnings per share

The Company presents basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) data for its ordinary shares. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period, adjusted for own shares held. Diluted EPS is determined by adjusting the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding, adjusted for own shares held, for the effects of all dilutive potential ordinary shares, which comprise share options granted to employees, if any.

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective

The following new standards are effective for annual periods beginning after January 1, 2017 and earlier application is permitted; however, the Company has not early adopted the following new standards in preparing the accompanying separate financial statements.

 

  1) K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments

K-IFRS No. 1109, published on September 25, 2015 which will replace the K-IFRS No. 1039 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement , is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company currently plans to apply K-IFRS No.1109 in the period beginning on January 1, 2018.

K-IFRS No. 1109 will be applied retrospectively with exemption allowing the Company not to restate comparative information for prior periods with respect to classification and measurement changes. The Company will recognize any difference on the measurement of financial assets and liabilities in the opening balance of retained earnings of the year beginning January 1, 2018. In the case of hedge accounting, the prospective application is allowed except for those specified in K-IFRS No. 1109 such as accounting for the time value of options and the forward element of forward contracts which requires retrospective application.

Key features of K-IFRS No. 1109 includes new classification and measurement approach for financial assets that reflects the business model in which assets are managed and their cash flow characteristics, impairment model based on changes in expected credit losses, and new approach to hedge qualification and methods for assessing hedge effectiveness.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective, Continued

 

  1) K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments , Continued

 

To ensure smooth implementation of K-IFRS No.1109, the Company needs to assess the financial impact of adopting K-IFRS No. 1109, to formulate the accounting policy, and to design, implement and enhance the accounting system and related controls. The expected quantitative impact of adopting K-IFRS No. 1109 on the Company’s financial statements cannot be reliably estimated because it will be dependent on the financial instruments that the Company holds and economic conditions at that time as well as accounting elections and judgments that it will make in the future.

Based on the circumstances and information available as of December 31, 2017, the Company preliminary assessed the financial impact on its separate financial statements resulting from the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109. The results of the preliminary assessment are as follows. The results are subject to change according to the additional information available in subsequent periods.

 

  i) Classification and measurement of financial assets

Classification of financial assets under K-IFRS No. 1109 is driven by the entity’s business model for managing financial assets and their contractual cash flows. This contains three principal classification categories: financial assets measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) and fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL). Derivatives embedded in contracts where the host is a financial asset are never bifurcated. Instead, the hybrid financial instrument as a whole is assessed for classification. Details of the classification based on business models and contractual cash flows are as follows;

 

Business model assessment (*1)

  

Contractual cash flow characteristics

  

Solely payments of principal

and interest

  

Others

Hold to collect contractual cash flows

   Amortized cost(*2)   

Hold to collect contractual cash flows and sell financial assets

   FVOCI- measured at fair value (*2)    FVTPL-measured at fair value (*3)

Hold to sell financial assets and others

   FVTPL-measured at fair value   

 

(*1) The business model will be assessed at portfolio level.
(*2) To eliminate or significantly reduce the accounting mismatch, the Company may irrevocably designate a financial asset as measured at FVTPL using the fair value option at initial recognition.
(*3) Equity instruments that are not held for trading may be irrevocably designated as FVOCI using the fair value option. This election will be made on an investment-by-investment basis.

As new classification requirements for financial assets under K-IFRS No. 1109 are more stringent than requirements under K-IFRS No. 1039, the adoption of the new standard may result in increase in financial assets designated as FVTPL and higher volatility in profit or loss of the Company. As of December 31, 2017, the Company’s financial assets consist of W 4,019,888 million of loans and receivables, W 771,986 million of available-for-sale financial assets, and W 9,054 million of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective, Continued

 

  1) K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments, Continued

 

  i) Classification and measurement of financial assets, Continued

 

A financial asset is measured at amortized cost under K-IFRS No. 1109 if the asset is held by the Company to collect its contractual cash flows and the asset’s contractual cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest. As of December 31, 2017, the Company has W 4,019,888 million of loans and receivables measured at amortized cost.

Based on preliminary assessment, most of the Company’s loans and receivables are held to collect their contractual cash flows and the asset’s contractual cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest. Though some are held for collecting the asset’s contractual cash flows and sale, management does not expect this to have a significant impact due to the short term nature of the receivables.

A financial asset is measured at FVOCI under K-IFRS No. 1109 if the objective of the business model is achieved both by collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets; and the asset’s contractual cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest. As of December 31, 2017, the Company has W 900 million of debt instruments classified as available-for-sale financial assets.

Most of the debt instruments held by the Company classified as available-for-sale financial assets are expected to be classified as financial assets measured at FVOCI upon adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 as at January 1, 2018. Therefore, management does not expect there to be a significant impact.

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, equity instruments that are not held for trading may be irrevocably designated as FVOCI on initial recognition with no recycling of amounts from OCI to profit and loss. As of December 31, 2017, the Company has W 771,086 million of available-for-sale equity instruments.

As the Company plans to classify the equity instruments with long-term investment purposes to financial assets measured at FVOCI under K-IFRS No. 1109, the Company’s preliminary assessment did not indicate any material impact on the Company’s separate financial statements except no recycling of amounts from OCI to profit and loss is allowed.

All other financial assets are measured at FVTPL. As of December 31, 2017, the Company has no debt and equity instruments designated as FVTPL using the fair value option.

 

  ii) Classification and measurement of financial liabilities

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, for the financial liabilities designated as FVTPL using the fair value option, the element of gains or losses attributable to changes in the own credit risk should normally be recognized in OCI, with the remainder recognized in profit or loss. These amounts recognized in OCI are not recycled to profit or loss even when the liability is derecognized. However, if presentation of the fair value change in respect of the liability’s credit risk in OCI results in or enlarges an accounting mismatch in profit or loss, gains and losses are entirely presented in profit or loss.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

Adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 may result in decrease in profit or loss, since the amount of fair value changes that is attributable to changes in the credit risk of the liability will be presented in OCI.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective, Continued

 

  1) K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments , Continued

 

  ii) Classification and measurement of financial liabilities, Continued

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company’s total financial liability amounts to W 9,663,649 million, among which the financial liabilities designated as FVTPL using fair value option amount to W 60,278 million.

As of December 31, 2017, most of the financial liabilities designated as FVTPL of the Company have short-term maturities with no significant changes in their credit risks. The Company’s preliminary assessment did not indicate any material impact on the Company’s separate financial statements if K-IFRS No. 1109 were applied at December 31, 2017.

 

  iii) Impairment: financial assets and contract assets

The current impairment requirements under K-IFRS No. 1039 are based on an ‘incurred loss model’, where the impairment exists if there is objective evidence as a result of one or more events that occurred after the initial recognition of an asset. However, K-IFRS No. 1109 replaces the incurred loss model in K-IFRS No. 1039 with an ‘expected credit loss model’ which applies to debt instruments measured at amortized cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income.

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, the Company should recognize a loss allowance or provision at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses or lifetime expected credit losses for financial assets determined by the extent of probable credit deterioration since initial recognition as explained below. Therefore, the new impairment requirements are expected to result in earlier recognition of credit losses compared to the incurred loss model of K-IFRS No. 1039.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective, Continued

 

  1) K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments , Continued

 

  iii) Impairment: financial assets and contract assets, Continued

 

Stages (*1)

  

Loss allowances

Stage 1    No significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition (*2)    Loss allowances are determined for the amount of the expected credit losses that result from default events that are possible within 12 months after the reporting date.
Stage 2    Significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition    Loss allowances are determined for the amount of the expected credit losses that result from all possible default events over the expected life of the financial instrument.
Stage 3    Objective evidence of credit risk impairment   

 

(*1) Under K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (see note 4 (26) (2)), for trade receivables and contract assets arising with no significant credit risk, loss allowances are recognized at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. However, for trade receivables and contract assets with a significant financing component arising under K-IFRS No. 1115, the Company may choose as its accounting policy to recognize loss allowances at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. In addition, for receivables under lease arrangement, the Company may choose to recognize loss allowances at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. The Company expects to perform the analysis on whether there was a significant increase in credit risk on collective basis instead of on individual instrument basis. In addition, when information that is more forward-looking than past due status is not available without undue cost or effort, the Company expects to use past due information to determine whether there have been significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition.
(*2) The Company may determine that a financial asset’s credit risk has not increased significantly if the asset has low credit risk at the reporting date.

K-IFRS No. 1109 allows the Company to only recognize the cumulative changes in lifetime expected credit losses since initial recognition as a loss allowance for purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets at the reporting date. As of December 31, 2017, the Company has W 4,019,888 million of debt instrument financial assets measured at amortized cost and W 205,374 million as loss allowances for these assets. The Company’s preliminary assessment did not indicate any material impact on the Company’s separate financial statements upon adoption of K-IFRS No.1109 on January 1, 2018.

 

  iv) Hedge accounting

K-IFRS No. 1109 maintains the mechanics of hedge accounting from those in K-IFRS No. 1039. However, K-IFRS No. 1109 replaces existing rule-based requirements under K-IFRS No. 1039 that are complex and difficult to apply with principle based requirement focusing more on the Company’s risk management purposes and procedures. Under K-IFRS No. 1109, more hedging instruments and hedged items are permitted and 80%-125% effectiveness requirement is removed.

By complying with the hedging rules in K-IFRS No. 1109, the Company may apply hedge accounting for transactions that currently do not meet the hedging criteria under K-IFRS No. 1039 thereby reducing volatility in profit or loss. As of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized the total amount of W 1,548,247 million as hedged liabilities that applied hedge accounting and changes in fair value of cash flow hedge in the amount of W 70,572 million was recognized in OCI for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Upon initial application of K-IFRS No. 1109, the Company may choose as its accounting policy to continue to apply hedge accounting requirements under K-IFRS No. 1039 instead of the requirements in K-IFRS No. 1109.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective, Continued

 

  iv) Hedge accounting, Continued

 

The Company is yet to decide on its accounting policy whether to continuously apply the hedge accounting requirements of K-IFRS No. 1039 instead of the requirements in K-IFRS No. 1109 when initially applying K-IFRS No. 1109. The Company designates derivatives such as currency swaps as hedging instruments to hedge the risk of variability in cash flows associated with the foreign currency debentures and borrowings. As the Company’s hedging instruments as of December 31, 2017 satisfy the hedge requirements of retrospective testing (80~125%) under K-IFRS No. 1039, the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 is not expected to have material impact on the Company’s separate financial statements.

 

  2) K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers

K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers , published on November 6, 2015 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. It replaces existing revenue recognition guidance, including K-IFRS No. 1018, Revenue , K-IFRS No. 1011, Construction Contracts , K-IFRS No. 2031, Revenue: Barter Transactions Involving Advertising Services , K-IFRS No. 2113, Customer Loyalty Programs , K-IFRS No. 2115, Agreements for the Construction of Real Estate , and K-IFRS No. 2118, Transfers of Assets from Customers . The Company plans to adopt K-IFRS No. 1115 on January 1, 2018. The Company plans to apply K-IFRS No. 1115 by recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying K-IFRS No. 1115 as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings (or other component of equity, as appropriate) of the year beginning January 1, 2018. The Company elected to apply K-IFRS No. 1115 retrospectively only to contracts that are not completed contracts at the date of initial application (January 1, 2018) using the transition method permitted by K-IFRS No. 1115.

K-IFRS No. 1018 provides separate revenue recognition criteria by transaction type which include sale of goods, rendering of services, and use of entity assets by others yielding interest, royalties and dividends. However, K-IFRS No. 1115 introduces a five-step model for revenue recognition that focuses on the ‘transfer of control’ rather than the ‘transfer of risks and rewards’. The steps in five-step model are as follows:

 

    identification of the contract with a customer;
    identification of the performance obligations in the contract;
    determination of the transaction price;
    allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and
    recognition of revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

The Company updated its accounting system and related controls based on the understanding of the revenue stream of the Company with the assistance of external information technology and accounting specialists. The Company is assessing the financial impact of the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1115 on its separate financial statements and plans to complete the assessment by March 31, 2018. The results of the assessment will be disclosed in the Company’s condensed separate interim financial statements for the three-month period ending March 31, 2018.

Based on the circumstances and information available as of December 31, 2017, the Company preliminary assessed the financial impact on its separate financial statements resulting from the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1115. The results of the preliminary assessment are as follows. The results are subject to change according to the additional information available to use in subsequent periods.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective, Continued

 

  2) K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers , Continued

 

    Incremental costs to acquire a contract

The Company has exclusive contracts with its sales agents to sell the Company’s wireless telecommunications services to subscribers. These agents receive commissions depending on the number of subscribers newly added and retained. The commissions paid to the agents constitute a significant portion of the Company’s operating expenses. Currently, the portion of these commissions that would not have been incurred if there have been no binding contracts with the subscribers are expensed.

Under K-IFRS No. 1115, for the Company’s incremental costs to acquire a subscription contract, the Company expects to capitalize such amounts and amortized over the expected subscription period estimated based on historical experience. However, as a practical expedient, the Company plans to expense the incremental cost as incurred if the amortization period of the contract acquisition and fulfillment cost is considered to be not longer than one year.

As of December 31, 2017, the Company is assessing the impact of capitalizing the incremental costs associated with obtaining customer contracts. Based on the preliminary assessment, the Company expects commission expenses to decrease, while corresponding assets capitalized (incremental costs of obtaining a contract) and amortization expenses to be recognized and incurred, respectively.

3) K-IFRS No. 1116, Leases

K-IFRS No. 1116, published on May 22, 2017, is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. K-IFRS No. 1116 replaces existing leases guidance including K-IFRS No. 1017, Leases , K-IFRS No. 2104, Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease , K-IFRS No. 2015, Operating Leases – Incentives, and K-IFRS No. 2027, Evaluating the Substance of Transactions Involving the Legal Form of a Lease .

K-IFRS No. 1116, at the inception date of a contract and the first implementation of the standard, requires the Company to determine whether a contract is, or contains, a lease unless the Company applies the practical expedient for the existing lease contract at the date of adoption of the standard.

When accounting for lease, lessee and lessor should account for each lease component within the contract as a lease separately from non-lease components of the contract.

Lessee recognizes a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset and a lease liability representing its obligation to make lease payments. However, there are optional exemptions for short-term leases and leases of low value items. As a practical expedient, a lessee may elect, by class of underlying asset, not to separate non-lease components from lease components, and, instead, account for each lease component and any associated non-lease components as a single lease component.

 

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SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

4. Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (26) Standards issued but not yet effective, Continued

 

  3) K-IFRS No. 1116, Leases , Continued

 

Lessor accounting remains similar to the current standard K-IFRS No. 1017. For a sale and leaseback arrangement, K-IFRS No. 1116 requires the Company to apply the requirements for determining when a performance obligation is satisfied in K-IFRS No. 1115 to determine whether the transfer of an asset is accounted for as a sale of that asset. However, sale and leaseback arrangements entered into before the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1116 may not be reassessed.

(1) Lease accounting for lessees

As a lessee, the Company can either apply the K-IFRS No. 1116 using a full retrospective approach; or modified retrospective approach. The full retrospective approach requires the Company to retrospectively apply the new standard to each prior reporting period presented, while modified retrospective approach requires the lessee to recognize the cumulative effect of initial application at the date of initial application of the new leases standard.

(2) Lease accounting for lessors

In case where the Company is an intermediate lessor, the Company should reassess subleases that were classified as operating leases applying K-IFRS No. 1017 and are ongoing at the date of initial application, whether each sublease should be classified as an operating lease or a finance lease applying K-IFRS No. 1116. For subleases that were classified as operating leases applying K-IFRS No. 1017 but finance leases applying K-IFRS No. 1116, the Company should accounts for such sublease as a new finance lease entered into at the date of initial application of K-IFRS No. 1116.

The Company plans to update its accounting system and related controls and complete the assessment of impact on its separate financial statements resulting from the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1116 by December 31, 2018.

 

5. Restricted Deposits

Deposits which are restricted in use as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are summarized as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Short-term financial instruments(*)

   W 89,000        89,000  

Long-term financial instruments(*)

     382        102  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 89,382        89,102  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*) Financial instruments include charitable trust fund established by the Company where profits from the fund are donated to charitable institutions. As of December 31, 2017 the funds cannot be withdrawn before maturity.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

6. Trade and Other Receivables

 

  (1) Details of trade and other receivables as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    December 31, 2017  
     Gross amount      Allowances for
doubtful accounts
     Carrying
amount
 

Current assets:

        

Accounts receivable - trade

   W 1,628,036        (107,827      1,520,209  

Short-term loans

     54,953        (550      54,403  

Accounts receivable - other

     1,059,395        (55,886      1,003,509  

Accrued income

     659        —          659  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     2,743,043        (164,263      2,578,780  

Non-current assets:

        

Long-term loans

     48,623        (41,111      7,512  

Long-term accounts receivable - other

     285,118        —          285,118  

Guarantee deposits

     173,513        —          173,513  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     507,254        (41,111      466,143  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 3,250,297        (205,374      3,044,923  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
(In millions of won)    December 31, 2016  
     Gross amount      Allowances for
doubtful accounts
     Carrying
amount
 

Current assets:

        

Accounts receivable - trade

   W 1,713,531        (119,027      1,594,504  

Short-term loans

     54,690        (547      54,143  

Accounts receivable - other

     830,675        (58,105      772,570  

Accrued income

     460        —          460  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     2,599,356        (177,679      2,421,677  

Non-current assets:

        

Long-term loans

     52,308        (41,148      11,160  

Long-term accounts receivable - other

     147,139        —          147,139  

Guarantee deposits

     173,287        —          173,287  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     372,734        (41,148      331,586  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 2,972,090        (218,827      2,753,263  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

6. Trade and Other Receivables, Continued

 

  (2) Changes in allowances for doubtful accounts of trade and other receivables for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

 

(In millions of won)       
     2017      2016  

Balance at January 1

   W 218,827        204,677  

Bad debt expense

     20,337        52,164  

Write-offs

     (54,232      (56,128

Collection of receivables previously written-off

     20,442        18,114  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31

   W 205,374        218,827  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

  (3) Details of overdue but not impaired, and impaired trade and other receivable as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  
     Accounts
receivable -
trade
     Other
receivables
     Accounts
receivable -
trade
     Other
receivables
 

Neither overdue nor impaired

   W 1,216,283        1,506,220        1,285,629        1,089,134  

Overdue but not impaired

     19,378        —          20,734        —    

Impaired

     392,375        116,041        407,168        169,425  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,628,036        1,622,261        1,713,531        1,258,559  

Allowances for doubtful accounts(107,827)

     (107,827      (97,547      (119,027      (99,800
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 1,520,209        1,524,714        1,594,504        1,158,759  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company establishes allowances for doubtful accounts based on the likelihood of recoverability of trade and other receivables based on their aging at the end of the period, past customer default experience, customer credit status, and economic and industrial factors.

 

  (4) The aging of overdue but not impaired accounts receivable as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Less than 1 month

   W 904        1,717  

1 ~ 3 months

     1,402        1,890  

3 ~ 6 months

     1,561        4,637  

More than 6 months

     15,511        12,490  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 19,378        20,734  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

38


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

7. Investment Securities

 

  (1) Details of short-term investment securities as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Beneficiary certificates(*)

   W 47,383        97,340  

 

(*) The income distributable in relation to beneficiary certificates as of December 31, 2017, were accounted for as accrued income.

 

  (2) Details of long-term investment securities as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Equity securities:

     

Marketable equity securities(*)

   W 586,713        421,846  

Unlisted equity securities etc.

     136,990        128,831  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     723,703        550,677  

Debt securities:

     

Investment bonds

     900        10,289  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 724,603        560,966  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*) The Company recognized gain on disposal amounting to W 138,779 million as the Company disposed its entire marketable equity securities of POSCO Co., Ltd. for W 305,110 million of cash during the year ended December 31, 2016.

 

8. Investments in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint ventures

 

  (1) Investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Investments in subsidiaries

   W 4,391,693        4,345,956  

Investments in associates and joint ventures

     4,760,628        4,380,582  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 9,152,321        8,726,538  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

39


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

8. Investments in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint ventures, Continued

 

  (2) Details of investments in subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    December 31, 2017      December 31,
2016
 
     Number of
shares
     Ownership
(%)
     Carrying
amount
     Carrying
amount
 

SK Telink Co., Ltd.(*1)

     1,432,627        100.0      W 243,988        208,707  

SK Broadband Co., Ltd.

     298,460,212        100.0        1,870,582        1,870,582  

SK Communications Co., Ltd.(*2)

     43,427,530        100.0        69,668        82,857  

PS&Marketing Corporation

     66,000,000        100.0        313,934        313,934  

SERVICEACE Co., Ltd.

     4,385,400        100.0        21,927        21,927  

SERVICE TOP Co., Ltd.

     2,856,200        100.0        14,281        14,281  

Network O&S Co., Ltd.

     3,000,000        100.0        15,000        15,000  

SK Planet Co., Ltd.

     57,338,266        98.1        1,298,237        1,298,237  

IRIVER LIMITED(*3)

     21,826,296        45.9        91,642        54,503  

SK Telecom China Holdings Co., Ltd.

     —          100.0        38,652        38,652  

SKT Vietnam PTE. Ltd.

     180,476,700        73.3        2,364        2,364  

SKT Americas, Inc.

     122        100.0        45,701        45,701  

YTK Investment Ltd.(*4)

     —          100.0        3,388        18,693  

Atlas Investment

     —          100.0        84,495        82,684  

SK Global Healthcare Business Group Ltd.

     —          100.0        39,649        39,649  

Entrix Co., Ltd.(*5)

     —          —          —          27,628  

SK techx Co., Ltd.(*5)

     6,713,838        100.0        155,999        128,371  

One Store Co., Ltd.

     10,409,600        65.5        82,186        82,186  
        

 

 

    

 

 

 
         W 4,391,693        4,345,956  
        

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*1) On September 28, 2017, the board of directors of the Company resolved to acquire the shares of SK Telink Co., Ltd. held by the non-controlling shareholders of SK Telink Co., Ltd. on December 14, 2017 at W 270,583 per share in cash. The Company paid W 35,281 million in cash, in aggregate, and the Company wholly owns the SK Telink Co., Ltd. as of December 31, 2017.
(*2) On November 24, 2016, the board of directors of the Company resolved to acquire all of the shares of SK Communications Co., Ltd. held by the non-controlling shareholders of SK Communications Co., Ltd. on February 7, 2017 at W 2,814 per share in cash. The Company paid W 43,328 million in cash ,in aggregate, and the Company wholly owns SK Communications Co., Ltd. as of December 31, 2017. Impairment loss on investments in SK Communications Co., Ltd. amounting to W 56,517 million was recognized during the year ended December 31, 2017.
(*3) During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company acquired 4,699,248 shares of IRIVER LIMITED at W 25,000 million participating in the investee’s non-proportional capital increase. In addition, SM mobile communications Co., Ltd., one of the associates of the Company, was merged into IRIVER LIMITED during the year ended December 31, 2017 with the Company acquiring 1,925,009 shares of IRIVER LIMITED based on the merger ratio set on October 1, 2017. As a result of the merger, the Company’s ownership interest of IRIVER LIMITED has changed from 45.88 to 45.90%. Although the Company has less than 50% of the voting rights of IRIVER LIMITED, the Company is considered to have control over IRIVER LIMITED since the Company holds significantly more voting rights than any other vote holder or organized group of vote holders, and the other shareholdings are widely dispersed.

 

40


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

8. Investments in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint ventures, Continued

 

  (2) Details of investments in subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows, Continued:

 

(*4) Impairment loss amounting to W 15,305 million was recognized during the year ended December 31, 2017.
(*5) Entrix Co., Ltd., one of the subsidiaries of the Company, was merged into SK techx Co., Ltd. during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

(3) Details of investments in associates and joint ventures as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won, except for share data)    December 31, 2017      December 31,
2016
 
     Number of
shares
     Ownership
(%)
     Carrying
amount
     Carrying
amount
 

Investments in associates:

           

SK China Company Ltd.(*1)

     10,928,921        27.3      W 601,192        47,830  

HappyNarae Co., Ltd.(*2)

     720,000        45.0        12,939        12,250  

Korea IT Fund(*3)

     190        63.3        220,957        220,957  

Wave City Development Co., Ltd.(*4)

     393,460        19.1        1,532        1,532  

KEB HanaCard Co., Ltd.(*4)

     39,902,323        15.0        253,739        253,739  

Daehan Kanggun BcN Co., Ltd.

     1,675,124        29.0        353        353  

NanoEnTek, Inc.

     6,960,445        28.5        47,958        47,958  

SK Industrial Development China Co., Ltd.(*1)

     —          —          —          83,691  

SK Technology Innovation Company

     14,700        49.0        45,864        45,864  

SK hynix Inc.

     146,100,000        20.1        3,374,725        3,374,725  

SK MENA Investment B.V.

     9,772,686        32.1        14,485        14,485  

SK Latin America Investment S.A.

     9,448,937        32.1        14,243        14,243  

SKY Property Mgmt. Ltd.(*1)

     —          —          —          145,656  

S.M. Culture & Contents Co., Ltd. (*5)

     22,033,898        23.4        65,341        —    

SK USA, Inc.and others

     —          —          71,824        81,823  
        

 

 

    

 

 

 
         W 4,725,152        4,345,106  
        

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investment in joint venture:

           

Finnq Co. Ltd.(*6)

     4,900,000        49.0      W 24,580        24,580  

12CM GLOBAL PTE. LTD.(*6)

     1,007,143        62.7        10,896        10,896  
        

 

 

    

 

 

 
           35,476        35,476  
        

 

 

    

 

 

 
         W 4,760,628        4,380,582  
        

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*1)

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company contributed its shares in SKY Property Mgmt. Ltd. and SK Industrial Development China Co., Ltd., both the equity method investees of the Company, to SK China Company Ltd., and participated in SK China Company Ltd.’s rights issue amounting to USD 100,000,000; which resulted in Company’s acquiring 8,101,884 and 2,107,037 shares of SK China Company Ltd., respectively. In connection with the contributions, the Company recognized disposal gains of W 211,306 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

41


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

8. Investments in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint ventures, Continued

 

  (3) Details of investments in associates and joint ventures as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows, Continued:

 

(*2) The Company acquired 40,000 shares of HappyNarae Co., Ltd. at W 17,212 per share during the year ended December 31, 2017.
(*3) Investment in Korea IT Fund was classified as investment in associates as the Company does not have control over Korea IT Fund under the contractual agreement with other shareholders.
(*4) These investments were classified as investments in associates as the Company can exercise significant influence through its right to appoint the members of board of directors even though the Company has less than 20% of equity interests.
(*5) During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company subscribed to a third-party allocation of new shares of 22,033,898 by S.M. Culture & Contents Co., Ltd. at W 65,341 million in cash.
(*6) These investments were classified as investment in joint venture as the Company has joint control pursuant to the agreement with the other shareholders.

 

  (4) The market price of investments in listed subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won, except for share data)  
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  
   Market
value per
share (in
won)
     Number of
shares
     Fair value      Market
value per
share

(in won)
     Number of
shares
     Fair value  

IRIVER LIMITED

   W 5,580        21,826,296        121,790        5,400        15,202,039        82,091  

SK Communications Co., Ltd.(*)

     —          —          —          2,780        28,029,945        77,923  

 

(*) The ordinary shares of SK Communication Co., Ltd. were volunatrily delisted from KOSDAQ market of Korea Exchange on February 7, 2017.

 

42


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

8. Investments in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint ventures, Continued

 

  (5) The market price of investments in listed associates as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won, except for share data)  
    December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  
  Market
value per
share
(in won)
     Number of
shares
     Fair value      Market
value per
share

(in won)
     Number of
shares
     Fair value  

NanoEnTek, Inc.

  W 5,950        6,960,445        41,415        5,020        6,960,445        34,941  

SK hynix Inc.

    76,500        146,100,000        11,176,650        44,700        146,100,000        6,530,670  

S.M.Culture & Contents Co.,Ltd.

    2,700        22,033,898        59,492        —          —          —    

 

9. Property and Equipment

 

  (1) Property and equipment as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)       
     December 31, 2017  
     Acquisition cost      Accumulated
depreciation
     Carrying amount  

Land

   W 525,572        —          525,572  

Buildings

     1,117,686        (570,814      546,872  

Structures

     864,776        (488,021      376,755  

Machinery

     22,636,857        (17,988,526      4,648,331  

Other

     1,439,163        (990,960      448,203  

Construction in progress

     377,400        —          377,400  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W  26,961,454        (20,038,321      6,923,133  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
(In millions of won)       
     December 31, 2016  
     Acquisition cost      Accumulated
depreciation
     Carrying amount  

Land

   W 506,786        —          506,786  

Buildings

     1,091,448        (534,427      557,021  

Structures

     809,876        (452,811      357,065  

Machinery

     22,251,666        (17,469,681      4,781,985  

Other

     1,442,398        (949,988      492,410  

Construction in progress

     603,272        —          603,272  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 26,705,446        (19,406,907      7,298,539  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

43


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

9. Property and Equipment, Continued

 

  (2) Details of the changes in property and equipment for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)  
     2017  
     Beginning
balance
     Acquisition      Disposal     Transfer(*)     Depreciation     Ending
balance
 

Land

   W 506,786        4,927        (4,449     18,308       —         525,572  

Buildings

     557,021        2,138        (477     24,927       (36,737     546,872  

Structures

     357,065        46,614        (74     8,387       (35,237     376,755  

Machinery

     4,781,985        213,975        (24,180     1,330,226       (1,653,675     4,648,331  

Other

     492,410        685,159        (5,853     (614,933     (108,580     448,203  

Construction in progress

     603,272        936,669        (4,088     (1,158,453     —         377,400  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   W 7,298,539        1,889,482        (39,121     (391,538     (1,834,229     6,923,133  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(*) Includes reclassification to intangible assets.

 

(In millions of won)  
     2016  
     Beginning
balance
     Acquisition      Disposal     Transfer(*1)     Depreciation     Others
(*2)
     Ending
balance
 

Land

   W 494,359        2,456        (3,408     13,379       —         —          506,786  

Buildings

     557,932        4,336        (8,935     39,576       (35,888     —          557,021  

Structures

     342,411        33,655        (33     15,144       (34,112     —          357,065  

Machinery

     5,222,023        205,285        (35,593     1,008,626       (1,620,968     2,612        4,781,985  

Other

     402,252        777,971        (4,446     (570,758     (112,953     344        492,410  

Construction in progress

     423,303        821,308        (6,848     (637,930     —         3,439        603,272  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W  7,442,280        1,845,011        (59,263     (131,963     (1,803,921     6,395        7,298,539  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*1) Includes reclassification to intangible assets.
(*2) Composed of property and equipment acquired in connection with business combination.

 

44


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

10. Goodwill

Goodwill as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Goodwill related to acquisition of Shinsegi Telecom, Inc.

   W 1,306,236        1,306,236  

The recoverable amount of the CGU is based on its value in use calculated by applying the annual discount rate of 6.6% to the estimated future cash flows based on financial budgets for the next five years. An annual growth rate of 0.4% was applied for the cash flows expected to be incurred after five years and is not expected to exceed the Company’s long-term wireless telecommunication business growth rate. Management of the Company does not expect the total carrying amount of the CGU will exceed the total recoverable amount due to reasonably possible changes from the major assumptions used to estimate the recoverable amount.

 

11. Intangible Assets

 

  (1) Intangible assets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)                            
     December 31, 2017  
     Acquisition
cost
     Accumulated
amortization
     Accumulated
impairment
     Carrying
amount
 

Frequency usage rights

   W 4,843,955        (2,667,015      —          2,176,940  

Land usage rights

     46,407        (38,549      —          7,858  

Industrial rights

     51,978        (39,079      —          12,899  

Development costs

     95,958        (95,958      —          —    

Facility usage rights

     52,312        (35,856      —          16,456  

Club memberships(*1)

     75,546        —          (30,703      44,843  

Other(*2)

     2,854,375        (2,023,826      —          830,549  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W  8,020,531        (4,900,283      (30,703      3,089,545  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
(In millions of won)                            
     December 31, 2016  
     Acquisition
cost
     Accumulated
amortization
     Accumulated
impairment
     Carrying
amount
 

Frequency usage rights

   W 4,843,955        (2,263,127      —          2,580,828  

Land usage rights

     45,385        (37,026      —          8,359  

Industrial rights

     49,566        (35,874      —          13,692  

Development costs

     98,866        (98,866      —          —    

Facility usage rights

     50,780        (34,521      —          16,259  

Club memberships (*1)

     78,723        —          (34,739      43,984  

Other(*2)

     2,429,094        (1,816,553      —          612,541  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W  7,596,369        (4,285,967      (34,739      3,275,663  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*1) Club memberships are classified as intangible assets with indefinite useful life and are not amortized.

 

45


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

11. Intangible Assets, Continued

 

(*2) Other intangible assets primarily consist of computer software and usage rights to a research facility which the Company built and donated, and the Company is given rights-to-use for a definite number of years in turn.

 

  (2) Details of the changes in intangible assets for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)  
     2017  
     Beginning
balance
     Acquisition      Disposal     Transfer(*)      Amortization     Ending
balance
 

Frequency usage rights

   W 2,580,828        —          —         —          (403,888     2,176,940  

Land usage rights

     8,359        3,247        (201     200        (3,747     7,858  

Industrial rights

     13,692        2,437        (19     —          (3,211     12,899  

Facility usage rights

     16,259        2,806        (36     129        (2,702     16,456  

Club memberships

     43,984        2,969        (2,197     87        —         44,843  

Other

     612,541        63,839        (4,642     414,560        (255,749     830,549  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   W  3,275,663        75,298        (7,095     414,976        (669,297     3,089,545  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(*) Includes reclassification from advance payments and property and equipment.

 

(In millions of won)  
     2016  
     Beginning
balance
     Acquisition      Disposal     Transfer
(*2)
     Amortization     Others
(*3)
     Impairment
(*4)
    Ending
balance
 

Frequency usage rights(*1)

   W 1,103,517        1,810,076        —         —          (332,765     —          —         2,580,828  

Land usage rights

     11,695        1,041        (100     —          (4,277     —          —         8,359  

Industrial rights

     11,828        6,019        (122     —          (4,235     202        —         13,692  

Facility usage rights

     16,486        2,181        (50     231        (2,589     —          —         16,259  

Club memberships

     61,512        118        (1,397     —          —         —          (16,249     43,984  

Other

     561,031        96,212        (7,546     144,140        (206,972     25,676        —         612,541  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   W  1,766,069        1,915,647        (9,215     144,371        (550,838     25,878        (16,249     3,275,663  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(*1) During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company acquired the frequency right for bandwidth blocs in the 2.6 GHz band for W 1,330,100 million at the spectrum auction held by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP) of Korea and made the initial payment in accordance with the terms of the agreement in August 2016. The remaining consideration will be paid on an annual installment basis for 10 years from August 2016. In addition, the Company extended frequency usage rights for 2.1 GHz band for W 568,500 million with the initial payment made to MSIP during the year ended December 31, 2016. The remaining consideration will be paid on an annual installment basis for 5 years from December 2016.
(*2) Includes reclassification from advance payments and property and equipment.
(*3) Composed of intangible assets acquired in connection with business combination.

 

46


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(*4) The Company recognized the difference between recoverable amount and the carrying amount of club memberships amounting to W 16,249 million as impairment loss for the year ended December 31, 2016.

 

47


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

11. Intangible Assets, Continued

 

  (3) Research and development expenditures recognized as expense for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     2017      2016  

Research and development costs expensed as incurred

   W 302,656        274,230  

 

  (4) Details of frequency usage rights as of December 31, 2017 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)  
     Amount     

Description

   Commencement
of amortization
     Completion of
amortization
 

800MHz license

   W 141,904     

Frequency usage rights relating to CDMA and LTE service

     Jul. 2011        Jun. 2021  

1.8GHz license

     502,480     

Frequency usage rights relating to LTE service

     Sept. 2013        Dec. 2021  

WiBro license

     2,957     

WiBro service

     Mar. 2012        Mar. 2019  

2.6GHz license

     1,092,770     

Frequency usage rights relating to LTE service

     Sept. 2016        Dec. 2026  

2.1GHz license

     436,829     

Frequency usage rights relating to W-CDMA and LTE service

     Dec. 2016        Dec. 2021  
  

 

 

          
   W 2,176,940           
  

 

 

          

 

12. Borrowings and Debentures

 

  (1) Long-term borrowings as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won and thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Lender

   Annual interest
rate (%)
     Maturity      December 31,
2017
    December 31,
2016
 

Export Kreditnamnden(*)

     1.70        Apr. 29, 2022      W

 

55,471

(USD 51,775

 

   

76,493

(USD 63,296

 

        

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less present value discount

 

     (954     (1,586
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     54,517       74,907  

Less current installments

 

     (12,031     (13,491
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   W 42,486       61,416  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(*) The long-term borrowings are to be repaid by installments on an annual basis from 2014 to 2022.

 

48


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

12. Borrowings and Debentures, Continued

 

  (2) Debentures as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won, thousands of U.S. dollars, and thousands of other currencies)  
    

Purpose

   Maturity    Annual
interest rate
(%)
     December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Other fund    2018      5.00      W 200,000        200,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating fund    2021      4.22        190,000        190,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating and refinancing fund    2019      3.24        170,000        170,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2022      3.30        140,000        140,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2032      3.45        90,000        90,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating fund    2023      3.03        230,000        230,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2033      3.22        130,000        130,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2019      3.30        50,000        50,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2024      3.64        150,000        150,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds(*1)

      2029      4.72        60,278        59,600  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Refinancing fund    2019      2.53        160,000        160,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2021      2.66        150,000        150,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2024      2.82        190,000        190,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating and refinancing fund    2022      2.40        100,000        100,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2025      2.49        150,000        150,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2030      2.61        50,000        50,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating fund    2018      1.89        90,000        90,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2025      2.66        70,000        70,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2030      2.82        90,000        90,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating and refinancing fund    2018      2.07        80,000        80,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2025      2.55        100,000        100,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2035      2.75        70,000        70,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating fund    2019      1.65        70,000        70,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2021      1.80        100,000        100,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2026      2.08        90,000        90,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2036      2.24        80,000        80,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2019      1.62        50,000        50,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2021      1.71        50,000        50,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2026      1.97        120,000        120,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2031      2.17        50,000        50,000  

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Refinancing fund    2020      1.93        60,000        —    

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2022      2.17        120,000        —    

Unsecured corporate bonds

      2027      2.55        100,000        —    

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating and refinancing fund    2032      2.65        90,000        —    

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Refinancing fund    2020      2.39        100,000        —    

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Operating and refinancing fund    2022      2.63        80,000        —    

Unsecured corporate bonds

   Refinancing fund    2027      2.84        100,000        —    

 

49


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

12. Borrowings and Debentures, Continued

 

  (2) Debentures as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows, Continued:

 

(In millions of won, thousands of U.S. dollars, and thousands of other currencies)  
     Purpose      Maturity      Annual
interest rate (%)
     December 31,
2017
    December 31,
2016
 

Unsecured global bonds

     Operating fund        2027        6.63       

428,560

(USD 400,000

 

   

483,400

(USD 400,000)


 

Unsecured corporate Swiss bonds

        2017        1.75        —        

354,399

(CHF 300,000

 

Unsecured global bonds

        2018        2.13       

749,980

(USD 700,000

 

   

845,950

(USD 700,000

 

Unsecured corporate Australian bonds

        2017        4.75        —        

261,615

(AUD 300,000

 

Floating rate notes (*2)

        2020        3M Libor+0.88       

321,420

(USD 300,000

 

   

362,550

(USD 300,000

 

           

 

 

   

 

 

 
     5,470,238       5,627,514  

Less discounts on bonds

 

     (16,374     (21,070
           

 

 

   

 

 

 
     5,453,864       5,606,444  

Less current installments of bonds

 

     (1,119,016     (615,377
           

 

 

   

 

 

 
   W 4,334,848       4,991,067  
           

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(*1) The Company eliminated a measurement inconsistency of accounting profit or loss between the bonds and related derivatives by designating the structured bonds as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss. The carrying amount of financial liabilities designated at fair value through profit or loss exceeds the principal amount required to pay at maturity by W 10,278 million as of December 31, 2017.
(*2) As of December 31, 2017, 3M LIBOR rate is 1.69%.

 

13. Long-term Payables - Other

 

  (1) As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, details of long-term payables – other which consist of payables related to the acquisition of frequency usage rights are as follows (See Note 11):

 

(In millions of won)  
     December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Long-term payables - other

   W 1,710,255        2,013,122  

Present value discount on long-term payables – other

     (79,874      (108,406
     1,630,381        1,904,716  

Less current installments of long-term payables – other

     (301,751      (301,773
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Carrying amount at December 31

   W 1,328,630        1,602,943  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

50


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

13. Long-term Payables – Other, Continued

 

  (2) The repayment schedule of the principal amount of long-term payables – other related to acquisition of frequency usage rights as of December 31, 2017 is as follows:

 

(In millions of won)       
     Amount  

Less than 1 year

   W 302,867  

1~3 years

     605,734  

3~5 years

     402,624  

More than 5 years

     399,030  
  

 

 

 
   W 1,710,255  
  

 

 

 

 

14. Provisions

Changes in provisions for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     For the year ended December 31, 2017      As of December 31,
2017
 
     Beginning
balance
     Increase      Utilization     Reversal     Ending
balance
     Current      Non-
current
 

Provision for installment of handset subsidy

   W 24,710        2        (8,898     (11,940     3,874        3,874        —    

Provision for restoration

     53,022        4,378        (817     (421     56,162        39,984        16,178  

Emission allowance

     2,788        4,663        (518     (2,283     4,650        4,650        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 80,520        9,043        (10,233     (14,644     64,686        48,508        16,178  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(In millions of won)              
     For the year ended December 31, 2016      As of December 31,
2016
 
     Beginning
balance
     Increase      Utilization     Reversal     Ending
balance
     Current      Non-
current
 

Provision for installment of handset subsidy

   W 5,670        37,530        (18,490     —         24,710        19,939        4,771  

Provision for restoration

     50,459        4,280        (804     (913     53,022        36,300        16,722  

Emission allowance

     1,477        1,480        (169     —         2,788        2,788        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 57,606        43,290        (19,463     (913     80,520        59,027        21,493  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company has provided handset subsidy to subscribers who purchase wireless telecommunication services from the Company and recognized a provision for subsidy amounts which the Company has obligations to pay in future periods.

 

51


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

15. Defined Benefit Assets

 

  (1) Details of defined benefit assets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Present value of defined benefit obligations

   W 278,778        240,289  

Fair value of plan assets

     (318,860      (265,076
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W (40,082      (24,787
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

  (2) Principal actuarial assumptions as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

     December 31, 2017     December 31, 2016  

Discount rate for defined benefit obligations

     3.06     2.62

Expected rate of salary increase

     3.72     3.72

Discount rate for defined benefit obligation is determined based on market yields of high-quality corporate bonds with similar maturities for estimated payment term of defined benefit obligation. Expected rate of salary increase is determined based on the Company’s historical promotion index, inflation rate and salary increase ratio.

 

  (3) Changes in defined benefit obligations for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    For the year ended December 31  
     2017      2016  

Beginning balance

   W 240,289        212,139  

Current service cost

     39,351        37,682  

Interest cost

     6,715        5,757  

Remeasurement

     

- Demographic assumption

     —          —    

- Financial assumption

     (8,366      375  

- Adjustment based on experience

     6,178        7,091  

Benefit paid

     (18,783      (17,896

Others (*)

     13,394        (4,859
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   W 278,778        240,289  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*) Others for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 include the changes in liabilities due to transfer of executives to or from affiliates.

 

52


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

15. Defined Benefit Assets, Continued

 

  (4) Changes in plan assets for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    For the year ended December 31  
     2017      2016  

Beginning balance

   W 265,076        208,133  

Interest income

     6,807        5,378  

Remeasurement

     (1,922      (6,147

Contributions

     68,500        60,000  

Benefit paid

     (26,279      (5,040

Others

     6,678        2,752  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   W 318,860        265,076  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company expects to make a contribution of W 56,500 million to the defined benefit plans in 2018.

 

  (5) Total cost of benefit plan, which is recognized in profit and loss (included in labor in the statement of income) and capitalized into construction-in-progress for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    For the year ended December 31  
     2017      2016  

Current service cost

   W 39,351        37,682  

Net interest cost (income)

     (92      379  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 39,259        38,061  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The above costs are recognized in labor, research and development, or capitalized into construction-in-progress.

 

  (6) Details of plan assets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    For the year ended December 31  
     2017      2016  

Equity instruments

   W 9,819        7,903  

Debt instruments

     87,930        68,545  

Short-term financial instruments, etc.

     221,111        188,628  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 318,860        265,076  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

  (7) As of December 31, 2017, effects on defined benefit obligations if each of significant actuarial assumptions changes within expectable and reasonable range are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)              
     0.5% Increase      0.5% Decrease  

Discount rate

   W (9,573      10,176  

Expected salary increase rate

     9,486        (8,982

The sensitivity analysis does not consider dispersion of all cash flows that are expected from the plan and provides approximate values of sensitivity for the assumptions used.

A weighted average duration of defined benefit obligations as of December 31, 2017 is 7.63 years.

 

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Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

16. Derivative Instruments

 

  (1) Currency and interest rate swap contracts under cash flow hedge accounting as of December 31, 2017 are as follows:

 

(In thousands of foreign currencies)

Borrowing

date

  

Hedging Instrument (Hedged item)

  

Hedged risk

  

Financial

institution

  

Duration of
contract

Jul. 20, 2007   

Fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap
(U.S. dollar denominated bonds face value of USD 400,000)

   Foreign currency risk    Morgan Stanley and four other banks   

Jul. 20, 2007 ~

Jul. 20, 2027

Nov. 1,

2012

  

Fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap
(U.S. dollar denominated bonds face value of USD 700,000)

   Foreign currency risk    Standard Chartered and eight other banks    Nov. 1, 2012~ May 1, 2018

Mar. 7,

2013

  

Floating-to-fixed cross currency interest rate swap
(U.S. dollar denominated bonds face value of USD 300,000)

   Foreign currency risk and interest rate risk    DBS bank    Mar. 7, 2013 ~ Mar. 7, 2020
Dec. 16, 2013   

Fixed-to-fixed cross currency
(U.S. dollar borrowing amounting to USD 51,775)

   Foreign currency risk    Deutsche bank    Dec.16, 2013 ~ Apr. 29, 2022

 

  (2) As of December 31, 2017, details of fair values of the above derivatives recorded in assets or liabilities are as follows:

 

(In millions of won and thousands of foreign currencies)  

Hedging instrument (Hedged item)

  Cash flow hedge      Held for trading     Fair value  

Non-current assets:

      

Structured bond (face value of KRW 50,000)

  W —          9,054       9,054  

Fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap
(U.S. dollar denominated bonds face value of USD 400,000)

    21,554        —         21,554  
      

 

 

 

Total assets

       W 30,608  
      

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

      

Fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap
(U.S. dollar denominated bonds face value of USD 700,000)

  W (27,791      —         (27,791

Non-current liabilities:

      

Fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap
(U.S. dollar denominated bonds face value of USD 300,000)

    (7,613      —         (7,613

Fixed-to-fixed long-term borrowings
(U.S. dollar borrowing amounting to USD 51,775)

    (3,106      —         (3,106
      

 

 

 

Total liabilities

       W (38,510
      

 

 

 

 

54


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

17. Share Capital and Capital Surplus and Others

The Company’s outstanding share capital consists entirely of common shares with a par value of W 500. The number of authorized, issued and outstanding common shares and the details of capital surplus and others as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won, except for share data)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Number of authorized shares

     220,000,000        220,000,000  

Number of issued shares(*)

     80,745,711        80,745,711  

Share capital

     

Common share

   W 44,639        44,639  

Capital surplus and others:

     

Paid-in surplus

     2,915,887        2,915,887  

Treasury shares (Note 18)

     (2,260,626      (2,260,626

Hybrid bonds (Note 19)

     398,518        398,518  

Share option (Note 20)

     414        —    

Others

     (682,298      (682,298
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 371,895        371,481  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*) In 2002 and 2003, the Parent Company retired treasury shares with reduction of its retained earnings before appropriation. As a result, the Parent Company’s outstanding shares have decreased without change in share capital.

There were no changes in share capital during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 and details of shares outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In shares)    2017      2016  
     Issued
shares
     Treasury
shares
     Outstanding
shares
     Issued
shares
     Treasury
shares
     Outstanding
shares
 

Shares outstanding

     80,745,711        10,136,551        70,609,160        80,745,711        10,136,551        70,609,160  

 

18. Treasury Shares

The Company acquired treasury shares to provide share dividends, merge with Shinsegi Telecom, Inc. and SK IMT Co, Ltd., increase shareholder value and stabilize its share prices.

Treasury shares as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won, shares)              
     December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Number of shares

     10,136,551        10,136,551  

Acquisition cost

   W 2,260,626        2,260,626  

 

55


Table of Contents

SK TELECOM CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

19. Hybrid Bonds

Hybrid bonds classified as equity as of December 31, 2017 are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)                                 
    

Type

   Issuance date      Maturity(*1)      Annual
interest rate
(%)(*2)
     Amount  

Private hybrid bonds

  

Unsecured subordinated bearer bond

     June 7, 2013        June 7, 2073        4.21      W 400,000  

Issuance costs

                 (1,482
              

 

 

 
               W  398,518  
              

 

 

 

Hybrid bonds issued by the Company are classified as equity as there is no contractual obligation for delivery of financial assets to the bond holders. These are subordinated bonds which rank before common shares in the event of a liquidation or reorganization of the Company.

 

(*1) The Company has a right to extend the maturity under the same terms at issuance without any notice or announcement. The Company also has the right to defer interest payment at its sole discretion.
(*2) Annual interest rate is calculated as yield rate of 5 year national bonds plus premium. According to the step-up clause, additional premium of 0.25% and 0.75%, respectively, after 10 years and 25 years from the issuance date are applied.

20. Share option

 

  (1) At the shareholders’ meeting held on March 24, 2017, the Company established a share option program that entitles key management personnel the option to purchase common shares of the Company. The terms and conditions related to the grants of the share options under the share option program are as follows:

 

     Series
     1-1    1-2    1-3

Grant date

   March 24, 2017

Types of shares to be issued

   66,504 of registered common shares

Grant method

   Reissue of treasury shares

Number of shares (in shares)

   22,168    22,168    22,168

Exercise price (in won)

   246,750    266,490    287,810

Exercise period

   Mar. 25, 2019 ~
Mar. 24, 2022
   Mar. 25, 2020 ~
Mar. 24, 2023
   Mar. 25, 2021 ~
Mar. 24, 2024

Vesting conditions

   2 years’ service
from the grant
date
   3 years’ service
from the grant
date
   4 years’ service
from the grant
date

 

  (2) Share compensation expense recognized during the year ended December 31, 2017 and the remaining share compensation expense to be recognized in subsequent periods are as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    Share
compensation expense
 

During the year ended
December 31, 2017

   W 414  

In subsequent periods

     977  
  

 

 

 
   W 1,391  
  

 

 

 

 

56